Page 91

LESSONS

Bottom-up and Top Down Planning Balancing bottom-up and top down processes requires a strong city government and an active public sector to build bottom-up input and support. This description of top-down and bottom-up approaches builds on the introductory description on page 22-23 and is a thread of logic that weaves through pages 79, 105, 115,

THE TOP-DOWN, LATER LOGISTICAL STAGES OF CITY PLANNING GOVERNMENT

ENFORCEMENT

INSPECTION

Top-down momentum requires expertise and resources. Police, fire, water and power, flood control, zoning, plan-checks and building inspection are areas where top-down expertise is necessary. Top-down agencies exhibit a narrowing vision, focused on identifying problems enforcing rules.

LINEAR

BIG BUSINESS

SPENDING MONEY

DECREE

Filtering-out, caution and taking incremental steps characterize top-down endeavors. As detailed in the Main Street and 2015 chapters, top-down focus is not well-suited to the patience needed for the open-minded, non-linear exploration that defines and is required by the early, visioning stages of planning a project.

THE BOTTOM-UP, EARLY VISIONING STAGES OF CITY PLANNING INDIVIDUALS

GRASS-ROOTS

REFERENDUM

Imagination, a sense of history and the rigorous application of common sense is needed for bottom-up planning. Exploration, experimentation, and multiple approaches characterize bottomup vision, and are the key to momentum for large projects.

NON-LINEAR

SMALL BUSINESS

ECONOMY

CONVERSATION

The “My City” process of 1916 is the bottomup approach that helped create a landmark civic center in Pasadena in the 1920s. Revitalizing this approach can help create a stronger link between vision and results in your city today.

See also, Design Thinking, page 159.

THE WORD “BEAUTIFUL” IS MISSING, ALONG WITH THE POETICS OF PLANNING

A century ago, the word ‘beautiful’ and ‘visionary’ could be found throughout the planning process. A search of planning documents today reveals an alphabet soup of acronyms, but rarely do the words beauty, vision, worker or protest appear, nor the suggestion that people think of their city as their home, all of which indicate the lack of a bottom-up approach. The topic of beauty in planning continues on page 162.

91

OVERVIEW

PROJECTS

EVENTS

PLANITORIUM

NEXT STEPS

CONCLUSIONS

Profile for mycityis

"My City"  

"My City" tells the story of Pasadena’s City Beautiful Movement and the century that followed, exploring how this proven approach can be rev...

"My City"  

"My City" tells the story of Pasadena’s City Beautiful Movement and the century that followed, exploring how this proven approach can be rev...

Profile for mycityis
Advertisement