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Starting out in Music Student Work Book

Na me :

PUBLISHED BY

MUSCEPTS L I M I T E D

C la s s:

le b ya rcfeor p u Co esopage t2ions R See condi


An Innovative text book for propelling young explorers into the magical realms of music by Frances McNeill


F i r s t Pu bli sh e d in 2 0 0 9

MUSCEPTS L I M I T E D

P O B ox 3 01 5 1 St M a r ti n s , Ch r i st c hu rc h New Ze a l an d. Ph o n e +6 4 3 33 2 4 051 www. mu s c e pts. c o. n z ©Te x t a n d M u s ic Co py r ig h t Fr an c e s M c Ne i l l 20 0 9 ©Ph o t o g r a phy C o py r i g h t M u sc e pt s Li mi t e d 20 0 9 Th e r i g h t o f F r a n c e s M c Nei l l t o be i de n ti fi e d as t h e a ut h o r o f t h i s wo r k h as be e n a s se r t e d by h er i n ac c o rdan c e wi t h t h e C o py r i g h t A c t , 19 94 . E di to r : Le a h K e a r n s Il l u s t r a t o r : A s h le y Smi th D e s i g n a n d Ty po g r aphy : Ni ge l Hu mph re y s Gr aph i c s Pr in t e d i n Ne w Ze a l an d ISB N 97 8- 0- 47 3 -1 60 0 7 - 4 Copying Not ic e Th e M u s i c M a g i c St u de n t Wo r kbo o k i s c o pya bl e . This Student Wor kbook wor ks most effectively when used with t h e M u s i c M a g i c Te a c h e r' s M a nu al fo r addi ti o n al pr a c ti c e . Th i s St u de n t Wo r k bo o k may be c o pi e d by o n ly t h e i ndiv i du a l or institution that has purchased this resource . This per mission do e s n o t e x t e n d t o br a n c h e s o r a ddit i o n a l sc h o o l s o f a n institution. Tr a de M a r k M USC E PT S ™ A ll r i gh t s re s e r ve d

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Contents

Page

Introduction

4

L e ss on 1

What is Music?

5

L e ss on 2

Un de r s t a n di n g Rhy t h m

7

L e ss on 3

Rhy t h mi c St r u c t u re

9

L e ss on 4

Wo r ki n g wi th Rhy t h m

11

L es son 5

Un de r s ta n di n g Pi t c h

13

L es s on 6

Re adi n g an d W r i t i n g Pi t c h

15

L es son 7

Pr ac t i s i n g Pi t c h

16

L e ss on 8

M a s t e r i n g Pi t c h

18

L es s on 9

Co mbi n i n g Rhy th m an d Pi t c h

21

3


Introduction T h e M u s i c M a g i c t e a c h i n g r e s o u r c e p r ov i d e s a n i n t r o d u c t i o n t o s c h o o l mu s i c a n d d e ve l o p s mu s i c l i t e r a c y a n d t h e b a s i c p r a c t i c a l skills to enable students to fur ther explore music , perfor mance and composition. • Th e n i n e - l e s s o n c o u r s e bu il ds yo u r awa re n e s s o f mu s i c by fo c u s i n g o n t h e f u n da me nt al mus i c a l e l e me n t s, rhy t h m a n d pi t c h . • Yo u wi l l l e a r n t o re a d a n d wr i t e ba s i c mus i c no t ati o n . • E mph a s i s i s pl a c e d o n de ve l o pin g yo u r a u r al s ki l l s a n d u n de r s t a n di n g , t o i l l u mi n at e th e rel a t io n s h i p be t we e n mu s i c n o t a t i o n a n d mu s i c a l s o u n d. • Th i s a ppro a c h i s de s i g n e d t o fo s te r a h o l is t i c a pp re c ia ti o n o f mu s i c , wh i l e t e a c h i n g s o l id fo u n dat i o n s k il l s . L e s s on 1

Explores how music differ s from sound, and introduces t h e e l e me n t s o f mu s i c .

L e s s ons 2 -4 Teaches beat and rhythm awareness and simple rhythm notation. L e s s ons 5 -8 Te a c h e s pi t c h ide n t i fi c a t i o n a n d n o ta ti o n. L e s s on 9

Demonstr ates how pitch and rhythm combine to make mu s i c , a n d a re c o mmu n i c a te d by mu s i c n o ta t i o n.

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Lesson 1 Worksheet

What is music? • MUSIC at its simplest is sound and silence . • MUSIC is an order ly ar r angement of SOUNDS • MUSIC is a combination of the elements of music . • MUSIC is a for m of COMMUNIC ATION

Musical Elements Musical character is deter mined when the musical elements are combined. The combination of the musical elements will deter mine the tempo (speed) and tonality (mood) of the music that emer ges. Wr ite a definition for each of the elements of music as discussed in class.

Beat:

Rhythm:

Pitch:

Phr asing:

Expression/Dynamics:

Ar ticulation:

5


6


Lesson 2 Information sheet

Understanding Rhythm Th e l e n gt h o f t i me t h e s o u n ds an d s i l e n c e s t ake .

On t h e f u l l s t ave : Th e mi n i m re s t s i t s a bove t h e 3 rd s tave li n e , li ke t h is : Th e s e mi bre ve re s t h a n g s u n de r t h e 4 t h s t ave li n e , li ke t h is:

Learn how to: 1. Re a d t h e s e v a l u e s . (To re c o gn i s e t he m wi l l t ake s o me t i me ). 2. Co u n t / me a s u re t h e va l u e s o u t e x a c t ly.

7


Lesson 2 Information sheet (continued)

Understanding Rhythm Th i s rhy t h mi c t re e s h ows h ow th e n o t e va l u e s re l a te t o e a c h o t h e r :

4 beats

2 beats

1 beat

2 beats

1 beat

1 beat

8

1 beat


Lesson 3 Information sheet

Rhythmic Structure The Time-Signature X Th i s nu mbe r t e l l s u s h ow many be a t s t o c o u n t in e a c h ba r. Y Th i s nu mbe r t e l l s u s t h e v a lu e o f t h e be a ts t h a t a re t o be c o u n t ed.

A t t h i s s t a g e we u s e t h e fo l lowi n g Ti me - Sig n a t ure s :

2 4

or

3 4

or

4 4

2 = Two qu a r t e r/ c ro t c h e t be a t s i n e a c h bar. 4

3 = Th re e qu a r t e r/ c ro t c h e t be a ts i n e ac h ba r. 4

4 = F o u r qu a r t e r/ c ro t c h e t be a t s i n ea c h ba r. 4

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Lesson 3 Worksheet

Rhythmic Structure F i l l o u t t h e f r a me s be l ow wi t h yo u r own rhy th ms . A l s o pr a c t ise c l appi ng t h e m.

10


Lesson 4 Worksheet

Working with Rhythm Pr a c t i s e t h e s e rhy t h ms .

11


12


Lesson 5 Information sheet

Understanding Pitch Music Notation

No t e s :

A

B C D E F

G

A

B

C

D E F

G A B

C D

E

F

G

How to read Pitch: The ‘A’ Landmark. 1. Each A on the Gr and Fr ame is mar ked with an aster isk. These are your landmar ks fo r re a di n g mu s i c n o t a t i o n . 2. F ro m t h e l a n dma r k A ’s , c o u n t u p a n d down o n t h e l in e s a n d s pa c e s, u s in g the musical alphabet, A B C D E F G, F E D C B A, to identify the pitch of the notes.

13


Lesson 5 Worksheet

Understanding Pitch 1. Musical Alphabet 1. Th e mu s i c a l a l ph a be t h a s t h e l e tt e r s :

A

B

C

D

E

F

G.

2. Pr a c ti s e s ay i n g t h e mu s i c a l a l ph a be t fo rwa rds a n d ba c kwards.

2. The Grand Frame 1. Co mpl e t e t h e Gra n d F ra me be l ow.

2. Pr a c t i s e dr awi n g t re bl e a n d bass c le f s o n t o t he c o r re c t s t ave s be low.

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Lesson 6 Worksheet

Reading and Writing Pitch 1. Revision 1. Co mpl e t e t h e Gr a n d F r a me below. 2. W r i t e t h e mu s i c a l ph a be t (l ow, me diu m a n d h i g h ) f ro m Low A t h ro u gh t o Hi g h G. If yo u n e e d t o, yo u c a n re fe r to In fo r m ati o n s h ee t 5 .

2. Naming pitch Na me th e n o t e s be l ow i n t h e s pac e prov i de d. A’s

No t e n ame s :

15


Lesson 7 Worksheet

Practising Pitch 1. Revision 1. Co mpl e t e t h e Gr a n d F r a me bel ow. 2. Wr ite the music alphabet (low, medium and high) from Low A through to High G. If yo u n e e d t o, yo u c a n re fe r t o In fo r ma t i o n s h e e t 5.

2. Pitch identification Option 1. Naming pitch Na me th e n o t e s be l ow i n t h e s pac e prov i de d. A’s

No t e n ame s :

16


Lesson 7 Worksheet (continued)

Practising Pitch 2. Pitch identification Option 2. Writing pitch 1. Co mpl e t e t h e Gr a n d F r a me bel ow. 2. Us e s e mi bre ve s a n d dr aw t h e pit c h e s li s t e d bel ow o n t o t h e Gr and F r a me . B e g i n by dr awi n g i n t h e t h re e A ’s a t t h e be g i n n i ng t o re mi n d yo u . 1. Low E

2 . M i ddl e G

3 . Hig h D

4. M i ddl e B

5. Hi gh F

6 . Low B

7. M i ddl e E

8. Low G

9 . Hi gh C

10 . Hi g h G

1 1. M i ddl e C

12. Low A

17


Lesson 8 Worksheet

Mastering Pitch Option 1. Naming Pitch 1. Revision 1. Co mpl e t e t h e Gr a n d F r a me . 2. Wr ite the music alphabet (low, medium and high) from Low A through to High G. Tr y n o t t o u s e t h e Pi t c h In fo r ma t io n Sh e e t.

2. Musical words 1. Wo r k o u t t h e wo rds t h a t a re s pe l t by th e pi t c h e s wr i t te n be l ow. 2. Each pitch is either high (H), medium (M), or low (L). Indicate which is cor rect wi t h t h e a bbre v i a t i o n s H, M , o r L.

Wo rds :

,

,

H, M , L:

18

,


Lesson 8 Worksheet (continued)

Mastering Pitch Option 2. Writing Pitch 1. Musical words 1. Co mpl e t e t h e Gr a n d F r a me . 2. Us i n g t h e l e t t e r s o f t h e mu s ic a l al ph a be t , A B C D E F G, ma ke fo ur E nglis h wo rds . 3. D r aw t h e n o t e s o f t h e s e fo u r wo rds o n t o t h e Gr a n d F r a me , u s in g s emibreves . Yo u c h o o s e wh e t h e r t h e s e a re t o be h i g h , me di u m o r low pit c h es. Tr y t o u s e a r a n g e o f n o t e s ove r bo t h tre bl e an d ba s s st aves .

Wo rds :

,

,

2. Simple harmony He re i s s o me s i mpl e h a r mo ny. Na me t h e n o t e s .

Tre bl e n o t e n a me s : B a s s n o t e n ame s :

19

,


Lesson 8 Worksheet (continued)

Mastering Pitch Option 2. Writing Pitch 2. Simple harmony (continued)

Tre bl e n o t e n a me s : B a s s n o t e n a me s :

20


Lesson 9 Information sheet

Combining Rhythm and Pitch PITCH + RHYTHM = MUSICAL NOTATION

RHYTHM + PITCH = MUSICAL NOTATION Re me mbe r t h e e le me nt s of mus ic yo u di sc ove re d i n Les so n 1 ? (Lo o k a t yo u r Le s s o n 1 Wo r k s h e e t t o c h e c k t h e s e o u t a g ai n . ) Yo u h ave n ow le ar nt a bo u t t he two musical elements upon which all music is built – Rhythm and Pitch – and you h ave l ea r n t h ow t o re a d s i mpl e mu s i c a l n o t at i o n. We l l do ne !

Moving On… As you continue to develop your musical knowledge , the elements of music become your “navigation tools” that you use to explore , under stand and create wonderful mu s i c .

Good Luck! E n j oy yo u r j o u r n e y i n t o t h e magi c al re al ms o f mu s i c!

21


22 20 21


23


24


Introduction T h e M u s i c M a g i c t e a c h i n g r e s o u r c e p r ov i d e s a n i n t r o d u c t i o n t o s c h o o l mu s i c a n d d e ve l o p s mu s i c l i t e r a c y a n d t h e b a s i c p r a c t i c a l skills to enable students to fur ther explore music , perfor mance and composition. • Th e n i n e - l e s s o n c o u r s e bu i l ds yo u r awa ren e s s o f mu s i c by fo c u s i n g o n t h e f u n da me n t a l mu s i c al e l e me nt s , rhy t hm a n d pi t c h . • Yo u wi l l l e a r n t o re a d a n d wr i t e ba sic mu s i c n o t a t i o n . • E mph a s i s i s pl a c e d o n de ve l o pi n g yo ur a u r a l sk i l l s a n d u n de r s t a n di n g , t o i l l u mi n a t e t h e re l a t io n s hi p be twe e n mu s i c n o t a t i o n a n d mu s i c a l s o u n d. • Th i s a ppro a c h i s de s i g n e d t o fo s te r a h o l is t i c a pp re c i a t io n o f mu s i c , wh i l e t e a c h i n g s o l i d fo u n dat i o n s k il l s . L e s s on 1

Explores how music differ s from sound, and introduces t h e e l e me n t s o f mu s i c .

L e s s ons 2 -4 Teach beat and rhythm awareness and simple rhythm notation. L e s s ons 5 -8 Te a c h pi t c h i de n t i fi c a t i o n a n d n o t a t i o n. L e s s on 9

Demonstr ates how pitch and rhythm combine to make mu s i c , a n d are c o mmu n ic at e d by mus i c n o ta t i o n .

About the Author Fr a n c e s M c N e i l l (B.Mus., GradDipTchLn) F r a n c e s s t u di e d mu s i c a t Vi c t o r i a Un ive r s i t y, We l l i n g t o n , a n d pi a n o pe rfo r ma n c e u n de r Pro fe s s o r Ha r r i e t Se r r i n C a r a c a s , Ve n e zu e l a. Sh e h a s 2 0 ye a r s mu s i c t e a c h i n g e x pe r i e n c e a t bo t h pr i ma r y a n d s e c o n da r y s c h o o l l e ve l s , i n c l u di n g re me di a l mu s i c t u i t i o n a n d e x t e n s i o n fo r g i f t ed s t u de n t s . Her published music teaching resources are used in pr imar y schools throughout New Zealand and Australia.

MusicMagic - Starting out in Music Student Work Book  

The Music Magic Student Workbook contains 28 pages of information sheets, carefully-structured exercises and other supporting material. The...

MusicMagic - Starting out in Music Student Work Book  

The Music Magic Student Workbook contains 28 pages of information sheets, carefully-structured exercises and other supporting material. The...

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