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President: Phil Martelli Saint Joseph’s University

First Vice President: Page Moir Roanoke College

Second Vice President: Ron Hunter Georgia State University

Third Vice President: Jeff Jones Old Dominion University

Fourth Vice President: Bill Self University of Kansas

2012-13 Past President: Larry Gipson Northeastern State University

2011-12 Past President: Ernie Kent

Paul Hewitt George Mason University

Bo Ryan University of Wisconsin

Charlie Brock Springfield College

Lorenzo Romar University of Washington

Mike Brey University of Notre Dame

Tim Carter

Gary Stewart Stevenson University

Trent Johnson Texas Christian University

Lennie Acuff University of Alabama in Huntsville

Mark Gottfried North Carolina State University

Cy Alexander North Carolina A&T

Jamie Dixon University of Pittsburgh

Brad Stevens Butler University

Jim Boeheim Syracuse University

Bob Burchard Columbia College

Dave Archer, National High School Basketball Coaches Association

Johnny Dawkins Stanford University

John Calipari University of Kentucky

Rick Cooper West Texas A&M



National Association of Basketball Coaches 1111 Main Street, Suite 1000 Kansas City, Missouri 64105 Phone: 816-878-6222 • Fax: 816-878-6223 ________________________________________________

NABC EXECUTIVE STAFF Jim Haney Executive Director Reggie Minton Deputy Executive Director Carol Haney Director of Internal Operations Troy Hilton Director of Association Affairs Stephanie Whitcher Director of Finance Rick Leddy Director of Public Relations Rose Tate Director of Membership Services Ebony Donohue Assistant Director of Membership Services Mark Heatherman Director of Association Services Janelle Guidry Convention Manager Wade Hageman Operations and Event Coordinator Jenna Wright Convention Manager


Departments NABC Chaplain’s Corner ....................................................... 4

Get Big! Pastor Brett Fuller and Pastor Donnell Jones

From the Editor ........................................................................ 5

Remembering a Great Coach…A Better Man Rick Leddy

From the Executive Director .................................................. 6

The NABC Foundation Benevolent Fund Jim Haney

National High School Basketball Coaches Association ... 18

What are Our Objectives with High School Basketball? Dave Ginsberg

National Center for Fathering ............................................ 20

Teach Honor and Respect for Women Carey Casey

2 013 -14 B O A R D O F D I R E C T O R S President: Phil Martelli Saint Joseph’s University First Vice President: Page Moir Roanoke College Second Vice President: Ron Hunter Georgia State University Third Vice President: Jeff Jones Old Dominion University Fourth Vice President: Bill Self University of Kansas 2012-13 Past President: Larry Gipson Northeastern State University 2011-12 Past President: Ernie Kent Paul Hewitt, George Mason University Bo Ryan, University of Wisconsin Charlie Brock, Springfield College Lorenzo Romar, University of Washington Mike Brey, University of Notre Dame Tim Carter Gary Stewart, Stevenson University Trent Johnson, Texas Christian University Lennie Acuff, University of Alabama in Huntsville Mark Gottfried, North Carolina State University Cy Alexander, North Carolina A&T Jamie Dixon, University of Pittsburgh Brad Stevens, Butler University Jim Boeheim, Syracuse University Bob Burchard, Columbia College Dave Archer, National High School Basketball Coaches Association Johnny Dawkins, Stanford University John Calipari, University of Kentucky Rick Cooper, West Texas A&M


EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS Executive Director: Jim Haney Deputy Executive Director: Reggie Minton CPA: Brian Welch, Welch & Associates, LLC General Counsel: Dennis Coleman, Ropes & Gray, LLP Board Secretary: Rick Leddy Sponsorship: Rick Jones, Fishbait Marketing NCAA Board Consultants: David Berst, Vice President, Division I Dan Gavitt, Vice President, Men’s Basketball

The Great Marriage Experience ......................................... 21

Eight Threats to a Man’s Heart Dr. Gary & Barb Rosberg

Features 2013-2014 Board of Directors .............................................. 2 NABC UPS 2012-13 Coaches of the Year .......................... 8 2013 NABC Awards ............................................................... 9 Congratulations to the Champions .............................. 10 Final 4 + D2 + D3 = Rave Reviews ................................... 14 Rick Leddy

The Origin and Evolution of the Zone Defense ........... 17 Jerry Krause and Ralph Pim

“Perfection” with Jim Crews ............................................ 22 Cover: Coach Rick Pitino and the Louisville Cardinals raise the 2013 NCAA Division I men's national championship trophy on the awards stand at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta. (Courtesy of NCAA /T3Media) Photo Credits: UW Athletics – p. 5; NCAA /T3Media – p. 8, 10-12, 14-16; Columbia College – p. 8; Bethany Fobia – p. 8; St. Louis University – p. 8, 22; NAIA – p. 12-13; GS Memory Maker – p. 13; Deb Edwards – p. 13; SUNY Sullivan – p. 13

Time-Out is published quarterly by the National Association of Basketball Coaches. Produced by: Very Digital Layout & Design: Begany Design Printing: Allen Press For advertising information please contact Rick Leddy at




NABC Chaplain’s Corner, Pastor Brett Fuller & Pastor Donnell Jones

Get Big! “A man wrapped up in himself makes a very small bundle.” ~ Benjamin Franklin


henever we Team Up we dare to become so much more! Conversely, whenever we stand individually apart, we become so much less! Here’s the compelling moment that made it unmistakably clear for several young men: Five men take their stand side-by-side six inches apart. Poised with confidence, the young man in the center is directed to stand in place and hold his position firmly without giving up any ground. Placing my hands on his chest, I shift him backwards three feet. Unsuccessful at standing his ground, he is given a second chance. He repositions himself back in place alongside the four men, two on either side. Again, I shift him backwards; this time four feet. After the third or fourth attempt, he pleads “can I plant my left foot back one step?” “No.” I reply. Twice more, I push him backwards. Just before frustration overtakes him, I encourage all five men, “Team UP to Get Big!” “Get close to each other. Lock your arms. Stand together side-by-side as one.” In the brief silence, you could hear the unspoken shift in his mind. “I just got BIG!” “We just got BIG!” Five guys became interlocked as one man. Needless to say, we all experienced the difference. I push to no avail while together with four others, one young man became immovable. Impossible became easy. I push again and there is not even a budge except for the corners of his mouth curling into a wide grin of satisfaction. At that moment, I was moved. Seriously, altogether the five young men moved me backwards. The single action of teaming up makes all the difference. Ben Franklin said it well. “What we do individually is comparison to what we do collectively.” Few, if any, ever succeed alone. One man, Neil Armstrong, walked on the moon, and his “one small step for man” was the result of an extraordinary team yielding “one Giant leap for mankind.” Way to Get BIG! You don’t get to the moon alone. Jesus died on a cross to save the entire world. He teamed up with twelve! Looking forward to us, Jesus prayed, “that all of [us] would be one,...” John 17:21. He’s given us an invitation to team up with him and Get Big! The challenges of life reveal our need to team up. Our inability to stand alone becomes unmistakably clear when we are pushed backwards. We are pushed again and again by the unrelenting pressures that come with the job, the increasing weight of responsibility, and the effects of relational and financial loss just to name a few. An African Proverb expresses the idea well. “Those who run alone run fast, but those who run with others run far.” Do you want to run fast or do you want to run far? The man who is reluctant or slow to run with others often finds himself challenged in moments of crisis and celebration. In crisis, he feels distant from those who could or would encourage him. In celebration, he feels separated from those with whom he could share his joy. We were built to stand and run with others. No man can stand alone for long. No man can run alone very far. Only when we team up do we get really big, produce much more, and go much farther. A man wrapped all up in himself is one of the smallest things to witness. A man who teams up with others is one of the greatest things to witness. When young men team up, they get big. When coaches team up, they get big. When pastors team up, they get big. Many forfeit the opportunity for greatness because teaming up means getting really close to others...close enough to see the imperfections and character flaws less visible from a distance. Letting someone into your inner world is uncomfortable especially when the outer world presents a different picture than reality. Consider carefully what happens when you team up. You become apart of something larger than yourself. The greatest individuals prefer to team up rather than stand alone. It’s not that they are afraid to stand alone. Quite the opposite. They simply have learned an invaluable lesson of greatness. Refuse to remain small. Resolve to get big and grin widely with satisfaction. "Pastor Donnell Jones is pastor of Grace Covenant Church in Washington DC, Character Coach for the Maryland Terrapins and Assistant Chaplain of the NABC."


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From the Editor, Rick Leddy

Remembering a Great Coach… A Better Man


he college basketball community lost one of its great coaches on April 12, 2013, with the passing of Marv Harshman at age 95. An outstanding athlete at Pacific Lutheran who lettered 13 times in four sports as an undergraduate, Harshman served in the United States Navy in World War II before beginning his coaching career at his alma mater. He guided the Lutes’ basketball program from 1945-58 before moving on to become head coach at Washington State from 1958-71. Harshman moved back across “The Evergreen State” to take over as head coach at Washington in 1971 and led the Huskies until retiring in 1985. In his last two seasons at UW, his teams tied for first in the Pac-10 and he was a three-time conference coach of the year as well as NABC Division I Coach of the Year in 1984. He was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1985. Jud Heathcote, the former Michigan State coach and National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame member, was the first full-time assistant coach with Harshman at Washington State, beginning in 1964. “I often had to remind Jud that I was the head coach and he was the assistant,” Harshman said of his long-time friend, who moved on to become a head coach at Montana in 1971 and in 1976 began a long and successful tenure at Michigan State. “Marv was an offensive genius,” said Heathcote. “He would set up so many different plays to run against different opponents. He had the ability to just look at a play and make it 100% better.” Harshman and Heathcote teamed up again to coach the 1975 U.S. team at the Pan-American Games in Mexico City, leading the Americans to a gold medal. “Marv and I took turns making the daily practice plans and when we exchanged them for the day, we would each briefly look it over,” Heathcote said. “Time after time, during the session, Marv and I would blow our whistles at exactly the same time. We always seemed to be on the same page.” Despite winning the gold medal, there was something that didn’t set quite right with Harshman. “Typically, in international play, only the players receive the medals,” Heathcote said. “But Marv was upset about that, so much so, that he eventually got medals for the coaches.” “Marv has left quite an impression. He was a coach’s coach and positively impacted everyone who ever coached with him.” “If you lined up all of the great human beings in a row, Marv may not be number one but he would be in the top two,” Heathcote said. Lorenzo Romar, who has been the head coach at Washington since 2002, played for the Huskies and Harshman for two seasons from 1978-80. “When I got my first coaching job,” said Romar, “Coach Harshman was the first person I called. Then I went and met with him for three to four hours to talk basketball.” The visits with his collegiate coach were more frequent when Romar settled in Seattle. “Once I came back to UW to coach, we met very early and we talked not only about basketball but about philosophy. It was great to have him close by.” “Coach was a great teacher who loved to teach the game. There is nothing he enjoyed doing more than coaching basketball,” said Romar. “That was not about players or who was the best – he talked Xs and Os, how to defend the ball screen, when to press, motion vs. sets. He knew it all.” “Coach loved teaching and he taught not only basketball but he taught about life. He did that without trying but was an example just by the way he lived. He was humble with great character.” Jim Haney, NABC executive director, had a different vantage point to associate with Harshman as an assistant coach and then the head coach at the University of Oregon. “Having faced Coach Harshman many times, there was no doubt he was a great coach,” said Haney. “But as great a coach as he was, Marv Harshman was a better man.” N A B C I TI M E-OUT



From the Executive Director, Jim Haney

Q&A with the Executive Director

The NABC Foundation Benevolent Fund The NABC Foundation has established a Benevolent Fund for coaches. What was the motivation to do so? There is so much attention paid on the financial packages that NCAA Division I head coaches make and the payments these coaches receive if they are fired, that we tend to forget the vast majority of coaches including assistant coaches, NCAA DII and DIII coaches, and NAIA coaches, who do not necessarily have a chance to accumulate a great amount of savings and who do not have buyout features in a contract. It is those coaches and our retired coaches, who from time to time may have great financial or other needs, who we hope the Benevolent Fund benefits.

We have heard you express great enthusiasm for the Fund? Explain. NABC coaches do so much more than coach basketball! They are leaders in the communities and all of them have compassion for their fellow man. They give of their time and resources to support Coaches vs. Cancer, Samaritan’s Feet, Special Olympics and many other charities locally and nationally. The Benevolent Fund is an opportunity to help our fellow coaches in their hour of need!

What are the kinds of circumstances that would qualify a coach for funds? All NABC members who are current with their membership are eligible for funds. Qualified members who need assistance due to job loss, serious illness, death of a family member, disaster or other similar circumstances would be encouraged to apply.

Why is the Benevolent Fund under the umbrella of the NABC Foundation and not the association? The idea for the Benevolent Fund originated with the association, at the urging of a number of coaches. However, the tax law prohibits the association from operating a benevolent fund controlled by the association itself. The Benevolent Fund program is a charitable activity and fits perfectly under the umbrella of the NABC Foundation.

The concept of a benevolent fund first was advanced five years ago? Why did it take so long to launch the fund? In the aftermath of hurricane Katrina and other natural disasters, many benevolent funds were created to help the victims of those horrible events. Unfortunately, in a number of cases, money was never received by the people who were to benefit from the fund. Also, our counsel advised us that the operation of a benevolent fund, unless handled properly, could jeopardize the NABC Foundation’s tax-exempt status. As a result, we made the decision not to launch the fund until the IRS had approved the structure. It just took a long time to work through the IRS to get that final written approval. We did receive that approval in 2012. 6

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What are some of the tax rules that the NABC Foundation Benevolent Fund must follow? First, as approved by the IRS, the Benevolent Fund must be operated by a committee. This committee must be comprised of at least one member with social work background, and less than a majority of the committee members may be Foundation officers, directors or key employees. Secondly, assistance must be for members who have suffered severe economic or emotional strain, and aid to Foundation officers, directors or key employees is prohibited. Third, the Fund cannot be a member benefit program of the NABC. The fund is an NABC Foundation program and the Fund cannot be used to attract more members to the NABC.

Who are the members of the Benevolent Fund Committee? The members of the committee are Don Wagner, member of the NABC Foundation Board; Rob Groves, attorney with experience in social work; Mike Jarvis, coach and member of NABC Foundation Board; Jim Baron, coach; Phil Martelli, coach.

How often does the Fund Committee meet? They have been meeting via conference call for approximately two months. With the launch of the Fund on June 3, they will meet based on the frequency of applications over the course of the year trying to respond to applications in a timely fashion.

How is the Fund to be funded? The NABC is permitted to make contributions to the NABC Foundation Benevolent Fund. The NABC Board of Directors has allocated $80,000 from its reserve fund to launch the fund. In addition, the Benevolent Fund Committee is hopeful that all NCAA DI head coaches will contribute. No contribution is too big or too small. In the last month, all member head basketball coaches from two conferences, the ACC and SEC, have agreed to make a $5,000 contribution to the Fund. Finally, the NABC Board of Directors has supported a goal of 100% participation from DI head coaches. With the emphasis of no gift is too big or too small, we have reached out to all DII and DIII head coaches, encouraging them to make a contribution as well.







NCAA Division I

NCAA Division II

NCAA Division III

St. Louis University

Drury University

Amherst College

NABC UPS 2012-13





photo: Donna Ford


NAIA Division I

NAIA Division II


Columbia College

Cardinal Stritch University

College of Central Florida

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900 Wins: Jim Boeheim, Syracuse University

NABC HONOR AWARDS Each year, the NABC presents Honor Awards to member coaches who have reached significant milestones in their careers, beginning with 300 victories. The 2012-13 season was especially significant for Syracuse University head coach Jim Boeheim. Having spent his entire coaching career with the Orangemen, Boeheim not only secured his 900th career victory but took his team to the NCAA® Final Four®. He ranks second all-time in career wins with 920, trailing only Duke’s Mike Krzyzewski in NCAA Division I. Earning their 700th career wins this season were Rollie Massimino of Northwood (Fla.) University, Steve Moore of The College of Wooster and North Carolina’s Roy Williams.

700 Wins: Rollie Massimino, Northwood (Fla.) University; Steve Moore, The College of Wooster; and Roy Williams, University of North Carolina 600 Wins: Dave Boots, University of South Dakota; Bob Burchard, Columbia College; Tom Klusman, Rollins College; and Mike Neer, Hobart College 500 Wins: Russ Damhoff, Sauk Valley Community College; Keith Dickson, St. Anselm College; Greg Kampe, Oakland University; Lon Kruger, University of Oklahoma; Jim Larranaga, University of Miami; Don Maestri, Troy University; Bob McVean, Rochester Institute of Technology; Bill Self, University of Kansas; Jeff Sherman, Central Methodist University; and Tubby Smith, Texas Tech University 400 Wins: Lennie Acuff, University of Alabama in Huntsville; Jim Baron, Canisius College; Ken Bone, Washington State University; Jonathan Halpert, Yeshiva University; Bob Hoffman, Mercer University; Ben Howland, UCLA; Guy Kalland, Carleton College; Jeff Kaminsky, Valley City State; Mike Lonergan, George Washington University; Todd Raridon, North Central College (Ill.); and Kevin Stallings, Vanderbilt University 300 Wins: David Arsenault, Grinnell College; Keith Dambrot, University of Akron; Max Good, Loyola Marymount University; Steve Hawkins, Western Michigan University; Paul Hewitt, George Mason University; Ron Hunter, Georgia State University; Fran McCaffery, University of Iowa; Tom Spanbauer, SUNY Cortland; Greg Sparling, Central Washington University; John Tharp, Hillsdale College; Bernard Tomlin, SUNY College at Old Westbury; and Gary Waters, Cleveland State University

The following awards were presented by the National Association of Basketball Coaches for the 2012-13 season. Many were presented at the annual AT&T NABC Guardians of the Game Awards Show held April 7, 2013, at the Sydney Marcus Auditorium in the Georgia World Congress Center in Atlanta. Naismith Trophy, presented by AT&T – Trey Burke, Michigan Spalding Pete Newell Big Man of the Year – Mason Plumlee, Duke NABC Defensive Player of the Year – Victor Oladipo, Indiana and Jeff Withey, Kansas NABC Coaches’ Division I Player of the Year – Trey Burke, Michigan NABC Coaches’ Division II Player of the Year – Clayton Vette, Winona State NABC Coaches’ Division III Player of the Year – Aaron Toomey, Amherst NABC Coaches’ NAIA Division I Player of the Year – Vic Moses, Georgetown (Ky.) and Dominique Rambo, Southwestern Assemblies of God NABC Coaches’ NAIA Division II Player of the Year – RaShad James, Northwood University (Fla.)) NABC Senior Achievement Awards – Mason Plumlee, Duke; Jeff Withey, Kansas; and Nate Wolters, South Dakota State UPS NCAA Division I Coach of the Year – Jim Crews, St. Louis UPS NCAA Division II Coach of the Year – Steve Hesser, Drury UPS NCAA Division III Coach of the Year – Dave Hixon, Amherst UPS NAIA Division I Coach of the Year – Bob Burchard, Columbia College UPS NAIA Division II Coach of the Year – Drew Diener, Cardinal Stritch UPS NJCAA Coach of the Year – Tim Ryan, College of Central Florida NABC/Hillyard Golden Anniversary Award – Denny Crum, Louisville NABC Coaches vs. Cancer Champion Award – Bo Ryan, Wisconsin NABC GUARDIANS OF THE GAME PILL AR AWARDS

Advocacy – Danny Miles, Oregon Tech Education – Brett Reed, Lehigh Leadership – Dave Hixon, Amherst Service – Matt Brown Metropolitan Award – Bobby Cremins Cliff Wells Appreciation Award – David Berst, NCAA Ray Marquette Award – John Akers, Basketball Times (President, U.S. Basketball Writers Assn) Newton S. Hillyard Award (Outgoing NABC President) – Larry Gipson, Northeastern State



pions onal Cham ti a N I n io NCA A Divis Louisville

NCA A Drury Division II

ons mpi a h C onal Nati I I I ion Divis A A NC erst Amh

Natio nal C hamp ions

NAIA Divisio n Georgetown I National Champions (KY)


al Champ n II Nation io is iv D IA NA tritch (Wis.) Cardinal S

NJCA Colle A Division ge of Centr I National al Flo C rida hampion s

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NJCA A Divis ion III Natio nal Champio Brookdale ns

By Rick Leddy


s the NCAA was in its planning stages for the 2013 Men’s Division I Final Four in Atlanta, an innovative idea was brought forth to add to the celebration of 75 years of March Madness. Why not celebrate all of men’s basketball played in the NCAA and include the championship games for Division II and Division III on that first weekend in April? “We wanted to try something different and looking at Atlanta, the layout for facilities and events worked really well,” said Elisa Halpin, coordinator of men’s basketball championships for the NCAA. “We viewed this as possibly a once in a lifetime experience that would have a great impact on the studentathletes.” The NCAA plan was to play the championship games for Division II and Division III on Sunday afternoon, April 7, in Philips Arena, the home court of the NBA’s Atlanta Hawks. The location and timing fit nicely with Philips Arena’s proximity to the Georgia Dome, Bracket Town in the Georgia World Congress Center and Centennial Park, site of the NCAA Big Dance concert series. Sunday was also an off day between the semifinals and championship game in the Final Four, providing another opportunity for fans in Atlanta to celebrate college basketball.

Seeking Acceptance The next step was to float the idea to the men’s basketball committees for NCAA Division II and Division III in February of 2012. While it may have seemed to be a slam-dunk for acceptance to basketball fans, it was far from it for the committees involved. 14

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“The possibility of having the Division II and Division III championship games during the Final Four in Atlanta was brought to our Division II men’s basketball committee by Donnie Wagner, the NCAA assistant director of championships and alliances, who coordinates the Division II tournament,” said Eric Schoh, the director of athletics at Winona State University and the committee chairman. “Initially, our committee was not in favor of the proposal, mostly because we feel that Division II has developed its own brand with ‘I Chose Division II’ and ‘Life in a Balance’ initiatives,” Schoh said. “Our concern was that we would be taking away from Division II to enhance the Division I championship, how and where it would fit. There were also concerns about how this would extend the season, logistics, additional costs and

accommodations.” There would have to be adjustments to the Division II and III tournament schedules leading up to Atlanta. The Division II Elite Eight was scheduled for Louisville, Kentucky, the weekend before the Final Four. Moving the championship game to Atlanta on April 7 gave Drury University and Metropolitan State University a week between the semifinals and final game. Drury head coach Steve Hesser actually enjoyed the week leading up to Atlanta. “On campus, we had a chance to prepare and also to celebrate the opportunity to play for a NCAA title,” Hesser said. “The time frame worked well for us.” The Division III tournament had a format with the final four teams playing in a Friday-Saturday format in Salem, Va., on March 22 and 23. Changing the NABC I TIME-OUT

format would mean that the final two teams in Division III, to play a championship game on April 7 in Atlanta, would have 14 days between games. “The first time you do anything, I think there are healthy concerns. Having been in Division II (as director of athletics at Bryant University, now a Division I member), I can understand the concern that the Division II and III championship games could be lost in the enormity of the Final Four,” said NCAA Vice President for Men’s Basketball Dan Gavitt. “That’s something you would not want in what might be the biggest game of a lifetime for the coaches, studentathletes, fans and the institutions.”

Playing in Atlanta With the logistics and details worked out and necessary approvals from the appropriate committees at the NCAA N A B C I TI M E-OUT

received, the Division II and Division III championship games were set for Philips Arena in Atlanta on Sunday, April 7. In the opener of the two games that day, the Division III title contest, Amherst College won its second NCAA men’s basketball championship for coach Dave Hixon with a 87-70 victory over the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor before a crowd of some 6,600 fans. “The whole aura around the game was absolutely fantastic,” said Hixon. “There were noticeably many more people in attendance and then having the CBS Sports people working with us, the interviews and everything post-game. We will never forget that.” “There was some anxiety after the Division III game, which had an excellent crowd, as we watched the arena empty out,” said Schoh. “But it soon looked like ants at a picnic as people

came in for the Division II championship game. They just kept coming and coming.” Before some 7,800 fans late Sunday afternoon, Drury overcame a 17-point deficit to tip Metro State, 74-73, to capture its first NCAA Division II championship. “It was an unbelievable atmosphere to play in, so many more people there to watch us,” said Drury senior guard Brandon Lockhart. “We started with the worst half but pulled through and executed much better in the second half.” “This was our first Elite Eight and then moving to the championship game was an experience that not only my players will never forget, but it touched our faculty, administration, alumni, students and our families,” said Hesser. “It was a real cool deal.” SUMMER 2013 I


Royal Treatment A constant in all of the comments regarding having the Division II and Division III teams in Atlanta during the Final Four was the outstanding care given to make all eight teams playing get equal attention. “We worked to make sure that each team and all of the individuals were treated equally. They enjoyed the Thursday night Salute presentation, the police escorts everywhere and all of the trappings of the Division I teams,” said Gavitt. “When you come down to it, if you took all of the uniforms off and put the student-athletes in a different setting, they are the same and hanging out together.” That’s exactly what happened on Thursday night. At the NCAA Salute

presentation, all eight teams were honored, CBS Sports lead commentator Jim Nantz interviewed a player from each team, and the student-athletes enjoyed a private evening in Bracket Town to hang out. “It was great. The Salute presentation was amazing,” said Amherst junior guard Aaron Toomey, the NABC Division III player of the year. “It almost seemed like the Division I teams did not interact with each other much before playing, but were great with us.” “At various functions we had an opportunity to mingle with the other athletes and coaches from all three divisions. You cannot buy those memories. Everything was first class,” said Hesser. Being introduced in the Georgia Dome before more than 70,000 during the Division I games is a memory the Division II and III players will not forget. “Standing out there on the Final Four floor and being recognized by all of the people there was unbelievably awesome,” said Toomey.

Moving Forward “The experiment of playing these games at the site of the Final Four worked and a lot of interest has been shown from many in our NCAA membership to carry this forward,” Gavitt said. “We are looking at all of the possibilities for the future but there are certain 16

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complications. Each division has its own governing structure with a men’s basketball committee, a championship committee and a management council.” The dynamics of the Division III tournament and contracts with cities for the Final Four in the coming years are some of the hurdles facing the future of having all three divisions play championship games in the same city on the same weekend. “My suggestion for Division III would be to extend the regular season. That way, we could play more games on Saturday and Sunday and have less missed class time during the week,” said Hixon. “The conference tournaments could then be pushed closer to the NCAA tournament.” “Playing the Division II and Division III championship games during the Final Four weekend has also not been included in the bid process at least for the next three years – in North Texas in 2014, Indianapolis in 2015 and Houston in 2016,” said Gavitt. “The NCAA has to look at the future sites and figure out, if we choose to move ahead with continuing this process, how do we make it work. The bottom line is that this year’s experience was that great. The key for the future, if and when we do this again, is to be sure that we do just as well as this year in Atlanta.”



n understanding of the past is a powerful means of appreciating the present and shaping the future. It is important to honor our rich heritage and inform others of the lessons that can be learned from legendary coaches. We are pleased the NABC has included Learning from the Legends as part of the Coaching Development clinics over the past 10 years. This article summarizes key points from our clinic in 2013. Throughout the history of basketball, most defenses were created out of necessity. The zone defense was invented in 1914 as a remedy for a slippery playing surface caused by a leaky roof at a game played between Bristol (West Virginia) High School and the Grafton YMCA. During the first half, the court became so slick that players were spending more time on their back than on their feet.

defense the “stratified transitional man-to-man defense with zone principles.” John Lawther (Westminster and Penn State) began experimenting with zone defenses in the late 1920s because he didn’t have players talented enough to be able to stay with their opponent in a man-to-man defense. Lawther developed the “sliding zone” concept requiring players to move when the ball moved and to see the ball at all times. The effectiveness of continuity offenses in the 1920s, such as Doc Carlson’s Figure 8 Offense at the University of Pittsburgh, forced coaches to experiment with different defensive alignments and strategies. George Keogan (Notre Dame) introduced the technique of switching in his man-to- man defense in an attempt to stop Carlson’s heralded

Hickey combined the 3-2 zone defense with his legendary three-lane fast break offense. The 2-1-2 zone defense evolved when offenses started positioning a player in the high post area. Frank McGuire (St. John’s, North Carolina, and South Carolina) believed the 2-1-2 zone was the best alignment to defend both the low post and the high post areas. As perimeter shooting improved the 1-2-2 zone defense, often called the “jug defense,” was popularized by coaches such as Jack McCloskey (Penn and Wake Forest), Ray Mears (Wittenberg and Tennessee), and Eldon Miller (Wittenberg and Ohio State). The match-up zone defense was developed to counter the rapid advance ment of offensive skills such as the jump shot, dribble penetration, and the

The Origin and Evolution of the Zone Defense Jerry Krause and Ralph Pim At halftime Cam Henderson, coach of the Bristol team, designed a strategy that became the first zone defense. He instructed his players to stand in designated spots on the floor until a shot was taken. He placed 3 players out front and two in back and it proved to be very effective on the wet court. Based on the success of his experiment, Henderson began developing the zone defense by positioning his players in a 2-3 formation. He quickly discovered that the zone defense was a perfect complement to his fast-break style of play. Henderson had an illustrious coaching career at Muskingum, Davis and Elkins, and Marshall. Phog Allen (Kansas) believed the best time to use zone tactics occurred when a defensive team was outnumbered on a fast break. He called this type of N A B C I TI M E-OUT

offense. Keogan led the Fighting Irish to mythical national championships in 1927 and 1936. With the rise of outstanding post players, Clair Bee (Rider and Long Island) invented the 1-3-1 zone defense so he could place defenders in front and behind an opponent’s post player. Bee won over 80% of his games and led Long Island to the 1939 and 1941 NIT championships. The 3-2 zone defense was popularized by Harry Litwack (Temple) and Eddie Hickey (Creighton, St. Louis, and Marquette). Litwack’s 3-2 zone defense helped Temple win the first NIT championship in 1938. He taught his defenders to stretch their arms to the side when playing the zone rather than up in the air, in order to shut down passing lanes.

pick-and-roll. Fran Webster (Westminster and Pittsburgh) created a match-up in the early 1960s and called it the “amoeba defense.” Tim Grgurich and Jerry Tarkanian (Las Vegas) added the element of trapping to the “amoeba defense” and won the NCAA title in 1990. Boyd Grant’s match-up defense (Fresno State and Colorado State) enabled his teams to consistently defeat more talented opponents. In basketball today, Jim Boeheim’s acclaimed 2-3 match-up zone (Syracuse) is one of the toughest to play against. Boeheim emphasizes the importance of closing out and defending perimeter shooters. Syracuse won the NCAA championship in 2003 when Kansas made only four of 20 attempts from outside the threepoint arc. SUMMER 2013 I


What are Our Objectives with High School Basketball?

Can we bring some “common sense” back into coaching? By Dave Ginsberg

Executive Director, NHSBCA


oaches – what are we doing? WHY are we coaching this terrific game? Where did we receive our training from? Who influenced us during the early stages of our career? Where did we learn that it is OK to humiliate our opponents? Didn’t anyone ever teach us that it’s appropriate to be humble in victory and courageous in defeat? Didn’t we learn that it is NOT good to tell our own teams we are “going to run up the score” on our next opponent? What about putting our best players back into a game that is completely out-of-reach; when our opponent has no chance to catch us? How do we justify that and build a “team philosophy” at the same time? Aren't there other players that have earned SOME playing time? What’s wrong with a 15-20 point win? Does it need to be 30-40? I’ve seen things this year that have shocked me to no end. I’ve been a basketball coach since 1968, yet this year I’ve really taken notice of the people in our profession that are bringing “shame” to our sport. WHY? Ignorance is not an excuse, so let’s start “teaching our peers” what is appropriate and what is not!


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We have the responsibility to select a group of young people, and then teach them about playing this game properly. It really doesn’t matter whether we have good players or not – teach them how to… • be on a team / how to be a good teammate - sacrifice, working together - blending personalities, nurturing relationships… • set realistic goals / individually AND as a team • understand the complexities of basketball - conditioning (mental & physical) - fundamentals (with & without the ball) - footwork, balance, pivoting, etc. - decision-making when in the “heat of battle” - dealing with victory AND defeat PROPERLY! - Don’t get too high, and don’t get too low - He HUMBLE in victory and COURAGEOUS in defeat - respecting the game by attempting to play it properly and honorably - respecting coaches, officials, and opponents - this is a game that requires “consistency of effort & focus” in order to be good - “you’re never as good as you think you are when you win, and you’re never as bad as you think you are when you lose.” Some of us coach the game at lower levels / elementary, middle school, early high school, etc. Usually there is a tremendous discrepancy in skill development at these levels. If you have a player (or players) that is far more advanced than your opponents, you have an obligation to teach HOW to be “dominant” in a respectful way. This is not easy, but it is part of coaching. Press for a while, increase the number of possessions, etc., get a substantial lead, but DO NOT BURY young people on the scoreboard. There are no benefits in that, other than satisfying the “adult egos” of the coaches and parents (in some cases). These moments are distasteful and lack common sense. Keeping our BEST players in games, running scores up, re-inserting starters late in contests when we have insurmountable leads, etc., all lead to potential problems, hard feelings, and are really sending the wrong messages to our student-athletes. What are we teaching? That’s it’s OK to humiliate other young people when we are superior athletically? Is that coaching? I think not. I realize that some “inexperienced” coaches are afraid of “tangling” with their best player’s ego (or their family’s desires), so they choose to avoid these confrontations by “caving in” to the pressure of all this. I say you are really doing an injustice to everyone on your team by making these choices. Our job descriptions INCLUDE these difficult moments where we actually have to TEACH everyone how to be grateful, humble, and respectful of others – that’s what playing on a team requires! Superior athletes also need to know how to cultivate “authentic” relationships, be humble, sacrifice, and demonstrate daily how to not only compete, but also to model what a REAL “student-athlete” looks like within a team. THAT is often


done by great parenting – but if it isn’t, that responsibility falls on our shoulders. EVERYTHING counts! We have to model that every day, never deviate, and understand our “power of our responsibility” at all times. That includes our time in the gym, but it also means in the school, community, etc. We get NO time off from being a coach. Wherever we go and whatever we do; people are watching. Our “decision-making” is on trial as well as those we are entrusted with. I certainly realize that many people who read this will ”blow it off” and disagree with my perspective completely. I’m probably considered a dinosaur by most. That’s OK. I understand all of that. I just completed my 36th year of coaching basketball – something I’m very proud of. I still love the look in young peoples’ eyes when they “get it.” I enjoy the challenge of “keeping myself up after a difficult loss” and the responsibility of providing consistent leadership during those times. The gym, the smells, the “bouncing balls noise” – ALL of it. I love the competition, the thrill of victory, and the challenge of “keeping things in perspective” after a difficult evening. I really still enjoy being called “coach.” However, I do not enjoy seeing some people coach for the “wrong reasons.” This is distasteful, disappointing, and takes away a lot of the joy this opportunity should provide. We are coaching for our players – not for us. Never forget that. We owe it to them AND the sport of basketball to provide “quality leadership” at all times; to teach, lead, be strong, be honorable and ethical, be respectful, and understand that very few get the opportunity to do what we do. It’s a blessing that we need to honor every day. I sincerely hope this note is received in the manner it was intended. As the Executive Director of the National High School Basketball Coaches Association (NHSBCA), I’m well aware of the pressures on all of our membership. Never before has it been as difficult to coach as it is now. Club teams, shoe company involvement, “street agents,” parental “experts,” and the craziness our young people see EVERY day on TV – it’s mind-boggling. Therefore, we have to do the same things we expect of our players – go back to basics and the fundamentals of our profession. Coach for the right reasons. Love and respect what we do. Teach for competence and fair play; not just to win. Be honorable and respectful in our dealings with studentathletes, their families and support people, our opponents and officials. Let your passion show, and understand that our “little corner of the world” is just a small (but important) piece of a youngster’s development. That is a responsibly that requires our BEST! Stay well.



Teach Honor and Respect for Women by Carey Casey, CEO, National Center for Fathering

In this column, I always challenge you coaches to think of yourselves as father figures for your players. It’s probably different from team to team, but given the growing number of fatherless children in our world, coaches are often in the best position to have that fatherly influence that a young man is missing. And this is a topic that gets overlooked too often, but young men especially need guidance and wisdom in this area: how to treat a woman. This is on my mind a lot when I’m with my sons—my two boys and the two other “sons” who married my daughters. I’m trying to school them up all the time because there are a lot of myths and mixed messages out there in the culture about what’s appropriate between young men and young women. And I must say, a lot of what I see is out of whack. There are guys who think it’s okay to put a woman in her place every now and then, even if it means getting physical. Some guys feel justified in taking their anger out on their girlfriend or wife, like that’s just what you do. Some think going out of your way to make her happy might be seen as a weakness. And as you know, the NBA stars that many of your players are watching and trying to emulate—on the court and off—are not always great role models when it comes to how they relate to women. You can influence them to do much better, and I hope you’ll be intentional in that. 20

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How can you do that? I have two suggestions: Insist on respect for women. You probably don’t sit down as a team and discuss topics like this, but I know you spend lots of time with your players, and you probably hear comments from time to time. Please don’t be shy about speaking up and setting high expectations for how those young men should think of and treat women. With so much focus on outward appearance, talk about how young men can benefit from learning about a woman’s character, integrity, and the feminine qualities that complement and complete the masculine approach. Maybe you can even make it a character challenge for your team: have them hold each other accountable for how often they go out of their way to show respect for women—holding doors for ladies in and out of buildings and cars, letting women go first, and so on. Those opportunities to say something might be rare, but don’t forget that you’re always modeling for your players, and that’s a key in this area. This is illustrated well by a man named Mike. One day Mike was outside in the yard, talking with a neighbor boy. The boy, who was about ten, told Mike that he had a new “girlfriend.” You probably remember what that's like when you’re 10. Well, Mike's first response to that news sounded like something he would have said when he was 10. He asked, "Is she pretty?" At the time, it seemed like a harmless enough conversation, but the more Mike

thought about it, the more he realized that in that brief moment he had just classified “looks” as more important than a dozen character traits that are actually of much greater importance. Mike has since changed his approach with that neighbor boy. Boys get most of their ideas about women and how to relate to women from their dads and other key father figures in their lives. So with that in mind, ask yourself: What are your words and actions teaching the young men around you? Do you want them to value women only for their appearance? Remember, you have a powerful influence through your modeling. Believe me, the young men around you are watching how you interact with and talk about women—particularly your wifeand they may end up following your behavior as well. Don’t miss out on any opportunities to show respect and thoughtfulness. We can do our sons and other young men a great favor. If we help them become more responsible and more selfless in their relationships, we’ve given them a great head start toward becoming great husbands and devoted fathers who will then make a positive difference for the next generation.

Carey Casey is Chief Executive Officer at the National Center for Fathering and author of Championship Fathering (available at He is married with four children and five grandchildren. See more articles and resources for dads at, or contact the Center with a question or comment at NABC I TIME-OUT

You may hear us often say “Guard Your Heart” when talking with men. In this edition of TimeOut we want to explain what that actually means and exactly what you need to watch out for and guard against. There are eight areas that threaten the heart of a man: career pressures, distractions, relationship pressures, the search for significance, passivity, control, competition, and sexual temptation. Let’s take a closer look at these areas. Career pressures come from the often competitive or demanding nature of the workplace and get the best of us when we allow our drive to succeed at work to become out of balance with the time we spend in our roles at home or church. As basketball coaches, you all understand the demands of your team, your school, and the fans. Work is not the problem, but our hearts are if we work excessively to the detriment of our family. What are you working toward—recognition, a higher salary, more power? Is it costing you the impact you could be having elsewhere? Distractions are what keep us from accomplishing goals at work and in our family. Pleasure, power, money, and position are all distractions that blind us to the importance of our presence and investment in the lives of those around us. We have to assess where most of our time and energy is going and ask ourselves if it’s important, or simply distracting us from what is. Relationship pressures come from the tension of things like trying to fulfill needs, meet expectations, deal with hurt, or be a leader in our relationships. Often times we’re caught in the crossfire of several of those pressures at once, causing us to either blow up or shut down. Guarding against those reactions means prioritizing, maintaining peripheral vision, and tending to the immediate needs first. The search for significance is our drive to be successful, however that is defined in our lives. It may be defined as having a winning season or a well-known program. When we search for significance


Eight Threats to a Man’s Heart by the world’s standards, we begin to measure our self-worth by power and performance instead of who we are to God. Redefining success according to God means placing value in our character and in matters of the heart instead of in our performance. Passivity is lack of activeness in our roles of husband, father and leader. We may struggle in this area because of laziness, unresolved conflict, or maybe we never saw involvement and leadership modeled. Breaking the pattern takes investing time, confessing, communicating, and seeking accountability. The issue of control often involves manipulating in order to have the upper hand and satisfy our own needs. Control is often the result of one or more of four factors: fear, deep insecurity, active or passive aggression, and lack of self-esteem. The secret to keeping our need for control in check is to yield our control back to God, who placed us in any position of power or influence and knows the best possible way it should be used. Competition is rivalry that drives us to succeed. It’s not negative in and of itself, but if our desire is to win at all costs, we’ve crossed the line from good to bad competition. We all know men who have crossed that line with their teams and programs. There are three lethal elements to competition that cause us to step over that line: pride, envy, and greed. Examin-

ing our motives, opening our lives to our friends, and striving for excellence instead of perfection are keys to healthy competition. The final threat to a man’s heart we want to look at is sexual temptation. Research indicates that out of every ten men, four or five have fallen into adultery. That’s a staggering number of men living in deception, leaving their marriage, or trying to rebuild trust in a broken relationship. But healthy marriages aren’t destroyed all at once. They don’t simply collapse, they erode, and the erosion often starts with a look or a thought and gains momentum from there. We want to encourage you to keep your eyes on your mate only and resist any temptation to linger when looking at another. A lingering look gives into a thought and before you know it your mind has carried you further than you want to go. How can you break past some of these issues and experience a great marriage? The answer is to guard your marriage. The concept of guarding when it comes to sexual temptation is really like playing a good defense. You can’t often control the images and people that surround you, but you can control your response by staying on your guard. If a stray and suggestive internet ad pops up on your computer, close it. If a person walks by you and catches your eye, look in the other direction and keep your eyes for your spouse only. Stay on your guard in each of these eight areas and you will be successful in your marriage, family, and in your job as a coach. Guard your heart! Dr. Gary & Barb Rosberg, America’s Family Coaches, are award-winning authors, popular radio hosts and internationally known speakers. Through a unique program called The Great Marriage Experience, the Rosbergs equip couples, churches and military marriages with the resources, events and tools they need to keep their marriages growing stronger for a lifetime. Join them on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube to be coached UP! in your marriage and relationships. Learn more at



St. Louis University

“Perfection” By Jim Crews, Head Coach 2013 NABC UPS Division I Coach of the Year

This has been a very beneficial drill for us in terms of teaching our players to concentrate and be “Ball Strong”. This is a series of 5 full court dribbling, passing, and finishing drills that demand perfection from every member of the team. If one person makes a mistake, the drill starts over.

As a coaching staff, we emphasize being “ball strong” as opposed to saying “don’t turn the ball over”. It’s our feeling that being “ball strong” is a mentality. Limiting turnovers and thus having a positive turnover margin is a big key to winning games for us. This drill is a warm-up and demands teamwork and concentration to complete. The first day of practice, the time to complete is 4:45, however this progresses down to 4:30 and 4:15 throughout the season. Diagram A – Full Court Lay-ups The number of players for “Perfection” is 12 so if you have 13 scholarship players, 1 player will have to rotate sitting out. The drill begins with 4 players starting underneath the basket with basketballs. In this first diagram, 4 players go at a time and dribble down the floor in a straight line to shoot lay-ups. They must get their own rebound (ball cannot hit the floor after shot) and continue to the other end. The remaining 8 players continue until 3 rotations of 4 players have completed. Diagram B – Full Court Passing The remaining diagrams only require 1 basketball. The team now breaks up into pairs underneath the starting basket. The pairs face lane line extended, slide down the court, and chest pass back and forth. When reaching the other end, the last pass must be a bounce pass and the ball is finished. The players repeat back down the other end, then the next group completes. All 6 groups must complete to move on. Diagram C – Fast Break Lay-Ups 6 groups of 2 again. 1 partner starts underneath basket, and the other starts at 28 foot line. Player outlets the ball to partner then fills lane. Ball handler takes the middle of the floor, jump stops at FT line and makes a bounce pass for lay-up. Passer rebounds and then outlets ball to finisher and players switch positions returning to the other end. Diagram D – 3 on 0, Hold 4 groups of 3, lines are underneath basket and on baseline in corners. Player in middle starts with ball and passes back and forth with player on right sideline. Player on left sideline “holds” until ball gets to mid court, then he is in full sprint to basket. When ball reaches FT line, player throws bounce pass to player sprinting from left wing for a lay-up. Player in middle rebounds ball as wing players cross and change sidelines. Same process is repeated as ball is thrown back and forth to right wing and player on left wing “holds. Diagram E – Figure 8’s 4 groups of 3. 4 passes down and back, last pass for lay-up is a bounce pass. As the interim head coach for St. Louis University, Jim Crews led the Billikens to the Atlantic 10 Conference regular season and tournament championship titles with a 28-7 record in 2012-13. The NABC selected Crews as the UPS Division I Coach of the Year. A member of the unbeaten 1976 Indiana University NCAA champions, Crews served eight seasons as an assistant with the Hoosiers under Bob Knight. He was also the head coach at Evansville and Army. St. Louis removed interim from Crews’ title in April, naming him as the Billikens’ head coach.


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Diagram A 2 1

Diagram B

3 4


Diagram C 1 2


Diagram D

Diagram E 1



1 2


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NABC - Time-Out Magazine - Summer 2013  

The official magazine of the National Association of Basketball Coaches

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