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UNIVERSITY OF GLOUCESTERSHIRE

B A ( H O N S ) G R A D U AT E

PORTFOLIO LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

M Y KO L A S S E C K U S

*05/2018


P R O F E S S I O N A L S T AT E M E N T I have been shaping my skills for landscape architecture profession for over six years (directly and indirectly). I persistently thrive to utilize and apply new concepts and approaches which have been assembled through environmental observations, educational courses or other multidisciplinary information sources I would suggest that my range of skills and interest in combination with long-term commitment enabled me to achieve unique and highly aesthetic design solutions orientated and developed around the wish to bring well being for the people who would use it

C O N T AC T S Email Phone number Current address

mykolasseckus@gmail.com +447555745570 Jenner Walk 10, Cheltenham, UK; GL50 3LD

SOCIAL MEDIA Behance Linkedin Instagram

https://www.behance.net /mykolassec0f7c www.linkedin.com/in/mykolas-seckus-3617a5122 _m.seckus_


E D U C AT I O N 2015-2018

BA(HONS) IN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE University of Gloucestershire

2013-2015

S E C O N D A RY ( H I G H S C H O O L ) Rieses Gymnasium

2012-2013

N AT I O N A L A R T S C H O O L National M.K. Ciurlionio Art School (Art profilation)

EXPERIENCE 2016 07-08

INTERNSHIP IN TERRAFIRM Landscape Architecture

2016-2017

SODO IDEJOS

SUMMERS

Garden design internship

2012-2018

TA PAT I Freelance photographer for a magazine

Analog Drawing Report Writing Adobe Photoshop Adobe Illustrator Adobe InDesign Google Sketchup AutoCAD V-ray GIS

PERSONAL

PROFESSIONAL

SKILLS Photography Creativity Customer Service Team Work Time Management Self-development


CONTENT I W O U L D S U G G E S T T H AT L A N D S C A P E A R C H I T E C T I S , F I R S T O F A L L , A N O B S E RV E R W H O ’ S S T U D I O I S N O T A S P E C I F I C P L AC E O R A S T R U C T U R E , B U T T H E W O R L D F U L L O F I N S P I R AT I O N A N D P O T E N T I A L . W I T H T H E S E T O F C O M P R E H E N S I V E S K I L L S A N D W I S H T O C O N T I N U O U S LY PROGRESS THE REQUIREMENT IS AN OPPORTUNITY


9-12PG.

‘Social Loop’

‘Big Bang’

AD6000 Dissertation Project

‘Vision of Birmingham with a car-free ...’

AD6603 Philosophy and Creativity

5 9 13 15 19 13-14PG.

‘View FWinder’

AD4604 - Sustainable Technology 1

‘Unconventional’

AD5605 Design Projects 2

AD5605 Design Projects 2

5-8PG. 15-18PG. 19-30PG.


YEAR 2

AD5605 DESIGN PROJECTS 2 ‘SOCIAL LOOP’ The brief was to create an urban furniture which would be placed somewhere in Cheltenham. It had to be creative and potentially addressing one of the issues of the area or being sensitive to the character of the site. The problem/issue which I decided to find a solution for, was social isolation. It is not a new dilemma, but its significance has been continuously increasing with years partially due to the considerable shift towards an integration of new technologies into our daily lifestyles which supposed to help us out on a day to day basis or enable us to communicate with each other more easily. And don’t get me wrong, improvement in technologies is not a bad thing, because in general edification is a positive thing, but it’s about how we choose to use it. And in the last few years, there was a significant increase in people with diagnosed depression symptoms (the number of patients diagnosed with depression increases by approximately 20percent per year) Healthline, (2012). Depression Facts & Statistics 2012 Infographic [online] Available at: http://www.healthline.com/health/depression/statistics-infographic [2017/02/20]. Depression is one of the side effects of social isolation, which by itself as research shows can have damage to our health as smoking 15 cigarettes a day. Holt-Lunstad, (2015). campaigntoendloneliness, (2016).Threat to health. [online] Available at: http://www.campaigntoendloneliness.org/threat-to-health/ [2017/02/20]. Taking all this into account, I tried to find a way to make people sit in front of each other while provoking a conversation. What I came up with in the end is the ‘sociopetal environment’ or in other words a furniture which encourages social interaction as you sit in front of each other, which is not a common situation when talking about conventional urban furniture. Usually, you sit in front of other people when you eat and there is a reason why I bring this up because it’s an informal situation when we are comfortable and we socialise. Its unique shape is not only a piece of unconventional, sustainable urban furniture, it supposed to be as well a sculpture which nicely fits into urban context because for its organic shape which should bring to life such streets as High Street in Cheltenham which is boring, empty, melancholic, thus people tend to use this public pedestrian street as a transitional space, but not as a place to sit down and enjoy surroundings as such.

C R E AT I V E P R O C E S S

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YEAR 2

REBIRTH/NEW EARTH

EXPLOSION RADIUS

MAN-MADE STRUCUTRES

AD5605 DESIGN PROJECTS 2 ‘ B I G BA N G ’

SECTION CUT

09

‘BIG BANG’


PROJECT BRIEF

This project was produced for the international garden festival Chaumont-SurLoire of 2017. The theme at the time was Flower Power/Power Flower and the given plot was around 210 square meters. The idea was to show 21st-century attempt in creating extraordinary and contemporary gardens based on the theme which supposed to emphasize the importance of flowers in our lives, culture, literature, etc. The organisers were hoping for original, contemporary and radically new scenery, which would astonish the viewers by its visual qualities as well as its associations and concepts about flowers.

A P P R OA C H

As you can see from the visual my attempt of this project/theme was more than slightly different from traditional colourful flower based garden. Highly due to the discovery of the flower definition suggesting an analogous reproductive structure in other plants, sucs as mosses. Thus my planting scheme became relatively simple as I tried to base it on pioneering and primitive plant structures such as mosses and lichens, which were situated around the centre of the proposal.

CONCEPTS AND ADDRESSED TOPICS

festival Chaumont-Sur-Loire

One of the ideas behind my design was the necessity of big bang (drastic changes/end for apathy) in the way we think and perceive news and information related to the environmental issues as there are obvious facts and results which were the side effect of a global warming. Thus this design aims to be an idealistic revolution point from which we would start changing the current situation/trend of self-destruction. Just the same as the Big Bang which is thought to have created our universe, this garden is an epicentre of an explosion which afterwards brought new pure life. The hardscape represents man-made structures which were partially destructed during the explosion, hence enabling integration of vegetation with architecture. Central object is the new life form/potentially new earth which is clean, pure, and green as never before, because of how humans began to work in collaboration with it (nature). Cooperation was another topic which I was aiming to cover, as from my point of view I see a great need for the merge and even closer partnership of different professions in various projects. Because currently, for instance, we perceive gardens as an outside space with a variety of plants, but why could it not be a sculpture, installation or a piece of art simultaneously?

THE ENTRANCE

‘BIG BANG’

10


BIG BANG

CONSTRUCTIVE PROCESS

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‘BIG BANG’


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VISUAL OF PROPOSAL

‘BIG BANG’

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YEAR 1 S K E T C H E S O F C R E AT I V E P R O C E S S

A D 4 6 0 4 - S U S TA I N A B L E T E C H N O L O G Y 1 P L A N T I N G P R O J E C T ‘ U N C O N V E N T I O N A L’

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‘ U N C O N V E N T I O N A L’


FCH (Francis Close Hall) campus front entrance winning planting scheme The client-University of Gloucestershire wished to create a new vibrant, all year-round and overall blending with the surrounding architecture planting scheme. My response to the project was a highly unconventional design which encourages to rethink planting border design. Through the use of multiple raised planters (corten steel or other rusty look metal) of different sizes and heights, I have managed to develop an exclusive design which allows people to move around and through the planting border while being surrounded by low-maintenance and reliable plants which would take the shape of the raised planter.

IMAGE OF IMPLEMENTED RESULT

Note: This project has won the course competition and was built in 2017 summer. Furthermore, university management team has slightly changed the design in order to reduce the financial cost. The project requires further few years in order to reach its best visual quality

‘ U N C O N V E N T I O N A L’

14

e


YEAR 3

A D 6 6 0 3 P H I L O S O P H Y A N D C R E AT I V I T Y ‘VIEW FINDER’

what and why do we filter out elements from our every-day environments? This installation is an outcome of a two stage research which begun with an essay on the topic of ‘What are the key elements in the theory and process of human spatial behaviour?’ and then followed by the personal analysis as a more specific sequel of the first one. In the second part I aimed to ansewr the question ‘What and why do we filter out elements from our every-day environments?’. The aim was to return the appreciation and conncetion with our daily environments by informing others about the phenomenon or allowing them to explore their surroundings from a different perspective The final peace is a minimalistic sculpture/installation which incorporates three key aspects from my conclusion (routine/overwhelmingness/unawareness) as well as few others which were indicated in the process of photographical analysis as a potential reasoning

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‘VIEW FINDER’

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R O U T I N E E X P L A N AT O RY S C H E M E

FRONT

BAC K

‘ V I E W F I N D E R ’ E X P L A N AT O RY S C H E M E

Empowerement Installation works as a viewfinder which depending on the position of an observer would either represent the destructive effect of routine (from the front) or positive process of desmantling the hypothetical walls of routine which screens your capacity of consciously and actively perceiving the environment (from the back)

/

Routine

Installation represents a destructive and positive progression due to the effect of routine which develops with time and reduces your capacity to actively perceive surrounding environment. Therefore limiting your capability to explore and analyse your daily spaces, consequently deducting your appreciation of it. In the end, theoretically speaking you could analyse for instance your commuting route for an eternity as environment is constantly changing/adapting and you will always miss or overlook something

V

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Overwhelmingness

/

The piece proposes an alternative which was based highly on a photography and a perspective art. It makes the user/viewer to situate at the front side and look through a ‘view finder’ (multiple layers form a frame). Hence directing and limiting your viewing direction/capacity. By visually screening a majority of your view spectrum installation supports a simplified analysis process for a viewer who could then be less concerned with the immense

Unawareness The sculptures presents viewer with an opportunity of becoming consciously aware and informed about the phenomenon as the theory and a brief conclusion of my analysis would be placed on the back of the last wall/layer. Hence you can not only become theoretically empowered by the knowledge provided by the installation, but as well practically. As when you look through the back of the installation, the frame which would otherwise screen (limit) your environmental perception will have a significantly reduced effect

VI

‘VIEW FINDER’

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17

‘VIEW FINDER’

V I S UA L W I T H A M AT T G L A S S T E X T U R E

V I S UA L W I T H A R I P P L E D G L A A S T E X T U R E


The process of analysis and the missing part Installation develops in a multi layered fashion with an indication of a process which contributes towards a whole peace (conclusion). However as there is a missing part (void space/hole) in the middle of the last wall, there is an indication of a further potential for analysis.

Shadows and Refractions

Dynamic view

As the installation would be made out of acrylic glass with a different types of surfaces and patterns it would create colourful and rich in texture sun-light refractions which would draw your attention. Furthermore as refractions would appear as a result of physical form screening the direct sunlight path consequently resulting in a partial light deprevation. Hence becoming a combination of shadows and refraction

As the sculpture would be suggestively located in the middle of an alley (such as high street in Cheltenham) the view from through the view finder would be constantly changing/adapting and potentially dominated by the feature of person/people. Because as the environment is constantly adapting and changing the intended view has to be highly dynamic as well in order to create a considerable contrast which could not be unnoticed by the observer.

‘VIEW FINDER’

18


YEAR 3

A D 6 0 0 0 D I S S E R T AT I O N P R O J E C T ‘VISION OF BIRMINGHAM WITH A CAR-FREE CITY CENTRE BY 2050’

VISUAL OF HIERARCHY TWO STREET (SMALLBROOK QUEENSWAY)

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‘ V I S I O N O F B I R M I N G H A M W I T H A C A R - F R E E . . .’

VISUAL OF CANAL BY THE BROAD ST.


ensuring life quality in cities for future Our society has suffered from decades of long-lasting exaggerated passion for the combustion engine, in other words, a misjudged prioritisation of automobiles over people (pedestrians) and their needs by city planners and other professionals contributing towards the existing cityscape. This has had a crippling effect on our society and cities as a physical matrix for a social interaction which by West G. is a ‘definition’ of cities (Livable cities, (-)). Furthermore, such deviation of values supports further degradation and present/future limitation of citie’s vast potential. Just to give you a brief idea of how this absurd situation looks like, you should know that currently 25 percent of floor space on average are dedicated for car-based infrastructures in cities around the world (Gardner C. (2011)). To take one step even further, these 25 percents accommodate vehicles which 95 percents of the time are parked and only 5 percent (36 minutes) utilized per day on average (Moovel lab (2017)). Cars bring series of issues, such as losing human scale in our cities, multiple deaths, car injuries as well as traffic jams, air and noise pollution. Cars are great transportation means allowing for independence and flexibility, or at least how it was presented by marketing sectors in the 1960s and 70s.(The National. (2016)). The question arises if the delusional mobility provided by an automobile is really worth the reality in which one first learns to drive a car instead of a bike. This mirage applies for the common belief that technologies, in this case, autonomous vehicles will magically solve all our mistakes and problems. In fact, it will not because we continuously create a better habitat for vehicles rather than homo sapiens. The only truly human-friendly transportation means are walking and cycling, as they do not isolate us but bring all possible opportunities in front our feet ‘‘all of life’s events large and small develop

when we walk among other people. Life in all its diversity unfolds before us when we are on foot’’ (Gehl J. (2010), 19p.). Hence city planning should be based on them and only then it shall incorporate technological advancements, not the other way around (Klein G. (2017)). Otherwise, we will continue to fail and face the near future with 9-10 or more billion population of which two-thirds are living in an urban environment (Brand S.; Ted radio hour (2012)b.) designed for machines rather than you and me.

As a response to this continuing and dominating situation, I aim willing to propose an idea of a car-free city centre of Birmingham. In my conceptual project, I questioned city management and design principles by looking at the past, present and the future. By analyzing the essence of cities and issues concerning car orientated transportation format, I managed to establish a strong vision and strategy for the site which would allow facing all the upcoming social/environmental/ demographic difficulties with a healthy, sustainable, renewable and resilient environment. Such environment would support the needs and well-being of its citizens higly due to the reuse and transformation of spaces currently dedicated for automobiles. Ultimately, I aimed to fight against necessity of driving and owning a car in city especially in city centre as automobiles were never created for a short distance journeys. However, in order to make it work, I had to give a reason for people to use alternatives over their current habbit of driving.

BEARING BALL TOWER SECTION CUT

Bearing Ball Structures There would be eleven of these structures which would work as transportation node points where people can leave their automobiles after parking in the underground parking. Furthermore, the building would include mixed-use facilities ranging from commercial shops, offices to residential apartments

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Transportation strategy

HS2

SHARED BICYCLE SYSTEM NEWORK SCHEME

Cycling infrastrucutre Cycling infrastrcutre is one of the key elements in the transition to car-free model of city center, thus a series of measures would be utilized in order to ensure a safe and convenient use of cycling alternative as a transportation option. HS2

21

‘ V I S I O N O F B I R M I N G H A M W I T H A C A R - F R E E . . .’

The scheme on the left represent a proposed cycling sharing system with it approximate location which would be placed around 200-300m. from each other in the core of the city centre and about 500-600m. in the rest of the downtown area as well as multiple other locations located in the rest of the city to ensure an adequeate coverage bicycle renting spots.


Rail tracks; All of these railways are currently existing and no additional ones have been suggested Railway station; The bigger the size of the sign, the higher level of activity is appearing in the station. Currently Birmingham New Street and Moor Street stations are the two busiest train station in Birmingham Cycling routes hierarchy one (blue); These would become tertiary hierarchy routes in cycling infrastructure network. Current and proposed routes in the phase plan are not marked apart from the majority of cycling-highway routes Cycling highway hierarchy two;

These routes would be located along the hierarchy two streets

Current tram line; The tram line joins Birmingham New Street Station with Snow Hill train station and then extends all the way to Wolverhampton,constitutingintotalof21 kilometres of tram line Proposed new tram routes; These two new tram lines would run all the way around the edge of the city centre following the current inner ring road, likewise operating from around the Birmingham Moor Street train station all the way to the Birmingham International airport and back through Solihull by mainly following the existing railway tracks The edge of automobile traffic (blue stripes); These lines mark the edge of automobile transportation zone, as in another side of it (in the city centre area) only alternative transportationmeanswouldbeallowedin ‘‘Bearing Ball Tower’’ (yellow circles); These eleven yellow circles mark approximate tower location points, which would become iconic to Birmingham and function as transportation node points of multiple transportations mean intersection spot

HS2 train station; This would become a gateway into Birmingham for a significant amount of people, thus it carries an important role to ensure an exciting and convenient transportation experience HS2 railway; This is an approximate HS2 railway route. A potential underground structure in the area between the inner ring and train station itself might be a reasonable solution as any above the ground or ground level structure, would become a physical boundary for all of the traffic in surrounding areas Electric bus routes (yellow);

These bus routes would run through the hierarchy one streets along the hierarchy one cycling highways Bus transportation system uncovered area; This area is an approximate territory which counting 500m. distance radius from the bus routes would remain theoretically speaking uncovered by sufficient services of bus transportation system, thus people in the area might be suggested by the PT (Public Transportation) application to choose from other alternatives Existing major car parking lots; These are just some of the parking lots which have been noted with the help of google maps. At the end of the project, all parking lots would be redeveloped into residential, commercial or public realm spaces apart from four selected multistorey parking houses Current multi storey car parking houses; The same as with parking lots these parking houses have been indicated by the use of google maps, thus it is likely there might be more of those. The project would aim to redevelop majority of these structures for other purposes Multi-storey car parking houses which would remain; These remained parking facilities would be utilized primarily for autonomous taxi storing and charging purposes Water taxi routes; These blue stripes are marking the water taxi routes which would use current and additionally constructed canals ‘ V I S I O N O F B I R M I N G H A M W I T H A C A R - F R E E . . .’

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Freight strategy

500m

IMAGE A.

General concept Freight distribution system is essential for succesful functioning of the city as any urban environment higly depends on a good delivery system which has to be within a reasonable financial cost likewise being convenient and efficient. Hence desirably having capacity to adapt to transport goods in shipping containers as it would allow to save time and money by having it directly delivered to the destination point witout repacking the freight. In this case the shipping containers could be transported all the way to the city centre as it would arive to the area by railway system, then taken off by cranes from the train and only then reorganised in order to be distributed to the final distribution points (light and medium distribution points). Thus enabling for a relatively cheap and efficient freight transportation system without the need of lorries in majority of cases. However ‘Bearing Ball Towers’ would work as automobile freight distribution points where vans and lorries could drop off their packages which then either collected by the subject or shipped further on to one of the light and medium distribution points as well as delivered to the selected destination point in case of commercial facility situation by the AV taxi or a specialy adapted AV vehicle.

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‘ V I S I O N O F B I R M I N G H A M W I T H A C A R - F R E E . . .’


Canal light and medium weight freight distribution points; These structures would be established in close proximity to the canals all over the city centre area, thus providing with opportunity for having light and medium freight distribution points inside of the inner ring road

Heavy freight distribution points (bright blue area); These two zones would become the link between the railway line and the canal system, thus creating an opportunity to have an interconnected network to the rest of the world as freight could be conveniently delivered by trains into the city centre

Area uncovered by freight distribution points (curved triangle); Area uncovered by freight distribution points (curved triangle); The convenient distance from light and medium weight distribution points was referred to the convenient walking distance (around 500meters (refer to image A)), thus potentially enabling pedestrian to pick up their packages from the distribution point closest to their living location

Newly proposed canals (thick

Existing canals (thin blue line); Canal system was a crucial driving factor in the industrial age for Birmingham from the perspective of freight transportation as a primary function. In these days it is a truly underutilized asset, which would be suggestedtobeenhancedandexploitedfor series of various purposes On land light and medium weight freight distribution points (Bearing Ball Tower); As the Bearing Ball Towers would become practically the end point of non-public vehicular transportation traffic, all of the freights transported by vehicles would have to left in one the towers for the last bit of journey

blue line); These new canal links would ensure that almost all of the city centre area is covered by an efficient canal system which would have multiple purposes Current multi storey car parking houses; The same as with parking lots these parking houses have been indicated by the use of google maps, thus it is likely there might be more of those.The project would aim to redevelop majority of these structures for other purposes Existing major car parking lots; These are just some of the parking lots which have been noted with the help of google maps. At the end of the project, all parking lots would be redeveloped into residential, commercial or public realm spaces apart from four selected multistorey parking houses Rail tracks; All of these railways are currently existing and no additional ones have been suggested

‘ V I S I O N O F B I R M I N G H A M W I T H A C A R - F R E E . . .’

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Culture/Arts/Education/ Sports and Recreation strategy

General concept The idea behind Culture/Arts/ Education/Sports and Recreation strategy is to establish a designated centre for a range of uses/activities as well as the very own heart of the city centre itself. It supposed to allow for a simplified orientation and a healthy level of structured city planning strategy. Such method would as well support higher quality spaces and facilities within the use as rather than scattering them around the entire territory (downtown) they would become centralized consequently becoming more financially viable and convenient for the users. For instance, in the case of the education centre, students and other scholars would benefit from having a dedicated zone in which they could exchange their ideas and collaborate with each other in a competitive and motivational environment designed and developed in accordance of creative and working space suggestion/requirements. However, by no means, I would suggest having all of the particular use facilities within the dedicated centre area as it would contradict with the idea of mixed-use development and the idea of free market. Note: major facilities of the specific use are already either in the proposed centre territories or are adjacent to.

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‘ V I S I O N O F B I R M I N G H A M W I T H A C A R - F R E E . . .’


Parking lots which would be redeveloped into a public green spaces (orange); As all of the car parking infrastructures would be eliminated from the city centre area, all except four of the parking facilities/zones would be redeveloped. These suggestively would be reshaped into a green space such as parks Multi-storey car parking houses which would remain (red striped); These remained parking facilities would be utilized primarily for autonomous taxi storing and charging purposes Multi storey car parking houses which would be redevoled (blue striped); These immense structures have great opportunities to be redeveloped into multifunctional spaces. Some of them might require a full reconstruction while others just a partial one Education centre; This area would aim to emphasize the specific use (education) by promoting higher quality and capacity of related infrastructures Currently exisitng major education facilities and structures; These structures mark some of the dominant facilities concerning the type of use (in this case education). There are multiple other educational facilities however this zone has the highest density in area Culture and arts center; Culture and arts are one of the major driving factors for city development and progression as it enriches our society. Birmingham already seems to have significant cultural and artistic historic and present facilities and organisations, thus it is important to continue supporting it Currently existing major cultural and artistic facilities and structures; These are some of the main infrastructures which support culture and art activities/ events. It would be essential to retain most of these buildings as some of these have already become the face of the city or the city centre concerning the culture and arts

Sport and recreation centre; This zone should be highly redeveloped to in accordance with the title (Sport and recreation centre), due to the current absence of such type of facilities and infrastructures. However, its strategic location would favour in long-term Currently existing major sports and recreation facilities and structures;w These are only some of the sports and recreation spaces (no parks have been noted). All of the marked facilities which seems to have considerable significance are situated outside the city centre area. However, it has potential to be linked with the city centre and the sport/recreational centre due to its to close proximity Suggested redevelopment zones; Theseareashavebeeneithersuggestedfor redevelopment by the Birmingham Plan 2031 (2013) or appeared to be of a low aesthetic quality space due to unmaintained condition and the architectural style with significant numbers of parking zones, thus requiring to be redesigned Currently existing car parking lots proposed for redevelopment (blue areas); These parking facilities would be advised toberedevelopedintomainlycommercial or residential use facilities, however, in the zones of cultural/educational or recreational and sports centres they (parking lots) would be potentially regenerated accordingly to the dedicated use of that zone Proposed redevelopment areas which are currently brownfields (light blue); All of the viable space which is currently undeveloped would have to be utilized in order to provide the best quality and efficiency of space in the city centre area Established city centre core area; This approximate territory would be recognised as the heart of the city centre mainly due to a considerable density of transportation node points such as train stations and other culture, commercial and recreational facility presence and proximity to the zone. The point of distinguishing such area is to preserve its unique identity ‘ V I S I O N O F B I R M I N G H A M W I T H A C A R - F R E E . . .’

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Green and Blue Infrastructure strategy

General concept Green and Blue infrastructures are essential part of the concept as it would highly support the idea of a car-free city format. By having an opportunity to extensively incorporate vegetation and water features across the site it would revolutionise the image of cities and city centres as a concrete jungle. In other words, such strategy would eliminate the present harsh edge and difference between rural and urban. Hence allowing to incorporate the best of both: rural and urban environments. In turn, this would shape the future in which our individual and common well-being is/ are secured, and we can enjoy our everyday journeys through streets which would then function as a park rather than a grey an experientially unattractive environment primarily developed around the needs of automobile. It is strange that despite the knowledge of benefits deriving from vegetation such as improvement in well-being, mental and physical health of people adjacent to it as well as air quality and many other environmental aspects, we continue to perceive green infrastructure as a secondary concern which will be resolved at the end of development. Ultimately, such approach would not only ensure the viability and reasoning for the users to shift toward the alternative transportation modes (having high-quality spaces to walk and travel through), but as well would create an opportunity to grow food in/on the streets, walls, rooftops or even indoor environments with the use of traditional and modern farming methods such as aquaponic.

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‘ V I S I O N O F B I R M I N G H A M W I T H A C A R - F R E E . . .’


Public bath structures (dark blue zones); These structures would be built in the canal’s waterway where the width of the canal allows it, however where it is too narrow canals would require an extension Heavy freight distribution points (bright blue area); These two zones would become the link between the railway line and the canal system, likewise the largest water features in the city centre territory. These immense structureshavepotentialtobeoccasionally utilized for recreational and festive events Existing waterway; This waterway contributes towards a variety of blue infrastructures, however, while overall being a positive aspect, it should be noted for its capacity to flood. Hence the areas adjacent to it might require supplementary flood prevention measures Existing and proposed canals; The canal system would function as a multifunctional asset serving as a freight distribution, water taxi, blue/green infrastructure corridors which would be likewise used by pedestrians and cyclist as traffic route or a recreational space SUD’s in hierarchy one green corridor; Urban drainage systems would be implemented to ensure that most of the urban structures and ground floor spaces have efficient draining systems adjacent to it, thus primary preventing most of the potential flooding situations

Major currently existing green spaces; Despite the statement of Birmingham being one of the greenest European major city with even one-fifth of the floor-space being covered by green spaces you can easily notice that it does not concern the city centre area Proposed new or arguably demanding for regeneration green spaces; Public green spaces are vital for the well-being of the citizens, thus they have to be of a high quality and at different scales located all around the area Hierarchy type one green corridor; These green corridors would be the major routes facilitating primary pedestrian, cycling and electric bus routes. Moreover, it would accommodate SUD’s (sustainable urban drainage systems) as well as urban farming zones. These corridors would be located on the current main streets, which have the largest capacity space wise for any type of alternative redevelopment whichwouldbecomeviablewiththeapplication concept of a car-free city centre Hierarchy type two green corridors; These green corridors would become a secondary traffic routes following mainly anexistingsecondarystreetsaccordingthe size and traffic level

Existing major car parking lots; These are just some of the parking lots which have been noted with the help of google maps. At the end of the project, all parking lots would be redeveloped into residential, commercial or public realm spaces apart from four selected multistorey parking houses Current multi storey car parking houses; The same as with parking lots these parking houses have been indicated by the use of google maps, thus it is likely there might be more of those. The project would aim to redevelop majority of these structures for other purposes

‘ V I S I O N O F B I R M I N G H A M W I T H A C A R - F R E E . . .’

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phase one

phase two

Reasonably simple (to implement). Utilizing low-cost measures which would improve/ encourage pedestrian and cyclist movement/traffic in the city centre by in general enhancing streetscape. This phase would be a precursor to phase 2 and 3. The main changes would be introduced through either linking existing cycling routes or adapting streets towards a slightly more pedestrian and cyclist friendly format. Furthermore, the aim would be to give back some of the central street areas to pedestrians

Adopting strategic measures with medium financial costs. Investing more money into the improvement of the streetscape/cycling/ pedestrian/public transportation infrastructures and in general making an impact on the existing city infrastructure. At the end of this phase citizens after seeing the value of transformation would ask for further changes towards a car-free city centre themselves

duration: 3-5 years

duration: 2-3 years

Phase Plan

HS2

approximate HS2 (High Speed Two) train station location introduced and opened by 2026

on demand car renting network with its potential destinations

bicycle sharing network grid suggesting the densityofrenting/storing locations

established free wifi zone supporting the PT (Public Transportation) application

cycling highways routes (P.S. for accuracy refer to the transportation strategyscheme)

suggested car-free zone which would operate every Sunday

current tram route (Midland Metro) runing from the city centre all the way to Wolverhampton

major train stations: Birmingham New Street, Birmingham Moor Street, Birmingham New Street

currently exisitng designated cyclingroutes (vehicular shared and unshared)

recommended supplementary cycling routes

proposed additional dedicatedpedestrianand cyclist streets

proposed streets for occasionaltemporalclosing from vehicular traffic


‘‘ You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete. -R. Buckminster Fuller

’’

Rather than building a new city from the ground level based around the carfree concept, my proposal implements the carless city format on an existing city structure in a sensible manner by working around current infrastructures and with the local communities. Thus the citizens would not only be collaborating towards the planing and design solutions withing the reasonable limits from the ground level but would as well be slowly introduced with series of measures during around 30 year period. Consequently the top-down approach allows include communities and citizens in general to the process of redevelopment as well as provide them with a personal reasons to desire for such changes

phase four duration: 10-14 years

duration: 8-10 years

phase three At this point the car-free concept would be initiated, thus major preparation work would be set up to be achieved. All the previous adjustments and improvements in the previous phases would be crucial until now in order to implement the big picture. All of the set goals from this point would be essential before the last phase (a full shift to the car-free city centre mode). The main infrastructure built at this stage would the canal/water freight network system

This would be the last stage of the project which would result in a fully car-free city. At this point, the last touches would be established which would complete the overall strategy and fill in the missing parts to ensure highly interlinked and coherent scheme. Major vehicular transportation infrastructures would be built including the Bearing Ball towers which would work as the core transportation intersection points as well as the endpoint for privately owned automobile traffic

HS2

HS2

muilty car parking houses which would remain in order to facilitate AV (autonomous vehicles) taxis and potentialy part of the resident automobiles

muilty storey car parking houses which would be reconstrcuted at this phase

muilty car parking houses which have been redevelopedordemolished in the phase three

Bearing Ball Tower (mainly located in the approximate position of the currently exisitng roundabouts)

newlysuggestedsuplementary tram route which would follow the existing inner ring road strcuture

current and additional tram routes which were proposedinthephasethree

heavy weight freight distribution and storage centersconnectingrailway and canal networks

medium and Low weight freight distribution points

existing canal and river waterways

new canal routes which would connect into the resto of the network

suggested additional tram route running to the Birmingham Airport and back through Solihull

current tram route


VISUAL OF HIERARCHY ONE STREET (QUEENSWAY ROAD)


T H A N K Y O U F O R Y O U R C O N S I D E R AT I O N


‘ E V E RY O N E D E S I G N S WHO DEVISES COURSES O F AC T I O N A I M E D AT CHANGING EXISTING S I T U AT I O N I N T O PREFERRED ONES’ (SIMON 1969; (LOCKTON; H A R R I S O N ; S TA N T O N . ( 2 0 1 0 ) )

Work portfolio (2015/2018)  
Work portfolio (2015/2018)  
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