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Published monthly and distributed thru out the communities of northern Manitoba *(plus) issue # 37

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november 2014

Circulation 12,000

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Manitoba & RCMP news

RCMP looking for armed robbery suspects Wanted by RCMP is 27-year-old Jonathon David Boychuk, described as male, 5’11”, 160 lb with black hair and brown eyes. He is currently wanted for robbery with a firearm, pointing a firearm, disguise with intent and possession of a firearm while prohibited.

tion on the whereabouts of either of these individuals, you can contact Thompson RCMP in person or by phone at 204-677-6909 or anonymously to Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-8477 (TIPS). You can also text TIPMAN plus your message to CRIMES(274637).

RCMP warn public of fraudulent emails RCMP would like residents to be aware that fraudulent emails are being received with the subject line “Notice to Appear” and similar variances. These emails use “address spoofing” to make them appear legitimate. Police say that it is not common practice for courts to notify people via e-mail of required appearances. The fraudulent emails are designed to panic the recipient into opening the email and/or any attachment(s).

In a recent case, the culprit(s) were able to obtain enough information to contact the recipients financial institution, answer all the security questions and subsequently remove an undisclosed amount of money. RCMP warn the public that maintaining a record of passwords and answers to security questions on a computer is ill advised.

Manitoba government Announces enhanced Access To Trades Training For Students in northern Manitoba New Partnerships Give Students a Foot in the Door for Good Jobs: Premier Selinger

University College of the North (UCN), and Opaskwayak Cree Nation (OCN) and UCN, Premier Greg Selinger announced on the October 10th., 2014. “Parents want their kids to get good jobs and put down roots here at home. This partnership is opening more doors to training while students are still in high school,” said Premier Selinger. “Tradespeople are in high demand in the province, and by giving our students access to UCN’s programs, we’re giving them the tools they need to get a head start.” These partnerships will allow students in The Pas and OCN to take training at UCN and apply that back to a high school credit, the premier noted. “The announcement by Premier Selinger is a huge step in closing the gap between the need for trades training opportunities and the need for skilled tradespersons in the north. UCN is pleased to be involved in opportunities for our youth to access trades training while enrolled in high school,” said Konrad Jonasson, president, UCN. Students can now start enrolling in several programs including: heavy duty mechanics, power mechanics, carpentry, culinary arts, early childhood education, and health-care aide.

27-year-old Jonathon David Boychuk and 26year-old Vicki Riva Little, wanted by RCMP. Also wanted is 26-year-old Vicki Riva Little, described as female, 5’3”, 150 lb, with brown hair and brown eyes. She is currently wanted for robbery with a weapon and possession of a weapon for a dangerous purpose. Police advise to use caution when dealing with these two individuals. If you have any informa-

If the email and/or attachment(s) are opened a virus program known as malware will be automatically installed on the recipients computer. Once installed, the malware can monitor online activity and access personal information from the recipients computer.

THE PAS—Students in northern Manitoba will have expanded opportunities to train on state-of-the-art equipment with access to trades training while getting a head start on a good paying job in the trades following two new partnerships between the Kelsey School Division and

if you have any important news you would like to share with other northern Manitoba Communities... do noT heSiTATe... e-mail the information to: northernews@mymts.net (or call 1-204-978-0777)

Just like a flyer A nonprofit Publication Published Monthly by local businesses and distributed thru out the Communities of northern Manitoba To place an Ad please call: 1-204-978-3888

“We at Opaskwayak Cree Nation are working to solidify a partnership agreement with UCN that will benefit our students,” said Edwin Jebb, chair, Opaskwayak Educational Authority Inc., OCN. “We must do what we can to ensure that programming is made available to them to succeed. Such partnerships are essential for continued student learning and help provide for future employment opportunities in the trades.”

northern echo Printed at Winnipeg Sun 1700 Church Avenue Winnipeg, Mb R2X 3A2 Telephone: 1.204.694.2022


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Manitoba government honours hero in Polar bear Attack Churchill Resident bill Ayotte inducted into order of buffalo hunt Conservation and Water Stewardship Minister Gord Mackintosh and Aboriginal and Northern Affairs Minister Eric Robinson awarded one of Manitoba’s highest honours, the Order of the Buffalo Hunt, to Bill Ayotte, in recognition of his heroic intervention that saved the life of Erin Greene when she was attacked by a polar bear in Churchill on Nov. 1, 2013. “The people of Churchill have learned to live with and respect polar bears but when he saw a young woman being attacked by a bear, Bill Ayotte reacted without hesitation and those actions saved her life,” said Minister Mackintosh. “He risked his own life to save a neighbour and that courage should be recognized and rewarded.” Early in the morning of Nov. 1, 2013, Ayotte heard the screams of a young woman being attacked by a polar bear outside his house. Armed with only a shovel, he distracted the animal so she could get away. Unfortunately, the bear turned on him and he suffered numerous injuries

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before natural resource officers and other residents could scare it away. “This quick-thinking, selfless action saved Erin Greene’s life, while putting his own life in grave danger,” said Minister Robinson. “We commend the heroic actions of Bill Ayotte and believe he is worthy of the Order of the Buffalo Hunt as well as our gratitude and admiration.” In addition to the honour bestowed upon Ayotte, congratulations and gift presentations were made to the seven-member Polar Bear Alert team of natural resource officers, Churchill resident Didier Foubert-Allen, who helped with the rescue efforts, and Greene, who was mauled by the bear.

Some of the nearly 1,000 people who rely on Lake Winnipeg’s commercial fishery for their livelihoods say the current quota system hurts their pocket books and results in thousands of kilograms of wasted fish. Bruce Benson has been fishing out of Arnes Harbour for years and targets pickerel, Manitoba’s prize catch that is also known as walleye. "It's a beautiful fish. See the beautiful green colour. The cheeks are a delicacy and it's famous all over the world,” said Benson.

Manitoba’s Order of the Buffalo Hunt was established in 1957. The honour is bestowed by the province to individuals who demonstrate outstanding skills in the areas of leadership, service and community commitment.

Fishermen say quota system forces them to waste fish Ben Miljure reports Manitoba fishermen say government policy is hurting them financially and creating waste.

Pickerel sells for nearly twice as much as whitefish. Rather than allowing the less expensive species to count against their quotas, Bruce Benson says fishermen have been known to simply discard or waste the whitefish. But he frequently finds other fish in his net as well, including whitefish, which counts against his seasonal quotas. Pickerel sells for nearly twice as much as

whitefish. Rather than allowing the less expensive species to count against their quotas, Benson says fishermen have been known to simply discard or waste the whitefish. "Economically, I don't have a choice. We're forced into this situation. We're between a rock and a hard place,” said Benson. The province already made one exception this year, allowing each fisherman to take and sell 400 kg whitefish off-quota. Benson said fishermen used that up in just six days. "Walleye has a higher price than whitefish, therefore fishers ?prefer to catch walleye,” said the province in a statement. “If we increase the quota to recognize this year's abundance of whitefish, walleye could also be caught. We are concerned about the sustainability of the walleye if quotas are increased further." But there could be another solution. According to Winnipeg Harvest, 60,000 different Manitobans use food banks each month. The charity says it is lobbying the government to donate unwanted whitefish to them instead of wasting it, which is an illegal practice. "We don't have a solution yet,” said Donald Benham, Director of Hunger and Poverty Awareness at Winnipeg Harvest. “But we're very hopeful that we will and we're very encouraged by Manitoba fishermen who want to share protein and good fish with us." For now, fishermen and the province remain at odds over the current quota system.

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Richmond, b.C. considers banning Chinese-only signs The hottest language debate may no longer be in Quebec but rather British Columbia, where a city in Vancouver’s suburbs is again embroiled in a battle over whether English should be included on signs targeting the city’s Chinese community. And thanks to the impending municipal election, the language debate has received a higher profile than ever before, with several council candidates weighing in for and against mandating the use of English.

Richmond, B.C., has one of the most significant Chinese communities in Canada, with more than half its population of 205,000 descending from the country. As a result, companies are targeting the Chinese community through billboards and other advertisements written entirely in Chinese. The debate routinely draws comparisons to Quebec, where “language police” have garnered headlines for seeking and destroying company signs posted exclusively in English. The City of Richmond voted to seek a legal opinion to determine what, if anything, they could do about Chinese-only signs. Coun. Evelina Halsey-Brandt brought forward the motion which asked city staff to look into whether council had the right to regulate language use on store signs and advertisements. "As the discussion in the community regarding the use of English on signs escalates, I think it is really important that both council and the citizens and residents of Richmond know whether or not council actually has the legal ability to regulate the use of English on signs," she said at the time. The question will dig into whether that right extends to mandating that signs on private property contain a certain percentage

of English. This hasn’t stopped council hopefuls from taking sides, however. Halsey-Brandt had previously opposed establishing language rules, but said she has since changed her mind. She isn’t running for re-election. RITE Richmond, a local group running two candidates, announced they would “pursue steps to address the issue,” though one candidate, Carol Day, stopped short of backing a bylaw – instead telling the National Post she would focus on encouraging businesses to include English. Independent candidate Janos Bergman, however, told the Post that Chinese-only signs “serve to exclude the rest of the community and this is very un-Canadian.” On his Facebook page, council candidate Henry Yao says that it is important for cultures to remain unique in a multi-cultural society, but that harmony relies on communication. "This is why I wish to emphasize the importance of English on all signs in Richmond," he writes. “Having a common language will help people to communicate and understand each other. If we all live together and do not share a common language, we will become an exclusive society of strangers.” The issue of Chinese-language signs has been a long-running debate in Richmond and some other communities around Vancouver. Last year, two residents presented a 1,000-signature petition to council asking for a “minimum amount of English on any signage, shops or advertising.” Earlier this year, a Chinese-only bus shelter advertisement for Crest tooth care products re-ignited the row. Chinese-only advertisements in nearby West Vancouver also drew criticism this summer. During last month’s council discussion, it was noted that some signage for building developments in the community had been posted in all-Chinese. While this may pose problems for the community, it seems that Chinese-only signs are for the most part entirely legal. Wayne Mercer, Richmond’s former city manager, wrote a letter to the Vancouver Sun suggesting the matter was beyond council’s purview. He said that, unlike Quebec and its “language police,” British Columbia had no control over the language used in private signage. Mercer wrote:

My position was based on regular discussions on the topic with senior management and the city’s solicitor. Certainly, the city would have the say regarding any signage on public property such as street signs, public building signage, required development application signage, etc. My discussion with residents would also point out that if a business, through the exclusive use of Chinese-only signage, wishes to forego business from the majority of Richmond residents (including young Chinese residents who do not read the language), then that is certainly their prerogative and would no doubt affect their bottom line.

The matter of language rights in Quebec has raged for far longer however, with the Charter of French Language mandating the prominent use of French. The province’s “language police” have moved against companies and stores whose advertisements and signs are exclusively in English. There are certainly comparisons to be made between Quebec and what is happening in Richmond. Quebec’s debate is about mandating an official language over English – considered to be a threat to the cultural fabric of the province. Richmond’s debate is about mandating English over a growing-but-unofficial language, for the same reason. Whether a bylaw enforcing English signs, or a policy of gentle encouragement is appropriate is a question that will continue to be debated well after the municipal election campaign comes to a conclusion. Whatever the result, it will continue to be a balancing act between the rights of businesses to target specific audiences (and exclude others) and the community’s desire to be included. City council should decide how they can legally govern on the matter so they are ready to act if and when the time comes.


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from across Canada

Monthly

The rules say a charity can devote no more than 10 per cent of its resources to political activities, and none to partisan activities, but critics say the guidelines are fuzzy or can be Byzantine in their complexity. A special squad of 15 auditors has so far targeted some 52 charities, many of them critical of Conservative government policies. Environment groups were hard hit in the first round in 2012-13, but the net has since widened to snare social justice and poverty groups, among others. So far, no group has been deregistered, but the audits have been expensive and disruptive for charities, many of which operate on a shoestring.

Review

Revenue Canada targets birdwatchers for political activity Canada Revenue Agency issues warning letter to wildlife club to curb any political activities A small group of nature lovers in southern Ontario enjoy spending weekends watching birds and other wildlife, but lately they're the ones under watch — by the Canada Revenue Agency. The Kitchener-Waterloo Field Naturalists, a registered charity, is apparently at risk of breaking tax agency rules that limit so-called political or partisan activities.

Environment Minister Leona Aglukkaq speaks at the UN earlier this year. A member of a naturalist club in Ontario suspects Aglukkaq was behind a warning letter his group received from the Canada Revenue Agency about political activities. "You can piece together the timing," said Suffling, an adjunct professor at the University of Waterloo. "The two things are very concurrent." Environment Minister Leona Aglukkaq responded to the group’s complaint in a March 14 letter — or just days after the Canada Revenue Agency letter arrived — and Suffling is convinced the two events are linked. Aglukkaq's office denies there's any link, saying the agency operates independently. Suffling said that if government is using the tax agency as a "pit bull to stifle dissent, then there's something very wrong." The group, with annual revenues of just $16,000, has also had a guest speaker to talk about the oilsands, and has publicly defended the Endangered Species Act from being watered down. Suffling said members of the group are older, small-c conservative, "not radical in the least sense."

Political activity audits Earlier this year, tax auditors sent a letter to the 300-member group, warning about political material on the group's website. The stern missive says the group must take appropriate action as necessary "including refraining from undertaking any partisan activities," with the ominous warning that "this letter does not preclude any future audits." Officials in the naturalist group are declining comment about the cannon shot across the bow, apparently for fear of attracting more attention from the tax agency.

Member speaks out But longtime member Roger Suffling is speaking up, saying the issue is about democratic freedom and not about arcane tax rules. "Effectively, they've put a gag on us," he said in an interview, noting that the letter arrived just after the club had written directly to two federal cabinet ministers to complain about governmentapproved chemicals that damage bee colonies.

The Canada Revenue Agency launched a special program of so-called political activity audits after Budget 2012 provided $8 million for the project, later topped up to $13.4 million.

Critics say the program has led to "advocacy chill." "What we've seen and what we've heard is this nervousness," said Bruce MacDonald, president and CEO of the charities lobby Imagine Canada, based in Toronto. "Whether it is increased scrutiny, increased attention of the scrutiny, we're not entirely sure what's causing it. It does seem, though, to be top of mind for everybody right now." Canada Revenue Agency officials say they do not target any one charitable sector, and are choosing groups impartially, without input from the minister's office. The decision to launch an audit is also not based on any group’s position on the political spectrum, charities directorate chief Cathy Hawara has said. The agency also has another tool in its arsenal beside audits. "Reminder letters” are issued to some groups to warn that Canada Revenue Agency analysts have been watching their political activities, and may launch full audits if things aren't rectified. So far, 23 such letters have been issued, including to the Kitchener-Waterloo group, though the agency won't say exactly which groups are on the list, citing the confidentiality provisions of the Income Tax Act. "The local naturalists' club was silenced when its views became known to government and it was silenced for voicing public concern, not for breaking the rules,” Suffling wrote on a recent blog. "How many other inconvenient charities are there out there?” The Canada Revenue Agency declined interviews. But spokesman Philippe Brideau sent an email indicating said the decision about whether to launch a full audit or to issue a reminder letter comes after an initial screening process based on internal files as well as publicly available material. "Where the regular activities of a registered charity appear charitable and the political activities appear to have minor issues or to be increasing or changing, following an office review/monitoring, a reminder letter informing the charity about the rules for political activities may be sent,” he said. Brideau declined comment about the Kitchener-Waterloo Field Naturalists, citing confidentiality.


page 7

homeless people living in camps on city outskirts An old lime green tent sits among the trees just 20 metres away from the busy Yellowhead Highway just outside Edmonton. Ken Wilde lives here. The 63-year-old picked this unlikely spot because he doesn’t want to sleep in a shelter with hundreds of strangers. While he calls his situation “embarrassing,” Wilde has nowhere else to go. “I'm disabled. Went through a divorce,” he said. “My son got killed, went through depression. Just having a really hard time bringing myself back up again.” No one bothers him here but Wilde admits the highway noise makes it difficult to sleep. “You get tired. You just pass out,” he said. Wilde is one of about 100 people living in camps on the outskirts of Edmonton, according to the Boyle Street Outreach Team, which makes welfare checks on homeless people and tries connecting them with housing and services.

Team leader Aidan Inglis says many of the people he meets have complex issues that make it difficult to get into housing. He says building trust is a key part in getting them the help they need. “It takes time and a lot of relationship-building and getting to know what’s going on and then trying to come up with a game plan that’s what they want and that's going to work for them.” With cold weather just weeks away, inner city shelters are making preparations for higher numbers of clients. This passed summer, about 550 people stayed at the Hope Mission each night. The shelter has a capacity of 750. Manager Nathan Vidoya expects the Hope Mission will need the overflow room where they can offer mats for men to sleep on. The agency is also working on a contingency plan if more people need a warm place to sleep. “We are in conversation with other agencies seeing how we can provide manpower if they provide the spaces and places for us,” Vidoya said. “In the past, churches have been able to do that for us using their gyms and whatnot.” About six drop-in centres are also expected to extend their hours this winter. A winter warming bus will also operate to take people to shelters. As for Ken Wilde, Inglis from the Boyle Street Outreach Team is working on getting him a place to live so he doesn’t need to spend the winter outdoors.

Space-squeezed border agency pondered putting immigrants in federal prisons OTTAWA - Canada's border agency pursued the idea of putting immigrant detainees in federal prison despite concerns about locking up newcomers with violent offenders. Canada Border Services Agency president Luc Portelance raised the possibility with the federal Correctional Service because the border agency feared running out of space to hold people, newly disclosed documents show. The proposal provides an inside glimpse of a federal organization straining to find accommodation for the immigrants it puts behind bars as the government was bolstering its powers to detain more newcomers. In a letter to Correctional Service commissioner Don Head, Portelance noted the border agency was assessing options for "increasing its capacity" and wanted to explore the prison service's "expertise and facilities to hold immigration detainees." The border agency holds people who are considered a flight risk or a danger to the public, and those whose identities cannot be confirmed.

It has also become easier to detain newcomers. Federal changes to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act allow officials to hold people 16 or older who enter Canada as part of an "irregular arrival" — a group whose origins are unclear or a case where criminal human smuggling is suspected. An internal border agency background memo notes the organization has three immigration holding centres across Canada, but relies on provincial jails in other locations to house higherrisk detainees. "In some cases, the provinces have indicated their intention to cease holding detainees in the long term or limit how many individuals can be held within their facilities," the memo says. It adds that the federal government's "current legislative agenda

concerning immigration matters and the potential for an increase in the daily detained population" make discussions with the prison service necessary. The documents, prepared in early 2012, were recently released under the Access to Information Act.

Neither the border agency nor the prison service would make anyone available for an interview. However, in emailed answers to questions, the agencies confirmed that discussions about use of federal prisons took place. The border agency did an internal review of options for the detention program that was presented to the organization's executive for approval early this year, said agency spokeswoman Line Guibert-Wolff. "As a result of this process, in February 2014, the CBSA decided that federal correctional facilities would not be used to hold immigration detainees." Guibert-Wolff refused to say why the decision was taken. The Canadian Red Cross Society, which monitors conditions for immigrants held by the border agency, warned as early as its 2008-09 report about the problems involved with keeping newcomers locked up alongside violent offenders. The practice can be "extremely stressful" for some newcomers, the society's report for 2012-13 says, especially for refugee claimants who have experienced armed conflict, torture or other traumatic experiences. The border agency is examining increased use of alternatives to detention, including electronic ankle bracelets and special telephone reporting systems to keep track of immigrants it considers a risk. Still, the government is moving towards reliance on detaining immigrants as an everyday measure as opposed to "something that would be used as a last resort," said Stephanie Silverman, a research associate on detention and asylum with a network that brings together scholars and policy-makers. "You're beginning this move that almost normalizes detention into the fabric of immigration control," Silverman said. "We should be talking about detention itself as the alternative to the norm, which should be release — which is how it was for many years." continued on page 8


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continued from page 7

Canada condo boom rolls on as buildings fall apart

the five years of construction, and enjoy rental income and price appreciation for five more years before selling and investing again elsewhere.

Fears that shoddy Toronto condos could become future slums Glass panels have been falling off newly built Toronto condos, including luxury Shangri-La and Trump towers While Toronto's housing boom rolls on, some of the housing itself is falling apart. Canada's biggest city has more than 100,000 units under construction as developers and investors seek to cash in on condo prices that are up 25.7 per cent in the city over the past five years. The trouble is, many buildings are so poorly constructed that some residents fear that the money-spinners of today could become the slums of the future.

"It's all about timing. We advise most clients to get out before that five-year mark," said Roy Bhandari of Sage Real Estate, which notched nearly C$50 million in Toronto condo sales in 2013, with clients typically from China, or the Middle East. "It's the magic number because after five years the warranties are expired."

'it's almost like the dot-com bubble' The spate of falling glass sheets prompted the Ontario government to improve the building code in 2012 to stipulate that better glass be used for balconies, but the problem continues. In July, balcony glass panels fell off the 65-storey Shangri-La hotel and condominium building in Toronto's downtown core for the fifth time. Canada's reputation as a safe haven from global financial storms has driven condo development in Toronto and Vancouver since 2009, attracting investors at home and abroad spooked by stocks, bonds, and foreign banks at risk of failure. Glass panels have been falling off newly built Toronto condos, including the luxury Shangri-La and Trump towers and a dozen or more lesser-known buildings across the city. New buildings suffer from water leaks and poor insulation, making them ill-suited to Canadian weather. "Many buildings that went up during the beginning of this condo boom are already facing high repair costs, and in many cases lawsuits, because they are built so shabbily," said Ted Kesik, a professor of building science at the University of Toronto. "The life cycle is clear. They are okay for the first five years, they gradually deteriorate by year 10 ... and don't even reach year 20 before significant remedial work needs to be done. In 50 years these buildings may well become an urban slum." That's all far in the future for builders and investors who have had little trouble finding tenants, with the city's rental vacancy rate at 1.8 per cent. Condo prices are rising across the country, up 16.8 per cent in the last five years, according to the Canadian Real Estate Association. Real estate brokers are dealing mostly with 10-year investors who want to buy from a blueprint, double their equity during

are not flying in to micro-manage the investment," Bhandari said. While there are no numbers on how many of Canada's condos are being bought by foreign investors, estimates range from 5 per cent to 50 per cent. The Shangri-La in Toronto is part of a chain owned and managed by Hong Kong-based Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts, one of the world's leading hotel companies. "It's almost like the dot-com bubble, in that you have to see it coming and sell, because if not, you'll get burned," said building scientist Kesik. Renters and some real estate agents blame weak provincial regulations for problems with poorly built condominiums. "The Building Code is a joke, the Condominium Act is a joke," said David Fleming, a condo buyer turned realtor. "The City of Toronto  relies on the permits, the fees for its tax base, and construction and condos are what is carrying the city. You do not kill the goose that lays the golden egg." Fleming bought a pre-construction condo in 2005 that was scheduled to be finished in 2007. When he finally got his unit's keys in 2010, the rest of the building was still under construction, and he saw defects everywhere. He sold his unit within two years. The Ontario building code, a provincial responsibility, is reviewed every five years, said Conrad Spezowka, a spokesman for Ontario's Municipal Affairs and Housing ministry. He noted it was most recently amended in June 2012 to address the failing glass problem. "While the province is responsible for administering the Ontario Building Code, municipalities are responsible for enforcecontinued on page 35

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page 10

news headlines From Around the

Sixty days To beat ebola, united nations Warns

Some 95% of the cases are occurring in the same limited number of districts of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea which were affected a month ago, he said.

The former National Security Agency contractor is 'happy' that Lindsay Mills is with him in Moscow. 'It's hard to predict if they are going to have a wedding in Russia.'

Dr Aylward said it was "too early to say" whether this meant that the epidemic was slowing down. The plateau in reported infections may simply be due to limitations in the ability of authorities in the region to check and record cases, he said.

Reunited with America's most wanted man. Two enjoying a trip to a theatre in the Russian capital. Vladimir Putin has granted the wanted man permission to stay for 3 years.

If the deadly outbreak cannot be reined in by Christmas then the UN says there is no plan in place and it could be overwhelmed. The UN says the ebola outbreak must be controlled within 60 days or else the world faces an "unprecedented" situation for which there is no plan. The United Nations made the stark warning as it warned that the disease "is running faster than us and it is winning the race".

Nearly 11,000 cases of ebola have been reported so far in West Africa, including 5,486 deaths. "The WHO advises within 60 days we must ensure 70% of infected people are in a care facility and 70% of burials are done without causing further infection," said Anthony Banbury, the UN's deputy ebola coordinator. "If we reach these targets then we can turn this epidemic around." But Mr Banbury told the UN Security Council the 70% target was becoming harder to meet as new infections stack up. He urged: "We either stop ebola now or we face an entirely unprecedented situation for which we do not have a plan." The UN's Unmeer emergency mission is following a fourpronged plan to fight ebola. Identify and trace contacts; manage cases; ensure safe burials and provide people with information to protect themselves. "If we fail at any of these, we fail entirely," warned Mr Banbury. The World Health Organisation (WHO) earlier said there could be 10,000 new cases of ebola per week within two months. WHO assistant director general Bruce Aylward said the death rate from the current outbreak had risen to 70% from about 50%. When asked how the situation could develop in the next two months, he warned: "We anticipate the number of cases occurring per week by that time to be somewhere between 5,000 and 10,000 per week. "It could be higher, it could be lower, but somewhere in that ball park."

Dr Aylward said there were "positive" signs of a slow down in the rate of new cases in northern Liberia and Guinea, probably due to behaviour changes among the local population. But he warned: "This is ebola, this is a horrible, unforgiving disease - you've got to get to zero.

Edward Snowden and Lindsay Mills cooking in their woodpaneled apartment in Moscow where the former NSA contractor has claimed asylum.

nSA whistleblower ed Snowden enjoys date at the bolshoi with girlfriend - as lawyer hints the pair may soon marry in Moscow A picture of U.S. whistleblower Edward Snowden and his American girlfriend at a Moscow theatre has emerged - and the possibility of the pair marrying in Russia has been raised.

Moscow living: Snowden pictured on the Moscow river in Russia's capital where he sought asylum from the US. continued on page 14


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uSA 6,000 venomous Spiders Force uS Couple From dream home A US couple were forced to abandon their dream home after it was overrun by thousands of venomous spiders. Brian and Susan Trost fled their $450,000 Missouri home in the upmarket suburban neighbourhood of Weldon Spring after it became infested with up to 6,000 brown recluse spiders.

pest control company was hired to finally exterminate the spiders. Bob Richardson, of McCarthy Pest Control, told the St Louis Post-Dispatch: "We create a very hostile environment temporarily inside the home to kill the desired target. "You almost have to contact them with it to get the best results, because they do have collagen on the tips of their feet, and they don't absorb pesticides that you lay down."

Shark Attack … in a Lake?! The idea of a shark attacking someone in the ocean is scary enough, but this week, a 7-year-old boy was bitten by one of these fearsome fish in a lake. The boy was swimming in Lake Pontchartrain in Louisiana, when something bumped into him in the water and chomped down on his foot. The bite's appearance suggests it was probably a bull shark measuring about 5 feet (1.5 meters) long, experts say. The boy is expected to recover from the incident.

has a tendency to make it swell up with water, but bull sharks have a special salt gland that keeps the concentration of sodium chloride inside their bodies in balance with the concentration outside — a phenomenon known as osmoregulation. In addition to the bull shark in Lake Pontchartrain, there have been accounts of other sharks found in lakes. In July 2013, a man and his grandson spotted what may have been a great white shark in Lake Macquarie, Australia's largest coastal saltwater lake, the Newcastle Herald reported. Great white sharks generally aren't found in estuaries, however — they usually stick to more coastal regions, Carlson said. If you're going to swim in places that sharks are known to frequent, however, it's best to avoid areas or times of day when the sharks are more active and water visibility is low, such as dawn or dusk, Carlson said. Avoid wearing shiny jewelry, he said, because it can resemble a struggling baitfish. And there is safety in numbers, so swim in groups, and don't swim near fishermen, he said.

ebola `Joke` gets Man escorted off Plane by Four Men in hazmat Suits Ebola is no laughing matter, especially not at airports or on planes, where screenings have gotten tighter. So, when a man on an flight may have joked that he had been to Africa and had the deadly

The couple bought the home overlooking two golf holes at Whitmoor Country Club in 2007, and soon began noticing the poisonous spiders appearing around their home. In one incident, Susan Trost narrowly dodged a spider falling from the ceiling while she was in the shower. Trost told St Louis television station KMOV-TV that the spiders began "bleeding out of the walls", and that at least two pest control companies were unable to eradicate them. The couple, who have four children, filed a claim with their insurance company State Farm, and also brought a lawsuit against the home's previous owners for not disclosing the problem. At a civil trial in St Charles County, University of Kansas biology professor Jamel Sanridge, who is regarded as one of the foremost experts on brown recluse spiders in the US, estimated that there were between 4,500 and 6,000 spiders in the home. He added that the estimate was made in the winter, when the spiders are least active. The Trosts were awarded around $472,000, but the former owners declared bankruptcy and the insurance company did not give a payout. The home, which has been vacant for the past two years, is now owned by the Federal National Mortgage Association, and a

While it may seem unusual for a shark to turn up in this part of Louisiana, Lake Pontchartrain isn't strictly a lake — it's an estuary, a coastal body of brackish water connected by rivers or streams to the open ocean. The lake is connected to the Gulf of Mexico by the Mississippi River. Bull sharks can survive in both saltwater and freshwater, and have been known to frequent the lake. But shark attacks are extremely rare, said John Carlson, a research biologist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Fisheries Service in Panama City, Florida. "I can't recall the last time there was a shark attack in Lake Pontchartrain," Carlson told Live Science. Sharks don't usually attack humans. In fact, "you have a better chance of being struck by lighting on a golf course" than being bitten by a shark, Carlson said. When it does happen though, as in this case, a shark will commonly mistake the flashing movement of a human foot for its natural prey — a mullet or catfish, for example. The shark will go up and bite it, and then realize it's not food. "We call it 'bite and run,'" Carlson said. Bull sharks can survive in freshwater by regulating the amount of salt in their bodies. That's why when some sharks are cut open, they smell like urine, Carlson said. Salt in a shark's body normally

disease, he received a special escort off the plane. Four officials in blue plastic hazmat suits boarded U.S. Airways Flight 845 to retrieve him after it landed in Punta Cana in the Dominican Republic.

u.S. Pilots May be Armed Yes, a U.S. pilot is, at the moment, legally allowed to be armed with a gun in the cockpit. President Obama has been working for several years to end this program and it has become more difficult for pilots to obtain and keep a gun permit. However, they are still allowed to carry them for the time being. American pilots feel this is the cheapest and most effective way of fighting terrorism. No need to worry, though. Pilots are only allowed to use their firearms


page 13 in the cockpit, for an emergency. Otherwise, the gun is locked away, with the safety on, to prevent any potential accidents.

buck rescued from sinkhole in iowa by three college friends Three men in Iowa en-“deered” themselves to nature lovers after they used rope to rescue a 10-point buck from a sinkhole at a farm in Winneshiek County last month. Farmer Gary Smorstad’s tractor tire slid into the sinkhole while he was putting up hay. When Smorstand and a neighbour towed the tractor free, they discovered the buck looking up at them from inside the sinkhole. Smortstad’s son, Eric, and his two college friends, Gavin Nimrod and Bryton Meyer, came to the rescue. They picked up some rope and a clip at a Walmart, then drove out to the farm to try pull the deer to safety.

Aloha! Mark Zuckerberg buys 700 acres of hawaii island for $100 MiLLion to build a family bolt-hole Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has shelled out more than $100 million for two huge pieces of land in Hawaii where he plans to create create a private getaway for his family. The internet entrepreneur, who is worth around $33 billion, has bought a total of 700 acres on Kauai's North Shore in his latest leap up the property ladder.

Zuckerberg is a fan of hawaii and has made several trips to the islands with his wife Priscilla Chan "It was hard to see; only three or four feet wide and maybe ten feet deep," Nimrod told the Iowa Department of Natural Resources. “We made a loop, caught an antler and kept his head up. We decided to tie another rope; Eric and Bryton held my legs and I went down and re-tied it.” Their successful rescue attempt was captured by a phone propped up on the hood of a nearby pickup truck. "It was just something you don’t get the opportunity to do, rescue a deer. So you get the chance and you take it," Nimrod told the Des Moines Register. He added, “It was the most fun we’ve had since we won the state in football.” The deer appeared to be in good health and quickly dashed off once its feet were back on solid ground. "He stopped fighting and looked around, like he was grateful," Nimrod said of the rescued buck. ”Then he got his legs under him and took off.”

The purchase includes Pila'a Beach - an isolated 393-acre swathe of land with a pristine white sand beach - and the adjacent a 357-acre Kahu'aina Plantation. Forbes magazine reported that the former sugarcane plantation, featuring 2,500 feet of oceanfront and a working organic farm, has been off-and-on-the market for a few years. It is thought that Zuckerberg, 30, has paid around $66 million for the Kahu'aina Plantation and $49.6 million for Pila'a Beach. The Pila'a Beach property consists of five separate parcels, each which could be developed into private homes. Further homes could also be built on the Kahu'aina Plantation. But sources told Forbes that the billionaire intends to build just one secluded property. Zuckerberg purchased Pila’a Beach from Pflueger Properties, a Hawaii limited partnership belonging to Jim Pflueger, a retired local Honda dealer.

The internet entrepreneur has bought a total of 700 acres on kauai's north Shore The famously private entrepreneur will have one neighbor, however. Denver executive Gary Stewart of oil and gas company Melange International, who purchased the remaining 10.8 per cent interest in the Pila’a Beach property for $6.04 million. Sources told Forbes that the billionaire tried to buy Stewart out, but he was not interested in the offer. When asked about his latest reported acquisition a Facebook spokesman told the magazine: 'We don't comment on rumors and speculation, but thank you for reaching out!' Facebook's co-founder has long been a fan of Hawaii and has made a number of trips to the islands with his wife Priscilla Chan. The no-frills trips had sparked rumors that the couple were on the look out for real estate on the islands. Last year, the couple were spotted enjoying a burger from world famous Bubba Burgers at Kauai’s North Shore, and surfing on the island of Maui. continued on page 34


page 14 Continued from page 10 He spoke as the new picture was issued by state-owned news agency RIA Novosti of the couple on a night out at the theatre. Earlier reports indicated Miss Mills had deserted him after he betrayed the U.S. government and divulged secrets about America's mass surveillance programmes. 'She was not entirely pleased but at the same time it was... it was an incredible reunion because she understood me. That meant a lot to me,' he said at the weekend. ' Mills had remained silent and her whereabouts were largely unknown after Snowden's release of tens of thousands of classified U.S. intelligence documents in 2013.

barely detected them for study. 'Of the known particles, the neutrinos as a group are the most oddball,' said Steven Ritz of the University of California, Santa Cruz. Neutrinos are a group because they come in three types, or "flavours",and they can shift from one type to another, but scientists don't quite know why. If a neutrino is eventually beamed from Chicago, 'it starts out as a chocolate milkshake, but it's partly strawberry by the time it gets to South Dakota,' said Joe Lykken, a particle theorist at Fermi National Accelerator Lab.

For the next six years, Fermilab will send tens of thousands of billions of neutrinos every second in a beam aimed at both detectors, and scientists expect to catch only a few each day in the far detector, so rarely do neutrinos interact with matter

Are we closer to solving the meaning of LiFe? World’s longest neutrino beam seeks to find out why our universe exists The world's longest neutrino experiment has begun its probe into the mysteries of 'ghostly' particles that may hold the key to understanding the universe. The machine, called Nova, is made up of two huge detectors – placed 500 miles (800km) apart – to study one of nature's most elusive subatomic particles. Scientists believe that a better understanding of neutrinos, one of the most abundant and difficult-to-study particles, may lead to a clearer picture of the inner workings of the universe. Using the world's most powerful beam of neutrinos, generated at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory near Chicago, the machine can precisely record a neutrinos tell-tale traces.

nova's particle detectors were constructed in the path of the neutrino beam sent from Fermilab in batavia, illinois to Minnesota. Pictured is a view across the top of the novafar detector in Ash River, Minnesota Neutrinos could give scientists clues about the mysterious dark matter of outer space and other strange astrophysical phenomena. Nova's particle detectors were both constructed in the path of the neutrino beam sent from Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois, to northern Minnesota. The 300-ton near detector, installed underground at the laboratory, observes the neutrinos as they embark on their near-light-speed

long distance. For the next six years, Fermilab will send tens of thousands of billions of neutrinos every second in a beam aimed at both detectors, and scientists expect to catch only a few each day in the far detector, so rarely do neutrinos interact with matter. From this data, scientists hope to learn more about how and why neutrinos change between one type and another. The far detector in Minnesota is believed to be the largest freestanding plastic structure in the world, at 200ft (60 metres) long, 50ft (15 metres) high and 50ft (15 metres) wide. Both detectors are constructed from PVC and filled with a scintillating liquid that gives off light when a neutrino interacts with it. Fiber optic cables transmit that light to a computer, which creates 3D pictures of those interactions for scientists to analyse. Scientists will also probe the still-unknown masses of the three types of neutrinos in an attempt to determine which is the heaviest.

Mars colonists would 'start dying after 68 days' New report into Mars One project claims that the technology for colonizing the Red Planet is simply not yet advanced enough

The world's longest neutrino experiment has begun its probe into the mysteries of ghostly particles that may hold the key to understanding the universe.The machine, called nova, is made up of two huge detectors – placed 500 miles (800km) apart – to study one of nature's most elusive subatomic particle Tiny and nearly mass-less, neutrinos are everywhere and about 100 trillion pass through us harmlessly each second. They were created by the Big Bang and form in the sun and our own bodies, but they move so fast and small that scientists have

This massive pivoting machine moves one block of the nova far detector across the hall in Ash River, Minnesota, to connect it with the rest of the detector. both detectors are constructed from PvC and filled with a scintillating liquid that gives off light when a neutrino interacts with it journey through the Earth. The 14,000-ton far detector spots those neutrinos after their 500mile trip and allows scientists to analyse how they change over that

A Dutch entrepreneur’s plan to launch a one-way trip to Mars has been criticized by scientists who say that current technology means that the colonists would start dying after just 68 days. A new report from a group of engineering graduates at MIT found that the main problem of the Mars One project (which is still whittling down candidates and plans to make the trip to the Red Planet by 2024) is the plan to create an oxygen supply using food crops. Although this sounds like clever solution to creating liveable habitats, the constrained nature of the Mars ‘ecoystem’ soon leads to all sorts of problems.


page 15 The students found that as the first wheat crop reached maturity the level of oxygen in the atmosphere would become a fire hazard, and if the colonists attempted to vent the oxygen they would unavoidably lose nitrogen too (no current venting systems can differentiate between the two gases) leading to either death by suffocation or the destruction of the habitat and suffocation on the planet’s surface.

In a swingeing ruling, a High Court judge found that housing officers entered into a conspiracy to “harm” the man, known only as AA, by securing his eviction from his flat in Peckham, south London, and then conceal their actions from investigators. Judge Anthony Thornton QC said: “The various officers con-

grounds for evicting him and by arranging for his possessions to be seized and destroyed unlawfully.” Southwark Borough Council, which had originally offered AA £6,400 in compensation for the destruction of his belongings, said it had reached an out-of-court settlement with the man. Councillor Richard Livingstone, a cabinet member for housing, said: “We realise we got things very wrong when dealing with this person and their possessions. We have apologised for any distress we may have caused. We acted swiftly and took strong disciplinary action against our staff when this came to our attention.” The council said it could not discuss the details of disciplinary action against individual staff.

China to put Russia on fast track to high-speed rail “The first crew fatality would occur approximately 68 days into the mission,” reads the 35-page report. “Some form of oxygen removal system is required, a technology that has not yet been developed for space flight." The students also noted that the Mars One team were still underestimating the amount of equipment (including spare parts) they have to transport to Mars; a factor that has a huge influence on cost. Other projected difficulties were more subtle, including the psychological effects of limited food choices, constrained living space and repetitive social interaction. The longest time any individual has spent in space continuously is 14 months, a record held by Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov.

Judge blasts Southwark Council for evicting Sudanese tenant and destroying his possessions London, UK - Housing officers conspired to unlawfully evict a Sudanese refugee from his council flat and destroy his possessions, including memory sticks holding thousands of hours of work, before then covering up their wrongdoing, a judge has ruled. The victim, who was granted British citizenship after fleeing Sudan’s civil war in 1985, was made homeless for a year and forced to sleep on the streets after officials acting for Southwark Borough Council entered his home while he attended a court hearing in April last year over rent arrears of £18 per week. All his possessions, including his passport, credit cards, furniture and computer equipment containing several years of research and personal material, were removed on the day of the eviction and destroyed in a waste disposal facility.

spired to evict AA by unlawful means, to seize and destroy his possessions by unlawful means and to cause him harm and loss by evicting him and dispossessing him of his possessions.” In his own complaint, AA, who had sought £2.4m in damages, said he felt he had been “robbed of my dignity and pride” by the local authority. Southwark, which is London’s largest social landlord with 40,000 properties, and which bills itself as providing a “great place” for its tenants to live, admitted that it had “got things very wrong” when dealing AA. But the local authority refused to say whether three officials singled out for particular criticism - income officer Christiana Okwara, her line manager Brian Davis, and resident officer Johanna Ashley - were still employed. The decision to evict AA, who had been a council tenant for 23 years, and previously ran a charity helping children in Sudan, was the culmination of a lengthy process during which he had fallen into arrears on his rent due to an £18 shortfall between his housing benefit and the sum due to the local authority. By the time of his eviction, which the council said followed multiple attempts to reach an arrangement to make up the deficit, AA owed £2,353 in unpaid rent. The High Court ruled that by early 2013, Mr Davis and Ms Okwara had become determined to have AA removed from his flat and had a motive which was “eviction at all costs”. Procedures for securing evictions, including obtaining permission from a judge to start proceedings, were not followed and a requirement that all flat clearances take place in the presence of two council officers was ignored, the judgment said. Added to the fact that Ms Ashley knew AA’s possessions, which were of “incalculable and personal value” to him, were at risk of being destroyed, it was clear that the actions of the three officers made them liable for “misfeasance in public office” or the misuse or abuse of power, the court found. Judge Thornton said: “They each acted with the intention of harming AA by evicting him when there were no reasonable

TOKYO -- A planned $10 billion Russian high-speed rail system is a key project covered under the strengthened cooperation that Russia and China agreed on Monday. The China Railway Construction Corp., railcar manufacturer CSR and other government-owned Chinese companies will help

link Moscow to Kazan, about 770km east of the capital. With a maximum speed of 400kph, this would be Russia's first high-speed rail system. The plan is to begin operations in 2018 before the World Cup soccer tournament. The Chinese side will not only help build tracks and stations as well as provide cutting-edge tech in railcars and related systems, but also offer low-interest loans to finance the construction. "We will work to build a high-speed transportation network to connect Beijing and Moscow," Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said. Russia is working to put a system with 5,000km of track in place by 2030 but lacks unique technologies of its own. China, meanwhile, has built the world's largest high-speed rail system by adopting technologies from Japan and Germany. It will likely be involved in future Russian rail projects as well. continued on page 17


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Sweden will officially recognise state of Palestine

Thomas Müller was the first to test Wojciech Szczesny, but the aggressive nature of the Polish side prevented Germany from really testing the Arsenal goalkeeper.

Startled kangaroo tries to drown man SYdnEY, Australia - Man was almost drowned by a savage kangaroo after he dived into his farm dam to save his pet dog.

Sweden's new centre-left government will become the first major European Union country to recognise the state of Palestine, Prime Minister Stefan Lofven announced on Friday. Within the EU, some countries, such as Hungary, Poland and Slovakia recognise Palestine, but they did so before joining the 28member bloc.

Chris Rickard, pictured with his partner Liz, was badly injured by a roo who went on the attack

The UN General Assembly approved the de facto recognition of the sovereign state of Palestine in 2012, but the EU and most EU countries have yet to give official recognition. "The conflict between Israel can only be solved with a two-state solution, negotiated in accordance with international law," Swedish PM Stefan Lofven said during his inaugural address in parliament. "A two-state solution requires mutual recognition and a will to peaceful co-existence. Sweden will therefore recognise the state of Palestine." The decision is likely to attract strong criticism from Israel, the United States and the EU, which maintain that an independent Palestinian state should only emerge through a negotiated process.

Poland beat World Champions on historic night in Warsaw In their first defeat since becoming World Champions, Germany suffered a 2-0 loss away in Poland in their second UEFA Euro 2016 qualifier. Germany lost their first European Championship qualifier away from home in 33 attempts against Poland. Joachim Löw's men slumped to a 2-0 defeat in Warsaw. The hosts kept Germany at bay for much of the opening period, as Joachim Löw's men sought to outwit Poland with their patience.

Germany delivered a lot of crosses but weren't getting much reward. Poland's charges were organized and well positioned, and there seemed to be no way through for the World Champions.

Chris Rickard, 49, of Arthurs Creek, was assessed by Austin Hospital surgeons after being mauled by the 1.5m kangaroo. He only managed to end the attack when he elbowed the kangaroo in the throat as it tried to hold him under water. By then he had already suffered a deep gash across his abdomen as the kangaroo tried to disembowel him with its hind legs, as well as a deep gash across his forehead and further cuts and scratches across his chest. Speaking from the hospital's emergency department, Mr. Rickard said he was walking his blue heeler dog Rocky at the back of his property about 400m from his home when they woke the kangaroo which had been sleeping in long grass near the dam. The startled roo jumped into the dam, and Rocky followed. The roo then grabbed the dog with its front paws and held it under water for about 20 seconds until Mr. Rickard arrived. "I thought I might take a hit or two dragging the dog out from under his grip, but I didn't expect him to actually attack me,'' Mr. Rickard said. "I was stuck having to hold onto the dog with both hands because it was half drowned and I couldn't really see anything because the kangaroo just ripped into me. "It was a shock at the start because it was a kangaroo, about 5ft high, they don't go around killing people. "Then all of a sudden I realised the first hit gave me opened up a wide gash above my eye and blinded me. "I was flailing away underwater carrying a dog with a kangaroo ripping into me. "All I could do was just keep pushing for the bank and he was trying to push me under the water, so at that point I elbowed him in the throat and that made him back off a little bit. "I don't think I'll ever be able to watch Skippy quite the same as I used to - it might bring back a couple of bad memories."


page 18

delicious Food – killing us one bite At a Time! Facts!

We are the creators of our own health and what we consume, and with that in mind, the information provided here, hopefully we can become more aware of what to eat, and not trust everything that is on the store shelf as being healthy to consume which is approved as “safe” by the Health Canada.

“The life you save, may be your own.” – Theodore Roosevelt A staggering two-thirds of Canadians are now overweight, and according to the Heart Association, five percent of Canadian children can now be considered "severely obese," which puts their health at grave risk. One in four Canadians are either diabetic or pre-diabetic, and an estimated 12,000 Canadians die as a result of obesity-related ailments each year. This includes cancer, about one-third of which are directly related to obesity. "Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and some cancers. People who are obese may also face social and professional discrimination, limited mobility and elevated rates of depression. But as panelist Walter Willett (who chairs the department of nutrition at the Harvard school of public health) points out, the fact that obesity rates 50-60 years ago were only one-third of what they are today is a potent clue that genetics are not to blame. Why, a number of affluent nations do not have the same obesity problems as the US or Canada. For example, the obesity rate among Swedish and Japanese women is between five and six percent, compared to almost 40 percent for North American women. Furthermore, when people from such countries move to the US or Canada, they end up gaining significant amounts of weight... This tells us there's something in the American diet that is different from other nations, in which people do not have the same level of difficulty with their weight. While we don't agree with the concept of high glycemic foods, the featured research shows just how foolhardy the AMA's decision to reclassify obesity as a disease really is, because drugs and vaccines are clearly not going to do anything to address the underlying problem of addictive junk food! "Sensory-specific satiety" is a fundamental guiding principle in the processed food industry, and this applies to everything from junky snacks to staples like pasta sauce—that's part of the problem! Processed fructose, salt and fat are the top three substances making

processed foods so addictive. Novel biotech flavor companies like Senomyx also play an important role in the development of foods that trick you into thinking it's healthier than it really is. Senomyx, for example, specializes in helping companies find new flavors that allow them to use less salt and sugar in their foods. But does that really make the food healthier? This is a questionable assertion at best, as these "flavor enhancers" are being created using carefully guarded patented processes. They also do not need to be listed on the food label, which leaves you completely in the dark— all you see is that the food contains far less of the dietary culprits you're told to avoid.

Following diet Recommendations is a Recipe for obesity Some of you may be old enough to recall the 1992 Food Pyramid, which had grains as the largest bottom block of the pyramid, encouraging you to eat 6-11 servings of bread, cereal, rice and pasta each day. This excess of carbohydrates, most of them refined, is precisely the opposite of what most people need to stay healthy. At the very top of the pyramid was fats and sugar, and while sugar clearly belongs there, healthy fats do not. In fact, most people would benefit from getting anywhere from 50 to 70 percent of their total calories from healthy fats!

?

The food pyramid was replaced with "MyPlate" in 2011, which slightly downplayed grains as the most important dietary ingredient, making vegetables the largest "slice," but it still has a long way to go before it will offer a meal plan that will

truly support your optimal health. One of its most glaring faults is that MyPlate virtually removed all fats from the equation! In fact, except for a small portion of dairy, which is advised to be fat-free or low-fat, fats are missing entirely... There is no mention of the importance of dietary fats, even the "politically correct" ones like the monounsaturated fats in olive oil and

nuts, such as pecans (canola oil is also in this category, but we advise avoiding it and using coconut oil instead).

The US government refuses to accept the ever mounting data showing that saturated fat is actually an incredibly healthy, nourishing, and allnatural fat that humans have been thriving on for generations. It provides the necessary building blocks for your cell membranes and a variety of hormones and hormone like substances that are critical to your health. Saturated fats from animal and vegetable sources such as coconut oil, avocado, non-CAFO meat and dairy, also provide a concentrated source of energy in your diet. When you eat fats as part of your meal, they also slow down absorption so that you can feel satiated longer, which helps curb overeating. Additionally, they act as carriers for important fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K, and are needed for mineral absorption and a host of other biological processes. To get these healthy saturated fats in your diet, you need to eat animal foods like butter and other full-fat raw dairy products and eggs, yet these foods are still demonized by the establishment.

Take Control of your health and embrace ReAL Food With a food system and dietary guidelines that promote obesity and actively prevents optimal health by restricting critical nutrients, is it any wonder Americans and Canadians are struggling? If you're at all concerned about your health, nutrition is paramount, and you're simply not going to get what you need from a boxed concoction of processed ingredients. So, first and foremost, you have to realize that a healthy diet equates to fresh whole, preferably organic foods, and foods that have been minimally processed. We advise spending 90 percent of your food budget on whole foods, and only 10 percent (or less) on processed foods. If the food meets the following criteria, it would fall under the designation of "real food," which is the very foundation


page 19 of good health: - It's grown without pesticides and chemical fertilizers (organic foods fit this description, but so do some non-organic foods) - It's not genetically engineered - It contains no added growth hormones, antibiotics, or other drugs - It does not contain any artificial ingredients, including chemical preservatives - It is fresh (keep in mind that if you have to choose between wilted organic produce or fresh conventional produce, the latter may be the better option) - It did not come from a concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO) - It is grown with the laws of nature in mind (meaning animals are fed their native diets, not a mix of grains and animal byproducts, and have free-range access to the outdoors) - It is grown in a sustainable way (using minimal amounts of water, protecting the soil from burnout, and turning animal wastes into natural fertilizers instead of environmental pollutants)

how to Combat Food Addiction and Regain your health The sad fact is, if you eat a standard Canadian diet, which primarily consists of processed foods, you're virtually guaranteed to inadvertently pack on extra pounds, even if

you think you're eating healthy. For the majority of people, limiting carbs to non-starchy vegetables and severely restricting or eliminating carbohydrates such as sugars, fructose, and grains in your diet will be the key to sustained weight loss. It's important to realize that refined carbohydrates like breakfast cereals, bagels, waffles, pretzels, and most other processed foods quickly break down to sugar, increase your insulin levels, and cause insulin resistance, which is the number one underlying factor of nearly every chronic disease and condition known to man, including weight gain. As you cut these dietary villains from your meals, you need to replace them with healthy fats. (Avoid the common Paleo mistake of replacing carbs with protein as that could actually convert to sugar in your diet and could be more problematic than excess carbs.)

Additionally, a growing body of evidence shows that intermittent fasting is particularly effective for losing weight. One of the mechanisms that makes intermittent fasting so effective for weight loss is the fact that it provokes the natural secretion of human growth hormone (HGH), which is a fat-burning hormone. Fasting also increases catecholamines, which increases resting energy expenditure, while decreasing insulin levels, which allows stored fat to be burned for fuel. Together, these and other factors will turn you into an effective fat-burning machine. Hence, if like many tens of millions of people, your goal is to shed excess fat, fasting can be both effective and beneficial for improving many disease markers. Best of all, once you transition to fat burning mode your cravings for sugar and carbs will virtually disappear—it's really as close to a "magic pill"-effect as you'll ever get. While you're making the adjustment, you could try an energy psychology technique called Turbo Tapping, which has helped many sugar addicts kick their sweet habit. Last but certainly not least, to boost weight loss, make sure to incorporate high-intensity, short-burst-type exercises, two to three times per week. Several studies have confirmed that exercising in shorter bursts with rest periods in between burns more fat than exercising continuously for an entire session. High intensity exercise can also combat food cravings.

how our Surroundings influence What We eat What we choose to eat plays a large role in determining our risk of gaining too much weight. But our choices are shaped by the complex world in which we live by the kinds of food our parents make available at home, by how far we live from the nearest supermarket or fast food restaurant, even by the ways that governments support farmers. In Canada and many other parts of the world, the so-called food environment physical and social surroundings also influence what we eat. It makes far too hard to choose healthy foods, and all too easy to choose unhealthy foods. Some even call this food environment “toxic” because of the way it corrodes healthy lifestyles and promotes obesity.

environment and obesity Understanding how the food environment influences our weight can help policymakers identify ways to change the environment— and in turn, reduce obesity risk for everyone. And it may help address one of the more troubling trends in the obesity epidemic: the higher rates of obesity found in low-income and racial/ethnic minority groups in Canada. Environmental barriers to healthy eating are often greater for people who have lower incomes, less education, and language barriers, and traditional healthy diet education campaigns often fail to reach them.

Families Families influence children’s dietary choices and risk of obesity in a number of ways, and children develop food preferences at home that can last well into adulthood. The food that families keep at home and how family members share meals influences what and how much they eat. Not surprisingly, a recent review of published studies found a strong association between the availability of fruits and vegetables at home and whether children, adolescents, and adults eat these foods. Eating meals as a family has also been linked with increased child and adolescent intake of fruit and vegetables and other healthy foods. Low-income families face additional barriers to healthy eating that may contribute to the higher rates of obesity seen in lower-income groups. One roadblock is that healthy foods, such as vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, are more expensive than less healthful foods, such as refined grains and sweets, and may be too expensive for low-income families. Another is time: It takes longer to prepare healthful meals than to buy convenience foods or fast food. But people in lower-income households, often single parents working full time and taking care of children, may have less time for meal preparation and other household chores.

Fast Food Although eating fast food has been shown to increase caloric intake and the risk of becoming obese, it is not as clear that living or working closer to fast-food restaurants has the same effect. Fast-food restaurants are more likely to locate near schools and close proximity.

don't be Fooled by Food Labels

deceptive Labels Lead to unhealthy Choices Reading and understanding food labels can be tricky. Unfortunately, many food labels are incredibly misleading, leading you to think you’re choosing healthy foods when you’re really not. From undefined words like “natural” to deceptive serving sizes, reading food labels can be tricky -- and the more you know about what to look for -- and what to avoid -- the better choices you’ll be able to make. Food companies spend millions of dollars on designers, artists, and the like to make their product stand out on crowded store shelves. Marketers know that the right picture can give the impression that the product is healthful or tasty, therefore increasing the likeliness that the consumer will buy it. When you do choose processed foods, take all label claims with a grain of salt. Realize they may or may not be true, and base your primary decision on the ingredients list instead. You want to look for foods that have only a few ingredients listed, and they should be items you recognize. Avoid foods with exceptionally long lists of ingredients, as well as those that contain unfamiliar additives, preservatives, and artificial flavors and colors. And always use comcontinued on page 21


page 20

Canada urged to cancel ebola vaccine licence, transfer rights to bigger company ToRonTo - A prominent law professor is urging the federal government to terminate an American company's licence for a Canadian-made Ebola vaccine. The company, NewLink Genetics, doesn't have the capacity to develop the much-needed vaccine, argues Amir Attaran, a professor of law and population health at the University of Ottawa. "The mistake Canada has made has been to keep this bad marriage with NewLink and try to make it better. Canada should either be terminating the licence agreement outright or simply issuing another licence on non-commercial terms to someone else," Attaran told reporters in an interview. "Either of those would work. Neither of them have been done. And that's absolutely shameful." Brian Wiley, NewLink's vice president for business development, said in an email that the company would not comment on Attaran's suggestion. But he did confirm that a deal announced Monday — with Genentech, a division of Swiss drugmaker Roche — does not involve the Ebola vaccine. The deal, which will pay NewLink US$150 million upfront and potentially more than US$1 billion, is for a cancer therapy in early stage testing. Attaran said he has written to federal Health Minister Rona Ambrose outlining why he believes Canada should strip NewLink of the vaccine licence. Her department's press office did not immediately respond on Monday to queries about Attaran's proposal. Canada began shipping 800 vials of the vaccine to Geneva on Monday, having donated the vaccine to the World Health Organization. The donated vaccine will be used in clinical trials aimed at determining whether it is safe to use in people and what an effective dose is. The vaccine, known as VSV-EBOV, was designed by scientists at the National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg. It was licensed to NewLink, of Ames, Iowa, in 2010. NewLink's chief focus is the development of cancer vaccines. At the time, Canada's options for commercializing the Ebola vaccines or drugs its scientists were developing were limited. Prior to this outbreak, fewer than 3,000 people had been known to have been infected with Ebola, in sporadic outbreaks in poor African countries over a period spanning nearly 40 years. The prospects for recouping the considerable costs of developing and licensing a drug or vaccine were nil. The major players in the pharmaceutical world — those with deep pockets and regulatory know-how — weren't interested. It appears from filings the company made with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission that NewLink paid merely $205,000 for the rights to the vaccine, Attaran said. The company is also required to pay Canada royalties — the rate will be in "the low single-digit percentage" of the price — on sales of the vaccine. Many of those involved in charting the Ebola response believe an effective vaccine will be needed to bring this raging epidemic under control. And although another — made by scientists at the U.S. National Institutes of Health — is further along in the testing process, many scientists point to the Canadian vaccine as the better option.

For one thing, the Winnipeg-designed vaccine is expected to require only a single dose. It is thought the American vaccine will require a priming dose followed by a booster with another vaccine that will serve to stimulate the immune system. A two-dose regimen — with two different vaccines — would be hugely challenging to deliver, especially in countries where the health-care systems have collapsed under the weight of the Ebola outbreak. As well, in studies in primates the Canadian vaccine was shown to be effective at both protecting against infection and mitigating the severity of the disease when given after an animal was infected. There are no data to suggest the American vaccine would work in both pre- and post-exposure scenarios. Because of these advantages, many are eager to see VSVEBOV tested and to see the scale up of production of the vaccine. But the fact that the licence is held by a small company with no experience bringing a product through the regulatory process and with no vaccine production capacity of its own is seen to be impeding the ability to make, test and — if it is safe and effective — eventually disseminate the vaccine in Ebola-affected countries. The first human clinical trial of the vaccine began last week in Bethesda, Md. It had been expected that it and other trials would have begun weeks earlier, but there were delays that people knowledgeable about the process attribute to NewLink's size and inexperience. In its most recent annual report, filed on March 31 of this year,

its Ebola vaccine appears to be almost an afterthought, rating only a single mention. NewLink described itself as a "development stage company" and noted that it has incurred significant losses since its inception. At the end of 2013, the company's accumulated deficit was $136 million. The company has been receiving significant assistance from the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, a branch of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that fosters development of drugs and vaccines for bio-threats like pandemic influenza and anthrax. The contract between Canada and NewLink gives the Canadian government some options it could employ if it believes NewLink lacks the capacity to develop the vaccine. And Attaran insisted the government should have exercised one of these options before now. "West Africa is burning, he said. "It is past time that Canada terminate the contract with them (NewLink)." Attaran noted that in the four years since it acquired the licence to the vaccine, NewLink had not conducted a single human trial with it until now. In the licence agreement, Canada retains the ability to make or have made the vaccine for use in Canada during an emergency. It also has the right to let other manufacturers make the vaccine for use in other countries "for compassionate care purposes" if NewLink has not received regulatory approval for the vaccine in the target country. At the current time NewLink has not received regulatory approval for VSV-EBOV anywhere.


continued on page 19

mon sense. You know a sugary breakfast cereal is not going to be your healthiest choice, even if it claims to be a “smart healthy” one on the label.

What to buy When in doubt, foods that are unprocessed and in their fresh form are almost always superior to processed varieties. And when choosing between processed foods, look for those with the fewest, most wholesome (and whole) ingredients possible.

What to watch out for A products labeled as “natural” The most common claim made on new food products “all-natural” is oftentimes all-nonsense. There is absolutely no regulatory definition for “all-natural," and you're better off getting the facts on your own from reliable sources — like the ingredients listed on the back. If you’re having trouble understanding — or pronouncing — them, the product is probably not as natural as it claims. The "natural" label "means basically whatever the manufacturer decides." Healthy: A “healthy” product must meet certain criteria that limit the amounts of fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium, and require specific minimum amounts of vitamins, minerals, or other beneficial nutrients. However, it may still contain large amounts of sugar, artificial ingredients or preservatives, which may not be healthy at all. Made With Whole Grains: Many products tout they’re a healthy source of whole grains, when in reality refined flour is the first ingredient. The Health Canada does not define what percentage of grain must be whole in order to use this claim, so be sure “whole grain” or “whole wheat flour” is listed as a primary ingredient. Typically, you can tell if bread is truly made with whole grains by picking it up; it will be heavier and denser than those with refined grains. Images and “Made With Real Fruit”: Just because a bottle of juice or box of fruit snacks has pictures of fruit on its label does not mean it contains fruit. Many products even claim to be “made with real fruit” when they contain only a very small portion of fruit concentrate. A classic example of this is fruit drinks. Colorful, fresh fruits adorn the front of many popular juice bottles, but a glance at the back of the label shows that the first three ingredients are water, high fructose corn syrup, and artificial flavoring with less than 2% actual juice.

Lesson of the day Manufacturers think we’re stupid and won’t notice when they use marketing chicanery to trick us into eating less healthy, cheaper-to-produce ingredients. Don’t be stupid. Educate yourself and make wise shopping choices.

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breaking the glass ceiling, starting at the detachment floor Crawling undetected through the woods on bush patrol. Rappelling down the side of a building with a weapon. Scaling the side of a ship in full dive gear. dismantling an explosive device while the timer counts down. Leading an international agency of analysts into the future. decades ago you wouldn’t have pictured a woman in these roles, but now it’s a different day.

aging change meant destabilizing the status quo.” Destabilizing the status quo was a theme for most of the women who pioneered the entry into some of the RCMP's male-dominated fields – or as Insp. Ruth Roy, the first female member in British Columbia of an Underwater Recovery Team (URT) calls them, "the last bastions of the old boys club." Insp. Roy, who had been part of the Ports Canada Police dive team and participated in countless practice dives and training with the RCMP dive team, still faced pushback from some in management when she applied for a permanent spot on URT back in 1991. “When it came time to have me on the team, management started putting up barriers,” recalls Insp. Roy. But this avid diver’s history with the team prevailed and she finally secured a spot on the team. It’s a similar story with emergency response teams (ERT), explosive device units (EDU), and various other specialized roles that simply don’t attract many females. But Sgt. Regan Douglas, the first (and only) female bomb tech in the RCMP, is trying to change that, and recently became a fulltime (first female) instructor at the CPC in the Explosives Training Unit. “Hopefully, with a female instructor, these new young bomb tech recruits will be so used to working with a woman, they’ll just expect us to be out in the field as well.” Sgt. Douglas tries to encourage other women to explore the field and currently has one

it was Sept. 16, 1974, when 32 women across Canada simultaneously took the oath to become police officers, fundamentally changing the Royal Canadian Mounted Police forever.

As we celebrate the accomplishments of women on the Force over the last four decades, we’re getting closer to the day when female firsts and glass ceilings are things of the past. it’s thanks to the efforts of past and present trailblazers who’ve helped pave the way to the future.

For retired civilian member Tonita Murray, the first female director general (DG) of the Canadian Police College (CPC), who is spending her retirement working on gender equality and police reform in Afghanistan and now in Kenya, she admits her six years as DG were the most challenging of her career. “All the organizational changes that occurred during my time there were not achieved without hot debate, but I understood that man-

A true trailblazer who really shattered the glass ceiling is retired Commissioner bev busson, the Force’s first and only female Commissioner. When asked what she’s most proud of, busson states, “that members accepted my leadership at a time of a lot of pressure and stress on the organization. it was never about being female.”


page 23 woman in her class. But she admits that it’s competitive and like some of the other specialized units has limited positions, so you really have to be committed. “It takes a lot of courage to just show up,” says Sgt. Douglas, who can often be heard saying she can’t believe she gets paid to blow things up. “For months I spent my leave days and all my free time hanging out with the CBRNE [Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Explosive] guys, learning the ropes, proving myself.” It paid off; Sgt. Douglas passed the course and secured a permanent spot on the team in 2009, and joined a “fantastic group of guys” with whom she felt no resistance whatsoever. Sgt. Val Brooks is also trying to change the face of policing, and as the first operational woman on ERT from 2004 to 2008, she’s given a few presentations to new recruits about her experiences on ERT. She talks a lot about the need for trust and respect on a team, which is crucial regardless of gender. “On ERT it’s always about the team... the sense of camaraderie and the bonds that form are incredible, and with that comes responsibility,” she explains of the highly physically demanding, high pressure, high risk environment. “It was, to date, my biggest accomplishment from a personal and professional perspective.” As the first woman posted to a full-time ERT, Insp. Rhonda Blackmore believes the main point is having applicable benchmarks for training and certification standards. “If the required standards are valid, then it is irrelevant if you are male or female, it is all about selecting the best candidate for that job.” Often called on to share her experiences and dispense advice, she tells female officers that while ERT is physically, mentally, and technically challenging, the skills and lessons learned are transferable to any role and will serve anyone well. Many women in the Force feel it is their obligation to reach out to inspire and encourage the next generation. And like civilian member Jennifer Johnstone, an intelligence analyst with Federal Serious and Organized Crime in British Columbia, one should aspire not only to be the first woman, but to be the first Canadian to achieve international success in their field. Johnstone was appointed (for her second term) as the president of the International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts (IALEIA), the first time a Canadian has taken the helm. With more than 20 years experience and having assisted in the development of the Foundations of Intelligence Analysis Training used around the world, Johnstone is considered a subject matter expert in the topic of intelligence analysis with regards to training and professionalism on an international level. Having had the full support of the RCMP for her endeavours with IALEIA, Johnstone says she’s been very fortunate to have worked for some incredible leaders. “I realize that as I travel around the world, the RCMP is a good place to work.” The list of acknowledged female firsts in the RCMP is a long one, but greater still is the number of unsung women who have quietly overcome attitudinal and generational barriers to take their place alongside male colleagues. One can only imagine the challenges faced by the first female to serve as a constable in a detachment, the first to work on a drug unit, to handle a police service dog or investigate commercial crime. While many women in all categories have faced obstacles, many have also experienced great rewards.

Police officer Careers by enforcing the law and investigating crime, police officers play an important role in ensuring the safety and security of those in the community they serve. Police officers are role models and leaders in their communities by providing advice and guidance to people from all walks of life. Recognizing and understanding diversity is an essential part of policing. As an RCMP officer you will: graduate as a constable from depot, the RCMP's Cadet Training facility, Serve three or more years in general duty Policing, Work with and make an impact on your community, Acquire a wide range of law enforcement experience, have options for over 150 career specializations, Work a varied schedule, including shift work, have learning and development opportunities, and have posting opportunities across the country. Are you an experienced Police officer? Check out our experienced Police officer Program. What you Should expect you should expect to work shifts, including nights, evenings, weekends and holidays as policing takes place 24 hours per day. Whether you stay in general duty policing or pursue a specialization, there are many opportunities to ensure a career full of learning and challenge. duties you will start your career doing general duty policing at the detachment level, but the career path you take after that is up to you. Many of our police officers choose to continue in general duty policing because of the interesting work and diverse challenges it offers. as:

This role provides you with an opportunity to experience a broad range of assignments such Responding to alarms; Foot patrol; bicycle patrol; Traffic enforcement; Testifying in court; Collecting evidence at crime scenes; Apprehending criminals; and Plain clothes duties. Postings

Royal Canadian Mounted Police d division headquarters: 1091 Portage Avenue P.o. box 5650 Winnipeg, Mb R3C 3k2 Telephone: (204) 983-5420

As a police officer with the RCMP, you must be prepared to serve anywhere in Canada. As you gain valuable policing experience, different opportunities will become available to you. graduates do not normally get posted to their home province directly after training. Midway through training, you will be asked to identify three provinces to which you would like to be posted. you will also have an opportunity to identify your personal circumstances to help us determine an appropriate location. Transfer Process The RCMP will work with you to determine your next career steps. each time you are considered for a transfer, your current personal situation will be reviewed. The RCMP covers the cost for relocating you and your immediate family, however; the RCMP does not assist spouses with their career relocations.


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page 28

The biggeST bAnk Fee you've neveR heARd oF...

Whether you use a credit card or not, you pay a hidden fee on virtually every transaction you make. The fees have an inflationary effect and they add up. They cost Canadian shoppers tens of billions of dollars every year.

every time you swipe a credit or debit card, your bank takes a bite out of your payment. in fact, these hidden swipe fees cost Canadians more than all credit-card annual fees, cash- advance fees, overthe-limit fees and late fees combined.

did you know: pay $22 billion annually in swipe fees, most U of itMerchants a windfall for the banks. $2 and $4 on every $100 spent using a credit U cardBetween goes to the banks, even though it costs only a few pennies to process the transaction. In many cases, the swipe fee is higher than what the merchant earns on the sale. These fees drive up the prices for everything from gas to groceries, costing the average family more than $400 every year. Canadian & U.S. swipe fees are among the highest in the world; 7 times higher than the standard European rate even though there is higher volume and low technology costs in North America. Swipe fees in Canada are more than 4 times larger than in Australia. Credit card swipe fees have tripled since 2004 despite technological improvements that have driven down the processing costs. For most merchants, swipe fees have become the second-highest operating expense after labor. Premium cards carry even more fees that are completely hidden from merchants until they receive their monthly statements. Merchants work hard to earn and keep your business, but when they are forced to absorb this hidden cost, they have to raise prices. Ultimately, the convenience you think you’re getting for free actually comes at a cost.

U

U U U U

What are interchange fees? There are two sets of fees paid by retailers... and therefore two sets of fees ultimately paid by their customers each time a card is used for a payment: the Merchant Service Charge (MSC) - The acquirer bank keeps $1 to cover processing costs and profit, and sends the remaining $2 to the second bank to cover its fee for the entire transaction. This second fee is known as the “Multilateral Interchange Fee” or MIF and is decided behind the scenes, either by Visa or MasterCard or by the banks hiding behind them – all without input by retailers or shoppers, and often without their knowledge. As a result of this fee, shops actually receive less than the full price paid by the cardholder. And interchange fees can vary according to the kind of credit or debit card used – often without the cardholder having any idea. So cards given by businesses to their employees, known as ‘commercial cards’, can incur interchange fees up to 50% higher than normal cards – and retailers and their customers have to foot the bill!

SToP unfairCardFees Why are interchange fees unfair?

First of all, Visa and MasterCard do not inform customers of these interchange fees, they simply set them with the banks behind them and charge retailers and their shoppers accordingly. We believe you have the right to know more about these fees. It is even more unfair for shoppers who do not use the credit or debit cards. That’s because these hidden fees are not charged just to cardholders. The high cost of card payments must be passed on across all purchases. This drives up the cost of goods and services for all consumers whether they pay with plastic or cash. This has a serious knock on effect for the wider economy.

Who profits? Report demonstrated the high level of profits goes to banks behind Visa and MasterCard, for example, the activity of issuing Visa and MasterCard gave a profit-to-cost ratio was 65%. That means for every $1 in costs, these banks generate $0.65 in operating profit. The report also noted that if the interchange fee increases by $1, experience shows that only $0.25 is passed on to the card holder in lower fees.

What’s the big deal? The average Canadian household pays over $400 per year on interchange fees alone. Visa, MasterCard and their banks will tell you that interchange fees were designed to cover the costs of the banks which issue payment cards to cardholders. Rather, interchange fees are a hidden way of providing issuing banks with additional income at the expense of all shoppers, whether they are cardholders or not. Furthermore, even though new technology and economies of scale continue to reduce the cost of credit and debit

card transaction processing, card companies are still charging fat interchange fees. Only 13% of the fees go toward these processing costs, with the rest going to bank profits, expensive advertising campaigns and rewards.

Why is it anti-competitive? Unless constraints are imposed by regulators, payment card companies and their banks can increase interchange rates at any time by any amount. In the words of the European Competition Commissioner, Neelie Kroes, “these high fees are a result of a lack of competition in a market where 95% of payments are made by two companies. The situation is even bleaker in some Member States, where there is only one single acquiring bank servicing retailers.”

how do the fees affect shoppers? We believe you have the right to know about these fees bringing inflationary pressure on to the cost of your purchases. So what would happen if there were lower or no interchange fees? Experience shows that savings in the retail supply chain are passed through to shoppers due to the intense competition in the retail sector. Yet because of the banks’ anti-competitive rules, businesses are not able to negotiate on card fee levels. Retailers and their customers have no choice but to pay the excessive fees! Shoppers would get a better deal if retailers were free to negotiate the cost of card payments on an open market. Just as savvy shoppers shop around to get the best price, retailers want to do the same for card payments. Only few shoppers realise that how they pay for a transaction can have serious cost implications for the business they are buying from. Indeed, $22+ billion goes straight into the pockets of


page 29 the banks for providing payment card services. And it’s the shops, businesses and ultimately their CUSTOMERS who pay those fees. Interchange fees vary according to the type of shop or business or the size of the business. Why should that be? The actual cost of processing a card transaction is the same whether it is for a $15 bunch of roses or a $1500 TV. But Visa and MasterCard and the banks behind them often try to impose different interchange fee rates on different types of business. The fact that interchange fees vary so greatly reflects the fact that they are simply slapped on as a commercial decision by Visa and MasterCard and they are not based on real costs faced by the banks. And we know that shops and businesses have no control over these fees either. Would it be the best to pay by CASH OnLY ? But... then, banks (read: banksters) could not steal our $$$ anylonger! Also without credit cards “some” agencies could not be spying at our spendings closely, which are so greatly visible right now...

deceptive Credit Card Tactics: Watch out For These bait & Switch offers in Canada To help protect Canadians from underhanded credit card practices, we have done a review of the cardholder agreements from Canada’s leading issuers. We looked for hidden fees and charges clouded in obscure language even the wisest legal counsel would have to read twice or thrice to understand. The verdict? We found two Canadian banks using particularly unfair and deceptive credit card practices to jack interest rates on unsuspecting Canadians.

PC Financial Mastercard with a not so “fresh” idea: We’ve all seen the “free food fast” claims of PC Financial, but how about a “free rate hike” instead. Little did we know that PC Financial Mastercard, may increase your credit card interest rate from 19.75% to 24.95% at its sole discretion following a review of your account use, credit bureau or credit history. The exact language reads as follows: “We may, with prior notice, increase your Purchases and Cash Advances rate to the Performance rate of 24.95% following a review of:

continued on page 31

Aluminium could be poisoning our brains and causing Alzheimer's Professor Chris exley argues aluminium posioning could cause Alzheimer's Aluminium builds up in the brain until the 'toxic threshold' when it can't cope, this will bring on early onset of Alzheimer's and make the condition worse - The metal compound is now found in almost everything we eat and drink - Found in tea, cakes, bread, wine, cosmetics and some drugs - Previous work found link between aluminium and cancer Aluminium found in food, cosmetics and medicines could be poisoning our brains and causing Alzheimer’s disease, a professor has claimed. Aluminium builds up in the brain, eventually causing contamination that may cause Alzheimer’s disease, Professor Christopher Exley, of Keele University has argued. The metal compound is found in most processed foods, tea, wine, fizzy drinks, cosmetics and some drugs. Professor Exley said the very fact that studies have revealed aluminium deposits in the brain should serve as a warning that we are being contaminated. He said: ‘The presence of aluminium in the human brain should be a red flag alerting us all to the potential dangers of the aluminium age. ‘We are all accumulating a known neurotoxin in our brain from our conception to our death. ‘Why do we treat this inevitability with almost total complacency?’ His latest report builds on his previous work, in which he suggested there was a link between the aluminium found in deodorants and cancer. Aluminium is the most abundant metal in the earth's crust, and is naturally found in food because plants absorb it from water and the soil. While 50 years ago we may have ingested small amounts of aluminium from vegetables and the pots they were cooked in, today it is added to almost everything we consume. Aluminium sulphate is added to water to make it more clear, and it is added to cakes and biscuits as a raising agent. It is also found in most processed foods, food colouring, tea, cocoa, malt drinks, wines and fizzy drinks. Cosmetics, talcs, toothpaste, suncream and antiperspirants contain aluminium, as well as drugs such as aspirin, antacids and vaccines.

The body excretes aluminium, but if more is ingested than the body can excrete, it is deposited in the bone, brain, liver, heart, spleen, and muscle. Professor Exley argues the human brain is both ‘a target and a sink for aluminium’ when it enters the body. At some point, the aluminium accumulated in the brain will reach a ‘toxic threshold’ and the affected area of the brain will not be able to cope, he said. If the same part of the brain is suffering from other conditions, then reacting to the presence of aluminium will make the condition worse, he added. He concluded that aluminium could fuel early onset on Alzheimer’s, a con-

dition affecting memory, and make the disease worse. He said: ‘In this way aluminium may cause a particular condition to be more aggressive and perhaps to have an earlier onset - such occurrences have already been shown in Alzheimer’s disease related to environmental and occupational exposure to aluminium.’ Reducing exposure to aluminium and removing it from the body could prevent Alzheimer’s disease, and further tests should be carried out to test the link, he concluded. His report was published in the journal Frontiers in Neurology.


page 30

Call for government investigation into uFo sightings in new Zealand

New Zealanders are urging the Government to admit extraterrestrial life is out there after the release of thousands of secret files on UFO sightings. The Defence Force released thousands of documents detailing alleged UFO sightings between 1952 and early 2013.

grizzly bear entered Claudia huber’s house before fatal attack The grizzly bear that killed Claudia Huber on the weekend came into her house through a window, then pursued Huber and her spouse when they ran outside, says ?Yukon’s coroner. In a news release, Kirsten Macdonald says a male bear came onto the rural property around 11 a.m. Saturday, alerting the family dog. Huber’s spouse, Matthias Liniger, went outside to calm the dog, saw the bear approaching and went back inside to get his rifle. The bear then went inside through a window. “Huber and her spouse ran outside the home, at which time the bear pursued them,” the release says. “Huber suffered serious injuries, the full extent of which will be revealed through an autopsy.” Liniger shot and killed the bear and drove Huber to the health centre in Teslin, about 50 kilometres away.

They include a report into the famous Kaikoura sighting, where a small plane was tracked by a large cluster of fast-moving bright lights for about 20 minutes. Aetherius Society NZ organiser Frank McManus says the documents prove the New Zealand Government knows about the existence of alien life. He is calling for a full state investigation of the sightings. "The first stage now is for governments to admit to the people that UFOs are visiting this world. They should be admitting these people saw what they saw. "The next stage is to investigate further. There has to be something beyond this. Not just the release of files but serious investigation. "The next question will come from the people - why are they here?." The Aetherius society was started in 1955 by the late yoga guru George King. Mr McManus says aliens are more closely connected to the spiritual realm than humans, who are tainted by the existence of Huber, 42, was pronounced dead the next day after noon. A necropsy on the bear has already been completed. Bear attacks 'very rare:' Conservation officer Grizzly bear attacks are not common in Yukon. "It's very rare," says conservation officer Ryan Hennings, who's also manager of enforcement and compliance with Yukon's Environment department. "It's even more rare to have it occur in a residence where people live." Hennings says they're still trying to determine what led to the event. "I know from our site preliminary investigation that we saw no attractants at the house we would commonly see that may invite wildlife or bears to a property. We didn't even see a barbecue on the deck," Hennings says. "These property owners were very good at managing their attractants." Hennings says the grizzly was old, of large stature and underweight at about 170 kilograms, but not starving. The bear had no tag or collar. The Yukon Coroner's Service, Yukon Department of Environment, Teslin and Whitehorse RCMP, Yukon Major Crimes and Forensic Identification Units are all investigating.

nuclear weapons and war. He claims successive governments around the world have covered up the existence of UFOs. "It's hard to say whether New Zealand was part of it, but there has been a cover up. The American Government has been part of it." Mr McManus says he is hopeful the release of UFO files will spark a change in New Zealand society's attitude to the possibility of alien life. "This prepares the public mind for a little bit more," he said. "It's a massive shift. Like when we found out the world was round, not flat. We imprisoned that guy and burned his books, but he was right. "We shouldn't be afraid of a quantum shift like that." Other nations including Britain and Brazil have also released Government files on alleged UFO encounters. The New Zealand Defence Force has said it will not comment on the files, as it was only a collection point for the documents and did not have the resources to investigate or verify their contents.

RCMP asking for help in identifying suspects who grounded chopper RCMP in Sylvan Lake are asking the public for help in identifying the person or people responsible for damaging a helicopter . Police say the helicopter was damaged between 4:30 p.m. Saturday and 8 a.m. Sunday. it was parked in a rural location northwest of eckville. The helicopter cannot fly due to the extensive damage to both its interior and exterior. it is worth more than $500,000 and repair costs could range from $1,000 to $100,000. if the helicopter had taken off, RCMP said lives would have been placed “in great danger.” RCMP are treating the vandalism as “very serious.” The person or persons responsible for damaging the chopper could face charges of mischief endangering life, which carries a maximum punishment of life in prison. eckville is located 45 km west of Red deer, Alberta. Sylvan Lake RCMP: 1.403.887.3333


page 31 continued from page 29

your account use (including whether you exceeded your credit limit or had any dishonored payment transactions), or your credit bureau reports and credit history.” Regardless of whether or not you’ve been paying your credit card bill on time, if they find anything on your credit report or credit score they don’t like (they don’t say what), they can bump up your interest rate to 24.95%. Moreover, if you use your account in a way they don’t like (they don’t say how), they can increase your rate at their discretion. They’re not accountable for providing any reasons why your rate increased – all they do is reserve the right to ding you, provided they notify you in advance, when they want. This type of predatory lending practice has no place in Canada and we think it’s a “rotten” idea.

Canadian Tire Mastercard a potentially bad “option”: Are you one of the 4.5 million people with a Canadian Tire Mastercard or thinking of getting one? Watch-out! While the cards are advertised with a 19.99% interest rate, the fine print states that they may approve you with a 25.99% rate. The exact language reads as follows: “If you are not approved for a card at these rates, Canadian Tire Bank may still issue you a card at an annual interest rate of — 25.99% for all charges.” Now that’s just wrong. Before any of us apply for a product, especially a financial product, it should be crystal clear what product we’re receiving in advance. This type of bait and switch practice employed by Canadian Tire Mastercard has the potential to cause serious harm to unsuspecting applicants who think their receiving one rate and then get charged a rate that is 30% higher and buried in the fine print! Could you image if banks were allowed

to do that with a mortgage? We’d all being playing Russian Roullette. We reviewed the cardholder agreements of RBC, TD, CIBC, BMO, Scotia, Chase, Capital One, MBNA, Amex and Walmart and none of them have similar terms. While all have a penalty rate in the event you miss a payment(s), none use the bait & switch strategies employed by President’s Choice Financial or Canadian Tire

Mastercard as described above. We would encourage all of our readers to share this with their unsuspecting friends and colleagues, let PC Financial and Canadian Tire Mastercard know of your disappointment and contact your Minister of Parliament or the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada to ensure consumers are protected from this type of trickery that has no place in Canada.


page 32

Whoops !!!

in the last edition of northern echo (#36) someone, somewhere, goofed up! We had page 26 mistakenly printed from ne #34. We are reprinting “vladimir Putin biography” article in whole on pages 40, 41& 42 because of the mentioned mistake, we have extended current issue to 48 pages. Please accept our apologies for this error. ne

beaver fence aims to stop pathway flooding in Fish Creek Calgary officials are trying out a new way to manage beavers that are causing problems in Fish Creek Provincial Park. The rodents keep packing mud and logs against a culvert in a city-owned storm pond. If left, the dam would cause the pond to overflow and flood a popular pathway. In the spring, the city's water services department is going to install something called an exclusion fence — a trapezoid shaped fence made of wire that prevents the beavers from plugging the culvert.

Review complete The city used to deal with situations like this by trapping and killing the beavers, but it reviewed that policy after an incident in July. A beaver got caught in a trap, but didn't die and was spotted struggling to free itself. Upset animal lovers launched a petition to stop trapping in the city. That prompted the review, which revealed that debris got caught in the trap, causing it to malfunction. Since then, the city has been working with the Association for the Protection of FurBearing Animals to come up with non-lethal alternatives. "We want to go a different route so we don't actually have to kill beavers," said water services spokesman Randy Girling. "We don't want to be known as killers or anything like that. We want

to do the best we can for the wildlife in our parks."

exclusion fence The exclusion fence is the best option for this particular situation, according to Adrian Nelson from the Protection of FurBearing Animals. It will be installed around the end of the culvert, and will extend out about three metres and then across about three metres. So instead of having to plug up a metre-long culvert, the beavers now have a much tougher job. It also moves the beavers farther away from the sound of run-

ning water. "Beavers have an instinctual trigger that when they hear that trickling effect of water, they want to dam it up," said Nelson. "So as they start damming near the culvert, the fence moves them further and further away from the culvert and ultimately away from the stimulus." Nelson says exclusion fences are used in municipalities across North America and are very successful.

Pilot project The fence won't be installed until the ice melts in the spring.


page 33 Girling says the beaver activity is tapering off right now as the rodents prepare for winter hibernation. If they start building the dam again, city workers will clear the debris away by hand. Next year, city crews will monitor the fence on a weekly basis as part of their regular storm pond maintenance. If the pilot project is successful, Girling says the city will consider using similar systems in other places where beavers are causing problems. It would be another tool for officials to use as part of their beaver management program. In the meantime, a spokesperson from the parks department says the city will still consider trapping and killing beavers as a last resort. Nelson — and the Association for the Protection of Fur-Bearing Animals — hope that will change. "A lot of municipalities trapped and killed problem animals. It was the go-to solution for pretty much everybody, but now we're seeing more and more municipalities moving over to non-lethal

ment some non-lethal alternatives and we hope the success of these alternatives will prompt them to use more and more and ultimately give up trapping."

Trapped beaver survived

solutions and having great success with them," said Nelson. "I think Calgary is just on its path now where it's starting to imple-

iS ThiS youR WindShieLd?

It appears the critter that sparked the review and pilot project survived its trapping ordeal. Wildlife photographer Susan Heaven, who spoke out after the incident in July, has spotted a beaver that is missing a front paw in the same Fish Creek Park storm pond. She says it appears to be managing quite well and seems to be healthy. She is pleased to hear that trapping is off the table, at least for now. "It leaves the beavers in the park, and hopefully nature can get back to doing its thing and let things run its course," said Heaven. "Kudos to the city for keeping an open mind and trying something else out."

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page 34 taking a single item. Sergeant J.B. Haney of the Houston Police Department told news reporters in Houston, "They thought they had a great plan, but it didn't really work out for them.

continued from page 13

dream home built on the WRong lot: Couple outraged after contractors built their $680,000 mansion across the street.

A dream beach house in Florida has turned into a nightmare for a Missouri couple after the $680,000, five-bedroom home was built on the wrong lot - belonging to another couple entirely. Mark and Brenda Voss learned of the disaster six months after their oceanfront home was completed and has left them struck with 'total disbelief'. The mistake came about when they hired a local contractor to build on the lot they thought was theirs, but a mistaken survey meant the home was constructed on the incorrect lot. The building firm, Keystone Homes has said it is trying to negotiate a settlement between the Voss's and the actual owners of the lot who purchased it for $355,000 more than ten years ago.

barber arrested after wet shave customer is found bleeding profusely on shop oor with four-inch gash to his neck A barber has been arrested on suspicion of attempted murder after a wet shave customer was rushed to hospital with a four-inch gash to his neck. Daniel Flores, 22, was working at Vic's Barbershop Monday in Imperial Beach, California, when he slashed several times at the throat of 33-year-old Timothy Paul Vaughn then ran out, leaving Vaughn badly bleeding. Vaughn, who was left with a large wound on his neck in the incident, was taken to UC San Diego Medical Center in a critical condition but is expected to survive.

It's still unclear what led to the near-fatal shave Monday afternoon at Vic's Barbershop. Witnesses say Flores and Vaughn did not argue before the shave. The barber allegedly cut the customer's neck more than once before running away from the shop, leaving Vaughn bleeding out on the floor. When police showed up at the scene, the owner of the shop called Flores' aunt who came to the scene. While she was talking with officers, her nephew called from her house and he was soon after arrested a block from that home. Flores was arrested under suspicion of attempted murder.

Man hides on a shop shelf for two hours in failed robbery attempt Was it a great plan that failed due to bad luck or simply a dumb idea in the ďŹ rst place? An unsuccessful robbery plot was caught on camera at a dollar store in Houston, Texas, last week with one policeman commenting that the whole event was "comical". Footage shows two men entering the store near to closing time. One of the men bends down to a lower shelf in one of the aisles, removes some boxes, and then crawls onto the shelf. His accomplice then walks by and puts the boxes back into place, thus concealing his partner. The latter individual then went and bought a few items before leaving the store, leaving the hidden man in the store, where he waited for two hours until the store shut. However, once the man appeared from his hiding place, seemingly ready to rob the shop, he failed to account for the motion sensors inside the store. Thus, as he emerged from his tiny hideout, he set off an alarm and promptly ran out the back door without

"It's comical. It's kind of funny. It's one I'll remember for a while." After concocting a plan that saw him hide on a shelf for two hours, Sergeant Haney was surprised the man did not even take something as he ran out of the store. "It is mind boggling why they went through all that and didn't grab something on the way out. I would have gotten me something on the way out."


page 35 continued from page 8

ment and inspecting construction and renovation to ensure it complies with the code," Spezowka said in an e-mail. In January, a report from Toronto's Auditor General found enforcement of the building code was lax and in need of a top-tobottom review. Two-thirds of open building permits across Toronto had no inspection for over a year. Of the 3,735 reported code violations, only 30 per cent had been inspected, and more violations were issued than closed each year.

Condo owners reluctant to make a fuss Toronto's building office did not respond to requests for comments for this story. Most condo owners are reluctant to make a fuss about poorly built condominiums for fear of lowering asset values as they try to offload the unit. Nonetheless, lawyer Ted Charney in September launched his sixth class-action lawsuit against a major Toronto developer, a CAD $29 million suit over wildly fluctuating water temperatures in a condo high-rise that are being blamed on the installation of improper water valves. "Our building code is woefully deficient," said Audrey Loeb, a real estate lawyer dubbed "the Condo Queen" for her focus on condominium owners who were promised one thing when they were buying and got much less when they moved in. "The municipal and provincial governments have not imposed high enough obligations on developers." Developers said there are plenty of checks and balances, and that mistakes are corrected quickly. "There's a lot of moving parts. It's not like there is a mistake because we're trying to provide cheap product. It is the opposite. Everyone is always trying to better themselves," said Barry Fenton, president and chief executive of Lanterra Developments, which is among those being sued for falling glass at one of its new condo towers. "The systems that we have in place have worked, they are healthy. There is no question if building inspectors or policies suggest we should make changes, we're here to listen and make the changes. Change is good."

violent police 'home invasion' leads to $66k bill for victims Two siblings are speaking out for the first time about how Halifax police "invaded" one of their homes in the middle of the night, then assaulted him as he tried to protect his sister from getting seriously hurt. "It was just like Cops. Or like a movie. The house was dark. The house was quiet … then bang-bang-bang! on my upstairs door," said Tyson Bishop, 36, recalling the 2008 encounter. "It was a home invasion. They invaded my home."

Within seconds, it escalated to one of the officers shooting Bishop with a Taser stun gun when he tried to stop police from hitting his sister in the face. "I was fearful for her life," said Bishop, a GM salesman. "I was watching them pick her up and drop her face on the floor. She was crying." "Absolutely unreal," said Cirbie Bishop, now 31. "Under no circumstances would anyone ever believe that two police officers could just enter your home illegally and do that to you."

officer broke the law

rived to answer the second call at 3 a.m., however, the party was over and the townhouse was dark. Six people, including the Bishop siblings, were sitting around quietly in an upstairs bedroom. When the officers got no answer at the front door, they entered anyway, then went upstairs and pounded on the bedroom door, ordering anyone who didn’t live there to leave. "They were just screaming and yelling and swearing and forcing people out of the house," Cirbie Bishop said, as everyone scrambled. "We had no idea we were there doing anything wrong. We just had a private party." She banged into Gilbert while going through the bedroom doorway. He considered that assault, so he and Poole grabbed and detained her. Gilbert later admitted he hit her in the face while pinning her on the bathroom floor. "They picked me up and they threw me on my face," she said. When Tyson Bishop tried to step in and protect his sister, Gilbert Tasered him — in the face — at close range. "You just collapse. You fall so fast and so hard. It’s such a jolt to your head," Bishop recalled. Gilbert also admitted hitting him twice.

One of the officers, Const. Jordan Gilbert, was later sanctioned for illegal entry and assault, after a decision by a police complaint review board. But he was never criminally charged and he kept his job. The Bishops, who had never been in trouble with the law before, said they are left with $66,000 in legal costs, which the municipality refuses to cover. "They came into the house without a warrant. They came into the house with absolutely no right to. And we are left to pay for that," said Cirbie Bishop, an insurance claims representative. On that night six years ago, the siblings had a Halloween party at Tyson Bishop's townhouse. They said it was a normal party, with costumes, decorations, drinks and music. Police were called twice over noise complaints by a neighbour. By the time Const. Gilbert and Const. Mathew Poole ar-

MAniTobA

continued on page 39


page 36

Widower learns late wife's £100 painting is long lost Ravilious masterpiece This previously unknown Ravililous painting, 'bathing Machines, Aldeburgh,' was bought at a probate sale Last year, an elderly woman from Oxfordshire bought a “print” at a probate sale for £100 ($180 CAD). When the art lover passed away earlier this year, her husband brought in the painting to be appraised by art expert Sarah Lewis of JS Auctions in Banbury, Oxon. The widower wasn’t expecting to learn that his late

A

wife’s painting was actually a rare watercolour by British

since its initial sale at a Tooth’s

wartime artist Eric Ravilious — part of a set of three —

exhibition in 1939.”

valued between £40,000 and £60,000 ($72,000 to $108,000 CAD).

When Ravilious’ daughter, Ann Ullmann, heard about the

Art historians weren’t even aware of its existence,

work, titled “Bathing Machines,

Spear’s reported, as the piece “had not changed hands

Aldeburgh,” she immediately traveled to Banbury to see what she described as “an absolute corker" in person. At auction, “Bathing Machines, Aldeburgh” set a new record for a Ravilious painting: £312,700 ($563,000 CAD). The widower said he was "blown away and speechless" by the sale. *** Last spring, a New York man bought a Long Island cottage and discovered thousands of paintings, drawings and journals by Arthur Pinajina, an obscure Armenian-American abstract impressionist, stashed away in its attic and garage. An art appraiser valued the works at $30 million.

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continued from page 35 'Two cops...beating our friends' In a 911 call, obtained by reporters, Tyson Bishop's roommate is heard frantically calling for help. "What is your emergency?" the dispatcher says. "We have two cops.... They are beating everyone here!" says roommate Christian Copeland, clearly frightened. "They won’t let anyone get up and get out. We just need someone here to pull them off everyone." "Two police officers?" asks the dispatcher. "Two police officers!" he answers. "They are beating our friends." Later testimony said Tyson Bishop was "bleeding profusely" when taken away by ambulance.? The Bishops were both charged with several counts of assaulting and obstructing police, so they

temporary supervision and recommended anger management. He was never criminally charged, though, and still has his job. The Bishops called the penalty unbelievable. "If I went into his home, Tasered him, beat his wife or girlfriend or sister or anybody, I am sure we would not be sitting here today," Tyson Bishop said. "I would be in a cell. I would have lost my job. I would be in a whole different world if I had done half of what they did to us that night."

$66k for legal bills and debt Gilbert was also made to pay $1,000 toward the Bishops' costs. That infuriated the siblings, because their legal bill alone is 66 times that. "It was a slap in the face," Cirbie Bishop said. "It didn’t put a dent in any of the bills that we had spent. It wouldn’t even have put a dent in the gas money." The Bishops’ said their debt from their legal bills is spread out over several credit cards. Their father cashed in his life insurance to pay some of the bills. They are suing, even though that will cost still more, and say all they want is to break even. The Halifax Regional Municipality offered them $17,500, which they refused — so the municipality continues to spend public money fighting them.

However, the police complaint commissioner indicated that's police's decision to make. "The decision to lay or recommend a criminal charge … is made by municipal police," Nadine Cooper Mont said. "This is normally done long before a complaint reaches the review board." Tyson Bishop said the whole ordeal has left his family exhausted, with their faith in the system gone. "Halifax police broke the law knowing they were breaking the law … and there is nobody around or nobody in that end of the system that seems to care."

Anti-poverty group pushes for higher minimum wage A New Brunswick group is pushing the new Liberal government to keep its promise to immediately raise the minimum wage rate to $10.30 an hour. Along with Newfoundland and Labrador and the Northwest Territories, New Brunswick has the lowest minimum wage in Canada at $10 an hour.

Police and municipality won't comment

felt they had to hire a lawyer. The charges were later dropped. However, Cirbie Bishop said the blow to her reputation meant she lost her licence to sell insurance. "It’s completely turned my life upside down. I lost my job. I had to move provinces. I am in therapy. I have an enormous amount of debt," she said, in tears. "It’s a really sad feeling to know that you were once a really outgoing fun person that really enjoyed life to someone who just doesn’t trust anything anymore." "There's still two little holes in the side of my jaw where those two prongs went in that night," Tyson Bishop said. "For months… I would have the TV so low that you could barely hear it across the room, because I was so afraid somebody might call the police."

A judge already ruled the Bishops’ legal fees aren’t recoverable, because of legal precedents, which leaves them only able to claim for damages. Neither the police, nor the city would talk about the case. "Neither Halifax Regional Police or the officers involved will comment as there is still on-going civil litigation in relation to this case," police spokesman Pierre Bourdages said. "The municipality doesn’t comment on ongoing legal matters," municipal spokeswoman Tiffany Chase said.

years spent seeking justice The Bishops' complaint against the officers took three years to resolve. Gilbert was eventually disciplined by the Nova Scotia Police Review Board in early 2012. "This was not a mob scene outside a bar, and it is difficult to comprehend how things went wrong so quickly," the board said. "This incident is serious. It involves both an unlawful entry into a home and an excessive use of force, including the firing of a Taser. It has also had serious consequences for Mr. Bishop and his family." The board suspended Gilbert for two weeks, put him under

Reporters then asked how much public money the municipality has spent on the case, but received no reply. When asked why Gilbert wasn’t charged, Bourdages replied, "The Police Act investigation did not recommend charges against the officers. Neither did the review board decision."

Jean-Claude Basque with the New Brunswick Common Front for Social Justice says a freeze on wages in 2012 has impacted the purchasing power of minimum wage workers. He doesn’t think an increase would lead to more unemployment. “It would help those workers consume more and help the economy,” he said. While an increase in the minimum wage would likely receive opposition from the business community, Basque feels they shouldn’t complain about it. “They want all kinds of tax rebates that are going to be paid by people that are working. They want help from government in their business, so they can't have it both ways,” he said. Premier Brian Gallant promised in the election that minimum wage would reach $11 dollars an hour by 2017. Basque says eight per cent of people in New Brunswick earned minimum wage last year.


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vladimir Putin biography held (in early 2000). In September 2001, in response to the terrorist attacks on the United States, he announced Russia's stance as a U.S. ally. Soon after, however, he announced his opposition—along with the French and German governments—to the U.S. "war on terror," which focused on ridding Iraq of its then-leader, Saddam Hussein. Putin was re-elected to the presidency in 2004. In April 2005, he made a historic visit to Israel for talks with Prime Minister Ariel Sharon—marking the first visit to Israel by any Kremlin leader. Due to term limits, Putin could not run for the presidency again in 2008. (That same year, presidential terms in Russia were extended from four to six years.) When his protégé Dmitry Medvedev succeeded him as

Chemical Weapons in Syria

In September of 2013, tension rose between the U.S. and Syria in regards to Syria's possession of chemical weapons, resulting in the U.S. threatening to strike Syria if their weapons weren't relinquished. It was later announced that the U.S. would refrain from attacking Syria due to the cooperation of Russia and China, amongst other nations, to come up with an agreement to get Syria to release its chemical weapons. On September 11, 2013, Putin released an op-ed piece entitled "A Plea for Caution From Russia," via The New York Times. In the article, Putin spoke directly to the U.S.'s position in taking action

In 1999, Russian president Boris Yeltsin dismissed his prime minister and promoted former KGB officer Vladimir Putin in his place. In december 1999, Yeltsin resigned, appointing Putin president, and he was re-elected in 2004. In April 2005, he made a historic visit to Israel—the first visit there by any Kremlin leader. Putin could not run for the presidency again in 2008, but was appointed prime minister by his successor, dmitry Medvedev. Putin was re-elected to the presidency in March 2012. In 2014, he was reportedly nominated for a nobel Peace Prize.

early Political Career

President of Russia: 1st and 2nd Terms In December 1999, Boris Yeltsin resigned as president of Russia and appointed Putin acting president until official elections were

Third Term as President On March 4, 2012, Vladimir Putin was re-elected to the presidency, and he was inaugurated to his third term as Russia's president on May 7, 2012. Soon after taking office, he nominated Medvedev as prime minister. In December 2012, Putin signed into a law a ban on the U.S. adoption of Russian children. According to Putin, the legislation— which took effect on January 1, 2013—aimed to make it easier for Russians to adopt native orphans. The adoption ban spurred international controversy, reportedly leaving nearly 50 Russian children—who were in the final phases of adoption with U.S. citizens at the time that Putin signed the law—in legal limbo. Putin further strained relations with the United States the following year. U.S. President Barack Obama canceled a meeting with Putin that August. Obama called off his visit to Russia in reaction to Putin granting asylum to Edward Snowden, who is wanted by the United States for leaking classified information from the National Security Agency. Around this time, Putin also upset many people with his new anti-gay laws. He made it illegal for gay couples to adopt in Russia and placed a ban on propagandizing "nontraditional" sexual relationships to minors. dmitry Medvedev

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin was born in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), Russia, on October 7, 1952. After graduating from Leningrad State University in 1975, he began his career in the KGB as an intelligence officer. Stationed mainly in East Germany, he held that position until 1989. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Putin retired from the KGB with the rank of colonel, and returned to Leningrad as a supporter of Anatoly Sobchak (1937-2000), a liberal politician. After Sobchak won election as mayor of Leningrad (1991), Putin became his head of external relations; in 1994, Putin became Sobchak's first deputy mayor. After Sobchak's defeat in 1996, Putin resigned his post and moved to Moscow. In 1998, Putin was appointed deputy head of management under Boris Yeltsin's presidential administration. In that position, he was in charge of the Kremlin's relations with the regional governments. Shortly afterward, Putin was appointed head of the Federal Security, an arm of the former KGB, as well as head of Yeltsin's Security Council. In August 1999, Yeltsin dismissed his then-prime minister Sergey Stapashin, along with his cabinet, and promoted Putin in his place.

president in March 2008, Putin secured the post of Russia's prime minister, continuing his position among the top Russian leadership after eight years at the helm. It wouldn't be long before Putin was back at the helm, however.

against Syria. He stated that by the U.S. striking Syria, despite the disapproval of several other nations, could result in violence and unrest in the Middle East potentially escalating. Putin went on to write that the U.S.'s intention to strike Syria under the claim that Bashar al-Assad used the chemical weapons on civilians might be misplaced, with the more likely explanation being the unauthorized use of the weapons by Syrian rebels. He closed the piece by welcoming the continuation of an open dialogue between the involved nations to avoid further conflict in the Middle East.

2014 Winter olympics Russia was selected as the host country for the 2014 Winter Olympics. The games were held in Sochi, beginning on February 6. According to NBS Sports, Russia spent roughly $50 billion in preparations for this international event. There was controversy surrounding the 2014 Olympics being in Russia, with the threat of possible boycotts because of Russia's laws against homosexuality. In October 2013, Vladimir Putin tried to allay some of these concerns, saying "We will do everything to make sure that athletes, fans and guests feel comfortable at the Olympic Games regardless of their ethnicity, race or sexual orientation," in an interview broadcast on Russian television. In terms of security for the event, Putin implemented new measures aimed at cracking down on Muslim extremists. Reports surfaced in November 2013 that sailva samples had been collected from some Muslim women in the North Causasus region. These samples could be used to gather DNA profiles. This appeaed to be an effort to combat female suicide bombers known as "black widows."


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invasion into Crimea On March 3, 2014, not long after the conclusion of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Putin sent Russian troops into Crimea, a peninsula in Ukraine on the northeast coast of the Black Sea. The invasion came in the middle of a conflict between the East and the West. The peninsula had been part of Russia until Nikita Khrushchev, former Premier of the Soviet Union, gave it to Ukraine in 1954. Ukraine's U.N. ambassador Yuriy Sergeyev claimed that approximately 16,000 troops invaded the territory. Russia's actions caught the attention of several European countries and the United States. Putin defended his actions on March 4, 2014, by claiming that the troops sent into Ukraine were only meant to enhance Russia's military defenses within the country— referring to Russia's Black Sea Fleet, which has its headquarters stationed in Crimea. He also vehemently denied accusations by other nations, particularly the United States, that Russia intended to engage Ukraine in war. He went on to claim that although he was granted permission from Russia's upper house of Parliament to use force in Ukraine, he found it unnecessary. Putin also wrote off any speculation that there would be further invasion into Ukranian territory, saying, "Such a measure would certainly be the very last resort." The following day, it was announced that Putin had been nominated for the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.

vladimir Putin: good or evil ? Putin has recently made big headlines with his bold leadership style. Although often portrayed as a Macho type, bad-ass president by media, we would like to show his engagement for science and his hands-on approach when it comes to helping scientists and engineers.

A veteran of KGB, Putin tests out new gun himself. This picture was taken at military intelligence headquarters building.

Putin testing out new weapons shooting simulator at research facility of national railway company “Russian Railways”.

Personal Life In 1980, Putin met his future wife, Lyudmila, who was working as a flight attendant at the time. The couple married in 1983 and had two daughters: Maria, born in 1985, and Yekaterina, born in 1986. In early June 2013, after nearly 30 years of marriage, Russia's first couple announced that they were getting a divorce, providing little explanation for the decision, but assuring that they came to it mutually and amicably. "There are people who just cannot put up with it," Putin stated. "Lyudmila Alexandrovna has stood watch for eight, almost nine years." Providing more context to the decision, Lyudmila added, "Our marriage is over because we hardly ever see each other. Vladimir Vladimirovich is immersed in his work, our children have grown and are living their own lives." An Orthodox Christian, Putin is open about his faith. *** Fact Check We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!

Putin goes swimming regularly in order to keep in shape.

Putin adjusting scope on crossbow during hunting trip.

Another picture from a hunting trip in 2012.

Hunting trip 2012. Northern Russia.

"i looked the man in the eye. i found him to be very straightforward and trustworthy and we had a very good dialogue. i was able to get a sense of his soul." Former President george W. bush after first meeting with vladimir Putin.

See more pictures on page 42


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continued from page 41

vladimir Putin is awarded grandmaster rank in taekwondo and given black belt - despite not practising the sport

degree distinction. It’s a honorary award from the World Taekwondo Foundation thanking Putin for his efforts in fostering athleticism around Russia. Though Putin is a true black belt in judo, this one in taekwondo is symbolic. As the AP notes, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon is a 10th-degree black belt thanks to the same type of award.

An estimated 70 to 80 million people practice taekwondo worldwide, and previous honorary black belts have included US president Barack Obama, his South Korean counterpart Lee Myung-bak, and other leaders from Spain, Croatia, Pakistan, Indonesia and Honduras. So rest easy, Chuck Norris.

Putin likes to dive at archaeological sites and contributes his findings.

Putin regularly visits sports scientists at Top Athletic School in St. Petersburg. he holds black belt in Judo.

Russian president now ranks higher than Chuck norris in South korean martial art.

in his free time Putin also enjoys refereeing arm-wrestling contests.

Russian president Vladimir Putin has been presented with a black belt and made a grandmaster of taekwondo during his last official visit to South Korea to promote plans for a new Asian-European rail trade route. Mr. Putin modestly said: “I don’t think I have earned such a high Dan,” adding that he would continue to do his part promoting the South-Korean-born fighting style in Russia. Despite not actually practicing taekwondo himself, Mr. Putin has achieved the elusive ninth Dan – meaning he now ranks higher than famous US martial artist Chuck Norris, who is stuck on the eighth.

Putin takes part in Russian-german climate change scientific expedition on Samoilovsky island in Far eastern Federal district.

The head of the World Taekwondo Federation, Choue Chung-won, presented the Russian leader with the belt and a diploma bestowing the honorary status, according to reports from the official RIA Novosti news agency. It means Mr. Putin now actually ranks higher in taekwondo than he does in judo, a sport which he still takes part in despite being 62 years old. Named judo champion of Leningrad – now St Petersburg – in his youth, the president also starred in an instructional video entitled “Let's Learn Judo With Vladimir Putin” in 2008. He is a judo black belt – but only holds the eighth Dan. Before you start comparing Putin’s roundhouse kicks to Chuck Norris, there is a rather large caveat to the ninth-

Putin loves animals, especially dogs. here with one of his puppies.

besides flying fighter jets and driving F1 cars, Putin actively helps scientists in tagging animals


page 43

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Magazine claims about Canada's border security draw fire An article in a U.S. online publication that claims American officials are worried the Canadian border presents a threat of ISIL infiltrators left experts – and even the author, apparently – scratching their heads Friday. Politico published a 3,000-word article entitled “Fear Canada” Thursday night. It takes aim at the U.S. Congress and media for suggesting terror groups such as the Islamic State are organizing in Mexico and slipping into the U.S. to attack Americans. “While there is a good chance that ISIL fighters will try to enter the United States, there’s almost no chance that they’ll do it by sneaking across the Mexican border,” writes senior staffer Garrett M. Graff. “Instead, the United States has much more to fear from Canada.” That sparked ridicule and protest from some, and by Friday afternoon, the author was referring on Twitter to his story as “a strawman.” It was unclear whether the article was meant to be satirical, since it was the publication’s cover story. Calls and emails to Graff and Politico were not returned. In his article, Graff quotes an anonymous Customs and Border Protection agency official who says the U.S. keeps its concerns quiet in order to not disrupt trade. “We don’t catch that many people sneaking across from Canada but those we do are much more interesting,” the source is quoted saying. “Everyone knows the nexus of terrorism to Canada, but the administration doesn’t want to say that because it’d affect trade and commerce.” Graff argues that Mexico’s smuggling routes, policed by drug cartels, make the U.S. southern border an unlikely route for terrorists. He notes that resources have been taken from the Canadian border to combat illegal immigration from Mexico. Instead, “Canada has struggled publicly with its own jihadist terror plots,” Graff says, citing a botched plot last year to bomb a Via Rail train to New York, and the foiled 2006 Toronto 18 attacks. He notes Ontario and Quebec “boast large Arab and Middle Eastern immigrant communities” where youth have been radicalized, as has happened in New York, Michigan and Minnesota. The article also recalls the strong rebuke of 2009 U.S. homeland security head Janet Napolitano after she said that when “suspected or known terrorists have entered our coun-

try across a border, it’s been across the Canadian border. There are real issues there.” The report notes two cases from the ’90s where alleged terrorists crossed into Canada from the U.S. Graff also stresses that none of the 9/11 hijackers entered the U.S. through Canada, despite early incorrect claims to the contrary. But he cites an arrest of a New York man in Rochester, across Lake Ontario from Toronto, as proof of Canada’s risky border. “We have a serious debate in Canada about the Conservative approach to public safety, and the importance of putting more resources into prevention,” NDP MP Randall Garrison, his party’s public safety critic, said in an email. “But knee-jerk, anti-Canada commentary like this doesn’t deserve serious attention.” “When people peddle this stuff they tend to do so anonymously because they aren’t familiar with the Canada file and they tend to propagate the myths within the culture,” said Christian Leuprecht, a border security expert with both the Royal Military College and Queen’s University in Kingston, Ont. “The people I deal with in Washington who are familiar with the Canada file — politicians, bureaucrats — this is not a pervasive myth.”

Former u.S. homeland security head Janet napolitano.


A little boy went up to his father and asked: 'Dad, where did my intelligence come from?' The father replied. 'Well, son, you must have got it from your mother, 'cause I still have mine.' *** “ A couple of New Jersey hunters are out in the woods when one of them falls to the ground. He doesn't seem to be breathing, his eyes are rolled back in his head. The other guy whips out his cell phone and calls the emergency services. He gasps to the operator: "My friend is dead! What can I do?" The operator, in a calm soothing voice says: "Just take it easy. I can help. First, let's make sure he's dead." There is a silence, then a shot is heard. The guy's voice comes back on the line. He says: "OK, now what?" *** A doctor examining a woman who had been rushed to the Emergency Room, took the husband aside, and said, 'I don't like the looks of your wife at all.' 'Me neither doc,' said the husband. 'But she's a great cook and really good with the kids'. *** An old man goes to the Wizard to ask him if he can remove a curse he has been living with for the last 40 years. The Wizard says, 'Maybe, but you will have to tell me the exact words that were used to put the curse on you'. The old man says without hesitation, 'I now pronounce you man and wife.' *** Three friends die in a car accident and attend an orientation in Heaven. An angel asks, "When you are in your casket and your friends and family are mourning you, what would you like to hear them say about you?" The first guy says, "I would like them to say that I was a great doctor and a loving family man." The second guy says, "I would like them to say that I was a caring husband and a schoolteacher who made a huge difference to kids." The last guy says, "I would like them to say -- LOOK, he's moving!" *** A blond calls Delta Airlines and asks, 'Can you tell me how long it'll take to fly from San Francisco to New York City ?' The agent replies, 'Just a minute..' 'Thank you,' the blonde says, and hangs up. *** While shopping for vacation clothes, my husband and I passed a display of bathing suits. It had been at least ten years and twenty pounds since I had even considered buying a bathing suit, so I sought my husband's advice. 'What do you think?' I asked. 'Should I get a bikini or an all-in-one?' 'Better get a bikini,' he replied. 'You'd never get it all in one.' He's still in intensive care. *** An elderly Floridian called 911 on her cell phone to report that her car has been broken into. She is hysterical as she explains her situation to the dispatcher: 'They've stolen the stereo, the steering wheel, the brake pedal and even the accelerator!' she cried. The dispatcher said, 'Stay calm. An officer is on the way.' A few minutes later, the officer radios in. 'Disregard.' He says, 'She got in the back-seat by mistake.' *** To the optimist, the glass is half full. To the pessimist, the glass is half empty. To the accountant, the glass is twice as big as it needs to be.

Jokes oldies but goodies *** A 75-year-old woman had a vision one night; she saw and spoke to God. She asked him, "How much time do I have to live?" He said, "You have 35 years left." So that whole year she had a ton of cosmetic surgery. She had a face lift, a tummy tuck, her nose reshaped, liposuction; she completely did herself over. She figured as long as she was going to live another 35 years she was going to look young again. After all this was done, that same year she was hit by a car and was killed instantly. When she entered St. Peter's gate she walked over to God and said, "What happened? I thought you said I had another 35 years." God replied, "I DIDN'T RECOGNIZE YOU!" *** 'My wife got me to believe in religion.' Joe: 'Really?' Moe: 'Yeah. Until I married her I didn't believe in hell.' *** I've sure gotten old. I've had 2 By-pass surgeries, a hip replacement, and new knees. I'm half blind and can't hear anything quieter than a jet engine. I take 20 different medications that make me dizzy, winded, and subject to blackouts. I have bouts of dementia. I have poor circulation and hardly feel my hands and feet anymore. I can't remember if I'm 80 or 90. I have lost all my friends. But.....Thank God, I still have my driver's license!

Traffic violations An Amish lady is trotting down the road in her horse and buggy when she is pulled over by a cop. "Ma'am, I'm not going to ticket you, but I do have to issue you a warning. You have a broken reflector on your buggy." "Oh, I'll let my husband, Jacob, know as soon as I get home." "That's fine. Another thing, ma'am. I don't like the way that one rein loops across the horse's back and around one of his balls. I consider that animal abuse. That's cruelty to animals. Have your husband take care of that right away!" Later that day, the lady is home telling her husband about her encounter with the cop. "Well, dear, what exactly did he say?" "He said the reflector is broken." "I can fix that in two minutes. What else?" "I'm not sure, Jacob ... something about the emergency brake."

i am Just Fine A farmer named Clyde had a car accident. In court, the trucking company's fancy lawyer was questioning Clyde. "Didn't you say, at the scene of the accident, 'I'm fine,'?" asked the lawyer. Clyde responded, "Well, I'll tell you what happened. I had just loaded my favorite mule, Bessie..." "I didn't ask for any details", the lawyer interrupted. "Just answer the question. Did you not say, at the scene of the accident, 'I'm

fine!'?" Clyde said, "Well, I had just got Bessie into the trailer and I was driving down the road....." The lawyer interrupted again and said, "Judge, I am trying to establish the fact that, at the scene of the accident, this man told the Highway Patrolman on the scene that he was just fine. Now several weeks after the accident he is trying to sue my client. I believe he is a fraud. Please tell him to simply answer the question." By this time, the Judge was fairly interested in Clyde's answer and said to the lawyer, "I'd like to hear what he has to say about his favorite mule, Bessie". Clyde thanked the Judge and proceeded. "Well as I was saying, I had just loaded Bessie, my favorite mule, into the trailer and was driving her down the highway when this huge semi-truck and trailer ran the stop sign and smacked my truck right in the side. I was thrown into one ditch and Bessie was thrown into the other. I was hurting, real bad and didn't want to move. However, I could hear old Bessie moaning and groaning. I knew she was in terrible shape just by her groans. Shortly after the accident a Highway Patrolman came on the scene. He could hear Bessie moaning and groaning so he went over to her. After he looked at her, and saw her fatal condition, he took out his gun and shot her between the eyes. Then the Patrolman came across the road, gun still in hand, looked at me and said, "How are you feeling?" "Now what the hell would you say?"

Rooster A farmer went out one day and bought a brand new stud rooster for his chicken coop to replace an old rooster who was pretty much in retirement. The new rooster struts over to the old rooster and says, "OK old fart, time for you to retire for good. You should have been in retirement a long time ago." The old rooster replies, "Come on, surely you cannot handle all of these chickens. Look what it has done to me. Can't you just let me have the two old hens and three or four young hens? This will save you from having to enter retirement before your time." The young rooster says, "Beat it: You are washed up and I am taking over. Full retirement will do you good." The old rooster says, "I tell you what, young stud. I will race you around the farmhouse. Whoever wins gets the exclusive domain over the entire chicken coop." The young rooster laughs. "You know you don't stand a chance, old man. So, just to be fair, I will give you a head start." The old rooster takes off running. About 15 seconds later the young rooster takes off running after him. They round the front porch of the farmhouse and the young rooster has closed the gap. He is only about 5 feet behind the old rooster and gaining fast. The farmer, meanwhile, is sitting in his usual spot on the front porch when he sees the roosters running by. The Old Rooster is squawking and running as hard as he can. The Farmer grabs his shotgun and — BOOM! ! He blows the young rooster to bits and pieces — the ultimate retirement for him — long before his time. The farmer sadly shakes his head and says, "Dammit — third gay rooster I bought this month." The moral of this story is straightforward! Don't mess with the older, retired individuals of this world. Age, skill, wisdom, and a little treachery always overcome youth and arrogance!


Horoscope Aries

(March 21 - April 19) The more you’re in the company of interesting people, the greater your potential for joy and happiness. Rather than confining your interests in any way, it pays to spread yourself around. Excellent month for focussing on the unusual, or even the downright peculiar. Don’t doubt your intuition as its well-accented and unlikely to lead you in the wrong direction. Seeking support from friends won’t happen if they’re preoccupied with something else. Co-operative ventures are rewarding if you’re willing to share.

Leo

(July 23 - August 22)

Progress is about being in the right frame of mind to get what you want, and that’s hard to achieve if you’re difficult or pushy. Show your willingness to do favours, and be sweet to others. You can afford to take a footloose and fancy free approach. Your most fulfilling moments can be achieved via home and family. Even if you’re not getting ahead as much as you’d like professionally, you’ve got what it takes to impress the people you care about the most, and that can be more important you know.

Sagittarius

(nov. 22 - dec. 21) Be aware of your vulnerability to the coercive tactics of others. Keep your eyes and ears open and turn your intuition up full when it comes to assessing those around you. Not everyone has your best interests at heart, so be fully conversant with everything that’s happening. Be ready to come up with the right words to make someone melt, and show a warm attractive face to the world at large. Be as sensitive as you can to the moods of others. Add your positive attitude to life and you’ll find that success will follow closely.

Taurus

(April 20 - May 20) Don’t allow good ideas to languish just because you don’t seem to have what it takes to make them work. Don’t take no for an answer. You can afford to push your weight around a bit. This could help you gain a positive listening ear from someone important. If you’re going to make a move, do so with quiet confidence. The more you can help others move forward in their lives, the better you’ll feel about what’s happening to you. Time to assert yourself in a creative way. Tackle money matters.

virgo

(August 23 - Sep. 22)

November gemini

(May 21 - June 21) Beware of coming on too strong when it comes to specific personal attachments. Modify your nature in order to accommodate someone else, but that’s doesn’t mean not to show the real you when it matters the most. If friends tell you secrets, you need to keep them. Your patience is being tried by various people and various matters, so you’ll need to try and get things under control before your head explodes. Important information comes your way over work matters, but store it in your brain for now until the time is right.

Libra

(Sep. 23 - oct. 23)

You have the scope to make finances stronger. Maybe you’ll discover you have more money than you thought, or maybe someone close is being particularly generous. No matter how you look at it, it’s important focus on the things that are going your way. Decisions you reach will be positive and rewarding, especially over long term plans and ambitions. You should be able to successfully put across your opinions to anyone who can be persuaded to stay around to listen. Be prepared to slow things down occasionally.

Make full use of your natural sense of compassion by looking for ways to help anyone who is less well off than you are. It’s a good period to spend time with friends, but not so good for inviting strangers into your life. It’s hard for you to fire on all cylinders socially. Make sure your concern for those you love is always on display even if you’re busy with other things. Important to focus on the tasks at hand. Don’t spend your time daydreaming. Times ahead will demand your full attention so de-clutter your life.

Capricorn

Aquarius

(dec. 22 - Jan. 19) Encouragement from others makes all the difference this month, but whether that’s forthcoming or not, depends on how you’ve treated them in the past. Use the right words to make others fall under your spell, and show how warm and approachable you can be. Socially speaking there’s no doubt you’re going to be in great demand, so much so that it may be awkward trying to do everything that’s expected of you. Try to balance your public obligations with your personal desires, but make time to help out family members too.

(Jan. 20 - Feb. 18) While others get all complicated solving little problems, you’ve got them sorted in a flash. Its this kind of behaviour that gets you noticed. You barely have to open your mouth before someone is declaring you a genius. It may not be true, but it sure is gratifying. Time to assert yourself in a creative way, if you’re going to attract the attention of people who really matter. New opportunities for growth and expansion are within your reach now. Keep a variety of interests on the go if possible. Avoid biting off more than you can chew.

Cancer

(June 22 - July 22) Don’t be put off by people who seem to find problems in any situation, and be sure to put all you efforts into new plans and schemes. Be prepared to turn detective if you find a friends behaviour puzzling. It will be hard to get your message across to others in both a professional and personal sense, but it will be worth the effort in the long run so don’t give up too easily. Look for a chance to show those you care for how important they are to you. It could provoke an interesting response.

Scorpio

(oct. 24 - nov. 21) November - Although you may need to pace yourself, it should be quite easy to get through more or less everything that’s important. Your social impulses are highlighted, so keeping your head down really won’t appeal. Progress in professional matters looks good, but it’s towards more social and personal aspects of life that you’re encouraged to turn your mind soon. Your communications are crystal clear, and others will know exactly where you’re coming from. Mix with others and make the most of the month.

Pisces

(Feb. 19 - March 20) Communication with influential people can make all the difference under present trends, and you could achieve more with one significant conversation than you could with weeks of work. What you’re feeling is what you’re inclined to say. Important to focus on the tasks at hand, but there’s nothing wrong with asking others to deal with issues that are a puzzle to you. Hope people respect your honesty. Wise to check and recheck details whenever possible. New faces and places have much to offer.


*

TM

1

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