Issuu on Google+

Zefe0g&D 11? 2017

]]ajymif;vJcsdefwefNyD}} qdkwJh vHIYaqmfa<u;aMumfoH aMumifh jrefrmjynfolawG Edk;xcJhMuw,fqdkwm rjiif;omygbl;/ [kwfygw,f/ tm;vHk;[m p½dkuf a[mif;? tusifha[mif;? ajc&ma[mif;awGeJY w0J vnfvnf EGeH pfaecJw h m q,fpEk pS af ygif; rsm;pGmMum avawmh topfvdkcsifw,f/ tajymif;tvJvdk csifw,f/ wu,f tvkyfvkyfr,fYol vdkcsifw,f/ 'gaMumifhvnf; ]]ajymif;vJcsdefwefNyD}} qdkwJY vHIY aqmfa<u;aMumfoMH um;uwnf;u tm;wufw,f/ ,HkMunfw,f/ tm;udk;w,f/ arQmfvifYw,f/ ESpf umvrsm;pGm rGe;f usycf snehf aYJ eawmh jrefjreftouf ½SL0csif awmifhwif;cdkifrmcsifvSwmvnf; tjypf rqdo k maybl;/ 'Dawmh qE´apmMuw,f/ wGe;f wGe;f wdu k w f u kd f tm;usK;d cETv J yk u f ikd f ajymif;vJaevdYk acguf ½dk;rm tzktxpfaMumifh xifoavmuf rayguf ao;wmudkawmh oabmaygufem;vnfay;Mu&JU/ 'Dvrkd [kwb f J wpfEpS o f mjynfah &m prf;w0g;0g;eJY cwfuiG ;f jyifqJ vrf;a[mif;rSmyJ ESpf 20 pm jyu©'ed f a[mif; tcsdefZ,m;twdkif; puf½kyfvdk vIyf&Sm;ae ao;w,fqdk&ifawmh qE´apmwmr[kwfawmhbl;/ 'Dvdk tjzpftysufawG teD;uyfawGUzefrsm;awmh i,fi,fuMunfhcJh&wJh rEÅav;pnfawmfBuD;tzGJU awGudk owd&rdw,f/ rEÅav;pnfawmfBuD; rEÅav;rSm 0guRwcf sed u f ae wydw Yk ?JG waygif;xd yGJvrf;awG qufaew,f/ bk&m;yGJ? uxdefyGJ? tvSL yGJ? ausmif;a&pufcs? bkef;BuD;ysH? r*Fvmaqmif atmif y G J ? uav;arG ; aeY y G J ? abmvH k ; tEd k i f & vd k Y *kPfjyKyGJpojzihf MuHzefNyD;udk yGJxnfhyGJcif;Muw,f/ txl;ojzifh bk&m;yGJawGrSmqdk&if tNidrfhawG? Zmwf awG? wD;0kdif;awG? qdkif;awG azmazmoDoD ygwwf w,f/ ZmwfawG tNidrfYawGomru pnfawmfBuD; tzGJUvnf; tjrJwrf;ygw,f/ pnfawmfBuD;tzGJUu naeapmif;wmeJY pNyD;wD;cwfw,f/ nae 5 em&D avmufuae tNidrfhrxGufcif 7 em&Davmuftxd wD;cwfw,f/ reuf qGrf;BuD;avmif;awmhvnf; &Javmif;r@yfxdyfrSm pnfawmfBuD;tzGJYu ae&m ,lwD;cwfw,f/ ESpfpaxmif acgif;aygif;jzL azmhvHk;eJY aoQmifeJY awmif&Snfykqdk;eJY? odk;&if;tusÐeJY pnfawmftzGJU

om;awGu ]rif;&mZm{u&mZfbk&ifonf wpfajy acwfwGif t&Sdefoa&vif;apzdkY pdefajrovif;ewf eef;0wðuJhodkY vQyfyef;wxdefxdef &Spfcef;yv’if &wemwdkYESifh topfMuiSef;xGifum? rEGrf;toa& rcsKdU&atmif eef;awmfa&SUu eef;oHk;pnfawmf&Grf;} vdkY pnfawmifqifh oDqdkvdkufawmh pnfawmfom;

awG *E¨mAHkav;wdkYcwf? ESJBuD;rIwfNyD; odk;&if;tusÐ vufyGBuD;rum rumeJY pnfBuD;em;a0h0dkufNyD; wD; awmhr,fh[efjyifNyD;rS rwD;bJ a0h0Jaewmudk odyf oabmuswmudk;/ ukef;abmif&mZ0ifcif; pnfq&mu ]0rf;bJ tif;pHrif;w&m;BuD; vuf xufwGif udk;aqmifaom wdkufcef;wdkYudk Am;rJh q&mawmfBuD;udk,fwdkif bk&ifrif;jrwfESifh wdkifyif awmfrlNyD;vQif okdufpmxGuf udef;cef;ESifhnd§NyD;vQif

todtrSwfjyKxm;cJhaMumif;} vdkY tpcsDNyD; aom ESio hf wå? t|e0ocsmF ? pGe;f aumZmwGif rdpmä vlrsK;d ? pufa&mifnd§K;? wefcdk;tmPmaysmufvwåHUqdkwJh wabmifawG&GwfNyD; ukef;abmif&mZ0ifudk cif; usi;f jyw,f/ Mum;xJrmS pnfawmfoaH wG vl;wmawG vnf;&Gwfqdkw,f/ 1970 ausmf 80 umvawGrSm

yef;yGm;&SnBf u;D wzGm;zGm;eJY vifuiG ;f upm;Ny;D ujywJh vifuiG ;f tuudk eef;a&SUpnfawmfBu;D tzGUJ u OD;bOD; u wDxGifujyvmw,f/ pnfawmfBuD;rsm;odrf;qnf; OD;bOD;&JU pnfawmfBuD;tzGJUu ukdbuGef;? udkb OD;? udkaiG? udkatmifñGefYwJh/ udkbOD;? ukdbuGef;wdkY q&muq&mZifw/hJ q&mZif&UJ q&mu OD;ausmuf vk;H wJ/h OD;ausmufv;kH u a&SUawmfw;D pnfawmfq&m yg/ OD;ausmufvHk;u a&Teef;awmftwGif; a&SUawmf awGrSm 0ifpnf? xGufpnf wD;&wJholaygh/ ygawmfrl NyD;aemuf eef;wGif;rSm wD;cwfcJhwJh pnfBuD;awGudk OD;ausmufvHk;u raysmufrysuf xdef;odrf;cJhw,f/ tJ'DpnfawmfBuD;awGudk 1277 ckESpfrSm eef;awmf a&SU "r®m½Hk'um OD;BuD;ua&SUawmfwD; pnfawmf OD;ausmufv;kH qDu 0,fNy;D "r®m½Hrk mS vSLxm;cJw h ,f/ OD ; ausmuf v H k ; qD u pnf a wmf w D ; enf ; ud k v nf ; q&mZifudk oif,lapcJhw,f/ pnfawmfwD;&mrSmvnf; olYenf;olYvrf;? olY orm;pOf&dSw,f/ *E¨rmAHkwD;yHk? uyHk? [efyeftrl t&m? ajymyHq k ykd rkH u a&SUwd;k aemufqw k ?f tacsmuf? tqdkYtydwfawGu pepfwus&dSowJh/ OD;bOD;&JU rsKd;quftaeeJY rEÅav;rSm eef;awmfa&SUr[m r*FvmpnfawmfBuD;tzGJUqdkNyD; usef&pfw,f/ qufvufxdef;odrf; usefaumif;usef&m usefawmhwJh eef;awmfa&SU r[mr*FvmpnfawmfBuD;tzJGU[m 1299 ckESpf uwnf;u wnfaxmifcv hJ Ykd tckq&kd if 79 ESpf ouf wrf;&dSygNyD/ &mjynfhtBudKumvwdkif cdkifjrJwnfqJ tzGJUwpfzGJUyg/ eef;awmfa&SU r[mr*Fvmpnfawmf Bu;D tzGUJ udk OD;bOD;r&Sw d aYJ emuf pnfawmf ynm&Sif OD;csKdu OD;aqmifwD;cwfNyD; touf 88ESpf t&G,f rSm uG,v f eG cf w YJ myg/ OD;csK&d UJ tazu pnfawmfBu;D rif;om; OD;bOD;yg/ tck OD;csKdr&Sdjyefawmh om;awG u pnfawmftzGJYudk cufcufcJcJeJY qufvuf xdef;

odrf;xm;Muygw,f/ pnfawmftwk NyD;cJhwJh q,fpkESpfawGrSmawmh NrdKUBuD;wdkif;rSm pnfawmftzGJUawG rsm;jym;vmw,f/ pepfZ,m;eJY orm;pOfeUJ r[kwaf wmhygbl;/ vrf;zGiyhf ?JG wHwm;zGihf yGJ? ausmif;aqmifopfzGifhyGJ? rmwDrD'D,mcef;r zGifhyGJ awGrSm pnfawmftzGJUu rygrjzpfudk;/ ]atmif ap? ykdifap} eJY wdkif;rSL;? 0efBuD;rsm;? bkef;awmfbGJU &wkydk'fpHk &Gwf&mAdef;Adef;eJU wD;½HkygyJ/ awmif&Snf cg;awmif;usKduf? acgif;aygif;av;awGeJU uav; awGu oifxm;wJhtwdkif; uMuwmaygh/ ydkt½kyf qdk;wmu wu,fhpnfawmftppftwdkif; tvsm; 4 ay? rsufESm0 a&SUbuf 19 vufr? aemufbuf 13vufr&dSNyD; Mum;,yf oHk;qifheJY r[kwfawmhbl;/ ywfrBuD; ESpfvHk;udk xdyf0rSm rSefpDa&TcsAdrmefeJY uG,fxm;wJh pnfawmftwkawG/ &mZ*dkPf;oifhMu aya&m/ rEÅav;rSmwpfcsed u f xGe;f um;cJw h hJ pnfawmfBu;D tzGJUawGudk MunhfNyD; tvkyfwpfckudk csufcsif; vufiif; vdktyfcsdefrvkyfbJqdkif;iHhae&if ]pnf awmfBu;D ygyJAsm} vdYk ajymMuw,f/ ESBJ u;D MuLNy;D pnf; 0g;t& *E¨rmAHak v;u twdt Yk cwfeUJ ]Ade;f } ueJ wD; vdkuf&rSmudk pnfawmfrif;om;u wD;rvdkY pnfBuD; em;0JNy;D [efjyifumrwD;bJ a0h0u kd o f mG ;Muwmav/ &ifwrrarQmfvifh rEÅav;om;awGuawmh pnfawmfBuD;tzGJUawG eJY &if;ESD;cJhavawmh pnf;csufusus pnfawmfoHudk NrdKifNrdKifBuD;Mum;csifaeMuNyD/ pnf;csufuswdkif; pnfawmfwD;avrvm;vdkY &ifwrr arQmfvifhapmifh pm;aewmMumNyD/ pnfawmfoHMum;&r,fhtcsdef rMum;&wm Mumvm&if tm;rvdktm;r&eJY wuf acgufvdkufMurSmawmh pdk;&drfrdom;../ ]atmifpnf&Gef;oH} eJYtwl ]jynfawmf0if} csifvdkY onf;onf;vIyfcJhMuwmudk;../


Km 11 1 17