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portfolio

Cristina Munteanu

munteanucristinarch@yahoo.com tel (+40) 728 531 22


This portfolio contains a series of 5 projects organised chronologically: the first is an academic project executed at “Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urbanism, Bucharest, Romania during the first masters year; the following are competition entries, one of which is a professional project. Refurbishing the Main Square on Baia Mare City, Romania was done in co-authorship with Arquitectos Anónimos between May and July 2012.


4.

14.

26.

Cooperative housing in protected sites

Override City Living Prototype Competition

Refurbishing the Central Square of Baia Mare

Unknown - International

Professional

Academic project “Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urbanism, Bucharest, 2012 Arch. Phd. Stefan ¸ ScafaUdriste

Competition for students in Architecture

Baia Mare, 2012

Bucharest, 2012

Co-Authorship

Arch. Phd. Andre Caiado

Anonimos, Inês Gonçalves,

abcaiado@gmail.com

Cristina Munteanu

Arquitectos

37.

46.

51.

Vision & Reality Gluckstein Quartier

Parametric observation tower

Curriculum Vitae

Competition/Group project Mannheim, Germany, 2013 Co-Authorship stud. arch. Sabrina Ene Supervisor Prof. Dr. Sergiu Catalin ˇ Petrea

Workshop/Group project “Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urbanism, Bucharest, 2012 Co-Authorship Funieru Silvia Muresan Oana Madalina LIcsor Supervisor Arch. Ionut Anton Arch. Dana Tanase

(short)


Cooperative housing in protected sites Buzesti-Berzei, Bucharest

date 2012 (4th study year) location Bucharest, Romania Academic/Individual Project supervisor Arch. Phd. Stefan 存 Scafa-Udriste


The site is situated at the very BORDER of the OLD CITY CENTRE of Bucharest: a conflictual place where XIX-th century heritage and atmosphere (small quiet streets, with one or two floor family houses, each with it’s own back yard, a swing, dog...; Universe in which the COMMUNITY makes the neighbourhood, meets the modern relics of communist intervention (the rational and efficient 10 stories blocks and out-of-scale boulevards- no man’s land for pedestrians) meets the contemporary issue of growing land prices, and the need for new development directions.


all the appartments are turned towards the inner courtyard... it is so quiet here. MICROENVIRONMENT

this is the communities garden. let’s plant a cherry tree!

this is my playground. I can call my mother from here. “CLOSED” COMMUNITY = SAFETY

I own a coffe shop it is convenient I live upstairs. SMALL BUISNESSES CATALYZER


Design objective

EXPLORING THE RELATION BETWEEN PRIVATE - COMMUNITY - PUBLIC SPACE IN A COLLECTIVE HOUSING ENSEMBLE.


Design context

Design solution

The project implied finding a design direction for a very troubled

The solution for the collective housing program takes into

site situated in the historic center of the city of Bucharest, at the

account this very complicated reality:

confluence of two essential urban forces: patrimonial protection restrictions and developers’ interest to build higher and higher… The traditional site’s XIXth century texture (small quiet streets margined by one or two floor houses, each having a small backyard) has been left, in the last decade, in a process of dissolution and depressing degradation. The area soon became a problem. As a result, in 2011 the municipality found the “legitimacy” to start a demolition process with the intention to relocate part of

1. Economic criteria, such as the growing land - price obvious

response to the new boulevard- requires finding a high-density design solution;

2. The built context — 1/2 floor housing with few higher accents (4-5 floor buildings) — suggested limiting the built height to a maximumof 4-5 floor proposal ; 3. Demographics: the proposal is intended for multiple target audiences: the evacuated population (cheap 1 or 2 rooms

the local population: the empty land is to be the place for a new

apartments) and the attracted public wanting to live in the city

city diametral, big busy boulevard, “last drop” in the inevitable

center (bigger and more expensive apartments: 3 up to 4 rooms,

death of whatever is left of the traditional atmosphere.

duplexes.) 4. Tradition: in the old, traditional romanian communities (both rural and urban) the street, the gate, the market act as places for socialization, public space. For this reason, the ground floor of the proposed collective housing is left open, as commercial pedestrian route linking the project site with the market (local monument “piata matache”). 5. Individuality in collectivity: designing the ensemble (with the existing valuable buildings) as a closed courtyard, introverted spacial configuration which can induce a sense of safeness, belonging and even involvement.; creating private, communitary and semipublic exterior spaces; creating multiple configuration appartments with different orientations in the ensemble.


MIRRORING BUILT CONTEXT RHYTHM

THE INTERIOR RECEIVES MORE SPACE

public pedestrian corridors

semipublic plazas

THE BUILT HEIGHT DECREASES INWARD

CREATING COLLECTIVE SPACES (BRIDGES)

private terraces

cooperative ensemble


4th floor

3th floor

2nd floor

1st floor


Green Roof System

- extensive soil mix (growing medium) 10 cm

Parapet

- separation fabric

- steel parapet coping

- gravle drainage layer -5cm

- plywood sheating

- moisture retention layer

- reinforced concrete parapet 10cm

- aeration layer

- 1,2 cm gypsum board

- root barrier

- flashing

- rigid thermal insulation 250 mm

- canting strip

- drainage layer

- Queen Brick ventialted facade

- root barrier

23,5 x 11, 5 x 6,5 cm

- protection course

- ventilated air layer min 1cm

- double layer betuminous membrane

- rigid thermal insulation 7 cm

- 2% concrete slope

Unit 5 Duplex T3 apartment

- reinforced concrete slab-15cm Floor Section

- wood exterior deck, treated to resist

membrane1,5mm

- cement slope 0,5%

- folie de polietilena (se intoarce

- moisture barrier

- double layer betuminous membrane - brick veneer anchor110 x 70 mm

- wood section for fixing the flooring, - double layer betuminous

- rigid thermal insulation 5 cm

- POROTHERM wall 30 cm

under atmospherical conditions 60cm interax 35 x 35 mm

- ventilated air layer 1,5- 2cm

- wood section for closing the ventilated air canal

Unit 4 Duplex T4 apartment

pe contur)

- rigid thermal insulation CELIT - 10 cm

- reinforced concrete slab 15 cm

Unit 3 T3 apartment

Unit 1 T4 apartment

commercial space

Unit 2 T4 apartment

commercial space


Override City Living Prototype Unknown - International Competition for students in Architecture

date 2011-2012 location Bucharest, Romania Academic/ Individual research/ Competition winner nominated supervisor Arch. Phd. Andre Caiado


OVERRIDE To counteract a ‘normal’ operation (an automatic control) ‘OverRideCity is a two half City typology. One half is made of stone, marble and concrete; houses and institutions that have endured throughout time and tell us where we come from; and one half up above, constantly moving towards the future. You can’t predict where it is going...you just know it reflects the rythm society changes. The rythm YOU change.’


Design objective

EXPLORING URBAN LIVING IN A FUTURISTIC TIME AND SPACE FRAME, HYPOTHESIS IN WHICH HIGHTECHNOLOGY CAN SUPPLY THE VERY CONTEMPORARY NEED FOR MOBILITY


Design premises: Time for questioning

Design solution

Throughout time, cities proved being humans’ greatest

Given an existing, fixed infrastructure from which we cannot

invention, nest for progress and (statistically) best, most soughtafter living place; Through connectivity and gatherness they make us richer, smarter, healthier and happier. Nontheless, not just once; not accidental, have confirmed urbanities proven to supply poor living environment for it’s occupants - due to confining urbanism, poor service infrastructure, local social phenomena and so forth. The matter is to complex to define. XXI st century and Postmodernity have brought into discussion a different aspect of urban inhabiting: globalization and mobility. People are, now, far less linked to a place (as they are far less linked to tradition), than ever before. The rush after facilities and opportunities comes into the spotlight, while living space becomes a procedural detail: space is rented and shared for a short period of time. MOST OF THE TIME WE ARE ON THE RUN, AND IN SEARCH OF A NEW HOME, A NEW JOB, A NEW SPOUSE. CAN THE CITIES’ BUILT INFRASTRUCTURE SUPPLY THE TYPE OF FLEXIBILITY AND CONNECTIVITY PEOPLE NEED? One reply: traffic jams.

live apart - being our past; our sense of identity, belonging and one guarantee of remembering in a world of constant change this project envisions the scenario of overriding existing urban environment with a secondary layer of inhabiting: an elevated dynamic city infrastructure working as counter weight for the lower traditional city. OverRideCity. It is designed as a “skeleton”, “serving” infrastructure on which living units can automatically slide, spin and elevate, gather into compact buildings or spread across, according to market demands of consumer society. It is organised in modules, each designed to relate to particular target areas from the lower traditional city (from economic , real estate, environmental p.o.v etc.) Each module is made of huge vertical feet ( 4 elevator structures, called “Gates”, or “Boarding Gates”) holding the differentconfiguration horizontal tracks and two other “static” floors: 1. the open-space public floor, holding gardens, restaurants and pubs, commercial and other leisure facilities (“The world above”) 2. the hidden services floor, where “back-stage” activities take place (“The world below”) - unit maintenance, health services, local or governmental institutions etc.


Implementation The two infrastructures should behave as a whole. By building a flexible infrastructure to counterbalance (functionally) the existing traditional city, urbanism directives can be updated and applied in real time. And it all can be done by means of high power servers controlling track availability and usability.

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY Phase 1. DATA GATHERING Through Online or Radio Based Surveys Strategy Real Estate Fluctuations vs. Living Satisfaction Survey Targeted Locations - Phenomenon Scale Purpose Establish Migration Phenomemon Phase 2. IDENTIFICATION OF TARGET CENTERS Strategy Superimposing Phenomemon Primary Data on Infrastructure and Topography Purpose Real Scale Phenomenon Mapping

phenomenon

moving in

moving out

target vs. phenomenon scale


MASTERPLAN

INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN built interventions will be made both in high and low satisfaction areas. it will be avoided to insert housing in low satisfaction centres, rather complementary public services: like police stations, hospitals

primary data overlay

city center

migration vector

Phase 3.

Phase 4.

BUILDING THE INFRASTRUCTURE IN AVAILABLE

GRADUALLY INHABITING THE INFRASTRUCTURE

CONSTRUCTION SPACE

Strategy Selling Air Right and Renting Track to

Strategy Identify Empty Plots of Land, Untreated Blind Walls

Purpose Checking the Interraction

Purpose Identify Construction

Phase 5. REAL TIME FEEDBACK, ANALYSIS FOR SUSTAINABLE PLANNING Strategy Urban planning gets updated in real time Purpose Reaching an established percentage of public satisfaction by opening/closing dismountable track through operational servers


Plan and Elevation Explanation Diagrams - 4 structural elevators - living, office, garden, recycling, public units “grow�on a 3d structural grid - hidden services area;

Image of the building given by densities of moving rooms

- energy producers: wind mills

Unit group of room elevators

First floor unit configuration

Exploded median space

Number of units = ct Area grows => decreasing unit density => floating image


The Structural Module more housing units

The structural module/unit is in relation with the traditional

more education units more art/music centers

built environment. It can host as many functional units as it more green spaces

is needed in that particular area, and this whole structure can spread/grow either horizontaly or verticaly. This overide infrastructural module: - is dismountable - is an infrastructure for space renting - is developable in time - holds alternative energy sources necessary for unit’s movement (photovoltaics, wind mills) - will change appearance and function in real time according to market demands and urbanism directives. These structures settle wherever they are needed.

Generic unit distribution according to local needs

Sliding unit floor

Generic unit Open public floor “World above”

Hidden services floor “World below”

Unit elevator Local authority property (public space) LED facade information panel Photovoltaic facade (energy sourse) 3 dimensional spread


Refurbishing the Central Square of Baia Mare Baia Mare, Romania

date 2012 location Baia Mare, Romania Proffesional project/Co-Authorship winner 3rd place co-authorship Arquitectos Anónimos, Inês Gonçalves, Cristina Munteanu team Arquitectos Anónimos®, Hugo Almeida, Inês Gonçalves, Maria Busolini, Hugo Reis, Filipa Frois info@arquitectosanonimos.com


My role into the development of the presented project (as a co-author) implied direct participation in all stages of the solution: from the auction procedures (being a competition launched in Romania), concept, site and history documentation, till form-finding process, technical drawing execution and general layout.


Design objective

ESTABLISHING A METHODOLOGY THAT CAN IMPLEMENT COMPLEX URBAN DATA INTO A PERMEABLE AND FLEXIBLE PUBLIC SPACE DESIGN


Design strategy

Design experience

The project aimed at developing a fundamentally different

The working (and learning) process under Arquitectos Anonimos,

design approach focused on the formal translation of a symbol:

focused on crossing different technologies, with the intention of

the atomic lattice of gold - as Baia Mare’s history is symbolically

generating a formal response adaptable enough to implement a

charged due to its gold mining activity -That makes this solution high range of information. very site specific. The project starts with the observation of the atomic lattice

The strategy was that of generative design in which the form was developed conform with several stages of input data and analysis.

of a thin gold crystal. The sequence of images collected were interpreted as possible symbolic patterns to explore, 2-dimensional graphics that could inform the architectural “creativity”, and be used as a metaphor for the development of the project. We established families of graphic patterns (having as input the site’s strengths and weaknesses), thinking them as a language of architectural variations in the square’s surfaces. This patterns translated into a waved surface, where pedestrian circulation is carefully directed, urban acoustics controlled, with high functional flexibility (both interior and exterior) etc. The process of establishing a geometry implied several stages the first results having lead to a series of emerging properties. The emerging pattern, these dealt with space at a more detailed level: pavement and vegetation, integrated lighting system, integrated urban furniture etc.

Concept Golden lattice


Pedestrian circulation

Topography

Conditioning elements

Circulations

Functional program interior/exterior

Urban acustics

Spacial ocupation (summer/winter)


section BB

Hotel Rivulus

Troita

Restion Area


1. basalt pavement (recylcled aluminium separation in contact with the building) 2. compacted earth 3. exterior betuminous sealing 4. aluminium frame sliding panel (double layer glazing, safety glass) 5. interior tiles basalt pavement 6. reinforced concrete surfacing with embided heating system

7. concrete slab 8. steel plate rainwater gutter 9. basalt tiles over flat steel adjustable height foot 10. reinforced concrete on inclined insulation 11. double layer betuminous sealing 12. fair-faced concrete slab

13. lamp fitting, standard polycarbonate light difuser 14. 15mm translucent poliuretane sheet with aluminium support 15. aluminium frame double glaze window with flat steel support frame 16. basalt tiles over reinforced concrete wall

19. basalt tiles with flat steel support 20. concrete wall with exterior betuminous sealing, insulation and fabric membrane 21. pavaj bazalt + Sapa beton 22. drainage gravel and fabric

17. reinforced concrete section 18. Green Roof system (extensive soil mix (Growing medium), separation fabric, drainage plate, moisture retention layer, aeration layer, root barrier, Thermal insulation, drainage layer, root barrier, protection course, double layer betuminous membrane sealing rail and “L� sheet metal edges

23. concrete slab with betuminous sealing and basalt tiles covering 24. Water (fountain) 25. concrete section with basalt tiles covering (bench)

219,2

26 27

29 28

26-concrete section with basalt tiles covering


Vision & Reality Gluckstein Quartier Isover Multi-comfort House Students Contest 2013

date 2013 (5th study year) location Mannheim, Germany Competition/Group Work winner 2nd prise National phase co-authorship stud. arch. Sabrina Ene supervisor Arch. Phd. Sergiu Catalin ˇ ˇ Petrea


Design objective

DESIGNING MULTI-COMFORT HOUSING ACCORDING TO LOW ENERGY CONSUMPTION STRATEGIES


Design context

Design solution

As most developing cities, Mannheim - Germany- has extended

The competition required envisioning a masterplan for a

its city borders beyond the inner city, beyond the ICE railway

former industrial plot in Gluckstein Quartier, Mannheim,

line. Large areas first occupied by industry, these rail bordered

out of which, we were asked to further detail the 4 residential

sites have become now the focus for new development. In this

buildings planted on the northern side of Hans Gluckstein Park.

context, the stake is that of connecting these new development areas to the existent, while, at the same time, keeping in mind the future: That is sustainable design at both urban and architectural object scale.

For the masterplan we used an integrated approach focused around the two historical buildings existent on the site (in Lokschuppen), which were supposed to become the center of the neighborhood life. With a light, reversible intervention (and restoration) the former warehouses were transformed into an art center and library, thus justifying being the focus of the hole development: They are visible from the elevated pedestrian platform gradually growing from the park topography, and reachable through a longitudinal pedestrian route coming from the offices area. The four residential blocks, designed as urban villas, are modeled considering sun orientation: the apartments are oriented as to maximize daylight use (90% oriented to the Sth or S-Wst), the vertical circulation is all placed on the Northern facade and is connected with South oriented greenhouses as to create natural ventilation across the building. Detail design (such as trombe wall, shaders on the Southern facade, low embodied-energy and low carbon footprint materials, high performance insulation etc.) make the design low energy consumption.


commerce and services residencial offices public space culture

1. Built Proposal

5. Ensamble Equipment

(ex. the 11 storey buildings) as to let

(neighbourhood scale) for public

1.1. Shaping the high built volumes light into the public spaces and on

5.1. Rainwater harvesting spaces maintenance

the adjacent lower constructions

5.2. Pergolas and shadow corridors

daylight and south orientation:

panels

1.2. Maximised use of natural

large South facing windows and

curtain walls which allow solar

gains in winter-time and heat

storage in thermal mass floors

and walls; reduced North facing windows size control heat loss. 1.3. Acustic facade treatment -

alternant sound reflecting and sound absorbing materials

1.4. Common built language to give identity to the new development

5.3. Roofs covered with photovoltaic 6. Materials

6.1. Pavement: pervious concrete

with recycled component from the previous site demolitions

6.2. Proposed buildings: raw

materials of natural origin,

unprocessed, that have a very long

and post-use, reuse and recycling life and low embodied-energy in manufacturing or low carbon

footprint (wood structure, log walls,

2. Vegetation

wood siding, aluminium frames,

2.1. Plantation alignment - acting as

wood-based insulations)

2.1. Green roofs and rooftop gardens vegetal sound barrier

3. Diversity Of Interconnected

natural stone, gravel, cellulose and 7. Renewable Energy Sources

7.1. Mechanical Ventilation with

Public Spaces

heat recovery

for meteoric water (minimum 50%)

passive cooling

to the park through commercial

active cooling and compact heat

3.3. Pergolas and open ground floor

including 20 solar panels and buffer

3.1. Pedestrian circulation permeable 3.2. Public plazas visually connected passageways

spaces for extended season use

of the public space (rain, intense insolation etc.)

3.3. Play-scapes for social interaction

and outdoor activity 4. Traffic

4.1. Limiting motorised circulation speed for pedestrian priority

4.2. Cycling tracks as desired traffic

alternative for short and medium

distances

7.2. Earth-to-Air Heat Exchanger for 7.3. Water-to-Water Heat Pump for 7.4. Thermal Solar Plant each

tanks

8. Heating Distribution System

8.1. Low-temperature heating circuit

with radiant under floor heating

and radiant wall heating

8.2. High-temperature heating

circuit with In-floor mini convectors

and low-H2O radiators


Parametric observation tower UAUIM, Bucharest

date 2013 (5th study year) location

Bucharest, Romania

Workshop/Group Project supervisor

Arch. Ionut Anton, 存 Arch. Dana Tanase

team Funieru Silvia, Madalina LIcsor, Oana Muresan


Design objective

USING GRASSHOPPER GRAPHIC ALGORITHM FOR DESIGNING A CONCEPTUAL OBSERVATION TOWER WITH FOCUS ON DIGITAL PRODUCTION AND MATERIAL EXPERIMENTATION


Education 2008-2012 “Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urbanism, Bucharest,

6th admitted admission grade 9 (/10)

2010-2011 ULHT- Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisboa, Erasmus scholarship, departure grade 9 (/10) Cristina Munteanu, born in Romania in 1989, diploma in

2004-2008

architecture at Ion Mincu University - Bucharest in 2011; She is

“Mihai Viteazul” National College, Mathematic-informatics

doing MArch studies in Architecture at the same university.

Intensive English department, Bucharest

Between 2012 and 2013 worked with international renowned

Skills, techniques and technologies

architecture and design studios, extending her previous educational backgrounds and digital-computational knowledge on projects to the practice of architecture. Her understanding of architectural practice as a problem of material space organization focuses her interests on the development of an integral and coherent design approach at the intersection of architecture, arts and technology in the endeavour to develop

Archicad AutoCAD Rhinoceros and V-Ray rendering engine Grasshopper Graphic Algorithm for Rhino (VPL Visual Programming Language) 3DS Max

(and Max Modifiers)

a creative generative methodology applied to her architectural

Ecotect

production as student.

GECO

From 2010 to 2011 studied at Universidade Lusófona de

(direct link between Rhino/Grasshopper models and Ecotect)

Humanidades e Tecnologias - Lisbon, Portugal. Cristina

Control over Office suite

attended several workshop units on urban design, architecture

Control over Adobe suite

and advanced computational design techniques. Has realized

(Acrobat, Photoshop, Illustrator, In design)

architecture projects in co-authorship, like the Revolution Square

Excellent hand drawing skills

in Baia Mare, Romania.


Languages (Common European Framework level system)

Professional and Academic References

Romanian — Native

Simple Forms Design studio

English — C2 (Cambridge Advanced Certificate)

Alzira Peixoto, Designer

German — B2

+351 919 661 000 or apeixoto@simpleformsdesign.com

French — B1 Portuguese — B2

Arquitectos Anónimos Filipe Afonso, Architect +351 225 024 161 / +351 912 133 670 or info@arquitectosanonimos.com

Drivers licence

UAUIM, Dean of Ion Mincu Architecture School between 2008-2012

Category B. (comparable to 8 passenger minibus class)

Prof. Ph.D. Arch. Stefan SCAFA +040 0213077112 or rectorat.uauim@gmail.com


published - Sketch a Faรงade Competition, The Architects Journal, UK www.architectsjournal.co.uk/home/sketch-a-facade/sketch- a-facade-entries-mno


munteanucristinarch@yahoo.com tel (+40) 728 531 22


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