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Mumoyaw;? Zlvkdif 13? 2017

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Gen. Neeraj Kapur

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Mumoyaw;? Zlvdkif 13? 2017

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Mumoyaw;? Zlvdkif 13? 2017

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Mumoyaw;? Zlvdkif 13? 2017

jynfol Y0efaqmifrIpGrf;&nf wdk;jr§ifha&; qifjzLuGsef; oef;xGef; (Zlvdkif 11 &ufaeYrStquf) A[d'¨apYaqmfrIwGef;tm; extrinsic motivation qdkonfrSm wpfpHkwpfckaom &v'ftusKd;pD;yGm;udk arSsmfvifYNyD; vkyfief;wpfck? aqmif&GufrIwpfckudk jyKvkyf aqmif&Gufvdkaom pdwfxm;? wGef;tm;? arSsmfvifYaom &v'ftusKd;pD;yGm; &&SdrSom ESpfNcdKufauseyfaom pdwfxm;? pdwf"mwfudk qdkvdkygonf/ xdkYtjyif jyifywpfpHk wpfcak om taMumufw&m;t& vkyif ef;wpfcu k kd vkyu f ikd f &efjzpfvmaom apYaqmfrIwGef;tm;vnf; tusHK;0ifyg onf/ wpfpHkwpfa,mufonf aiGaMu; odkYr[kwf tjcm; tcGifYta&; paom rufvHk;rsm;udk vdkvm;rIaMumifY jzpfvmaom apYaqmfrw I eG ;f tm; odrYk [kwf Ncdr;f ajcmufr?I tusyfuikd rf ?I jypf'Pfusa&mufvmEdik rf I ponfwaYkd MumifY tvkyw f pfcu k kd vkyjf zpfatmif apYaqmfaom wGe;f tm;rsKd; jzpfygonf/ tcsKdUynm&Sifrsm;u extrinsic: external: intrinsic: internal [k av;ckujGJ ym;jcm;em; &Sad eonf[k qdkygonf/ vlwpfa,muf oGm;wdkuf&mwGif oGm;q&m0ef \ qlylrIudk rvdkvm;aomaMumifY oGm;wdkufjcif;jzpfygu external factor ESiYf extrinsic motivation udk awGU jrif EdkifaMumif;/ tu,fí um,uH&Sifudk,fwdkifu oGm;jzL pifjcif;udk ESpfNcdKufvdkvm;jcif;? oGm;wdkufjcif;\ tusKd; aus;Zl;rsm;udk odjrifem;vnfNyD; ,if;tusKd;udk vdkvm; jcif;aMumifY oGm;wdkufonfqdkygu internal factor ESifY intrinsic motivation udk awGU jrifEdkifaMumif; zGifYqdk Muygonf/ ausmif;om;wpfa,mufu q&mESirYf b d udk aMumuf aomaMumifY pmusufzwfrSwf& jyKvkyfae&jcif;onf extrinsic motivation t& jyKvkyfvmjcif;jzpfygonf/ tu,fí ausmif;om;wpfa,mufonf pmar;yJGwGif *kPfxl;&atmifjrifjcif;\ wefz;dk udk odjrifNyD; (rdb ?q&m orm;rsm;u ajymMum;csuft&jzpfap? ¤if;udk,fwdkif avYvmod&Sdcsuft&jzpfap) pmusuf? zwf? rSwfom; aqmif&u G v f akd om pdwq f E´rsm; wzGm;zGm;ay:vmapaom apYaqmfrIwGef;tm;onf intrinsic motivation jzpfyg onf/ rdb? q&morm;u *kPfxl;xGufvQif qkcsrnf [laom uwdpum;onf incentive ; external factor jzpfonf[k qdkEdkifaomfvnf; ausmif;om;\ pdwfqE´ wGif *kPfxl;&vSsif qk&rnfqdkaom rufvHk;xuf? ydkrdk us,fjyefYav;eufrIoabmudk odjrifNyD; &&Sdrnfh qkaMu; aiG ypönf; rufvHk;xuf *kPfxl;&atmifjrifjcif; tae txm;? wefzdk;udk rdrdudk,fwdkif ydkrdkvdkvm;rIjzpfonftxd aphaqmfrIjzpfvmvSsif internal factor ESifY intrinsic motivation jzpfoGm;ygonf/ rnfonfwo Ykd nf intrinsic motivation rsm;jzpfMu onfukd ynm&Sirf sm;u okawoejyK azmfxw k Mf uygonf/ tcsKdUu taMumif;tcsuf oHk;ck? ig;ck? ckepfck ponfjzifY azmfxkwfMuaomfvnf; tcsKdUu 25 cktxd azmfjyMuyg onf/ trsm;qHk;awGU&aomtcsufrsm;rSm autonomy; mastery; purpose: wdkY jzpfMuygonf/ vlwpfOD;wpfa,muftaejzifh udk,fydkifqHk;jzwfcGifY (vGwfvyfcGifY) autonomy &SdrSom vkyfief;wpfckudk vkyfudkifvdkaom pdwfaepdwfxm; wGef;tm;rsm;jzpfvm EdkifaMumif;? udk,fydkifqHk;jzwfcsufcsrSwfvkyfudkifEdkifaom taetxm;? vGwfvyfrIonf ta&;BuD;aMumif; zGifYqdk ygonf/ ynm&Sif tcsKdUu self-determination oDtdk&D udk azmfxkwfygonf/ xdkYtjyif tqdkyg yk*¾dKvfwpfOD;taejzifY vkyfudkif aqmif&u G Ef ikd af om pGr;f aqmif&nf mastery; compentency &SdrSom vkyfief;wpfck? aqmif&GufrIwpfckudk vkyfudkifEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;odkYaom pGrf;&nf&Sdae onf[k ,HkMunfae&efvnf; vdktyfaMumif;? ,if;odkY t&nftcsif;&SdrSom tcuftcJrsm; challenges rsm;udk &ifqikd Ef ikd rf nfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;odaYk om t&nftaoG;rsm; &Sdjcif;jzifY intrinsic motivation &&SdvmEdkifonf[k zGifYqdkygonf/ challenges rsm;udk &ifqdkifvdkpdwf?

ausmfjzwfvdkpdwfrsm;onf intrinsic motivation rsm;jzpfonf[kqdkMuygonf/ wpfzef yk*Kd¾ vfwpfO;D wpfa,mufonf vkyif ef;wpfc?k aqmif&Gufcsufwpfckudk jyKvkyf&jcif;\ &nf&G,fcsuf (purpose) odw Yk nf;r[kwf tjcm;taMumif;jcif;&mrsm;ESiYf qufET,frI (connection) wefzdk;rsm;udkvnf; odjrif em;vnf xm;rIrsm;&Sd&rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;qufET,frI rsm;rS todtrSwfjyKcHvdkjcif; (recognition)? vkyfief; aqmif & G u f & jcif ; ud k ES p f N cd K uf j cif ; ( enjoyment) ponfwdkYonf intrinsic motivation jzpfaMumif; ponfjzifY zGifYqdkMuygonf/ vlwpfOD;taejzifY wpfOD;wnf;aexdkif&ef rjzpfEdkifaMumif;? tzJGUtpnf;vdkuf aexdik &f rnfjzpfaMumif;? xdaYk MumifY tzJUG tpnf;? trsm;\ tusKd;udk aqmif&u G &f rnf[al om pdwaf pYaqmfrrI sm;onf intrinsic motivation rsm; jzpfMuygonf/ tcsKdUu relation; relatedness [k trnfwyfMuygonf/ okawoeazmfxkwfcsufrsm;t& jynfolY0efxrf; wdw Yk iG f jynfot l wGu0f efaqmifraI y;vdak om intrinsic motivation onf twdik ;f twmwpfct k xd &Sad eaMumif;? ¤if;wd\ Yk trsm;jynfot l wGuf wm0efxrf;aqmifvakd om pdwfxm;rsm;onf yk*¾vduvkyfief;0efxrf;rsm;xuf ydkrdk tm;aumif;aMumif;? odkYaomf ,if;tajccHpdwfxm;onf tNrJtiftm;aumif;raewwfbJ arS;rSed t f m;enf;aewwf aMumif;? rnfodkYrSs aqmif&Gufay;jcif;r&SdbJ rlvtajccH pdwx f m;jzifY vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;udk xda&mufx;l cRefatmif wm0efxrf;aqmifvrd rYf nf[k arQmfvifrY &aMumif;? vkyif ef; wm0efrsm;udk ydkrdkaygufajrmufatmifjrifatmif xrf;aqmifEikd &f ef ¤if;wdt Yk m; apYaqmfweG ;f tm;ay;&rnf jzpfaMumif;? wpfenf;qdkaomf rlv&SdNyD;aom intrinsic motivation tm;aumif;&ef jyKvkyfay;EdkifaMumif;? ay;&rnfjzpfaMumif; zGifYqdkMuygonf/ 0efxrf;rsm;\ jynfolY0efaqmifa&; apYaqmfrI wGef;tm;rsm; public service motivation rsm; ydkrdktm;aumif;vma&;twGuf aqmif&Gufay;Edkifaom enf;vrf;rsm;udk okawoejyK azmfxkwfxm;MuNyD; atmufwGif enf;vrf;tcsKdUudk azmfjytyfygonf/ t"dutm;jzifh 0efxrf;rsm;\ pGrf;aqmif&nfwdk;jr§ifYa&; apYaqmfrIwGef;tm;rsm; intrinsic motivation &Sifoef tm;aumif;a&;ESifh oufqdkifygonf/ intrinsic motivation rsm; &Sifoeftm;aumif;a&;wGif qdkif&m 0efxrf;rsm;\ qifjcifrItodw&m;? ,HkMunfrI? rQwjcif;? bufrvdkufjcif;? trsm;tusKd; jzpfxGef;jcif; paom wefz;kd xm;rIrsm;? vGwv f yfpmG aqmif&u G v f rkd ?I tcuftcJukd ausmfvmT ;ajz&Si;f vdrk I ponfh yk*Kd¾ vfa&; t&nftaoG;rsm; ta&;BuD;NyD; ,if;wdkYudk ydkrdktm;aumif;vmatmif wGef;tm;ay;aom jyifytaMumif;jcif;&mrsm; external factors rsm;rSmvnf; ta&;BuD;yg0ifaeaMumif;udk okawoejyKcsufrsm;u zGifYqdkMuygonf/ (u) tzJGUtpnf;\ &nfrSef;csufyef;wdkifudk ,HkMunfap&ef aqmif&Gufjcif; jynfolY0efxrf;onf e*dkrlvuyif jynfoltm; 0efaqmifraI y;vdak om tajccHpw d x f m;&Sad eNyD;jzpfygonf/ xdt k ajctaewGif rdrw d m0efxrf;aqmifaom tzJt UG pnf; \ vkyif ef;wm0efEiS Yf &nfreS ;f csufyef;wdik Ef iS Yf vkyif ef;wm0ef rsm;udk &Si;f vif;pGm odjrifem;vnfNyD; ,HMk unfrI &Sv d monf ESit Yf rQ tqdyk g jynfo0Yl efxrf;(rsm;)\ 0efaqmifraI y;jcif; rsm;onf t&nftaoG; ydrk akd umif;rGev f mrnf jzpfygonf/ Oyrmtm;jzifY EdkifiHawmftpdk;&u 'Drdku&ufwpf jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;udk OD;aqmifcsDwufaejcif;udk jynfolY 0efxrf;rsm;u &Sif;vif;pGm odjrifem;vnfonfESifYtrSs ¤if;\ 0efaqmifrIrsm; aumif;rGefvmrnfjzpfygonf/ xdkYtwl 0efxrf;wpfOD;csif;tm; wm0efay;&mwGif vnf;aumif;? Xmepdwfwpfckcsif;tm; wm0efay;&mwGif vnf;aumif;? ,if;wm0ef\ ta&;ygrIukd aumif;pGm odjrif em;vnfap&ef vdt k yfygonf/ 0efBuD;Xme tzJt UG pnf;wpfck vHk;\ vision ESifY mission udk odjrifem;vnfapNyD;

,if;udk taumiftxnfazmfaeygonf[k 0efBuD;Xme omru 0efxrf;rsm;uyg vufcHaqmif&Gufjcif;jzifY vkyftm;pGrf;&nf ydkrdkwdk;wufaumif;rGefvmEdkifygonf/ ,if;tcsufrSm a&SUwGifazmfjycJYaom rational motive udk tm;ay;onfh oabmjzpfygonf/ EdkifiHh 0efxrf;rsm;taejzifY rdrdxrf;aqmif&onfh wm0ef? vkyfief;rsm;\ &nfrSef;csufrsm;? wefzdk;BuD;rm;rIrsm;? ta&;BuD; t&ma&mufrIrsm;udk odjrifem;vnfvmonf ESifYtrQ vkyfief;wm0efudk tav;teufcH,ljcif;? atmifjrifatmifaqmif&u G v f mjcif;rsm; jzpfvmEdik yf gonf/ 0efxrf;\ qifjcifrI todw&m;? ,HkMunfrI? em;vnfcH,l rIrsm; tm;aumif;vmapa&; jzpfygonf/ (c) pHEeI ;f rsm;? wefz;kd xm;rIrsm;udk tav;xm;azmfxw k jf cif; 0efxrf;rsm;u jynfoltm; 0efaqmifrIay;&mwGif w&m;rQwrI&jdS cif;? bufvu kd rf rI &Sjd cif;? ½d;k om;jcif;? trsm; tusKd;jzpfatmif aqmif&Gufjcif;? owfrSwfxm;aom pnf;urf;Oya'rsm;ESihf tnDtnGwjf zpfjcif;paom pHEeI ;f rsm;ESihf wefz;kd xm;rIrsm;onf ta&;BuD;NyD; ,if;pHEeI ;f rsm;? wefzdk;xm;rIrsm; vufawGU jzpfvmonfESifYtrQ EdkifiHh 0efxrf;rsm;\ 0efaqmifrIrsm;\ t&nftaoG;rsm; aumif;vmEdkifygonf/ 0efxrf;avmuwGif enf;vrf; trsKd;rsKd;jzifY rsufESmomay;jcif;? favourism ? eD;pyf&m OD;pm;ay;jcif;? nepotism ? q&m-wynfah rG;jcif;? patronclientism ? pnf;urf;azmufzsufNyD; ckwpfrsKd; awmfMum

yef;wdkifudk odjrifem;vnf ,HkMunfapumrl teD;uyf OD;aqmifrIay;aeaom acgif;aqmifudk,fwdkifu jynfol tusdK;o,fy;kd &rnfqakd om oabmxm;? pdwx f m; r&Sb d J OD;aqmifrv I rGJ mS ;aeygu ¤if;\ vufatmuf&dS Edik if 0hH efxrf; rsm;u jynfolA[dkjyK 0efaqmifrIay;jcif;rsm;udk raqmif&GufEdkifbJ jzpfwwfygonf/ xdkodkYjzifY jynfolY 0efxrf;wGif e*dk&SdNyD;om; jynfolYtusdK;jyK pdwfxm;rsm; avsmYenf;yaysmufoGm;wwfygonf/ wpfOD;wnf; pdwfwdkif;Mu jyKrlaqmif&Gufaom tmPm&Sif acgif;aqmifrIatmufwGif jynfolA[dkjyK? jynfolYtusdK;jyK 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk taumiftxnf azmfEikd rf nfr[kwyf g/ xdaYk MumifY tqifw Y ikd ;f tqifw Y ikd ;f wGif acgif;aqmifeSifY aemufvdkufrsm;onf tusdK;pD;yGm;csif; vdkufavsmudkufnD&rnf jzpfygonf/ jynfoltwGuf aumif;rGefaom 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk ay;&rnf[laom ,HkMunfcH,lcsufrsm; xm;&Sda&;wGif tenf;qHk; eD;pyf ae&rnf jzpfygonf/ rdrdudk,fusdK;pD;yGm; jzpfxGef;a&;udk t"duxm;aom acgif;aqmifrIatmufwGif jynfolY 0efxrf;? EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;u jynfolA[kdjyK? jynfolY 0efaqmifrIrsm;udk jznfhqnf;ay;Edkifrnf r[kwfyg/ (*) aumif;rGefaom vkyfief;cGif tajctaeaumif; &Sd&ef vdktyfjcif; jynfolY0efxrf;\ trsm;tusdK;o,fydk;vdkaom tajccHpdwfxm;onf aumif;rGefaom vkyfief;cGif tajctaeaumif;rsm;wGif qufvuf&iS o f ef tm;aumif; vmrnf jzpfygonf/ xdaYk MumifY trsm;tusdK;? jynfot Yl usdK; o,fydk;vdkaom jynfolY0efxrf;rsm;tm; ¤if;wdkY\ tajccHpdwfxm;rsm; ydkrdktm;aumif; &Sifoefvmap&ef ,if;odkY &SifoefapEdkifaom vkyfief;cGif tajctae aumif;rsm;udk zefwD;ay;&ygrnf/ a&rsm; a&Edkif? rD;rsm; rD;Edik ?f trsm; rd;k cg;a&aomuf ud, k v f nf;aomuf pum;rsm;

Edik fi0hH efxrf;rsm;taejzifY rdrxd rf;aqmif&onfh wm0ef? vkyfief;rsm;\ &nfrSef;csufrsm;? wefzdk;BuD;rm;rIrsm;? ta&;BuD; t&ma&mufrIrsm;udk odjrife m;vnfvmonfEiS tYf rQ vkyif ef;wm0efukd tav;teufc,H jl cif;? atmifjrifatmifaqmif&Gufvmjcif;rsm; jzpfvmEdkif wpfrsKd; vkyfudkifjcif;rsm;onf 0efxrf;rsm;\ pGrf;aqmif &nfudk usqif;apygonf/ xdkYaMumifY vkyfief;cGifwGif tav;xm;aom pHEeI ;f rsm;? wefz;kd xm;rIrsm; tm;aumif; ap&ef zefwD;ay;&rnfjzpfygonf/ 0efxrf;rsm;\ yifudkt&nftaoG;ESifh vkyfief;wm0ef xrf;aqmifEdkifrI t& csD;jr§iahf jr§mufpm;aom meritocracy tavYtusifh enf;pepfrsm;udk wefzdk;xm; taumiftxnfazmf&rnf jzpfygonf/ tcsKdUaom jynfolY0efxrf;rsm;wGif wpfEdkifiHvHk;ESifh qdkifaom rl0g'rsm;? vkyfief;pOfrsm;udk pdwf0ifpm; yg0if vkyfudkifvdkwwfNyD; tcsKdU jynfolY0efxrf;rsm;onf qdkif&m tzJGUtpnf; vkyfief;wm0ef atmifjrifa&;twGuf pnf;urf;Oya'rsm;? wefzdk;xm;rIrsm;ESifhtnD atmifjrif a&;udkom pdwf0ifpm;Muygonf/ txufygtcsufrsm;onf jynfolY0efxrf;rsm;wGif awGUEdkifaom norm-based motive udk ydkrdktm;aumif; ap&ef aphaqmfwu kd w f eG ;f csufrsm; jzpfMuygonf/ 0efxrf; avmuwGif jynfoltm;0efaqmifrIay;&mwGif owfrSwf jy|mef;xm;aom Oya'pnf;urf;enf;vrf;rsm;udk vdv k Qif vdkovdk? rvdkvQif rvdkovdk tqifoifYovdk teufzGifY qdNk yD; jyKrlaqmif&u G af y;jcif;onf vnf;aumif;? 0efxrf; a&;&m pDrHcefYcJGrIrsm;wGifvnf; ormorwfusrIr&Sdjcif;? qdkif&m 0efxrf;a&;&m Oya'? enf;Oya'vkyfxHk;vkyfenf; rsm;udk ypfy,fNyD; aqmif&Gufjcif;rsm;onf 0efxrf;rsm; tm; pdwf"mwfysufjym;ap½Hkomru wm0efxrf;aqmif vdkpdwfudkvnf; ysufjym;apygonf/ acgif;aqmifrI ta&;BuD;jcif; jynfolY0efxrf;rsm;onf vkyfief;wm0efrsm; xrf;aqmifMu&mwGif tqifhvdkuf acgif;aqmifrIudk cH,Ml u&ygonf/ ,if;acgif;aqmifu, kd w f ikd f jynfot Yl usdK; udk o,fy;kd &rnf[al om cH,cl sufeiS Yf OD;aqmifraI y;ae&ef vdktyfygonf/ qdkif&mtzGJUtpnf;\ &nfrSef;csuf

&Syd gonf/ xdaYk MumifY aumif;rGeaf om vkyif ef;cGit f ajctae vdktyfygonf/ 0efxrf;trsm;u aqmif&Guf&rnfh wm0efESifY ,if;wm0ef\ ta&;BuD;jcif;udk aumif;pGm odjrifem;vnfNyD; pnf;vHk;nDnGwfpGm vkdufygaqmif&Guf edkifa&;rSm ta&;BuD;ygonf/ (C) ynmay;rIrsm;? oifwef;rsm;? aqG;aEG; tjrifcsif; zvS,fjcif; omreftm;jzifY Edik if 0hH efxrf;? jynfo0Yl efxrf;rsm;onf jynfoltm; 0efaqmifrIay;&rnfudk vufcHxm;NyD; jzpfygonf/ odkYapumrl taMumif;trsdK;rsdK;aMumifY 0efaqmifrIay;jcif;wGif t&nftaoG;rsm; usqif;vm wwfygonf/ ajymif;vJvmaom acwfumvwGif jynfolY0efaqmifrIrsm;udk vsifjrefpGm jznfhqnf;ay;&ef? 0efaqmifrIrsm; t&nftaoG;aumif;&ef vdktyfvsuf&Sd aeygonf/ owif;qufoG,frI enf;ynmrsm; tvsif tjref wd;k wufvmaom acwfumvwGif xrf;aqmif&rnfh wm0efvkyfief;twGuf vHkavmufaom tajccHynm? wwfuGsrf;rIrsm; rvHkavmufrIrsm; jzpfaewwfygonf/ wpfcgwpf&w H iG f rjynfrh pHk rrSeu f efaom vrf;òefcsufrsm; &wwfygonf/ vkyfief;wm0eftwGuf tquftpyf tultnD &Sdaeonfudk rodrjrif jzpfaewwfygonf/ txufyg tajctaersm;aMumifY EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm; twGuf oifYavsmfaom oifwef;rsm;? ynmay;rIrsm;? 0efxrf;tcsif;csif; aqG;aEG; tajz&Smjcif;rsm; jyKvkyjf cif;jzifY vdktyfaom ynmtajccHESifY uGsrf;usifrIrsm; ydkrdk aumif;vmEdkifygonf/ 0efxrf;tcsif;csif;? 0efBuD;Xme tzJt UG pnf; tcsif;csif; ydrk kd &if;ES;D vmjcif;? wpfO;D ESiw Yf pfO;D ? wpfXmeESifYwpfXme vkyfief;taMumif;rsm; ydkrdk em;vnfvmjcif;jzifY ydkrdkaumif;rGefaom vkyfief;cGif tajctaeudk zefwD;EdkifNyD; aemufqHk;wGif jynfoltm; 0efaqmifrIay;aom vkyfief;rsm;\ t&nftaoG;rsm;udk wdk;wufapedkifygonf/ (qufvufazmfjyygrnf)


Mumoyaw;? Zlvdkif 13? 2017

tdEd´,EkdifiHta&SUajrmufbufwGif wHwm;wpfpif;NydKusrIjzpfyGm;cJh&m tenf;qkH;av;OD; aoqkH;cJhNyD; trsm;tjym;'Pf&m& e,l;a'vD Zlvkdif 12 tdE´d,EkdifiH ta&SUajrmufjynfe,fem*gvef;'fwGif wHwm;wpfpif;NydKusrIjzpfyGm; cJ&h m tenf;qH;k av;OD;aoqH;k cJNh yD;trsm;tjym;'Pf&m&&Scd ahJ Mumif; oufqidk &f m tmPmykdifrsm;u Zlvkdif 12 &ufwGif ajymcJhonf/ em*gvef;'fjynfe,fNrdKaU wmf uk[ d rD mtaemufbuf uDvrdk w D m 60 tuGm&Sd 'DrmylNrdKU 'efpD&Djrpfukdjzwfausmfwnfaqmufxm;aom wHwm;NydKuscJhjcif; jzpfaMumif; od&onf/ tqkdyg wHwm;onf oufwrf;&SnfMumaeNyDjzpfonhf oHrPdoHaygif wHwm;wpfpif;jzpfaMumif;od&NyD; c&pf,mefusef;rma&;odyHÜtifpwDusLem;ü wnf&SdaMumif; od&onf/ wHwm;NydKusrIaMumihf armfawmf,mOftrsm;tjym; a&xJjyKwfusoGm;cJhNyD; tcsKdUrSm NydKusvufpurf;yg;bufwHwm;ay:wGif wifaeaMumif; od&onf/ armfawmf,mOfig;pD;rSm wHwm;NydKusrIaMumihfydrdcJhaMumif; oufqkdif&m tmPmykdifrsm;u ajymonf/ u,fq,fa&;tzJGUrsm;rSm tqkdygwHwm;NydKus onhfae&modkY a&muf&Sdaeaomfvnf;acsmif;rSm a&pD;oefvsuf&SdaomaMumihf u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;rsm; xda&mufpGmrvkyfEkdifao;aMumif; od&onf/ 2015ckEpS u f wnf;rSpum a'oqkid &f mtmPmydik rf sm;u armfawmf,mOfBuD; rsm;tm; tqdkygwHwm;rS jzwfoef;armif;ESicf GifhrjyK&ef aMunmcsuf xkwfjyefcJh aomfvnf; ,mOfi,frsm;tm; qufvufjzwfoef;cGifhay;xm;aMumif; od& onf/ wHwm;NydKus&onhf taMumif;&if;ukd pHkprf;ppfaq;vsuf&SdaMumif; od& onf/ (qif[Gm)

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Mumoyaw;? Zlvdkif 13? 2017

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Mumoyaw;? Zlvkdif 13? 2017

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Mumoyaw;? Zlvdkif 13? 2017

azmif;<ueHygwfjym;aysmuf avQmufxm;jcif;

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Mumoyaw;? Zlvdkif 13? 2017

azmif;<uaysmuf avQmufxm;jcif;

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Mumoyaw;? Zlvdkif 13? 2017

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M.C Tech (UCSY), Master of Computing (NUS,Singapore)

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armifatmifNzdK;ausmf(c) rsKd;rsKd;

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a':,OfjrifhEG,f

(txufwef;olemjyKq&mr) wuúodkvfrsm;aq;½kH touf(38)ESpf

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bk&m;? &[ef;? ausmif; 'g,dumrBuD; a':&nf touf(85)ESpf

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OD;cif0if;(c) OD;bmbmav;

a':wifwifjrifh(c) a':aemfqm

jrefrmh½kyf&Sifvkyfief; touf(74)ESpf

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OD;wifarmifat; (jrefrmhrD;&xm;? tNidrf;pm;) touf(58)ESpf

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touf(72)ESpf

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bk&m;? &[ef;? odrf? ausmif; 'g,dumrBuD;

a':usifoef; touf(86)ESpf

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a':vSvSMunf

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a':BuD;BuD;odef;

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b0ewfxHysHvGefawmfrljcif;

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&[ef;? odrf? ausmif; 'g,umBuD; OD;Munfpdef touf(80) (jrefrmhausmufrsuf&wem)

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q&mOD;oef;tHk; touf(75)ESpf txu(3)rHk&Gm(Nidrf;)? txufwef;jyq&m (B.A, BEd)

&efukefNrdKU? ausmufajrmif;? ok"r®mvrf;? trSwf 15ae OD;pef;a&a':a&Toif(rHk&mG )wdkU\om;? q&mOD;atmifcif-q&mrBuD;a':at;pde(f xef;yk &Gm)wdkU\om;oruf? OD;aumif;nGefU-a':wifnGefU? OD;pdk;ydkif-a':jrodef; wdkU\nD? «q&mra':cifpef;jrifh (txu-3? rHk&Gm? txufwef;jyq&mr? Nidrf;)»\cifyGef;? a'gufwmEdkif0if; (acwå-Australia EdkifiH? Devonport aq;½HkBuD;)? a'gufwmnDpkd;rif;(cGJpw d u f koaqmif? &efukeaf q;½HkBuD;)wdkU\ cspfvSpGmaomzcif? *kPfxl;OD;odef;Edkif (udk,fydkiftxufwef;ausmif;ESifh *kPx f l;jrefrmpmenf;jy)? q&mra':MunfMunfwifwkdY\nD? OD;armifarmif wm-a':cifarcsp(f ysK;d cif;rGe)f ? q&mOD;oef;atmif-a':wif0if;EGJU(*kPx f l; atmif)wdkU\tpfudkonf 12-7-2017&uf(Ak'¨[l;aeU) eHeuf 00;15em&D wGif tm&Sawmf0ifaq;½Hkü uG,fvGefoGm;ygojzifh uG,fvGefol\qE´t& 14-7-2017&uf(aomMumaeU)rGe;f vGJ 2em&DwiG f a&a0;okomefürD;oN*KØ[f rnfjzpfygaMumif; aqGrsKd;rdwfo*F[wdkYtm; taMumif;Mum;tyfygonf/ «uG,fvGefoltm; &nfpl;í 18-7-2017&uf (t*FgaeU)wGif ok"r®mvrf; aetdro f kdY &ufvnfqGr;f auR;w&m;awmfem<ua&mufyg&ef zdwMf um;tyfyg onf/» usef&pfolrdom;pk

0rf;enf;aMuuGJjcif;

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(Nidrf;)

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OD;0if;jrifh touf(70) tv,fwef;jyq&m (um,? Nidrf;)

&efukefNrdKU? oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,f? av;axmifhuef&yfuGuf? uefawmf vrf;? trSwf 85ae (OD;cspfwif-a':&D)wdkU\om;? yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;? oeyfyifNrdKUe,fae(OD;ukvm;BuD;-a':oef;jrifh)wdkU\om;oruf? a':NyKH;\ cifyGe;f ? (OD;oef;vGi)f -a':cifvSwkdU\cJtkd? (OD;ausmaf usm0f if;)-a':eDeD0if;? OD;rif;aZmf-a':cifrkd;vdIi?f OD;aevif;OD;-a':oif;oif;0if;wdkU\zcif? armif cefYnm;xuf? armifxl;xufaemif? armifZGJva&mif? rjrwfo'´gcspfwdkU\ tbdk;onf 11-7-2017&uf(t*FgaeU)eHeuf 8;30em&DwiG f uG,v f eG o f mG ;yg ojzifh 13-7-2017&uf(Mumoyaw;aeU)Y rGe;f vGJ 2em&DwiG f a&a0;okomef okdU ydkUaqmifrD;oN*KØ[frnfjzpfygaMumif;/(aetdrfrSum;rsm; rGef;vGJ 12;30 em&DwGif xGufcGmygrnf/) «uG,fvGefoltm;&nfpl;í 17-7-2017&uf (wevFmaeU)eHeuf 7em&DrS 11em&Dtxd txufygaetdro f kUd &ufvnfqGr;f auR;w&m;awmfem<ua&mufyg&ef zdwMf um;tyfygonf/» use&f pfolro d m;pk

&[ef;'g,umBuD; touf(69)ESpf

OD;atmifEk(ojyK)

yJcl;wdki;f a'oBuD;?u0NrdKUe,f?ojyKaus;&Gmae(OD;tke;f wif-a':Munf) wdkY\om;? &efukefNrdKU? ajrmufOuúvmyNrdKUe,f? ausmufa&wGif;&yfuGuf? azmifawmfOD;bk&m;vrf;? trSwf 286ae (OD;xdefvif;-a':wkwfr)wdkU\ om;oruf? (OD;atmifjrifh-a':pef;)? (OD;wifatmif)-a':jyHK;jyHK;wdkU\nD^ tpfukd? OD;wifOD;-(a':pef;pef;)?a':OMunf? OD;aiGat;-a':&D&DaqG? OD;aZmf OD;-a':a&Tyk? OD;atmifvGifOD;-a':at;jyHK;wdkY\tpfudk? armifaevif;OD;? roef;oef;azG;wdkU\zcif?a':oDoD0if;\cspv f SpGmaomcifyGe;f onf 12-72017&uf(Ak'¨[l;aeU)eHeuf 6;20em&DwGif uG,v f Geo f Gm;ygí 14-7-2017 &uf(aomMumaeU)nae 3em&DwGif a&a0;okomefodkY ydkYaqmifrD;oN*KØ[fyg rnf/ (aetdrrf u S m;rsm; rGe;f vGJ 2em&DwiG f xGucf mG ygrnf/) «uG,v f eG o f t l m; &nfpl;í 18-7-2017&uf(t*FgaeU) eHeufwGif trSwf 286? azmifawmfOD; bk&m;vrf;? ausmufa&wGif;&yfuGufaetdrfodkY &ufvnfqGrf;auR;w&m; awmfem<ua&mufyg&ef zdwfMum;tyfygonf/» usef&pfolrdom;pk

tv’m[foQifjrwftrdefUawmfcH,ljcif; [m*sD&zpf(c)OD;oef;a&T touf(58)ESpf (udkif½dktyfcsKyfqdkif) &efukeNf rdKU? r*FvmawmifneG Uf NrdKUe,f? 126vrf;ae OD;r*sp-f a':pzD,m bDbDwdkU\om;? &efukefNrdKU? ykZGefawmifNrdKUe,f? (2)&yfuGuf? 55vrf;? trSwf 11(oHk;vTm)ae [m*sDr a':cifarjrifh\cspv f SpGmaomcifyGe;f ? [m*sD udkqef;atmif-roZifOD;? [m*sDudkaZ,smrif;-[m*sDra':cifoDwmcsKd? [m*sDwifxl;atmif-[m*sDroEÅm0if;? armfv0Dtm&fzmofwdkU\zcif? ajr; ckepfa,mufwdkY\tbdk;onf 13-7-2017&uf eHeuf 1;40em&DwGif tv’m[foQifjrwftrdeYaf wmfcH,lomG ;ygojzifh ,if;aeY rGe;f vGJ 1;15em&DwiG f oefvsiu f bm&fpwefO,smOfawmfü 'gzemNyD;jzpfygaMumif; &yfa0;&yfeD;rS aqGrsK;d rdwo f *F[taygif;tm;taMumif;Mum;tyfygonf/use&f pfolro d m;pk


Mumoyaw;? Zlvkdif 13? 2017

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csif;wGif;jrpfa&wufaerIESifh ausmufpDajrxdef;eH&Hvkyfief; aqmif&Gufxm;rI 'kwd,or®w OD;[ife&DAefxD;,l Munfh½Ippfaq; aejynfawmf Zlvdkif 12 v,f,majrESifh tjcm;ajrrsm; odrf;qnf;jcif;cH&rIrsm; jyefvnfpdppfa&; A[dk aumfrwDOuú|? awmifov l ,form;tcGit hf a&; umuG,af &;ESihf tusdK;pD;yGm; jr§ifhwifa&; OD;aqmiftzGJUacgif;aqmif 'kwd,or®w OD;[ife&DAefxD;,lonf wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifhtwl ,aeYeHeufydkif;wGif rÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD; jyifOD;vGif c½dik f rwå&mNrdKeU ,f bk&ifah emifcef;rü usif;yonfh rwå&mNrdKeU ,f a&eHo Y maus;&Gm tkyfpk temBuD;a&m*gaq;½kHrS jyefvnfpGefYvTwfonfhajrrsm;tm; eHYomNrdKif

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jrefrmh½dk;&mvufa0SY NydKifyGJ wHcGefpdkuf'dkif;qk u&ifjynfe,frSqGwfcl; owif;- armifpdefvGif(jrefrmhtvif;)? "mwfykH- rif;xuf &efukef Zlvdkif 12 usef;rma&;ESifh tm;upm;0efBuD;Xmeu BuD;rSL;NyD; jrefrmEdkifiH ½dk;&mvufa0SYtzGJUcsKyfu OD;aqmifum *syefEdkifiH Manda tm;jznfhtpm;tpmukrÜPD\ t"duulnyD yhH ;kd rIjzifh usif;yaom (15)Budraf jrmuf wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,f ½dk;&mvufa0SYNydKifyGJ aemufqkH;aeYAdkvfvkyGJpOfrsm;udk &efukefNrdKU  odrfjzL

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Mum 'dik ;f qkEiS hf tvSr;f a0;uGmcJah om u&ifjynfe,f rS a½T 12 ck? aiG ajcmufc?k aMu;ig;ckjzifh yxr&&Su d m wHcGefpdkuf'dkif;qkudk ydkifqdkifcGifh&&SdoGm;NyDjzpfonf/ u&ifjynfe,fonf 2011 ckESpf rwdkifrDu wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,f ½dk;&mvufa0SYNydKifyGJrsm; wGif 10 pkEpS w f pfct k xd ESppf Of'ikd ;f qkukd qGwcf ;l cJNh yD; ½dk;&mvufa0SYNydKifyGJ atmifjrifrIordkif;vrf;aMumif; wpfcak y:ü xdyq f ;Hk rS &yfwnfcahJ om jynfe,fwpfck jzpfonf/ pmrsufESm 4 aumfvH 1 a

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Mal 13 7 17  

၁၃၇၉ ခုႏွစ္၊ ၀ါဆိုလျပည့္ေက်ာ္ ၅ ရက္၊ ၂၀၁၇ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇူလိုင္ ၁၃ ရက္ ၊ၾကာသပေတးေန႔။

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