THE NORWEGIAN MINING MUSEUM is a museum managing the national cultural heritage of the Kongsberg Silvermines, including its buildings and collections. At the Norwegian Mining museum you can see and experience: • Collections from Kongsberg Silvermines
• Norwegian mining and minerals
• Kongsberg Industrial History
• Coin- and medal collections
• Kongsberg Skiing history
• The Silvermines
• Cultural landscape in the mining areas
COLLECTIONS FROM KONGSBERG SILVERMINES
The collections document the development of mining through the 335 years the Silvermines in Kongsberg were in operation. The main attraction is the silver- and mineral collection which was created after the royal resolution of 15 March 1841. Today the Norwegian Mining Museum hosts the largest collection of native silver in the world.
The exhibit of Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk (Kongsberg weapons factory) illustrates the development from the establishment of the industry in 1814 through to the hi-tech companies of today. Here you will learn about the development of the Krag-Jørgensen rifle at the end of the 19th century which would later lay the foundation for a modern industrial company in Kongsberg.
The exhibition gives an overview of the diversity of mining in Norway. Here you can find emeralds, rubies and ½ kg goldnuggets, along with other Norwegian gems, minerals and ores.
The first coins of silver from Kongsberg made in Norway, was made at the mint at Akershus fortress in 1628. In 1686 the coin production was moved to Kongsberg where coins are still being produced today. The coins still carry a
NORWEGIAN MINING AND MINERALS
KONGSBERGS INDUSTRIAL HISTORY
COIN- AND MEDAL COLLECTION
crossed hammer and chisel, - the international symbol of mining. The exhibit give an historical insight into coin production and includes most coins produced from Christian 4. “silverdalers” to modern nickel coins. The exhibition also contains medals from the great Nordic War to the Nobel Peace prize.
KONGSBERG SKIING HISTORY
The Skiing exhibition takes visitors on a journey through the golden age of ski jumping from 1924-1952. This period was dominated by the “Kongsberg-jumpers” with brothers Sigmund, Asbjørn and Birger Ruud as the local champions. Here visitors will find everything from silver cups from local competitions and Olympic medals to ski wax. The exhibition also documents the development of the skiing
tradition in Norway. The exhibition hold approx. 5000 trophies and medals won by ski jumpers from Kongsberg.
2013 is the 100th anniversary for women’s suffrage in Norway. To mark this anniversary, the Norwegian Mining museum has launched an exhibition to recognize and celebrate female pioneers in our fields of expertise.
The Church in Kongsberg is a remarkable building with the salts, pulpit and organ built together to form a beautiful wall. The beautiful interior includes a separate lounge for the King and Queen of Norway. The church is well-known for its crystal chandeliers made at Nøstetangen glass factory. The building of the church was finalized in 1761 and opened the same year. The organ was built from 1760 to 1765 by Gottfried Heinrich Gloger – an organ builder, -repairman and organist in Norway from 1730 until his death in 1779. The spectacular organ has recently been restored after not being in use for the last 100 years. Groups can make arrangements for tours and concerts at tel.: 0047 32 86 60 30 /0047 32 86 65 91 For more info: Kongsberg.kirken.no
Join a train ride taking you 342 meters below the surface and 2,3 km in to the mountain. Inside the King’s mine there is a guided tour through stopes, adits and shafts. A fascinating device is the famous “Fahrkunst”, - a mine elevator built in 1881. The tour in the mine takes 1,5 hours. The temperature in the mine is 6°C, so please dress warm!
The banquet hall was made in 1943 as a storage room for the Norwegian national archives and gave room to 2,000 shelf meters of documents. 10 – 12 people had their daily work inside the mine from July 1943 to June 1945. Today the room is used as a function room for events, concerts and various shows. The room is well suited for company get-togethers, and we organize frequent events for small and large groups.
ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN
Close to the entrance to the mine are the activity grounds where children can interactively learn and take part in the tasks of a traditional miner. Fire setting, an old mining technique, is demonstrated. You can make your own coin in the same technique as was used in Kongsberg 300 years ago.
With a hammer and chisel you can “excavate” minerals that is yours to keep. You can also “wash” out silver and bring the silver home with you. The area around the mines has a lot to offer, including a popular spot for bathing, a café and a museum shop in “Sakkerhusene”. If you have brought your own picnic basket you are welcome to sit down at a table in the area and enjoy your lunch in beautiful surroundings.
The museum café is situated at “Sakkerhusene”, close to the entrance of the silvermines. Sakkerhusene was traditionally the shelters used by the miners during their work week. These magnificent buildings were built by architect Georg Andreas Bull between the period 1867 and 1874. Today, Sakkerhusene are used for meetings, conferences and dinners. In our café you can enjoy dinner, lunch, cakes, juice, soda, coffe and tea, inside or outside in the garden.
In the museum shop you can purchase a copy of an old miners lamp used in the mines in Kongsberg in the 15th and 16th century. We have a large selection of literature about mining, gems, arts and crafts.
In cooperation with Galleri Osebro in Porsgunn we have a summer exhibition with graphics, art glass, sculptures and ceramics at Sakkerhusene in Saggrenda.
In the King’s mine there is an exhibition with local photographer Arild Brun Kjeldaas’ pictures with A new view on Kongsberg.
The woods west of Kongsberg, towards Knutefjell, is called “Gruveåsen” (the mining area). Inside and above the mountain, at the legendary main mining fields “Overberget” and “Underberget” (Upper and Lower mountain) there has been intense work for many years. On top of the mountain miners searched for silver, broke loose the rocks
and brought it for further refinement. The mining areas are today a special cultural landscape with many preserved memories of a historic mining tradition. The cultural heritage is primarily from the 18th century, but there are traces of mining through the entire period from 1623 to 1958. Hiking and cycling in these areas will give you an impression of both culture and nature. Central in the mining area is the well-preserved buildings of “Haus Sachsen” mine from the 1860s. The silver deposit was found in 1629 and has its name from the Principality Saxony in Germany where many of the miners in Kongsberg originally came from. Here you can see the mining captain’s house, cottages, stables and a foundation for a waterwheel. The buildings in this area are worth a look, and Haus Sachsen is an excellent starting point for hikes in the area.
The miners used large mechanical installations in their hunt for silver in the mines. You can still see the large system of aqueducts, dams, foundations for waterwheels, opencasts to the mines and inscriptions in the mountain making the mining area an exciting and protected cultural landscape. Local maps and guide books about the cultural landscape can be bought in the museum shop.
BICENTENARY OF THE NORWEGIAN CONSTITUTION 1814- 2014
Paul Steenstrup – industrial pioneer and Kongsbergs representative at the constitution
An exhibition at the Norwegian Mining museum to celebrate the anniversary of the Norwegian constitution 1814 – 2014. The exhibition illustrates two events that have had a significant importance for Norway and Kongsberg throughout the last 200 years: the establishment of the Norwegian state in 1814 and the local industrial advancements that took place during this period. The exhibition shed light on national and international political and socioeconomic changes through the lens of Paul Steenstrup (1772 – 1864) who was Kongsberg’s delegate at the constitutional meeting at Eidsvoll on 17 May 1814 and the founder of Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk (Kongsberg weapons factory) established in the same year. Steesntrup was the son of a Danish squire, educated at the Royal Mining academy in Kongsberg (Bergseminaret) and an eager industrialist and innovator in an early phase of the industrial revolution. The exhibition opens 20. March 2014.
CONTACT INFO: Norsk Bergverksmuseum, Hyttegata 3, 3616 Kongsberg Tel.: 91 91 32 00 firstname.lastname@example.org www.norsk-bergverksmuseum.no Layout, prepress and press: Telemark trykk AS, Notodden