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BOOK

S U M M A R Y


It is an advantageous chance for the Department of Architecture and Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, INDONESIA to enhance the international network through conducting a collaboration workshop program with Kansai University, Osaka, JAPAN. The program has been planned for more than 6 (six) months which is prepared in a frequent deep discussions which involves academicians from both universities. The international workshop week involves 4 (four) Professors from Kansai University and 10 (ten) Professors/ Lecturers from Universitas Gadjah Mada to include 75 students from Japan, Indonesia and Spain. Three districts which refer to residential areas in Yogyakarta become the target of the program as a case study such as Kotegede, Noble’s Houses and Taman Sari (Water Castle). Those districts have own their indigenous character of living culture which offers a lot of opportunities for students to explore and formulate a better place for living of local people. This program as a collaborative works contribute many fruitful experiences for both institutions, academicians and students who involved in this program to enhance their competence and capacity in international level. This collaboration workshop also offers and drives an opportunity to all participants to experience a cross cultural study that may create new ideas originated in this program and could contribute a beneficial academic and scientific thought for the future living place based on its own culture. Among others, I am sincerely express my grateful to the Distinguished Professor Dr. Kunihiro NARUMI also Prof. Naoki EGAWA, Prof.Singo SUEKANE and Dr. Eriko OKA from Kansai University, JAPAN and also Dr. Ikaputra, Dr.Laretna Adhisakti and other lecturers from Universitas Gadjah Mada,INDONESIA for sharing ideas in some occasions in such that this program can be realized. I hope that this collaboration program can be extended as a sustainable networking program in coming near future.

DR.T.YOYOK Wahyu Subroto HEAD Department of Architecture and Planning, Faculty of Engineering, UGM July 24, 2010


MAP

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JAVANESE NOBEL’S RESIDENCES

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L O C A T I O N

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UGM

KOTA GEDE


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80


The Segaran lake area


The Threats Kotagede is located in the Opak Creek, that sustained the most damage in the May 27, 2006 earthquake. As the registered history of recurrent tectonic earthquakes testifies, earthquakes happen every 50 to 60 years in this region. The previous ones took place in 1867 and 1943. Even before the earthquake, Kotagede already had many problems due to social changes. More and more young people do not like living in Kotagede, as it does not meet their demands regarding space. This brings about the decline of handicraft industries, decreasing interest in cultural activities, and neglect of architectural remains. Many historic buildings have been either demolished or transformed according to new inappropriate designs and increasing pressures on Kotagede. After the earthquake, many traditional houses have been destroyed. Their owners deprived of necessary resources, not being able to restore their houses to their traditional character. They even sold the salvaged valuable parts from their houses and remove them from the housing site. According to the housing reconstruction program made by the government, very simple earthquake proof houses were built as a replacement to the traditional houses. Evidences has been recently found that the utilization of this program has destroyed the form and value of the traditional houses due to inappropriate design and reconstruction. The district not only lost the valuable intangible culture heritage as well as ordinary/folk heritage but also has experienced sharp decline of the local economy. Kotagede consists of five urban villages: Kalurahan Prenggan, Kalurahan Purbayan, Kalurahan Basen, Desa Jagalan and Singosaren. As a religious compound, Kotagede invented the fast-learning method of reading the Koran especially for children. Kotagede is a center of Javanese crafts and arts, and traditional food. Performing arts include gamelan music groups (karawitan), religious music groups (syalawatan), Javanese poetry reading (mocopat), keroncong music, tingklung wayang puppet as well as offering ceremonies on special days (caos) and leading an ascetic religious life (tirakatan). The two remnants of the Javanese city are the Grand Mosque of Mataram and the market. Several other physical assets are the Mataram Royal Cemetery, Seliran Ancient Pool, Monuments (Clock of Hamengku Buwono VII and Fort Baluwerti), Kalang houses, traditional houses and the townscape (historical buildings, small alleys, and rukunan streets). Kotagede also has various types of historic flora, such as banyan trees. The site of palace and the square are occupied by settlements known as Kampung Alun-alun and Kampung Dalem.


photos courtesy: Eka


PROGRAM SCHEDULE


PROGRAM SCHEDULE


“THE

FUTURE

BETTER YEARS

” Designing “The Better Future 50 Years Jogja” The urban life never stops shifting cities and its heritage. The city of Yogyakarta—or recently recycling its name as Jogja—also experiences pressure of changing its heritage. Contemporary needs as well as disasters often torn down urban artifacts/heritages and left the space as loss its place spirit. In the same time, keeping the heritage as it was in the past without considering the community needs for the shake merely as “the rich of the past” is also a stubborn idea. The “must” Dos and Don'ts based heritage district development should be taken into account. The process of improving, shaping, and creating the future of the heritage district should start from “understanding the existing” and “considering the community needs.” Dreaming and imaging “the Better Future 50 Years Jogja” will force us to comprehensively define the contextual design concept and strategy. Designing the future of Tamansari—the water castle district, of Kotagede—the ald city of Yogyarta, and of dalem pangeran—the noble's residence changing settlements for the next 50 years, challenge to promote ideas for better living culture which gives benefit to community and all aspects of Yogyakarta as heritage city.


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designed by: Mutiara Cininta (www.issuu.com/mutiaracininta) (Publication Unit of Department of Architecture and Urban Planning of Gadjah Mada University)

COLLABORATION WORKSHOP  

summary book of international workshop, a collaboration between Kansai University and Universitas Gadjah Mada. 23 July - 1 August

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