If a Lady Miscarries, Should She Pray? Question: Some pregnant ladies face miscarriage and some of the babies are delivered after all their features have been completed, while some are delivered earlier. Please explain the ruling on Salaat in both of the situations. Answer: If a lady miscarries a baby after its (human) features have appeared, such as the hands, the head, or legs, etc, then it is Nifass which carries all its rulings. Thus, she should not pray nor fast nor should her husband have intercourse with her till she becomes pure or completes forty days. If she becomes pure in less than forty days, she should take bath, pray and fast in the month of Ramadhaan, and her husband may have intercourse with her. There is no limit to the minimum length of the Nifass period. Thus, if she were to become pure after only ten days from delivery, or even less, she should perform Ghusl and all the rules mentioned above apply to her. Any blood she sees after forty days, (is not Nifass, rather it) is abnormal bleeding, so she should fast and pray and her husband may have intercourse with her, but she should perform ablution at the time of each Salaat, like a Mustahaadha, because of the saying of the Prophet (saw) to Fatima bint Hubaish who was a Mustahaadha: “Perform ablution at the time of each Salaat.”1 On the other hand, when the blood coming out of her after forty days coincides with the period of Haidh, then she relies on the ruling of a woman in Haidh, and all those concerning a woman of Haidh apply to her, hence Salaat, fasting and sexual intercourse with her husband become forbidden till she is pure. If what is delivered by a lady does not show human features, such as a case where she delivers a lump of flesh, with no clear design in it, or blood only, in this case she takes the ruling of a Mustahaadha not that of Haidh or Nifass. She should therefore pray and fast in Ramadhaan and her husband is allowed to have intercourse with her. She should also perform ablution for every Salaat at the time of the Salaat in addition to taking measures to stop the blood using cotton, etc, just as a Mustahaadha until she attains purity. She is also allowed to combine the Zuhr and ‘Asr and Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers. She may also take a bath for the two combined prayers and for Subh (if she wishes) as mentioned in the authentic hadeeth of Fatima bint Hubaish, because she falls under the same ruling of Mustahaadha according to scholars. And with Allaah lies true guidance. 1
Bukhari and Muslim with a slight change in wording.
(Shaikh Ibn Baaz)