ABOUT This portfolio is a compilation of different design projects completed at the faculty of Architecture at Technical University of Delft. The work presented is of great variety, ranging from a large scale housing project to a redevelopment of a school. The aim is to display my ability to solve problems and my skills in different fields.
MURIEL MARRAFFA 14.09.1990 FRENCH +31 643422497 MURIEL.MARRAFFA@GMAIL.COM DOELENSTRAAT 91, 2282NX, RIJSWIJK (NL)
EDUCATION Jan 2016
MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE TU DELFT
BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE TU DELFT
Focus on Architecture and renovation in particular Exchange semester with the Architecture School of Versailles
Variated program and several courses about art history, construction and management
French high school degree
FRENCH BACCALAUREAT (S) LYCÉE FRANÇAIS VAN GOGH IN THE HAGUE
IELTS ENGLISH CERTIFICATE
WORK EXPERIENCE Mar 2015-current
THE HAGUE, NL
ADMINISTRATION WORK EFFIX ENGINEERING
BRANDING DESIGN EFFIX ENGINEERING
REAL ESTATE SURVEY TU DELFT
INTERNSHIP KNEVEL ARCHITECTEN
INTERNSHIP PLAYGROUND, ARCHITECTURE FIRM 40H/W
Customer-orientated work in the museum
Temporary administration assignments
Design of the logo, business cards and letterheads for a recruitment agency
16H DELFT, NL
Collecting and processing a survey about new catering facilities on campus
Assisting the architects during the design process and in the preparation of presentations Assuring the architects in designing and preparing work for meetings
SECONDARY ACTIVITIES May-Nov 2016
EXPOSITION BIENNALE ARCHITETTURA VENISE
ARCHITECTURE WORKSHOPS EASA MALTA
Exposition of the project of supelec in the French pavilion during the biennial
Restoration of an old cemetery in the fort of Valetta
VOLUNTARY WORK KUMASI GHANA
TREASURER 17TH BOARD OF DSKV PAAL CENTRAAL DELFT
Support construction workers to build a day care centre
Budget and policy for a student association of 90 members
Active participation to debates
2008-2012 VARIOUS COMMITTEES DSKV PAAL CENTRAAL 2007 MFNU (FRENCH MODEL OF THE UN) THE HAGUE
PHOTOSHOP ILLUSTRATOR INDESIGN
AUTOCAD REVIT SKETCHUP RHINO
FRENCH mother tong DUTCH mother tong ENGLISH fluent GERMAN basic
OVER THE BRIDGE
TRANSFORMATION OF AN OLD FACTORY INTO A LIVING AND WORKING AREA AMSTERDAM _ SPRING 2015
REDEVELOPMENT OF A SCHOOL WITHIN A NEW CAMPUS PARIS _ SPRING 2014
RENOVATION OF A BUILDING COMPLEX OF THE 17TH CENTURY DELFT _ AUTUMN 2013
CREATION OF SUSTAINABLE EXHIBITION PAVILION SOUTH KOREA _ AUTUMN 2012
DESIGN OF A NEW TOWN HALL NAALDWIJK _ SPRING 2012
RECONNECTING OOSTENBURG JOB ROOS - FRANK KOOPMAN GRADUATION PROJECT VAN GENDTHALLEN AMSTERDAM 13.000MÂ˛
he van Gendthallen are 5 adjacent halls built between 1898 and 1910 as a factory for the railway industry. The building has a strong industrial character and can be described as a covered crane. It was built to fulfill its function as a factory and insure a smooth production process without focusing on the aesthetics. The factory is located on Oostenburg just outside of the World Heritage site of Amsterdam, but still in its city centre. With the departure of the industry in 1954, the building and its surrounding area became vacant. This is an opportunity for a total redevelopment of the area. The city of Amsterdam is focusing its current transformation on the harbour and industrial area. These sites provide a lot of unused spaces near the city centre. The objective of the council is to build 70,000 new dwellings before 2040 by intensifying the city centre. This way the city will become more compact and will not invade the surrounding landscape. This new development could start in Oostenburg and create a more dynamic area with a re-established connection to the inner city. Therefore the island of Oostenburg will be redeveloped into a combination of a living and working areas with space for leisure and meeting spaces. An important element in this redevelopment is the preservation of the identity of the area and the implementation of a certain flexibility to insure a long life span for the island.
Adobe package | AutoCAD | Sketchup | Rhino
THE URBAN PLAN: RECONNECTION
The main objective on the urban scale of the Oostenburg Island is the reconnection on different levels. The connection is made with the city centre of Amsterdam, but also within the area, between the different buildings and functions. This goal is to be reached without forgetting the rich history of the area. The area is composed of a combination of existing buildings and new additions that will provide more living space in different types of dwellings. The van Genthallen itself will host a great variety of functions: living, working, retail and restaurant. The internal organisation of space will be based on the surrounding with the working area near the water and the living area on the side of the new created apartment blocks. This way an interaction is developed between the building and its surroundings. To create a greater synergy in the living area, the building will be divided into different parts to involve the van Gendthallen in the urban dynamic and open the building up to the greater public. The first opening will open up the area to the water located on both sides of the island and the other in the longitude of the hall to connect with the new designed apartment blocks.
1. Urban Plan of Oostenburg scale 1.1000
2. 3D view
collaboration between the van Gendthallen (right) and the new appartment blocks (left) Cut of Oostenburg connection between the van Genthallen (right) and the new apartment blocks (left) scale 1.500
1. HALL 1
COLLECTIVE / PRIVATE
OVERALL DESIGN: OPEN UP THE BUILDING
To offer a livable space in the van Gendthallen some changes needed to be made. Opening up the building is the biggest intervention made to the building that will provide sufficient daylight, enough fresh air and a certain quality of view. These openings are made according to the composition of the different halls. The second and the fourth halls are the biggest and are the halls where the qualities of the building and the construction are the most visible (image 1). This is why these two halls will stay open with very little new construction so the length and the height of the halls can be experienced. The open halls will have a public function as a street or will be a collective space for the working area. To support this system of double orientation two different construction systems will be implemented: One with strong concrete cores to support a platform and one with concrete load-bearing walls. The other opening in the building in the other direction is based on the old freight way reminded by the remaining tracks. The five halls are to big to host only one function, so a mix of functions is required. The working area will be focused on the manufacturing industry and will be located in the halls 1, 2 and 3. The living space will be in hall 5. On the second floor a connection is made between the working and living area with the creation of lofts with a working studio in hall 3. Hierarchy between the halls 1. Ground Floor (all halls) 2. scale 1.200 First Floor (all halls) scale 1.200
DWELLINGS IN HALL 3 & 5
In halls 3 and 5, five different types of dwellings that are made to fit the need of the diverse targets vary in size and in organisation of space. Some are shown on the left side of this page. In hall 3 the apartments are organised as studios (image 1) with a working space at the top, between the trusses. The inhabitants of those houses can make use of the equipments and facilities present in the working area through the physical connection between the two spaces. The individual and family houses are located in hall 5. These vary in size going from a studio (90mÂ˛) to a multiple layered house (300mÂ˛). This will create an interesting mix of residents having affinity with monuments and industrial heritage. All the dwellings created are in great connection with the existing structure of van Gendthallen due to the placing of the living area on the side of the existing facade. The biggest qualities of this building are its roof trusses and its big windows. To create a comfortable living area that still has a connection with the existing building, a new insulated roof is created and an additional wall with big openings is placed behind the old brick wall. In this space the most important challenge is to provide comfort for the inhabitants without compromising the qualities and identity of this monument. The new facade on the other side is a combination of wood to provide a warm and cosy atmosphere and fibre concrete panels to reconnect with the industrial past of the building. Hall 3: working studio Hall 5: 2-room apartment Hall 5: 3-room apartment Hall 5: Flexible house Hall 5: Cut dwelling scale 1.20
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
PLATFORM IN HALL 2 & 4
On the first floor of halls 2 and 4 platforms are created to connect the adjacent spaces to each other. The focus is on the platform in hall 4. An impressive construction is made to reach the large distance of 36m between the bearing points where the lift and
1. the stairs are located. This construction is composed of two 3D trusses between which wooden beams are strained. The rawness and the size of the construction works as a reminder of the train tracks and of the industrial function the building used to have.
Previous page Hall 4: Cut platform scale 1.20 3D view: open corridor 3D view: quiet roof garden 3D view: under the platform
1. 2. 3. 4.
Model: overview Model: connection Hall 3 and 5 Model: Hall 4
5. 6. 7.
PLATFORM HALL 4: COMMUNAL ROOF GARDEN The platform is divided into two different levels with 1m difference. One level serves as an open corridor for the dwellings in halls 3 and 5 and the other level in the middle serves as a collective roof garden for the inhabitants. All the spaces in-between the bearing points have a different identity. Some are meeting areas with possibility of picnics and barbeques and playing areas for the children. Others are more private and green with high bamboo to provide a quiet area for the inhabitants that seek quietness. On the ground floor, underneath the platform a multi-func-
tional space is created that can be use as an outside working area for big projects but also as an exhibition area for the work produced in the rest of the building. This project is a renovation assignment but gives a great freedom of design. The size of the building and its old state offer a multitude of design direction. I took up the challenge of inserting a standard function of working and living into a special building of the industrial epoch and combining the requirements for a functional space with the existing qualities of the building.
JEAN-PATRICE CALORI - BITA AZIMI-KHOĂ? VISIBLE IN THE FRENCH PAVILION FOR THE BIENNIAL OF VENISE 2016 EXCHANGE SEMESTER SUPELEC PARIS
upelec is an engineering school near Paris that forms elite engineers in the electronics sector in France. The building was built in 1974 as an isolated object in the nature. The architecture of the building is very recognisable and has a strong identity that is well liked by the students of Supelec. The building is very functional but is totally detached from its context. However, with the building of a new campus around it, the school is having a new environment that it can no longer ignore. The objective of this project is to link the school to its new surroundings. The fusion of Centrale, another engineering school, and Supelec to become one bigger engineering school strengthens the necessity of connecting the new building of Centrale already designed by OMA and the existing building of Supelec. Adobe package | AutoCAD | Sketchup | Artlantic
This page DIGGING
Model: overall view of the building Urban Plan scale: 1.1000
CREATION OF A NEW TOPOGRAPHY
Model: internal landscape Model: digging of the hill Longitudinal Section scale 1.100
3. 4. 5.
CENTRALE CARRĂ‰ DES SCIENCES
CONNECTING BY CREATING A NEW DYNAMIC The building, getting an all-new context, will require updating to be able to fit in. Not only does the internal organisation of space need to be rethought but also the external connection with its surrounding. In this project the tool used to link the building to its surroundings is digging. There is a lot of altitude difference in the building of Supelec itself and in its surroundings. This will be used to create extra functions as a new swimming pool underneath the existing hill and will valorise the building. The entrance level is replaced from level +1 to level -1 to create a monumental entrance square from where the students can step into the building. A new modern
2. entrance will be designed to welcome the students to their building. From there, the attention is brought to the sports hall, the most central space of the building where the students gather to practice or watch various games. To enhance the connection between the different levels stands are placed facing the sport fields, which can also be used for big presentations or seminars concerning the whole school. That leads to a small courtyard which flows into an elevated open space creating a terrace with an overview over the nature located behind.
COLLECTIVE AREA IN THE CENTRE A survey conducted amongst the students of Supelec has shown that orientation within the building was difficult. The school is composed of small labs and an endless numbers of corridors making it hard for the students to find their way. To solve that problem we created a separation between the centre of the building and its peripheries simplifying the floor plans. In the new design the central area will be completely redeveloped and the peripheries will only be connected to the central part by four passageways. The central area will become a collective open area where the students can meet, study and eat. All the exiting bearing walls will be replaced by a new construction system to create an open plan around the sport field. A new glass roof will bring a big amount of
1. daylight to the central space and the new roof structure will allow the big span of 50m without additional support. In this project the liberty of design was of great importance. As the building is not listed as a monument, there was the freedom of modifying the existing envelop. However it was important to evaluate very carefully the characteristics of the building to avoid wasting its existing qualities. At the end the new design of Supelec will allow levelling with the new building of Centrale to which it is connected, without losing its identity. A new monumental entrance will put the building in the spotlight and an internal organization of space will allow more meeting and studying space.
1. Model: the central space 2. Ground Floor: open space floor scale 1.100
3. four 3D views: Path to Supelec & central hall 4. Cross-section: new roofstructure supporting the open plan system scale 1.100
OVER THE BRIDGE WIDO QUIST - BERT VAN BOMMEL ARMAMENTARIUM DELFT
he Armamentarium is made up from different buildings of different ages. The two biggest buildings were built in 1602 and 1692. These buildings were used as storage for the army. In 1986 the building lost its function as storage place and became a museum of the army. In 2013 two museums of the army merged in another building in Soesterberg, leaving this one empty. The building complex, made of solid masonry, has a simple structure of wings around three courtyards. One aspect of the project assignment was to provide a clear entrance and access structure that both meets the urban fabric and allow the functional use of the building. The building has to regain it important status in the city despite its isolation due to its location, bringing new dynamic and extra qualities to Delft. To make a new use of the Armamentarium, a program of requirements was composed gathering a few functions the building could have. These are set around the theme “heart meets head” and consist of a conference centre, an office area, a museum, a hotel and catering facilities. The main challenge in converting the Armamentarium in Delft is to combine several functions in this large historical ensemble of buildings of in total 11.000 m². Another important aspect is the renewal of the building to give it a second life where the interaction with the external world is of great value. Adobe package | Revit | AutoCAD
3 UPDATING THE COURTYARD
ENHANCING THE ROOF CONSTRUCTION
ENHANCING THE BUILDING All the changes made to the building are based on a concrete value assessment and have as goal to enhance the quality of the Armamentarium. The courtyards currently dark and unused will become more active by generating a place to drink coffee and rest. Besides the interaction between inside and out will be enhanced by the creation of big openings making the courtyards more visible from the inside. The double roof trusses are unique in the Netherlands and deserve to be shown off. For that reason a new glass roof is designed to light up the existing construction that will also bring a big amount of brightness to the spaces underneath it.
The Armamentarium was a rather introverted building. There were a few visitors a day and the building was very closed off from the rest of city. In the new design the goal is to bring new life to the building and to the whole plot and to encourage more people to enter it. To reach this objective a dynamic ground floor is created where all the public functions are located. The inside and outside world are connected through this. Also the entrances for all the different functions are separated from each others and all located on the ground floor creating movement on the plot visible for the outside world.
1. 3D view: Illuminate the roof construction in the working area
2. 3D view: Entrance for the working area
1. Site plan 2. Use of the element: horizontal transportation:
5. Cross cut bridge
Bridge between the buildings Use of the element: vertical transportation: Staircase 3D view: view of the element in stairs
scale 1.20 Longitudinal cut bridge scale 1.20
INTRODUCING A SPECIAL FORM One other element meant to attract more people to the plot is a special form made out of steel that is use as a reference point. This form is used as a sign of transport, both vertical as horizontal transport. The steel structure is applied to the entrance of the museum, to the stairs and to the bridge between the two buildings. This form is visible twice from the outside, bringing a new modern allure to the building and making it more appealing for the visitors to enter the plot.
In this design project the biggest challenge was to give a second life to an existing museum that became isolated from its surrounding through its static function. The alterations made needed to revitalise the building without dominating it. With the creation of a new iconic entrance and a bridge that uses new construction techniques, the building will stand out and draw attention with its new look.
COCOON MULTIPLE TUTORS TEMPORARY PAVILION YEOSU
he assignment given is the design of the Dutch pavilion for the world exposition in Yeosu (South Korea) in 2012. The goal is to create a self-sufficient space with the least installation possible. The design is thought to look simple but to have unexpected advanced techniques to regulate the temperature. A separation is created between the different kinds of spaces according to their needs regarding its inner climate. The space for the exhibition and the restaurant has fewer requirements than the VIP space and auditory. The separation made, is translated in the openness of the spaces: The auditory needs to be soundproofed and the temperature of the VIP room has to be regulated, so those spaces are closed and insulated. In contrast to exposition space and the restaurant that can stay open. All the different layers of exhibition are connected to each others through voids of different shapes extended over the whole pavilion. For the construction, the main requirement is the ability to be built in a short period of time. Therefor the choice is made to use cloth as envelop materialization. The openings on the top are used to regulate the climate and the light material provides indirect natural light. In this pavilion the system of â€œbox in a boxâ€? is used. To insure a representative pavilion for the Netherlands a consequent construction system is implemented with an arched construction that is in no way in connection with the construction for the inner space. The only connection between these two elements are a visual connection. From everywhere in the building, the building envelop is visible as an essential element of the exhibition. Adobe package | AutoCAD | Maya
Model Cross-cut auditorium scale 1.100 3D view: Entrance
3. Floor plan Exibition area 4. scale 1.100
4. To lower the energy level to a minimal impact, a climate system has been worked out using a heat exchanger. That way the heat of the closed off, air-conditioned area, is be used to heat up the open space with fewer requirements. A calculation made clear that a heating pump is only needed to cool down the open and closed off spaces in the summer. For a temperature of 30ยบC outside the exhibition space will have to be cooled by 2ยบC and the VIP space and auditory by 8ยบC. This way the energy
used for heating and cooling is null for a big part of the year and only needed for the cooling of the space in the hottest month of August and July. This design is worked out into detail. All the installations and electrics are hidden without taking space in the seating possibility on the side of the building. The level of detail which the building is designed brought a lot of technical knowledge about innovation of new sustainability techniques.
COMMUNITY HOME FRIDJOF VAN DEN BERG TOWN HALL NAALDWIJK
n the first of January 2004, the municipalities of Naaldwijk, â€˜s Gravenzande, Monster, Wateringen and De Lier merged into a new municipality, Westland, in Naaldwijk. The municipal organisation will consist of a public part, an official part and a representative part. The design made for the new city hall is based on its surroundings. A multitude of factors are influencing the design, as the important sight-lines to the church, the walking route of the inhabitants of Naaldwijk, and the important lines found in the surrounding buildings. These lines that stood out were then used to make the contours of the building. Through the lines made, three building parts arose, each having a different function: one for the public, one is the official part and the third is the representative part. All the parts are assembled into one building with one entrance. The building blocks are to be distinguished by the different shape for each part and a faĂ§ade that reveals the function of the space behind. In fact the public ground floor is open and transparent with a curtain wall that creates a connection between the inside and the outside. The official area of the municipality is a more closed of space with less interaction with the outside world. The space created is based on a very functional and practical organisation of space. The representative part is the triangle at the top with large rooms on two levels and big windows to give an overview of the city. This part is more monumental and shows the importance of the city hall. To empower the combination of the five municipalities into one, an iconic, recognisable building had to be made. This starts with the creation of a distinct entrance that people are attracted to. A square in front of the building is created to welcome the visitors. Adobe package | Autocad | Sketchup
SIGHT-LINES TO PRESERVE RESULT: CREATION OF BUILDING
LINES FROM THE SURROUNDINGS
model Urban Plan Scale: 1.1000 Floorplans: Organisation of space Scale: 1.200
1. 2. 3.
20 11 19
12 5 5
4 27 24 23 11
28 25 26
In this project the most challenging objective was to combine functionality with the strong monumental shapes designed for the building. Due to a good analyse of each user, their needs, their walking ways and their function, the building is optimised to fit every single one of its employees and visitors.