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CONCLUSIONS Los Angeles and Pasadena California cities still have the worst smog in the United States.

Mexico City has chronic

smog & little green space.

Almaty, Kazakhstan

Even the former USSR.

Salt Lake City, Utah

has bad smog as well.

THE SUFFOCATION OF CITIES In 1900, Pasadena’s 9000 residents owned 4000 bicycles and its millionaire mayor built the first leg of a cycleway (p.24) to LA. The automobile also arrived that year and within a decade the city had more cars per capita than anywhere in the world. The West’s first freeway followed the route of the cycleway, and polluted air was close behind. By the 1980s, the region’s smog spiked at 200 “bad-air days” per year. Though air quality has vastly improved, with 92 bad air days in 2014, it has spread to the Central Valley and the two regions have the most polluted air in America. The patterns of development in US cities are now repeating in China with five times the population.“From 1995 to 2005, the country’s bike fleet decreased by 35%, going from 670 million to 435 million. Private car ownership skyrocketed from 285,000 in 1985 to 18.5 million in 2005.” In 2015 alone, there were another 124 million cars and the smog is killing people.

Ghost Cities of China “Kangbashi New Area, built for a million people, it sat deserted and for a decade and is now reaching 10% occupancy.

Western Style Cities Beijing has acquired the trappings of Western cities from architecture to smog.

Pollution kills more than 4,400 people per day in China, more than 1.5 million people per year, accounting for 17% of Chinese deaths. “Chinese smog is so bad it’s like a ‘nuclear winter’ that’s even stopping plants’ photosynthesis.” Wearing a mask is often a essential in China’s industrialized cities. With an autocratic, centralized planning approach reminiscent of 1960s and ‘70s topdown Redevelopment in Pasadena, planning in China is producing “Ghost Cities” that are empty of people for many of the same reasons as failing redevelopment. Together China and India have 36% of the world’s population. As they follow the same trajectory, countless other cities are repeating the same patterns. As unique, centuriesold cultural landmarks are demolished and replaced with generic urban sprawl, smog, and gridlock, the mistakes are being repeated at an ever increasing velocity. It is clear that something must be done.

“Under the Dome” a documentary on China’s Air Pollution by Chai Jing

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CONTENTS

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

OVERVIEW

PLANITORIUM

NEXT STEPS

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"My City"  

"My City" tells the story of Pasadena’s City Beautiful Movement and the century that followed, exploring how this proven approach can be rev...

"My City"  

"My City" tells the story of Pasadena’s City Beautiful Movement and the century that followed, exploring how this proven approach can be rev...

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