Page 1 of 3 Pages Commission : Trade and development Session : 14th MUN – 2010 Sponsors : South Africa, Canada, Nepal, Belarus, New Zealand, Sierra Leone, Bulgaria, Egypt QUESTION OF: IMPROVING ACCESS TO MARKETS BY ENCOURAGING REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION The General Assembly, Alarmed that typically developing countries face higher barriers such as tariff peaks and escalation in the markets of industrialised countries and other developing countries, Grieved by the fact that some developing countries face difficulties in responding to rapid changes in the market due to limited technological resources and because of weaknesses in the institutional and market infrastructure, Taking into account that due to the global financial crisis, several emerging countries are having difficulties accessing international markets, Further deploring that bad communication and conflicts can easily develop into wars and worsen access to markets, just like the clash between Iran and US had resulted in national blackout decades ago, Conscious that some superpowers such as US and China have been, and still are, on an exponential growth concerning global markets and trade, flooding the world markets, thus lessening the economic growth of poor countries, depriving them of access to the world market, Expressing deep concern in cases where there is lack of knowledge from the producers on market opportunities and how to access them,
Page 2 of 3 Pages Commission
: Trade and development
Sponsors : South Africa, Canada, Nepal, Belarus, New Zealand, Sierra Leone, Bulgaria, Egypt Bearing in mind that some countries, whose mainstay is agriculture do not have diversified industrial structures, thus restricting their access to regional and international markets, Taking into account that small firms often lack the finances to advertise their products and therefore, they can only reach a limited number of consumers, Affirms that the reduction or elimination of tariffs on certain products would improve the access to markets, thus increasing regional and international trade; 1. Recommends considerable investments in the use of new technology and on infrastructure to increase efficiency for emerging countries to enable them to use trade as an engine for rapid growth; 2. Encourages setting up of treaties and more meetups for better communication, with a view to eliminating barriers while enhancing market access, thus enhancing trade; 3. Welcomes organization of sensitisation campaigns concerning the dictatorial character of some governments which limits business or trade created by individuals or firms; 4. Further recommends that necessary help should be provided to countries where agriculture were the only source of income, and where war has destroyed all crops and made the land unusable; 5. Suggests that developing countries specialize themselves into certain field which increase their chance of getting profit and buyers since superpowers have taken control of the market concerning major products;
Page 3 of 3 Pages Commission : Trade and development Sponsors : South Africa, Canada, Nepal, Belarus, New Zealand, Sierra Leone, Bulgaria, Egypt
6. Reminds that in times of global financial crisis, more helpfrom rich countries should be given to emerging countries; 7. Requests regular exchange of expertise and knowledge between emerging and developed economies or between experienced producers and new producers, to facilitate access to market; 8. Notes with satisfaction that the Cotonou Agreement, which came into force in 2003, aimed at the reduction and eventual eradication of poverty while contributing to sustainable development and to the gradual integration of ACP countries into the world economy; 9. Notes with interest that trade fairs opened to publicshould be organized, market so that organizations in a specific interest or industry can showcase and demonstrate their latest products to access local or international markets more easily; 10. Appreciates that WTO members have agreed to put the issue of development at the core of the multilateral trading system by launching the Doha Development Agenda; 11. Expresses its appreciation that there is greater investment in education to enhance trade or businesses in certain places in the world.