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“MY CITY”

Pasadena’s Edward Herbert Bennett

Civic Center Masterplan CARMELITA GARDENS, THE PASADENA ART INSTITUTE & THE NORTON SIMON MUSEUM Once Pasadena’s most elaborate garden, Carmelita Gardens was a cultural nexus. Residing guests included John Muir, who worked the 42-acre garden, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Helen Hunt Jackson (who wrote part of Ramona there). There was also a horticulture school for women. Gifted to the city for the Pasadena Art Institute, nearly half was lost to the 134 freeway. The last 9.5 acres became the Norton Simon Museum.

Edward Herbert Bennett (1874–1954) might best be known for his coauthorship of the 1909 Plan of Chicago with Daniel Burnham, who planned the Columbian Exposition of 1893. Educated at the École des Beaux-Arts, Bennett’s plan for Pasadena’s Civic Center was funded with a $3.5 million bond in 1923. Aligning with the existing Post Office and YWCA, Bennett created two grand axes with City Hall in the middle. Nine architecture firms were invited to submit a design for a city hall, library and auditorium, and then the Planning Commission awarded a commission to the best of each. Pasadena’s City Hall was designed by Bakewell and Brown (San Francisco City Hall). Blending the Classical and Mediterranean Revival styles of 16th-century Italian architect Andrea Palladio, its open courtyards and arcades would serve as both the symbolic and physical embodiment of open government as well as a prime example of Beaux Arts architecture.

PASADENA YWCA: 1920-22

Designed by the first woman to attend the world’s preeminent school of architecture in Paris, the École des Beaux-Arts, Julia Morgan’s simple courtyard arrangement and Spanish tiled roofs preceded the Civic Center, helping site its two axes together with the also existent Post Office. CARMELITA GARDENS, (NORTON SIMON MUSEUM)

PASADENA POST OFFICE: 1914

Designed by Oscar Wendworth before the Civic Center, the elegant Post Office is still in use today.

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NOTE: The Green is added to the original plan to highlight open spaces. Central Park was not originally differentiated. All white labels have also been added.

CONTENTS

PREFACE

INTRO

MY CITY 1916

MAIN ST.

TODAY

LESSONS

Profile for mycityis

"My City"  

"My City" tells the story of Pasadena’s City Beautiful Movement and the century that followed, exploring how this proven approach can be rev...

"My City"  

"My City" tells the story of Pasadena’s City Beautiful Movement and the century that followed, exploring how this proven approach can be rev...

Profile for mycityis
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