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""g{MZ V|Sw>cH$a ho ^maVr` {H«$Ho$Q>M§ X¡dV Amho Am{U ^maVr` {H«$Ho$Q>À`m ^{dî`mVë`m CÁÁdc namH«$_m§Mr Xmoar Ë`mÀ`mM hmVmV Amho, Agm g_ñV ^maVr`m§Mm {dídmg Amho.'' Am°ñQ´>o{c`mMm gcm_rMm \$c§XmO _°Ï`w h°S>Z, E{àc 2001 _Ü`o {gS>ZrVë`m "gZ h°amëS>'cm _wcmIV XoVmZm gm§JV hmoVm. ""`mV H$moUVrhr A{Ve`moº$s Zmhr. Ë`m XoemVë`m àË`oH$mÀ`m Jù`mVcm OUy Vmo VmB©V Amho.'' _J hmM àíZ ^maVr` nÌH$mam§Zr g{MZg_moa R>odcm. ""Vy IamoIaM X¡dV Amhog H$m?'' ""XodËd Va H$moUmbm àmßV hmoUmaM Zmhr, nU XodmÀ`m OdinmgXoIrc H$moU OmD$ eH$V Zmhr.'' Ë`mM§ CÎma AJXr AMyH$ hmoV§. EH$ AãOmnojm OmñV cmoH$g§»`m ({edm` OJ^amV ngacoco cjmdYr ^maVr`) Agcoë`m `m AR>amnJS> OmVtÀ`m XoemV, "{d{dYVm _| EH$Vm' `m _§ÌmMr OmXy {ZñVoO hmoD$ cmJcr AgVmZm _mÌ "g{MZ' `m {df`mda _mÌ gJioOU EH$ hmoVmZm {XgVmV. gr. nr. gwa|ÐZ `m ñV§^ coIH$mZo `m gd©loð> \$c§XmOmZo V_m_ ^maVr`m§da H$er _mo[hZr KmVcr Amho `mM§ dU©Z H$aVmZm åhQ>c§`, ""Vmo Ooìhm IoinÅ>rH$S>o OmV AgVmo Voìhm A»»`m XoemM§ öX` YS>YS>V AgV§ Am{U XoemVco gd© cmoH$ Ë`mÀ`m ~amo~a "`wÕ' ^y_rda Hy$M H$aVmhoV Ag§ dmQ>V§. gd©gm_mÝ` OZVm XaamoOÀ`m Xw:ImnmgyZ _wº$s {_idÊ`mgmR>r Ë`mMm AmKma> KoV AgVo. H$maU ^maVr`m§Mo d¡få` Xya H$aÊ`mMr VmH$X Ë`mÀ`m ~°Q>_Ü`o AgVo.... àojH$m§Zm hdr AgVo, Ë`mÀ`m AmH$pñ_H$nUo M_H$Umè`m VinË`m ~°Q>Mr AZw^yVr. "Q>mB_' `m _m{gH$mZo V|Sw>cH$aMr "Am{e`m I§S>mVcm _hmZm`H$' `m eãXmV àe§gm H$arV Ë`m§À`m Am[e`mB© XoemV à{gÕ hmoUmè`m Amd¥Îmr_Ü`o (29 E{àc 2002) _wIn¥ð>mda Ë`mMo N>m`m{MÌ N>mnyZ Ë`mMm VrZ dfmªÀ`m H$mcmdYrV Xwgè`m§Xm Agm gÝ_mZ Ho$cm. `m _m{gH$mVë`m g{MZdaÀ`m coImM§ Zmd hmoV§ "X ~°Q> AmD$Q> Am°\$ hodZ' Am{U _mZdm{YH$mamMm nwañH$ma H$aUmao, ñdmV§Í``moÕo Am{U BVa OJà{gÕ viii


ì`ŠVr g§~§[YV coIm§gmo~V `m coImZo Amncm Z§~a cmdcm hmoVm. 1999 _Ü`o "B§{S>`m Qw>S>o' `m nm{jH$mZo "^maVmcm Iè`m AWm©Zo AmH$ma XoUmar 100 _mUg§' `m {df`mcm dm{hcocm EH$ Img A§H$ H$mT>cm hmoVm, ({_c°{ZA_ {garAc ìhm°ë`w_-1). `m A§H$mV 26 dfmªMm g{MZ BVa 99 OUm§À`m n§º$sV hmoVm! 2000 _Ü`o "_°M {\$pŠg¨J'Mo àH$aU {eJocm nmohMcoco AgVmZm "drH$' `m _m{gH$mZo OZ_V MmMUr KoVcr. Ë`m_Ü`o XoemVë`m OmñVrV OmñV H$m¡VwH$mñnX 10 ì`º$t_Ü`o g{MZ Am{U gm¡a^ Jm§JwcrMm g_mdoe hmoVm. 1989 _Ü`o gwê$ Pmcoë`m {H«$Ho$Q>À`m H$[aAa_Ü`o Ago KdKdrV _mZgÝ_mZ \$ma doJmZo Ë`mÀ`mH$S>o Amco. Joë`m 13 dfmª_Ü`o V|Sw>cH$aÀ`m Ioim_Ü`o Á`mcm "~°S> n°M' Ago åhUVmV, Vmo H$YrM Amcm Zmhr. Ë`mÀ`m `m gmVË`mcm XmX XoVmZm ñQ>rd dm° åhUmcm hmoVm. ""ga S>m°Z ~«°S>_Z `m§Mr H$ga g{MZZo ^ê$Z H$mT>cr Amho.'' 1970 Am{U 80À`m XeH$mV Á`mà_mUo gwZrc JmdgH$aZo ~cmT>ç doñQ> B§{S>Oer cT>VmZm Amnë`m IoimVë`m gdm}ƒ JwUm§M§ àXe©Z Ho$c§ hmoV§. Ë`mMà_mUo g{MZZo OJ‚moË`m Am°ñQ´>o{c`m g§Km{déÕ IoiVmZm H$mhr A{dñ_aUr` Ioir Ho$ë`m hmoË`m `mMr H$ënZm ñQ>rd dm°cm {ZpíMVnUo Amho. Ë`m_wio Vmo ho dmŠ` {ZpíMVnUo J§^ranUo ~moccm AgUma! "OrVmOmJVm ^maVr` g_«mQ>!' `m eãXmV {~eZqgJ ~oXr, V|Sw>cH$aMr àe§gm H$aVmo. `m nwñVH$mg§~§Yr _r Am°ŠQ>mo~a 2001 _Ü`o Ë`mÀ`mer ~moccmo Voìhm Ë`mZo `m eãXm§Mm AW© _cm {deX H$ê$Z gm§{JVcm, ""1998 _Ü`o emaOmV Am°ñQ´>o{c`m {déÕ Ë`mZo XmoZ {X_mIXma eVH§$ H$mT>cr Am{U AmnU MfH$ nQ>H$mdcm, Voìhm _r ho dmŠ` ~moccmo hmoVmo. Vmo Am°ñQ´>o{c`Z joÌajH$m§Zm Á`m nÕVrZo _¡XmZmda MmarYm_ nidV hmoVm Vo nmhÿZ àË`oH$ ^maVr`mÀ`m S>moù`mM§ nmaU§ dma§dma {\$Q>V hmoV§. _Zmoa§OZmMm Vmo EH$ XO}Xma EodO hmoVm. Ag§ _Zmoa§OZ \$º$ cVm _§JoeH$am§Mr JmUrM H$ê$ eH$VmV. g{MZ hr ^maVr` {H«$Ho$Q>cm cm^cocr X¡dr XoUJr Amho.'' IwÔ {H«$Ho$Q>À`m g_«mQ>mZo åhUOo ga S>m°Z ~«°S>_Z `m§Zr g{MZÀ`m namH«$_mMo Vm|S>^ê$Z H$m¡VwH$ Ho$c§ Amho. E{àc 2002 _Ü`o doñQ> B§{S>O_Ü`o ~«°S>_Z `m§À`m 29 eVH$m§À`m {dH«$_mn`ªV Ë`m§Mm hm "{H«$Ho$Q>Mm d§eO' ghOJË`m Amcm. nwT>o {S>g|~a 2008 _Ü`o Ë`mZo Ë`mMm Jwê$ gwZrc JmdñH$aÀ`m 34 eVH$mMm {dH«$_ nma H$ê$Z 35 eVHo$ Zm|Xdcr hmoVr. 1996 _Ü`o JmdgH$aZo XyaXe©ZdaÀ`m EH$m _wcmIVrV AmË_{dídmgmZ§ åhQ>c§ ix


hmoV§. ""_mÂ`m A§XmOmà_mUo g{MZZo 40 eVH§$ Ho$cr ZmhrV Am{U 15000 Ymdm§Mm Q>ßnm Amocm§S>cm Zmhr, Va _r d¡`{º$arË`m Ë`mcm Ajae: Ë`mMr H$m°ca nH$Sy>Z Ë`mMm Om~ {dMmaUma Amho!'' Á`mdoir ho nwñVH$ àog_Ü`o nmohmoMco Voìhm Ë`mMr eVHo$ 42 da Va Ymdm 12773 da nmohMë`m hmoË`m; AWm©V Ë`mZo EH${Xdgr` gm_Ý`mV PiH$dcocr 45 eVHo$ Am{U 17178 Ymdm `m doJù`m. 1932 _Ü`o ^maVr` {H«$Ho$Q> g§Kmcm Am§Vaamï´>r` ñVamda _mÝ`Vm àmá Pmcr. VoìhmnmgyZ `oUmè`m àË`oH$ XeH$mV ^maVr` g§KmVë`m EH$mVar ì`º$sMm àM§S> à^md Ë`m Ë`m XeH$mVë`m EH§$Xa Ioimda nS>cocm Amnë`mcm {XgVmo. 1930 À`m XeH$mVco "Zm`H$' hmoVo gr. Ho$. Zm`Sy>, 40 M§ XeH$ {dO` _MªQ>Zr JmOdc§. 50À`m XeH$mV {dZy _§H$S> `m Aï>n¡cy IoimSy>Zo H$_mc Ho$cr, 60 _Ü`o Amnë`m YyV©nUm_wio Am{U MVwamB©Zo Z~m~ nVm¡S>rZo ^maVr` {H«$Ho$Q>À`m _mnX§S>m_Ü`o Am_ycmJ« ~Xc KS>dco. 70 À`m XeH$mV gwZrc JmdgH$aZo AMmQ> namH«$_ Ho$co, Va 80 _Ü`o gJim ^maV "H${nc'_` Pmcm hmoVm. d`mÀ`m Ad¿`m 16ì`m dfu 1989 _Ü`o g{MZZo g§KmV nXmn©U Ho$c§. Hw$_ma AdñWm g§non`ªV Ë`mZo 5 eVH$m§g{hV H$gmoQ>r OrdZmVcm 1000 Ymdm§Mm n{hcm Q>ßnm crc`m Amocm§S>cm hmoVm. EH$m _Ü`_dJu` Hw$Qw>§~mVcm _wcJm Ho$di Xhm dfmªV OmJ{VH$ ñVamda _mÝ`Vm {_i{dVmo Am{U OJà{gÕ hmoVmo, Agm {df` KoD$Z EImXr H$mën{ZH$ H$Wm H$moUr {c{hcr AgVr Va Vr \$maer H$moUr dmMcrhr ZgVr. Zo_H$s hrM Jmoï> Ë`mÀ`mnmgyZ àoaUm {_idUmar R>aVo. ""Vy g{MZ V|Sw>cH$a AgÊ`mMo H$moUVo \$m`Xo AmhoV?'' EH$m _wcmIVrV Ë`mcm {dMmaÊ`mV Amc§. (ñnmoQ>©²g dëS>© _o, 1995) ""cmoH$m§er göX`VoZ§ dmJmd§, Ë`m§À`mer AmnconUmZ§ ~mocmd§ Am{U _moR>çm§Zm _mZ Úmdm Ag§ _cm dmQ>V§. _r Or H$mhr (WmoS>r \$ma) à{gÕr {_idcr Amho Ë`m~Ôc cmoH$m§_YyZ H$mhr Img dmJUyH$ _cm {_iÊ`mMr Anojm _r H$YrM ~miJcr Zmhr. H$maU _cm BVH§$M H$iV§ H$s Vwåhr H$moUrhr _moR>§ Agm, g§ñH$mam§Mo {Z`_ Vwåhmcm nmim`cmM hdoV!'' `m _mUgmÀ`m Am`wî`mMo ho gma Amho. hr "Ë`mMr' H$Wm Amho.

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AZwdmX H$aVmZm Ooð> nÌH$ma Am{U {H«$Ho$Q> `m {df`mMo JmT>o Aä`mgH$ lr. Jwcw BPrHo$c `m§Zr {c[hcoco g{MZMo ho M[aÌ åhUOo EH$ AË`§V dmMZr` Am{U _m{hVrZo R>mgyZ ^acocm Agm EH$ emZXma EodO Amho. gXa nwñVH$ _amR>r_Ü`o AmUÊ`mV _wŠVm npãcqeJ hmD$gÀ`m {dO`m nmQ>rc `m§Mm _mocmMm hmV^ma cmJcm ho _r _mP§ ^m½` g_PVmo. Q>rìhrM§ ~Q>U gwê$ H$aUo Am{U {H«$Ho$Q>Mm gm_Zm nmhmUo, Mm¡H$ma-fQ>H$mam§da AmZ§{XV hmoUo, {dHo$Q> nS>cr H$s Jßn amhmUo BVH§$M {H«$Ho$Q> gd©gm_mÝ` {H«$Ho$Q> a{gH$m§Zm _m{hVr AgV§. nU àË`j {H«$Ho$Q> H$g§ AgV§, IoimSy>§À`m {dH«$_m§Mr AmH$S>odmar H$em nÕVrZo _m§S>cr OmVo, {dH«$_ åhUOo H$m` `mM§ ~marH$gmarH$ kmZ `m nwñVH$m§VyZ dmMH$m§Zm hmoB©c `m~Ôc _mPr ImÌr Amho. g{MZ åhUOo {H«$Ho$Q> OJVmVcm gy`© Amho! Ë`mÀ`mgmaIm \$c§XmO H$Yr Pmcm Zmhr Am{U nwT>o hmoB©c Ago dmQ>V Zmhr. g{MZ V|Sw>cH$a ZmdmMm _amR>r _mUyg BVHo$ {dH«$_ H$aVmo, H$s {H«$Ho$Q>Mr n§T>ar _mZcoë`m B§½c§S> Am{U Am°ñQ´>o{c`mVco AZoH$ Zm_d§V IoimSy> Ë`mMo _Z_moH$ionUmZo H$m¡VwH$ H$aVmZm {XgVmV. hr gÀÀ`m _amR>r _mUgmgmR>r O~aXñV Aer A{^_mZmMr Jmoï> Amho `mV e§H$m Zmhr. ""g{MZ Vy Mm¡H$ma, fQ>H$ma _maë`mda Am_À`m S>moù`mMo nmaUo {\$Q>VoM {\$Q>Vo nU... Vy ^a^¸$_ 150 Ymdm H$ê$Z Vwcm ~mX H$aÊ`mV `e {_i{dUmam à{VñnYu g§K... Vy OUy eyÝ`mda ~mX Pmcm Amhog Aem nÕVrZo {MËH$maVmo, AmZ§XmZo ~o^mZ hmoVmo Voìhm Am_À`m S>moù`mV Aly `oVmV, nU Am_Mo D$a A{^_mZmZo ^ê$Z Amcoco AgVo...''

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d`mÀ`m 15ì`m dfu Ë`mZo nXmn©UmÀ`m àW_dJ© gm_Ý`mVM eVH$ PiH$dc§ Am{U d`mÀ`m Ad¿`m 17ì`m dfu H$gmoQ>r gm_Ý`mVë`m EH$ hOma Ymdm§Mm Q>ßnm Ë`mZo nma Ho$cm hmoVm. nU Ë`mcm {H«$Ho$Q>M§ ~miH$Sy> nmOVmZm Ë`mÀ`m Am`wî`mVcr n{hcr Jmoc§XmO hmoVr Ë`mMr AmOr cú_r~mB© KrOo. AS>rM dfm©À`m g{MZcm cú_r~mB© M|Sy> Q>mH$V Am{U g{MZ YwU§ dmiV Kmcm`À`m H$mR>rZo Vmo VS>H$mdV Ago. ""Amåhr Jƒrda IoiV Agy.'' "X drH$'cm {Xcoë`m _wcmIVrV (29 Zmoìh|~a 1998) 68 dfmªÀ`m cú_r~mB© gm§JV hmoË`m- ""Am`wî`mV Ë`mZo n{hë`m§Xm _mÂ`m Jmoc§XmOrcm Vm|S> {Xc§.'' d`mÀ`m 11ì`m dfmªn`©V cú_r~mB©M Ë`mMm gm§^mi H$arV hmoË`m. Ë`m doir Vo nyd© ~m§Ð`mV "gm{hË` ghdmg' `m coIH$-H$dr _§S>irÀ`m H$m°cZrV ahmV AgV. Ë`mMo dS>rc àmÜ`mnH$ a_oe V|Sw>cH$a _w§~B©Vë`m H$rVu H$m°coOmV _amR>rMo àmÜ`mnH$, Va AmB© aOZr ^maVr` OrdZ ~r_m {ZJ_ BWo ZmoH$arcm. 24 E{àc 1973 amoOr g{MZMm OÝ_ Pmcm. A{OV, {ZVrZ Am{U ~hrU g{dVm hr Ë`mMr VrZ gmdÌ ^md§S>§. Ë`m§Mo AmOmo~m à»`mV g§JrVH$ma g{MZXod ~_©Z `m§Mo "\°$Z' hmoVo. Ë`m_wio Ë`m§Zr KamV A{OVZ§Va 11 dfmªZr OÝ_mcm Amcoë`m `m ~mimM§ Zmd "g{MZ' R>odc§. g{MZcm VrZ Jmoï>tZr doS> cmdc`. {H«$Ho$Q> Am{U Ë`mM§ Ka `m ì`{V[aº$ g{MZXm§Mr JmUr Ë`mcm \$ma AmdS>VmV. {ZVrZ, g{dVm Am{U A[OV hr VrZ a_oe V|Sw>cH$am§À`m àW_ nËZrMr _wc§. Ë`m§M§ {ZYZ Pmc§ Voìhm hr {VÝhr _wc§ AJXr chmZ hmoVr. Ë`m§Mm gm§^mi H$aÊ`mgmR>r AZoH$ {R>H$mUÀ`m A{c{IV àWoà_mUo Ë`m§Zr Amnë`mM àW_nËZrÀ`m YmH$Q>çm ~{hUrer {ddmh Ho$cm. dmñV{dH$ ho Hw$Qw>§~ IoimÀ`m àm§VmV \$mag§ ZìhV§. dS>rc a_oe V|Sw>cH$a _w§~B© {dÚmnrR>mV "~rE' Am{U "E_E' À`m narjoVco "JmoëS> _oS>°{cñQ>'! gmh{OH$M Ë`m§Mm AmoT>m _amR>r gm{hË`/H${dVm `m§À`mH$S>o. {ZVrZ gwédmVrcm WmoS>m\$ma {H«$Ho$Q> Ioicm nU Z§Va Ë`mZo d[S>cm§à_mUo dmL²>_`mV ag KoVcm. A{OVZo _mÌ WmoS>§ J§^ranUo {H«$Ho$Q>H$S>o nm{hc§. Ë`mZ§ emioÀ`m g§KmM§ H$ámZnX ^yfdc§, _hm{dÚmc`rZ {H«$Ho$Q> ñnY}V Ioicm. {edm` H$mhr Šc~H$Sy hr VmoN>moH{Z`{_VnUo IoiV Ago. XmoKohr AmO1 ~å~B©>ZH$m $am


"EAa B§{S>`m' _Ü`o ZmoH$ar H$aVmV. {ZVrZ âcmB©Q> ng©a Amho Va A{OV AmajU {d^mJmV H$m_ H$aVmo. 1970 Am{U 80 À`m Xaå`mZ {H«$Ho$Q> Am{U àm_w»`mZo qd~ëS>Z ñnYm© XyaXe©ZÛmao KamKamV nmohMë`m. Am§Vaamï´>r` XOm©Mo àË`j gwê$ Agcoco gm_Zo, OmJ{VH$ H$rVuMo IoimSy> `m§À`m Xe©ZmgmR>r Amgwgcoë`m ^maVr`m§À`m Ñï>rZo Vr EH$ nd©UrM hmoVr. Á`m dfu g{MZ OÝ_mcm Amcm Ë`mM dfu {H«$Ho$Q>doS>çm _w§~B©H$am§Zm Q>rìhrÀ`m nS>Úmda àË`j H$gmoQ>r gm_Zm nmhÊ`mM§ ^m½` cm^c§. Q>moZr cwB©gÀ`m ZoV¥ËdmImcr ^maVmV Amcoë`m B§p½be g§Km~amo~aMr (E_grgr) Vr eodQ>Mr Am{U nmMdr H$gmoQ>r hmoVr Am{U d¡{eîQ>ç åhUOo hm H$gmoQ>r gm_Zm ~«o~m°Z© ñQ>o[S>`_À`m Am`wî`mVcm eodQ>Mm gm_Zm hmoVm. nwT>o XhmM dfmªZr AmnU "{dídMfH$' qOH$cm. XmoZXm {dídMfH$ KoVcoë`m doñQ> B§{S>Ocm Yyi MmaVmZm A»Im Xoe Ë`m N>moQ>çm nS>Úmda àË`j nmhV hmoVm. hm XoXrß`_mZ {dO` ^maVmÀ`m nXamV nS>Ê`mnydu XmoZ _{hZo AJmoXa g{MZZo d`mMr Xhm df} Amocm§S>cr hmoVr. ^maVmÀ`m {H«$Ho$Q> na§naoV AmnUhr H$mhr H$V¥©Ëd JmOdyZ _mocmMr ^a Q>mH$mdr `m ^mdZoZo àÁd[cV Pmcoë`m Zì`m {nT>rÀ`m _ZmV \w$Q>coë`m A§Hw$amVcm Vmo EH$ N>moQ>m A§Hw$a hmoVm! g{MZÀ`m ~mcnUrÀ`m {_Ìm§À`m gm§JÊ`mZwgma ~mcd`mV Vmo EH$ A[V Midù`m _wcJm hmoVm. EH$sH$S>o Vmo Iyn X§JoImoa, ImoS>H$a Va XwgarH$S>o AVr g§doXZj_, Ag§ Vo EH$ A^mdmZoM AmT>iUma§ "{_lU' hmoV§! AWm©V Ë`m_wioM ~amo~arÀ`m _wcm§_Ü`o Ë`mM§ doJionU CRy>Z {Xgm`M§. BVŠ`m chmZ d`mVXoIrc H$mhr {_Ìm§~m~V Ë`mcm dmQ>Umar AZwH§$nm Am{U Ë`m§Zm gX¡d gmWg§JV H$aÊ`mMr d¥Îmr (Or AmOhr VerM {Q>Hy$Z Amho) ghO {XgyZ `m`Mr. Ë`mMr AmR>dU gm§JVmZm cú_r~mB© åhUVmV""emioVyZ Amë`mda [OÝ`mda C^m amhÿZM Vmo AË`§V H$V©ì`~wÕrZo XyY KoB©. Ë`m doir Ë`mMm Img XmoñV a_oecmXoIrc Vmo XwYmMm ½cmg XoB©. Vmo IoiV AgVmZmM Ë`mcm _cm OodU ^admd§ cmJo.'' 1988 _Yë`m EH$m _wcmIVrV cú_r~mBªZr ho gm§{JVc§ hmoV§. OodVmZmXoIrc Vmo XmoZ VmQ>§ KoD$Z ~go. EH$ ñdV:gmR>r Va Xwga§ a_oegmR>r. a_oe EH$m ñWm{ZH$ dm°M_ZMm _wcJm hmoVm Am{U g{MZMm c§JmoQ>r`ma hmoVm. AmO a_oe hm g{MZ Am{U A{OVMm d¡`{º$H$ ghm`H$ Amho. "gm{hË` ghdmg' `m {Zdmgr g§Hw$cmV EHy$U 11 B_maVr hmoË`m. (V|Sw>cH$a Á`m B_maVrÀ`m ^mJmV amhVmV Ë`mM§ Zmd Amho "Cf:H$mc'. AmO A{OV Amnë`m AmB©~amo~a {VWo amhVmo`) Am{U _w§~B©gma»`m "_oQ´>mo' ehamÀ`m _mZmZ§ `m g§Hw$cmH$S>o àM§S> _moR>§ åhUOo 30 `mS>© cm§~r Am{U VodT>çmM§ é§XrM§ IoimM§ _¡XmZ hmoV§. gmh{OH$M 2

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`m _¡XmZmM§ dma§ g{MZ Am{U Ë`mÀ`m {_Ìm§À`m H$mZmV {eaU§ An[ahm`© hmoV§. A{OVÀ`m AmR>dUrZwgma g{MZ chmZnUr IynM AñdñW Am{U gmVË`mZo BH$S>o {VH$S>o niV amhmUmam Agm _wcJm hmoVm. {edm` Ë`mcm _¡XmZr IoimMr JmoS>r IynM chmZd`mV cmJcr. g{MZÀ`m ~mcnUmV Ë`mMo _mZoda éiUmao Hw$aio Ho$g Am{U Ë`mÀ`mVcm CËgmhmZo gigiUmam IoimSy> `mM§ Xe©Z Ë`mÀ`m "\$moQ>moV' XoIrc ghO hmoD$ eH$V§. Ë`mÀ`m~amo~a ~mcdmS>r_Ü`o {eH$Umao Ë`mMo gd§JS>r åhUOo A{dZme JmodmarH$a (gÜ`m N>m`m{MÌH$ma Amho.), gw{Zc hf} (H§$ÌmQ>Xma) Am{U A{Zc amZS>o (_w§~B© g§KmH$Sy>Z IoiUmam aUOr {H«$Ho$Q>nQy>). g{MZMr VmH$X Am{U Ë`mcm AmdS>Umar _mam_mar/YmonQ>mYmonQ>r `m gJù`m {_Ìm§À`m n¸$s ñ_aUmV Amho. gmogm`Q>r_Ü`o ZdrZ _wcJm amhm`cm Amcm H$s g{MZ VËnaVoZ§ Ë`mcm AmìhmZ Úm`MmM. AJXr H$_r doim Vmo Aem "cT>m`m§' _Ü`o hmacm Amho. "~mcdmS>rV _r Ë`mcm nm{hc§, Voìhm Ë`mÀ`m cm§~ Hw$aù`m Ho$gm§_wio Amåhr Ë`mcm àW_ _wcJrM g_Ocmo. nU Z§Va cjmV Amc§ H$s Vmo \$º$ _wcJmM Zmhr Va AË`§V VmH$XdmZ Agm N>moH$am Amho.' AmD$Q>cyH$er ~mocVmZm amZS>o gm§JV hmoVm. (Mma OmZodmar 1999 Mm A§H$) g{MZ Xwgè`m B`ÎmoV nmohMon`ªV Ho$di ghm dfª d`mÀ`m _wcmcm H$YrM eŠ` hmoUma Zmhr Aer AMmQ> H¥$Ë`o Ë`mÀ`m Zmdmda O_m hmoVr. Ë`mZo Vmon`ªV Ë`mÀ`mnojm XmoZ dfmªZr _moR>m Agcoë`m EH$m _wcmcm "Mmon' {Xcm hmoVm. H$maU ZgVmZm Mma ~wŠŠ`m _maUo hm A{c{IV g§Xoe ~amo~arÀ`m _wcm§Zm gmVË`mZo XoÊ`mMm g{MZMm ~mcnUrMm "àKmV' hmoVm. amZS>o gm§JVmo. nU AZoH$doim Ë`mM§ ào_XoIrc ѽJmoMa ìhm`M§. AWm©V Ë`m H$mimV Ë`mM§ ào_ àmÊ`m§nwaVM _`m©{XV Agm`M§. JmodmarH$aZo WmoS>Š`mV Ë`m§M dU©Z H$aVmZm åhQ>c§`, ""Vmo EH$ AOmU ~mcH$ hmoVm, nU Ë`mM doir doJ Am{U VmH$X `m XmoZ Jmoï>tM§ Ë`mcm ^`mZH$ AmH$f©U hmoV§.'' g{MZMm IoimVcm "{hamo' H$moUVmhr {H«$Ho$Q>nQy> H$YrM ZìhVm Va Vmo hmoVm "Q>o{Zg ñQ>ma' Om°Z _°Ho$Ýamo! 1981 _Ü`o qd~ëS>ZMm A§{V_ gm_Zm `m "X§JoImoa' Q>o{ZgnQy> Am{U gdm©Wm©Zo em§V Aem {H«$`m°Z ~moJ© (ñdrS>re) À`m Xaå`mZ Pmcm, Omo Q>rìhrda gdmªZr nm{hcm. `m gm_Ý`mV ~moJ©Mr nmM dfmªMr qd~ëS>Z {dO`mMr _m{cH$m I§[S>V Pmcr. ^maVmgH$Q> gJi§ OJ ~moJ©À`m {dO`mMr àmW©Zm _ZmnmgyZ H$aV hmoV§. nU g{MZ _°Ho$Ýamoda "{\$Xm' hmoVm. 1981 À`m Om°Z _oH°$ÝamoÀ`m Eo{Vhm{gH$ {dO`mZo Xya ~m§ÐçmVë`m EH$m KamV EH$ chmZ _wcm_Ü`o "{_Zr _°H$' M§ ~rO amodc§. WmoS>Š`mV g{MZM§ Q>o{ZgnQy>_Ü`o ê$nm§Va ìhm`cm gwédmV Pmcr. qd~ëS>ZÀ`m Zì`m M°[ån`ZMo ~å~B© H$m N>moH$am

3


"Q´>oS>_mH©$' Agcocr a°Ho$Q>, _ZJQ>mda a§JrV nÅ>r (h°ÝS> ~°ÝS>) Am{U Hw$aio Ho$g (Vo gmWrcm hmoVoM) Aem doemV ho ê$nm§Va nyU© Pmc§. Ë`mcm Ë`mMo {_Ì "_°H$' `m Q>monUZmdmZo hmH$ _mam`bm bmJm`À`m AmYr H$mhr {XdgM hm doe Ë`mZo n[aYmZ H$am`cm gwê$dmV Ho$cr hmoVr. nU ^maVmÀ`m gwX¡dmZo Ë`mM§ ho Q>o{Zg doS> \$ma H$mi {Q>H$c§ Zmhr. H$maU Ë`m AmYrM g{MZZo "gm{hË` ghdmg' _Yë`m _moR>çm _wcm§Mm EH$ {H«$Ho$Q> g§K V`ma Ho$cm hmoVm. d`mÀ`m 11 ì`m dfmªnmgyZ Ë`mcm {H«$Ho$Q>Mr AmdS> {Z_m©U ìhm`cm cmJcr. XaamoO gH$mir 6 dmOVm Vmo Z MwH$Vm {edmOr nmH©$da à°pŠQ>>gcm hOa Ago. gwaoe Am{U _§Jcm V|Sw>cH$a ho g{MZMo H$mH$m H$mHy$ nmH©$À`m g_moaM amhm`Mo. g{MZ, gH$miMr emim ({edmOr nmH©$À`m AJXr OdiM§ emaXml_ B§p½ce ñHy$c) g§ndyZ H$mH$m§H$S>o Xwnmar Oodm`Mm Am{U WmoS>r {dlm§Vr KoD$Z Xwnmar 3 Vo 7 nwÝhm {edmOr nmH©$da à°pŠQ>ggmR>r Om`Mm. Ioi g§në`mda {H«$Ho$Q>M§ "{H$Q²>' Vmo H$mH$m§À`m Kar R>odm`Mm Am{U Xáa KoD$Z amÌr 8 dmOon`ªV Kar nmohMm`Mm. Z§Va Aä`mg, amÌrM§ OodU AmQ>monyZ WH$cocm g{MZ Pmonr Om`Mm. nU XaamoO nyd© ~m§Ð`mVë`m KamVyZ npíM_ XmXa ^mJmV gH$mir OmUo Am{U amÌr Ë`mM _mJm©Zo naV `oU§ ho Ë`mcm \$ma ÌmgmM§ hmoD$ cmJc§. åhUyZ _J g{MZZo H$mH$m§À`mM Kar amhmd§ hm {dMma nwT>o Amcm Am{U 1988 _Ü`o àW_ XOm©À`m gm_Ý`m§_Ü`o Ë`mMm àdoe hmoB©n`ªV Vmo H$mH$m§H$S>oM am{hcm. g{MZ_Yc§ {H«$Ho$Q>M§ {ZgJ©XÎm H$m¡eë` àW_ A{OVZo hoac§. g{MZ Q>o{Zg_Ü`o _°H°$ÝamoMr ñQ>mBc _mam`Mm. BVa IoimVhr H$moUmH$moUmM§ AZwH$aU H$am`Mm, na§Vw {H«$Ho$Q>_Ü`o _mÌ Ë`mMr ñdV:Mr Aer Img "ñQ>mBc' hmoVr. Ë`m Ioim{df`r Agcocr Ë`mMr Amgº$s Am{U M|Sy>Mm Q>ßnm AmoiIÊ`mMr Ë`mMr A^mdmZoM AmT>iUmar OmU hr A{OVÀ`m àH$fm©Zo cjmV Amcr. Ë`m_wio AmO ^maVr` {H«$Ho$Q>M§ Zìho Va IoimM§ g§nyU© OJ A{OVM§ F$Ur Amho, Ë`mZoM g{MZÀ`m "nmD$cIwUm' AmoiIyZ EH$ Agr_ XOm©Mm {H«$Ho$Q>nQy> OJmg_moa AmUcm. emioVcm _wcJm Vo {H«$Ho$Q>nQy> Vo Am§Vaamï´>r` H$rVuMm _hmZ IoimSy>, hm Omo g{MZMm àdmg H$mhr WmoS>çm H$mcmdYrV Pmcm Amho, Vmo g_OÊ`mgmR>r _w§~B©À`m {H«$Ho$Q> {dídmMm B{Vhmg g_OyZ KoU§ AJË`mM§ R>aV§. _w§~B©Zo {OVHo$ H$gmoQ>r IoimSy> ^maVr` g§Kmcm àXmZ Ho$coV, {VVHo$ IoimSy> ^maVmVë`m Hw$R>ë`mM ehamZo qH$dm amÁ`mZo àXmZ Ho$coco ZmhrV Am{U VrM Jmoï> aUOr MfH$mÀ`m AqOŠ`nXmÀ`m ~m~VrVhr _w§~B©cm cmJy nS>Vo. H$gmoQ>r gm_Ý`m§_Ü`o 10,000 Ymdm§Mm Am{U 34 H$gmoQ>r eVH$m§Mm 4

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{dH«$_ H$aUmam _hm~cmT>ç {H«$Ho$Q>nQy> gwZrc JmdgH$a åhUVmo ""AmO _r `m IoimV {XgVmo `mM§ _hÎdmM§ H$maU åhUOo {H«$Ho$Q>À`m nmiUmKamV åhUOo _w§~B©V _r KS>cmodmT>cmo.'' `mV H$moUVrhr A{Ve`moº$s Zmhr. Ë`mÀ`m åhUÊ`mà_mUo Ë`mcm AmR>dUmao, A{dñ_aUr` gm_Zo ^maV {d. nm{H$ñVmZ, _w§~B© {d. {X„r Am{U XmXa `w{Z`Z {d. {edmOr nmH©$ `m§À`m Xaå`mZ Ioico Joco AmhoV. 1970 À`m _Ü`mZ§Va _w§~B©M§ aUOrdaM§ dM©ñd H$_r hmoD$ cmJc§. 1932 _Ü`o Am§Vaamï´>r` {H«$Ho$Q>_Ü`o ^maVmZ§ nXmn©U Ho$c§ VoìhmnmgyZ àm_w»`mZ§ aUOr_Ü`o IoiUmar H$g~r _§S>ir H$gmoQ>r gm_Ý`mV `m`Mr. nU _w§~B©À`m g§KmV Zmd KoÊ`mgmaIo Vgo H$moUr IoimSy> XoIrc ZìhVo. AWm©V AZoH$ doim _w§~B©Mm g{MZ hm g§nyU© ^maVr` g§KmVcm ~cmT>ç H$gmoQ>r IoimSy> Agm`Mm Am{U hr Jmoï> àË`oH$ _w§~B©H$a H$gmoQ>r a{gH$ _moR>çm A{^_mZmZ§ gm§Jm`Mm. 1970 _Ü`o H$Zm©Q>H$ Am{U {X„rZ§ _w§~B©cm Zm_moha_ Ho$c§. 1958 nmgyZ 1972 n`ªV _w§~B© g§K gVV 15 df] AqOŠ` hmoVm. àW_ XOm©À`m {H«$Ho$Q>_Ü`o _w§~B© g§KmZo AË`§V {X_mIXma nÕVrZ§ gVV 15 dfª Amnc§ dM©ñd JmOdc§ hmoV§. _w§~B© {H$Vr {H«$Ho$Q>doS>r Amho ho g_OyZ ¿`m`M§ Agoc, Va aoëdoV ~gm Am{U A»»`m _w§~B©VyZ EH$ \o$a\$Q>H$m _mam. {IS>H$sVyZ Vwåhr ~mhoa nhmc Va {OWo {VWo Vwåhmcm {H«$Ho$Q>Mm Ioi gwê$ Agcocm {Xgoc. éimOdiÀ`m _moH$ù`m OmJoV, añË`mH$S>oÀ`m Aé§X nÅ>rda åhUOo {OWo {_ioc Ë`m gm§XrH$monè`mV, gJù`m d`mMr _wc§ nhmQ>onmgyZ g§Ü`mH$min`ªV {H«$Ho$Q> IoiVmZm Vwåhmcm {XgVrc. Ë`m§À`m hmVmV à_m{UV nÕVrMr ~°Q> åhUOo H$Xm{MV EImXr \$ir XoIrc Agoc Am{U M|Sy>gÑe Aem àH$maMm Jmoim Ë`mda AmXiV Agoc. OwZo OmUVo Am{U AZw^dr {H«$Ho$Q> nÌH$ma àXrn {dO`H$a _cm EH$Xm åhUmco hmoVo H$s, "{H«$Ho$Q> hr _w§~B©H$am§Mr H$YrM Z e_Umar VhmZ Amho. _cm eŠ` Pmc§ Va _r ^ë`m nhmQ>o CRy>Z ZoQ> à°[ŠQ>gcm OmB©Z, {Xdg^a EImXr _°M IoioZ Am{U g§Ü`mH$mir nmoamQ>moam§Zm {H«$Ho$Q>M§ YS>o XoB©Z.' _w§~B©_Ü`o ~mam _{hZo Mmodrg Vmg gwê$ Agcocr hr ^cr_moR>r {H«$Ho$Q>Mr emim ^maVr` {H«$Ho$Q>À`m Ñï>rZo \$ma _mocmMr R>acocr Amho. gmVË`mZo IoiV am{hë`m_wio Vm§{ÌH$ÑîQ>çm Vr {Z^}i Va AmhoM, nU IoiVmZmXoIrc g_moê$Z M|Sy> KoD$Z YmdV `oUmam Jmoc§XmO hm Amncm d¡ar Amho, `m ^mdZoMr gyú_ N>Q>m XoIrc gd© a{gH$ IoimSy>§À`m _ZmV éOcocr Amho. AmnU IoinÅ>rdê$Z naV Om`Mo Zmhr hr ^mdZm Ë`m_mJo AgVo. `mMm n[aUm_ñdê$n åhUOo _w§~B©_YyZ ~cmT>ç {H«$Ho$Q>nQy>§Mm OÝ_ Pmcm`. {dO` _MªQ>, ê$gr _moXr, nm°cr C_«rJa, Zar H$m°ÝQ´>°ŠQ>a, {dO` _m§OaoH$a, ~å~B© H$m N>moH$am

5


{Xcrn gaXogmB©, A{OV dmS>oH$a, gwZrc JmdñH$a, g§Xrn nmQ>rc, g§O` _m§OaoH$a Am{U gÜ`m {H«$Ho$Q>À`m aUm§JUmV IoiUmao àdrU Am_ao, {dZmoX H$m§~ir d ~cmT>ç IoimSy> g{MZ V|Sw>cH$a hr gJir _w§~B©Mr XoUJr Amho. "Jë\$ Am°\$ H°$å~o' ZmdmÀ`m _w§~B©nmgyZ \$ma cm§~ Zgcoë`m g_wÐ {H$Zmè`mda ^maVmVë`m {H«$Ho$Q> `m IoimMr Zm§Xr Pmcr. {~«{Q>e Icmer Am{U ì`mnmar ~moQ>rVyZ `m {H$Zmè`mda `oV. XodmU-KodmUrgmR>r ~moQ>tMm _w¸$m_ 15 {Xdgm§Mm Ago. `m H$mimV "Q>mB_nmg' gmR>r {H$Zmè`mda Vo {H«$Ho$Q> IoiV. hm Ioi {VWco ñWm{ZH$ ^maVr` Hw$VyhcmZo nmhV. hr gd©gmYmaUnUo B.g. 1721 _Ycr Jmoï> Amho. 1792 _Ü`o E_. gr. gr. Z§VaMm H«$_m§H$ XmoZMm gdm©V OwZm "H$cH$Îmm {H«$Ho$Q> Šc~' (gÜ`m Ë`mM§ Zmd Amho H$mobH$Îmm {H«$Ho$Q> A°ÝS> \w$Q>~m°c Šc~) ñWmnZ Pmcm. Ë`m doir {~«{Q>e B©ñQ> B§{S>`m H§$nZrMm gJim H$ma^ma H$mocH$Ë`mVyZ Mmco. nU Z§Va gJir H§$nZr _w§~B©cm ñWcm§V[aV Pmcr Am{U 1797 _Ü`o _w§~B©H$am§Zr n{hcr _°M nm{hcr. Ë`m doiÀ`m _w§~B© ehamVë`m g§»`oZo H$_r Agcoë`m nmaer g_mOmMo AmnU AmOhr F$Ur AmhmoV. nmaem§Zm Ë`m doir "B§{S>`mO h°å~ëS>m°Z _oZ' (h°å~ëS>m°Z-BWo {H«$Ho$Q> `m IoimMm OÝ_ Pmcm) Ago g§~moYV. ghmì`m eVH$mV n{e©`mVyZ ñWcm§V[aV Pmcoco ho nmaer \$ma YS>mS>rMo hmoVo. Ë`m§Zr CÚmoJ, ì`dgm` Am{U Ioi `m gd©joÌm§_Ü`o {~«{Q>em§~amo~arZo O_ ~gdcm hmoVm. {edm` {~«{Q>em§À`m ~hþVoH$ MmcrarVr Ë`m§Zr AmË_gmV Ho$ë`m hmoË`m Am{U AWm©VM Vo {H«$Ho$Q>hr IoiV. `m nmaer IoimSy>§Zr 1848 _Ü`o "AmoarE§Q>c {H«$Ho$Q> Šc~' hm n{hë`md{hë`m ^maVr` {H«$Ho$Q> Šc~Mr ñWmnZm Ho$cr. ^maVmVyZ àW_M B§½c§S>_Ü`o Omo g§K (1886 _Ü`o) Jocm Ë`mV gJio IoimSy> nmaer hmoVo. EHy$U 28 gm_Ý`m§n¡H$s \$º$ EH$m gm_Ý`mV Ë`m§Zm Oar `e {_imc§ Agc§, Var nwT>À`m Xm¡è`mV _mÌ Ë`m§Mm Ioi cjmV `oÊ`mBVH$m gwYmacm hmoVm. 1890 _Ü`o Or. E\$. ìhZm°Z `m§Mm g§K ^maVmV Amcm hmoVm. nmaer g§KmZo `m g§KmMm Mma JS>r amIyZ nam^d Ho$cm. VoìhmnmgyZ _w§~B©H$am§À`m `m {H«$Ho$Q>doS>mcm gwédmV Pmcr. hm gm_Zm gw_mao 12000 àojH$m§Zr nm{hcm. nwT>o Ë`m§Zr AmUIr XmoZ XUXUrV> {dO` {_idë`mZ§Va 1895 _Ü`o Xa ghm _{hÝ`m§Zr {Z`{_V gm_Zo IoiÊ`mMr na§nam gwê$ Pmcr. _w§~B© n[ajoÌmMm Ë`m H$miMm JìhZ©a, E_grgrMm AÜ`j Am{U B§½c§S> g§KmMm H$gmoQ>r H°$ßQ>Z cm°S>© h°[ag `mZo ^maVr` {H«$Ho$Q>À`m N>moQ>çmem A§Hw$amcm IV nmUr KmVc§ Ag§ åhUV `oB©c. VmoM Ë`m H$mimVë`m {H«$Ho$Q>Mm gd}gdm© hmoVm. AmO _w§~B©V Am§Vaemco` {H«$Ho$Q> ñnYm© hmoVmV - Ë`mM§ Zmd Amho "h°[ag erëS>- B§Q>añHy$c Qw>Zm©_|Q>²g!' d¡{eîQ>ç åhUOo g{MZZo `m h°arg MfH$ ñnY}VM àW_ _moR>m namH«$_ 6

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Sachin  

Interesting events in the life of Living Legend Sachin

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