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THE MORPHOLOGY CHANGES FACTORS IN KOTAGEDE FRINGE AREAS By: Bambang Setioko1, Bangun IR Harsritanto1, Mustika K. Wardhani1, 1Universitas

Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia

ID A-030

2nd ICSADU 2018 International Conference on Sustainability In Architectural Design and Urbanism

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Contents of Presentation 1st The Background 1. General Information about Yogyakarta City 2. Yogyakarta Urban Growth 3. The Problem of Yogyakarta Fringe Areas Development

2nd the Discussion 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

The Trend of Urban Development in Fringe Areas Zoning Characteristics in Kotagede Fringe Areas Factor Analysis Framework Statistical Analysis Result Interpretation

3rd the Conclusion 2/13


BACKGROUND General information about YOGYAKARTA CITY

Morphology of the city was changed dramatically, from inside to outside, causing the role of border area increases, while the urban core decreases (Graham, 2002).

This phenomenon is clearly visible in Kotagede, the fringe area of Yogyakarta. Historic city should still leave a configuration to its ancient, although it has undergone changes due to the process of modernization.

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BACKGROUND YOGYAKARTA URBAN GROWTH YOGYA CITY 19Th CE

YOGYA CITY 20th CE

YOGYA CITY 21th CE

Source: RDTR Yogyakarta City, 2011

The Kotagede Fringe Area has not changed significantly compare to other fringe area. What the factors of morphology change?

The Problem Of Kotagede Fringe Area Development

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LOCUS OF THE RESEARCH

Kotagede is the locus of this research located in the fringe area of Yogyakarta & Bantul region

(a)

(b)

Figure 1. Maps of Yogyakarta Municipal Area (Source: Yogyakarta Local Planning Development Agency)

Morphology of kecamatan Kotagede have three different zoning characteristics that consist of: (1) traditional housing areas, (2) silver home industry and arcade, and (3) mixed used.

Kelurahan Prenggan

Kelurahan Purbayan

Figure 2. Kecamatan Kotagede Maps (Satelit Image of Yogyakarta, 2016)

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The Characteristics of Kotagede (Fringe Areas Development)

Figure 3. Building Characteristics in Mondorakan street.

Figure 6. Changes near Kotagede market

Figure 4. Limasan roof in Mondorakan

Figure 7.Silver Industries in Kemasan street

(Source: Citra Satelit Kecamata Kotagede, 2017)

Figure 5. Great Mosque Mataram

(Source: Field Survey, 2018)

Figure 8. Kotagede Market

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METHODS

Rationalistic Positivistic paradigm & Quantitative approach

The research process begins by conducting factors analysis using SPSS 16.0

The purpose of using statistical analysis is to reduce variable morphological changes.

Factor Analysis Framework

SPSS VARIABEL DATA

CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS

Validity and reliability Test, KMO Test, Total Variance, & Component Matrix

Interpreted dominant Factors

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Specify the origin variable

The number of respondents is 100 (level 100% confidence interval)

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DISCUSSION The results of reliability test shows all the morphology changes factor’s variable reach 0.759 on Cronbach’s Alpha. Therefore the variables were included in 0,60 to 0,80 category & proofed to reliable predicate

Reliability 75,9 %

Total of question is 26

By this test, there are several variables that examine MSA < 0.5 There were variables X1.2 (functional), X2.1 (Form), X3.2 (non-physical), X4.2 (Building Blocks), X5.1 (Addition), X6.1 (Resilient), X10.1 (Ecology), X10.3 (Technology).

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There are 18 factors component, come up from the statistical analysis Finally, only be 6 (six) factors that obtain eigenvalues> 1

total 6 (six) factors with Eigenvalues >1 are: 67.808 %, while 32, 192 % influenced by other factors beyond model of the research

The starting point is placed at 6, so there should be 6 components to be taken Figure 7. Scree Plots Graph Source: Analysis Result

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Factors that have a value greater than 0.50 are the main factors. Table 6 is the result of orthogonal rotation: Component 1 = Linkage Component 2 = Form & space Component 3 = Physical Component 4 = Building Configuration Component 5 = Transformation Component 6 = Regulation

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YEARS 2006

YEARS 2017

Source: Satellit Imagery map of Kotagede, years 2006 Analysis, 2018

N

Source: Satellit Imagery map of Kotagede, years 2017 Analysis, 2018

N

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CONCLUSION •

A series of quantitative concluded 6 morphology factors in Kotagede

analysis changes

Transformation, Street and pathways mostly have narrow dimension and have organic pattern

Linkage is a most dominant factor. community network activities are still have traditional character

The policy of Yogyakarta municipality in managing the growth of the Kotagede shall accommodate the local values.

Form and space is the second dominant factor. Even the building mass in some part has changed, but still has strong traditional Javanese character

Change factors of physical and regulatory aspects are interrelated, due to the traditions of society in managing buildings is more adhered

Building configuration, Changes mostly occur on the building façade, but the room configuration still have traditional pattern

RECOMMENDATION This study highly recommends not using the “ideal city model”, which are blindly adopted idea from western country. Some evidences indicated to solve the heritage region using ideal city model, not fully comply with the indonesian socio economic condition.

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REFERENCES [1]Rossi, Aldo. (1982).The Architecture of the city, The Graham Foundation:New York. [2]Gillham, O. (2002). The Limitless City, A Primer on the Urban Sprawl Debate. USA: Island Press. [3]Graham, S. a. (2001). Splinter Urbanism. London: Routledge. [4]Setioko, Bambang; Olivia, Deasy. (2015). Shaping Factors of Urban Fringe Characteristics, with Case Study Semarang City, Indonesia.AENSI Journal. [5]Hutchison, Ray. (2010).Encyclopedia of Urban Studies. SAGE Publications. [6]Trancik, roger. (1980).Finding Lost Space, Theories of Urban Design, New York: Oxford University Press. [7]Hair, J.F. 2009. Multivariate Data Analysis.Seventh Edition, Internasional Edition. Prentice Hall.

Thank You..

Profile for Wardhani, Mustika K.

THE MORPHOLOGY CHANGES FACTORS IN KOTAGEDE FRINGE AREAS  

The growth and development of the city takes place through a continuous process of urbanization. This process creates inverted urban growth...

THE MORPHOLOGY CHANGES FACTORS IN KOTAGEDE FRINGE AREAS  

The growth and development of the city takes place through a continuous process of urbanization. This process creates inverted urban growth...

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