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New Light of Myanmar


8th Waning of Kason 1376 ME

Lack of awareness, high price cause weak organic market

Crops that are cheapeer than organic ones attracts more consumers. Photo: Aye Min Soe Yangon, 20 May— Organic fruits and vegetable market is not strong in Myanmar as they are considered expensive by majority of the people, according to organic farmers. The price of organic fruits and crops are 30 percent higher than the

inorganic ones, according to organic farmers. “The main customers for organic fruits and crops are hotels, but we can not grow all kinds of crops they want because there are no buyers for the surplus,” said Daw San San Han, an organic farmer. “The city marts’ demand on organic

Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May— As part of encouraging economic growth in Myanmar’s rural areas, a German bank has signed an agreement at a ceremony that took place at the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development on Tuesday morning, sources said. The German Development Bank (KFW) agreed to offer a grant of seven million euros, the first aid from Germany to Myanmar in 25 years since 1988. Officials said the money will be used in building infrastructure needed for rural development in southern Shan State so that local people will en-

joy the fruits of socioeconomic development. The signing ceremony drew Union Minister Dr Kan Zaw, Deputy Minister U Tin Ngwe, German Ambassador to Myanmar Mr Weber-Lortsch, Director-General of KFW’s Europe and Asia Region Mr Roland Sillen and Director Mr Christian Richer, and officials.—MNA

fruits and crops are limited, and so we lost in the business in the long run,” she added. Myanmar Organic Agriculture Group issued certification for organic farms to 40 farmers this year and most farmers intend to grow rice organically than crops as there is no high demand for crops. “We should consider the door-to-door system and mobile shops as chances of creating organic market today,” a farmer said. Lack of awareness of danger of pesticides on crops and poverty are main causes for not consuming organic crops, according to organic farmers.—NLM

Wednesday, 21 May, 2014

Joint Statement by ASEAN Defence Ministers on tragic plane crash in LPDR We, the Defence Minister of the Member States of the Association Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), met in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar on 20 May 2014. We express our deepest condolences and sympathies to the Government and People of the Lao Peoples’ Democratic Republic on the tragic plane crash in Xieng Khouang province on 17 May 2014 which had taken the lives of several Lao leaders and senior government officials. We are saddened by the passing of our colleague Lao Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of National Defence Lieutenant General Douangchay Phichith and his wife Madam Thanks Phichith, who had been part of the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM) since its inauguration in 2006. His passing is a great loss not only to Lao PDR and the Lao Ministry of National Defense but also to the ADMM. Our thoughts are with the people of Lao PDR, as well as the family of Lieutenant General Douangchay Phichith, during this time of sorrow.

German helps Myanmar after 25 years

Union Ministers Dr Kan Zaw (third from left), German Ambassador Mr Weber-Lortsch, Director-General of KFW’s Europe and Asia Region Mr Roland Sillen and Director Mr Christian Richer are seen at the signing ceremony.—mna

Farm labourers work at an organic farm in Nay Pyi Taw. Photo: Aye Min Soe

Bay Bulletin (Issues at 13:00 hours MST on 20 May, 2014) According to the observation at 12:30 hrs MST today, the low pressure area over East Central Bay of Bengal still persists and it may intensify into a depression under watched. Under the influence of the low pressure area rain or thundershowers will be fairly widespread to widespread in Bago, Yangon, Ayeyawady and Taninthayi Regions, Rakhine, Kayah, Kayin and Mon States with likelihood of isolated heavy falls in Yangon and Ayeyawady Regions and Southern Rakhine State within next 3-day commencing this evening. Squalls with moderate to rough sea are likely at times off and along Myanmar Coasts. Surface wind speed in squalls may reach 35-40 mph.


New Light of Myanmar

Wednesday, 21 May, 2014


Thilawa SEZ with potentials benefits local people, Vice-President U Nyan Tun says

Vice-President U Nyan Tun oversees implementation of Thilawa Special Economic Zone in Thanlyin Township.—mna Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May—Thilawa Special Economic Zone will be a major key to economic success of the country as it has several potential benefits for local people unlike other zones in Myanmar, said Vice-President U Nyan Tun in his inspection tour of the zone in Thanlyin Township on Tuesday. In meeting with offi-

cials concerned at the briefing hall of the zone, the vice-president called for the creation of business environment that can attract responsible investments after removing the weaknesses in implementation of soft and hard infrastructure. He stressed the need to see the Thilawa SEZ as a role model to develop other SEZs in the country

if there are benefits of rules and regulations, law and legal frameworks being practiced in the zone. He also highlighted the importance of the establishment of one-stop service centre with an effective system allowing smooth and speedy process for the start of businesses. Regarding the environmental impact assess-

ment-EIA and social impact assessment-SIA, Thilawa SEZ project includes a sewerage treatment system and plans to relocate households in the zone and provide assistance to improvement of their livelihoods. It is necessary to carry out cooperate social responsibility activities in nearby villages, he said. He pointed out only a

ASEAN defence ministers adopt concept papers in Nay Pyi Taw Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May—Defence ministers of Southeast Asian countries adopted three major papers at the 8th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting held here on Tuesday. Except Laos represented by its ambassador, all the ASEAN defence ministers attended the meeting at Hotel Royal ACE in the capital. The defence ministers signed ADMM Three-

Year-Work Program 20142016, the Concept Paper on Establishing a Direct Communications Link, the Concept Paper for the Establishment of an ADMM, as well as the ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting-Plus. Before the meeting, the ASEAN defence ministers and the Secretary-General of ASEAN expressed their condolences on the death of Lt-Gen

Douangchay Phichith, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence of Lao People’s Democratic Republic in a tragic plane accident on 17 May 2014. At the opening speech, Union Defence Minister lieutenant general Wai Lwin of Myanmar said that unity, trust and understanding among ASEAN member countries would be able to maintain peace

Defence ministers of Southeast Asian countries pose for documentary photo at 8th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting.—mna

and stability in the region. He also added that ASEAN’s efforts to lessen the risks of conflict and disputes by wiping out the flashpoints. During the meeting, the ministers discussed regional and international security and defence issues, and sought the ways to advance defence cooperation in the region. The ministers also signed a joint declaration of the ASEAN defence ministers, “Defence Cooperation towards Peaceful and Prosperous ASEAN Community”, which is the theme of the 8th ADMM. They also reaffirmed ASEAN’s commitment to consolidate defence cooperation that contributes towards the realization of the ASEAN Community 2015. Regarding the South China Sea issue, Lt-Gen Wai Lwin said that the Vietnamese defence minister is looking forward to resolving the issue in a peaceful manner. NLM

fair and bearable relation between economy and social matter and between economy and environment could guarantee the shared benefits and sustainable development. In his conclusion, the vice-president called for public support and participation needed for the success of realization of Thilawa SEZ and collaborative efforts for the good of the

country and its people. On his arrival at the briefing hall of APEX Gas and Oil Public Co., Ltd, the vice-president heard reports on follow-up tasks for upgrade of Thilawa Port. On his inspection tour of Thilawa SEZ, the vice-president inspected Dagon-Thilawa road and Thanlyin bridge No (2). MNA

Thura U Shwe Mann meets state councillor and defense minister of PRC

Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May— Thura U Shwe Mann, Speaker of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and Lower House, met the delegation led by General Chang Wanquan, State councillor and Defense Minister of the People Republic of China here on Tuesday.

The meeting held at the Zabuthiri Hall of Parliament Building was also attended by chairmen of Lower House committees and the Chinese Ambassador to Myanmar. Bilater cooperation and friendship relations were discussed at the meeting.—MNA

New Light of Myanmar

Wednesday, 21 May, 2014



President receives Chinese delegation, meets ASEAN defence ministers

State Councillor and National Defence Minister General Chang Wanquan of the PRC holding talks with President U Thein Sein.—mna

Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May—President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar U Thein Sein received a Chinese delegation led by State Councillor and National Defence Minister General Chang Wanquan at the Credential Hall of the Presidential Palace on Tuesday morning, sources said. At the call, they discussed matters related to stabilizing both sides of the border, accelerating economic cooperation, conserving the environment, and undertaking peace deals with ethnic

armed groups. At 2 pm the same day at the same venue, the president met defence ministers from ASEAN countries, who are here to attend the 8th ASEAN Defence Minister’s Meeting (8th ADMM) that is due to take place on 20 May in Nay Pyi Taw, the capital city of Myanmar. The defence ministers present at the meeting were from Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. MNA

President U Thein Sein holding talks with State Councillor and National Defence Minister General Chang Wanquan of the PRC.—mna

President U Thein Sein and party pose for documentary photo together with defence ministers from ASEAN countries.—mna

Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham inspects rural health centres in Rakhine State Thandwe, Rakhine 20 May—Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham on Tuesday visited Rakhine State and inspected rural health centres. Dr Sai Mauk Kham, accompanied by Union Minister for Immigration and Population U Khin Ye, State chief minister U Hla Maung Tin and deputy ministers, inspected heath care services in Linthar model village and Zephyugone village-tract of Thandwe Township. Health care centres in Linthar and Zephyugone are providing medical

treatments to the residents from 18 villages and three villages respectively. Ayeyawady Foundation donated the two storey concrete building for health care unit in Zephyugone village. The Vice-President also inspected Amazing Ngapali Resort at the Ngapali beach in Thandwe township. —MNA

Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham cordially greets a child at a rural health centre. mna


New Light of Myanmar

Wednesday, 21 May, 2014

local News

Autron centre donates hearing aids Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May — Autron Hearing Centre donated hearing aids to the hearing impaired persons in Pyinmana Township here on Tuesday. Experts from the Autron company of Myanmar made diagnosis for the inborn deaf, and those who become deaf due to a certain disease and nerve decline. The donation of hearing aids will be carried out until 22 May, the company said. Shwe Kukko

Locals enjoys educative, informative TV channels through DVB T2 Set Top Box

Kani, 20 May—“I have never enjoyed MRTV channel with high resolution before. Thanks to DVB T2 Set Top Box provided by the Ministry of Information, we are able to enjoy many educative and informative TV channels in my village,” said U Po Hsin of Kanzee-ba village in Kani Township recently. “I have lots of agricultural knowledge from watching Farmer Channel”, the 60-year-old man

expressed his delight. Kani IPRD

Monywa dairy breeders face difficulty in low milk yield caused by high temperature Monywa, 20 May— Breeders have been suffering a decline in farm profits as the temperature has risen during the recent days, decreasing milk production in the special dairy farming zone in Monywa, Sagaing Region, said Ko Nay Linn, a local breeder, recently. Even a cow with high milk yield produces only eight viss a day (one viss is equal to 3.6 pounds), he added. He told The NLM that daily rising temperatures make dairy cows that produced 12 viss a day before tired and it can thereby lead to a decline in milk production. Regarding the cost of daily farming, he explained that a price for a Friesian daily cow is between K 1 million and 1.5 million and feed cost is K 35,000 for a load of small tractor. “With an increase in the cost of dairy cow feed, breeders got stuck in debt. We were able to clear our

debts recently as milk price per one viss increased from K550 to K650 while we saw high milk production . We are expecting a rise in milk production soon when heat declines”, he voiced. Monywa special dairy farming zone is home to more than 3000 dairy cattle producing about 17,000 viss a day. There are around 200 local breeders in Monywa and milk is sent to Mya Bayin milk processing factory through a milk collection centre which is being kept open at the zone. Po Chan-Monywa

Traditional snack in demand again

Pwintbyu, 20 May— Situated by the Magway-Salin Road, the village of Lekai in Pwintbyu

township, Magway Region has become a transit point for travellers passing the village to stop by for lo-

Today’s Myanmar News sites

cal traditional snack called ‘Ma-yway’. Local villagers make ‘Ma-yway’ as a family-run

business. Its ingredients include flour, jaggery and yeast extract. Lekai Mayway tastes sweet, with a bit sticky sensation. The village of Kekai is just seven miles away from Kyaugtawyar Pagoda, an ancient pagoda to which huge fish pay a visit every Buddhist Lent. It is during the Lent, when there is a pagoda festival, that the snack is in high demand. At other times, calls for the purchase of the snacks permeate the highway express gate at the top of the village. Travellers never fail to buy some as a souvenir of the arid zone. A package of six small packs is sold for K 500 and a package of three bigger packs for K 500. Tin Tun Oo

Solar panels distributed to central Myanmar villages Wet Let, Sagaing, 20 May—Ministry of Livestock, Fishries and Rural Development distributed solar panels at the villages here on Monday. Deputy minister U

Tin Ngwe handed 249 sets of solar panels, batteries, power inverters, bulbs, lamps and torchlight’s to the villagers through local dignitaries. The sets of these alter-

native power source will be mainly set up at the houses of poor families from the fund of Department of Rural Development for 20132014 fiscal year. Nan Myint

New Light of Myanmar

Wednesday, 21 May, 2014



Thai military declares martial law, gov’t remains in place

Bangkok, 20 May — Thailand’s military declared martial law across the country on Tuesday, citing the need to restore and maintain order following six months of antigovernment protests, but the caretaker government remains in place. Announcing the predawn decision on national television, army chief Gen Prayut ChanOcha said the situation would likely have deteriorated if the army did not step in to restore order and prevent ill-intentioned groups from committing violence. “The army hopes to bring back peace to our country as soon as possible. All sides should...turn to the process of finding a solution for the country,” Prayut said. Another military statement issued later in the day called on the public not to panic and to go about their lives as usual. The army has repeatedly carried out coups in the past, but Paradorn Pattanatabut, a security adviser to Acting Prime Minister Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan, told reporters after the martial law declaration that the caretaker Cabinet remains in place. The army ordered satellite television

Grenade blast kills 1, injures 3 in Philippine capital region Manila, 20 May — A man was killed while three others were wounded after a hand grenade exploded in Makati City, in the Philippine capital region of Metro Manila, on Tuesday morning. Local radio station DZMM reported that a man wearing a bonnet tossed the hand grenade which landed on a small store in West Rembo village, Makati City, the Philippines’ central business district. Makati Police chief Senior Superintendent Manuel Lukban said initial investigations showed that the suspect has a dispute with a resident in the area. Police in Makati City are currently on heightened alert for the World Economic Forum on East Asia which will be held in the central business district.—Xinhua

Since the political rallies began, nearly 30 people have been killed and more than 800 wounded by explosions and shootings. The government has planned to hold a fresh general election on July 20, after the last one held on 2 February was nullified by the Constitutional Court due to disruption by protesters. It remains unclear if the polls will take place as scheduled. Kyodo News

Thai government to meet in safe house to discuss crisis

Thai soldiers take their positions in the middle of a main intersection in Bangkok’s shopping district on 20 May, 2014.—Reuters and radio stations operated by antigovernment and pro-government groups to stop broadcasting, while soldiers entered several private television stations to ensure their cooperation in broadcasting army statements. It also called on antigovernment protesters of the People’s Democratic Reform Committee to confine their protests to their main rally site near the

Democracy Monument, as well as on pro-government supporters of the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship, also known as “red shirts,” not to move beyond their Utthayan Road rally site in western Bangkok. After declaring martial law, the army chief ordered the establishment of what he called the Peace-Keeping Command Centre, with himself as chief, and

dissolved the government’s Center for the Administration of Peace and Order, which was set up under the Internal Security Act to deal with the unrest. Antigovernment protests had continued almost nonstop since November last year after the elected government under then Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra backed a controversial amnesty law in parliament, which her op-

India’s main opposition BJP names Modi as parliamentary party leader

Narendra Modi gestures as he addresses his supporters during a public meeting in Vadodra, on 16 May, 2014. Reuters New Delhi, 20 May — India’s main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Tuesday formally named Narendra Modi as its parliamentary party

leader, thus officially making him the prime minister designate of this country. Modi’s name was proposed by veteran BJP leader and the country’ s

former Deputy Prime Minister LK Advani. “I propose Mr Modi’s name as the leader of the BJP’s parliamentary party,” he said. The proposal was seconded by a series of senior BJP leaders including MM Joshi, Sushma Swaraj, Arun Jaitley, Nitin Gadkari and Venkaiah Naidu, who called Modi the “darling of the masses”. Later in the day, Modi will meet Indian President Pranab Mukherjee to stake a claim to form the next government. The BJP bagged 282 seats on its own and 336 with its allies in the National Democratic Alliance in the 543-member Parliament. Xinhua

ponents claimed was aimed at benefiting her older brother, ousted Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, who was toppled in a military coup in 2006. The rallies and occasional violence continued even after Yingluck was unseated by a Constitutional Court ruling, with the protesters calling for the whole Cabinet to step down to pave the way for reforms.

Bangkok, 20 May — Thailand’s caretaker government is to meet at an undisclosed venue on Tuesday after the army declared martial law to restore order following six months of political turmoil. “The prime minister has called an emergency cabinet meeting to discuss the situation. The location will be in a safe house and cannot be disclosed,” Suranand Vejjajiva, an aide to the prime minister, told reporters. The army has denied it was staging a coup. Reuters

S Korea, Vietnam hold 5th round talks for bilateral FTA Seoul, 20 May — South Korea and Vietnam began the fifth round of negotiations for the bilateral free trade agreement (FTA), Seoul’s trade ministry said on Tuesday. The new round of FTA talks will continue through Friday in Seoul from Tuesday, according to the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy. The previous round was held in Ho Chi Minh City in March. At the 2013 summit, the leaders of the two countries agreed to wrap up the negotiations by the end of this year after starting the bilateral FTA talks in November 2012. South Korea has already signed a free trade pact with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), including Vietnam as a member nation. During the fifth round, the two sides will make an indepth discussion on goods, services, investment, the country of origin, customs and cooperation, the ministry said. The ministry said that Vietnam is a major South Korean partner of trade and investment, noting the higher-level bilateral FTA with Vietnam than the one with ASEAN will strengthen the economic and trade relationship between the two countries. Vietnam was South Korea’s ninth-largest trade partner in 2013, with the bilateral trade reaching 28.26 billion US dollars last year. The Southeast Asian nation was South Korea’s fourth-biggest destination for overseas investment, with investment reaching 1.46 billion dollars in 2013.—Xinhua


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Wednesday, 21 May, 2014

NATO does not plan to put nuclear arms, new troops in eastern Europe

Brussels, 20 May — NATO does not expect to base nuclear weapons or large numbers of new combat troops in eastern Europe, despite tension with Russia over Ukraine, Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said on Monday. NATO officials also said Russian and NATO ambassadors may meet as early as next week to discuss the Ukraine crisis. In 1997, during a period of better relations, NATO reached an agreement with Russia under which alliance members said they had no intention of deploying nuclear

NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen weapons on the territory of new member states, which began joining in 1999 after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Under that agreement, NATO also committed

to defending its members through reinforcement rather than by permanently stationing additional “substantial combat forces” on their territory. Asked if the Ukraine crisis would lead NATO to reconsider its pledge not to place nuclear weapons on the territory of new member states, Rasmussen told a news conference: “At this stage, I do not foresee any NATO request to change the content of the NATORussia founding act (the 1997 agreement).” He said, however, that Russia’s actions in Ukraine had created “a completely new security situation in

Europe” and NATO must adapt accordingly. Longterm decisions would be taken when NATO leaders meet in Wales in September, he said. Since Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimea, NATO has moved to reassure its nervous eastern European. Ships and planes have been temporarily deployed to their countries and military exercises in the region stepped up. Poland has urged NATO to base troops on its territory permanently, something Russia says would break the 1997 agreement. Reuters

Iraq’s Maliki wins at least 94 parliament seats in national election

Baghdad, 20 May— Prime Minister Nouri Maliki won the largest share of Iraqi parliamentary seats in last month’s national elections, dealing a blow to Shi’ite, Sunni and Kurdish rivals who opposed his serving a third term. Preliminary results on Monday showed Maliki won at least 94 seats,

far more than his two main Shi’ite rivals, the movement of Muqtada Sadr, which picked up 28 seats, and the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI), which won 29 seats. The size of Maliki’s victory, with 1,074,000 votes for his list in Baghdad alone, will make it much harder for any of his

opponents to argue he is not the choice of the country’s Shi’ite majority. It is particularly important to him because his government is fighting a war with armed Sunni groups, including the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which holds territory in Syria and holds sway around central Iraq. Reuters

Iraq’s Prime Minister Nouri Maliki


Japan’s ruling bloc starts debate on collective self-defence Tokyo, 20 May — Japan’s ruling parties started a full-fledged debate on Tuesday over whether to remove a ban on exercising the right to collective self-defence, as Prime Minister Shinzo Abe seeks to overhaul the country’s defence policy. Senior lawmakers from the Liberal Democratic Party and the junior coalition partner New Komeito party said they will first discuss how to handle “gray zone” incidents that stop short of military attacks on Japan such as armed groups of people taking over a remote island. The decision is seen an apparent tactic to avoid confronting the more controversial issues of Japan’s participation in UN-led peacekeeping operations, and collective self-defence. “We will examine what we can and cannot do under the current interpretation of the Constitution, and if there is something that requires us to change

the interpretation, then we will consider that possibility as well,” said LDP Vice President Masahiko Komura, who chairs the meeting. But his counterpart, New Komeito deputy chief Kazuo Kitagawa, did not budge over the party’s stance, saying that a review of the current interpretation should be “logically consistent” and public support is necessary. The party’s support base, the lay Buddhist group Soka Gakkai, is particularly critical of reinterpreting the war-renouncing Constitution. The 50-minute meeting was held in the Diet after Abe expressed his desire last Thursday for Japan to use the right to collective self-defence under limited conditions. He received recommendations from his handpicked panel of experts who proposed the ban be removed amid an assertive China and North Korea’s missile and nuclear programmes. Kyodo News

Amid Egypt rights abuses, US stalls over more military aid Washington, 20 May — Despite resuming some military aid, the United States appears unlikely to quickly restore the close ties with Egypt that framed US Middle East policy for decades, as concerns persist over the authoritarian crackdown since last year’s military takeover. Even as Egypt prepares for elections this month that could give new legitimacy to the country’s military-backed leaders, many Obama administration officials question the need to restore Egypt to its place as the premier US partner in the Arab world. Washington’s caution reflects a desire to help Egypt nip a mounting insurgency in the bud without being seen as sanctioning the interim government’s repression of political opponents and the media. The focus of bilateral aid, at least for the time being, is on confronting the militant threat and other security issues while US officials assess how the country’s next government responds to demands to halt the harsh treatment of dissent. “Going back to the status quo of the past 30

Pedestrians look as the Egyptian army soldiers divert traffic away from the front of the Egyptian museum in Cairo, on 9 July, 2013.—Reuters years is not really an option that’s available to us,” a senior administration official said on condition of anonymity. Egypt has been the second-largest recipient of US foreign aid since its landmark peace treaty with Israel in 1979. But the policy was upended by the political transformations

triggered by the 2011 popular uprising that toppled President Hosni Mubarak. After the army last July ousted Mohamed Mursi, the Islamist leader elected after that uprising, Washington responded by freezing much of the annual $1.3 billion in military aid. On 22 April, the US

government relaxed its position and said it would provide $650 million in military financing, a move which required Secretary of State John Kerry to certify Egypt was maintaining its peace treaty with Israel. It also announced that it separately would send Egypt 10 US Apache helicopters to help it fight

insurgents. Washington continues to withhold hundreds of millions of dollars more in aid, along with other hardware that Egypt had requested, including Harpoon missiles and fighter jets. “Egypt is a very hard country to support right now, even in Washington among those who are

strong defenders of the relationship,” said Amy Hawthorne, a former State Department official now with the Atlantic Council, a Washington think tank. “This recent aid decision is about getting parts of our relationship back on track — but it’s far from a warm embrace.” Egypt has pursued a campaign against the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamist party that propelled Mursi to power. Western officials have condemned mass death sentences for Muslim Brotherhood supporters as well as repression of other opposition parties and imprisonment of some journalists. “The Obama administration wants to keep working with Egypt on regional security and counterterrorism — but at the same time it wants to send a message about the political transition and the need for greater respect for basic human rights,” said Brian Katulis, an analyst at the Center for American Progress. “In trying to split the difference between these two goals, the United States has sent an unclear message to Egyptians.” Reuters

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Wednesday, 21 May, 2014



Kremlin says Putin has ordered troops from border with Ukraine Moscow, 20 May — The Kremlin announced on Monday President Vladimir Putin had ordered Russian forces near Ukraine back to their bases, but NATO and the United States said they saw no sign of a pullback and Moscow had failed to carry out such promises before. Moscow has massed tens of thousands of troops near the border regions where pro-Russian separatists have declared independent states, and Kiev and its Western allies fear they could be used to invade in support of the rebels. Ukraine holds a presidential election on Sunday which Western countries consider a crucial event in resolving the country’s crisis. The United States and EU have threatened to ramp up sanctions on Moscow if it interferes in the vote. Ukrainian borde guards said there had indeed been a decrease in Russian military activity close to the border. But the United States and the Western military alliance said there was no indication troops had pulled back. “Unfortunately, I have to say that we haven’t seen any evidence at all that the Russians have

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin (C, back) chairs a meeting of the Security Council at the Bocharov Ruchei state residence in Sochi, on 19 May, 2014.—Reuters started a withdrawal of troops from the Ukraine borders,” NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen told a news conference in Brussels. White House spokesman Jay Carney said the United States had seen reports Putin had ordered Russian troops back to bases but “at this point we see

Pakistani court summons 16 politicians including PM over assets abroad Islamabad, 20 May — A Pakistani court on Tuesday morning summoned 16 politicians including Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for keeping their assets abroad to appear before court next month, local media reported. According to the reports, The Lahore High Court started hearing of the case on Tuesday morning and ordered the 16 politicians including Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his younger brother Shahbaz Sharif, Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf Chairman Imran Khan and former President Asif Ali Zardari to appear before the court in person on 16 June to submit their reply. The court order the respondents to submit their written reply with all details of their assets

present inside the country and abroad. Earlier on 9 May, the court issued a notice to the federal government and at least 64 politicians on a petition seeking directions for the politicians to bring their foreign assets back to Pakistan. The petition was filed in 1996 by a lawyer Javed Iqbal Jafri against 26 politicians but later more names were added to it. The petition stated that the respondent politicians had transferred at least 300 billion US dollars to foreign countries through money laundering, causing a huge loss to the national exchequer. The petitioner pleaded the court to order the politicians to bring back their assets for the national interest. Xinhua

no indication of any movement”. Pentagon spokesman Rear Admiral John Kirby told Reuters: “We have seen no indication of any movement.” A Reuters cameraman saw over a dozen tanks leaving a training ground in the Rostov region. Russian state television also

Top Russian general warns NATO over activity near border

showed pictures of a similar number of tanks leaving a training facility in the Belgorod region. Putin declared the right to send forces to Ukraine to protect Russian-speakers if necessary in March and quickly annexed Ukraine’s Crimea region, after a pro-Russian president was toppled in street

demonstrations in Kiev in February. Armed rebels, many led by a Muscovite enthusiast of historical battle re-enactments, have seized towns and cities in eastern Russia and held a vote on independence which Western countries describe as a sham. Reuters

Moscow, 20 May — Russia’s top general has told the chairman of NATO’s Military Committee by telephone that the Atlantic bloc’s increased military activity near the Russian border is not helping European security, the Defence Ministry said on Monday. The ministry statement said the chief of general staff of the Russian armed forces, General Valery Gerasimov, had also discussed the Ukrainian crisis with NATO General Knud Bartels. “Army General Valery Gerasimov expressed concern over the substantial increase of NATO military activity near the Russian border, which does not contribute to security in Europe,” the statement said.—Reuters

Salmond warns ‘Brexit vote’ biggest threat to Scotland’s EU membership

Scotland’s First Minister Alex Salmond London, 20 May — Scottish nationalist leader Alex Salmond said on Tuesday that the biggest threat to Scotland staying in the European Union was British Prime Minister David Cameron’s pledge to hold an in-out referendum on membership by 2017. Salmond, the Scottish first minister, said he was confident that Scotland would be welcomed as an EU member if it voted on 18 September to leave the United Kingdom after more than three centuries to become an independent nation. Polls show Scots remain doubtful about separation from the United Kingdom, although the proportion of those supporting independence has increased this year. Many are still undecided. Salmond said the advice he had received indicated that Scotland would most likely negotiate membership of the 28-member bloc after a vote for independence. He said Scotland would not be expelled or have to re-apply. “There is a threat to Scottish membership and that threat is an in-out referendum in 2017 that the current prime minister proposes to hold,” Salmond, leader of Scotland’s ruling Scottish National Party (SNP), told BBC Radio.—Reuters

US hopes for Pacific cooperation with India navy under Modi

US Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Jonathan Greenert Washington, 20 May — The United States hopes to be able to expand naval cooperation with India once a new government is in place in New Delhi, the

chief of US naval operations said on Monday. Admiral Jonathan Greenert said the United States would like to see this cooperation extend to India’s participation in exercises in the Western Pacific region, where an increasingly powerful China is becoming more assertive. “There’s a strategic partnership and opportunity up there with India that is emerging,” Greenert told a Washington think tank. “My goal would be to get

back to where we were in mid-2000s.” “We were doing very, very comprehensive events. We were doing carrier operations together, very, very complex, integrated ... and I think it would be great if we could get back to that level,” he said. “Then maybe India would be willing to come over to Western Pacific ... we will just have to see what the political ramifications are and where they

are willing to go.” US officials say plans to expand naval cooperation with India ended up on a back burner during a long-running row between New Delhi and Washington over the treatment of an Indian diplomat in New York and in the run-up to India’s election earlier in May. Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi and his Bharatiya Janata Party won a resounding victory in the election.—Reuters


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Wednesday, 21 May, 2014


Wednesday, 21 May, 2014

Thai people say martial law is a ‘half-coup’ By Aung Khin Thailand’s army declared martial law at 3 a.m local time on 20 May 2014 in a surprise announcement. Army chief Gen Prayuth Chanocha said that the action was aimed at keeping the country stable after six months of sometimes violent political unrest. The announcement appeared one day after the kingdom’s caretaker prime minister refused to step down. Although the military denied a coup d’etat was underway, Thai people see the action is a ‘half-coup’, waiting and seeing the next move of the armed forces.

Some analysts commented this move is needed to settle current political crisis, and to avoid deadly clashes between supporters of its populist government and its conservative opponents who have been massing on the streets for over half a year in an attempt to topple the administration. A political science professor described the situation of Thailand as “very volatile”, and that if the military appears to be favoring one side, violence could escalate rather than cool down. Thai people have experienced many coups since 1930s, and that they do not seem to be in a state of panic in this situation. Some commented this martial law will have no effects on their daily life. However, they will encounter a suspension of normal civil rights and military justice or military law. Despite temporary therorically, a state of martial law may continue indefinitely. Actually, the declaration of martial law has some effects on a population not only practical, but also psychological. Under this circumstance, Thai people them-

selves have responsibility to librate from this bitter situation. Discussions or negotiations should not be based on egoism. Each side is in a political predicament in terms of dignity and power. Both of them are believing that they could do the betterment of the country. There are many ongoing political turmoils in every continent of the world, except Antarctica where human life does not exist on this continent because of its harsh weather. Many lives have been sacrificed for political chaos. British Liberal politican William Ewart Gladstone said: “We look forward to the time when the Power of Love will replace the Love of Power. Then will our world know the blessings of peace.”

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On 20 May, the first structural bilateral Human Rights Dialogue between the EU and Myanmar took place in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. The new Human Rights Dialogue reaffirms the commitment of the two sides to further strengthen their relationship in the field of human rights. This dialogue is a follow-up to the EU-Myanmar Task Force held in November 2013. The establishment of an EU-Myanmar Human Rights Dialogue is a further demonstration of the EU’s strong commitment to accompany the democratic transition and reforms in Myanmar and further deepen bilateral ties. On this occasion, the EU and Myanmar discussed a wide range of multilateral issues to help deepen mutual understanding, and to enhance cooperation,

by reinforcing common positions in favour of strengthening international human rights standards. The EU and Myanmar also discussed issues of common interest at bilateral level, in order to strengthen cooperation to promote and protect human rights, to promote the exchange of best practices in ratifying international conventions and treaties, to identify challenges and to strengthen their links in cooperation in areas of mutual interest. During the Dialogue, the EU and Myanmar took stock of the current situation of human rights on both sides. They covered major issues of concern for human rights, in particular political prisoners, freedom of expression, hate speech, economic, social and cultural rights, land rights, business and human rights, labour rights and non-discrimination. The situation in Rakhine State was also discussed. The EU-Myanmar Human Rights Dialogue was co-chaired by EU Special Representative for Human Rights Stavros Lambrinidis and Myanmar Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs U Thant Kyaw. EU Ambassador to Myanmar, Roland Kobia, and Acting Director-General U Htin Lynn from the International Organizations and Economic Affairs Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs also attended and contributed to the Dialogue. The Dialogue was preceded by a Civil Society Forum on 19 May in Yangon, where the EU’s and Myanmar’s achievements and remaining challenges in the area of human rights were discussed with civil society and human rights defenders.

Union minister reaffirms protection of child sex tourism

SWD organizes workshop on gender, CEDAW

Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May 2014


The European Union and Myanmar hold first bilateral Human Rights Dialogue

Yangon, 20 May— Union Minister for Hotel and Tourism U Htay Aung on Tuesday said that the government will continue to protect children from sexual exploitation in the travel and tourism industry of the country. At the forum held in Sule Shangri-La here, the Union minister said that all the relevant bodies are reponsible for preventing child abuses which can cause physical and mental problems. The forum was jointly organized by Switzerland government, Myanmar Tourism Federation and The Code (short for “The Code of Conduct for the

Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation in Travel and Tourism”). Myanmar is making consistent efforts on tourism development in a sustainable and responsible way to eliminate child abuses after signing an MoU with the World Tourism Organization and the World Vision. Christoph Burgener, Switzerland Ambassador to Myanmar, also said that sustainable and responsible tourism is very important to a country which has expected seven million tourists in 2020. The ambassador added that sexual exploitation on children poses a major

threat to the tourism industry boom. He then promised that Swiss government will cooperate with The Code to protect the lives of Myanmar children from sexual exploitation in this industry. MNA

Monywa, 20 May— Social Welfare Department organized a workshop on gender equality and the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) at the office of

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Myingyan District General Administration Department in Mandalay Region on Monday. The workshop was held with responsible persons of departments concerned, INGOs and NGOs talking about works to be done for promotion of the rights of women and their

livelihoods. With the participation of 30 trainees from departments concerned, Maternal and Child Welfare Association, Women’s Affairs Organization, Red Cross Society and other social organizations, the workshop will last three days. Zaw Min Naing-Myingyan

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Wednesday, 21 May, 2014


national Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May — A committee on reviewing the table-1, 2 and 5 of the 2008 Constitution and drafting law held a meeting in Nay Pyi Taw on Tuesday. During the meeting, union ministers and region and state ministers discussed measures that should be taken to be able to carry out reforms of administrative and economic sectors and matters related to amending the constitution. Union Minister U Hla Tun, a deputy chairman of the committee, has urged the ministers of the region and state governments not to focus on getting tax and

to give advices for development of their regions and the country. The meeting focused on agriculture and livestock sectors, land management, taxation, environmental issues, transition to mechanized farming, power supply in rural areas, oil and natural gas sector, foreign investment in power supply and construction of power plants and mining sectors. The meeting will continue tomorrow.—MNA

Union ministers, region/state ministers discuss administrative, economic reforms

Meeting for reviewing 2008 Constitution and drafting law in progerss.—mna

Myanmar forms NSC for WTO’s EIF programmme Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May —A seminar on Enhanced Integrated Framework programme took place with a formation of National Steering Committee-NSC at Hotel Shwepyidaw in Nay Pyi Taw on Tuesday.

Deputy Minister for Commerce Dr Pwint Hsan spoke on the occasion and Mrs. Isabel Faria De Almeida, head of cooperation of European Union gave an account of the programme.

The EIF is a WTO’s programme that helps Least Developed Countries play a more active role in the global trading system. The WTO accepted Myanmar as EIF member in April, 2013.—MNA

Swedish business firms eye Myanmar market Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May—Union Minister for Industry U Maung Myint received a Swedish business delegation led by Swedish Ambassador to Thailand H.E Mr Klas Molin and Swedish Ambassa-

Implementation committee for constitutional amendment continues discussions

Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May — A committee for implementation of constitutional amendment held its (9/2014) meeting at a hall of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Tuesday. In his opening speech, Chairman of the committee

U Nanda Kyaw Swa, deputy speaker of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, outlined decisions of the previous meeting and matters to be discussed at today’s meeting. The meeting continued with committee members holding further discussions

on Chapter XII that was discussed during the previous meeting. The meeting came to an end with concluding remarks by the committee chairman. The committee for implementation of constitu-

tional amendment will continue its meetings based on three objectives included in the responsibilities of the committee, the guidance given by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker and public suggestions. MNA

Youth Leadership and Personality Development: Myanmar Women and Children Development Federatoin (MWCDF) is conducting Youth Leadership and Personality Development course starting from 19 May. Trainees are receiveing leadership skills, managing time effiectively, the art of dealings, social code of conduct through discussions at the course. Altogether 63 youths from Maulaybin, Mingon Tract, Kyweshin, and Thabyegon around Nay Pyi Taw and family members of the respective ministries and associations are taking the course which will last till 23 May. The second batch will be opened in Yangon in the third week of June. (MWCDF) has its branch in Yangon. In cooperation with associations with common interests at home and abroad, the federation has been organizing workshops, teaching children of monastic educaiton schools and disseminating health knowledge and engaging in electrification tasks for villages which have difficut access to electricity since May 2013.—NLM

dor to Singapore H.E Mr Hakan Jevrell at the meeting hall of his ministry on Monday morning. At the call, they discussed matters related to opportunities for economic cooperation, investments in the industrial sector,

technical support for the pharmaceutical industry, metallurgical industries, and cooperation in banking services for development of SMEs. The Swedish business group comprised 14 different firms.—MNA

Application for registration of political party Nay Pyi Taw, 20 May — Union Election Commission is scrutinizing and allowing application of political parties for registration as a political party.

The Democratic Party for New Society (DPNS) submitted its application for registration of political party to Union Election Commission on 20 May.—MNA

Democratic Party for New Society (DPNS): Public notice for remonstration 1. The Democratic Party for New Society (DPNS), headquartered at No.4, Thiriwaiba Road, Zawana ward, Thingangyun Township, Yangon, applied for registration as a political party on 20-5-2014 in accord with Political Parties Registration Law Section 5. In applying for its registration, the party has submitted its name, flag and seal to be used as mentioned hereunder. 2. It is hereby announced in accord with Political Parties Registration Rule 14 (d) that those who wish to remonstrate with the Union Election Commission about the party name, flag and seal may do so with firm evidence within seven days from the date of this announcement. Union Election Commission



New Light of Myanmar

Wednesday, 21 May, 2014


Libyan air force base in eastern city says joins renegade general’s forces Tripoli, 20 May — A Libyan air force base in the eastern city of Tobruk said on Monday it was allying itself with a renegade general who has promised to purge the country of Islamist militants. A statement from the air base said its personnel wanted to fight what it called extremists, echoing the rhetoric of General Khalifa Haftar. “The Torbuk air force base will join...the army under the command of General Khalifa Qassim Haftar,” the statement said. Staff at the air base confirmed its authenticity. Heavily-armed gunmen apparently loyal to Haftar had stormed parliament on Sunday demanding it be suspended and power handed over to a 60-member body that is rewriting Libya’s constitution. The Tobruk air base development was significant as it was not clear how much backing Haftar’s men had within Libya’s nascent regular armed forces and the powerful brigades of former rebels who had toppled Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. Any

Armed men aim their weapons from a vehicle as smoke rises in the background near the General National Congress in Tripoli on 18 May, 2014.—Reuters alliance of militias lining up against Islamist groups threatens to deepen chaos in the OPEC oil producer,

whose fragile government is struggling to gain legitimacy and impose its authority.

Israel sends experts to help hunt for Nigerian schoolgirls

Nigerians take part in a protest demanding for the release of secondary school girls abducted from the remote village of Chibok, in Asokoro, Abuja on 13 May, 2014.—Reuters Jerusalem, 20 May — Israel has sent intelligence experts to Nigeria to help search for more than 200 schoolgirls abducted last month by Islamist rebel group Boko Haram, an Israeli official said on Tuesday. The team, which the official said included people experienced in dealing with hostage situations, will join a growing international effort to track down the children. “These are not operational troops, they’re

there to advise,” the Israeli official said, speaking on condition of anonymity. The US military is already flying manned and unmanned surveillance aircraft over Nigeria to look for the girls, whose abduction triggered a worldwide outcry and piled pressure on Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan to deal with the rebels. Boko Haram has killed thousands of people in its campaign to establish an Islamic state in mostly

Muslim northeast Nigeria. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu sent his team out about a week ago after discussing the situation with Jonathan, the official added. Israel has defence ties with a number of African countries, and had sold surveillance drones to Nigeria. Last September, Israel sent advisers to Kenya to help in a stand-off with Islamist attackers at a shopping mall in Nairobi.—Reuters

Haftar, once a Gaddafi ally who turned against him over a 1980s war in Chad, fueled rumours of a

coup in February when he appeared on television in uniform calling for a caretaker government to end

the crisis in Libya. His forces attacked militants in the eastern city of Benghazi on Friday. More than 70 people were killed. Tripoli was quiet on Monday with most people staying indoors after fighting raged across the capital on Sunday. Two people were killed in that violence. The international airport was open though some flights were cancelled as travellers could not easily reach it. But authorities extended the closure of Benghazi airport for another week because of the unrest, the airport director said. It was attacked with rockets overnight. Saudi Arabia closed its embassy in Tripoli and evacuated its diplomatic staff due to security reasons on Monday. Since the end of Gaddafi’s one-man rule, the main rival militias of ex-rebels have become powerbrokers in Libya’s political vacuum, carving out fiefdoms and flexing their military muscle to make demands on the state.—Reuters

L , 20 May — Britain said on Monday that a UK spy military surveillance aircraft it had dispatched to help for more than 200 missing schoolgirls in Nigeria plane to search had broken down en route. plane, an RAF Sentinel, was deployed on Sunday help search afterThe Nigeria accepted an offer of help from British Prime Minister David Cameron. for Nigerian It was meant to join US aircraft in the search for the missing girls who were abducted last month by Islamist schoolgirls group Boko Haram. “The Sentinel has been delayed en route by a technibreaks cal problem which is being investigated,” a spokeswoman for Britain’s Ministry of Defence told Reuters. Reuters down ondon

Britain summons Sudan diplomat over death penalty for Christian convert

London, 20 May — Britain summoned the Sudanese charge d’affaires on Monday to protest against sentencing a pregnant woman to death for converting to Christianity. A Sudanese court this month handed down the sentence to 27-year-old Mariam Yahya Ibrahim for converting to Christianity. The court ordered her to abandon her newly adopted

faith and return to Islam. She was also charged with adultery for marrying a Christian. Britain’s foreign office said the sentence was barbaric and asked Sudanese Charge d’Affaires Bukhari Afandi to urge his government to uphold its international obligations on freedom of religion or belief and do all it can to overturn this decision.

In reaction to Britain’s move, Sudan’s Foreign Ministry said Ibrahim’s case was a judicial, not political, matter. “The ruling on the woman was issued by the judiciary in Sudan which is independent and the government does not interfere in it,” spokesman Abu-Bakr Al-Siddiq told Reuters adding the ruling could be appealed in a higher court.—Reuters

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Wednesday, 21 May, 2014


Science & Technology

Sex ratios of sea turtles affected by weather temperatures B eijing , 20 May — More female sea turtles may be produced as the world is getting warmer, according to media reports on Monday quoting new studies. Sex of many reptile species, including sea turtles, is determined by temperature during incubation. For sea turtles, more male hatchlings are produced as incubation temperatures are below 29 degree Celsius, and more females are produced above that temperature. However, it will not endanger the sea turtle populations, at least for the next few decades, as is suggested in a study of Nature Climate Change. In fact, sea turtle populations may possibly rise up, for males breed more frequently than females. Xinhua

Facebook to roll out ‘I’m a Voter’ feature worldwide Washington, 20 May —When Americans voted to renew President Barack Obama’s lease on the White House in November 2012, more than 9 million citizens took to Facebook to click the “I’m a Voter” button, showing their online friends that they had cast a ballot. The social media site plans to offer versions of the feature around the world for a slate of national elections this year, the company said on Monday. The feature was available for voters in India as the world’s largest democracy chose a new prime minister, Narendra Modi, in voting over recent weeks. Over 4 million Indian voters used the “I’m a Voter” button during the country’s parliamentary elections, Facebook said. For Facebook, this is another effort to integrate its services into the everyday life of people around the globe as it seeks to increase

its number of users, particularly in emerging markets. The button will appear for voters in next week’s European Parliament and Colombian elections, and for citizens in South Korea, Indonesia, Sweden,

Scotland, New Zealand, and Brazil later this year. It will also appear again for Americans, during November’s midterm congressional elections. By clicking the button, users broadcast their status

as a voter to their network of friends, but do not reveal how their vote was cast. Previewing the feature’s worldwide roll-out, Facebook said it estimates nearly 400 million people will see the message in their

news feeds this year — more than one third of its roughly 1.1 billion active users. A 2012 study in scientific journal Nature found that in the United States’ 2010 midterm elections, 340,000 additional citizens voted after seeing that their friends had clicked the button to indicate they had cast a ballot. That election heralded the rise of the conservative Tea Party movement for smaller government, as Republicans swept into office and claimed the US House of Representatives from Democrats. “There is a real social multiplier effect,” said Andy Stone, a spokesman in Facebook’s Washington office. “When people see on Facebook that their friends have voted, they themselves are motivated to vote.” Facebook shares were at $59.28, up 2 percent, in late US trading. Reuters

Internet search company, make further inroads into corporate settings. Google’s Android mobile operating system is used in more than three out of every four smartphones sold worldwide. Divide’s mobile app separates a consumer’s personal data and the corporate data contained on a phone, making it easier for businesses to manage disparate personal devices that consumers increasingly use on the job. Divide will continue to offer its service to existing customers, the post said. The four-year-old, New York-based company had raised $25 million, with its most recent funding round led by Google’s venture capital arm, Google Ventures. Reuters

London, 20 May — The Antarctic ice sheet is losing 159 billion tonnes of ice each year, twice as much as when it was last surveyed, according to a three-year observation by Europe’s satellite. The findings by a team of scientists led by Leeds University researchers were published Monday on the American scientific journal Geophysical Research Letters. They used measurements collected by the European Space Agency’s CryoSat-2 satellite mission, which carries an altimeter specially designed for this task. On average, West Antarctica lost 134 gigatonnes of ice, East Antarctica three gigatonnes, and the Antarctic Peninsula 23 gigatonnes

in each year between 2010 and 2013 — a total loss of 159 gigatonnes each year, and twice as much compared with the data from last survey conducted from 2005 to 2010. Researchers wrote in the report that, the polar ice sheets are a major contributor to global sea level rise and, when combined, the Antarctic losses detected by CryoSat-2 are enough to raise global sea levels by 0.45 mm each year alone. Launched in 2010, CryoSat-2 carries a radar altimeter that can “see through” clouds and in the dark, providing continuous measurements over areas like Antarctica that are prone to bad weather and long periods of darkness. The radar can measure the surface height variation

of ice in fine detail, allowing scientists to record changes in its volume with unprecedented accuracy. Professor Andrew Shepherd of the Leeds University, who led the study, said: “Thanks to its novel instrument design and to its near-polar orbit, CryoSat allows us to survey coastal and high-latitude regions of Antarctica that were beyond the capability of past altimeter missions.” The increased thinning that was detected in West Antarctica is a worrying development, which adds concrete evidence that dramatic changes are underway in this area, he said. The challenge is to use this evidence to test and improve the predictive skill of climate models, according to the researcher. Xinhua

A giant ‘’like’’ icon made popular by Facebook is seen at the company’s new headquarters in Menlo Park, California on 11 Jan, 2012.—Reuters

Google acquires mobile service Ice losses in Antarctica continue to rise company Divide

A Google logo is reflected on the screen of a Samsung Galaxy S4 smartphone in this photo illustration taken in Prague on 31 Jan, 2014.—Reuters S an F rancisco , 20 May—Google Inc said it has acquired Divide, a company whose software allows corporations to manage the personal smartphones that consumers increasingly use on the job. In a post on Divide’s

website on Monday, the company said it was joining Google’s Android team. The post did not provide financial terms of the deal and a Google spokesman declined to comment on the terms. The deal could help Google, the world’s No 1

Wearable camera maker GoPro files to go public New York, 20 May — Gopro Inc, which makes wearable sports cameras and accessories, filed with US regulators on Monday to raise up to $100 million in an initial public offering of common stock. JP Morgan, Citigroup and Barclays are the lead underwriters of the IPO, the company told the US Securities and Exchange Commission in a preliminary prospectus.

GoPro, founded in 2004, sells its products through specialty retailers who target surf, ski and motorsports enthusiasts. The San Mateo, California-based comp-any’s cameras are also used by the Discovery Channel, ESPN and other networks. GoPro’s founder and CEO Nicholas Woodman and his family are the biggest stockholders with a 49 per-

cent stake. The company’s other prominent shareholder is Foxteq Holdings Inc, a unit of contract manufacturer Foxconn Ltd. GoPro’s revenue almost doubled to $985.7 million in 2013. The company is also profitable, earning $60.6 million, or 47 cents per share. The filing did not reveal how many shares the company planned to sell or their expected price.—Reuters

Wang Yaping (1st L), the second Chinese female astronaut entering the space, attends an activity of the 2014 National Science and Technology Week in Beijing, capital of China, on 17 May, 2014. Xinhua


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Wednesday, 21 May, 2014


Open letter to Obama calls for new steps to promote change in Cuba Miami, 20 May — The White House should expand licensed travel for all Americans to Cuba and increase support for civil society on the communist-ruled island, according to an open letter to President Barack Obama signed by an unprecedented group of 44 policy reform advocates and former US officials. The letter released on Monday was signed by John Negroponte, the Director of National Intelligence under President George W Bush, retired Admiral James Stavridis, who stepped down last year as Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, and several former senior State Department officials and prominent Cuban Americans. It’s the latest sign of increased pressure on the Obama administration to soften the US Cold Warera policy on Cuba and follows a February poll that found a strong majority of Americans favour loosening the five-decades-old punitive policy of Cuba sanctions. While stopping short of calling for legislation to end the economic embargo, it lists measures that

A man waves a Cuban flag in Havana’s Revolution Square during the May Day parade on 1 May, 2014.—Reuters are within the executive authority of the president and do not require congressional approval. The recommendations seek to take advantage of a “window of opportunity” created by reforms underway in Cuba to reduce state control in some economic areas and allow the creation of small, privately run businesses.

Reducing US restrictions on travel and financial activity in Cuba would help “by giving greater freedom to private organizations and individuals to directly and indirectly serve as catalysts for meaningful change in Cuba,” the letter said. Supporters of maintaining tough sanctions against Cuba were quick to reject the proposals.

“History has proven that Castro only eases economic measures when he’s forced to, not as a ‘goodwill’ measure,” said Mauricio Claver-Carone, director of the influential US-Cuba Democracy PAC. By seeking to use executive authority the recommendations involved “circumventing the rule of law,” since the embargo

Turkish court arrests eight in mine investigation, including CEO

Turkish Army soldiers patrol at the site of a coal mine in Soma, a district in Turkey’s western province of Manisa on 19 May, 2014. Reuters Soma, (Turkey), 20 May — Eight suspects were arrested by a Turkish court late on Monday in the western town of Soma,

on a provisional charge of “causing multiple deaths” in last week’s mine disaster, as the last of the 301 victims were buried.

Ramazan Dogru, general manager of Soma Coal Mining Company, and Chief Executive Can Gurkan, the son of company

owner Alp Gurkan, were among those arrested. The arrests came after twenty-six people were detained and questioned. The remaining suspects were released, but could face prosecution later. An initial report on the possible causes of the accident, cited by prosecutor Bekir Sahiner, indicated that the fire could have been triggered by coal heating up after making contact with the air. The disaster was the deadliest mining incident in Turkey’s history, surpassing the death toll of a firedamp explosion that killed 263 miners in Zonguldak in 1992. The disaster has sparked protests across Turkey, directed at mine owners accused of ignoring safety for profit, and at Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan’s government, seen as too close to industry bosses and insensitive in its response.—Reuters

was passed by Congress, he added. Signatories say the recommendations were vetted by a New York law firm, Shearman & Sterling, which advises major corporations and governments. Among the recommendations is the expansion of travel licenses to include exchanges by professional organizations,

including law, real estate, financial services, hospitality and any area defined as supporting independent economic activity. It also recommends anyone should be allowed to offer services and send money and goods to Cuba such as telecommunications hardware, cell towers, and satellite dishes. Additionally, the letter urges the White House to hold “serious discussions with Cuban counterparts” on issues such as national security, migration, drugs and the environment. Any talks with Cuba, the letter said, should be used as “leverage” to help secure the release of jailed US government contractor Alan Gross, who is serving a 15-year jail sentence in Cuba for trying to set up illegal internet connections in Cuba. “The letter is a very rational, common-sense request,” said Joe Garcia, a Cuban American congressman from Miami. “The president’s policy of allowing more travel and remittances to Cuba has produced more change in Cuba in the last five years than the previous 50 years.” Reuters

Seven bodies dumped in truck in northern Mexico Mexico City, 20 May — Seven bodies were dumped in a light truck in the northern Mexican state of Tamaulipas where a battle between drug gangs has sparked a wave of bloody shootouts and massacres, the government said on Monday. The bodies of four men and three women who have not yet been identified were found late Sunday in the port city of Tampico, according to a statement from a government task force set up last month to respond to the spike in violence across the state. Mexico’s feared Gulf cartel has been battling the Zetas over control of drug and migrant smuggling routes around Nuevo Laredo, the biggest border crossing for trade between the United States and Mexico. Tamaulipas houses

vast deposits of shale resources and major energy installations, including the smallest of the country’s six oil refineries. President Enrique Peña Nieto is trying to rein in drug violence, which has claimed the lives of more than 90,000 Mexicans since former president Felipe Calderon sent out the military to fight gangs at the end of 2006. Peña Nieto ordered a task force of federal and state officials in April to take over security operations in Tamaulipas amid concerns about corruption in local security forces who were failing to stop a surge in violence. Earlier this month, a commander of a new elite investigative unit was killed by other police just two months after assuming his post. Reuters

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Wednesday, 21 May, 2014


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in a 18 May interview for a story published on Tuesday on the magazine’s website. “A lot of what’s out there is untrue,” Vanity Fair quoted Sulzberger as saying in what it billed as his first interview since the 14 May announcement of Abramson’s ouster, which sparked a firestorm of commentary on women managers in the workplace.

Jill Abramson, former Executive Editor of the New York Times, gives the commencement address at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina on 19 May, 2014.— Reuters

Sulzberger, who appointed Abramson to the job in 2011, said that her position on the Times’ executive committee had increased her bonus significantly, which according to the Times boosted her overall compensation more than 10 percent higher than that of her predecessor, Bill Keller, in his last year. Vanity Fair said Abramson declined to comment on Sulzberger’s statements to the magazine. But it said a former Times executive recalled that Abramson had raised objections to her compensation when she took the job and felt there was a discrepancy when compared with Keller’s salary, hiring a lawyer to discuss her compensation. Sulzberger appointed Dean Baquet, Abramson’s deputy, as her successor, some three years after choosing Abramson over Baquet for the newspaper’s top editorial job.—Reuters

1. The Myanma Petroleum Products Enterprise (MPPE) is a state-owned enterprise which is responsible for carrying out the retail and wholesale distribution of petroleum products under the Ministry of Energy (MOE) in Myanmar. The MPPE is currently distributing jet fuel in 11 airports in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. 2. In order to better serve customers in the importation, storage, distribution and sales of jet fuel in Myanmar’s airports and to improve the management of the business while conducting environmentally friendly operations, the Government and the MPPE are seeking an experienced partner to form a joint venture. The purpose of the future joint venture company is to operate and improve the existing Jet Fuel Distribution Enterprise’s business activity at the Yangon International Airport first. At a later stage, negotiations will be opened with the MPPE to expand the joint venture to the remaining 10 airports. 3. Interested foreign companies should please submit the Letter of Expression of Interest together with a completed Pre-Qualification Application form (posted on MOE’s website) attached with the following documents endorsed by Myanmar Embassy in the respective country, to Managing Director, Myanma Petroleum Products Enterprise, Ministry of Energy, Office No.6, Nay Pyi Taw, by 16:30 hours on 16-6-2014, at the latest, by hand. (a) Certificate of incorporation (b) Memorandum of association (c) Articles of association (d) Company profile (e) Financial statements for last three years 4. Pre-qualification applications that cannot include all the documents under the above paragraph (3) and that cannot reach the above address by 16:30 hours on 16-6-2014 will not be considered. 5. Applicants shall be the company running jet fuel distribution at least three International airports in three different countries. 6. Documents and detailed information regarding EOI are available at and applicants can personally contact and the following address if they have any further queries: Managing Director Myanma Petroleum Products Enterprise, Ministry of Energy Office No.6, Nay Pyi Taw Tel:067-411488;067-411053;067-411119;067-411135 Fax: 067-411101

Extension of the Request for Letter of Expression of Interest (LOEI) Title: Joint Venture Project of LPG Production, Storage, Distribution and Marketing for Liquefied Petroleum Gas Plant (Nyaung Don) Myanma Petrochemical Enterprise (MPE) had invited the interested foreign investors for the request of the Expression of Interest regarding the above title from 1.04.2014 to 7.04.2014 in the New Light of Myanmar newspaper and to be submitted by 15.05.2014 during office hours. Now, MPE hereby announces that the additional information for LOEI shall be as follows; (a) The submission of LOEI shall be extended up to 26.05.2014 from 15.05.2014, (b) The endorsement from the respective embassy of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar at the place of company’s registration or nearest shall be submitted. (c) Only the companies that submitted LOEI shall be considered in Tender Process and only the companies who had met MPE’s requirements shall be proceeded for the Invitation to Tender.

NY Times publisher denies fired female editor was paid less

New York, 20 May— Days after the sudden termination of Jill Abramson as executive editor of The New York Times, the first woman to hold that position, the newspaper’s publisher denied reports that she had been paid less than her predecessor. “There is no truth to the charge,” Arthur Sulzberger Jr told Vanity Fair

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar Ministry of Energy Invitation for Expression of Interest (EOI) from Interested Parties For Sales and Distribution of Jet Fuel

Hundreds evacuated in El Salvador as volcanic activity picks up Mexico City, 19 May— More than 1,000 people in El Salvador were evacuated from the area around the simmering Chaparrastique volcano in the east of the Central American country as a precautionary measure against a possible eruption, the government said on Monday. Around 1,400 people have been moved from their homes since Sunday due to a jump in activity by the volcano, said Armando Vividor, operations chief of the country’s emergency services. The 2,130-metre (6,988-feet) Chaparrastique volcano, which is also known as San Miguel, lies about 140 km (87 miles) east of San Salvador.—Reuters

Invitation for Open Tender

1. No. (2) Mining Enterprise, Ministry of Mines invites to submit the tender quotation of open tender for Electro Refined Tin (ABT 60 MT), Pyro Refined Tin (ABT 20 MT), Concentrate and Other Tin Mixed Ore. 2. Tender Closing date and time is 20th June, 2014, (15:30) Hrs. 3. Tender documents are available from the Procurement Department, No. (2) Mining Enterprise, Ministry of Mines, Office Building No. (19), Nay Pyi Taw and details can be asked to +95 (0)67 - 409391 within the office hours. Tender Invitation Committee No(2) Mining Enterprise.

s! u h it w an e e s i c , la M ert p L v d o A eN st h e t i r qu ent in il n i For tisem e ema er as gma v e l d P a n@ u t . ce a l l wa


New Light of Myanmar

Wednesday, 21 May, 2014


‘Foxcatcher’ wrestles with demons at Cannes film festival Cannes, (France), 20 May — Inner demons are at the emotional core of “Foxcatcher”, Bennett Miller’s compelling film about the 1996 murder of a wrestling champion by the heir to the prominent US Du Pont family, premiering at the Cannes film festival on Monday. It is the first time at Cannes for US director Miller, whose 2005 film “Capote” earned him a nomination as Best Director at the Academy Awards and a Best Actor win for its star, the late Philip Seymour

Hoffman. The top-notch cast includes Channing Tatum and Mark Ruffalo as Olympic champion brothers Mark and Dave Schultz, and a cast-against-type and completely unrecognisable Steve Carell as John du Pont, a role Miller said was “far out of his (Carell’s) comfort zone”. “My athletes consider me as a brother, a father and a leader,” Du Pont boasts during the film after he establishes a training camp for amateur wrestlers on the grounds of his family’s

Director Bennett Miller (2ndR) reacts while journalists greet cast members Mark Ruffalo (L), Channing Tatum (2ndL) and Steve Carell (R) before a news confrence for the film ‘’Foxcatcher’’ in competition at the 67th Cannes Film Festival in Cannes on 19 May , 2014.—Reuters sprawling mansion. But the reality is darker and far less flattering. An odd character shut inside his world of privilege and surrounded by his mother’s (Vanessa Redgrave) equestrian trophies, Du Pont suffers from an inferiority complex. Yet delusions of grandeur, and a deep-seated assumption that money US actress Jessica Chastain arrives for the screening of “Foxcatcher” during the 67th Cannes Film Festival, in Cannes of France, on 19 May, 2014. The movie is presented in the Official Competition of the festival which runs from 14 to 25 May .—Xinhua

Shah Rukh Khan’s New Sport is Kabaddi Mumbai, 20 May — Superstar Shah Rukh Khan, a co-owner of an Indian Premier League (IPL) franchise, is now going to attend Pro Kabaddi league matches. He confirmed his presence at the tournament in a series of tweets exchanged between him and Ronnie Screwvala, who owns a kabaddi franchise. When the Don star tweeted about the recent victory of his IPL team Kolkata Knight Riders in Hyderabad, Screwvala responded to it by posting: “Congrats SRK — force be with you on this and at Happy New Year too.” The actor then requested Screwvala to call him for kabaddi.

Shah Rukh confirmed his presence at Pro Kabaddi league in a series of tweets exchanged between him and Ronnie Screwvala, who owns a kabaddi franchise.—PTI Screwvala then posted, “July last week — we have a date! Kabaddi Kabaddi Kabaddi.” Shah Rukh, a sports enthusiast, then said he will be there for his team as well as for actor Abhishek Bachchan, who has

bought Jaipur franchise of Pro-Kabaddi, a professional Kabaddi league. “Ronnie Screwvala, will be there for your team and Abhishek’s team,” replied King Khan, who played the sport in his film Pardes. Meanwhile, he was ecstatic that his team Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) won an IPL match against Sunrisers Hyderabad. “My mom would be proud of my KKR boys. Love you. Need to kiss you all. Will come to Kolkata and do it. Umesh (Yadav) you are the sweetest. Absolutely deserving of the Man of Match. Me and my daughter have kind of gone mad with happiness,” Shah Rukh Khan further posted on Twitter on Monday. —PTI

can buy him anything, see him overstepping his role as benefactor as he clearly yearns to be part of the team — wearing a warm-up suit with his athletes and calling himself their coach and mentor. Despite the sweat and muscle that are the backdrop, it is a quiet and intensely psychological film that explores the ultimately fatal relationship between du Pont and the two broters.

“There’s a lot of American male repressed non-communication happening in this film,” Miller told journalists and critics at a Press conference. “There’s an undercurrent beneath the undercurrent. Every scene is just the tip of the iceberg.” The real Mark Schultz visited the set during filming. “Having Mark there was emotionally very in-

tense because he was sort of reliving a difficult time for him,” said Ruffalo. “You go through a bad time in your life once and then you have to go through it again on a movie set, that’s a little heavy.” As for Carrel, Miller said he had trusted his instincts that the actor lauded for his skills at comedy could handle the transformative role. Reuters

Mike Leigh film on painter Turner tipped for Cannes Palme d’Or Cannes, (France), 20 May — British director Mike Leigh says he was “terrified” at the prospect of capturing the scope and subtlety of a Turner painting in a film. But his cinematic portrait of the life of the artist known for his sweeping seascapes is an early favorite to win the Cannes Film Festival’s top prize, the Palme D’Or. Screen International’s survey of critics published on Monday tipped “Mr Turner” for the prize, just ahead of Turkish director Nuri Bilge Ceylan’s “Winter Sleep.” “It’s a tough subject for a film,” Leigh said in an interview with Reuters TV. “I mean, to make a film about what to some people is an obscure 19th century painter, to make such a film without compromise. I mean we haven’t had to Hollywood-ize it in

any way and it is an independent picture.” Leigh is known for a style of working that is grounded in theater, with no script at the start of the process, lengthy rehearsals and improvised dialogue. “Mr Turner” has earned great reviews from critics, who have praised

its Dickensian feel, its ability to wordlessly express domestic turmoil, and its underlying themes of class consciousness and the nature of art. Reviewers have also lauded a masterful performance from Timothy Spall as the cantankerous and grunting JMW Turner.—Reuters

Director Mike Leigh (R) signs autographs next to cast members Timothy Spall (L) and Marion Bailey (C) as they arrive to attend a news conference for the film “Mr. Turner’’ in competition at the 67th Cannes Film Festival in Cannes on 15 May, 2014.—Reuters

New Light of Myanmar

Wednesday, 21 May, 2014



United turn to tried and tested in Van Gaal London, 20 May — Manchester United returned to a tried and trusted trophy winner after an ill-fated adventure with David Moyes when announcing that Dutchman Louis van Gaal had been handed the job of reviving the club’s fortunes on Monday. The 62-year-old, who has masterminded league titles at some of Europe’s biggest clubs including Barcelona and Bayern Munich, and won the Champions League with Ajax Amsterdam, will begin the re-building job at Old Trafford once he has finished national duties at the World Cup. Ryan Giggs, United’s record appearance holder, will work alongside him after his four-game stint in charge following the sacking last month of Moyes, who was given the chance on the back of a long and worthy, but success-starved, 11-year stint in charge of Everton. “In Louis van Gaal, we have secured the services of one of the outstanding managers in the game today, United executive vice-chairman Ed Woodward said in a statement that announced the Dutchman had signed a threeyear contract and would start work after leading the Netherlands at the World Cup finals which start next month. “Everyone is very excited about this new phase in the club’s history. His track record of success in winning leagues and cups across Europe throughout his career makes him the perfect choice for us.” Van Gaal, who has already been working behind

Louis van Gaal the scenes with United officials regarding potential transfers, is likely to take charge for the first time when United play LA Galaxy in a friendly in Pasadena, California, on 23-10 July days after the World Cup final. “It was always a wish for me to work in the Premier League. To work as a manager for Manchester United, the biggest club in the world, makes me very proud,” said Van Gaal, United’s first manager from beyond the British Isles. “This club has big ambitions; I too have big ambitions. Together I’m sure we will make history.”

Safe Hands

A year on from the bold decision to replace English football’s most successful manager Alex Ferguson with fellow Scot Moyes — mainly on Ferguson’s recommendation — the club’s owners, stung by the financial impact of failure to qualify for the Champions League, have played it safe. In Van Gaal they have recruited a manager who will command huge respect in the dressing room and in the transfer market and whose methods have stood the test of time. He will need all his vast experience too as United attempt to repair the damage done by the 10-month Moyes era, which resulted in a seventh-placed finish in the Premier League.

The magnitude of the Old Trafford job appeared beyond Moyes but Van Gaal has sat comfortably — and certainly confidently — in some of the most pressurised hot-seats in world football despite occasional glitches and fallouts. His first task will be rebuilding the club’s defence, which will be without Rio Ferdinand and Nemanja Vidic next season, and recruiting more pace and flair to a side that laboured last season, particularly at home. Reviving striker Robin van Persie will also be key after the Dutchman suffered a disappointing campaign compared to his barnstorming impact the previous year when his goals fired United to a 20th English title. United fans will be re-assured by Van Gaal’s past feats. He was responsible for nurturing great players such as Frank Rijkaard, Clarence Seedorf and Edgar Davids at Ajax who he memorably led to Champions League glory in 1995. At Barcelona he won two La Liga titles in three seasons during his first spell from 1997-2000 while at Bayern Munich in 2010 he became the first Dutch coach to win the Bundesliga, unleashing rising German talents such as Thomas Mueller and Bastian Schweinsteiger and signing compatriot Arjen Robben. Under Moyes, United’s 2012-13 title-winning squad chronically under-performed, suffering an abysmal home record and humiliating thrashings by Man City and Liverpool.

The Scot’s body language was defeatist at times and there was a suspicion that some of the club’s senior players were less than impressed with his style of play. Van Gaal, used to handling the egos of high-profile internationals, will have little time for dissenters.

Influential Giggs

While Moyes made the mistake of ditching Ferguson’s backroom staff in his first days in charge, Van Gaal’s acclimatisation at Old Trafford will be aided by the fact that Giggs, a hugely influential figure at the club, will be his right-hand man having announced on Monday that he his playing days are over having made 963 appearances in a glittering

Ryan Giggs 23-year career. “Louis is a world-class coach and I know I will learn a lot about coaching from being able to observe and contribute at such close quarters,” Giggs said. “Manchester United has been a huge part of my life and I’m delighted to be able to continue that relationship in such a key role.” Van Gaal will also bring Dutch goalkeeping coach Frans Hoek and scouting specialist Marcel Bout to the club as assistant coaches. Reuters

(8-5-1427. News MYANMAR TV (21-5-2014,Wednesday)

6:00 am 1. Paritta by Venerable Mingun Sayadaw 6:35 am 2. Classical Song 7:00 am 3. News/ Weather Report 7:40 am 4. Documentary 8:00 am 5. News/ International News 8:30 am 6. India Drama Series 9:00 am 7. News/ International News 9:30 am 8. Documentary (ASEAN) 10:20 am 9. TV Drama Series 11:40 am 10. Approaching Science Discovery World 12:00 pm 11. News / International News / Weather Report 12:30 pm 12. Myanmar Movie 2:25 pm 13. Musical Programme 3:20 pm 14. Teleplay 4:00 pm 15. News/Weather Report 4:45 pm 16. University of Distance Education (TV Lectures) Third Year (English) 5:00 pm 17. News 5:30 pm 18. India Drama Series 6:00 pm 19. News/ Weather Report 6:50 pm 20. TV Drama Series 7:00 pm 21. News 7:20 pm 22. TV Drama Series 8:00 pm 23. News/International News/Weather Report 8:35 pm 24. Documentary 8:50 pm 25. People Talks 9:00 pm 26. News/ Weather Report 27. Musical Programme 28. Fine Arts Bosom of Dramatic Performance

MYANMAR INTERNATIONAL (21-5-14 07:00am~ 22-5-14 07:00am) MST * Local News * Product of Myanmar-Strong And Stylish Pakokku Slippers * World News * Myanmar Puppet * Local News * The Richly Blessed Gem Land * World News * Temple Stalls * Local News * We’ll leave after 12 passengers are on board * World News * Kay Tu Mar Lar “The Decision” * Local News * A Cordial Welcome from Pantaung * World News * Myanmar Movie Review “Family Feud” * Local News * My Golden Dancers and Artist U Lun Gywe * World News * Myanmar Traditional Art Bronze Casting * Local News * Shrinking Footprints * World News * Sticky Shan Snack * Local News * Myanma Traditional String Puppetry * World News * Myanmar Chef (Japanese) * Local News * To The Land of Countless Temples — Bagan Trip (Episode-2) * World News * Sagaing: Gold Leaf

Floods affect over 1 million in Balkans, destruction ‘terrifying’ Maglaj, 20 May — Bosnia said on Monday that more than a quarter of its 4 million people had been affected by the worst floods to hit the Balkans in living memory, comparing the “terrifying” destruction to that of the country’s 1992-95 war. The extent of the devastation became apparent in Serbia too, as waters receded in some of the worst-hit areas to reveal homes toppled or submerged in mud, trees felled and villages strewn with the rotting corpses of livestock. The regional death toll reached more than 40, after

the heaviest rainfall since records began 120 years ago caused rivers to burst their banks and triggered hundreds of landslides. “The consequences ... are terrifying,” Bosnian Foreign Minister Zlatko Lagumdzija told a news conference. “The physical destruction is not less than the destruction caused by the war.” Lagumdzija said more than 100,000 houses and other buildings in Bosnia were no longer fit to use and that over a million people had been cut off from clean water supplies. “During the war, many

people lost everything,” he said. “Today, again they have nothing.” His remarks threw into sharp relief the extent of the challenge now facing the cash-strapped governments of both Bosnia and Serbia. Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic said the cost in Serbia would run to hundreds of millions of euros. President Tomislav Nikolic appealed for outside aid. “We expect huge support, because not many countries have experienced such a catastrophe,” he said.—Reuters

A woman reacts as she walks near a house tilted by floods in the village of Krupanj, west from Belgrade on 19 May, 2014. —Reuters

New Light of Myanmar

Ashley Cole bids farewell to Chelsea looking for another journey in my life hope it can be like my others full of fun and of course WIN something.” Although a divisive figure in England because of some of his off-field antics and pronouncements, Cole was considered one of the best left backs in the world at his peak. Chelsea manager Jose Mourinho has said he would like to keep Cole for next season even though he preferred Spaniard Cesar Azpilicueta in his defence for much of the recently concluded campaign. Cole joined Chelsea from Arsenal for 5 million pounds ($8.41 million) and William Gallas in 2006 and has won one Premier League title, four FA Cups, a Europa League as well as the 2012 Champions League with the west London club. Reuters

Yangon, 20 May—The ten-men Myanmar team beat host nation Maldives 3-2 in their opening Group (A) game in AFC Challenge Cup in Maldives on Monday 19 May, 2014. Defender Thein Zaw received two yellow cards and was sent off at 20 minutes into the match. Kyaw Ko Ko scored the Myanmar team’s first goal at 38 minutes and Nyein Chan Aung scored second goal for the Myanmar team before the first half ended. Kyaw Ko Ko scored his second goal for Myanmar in injury times. Myanmar will compete with Palestine on 21 May, 2014. Abramovich, a Serbian football coach, guides Myanmar Team.—Nyi Myat Thawdar

Europe once more painted in Yellow and Blue

Ashley Cole

Rehabbing Woods still unsure about return date

Tel Aviv, 20 May — Maccabi Electra Tel Aviv, Israeli basketball team, achieved its sixth European championship, after defeating in the finals the Spanish team Real Madrid 98-96. What was deemed as impossible just a few months ago became a reality on Sunday night. The Israeli team was not sup-

posed to have any chance against the favorite team Real Madrid, but the unflappable character of the team of David Blatt’s (MTL coach), erased an 11-point deficit before securing the win in overtime, in front of more than 9,000 yellow-and-blue fans who dominated the arena. Between the numerous congratulators, HE Mr Si-

mon Peres, the president of the State of Israel said to the winning coach, that ...“ The entire country is in yellow (referring to Maccabi’s blue and yellow of the team uniform)... all team fought like tigers and won like lions. It was awesome. Congratulations ...The State of Israel is proud of you..”. Furthermore, also the official Euroleage

website described the city of Milan as being — decked in yellow as well following the Maccabi win. Maccabi coach David Blatt added with excitement that...“I’m so happy. We have brought so many honours to the country and to Maccabi fans especially. We never wavered and I’m so proud of everyone...” NLM

Lahm and Neuer to be fit for World Cup finals Berlin, 20 May — Germany captain Philipp Lahm and goalkeeper Manuel Neuer will be fit to play in the World Cup finals despite being injured during Bayern Munich’s German Cup triumph, the club said on Monday.

Defender Lahm suffered a blow to his ankle while Neuer fell on his right shoulder during Saturday’s 2-0 victory over Borussia Dortmund. “He (Lahm) will miss training for five to seven days,” Bayern said in a

statement. Neuer began to wear a sling on Monday and will also miss training for a short period, the club said. Both are expected to travel on Wednesday to the Germany training camp in Italy where they will con-

tinue to receive treatment. Germany, who have called up goalkeepers Ron-Robert Zieler and Roman Weidenfeller, face Ghana, Portugal and United States in Group G. The tournament in Brazil begins on 12 June. —Reuters

New York, 20 May — Tiger Woods is still no clearer on knowing when he will be ready to return to competitive golf after undergoing back surgery. Speaking on the Golf Channel on the same day that he lost the world number one ranking to Australia’s Adam Scott, Woods said he was still in the early stages of recovery. “Still rehabbing. And it’s not a lot of fun, I’ll tell you that,” he said on Monday. “It’s a lot of tedious little exercises that I have to do. At least I still get to chip and putt which is nice, and that’s progressing. “I’ve got my feel for that which is nice. But, still haven’t hit any full shots, it’s still a little bit too soon.” Woods withdrew from the Masters in April to undergo treatment for a pinched nerve in his back that has troubled him for months. With no timetable

Tiger Woods set for his return, the 14time major winner is now almost certain to miss next month’s US Open in North Carolina and possibly the British Open in July. “It’s not really in my hands. I don’t know,” he said. “I’ve got to get permission from them (doctors) before I can come back. Basically still have to continue to progress. “That’s something that with this type of injury and this type of recovery it is slow, and it is tedious. And I’ve just got to make sure I do it right.”—Reuters

New Light of Myanmar

London, 20 May — Former England defender Ashley Cole has tweeted that his eight-year spell at Stamford Bridge is almost certainly over and he will not be playing for Chelsea next season. Cole, who called time on his 107-cap England career earlier this month after being offered a standby spot in Roy Hodgson’s squad for the World Cup, will be out of contract next month. “I am weighing up my options for playing next season with my agent and sadly it does not look like chelsea will be one of them,” the 33-year-old posted. “Thank u Chelsea FC for making my 8 years there a pleasure to work all the staff and players, we’ve been through a lot, good and bad. “And now I’ll be

10-man Myanmar beats Maldives in AFC Challenge Cup

Wednesday, 21 May, 2014

R/489 Printed and published by the New Light of Myanmar press in Nay Pyi Taw, the News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information.

8th Waning of Kason 1376 ME

21 may 14 nlm  

Volume XXI, Number 30 Wednesday, 21 May, 2014

21 may 14 nlm  

Volume XXI, Number 30 Wednesday, 21 May, 2014