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Les tracteurs Passions images


Introduction The semi-portable steam engine of the early 19th century was the ancestor of the tractor, and it quickly evolved into a portable machine that could be wheeled to a point of use to drive mechanical implements using steam power. As the popularity of agricultural steam power grew, the need for a totally portability machine to sow, harvest and process crops also grew. The first steam powered machine that resembled today's tractor was the Clayton and Shuttleworth Portable Engine, which was hauled by horsepower and eventually evolved into a self propelled vehicle. The traction engine then developed through the second half of the 19th century to become the power source of choice in agriculture. In 1892, the world's first petrol powered tractor was invented by mounting a one-cylinder petrol engine onto an existing steam chassis to became the first tractor produced by the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company. The 20 horsepower Hornsby-Ackroyd Patent Safety Oil Traction next arrived in 1896, and it was later equipped with a caterpillar track. In the USA, the term 'tractor' was coined by inventors Hart and Parr, while Henry Ford released a new lightweight machine that used the engine block (and not the frame) to hold the tractor together. In the 1910s, the Fordson Tractor went into mass production, and by the early 1920s, the tractor was a firmly established tool in the growing mechanisation of the agricultural landscape. Since that time, the tractor has evolved over nearly a century of research and development to refine agricultural practises in developed countries and allow for modernisation and freedom in still developing countries. Two of the most significant advancements in tractor design were the adoption of diesel power in the 1960s and the development of attachment methods that eventually allowed for mowers, cultivators, front-end loaders, pickers and planters to be attached directly to the tractor. The modern tractor is now used for a wide variety of tasks in agriculture, and it is so much more than simply a replacement for two horses. Today's tractor is a row-cropper, tiller, grader, excavator, post hole digger, mower, slasher, stock feeder, forklift and back-hoe among other incarnations. Increasingly, tractors are also used for park maintenance, road-work, landscaping, construction and virtually every type of industrial application. Domestically, the garden tractor is now a common sight in large gardens and on small estates, used for grass cutting, small crop cultivation, rubbish removal and the transfer of sand and gravel. The garden tractor has a range of attachments that makes it one of the most versatile workhorses across every type of landscape. One of the most recent advances in mechanised agriculture work is GPS technology, which enables a tractor operator to plot the course of ploughing, tilling, seeding or harvesting. Many modern GPS systems require minimal operator activity once a predefined course has been set, resulting in economical fuel use and less driver fatigue. Combined with luxurious interiors that are heated or cooled for maximum comfort, today's tractors continue to evolve into beautifully designed and engineered agricultural machines that now enjoy a global following beyond the farmyard.

2


Contents

4 6 10 12 14 18 20

L'EUROPE ALLEMAGNE Claas Deutz Eicher Fendt Fortschritt Holder Lanz

22 24 28

ANGLETERRE County David Brown JCB

30

BIELORUSSIE Belarus

34

DANEMARK Bukh

44

ÉCOSSE Leyland

46 48

ESPAGNE Ebro Barreiros

52 54

FINLANDE Valtra Valmet

54

HONGRIE Dutra

56 60 62 66 68 70 72 74

ITALIE Antonio Carraro Carraro Hurlimann Fiat Lamborghini Landini New Holland Same

80

LA TURQUIE ArmaTrac

82

POLOGNE Ursus

84

REPUBLIQUE TCHEQUE Zetor

86

ROUMANIE UTB International

88 92

RUSSIE Kirovets Terrion

100

SERBIE IMR Rakovica

102

UKRAINE XTZ

104 108 110

ASIE CHINE Chery Foton Jinma

112 114 116

COREE DU SUD Daedong LS TYM

118 122 124

INDE Farmtrac Force Motors Mahindra

126 128 130 132 134 136

JAPON Hinomoto Hitachi Iseki Kubota Mitsubishi Yanmar

138 142

AMERIQUE DU NORD CANADA Cockshutt Buhler Versatile

3

146 148 150 154 158 160 162 166 168 172 176 178 180 182 184 196 198 200 202 206 208 210 212 214 216 218 220

ÉTATS UNIS Advance-Rumely AGCO Agracat Allis Chalmers Avery Companies Big Bud Bolens Branson Tractors J.I. Case Case IH Caterpillar Challenger Cub Cadet Eagle Farmall Ford Fordson Gibson John Deere Kioti Long Massey-Ferguson McCormick International Minneapolis-Moline Montana Twin City White


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Claas Axion 810 Claas 2009

6 cylinder diesel

With a fuel capacity of 107.5 gallons and an output of 178 hp (133 kW), the Claas Axion 810 is a great machine for long hauls and heavy loads. It has been used by global dairy farmers and others in the agricultural industry.

2009

ALLEMANGE Claas The Claas Group was founded in Clarholz, Germany in 1913. Headed by August Claas, the company initially produced reapers and eventually developed a harvester in 1930, during the depression years. Four years later, the Claas Pick-up Baler was released to become Germany's first nationally built machine of its type. Following the end of World War II, Class then produced its first self-propelled combine harvester, which was also a first for German manufacturing. Success followed quickly, and an additional manufacturing plant was opened in Germany in the 1950s. In 1961, the company opened a new plant in Metz, France, and the introduction of Claas self-propelled forage harvesters followed in the 1970s. Other innovations of the 1970s included self-propelled sugar cane harvesters and the Claas round baler. In 1994, Claas released the Agrocom computer-based GPS system, and finished the decade with the acquisition of a number of companies, including Renault Agriculture, Lexion Combine and Tucano Combine among others. The Claas Group has a technological provenance that began with their first straw binder in 1921 and it continues today in pushing the boundaries of harvesting and its technological advancements.

4


2007

Tractor

Claas Xerion 3800

Year

2007

Manufacturer Engine

2008

Claas

Tractor

Class Axos 320

Year

2008

Manufacturer

6 cylinder diesel

Engine

The Class Xerion 3800 was produced from 2007 until 2013 as part of the Xerion Series. It has an engine power output of 379 hp (282 kW) and a 3 point hitch rear lift capacity of 11.7 tonnes.

Claas

4 cylinder diesel

This Axos 320 was designed with a fully equipped cabin packed with numerous essentials. It has a sunroof, opening front windows, a radio, optional air conditioning and standard heating.

2003

Tractor

Claas Jaguar 850

Year

2003-2016

Manufacturer Engine

2007

Claas

Tractor

Claas Arion 640

Year

2007-2011

Manufacturer

6 cylinder diesel

Engine

The Class Jaguar 850is a combine tractor. It operates on just about any rugged terrain and in any weather, hot or cold. The cab front and side windows are engineered to eliminate blind spots.

Claas

DPS 6.8L 6-cyl diesel

The Claas Arion 640 was produced from 2007 until 2011 as part of the Arion 600 series. It has an engine power output of 155 hp (116 kW).

2005

Tractor

Class Atles 946 RZ

Manufacturer

Claas

Engine

Deutz 7.2L 6-cyl

Year

2010

Tractor

Manufacturer

2005

Year

Engine

This Claas Atles 946 RZ has an engine power output of 282 hp (210 kW). Its 3 point hitch rear lift capacity is 12 tonnes.

Class Scorpion 7040 Claas

2010-2012

4 cylinder diesel

The Scorpion 7040 has an HY transmission. It can be attached to a fork or a bucket and can do a lot of heavy lifting.

5


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Deutz F4L514

Deutz-Fahr

1956

Deutz 5.3L 4-cyl Diesel

The Deutz F4L514 tractor was manufactured between 1956-1966 in Germany. It weighed 3 tonnes and had an open operator system cab. It was equipped with drum brakes and manual steering.

1956

ALLEMANGE Deutz Established in 1864 in Cologne, Deutz's origins lay in the creation of N.A. Otto & Cie, which was the world’s first dedicated engine factory. Multiple innovative milestones have marked the company's growth since its beginnings, and include the development of a self binder in 1911. In 1943, the company built its first tractor - the Deutz F2M 315, and the company name was changed to Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AG in 1938. Interrupted by World War II, Deutz were one of countless manufacturers that saw their factories in ruins and their futures doubtful. Deutz survived to expand its product line in response to an urgent need to rebuild. Within five years, production had recovered, with Deutz pioneering multiple engine designs. The company quickly became a leader in both innovation and utility alike, and in 1977, the company acquired the Fahr Group to become Deutz-Fahr. In 1992, the company celebrated the release of its millionth tractor, and it continues today with a tradition of advanced agricultural vehicle design.

6


1964

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

1982

Deutz D80

Tractor

Deutz

Manufacturer

1964

Year

5.1L 6-cyl diesel

Engine

The Deutz D80 was produced from 1967 until 1978 and had an engine power output of 80 hp (60 kW). It has a maximum fuel capacity of 92.0 centimetres and a 3 point hitch rear lifting capacity of 3600 kilograms.

Deutz-Fahr D6507

Deutz-Fahr

1982

4-cylinder Diesel

The Deutz-Fahr D6507 was in production for the span of a single year in 1982. Its 3-point hitch rear lift capacity was 2.4 tonnes and its 2WD engine delivered 62 hp (46 kW).

1954

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

1984

Deutz D9005

Tractor

Deutz

Manufacturer

1954

Year

Deutz 5.1L 6-cyl diesel

Engine

The Deutz 9005 was produced from 1966 until 1967. It had an engine power output of 85 hp (63 kW)and a wheel base measuring a maximum of 2.54 m.

Deutz DX7.10

Deutz-Fahr

1984

6-cylinder Turbodiesel

The Deutz DX7.10 tractor was produced between 1984 and 1989 and was a row crop tractor. It had a 160 hp (119 kW) engine and its 3 point hitch capacity was 8.5 tonnes.

1987

Tractor

Deutz-Fahr DX 6.05

Year

1987

Manufacturer Engine

2003

Tractor

Deutz-Fahr

Manufacturer

Year

Deutz 5.7L 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Deutz-Fahr DX 6.05 tractor was in production from 1987 until 1991. It had an engine power output of 98 hp (73 kW) and a 3 point hitch rear lifting capacity of 5.2 tonnes.

Deutz-Fahr Agrotron 130

Deutz-Fahr

2003

6- cylinder Diesel

The Deutz-Fahr Agrotron 130 tractor was produced from 1981 until 1983 as an addition to the crop row line. It had hydrostatic power steering, hydraulic disk brakes and differential locks.

7


The diesel engine came into its own in tractor manufacturing in the 1960s, and other forms of fuel in mid to large size machines slowly disappeared. Today, diesel is the standard fuel for anything but compact and sub compact tractors.

8


9


Tractor

Eicher 3014

Manufacturer

Eicher

Engine

5.9L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1968

The Eicher 3014 was produced in 1968 and featured a mechanical hitch. It had four wheel drive capabilities and an engine power output of 100 hp (75 kW).

1968

ALLEMANGE Eicher Eicher Tractors was formed by brothers; Albert and Joseph Eicher in Munich, Germany. The two grew up and lived in Forstern, a small town relatively close to Munich and heavily reliant upon agricultural endeavours. Innovation and development ensued, and the company's first tractor was unveiled in 1930 as the Eicher Tractor. Expansion continued in the years leading up to World War II, and a second factory was opened in Dingolfing before the onset of hostilities. In the post-war years, the Eicher brothers created a three-wheeled tractor and an automatic mower, followed by the world's first air cooled tractor. The invention changed the face of tractor design around the world, as well as setting the pace for future Eicher models. In 1959, Eicher established the Eicher Tractor Company of India Private Inc., as well as the Goodearth Company, both of which were located in New Delhi, India. Eicher continued to innovate until 1973, when the company was sold to Massey-Ferguson and subsequently acquired by Dromson.

10


1982

Tractor

Eicher 3056

Year

1982

Manufacturer Engine

1970

Tractor

Eicher

Manufacturer

Eicher

Engine

3L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

3L 3-cyl Diesel

The Eicher 3056 was in production in 1982. It featured a standard cab with an engine power output of 56 hp (42 kW). It was praised throughout the agricultural industry as being a durable tractor capable of handling tough jobs.

Eicher 3710A

1970

The Eicher 3710 A was produced in 1970 in Germany and its 3-litre engine pulled a 4WD tractor.

1964

Tractor

Eicher EM500

Year

1964

Manufacturer Engine

1959

Tractor

Eicher

Eicher

Engine

3L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

4L 4-cyl Diesel

The Eicher EM500 was in production from 1961 until 1963 as part of the company's utility tractor line. The EM500 featured an engine power output of 35 hp (26 kW) and there were only 1,648 built in total.

Eicher EM 300

Manufacturer

1959

The Eicher EM 300 produced in Germany in 1959 and it featured an engine power output of 40 hp (30 kW). It was scattered throughout the farming and vineyard industries globally and recognized for its ability to reduce overall project times.

1958

Tractor

Eicher ED 110/II

Year

1958

Manufacturer Engine

1901

Tractor

Eicher

Eicher

Engine

2.9L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

1.4L 1-cyl Diesel

The Eicher ED 110/II was produced in Germany from 1958 until 1960. It was notes for its particularly robust engine.

Eicher 656 VC

Manufacturer

1993

The Eicher 656 VC was produced in 1993 and was well known throughout the farming industry. It was capable of a maximum speed of 30 km/h and featured 12 forward and 12 reverse transmission gears.

11


Tractor

Fix2

Year

1968

Manufacturer Engine

Fendt MWM 1.4L 2-cyl Diesel

The Fendt Fix2 was produced from 1968 until 1970 and had an engine power output of 19 hp (14.2 kW). It weighed 1.36 tonnes.

1968

ALLEMANGE Fendt Even before the Fendt brothers began their company, they were building tractors. They began by creating machines in a blacksmith's shop owned by their father, and their love of putting things together led to building tractors with separate mowing and ploughing attachments. In 1937, the brothers founded their own company as a means of commercialising their passion and operating on a larger scale. Innovation quickly followed, and the boys created the Vario transmission, which was a ground-breaking pedal configured transmission in its day. A diverse range of agricultural machinery then followed throughout the remainder of the 20th century, and the name of Fendt became both a sought-after and prestigious one within the industry. In 1997, Fendt was acquired by the AGCO Corporation, and AGCO continued to use the Fendt brand thereafter. Today, Fendt machinery includes mowers and threshers among other offerings, as well as tractor models ranging from 70 to 500 hp in output. In 2007, the Trisix tractor was unveiled and immediately dubbed the 'Moby-Dick' by consumers.

12


1998

Tractor

Favorit 716 Vario

Year

1998

Manufacturer Engine

1997

Tractor

Fendt

Manufacturer

Year

Deutz 5.7L 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Fendt Favorit 716 Vario was produced from 1998 until 2003. It featured and engine power output of 160 hp (119 kW) and weighed 6.2 tonnes.

Favorit 916 Vario

Fendt

1997

MAN 6.9L 6-cyl Diesel

The Fendt Favorit 916 Vario was in production from 1997 until 2002 and had an engine power output of 170 hp (127 kW). Its 3- point hitch had a rear lifting capability of 9.2 tonnes.

1956

Tractor

F17

Manufacturer

Fendt

Engine

MWD 1.4L 2-cyl Diesel

Year

1979

Tractor

Farmer 108LS

Year

1979

Manufacturer

1956

Engine

The Fendt F17 was produced in 1956 and featured a four wheel drive variant. It was part of the farming tractor line and was found throughout the agricultural industry.

Fendt

MWM 4.2L 4-cyl Diesel

The Fendt Farmer 108LS was produced from 1979 until 1980 and had an engine power output of 75 hp (56 kW). It had an 87.8 litre fuel tank.

1974

Tractor

Farmer 200S

Year

1974

Manufacturer Engine

Fendt

KHD 2.8L 3-cyl Diesel

The Fendt Farmer 200S tractor was produced from 1974 until 1987 and had an engine power output of 40 hp (30 kW). Its 3-point hitch had a rear lifting capability of 1.5 tonnes.

1997

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Favorit 920 Vario

Fendt

1997

MAN 6.9L 6-cyl Diesel

The Fendt Favorit 920 Vario was produced from 1997 until 2002 and had an engine power output of 220 hp (164 kW).

13


Tractor

ZT 423

Year

1992

Manufacturer Engine

Fortschritt 6-cyl Diesel

The Fortschritt ZT 423 was produced in 1992. Its six cylinder diesel engine produced 140 hp (104 kW).

1992

ALLEMANGE Fortschritt The Fortschritt brand of tractors emerged from the German 'VEB' agricultural collective in the post-World War II years. The term Fortschritt was the German word for progress at a time when all of Europe was beginning to rebuild in both Communist and non-Communist countries.VEB itself was based in Communist East Germany, which adopted the Soviet style of forming collectives to produce food for like minded nations on state-owned farms. The Fortschritt collective was formed 1955, and the first of its tractors was produced in 1964 - the ZT Series. Between then and 1990 when Germany was reunified, Fortschritt tractors were produced en masse for state owned entities. Following reunification, the brand was sold by Case until 2004. While in production, Fortschritt produced a range of tractors suited to a wide variety of agricultural purposes. Products sizes ranged from the small 15 hp R-S 08 model in the early 1950s to the large 180 hp ZT 403 in the early 1980s.

14


1964

Tractor

ZT 300-GB

Year

1964

Manufacturer Engine

1967

Tractor

Fortschritt

Manufacturer

Fortschritt

Engine

VEB 6.6L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

4-cyl Diesel

The Fortschritt ZT 300-GB was produced in 1964. It was purpose built for a number of different tasks on land better suited to tracked behicles.

ZT 300

1967

The Fortschritt ZT 300 was produced from 1967 until 1984. It weighed a maximum of 4.8 tonnes.

1981

Tractor

ZT 403

Year

1981

Manufacturer Engine

Fortschritt

1984

Tractor

ZT 323

Year

1984

Manufacturer

9.8L 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Fortschritt ZT 403 was produced in 1981 and featured a liquid cooled engine with a power output of 180 hp (134 kW). It weighed 6.7 tonnes.

Fortschritt VEB 6.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The Fortschritt ZT 323 was produced in East Germany between 1984 and 1990. It featured an engine power output of 98.6 hp (73.5 kW) and weighed 5.6 tonnes.

1971

Tractor

ZT 303

Year

1971

Manufacturer Engine

Fortschritt

VEB 6.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The Fortschritt ZT 303 was produced from 1971 until 1984. It had an engine power output of 98.6 hp (73.5 kW).

1989

Tractor

Fortschritt E303

Manufacturer

Fortschritt

Engine

4-cyl Diesel

Year

1989

The Fortschritt E303 was produced from 1989 until 1990 and was commonly found within the farming and agricultural industries of Eastern Bloc countries.

15


Today's tractors might look different to their early 20th century ancestors, but the engineering principle remains the same. One of the most significant technologies that continues on is the linkage system, which was first designed over a century ago.

16


17


Tractor

Holder Cultitrac AM2

Year

1968

Manufacturer Engine

Holder

Holder 1.0L 2-cyl Diesel

The Holder Cultitrac AM2 was produced in 1968 and featured an engine power output of 23 hp (17 kW). The entire vehicle weighed only 798 kg.

1968

ALLEMANGE Holder In 1888, brothers Martin and Christian Holder established a new machinery company in Urach, Germany. The brothers soon parted ways, leaving Christian at the helm while Martin started a locksmith's shop. In 1889, the company developed an automatic sprayer that was worn as a backpack, and its design remains as the foundation of today's backpack sprayers. For the ensuing fifty years, Holder concentrated on its existing machinery, managing to survive the ravages of World War I and emerging relatively unscathed. In the inter-war years, the company moved from Urach to Metzingen and began on the design and production of its first single axle tractor. Holder Tractors became part of the German agricultural landscape from that point on, only interrupted by war. Following the introduction of the diesel engine in 1950, the company then sold its patent rights to Fichtel & Sachs. The name of Holder continues to be an innovative one in the design of agricultural machinery today, over 125 years after first opening its doors.

18


1963

Tractor

Holder A20

Year

1963

Manufacturer Engine

Holder

1978

Tractor

Holder A40

Year

1978

Manufacturer

Holder 1L 1-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Holder A20 was produced in 1963 and featured a Holder diesel engine. It had an engine power output of 20 hp (15 kW) and came with 4X4 capabilities.

Holder

Holder 1.5L 2-cyl Diesel

The Holder A40 was in production in 1978. It featured a 1.5 litre, 40 hp (30 kW) Holder engine.

1975

Tractor

Holder B18

Year

1975

Manufacturer Engine

Holder

1989

Tractor

Holder C440

Year

1989

Manufacturer

Holder 1-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Holder B18 was produced in 1975 and featured a Holder diesel engine capable of a power output of 16 hp (12 kW). It was widely used throughout the agricultural and farming industries.

Holder

Deutz 3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The Holder C440 was produced in 1989 and was sold by commercial vendors throughout the farming and agricultural industries. It was manufactured as part of the municipal tractor line and featured a Deutz diesel engine.

1009

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Holder F560

Holder

2009

Deutz 4-cylinder Turbodiesel

The Holder F560 was produced in 2009 and featured a Deutz engine.

2009

Tractor

Holder L 780

Year

2009

Manufacturer

Engine

Holder

Deutz 4-cylinder Turbodiesel

The Holder L 780 was produced in 2009 and featured a Deutz diesel engine. It had all wheel drive capabilities and was tested at a top speed of 40 kmh.

19


Tractor

Lanz HORSE POWER

Manufacturer

Lanz

Engine

Lanz 6.3L 1-cyl Oil

Year

1923

The Lanz HORSE POWER was produced in Germany from 1923 until 1926. It featured a Lanz Engine and was found throughout the farming and agricultural industries.

1923

ALLEMANGE Lanz Heinrich Lanz AG was founded in Mannheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany in 1859. The company was established as an agricultural machinery manufacturer to provide the tools necessary for local farmers and agriculturists. Although Lanz was founded in 1859, it wasn't until 1921 that it began production of what was to become one of its most iconic tractors. This tractor was named the Lanz Bulldog. One of the things that made the Bulldog so popular was its simplicity, which rendered it extremely easy to maintain. That ease of maintenance appealed to a wide variety of consumers, from those who relied on the use of agricultural products day in and day out to those who were not mechanically inclined. What made the tractor so simple was its engine. The Lanz Bulldog had a single cylinder, horizontal, two-stroke, hot-bulb engine. That equated to an internal combustion engine that was ignited when its fuel came into contact with a hot metal surface from inside a bulb, which was followed by exposure to oxygen compressed in the bulb by a rising piston. The tractor was introduced with a power output of only 12 hp (9 kW), but as the model evolved, it was increased its output to 55 hp (41 kW). On top of its simple maintenance, the tractor was able to run on many different low-grade fuels, even going so far as to run off of what was characterized as waste fuel.

20


1962

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Lanz 700

John Deere

1962

Tractor

Lanz 100

Year

1962

Manufacturer

1962

John Deere 2.7L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Lanz 700 was produced in Germany from 1962 until 1966 and had an engine power output of 53 hp (40 kW). It came with a 70.0 litre fuel tank and weighed 2.1 tonnes.

John Deere John Deere 1.2L 2-cyl Diesel

The Lanz 100 preceded the Lanz 200 and was in production from 1962 until 1966. It featured a liquid cooled engine with a power output of 18 hp (13 kW).

1955

Tractor

Lanz Bulldog D2216

Manufacturer

Lanz

Engine

Lanz 1-cyl Diesel

Year

1955

Tractor

Lanz Bulldog D2416

Year

1955

Manufacturer

1955

Engine

The Lanz Bulldog D2216 was in produced in Germany in 1955. It was powered by a liquid cooled diesel engine that produced 22 hp (16 kW).

Lanz

Lanz 1-cyl Diesel

The Lanz Bulldog D2416 was in production from 1955 until 1960 as part of the standard-tread tractor line. It had a liquid cooled engine with a power output capability of 24 hp (18 kW).

1953

Tractor

Lanz Bulldog D3206

Year

1953

Manufacturer Engine

Lanz

Lanz 1-cyl Diesel

The Lanz Bulldog D3206 was in production from 1953 until 1956. It had a 32 hp (24 kW) Lanz, liquid cooled engine.

1935

Tractor

Lanz Bulldog D9506

Year

1935

Manufacturer

Engine

Lanz

Lanz 10.3L 1-cyl Diesel

The Lanz Bulldog D9506 was produced as part of the D95 Series from 1935 until 1955. There were five variants in the model range, each of which was powered by a liquid cooled, Lanz diesel engine.

21


Tractor

County 1004

Year

1966

Manufacturer Engine

County

6-cyl Diesel

The County 1004 was produced between 1966 and 1975. It featured a six cylinder diesel engine capable of producing 100 hp (75 kW).

1966

ANGLETERRE County Brothers Ernest and Percy Trapp established County Commercial Cars in Hampshire, England in 1928. The World War I veterans started their company as the result of an accidental career change, as the pair had originally operated a meat transport company that delivered products from London's Smithfield Market to a local butcher. Finding that available delivery trucks were not adequate to meet their needs, the brothers converted one from a single-axle to a two-axle vehicle so that it would take a two ton load without difficulty. Soon, the brothers found themselves converting trucks for others, and they eventually began fitting vehicles with three axles. Eventually, the Trapp brothers developed a conversion kit for use on Ford trucks, and sales took off during World War II. Once the war had ended, it was natural for County to begin producing tractors as Britain and Europe began to rebuild after the devastation of the previous six years. By the end of 1948, 50 County models had been produced and sold to the Ministry of Agriculture, and sales continued to climb until Ford entered the tractor market.

22


1969

Tractor

County Super 6

Manufacturer

County

Engine

Ford 6.6L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1975

Tractor

Manufacturer

1969

Year

Engine

The County Super 6 was produced from 1969 until 1979 in Fleet, England. It superseded the County Super 4.

County 4600-Four

County

1975

Ford 4-cyl Diesel

The County 4600-Four tractor was produced from 1975 until 1981 and replicated the Ford 4600. It had an engine power output of 61 hp (46 kW).

1976

Tractor

County 1474

Manufacturer

County

Engine

6.6L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1983

Tractor

Manufacturer

1976

Year

Engine

The County 1474 was produced in 1976. It featured a water cooled, Ford engine and weighed 7.5 tonnes.

County 1184 TW

County

1983

Ford 4-cyl Diesel

The County 1184 TW was produced in 1983 and featured both Ford TW-10 and TW-15 variants. It had an engine power output of 143 hp (107 kW).

1960

Tractor

County Super 4

Year

1960

Manufacturer Engine

County

Ford 3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The County Super 4 preceded the County Super 6 and was produced between 1960 and 1964.

1977

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

County 1174

County

1977

Ford 6.6L 6-cyl Diesel

The County 1174 tractor was produced from 1977 until 1979 and featured a standard cab with operating stations.

23


Tractor

David Brown 990 Implematic

Year

1961

Manufacturer Engine

David Brown

4-cylinder Gasoline

The David Brown 990 Implematic tractor might not look like much, but it weighed 2.53 tonnes. It was produced between 1961and 1965 as a utility tractor.

1961

ANGLETERRE David Brown David Brown Engineering was first established in 1860 as a pattern manufacturing company in England. Over a decade later, the company began to focus on machine cut gears and gearboxes. The main Huddersfield factory was set up in 1902, and it remained operational for over a century. David Brown manufactured products for use during World War 1, and it became the largest manufacturer of worm gears worldwide. In 1936, David Brown began manufacturing tractors, with the release of the Ferguson-Brown tractor that used a new lightweight cast alloy in its design. Further wartime manufacturing ensued during World War II, and the post-war years saw the release of one of Britain's most iconic cars - the Aston Martin. By the 1970s, David Brown tractors were in decline as a result of growing competition and difficult political times. It became a public company in 1993 and moved away from agriculture into producing transmissions civilian and military uses. Current products include the British Challenger 2 tank and the Bradley APC.

24


1965

Tractor

David Brown 990 Selectamatic

Year

1965

Manufacturer Engine

David Brown

1953

Tractor

David Brown 950

Year

1953

Manufacturer

3.0L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

David Brown started the production of the 990 Selectamatic tractor in1965.

David Brown

David Brown 2.71L 4-cyl Diesel

The David Brown 30D Tractor was produced in England between 1953 and 1957. It had a 34 hp (25 kW) diesel engine.

1950

Tractor

David Brown 25D

Year

1950

Manufacturer Engine

David Brown

1965

Tractor

David Brown 770

Year

1965

Manufacturer

David Brown 2.5L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The David Brown 25D Tractor was produced between 1953 and 1958. Its 2.5 litre engine produced 32 hp (24 kW).

David Brown

David Brown 2.4L 3-cyl Diesel

The David Brown 770 Tractor was produced from 1965 until 1970. The transmission allowed for 12 forward and 4 reverse speeds.

1971

Tractor

David Brown 885

Year

1971

Manufacturer Engine

David Brown

3-cylinder Gasoline

The David Brown 885 was produced in 1971. Within two years, the David Brown Engineering company was meeting industry demands for gear systems.

1939

Tractor

David Brown Mk2

Year

1939

Manufacturer

Engine

David Brown

4-cylinder Gasoline

Though the David Brown Engineering Limited company has a core foundation of making gear boxes and gears, it also roduced durable machines such as the David Brown Light Diesel Tractor Mk2 tractor.

25


Early tractor manufacturers had their own identifiable livery, which was generally a single solid colour on the body and distinctive wheel colouring. Also easy to spot was trademark styling.

26


27


Tractor

JCB Fastrac 2150

Year

1998

Manufacturer Engine

JCB

Perkins 6.0L 6-cyl Diesel

The JCB Fastrac 2150 was in production from 1998 until 2004. It had an engine power output of 158 hp (118 kW) and came equipped with hydrostatic power steering and dry disc brakes.

1998

ANGLETERRE JCB JCB is a British transnational corporation owned by the Bamford family, with headquarters in Staffordshire, England. JCB was founded in 1945 by Joseph Cyril Bamford, who rented a garage and used a second-hand English Electric welding set to create a tipping trailer from war-surplus material. The trailer's sides and floor were made from steel sheet that had once been used in air-raid shelters. JCB made its name in the tractor industry in 1990 by producing the JCB Fastrac tractor, which was one of the first agricultural machines that featured proper suspension and was capable of reaching standard speed limits on roads. Prior to that, farm machinery and tractors were notoriously slow and sluggish on the roads. Since 2006, JCB has produced a range of compact tractors designed for grounds-care, horticultural and light agricultural duties. The company also manufactures agricultural, construction, waste handling and demolition equipment. With 22 factories across Asia, Europe, North America and South America, JCB employs over 12,000 people on four continents and has many hundreds of products in its range.

28


2005

Tractor

JCB 7230

Manufacturer

JCB

Engine

Cummins 6.7L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

2005

Tractor

2005

Manufacturer

JCB

Engine

Cummins 8.3L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

The JCB 7230 was produced in 2005 and came equipped with a performance monitor and radar.

JCB Fastrac 8250

2005

The JCB Fastrac 8250 was produced from 2005 until 2011 and had an engine power output of 260 hp (194 kW). It had a long-range fuel tank, which allowed for day-long jobs.

2005

Tractor

JCB Fastrac 2140

Manufacturer

JCB

Engine

Cummins 5.9L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

2004

Tractor

2005

JCB

Engine

Cummins 5.9L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

The JCB Fastrac 2140 was produced from 2005 until 2007 and had an engine power output of 142 hp (106 kW).

JCB Fastrac 3170

Manufacturer

2004

The JCCB Fastrac 3170 was produced from 2004 until 2006 and had an engine power output of 173 hp (129 kW). It was four wheel drive capable and had a 350.1 litre fuel tank.

2006

Tractor

JCB Fastrac 3220

Year

2006

Manufacturer Engine

JCB

Cummins 5.9L 6-cyl Diesel

The JCB Fastrac 3220 came equipped with a Cummins engine that had a power output of 220 hp (164 kW). It had both an air-charged and turbo-charged cooling system.

2012

Tractor

JCB Fastrac 8310

Manufacturer

JCB

Engine

6-cyl Diesel

Year

2012

The JCB Fastrac 8310 was produced in 2012 as part of the Fastrac 8000 Series. It had a Sisu Engine and a top speed of 70 km/h.

29


Tractor

Belarus MTZ1220

Manufacturer

Belarus

Engine

MTZ 4-cyl

Year

2004

Purchase of a Belarus MTZ1220 tractor included an excellent standard package that allowed for additional features. In its class, the MTZ1220 was the heaviest built.

2004

BIELORUSSIE Belarus At the conclusion of World War II, agricultural infrastructure in the Soviet Union had been decimated, with tractor fabrication non-existent in the later years of the conflict. The tractors and other equipment that were still working on the farms were worn-out from heavy use and were outdated, unreliable and poorly maintained. The Communist State formulated a plan to develop new tractors at several locations in the USSR. Belarus began producing a series of four-wheeled tractors at the Minsk Tractor Works in the 1950s. Belarus tractors were very well known throughout the Commonwealth of Independent States, and many were exported to more than 100 countries worldwide, including the United States and Canada. The main production plant was in Minsk, Belarus, while smaller tractors were produced in other locations. In the 1950s, new designs were put into production, and the new MTZ wheeled tractor was introduced. The MTZ wheeled tractors were built according to the three main concepts of Soviet engineering - reliability, simplicity and value for money. During the Cold War, Belarus tractors were generally overlooked due to their low material and build quality. Since the collapse of the old system in Russia, Belarus has rebounded and now offers higher quality products to an expanding customer base.

30


2009

Tractor

Belarus MTZ-1523.3

Manufacturer

Belarus

Engine

MTZ 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1974

Tractor

Belarus MTZ-80

Year

1974

Manufacturer

2009

Engine

The Belarus MTZ 1523.3 is equipped with a direct injection, turbocharging and aftercooling diesel engine. It has 16 forward gears and eight reverse gears.

Belarus

MTZ 4-cyl Diesel

The Belarus MTZ-80 tractor was produced between 1975 and 1977. It was the two-wheel variant of the Belarus MTZ 82 and was equipped with a dry disc clutch, 18 forward gears and four reverse gears.

1977

Tractor

Belarus MTZ-820

Manufacturer

Belarus

Engine

MTZ 4-cyl

Year

1957

Tractor

Manufacturer

1977

Year

Engine

MZT learned to evolve and meet the demands of a varied range of customers. They manufactured 24 unique models, which included plough tractors, small tractors, mini-tractors, mine machinery and maintenance loaders.

Belarus MTZ-5

Belarus

1957

MTZ 4-cyl

The Belarus MTZ-5 tractor was one of 24 different models produced by Belarus. Other models include eight mini model tractors, six small tractors and 16 forestry, mine and maintenance models.

1954

Tractor

Belarus MTZ-2

Year

1954

Manufacturer Engine

Belarus

MTZ 4-cyl

The Belarus MTZ-2 was in production from 1953. It became a popular small to medium workhorse for general farm work and row cropping and remained in production until 1977.

1977

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Belarus 820

Belarus

1977

Belarus 4-cyl Diesel

The Belarus 820 tractor was produced in Minsk, Belarus between 1977 and 1996. It was a four-wheel drive machine, and its engine was capable of producing 81 hp (60 kW).

31


Although the tractor has come a long way in terms of size, design and pulling capacity, its primary function remains the same as when it first replaced the horse. Many older models remain in service today, decades after they were first produced.

32


33


Tractor

Bukh 302

Year

1960

Manufacturer Engine

Bukh

Bukh 2.0 Litre 2-cyl Diesel

The Bukh 302 was in production from 1960 until 1967. The model was available with either a standard 2.0 litre engine, or a 2.3 litre version.

1960

DANEMARK Bukh Bukh Tractors was founded by Jens Bukh in Havre, Denmark in 1908. The company began producing diesel and marine engines in the time before aircraft, and was thus extremely successful from both a technological and geographical stand. It wasn't until the post World War II years that the company also began designing and manufacturing tractors, necessitated by the need for Europe to rebuild and begin producing food and machinery again. The company continued to produce a small range of tractors for more than four decades, and the tractor line was eventually acquired by Aabenraa Motorfabrik in 1994. Bukh continued to produce its successful engine range in its own right, including tractor engines for Aabenraa Motorfabrik. From the 1950s until the 1990s, Bukh's tractor range included models that varied from 30 to 100 hp in output. Those models were powered by engines that also covered a broad range from 2.0 litre two-cylinder units up to powerful 6.8 litre six-cylinder units, and the company's provenance as an engine designer from the earliest years of the 20th century held it in good stead during that time.

34


1963

Tractor

Bukh 403

Year

1963

Manufacturer Engine

1956

Tractor

Bukh

Manufacturer

Bukh

Engine

Bukh 2.0 Litre 2-cyl Diesel

Year

Bukh 3.4 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

The Bukh 403 was produced in Denmark from 1963 until 1967. Its liquid cooled engine produced 43 hp (32 kW), and it was equipped with eight forward and four reverse gears.

Bukh DZ-30

1956

The Bukh DZ-30 was produced from 1956 until 1958. Its engine produced 30 hp (22 kW), and the rear PTO revved at 540 rpm. It had six forward gears and one reverse gear.

1967

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Bukh Juno

1958

Tractor

Bukh

1967

Bukh

Engine

Bukh 3.1 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

Year

Bukh 3.4 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

The Bukh Juno was in production for a single year, the smallest of a range that included the Hercules and Jupiter models. Its threecylinder engine was liquid cooled and capable of producing 52 hp (39 kW).

Bukh D-45

Manufacturer

1958

The Bukh D-45 was in production from 1958 until 1960. Its liquid cooled three-cylinder engine was capable of producing 45 hp (33.5 kW).

1965

Tractor

Bukh 906

Year

1965

Manufacturer Engine

Bukh

Bukh 6.8 Litre 6-cyl Diesel

The Bukh 906 was produced in 1965. The four-wheel drive tractor was powered by a large 6.8 litre diesel engine capable of producing 100 hp (75 kW).

2009

Tractor

Claas Axion 810

Year

2009

Manufacturer

Engine

Claas

6 cylinder diesel

With a fuel capacity of 107.5 gallons and an output of 178 hp (133 kW), the Claas Axion 810 is a great machine for long hauls and heavy loads. It has been used by global dairy farmers and others in the agricultural industry.

35


John Deer tractors have been working on the tulip fields of the Netherlands since the early 20th century. Many old models can still be seen hard at work today.

36


37


38


The lavender fields of France are home to numerous tractor types suited to the many tasks that lavender growing create. Here, harvest is in progress.

39


40


41


Early tractors were designed to replace the horse on working family owned farms. During the Great Depression, finance was available for agricultural pursuits, and many farming families were able to make the transition from a biological machine to a mechanical one.

42


43


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Leyland 282 Leyland 1979

Leyland 3.8L 4-cyl Diesel

The Leyland 282 tractor was produced from 1979 until 1981 as part of the company's farming and agricultural line. It had an 82 hp (61 kW), 4WD drive engine.

1979

ÉCOSSE Leyland In 1968, the Leyland Tractor Company was created through a merger between the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and Nuffield Tractor. The British Motor Corporation (BMC) had acquired the rights to Nuffield Tractors in 1951, prior to the merger with Leyland Tractors, so Leyland had also acquired the rights to Nuffield Tractor. Once the merger was complete, Leyland changed Nuffield’s trademark colour of Poppy Red to a two-tone blue. Leyland Tractors continued using the blue until the1980s. Production moved to Bathgate in Scotland in 1961 on 250 acres of land just outside Edinburgh. The training centre for dealers and service engineers was just across the road from the factory at Mosside Farm. When Leyland took over Nuffield Tractor, the Nuffield name still appeared until 1969 before it was completely removed. In 1982, Marshall and Sons acquired the production rights to Leyland Tractors, moving production to Gainsborough. The Leyland name was soon replaced with the Marshall name. The move was initially successful, but the merger failed to generate enough funding to successfully develop new models. Slowly losing its market share thereafter, Marshall ceased production in 1992.

44


1969

Tractor

Leyland 2180

Manufacturer

Leyland

Engine

V8 Diesel

Year

1969

Tractor

Leyland 384

Year

1969

Manufacturer

1969

Engine

The Leyland 2180 was in production from 1969. It had a V8 engine with a power output of 180 hp (134 kW).

Leyland

Leyland 3.8L 4-cyl Diesel

The Leyland 383 was in production from 1969 until 1972 and had an engine power output of 70 hp (52 kW).

1972

Tractor

Leyland 255 tractor

Year

1972

Manufacturer Engine

1970

Tractor

Leyland

Leyland

Engine

Diesel

Year

Leyland 3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The Leyland 255 was a utility tractor produced from 1972 until 1976. Its 3.6 litre diesel engine produced 60 hp (45 kW).

Leyland 154

Manufacturer

1970

The Leyland 154 was produced from 1970 until 1984. It was originally sold for US$8300 in 1984 and had an engine power output of 28 hp (21 kW). Its 3-point hitch rear lift was capable of lifting kg.

1979

Tractor

Leyland 472

Year

1979

Manufacturer Engine

Leyland

Leyland 3.8L 4-cyl Diesel

The Leyland 472 was produced from 1979 until 1982 and was considered to be the 4WD drive sibling of the 272 model.

1984

Tractor

Leyland 245

Year

1984

Manufacturer

Engine

Leyland

3-cylinder Diesel

The Leyland 245 was produced from 1972 until 1984 as part of the utility line. It had a 50 hp (37 kW) engine and weighed 3.5 tonnes.

45


Tractor

EBRO Super 55

Manufacturer

Ebro

Engine

3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

1960

The EBRO Super 55 was produced in Spain in 1960 and discontinued in 1970. It featured six forward transmission gears and was a popular model.

1960

ESPAGNE Ebro Motor Iberica was established in Spain in 1954 as a producer of Ford trucks under license, and the Ebro name was one of a range of products that included tractors and trucks. The company's first tractor was released in 1955, and success ensued over the following decade. In the 1960s and 1970s, Motor Iberica acquired a number of other manufacturers and absorbed intellectual property and manufacturing processes into their operations. The new truck and tractor range was branded as Ebro, and a majority of models were manufactured by others and simply branded as Ebro. Motor Iberica was acquired by Nissan in the late 1980s, and the company's name was changed to Nissan Motor Iberica. Part of the new Japanese connection brought with it a contract to manufacture Kubota tractors, and the finished product range was named Ebro-Kubota. Since that time, more than a dozen Ebro-Kubota tractor and truck models have been released, and operations have spread to Avila, Madrid and Barcelona.

46


1972

Tractor

EBRO 160E

Manufacturer

Ebro

Engine

4-cyl Diesel

Year

1978

Tractor

EBRO 470

Year

1978

Manufacturer

1972

Engine

The EBRO 160E was produced in 1972 in Spain. As with the EBRO 6079, the 160E was sold throughout Europe.

Ebro

Perkins 3.9L Diesel

The EBRO 470 was produced in Spain in 1978. It featured six forward and two reverse gears and had a maximum engine power output of 67 hp (50 kW).

1978

Tractor

EBRO 684

Manufacturer

Ebro

Engine

3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

1986

Tractor

EBRO 6067

Year

1986

Manufacturer

1978

Engine

The EBRO 684 was produced in Spain in 1978. It preceded the EBRO 684 model and featured a 3.6 litre diesel engine with a maximum power output capacity of 82 hp (61 kW).

Ebro

4-cyl Diesel

The EBRO 6067 was in production from 1986 in Spain. Though the 6067 was eventually phased out and discontinued, it was a popular tractor in its time.

1983

Tractor

EBRO 6079

Year

1983

Manufacturer Engine

Ebro

4-cyl Diesel

The EBRO 6079 was produced in 1983 and was sold throughout the European farming and agricultural industries. It had an engine power output of 79 hp (59 kW).

1982

Tractor

EBRO 6045

Year

1982

Manufacturer

Engine

Ebro

2.5L 3-cyl Diesel

The EBRO 6045 was produced in 1982 in Spain. It featured a diesel engine with a maximum power output of 46 hp (34 kW). It was largely used in vineyards.

47


Tractor

Barreiros R545

Manufacturer

Barreiros

Engine

Barreiros 6.8 Litre 4-cyl Diesel

Year

1964

The Barreiros R545 was produced in 1964 as part of the company's mid-size farm tractor line. It featured a Barreiros BL24 diesel engine and had five forward gears and one reverse gear.

1964

ESPAGNE Barreiros Eduardo Barreiros of Madrid founded Barreiros Diesel in 1954 following the end World War II. The company was initially established to produce diesel engines, but it soon expanded its horizons with the development of licensing agreements with several other companies. Those companies included AEC, a British company that produced buses, Berliet, a French company that produced truck cabs, and Hanomag, a German company responsible for the production of tractors and other agricultural goods. In the late 1950's, Barreiros expanded into Poland, a union which ultimately resulted in production of the Star tractor, which was exported and sold widely in China. Chrysler acquired Barreiros in the 1960s and then sold it to Renault in 1980. Although the name of Barreiros has since been phased out, it produced many different models of tractors that helped to expand the agricultural machinery market over three decades. In total, Barreiros were responsible for more than a dozen different models of tractor, ranging in power outputs from 35 to 77 hp. The iconic red tractors served to work everything from farmland to vineyards around the globe.

48


1968

Tractor

Barreiros 4000

Year

1968

Manufacturer Engine

1964

Tractor

Barreiros

Manufacturer

Barreiros

Engine

Barreiros 2.5 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

Year

Barreiros 2.5 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

The Barreiros 4000 was produced from 1968 until 1974 and its engine produced 40 hp (30 kW). The 4000 model featured an open operator system.

Barreiros 40.45

1964

The Barreiros 40.45 was produced from 1964 until 1969 and it engine produced 40 hp (30 kW).

1974

Tractor

Barreiros 50.55

Year

1974

Manufacturer Engine

1978

Tractor

Barreiros

Barreiros

Engine

Barreiros 2.5 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

Year

Barreiros 3.3 Litre 4-cyl Diesel

The Barreiros 50.55 was produced from 1974 until 1980 as part of the company's utility tractor line. It had an engine power output of 52 hp (39 kW) and had 10 forward gears and two reverse gears.

Barreiros R350S

Manufacturer

1978

The Barreiros R350S had a smaller engine, which produced 36 hp (27 kW). Introduced in 1978, the R350S had an electric starter motor.

1960

Tractor

Barreiros R335S

Year

1960

Manufacturer Engine

Barreiros

Barreiros 2.4 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

The Barreiros R335S was in production in 1960 and was equipped with the Barreiros EBH3 engine. The tractor's battery was a 12 volt unit, and the engine was capable of producing 35 hp (26 kW).

1973

Tractor

Barreiros 4000V

Manufacturer

Barreiros

Engine

Barreiros 2.5 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

Year

1973

The Barreiros 4000V was in production from 1973 until 1980 and featured a liquid cooled, diesel engine with an output of 40 hp (30 kW).

49


Tractors are commonly classified by the number of axles or wheels that they have. Most machines are either two-wheel or four-wheel models, and the majority of those are two-wheel drive.

50


51


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Valtra N143 Valtra 2012

4-cyl Diesel

The Valtra N 143 was inspired by the Valtra N Series. Its 4-cylinder diesel engine has a power output of 152 hp (113 kW).

2012

FINLANDE Valtra Valtra started as The Finnish State Rifle Factory founded in Jyväskylä in 1928 and the Finnish State Artillery Factory, which moved from Helsinki to Jyväskylä in 1939. Following the war, the artillery and rifle plants were converted into factories to produce goods for war reparations and civil use. Valtra designed tractors and agricultural machinery, to replace horses on small Finnish farms and in the forests. Valtra tractors are manufactured in Suolahti, Finland, and Mogi das Cruzes, Brazil. Valtra’s products in the Brazilian market also include combine harvesters, sugar cane harvesters, self-propelled sprayers and seed drills. In 1951, the prototypes and first 10 tractors were the result of cooperation between the artillery and rifle plants, and the first tractors in development actually used parts of cannon barrels for their frames. The first tractor model was the Valmet 15, the model number representing its horsepower. The Valmet 33 D model was launched with a diesel engine and, fuel tank located between the clutch and the gearbox, which became a trademark of Valmet and Valtra tractors. The position of the fuel tank kept it protected, which made the tractors popular for forest work. The engine was very modern for its time. It had cold start properties and featured liquid engine cooling, wet cylinder liners and direct injection.

52


2001

Tractor

Valtra 800

Year

2001

Manufacturer Engine

2002

Tractor

Valtra

Manufacturer

Valtra

Engine

Sisu Diesel 7.4L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

Valtra Diesel

This Valtra 800 tractor was produced from 1997 until 2001 and had an 80 hp (60 kW) diesel engine.

Valtra T190

2002

The Valtra T190 tractor was in production from 2002 until 2007. It was part of the T Series and came equipped with hydrostatic steering and a 189 hp (141 kW) engine.

1994

Tractor

Valtra 8950

Year

1994

Manufacturer Engine

2013

Tractor

Valtra

Valtra

Engine

4.9L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

Sisu 7.4L 6-cyl Diesel

This Valtra 8950 tractor was in production from 1998 until 2002. It has a 7.7 litre 200 hp (149 kW) engine.

Valtra N163

Manufacturer

2013

TheValtra N163 tractor is equipped as standard with Valtra's strongest four cylinder engine.

2005

Tractor

Valtra N121

Year

2005

Manufacturer Engine

Valtra

Sisu Diesel 4.4L 4-cyl

The 33 hp (25 kW) Valtra N121 tractor is a small, efficient tractor equipped with a cab and hydraulic disk braking system as standard equipment.

2005

Tractor

Valtra N91

Year

2005

Manufacturer

Engine

Valtra

4.4L 4-cyl Diesel

The Valtra N91 has a water cooled engine that produces 110 hp (82 kW). In 2016, the N91 sold for an average price of US$16,032.

53


Tractor

U28

Year

1958

Manufacturer Engine

Dutra

Csepel 2.7L 2-cyl Diesel

The Dutra U28 was produced as part of the farming and agricultural tractor line of 1958.

1958

HONGRIE Dutra Hungarian company Dutra began manufacturing engines and tractors in the post-World War II years. The company was established when the Hoffher-Schrantz-Clayton-Shuttleworth (HSCS) factory in Budapest was nationalised by the then communist government. Dutra was formed for the purpose of producing agricultural machinery and equipment for the Soviet Union, although some products were exported elsewhere. Despite the fact that the largest portion of Dutra's products remained in the USSR, Dutra managed to export tractors to multiple countries, including Cuba and New Zealand. The Dutra name fell out of use by 1975, but the company itself continued to manufacture under the new name of RABA. In its lifetime, the name of Dutra appealed to a variety of customers and had a range of different purposes that met the criteria handed down by the communist powers of the time. The company's model range began with a small 28 hp machine and increased in power up to 130 hp. Aside from those sold overseas, every other Dutra tractor was earmarked as part of the rapid modernisation of the USSR in the 1950s and beyond.

54


1973

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

1100

1973

Tractor

Dutra

1973

Manufacturer

Dutra

Engine

Raba 8.6L 5-cyl Diesel

Year

Csepel 8.7L 6-cyl Diesel

The Dutra 1100 was produced from 1973 until 1975. It was a 4WD tractor and had an engine power output of 110 hp (82 kW).

1300 1973

The Dutra 1300 was in production from 1973 until 1975. It superseded the Dutra 1100 and had an engine power output of 130 hp (97 kW).

1967

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

4400

Dutra

1960

Tractor

D4K-A

Year

1960

Manufacturer

1967

Csepel 5.3L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Dutra 4400 was produced in 1967 in Hungary and was exported to the Eastern Bloc, the United Kingdom and Europe.

Dutra

Csepel 5.5L 4-cyl Diesel

The Dutra D4K-A was produced from 1960 until 1965 and preceded the Dutra D4K-B. It featured six forward and two reverse gears and had an engine power output of 65 hp (48 kW).

1958

Tractor

UB-28

Year

1958

Manufacturer Engine

Dutra

Csepel 2.7L 2-cyl Diesel

The Dutra UB-28 was produced from 1958 until 1970 as part of the U-28 Series.

1964

Tractor

D4K-B

Year

1964

Manufacturer

Engine

Dutra

Csepel 8.0L 6-cyl Diesel

The Dutra D4K-B was produced from 1964 until 1972 in Budapest, Hungary. It stood out as a 4WD tractor that had a power output of 100 hp (75 kW).

55


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Claas Axion 810 Claas 2009

6 cylinder diesel

With a fuel capacity of 107.5 gallons and an output of 178 hp (133 kW), the Claas Axion 810 is a great machine for long hauls and heavy loads. It has been used by global dairy farmers and others in the agricultural industry.

1901

ITALIE Antonio Carraro Antonio Carraro is an historic, industry leading Italian agricultural products corporation based Padua, Italy. Antonio Carraro built his first multipurpose agricultural machine in 1910 at the age of 20, turning his smith workshop into an industrial plant that manufactured traditional tractors. In 1960, Carraro founded the company that bore his name, and the first single-axle tractor, the Scarebeo, was developed. From 1960 until 1990 Carraro chose to produce a specific niche of tractors, which ranged from 20 to 100 hp models. The manufacturer became a leader in its field, and with success came an increased model range. Research & development became the company’s key strength after 1979, and by 2004, Carraro was producing units for Renault Agriculture. In 2006, an agreement saw strong ties built between Antonio Carraro and Carraro Agritalia, and the latter's models were distributed as Antonio Carraro products. Currently, Antonio Carraro employs over 350 workers in a number of global locations, some of which include Australia, Spain and Turkey. The Antonio Carraro sales network is composed of 400 importers, dealers and resellers all over the world.

56


2011

Tractor

Antonio Carraro Tigrone 6500

Year

2011

Manufacturer Engine

2013

Tractor

Antonio Carraro

Manufacturer

Year

Yanmar 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Antonio Carraro Tigrone 6500 was produced in Italy and has a water cooled engine that has a power output of 55 hp (41 kW).

Antonio Carraro SRX All Black

Antonio Carraro

2013

VM Motori 4-cyl Diesel

The Antonio Carraro SRX Black is equipped with caterpillar tracks that enable ease of access through rugged terrain. Its engine produces 87 hp (65 Kw) and it has 16 reverse and forward speeds.

2012

Tractor

Antonio Carraro Tigrone 5500

Year

2012

Manufacturer Engine

2010

Tractor

Antonio Carraro

Manufacturer

Year

Yanmar 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Tigrone 5500 is a 4-wheel drive tractor renowned for its pulling power. It has 8 forward and 4 reverse speeds.

Antonio Carraro Tigre 3200

Antonio Carraro

2010

Yanmar 3-cyl Diesel

The Antonio Carraro Tigre 3200 has 8 reverse and forward speeds. It is compatible with several attachments including a seed attachment and a mower. It is perfect for yards, vineyards, and gardens.

2015

Tractor

Antonio Carraro TGF Ergit 100 Series

Manufacturer

Antonio Carraro

Engine

3.8 L / 4 cylinder turbo diesel

Year

Engine

The TGF Ergit100 Series was designed as a 'super low profile' tractors by Antonio Carraro. It was engineered with uneven wheels that allowed it to work on undulating ground and in tight areas such as vineyards and orchards. Each of the models within the range were powered by Kubota engines.

2011

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Antonio Carraro TRH 9400

Antonio Carraro

2011

VM Motori 4-cyl Diesel

The Antonio Carraro TRH 9400 was produced in Italy. It has a fuel capacity of 60.2 litres and a 3 point hitch rear lift capacity of 2.3 tonnes.

57


The compact utility tractor is the preferred workhorse in smaller farming pursuits. Most compact utility machines produce between 20 and 70 hp and are equipped with functions found on larger tractors.

58


59


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Carraro 920 DT Carraro 1984

3.9L 4-cyl Diesel

The Carraro 920 DT tractor was produced in 1984 and featured a four wheel drive engine with a power output of 84 hp (63 kW).

1984

ITALIE Carraro Giovanni Carraro and his brothers founded the Carraro Group in Campodarsego, Italy in 1910. The group began by manufacturing agricultural equipment that included seeders, although the first Carraro seeder was not released until 1932. The company released its inaugural tractor in 1958 in the post-World War II years, and the release preceded the departure of Antonio Carraro two years later. Antonio then established his own separate tractor manufacturing entity - Antonio Carraro. The Carraro Group continued designing tractors, but handed manufacturing over to the Rovigio company in 1977. Today, Carraro is a specialist in the design of tractors for vineyards and orchards. Products range from 55 to 100 hp models, and in the past, most Carraro tractors were re-badged by such companies as Challenger, Eicher and John Deere, among others. In 2010, the Carraro Group introduced its own new line of tractors, adopting the 'Carraro; Tractors Built for the Best' catchcry. Alongside the new line, the company continues to produce tractors for other companies today.

60


2003

Tractor

Carraro Agriplus 85

Year

2003

Manufacturer Engine

Carraro

2979

Tractor

Carraro 88.4

Year

1979

Manufacturer

4L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Carraro Agriplus 85 was produced in Italy in 2003 and has since been discontinued. It featured a Deutz engine with a power output of 85 hp (63 kW).

Carraro

4-cyl Diesel

The Carraro 88.4 tractor was produced in Italy in 1979. It was exported to several countries and featured a liquid cooled engine with a power output of 90 hp (67 kW).

2010

Tractor

Carraro Agricube V80

Year

2010

Manufacturer Engine

2014

Tractor

Carraro

Manufacturer

Year

3.2L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Carraro Agricube V80 was produced out of Italy in 2010 and had an engine power output of 77.5 hp (58 kW). It featured a Weco Engine with a governed RPM of 2300.

Carraro FB90 Carraro 2014

3.2L 4-cyl Diesel

The Carraro FB90 tractor was produced in 2014 in the USA and featured 3.2 litre diesel engine capable of producing 90 hp (67 kW).

1980

Tractor

Carraro 78.4

Manufacturer

Carraro

Engine

3.2L 4-cyl diesel

Year

1980

The Carraro 78.4 was produced in 1980 as part of the Italian farming tractor line. It featured a four cylinder, diesel engine and was available in 2 variants.

1974

Tractor

Carraro 354

Year

1974

Manufacturer

Engine

Carraro

4-cyl Diesel

The Carraro 354 was produced in Italy in 1974. It had a tested speed of 25 km/h and was good small workhorse.

61


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Hurlimann H-657 XA Hurlimann 2000

SAME 4.0L 4-cyl Diesel

This Hurlimann H-657 XA tractor was in production from 2000 until 2004. It had a 2 wheel drive, 72 hp (54 kW) engine and came equipped with hydrostatic power steering.

2000

ITALIE Hurlimann The original Hurlimann Tractor Company was founded in Switzerland in 1929 by Hans Hurlimann. With an agricultural background, Hurlimann became a mechanic by trade, and he worked privately on his own tractor design while working as a mechanic for others. The first of his tractor inventions was a single-cylinder, petrol powered machine known as the 1K8. Over 400 units were produced in Hurlimann's first year of operation. The next model produced was the Hurlimann Maison, which was slightly more powerful than its predecessor and the first tractor to be branded with the Hurlimann name. As World War II arrived, Switzerland became a neutral country and immediately stopped trading with Nazi Germany and its Axis allies. The result was that Switzerland needed to become self sufficient, and agriculture and its equipment were the key to that independence. Hurlimann quickly became a major player in agricultural machinery market, and a new four-axle tractor capable of running on a variety of fuels was released. After the war, Hurlimann tractors were petrol powered again, and a new export trade began to South America. Hurlimann was acquired by SAME in the late 1970s.

62


1958

Tractor

Hurlimann D200S

Manufacturer

Hurlimann

Engine

Hurlimann 4-cylinder Diesel

Year

1949

Tractor

Manufacturer

1958

Year

Engine

This Hurlimann D200S was produced in 1958 in Switzerland. It had a 20 hp (15 kW), 4 cylinder diesel engine.

Hurlimann H12

Hurlimann

1949

H12 Petrolio

This Hurlimann H12 tractor was in production from 1951-1955. It had a top speed of 3 km/h and was equipped with the H12 Petrolio engine.

1970

Tractor

Hurlimann D-110

Year

1970

Manufacturer Engine

1989

Tractor

Hurlimann

Manufacturer

Year

DS95 engine 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Hurlimann D310 tractor had a four-cylinder, 55 hp (51 kW) diesel engine. It had a top speed of 25 km/h and sold for US$14,000.

Hurlimann H-358 Prestige

Hurlimann

1989

SAME 3.0L 3-cyl Diesel

The Hurlimann H-358 Prestige tractor was produced from 1989 until1998. Its 3.0 litre diesel engine produced 60 hp (45 kW).

2000

Tractor

Hurlimann 913 XT

Year

2000

Manufacturer Engine

Hurlimann

SAME 6.0L 6-cyl Diesel

The Hurlimann 913 XT tractor was produced from 2000 until 2003. Its 6.0 litre diesel engine produced 132 hp (98 kW).

1996

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Hurlimann H-6135 Elite XB

Hurlimann

1996

SAME 6.0L 6-cyl diesel

The Hurlimann H-6135 Elite XB tractor was produced from 1996 until 2000. Its 6.0 litre diesel engine produced 132 hp (98 kW).

63


Although the tractor has evolved over the past century, its fundamental purpose remains the same. Today, it continues to be used for tilling, ploughing, planting, spreading fertiliser and harvesting among other tasks.

64


65


Tractor

Fiat 211R

Year

1957

Manufacturer Engine

Fiat

Fiat 1. 1L Diesel

The Fiat 211R tractor was powered by a 1.1 litre diesel engine capable of producing 21.13 hp (15.75 kW). It had a sliding gear transmission with 6 forward and 2 reverse gears.

1957

ITALIE Fiat The history of Fiat tractors began in 1918 when Fiat Trattori launched its first tractor, the Fiat 702. By 1925, the company had produced 2,000 tractors, and by 1929, it was selling machines at the rate of more than 1,000 units annually. Tractor production was transferred from the Turin plant to a new Modena plant in 1932, and the company took over OM (SocietĂ Anonima Officine Meccaniche) in the following year. The latter produced industrial vehicles and tractors, adding new designs and existing customers to the Fiat stable. The Modena plant then launched the first mass-produced tractor in 1939 - the Fiat 40 Boghetto. The engine of the new tractor was designed by Fortunato Boghetto, and it cleverly ran on a variety of fuels such as kerosene, diesel, alcohol, petrol, and natural gas. During World War II and the Nazi Occupation, Fiat was forced to focus on repairing and upgrading military vehicles, although design engineer Edmondo Tascheri secretly began developing a new crawler. The company rebounded after the end of the war, and Fiat took over Hesston in 1977, changing the company name to FiatAgri and their livery from orange to burgundy. FiatAgri later acquired Ford Tractor in 1993 and is currently known as NHGEOTECH.

66


1952

Tractor

Fiat 25C

Year

1952

Manufacturer Engine

1984

Tractor

Fiat

Manufacturer

Fiat

Engine

Fiat 8.1L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

Fiat 600 2.2L

The Fiat 25C tractor was produced from 1965 until 1968. The crawler's small 2.2 litre engine was capable of producing 25 hp (18.6 kW).

Fiat 160-90 tractor

1984

The Fiat 160-90 tractor was in production from 1984 until 1994. Its massive 8.1 litre diesel engine was capable of producing 160 hp (119 kW).

1965

Tractor

Fiat 415

Year

1965

Manufacturer Engine

1971

Tractor

Fiat

Fiat

Engine

Fiat 2.6L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

Fiat 2.3L 4-cyl Diesel

The Fiat 25C tractor was produced from 1965 until 1968. Its small 2.3 litre engine was capable of producing 25 hp (18.6 kW).

Fiat 500

Manufacturer

1971

The Fiat 500 tractor was produced from 1971 until 1978. It had an engine power output of 50 hp (37 kW) and its 3 point hitch had a rear lifting capacity of 1.4 tonnes.

1993

Tractor

FiatAgri G210

Year

1993

Manufacturer Engine

Fiat

6-cyl Diesel

The Fiat Agri G210 tractor was produced in Winnipeg, Canada. It was powered by a 6-cylinder 210 hp (156.5 kW) water cooled engine.

1971

Tractor

Fiat 300

Manufacturer

Fiat

Engine

Fiat 1.6L 2-cyl Diesel

Year

1971

The Fiat 300 tractor was produced in 1971 and production continued until 1978.

67


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Lamborghini R2.66 Lamborghini 2007

3 Cylinder Diesel

The small Lamborghini R2.66 has an engine power output of 70 hp (52 kW). The driver's cab and 4WD are standard features on the model.

2007

ITALIE Lamborghini The Claas Group was founded in Clarholz, Germany in 1913. Headed by August Claas, the company initially produced reapers and eventually developed a harvester in 1930, during the depression years. Four years later, the Claas Pick-up Baler was released to become Germany's first nationally built machine of its type. Following the end of World War II, Class then produced its first self-propelled combine harvester, which was also a first for German manufacturing. Success followed quickly, and an additional manufacturing plant was opened in Germany in the 1950s. In 1961, the company opened a new plant in Metz, France, and the introduction of Claas self-propelled forage harvesters followed in the 1970s. Other innovations of the 1970s included self-propelled sugar cane harvesters and the Claas round baler. In 1994, Claas released the Agrocom computer-based GPS system, and finished the decade with the acquisition of a number of companies, including Renault Agriculture, Lexion Combine and Tucano Combine among others. The Claas Group has a technological provenance that began with their first straw binder in 1921 and it continues today in pushing the boundaries of harvesting and its technological advancements.

68


1995

Tractor

Lamborghini Premium 1050

Year

1995-2004

Manufacturer Engine

Lamborghini

1991

Tractor

Lamborghini 165 racing

Year

1991-2001

Manufacturer

4 cylinder, Diesel

Engine

The Lamborghini Premium 1050 was produced from 1995 until 2004. It was equipped with a 103 hp (77 kW) engine that featured 20 front and reverse gears.

Lamborghini

6 cylinder, Diesel

The Lamborghini 165 racing tractor was manufactured from 1991 until 200l. It was powered by a 6 cylinder diesel engine.

1973

1998

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Lamborghini R603 Lamborghini 1973-1982

3 Cylinder Diesel

The Lamborghini R603 was produced from 1973 until1982 and had a 56 hp (42 kW) engine.

1986

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Lamborghini Grand Prix 95

Lamborghini

1998-2003

4 Cylinder Diesel

This Lamborghini Grand Prix 95 tractor had a 4 cylinder, diesel engine. It was equipped with 20 reverse and forward gears and came standard as a turbocharged model.

Tractor

Lamborghini 550 DT

Manufacturer

Lamborghini

Engine

6 Cylinder

Year

1986-1997

The Lamborghini 550 DT was produced from 1986 until 1997. It had an engine power output of 50 hp (37 kW).

69


Tractor

Landini L35

Manufacturer

Landini

Engine

Hot Bulb

Year

1950

The Landini L35 was produced in 1950 in Fabbrico, Italy. It featured a hot-bulb engine and was a contributor to the modernisation of farming equipment.

1950

ITALIE Landini The Landini Company, founded by Giovanni Landini in 1884 was an agricultural equipment production company, headquartered in Fabbrico, Italy. In 1925 Landini just started producing tractors when Giovanni Landini suddenly died; this prevented the completion of the first prototype tractor. Giovanni Landini's sons then took over the business and saw to it that their fathers’ tractor production project was completed. In 1925 Giovanni Landini’s sons built the first authentic Italian tractor, which utilized a hot bulb diesel engine and had a power output of 30 horse power. The tractor was very popular and became the predecessor to other Landini tractor models with higher power outputs. In the 1930’s Landini’s newer, higher powered models were being produced; the Velite, Buffalo, and Super which featured a power output of 40horse power and 50horse power. The first production tractors were powered by a 40 horse power semi-diesel engine which was a two stroke single-cylinder unit. Prior to World War II Landini tractors became very popular, became the leading Italian tractor manufacturer. Once World War II was over Landini resumed production of their tractors but the primitive diesel engines were no longer popular, or efficient. In the 1950’s Landini started licensing Perkins engines, and in 1959 was acquired by Massey-Ferguson

70


1961

Tractor

Landini 44 Major

Year

1961

Manufacturer Engine

2007

Landini

Tractor

Landini Alpine 75

Year

2007

Manufacturer

7.6L Hot Bulb

Engine

The Landini 44 Major was produced from 1957 until 1963 and featured a 7.6 litre, hot-bulb engine with a power output of 44 hp (33 kW).

Landini

Perkins 3.3L 4-cyl Diesel

The Landini Alpine 75 was produced in 2007 with an engine power output of 75 hp (56 kW). It featured an optional cab and a 90.8 litre fuel tank.

1958

Tractor

Landini L55

Year

1958

Manufacturer Engine

2006

Tractor

Landini

Landini

Engine

Perkins 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1-cyl Hot Bulb

The Landini L55 was produced in 1958 out of Italy. It was commonly considered as and referred to the two stroke tractor, and its hotbulb engine had an output of 55 hp (41 kW).

Landini Landpower 125

Manufacturer

2006

The Landini Landpower 125 was produced in 2006 and featured a Perkins Diesel engine with a power output of 125 hp (93 kW). It was commonly used as a utility tractor.

1968

Tractor

Landini R5000

Year

1968

Manufacturer Engine

1962

Landini

Tractor

Landini L45

Year

1962

Manufacturer

Perkins 2.5L 3-cyl

Engine

The Landini R5000 was produced from 1968 until 1974 and featured a 52 hp (39 kW) Perkins engine.

Landini

4-cyl Diesel

The Landini L45 was produced from 1950 until 1964. It had a top speed of 45 km/h and was utilised as part of the rebuilding of Europe after World War II.

71


Generally, most tractors of the 20th century were uncomplicated open vehicles. Beyond the steering wheel, braking system seat and pedals, there was not much more to a tractor until a PTO and attachments were introduced.

72


73


Tractor

New Holland 8360 tractor

Year

1996

Manufacturer Engine

New Holland

Ford 7.5L 6-cyl Diesel

The New Holland 8360 tractor was in production from 1996 until 1999 in England.

1996

ITALIE New Holland New Holland Agricultural in its current form is the result of the coming together of four distinct companies; New Holland, Fiat, Ford, and Claeys. New Holland was formed in 1895 by Abe Zimmerman in New Holland, Pennsylvania. It produced agricultural products for local farmers until 1947, when the company was bought out by the Sperry Rand Corporation. At this point, New Holland changed its name to Sperry New Holland. The company began to pick up speed and gain notice with the invention of the haybine mower-conditioner, which changed the face of hay harvesting. It continued to grow, and in 1964, acquired a large interest in the Claeys Company. Sperry New Holland went on to create the first twin-rotor combine in 1975. Continued success garnered the company increasing levels of attention, and in 1986 was bought by Ford to form Ford New Holland Inc. In 1991, Fiat joined the team, purchasing roughly an 80 percent interest in Ford New Holland Inc. Since the 1990’s, New Holland has continued to merge with and integrate other agricultural companies, making it increasingly diverse and allowing it to participate in a number of different avenues in many different countries. In 2010, New Holland sponsored the Rio United Nations Conference held on sustainable development, and in 2014, released into the market its class 10 combine - the strongest combine available. 74


2001

Tractor

New Holland 8870

Manufacturer

New Holland

Engine

Ford 7.5L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1996

Tractor

Manufacturer

2001

Year

Engine

The New Holland 8870 tractor was produced from 1993 until 2002 as part of the Genesis Series for the row crop tractor line.

New Holland 8560

New Holland

1996

New Holland Diesel

The new Holland 8560 tractor was in production from 1993 until 2002 as part of the 70 Genesis Series. It had a 170 hp (127 kW) diesel engine and a wet disk braking system.

1996

Tractor

New Holland 5635

Year

1996

Manufacturer Engine

2007

Tractor

New Holland

Manufacturer

Year

Iveco 3.9L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The New Holland 5635 tractor was part of the 35 Series and was in production from 1996 until 1999. It had a 75 hp (56 kW) Iveco engine and was equipped with an electro-hydraulic wet disk clutch.

New Holland T6060 Elite

New Holland

2007

FPT 4.5L 4-cyl Diesel

The New Holland T 6060 Elite was produced in England as part of the T6000 Series from 2007 until 2016.

2005

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

New Holland TC31DA Boomer

New Holland

2005

Shibaura 1.5L 3-cyl Diesel

The New Holland TC31DA Boomer tractor was part of the New Holland compact utility line and was produced from 2005 until 2008.

2000

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

New Holland TM115

New Holland

2000

New Holland 7.5L 6-cyl Diesel

The New Holland TM 115 was produced in Basildon, England from 2000 until 2002 as part of the row crop tractor line.

75


Tractor

SAME Explorer 3 100

Manufacturer

SAME

Engine

SAME 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2007

The SAME Explorer 3 100 was produced in 2007. It featured a 4cylinder engine with a power output of 100 hp (75 kW).

2007

ITALIE Same SAME, an acronym for Societa Accomondita Motori Endotermici, was founded in 1942. It was founded in Treviglio, Italy by brothers Eugenio and Francesco Cassani, who had a passion for agricultural equipment. Even before their company was established in 1927, the Cassani brothers both designed and built their own tractor and named it the Cassani 40CV. It was powered by a diesel engine that was a two stroke horizontal two-cylinder model. Operating without the platform of a company, the brothers began selling their tractor privately for 28,000 Lire. The model was eventually sold under license by officine Gaetano Barbieri. The success gave Eugenio and Francesco the capital and leverage they needed for the founding of SAME. Despite the fact that the brothers had already designed and manufactured a tractor, SAME began with the production of mowers that could also be attached to other agricultural machinery. They released their first tractor model in 1948; the SAME 3R/10. The new model tractor ran on a single cylinder engine with a power output of only 10 hp (7.5 kW). In 1952, SAME released its first mass-produced tractor with technology that was modern and cutting edge for the times. In the late 1970s, SAME released their Explorer line of tractors, which went on to become their most successful line of products. On October 12, 2012, SAME celebrated its 70th anniversary and continued to experience success in the years following. 76


1971

Tractor

SAME Aurora 45

Manufacturer

SAME

Engine

SAME 2.7L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

1991

Tractor

SAME Titan 160

Year

1991

Manufacturer

1971

Engine

The SAME Aurora 45 was produced from 1971 until 1982 and featured a small 2.7 litre diesel engine with a power output of 45 hp (34 kW). It had a three point hitch with a rear lifting capacity of 1.4 tonnes.

SAME

SAME 6.0L 6-cyl Diesel

The SAME Titan 160 was in production from 1991 until 1998 and was powered by a 6.0 litre, 159 hp (119 kW) diesel engine.

2004

Tractor

EXPLORER 95

Year

2004

Manufacturer Engine

1972

Tractor

SAME

SAME

Engine

SAME 4.2L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

SAME 4.0L 4-cyl Diesel

The SAME Explorer 95 was produced in 2004 and featured a 4cylinder engine with a power output of 96 hp (72 kW).

Saturno 80

Manufacturer

1972

The SAME Saturno 80 was in production from 1972 until 1979 and featured an engine with a power output of 80 hp (60 kW).

1952

Tractor

SAME DA 25

Year

1952

Manufacturer Engine

1972

SAME

Tractor

SAME Corsaro 70

Year

1972

Manufacturer

SAME 2.2L 2-cyl Diesel

Engine

The SAME DA 25 was produced from 1952 until 1957 and featured a SAME diesel engine with a power output of 25 hp (19 kW). It had a seven gear transmission and rear expansion brakes.

SAME

SAME 3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The SAME Corsaro 70 was produced from 1972 until 1980 and had a 3.6 litre 4-cylinder 69 hp (51 kW.

77


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

ArmaTrac 904 ArmaTrac 2014

Perkins 3-cyl Diesel

The ArmaTrac 904 was produced in Turkey from 2012 until 2014. The model was widely exported and was capable of a 93 hp (69 kW) output.

2014

LA TURQUIE ArmaTrac ArmaTrac is a tractor brand owned by Erkunt Group. The Erkunt Group was established in 1953 in Turkey as a foundry and pattern shop. As early as 1955, the company transitioned into the manufacturing of machinery and machine parts, becoming a legitimate working factory. Erkunt's history began with the production of water pipes to NATO standards, and it grew to become one of the leading producers of automotive goods and tractors. One of the hallmarks of the company was its ability and willingness to use the most advanced technology of the day with little fear of disrupting tradition. The company continued to grow over the years and decades, and in 2004 it began manufacturing its own tractors. Beginning with two models, Erkunt grew to produce forty different models with power outputs ranging from 50 to 110 hp. ArmaTrac was one of the company's most recognizable tractor brands, and it was the exclusive brand under which Erkunt distributed its tractors internationally. ArmaTrac tractors continue to sell worldwide today.

78


2014

Tractor

ArmaTrac 1104 LUX

Manufacturer

ArmaTrac

Engine

Perkins 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2010

Tractor

Manufacturer

2014

Year

Engine

The ArmaTrac 1104 LUX was produced in Turkey from 2012 until 2014. It was exported into the global marketplace, and it continues as a widely used model today.

ArmaTrac 854e ArmaTrac 2010

Perkins 4-cyl Diesel

The ArmaTrac 854e was produced in Ankara, Turkey and featured a Perkins engine with an output of 83 hp (62 kW).

2016

Tractor

ArmaTrac 584e

Year

2016

Manufacturer Engine

2015

Tractor

ArmaTrac

Manufacturer

Year

Sonalika 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The ArmaTrac 584e was produced in 2016 and featured a three cylinder Sonalika engine. The machine's power output was 55 hp (41 kW).

ArmaTrac 1104 ArmaTrac 2015

Perkins 4-cyl Diesel

The ArmaTrac 1104 was produced in 2015 and had a power output of 113 hp (84 kW). It featured a Perkins diesel engine and was a widely used model.

2015

Tractor

ArmaTrac 504e

Year

2015

Manufacturer Engine

ArmaTrac

Perkins 4-cyl Diesel

The ArmaTrac 504e was produced in Turkey by Erkunt in 2015. It was powered by a Perkins engine capable of producing 50 hp (37 kW).

2015

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

ArmaTrac 804 ArmaTrac 2015

3.3 Perkins 3-cyl Diesel

The ArmaTrac 804 was produced in 2015 and had a power output of 73.8 hp (55 kW). It featured multiple wet disc brakes.

79


Most tractors today are equipped with power assisted braking and steering, and a reasonable level of skill is required to efficiently operate and control modern machines.

80


81


Tractor

Ursus C-45

Year

1947

Manufacturer Engine

Ursus

10.3L 1-cyl Diesel

This Ursus C-45 tractor was produced in Poland. It had a multi-fuel capacity and came standard with a sliding gear transmission.

1947

POLOGNE Ursus The Ursus Factory was established in Warsaw, Poland in 1893 by three engineers and four businessmen. In 1930, the Ursus factory fell on hard times due to the Great Depression, and it began producing military tractors, tanks and other heavy machinery in the lead-up to World War II. Once the war was over, the Ursus Factory was rebuilt and started producing the Ursus C-45, and Lanz Bulldog tractors. During the 1950s, the Ursus Factory began producing tractors using a Zetor-based design. By 1961, there was a growing demand for tractors in Poland, but the tractors produced by the Ursus factory did not meet the needs of Polish agriculture. An agreement was formed between Poland and Czechoslovakia, wherein Czechoslovakia would provide the Ursus factory with the parts necessary to expand, update, and modernise. In exchange, Poland would supply Czechoslovakian factories with raw materials. The goal was to implement a joint tractor industry where Poland and Czechoslovakia would combine to produce 120,000 tractors per year, as in 1963 Poland was only producing 15,000. The new Ursus Company was thus established in 1998 as the result of the restructuring and cooperation of PHZ Bumar Ltd., ZPC URSUS SA and Ursus Tractor Factory Ltd. The company is still producing Ursus tractors today.

82


1959

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Ursus C-325

Ursus

1984

Tractor

Ursus 2812

Year

1984

Manufacturer

1959

1.8L 2-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Ursus C-325 tractor was in production from 1959 until 1963. Its 1.8 litre diesel engine was capable of producing 25 hp (19 kW).

Ursus

2.5L 4-cyl Diesel

This Ursus 2812 tractor was first produced in 1984. It had a standard 38 hp (28kW) engine, and its 3-point hitch had a rear lifting capacity of 1.3 tonnes.

1985

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Ursus 912

1988

Tractor

Ursus

Manufacturer

1985

Year

4.6L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

This Ursus 912 tractor was first produced in 1985 as a 4.6 litre 100 hp (75 kW) diesel tractor.

Ursus 4512

Ursus

1988

3.9L 4-cyl Diesel

Ursus 4512 tractor was designed with a 60 hp (45 kW), 4-cylinder diesel engine.

1976

Tractor

Ursus C360

Year

1976

Manufacturer Engine

Ursus

3.1L 4-cyl Diesel

The Ursus C360 was produced from 1976 until 1984. Its diesel engine was a 3.1 litre turbocharged 4-cylinder one.

1967

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Ursus C-330

Ursus

1967

2-cyl Diesel

The Ursus C-330 was produced in Poland from 1967 until 1987. It has an engine power output of 30 hp (22 kW) and a 3 point hitch with a rear lift capacity of 1.3 tonnes.

83


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Zetor 6441 Proxima Zetor 2004

Zetor 4.2L 4-cyl Diesel

The Zetor 6441 Proxima tractor was in production from 2004 until 2009 and was a part of the Proxima Series. It had a 64 hp (48kW) diesel engine.

2004

REPUBLIQUE TCHEQUE Zetor Zetor is a tractor manufacturer formed in 1946 headquartered in Brno in the Czech Republic. Until 1990 it was a subsidiary of Zbrojovka Brno. The name was created in 1946 by merging "Zet" from the logo of Zbrojovka and the last two letters of the word tractor. While Zetor is a Czech company, versions of its tractors are assembled in numerous countries including Argentina, Burma, India, Iraq, Uruguay and Zaire. Zetor was the first manufacturer in the world to develop and introduce safety cabins for tractors. By 1949, Zetor had gained a lot of operational experience in other countries, reaching sales of 10,000 units. In-house research and development was implemented in 1954 at Zetor. Zetor produces four model lines of tractors: Major, Proxima, Forterra and Crystal. Power varies between 60 and 170 hp. More than a million Zetor tractors are in use in almost 100 countries around the world. The quality of Zetor tractors is assured by designing and manufacturing of most of their products by Zetor at the main plant in Brno, Czech Republic, a country with 100-year tradition of advanced engineering. The Zetor strategy is based on practical innovation and gradual introduction of new features, only after they have been proven to work.

84


1998

Tractor

Zetor 10641

Manufacturer

Zetor

Engine

Zetor 4.2L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2008

Tractor

1998

Manufacturer

Zetor

Engine

Zetor 4.1L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

The Zetor 10641 tractor was produced from 1998 until 2003.

Zetor 10541 Proxima Plus

2008

The Zetor 10541 Proxima Plus tractor was produced in the Czech Republic. It was designed with a 107 hp (80 kW), water cooled diesel engine.

1974

Tractor

Zetor Crystal 12011

Year

1974

Manufacturer Engine

Zetor

Zetor 6.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The Crystal 12011 tractor was produced between1974 and 1987 and was part of the Crystal UR2 Series. It had a hydraulic dry disk braking system and a 120 hp (89 kW) engine.

1968

Tractor

Zetor 2511

Year

1968

Manufacturer

Engine

Zetor

Zetor 1.6L 2-cyl Diesel

The Zetor 2511 tractor was in production from 1968 until 1977 in Brno, Czechoslovakia. It had a 1.6 litre diesel engine that produced 25 hp (19 kW).

1985 Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Zetor 16145

Zetor

1985

Zetor 6.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The Zetor 16145 tractor was built for Zetor of the Czechoslovakia, (now the Czech Republic), by ZTS in what is now the Slovak Republic. It features a 145 hp (108 kW) engine.


Tractor

Universal 445 DT

Year

1972

Manufacturer Engine

Universal (UTB)

UTB 2.3L 3-cyl Diesel

This Universal 445 DT tractor was produced from 1972 until 1981. It originally sold for US$18,000 and was available in several variants including, but not limited to, crawler, vineyard, and high cropper.

1972

ROUMANIE UTB International Known in Romania as The Tractorul Brasov plant, UTB was a company specialising in the production of agricultural machinery, and more specifically, tractors. The Tractorul Brasov plant (UTB) was established in 1925 as an aircraft factory, and in1946 Russian authorities in Brasov seized most of the equipment for war reparations. UTB Universal then switched its focus to manufacturing and exporting tractors. Universal (UTB) tractors were built in Brasov, Romania beginning in 1946. In 1948, the factory became Tractorul Brasov, and in 1960 the first fully Romanian designed model tractors started appearing on the market. The company’s name was changed in 2000 to Tractorul UTB S.A. Universal, and it began building tractors under license from Fiat, then UTB later built Long and Long Tractors that were shipped to the USA. In foreign countries UTB’s products were sold under the name Universal UTB. Since the founding of UTB until about 1999/2000, and 1.32 million tractors were sold under both brand names Universal (or combined UTB / Universal). UTB exported over 720,000 tractors to about 115 countries worldwide. In 2008, new production was set up under license from Falvius Invest and an Egyptian company to manufacture the Universal 650 tractor in the Roman truck plant in Brasov. Initially, 600 tractors would be produced, and all of them would be exported to Egypt. 86


1963

Tractor

Universal 650

Year

1963

Manufacturer Engine

1980

Tractor

Universal (UTB)

Manufacturer

Year

UTB 4.8L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

This Universal 650 tractor was produced in Romania from 1963 until 1973.

Universal 300

Universal (UTB)

1980

UTB 1.6L 2-cyl Diesel

The Universal 300 tractor was produced in Romania and had a 27.5 hp (20.5 kW) diesel engine.

1983

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Universal 640 DT

1994

Tractor

Universal (UTB)

Manufacturer

1983

Year

UTB 3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

This Universal 640 DT tractor was in production from 1983 until 1985 and sold for an average of US$20,000 in the latter years. It had a 3.6 litre, 65 hp (48 kW) diesel engine.

Universal 683 DTP

Universal (UTB)

1994

UTB 3.8L 4-cyl Diesel

The Universal 683 DTP tractor had a 68 hp (51 kW) diesel engine and was produced in Romania.

1988

Tractor

Universal 703 DT

Year

1988

Manufacturer Engine

Universal (UTB)

UTB 3.8L 4-cyl Diesel

The Universal 703 DT tractor was produced in Romania from 1988 until 1991. It sold for an average of US$33,000 in 1991. It had a 70 hp (52 kW) diesel engine.

1994

Tractor

Universal 774 DT

Year

1994

Manufacturer

Engine

Universal (UTB)

UTB 3.8L 4-cyl Diesel

This Universal 774 DT tractor was produced in Romania and had a 3.8 litre water cooled diesel engine.

87


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Kirovets K-3180 ATM Kirovets 2004

MMZ 7.1L 6-cyl Diesel

The Kirovets K-310 was in production from 2004 until 2008. It was part of the K 3000 Series and had an engine power output of 180 hp (134 kW). It was a row-crop tractor that had optional air conditioning and a heated cab.

2004

RUSSIE Kirovets The Kirovets manufacturing company was established in St. Petersburg, Russia in the early 1920s. The roots of the company began much earlier with a parent company that was started in 1801. That foundation of experience and hard work served the company well, and in 1924 they had produced their first tractor. Since their inception, the company has manufactured over 400,000 units. They continue to build not only tractors but also special machinery for material handling and road engineering. Although Kirovets has produced many different models of tractor, there is one that stands out as their most recognized achievement. The Kirovets K-700 was a rough and tough tractor, first introduced in 1962 and not discontinued until 2000. The tractor had an eight-cylinder turbo diesel engine and boasted a power output of 215 hp (160 kW). The tractor was not only the starting point for many of the tractors Kirovets went on to produce after its inception, but it was also used as a point of reference for other companies as well.

88


2010

Tractor

Kirovets K-9430

Year

2010

Manufacturer Engine

Tractor

Kirovets

Manufacturer

Year

Mercedes-Benz 12.0L 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Kirovets K-9430 was produced from 2010 until 2014 in Russia. It was part of the K-900 Series and had an engine power output of 428 hp (319 kW).

Tractor

Kirovets K-700

Kirovets

1962

YaMZ 14.9L 8-cyl Diesel

The Kirovets K-700 was in production from 1962 until 1975 in Russia. It had an engine power output of 203 hp (151 kW) and came in a four wheel drive variant.

Kirovets K-744R3

Manufacturer

Kirovets

Engine

YaMZ 17.2L 8-cyl Diesel

Year

1962

2007

2007

The Kirovets K-744R3 was produced in Russia and had an 8-cylinder diesel engine with a power output of 401 hp (299 kW). It also had an optional Mercedes or Tutaevsky Engine.

2010

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Kirovets K-9450

Kirovets

2010

Mercedes-Benz 12.0L 6-cyl Diesel

The Kirovets K-9450 was produced from 2010 until 2014 as part of the K-9000 Series. Its 12 litre engine was capable of producing 455 hp (339kW).

2007

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Kirovets K-703

Kirovets

2007

8-cyl Diesel

The Kirovets K-703 was produced in 2007. It was formerly put to use by the USSR and was a 4WD machine capable of producing 250 hp (186 kW).

89


Between the 1920s and the 1950s, the gasoline powered internal combustion engine was the power source of choice in tractors. Since the 1960s, diesel has been the preferred fuel, and it is the main source of tractor fuel today.

90


91


Tractor

Terrion ATM 3180

Manufacturer

Terrion

Engine

Deutz 6.1L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

2008

The Terrion ATM 3180 was produced from 2008 until 2012 and is part of the row crop line. It was manufactured in Russia and is part of the ATM 3000 Series. It has a 180 hp (134 kW) engine.

2008

RUSSIE Terrion The ZAO ATM (ArgoTechMash) Group and JSC Kirovsky Zavod farming machine manufacturers joined together in 1987 to provide Russian farmers with the equipment they needed. ZAO ATM is a marketing dealer from Saint Petersburg for the Russian Federation networks. JSC Kirovsky Zavod Company was established since 1962 producing their Kirovets four wheel drive tractors to Russian farmers and through Eastern Europe. By 2001 the ATM group was working with Germany to develop a conventional design that would be ready in 2003 for distribution. The new models of Kirovets would be tractors for row-cropping and would be sold under the new brand called Kirovets but, destined to change again in 2007. After success with several of the K model tractors, ATM and Kirovets parted ways and ATM operated in its own separate factory to build the Terrion harvester tractors series and manufacture them under the Terrion name. In 2007, the 180 hp (134 kW) Terrion ATM 3180 and the 280 hp (209kW) Terrion 5280 were produced. The newest Terrion harvesters were made in 2009 as the 200hp (149 kW) model 4200 at and the 360 to 400 hp (268 to 298kW) model 7400. After the split of ATM and JSC Kirovsky Zavod ATM would have more success with their products.

92


2010

Tractor

Terrion ATM 7360

Year

2010

Manufacturer Engine

2010

Tractor

Terrion

Manufacturer

Year

Deutz 7.1L 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Terrion ATM 7360 tractor is part of the ATM 7000 Series and was produced in Tambov, Russia. It has a 350 hp (261 kW) engine.

Terrion ATM 7360

Terrion

2010

Deutz 7.1L 6-cyl Diesel

The Terrion ATM 7360 tractor is part of the ATM 7000 Series and was produced in Tambov, Russia. It has a 350 hp (261 kW) engine.

2008

Tractor

Terrion ATM 5280

Year

2008

Manufacturer Engine

2010

Tractor

Terrion

Manufacturer

Year

Deutz 7.1L 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Terrion ATM 5280 tractor was in production in 2008 and is part of the ATM 5000 Series. It has a 245 hp (183 kW) engine and was manufactured in Tambov, Russia.

Terrion ATM 4180

Terrion

2010

Deutz 6.1L 6-cyl Diesel

The Terrion ATM 4180 was produced in 2010 as part of the ATM 4000 Series. It has an engine power output of 180 hp (134 kW).

2013

Tractor

Terrion ATM 3180M

Year

2013

Manufacturer Engine

Terrion

Deutz 6.1 L 6-cyl Diesel

The Terrion ATM 31380 M was produced in Tambov, Russia from 2008 until 2012. It is a part of the ATM 3000 Series and has an engine power output of 180 hp (134 kW).

2010

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Terrion ATM 4140

Terrion

2010

Deutz 6.1L 6-cyl Diesel

The Terrion ATM 4140 was in production in 2010. It has a 6.1 litre 180 hp (134 kW) Deutz diesel engine.

93


Unlike many other antique vehicles, a tractor’s life can be a long and illustrious one. In many countries around the world today, decades old tractors continue on as their early inventors originally intended.

94


95


96


Tractors operate in a multitude of terrain types and climates, and are today designed for specific crop types and soils.

97


98


99


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

R 47

IMR Rakovica 1984

IMR Rakovica 2.5L 3-cyl Diesel

The IMR Rakovica was produced in 1984 in Belgrade. It had an engine output of 46 hp (34 kW) and was part of the utility tractor line.

1984

SERBIE IMR Rakovica Industriaja Motora Rakovica, originally named Zadruga, was founded in 1927 in former Yugoslavia. From the outset, the company began designing and manufacturing engines and tractors, building Perkins engines and Massey Ferguson tractors under license. Eventually, IMR took inspiration from Perkins and Massey Ferguson and began developing their own products, which were immediately successfully and included Yugoslavia's first indigenous tractor. The six-cylinder, petrol powered model was released as the Zadrugar T-08 in 1951, and it was in production until 1958. As Yugoslavia eventually became Serbia, IMR continued to develop new products through the decades and into the 21st century, eventually forming an alliance with another Serbian company - IMT. With IMT, the agricultural implement and tractor market was expanded into Ethiopia and Egypt through IMT's existing dealership and representative network. Today, IMR and IMT continue to enjoy their alliance, although it has never been formalised as a partnership. IMR tractors and agricultural implements continue to sell in Serbia and other countries, with economy and utility an important part of the design remit.

100


1967

Tractor

IMR Rakovica R 60 Super

Year

1967

Manufacturer Engine

IMR Rakovica

2004

Tractor

IMR Rakovica R 110

Year

2004

Manufacturer

IMR Rakovica 2.5L 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The IMR Rakovica was produced in 1967 with a 2.5 litre liquid cooled diesel engine It was exported to numerous countries.

IMR Rakovica

5.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The IMR Rakovica R 110 was produced as part of the row-crop tractor line in 2004. The 5.8 litre diesel engine produced 108.6 hp (81 kW).

2004

Tractor

IMR Rakovica R 50DV

Year

2004

Manufacturer Engine

IMR Rakovica

1982

Tractor

IMR Rakovica R 120

Year

1982

Manufacturer

2.1L 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The IMR Rakovica R 50DV was produced in 2004 as part of the utility tractor line. It had an engine power output of 46.9 hp (35 kW).

IMR Rakovica

5.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The IMR Rakovica R 210 tractor was produced in 1982. The 2WD tractor had a 5.8 litre liquid cooled diesel engine and an electric starter.

1979

Tractor

IMR Rakovica R 76 Super

Year

1979

Manufacturer Engine

IMR Rakovica

IMR Rakovica 4.1L 4-cyl Diesel

The IMR Rakovica R 76 Super was produced in 1979 as part of the utility tractor line. It had an engine power output of 75 hp (56 kW).

1982

Tractor

IMR Rakovica R 135

Year

1982

Manufacturer

Engine

IMR Rakovica

IMR Rakovica 5.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The IMR Rakovica was produced in 1982 and had an engine power output of 132.8 hp (99 kW). It had a liquid cooled, turbo charged engine that was capable of operating in various environments.

101


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

XTZ-181

Kharkov 1970

YaMZ 11.2L 6-cyl Diesel

This XTZ-181 Tractor was an Agricultural Crawler with an 11.2 litre YaMZ engine capable of producing 190 hp (142 kW). It came with a standard cab.

1970

UKRAINE XTZ The Ukrainian based Kharkiv Tractor (XTZ) plant was one of two major tractor plants (the other at Chelyabinsk) built as one of the giants of the first five-year plan. In the 1920s, tractors were seen as a way of improving agricultural production, but in the spring of 1929 there were only 5 functioning tractors in the Ukraine, where a great amount of agricultural production took place. The Kharkiv Tractor (XTZ) plant building began in 1930, and the direction of the plant was to eventually make almost everything needed for a tractor - from the iron and steel to the most complex parts. The plant first built SKhTZ-30/15 wheel-type tractors. The Kharkiv Tractor (XTZ) was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1932. During World War II, the plant and its equipment was evacuated to Stalingrad and then to Rubtsovsk. The M. I. Kalinin Altai Tractor Plant began producing tractors as early as 1942. The original Kharkiv plant was almost completely destroyed during World War II. When Kharkiv was liberated in 1943, work began to immediately rebuild the plant. In 1949, the rebuilt plant made the DT54, which was the main ploughing tractor used in agriculture until 1962. From 1954 to 1972 the plant also produced a wheel-type row-crop tractor, and in 1962 the T-74 ploughing tractor went into production. In 1967 the plant produced its millionth tractor.

102


1990

Tractor

XTZ T-012

Year

1990

Manufacturer Engine

Kharkov

1997

Tractor

XTZ-17221

Year

1997

Manufacturer

SC-12 air-cooled 2-cyl

Engine

The XTZ T-012 Tractor was produced in 1989 and came standard with an 11 hp (8.2 kW) engine. It was part of the compact utility line.

Kharkov

YMZ-236D-3

This XTZ-17221 Tractor was manufactured in Kharkiv, Ukraine. It was a 4WD tractor with a YMZ diesel engine capable of producing 180 hp (134 kW).

1966

Tractor

XTZ T-25

Year

1966

Manufacturer Engine

Kharkov

2-cylinder Diesel

This 25 hp (18.6 kW) T-25 Tractor was produced in Czechoslovakia in 1966. It was a reliable tractor that was reasonably economical due to its small engine.

1970

Tractor

XTZ T-150k

Year

1970

Manufacturer

Engine

Kharkov 6-cyl

The XTZ T-150 Tractor was in production from 1971 until 1975. Its sixcylinder engine was capable of producing 150 hp (112 kW).

1989

Tractor

XZT T-3512

Year

1989

Manufacturer Engine

Kharkov

1.6L 3-cyl

This XZT T-74 - Crawler Tractor was produced by the Kharkiv Tractor Plant from 1962 until 1983. One of the most utilized attachments was the dozer blade.

103


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Chery RK704 Chery 2012

Xin Chai 4.3L 4-cyl Diesel

The Chery RK704 was produced in 2012 as part of the RK Series. Its Xin Chain diesel engine was capable of producing 70 hp (52 kW).

2012

ASIE Chery The Chery Automobile Co. Ltd. was founded in 1996 in Anhui, China. The company was established by the Chinese Government and has remained a state owned corporation since. It was the tenth largest manufacturing company based in China, with a production of almost 600,000 units annually. Although Chery began manufacturing in 1996, it was not until 2001 that the company began exporting. As a company, Chery continually sought to diversify and expand its business, looking to partner with companies in order to achieve a goal to produce foreign cars under license. In 2010, Chery began its foray into agricultural machinery production with the arrival of its first tractor. Since that time, Chery has manufactured everything from large four-wheel drive machines to compact tractors for use on smaller landholdings. Chery tractors are widely distributed in China, as well as in a number of other international markets. The company's diverse offerings include more than 70 tractor models that range from a compact 18 hp unit up to a large 185 hp model.

104


2012

Tractor

Chery RK604

Year

2012

Manufacturer Engine

2012

Tractor

Chery

Manufacturer

Year

Xin Chai 4.1L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Chery RK604 was powered by a 4.1 litre Xin Chai diesel engine and was built in two wheel drive and four wheel drive variants.

Chery RF404

Chery

2012

Changchai 2.5L 4-cyl Diesel

The Chery RF404 was produced in 2012 as part of the RF Series. It was a compact utility tractor powered by a 40 hp (30 kW) Changchai diesel engine.

2012

Tractor

Chery RD254

Manufacturer

Chery

Engine

Lai Dong 1.5L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

2012

Tractor

Manufacturer

2012

Year

Engine

The Chery RD 154 was produced in 2012 as part of the RD Series. It was available with a Lai Dong or Jiang Dong engine variant.

Chery RF244

Chery

2012

1.8L 3-cyl Diesel

The Chery RF244 was produced in 2012 and had a maximum speed of 32 km/h. Its 1.8 litre diesel engine produced 24 hp (18 kW).

2012

Tractor

Chery RD250

Year

2012

Manufacturer Engine

Chery

Lai Dong 1.5L 3-cyl Diesel

The Chery RD 250 was produced in 2012 as part of the compact utility tractor line. It was powered by a 1.5 litre Lai Dong diesel engine.

2012

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Chery RK404

Chery

2012

Xin Chai 2.8L 4-cyl Diesel

The Chery RK404 tractor was produced in 2012 as part of the RK Series. It was a utility tractor and featured hydraulic steering and optional pneumatic brakes.

105


The cabin of today's tractor bears very little resemblance to its ancestor. Most large machines are equipped with an onboard computer that utilises satellite technology to operate GPS software.

106


107


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Foton TG 1254 Foton 2010

Perkins 6.0L Diesel

The Foton TG 1254 was produced in 2010. It had a 6.0 litre, water cooled Perkins diesel engine capable of producing 125 hp (93 kW).

2010

ASIE Foton Foton was founded in August, 1996 in Beijing, China. It was established as a subsidiary of the BAIC group, the acronym for the Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Company. Foton manufactured a wide range of trucks, buses, sport utility vehicles and agricultural machinery. In 2006, Foton announced a new venture, which equated to an equal parts production exercise with Cummins Inc. The joint Beijing Foton Cummins Engine Company venture was dedicated to the production of lightweight engines, ranging from 2.8 to 3.8 litre units. In 2009, Foton went into another joint venture with Daimler AG to manufacture medium to heavy duty trucks. Later in 2010, Foton announced a third joint venture with Pulead Technology Industry Co. for the production of batteries. Each joint venture saw Foton capable of producing a wide range of tractors, and the company eventually set up manufacturing plants in Russia and India as a result of its success. Today, Foton tractors are sold on a global level, and the company's success continues to grow as a result of well managed strategies early in its existence.

108


2013

Tractor

Foton TE 354

Year

2013

Manufacturer Engine

Foton

2009

Tractor

Foton 824

Year

2009

Manufacturer

2.2L 3-cyl diesel

Engine

The Foton TE 354 tractor was produced in 2013 in two variants that included four wheel drive and two wheel drive. It had an engine power output of 34.5 hp (25.7 kW).

Foton

Foton 4.3L 4-cyl Diesel

The Foton 824 was produced in 2009. Its 4.3 litre diesel engine was capable of producing 81.4 hp (61 kW).

2007

Tractor

Foton TA604

Year

2007

Manufacturer Engine

2010

Tractor

Foton

Manufacturer

Year

4.3L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Foton TA604 was produced in 2007. It had a water cooled diesel engine capable of producing 60 hp (45 kW).

Foton TB 404 Foton 2010

2.9L 3-cyl Diesel

The Foton TB 404 was produced in 2010. It had a water cooled diesel engine with a power output of 40 hp (30 kW).

2008

Tractor

Foton TE200

Year

2008

Manufacturer Engine

Foton

Foton 1.4L 2-cyl Diesel

The Foton TE200 was produced in 2008. It was manufactured as a 4 wheel drive tractor and powered by a 1.4 litre, 20 hp (15 kW) diesel engine.

2013

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Foton 904 Foton 2013

4L 4-cyl Diesel

The Foton 904 came with an optional front driving axle and a German Luk clutch. It had a 145 litre fuel tank, which allowed for hours of operational time.

109


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Jinma 850 Jinma 2008

4-cyl Diesel

The Jinma 850 tractor was produced in 2008. Its four cylinder water cooled diesel engine had a power output of 85 hp (63.5 kW).

2008

ASIE Jinma In 1959, the Jiangsu Yueda Yancheng Tractor Manufacturing Company was established in China. The company released the Jinma brand of tractors, Jinma being Chinese for 'Golden Horse'. Jinma is a major producer of machines for domestic use, and has been since its inception. The company is one of the driving forces behind the industrialisation of China, and Jinma machines have found their way out of local distribution and onto the world stage, especially in the USA. Jinma produces a seemingly unending line of new models, which includes the option for a 'Private Label' release - a machine that any company can have branded as their own. Worldwide, numerous companies have purchased and used Jinma tractors for their own rebranding, including Agracat, Jepe, Sartrac and more. With a well-deserved reputation for affordability and an undeserved reputation for dodgy reliability (mostly stemming from an occasional difficulty in acquiring parts), Jinma tractors see extensive use from buyers unable to afford a large name brand machine. Their machines are ideal for agriculturalists who are not mass producers, and they find great favour with traditional family owned and operated farms, especially those without tens of thousands of acres to their name. Jinma machines, when maintained and used properly, are lasting, cost effective, and efficient. Jinma has empowered the fringe market, and it is a significant player in ensuring that local producers can stay in business, rather than being forced to sell out to a larger company or brand. Staying up to date in the world of agricultural machinery, Jinma has continued to provide affordable alternatives to the brand name giants. 110


2005

Tractor

Jinma 304

Manufacturer

Jinma

Engine

Jinma 2.2L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

2008

Tractor

Manufacturer

2005

Year

Engine

The Jinma 304 tractor was designed as a four wheel drive machine with 8 forward and 2 reverse speeds.

Jinma 354

Jinma

2008

Jinma 2.2L 3-cyl Diesel

The Jinma 354 tractor was a 4X4, 35 hp (26 kW) machine, with a Japanese built engine.

2005

Tractor

Jinma 350D

Year

2005

Manufacturer Engine

2006

Tractor

Jinma

Manufacturer

Year

Jinma 2.2L 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

This Jinma 350D tractor was produced in Japan. It had a 2 wheel drive capacity and weighed one tonne.

Jinma 454

Jinma

2006

Jinma 3.0L 3-cyl Diesel

The Jinma 454 tractor was produced in Yancheng City, China. It has a 3.0 litre diesel engine capable of producing 45 hp (33.5 kW).

2008

Tractor

Jinma 244

Year

2008

Manufacturer Engine

Jinma 3-cyl

The Jinma 244 was designed with a vertical, 3-cylinder, water cooled engine. It was produced to handle moderate conditions and had options for a number of attachments.

2005

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Jinma 164Y

Jinma

2005

3-cyl Diesel

The Jinma 164Y tractor is powered by a three-cylinder diesel engine and is a popular vehicle for small grounds maintenance.

111


Tractor

Daedong PX1000

Manufacturer

Daedong

Engine

4-cyl Diesel

Year

2012

The Daedong PX1000 was produced in 2012 and it featured a two speed, auto stop function capability. It had a tested PTO of 540 and was commonly found within the farming industry.

2012

COREE DU SUD Daedong The Daedong Industrial Company Inc. was founded in 1947 in Daegu, South Korea, later moving operations into Seoul. After two decades in operation producing a number of different machinery products, Daedong produced its first tractor. The funds to develop the machine came with the support of Kubota and Ford, and both companies provided intellectual support as Daedong developed its inaugural tractor. None of the companies are affiliated, but similarities between Daedong's products and those of Ford and Kubota remain as part of its early legacy. In 1982, Daedong expanded its production efforts, manufacturing and distributing combine harvesters along with the tractors they were already known for. They did so with the cooperation of Yanmar, a Japanese company responsible for the production of everything from agricultural machinery to motorcycles. Despite its steady growth, Daedong did not enter the US market until 1993, when Daedong-USA Inc. was established. With the move, production of the Kioti brand of tractor began, and more than 40 different models are now in production in North America and other parts of the world.

112


2002

Tractor

Daedong DK65

Year

2002

Manufacturer Engine

2012

Tractor

Daedong

Manufacturer

Year

Perkins 2.7L 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Daedong DK65 tractor was produced in 2002 and featured a Perkins diesel engine capable of producing 65 hp (48 kW).

Daedong DK551 Daedong 2012

Daedong 2.2L 4-cyl Diesel

The Daedong DK551 tractor was produced in 2012 and was commonly found within the farming and municipal industries. It featured an engine power output of 90 hp (67 W).

2003

Tractor

Daedong CK20

Manufacturer

Daedong

Engine

Daedong 0.9L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

2008

Tractor

Daedong EX

Year

2008

Manufacturer

2003

Engine

The Daedong CK20 tractor was produced in 2003. It featured a Daedong diesel engine with a power output of 21 hp (16 kW). It came with hydrostatic steering and a wet disc braking system.

Daedong

Daedong 2.0L 3-cyl Diesel

The Daedong EX tractor was produced in 2008 and had a Daedong diesel engine with and output of 41 hp (30.5 kW).

2008

Tractor

Daedong EX50

Year

2008

Manufacturer Engine

Daedong

Daedong 2.4L 3-cyl Diesel

The Daedong EX50 tractor was produced in 2008 and featured an 50 hp (37 kW) Daedong diesel engine. It had a 37.4 litre fuel tank.

2001

Tractor

Daedong EX45

Year

2001

Manufacturer

Engine

Daedong

Daedong 2.2L 3-cyl Diesel

The Daedong EX45 tractor was produced in 2001. It featured a Daedong diesel engine capable of producing 45 hp (33.5 kW).

113


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

LS XR4155

LS

2015

LS 3.3L 4-cyl Diesel

The LS XR4155 tractor was produced in 2015 and featured an LS diesel engine. The XR4155 was a compact tractor with a reverse transmission.

2015

COREE DU SUD LS In 1975, LS was a division of Hyundai, which was started with the cooperation of Yanmar Japan. LS was linked to Mitsubishi Tractors of Japan because many of the LS manufactured tractors were based on Mitsubishi designs and used Mitsubishi engines. The LS tractor division was purchased by GoldStar in 1983. After GoldStar changed its name in 1995, LS was renamed LG Tractors.LS Tractors became a division of LS Cable in South Korea. The group was originally part of the LG conglomeration, and was known as LG Tractors and LG Cable. LS supplied tractors to Montana Tractors, which were sold in the United States market until 2009. In 2009 LS Tractor Company was created to sell their products worldwide. From 2010 until 2015 LS Machinery Qingdao (LSMQ) established a contract of 20,000 Tractors for CNH OEM and became the exclusive tractor supply contractor for the Korean Government Rental Business. In 2014 the Jeonju factory recorded $200 million dollars in exports. In 2015 LS Tractor USA was awarded the NAEDA Dealer’s Choice Award and in Brazil the LS R60 model was awarded Tractor of the Year. Tractors have been sold under GoldStar, Fiat-GoldStar, LG, LG-Fiat, LG-New Holland, LS and LS-New Holland names in South Korea. In North America, they have been sold as LG Montana, Montana, Farmtrac LandTrac, LongAgri LandTrac, McCormick Tractors and Landini. 114


2009

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

LS R4047H

2015

Tractor

LS

Manufacturer

2009

Year

Mitsubishi 2.5L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

This LS R404H tractor was produced in 2009 and featured a Mitsubishi engine. It was part of the R Series.

LS XJ2025H LS

2015

Mitsubishi 3 cyl/Diesel

The LS XJ2025h was produced in 2015 and features a Mitsubishi diesel engine. It has four by four capabilities and was commonly found within the commercial sectors of the agricultural industries.

2014

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

LS K5047

LS

2009

Tractor

LS U5020

Year

2009

Manufacturer

2014

Mitsubishi 2.5L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The LS K5047 tractor was produced in 2014 as part of the K Series. It featured a 47 hp (35 kW) Mitsubishi engine.

LS

Mitsubishi 2.5L 4-cyl Diesel

The LS U5020 tractor was produced in 2009 as part of the U Series. It was a utility tractor with an engine power output of 47 hp (35 kW). It featured 16 forward and 16 reverse gears.

2009

Tractor

LS P7010

Year

2009

Manufacturer Engine

LS

Iveco FPT 3.2L 4-cyl Diesel

The LS P7010 was produced in 2009 as part of the P Series and had an engine output of 72 hp (54 kW). It had a 99.9 litre fuel tank.

2013

Tractor

LS XR4046H

Manufacturer

LS

Engine

Shibarua 2.2L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2013

The LS XR4046H tractor was produced in 2013 and featured a Shibarua diesel engine with an output of 46 hp (34 kW) . It was considered to be a heavy duty tractor with four wheel drive capabilities.

115


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

TYM T723 TYM

2010

Perkins 3.3L 3-cyl Diesel

The TYM T723 has a Perkins diesel engine with a power output of 70 hp (52 kW). It has a variety of attachments to reach maximum efficacy such as rotary tillers, front-end loaders and finishing mowers.

2010

COREE DU SUD TYM TYM is a tractor manufacturing company based in Seoul, South Korea. It began its imprint within the agricultural industry in 1951 and includes four divisions including their Machinery Division, Cultural Services Division, Cigarette Division and Metal Division. For decades, TYM has claimed to have the hardest working and longest lasting tractors within the 25 to 105 horse power range. They manufacture their tractors in Seoul, South Korea, where units are then shipped to North Carolina, USA and assembled. TYM is well known for holding a position of leadership within the agricultural industry. Their success comes from having a great business advantage and production plants not only in South Korea, but also in Germany, Romania and the USA. In 2004, three years after obtaining ISO 14001 accreditation, they established LTYM in China. TYM is a well-known company throughout the agricultural and farming industries and continues to provide a high quality, durable and hardworking product.

116


2014

Tractor

TYM T454

Year

2014

Manufacturer Engine

2006

Tractor

TYM

Manufacturer

TYM

Engine

Mitsubishi 1.1L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

Yanmar 2.2L 4-cyl

The TYM T454 started production in 2014. It has an engine power output of 46 hp (34 kW) and a 64.3 litre fuel tank.

TYM T233

2006

The TYM T233 tractor was in production from 2006 until 2011 as part of the compact utility tractor line. It has a 23 hp (17 kW) Mitsubishi engine and an electro-hydraulic clutch.

2002

Tractor

TYM T700

Manufacturer

TYM

Engine

John Deere 2.9L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

2006

Tractor

2002

TYM

Engine

Mitsubishi 1.3L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

The TYN T700 was in production from 2002 until 2009 as part of the utility tractor line. It had a 70 hp (52 kW) engine and came standard with a hydrostatic power steering system.

TYM T273

Manufacturer

2006

The TYM T273 is a compact utility tractor first produced in 2006. It has an engine power output of 27 hp (20 kW).

2014

Tractor

TYM T554

Year

2014

Manufacturer Engine

TYM

Yanmar 2.1L 4-cyl

The TYM T554 was first produced in 2014 and has an engine power output of 55.1 hp (41 kW). It comes with hydrostatic steering and a wet disc braking system.

2009

Tractor

TYM T293 HST

Manufacturer

TYM

Engine

Mitsubishi 1.3L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

2009

The TYM T293 HST tractor has a 29 hp (22 kW) Mitsubishi engine. It comes standard with hydrostatic power steering.

117


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Farmtrac 60 EPI Farmtrac 2000

3.4L 3-cyl Diesel

The Farmtrac 60 EPI was in production from 1998 until 2003 as part of the utility tractor line. It featured a liquid-cooled, diesel engine with a power output of 49.7 hp (37 kW).

2000

INDE Farmtrac The establishment of Farmtrac was a response to Ford/New Holland revoking their manufacturing license from India. The Farmtrac Tractor and Construction Plant was established in 1996 by the Escorts Group, an engineering conglomerate based in India. It was one of three brands owned by the group, the other two being Escort and Powertrac. Initially, Farmtrac was a local concern, but it grew with the purchase of Long Agri, another tractor and construction equipment manufacturer. With the discontinuation of Long Agri products, Farmtrac tractors neatly filled the void left behind, and models products were eventually exported to North America. A new manufacturing arm was established in Poland as a means of catering to the European marker, and by 2008, models were released in Turkey. At the same time, the company suffered financial problems and it was forced to file for bankruptcy, which in turn resulted in its acquisition by Montana Tractors. Today, Farmtrac’s tractors continue to sell in Europe, and the company itself is very diverse. In its history to date, more than 20 tractor Farmtrac models have been released.

118


2014

Tractor

Farmtrac 6065

Year

2014

Manufacturer Engine

2013

Tractor

Farmtrac

Manufacturer

Year

4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Farmtrac 6065 was produced in 2014 and was available in 2 variants. It had 12 forward and 12 reverse gears and an engine power output of 65 hp (48 kW).

Farmtrac 6075 Farmtrac 2013

4-cyl Diesel

The Farmtrac 6075 was produced in 2013 in India. It had 4wD capabilities and was sold in Tanzania by Noble Motors.

2010

Tractor

Farmtrac 9120 DTa

Year

2010

Manufacturer Engine

2010

Tractor

Farmtrac

Manufacturer

Year

3.4L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Farmtrac 9120 DTa was produced in 2010. It featured a standard cab operating station and came in a 4WD variant.

Farmtrac 675 DT Farmtrac 2010

4.4L 4-cyl Diesel

The Farmtrac 675 DT was produced in 2010 and featured a turbo charged diesel engine capable of a power output of 75 hp (56 kW). It boasted a top rpm of 1,400 and was part of the utility tractor line.

2004

Tractor

Farmtrac 555

Year

2004

Manufacturer Engine

Farmtrac

3.1L 3-cyl Diesel

The Farmtrac 555 was produced in 2004 in Faridabad, India and had a maximum engine power output of 50 hp (37 kW).

2012

Tractor

Farmtrac 7100 DT

Manufacturer

Farmtrac

Engine

Perkins 4.4L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2012

The Farmtrac 7100 DT featured a Perkins 1104D-44T engine and it was produced in 2012. It had an engine power output of 98 hp (73 kW) and utilised 36 forward and 16 reverse gears.

119


The tracked tractor was initially only used in Eastern Bloc countries in the mid 20th century. Today, the tracked tractor is fast becoming popular as farming becomes more corporate and holdings become more vast.

120


121


Tractor

Force Balwan 330

Year

2013

Manufacturer Engine

Force Motors

1.9L 3-cyl Diesel

This Balwan 330 tractor was produced in India. It had a 31 hp (23 kW) engine and a ground clearance of 330 mm.

2013

INDE Force Motors Based in India, Force Motors designs and builds agricultural, personal, multi utility and light commercial vehicles. The company was established in 1958 by N.K.Firodia, and was originally incorporated as Firodia Tempo Ltd. It was later acquired by Bajaj Auto to become Bajaj Tempo. In the 1980s, the company launched a major product development project aimed at tackling the world market, and by the mid 1990s, the Tempo Ox tractor was released as the first Tempo model developed indigenously in India and without the use of any imported components. In 1997, Bajaj Tempo entered into an agreement with M/s. Zahnradfabrik Parsoan GmbH, Germany to build Mercedes -Benz derived motors for tractors, culminating in the release of the Balwan and Orchard tractors in the same year. In May 2005, the company name was changed back to Force Motors Ltd. Currently, the company employs over 8,000 people and is fully equipped with a durability test laboratory, as well as an in-house testing track. Balwan and Orchard Tractors remain in production alongside numerous other three and four-wheeled vehicles for a number of markets.

122


2013

Tractor

Force Balwan 450

Year

2013

Manufacturer Engine

2003

Tractor

Force Motors

Manufacturer

Force Motors

Engine

2.6L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

1.9L 3-cyl Diesel

The Balwan 450 tractor started production in India in 2006. It has a 42 hp (31 kW) engine, mechanical steering and an independent wet disk braking system.

Force Balwan 500

2003

The Balwan 500 tractor has an engine that is Mercedes derived. The 500 has flawless gear changing with its synchromesh gear box

2003

Tractor

Force Balwan 600

Year

2003

Manufacturer Engine

2012

Tractor

Force Motors

Force Motors

Engine

2.6L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The Balwan 600 tractor was produced in India and has a 60 hp (45 kW), four- cylinder diesel Mercedes engine.

Force Balwan 500 DLX

Manufacturer

2012

The Force Balwan 500 DLX tractor had a 31 hp (23 kW) engine and was produced in India.

2005

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Force Tempo Ox-25 Orchard

Force Motors

2005

1.8L 4-cyl Diesel

The Tempo Ox-25 Orchard tractor was released in 2006. It had a 4 cylinder, 27 hp (20 kW) engine.

2005

Tractor

Force Orchard Ox 25

Year

2005

Manufacturer

Engine

Force Motors

1.8L 4-cyl diesel

This 2005 Force Orchard Ox 25 tractor is an all-purpose, compact tractor. It has a 27 hp (20 kW) Mercedes derived engine. It is great for plantations such as banana and grape.

123


Tractor

Mahindra 265

Year

1991

Manufacturer Engine

Mahindra

1.8 L / 3-cyl Diesel

The 30 hp (22.4 kW) Mahindra 265's transmission has eight forward and two reverse gears. The rear PTO produces 540 RPM. The model was produced in Mahindra's Maharashtra facility.

1991

INDE Mahindra

Mahindra & Mahindra of India formed a joint venture with International Harvester and Volta in 1963 and began manufacturing tractors that carried the Mahindra brand. The tractors were destined for the growing Indian market place, and the first model released was the Mahindra B-275. That model sold 85,000 units on an annual basis, and by 1981 the 100,000th unit was produced. The company then expanded into more fuel efficient models and eventually began producing smaller 25hp units by the early 1990s and 35,45 and 50 hp models into the early 21st century. Mahindra has become one of the world's largest tractor manufacturers, continually upgrading its design and manufacturing methods to meet tightening Quality and Environment Control standards. Today, the Mahindra name is well known in 10 countries, with most of its large customer base located in the USA, Australia, India, China, Serbia, Syria, Iran, Chile and African countries. The latter include Chad, Gambia, Mali, Ghana, Nigeria, Benin and Somalia. The tractor brand is the largest selling in India, having dominated since 1983, and the majority of its sales are transacted in the Maharashtra, Haryana, Punjab and Gujarat states, wherein agriculture is India's lifeblood. In Gujarat, the company purchased a majority shareholding of Gujarat Tractors and operates as Mahindra Gujarat. In 1994, Mahindra set up a sales and service base as Mahindra USA. Five plants currently manufacture Mahindra tractors in Tennessee, California, Texas, Pennsylvania and Kansas, with the last opened in 2014. Mahindra also sources other manufacturers' tractors from South Korea. The vast agricultural country of Australia is another major Mahindra user , and the Australian assembly plant opened in Queensland in 2005. Throughout the country, 40 dealers sell and service the Australian Mahindra models. 124


2015

Tractor

Mahindra 1533

Year

2015

Manufacturer Engine

2016

Tractor

Mahindra

Manufacturer

Mahindra

Engine

3.2 L / 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2.7 L / 4-cyl Diesel

The Mahindra 1533 is a compact utility tractor in the 1500 Series, replacing the Mahindra 1526. It has eight forward and eight reverse gears and telescopic stabilising arms at the rear.

Mahindra 6030 4WD

2016

The robust Mahindra 6030 was designed to last as a dependable workhorse. It was built to manage a wide range of farm tasks while providing operator comfort, fuel economy and an 1,800 kg lift capacity.

2000

Tractor

Mahindra 605

Year

2000

Manufacturer Engine

2014

Tractor

Mahindra

Mahindra

Engine

2.1L / 4-cyl Diesel

Year

3.2 L/ 4-cyl Diesel

The Mahindra 605 has an engine capable of producing 60 hp. Its PTO produces 583 RPM and it has a rear lift capacity of 1,799 kg (3,968 lbs). Its constant mesh transmission has eight forward and two reverse gears.

Mahindra 295 DI Super Turbo

Manufacturer

2014

Mahindra's 295 DI Super Turbo was designed to carry out heavy work such as ploughing and cultivating. It is one of the most powerful units of its class, and it has a constant mesh transmission .

2013

Tractor

Mahindra mPower Series

Manufacturer

Mahindra

Engine

3.5 L/ 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2013

The Mahindra mPower Series is a range of 4WD utility tractors. Most have 12 forward and 12 reverse gears with synchro shuttle and a dry ceremetallic clutch.

1901

Tractor

Mahindra Jurjav 215

Manufacturer

Mahindra

Engine

15 hp / 0.9 L

Year

2015

The Mahindra Jurjav 215 is a purpose built tractor designed to work with potato, cotton, onion, fruits and sugarcane. Its 0.9L engine allows the vehicle to produce 2,300 RPM and reach a top speed of 25.6 km/h.

125


Tractor

Hinomoto CX200

Manufacturer

Hinomoto

Engine

Diesel

Year

1990

The Hinomoto CX 200 was produced in 1990 in Japan. It had a water cooled engine with a power output of 20 hp (15 kW) and was later discontinued.

1990

JAPON Hinomoto Hinomoto tractors were a Toyosha product that were in production between the late 1950s until the turn of the 21st century. Toyosha's history began in 1863 with Denzou Tanoue ploughs, but it wasn't until the late 1950s that Hinomoto compact tractors arrived on the market and were quickly exported worldwide. Hinomoto manufactured under their own brand, as well as other international companies that included Massey Ferguson, Deutz-Allis, Simplicity and Allis-Chalmers. In 1990, the company became part of Hitachi Tierra, and the Hinomoto name continued to be used until 1997 when Tierra became the new brand. Tierra continued to produce tractors until 2009. Today, the most famous of the Hinomoto tractors is the compact Hinomoto C174. When released, the model was as capable of reaching areas underneath orchard trees. Such was its effectiveness and durability, parts for the iconic machine are still being sold through Massey-Ferguson dealers today.

126


1990

Tractor

Hinomoto C174

Year

1990

Manufacturer Engine

1982

Tractor

Hinomoto

Manufacturer

Year

Diesel

Engine

The Hinomoto C174 was produced from 1980 until 1985 as part of the compact utility line. It had an engine power output of 20 hp (15 kW) and was equipped with manual steering and a drum braking system.

Hinomoto E2004

Hinomoto

1982

Toyosha 1.4L 3-cyl Diesel

The Hinomoto E2004 was in production from 1982 until 1992 in Japan. As part of the compact utility tractor line, the E2004 served in the farming and agricultural industries.

1988

Tractor

Hinomoto N209

Year

1988

Manufacturer Engine

Hinomoto

1987

Tractor

Hinomoto CX16

Year

1987

Manufacturer

Toyosha 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Hinomoto N 209 was produced from 1988 until 1992. It was available in 4WD and 2WD variants.

Hinomoto

3-cyl Diesel

The Hinomoto CX 16 was produced in 1987. It featured a three piston, water cooled, engine and had front loader capabilities.

1988

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Hinomoto N179

Hinomoto

1988

Toyosha 3-cyl Diesel

The Hinomoto N 179 was produced in Japan and had a water cooled, Toyosha three-cylinder, diesel engine. The N 179 has been discontinued, but these models are still used today.

1976

Tractor

Hinomoto E280

Year

1976

Manufacturer

Engine

Hinomoto

Toyosha 1.1L 2-cyl Diesel

The Hinomoto E 280 was produced out of Japan from 1979 until 1982. It had a four wheel drive, liquid cooled engine.

127


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Hitachi NTX250 Hitachi 2007

1.5L Diesel

The Hitachi NTX250 tractor was produced with a 1.5 litre, 24 hp (18 kW) diesel engine.

2007

JAPON Hitachi Hitachi Ltd began in 1910, founded by electrical engineer Odaira Namihei in Japan's Ibaraki prefecture. The company name was derived from a combination of the Japanese words for sunrise, which was a reference to the Rising Sun on the flag of Japan. Following the end of World War II, Odaira Namihei was relieved of his company directorship by the occupying forces, but he returned shortly before his death in 1951. In 1970, Hitachi created the Hitachi Construction Machinery subsidiary, unveiling the KH150 in 1971. The machine was the first fully hydraulic crawler crane in the world, and it acted as a springboard for a range of excavating equipment that became globally popular. Hitachi then became involved in the management of excavated land as a means returning it into arable land for farming purposes.

128


2000

Tractor

Hitachi CTX200S

Year

2000

Manufacturer Engine

Hitachi

2997

Tractor

Hitachi Nz215

Year

1997

Manufacturer

1.2L Diesel

Engine

The Hitachi CTX200S tractor was released with a water-cooled 20 hp (15 kW) diesel engine.

Hitachi Nz215 Hitachi 1997 1.5L Diesel

Hitachi

1.5L Diesel

2000

Tractor

Hitachi JTX16

Year

2000

Manufacturer Engine

2002

Tractor

Hitachi

Hitachi

Engine

1.5L Diesel

Year

0.9L Diesel

This Hitachi JTX16 tractor was produced in Japan. It has a 4 wheel drive, 16.3 horse power engine. It comes in weighing 1,119.7 pounds.

Hitachi NTX33

Manufacturer

2002

The Hitachi NTX33 was produced with a 33 hp (25 kW), watercooled diesel engine .

2997

Tractor

Hitachi Nz215

Year

1997

Manufacturer Engine

Hitachi

1.5L Diesel

The Nz215 tractor was produced in Japan but has since been discontinued. It had a 21 hp (15.6 kW) water cooled engine.

2008

Tractor

Hitachi NTX550

Year

2008

Manufacturer

Engine

Hitachi

2.4L Diesel

The NTX550 tractor was produced in Japan. It had a 54.2 hp (40.4kW) engine as was a 4WD tractor.

129


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Iseki TX1410 Iseki 1978

Mitsubishi 0.8L 3-cyl Diesel

The Iseki TX 1410 was produced from 1978 until 1981 as part of the compact utility line. It had an engine power output of 14 hp (10 kW) and was available in a 4WD variant.

1978

JAPON Iseki Iseki and Company was founded in Japan in August,1926 as the Iseki Farm Implement Trading Company. In 1936, the company was incorporated as Iseki and Company, headquartered in Tokyo. In that year, the company commenced production of Iseki branded rice hullers and automatic rice graders, initially foregoing tractor design. By 1961, Iseki and Company shares were first listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, at which point they began building tractors. Rice-transplanters, combine harvesters and binders were then added to the Iseki complement, which were sold worldwide under the AGCO, Bolens, Challenger, Massey Ferguson and White brands. The company then successfully developed an all-in-one rice cultivation system. At the same time, Iseki and Company garden tractors revolutionised the collection of grass by forcing it up over the transmission and other motor elements. The transmission itself was passed to the wheels by a series of chains, much like a rice paddy tractor. Today, Iseki & Company continues to produce cultivating, planting, harvesting and processing machinery, as well as other agricultural implements and spare parts.

130


1981

Tractor

Iseki TX2160

Manufacturer

Iseki

Engine

Mitsubishi 0.8L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

1990

Tractor

1981

Manufacturer

Iseki

Engine

Diesel

Year

The Iseki TX 2160 featured an engine power output of 16 hp (12 kW) and a three point hitch rear lifting capability of 380 kg.

Iseki Sial 193

1990

The Iseki Sial 193 was produced in 1990 in Germany. It was available in a 4WD variant, and its engine produced 19 hp (14 kW).

1985

Tractor

Iseki TX145

Year

1985

Manufacturer Engine

Iseki

2-cyl Diesel

The Iseki TX 1410 was produced from 1978 until 1981 as part of the compact utility line. It had an engine power output of 14 hp (10 kW) and was available in a 4WD variant.

2015

Tractor

Iseki TH4335

Manufacturer

Iseki

Engine

Iseki 3-cyl Diesel

Year

2015

The Iseki TH 4335 was produced in 2015 and featured a 1.5 litre, 33 hp (25 kW) Iseki diesel engine.

1978 Tractor

Iseki TX1500

Manufacturer

Iseki

Engine

Mitsubishi 0.8L 2-cyl Diesel

Year

1978

The Iseki TX 1500 was produced from 1978 until 1981 and was similar to the Bolen G172. It was available in a 4WD variant and weighed 539 kilograms.

131


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Kubota M8540 Kubota 2007

Kubota 3.8L 4-cyl Diesel

The Kubota M8540 was in production from 2007 until 2013. It was part of the utility tractor line and was available in 10 different variants.

2007

JAPON Kubota The Kubota Corporation was founded by Gonshiro Kubota in 1890. It was founded in Osaka, Japan and continues to have its home base in the city today. In its 126 years of business, Kubota has developed and produced everything from engines to vending machines and signature tractors. In such a long and successful history, there are also many points of recognition worth noting. It was in 1969 that Kubota developed its L200 tractor model. The latter was a compact tractor with a power output of only 21 horse power. The fact that the tractor was so compact made it appealing to a wider group of consumers, which in turn made the product highly successful. The tractor model did particularly well in the USA, which ultimately led to Kubota establishing a Kubota Tractor Corporation in California, USA in 1972. This success propelled the company to develop similar tractor companies in many other countries, including Australia, Germany, Poland, and the United Kingdom. Currently, the Kubota Corporation has multiple locations around the world, including the USA. Within their global facilities, they employ over thirty thousand people. They also enjoy significant financial success, with revenue of 14.7 billion dollars as of 2014.

132


1988

Tractor

Kubota B1750

Year

1988

Manufacturer Engine

1973

Tractor

Kubota

Manufacturer

Year

Kubota 0.9L 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Kubota B1750 was produced from 1988 until 1996 as part of the B Series. It was a compact utility tractor with an engine power output 20 hp (15kW).

Kubota B7000

Kubota

1973

Kubota 0.6L 2-cyl Diesel

The Kubota B7000 was produced from 1973 until 1977 as part of the sub-compact utility tractor line. It weighed 476 kilograms and had an engine power output of 14 hp (10.5 kW).

2003

Tractor

Kubota L3130

Manufacturer

Kubota

Engine

Kubota 1.5L 3-cyl diesel

Year

2010

Tractor

Manufacturer

2003

Year

Engine

The Kubota L 3130 was in production from 2003 until 2007 as part of the L30 Series. It was a compact utility tractor produced in a number of variants.

Kubota M5000SU

Kubota

2010

Kubota 3-cyl Diesel

The Kubota M5000SU was part of the utility tractor line alongside the MX Series. It had an engine power output of 52.2 hp (40 kW) and a three point hitch rear lift with a capacity of 1.3 tonnes.

2008

Tractor

Kubota L4508

Year

2008

Manufacturer Engine

Kubota

Kubota 2.2L 4-cyl Diesel

The Kubota L 4508 was produced in 2008 and had 4x4 capabilities. It featured 8 forward and 4 reverse speeds and a wet disk braking system.

2009

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Kubota M135X

Kubota

2009

Kubota 6.1L 4-cyl Diesel

The Kubota M135X was produced from 2009 until 2014 and was part of the row-crop tractor line used in vineyards and farms.

133


Tractor

Mitsubishi MT201

Year

1990

Manufacturer Engine

Mitsubishi

1.125L 3-cyl Diesel

The Mitsubishi MT 201 was first in production in 1990 and had an engine power output of 20hp (15 kW).

1990

JAPON Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Agricultural Machinery Company is the result of the merger of Mitsubishi and a company by the name of Satoh Agricultural Machinery Mfg. Co, Ltd. Both were companies with lengthy and prestigious histories, Mitsubishi having been established in its original form in 1857 and Satoh Agricultural and Machinery in 1914. Mitsubishi is a company that has gone through several different incarnations, most notably splitting into three different distinct branches after World War Two. Mitsubishi Agricultural was formed in 1980 and has its headquarters in Higashiizumo, Japan. Mitsubishi is responsible for the production of combine harvesters and tractors, as well as other agricultural products. Both Mitsubishi tractors and Satoh tractors were sold in the United States for a brief period of time, but are currently sold mostly in the UK under the Mitsubishi brand. In 2013, the agricultural branch of Mitsubishi transformed yet again. It established itself as Agri Support and Machinery by Mitsubishi and sold roughly one-third of its company to Indian Company Mahindra and Mahindra. It was through that company that the USA currently receives Mitsubishi agricultural products.

134


1992

Tractor

Mitsubishi MT205

Year

1992

Manufacturer Engine

Mitsubishi

1995

Tractor

Mitsubishi MT170

Year

1995

Manufacturer

1.125L 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

This GA50 Asuma tractor was produced and manufactured in Japan. It had a 25 hp (19kW) diesel engine and came standard with hydrostatic power steering.

Mitsubishi

1L 3-cyl Diesel

The GE130 Asuma tractor was produced in Japan and was introduced as the 20B. It had a standard 50 hp (37 kW) diesel engine.

2013

Tractor

Mitsubishi MT2000

Year

2013

Manufacturer Engine

Mitsubishi

2000

Tractor

Mitsubishi MT200

Year

2000

Manufacturer

1.125L 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The MT 2000 was produced in 2011 and is part of the Lx Series. It was produced as part of the compact utility line.

Mitsubishi

Mitsubishi 1.1L 3-cyl Diesel

The MT 200 tractor was produced in Japan as part of an agricultural machinery line. It had a three-cylinder, 36 hp (27 kW) diesel engine.

2000

Tractor

Mitsubishi MT1800

Year

2000

Manufacturer Engine

Mitsubishi Diesel

This MT 1800 tractor was produced from 1984 until 1991. It had an 18.5 hp (13.8 kW) diesel engine and weighed under 700 kg.

1988

Tractor

Mitsubishi MT3500

Year

1988

Manufacturer

Engine

Mitsubishi Diesel

The MT 3500 tractor is manufactured with a 34 hp (25 kW) diesel engine and has optional attachments.

135


Tractor

Yanmar YM1601D

Manufacturer

Yanmar

Engine

Yanmar 1.0L 3-cyl Diesel

Year

1979

The 4WD Yanmar YM1601D came standard with a one-litre, 26 hp (19 kW) 3-cylinder diesel engine.

1979

JAPON Yanmar The Yanmar Company is a Japanese diesel engine manufacturer headquartered in Chayamachi, Kita-ku, and Osaka, Japan with over 100 years of history. In the early 20th century, engines for agricultural use in Japan burned a lot of oil and were large, heavy and difficult to start. They did not improve the efficiency of the workers who planted and harvested rice. The Yanmar Company’s founder Magokichi Yamaoka created a new type of diesel engine in 1933, which was the first small diesel engine with a cold-start mechanism. Since the new engine used less oil than the conventional versions, it fulfilled his vision - "To conserve fuel is to serve mankind." Today, Yanmar Company engines are used in a wide range of machinery, including sailing vessels, construction equipment, agricultural equipment and generator sets. Yanmar was the first company to add a passenger seat and use a diesel engine in a rice planting machine. Small, light, air-cooled diesel engines are Yanmar's specialty. Yanmar also supplies engines to John Deere tractors. Yanmar is still working to produce energy efficient tractors, following Magokichi Yamaoka’s vision.

136


2004

Tractor

Yanmar AF220S

Year

2004

Manufacturer Engine

2001

Tractor

Yanmar

Manufacturer

Yanmar

Engine

Yanmar Diesel

Year

Yanmar 3-cyl Diesel

The Yanmar AF220S was a 4WD tractor powered by a threecylinder Yanmar diesel engine.

Yanmar 2060XT

2001

This Yanmar 2060XT tractor was produced with a 55 hp (41 kW) water-cooled Yanmar diesel engine.

2012

Tractor

Yanmar EX2900

Year

2012

Manufacturer Engine

1987

Tractor

Yanmar

Yanmar

Engine

Yanmar 3-cyl Diesel

Year

Yanmar 1.6L 3-cyl Diesel

This Yanmar EX 2900 was first produced in 2012 as part of the Ex Series. It had an engine power output of 28.7hp (21.4 kW) and had an original selling price of US$16,289.

Yanmar FX255

Manufacturer

1987

The Yanmar FX 255 was in production from 1987 until 1992 and was part of the compact utility tractor line. It had an engine power output of 25 hp (15 kW) and is still used today.

1975

Tractor

Yanmar YM2000

Year

1975

Manufacturer Engine

Yanmar

Yanmar 1.1L 2-cyl Diesel

The Yanmar YM2000 was a compact utility tractor. It had a small, 1.1 litre, 16 hp (12kW) diesel engine.

2000

Tractor

Yanmar Ke-3 T

Manufacturer

Yanmar

Engine

Yanmar 3-cyl Diesel

Year

2000

The Yanmar Ke-3 was part of the cultivation line of tractors and came standard with a three-cylinder 55 hp (41 kW) Yanmar diesel engine.

137


Tractor

Cockshutt 70

Year

1935

Manufacturer Engine

Cockshutt

Oliver 3.3L 6-cyl Gasoline

The Cockshutt 70 was produced from 1935 until 1948 in Iowa, USA. It featured a 60.6 litre fuel tank and a 3.3 litre Oliver engine.

1935

AMERIQUE DU NORD - CANADA Cockshutt James G. Cockshutt founded the Brantford Plow Works in the USA in 1877. When the company was incorporated in 1882, the name was changed to the Cockshutt Plow Company. When the founder died soon after incorporation, his brother, William Foster Cockshutt, stepped up as the company’s new president. In 1910, the youngest of the Cockshutt brothers then took over the company's management and began to look for the funds required for expansion. Yet to produce their own tractor, Cockshutt finalised an agreement with Allis-Chalmers as the Great Depression began. The agreement enabled Cockshutt to distribute several Allis-Chalmers models and eventually take over the Oliver tractor line exclusively by 1935. Following the end of World War II, Cockshutt began to produce its own tractors, and eventually produced models for both the USA and Canada. In the 1950s, the company was acquired by English Transcontinental, and the company name was changed to Cockshutt Farm Equipment. Within a decade, the latter company was acquired by the White Motor Company. White initially continued to use the Cockshutt name, but it was phased out in the 1970s.

138


1958

Tractor

Cockshutt 550

Year

1958

Manufacturer Engine

Cockshutt

1942

Tractor

Cockshutt 60

Year

1942

Manufacturer

Oliver 2.5L 4-cyl Gasoline

Engine

The Cockshutt 550 was produced as part of the 500 series from 1958 until 1961 in Ontario, Canada. It featured a three plough capability.

Cockshutt

Oliver 2.0L 4-cyl Gasoline

The Cockshutt 60 was in production from 1942 until 1948 as part of the row crop tractor line manufactured in Iowa, USA. It featured an Oliver designed engine.

1952

Tractor

Cockshutt 20

Year

1952

Manufacturer Engine

Cockshutt

1946

Tractor

Cockshutt 30

Year

1946

Manufacturer

Continental 2.0L 4-cyl Gasoline

Engine

The Cockshutt 20 was produced from 1952 until 1957 as part of the row crop tractor line. It featured a Deluxe variant.

Cockshutt

Buda 2.5L 4-cyl Gasoline

The Cockshutt 30 was produced from 1946 until 1957 and superseded the Cockshutt 20. The Cockshutt 30 was the first tractor to be manufactured and produced in Canada, and there were 37,328 models built before it was discontinued.

1953

Tractor

Cockshutt 50

Year

1953

Manufacturer Engine

Cockshutt

Buda 4.5L 6-cyl Diesel

The Cockshutt 50 was produced from 1953 until 1957 as part of the row-crop tractor line. It featured a four or five plough capability and there were only 3,974 produced.

1956

Tractor

Cockshutt 35

Year

1956

Manufacturer

Engine

Cockshutt

Hercules 3.2L 4-cyl Gasoline

The Cockshutt 35 was in production from 1956 until 1958 and featured a three plough capability. There were only 1,850 models built, and the average sale price was US$3,100.

139


One of the most significant shifts in tractor design has been due to problems operating on slopes. Early tractors were notorious for flipping backward when operating on steep inclines, and designers worked hard to stem the injuries and deaths suffered as a result.

140


141


Tractor

Buhler Versatile 305

Manufacturer

Buhler Versatile

Engine

Cummins 10.8 Litre 6-cyl Diesel

Year

2008

The Buhler Versatile 305 was produced in Canada from 2008 until 2010. It was an articulated 4WD tractor with a partially synchronised gearbox that offered 12 forward gears and four reverse gears.

2008

CANADA Buhler Versatile John Buhler then attempted to purchase Versatile, but the U.S. Department of Justice denied the transaction, claiming that Buhler was an ineligible purchaser. Buhler then took his offer from New York to Washington and was able to capture the interest of Canada’s Foreign Affairs Minister. It took over a year to settle, but Buhler was given final approval by the U.S. Department of Justice and the Canadian government to acquire Versatile and its plant in 2000. The purchase gave Buhler the manufacturing and distribution rights for the two lines of tractors, and Buhler Versatile Inc. became a subsidiary of Buhler Industries Inc. Buhler resurrected the original Versatile yellow and red colour scheme, as well as the name, in the production of its new lines of tractors. In October 2008, Buhler Industries announced that it would re-brand all of its Manitoba produced Buhler tractors with the Versatile name as a means of building on the heritage value within Versatile.

142


1977

Tractor

Buhler Versatile 1080 Big Roy

Year

1977

Manufacturer Engine

2000

Tractor

Buhler Versatile

Manufacturer

Year

Cummins KTA-1150 Diesel

Engine

The Buhler Versatile 1080 Big Roy was produced in 1977. The model was a prototype, capable of producing 600 hp (492 kW) from its Cummins KTA-1150 diesel engine.

Buhler Versatile 2375

Buhler Versatile

2000

Cummins 10.8 Litre 6-cyl Diesel

The Buhler Versatile 2375 tractor was produced in Canada between 2000 and 2008. Its six-cylinder Cummins diesel engine produced 375 hp (280 kW) and the machine was equipped with articulated power steering.

2008

Tractor

Buhler Versatile 450

Year

2008

Manufacturer Engine

2004

Tractor

Buhler Versatile

Manufacturer

Year

Cummins 15.0 Litre 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Buhler Versatile 450 was powered by a huge 15 litre Cummins diesel engine, capable of producing 450 hp (335.5 kW).

Buhler Versatile HHT 435

Buhler Versatile

2004

Cummins 15.0 Litre 6-cyl Diesel

This Buhler Versatile HHT 435 tractor was produced in Canada as part of the company's HHT Series. It was equipped with a dual dry calibre braking system.

2000

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Buhler Versatile 2335

Buhler Versatile

2000

Cummins 10.8 Litre 6-cyl Diesel

This Buhler Versatile 2335 tractor was produced from 2000 until 2008 in Canada. It had a 335 hp (250 kW) engine and came with standard hydrostatic steering.

2010

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Buhler Versatile 220

Buhler Versatile

2010

Cummins QSB 6.7 Litre Diesel

The Buhler Versatile 220 was produced as a mid range tractor. Its 6.7 litre engine was half the size of most of its offerings, yet it was still capable of producing an impressive 220 hp (164 kW).

143


Around the turn of the 20th century, the oil pull tractor ran on a kerosene burning engine. The beauty of the machine was that it could use any grade of kerosene and haul enormous loads.

144


145


Tractor

Advance-Rumely DoAll

Year

1928

Manufacturer Engine

Advance-Rumely

Waukesha 2.8L 4-cyl Gasoline

The Advance-Rumely DoAll was produced from 1928 until 1931. Smaller than a number of its predecessors, it had a 56.8 litre fuel tank.

1928

ÉTATS UNIS Advance-Rumely Advance-Rumely was founded by Meinrad Rumely in 1915 in Indiana, USA. Rumely emigrated from Germany, to join his brother in the running of his foundry. Although the business began simply, it gradually expanded. By 1859, the brothers were producing a wide variety of implements, including, corn shellers and threshers. In 1887, Meinrad purchased a controlling interest and established the M. Rumely Company. Although Rumely died in 1904, his sons continued to operate the business, which had increased its product line to steam-powered tractor engines. Their first notable and most famous product, the Rumely Oil Pull Traction Engine, was introduced in 1909. In 1910, Rumely began the process of buying out other threshing companies in a bid to expand the company's agricultural implement line. The incorporation of those new companies resulted in a change of name to Advance-Rumely in 1915. Although Advance-Rumely was sold to Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing in 1931, it nevertheless left its mark as a pioneering designer and manufacturer of tractors for future famous marques.

146


1924

Tractor

Advance-Rumely OilPull S 30-60

Year

1924

Manufacturer Engine

Advance-Rumely

1929

Tractor

Advance-Rumely OilPull Y 30/50

Year

1929

Manufacturer

Rumely 22.9L 2-cyl Kerosene

Engine

The Advance-Rumely OilPull S 30-60 was produced from 1924 until 1928. Only 514 were built.

Advance-Rumely

Rumely 14.9L 2-cyl Kerosene

The Advance-Rumely OilPull Y 30/50 was produced from 1919 until 1929. It featured a 117.3 litre kerosene fuel tank and was the company's trademark model.

1917

Tractor

Advance-Rumely OilPull H 16-30

Year

1917

Manufacturer Engine

Advance-Rumely

1924

Tractor

Advance-Rumely OilPull M 20-35

Year

1924

Manufacturer

Rumely 10.7L 2-cyl Kerosene

Engine

The Advance-Rumely OilPull R 25/45 was produced from 1924 until 1927. There were only 761 units made, and each had a 117.3 litre fuel tank.

Advance-Rumely

Rumely 9.9L 2-cyl Kerosene

The Advance-Rumely OilPull M 20-35 was produced in 1927. The rear wheels featured a standard metal tread.

1924

Tractor

Advance-Rumely OilPull R 25/45

Year

1924

Manufacturer Engine

Advance-Rumely

Rumely 14.9L 2-cyl Kerosene

With a fuel capacity of 107.5 gallons and an output of 178 hp (133 kW), the Claas Axion 810 is a great machine for long hauls and heavy loads. It has been used by global dairy farmers and others in the agricultural industry.

1928

Tractor

Advance-Rumely OilPull W 20-30

Year

1928

Manufacturer

Engine

Advance-Rumely

Rumely 15.4L 1-cyl Kerosene

The Advance-Rumely OilPull W 20-30 was produced from 1928 until 1920. There were 3,952 built and each featured a 69.1 litre fuel tank.

147


Tractor

AGCO Allis 9670

Year

1994-1995

Manufacturer Engine

AGCO White

Deutz 6-cyl Diesel

The AGCO Allis 9670 was part of the row crop line produced between 1994 and 1995. It had a 367 litre fuel tank and a 4.5 tonne rear lifting capacity.

1994

ÉTATS UNIS AGCO AGCO Corporation is an American agricultural equipment manufacturer. The company produces a range of tractors, combines, hay tools, sprayers and forage and tillage equipment. AGCO products are distributed through more than 3,100 independent dealers and distributors in more than 140 countries worldwide. The company was established in 1990 when executives at Deutz-Allis bought out Deutz-Allis North American operations from its German parent company, which owned Deutz-Fahr. AGCO further purchased the Hesston Corporation, increasing its product line to include hay and forage equipment and a new grain auger. In 1993, AGCO purchased the White Tractor line, the remainder of White-New Idea, and the North American distribution rights to Massey Ferguson. McConnell Tractors, manufacturer of the large articulated Massey Ferguson tractors, was acquired in the following year, on the back of which AGCO developed the Agcostar line of articulated tractors. In 2006, an exercise in consolidation began, and AGCO announced plans to combine some of its brands into a larger brand, or to co-brand a number of its products. By 2009, AGCO's sales hit US$6.6 billion, and it continues today as the manufacturer of powerful machines.

148


1991

Tractor

AGCO Allis 4650

Year

1991-1997

Manufacturer Engine

AGCO

2002

Tractor

AGCO RT 115

Year

2002-2004

Manufacturer

SLH 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The AGCO Allis 4650 came standard with a power output of 27hp. It had a rear lifting capacity of 2.1 tonnes.

AGCO

Cummins 6-cyl Diesel

The AGCO RT 115 was designed with a Cummins 5.9 litre engine. It produced 115 hp (86 kW) and was built in France.

1991

Tractor

AGCO Allis 8610 /

Year

1991

Manufacturer Engine

AGCO

2005

Tractor

AGCO DT220A

Year

2005

Manufacturer

SLH 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The AGCO Allis 8610 was produced in Italy from 1991 until 1997. It was built by SAME, and was also sold as the SAME Antares 110.

AGCO

Sisu 6-cyl Diesel

The AGCO DT 220 was produced from 2005 until 2008 as part of the DT-A Series. It had a power output of 260 hp (194 kW).

2009

Tractor

AGCO DT 275B

Year

2009

Manufacturer Engine

AGCO

AGCO SISU POWER 6-cyl Diesel

The AGCO DT 275 was produced from 2009 until 2010 in Beauvais, France as part of the DT-B Series. It had an engine power output of 320 hp (239 kW).

2002

Tractor

AGCO RT 130

Year

2002

Manufacturer

Engine

AGCO

Cummins 6-cyl Diesel

The AGCO RT 130 was in production from 2002 until 2004 in France. It had a 408.8 litre fuel tank and a 3 point hitch rear lifting capacity of 6.6 tonnes.

149


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Agracat 250 Jinma 2005

Jinma 3-cyl Diesel

The Agracat 250 was produced in China in 2005. It was imported to Arkansas, USA and featured an engine power output of 25 hp (15kW). It was equipped with three forward and one reverse transmission gears.

2005

ÉTATS UNIS Agracat Agracat was founded in 2002 in Arkansas, USA. It was developed as a tractor and equipment importer and first began importing Chinese agricultural equipment. Stock included everything from tractors to ATVs, and the company grew quickly, continuing to import tractors that included Mahindra products. Although Agracat went out of business in 2004, they managed to produce several significant tractors in their short time as a company. They produced eight different models of tractors, the power output of which ranged from 20 to 35 hp. The models with the lowest power output were the 2710 and 2720. Both were equipped with three-cylinder diesel engines and had a rear lifting capacity of 367 kg. Agracat's most powerful model was the 35 hp 3720. The name of Agracat has since been consigned to history, but a number of the products it once carried continue on today in the hands of other importers. Those names include Mahindra, Jinma, LG and others.

150


2002

Tractor

Agracat 2710

Year

2002

Manufacturer Engine

Jinma

2005

Tractor

Agracat 3720

Year

2005

Manufacturer

Jinma 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Agracat 2710 was produced in 2002 in China and was powered by a three-cylinder Jinma diesel engine. It weighed only 972 kg.

Jinma

Agracat/Jinma 3-cyl Diesel

The Agracat 3720 was produced in China in 2005. It had an engine power output of 35 hp (26 kW) and featured a three point hitch rear lift capacity of 504 kg.

2005

Tractor

Agracat 2920

Year

2005

Manufacturer Engine

2000

Tractor

Jinma

Manufacturer

Year

Jinma 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Agracat 2920 was produced in China and featured a three point hitch with a rear lifting capacity of 397 kg. The machine weighed 1.2 tonnes.

Agracat 2940

Jinma

2000

Jinma 3-cyl Diesel

The Agracat 2940 was produced in China in 2000. It had an engine power output of 25 hp (15 kW) and featured a three point hitch rear lift capacity of 397 kg.

2004

Tractor

Agracat 4640EX

Year

2004

Manufacturer Engine

LG

Agracat/LG 3-cyl Diesel

The Agracat 4640EX was produced in 2004 in South Korea and was built for Agracat by LG Tractors. It was powered by a three-cylinder diesel engine.

2013

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Agracat 4940EX LG

2013

Agracat/LG 3-cyl Diesel

The Agracat 4940EX was produced in South Korea by LG Tractors in 2013. It had an engine power output of 49 hp (36.5 kW) and was powered by a three-cylinder Mitsubishi Engine.

151


Today, the majority of tractor attachments used around farms and in horticulture, vineyards, orchards and landscaping are mounted directly onto the machine. Those attachments include cultivators, mowers, front-end loaders, sprayers, buckets, pickers and planters.

152


153


Tractor

Allis-Chalmers Model WD

Year

1952

Manufacturer Engine

Allis-Chalmers

Allis-Chalmers 4-cyl Gasoline

The Allis-Chalmers row crop tractor was produced from 1948 until 1953. It had a double clutch and was powered by a four-cylinder gasoline engine.

1952

ÉTATS UNIS Allis Chalmers In 1901, Edward P. Allis and Fraser & Chalmers merged to create the Allis-Chalmers Company. Based in Wisconsin, USA, the Allis-Chalmers Company manufactured industrial, farm, mining, construction, power plant, agricultural and military equipment. Although Allis-Chalmers was famous for its orange-coloured tractors and silver-painted combine harvesters, many other items of Allis-Chalmers machinery could be found in industries all round the world. In collaboration with Firestone, Allis-Chalmers introduced pneumatic rubber onto their tractor wheels. The innovation resulted in displacing the steel wheel on roughly 50 percent of worldwide tractor sales, and in turn, impacted upon and improved the overall fuel economy of the entire global farming industry. Even with the financial impact of the Great Depression, the AllisChalmers Company continued on its quest to dominate the industry through meeting high consumer demands. Financial issues in 1985 resulted in the sale of Allis-Chambers to a German company known as Klockner-Humbolt-Deutz, but the name of Allis-Chalmers persevered. Production continued under the name Deutz-Allis until 1989, when further acquisition saw the advent of AGCO and Allis-Chalmers Energy. AGCO eventually discontinued production of the celebrated orange-coloured tractors in 2010, but Briggs & Stratton continued selling lawn tractors under the Allis-Chambers brand. 154


1965

Tractor

Allis Chalmers Gleaner E Harvester

Year

1965

Manufacturer Engine

1951

Tractor

Allis-Chalmers

Manufacturer

Year

General Motors 6-cyl Gasoline

Engine

The Allis-Chalmers Gleaner E Harvester was produced from 1962 until 1969 and was one of the first self-propelled combine harvesters. The Gleaner E Harvester's ability to bale hay quickly and efficiently, along with its wide girth, made the machine a crop farmer's dream.

Allis Chalmers HD-15A Bulldozer

Allis Chalmers

1951-1955

General Motors 6-cyl Diesel

The Allis-Chalmers HD-15A Bulldozer was in production from 1951 until 1955 and was an upgrade of the HD-14. Used by the United States Military, there were a little over 3,000 units built.

1961

Tractor

Allis Chalmers D-15

Year

1961

Manufacturer Engine

1939

Tractor

Allis-Chalmers

Allis-Chalmers

Engine

Allis-Chalmers 4-cyl Gasoline

Year

3-Plough Row Tractor

The D-15 row-crop tractor had three powerful ploughs and was available with a diesel engine, making it a diverse and efficient piece of machinery.

Allis Chalmers W-C

Manufacturer

1939

The Allis-Chalmers WC was produced between 1933 and 1948 and was the best-selling Allis-Chalmers model ever built. The W-C was the first tractor to put the rubber tyre to the test.

1947

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Allis Chalmers Roto Baler 10

Allis-Chalmers

1947

Data Unavailable

Allis-Chalmers produced their first round baler in 1947. It was known for its light-weight hay bales, as well as the ability to let water drain out as it air dried.

1944

Tractor

Allis-Chalmers M6 Military Tractor

Manufacturer

Allis-Chalmers

Engine

Military Use

Year

1944

The Allis-Chalmers M6 military tractor was used by the United States military during World War II. It towed heavy armaments such as the 8-inch M1.

155


Corn harvesters are designed to attach to the left hand side of a tractor, and the technology has evolved significantly since the first harvester was introduced in the early 1930s.

156


157


Tractor

Avery 40-80

Year

1913

Manufacturer Engine

Avery Co.

Avery 4-cyl Kerosene

The Avery 40-80 was produced in Illinois, USA between 1913 until 1920. It had a 166.5 litre fuel tank and was originally sold for US$2,800.

1913

ÉTATS UNIS Avery Companies Robert Hanneman Avery enlisted in the Union Army in 1862 and was captured by the Confederates during the battle of Mobile Bay. While in captivity at the Confederate Andersonville Prison for almost eighteen months, Avery kept himself healthy and his mind occupied by designing a single row cultivator (seed planter) using merely his mind. Once the war was over, Avery returned to his home in Kansas, and by 1874 had developed a full size working prototype of his corn planter. He then established the Avery Company with his brother Cyril. Robert was responsible for inventing, while Cyrus handled the company's administration. The Avery Co. closed its doors during the Great Depression. In Kentucky, USA, B. F. Avery & Sons was established in 1825 (well before the Avery Co.) by Benjamin Franklin Avery. Avery began simply with an innovative horse drawn plough and built his company up over the next sixty years before his death. As the Avery Co. closed its doors, B.F. Avery was only just beginning to shine in tractor design and production, and it began with the release of the 'Louisville Motor Plow' in 1915. Focusing on smaller tractors, the company then grew successfully until the early 1950s, when it was acquired by Minneapolis-Moline.

158


1939

Tractor

Avery GG 'General'

Year

1939

Manufacturer Engine

1911

Tractor

B.F. Avery

Manufacturer

Year

Hercules 4-cyl Gasoline

Engine

Similar to the Avery Model A, the Avery General was equipped with the Hercules engine. It was produced from 1939 until 1943, and the starting configuration was available as either a manual crank or an electric starter.

Avery 40-120

Avery Co.

1911

Avery Steam Traction Engine

The Avery 40-120 was a steam powered, self-propelled steam tractor. The under mounted engine on the tractor gave it a locomotive appearance, and it was used for a number of purposes, including shelling and sawing, grain hauling and road grading.

1923

Tractor

Avery 45-65

Year

1923

Manufacturer Engine

Avery Co.

Avery 4-cyl Kerosene

There was little difference between the Avery 45-65 and the Avery 25-50. The 1923 built machine was produced in Illinois, USA and weighed nearly ten tonnes.

1946

Tractor

Avery Model V

Manufacturer

B.F. Avery

Engine

Hercules 4-cyl Gasoline

Year

1946

The Avery Model V was powered by a Hercules motor. The tractor was produced in Kentucky, USA and was equipped with a 14-inch plough. The Model V was available in both three and four wheel configurations.

1922 Tractor

Avery Track Runner

Year

1922

Manufacturer Engine

Avery Co.

Avery 4-cyl Gasoline

The Avery Track Runner was a half-track crawler tractor produced between 1922 and 1925. Its power source was a liquid-cooled 4.5 litre gasoline engine.

159


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Big Bud 525/50 Big Bud 1979

Cummins 18.8 Litre 6-cyl diesel

The Big Bud 525/50 was in production from 1979 until 1982 as part of the 'Three Series'. It had an output of 525 hp (391 kW) and was part of the upgraded Big Bud product range of the late 1970s.

1979

ÉTATS UNIS Big Bud Big Bud Tractors was established as a subsidiary of the Northern Manufacturing Company in Montana, USA. Early models were capable of producing between 300 and 350 hp, but the company decided to aim for the larger tractor market. In the late 1970s, a new line was introduced and included models that produced between 450 and 525 hp. Exports to the Middle East ensued rapidly, and the name of Big Bud became synonymous with massive power and enormous machines. That renown earned the company an approach by a client seeking a machine over and above anything else available on the market at the time. With a budget of US$300,000, Big Bud began work on the machine that would become the Big Bud 747, so named after Boeing's 747 Jumbo Jet. The project took a single year to complete, and it culminated in 1978 with a 16-cylinder diesel tractor the size of a prime mover and capable of producing 900 hp (671 kW).

160


1980

Tractor

Big Bud 600/50

Year

1980

Manufacturer Engine

1980

Tractor

Big Bud

Manufacturer

Year

Cummins 18.8 Litre 6-cyl diesel

Engine

The Big Bud 600/50 was produced in 1980 as a massive four-wheel drive unit. Its 18.8 litre Cummins diesel engine was capable of producing 600 hp (447 kW), and it had nine forward gears and two reverse gears.

Big Bud 650/50

Big Bud

1980

Detroit Diesel 18.1 Litre 12-cyl Diesel

The Big Bud 650/50 was produced from 1980 until 1981 as part of the 'Three Series'. It featured an engine with a 650 hp (485 kW) output and a 2,500 litre fuel tank.

1976

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Big Bud HN320

Big Bud

1976

Cummins 14.0 Litre 6-cyl Diesel

The Big Bud HN320 was in production from 1976 until 1978 as part of the HN Series. It featured hydrostatic power steering and an engine capable of producing 320 hp (239 kW).

1977

Tractor

Big Bud KT500

Year

1977

Manufacturer Engine

Big Bud

Cummins 6-cyl Diesel

The Big Bud KT500 was produced from 1986 until 1990 as part of the 'Four Series'. There were only three models built while in production, and each was powered by a Cummins diesel engine capable of producing 500 hp (373 kW).

1979

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

Big Bud 950/50

Big Bud

1979

Cummins 6-cyl Diesel

The Big Bud 950/50 was produced in 1979 and featured a diesel engine capable of producing 950 hp (708kW) - 50 hp (37kW) more than the Big Bud 16V-747.

161


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Bolens H16XL

Bolens

1978

Tecumseh 1-cyl Gasoline

The Bolens H16XL was produced from 1978 until 1979 and was equipped with a three-point sleeve hitch. It had a wheel base measurement of 124 centimetres and a weight of 367 kilograms.

1978

ÉTATS UNIS Bolens The Bolens Company was created when J. E. Gilson and H. W. Bolens Manufacturing pooled their talents and resources to collaborate in the manufacturing of garden tools. The company became Gilson & Bolens, and it continued manufacturing gardening implements in the USA until 1914. At that point, Bolens acquired Gilson's interest and began manufacturing outdoor power equipment through World War I and the inter war years. Following the end of World War II, the company was acquired by the FMC Corporation, and then made the leap from outdoor equipment to the design and manufacture of tractors suited for gardening purposes. The company's first model was a compact tractor, the Ridemaster, released in 1947, and it was followed by a succession of releases that culminated in the arrival of the Husky 600 in 1961. The beauty of the latter model was its ability to drive numerous attachments, and it ultimately set the standard for a number of other manufacturers of various size tractors. The company's later Tube Frame Series was in production for nearly two decades, and the Bolens name remains today as a global innovator in compact tractor and agricultural product design.

162


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

1983

Bolens 1600H 1668

Bolens

1983

Briggs & Stratton 2-cyl Gasoline

The Bolens 1600H 1668 was in production from 1983 until 1989 as part of the company's Medium Frame Series. It had a wheel base measurement of 124 cm and weighed only 356 kg.

1966

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Bolens 1050

Bolens

1966

Wisconsin 1-cyl Gasoline

The Bolens 1050 was produced from 1966 until 1969 as part of the company's Tube Frame Series. It was a garden tractor that featured a six speed transmission and weighed a tiny 292 kg.

1969

Tractor

Bolens 1455

Manufacturer

Bolens

Engine

Wisconsin 1-cyl Gasoline

Year

1969

The Bolens 1455 was produced in 1969 as part of the Bolens Large Frame Series. It featured a Wisconsin gasoline engine and an optional three point rear hitch.

1973 Tractor

Bolens HT20

Year

1973

Manufacturer Engine

Bolens

Kohler 2-cyl Gasoline

The Bolens HT20 was produced from 1973 until 1978 as part of the Bolens Large Frame Series. It was a garden line tractor and featured a hydrostatic transmission, an optional sleeve hitch and disc brakes.

163


Unlike mid-sized tractors, the small tractor is generally designed to run on a gasoline powered engine. Today, a number of manufacturers also offer the option of an LPG variant.

164


165


Tractor

Branson 6640C

Manufacturer

Branson Tractors

Engine

Kukje 3.4 Litre 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2012

The Branson 6640C was produced in 2012 as part of the 40 Series. It was a utility tractor with a 90.8 litre fuel tank and an engine power output of 66 hp (49 kW).

2012

ÉTATS UNIS Branson Tractors Branson Tractors was founded in 1998 in Georgia, USA. The company further established warehouses in Texas and Oregon. The roots of the company's founding lay in South Korea with Kuje Machinery, which had been in business for three decades and wanted to expand into manufacturing in the USA. Branson began to expand quickly following its inaugural year, and it soon acquired 165 dealerships throughout the USA and Canada. The company's product range was a varied one, and its tractor design was based on target demographics with specific needs and budgets. Most of the company's tractors ranged from 24 to 80 hp units, and conditions in the north of the USA were included in the design remit. As a result, a tractor with a heated cabin was produced and soon sold well in the frozen north. Outside of an impressive range of over 20 tractor models, other Branson products included mowers, backhoes and assorted attachments suited to the Branson line.

166


2014

Tractor

Branson 5820C

Manufacturer

Branson Tractors

Engine

Kukje 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2011

Tractor

Manufacturer

2014

Year

Engine

The Branson 5820C was produced in 2014. The model was equipped with roll-over protection and a self-levelling bucket loader.

Branson 3520R

Branson Tractors

2011

Kukje 1.7 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

The Branson 3520R was produced in 2011 as part of the 20 R Series. It had a power output of 35 hp (26 kW) and a 35.2 litres fuel tank. The independent PTO was capable of producing 29 hp (22 kW).

2011

Tractor

Branson 4020R

Manufacturer

Branson Tractors

Engine

Kukje 1.7 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

Year

2005

Tractor

Manufacturer

2011

Year

Engine

The Branson 4020R was first introduced in 2011. The compact tractor model was produced at the same time as the smaller 3520R.

Branson 3510i

Branson Tractors

2005

Branson 1.7 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

The Branson 3510i was produced from 2002 until 2005 in South Korea. It replaced the Branson 3510 and was produced alongside the Branson 2910i.

2011

Tractor

Branson 4520R

Year

2011

Manufacturer Engine

Branson Tractors Kukje 2.3 Litre 4-cyl Diesel

The Branson 4520R was produced in 2011 as part of the 20 R Series. It had synchro-shuttle transmission, a dry disc clutch and 12 forward gears.

2007

Tractor

Branson 2400h

Year

2007

Manufacturer

Engine

Branson Tractors

Kukje 1.2 Litre 3-cyl Diesel

The Branson 2400H was produced in 2007 and featured hydrostatic power steering and a wet disc braking system. Its Kukje diesel engine was capable of producing 24 hp (18 kW).

167


Tractor

Case 300 tractor

Year

1956

Manufacturer Engine

J.I. Case

Continental 2.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The Case 300 tractor was part of the Case 300 Series and was in production from 1956 until 1958. During those 2 years, there were only 249 Case 300 tractors produced.

1956

ÉTATS UNIS J.I. Case Jerome Case established the Racine Threshing Works in Wisconsin, USA in 1843, and both the company and the man quickly became known for innovation. Early threshers increased a farmer's wheat tenfold and were the catalyst for the abandonment of traditional hand powered threshers. The company moved into portable steam engines in the late 1860s, enabling the thresher to become a steam powered one by the 1870s. By the end of the 19th century, the Case Company (as it was known) was the tenth largest of all steam engine manufacturers and produced both threshing machines and harvesters. With the invention of the tractor, Case began designing and manufacturing its own brand, as well as adding construction equipment to the product line. At the same time, a series of mergers, takeovers and name changes took place and served to transform the Case business model as the landscape of agricultural machinery design also experienced a metamorphosis. Case's agricultural implement production to a back seat to its tractors and construction equipment and saw the company through the turmoil of the first half of the 20th century. Today, the Case brand is produced under the CNH Global banner, and products are manufactured around the globe.

168


1957

Tractor

Case 900 tractor

Year

1957

Manufacturer Engine

J.I. Case

1960

Tractor

Case 830

Year

1960

Manufacturer

J.I. Case 6.2L 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

As part of the 900B Series, the Case 900 tractor was produced in 1957 until 1959. There were only 5,640 models ever produced, and in 1960 they sold for an average price of US$6,000.

J.I. Case

J.I. Case 4.9L 4-cyl Diesel

The Case 830 tractor was produced from 1960 until 1969 as part of the Case 830 Series. It was a standard-tread tractor and had a 66 hp (49 kW) diesel engine.

1960

Tractor

Case 930

Manufacturer

J.I. Case

Engine

J.I. Case 6.6L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1979

Tractor

Case 2090

Year

1979

Manufacturer

1960

Engine

As part of the Case 30 Series, the Case 930 tractor was produced in Wisconsin, USA from 1966 until1969.

J.I. Case

J.I. Case 8.3L 6-cyl Diesel

The Case 2090 tractor was part of the Case 90 Series and was in production from 1979 until 1983. It sold for an average price of US$40,000 in 1983.

1942

Tractor

Case VAC tractor

Year

1942

Manufacturer Engine

J.I. Case

J.I. Case 2.0L 4-cyl Diesel

The Case VAC tractor was in production from 1942 until1955 as part of Case row crop tractor line. There were 150,000 produced and in 1955 they sold at an average price of US$1,580.

1967

Tractor

Case 155

Year

1967

Manufacturer

Engine

J.I. Case

10HP Kohler 391cc 1-cyl Gasoline

The Case 155 tractor was produced in Wisconsin, USA from 1967 until 1968. It had a variety of optional attachments, including a snowbar or a blade.

169


The majority of tractors are two-wheel drive machines, with the vehicle's larger rear wheels driven by its engine. Four-wheel drive tractors are generally built for specialised work.

170


171


Tractor

Case IH 3594

Manufacturer

Case IH

Engine

6-cyl Diesel

Year

1985-1987

With an 85 gallon diesel tank, the Case IH 3594 was capable of handling the largest of distances.

1985

ÉTATS UNIS Case IH Following the death of Jerome Case in 1891, the Case name was already a highly respected one in the design and production of agricultural implements. The company grew substantially throughout the first half of the 20th century, and by the late 1960s, it was acquired by Tenneco. Tenneco retained the Case name and continued to grow the brand and its innovative products, and further enhanced its asset by purchasing the renowned David Brown company. The latter enabled Tenneco Case (as it was renamed) access to the British tractor market, and it launched the new DB tractor line. Tenneco Case then merged with International Harvester and took control of International Harvester's agricultural division in 1984. The Case IH brand then came into being, but growth was slowed by the Farmer's Depression in the USA at the time, and resulted in financial problems that had not previously been experienced by either company. Further mergers saw Tenneco Case merge with New Holland AG and give rise to the creation of CNH Global, which proved to be the saviour of both companies. Today, the Case IH logo continues to live on in a number of CNH Global brand products.

172


1981

Tractor

Case IH 5488

Year

1981-1985

Manufacturer Engine

1006

Tractor

Case IH

Manufacturer

Case IH

Engine

6 cylinder Diesel

Year

Diesel

The Case IH was a 163 hp (122 kW) tractor designed for heavy work. It came equipped with heating and air-conditioning and was trimmed with a range of colour options.

Case IH Steiger STX 480

2006-2007

The 4x4 Case IH Steiger STX 480 was produced with standard air conditioning and heating. It had a 480 hp (358 kW), six-cylinder diesel engine.

1990

Tractor

Case IH 9270

Manufacturer

Case IH

Engine

6-cyl Diesel

Year

2001

Tractor

Case IH PJV65

Year

2001-2004

Manufacturer

1990-1995

Engine

With standard air conditioning and 4WD, the Case IH 9270 tractor was modernised to suit the times. It came equipped with rear and side window wipers.

Case IH

4.0L 4-cyl Diesel

The Case IH PJV65 was produced from 2001until 2004 as part of the PJ Series. It was not only a utility tractor, but was also made to handle orchard and vineyard duties.

1985

Tractor

Case IH 1056 XL

Year

1985-1992

Manufacturer Engine

Case IH

International Harvester 5.9L 6-cyl Diesel

The Case IH 1056 was produced in Germany from 1985 until 1992. It was part of the utility tractor line and had an engine power output of 105 hp (78 kW).

2007

Tractor

Case IH Puma 180

Year

2007-2010

Manufacturer

Engine

Case IH

6-cyl Diesel

The Case IH Puma 180 was made in both England and Austria. While it produced 180 hp (134 kW), its only attachment was a front end loader.

173


The Case Corporation was established by Jerome I Case in the mid 19th century as a threshing machine manufacturer. Moving into steam engines, the company eventually began building tractors in the early 20th century.

174


175


Tractor

Caterpillar D7

Year

1940

Manufacturer Engine

Caterpillar

Caterpillar 13.6L 6-cyl Diesel

The Caterpillar D7 was first produced in 1938, and it remained in production until 1940. It was powered by a 13.6 litre Caterpillar diesel engine.

1940

ÉTATS UNIS Caterpillar Caterpillar Inc. came into being when two companies, the Holt Manufacturing Company and the C. L. Best Tractor Company, merged in 1925. There are several theories surrounding the origin of the company's name, and the most compelling of those tells of a new Holt tractor, which was described as looking 'just like a caterpillar.' Caterpillar Inc. first set up its USA headquarters in San Leandro, moving to Peoria in 1930. Instead of attempting to create a vast multitude of products, Caterpillar introduced only five different models. Sales during the company's inaugural year reached a staggering US$13 million, but by the end of 1929, figures had jumped up to US$52.8 million. Even throughout the Great Depression, Caterpillar Inc. continued to grow and thrive, mainly as a result of available finance to contractors and a large number of government-stimulated construction projects under Franklin D. Roosevelt. During World War II, Caterpillar's machinery became widely popular with both the Seabees and the United States Navy, leading the company to become a preferred military supplier. Caterpillar continued to grow in the post-war years, and today enjoys life as a globally recognised brand.

176


1934

Tractor

Caterpillar Twenty-Two

Year

1934

Manufacturer Engine

1955

Tractor

Caterpillar

Manufacturer

Caterpillar

Engine

Caterpillar 24.1L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

Caterpillar 4.1L 4-cyl Gasoline

The Caterpillar Twenty-Two was produced from 1934 until 1939 as part of the agricultural crawler tractor line. It featured a Zenith K5A carburettor fuel system and an 83.3 litre fuel tank.

Caterpillar D9

1955

The Caterpillar D9 was produced in 1955 in the USA and was commonly known as the Doobi. It was an armoured bulldozer and had crawler tracks.

1938

Tractor

Caterpillar D2

Year

1938

Manufacturer Engine

1933

Tractor

Caterpillar

Caterpillar

Engine

Caterpillar 11.4L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

Caterpillar 3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The Caterpillar D2 was produced from 1938 until 1957 in Illinois, USA as part of the agricultural crawler tractor line. It featured five forward gears and one reverse transmission gear.

Caterpillar Diesel Fifty

Manufacturer

1933

The Caterpillar Diesel Fifty was in production from 1933 until 1936 out of Peoria, Illinois, United States of America. It was part of the crawler tractor line and could be found throughout the agricultural and commercial industries.

1933

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Caterpillar Seventy-Five

Caterpillar

1933

Caterpillar 17.0L 6-cyl Diesel

The Caterpillar Seventy- Five was produced from 1933 until 1935 in Illinois, USA as part of the agricultural crawler tractor line. It had a 340.7 litre fuel tank and weighed 14.3 tonnes.

1995

Tractor

Caterpillar D5H

Manufacturer

Caterpillar

Engine

Caterpillar 7L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

1995

The Caterpillar D5H was produced in 1995 and featured a Caterpillar diesel engine. It was a part of the crawler tractor line and was used globally.

177


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Challenger MT875C AGCO 2009

Caterpillar 8.8L 6-cyl

The Challenger MT875C was in production from 2009 until 2013 as part of the MT 800C Series. It sold for an average price of US$473,854 in 2013.

2009

ÉTATS UNIS Challenger The Challenger company was created as an extension of Caterpillar Inc., which had been established in the early 20th century. Challenger's production hub was based in Illinois, USA, and it was set up to specifically create the Challenger tractor. The name of Challenger heralded the arrival of the world's first rubber-tracked agricultural tractor. The rubber tracking was driven by two or more wheels, and the design married the combined benefits of both rubber tyres and steel tracks. Designed for heavy labouring, the smallest of Challenger's tractors had a 270 hp (201 kW) output. In 1995, the company diversified and added the new Challenger 35, 45 and 55 models, which complemented the models produced by the parent company, Caterpillar. Each of the new models were designed to operate in environments unsuited to larger machines. In 2002, Challenger was acquired by AGCO, and its manufacturing facility was moved to Minnesota, USA. Shortly afterwards, the Caterpillar Challenger MT875B was released to become the brand's most powerful machine to date, and possibly the most powerful tractor of its time.

178


1995

Tractor

Challenger 35

Year

1995

Manufacturer Engine

Caterpillar

2009

Tractor

Claas Axion 810

Year

2009

Manufacturer

Caterpillar 6.6L 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Challenger 35 was produced in 1998 in Minnesota, USA. It featured an engine power output of 210 hp (157 kW) and weighed 10 tonnes.

Claas

6 cylinder diesel

With a fuel capacity of 107.5 gallons and an output of 178 hp (133 kW), the Claas Axion 810 is a great machine for long hauls and heavy loads. It has been used by global dairy farmers and others in the agricultural industry.

1995

Tractor

Challenger 45

Year

1995

Manufacturer Engine

Caterpillar

2005

Tractor

Challenger MT755B

Year

2005

Manufacturer

Caterpillar 6.6L 6-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Challenger 45 was produced from 1995 until 1998 and featured a standard cab operating station with optional air conditioning. Its 6.6 litre diesel engine was capable of producing 240 hp (179 kW).

AGCO

Caterpillar 8.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The Challenger MT755B was in production from 2002 until 2004 as part of the agricultural crawler tractor line. It featured a drawbar with a power output of 239.1 hp (178.3 kW) and weighed 13.4 tonnes.

2009

Tractor

Challenger MT765C

Manufacturer

AGCO

Engine

Caterpillar 8.8L 6-cyl

Year

2009

The Challenger MT765C was in production from 2009 until 2011 as part of the MT700C Series. It was an agricultural crawler manufactured in Minnesota, USA.

2011

Tractor

Challenger MT675D

Manufacturer

AGCO

Engine

AGCO POWER 8.4L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

2011

The Challenger MT675D was in production from 2011 until 2013 in Minnesota, USA as part of the row crop tractor line. It featured a three point hitch rear lift capacity of over 10 tonnes.

179


Tractor

Cub Cadet 71

Year

1965

Manufacturer Engine

International Harvester Kohler 262cc 1-cyl Gasoline

The Cub Cadet 71 was a garden tractor produced from 1965 until 1967 in the USA. It had a wheel base measurement of 109 centimetres and weighed 331 kg.

1965

ÉTATS UNIS Cub Cadet The Cub Cadet was an International Harvester Company product, and its origins began with Cyrus Hall McCormick and his invention of the horse-drawn reaper in 1831. Although the road to tractor design and production was a long one, the McCormick brand eventually became International Harvester, and the Cub Cadet line of premium tractors was released in 1960. Two decades later, International Harvester sold Cub Cadet to the MTD Corporation, which had already established itself as a leader in the manufacture of outdoor power equipment. MTD welcomed the Cub Cadet into a fold that had previously only included larger tractors, and the company's power equipment network was ideally suited to sales of a compact tractor that complemented a range of ride-on mowers and snow blowers. Since that time, the Cub Cadet has been produced in a number of models that include both compact tractors and mowers. In 1990, the company introduced the world's first four-wheel drive 'zero turn' machine, and it continues to develop innovative agricultural machinery today.

180


1971

Tractor

Cub Cadet 108

Year

1971

Manufacturer Engine

1969

Tractor

International Harvester

Manufacturer

Year

Kohler 391cc 1-cyl Gasoline

Engine

The Cub Cadet 108 was produced from 1971 until 1974 and several variants, including hydrostatic and gear, were available for export. It featured a Delco-Remy generator charging system and a 7.6 fuel tank.

Cub Cadet 86

International Harvester

1969

Kohler 266cc 1-cyl Gasoline

The Cub Cadet 86 was produced from 1971 until 1974 and it featured optional three point hitch capabilities. It had a wheel base measurement of 111 centimetres and a 7.6 litre fuel tank.

1967

Tractor

Cub Cadet 124

Year

1967

Manufacturer Engine

1963

Tractor

International Harvester

Manufacturer

Year

Kohler 479cc 1-cyl Gasoline

Engine

The Cub Cadet 124 was produced from 1967 until 1969 and featured a Kohler engine. It had a wheel base measurement of 1,099 cm and a weight of 285 kg.

Cub Cadet 70

International Harvester

1963

Kohler 262cc 1-cyl Gasoline

The Cub Cadet 70 was produced from 1963 until 1965 in the USA as part of the garden tractor line. It featured a three and six gear transmission.

1969

Tractor

Cub Cadet 73

Year

1969

Manufacturer Engine

International Harvester

Kohler 262cc 1-cyl Gasoline

The Cub Cadet 73 was in production from 1969 until 1971 in Kentucky, USA. It had a 4.7 litre fuel tank and weighed 258 kg.

1974

Tractor

Cub Cadet 1650

Year

1974

Manufacturer

Engine

International Harvester

Kohler 588cc 1-cyl Gasoline

The Cub Cadet 1650 was in production from 1974 until 1980 in Kentucky, USA.

181


Tractor

Eagle E 20-35

Year

1920

Manufacturer Engine

Eagle

Eagle 14.9L 2-cyl Kerosene

The Eagle E 20-35 was produced in Wisconsin, USA and had three to four plough capacities. It weighed 3.4 tonnes.

1920

ÉTATS UNIS Eagle The Eagle Manufacturing Company was established in Wisconsin, USA in 1881. It began as a small agricultural tool manufacturer and was run by three friends - Richard Miller, William Polifka, and John Kanouse. Initially, the trio had only a few employees and concentrated on the production of tools for sawmills and hay harvesting. In the late 1880s, the company was incorporated and was heavily involved in producing, buying and selling agricultural products. By 1904, operations had increased to a point where a move to larger and more modern premises was necessitated, and growth continued at a steady pace until World War I interrupted production. Following the end of the war, company shares were redistributed, and The Eagle Manufacturing Company moved into the production of tractors. The inaugural model was a two-cylinder machine, which was followed up by a six-cylinder model in 1930. The effects of the Great Depression did not leave Eagle unscathed, and like many manufacturers of the time, it left the company unable to continue operating. In 1941, when World War II was at its height, Eagle closed its doors for the last time.

182


1922 Tractor

Eagle H 20-40

Year

1922

Manufacturer Engine

Eagle

2-cyl Kerosene

The Eagle H 20-40 was produced from 1922 until 1930 and was part of the standard-tread tractor line. It was manufactured in Wisconsin, USA and weighed 3.55 tonnes.

1922

Tractor

Eagle H 22-45

Year

1922

Manufacturer Engine

Eagle

Eagle 14.9L 2-cyl Kerosene

The Eagle H 22-45 was produced in Wisconsin, USA from 1922 until 1930.

1922

Tractor

Eagle H 16-30

Manufacturer

Eagle

Engine

Eagle 13.2L 2-cyl Kerosene

Year

1922

The Eagle H 16-30 was produced in the USA from 1922 until 1990. It featured manual steering and an open operator station, which made for poor operator performance in changing weather conditions.

1916 Tractor

Eagle Model F 16-30

Year

1916

Manufacturer Engine

Eagle

2-cyl Kerosene

The Eagle Model F 16-30 was in production from 1916 until 1922 in Wisconsin, USA. It had four plough capabilities and weighed 3.2 tonnes.

183


Tractor

Farmall McCormick-Dearing F-14

Year

1930

Manufacturer Engine

Farmall

W-4 Standard Gasoline

The McCormick-Dearing Farmall tractor was a two-plough tractor suited to preparing soil for planting.

1930

ÉTATS UNIS Farmall Farmall was one of the leading the pioneer tractor brands of the 20th century. An International Harvester product, the first Farmall branded tractor was released in 1924 as a general purpose machine suited for row-crop, orchard and fairway work. The introduction of the Farmall tractor changed the face of small farm holdings across Europe and around the world, replacing the horse on countless family owned farms. As the world reeled from the effects of the Great Depression, Farmall tractors continued to sell well as a result of banks continuing to provide finance for agricultural businesses and farms. As the horse was retired and the Farmall took over, the rate of agricultural progress climbed significantly and the company released its second model in 1931 - the F30. The original model was unofficially renamed the 'Regular' by farmers, and International Harvester began producing a series of lettered Farmall models in the following years. The tractor's original battleship-grey colour was changed in 1936 to bright red, and it became clearly identifiable as a result. Between 1924 and 1963, Farmall was the largest selling row-crop tractor in the USA.

184


1958

Tractor

Farmall D-430

Year

1958

Manufacturer Engine

1952

Tractor

Farmall

Manufacturer

Farmall

Engine

4-cyl Gasoline

Year

4-cyl Diesel

The Farmall D-430 series is a very rare tractor today. Many farmers continue to hold onto the D-430 models, which was one of the most successful and reliable of all Farmall tractors.

Farmall Super-M

1952

The Farmall Super-M was produced from 1952 until 1954 in Kentucky, USA. In total, there were 57,092 Super-M tractors built and originally sold for US $2,500.

1939

Tractor

Farmall A

Year

1939-1947

Manufacturer Engine

Farmall

1939

Tractor

Farmall M

Year

1939-1954

Manufacturer

4-cyl Gasoline & Kerosene

Engine

The Farmall A was very similar to the Farmall Model B. The A had an engine that was off-set, sitting in the front, above the tractor's wide front end.

Farmall

4-cyl Gasoline

The Farmall M was in production for 15 years, and after the model was retired, it continued as the BM series.

1956

Tractor

Farmall D-127

Year

1956-1962

Manufacturer Engine

Farmall

2-cyl Diesel

The Farmall D-127 was designed as a row-crop tractor. It was designed with manual steering and a wide open cab.

1956

Tractor

Farmall D-320

Manufacturer

Farmall

Engine

3-cyl Diesel

Year

1956-1962

Manufactured in Neuss, Germany, the Farmall D-20 was part of the International Harvester line. There were 13,209 units produced.

185


One of the most iconic tractor brands of the Great Depression was the Farmall. International Harvester designed and built a wide range of Farmall tractors, which were equipped with 'tricycle' wheels and were ideal for small farming pursuits.

186


187


In the history of tractors, the quintessential 'little red tractor' has been featured in children's books for nearly a century. Today's models are far more sophisticated, yet essentially the same reliable workhorse.

188


189


190


Today's tractor is an invaluable workhorse capable of carrying out many essential tasks. Here, a tractor operates as a pesticide sprayer in a soybean field.

191


192


193


The Farmall name was an iconic one right through until the 1970s, and many models were successful due to their row cropping capabilities. Others were ideal for working in orchards and vineyards, and Farmall became the brand of choice for generations.

194


195


Tractor

Ford 9N

Year

1939

Manufacturer Engine

Ford

Ford 2.0L 4-cyl Gasoline

The Ford 9N was produced between 1939 and 1942 in Michigan, USA. The 9N cost US$585 upon its release.

1939

ÉTATS UNIS Ford Originally, Henry Ford built experimental tractors from automobile components. His first Model B prototype was unveiled in August,1915, and further prototypes followed in 1916 as dedicated tractors. By the end of World War I, Ford was exporting tractors from the USA to Britain, badging them as the 'Fordson' brand. With the loss of millions of horses and young men as a result of the conflict, the tractor came into its own on British soil as the country rebuilt itself. At the same time, domestic tractor sales in the USA began to increase, and by 1922, the Ford brand became hugely popular worldwide. The key to Ford's success was in the simplicity and reliability of its tractor design, which made the vehicles affordable with little maintenance required. Additionally, Ford had already set up mass automobile production, and it also had access to dealerships through the success of its motor cars. During the Great Depression, Ford stopped producing tractors in the USA, while its British counterpart continued to build the Fordson for domestic and export sales. Eventually, Ford USA began producing tractors again, while British Fordson models continued in production until 1964.

196


1947

Tractor

Ford 8N

Year

1947

Manufacturer Engine

Ford

1962

Tractor

Ford 2000

Year

1962

Manufacturer

Ford 2.0L 4-cyl Gasoline

Engine

This Ford 8N was produced from 1947 until 1952 in Michigan, USA. There were 534,000 built over a successful five-year period.

Ford

Ford 2.6L 3-cyl Gasoline

The Ford 2000 tractor was in production between 1962 and 1975 as part of the utility tractor line. It was a 2WD machine, powered by a three-cylinder 36 hp (27 kW) gasoline engine.

1965

Tractor

Ford 3000

Manufacturer

Ford

Engine

Ford 2.6L 3-cyl Gasoline

Year

1981

Tractor

Ford 6610

Year

1981

Manufacturer

1965

Engine

The Ford 3000 tractor was in production from 1965 until 1975 in Belgium, England, and USA. It was equipped with a 3 point hitch and a 47 hp (35 kW) gasoline engine.

Ford

Ford 4.4L 4-cyl Diesel

The Ford 6610 tractor was produced from 1982 until 1993. It cost US $24,500 by the end of its production in 1993 and was used for utility purposes.

1992

Tractor

Ford 8340

Year

1992

Manufacturer Engine

Ford

Ford 7.5L 6-cyl Diesel

The Ford 8340 tractor was produced in England between 1992 and 1995. The average price for the Ford 8340 tractor in 1997 was US$43.500. It had a 106 hp (79 kW) engine.

1993

Tractor

Ford 8670

Year

1993

Manufacturer

Engine

Ford

Ford 7.5L 6-cyl Diesel

The Ford 8670 tractor was produced as part of the 70 Genesis Series from 1993 until 2002. It had a 7.5 litre Ford engine capable of producing 170 hp (127 kW).

197


Tractor

Fordson Model F

Year

1917

Manufacturer Engine

Fordson

Ford 4.1L 4-cyl Diesel

The Fordson Model F tractor was produced from 1917 until 1928 in Michigan, USA and Cork, Ireland. It had an engine output of 20 hp (15 kW).

1917

ÉTATS UNIS Fordson Fordson was the original brand name of the Ford Motor Company’s tractors and trucks. The name was used on a wide range of massproduced general-purpose tractors developed and produced by Henry Ford & Son from 1917 until 1928. Eventually, the Fordson tractor became a British variant of the Ford tractor, and the only difference between vehicles would lie in their countries of manufacture. Each machine was engineered as a result of Henry Ford's great success in mass producing cars, and the key to the Fordson's success was due to an already existing network of manufacturing plants and dealerships. After 1928, Fordson became exclusively a British product, and Ford USA stopped producing tractors for a number of years. When the company resurrected its tractor production in the USA in 1939, it did so with Ford (rather than Fordson) branded vehicles. In Britain, Ford of England continued to produce the Fordson until 1964, by which time the name had become renowned for its reliable and affordable agricultural and commercial vehicles.

198


1945

Tractor

Fordson E27N Major

Year

1945

Manufacturer Engine

1929

Tractor

Fordson

Manufacturer

Fordson

Engine

Ford 4.4L 4-cyl Kerosene

Year

Ford 4.7L 4-cyl Diesel

The Fordson E27N Major was in production from 1945 until 1952 in England. It was considered to have been an upgraded version of the Fordson N. From production until 1953, the E27N was known as the Fordson Major.

Fordson Model 9N

1929

The Fordson Model 9N tractor was produced in Michigan, USA from 1939 until 1942 as part of the N Series. It sold for an average price of US$585 in 1939.

1951

Tractor

Fordson Major E1A

Year

1951

Manufacturer Engine

Fordson

1958

Tractor

Fordson Dexta

Year

1958

Manufacturer

Ford 3.3L 4-cyl

Engine

The Fordson Major E1A was produced in Dagenham, England from 1952 until 1958. Its predecessor was the Fordson Major, and it had an operating weight of 2.4 tonnes.

Fordson

Ford-Perkins 2.4L 3-cyl Diesel

The Fordson Dexta was produced from 1958 until 1961 in England as part of the utility tractor line. There was also a gasoline version available.

1958

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Fordson Power Major

Fordson

1958

Ford 3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The Fordson Power Major was produced in England from 1958 until 1961. It had a 65.9 litres fuel tank.

1958

Tractor

Fordson Super Major

Year

1958

Manufacturer

Engine

Fordson

Ford 3.6L 4-cyl Diesel

The Fordson Super Major tractor was produced in England from 1961 until 1964. It was manufactured as the Ford 5000 in the USA.

199


Tractor

Gibson SD

Year

1947

Manufacturer Engine

Gibson

Wisconsin 0.4L 1-cyl Gasoline

The Gibson SD was produced in Colorado, USA in 1947. It came standard with manual tiller steering and weighed a 483 kilograms.

1947

ÉTATS UNIS Gibson The Gibson Manufacturing Corporation was established in Seattle, USA in 1946. The company initially built rail cars, but later turned to research and development in the area of tractor design and manufacturing. Pressured by growing militant unionism in its own state, the company head south to Longmont, Colorado and opened a dedicated tractor manufacturing plant in small community keen to welcome opportunities for employment in the post-World War II years. The company invested heavily in the new venture, and the first Gibson tractor was unveiled as the Model A. Models that followed were models D, SD and Super D, and all were powered by Wisconsin engines capable of producing 6 hp (4.5 kW). Upon its release, the Model A was marketed as capable of working between two and three acres in a day, which equated to three times as much as a horse and plough could manage. In 1952, Gibson was acquired by Helene Curtis Industries. The last Gibson tractor was produced in 1958.

200


1948

Tractor

Gibson Super D

Manufacturer

Gibson

Engine

Wisconsin 0.4L 1-cyl Gasoline

Year

1948

Tractor

Gibson I

Year

1948

Manufacturer

1948

Engine

The Gibson Super D was produced in 1948 in Colorado, USA. It came with an open operator station and standard manual steering.

Gibson

Hercules 3.9L 6-cyl Gasoline

This Gibson I was produced from 1948 until 1952 and it had an engine power output of 40 hp (30 kW). It had a capacity to utilise up to three ploughs.

1948

Tractor

Gibson H

Year

1948

Manufacturer Engine

Gibson

1948

Tractor

Gibson Super D2

Year

1948

Manufacturer

Hercules 2.2L 4-cyl Gasoline

Engine

This Gibson H was produced from 1948 until 1952 and had a two plough system capability. It had a 64.3 litre fuel tank and was commonly found in the vast farmlands of the USA.

Gibson

Wisconsin 2-cyl Gasoline

The Gibson Super D2 was produced in 1948 in Colorado, USA. Its Wisconsin engine has a power output of 12 hp (9 kW).

1959

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Gibson Powerflex 10

Gibson

1959

Clinton Red-Horse 1-cyl

The Gibson Powerflex 10 was produced in 1959 and had an engine power output of 10 hp (7.5kW). It was capable of handling two or three acres in a day.

1948

Tractor

Gibson E

Year

1948

Manufacturer

Engine

Gibson

Wisconsin 2-cyl Gasoline

The Gibson E was produced in Colorado, USA in 1948 and had a two-cylinder Wisconsin Engine. It came standard with manual steering and was a widely sought out model.

201


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

John Deere Waterloo Boy

John Deere

1923

2-cul Kerosene

The John Deere Waterloo Boy tractor was built in Waterloo, Iowa, USA. In 1918 The Waterloo Engine Company was bought out by John Deere Tractor Company.

1923

ÉTATS UNIS John Deere In 1837, John Deere invented the self-scouring steel plough, and then formed a partnership with John Gould and Robert Tate. In 1868, the company became Deere & Company, and the following year it won a medal at the 17th Illinois State Fair. In 1912, the burgeoning business of gasoline-powered tractors was still an experimental affair, and Deere helped to pioneer the industry with the introduction of the Dain All-Wheel Drive. A little over a decade later, the company introduced the John Deere Model D tractor and followed it up with a combine harvester and other innovative machinery. Purchasing the Waterloo company, the 'Waterloo Boy' arrived, and it remains one of the world's most collectible tractors today. The necessities of World War II saw the company involved in the production of military tractors, as well as transmissions for the M3 tank and other military machines. Following the conflict, John Deere tractors were sold and used all around the world, and the company's renown was impressive by the 1960s when the 4010 and 4020 lines were introduced. Today, John Deere's success continues, and the company currently employs tens of thousands of workers in continental USA and Canada alone.

202


1947

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

John Deere Model M

1963

Tractor

John Deere

Manufacturer

1947

Year

2-cyl Gasoline

Engine

Though the Model M wasn’t introduced to the industry until the resolution of World War II. John Deere’s brand new plant in Dubuque was the first to begin producing the Model M, and there were 45,799 built.

John Deere 3020

John Deere

1963

4-cyl Gasoline or Diesel

Built in Waterloo, USA and in Mexico, the John Deere 3020 was in production for four years. The 3020 was an industrial tractor that varied in use from row crop to special utility functionality.

1958

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

John Deere 630

1923

Tractor

John Deere

Manufacturer

1958

Year

2-cyl Gasoline or Diesel

Engine

The John Deere 630 offered a number of variant options that included row crop, standard, high-crop, and orchard models.

John Deere Model D

John Deere

1923

2-cyl Gasoline or Diesel

The John Deere Waterloo Boy D enjoyed the longest production run of all John Deere models. It was in production from 1923 until 1953, during which time a total of 160,000 units were manufactured.

1962

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

John Deere-Lanz 700

John Deere

1962

4-cyl Diesel

The John Deere Lanz 700 was manufactured in Germany. It was in production for four years and was equipped with manual steering and disk brakes.

2007

Tractor

Manufacturer

Year

Engine

John Deere 7130

John Deere

2007

John Deere 6.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The John Deere 7130 started production in Germany in 2007. It had an engine power output of 125 hp (93 kW) and is part of the 7030 Small-Frame Series.

203


John Deere remains one of the most identifiable tractor brands today. The pictured tractor is the Model 70, which was released in 1953 to replace the earlier John Deere G.

204


205


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Kioti PX1103 Kioti 2016

3.4L 4-cyl Diesel

The Kioti PX1103 was produced in 2016 and was as a utility and farming tractor. It was an upgrade from the standard Kioti operating station and was equipped with a standard Delux cab.

2016

ÉTATS UNIS Kioti Kioti, whose parent company was Daedong Industrial Company Ltd, was founded in 1993 with a home base located in North Carolina, USA. Daedong, located exclusively in South Korea before opening up its Daedong USA branch, specialized in the production of utility vehicles, tractors and attachments for each. The company was then acquired by Kioti, and the first Kioti tractor was introduced in the USA in 1986, after which the company's success continued to increase. That success' increase was so rapid that the company expanded to form a second headquarters in 2004. The new location dealt with parts and manufacturing, as well as the servicing of purchased products. Currently, Kioti's business continues to grow as they do business with more than 350 product dealers. In 2016, Kioti celebrated its 30 year anniversary of business and service in the USA. During that time, they have been responsible for the production of multiple models of utility vehicles, attachments, accessories, and tractors. The tractors have power outputs ranging from 25 hp (19 kW) with the CK10 series to 90 hp (67 kW) with the PX series.

206


2014

Tractor

Kioti CK2810

Year

2014

Manufacturer Engine

Kioti

2001

Tractor

Kioti DK50

Year

2001

Manufacturer

1.4L 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Kioti CK 2810 was produced in 2014 and was equipped with a hydrostatic and mechanical transmission.

Kioti

Daedong 2.0L 4-cyl Diesel

The Kioti DK 50 was produced from 2001until 2005 in Daegu, South Korea. It weighed 1.73 tonnes.

2010

Tractor

Kioti DK451

Year

2010

Manufacturer Engine

2014

Tractor

Kioti

Manufacturer

Year

Daedong 2.2L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Kioti DK 451 was produced in South Korea from 2010 until 2015 as part of the compact utility line. It had a 57.9 litre fuel tank and a 187 cm wheel base.

Kioti RX7320 Kioti

2014

Daedong 2.4L 4-cyl Diesel

The Kioti RX 7320 was produced as part of the RX Series in 2014. It was part of the utility line and had an engine power output of 73 hp (54 kW).

2012

Tractor

Kioti RX6010

Year

2012

Manufacturer Engine

Kioti

Daedong 2.4L 4-cyl Diesel

The Kioti RX 6010 was produced in 2012 as part of the RX Series. It came with remote hydraulic valves and a single lever joystick.

2014

Tractor

Kioti NX6010

Year

2014

Manufacturer

Engine

Kioti

Daedong 1.8L 3-cyl Diesel

The Kioti NX 6010 was produced in 2014 in South Korea as part of the NX Series. It had an engine power output of 60 hp (45 kW) and was part of the compact utility tractor line.

207


Tractor

Long 9500 Special

Year

1972

Manufacturer Engine

Long

Perkins 5.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The Long 9500 tractor was in production from 1972 until 1975 in Emilia, Italy as part of the row crop line. It was powered by a 5.8 litre Perkins diesel engine.

1972

ÉTATS UNIS Long Long Agribusiness, LLC, or LongAgri, was founded in 1941 in Tarboro, North Carolina, USA by William “Billy” R. Long. LongAgri built a small quantity of tractors itself before it began importing British Motor Corporation (BMC) Nuffield tractors under the Long brand. In 1971, LongAgri began importing tractors manufactured in Italy by Massey Ferguson/Landini, as well as Romanian-built Universal (UTB) tractors. The Universal UTBs comprised most of their product line-up. In 1994, LongAgri began importing Farmtrac tractors from India, and in 1999, LongAgri began importing tractors from LG Tractors in South Korea under the LandTrac brand. They also manufactured and/or imported implements, combine harvesters and grain bins. LongAgri had purchased a portion of Universal (UTB), but by the 1980s, the company was not doing well and Alvarez & Marcell, Inc. took it over to try and turn it around. The Escorts Group of India purchased 49 percent of the company in 1998 and began importing Farmtrac tractors under the LongAgri banner. In 2002, The Escorts Group made the agreement to purchase the remaining 51 percent of the company, and it was eventually renamed Farmtrac N.A. The LandTrac line also merged under the Farmtrac banner but, the LongTrac Universal (UTB) line remained.

208


1975

Tractor

Long 560

Year

1975

Manufacturer Engine

Long

1993

Tractor

Long 2260

Year

1993

Manufacturer

UTB/Universal 3.1L 4-cyl Diesel

Engine

This Long 560 tractor was produced in 1975 in Romania. It had a 60 hp (45 kW) UTB engine.

Long

UTB/Universal 1.6L 2-cyl Diesel

The Long 2260 was produced from 1993 until 1995 as part of the utility line in Brasov, Romania. It had an open centre hydraulic system.

1995

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Long 2310

Long

1990

Tractor

Long 2360

Year

1990

Manufacturer

1995

UTB/Universal 1.8L 2-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Long 2310 tractor was produced in Romania from 1995 until1997 as part of the compact utility line. It was powered by a UTB/Universal 1.8 litre diesel engine.

Long

Uzina 2.3L 3-cyl Diesel

The Long 2360 tractor was built in Romania between 1990 and 1997 as part of the utility line. It was powered by a 45 hp (33.5 kW) Uzina diesel engine.

1948

Tractor

Long A

Year

1948

Manufacturer Engine

Long

Continental 2.7L 4-cyl Gasoline

This Long A tractor was in production in North Carolina, USA from 1948 until 1949. It was part of the row crop line and came with a 26 hp (19 kW) draw bar.

1990

Tractor

Long 2510

Year

1990

Manufacturer

Engine

Long

UTB/Universal 2.7L 3-cyl Diesel

The Long 2510 tractor was produced from 1990 until 1997 as part of the compact utility line. It had an open centre hydraulic system.

209


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Massey-Ferguson 35

Massey-Ferguson

1960-1965

Perkins 2.5 L Diesel

The Massey-Ferguson 35 was a utility tractor that superseded the grey Ferguson 35 tractor. A gasoline variant was also available with a Continental 2.2 litre engine after 1961.

1960

ÉTATS UNIS Massey-Ferguson Massey-Ferguson was first established in Ontario, Canada as the Newcastle Foundry and Machine Manufactory in 1847. Within less than half a century, the company was one of Canada's most successful, eventually moving to Toronto and becoming the Massey Manufacturing Co. Following the move, the company became Massey-Harris Ltd. when it merged with A. Harris & Son, and it grew to become the largest of the British Empire's agricultural equipment manufacturers. Innovation was the hallmark of the company, and its threshing machines, bicycles and reapers were exported around the world. Soon, Massey was producing steam tractors as Sawyer-Massey, before moving into motorised tractor design and production. By 1930, the company had designed a self-propelled combine harvester and an early four-wheel-drive tractor. Massey-Harris was also a military vehicle manufacturer during World War II, and the company merged with the Ferguson Company in the post war years to initially become Massey-Harris-Ferguson and later Massey-Ferguson. Mass marketing and media exposure saw the name of Massey-Ferguson become a household one in farming communities around the world, and success led to further acquisitions that included Argentina's Hanomag-Cura company, Australia's Sunshine Harvesters, Italy's Landini, England's Perkins Engines, Spain's Ebro and Germany's Eicher Tractor. By the late 1970s, the company suffered the impact of a decline in the agricultural sector, and several bail-outs, mergers and acquisitions saw the company become the property of AGCO. Today, the Massey-Ferguson brand leads the world in tractor sales. 210


1964

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Massey-Ferguson 135

Massey-Ferguson

1964-1975

Perkins 2.5 L Diesel

The Massey-Ferguson 135 was a model in the 100 series. It was manufactured in Premium, Economy and Industrial variants and was sold for US$4,385 in 1975.

2005

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Massey-Ferguson 5460

Massey-Ferguson

2005-2016

Perkins 4.4 L Turbocharged Diesel

The Massey-Ferguson 5460 was part of the company's 5400 series, produced between 2005 and 2016. Its engine was capable of producing 105 hp (78.3 kW). A lower and narrower variant of the model was the 5460 SA.

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

1964

Tractor

Massey-Ferguson 165

Year

1964-1975

Manufacturer

Engine

Massey-Ferguson

Perkins 3.3 L Gasoline or Diesel

The Massey-Ferguson 165 was a row crop tractor produced between 1964 and 1975. Most models were powered by a Perkins diesel engine, although a smaller 2.9 litre Continental engine was available.

Massey-Ferguson 8690

2011

Massey-Ferguson

2011-2013

AGCO 8.4 L Diesel

The Massey-Ferguson 8690 was designed as a row crop tractor. It was manufactured in both France and the USA. Its 8.4 litre engine was capable of producing 349 hp (253.5 kW).

211


Tractor

Farmall BN Tractor

Year

1953

Manufacturer Engine

International Harvester IH 1.9L 4-cyl Gasoline

There were only 14,967 McCormick Farmall BN tractors made over a seven year production run. The model was powered by a fourcylinder International Harvester engine.

1953

ÉTATS UNIS McCormick International “One price to all and satisfaction guaranteed” was the motto of Cyrus Hall McCormick, the owner and founder of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, located in Virginia, USA. In 1831, at the age of 22, McCormick's guarantee was that his newly invented horse drawn reaper harvester would plough15 acres a day, with a money-back guarantee. He created savvy business practices never seen before by allowing his customers to buy on credit, using word of mouth for advertisement and having one price for his machine, with no haggling allowed. From 1831 until 1847, the harvester business was in financial trouble, so Cyrus McCormick and his brother Leandor McCormick relocated their business to Chicago. In Chicago, McCormick utilised the new railway system to advertise and sell his product. In 1902, the McCormicks merged with the Deering Harvester Company, the Milwaukee Harvesting Machine Co, the Plano Manufacturing Company, and Warder, Bushnell, and Glessner to create the International Harvesting Company. The International Harvesting Company enjoyed great success at the turn of the century with their many versions of agricultural equipment. John Deere was their biggest competitor, and while that company soared, the International Harvesting Company suffered hardships. The company disintegrated in 1980, after which Navistar International took control of the truck manufacturing division in 1985, and their subsidiary Tenneco took over the agricultural business. 212


1939

Tractor

McCormick-Deering W-4

Year

1939

Manufacturer Engine

1956

Tractor

McCormick International

Manufacturer

McCormick International

Engine

4-cyl Diesel

Year

IH 2.5L 4-cyl Gasoline

The McCormick-Deering W-4 tractor was well known as the standard of the Farmall H series. The W4 was sold for an average price of US$1,999.

Farmall D-430

1956

The Farmall D-430 became known as the McCormick Farmall D 430. It was an efficient row crop tractor in its day.

1939

Tractor

Farmall H Tractor

Year

1939

Manufacturer Engine

1939

Tractor

McCormick International

McCormick International

Engine

IH 4.1L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

IH 2.5L 4-cyl Gasoline

The row crop version of the McCormick Deering W4 is known today as the McCormick Farmall H. It was manufactured in Illinois, USA and had several variants that included a row crop, high crop, standard tread, industrial and orchard model.

Farmall M tractor

Manufacturer

1939

Popularly known as the model BM, the McCormick M tractor was produced from 1934 until 1939. It was a row crop tractor with three plough attachments.

2004

Tractor

McCormick International MTX120

Year

2004

Manufacturer Engine

McCormick International Iveco 6.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The McCormick International MTX120 was produced in Doncaster, England. It had a powerful engine capable of producing 118 hp (88 kW).

1954

Tractor

Farmall Super C

Year

1954

Manufacturer

Engine

McCormick International IH 2.0L 4-cylinder Gasoline

The McCormick Farmall Super C was a row crop tractor. Its fourcylinder engine was capable of producing 118 hp (88 kW).

213


Tractor

Minneapolis-Moline U-302

Year

1964

Manufacturer Engine

Minneapolis-Moline

Minneapolis-Moline

The Minneapolis-Moline U-302 was produced from 1964 until 1970 It had an original price of US$6,000 and weighed 2.5 tonnes. Its power source was a 56 hp (42 kW) Minneapolis Moline engine.

1964

ÉTATS UNIS Minneapolis-Moline In 1929, Minneapolis Steel and Machinery, Minneapolis Threshing Machine and Moline Plough merged to form a new company - MinneapolisMoline. Based in Minnesota, USA, the company had several production facilities. Although Minneapolis-Moline experienced growing pains as the world trudged through The Great Depression, trade-unionism, and World War II, it nevertheless continued to pick up steam. Innovation changed the direction of the production of tractors, and Minneapolis-Moline was a key player in the conceptualisation of tractors with closed cabs. This idea was realised with the creation of the Model U Deluxe in 1938. The Model U Deluxe was something of a luxury tractor, boasting features such as an electric starter, a heater and even a cigarette lighter. The tractor was one of the company's more popular models, despite its high price. The 1950s saw the creation of the Uni-Tractor, which was powerful enough to drive and manoeuvre other devices and intended to do away with the need for both a tractor and a harvesting device. While the M-series was creative, it found limited favour with farmers and was discontinued in 1970. In 1963, Minneapolis-Moline was bought by the White Motor Company, which ceased using the brand name completely by 1974. In turn, White was bought out by AGCO in 1991.

214


1938

1964

Tractor

Minneapolis-Moline G

Year

1938

Manufacturer Engine

Tractor

Minneapolis-Moline

Minneapolis-Moline

Engine

Minneapolis-Moline 5.5L Gasoline

Year

Diesel

This Minneapolis-Moline G tractor was produced from 1938 until 1959 and had a 75 hp (56 kW) diesel engine.

Minneapolis-Moline M670

Manufacturer

1964

The Minneapolis-Moline M670 tractor was produced from 1964 until 1970. It sold for an average price of US$7,400 in 1970.

1938

Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Minneapolis-Moline U

Minneapolis-Moline

1938

Minneapolis-Moline 6.6L Gasoline

The Minneapolis-Moline U tractor was part of the row crop line and was produced from 1938 until 1948. It came with a 27 hp (20 kW) drawbar and had a standard open operator system.

1971

Tractor

Minneapolis-Moline G450

Year

1971

Manufacturer

Engine

Minneapolis-Moline Fiat Diesel

This 59 hp (44 kW) Minneapolis-Moline G450 tractor was part of the company's utility tractor line. It was powered by a Fiat diesel engine.

215


Tractor

Manufacturer Year

Engine

Montana P9084C Montana 2009

Iveco 3.2L 4-cyl Diesel

This Montana P9084C tractor was produced in 2009 in South Korea and was part of the company's utility line. It was powered by an Iveco 88 hp (66 kW).

1901

ÉTATS UNIS Montana Montana Tractors was established in 2004 by JB Hunt, Dan Downing, and Charlie Goforth. Its headquarters are in Springdale, Arkansas, and the company came into being as a result of JB Hunt's bankruptcy when his trucking business collapsed. Following the collapse, Hunt was left with 500 LG tractors, which he sold by creating LG Montana Tractors. The company then used the profits to purchase other tractor brands from India, the USA, Romania and South Korea, dropping the 'LG' from the company's name. In 2009, LS, formerly known as LG, made the decision to sell their own products in the USA. Although there were merger talks between Montana Tractors and Branson Tractors, it was eventually called off with Branson becoming another supplier instead. In the end, Montana stopped selling tractors altogether, leaving their former supplier LS to make those sales. Instead, Montana focuses on the sales of parts for those products.

216


1901

Tractor

Montana 3240

Year

2004

Manufacturer Engine

1901

Tractor

Montana

Manufacturer

Year

Daedong 1.7L 3-cyl Diesel

Engine

The Montana 3240 tractor was in production from 2004 until 2009 and had a 7.4 litre fuel tank. It was powered by a 32 hp (24 kW) Daedong diesel engine.

Montana 4220I Montana 2010

Diesel

The Montana 4220i tractor was produced in South Korea and is reputed to have been a rebadged version of the similar Branson tractor.

1901

Tractor

Montana 5720

Manufacturer

Montana

Engine

Mitsubishi 3.3L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

1901

Tractor

Montana C4864

Year

2006

Manufacturer

2006

Engine

The Montana 5720 tractor was engineered with a 3.3 litre, fourcylinder 57 hp (42.5 kW) Mitsubishi engine.

Montana

UTB/Universal 2.8L 3-cyl Diesel

The Montana C4864 tractor was produced from 2006 until 2009 as part of the Montana Series. It was built in Romania and had a 47 hp (35 kW) engine that operated on 12 volt electrics.

1901

Tractor

Montana C6862

Year

2006

Manufacturer Engine

Montana

UTB/Universal 3.8L 4-cyl Diesel

The Montana C6862 tractor was produced from 2006 until 2009 as part of the Montana C Series. The C6862 was part of the utility tractor line and came with a wet disk braking system.

1901

Tractor

Montana U5784

Manufacturer

Montana

Engine

Mitsubishi 3.3L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

2008

The Montana U5784 tractor was in production from 2008 until 2009 as part of the Montana utility tractor line. It was manufactured in South Korea and had a 57 hp (42.5 kW) Mitsubishi engine.

217


Tractor

Twin City JT

Year

1934

Manufacturer Engine

Minneapolis-Moline 4-cyl Diesel

This Twin City JT tractor was produced in the USA. It was powered by a four-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel engine capable of producing 18 hp (13.5 kW).

1934

ÉTATS UNIS Twin City In 1910 Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Company worked with McVicker Engineering to develop the first of an impressive line of durable heavyweight gas tractors branded as Twin City models. In 1923, the Twin City tractors were built by the Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Company, which merged in 1929 with the Moline Implement Company of Illinois and the Minneapolis Threshing Machine Company of Hopkins, Minnesota. Twin City tractors were dark grey in colour, and had a 'TC' logo that was similar to that of the Minnesota Twins baseball team. One of the most significant developments in Twin City history was the release of the 12-20 in 1918, which was a more powerful and more technologically advanced tractor. Twin City also entered motor truck production in 1919 with 2 ton and 3 ½ ton models. In 1929, the company merged with the Minneapolis-Moline and Moline Plow companies to become part of the newly created Minneapolis-Moline Company. For a number of years, the Twin City name continued in new models produced before it was eventually phased out.

218


1926

Tractor

Twin City 17-28

Manufacturer

Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Company

Engine

Twin-City 5.6L 4-cyl Kerosene

Year

1934

Tractor

1926

Manufacturer

Minneapolis-Moline

Engine

Minneapolis 4.6L 4-cyl Diesel

Year

The Twin City 17-28 tractor was in production from 1926 until1935, and there were 15,000 units built. It was part of the company's standard-tread tractor line.

Twin City KTA

1934

The Twin City KTA tractor was in production from 1934-1935. There were 4,552 units built, and each was powered by a 4.6 litre Minneapolis diesel engine.

1926

Tractor

Twin City 21-32

Year

1926

Manufacturer Engine

Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Company

1927

Tractor

Twin City 27-44

Year

1927

Manufacturer

6.3L 4-cyl Kerosene

Engine

The Twin City 21-32 tractor was in production from 1928 until 1938, and there were 7,229 units built. The tractor weighed 2.7 tonnes.

Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Company

10.5L 4-cyl Kerosene

The Twin City 27-44 tractor was in production from 1927 until 1935 in Minnesota, USA. The tractor weighed 3.9 tonnes and was powered by a 10.5 litre kerosene engine.

1916

Tractor

Twin City 40-65

Year

1916

Manufacturer Engine

Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Company

Twin City 24.4L 4-cyl Kerosene

The Twin City 40-65 tractor was produced from 1916 until 1925. There were only 825 units built in that time, and each sold for US$3,250. The enormous machine weighed 10.75 tonnes.

1916

Tractor

Twin City 60-90

Year

1916

Manufacturer

Engine

Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Company

6-cyl Kerosene

The Twin City 60-90 tractor had a 60 hp (45 kW) engine and was manufactured from 12.7 tonnes of steel. It was equipped with 2.1 metre drive wheels as standard equipment.

219


Tractor

White 8710 Fieldmaster

Manufacturer

White Farm Equipment

Engine

Cummins 8.3L 6-cyl diesel

Year

1998

The White 8710 Fieldmaster tractor was produced in Ohio, USA between 1998 and 2001. It had a 120 hp (89.5 kW) engine and came standard with hydrostatic power steering.

1998

ÉTATS UNIS White In 1960, the White Motor Company entered the agriculture machinery market with the purchase of the Oliver Farm Equipment Company. In 1962, White acquired the Cockshutt Farm Equipment Company of Canada. White increased its agricultural interests in 1963 with the acquisition of Minneapolis-Moline. The three acquired companies, Oliver, Minneapolis-Moline and Cockshutt, were merged in 1969 to form White Farm Equipment which was headquartered in Illinois, USA. The White Farm Equipment Company produced outdoor equipment such as tractors, lawn tractors, corn planters, tillage equipment such as ploughs, disks and field cultivators. Six years later, Oliver, MinneapolisMoline and Cockshutt were folded into the White brand. The green of Oliver, red of Cockshutt and yellow of Minneapolis-Moline tractors was replaced by the silver tractors of White's Field Boss line. In 1979, White Motors spun off its agriculture division to Texan company, TIC. The White line was branded WFE (White Farm Equipment). The agriculture machinery market fell into a severe recession in the early 1980s, and TIC sold WFE to Allied Products. Allied owned the New Idea farm equipment brand and formed a new division called White-New Idea. The White tractor line was produced by AGCO from 1991 through to 2001 when the White line merged with AGCO-Allis to create the AGCO brand. The White name is still in use under AGCO with the White Planter division. 220


1976

Tractor

White 2-85

Manufacturer

White Farm Equipment

Engine

Perkins 5.8L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1974

Tractor

Manufacturer

1976

Year

Engine

The White 2-85 was in production from 1976 until 1982. It had an engine power output of 85 hp (63.5 kW) and 122.3 litre fuel tank.

White 2-105

White Farm Equipment

1974

Perkins 5.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The White 2-105 was produced from 1974 until 1982 and was part of the Field Boss Series. It had an engine power output of 105 hp (78 kW).

1982

Tractor

White 2-110

Manufacturer

White Farm Equipment

Engine

Perkins 5.8L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1983

Tractor

Manufacturer

1982

Year

Engine

The White 2-110 was produced from 1982 until 1987 and had an engine power output of 110 hp (82 kW). It came standard with hydrostatic power steering and an independent, hydraulic dry disc braking system.

White 4-270 Field Boss

White Farm Equipment

1983

Caterpillar 10.5L 6-cyl Diesel

The White 4-270 Field Boss tractor was in production from 1983 until1988 as part of the farming and agricultural line. It was powered by a Caterpillar diesel engine that produced 270 hp (201 kW).

1987

Tractor

White 140

Manufacturer

White Farm Equipment

Engine

CDC-Cummins 5.9L 6-cyl Diesel

Year

1987

The White 140 was in production from 1987 until 1989 as part of the company's row crop tractor line. It was powered by a 5.9 litre CDC Cummins diesel engine.

1976

Tractor

White 2-155

Year

1976

Manufacturer

Engine

White Farm Equipment

White-Hercules 7.8L 6-cyl Diesel

The White 2-155 was produced from 1976 until 1987. It had a 280 litre fuel tank and was powered by a 7.8 litre White-Hercules engine.

221


Up until the 1930s, most tractors had steel wheels furnished with lugs that provided traction for field work. During the decade, manufacturers began producing machines with rubber tyres, while many old steel wheelers were retrofitted with rubber tyres.

222


223


Satellite technology is now a standard feature of many modern tractors, enabling operators to use GPS tracking to plot courses. As a result, operator involvement has been reduced to that of a watchful eye as the machine travels along a predetermined course.


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