M U N D P
P R E - C O N F E R E R E N C E
W E L C O M E
ear Delegates – a very warm welcome to the 10th annual session of MUNDP! I know that you are all looking forward to the next few days which will be filled with ideas, discussions and, hopefully, much food for thought. As you are aware, MUNDP simu‐ lates the United Nations Develop‐ ment Programme –the only UNDP style conference! – and changes its region focus each year. Last year, our focus was the Arab States. The committees were composed of representatives of all Arab States as well as simulations of
A L L
A L L
D E L E G A T E S
prominent Civil Society Organiza‐ tions and UN bodies. This year, our focus will be "Asia and the Pacific" and the participants will strive to solve the developmental challenges faced by the UNDP in that region. The Development Committees will discuss the prospective topics of democratic governance, envi‐ ronment, health and women’s rights while the Special Commit‐ tees will debate about climate change, atomic energy, human rights and economical and social advancement. Meanwhile, the Specialized Agencies will be giving
A B O U T
he National Committee consists of all the members from the develop‐ ment committees. During sessions of the MUNDP conference, delegates will debate on nationally assigned development issues. The National Committee is constructed for the delegates to have a clear opinion on their country’s policies and have debating time on the main developmental issues. It goes without saying that delegates are required to come prepared to the sessions. They are assumed to have carried out the necessary research in order to have ade‐ quate knowledge on their designated topics so that constructive debates may take place and realistic solutions may be offered.
N E W S L E T T E R
testimonials to committees, with the aim of assisting them in their debate. Outside of the conference, we will have a dinner in Divan Res‐ taurant as well as a party at the school. We also have amazing sightseeing plans for today and the last day. We hope that you will actively participate in the debates and that you will go home with a great many thoughts to be proc‐ essed. Most of all, however, we hope that you will have a won‐ derful time!
N A T I O N A L
Delegate registration at Pyramid
Cocktail at Pyramid at 17.00
Opening Ceremony at AD HALL at 18.30
C O M M I T T E E S
Delegates are required to prepare policy state‐ ments about their countries’ topic. The National Committee sessions will include both lobbying and open debate time within the delegates of the same national delegation. The session times will be executed as regular com‐ mittee sessions and both the delegates and chairs are required to attend these sessions. The format of the sessions will be identical to the Development Committee sessions and they will be supervised by the MUNDP’11 Directors.
as the action plans of the Development Committees; containing short, medium, and long‐term solutions for the topic under discussion. The contributions made by each delegate during the debate should contrib‐ ute to the formation of the action plan. National Committee sessions will proceed as Development Committees where the topics debated are amended in order to create the most comprehensive action plan. For further information on topics and delegations you may either visit our confer‐ The National Committee session will be con‐ ence website or contact Başak Kocamış, cluded by writing an action plan. This national Director of National Committees and Spe‐ action plan will be formed in the same manner cialized Agencies.
P a g e
he one place on earth where you can be in the middle of two continents, feel the harmony of this many cultures, touch the remains of the ancient civilizations, watch its famous skyline shaped by the historical towers, mosques, churches and skyscrapers and witness the contrast of traditional vs modern life in Istanbul. Throughout history, it has been named Lygos, Byzantium, Augusta Antonia, Constantinopolis, Konstantiniyye, Islambol and finally Istanbul as we now know it. It was the capital of three different empires so we can say that it has been “the people’s choice” of all time. Why? Well, you can find anything in Istanbul including delicious food, dizzying nightlife, ever‐expanding
schedule of international events, museums, concerts, chic fashion shows and art exhibitions, amazing shopping centers and a lot more. The city is also becoming one of the most important financial centers of the world. A recent study by the Washington‐ based Brookings Institution, has shown that Istanbul had beaten Beijing and Shanghai to claim the title of 2010's Most Dynamic City. It was the European Capital of culture in 2010 and will become the European Capital of Sport in 2012. The city has a rich history that dates back about three hundred thousand years, a dynamic present and the potential of a great future. Although it’s a large city with a population of 15 million,
S I G H T S E E I N G
ultan Ahmet Center (The Walled City) is the oldest part of Istanbul. It’s not surprising that “The Old City of Istanbul” is the first place tourists would want to visit since most of the im‐ portant religious, administra‐ tive and civil monuments and buildings of different empire’s are located there including Hagia Sophia, Tokapı Palace, Blue Mosque, Hippodrome, Hagia Irene, Basilica Cistern, etc. Hagia Sophia had served as a church known as the "Magna Ecclesia" built by the Byzan‐ tine Empire for 916 years, a mosque when the minarets were added by the Ottoman empires Sultan Beyazid II and Sultan Selim II for 481 years and a museum since 1943 to the present day.
Built between 532 and 537, Hagia Sophia was the largest cathedral in the world for nearly a thousand years. Known for its dome and mosa‐ ics, it is considered as the peak of Byzantine architecture. In 1453, when Constantinople was conquered by the Otto‐ mans, Sultan Mehmed II or‐ dered the building to be con‐ verted into a mosque. Many of the mosaics were plastered over and while any orthodox features were removed, Is‐ lamic features as mihrab, minarets were added. The four minarets were added by the famous Ottoman architect Sinan. The Sultan Ahmed Mosque, built between 1609 and1616, is known as the Blue Mosque because of the blue
Istanbul is still growing and growing. At the end of the Second World War, only a million people lived here. Since then, the population of the city has increased its population by this amount every 10 years. With all these facts, it’s hard to argue with someone claiming that Istanbul is becoming a country of its own. There are lots of things to do and places to go in Istanbul; relaxing in a hamam, going for a drink in Beyoglu, joining the crowd on Istiklal Caddesi, Nisantasi, visiting Grand Bazaar and Spice Bazaar, Tiled Mansion, Princes’ Islands, Galata Tower, walking along the Golden Horn or the Bosphorus, and so on.
“The one place on earth where you can be in the middle of two continents”
L O C A T I O N S tiles adorning the walls of its interior. It has become a popular tourist attraction while it’s still being used as a mosque. The word “hippodrome” comes from the Greek “hippos” meaning “horse” and “dromos” meaning path. Horse racing and chariot rac‐ ing events were used to be held at the Hippodrome and it was considered to be the cen‐ ter of the Roman and Byzan‐ tine Constantinople. Topkapi Palace, the official residence of the Ottoman Sultans and the administrative center of the empire was built between 1460‐1478 by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, the conqueror of Constantinople.
The palace has been turned into a museum in 1924 and it houses some of the best ex‐ amples of the Ottoman minia‐ tures, treasure, jewelry, weap‐ ons, shields, etc.. It’s definitely one of the most impressive monuments that make you feel like you’re a part of the living history as you explore it. The interesting thing about Istanbul is that it’s impossible to finish exploring it. You can never get bored in this city with its variety of tastes, col‐ ors, images, cultures, spices and energy accumulated through the ages. So, I find it hard to argue with what Alphonse De Lamartine had said: “If one had but a single glance to give the world, one should gaze on Istanbul.”
P a g e
W H A T ’ S
he Asia‐ Pacific region, with over 45 countries of vast differences, is perhaps the most complex region of the world where life is filled by hardship and struggle. The headlines of newspaper indicate that the main issues in the region are related to nu‐ clear power, currency wars, humanitar‐ ian struggles and natural disasters.
In the Region there are a total of 133 operating reactors, and a further 25 under construction. There is still a big question in the region about the exis‐ tence and usage of nuclear arms and power. India, North Korea, Pakistan being non‐signatories of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) the Asia Pacific region is a hot spot for the Nu‐ clear Power Fight. The region is also in the crossfire of currencies. China is under constant attack from the rest of the world re‐
U N I Q U E
ctions papers are unique to MUNDP. Delegates will produce actions paper, not resolutions. Action plans resemble to resolutions since both of them suggest solutions for a particular issue. An action plan starts with an “Explanatory” part.. This introduction part gives an explanation and clarification of the issue, in a general sense, and background information on it.
H O T
A S I A
garding its currency values. Addition‐ ally, Thailand is now introducing a tax on foreign holdings of bonds which is anticipated to have a serious impact on the foreign investments in this country. The trend is foreseen to spread to other countries in the region. Considering the two of the BRIC countries are in the region, this economical struggle may result in further economic instability. Even though there have been attempts to come to an agreement in order to balance the currency devaluations, a favorable solutions has not yet been reached and the battle goes on. The Asia Pacific region also experiences one natural disaster after another. The most recent one is the 6.3 magnitude earthquake which took place in New Zealand last ten days ago. Australia has also been faced with a series of disas‐ ters ranging from floods in Queensland to a severe drought in Southern Austra‐ lia. Climate change seems to be felt here with great strength. In Indonesia the harvests are totally irregular be‐ cause of the climate shift caused by floods and most believe that an ex‐ tremely fatal flood will reoccur in five years. Climate change related problems are doubled up with water contamina‐ tion problems in many areas within the region. Each day in Hong Kong, about one million tons of sewage and indus‐ trial effluent pour untreated into the sea. As we can see from examples ex‐
M U N D P
perienced in India and Bangladesh, water contamination and wrong usage of water will cause many more disputes as the years pass by. Climate change and water pollution coupled with natu‐ ral disasters lead to severe problems in the area of human health. It is esti‐ mated by that Australian Medical Foun‐ dation that by 2100 malaria, dengue and cholera in will be tripled in the region. The humanitarian issues of the region are extensive. Thai officials are now investigating a case where babies ob‐ tained from raped Vietnamese women are sold on the international market. Pirates are ruling the Indian Ocean with currently 30 ships are being held along with more than 700 hostages. Almost all of the figures generated in the re‐ gion are shocking. The literacy rate in Afghanistan is %28. One in four of the world’s estimated 300 000 child soldiers are currently serving in the East Asia and Pacific region. The region hosts close to 900 million of the world's poor who are forced to survive on less than $1 a day. The desolate issues of the region are countless. It will be a very interesting week where we will discuss and ob‐ serve what possible solutions may be found for the Asia‐Pacific Region.
A C T I O N
Therefore, could be considered as the pre‐ambulatory clauses of a regular resolution. The second part of an action paper is the “Solutions” part. In this section, delegates suggest viable and productive solutions to the issue. There are short term, mid‐term and long term solutions, once again, without clauses. Delegates write the solutions down in paragraphform with brief explanations
P A P E R S
or in a list format to be read out one by one. The more informative and clear the solutions are, the better the action paper is considered to be. Chairs are encouraged to divide topics accordingly, and use lobbying sessions efficiently to address specific issues.
P a g e
S P E C I A L I Z E D
pecialized agencies are independ‐ ent intergovernmental organiza‐ tions that address a specific issue, need or function. All member states of the UN have promised to cooperate with these organizations, either as a government or as a group of govern‐ ments, to find solutions for social and economical issues including those re‐ lated to standards of living, economic and social progress, health, human rights, culture and education. Special‐ ized agencies provide a more specified look into international issues. Today there are more than 15 special‐ ized agencies established under the UN including International Labor Organiza‐ tion, World Health Organization and International Monetary Fund. The UN also works with Non‐Governmental Organizations and Civil Society Organi‐ zations and they are included in special‐ ized agencies.
A G E N C I E S
There are 5 specialized agencies to be simulated in MUNDP 2011, which are Oxfam International, Greenpeace, Grameen Bank, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent and the Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues. These organizations are chosen because they are known to be actively involved in particular issues of Asia & Pacific Region, which is this year’s MUNDP focus. Oxfam International Oxfam is an international group of NGOs from three continents working worldwide to find long lasting solutions for poverty and injustice. They work on a large variety of issues including agri‐ culture, gender justice and climate change. Greenpeace Greenpeace is an international NGO working with the UN to solve environ‐ mental issues like climate change, de‐
M U N
struction of forests and pollution. Grameen Bank Grameen Bank is an organization that makes small loans to those in need without requiring collateral. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent The Federation is the world’s largest humanitarian organization and provides to people from all races, beliefs and nationalities in issues related with health and disasters. The Federation, together with National Societies and the International Committee of the Red Cross, make up the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues OSAGI is the division of the UN is dedi‐ cated to gender equality and the em‐ powerment of women.
C R O S S W O R D
1) [ ______ to a Resolution] a suggestion for a change to be made to a resolution, by adding deleting or altering words. 2) The right to be the only person speaking. 3) A set of ideas , with the background explaining why they are important, asking the United Nations to do something. 4) An official note from a delegation, written on notepad. 5)Voting to say that you neither accept, nor reject the motion or resolution. 6)The person in charge of the debate who makes sure that rules are followed correctly. 7)The ideas for debating and finally voting. 8)Everyone attending the debate, except chair. 9)To accept. 10) Point of Personal _________. 11) [To come to _________.] To be quiet, to listen the Chair or the Speaker. 12) [Policy __________] What your goverment thinks about a problem as its main idea. 13) [________ the floor] To be given the right of speak. 14) [Point of _________] A question from a member of the house who has been Recognized by the Chair. 15) The Chairs will set the time for debating, dividing into 'Time for' and 'Time ________'
12 15 3
4 13 5 14 8 9