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Professor emeritus challenges history in new book By ALISON WICKLINE

THE PARTHENON Truth. Pursuing the truth. Exposing the truth. Simon Perry, professor emeritus of political science at Marshall University, may have officially retired from education three years ago, but it seems the desire for knowledge, and truth, remains within him. Retirement gave Perry more time for research; his research led him to the controversial presidencies, and lives, of Thomas Jefferson and Andrew

Jackson. Though he began compiling his findings for an article, he quickly realized it needed to be much bigger than that, so he wrote a book entitled “Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson: By Their Deeds You Shall Know Them.” The book has been chosen as a focus for Marshall University’s celebration of Constitution Week. Perry said he is honored to present his book to the public and hopes it will pique people’s interest, even if they disagree. “The book is controversial,

Campus ceremony to mark Ala. church bombing anniversary


THE PARTHENON John Deaver Drinko Library will host a short ceremonial recognition of the Alabama Church Bombings on Thursday. The event will begin at 6 p.m. and will also host a scholarship award ceremony for the Society of Black Scholars. This will mark the 50 year anniversary of the bombing that took place at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala. on Sept. 15, 1963. The 16th Street Baptist Church was the target of a racially motivated act of terrorism. The church had been used as a meeting place for civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Fred Shuttlesworth during the spring of 1963. Even after city officials had come to a settlement to begin integrating public places, many people didn’t want segregation to end and acts of violence such a bombing followed. Because the church was used as a meeting place for civil rights activists it became an obvious target for the terrorists. Early on Sunday, Sept.

15 four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted a box of dynamite under near the basement of the church. At around 10:22 a.m. 26 children were walking into the basement to prepare for a sermon when the bomb exploded. Four girls, Addie Mae Collins, 14, Denise McNair, 11, Carole Robertson, 14, and Cynthia Wesley, 14, were killed in the attack, while 22 others were also injured. This year an anonymous source has donated $2,000 to be awarded to four African American female students at Marshall University. Each will receive $500 in honor of the four girls who lost their lives in the bombing. Jasmine Felder, junior graphic design major, is one of the recipients of the scholarship. “It’s amazing really. I really wasn’t expecting it at all,” Felder said. The other three recipients of the award are Raquel Whitmore, Rebecca Britton and Donavia Beltran. Vincent Espinoza can be contacted at espinoza3@

but I hope it at least opens people’s minds about both individuals,” Perry said. Perry will sign copies of his book Tuesday at 7 p.m. in the third-floor atrium of Drinko Library. “Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson: By Their Deeds You Shall Know Them” reveals the darker sides of Jefferson and Jackson that are rarely examined. Perry said both men, though controversial, are typically viewed, and presented, in a very positive light, especially Jackson. But he said he believes

those depictions are not revealing the men openly and honestly. “I want these historical figures to be placed in a context they deserve,” Perry said. We have a tendency to view the past as holy as possible, but we need to view it honestly.” In his book, Perry focuses on Jefferson’s deep racism, use of slavery and hypocrisy inside and outside the presidency. Jackson’s critique is slightly smaller focusing on his questionable decisions regarding Native American removals.

MCCLATCHY FOREIGN BUREAU (MCT) By midday Aug. 20, the temperature in Damascus had warmed to an uncomfortable 96 degrees, so as the night rapidly cooled to 78 before midnight, 74 by 2 a.m. and headed toward a pre-dawn 70 it could have seemed like a blessing. But the cooling trend had a horrifying effect for residents of the Ghouta area east of the Syrian capital. As the air cooled and became denser, it pushed toward the earth in the early hours of Aug. 21. So when rockets loaded with toxic chemicals started landing, each spilling about 15 gallons of deadly sarin, that downward pressure kept the heavy gas on the ground, allowing it to creep through open windows and pushing it into basements. That’s only one detail in the 38-page report on the Aug. 21 chemical attack that the United Nations released Monday, but combined with many other details, it helps to paint a far more detailed picture of what happened that night than any of the cursory summaries that have dominated discussion in Congress, the White House and the halls of the

British, French and Russian parliaments. Far from U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry’s claim Aug. 30 that “the U.N. can’t tell us anything that we ... don’t already know,” the report provides an intricately detailed account of what happened and how it happened, and a scientific look at why it became the tragedy it did. The report doesn’t assess blame the technicians from the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and the World Health Organization weren’t asked to and it provides no new information on how many people died, a figure that’s ranged widely from France’s estimate of at least 281 to the United States’ unexplained claim of 1,429. But it does provide what U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called “clear and convincing evidence” that chemical weapons were used against a civilian population _ a war crime. And it refuted the initial U.S. position that the five-day delay would render the U.N. investigation incapable of finding meaningful evidence. Among its findings: Even five and seven days after the rockets landed in the Damascus suburbs, inspectors identified at least 80

SIMON See PERRY | Page 5



Photographer Bernie Elliott walks the sideline with his camera as the Marshall spring football GreenWhite Game is conducted on Saturday, April 27, 2013, at Joan C. Edwards Stadium in Huntington.


UN provides details of Syrian chemical attack


Perry said his goal in writing the book was not to attack or destroy Jefferson and Jackson but to expose the truth about popular heroic figures. “Oftentimes, the heroes we choose represent us, so I wanted to reveal the truth about two heroes many people identify with,” Perry said. The book was published this year by The Drinko Academy, and director Alan Gould said the book creates interesting discussion and conversation, making it a perfect fit for Constitution Week.

people who were exhibiting signs of chemical poisoning. Those symptoms included constricted pupils, vomiting, dizziness and loss of consciousness. From those 80, the team selected 36 to study further, taking hair, blood and urine samples. Thirty-nine percent of those were still confused or disoriented when the U.N. team examined them. The blood and urine specimens for “almost all of the survivors assessed by the mission” tested positive for “exposure to sarin.” _ The team hadn’t yet completed its final analysis of what it called “detailed interviews” with survivors. But they all told the same story of “a military attack with shelling, followed by the onset of a common range of symptoms, including shortness of breath, disorientation, rhinorrhea (runny nose), eye irritation, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, general weakness and eventual loss of consciousness.” “Those who went to assist described seeing a large number of individuals lying on the ground, many of whom were deceased or unconscious.” Two brothers from Zamalka, one of the affected towns, “reported that of the 40 family


members who lived in the same building, they were the only survivors.” _ Most of the nine nurses and seven physicians the team interviewed were at home when the attack occurred. When these clinicians responded to the attack, they found “a large number of ill or deceased persons lying in the street without external signs of injury.” _ The team made painstaking efforts to document its work. All the interviews were taped, and all the samples were sealed and guarded from the moment of collection to their delivery to the four laboratories in Europe where tests were conducted to determine whether toxic substances were present. The report provided a detailed listing of the samples, including the date and time each was taken, as well as from where: in one case, a “soil sample taken from one impact point in one house in Moadamiyah”; in another, “a methanol wipe sample taken from the sole of a slipper.” “Each transfer of material is accompanied by a handover receipt,” the report notes. The inspectors also were able to explain how the sarin gas arrived in Ghouta that cool night.

See SYRIA | Page 5

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Huntington Museum of Art offers free Tuesday admission By CHARLIE HOUSE

THE PARTHENON The Huntington Museum of Art opens its doors free of charge every Tuesday. The museum, which opened in 1952 to house the collection of Herbert Fitzpatrick, has nine galleries. Four of the galleries are permanent exhibitions, displaying about 10 percent of the museum’s collection at any given time. The Herman Dean Firearms Gallery displays a collection donated in the early years of the museum by one of the museum’s founders. The exhibit takes visitors chronologically through the use of firearms, from hand cannons to more industrial weapons of the nineteenth century. The Touma Near Eastern Collection is made up of over 400 works, largely donated by Drs. Joseph B. and Omayma Touma from 1991 to 2004. The collection has a wide variety of pieces, including metalwork, glass, ceramics, furnishings, scientific instruments, manuscripts and paintings. The pieces come from Moorish Spain and North Africa to Central and South Asia. The Glass Gallery displays the Daywood Collection. Donated in 1967, it has become

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the museum’s largest, with over 4,000 pieces. The gallery displays about 25 percent of the collection, tracing the development of glassmaking techniques in the Ohio Valley region from the 18th century to today. The British Portraits and Silver Gallery, which is closed temporarily, displays the George Bagby collection, alongside serving and presentation pieces from the 18th and early 19th century England. The remaining five galleries show temporary or touring exhibits, including paintings, installations, pottery and sculpture. Upcoming free events at the museum include presentations by Buzz Spector on Sept. 26, and Ray Turner on Oct. 18, two artists featured by The Walter Gropius Master Artist Series. The latter exhibit titled “Population,” is a portrait series of various people from across the country, including several people from Huntington. The museum’s hours are 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. Tuesday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Wednesday through Saturday, and noon to 5 Sunday. Charlie House can be contacted at house8@marshall. edu.

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Washington Navy Yard death toll rises to 13, including shooter By RICHARD SIMON, DAVID CLOUD and BRIAN BENNETT

TRIBUNE WASHINGTON BUREAU (MCT) Law enforcement officials said Monday that the death toll in the shooting at the Washington Navy Yard has risen to 13, including the shooter, whom officials identified as 34-year-old Aaron Alexis of Fort Worth, Texas. Three other people were being treated at a local hospital and were expected to fully recover, hospital officials said. District of Columbia police said they are no longer looking for other gunmen, indicating that the victims of the attack were all killed by a single shooter. Federal officials have identified Alexis, a government civilian contractor who was new to the Washington, D.C. area, according to a law

enforcement official who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss the investigation. He may have used the identification badge of another person to gain access to the base. Federal officials said Alexis was arrested in Fort Worth on Sept. 5, 2010, on suspicion of discharging a weapon. The Tarrant County district attorney did not prosecute. Earlier in the day, Metropolitan Police Department Chief Cathy Lanier said investigators were seeking a white male in military-style clothing who had reportedly been seen with a handgun in the vicinity of the shooting on the base. But mid-afternoon, the Police Department sent out a message by Twitter saying that that man had “been identified and is not a suspect or person of interest.” The other suspect Lanier said

witnesses had described, a black male in military-style clothes carrying a rifle, is believed to have been Alexis, who was killed by law enforcement officers in a firefight about 10:15 a.m., roughly two hours after the shooting began. Officials have not released information on a possible motive for the shooting, but District of Columbia Mayor Vincent Gray said they do not have any evidence to think that it was related to terrorism. Gray called the shooting a “horrific tragedy.” “As far as we know, this is an isolated incident,” Gray said. About 3:30 p.m., officials began to allow people on the base, which had been on lockdown, to leave. President Barack Obama, speaking at the White House, praised the victims as “patriots” who “know the

dangers of serving abroad” but faced “unimaginable violence they wouldn’t have expected at home.” He promised that federal and local law enforcement officials would work together to investigate the shooting. The number of casualties remained uncertain. Dr. Janis Orlowski, chief operating officer at MedStar Washington Hospital Center, reported three shooting victims at the hospital but added that they expected to admit more victims. “From the reports of the victims, it had to be a semiautomatic,” Orlowski said. “They’re talking about gun shots that they heard in rapid succession.” One woman admitted to the hospital had a gunshot wound to the head and her hand, Orlowski said.

Booking mug of Aaron Alexis who is suspected to be the shooter at the Washington DC Navy Yard Monday, See SHOOTING | Page 5 September 16, 2013.

Marshall students react to Miss America backlash Washington Navy Yard has long military history By CHARLIE HOUSE

THE PARTHENON Nina Davuluri, 24, of New York, was crowned Miss America Sunday, becoming the first person of Indian descent to win the title. Immediately, people took to Twitter to express their dissatisfaction. Many tweets misidentified her as Arab, called her a terrorist and questioned her eligibility for the title because she was not white. Some also evoked stereotypes about Indian people in America. Marshall University students were shown a photograph of Davuluri and asked the following questions:

Question 2: “It’s disgusting, what they’re saying. The 9/11 references are kind of harsh. [The two events are] completely unrelated. I can’t believe people are saying this.” –Bethany Thomas, senior forensic chemistry major.

Question 1: “I think she’s very pretty. She’s got a really cute face. She’s showing a little too much cleavage, but other than that her dress is respectable.”

Question 1: “She seems like a person who would win Miss America.”

1. This is Nina Davuluri, Miss America 2014. What are your first impressions? 2. What is your reaction to the negative things people tweeted about her? These are their responses:

Question 2: “Are these real? These people are ridiculous. So, I guess people just think that Miss America is a terrorist now, because her skin is a little bit different than Caucasian. I’m kind of appalled.” –Courtney Moon, junior communication disorders major. Question 1: “Everyone thinks she’s an Arab? That’s funny. That shows how people are ignorant.” Question 2: “I think America consists of different ethnic [groups], and there is no actual American, besides Native American. This is so stupid. All of our grandparents are immigrants.” –Elnaz Khiabani, second year MBA student.

Question 1: “I like her dress. I like that color.”


Question 1: “She looks like a Miss America [contestant]. She’s all dressed up in a bunch of makeup and her hair looks cute.”

Question 2: “That’s ridiculous. If she was born in America, she’s American, it doesn’t matter if she is Arab-, or whatever-American. There is no certain look. I honestly didn’t know [she was Indian-American]. I wouldn’t have questioned it. Clearly, no one knows anything about her.” –Jori Williams, sophomore French major.

Question 2: “It’s kind of weird that people assume someone of a different race can’t be an American. It’s a little bizarre. People are dumb, that’s my reaction.” –Robert Hughes, senior math major. Question 1: “She’s beautiful.” –Randy Jackson, senior nursing major.

Courtney Moon

Elnaz Khiabani

Bethany Thomas

Robert Hughes

Question 2: “I don’t think most of these people are aware that America started from immigrants. I think it’s sad that there were so many responses like this. But honestly, it doesn’t surprise me.“ –Chase O’Dell, senior nursing major. Overall, students were upset and expressed disgust with the negative comments that were target at Davuluri. Charlie House can be contacted at

Randy Jackson and Chase O’Dell


How Twitter became an unlikely tech darling By PETER DELEVETT and BRANDON BAILEY

SAN JOSE MERCURY NEWS (MCT) It began as a side project at a floundering dot-com. Its chief executive is a failed improvisational comic, and for years, even its most ardent backers struggled to understand how it would make money. Now, microblogging site Twitter is poised for the tech industry’s next “IPO of the century.” That is an unlikely turn of events, to say the least. “There was a period of time when I thought of it as a novelty at best,” said Jake Sorofman, a Gartner analyst who focuses on digital marketing. He described Twitter in its early days as a service to document the mundane. While there’s still plenty of flotsam in the Twittersphere these days, there is no denying the site’s growth

into a global phenomenon. Its 200 million monthly users have broadcast real-time updates on everything from the devastating 2011 tsunami in Japan to the raid that killed Osama bin Laden, often leaving TV networks scrambling to catch up. Although details of the company’s initial public offering plans, announced last week via (what else?) a tweet, remain shrouded, estimates of Twitter’s market value range as high as $15 billion — more than such fabled brands as Porsche, Marriott and Xerox. Because the company used new federal rules that permit IPO filings to remain secret while they’re readied for investors, it’s not yet known how much money Twitter wants to raise, how much its business generates, or even when the stock offering might take place. But research firm eMarketer projects that the company’s ad

sales could hit $1 billion next year — more than triple what it’s thought to have made last year. Not bad for an idea cooked up on a lark by some Midwestern kids. Jack Dorsey was just 29 when he and a few co-workers at struggling San Francisco podcasting service Odeo started noodling in early 2006 on a better way to communicate with one another about work. They came up with an instant group-messaging app called twttr and capped “tweets” at 140 characters, which was ideal for the slow and creaky SMS text-messaging networks of that pre-smartphone era. Despite its limitations, the app took off in popularity once Odeo insiders released it to their friends. Evan Williams, who had founded the startup after selling to Google for a small fortune, saw the potential and bought out Odeo’s investors,

bringing Twitter into a new company he called Obvious Corp. But even with millions of dollars in venture funding, it was anything but obvious that Twitter — the name was chosen to convey a short burst of information akin to bird chirps — would succeed. Williams forced out Dorsey as CEO, and the company was torn by debate over whether to try to make money from the product for fear it would turn off users. Adult supervision finally was called in: Dick Costolo, who had made his own Google millions when the search giant bought his startup, Feedburner. He joined Twitter in 2009 as chief operating officer, and within months, the company announced it would start letting advertisers put promoted tweets in front of users.

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See TWITTER | Page 5

LOS ANGELES TIMES (MCT) The Washington Navy Yard, where at least 13 people were killed in a shooting rampage Monday, is the Navy’s oldest land base. Just 3.5 miles from the White House, the Navy Yard is tucked away from the center of Washington along the shore of the Anacostia River, a small tributary of the Potomac. Outside of the Navy, the base is not well known, even to many Washingtonians. The Navy Yard became the service’s largest shipbuilding facility after it was established in 1799, according to a Navy website. During the War of 1812, with British forces marching on the city, the yard’s buildings were mostly burned to the ground to keep them from falling into enemy hands. After that, military officials decided the Anacostia was too shallow for an active base. The yard was limited to shipbuilding and, by the middle of the 19th century, mostly to manufacturing ordnance. For a century it supplied many of the cannons, other weapons and ammunition used by the U.S. fleet. During the Civil War, with Confederate troops across the Potomac in Virginia, the base once again became a key strategic defense facility. President Lincoln visited frequently, as depicted in the 2012 movie “Lincoln.” After Lincoln’s assassination, eight of the conspirators who plotted his death were brought to the yard, as was the body of assassin John Wilkes Booth. By World War II, it had become the largest naval ordinance plant in the world, according to the Navy.

See NAVY | Page 5


An article about the Jewish Student Association in the Sept. 13 edition of The Parthenon improperly identified Zak Yito as Irish. Yito is an Israeli Jew, who emigrated to Israel in 2005 and is originally from Dublin, Ireland. Several others were improperly identified. Linda Klein is a board member of the Federated Jewish Charities of Huntington, Chad Greene is the program coordinator for the Marshall JSA and Sam Kincaid is the faculty liaison for the group. Sukkot, a Jewish holiday was said to have already happened. It won’t be celebrated until Sept. 18-27. The Parthenon is committed to accurate reporting. If for any reason there is doubt about any of our printed or online content, please email us at parthenon@ and we will make the appropriate correction.






Simsiriwong impresses at invitational By KARLYN TIMKO

THE PARTHENON After an impressive performance at the Murray State Drake Creek Invitational Sept. 9-10, Thailand native Korakot “Gone” Simsiriwong has been named C-USA Women’s Golfer of the Week, the first title honoree of the 2013-2014 season. Simsiriwong, who earned the title nearly one year ago after winning the Cardinal Classic title in Yorktown, Ind., said reaching such a notable achievement is more than satisfying. “I am absolutely honored to make such an impression in the conference,” Simsiriwong said. “It definitely bounces me off for a great start, keeps me grinding and making me want to accomplish more. It’s all really exciting.” The Invitational, which took

place in Ledbetter, Ky., was the Herd’s first tournament back from last season. Simsiriwong, who showed no signs of summer rust, gave credit of the weekend’s success to her focused frame of mind. “I wasn’t thinking much about winning the tournament,” Simsiriwong said. “During the practice round I allowed myself to get very comfortable with the course. When you get out there, the key is to be confident, and to play aggressive but smart. I was happy with my mental game and the outcome.” Simsiriwong finished the tournament shooting a 2-under-par 70, which was good for a second place individual victory, just four strokes behind winner Danaley Howson of Murray State. Over the weekend, Simsiriwong shot

12 birdies in all rounds combined, and shared the best par 3 shooting with Jessica Cathey of Austin Peay State University. Simsiriwong also aided the Herd in a fifth place team victory out of 10 schools. With her first tournament as a junior out of the way, Simisiriwong said there is much to look forward to down the road. “This is only the beginning,” Simsiriwong said. “We have four new incomers who are all very dedicated. It makes me very excited about how far and how low we can go this year.” This week the Herd is competing in the Cardinal Cup in Simpsonville, Ky., hosted by University of Louisville. The two-day event will take place Monday and Tuesday. Karlyn Timko can be contacted at timko@marshall. edu.


Korakot Simsiriwong

As Miami Heat goes for No. 3, six teams stand in the way Pac-12 admits By BEN BOLCH

LOS ANGELES TIMES (MCT) Three-peat is so 1988. The term purportedly coined by Byron Scott and definitively trademarked by Pat Riley amid the Lakers' failed bid for a third consecutive NBA title in the late '80s should be discarded like the faded T-shirts bearing the slogan that were once standard attire inside the Great Western Forum.

JAMES It's time for a new Rileyism, particularly with the current team president of the Miami Heat chasing another championship to go with the ones his team won in 2012 and '13. In the spirit of the quest, here's a trio of alternatives for the Heat this season: Big Three for Three. An homage to the collective success of Heat stars LeBron James, Dwyane Wade and Chris Bosh since joining forces in 2010. Three Down, Five to Go! A reference to James' infamous tally of how many championships he intended to win in Miami. Lords of the Rings: The new trilogy. A sequel to the J.R.R. Tolkien fantasy series, with presumably fewer casualties. Standing in Miami's way are at least a half dozen teams who intend to break the spell the Heat has cast over the rest of the NBA. Oddsmakers at the Las Vegas Hotel & Casino make Miami 2-to-1 favorites to win the NBA championship in June, though it's not going to be as easy as a stroll down Biscayne Boulevard. Nobody has won backto-back-to-back titles since the Lakers in 2000-02 and nobody has been to four consecutive NBA Finals since the Boston Celtics in 1984-87. "There's a reason these teams don't do it," TNT analyst Steve Kerr said. "Emotionally, it's just exhausting to keep doing it year after year, particularly when you have to deal with everything Miami has to deal with on a daily basis, just the constant critiquing and scrutiny on the team, and then you factor in the injuries with Wade and Bosh and their health. I don't think Miami will get out of the East this year." Kerr is picking the Bulls to unseat the Heat. Here's a look at the top three threats to Miami from each conference:

Western Conference

1. San Antonio. The Spurs' biggest challenge may be forgetting the final 28.2 seconds of regulation from their Game 6 collapse in the Finals in Miami. There's also the ticktock of their aging core, though Tim Duncan is coming off his finest season in years and Kawhi Leonard, only 22, has supplanted Manu Ginobili as the team's third-best player. Coach Gregg Popovich also manages the fatigue factor better than anyone, even if it means writing a six-figure check payable to "The NBA" for sending his stars home early from a trip. "At some time Duncan is not going to be able to do what he's incredibly done, particularly the last year," said Jeff Van Gundy, an analyst for ABC and ESPN. "But I'll wait to see it go downhill before I predict it's going downhill." 2. Oklahoma City. Kevin Durant and Russell Westbrook may be the first twentysomethings to experience empty nest syndrome. A year ago, their team unloaded budding superstar James Harden in a budget-conscious move. Then this summer it failed to retain his replacement, Kevin Martin, because of similar financial constraints, giving the promising but unproved Reggie Jackson and Jeremy Lamb a shot. We'd hate to hear about the five-year plan. Fortunately, Durant and Westbrook are enough to beat most teams.

Eastern Conference

1. Indiana. Rather than take offense to the notion that they needed more offense, the Pacers did something about it. They signed a more capable backup point guard in C.J. Watson, a proven scorer in Luis Scola and a prolific three-point shooter in Chris Copeland. The biggest boost to a Pacers' offense that averaged 94.7 points per game last season _ 23rd in the league _ isn't a newcomer. The return of Danny Granger from a knee injury that kept him out for all but five games last season should give Indiana scoring punch at every position. Plus there's Paul George, the league's reigning most improved player who is on the verge of helping the Pacers break through to the Finals. 2. Chicago. Derrick Rose has been sidelined for so long now that his return invites the skepticism of a Sasquatch sighting; you'll believe it when you see it. The hope is that an able-bodied Rose and still-improving mainstays Luol Deng and Joakim Noah give Coach Tom Thibodeau some traction after last season's stuck-inthe-mud feel. "I just feel like it's all sort of teed up for Chicago with Rose coming back, guys like Noah and (Taj) Gibson entering their prime," Kerr said. "I think Chicago will have something special this year."

officiating error, reprimands crew


THE SEATTLE TIMES (MCT) Pac-12 commissioner Larry Scott announced Monday the league has reprimanded and levied additional unspecified sanctions against officials in the wake of a controversial finish to the Wisconsin-Arizona State football game Saturday night. “This was an unusual situation to end the game,” said Scott. “After a thorough review, we have determined that the officials fell short of the high standard in which Pac-12 games should be managed. We will continue to work with all our officials to ensure this type of situation never occurs again.” Wisconsin, behind 32-30, drove to the Arizona State 13-yard line, with no timeouts left and 18 seconds remaining. The ball was on the right hash mark, and Badgers quarterback Joel Stave moved to center it on the next play, appearing to take a knee to set up a spike of the ball so Wisconsin’s field-goal team could attempt to win the game. Stave laid the ball on the turf, and with about 12 seconds left, Arizona State linebacker Anthony Jones fell on it and covered it for most of the remaining time. As the clock neared expiration, Stave and a couple of Wisconsin

players gestured to officials to hurry, but the clock was never stopped and allowed to run out. “We knee it with 15 seconds left and never had a chance to snap it again,” Wisconsin coach Gary Andersen told reporters after the game. “I don’t know how that happens.” Arizona State listed the game officials as referee Jack Folliard, umpire Douglas Wilson, head linesman Ryan Dickson, line judge Steven Kovac, side judge Aaron Santi, field judge Kevin Kieser and back judge Steven Steichen. The Pac-12 said the sanctions were taken “for failing to properly administer the end of game situation.” Its statement also said, “Neither the referee nor anyone on his crew moved with appropriate urgency to clearly communicate that the ball was to be spotted so play could resume promptly.” Under Scott’s four-year regime, the league has taken steps to improve the officiating in both football and basketball. In 2006, Oregon won a controversial game against Oklahoma after a highly disputed onside kick, and last year there also was controversy involving an onside kick near the end of the Wisconsin-Oregon State game won by the Beavers.



3. Clippers. The new coach, Doc Rivers, is among the best in the league. The new cast of sharpshooters should make the offense even more dynamic. But the old concerns about the development of Blake Griffin and DeAndre Jordan just won't go away. "Obviously, they're at much different levels in their play," Kerr said of the big men, "but the further improvement of each one is critical. Griffin took a step forward last year and I think he has to take another step this year offensively. They need to be able to go to him in a tight game where there's no easy baskets and he needs to be that guy. He's not quite there yet. "Jordan needs to anchor the defense and be more consistent."

3. Brooklyn. The starting lineup of Deron Williams, Joe Johnson, Brook Lopez, Kevin Garnett and Paul Pierce has accounted for 35 All-Star game appearances. Van Gundy dismissed concerns about the zero games the Nets have played together under rookie Coach Jason Kidd. "When Garnett and Ray Allen came to the Celtics that first year," Van Gundy said, "they won it and they had never played together. I think people make too much of people not playing together. Smart players playing together, it doesn't take any time or very little time." And the NBA champion is... San Antonio. The Pacers finally zoom past the Heat in the playoffs before getting totaled by the more savvy Spurs. Ginobili and Leonard make their free throws in the final minute this time and Duncan gets to call every digit on one hand a ring finger. Three-peat is forgotten. Just like it should be.

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Miss America pageant: issues of racial intolerance Sunday night in Atlantic City, N.J., Miss New York Nina Davuluri was crowned Miss America 2014. She is the first Indian American to win the title. Almost immediately, Twitter was plagued with comments about how she should not have won, accusing her of not being an American due to the color of her skin. However, Davuluri is a native of Syracuse, N.Y. She is an American. But, because she is of Indian descent, this somehow makes her unfit to win the crown? Many argue that Miss Kansas Theresa Vail should have won the title. She is a blonde, blue-eyed caucasian female. She is also a sergeant in the U.S. Army. Due to

these factors, they say she represents a “true American.” But these people overlook what makes this country what it is. America is a country made almost entirely of immigrants. Each citizen is of a unique culture, or mixture of cultures. It is something we claim to celebrate and embrace. It is something we find empowering. It is something that we’ve fought for through years of civil rights movements, but after the backlash directed at Davuluri’s win we are faced with an important question. Just how far have we come? Well, if some Americans’ initial

response is to belittle Davuluri for her skin tone and question her nationality then we have not come as far as we’d like to think. Sure, we’ve made a great deal of progress over the last century, and those against Davuluri do not represent the nation as a whole. In fact, she has received a great deal of support and praise for her win. But, if we can transition to a place where negative, intolerant comments such as these are not the reactions of our people, and instead, we are all proud of our diversity, would that not be the dream?



Let your true style shine: Shed your skins By PAULA MOORE

PEOPLE FOR THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF ANIMALS (MCT) This is the time of year when the fashion industry tries to convince us that we need to overhaul our wardrobes. Animal prints give way to plaids give way to moto jackets give way to nipped-waist suits. While fashion is ever-changing, style is constant. It’s a projection of who we are and how we want to be perceived. And whether you’re a polished businessperson or a rocker, if you want others to know that you are also caring and compassionate, the first thing you should do is dump the animal skins. At the very least, fur has got to go. Even if you know nothing else about animal rights, you surely know that from the day they are born until the day they are killed, animals on fur farms live lives of quiet misery. The small barren cages that they are confined to reek of urine and feces. Disease and injuries are common. Many animals go insane under these conditions and throw themselves repeatedly against the cage bars or pace in endless circles. Once you’ve given up the furry ghosts in your closet, it’s time to dump exotic skins. The thought of killing pythons,

crocodiles and other reptiles for overpriced shoes and handbags should make any kind person’s skin crawl. Snakes are commonly nailed to trees, their bodies are cut open from one end to the other, and they are skinned alive, in the belief that live flaying keeps the skins supple. Alligators are crudely bludgeoned with hammers or aluminum bats. Lizards are often decapitated, and some of the animals writhe in agony as the skin is ripped from their bodies. Animal welfare is simply not a consideration in the exotic-skins industry. It’s time to say, “Enough!” Now let’s talk leather. PETA’s investigations into the leather trade in India, where much of the world’s leather is produced, have revealed that cows are marched hundreds of miles to slaughter through extreme heat. Handlers smear chili seeds into cows’ eyes and break their tails in order to force the exhausted animals to keep walking. Or they are illegally crammed onto trucks in such high numbers that their bones break. At the slaughterhouse, they are hacked to pieces in front of each other while still conscious. Things aren’t much better here at home, where animals are often skinned and dismembered while still alive.

Many Australian sheep farmers use instruments resembling gardening shears to cut huge chunks of flesh from lambs’ backsides — a crude attempt to prevent maggot infestation. The lambs often walk sideways like crabs from the pain of their wounds, which can take weeks to heal. This is what you are supporting if you wear merino wool. Are you getting the picture? If a product came from an animal, the chance that abuse and suffering were involved is roughly 100 percent. But enough depressing stuff. Whether you’re looking for the latest trends or timeless pieces that are always in style, cruelty-free options are easy to find. Even many highend designers now embrace synthetics, thanks to technological advances that, as Forbes put it, “have made faux fur and animal skin practically indistinguishable from the real thing.” When you’re shopping, just check the labels and stick to faux fur, fake snake, vegan “leather” like polyurethane and other animal-friendly materials. There are many ways to show that you have style, but wearing skins isn’t one of them. Cruelty is one fashion statement that we can all do without.



The Parthenon, Marshall University’s student newspaper, is published by students Monday through Friday during the regular semester and Thursday during the summer. The editorial staff is responsible for news and editorial content.


The Constitution of the United States of America

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people to peaceably assemble; and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.















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Why your waiter has not received a raise in 22 years By SCOTT KLINGER

MCCLATCHY-TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE (MCT) Most people assume restaurant tips are a reward for good service that helps servers get ahead. In reality, your tip fills a gap created by a loophole. Federal minimum wage law allows restaurant owners to pay their tipped employees just $2.13 an hour. This sub-minimum wage hasn’t increased for 22 years and amounts to less than a third of the federal minimum wage. It helps large restaurant corporations and their CEOs pad their bottom lines while trapping millions of American workers in economic insecurity. The average server earned $20,710 last year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Because these workers start in such a hole, they are three times more likely to live in poverty and twice as likely to be eligible for food stamps as employees in other industries. A quarter of all servers are over 40, and many of them have families to support. From 1966, when the tipped minimum wage was first introduced, until 1996, it was pegged at 50 percent of the prevailing minimum wage. But aggressive lobbying by the National Restaurant Association, which is dominated by large restaurant chains, removed the linkage and froze the minimum wage for tipped workers at its 1991 level of $2.13 an hour. Since then, about half the states have either raised the tipped minimum wage or have no minimum wage at all for tipped workers. For the rest, $2.13 an hour remains the standard. The 22-year freeze of the federal tipped minimum wage has been especially hard on women, who fill 71 percent of food server jobs. Excluding women and people of color from the full protection of the minimum wage is nothing new. When the minimum wage was first adopted in 1938, it covered just 6 percent of the American workforce, most of them white males. The government explicitly excluded domestic and agricultural workers, whose ranks were dominated by women and people of color. Today, only two industries with large female

workforces remain not fully covered by the minimum wage law: home health care workers and restaurant servers. There’s momentum in Congress to increase the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour and peg the tipped minimum wage at 70 percent of this level, or $7.07 an hour. The National Restaurant Association is again marshalling its tremendous political clout to block this increase for its employees. Leading the opposition is Darden Restaurants, the world’s largest full-service restaurant chain and the owner of Red Lobster, Olive Garden, and Longhorn Steakhouse, among others. In 1991, Darden reported $2.6 million in sales per restaurant. By 2013, sales per restaurant increased 52 percent to $4 million. During the same period, the hourly pay of much of Darden’s wait staff increased by, well, zero. Only employees in Darden’s fine dining Capital Grille restaurant chain and those in states that have adopted a tipped minimum wage that is higher than the federal minimum earn more. In 1996, Olive Garden reported an average bill per customer of between $10 and $11. Since then, sales per customer have increased by more than 50 percent. While Darden is taking in substantially more revenue from its customers, most of its tipped employees continue to be paid the same $2.13 an hour they’ve received for the last 22 years. A lot of Darden’s increase in revenue is finding its way into the wallet of CEO Clarence Otis, Jr., who took home $6.4 million last year. That’s nearly four times what his predecessor was paid in 1996, when the restaurant industry first blocked an increase in the tipped minimum wage. Otis’ take works out to $2,116 an hour (assuming he works 60 hours a week all year, with two weeks of vacation). Every two hours, Darden’s CEO makes more than his company pays its $2.13-an-hour wait staff for a full year’s work. When leaders of extremely profitable restaurant chains fill their own plates while denying raises to those who work hard every day to serve their customers, it should leave a bad taste in all our mouths.

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LEFT: Senior outside hitter Laura Der gets ready to serve the ball during the Thunder Invitational last weekend in the Cam Henderson Center. The Herd went undefeated on the weekend. ABOVE: Junior goalkeeper Tyler Attwell kicks the ball away during the Qdoba Invitational last weekend at the Veterans Memorial Soccer Complex. The Herd notched its first win of the season, 1-0, over IPFW on Sunday.



Continued from Page 1 In Moadamiyah, “The team began the investigation of an alleged impact site which was initially located in the backyard terrace of an apartment building.” There, the team found an impact crater in the stone tiles of the terrace. Near the crater, they found a rocket engine marked with Cyrillic letters. Despite the fact that such lettering could implicate Russia as the supplier, the report makes no such assumptions. Instead, it notes the projectile’s light gray color, and documents the exact size — 630 mm long and 140 mm wide (24.8 by 5.5


Continued from Page 1 inches) — and type, an M14 artillery shell, a non-precision surface to surface rocket. “The engine had 10 jet nozzles ordered in a circle at the end of the rocket with a metal electrical contact plate in the middle,” the report said. At one impact site, the team found that a rocket had pierced an awning before hitting the ground. By studying the line that would connect the hole in the awning with the impact crater, the investigators determined the rocket’s bearing _ 35 degrees — and its angle of flight. A second impact crater 65 meters away — about 213 feet

Continued from Page 2 Another woman had a wound to her shoulder and a male D.C. police officer had multiple gunshot wounds to his legs. The three are in critical condition, Orlowski said, but described their chances for survival as good. The incident began at roughly 8:15 a.m. at the headquarters of the Naval Sea Systems Command at the sprawling naval base on Washington’s Anacostia River waterfront. Several witnesses told reporters that the shooting broke out on the fourth floor of the building and that the gunman shot down into the building’s open atrium. “I think it was all on the fourth floor,” Patricia Ward, one of the witnesses, told reporters. Ward, a logistics management specialist, was in Building 197 when the shooting started. She said she was in the lobby using the ATM machine when she heard three shots. She said she started panicking. She said she didn’t know what was going on. Then she heard four more shots. A security guard with a gun drawn told them to run, she said. “I just ran. I thought of my family and I just ran.” Someone had pulled the fire alarm. Ward said a person has to scan an ID card to get into the building. She said that might be how the shooter got weapons in. Roughly two hours later, witnesses at the base reported hearing more shots fired. A senior law enforcement official said a gunman, who had

— had an angle that was 1 degree different from the first, a discovery “fully congruent,” the report said, “with the dispersion pattern commonly associated with rockets launched from a single, multibarrel, launcher.” In the case of another shell, a 330 mm rocket, they calculated that it flew eastsoutheast before landing in the Damascus suburb. To study the area, the inspection team’s members — who dodged a sniper’s bullets on their first day — had to rely on the protection of both the Syrian government and a Syrian rebel leader. They said


they had only a short time to study the sites, because of security concerns. Still, Secretary-General Ban said the evidence the team had collected provided proof of “the most significant confirmed use of chemical weapons against civilians since Saddam Hussein used them in Halabja in 1988. The international community has pledged to prevent any such horror from recurring, yet it has happened again.” But the closest the report comes to emotion is the final line before the appendices: “This result leaves us with the deepest concern.”

Continued from Page 2 been barricaded in a room in the headquarters building, had been shot and killed. The shooter had engaged police in a running firefight, a senior law enforcement official said. A federal law enforcement official monitoring the situation said the conflicting reports of more than one gunman came from a situation where a second building was being checked for reports of shots fired. The official said most of the shooting occurred at the Sea Systems Command building. Officials have ramped up security in all federal buildings in the Washington area. As a precaution, U.S. Capitol Police have added personnel and increased security measures in the Capitol Building. As helicopters hovered above the base, first lowering stretchers to airlift victims to local hospitals and later circling the base in an apparent search effort, air traffic was briefly grounded at the nearby Reagan National Airport. Several area schools were put on lockdown. A D.C. police officer and a base security officer were among the reported victims. About 3,000 people, both civilian and military, work at the Naval Sea Systems Command Headquarters. Navy Capt. Danny Hernandez said he was in an adjoining Navy Yard building when the shooting started. “Everybody rushed in” to the building where he was, and security guards locked down the facility. “It was pretty orderly,” Hernandez said.

A few months after that, Costolo replaced Williams as CEO. “He understands both the business and the technology and can knit the two together,” said venture capitalist Greg Sands, an early investor in Feedburner. Twitter has shot from 60 employees when Costolo joined to more than 2,000 — such a rapid pace that San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee in 2011 cut a controversial tax deal to keep the company in town. Besides adding to the rank and file (and bringing back Dorsey in an advisory role), Costolo has recruited top executives from the likes of Google, eBay and Palm to make the crash-prone site more reliable. “They stopped having so many outages and down time, and that makes a big impression” on investors, said David Rogers, who

page designed and edited by REBECCA STEPHENS |

teaches digital marketing strategy at Columbia Business School in New York. While some analysts have wondered why Twitter, which has stockpiled hundreds of millions of venture capital dollars, would opt for the headaches of going public at this point, an IPO will deliver cash for acquisitions such as Twitter’s recent purchase of mobile ad service MoPub. Costolo spent a reported $350 million on the company, which helps advertisers bid in computerized auctions to place their messages on Twitter and other mobile apps. EMarketer estimates that more than half of Twitter’s revenue will come from mobile advertising, which analysts call a healthy sign. The MoPub deal, they say, could be a first step toward building a broader advertising network like Google’s.

“Perry’s book opens up civil discourse. It allows us to discuss controversial issues without yelling at each other,” Gould said. Perry, a native of Gilbert, W.Va., was an educator at Marshall from 1962 through 2010. His 47-year tenure is the longest in the history of the university. In 2011, the

College of Liberal Arts created The Dr. Simon D. Perry Center for Constitutional Democracy. He has received numerous awards, including the Distinguished West Virginian Award and Marshall’s Distinguished Faculty Award. Alison Wickline can be contacted at wickline19@


Continued from Page 2 But in the 1960s, its factories were converted to office space. The yard is now an important administrative center for the Navy, housing thousands of civilian and military workers, including the Naval Sea Systems Command, which provides the Navy with military materiel. For that reason, the

Washington Navy Yard is known as “the Quarterdeck of the Navy.” The neighborhood around the Navy Yard, once almost exclusively industrial, has in recent years been redeveloped as a residential area, adjacent to Capitol Hill. The Washington Nationals ballpark is just upriver from the base.


Life! *







BERNIE ELLIOTT Bernie Elliott was a native of Huntington and a lifelong Son of Marshall. A photographer since 1975 and a Marshall employee since 1977, Elliott was a staple on and around the university for decades. Bernie passed away Monday night, and The Parthenon editorial staff extends its deepest condolences. There remains a spot on the sidelines that will never be filled quite the same.

CLOCKWISE FROM TOP: The Herd takes on Ohio University in the "Battle for the Bell" on Sept. 25, 2010, at Joan C. Edwards Stadium. Fans watch on Sept. 8, 2012, as the Herd dominates Western Carolina University. Field commander Emily Hall directs the Marching Thunder at Joan C. Edwards Stadium, Sept. 7. Kristine Culicerto, senior defender/forward, takes the ball from a Campbell University player on Aug. 24. Redshirt sophomore Blake Frohnapfel (15), sophomore Tyler Williams (38) and redshirt freshman Kent Turene walk into Joan C. Edwards Stadium, Sept. 7. Forward Robert Goff goes against a University of Memphis player, Feb. 16, at the Cam Henderson Center. Receiver Aaron Dobson makes a memorable catch, Nov. 26, 2011, at Joan C. Edwards Stadium against Eastern Carolina University. The play was named ESPN’s “Play of the Week in College Football.” PHOTOS BY BERNIE ELLIOTT

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September 17, 2013 Online Edition  
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