New Apple kit! iPhone 7 & Watch 2 Issue 305 Autumn 2016 macformat.com @macformat
Uncover the powerful new features of Apple’s latest OS
ciAl! e p s o -t w o h e iv s MAs
g 105 amazing tips for gettin ad iP more from your iPhone &
It’s now du and GPS-enabled!
dust resistance, dual cameras, water and Retina display 256GB storage and all-new
SPEEd UP YOUR MAC
Control Apple TV ne from your iPho mote app
h our power Banish the beach ball wit intenance ma c user’s guide to Ma
Get to know the new Re
iOpener Game-changing tech from the world of Apple and beyond
Podo Banish the selfie stick with this stickable camera When it comes to taking a photo, some shots are just impossible to get. But instead of balancing your camera on a wall or relying on a stranger, try Podo. Itâ€™s a tiny camera that can be stuck to glass, bricks, masonry and wood to help you get the shots your arms could never reach. It comes with a 5MP sensor and 8GB of storage, plus a micro-USB port and LED flash. You can check your shots on your iPhone before you take them, and photos are then synced to your iPhone for safe keeping. And if nothing else, it may just make selfie sticks obsolete! From ÂŁ60 includes Podo camera, charging cable website podolabs.com works with iPhone 5 or higher
Autumn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 3
45%! Turn to page 40
It’s the busiest time of year for Apple and right here at MacFormat, and finally we’ve got the full releases of macOS Sierra and iOS 10 – the latter of which we’re concentrating on in this month’s main feature on page 78. We’ve been exploring the latest iOS for months with every version of the beta, and we can now bring you more than 100 tips to help you get more from your iPhone and iPad. And, of course, if you’re lucky enough to be getting a new iPhone 7 (see page 10) you’ll be all ready to go with this in-depth guide. Our full review after a few weeks of testing will be in next issue, on sale 25 October. We’ve also got the public release of Sierra, so our Apple Skills section this month will get you comfortable with the big changes in Photos and the clever new Optimized Storage feature that helps you to tidy up your files. So, it’s great news for the latest releases and iOS gear, but what if you’ve got some ageing hardware that needs a bit of a boost? Well, it’s a triple bill this month with our speed up your Mac feature (page 30), how to turn an old iPhone into a security system project (page 60), and Luis’s Love Your Mac section (page 73), which looks at revamping a Power Mac G4.
Meet the team
ChrIStIAn hALL EditOr email@example.com
Alan Stonebridge Production Editor Alan spent the last two days of this issue excited over the depth-of-field effects and wider colour gamut of the iPhone 7 Plus’s camera system.
Alex Blake Commissioning Editor Alex’s entry this month was written by a robot, as he’s still reeling from the awesome iPhone 7 Plus announcement and thus unable to type.
Paul Blachford Managing Art Editor Paul felt a little deflated by the latest iPhone and Watch announcements, to the point that he’s going to wait at least one more generation before getting a new iPhone.
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFOrMAt | 5
Issue 305 Autumn 2016 macformat.com
Speed up your MAc Apple CORe 8
Banish the beach ball with our power user’s guide to Mac maintenance
The expected evolution of the Mac keyboard
Discover the new iPhone and Apple Watch
Going deeper into the hot topics of the month
The team’s views on the latest Apple tech
Apple HOMe Apple HOMe
Build the smart home of the future today
THe HOMe App in iOS 10
A crucial piece of Apple’s vision is here at last
HOw TO uSe THe HOMe App
Set up your smart home and control it with Siri
Futuristic lighting panels and other new kit
6 | MACFORMAT | Autumn 2016
l ia ps nt ti se 10 Es S iO
Issue 305 COnTenTS
GeniuS TipS 65
Howard oakley solves your Mac and ioS issues
lus! Apple CHOiCe GeP t 20% off 89
our verdicts on the latest hardware and apps, including a uSB-c monitor for the MacBook
104 STORe Guide Get help with picking your next piece of Apple hardware and the best add-ons to go with it
*IncluDeS PrInT AnD DIGITAl eDITIonS
Apple SkillS 44 48
What’s coming in MF306 on 25 october
Have your say on all things Apple-related
our pick of the best of readers’ photographs
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Autumn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 7
What’s inside 8–9 rUMOUr Word on the grapevine about Apple happenings and its future products
10 shOw rEPOrt All the hot news from Apple’s iPhone 7 and Watch Series 2 event
14 OPiniOn Adam Banks considers the challenges facing Apple in coming years
16 sPlit ViEw The MacFormat team’s views on Apple’s newly announced iPhone 7
Contact us Email your queries and your questions to firstname.lastname@example.org Keep up to date by following us on Twitter @macformat Join the conversation at facebook.com/ macformat
8 | MacFOrMat
Magic Keyboard 2 Apple’s solid-state innovations appear destined for keyboards Apple has introduced several input innovations since the iPhone in 2007, from multitouch capacitive touchscreens to trackpads that seem to click when they don’t move at all. It seems likely some of these technologies will converge in a dynamic input device that will replace your keyboard and better adapt to whatever task is at hand. This device is likely to be an entirely flat surface, and we think it’ll expand on the way the iPhone 7’s Home button has a motor behind it, which vibrates in response to enough pressure. The first step on the path to this full keyboard replacement is likely to be a more modest control strip at the top of Apple’s keyboards, replacing the function keys and showing a mix of status info and controls for the current app or normally shown at the right of the menu bar, and controls for system features. Who would’ve thought the keyboard would be one of the most exciting things to anticipate on your future Mac?
i’ve long admired stuff like the Optimus Maximus keyboard. Apple’s take on the idea is sure to be wild
cOntrOl striP In the short term, we expect Apple to add a control strip like the one that’s rumoured to be coming to the MacBook Pro. That is, an adaptable OLED touchscreen in place of the row of function keys.
Rumour aPPlE cOrE
Best sound for the price
thE POll 2
Light and comfortable
wE asKED… What do the new Apple AirPods need to do to make them worth your cash?
21% Fast wireless connection
nO KEys! Longer term, Apple might follow up on a 2014 patent filing for a ‘force-sensitive input structure’. It depicted this concept as entirely replacing a MacBook’s keyboard, meaning no keys at all – just one gigantic, adaptive control strip in its place. Where the MacBook goes, the Magic Keyboard is likely to follow.
Log on and see next issue’s big question! twitter.com/macformat > facebook.com/macformat
haPtic FEEDBacK Recent trackpads and the iPhone 7’s Home button don’t actually depress; Apple’s Haptic Engine simulates that sensation. We expect it to play a pivotal role in making a keyless ‘keyboard’ appealing to use.
Hot on the heels of the tech giant’s latest moves…
BacKlighting Our pet peeve with the Magic Keyboard is its lack of a backlight, which isn’t helpful if you’ve dimmed overhead lighting to work late at night. Apple faltered in this before with 2010’s MacBook Air, but fixed it in the 2011 model. We expect the Magic Keyboard 2 will do so as well.
Apple has reportedly scaled down its car plans, with dozens of staff moving off the Project Titan team, and choosing to concentrate on in-car software.
caMEra EXclUsiVE Next year’s 4.7-inch iPhone won’t feature the new dual camera, which is said to stay exclusive to the Plus models.
BacK tO thE Mac A disgruntled consumer got a reponse from Tim Cook saying that they should “stay tuned” for new Mac models in 2016.
POlaris insiDE The top-end 2016 MacBook Pro could feature AMD’s Polaris GPU, which would see Apple stick with AMD’s chips.
AutuMn 2016 | MacFOrMat | 9
APPLE CORE Show Report
Hands on with iPhone 7 & iPhone 7 Plus All the new announcements from Apple’s September launch event IMAGES by
GARETH BEAVIS wRITTEN by ALEX BLAKE
hile many of us look forward to Christmas as the season of gift-giving, for Apple fans there’s another time of year for shiny new toys: early September. It’s the most wonderful time of year, when Tim Cook and Jony Ive dispense new iPhones and iPads to the grateful masses, and Phil Schiller makes awkward jokes on stage. Yes, we love Apple’s September launch events,
even if they’re not quite Christmas. Clearly we’ve all been very good this year, because Apple unleashed a whole lot of goodies. Here’s what was under the Christmas tree this time.
iPhone 7 and 7 Plus The new iPhones are the same size as the 6s and 6s Plus, but the camera positions mean you’ll need a new case.
Another year, another Apple event where most of the juiciest details were leaked months in advance. Never mind, because they were good details, so we’re glad they came true. There were cosmetic changes – a new matte Black option, as well as a glossy Jet Black finish (but be sure to use a case with that one to avoid ugly scratch marks and unsightly fingerprints). As expected, the antenna lines have become more integrated into the iPhone body so you get one uninterrupted finish on the back. So far, so pretty. But this wasn’t just a simple aesthetic update for the iPhone – there are some serious changes to the components. We’ll start with
The hidden antennas make for a smoother finish on the back of the iPhone 7.
10 | MACFORMAT | AUTUMN 2016
Show Report APPLE CORE
iPhone 7 > > £599–£799 > 32, 128 or 256GB storage > 4.7-inch Retina HD display > 64-bit A10 Fusion chip > M10 motion coprocessor > 12MP still photos, 4K video > Touch ID
iPhone 7 Plus > > £719–£919 > 32, 128 or 256GB storage > 5.5-inch Retina HD display > 64-bit A10 Fusion chip > M10 motion coprocessor > 12MP still photos and 2x optical zoom, 4K video > Touch ID probably the most infamous of all the prerelease rumours: the headphone jack (or the lack thereof). That’s right, Apple’s going wireless with the iPhone 7. Or, to be more accurate, wireless and Lightning-powered, because a pair of Lightning EarPods are included in the box with every iPhone 7 and 7 Plus. Helpfully, Apple is also including a Lightning to 3.5mm headphone jack adaptor in every box for free – perhaps Tim Cook is getting into the festive spirit early after all. But enough about Lightning, what about wireless? Well, Apple unveiled the AirPods, its own wireless earphones, and they really do look great – see the next page for more information. They aren’t exactly cheap though, and one pair will set you back a cool £159. Of course, now Apple is going down the wireless route, any wired headphones you may own will need to make use of the adaptor Apple provides. If you don’t fancy getting the
Any wired headphones you own will need to use the bundled 3.5mm adaptor
Apple promises “console-level gaming” thanks to the A10 Fusion chip.
AirPods, Apple has also made some changes to its Beats range of audio gear. The W1 wireless chip that drives the AirPods is also coming to Beats in the Solo3 , Powerbeats3 and BeatsX ranges. BeatsX is a new range that’s designed to be light and affordable, according to Apple. They’re ‘wireless’ in the sense that they don’t need to be physically hooked up to your iPhone, but they still feature a cable with an inline remote between the two earphones. If the price of the AirPods is a little galling, you may find the BeatsX to be (slightly) more palatable at £130.
That’s all great, but there’s one thing that got us really excited (perhaps unhealthily so), and that’s the iPhone’s updated camera. In both the iPhone 7 and 7 Plus, the cameras come with optical image stabilisation; it’s not just limited to the Plus model, as it was with the iPhone 6s. There’s a new, wider f/1.8 aperture lens with a 12MP sensor on the rear-facing camera and a 7MP sensor on the front-facing one (for all those pin-sharp selfies you’ll no doubt be taking). There were tons of other camera updates from Apple: the TrueTone flash now has four LEDS and is 50% brighter than on the 6s, and Live Photos now feature image stabilisation and can be used by third-party apps through new editing and capture APIs. Talking of APIs, there’s now a raw image API too – great news for people who like to edit photos on
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 11
APPLE CORE Show Report
Apple’s wireless earphones are a real doozy. They detect when they’re in your ears and automatically play and pause music accordingly, and connect to your Apple device with a single tap. The integrated microphone means Siri comes into play (triggered by a double-tap), which is useful for adjusting the volume since there are no buttons on the AirPods. The buds come with a charging case and the built-in battery lasts five hours at a time.
The AirPods are more than just earphones – they let you make calls and access Siri, too.
their iPhones. Apple also touted the camera’s wide colour gamut, which enables you to take brighter, more vivid photos. All this makes for a camera boost to the 4.7 and 5.5-inch iPhones. But it’s on the 7 Plus model where the camera really stole the show. Once again, the rumours were true – the 7 Plus has a dualcamera setup. One is the same lens as in the regular iPhone 7, but a second lens and 12MP sensor have been added, taking what’s already an amazing camera and making it astounding.
What can you do with it? Well, the second lens is a telephoto lens, which means it introduces 2x optical zoom to the iPhone, as well as 10x digital zoom. That alone is a great new asset to have, but there’s more. Having two cameras grants the 7 Plus a level of depth awareness – take a picture and the camera uses machine learning to scan for faces, then blurs the background behind the subject. This is great for portraits and macro photography, and it looks stunning. Even better, it does all this in real time as you’re lining up a shot, so you can see how it’ll look before snapping away. The results are truly amazing – it was one of our favourite moments from the show. In other areas, the new solid-state Home button is pressure-sensitive and offers haptic feedback, and it can be customised with different functions. The Retina HD display is 25% brighter than the one in the
12 | MACFORMAT | AUTUMN 2016
The AirPods are Apple’s first wireless earbuds for iPhone.
It takes an amazing camera and makes it astounding
iPhone 6s, and there are stereo speakers (at the top and bottom) that are twice the volume of last year’s phones. Oh, and the iPhone 7 is water- and dust-resistant to a rating of IP67. Then there’s the chip, the A10 Fusion. It’s a quad-core processor with two ‘highperformance’ cores (40% faster than the A9) and two ‘efficiency’ cores (which use one-fifth the power of the high-performance cores). The A10 Fusion’s graphics are something to behold as well – it’s 50% faster than the A9 and, in the words of Phil Schiller, brings “console-level gaming” to the iPhone 7. And it allows for better app performance in other ways – Apple pointed to Adobe Lightroom being able to run 90% of its desktop features in the iOS version. Battery life got a little bump too, with the iPhone 7 lasting two hours longer than the 6s, and the 7 Plus an hour more than the 6s Plus.
The 7 Plus comes with a high-performance, dual-cam setup.
Apple touted the iPhone 7’s vivid photos, especially in low light conditions where phone cameras often struggle. macformat.com @macformat
Show Report APPLE CORE
A second series for Watch After a popular first run, the watch is back for more he Apple Watch was always known to be the best-selling smartwatch, but quite how well it was doing against more traditional timepieces surprised even us. Apple sold so many Watches that it was the second-highest selling watch brand in the world in 2015, second only to Rolex. And the Watch was only on sale for eight months of the year – not bad for what many deem a flop. It was so good that Apple has brought it back for a second run: Apple Watch Series 2. Undoubtedly the biggest selling point this time around is that Series 2 is water-resistant to a depth of 50 metres. You can take it for a swim and get accurate performance info right from your wrist, making it useful to a whole new batch of health enthusiasts. Apple revealed Series 2 has a built-in algorithm to calculate calorie burn while swimming, plus laps, stroke efficiency, distance and more.
Apple also seems to have listened to Watch fans who lamented the lack of GPS in the original model – it’s here in Series 2. That means there’s no need to take your iPhone with you if you want to keep track of the route you took on a hike, how fast you were on a run, or the distance you went on an evening stroll. At the end of your excursion, the Watch will bring up a colour-coded map to show your speed at each point. Although it wasn’t mentioned during the show, Apple updated its range of Watch straps. As well as new colours and styles for the Hermès straps, there are four new Sport Bands, five new colours for the Woven Nylon strap, and a new Sea Blue colour for the Classic Buckle. However, while Apple refreshed colour options for some Watch straps, it also reduced the number of options for some kinds.
Ceramic Edition with d up h e m a t te a Wa c rs. e e e has Appl to releas ly at runn r in Nike d square n Octobe aime vailable i ys. It’s a colourwa four
The Apple Watch Nike+ is aimed at getting you out of the house and out onto the track
Gone is the gold Edition version of the Watch – you can’t buy it from Apple any more. Instead, there’s a new ceramic Edition, which comes in a white finish. It’s four times harder than stainless steel, according to Apple, so should be well equipped to resist bumps and scuffs.
For fitness fanatics, the Apple Watch Nike+ is like a beefed-up Apple Watch Sport, and does just about everything in its power to get you motivated for fitness. One of its main features is a tie-in with Nike Run Club, which encourages you to join up with other runners in your area. If you want to race against friends rather than with them, the Nike+ will prompt you to beat their score on a runners’ leaderboard. You can also schedule runs and the Nike+ will remind you of them in advance. The whole device is aimed at getting you out of the house and onto the track.
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 13
APPLE CORE Opinion
ADAM BANKS… gOing deeper thAn A fOrce click with musings On the wOrld Of Apple There’s no doubt Tim Cook is a different kind of boss than Steve Jobs. But Apple’s fortunes may now depend on what is outside of it, not inside. It’s five years since Steve Jobs, the most legendary figure in the history of mass-market electronics, left his globally dominant company in the hands of Tim Cook, who, after a decade patiently refining its manufacturing supply chain, was known to almost everyone as ‘Tim who?’ Back in 2011, nobody was sure if the man described by Fortune as an “operations whiz” and by Jobs as “not a product person” could establish himself as a true leader. Today, it’s clear that he has; less by being an operations whiz – although Apple’s manufacturing capability remains the envy of its rivals, not least Samsung ‘Whoops Your Battery Exploded’ Electronics Co Ltd – and more by not being a product person. Jobs was all about shipping. His genius was to inspire the making and marketing of superior things. Corporate social responsibility – doing good works, upholding values, paying tax – never interested him; why should a company ‘give back’, when it was already giving people faster Macs, slimmer phones, and cleverer software? Cook has revealed a different outlook. Perhaps dramatic new products haven’t materialised under his stewardship (the Apple Watch never looked like it would be a game changer of iPhone or iPad proportions), but greater commitment to the environment and overseas workers’ rights did. Apple became an avowed defender of LGBT rights, and it stood up against the surveillance state. And then the EU ordered Ireland to reclaim €13bn in tax, and suddenly Cook sounded more like a Silicon Valley libertarian castigating the misguided forces of socialism. Was Nice Tim just a veneer after all?
Nobody was sure if Tim Cook could establish himself as a true leader
14 | MACFORMAT | Autumn 2016
To an extent, of course, yes. Apple may look too rich to worry about money, but that’s not how capitalism works. Just as Jobs learned the harsh necessity of keeping the lights on during his scrabble to establish NeXT, Cook has been sufficiently bruised by activist shareholders to be in no doubt where his duty lies. But there’s one crucial factor in the tax ruling that epitomises the shift between eras: it was entirely outside Apple’s control. When Jobs returned in 1996, we wondered what he would do. Today, with that decade’s seemingly endless boom a bitter memory, as big a question about Apple is what will be done to it. A weak global recovery is struggling to take hold. America, split by the most chaotic electoral cycle in its recent history, is in turmoil. The smartphone market is near its peak; demand for computers has declined. Wearables, VR, autonomous vehicles and the Internet of Things are the new areas of exponential growth… but not quite yet. The first thing Cook told his colleagues on accepting the CEO role, six weeks before Jobs’ death, was that “Apple is not going to change”. He was wrong: everything changed. In the next five years, Apple needs to look outwards, to a world where nothing is the same.
ABOUT ADAM BANKS Adam is Apple to the core, having reported on the world of Macs since the 1990s. As a writer, designer, art director and print production contractor, he divides his time between the Northern Powerhouse and the Creative Cloud.
APPLE CORE Split View
APPLE IN QUOTES OM MALik om.co
â€œThe iPhone 7 Plus drives a stake through the heart of theseâ€Ś devices.â€? Gigaom founder says DSLRsâ€™ mass-market appeal is under threat
The MacFormat team debates the hot Apple issues of the day, using their iPhones of course!
â€œWhAT dO yOu Think OF ThE iPhOnE 7?â€? Christian saysâ€Ś
Alex and Christian both love the Plusâ€™s new dual cameras.
â€œYouâ€™ve got to do it at some point. Sooner or later the headphone jack is going away.â€?
45%! Turn to page 40
Alex saysâ€Ś I was wowed by the 7 Plus. The camera looks stunning, especially the depth-of-field effects.
Yep, the dual lenses look like they produce amazing images . Iâ€™ve used a DSLR for years so canâ€™t wait to compare
I still have an issue with the Plus size-wise for me Iâ€™ll be getting iPhone 7 regular.
The switch to wireless had to be made, says Schiller
I actually donâ€™t mind it. The price is much more of an issue for me â€“ ÂŁ919 for the top-end 7 Plus is just too much
JOhn TERnus apple.com
â€œItâ€™s unbelieveable to me still how much stuff we were able to cram in thereâ€Ś There is no wasted space.â€?
Ouch! Yes, pricing all round is a bit of bummer for us Brits! In fact, did you see some other Apple products, such as the 9.7-inch iPad Pro, have actually gone up in price?
VP of audio engineering sings the praises of the new wireless AirPods
Yes I did. Itâ€™s even more galling considering the US prices actually dropped! Guess Iâ€™ll have to stick with my iPad 3 for a little longer!
To top it all off, the AirPods đ&#x;Ž§đ&#x;Ž§ are ÂŁ159 in the USâ€Ś and ÂŁ159 here. Grrr!!!
â€œSoon both amateur and professional photographers will only need to carry their mobile devices.â€?
nExT issuE What was your biggest surprise in Sierra?
Shutterstock founder says iPhone 7 Plus dual camera will change photography
16 | MACFORMAT | AUTUMN 2016
â€œWhat are you doing laterâ€? tap to edit
Just gazing out my window and penning some haikus.
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hOW TO ENTER... 18 | MACFORMAT | AuTuMn 2016
Each bundle also includes a 13-inch Blazer MacBook sleeve to keep your laptop well padded wherever you take it, and a Dux hardshell case for the 13-inch MacBook Air. With those two protective parcels you’ll never have to worry about your prized Apple laptop picking up scuffs and dents. The final piece in the bundle is a stylish Atlas case for the 12.9-inch iPad Pro. This protective fabric case comes in three colours – charcoal, denim and red – and even has a clip holder for your Apple Pencil. It’s perfect for taking your iPad Pro out and about with you.
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What’s inside 20–23 the home app in ioS 10 See how much better your smart home is with Apple’s latest software
24–25 tUtoRiaL Set up your HomeKit devices and coordinate them by making a scene
26–27 home GaDGetS Essential kit to elevate your abode from ‘home’ to ‘smart home’
The smart home is here – live the Apple dream today!
iOS 10 is a major update for your iPhone and iPad, and it comes with exciting new features to make more of your smart home egular readers of these pages will be familiar with HomeKit, the centrepiece of Apple’s plans for home automation. It’s a piece of software built into Apple’s mobile operating system, iOS, that allows products from different manufacturers to work together, perhaps turning on a thermostat such as Elgato’s Eve Thermo when you leave work, and turning on your Philips Hue lights when
the Eve Door & Window sensor detects you enter your home after sunset. HomeKit got off to a fairly slow start until Apple unveiled iOS 10 at WWDC in June. There it showed off the brand-new Home app that’s included with it, and which makes it much easier to get all your different devices working together. Now’s the ideal time to check out the latest HomeKit devices, and uncover Apple’s plans for home automation. HomeKit devices are controllable from iOS and your Apple Watch.
Email your queries and your questions to email@example.com Keep up to date by following us on Twitter @macformat Join the conversation at facebook.com/ macformat Get the latest subscription offers at macformat.com
AUtUMN 2016 | maCfoRmat | 19
appLe home iOS 10’s Home app
Getting started with
app in iOS 10 It’s taken a while, but iOS 10 gives HomeKit a much needed boost, in part thanks to a brand new app What devices can I control? When HomeKit debuted with iOS 8, it could control locks, thermostats, lights, door and window sensors, and power outlets. iOS 10 adds five new device types, including air purifiers, air conditioners and humidifiers. Key are cameras and doorbells, which give Apple a foot in the door of the home security market.
e’ve seen some amazing gadgets and devices in Apple Home in recent months, from colour-changing lighting and musical fridges to more practical heating and healthcare products. All of them can be controlled from an iOS app, but things start to get complicated as you add more and more devices to your home. When you leave for work each morning, you might want to turn off your lights and heating and turn on your security camera. Switching between apps to do all that could take so long that it’d be quicker to do things the old-fashioned way: by hand.
Apple designed HomeKit to solve that problem by allowing devices from different manufacturers to work together. So instead of using three different apps to control your lights, heating and security camera, you can use HomeKit to link your devices together and control them all with a single command. That’s a great idea, but when HomeKit launched back in 2014 it was buried in the depths of iOS, and was simply ignored by most makers of home automation devices. Thankfully, iOS 10 raises HomeKit’s profile, and provides major new features to help get the ball rolling for your smart home.
Coming home Important technical changes to HomeKit in iOS 10 allow it to work with a wider range of devices. We were surprised to find HomeKit didn’t originally work with security cameras, so the addition of this in iOS 10 will help open up the large and important home security market for Apple. Withings and Canary have told us they plan to add HomeKit support to their existing cameras, while D-Link is planning a new one for later this year. Home is available on iPad as well as iPhone, so you can easily check on and control things around your above as you work or relax.
20 | maCfoRmat | AUtUMN OCtObEr2016 2016
iFactsâ€Ś $21.6bn The forecast global value of the home automation market in 2020. (Transparency Market Research)
75% The proportion of people who list energy savings as the main use for home automation. (Yale Smart Living)
5% The percentage of homes in the US and Europe currently making use of smart technology. (PwC)
the Home app means you no longer have to switch between apps to control all your HomeKit devices
2040 The year when most UK homes will be fully automated. (Yale Smart Living)
iOS 10â€™s Home app can use GPS-based geofencing to create zones around your home that act as triggers for your HomeKit devices. A typical use is to turn off lights and heating if you leave the 100-metre perimeter around your home.
AUtUMN 2016 | maCfoRmat | 21
appLe home iOS 10’s Home app
integration with Control Centre puts Home just a swipe away, even if your iOS device is locked
What’s compatible? Most devices provide their own app for the iPhone or iPad, but manufacturers still have to modify their devices in order to work with HomeKit. Keep watch for the official ‘Works with Apple HomeKit’ badge on any new device you buy.
Is it possible to share control with other people? When you set up the Home app on your iPhone or iPad, you’re designated as your home’s administrator. You have the ability to invite family members and other people to share control of your HomeKit devices. However, Apple’s security measures mean you can only invite people who have their own iCloud account.
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The biggest change in iOS 10 is that HomeKit is supported by an official app. Simply called Home, It’s bundled with iOS, which should encourage more companies to support HomeKit – Apple has named several that have products planned. Security products are an important type, and in addition to the various cameras that we’ve mentioned, there are products such as August’s Smart Lock that work with HomeKit. August’s Video Doorbell Cam shows who’s at your door, even when you’re away from home, so you can open the door for a delivery or to help out a family member who has forgotten their keys. August’s range is available from Amazon UK, but its products are primarily
designed for US deadbolt locks and fittings, so check to see if they’re suitable for your home before ordering.
Light it up! Another key application of home automation is managing your energy bills. Lighting is one area where HomeKit has always done well, with the popular Philips Hue range and Nanoleaf’s eye-catching Smarter lights among the first products to support HomeKit. For many homes, though, heating is the biggest energy bill, and though there are several smart thermostats available in the UK, few so far support HomeKit. However, since iOS 10 was announced, British Gas has been working to add HomeKit to its Hive thermostat, along with Honeywell and its Lyric range of heating products. We’ve also seen a HomeKit version of the Netatmo Thermostat for sale on Apple’s online store, though, oddly, Netatmo didn’t want to talk to us
Rather than touch your iOS device, you can tell Siri to do things like set a light to exactly 50% brightness.
iOS 10’s Home app appLe home
fiVe of the beSt the best gadgets for starting to build your smart home
Elgato Eve Door & Window £31
Hive Active Heating £249
Nanoleaf Smart Ivy £80
Philips Hue White Ambiance £100
Withings Home £170
> This little sensor is an affordable way to keep an eye on your doors and windows. It works with Home, and can warn you whenever a door or window is opened, but you’ll need an Apple TV for remote control when you’re away from home.
> There are several smart thermostats that provide their own iOS app, but few currently work with Home too. Hive (owned by British Gas) is still working on its HomeKit update, but meanwhile it’s still one of the best UK smart thermostats.
> The black light bulbs in Nanoleaf’s Smart Ivy kit look a bit odd. However, they work well and are currently Philips’ only real rival when it comes to HomeKit support. The Ivy Smarter Kit includes two bulbs and a hub for your router for just £80.
> The popular Philips Hue range includes various types of smart lights and bulbs, but the new White Ambiance Starter Kit is a good place to start. It includes two bulbs, a dimmer switch, and a Hue Bridge to provide HomeKit compatibility.
> The popular Withings Home security camera should get its HomeKit update before Christmas. It has an HD camera and a microphone for motion and noise detection. You can store video online for 48 hours; storing longer requires a subscription.
about it. Unfortunately, one of the biggest names in this field is unlikely to support HomeKit at all, as the popular Favourite accessories and Nest Thermostat is owned by scenes appear in Home and Google, which is focused on in Control Centre as well. its own Weave technology. Some US property developers plan to build HomeKit in to new homes, providing control of lights, heating and even garage doors from the moment buyers move in.
Home and away There’s more to HomeKit than just the Home app. Siri is an important part of Apple’s plans for it, enabling you to control your devices using voice commands. Siri is pretty intelligent too – as well as simply turning a light on or off, you can issue specific commands such as “dim the lounge light to 50%”, or tell
Home provides essential controls for devices. Tap Details to find a link to a piece of kit’s own app, which can offer even more.
your thermostat to “set the temperature to 15 degrees”. Your HomeKit devices appear in iOS 10’s Control Centre, so you can quickly adjust their settings. There’s a Home app on Apple Watch too, for control of your devices without picking up your iPhone. Even Apple TV gets a look-in, as the third- and fourthgeneration models can be used to remotely control your HomeKit devices over the internet. Sadly, the Mac isn’t yet part of HomeKit at all. We’ve also heard rumours that Apple is planning a device that combines voice control with a speaker to compete with the headline-grabbing Amazon Echo speaker and the forthcoming Google Home. So, despite a slow start, iOS 10 is a real step forward for HomeKit and should ensure more devices become available for your Apple Home over the next few years.
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appLe home iOS 10’s Home app
bRiDGinG the Gap
The new support for cameras in iOS 10 is a major step for HomeKit. Withings has already announced that it will update its popular Home camera to work with Apple’s system.
Many smart devices are sold with a separate adaptor that plugs into your router in order to connect the device to your network. Apple’s Home app refers to these adaptors as ‘bridges’, and will also show you which devices are controlled by each one of them.
homeKit SeCURity All HomeKit-compatible devices come with a special ID number. You can scan that number with your iPhone or iPad to link the device to your Home so that only you can control that device.
Adding support for security cameras opens up the important home security market for Apple
HoW to Use the Home app Genius Tip! As well as using the Home app and Siri to control your devices, you can also access them in Control Centre on iOS’s Lock screen for near-instant access.
1 The Home app
You first set up a new HomeKit device using its manufacturer’s app; the device will then automatically appear in Home. Here we’ve set up smart lights from Philips and Nanoleaf, as well as Elgato’s Eve Door & Window sensor.
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2 Device controls
You can tap on a device in Home, such as a light, to turn it on or off, or hold a finger on it to fine-tune its settings. You can also use Siri to control your devices, using spoken commands such as: “Hey Siri, dim lounge lights to 50%”.
iOS 10’s Home app appLe home
what eLSe ShoULD i ConSiDeR?
Remote ContRoL of yoUR DeViCeS away fRom home Use an Apple TV to talk to your devices from a remote location – or you can use an iPad instead t’s kind of cool to relax on the sofa while you tell Siri to dim your lights or adjust your heating. However, you can use Home to control your smart devices while you’re away from home, too. The central piece in this jigsaw puzzle is Apple TV (third- or fourthgeneration models only). If your iPhone and Apple TV are both signed in to your iCloud account, your iPhone can control your lights and other devices from pretty much anywhere in the world – at least, wherever you can get online. Of course, not everyone wants to buy an Apple TV just for that, so Apple has added another new feature to iOS 10 that it hasn’t talked
about very much so far. You can actually use an iPad that’s capable of running iOS 10 to provide remote control of your HomeKit devices. The iPad needs to stay at home and be online and powered to be used for this, but at least this saves the extra expense of an Apple TV. This feature is enabled in Settings > Home > Use this iPad as a Home Hub.
Jargon Buster Scenes enable you to combine different commands – perhaps turning on a bedroom light at the same time as turning your lounge light off. Groups are slightly different as they treat multiple devices – your downstairs lights, say – as one, so they can be controlled together.
3 Set the scene
As well as controlling individual devices, Home enables you to create scenes that control several together. There are a number of preset scenes available in the app; we’ve left the ‘Leave Home’ scene to turn off our lights.
4 Remote control
You can also create automations that are triggered by specific events. Some of them can be scheduled for a specific time, and you can use geofencing to trigger them in response to your location, down to an accuracy of 10m.
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appLe home Gadgets
what yoU neeD next…
home GaDGetS indoors or outdoors, here’s the latest clever tech you need to create your new smart home
For even Nanoleaf Aurora more smart home advice $199 (£tbC) nanoleaf.me Lighting is one of the most popular categories for home automation products, with several companies producing app-controlled smart light bulbs and lamps for both indoor or outdoor use. Though Nanoleaf might not be one of the best known companies in this field, its early support for HomeKit means that its range of powerefficient LED light bulbs is a real rival for big names such as Philips’ Hue range. Nanoleaf started quite simply, with its Smart Ivy light bulbs (MF299), but its new Aurora modular lighting system is in a different league altogether. Rather than using conventional light bulbs, the Aurora kit consists of nine triangular LED panels that can click together and be arranged in different shapes – rather like illuminated Lego bricks. Each panel is just 8mm thick
the panels are light enough that you can easily experiment with shapes and designs and weighs about 200g, so they’re light enough that you can experiment with different shapes and designs, and move the panels around a room, attaching them to walls using double-sided tape (included). The panels can display 16 million different colours, and the iOS and Android app enables you to create and save your own colour
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subscribe today! See page 40
Aurora’s panels can be arranged in all sorts of shapes to suit whatever space you have available.
schemes, ranging from simple white light for daytime use, through to gentle, coloured mood lighting in the evening, or multicolour disco lights for party time. Nanoleaf is also pitching the Aurora at public venues, such as hotels and restaurants.
The ultimate panel show Along with the LED panels, the Aurora kit includes a controller unit, which you connect to any of the nine panels; it connects to your router via Wi-Fi and provides support for HomeKit, so you can impress your friends by controlling all your lights using Siri. UK pricing had not been confirmed when we went to press. You can also buy expansion packs with three extra panels ($60), and each starter kit can connect 30 panels at once, enabling you to create really spectacular lighting designs.
Each Aurora Starter Kit can connect up to 30 panels, and you can set each one to a different colour for a personalised touch.
Gadgets appLe home
Gear4 Stream 3 £130 gear4.com
Smart ideas wi-fi ReLief
Gear4 is best known for its cheap and cheerful Bluetooth speakers, but the company has started to go a bit more upmarket with its new Stream range. The Stream 3 is still pretty affordable at £130, and as well as Bluetooth it supports Wi-Fi streaming for connecting to your home network. Its companion app enables you to link multiple speakers together into a multiroom audio system. Unfortunately, there’s no AirPlay support – not at this price – but the Stream 3 sounds really good and is one of the most affordable multiroom options available.
Jabra Sport Coach £120
tP-Link AV1200 £115
Many people still struggle with deadspots in their home, where the Wi-Fi signal can’t quite reach or isn’t reliable enough for demanding tasks such as gaming and streaming video. We’re great fans of powerline adaptors that send data over your home’s mains electrical wiring to help with this. TP-Link’s new AV1200 powerline kit provides three Gigabit Ethernet ports for high-speed wired connections, plus dual-band 802.11ac Wi-Fi for reaching those tricky deadspots. It also has a passthrough power socket, so you can plug in an Apple TV, say.
We don’t normally cover headphones in Apple Home, but Jabra’s latest range of sports earbuds include some extra features that allow them to function as part of your health and fitness routine. The Sport Coach includes a motion sensor that allows it to act like a fitness band, monitoring the distance you run, the number of steps that you walk, and the calories you burn during your workout. In addition to this Coach model, there’s a more expensive version, the Sport Pulse, which adds a heart monitor, but that pushes up the price to a hefty £200.
next iSSUe macformat.com @macformat
Learn how to get ready for the world of 4K with our guide to the latest tech…
Current Wi-Fi tech works really well, but it wasn’t designed to cope with the huge 4K video files that you can record on the latest iPhones and iPads. We’ve previously mentioned the next generation of Wi-Fi that’s due later this year, called 802.11ad or WiGig, and which is designed to speed up the transfer of HD video files. Of course, that will mean buying a new WiGig router, along with a new iPhone and Mac that support it, too. A more affordable option is a technology called TransferJet, from Toshiba. This uses small adaptors that can plug into a Lightning or USB port on various devices, and which can transfer 1GB of video over a wireless connection in about 20 seconds. Adaptors cost only about £25 each. Right now, the TransferJet app is only available for iOS, Android and Windows PCs, while the Mac version is dawdling behind. However, the tech’s convenience could make it handy for backing up 4K videos when you’re on holiday or working outdoors.
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FEATURE Speed up your mac
SpEEd Up your Mac Quit waiting for the beach ball to stop spinning and do something about it. Nik Rawlinson shows how you can help your mac run faster…
e’ve all done it: watched someone open Word, browse the web or just start up their brand-new Mac and found ourselves astounded at how fast it runs. We’ll let you into a secret: it’s probably not just more memory and a faster processor enabling their Mac to outpace your own, but also because it’s uncluttered and factory-fresh. There are all sorts of reasons why a Mac
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slows down over time. Some blame can be laid at Apple’s door for making OS X more demanding over time, but a large part’s due to our own poor housekeeping, leading to cluttered drives and fragmented free space. We’ll show you how to make your Mac run faster. A lot of what follows can be done for free, but we’ll also point out the practical upgrades that make a big difference, but it’ll cost you less than a whole new Mac – and it’s more environmentally responsible, too.
Speed up your mac FEATURE
Do I need an upgrade? Memory Increasing the memory in your Mac will often make the biggest difference, and is relatively cheap – especially if you’re currently running on 4GB, which is probably too tight for comfort. check the Memory tab in > about This Mac or use the System Scanner at uk.crucial.com to identify the type of memory your computer requires. Bear in mind that not all Macs can have their memory upgraded. In recent MacBooks it’s soldered on to the motherboard, so you’re stuck with the factory-supplied chips. The same is true of the late 2014 Mac mini. Avoid mixing different memory types – particularly in the Mac Pro, where you shouldn’t combine UDIMMs and RDIMMS – and wherever possible replace all of the memory in one go, filling the slots with modules of equal size.
Internal storage You should aim to keep a minimum of 10% of your startup disk’s capacity free so OS X can perform various housekeeping tasks. Any less than this and you’ll suffer a serious performance hit. replacing the internal drive can be impossible (again, this isn’t a serviceable part on the latest MacBook) or difficult (on the late 2012 Mac mini it’s just under the top surface, which means, because you access the innards from below, you need to remove everything to reach it – entrust this task to a professional). If you’re using an older MacBook or iMac with a hard disk, this may be spinning at 5,400rpm. Upgrading to a 7,200rpm model is a sensible, economical move, but if you can afford the next step – a solid-state drive (SSD) – you’ll really notice the difference it makes.
External devices If you routinely store frequently used files on external drives, look to upgrade any USB 2.0 devices to USB 3 or Thunderbolt, if your Mac supports those interfaces. While a hard disk won’t draw the full benefit of the bandwidth they offer, performance is usually a lot better than from drives that use uSB 2.0. reduce the number of uSB devices that are sharing the same internal controller (in System Information, select uSB on the left and check which devices are attached to each ‘hub’). Disable the option in System Preferences’ Energy Saver pane to put hard disks to sleep when possible, so they’re always ready for action; some drives override this in firmware, so also check any management software provided by the manufacturer.
Recommended upgrades Memory is one of the easiest, most affordable and most effective upgrades you can perform. crucial (uk.crucial. com) simplifies the buying process with a free download that scans your Mac to identify what you already have and what can be added. upgrading a late 2012 Mac mini to 16GB costs £72; 8GB will cost you just £36. The question is, how much is your time worth? The price of SSDs is falling quickly, and you can now pick up a 120GB one for about £40, which is perfect for setting up a Fusion Drive. We bought a Kingston Technology V300 drive of that capacity from amazon for £39 for the workshop on page 37. SSDs are optimised to tidy themselves up when not being actively used, so performance shouldn’t degrade so quickly as a traditional hard disk will. 120GB is more than enough if all you want to do is create your own Fusion Drive, but if you’re looking to replace your primary hard disk it will quickly start to feel quite restrictive. Look to buy a drive of at least 500GB capacity for everyday use. Samsung’s 850 EVo 500 is about £130 online and will fit a Mac mini and iMac (if you’re willing to perform the surgery). If you’re upgrading a pre-2013 Mac Pro you’ll need a drive sled to fit a 2.5-inch drive to a 3.5-inch drive bay’s mounting points and ports. StarTech’s SaTa aluminum Hard Drive adapter Enclosure is £15 from amazon and uses a sprung front door to keep the SSD in place for tool-free installation. If you have no choice but to connect using USB, reserve those on your Mac for USB 3 devices, if possible. If you’re using a hub, make sure it’s the fastest you can afford. TP-Link’s four-port uH400 uSB 3.0 hub is £18 from Staples.
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FEATURE Speed up your mac
What’s slowing me down? When something on your mac unexpectedly grinds to a halt, here’s how to get the lowdown on what’s really happening behind the scenes
T When your Mac‘s slowed by something using lots of resources, use this tool to identify it
hink of Activity Monitor as a window on the internal workings of your Mac, observing its processor, memory, energy, storage and network access, and which apps or services are using the most of each. Almost always, when an app is slowing down your computer by consuming more than its fair share of resources, this tool will help you to identify that app so you can take remedial steps. Although it looks threatening to the uninitiated, it doesn’t take long to get acquainted with Activity Monitor’s way of working. Before we dive in to it, though, a word of warning: save your work before you do anything, as quitting processes (which is what Activity Monitor calls both applications and background services) can cause you to lose data in open apps. Starting at the bottom of the window, the graph at the centre is a timeline showing how resource usage has changed over time. The most recent measurement is always on the far right. Why the two colours? Blue represents the resources used by processes (apps and their related services) that have been initiated by your user account,
whereas red indicates what OS X has initiated itself. Running processes are listed in the table above; the User column shows who is responsible for each – you or OS X. You can cluster them by clicking the column’s header. Clicking the Process Name header sorts them alphabetically, while clicking any other one sorts things in ascending or descending numerical order to help quickly find the biggest resource hogs. Unresponsive processes will be red; black ones are running normally, and you can quit one of either by selecting it and clicking the first button on the toolbar – the circle with a cross in it. Avoid doing this to processes instigated by OS X, as they’re often vital to the system running smoothly, and manually shutting them down can cause the Mac to crash. Two sections – Network and Energy – don’t directly relate to the physical specs of your Mac. Network is where you should look if your internet connection’s running slow, as you may spot a rogue process that’s sending or receiving an inordinate amount of unexpected data. Click Energy if your Mac is running hot or a MacBook’s battery isn’t lasting as long as you expect.
Unlike OS X’s silent firewall, Little Snitch provides lots of insight into network activity.
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By working your way through Activity Monitor’s various views, you should have a good idea of what’s causing problems on your computer. Sometimes you’ll have no choice but to force a process to quit in order to regain a measure of control, after which your next step should be to open console (also in the utilities folder) and check the most recent entries in the system log to see why the process wasn’t behaving properly. optionally, send a sample of the file to the app’s developer to help it debug future versions. If you notice network activity was unexpectedly high, install Little Snitch (about £25, obdev.at) so you can monitor what’s going online without your permission. a trial version is available, which runs for three hours and can then be restarted; its Network Monitor feature expires after 30 days.
Speed up your mac FEATURE
ACTIVITY MONITOR A guided tour to aid diagnosis choose a resource
Inspect a process
Quit a process
a visual summary
Switch between the different resource 1 types the app can track using the tabs at the top of the window. To add extra information to the table, or remove what you don’t need to see, choose items listed under View > columns, or ≈-click a column header as a quick route to the same options. This enables you to strip the table down to the basics to make diagnosis of a problem a simpler process.
Activity Monitor refers to apps and 2 background services as processes. Those that are unresponsive will be red, while black ones are running as expected; graphics or video apps, for example, may turn red while doing something intensive – use your judgment based on what you asked the app to do. use the search box (top right) to locate specific items, or click a column header to sort based on it.
Quit or force quit a process by selecting 3 it in the table and clicking this button. However, where possible avoid quitting processes that don’t have your login name in the user column, as they’re core oS X functions. use the ‘i’ button to find out more about the selected process. Here you can extract a sample of what it’s doing behind the scenes to send to its developer to assist them with debugging.
The graph at the bottom of each tab 4 shows a historical record of the resource being consumed. The cPu chart is unusual in having two graphs in the same box, showing usage attributed to system and user processes. red and blue graphs on the Network chart show incoming and outgoing data. In all instances, the most recent measurement is on the right; data scrolls left as later samples are taken.
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FEATURE Speed up your mac
What else is slowing down my mac? Running stuff at login is only convenient if they don’t stop other things in their tracks, so let’s look at trimming some fat.
R More icons at the right end of the menu bar can mean extra things are starting up at login
educe the number of apps and services that launch at start up by opening System Preferences’ Users & Groups pane, selecting your account, clicking Login Items and removing items you don’t need. Sweeping them under the virtual carpet by checking the Hide box doesn’t actually stop them running. Be careful not to quit vital tools like online backup daemons that are required to keep in touch with remote servers, or apps like Dropbox, which provides the menu bar icon and Finder integration for automatically syncing files with the cloud storage service. A good rule of thumb is that the more icons you have at the right end of the menu bar (aside from system ones such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and so on), the more likely it is you’re launching a lot of processes at the point of logging in, each one of which is using a small part of your Mac’s resources. Some of these, such as Adobe Creative Cloud or Google Hangouts, don’t appear in the Login Items pane, so can’t be disabled there.
Either clicking or ≈-clicking such items frequently brings up a menu, in which a Preferences option usually lets you disable automatic opening of the utility at login.
Back to basics Switch to lightweight apps. As your Mac ages, it won’t have the necessary resources to run the most recent versions of every app, and even comparatively simple tools, such as Microsoft Word, will launch more slowly when running on the minimum specification than they will on the latest Macs. Consider switching to lightweight tools, like distraction-free word processors or online office suites like Google Docs, and if you’re forced to use particular tools for business purposes, just paste the results into them for a final polish in that software (which is exactly how this feature was written). That doesn’t mean you should put off applying updates though. As well as keeping your system safe and reducing the likelihood of losing data through external agents’ malicious doings, these frequently make use
De-glitz oS X
TinkerTool offers a simple way to tweak many hidden visual effects in OS X.
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We love the look and feel of OS X, and while some of its animations can help to convey a sense of your position in the system, you may find them unnecessarily distracting. In various places you can tweak settings to speed up things like the sliding out of dialogs that open or save files. Many settings, like that one, normally have to be changed using Terminal, but a better way for most of us to explore what’s possible is TinkerTool (free, bresink.com). Further, macoS Sierra offers a new item in its accessibility pane; reduce Motion eliminates fussiness when entering features such as Mission control or Launchpad, say, replacing them with a brief crossfade. on old Macs, in particular those with an integrated graphics processor, enabling reduce Transparency quells some visual effects, slightly reducing the workload.
Speed up your mac FEATURE
System Integrity protection (SIp) in El Capitan and Sierra helps to protect against errant changing of permissions; the system now repairs them itself when you install updates.
of the new hooks in the latest updates to OS X to reduce the amount of work they need to do themselves. In such instances, it may just be enough to speed things up or ensure the app plays responsibly with other software that’s running at the same time.
Check and repair your drive Use Disk Utility, which you’ll find in the Utilities folder, to check that your disk is in tip top condition. This has been greatly simplified since OS X 10.11 (El Capitan) and the option to Repair Permissions has been removed. Instead there’s a one-click First Aid option, which will check whichever volume (a partition on a disk, which appears as an individual drive in Finder) is selected on the left for problems with its structures, though not permissions; El Capitan and Sierra do that automatically during system updates. Click First Aid and then click Run to start the process. If it finds any problems, it’ll attempt to fix them. If you’re using an older version of OS X than El Capitan, instead select the volume to be examined and click Repair Permissions to check that the access rights on your Mac’s files are correct, so that users or processes that need to access them will have it. If you’re unconvinced this has solved your problem (and, again, you’re not running El Capitan),
repair permissions from single-user mode so that it won’t also have to cope with OS X’s graphical interface being active, which may leave some files untouchable. Restart into single-user mode by holding ç+s as soon as you power on your Mac; when presented with a command prompt, type fsck -fy and then press ®. You can watch the tool’s progress and, assuming it runs without a hitch, type reboot to restart your Mac. (fsck stands for File System Consistency checK.)
Watch out for failing storage While in Disk Utility, also select each of your Mac’s internal drives in turn (not the volumes on them) in the sidebar and make sure that the SMART status of each one says ‘Verified’ in the summary at the bottom of the window. Anything else indicates problems and is likely a sign of your drive starting to fail, so requires that you urgently back up your data and take your Mac to an authorised service provider for diagnosis and possible replacement of the drive. A failing drive can have a serious impact on performance as the Mac is forced to make several attempts to read its damaged media and work around the fault, if that’s even possible. The Mac may also be unable to retrieve essential system files. Fix these problems before you get into trouble!
Hardware health The SMART status of your storage is just one indicator that part of your Mac’s hardware is on its way out. You can test for problems with parts such as cooling fans by starting up in Apple Diagnostics or Apple Hardware Test (apple.co/2c5Tl4n). However, TechTool Pro (about £75, micromat. com) can test hardware from within OS X. It’s even able to alert you to certain conditions, such as low free space, input/output check failures, battery check failures and RAID status – it can even send an email to draw attention to a problem.
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FEATURE Speed up your mac
Help, my drive’s a mess! Clear out accumulated cruft to give your apps more room to breathe
In general, OS X is good at clearing up after itself, but it sometimes leaves behind working files
fter using the same Mac for several years, your drive is almost certainly not as tidy as it could be. Leftover files from apps you no longer use as well as duplicates of your docs and photos consume lots of space, and it’s not always easy to see where the problem lies. Gemini 2 (£15.95, macpaw.com) hunts for and, with your permission, deletes duplicate files on your Mac. Its developer says the app can distinguish between an original file and a copy of it, and that it learns from the actions you take when it throws up a pairing you’re most likely to keep, so it gets more intelligent over time. As well as apps and text files, it works on duplicate tracks in your iTunes library and photos in your folders. Deleted files are only put in the Trash, so you can get them back if you realise you made a mistake. Also check out CleanMyDrive 2 (free, Mac App Store), a lightweight disk manager for internal and external drives. It’s not as thorough as CleanMyMac (see below), which also uninstalls apps and removes unused
language support from them, but it can spot useless data that’s consuming space, such as hidden resource forks, thumbnails and Spotlight indexes. Removing them – and Windows service files on externals you’ve been swapping between OSes – is simple. OS X is good at clearing up, but from time to time some of its working files will get left behind in cache folders. You should be able to remove old ones fairly safely, but try not to touch any stamped with the current date. In Finder, hold å and choose Go > Library, then open the Caches folder. Press ç+@ to view it as a list, then click the Date Modified column header twice in succession to put the oldest folders at the top. If you’re unconfident about deleting things manually, try Cocktail (£15 from maintain.se/cocktail), which will safely do it for you. Similarly, look at your Downloads folder, the default place for anything your browser grabs from the web. It’s easy to ignore this for months. Order it by date or size by clicking column headings and delete any items you no longer need. Do the same for the desktop.
HOW TO Eliminate unwanted files with Cleanmymac
1 run a Smart Scan
cleanMyMac 3 (£34.95, macpaw. com) scans your startup disk for old, outdated, duplicate and unused files you can remove to reclaim space. Scan time depends on the size of your drive and data, but it’s an easy, thorough first step towards decluttering.
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2 Pick your targets
after the scan, you can remove what the app has identified by clicking clean, or work through the various data types in the sidebar. of particular interest are language files in apps; you can remove those you don’t use to reduce the space each app occupies.
3 clear out old apps
To thoroughly remove apps, select uninstaller on the left, select those you no longer need and then click uninstall. you can remove an app altogether or reset it to its original state. removing an app also deletes its supporting files from various system folders.
Speed up your mac FEATURE
Will a Fusion Drive help? Benefit from a hard disk’s capacity and an SSD’s speed at the same time
usion Drive is the friendly name Apple came up with for a flash storage and hard disk arrangement that behaves as though it’s just one drive. OS X decides what data should be stored on each. Data that’s accessed frequently and will make the biggest difference to your
Mac’s performance – system files and anything used at startup, say – is stored on the flash drive, along with anything OS X notices you use often. As its free space dwindles, data you use less often is moved to the hard disk. Installing an SSD inside suitable Macs is involved work, so the easiest way to set up a Fusion Drive is to add
the SSD externally over Thunderbolt or USB 3 – you’ll need the speed of those interfaces to benefit from the SSD’s performance (the latter’s easily more affordable). Otherwise, recent portables and some desktop Macs require major hardware mods, using kit like OWC’s Data Doubler range, to keep the SSD connected at all times.
HOW TO Set up a Fusion Drive
1 Preparatory measures
2 Identify components
3 Bind the two parts
4 create a volume
5 about that command
6 Install or restore oS X
Back up everything, and detach all external drives you don’t want to use in the Fusion Drive; any volume used will be erased. connect your SSD and open Terminal; if you’ll add your startup disk, start up in recovery (hold ç+R) first.
The combined drive looks to oS X like a regular blank one, so you need to create a volume on it by entering the following, replacing xxx with what you just copied: diskutil cs createVolume xxx jhfs+ "Macintosh HD" 100%.
Enter diskutil list to identify the volumes to use. Though they’re easy to discern in Finder, you’ll need to refer to them by what’s listed under Identifier. For us, that’s /dev/disk0s2 (our startup disk) and /dev/disk2s2 (our SSD).
The previous command set the new volume to occupy 100% of the available space, erased it with an oS X Extended (Journaled) file system, and named it Macintosh HD. The combined drives now appear as one in Finder.
To create a merged storage device, enter: diskutil cs create BootDrive /dev/disk1 /dev/disk2. Disk utility applies the required settings and gives it a Logical Volume Group Name – copy that to the clipboard for the next step.
you can now install El capitan on your new Fusion Drive (or restore your Time Machine backup to it). oS X will manage the process of ensuring the most used data is kept on the SSD and other stuff goes on the hard disk.
Autumn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 37
FEATURE Speed up your mac
Will Sierra speed up my mac? the new macOS enhances convenience and helps keep things running well
M If you store lots on your desktop, you may find you need to buy into a larger iCloud tier
acOS Sierra includes an exciting new feature called Optimized Storage that can help you to pinpoint what’s unnecessarily using space and deal with it. It’s not going to grab headlines the same way Siri’s debut on the Mac will, but it could well save you time – and money too, as you may not need an space-saving app like DaisyDisk. Optimized Storage inspects several relevant preferences around your Mac and offers suggestions on how you can save space. One of the most impactful options moves your Documents and Desktop folders to iCloud Drive, giving you access to things you casually save there on your iOS devices as well as other Macs. Bear in mind, though, that if you store a lot of files in those places, especially large ones, you may need to spend more each month on a larger iCloud storage tier to hold everything. As this issue went to press, Apple introduced a new tier for iCloud storage that looks intended to cater to this capability for heavy users: £13.99 per month
gives you 2TB of storage, though remember that’s shared with other iCloud services, including email. Many of Optimized Storage’s suggestions are really just shortcuts to individual apps’ preferences. One of them simply switches on Photos’ option to store full-quality originals in iCloud but keep only copies optimised for your Mac’s display locally, at least until you edit one of those pictures. Another suggestion turns on a new item in iTunes that tells the app to remove movies and TV show episodes after you’ve watched them. After all, you can redownload them if you ever want to see them again. There’s also a shortcut to a new Finder preference that automates the clearing out of old items from the Trash, so anything left there for 30 days will be removed. This isn’t on by default, so you won’t lose anything unexpectedly. There’s also an option that tells Mail to download only recent attachments, or not to automatically download any at all, so that your drive doesn’t become overburdened by old items you may never refer back to.
Get hands-on with our tutorial Discover in more detail how Optimized Storage can help you save space on your Mac in this very issue – turn to page 44 now for more on the new feature.
SIERRA TUTORIALS This issue’s apple Skills has two tutorials to help you with Sierra!
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Sierra is here... LET THE EXPERTS AT MACFORMAT BE YOUR GUIDES TO APPLEâ€™S POWERFUL NEW OS SUBSCRIBE TODAY!
Av a i l a b l e f ro m w w w. m a c fo r m a t . c o m
What’s inside 44–45 mAnAge storAge in mAcos sierrA Reclaim wasted space with these nifty tricks
46–47 sAve time with photos in sierrA
Your new-look guide to getting more from your Apple kit
Learn how to pinpoint the pictures you want
48–49 bring stAtic videos to life
reclAim storAge spAce in sierrA p44
Use 4K’s extra pixels in pan and zoom effects
50–52 tAilor styles in rApidweAver Take a template and truly make it your own
54–55 sign messAges beyond mAil Protect your messages in other apps and on iOS
57 creAte sociAl mediA grAphics Make an impression and cultivate a coterie
58–59 use Apple tv from An iphone Use Apple’s new app to control it all – even Siri!
Understand iOS gestures A tap is a brief contact of (usually) one finger on your device’s screen.
Swipe means move one or more fingers across an item or the screen, then let go.
Pinch means move two fingers together or apart, usually to zoom in or out.
To drag is to move a finger across the screen to scroll or pan around content.
A flick is like swiping, but it’s quicker, and is often used to scroll content more quickly.
Touch and hold means lightly rest your finger on an item and wait for a reaction.
master mac keyboard shortcuts When you see a shortcut like ç+å+C, hold all but the last key, then press that one.
≈ means the Control key, labelled ctrl, and shown as ^ in shortcuts in the menu bar.
60–63 mAke An ios security cAm
ç is the Command key, which is also labelled cmd.
ß is the Shift key, which is typically just labelled shift.
Turn your old iPhone into an invaluable part of your smart home
å means the Option key, labelled alt or opt.
∫ means the Delete key, which deletes to the left of the
insertion point. Press ƒ+ ∫ to delete to the right. † is the Tab key, which shifts the focus between some controls in windows and web forms. Turn on Full Keyboard Access in System Preferences to jump between all controls.
AUtUmn 2016 | mAcformAt | 43
APPLE SKILLS mac Software
manage storage in Sierra
Discover how the latest macOS helps to ensure you have enough space One of the conveniences Apple has added in macOS Sierra is Optimized Storage, which helps you to keep plenty of space free for whatever task you take on next. The feature is tucked away in the About This Mac dialog’s Storage tab, where there’s a new button labelled Manage next to the breakdown of how your startup disk is being used. Clicking this button opens a new storage management window (which is actually part of the System Information app, located in the Utilities folder; in it, choose Window > Storage Management). Many of the things you can accomplish in this window can be done elsewhere in Sierra and its bundled apps, as long as you know where to look and are comfortable making alterations. However, this window consolidates prime methods for saving space in one place, and provides advice on things you might have overlooked (or be unaware of) and how much space you might be able to reclaim. Even if you consider yourself to be fairly in control of your Mac, we urge you to at least open the app and
IT wILL TAKE 10 minutes yOu wILL LEARn How to use macOS’s Optimized Storage feature to reclaim space and take away much of the bother of storage management as time goes by. yOu’LL nEEd macOS Sierra. An iCloud account.
You can set preferences for several built-in apps in one place
check its recommendations, some of which may relate to older preferences you’ve already discounted, and some that are new in Sierra.
Shared benefits Changes you make in the window (except for apps you trash) apply only to the current user account, but your choices will affect others who share your Mac. You might save even more space by asking them to follow suit. Beyond the 10 minutes this process will take you, you’ll need to allow some extra time for your Mac to do its part – to process photos, say, which depends on other factors such as library size, whether you’ve already enabled iCloud Photo Library, and your upload speed. If you turn on iCloud Drive’s ability to keep only recently used files on your Mac as space gets low, files appear in Finder where you left them, but with a cloud and arrow icon you can click to redownload them ahead of time and guarantee their availability when you are offline – or you can double-click one to get and open it immediately. Alan Stonebridge
explained… the Optimized Storage window 1
Recommended changes The window opens to this page, suggesting some key ways you can save on storage space.
1 2 4 3
Additional categories Several items on the left detail space used by various apps, which you might want to reclaim.
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This category lets you turn on auto-download of only recent attachments – or none at all.
Monitor progress The window needn’t remain open, as you can simply reopen it to check lengthy tasks’ progress.
Optimized Storage APPLE SKILLS
How to Free up space on your mac
1 Find the feature
2 Review its suggestions 3 Store in the cloud
4 Files in iCloud Drive
5 Movies and TV shows 6 Auto-empty the Trash The next suggestion is equivalent to turning on an item in iTunes’ Advanced preferences. It instructs iTunes to remove movies and TV episodes from your Mac after you’ve watched them, potentially saving you lots of space due to their size.
Sierra can be set to automatically remove items that have been in the Trash for longer than 30 days. This is the same as enabling an item in Finder’s Advanced preferences. Past the grace period, items can still be recovered from Time Machine.
7 Recover lost files
8 Reduce clutter
9 Trash unwanted files
Choose > About This Mac and then click the new window’s Storage tab. This shows categorised breakdowns of used space on your Mac’s directly attached storage. There’s a Manage button next to only the current startup disk. Click it.
Photos obtains a full-quality copy from iCloud when you edit a picture. As for files in Drive, accepting that idea turns on a new item in iCloud Drive’s preferences that keeps only recently used files on your Mac if space gets low.
As long as you haven’t excluded the Trash from Time Machine backups, open a window on the Trash in Finder and then choose Enter Time Machine from the service’s menu bar icon. Browse back in time and restore the file, like any other.
The Storage Management window opens, with Recommendations selected in its left pane. On the right, ideas of how you can save space are described, with a button next to each item. Click one for more info, then accept or ignore it.
The fourth recommendation is the same as clicking Documents in the left pane. It can take a while for your drive’s contents to be analysed before big items appear under Large Files, where they’re listed with when they were last accessed.
The first item’s wording will suggest storing files and full-quality photos in iCloud, depending on whether you’ve already set iCloud Photo Library to keep optimised versions on your Mac if space is low (this was possible before Sierra).
Select an item under Large Files, Downloads or File Browser and press the Spacebar to preview it, or ç+∫ to trash it. Be careful as File Browser is less safe than you might think; you can trash the folder that holds your iTunes library, say.
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APPLE SKILLS mac Software
Easy photo management
See Sierra’s impressive upgrades that make it easier to find your photos IT wILL TAKE 20 minutes yOu wILL LEARn How to make use of the new Memories and improved image analysis features to view your photos. yOu’LL nEEd macOS Sierra
Photos picks out images it believes you’ll want to see again without you needing to find them
whether you’re a hobbyist or a pro, photography is such a popular activity that it’s no wonder that some of Sierra’s biggest changes are in the Photos app. These improvements go further than previous changes, which addressed shortcomings that stemmed from Apple replacing the app’s popular predecessor, iPhoto, and starting from scratch with its photo management tool. One of the most prominent new features is Memories, which live in an eponymous tab in the app’s toolbar. Over time, the app picks out collections of pictures it thinks you might want to see again, typically comprised of pictures taken on or around the same date, or around a particular location. You can scroll through this automatically generated timeline to look back at all the memories the app has picked out. However, that’ll only get more unwieldy as the timeline gets longer, so the app enables you to add a memory to a collection of your favourites, which are stored in a folder in the Albums tab. The app also lets you delete a memory if you disagree that it’s something you’ll want to look at often – perhaps there are one or two interesting images in it, but many more that
you’re not that fond of. Note that this only deletes the memory; its contents remain in your photo library. A memory can be played as a slideshow by opening it and then clicking the toolbar’s Play button, but there’s no option there to export it as a movie to share with others. However, click the adjacent + button, choose Slideshow, make a few decisions, and the slideshow is saved to the Projects tab. Select it there, then choose File > Export > Export Slideshow.
Intelligent analysis Photos’ other big new feature is automatic analysis of your photos – not just so you can then browse them by the people they contain, like in previous versions, but so you can search for pictures that contain a specific object or kind of scene. Until your entire library has been scanned, the People album will show a count of how many photos have been scanned and how many remain. Analysis takes place when your Mac is connected to mains power and Photos isn’t open. Open Activity Monitor, click the CPU tab and find photoanalysisd; it’s responsible for analysis – notice it’s suspended while Photos is open and resumes its duties as soon as you quit the app. Alan Stonebridge
How to Revisit photos in Sierra Genius Tip! While viewing an individual photo, click Details (or scroll down) to reveal memories the app believes are related or somehow similar to it.
1 Revisit old memories
Photos adds to the Memories tab over time, so keep returning to that tab to see what it has picked out for you. As time goes by, you’ll see it fill up with large thumbnails, each with their relevant date emblazoned across their middle.
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2 A memory at a glance
Double-click a memory to open it, then scroll down to see the pictures that Photos has decided belong together, people it has identified in them, a map showing where the photos were taken, and related memories.
Photos in Sierra APPLE SKILLS
CoNtINUED… Revisit photos in Sierra
Jargon Buster Photos’ improved face detection and its new ability to detect objects and scenes makes use of advanced computer vision technology, which performs the analysis locally on your Mac.
3 See them on a map
4 Save memorable moments
5 Play as a slideshow
6 Browse by person
If photos in a memory have location data attached, they’ll be plotted on a map. Doubleclick the map for a closer look, or click Show Nearby Photos to have the app reveal more from close by but perhaps not in this memory.
Memories aren’t just about gathering pics in album-like groups. At one’s overview, click the toolbar’s Play button, choose a theme – this includes a score, which you can swap for a track from iTunes – and click Play Slideshow.
To add a memory to your favourites in the Albums tab, ≈-click it in the timeline and choose Add to Favorite Memories – or click that at the bottom of its overview. Both places also offer an option to delete the memory.
Under Albums, open the People album to see faces the app has detected. Put the pointer over one, click Add Name and type. Click Add People to see more; if several are the same person, hold ç, click them, then Merge & Add.
Genius Tip! To use a memory as the basis for a calendar, book, card or some other project, open its overview, click + in the toolbar and choose one.
7 Search by object or scene 8 Inspect search results Sierra’s version of Photos also recognises thousand of types of object and scene. In the search bar, enter text such as ‘beach’, ‘tree’ or ‘no people’. The search engine is basic in other ways; you can’t enter two discrete terms.
Among the list of search results will be matching items, including slight variations on the term you entered (such as ‘palm tree’), and counts of matches in each category. Click a search result to see all matching photos.
Autumn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 47
APPLE SKILLS Mac Software 1 4 1
The Ken Burns effect This mode of the Cropping tool enables you to add camera movement to static clips.
Add a pan Drag from inside the box to pan the camera; the yellow arrow indicates the direction of its movement.
The end point
Click the End rectangle to set the movement’s final position. Drag its corner handles to zoom in the camera.
Click the button with two arrows to swap the start and end points. Here, the camera would start tight and zoom out.
Imbue static videos with life Add professional-looking pans and zooms to statically framed 4K clips iT will TAke 10 minutes yOu will leARn How to add zooms and pans to a statically framed clip or photo. yOu’ll need iMovie 10.1 or higher. A 4K video clip.
iMovie’s Ken Burns effect enables you to choose start and end points for a camera movement
Camera moves can make a statically framed video clip become much more interesting to watch. With a zoom, you can draw viewers’ eyes to important areas in the scene. Panning can reveal new details about a location. However, a smooth zoom or evenly paced pan can be hard to perform in-camera, especially if you have a low-budget tripod that doesn’t have a fluid head. Indeed, many video recording devices such as an iPhone or GoPro lack a physical zoom button altogether. Fortunately you can add professionallooking zooms and pans courtesy of iMovie’s Ken Burns tool. The term Ken Burns refers to a film-maker who famously featured many photographs in his documentaries. To make the static pictures look more interesting he used a rostrum camera. This is a film or video camera that points downwards at a photo mounted on a flat board. The camera is on a rig that allows the operator to move it towards the photo, creating a zoom. Some rigs can also track left or right, creating a pan (and up or down for its vertical counterpart, a tilt). Film directors would ask their editors to add a ‘Ken Burns’ effect to a
48 | MACFORMAT | AutuMn 2016
still image, so his name became synonymous with adding movements to static images. iMovie’s Ken Burns effect enables you to choose start and end points to create a digital camera movement. You can also resize the start and end points to create a zoom in to or out from a particular area. The effect can be applied to still images or video clips. You can even incorporate a post-production zoom and pan at the same time, which is a challenge for a seasoned camera professional to get right every time on location.
A word of warning If you zoom in too close on part of a Full HD (1080p) clip, you run the risk of making the magnified areas look fuzzy and pixelated. By shooting your footage at a much larger 4K resolution – possible on an iPhone 6s or 6s Plus, a 9.7-inch iPad Pro, and an increasing number of consumer cameras – you can zoom in much closer on your subject but maintain image quality, especially if you’re exporting your project at 1080p resolution. Got an older iOS device? We shot the 4K-resolution source clip for this tutorial on a GoPro Hero 4 Silver, which costs about £279. George Cairns
High-quality Ken Burns effects APPLE SKILLS
How to Add zoom and pan effects
1 Add to your timeline
2 Test the movement
3 Split the clip
4 Refine the movement
Import a 4K resolution clip into iMovie and add it to a project’s timeline. Click the Cropping icon above the Viewer, then click the Ken Burns button. Start and End rectangles will then be overlaid on your clip in the Viewer.
Click the Reset button (top right). Next, scrub through the timeline to the point where you want the movement to begin, then ≈-click the clip and choose Split Clip. The camera will remain static till the split, then begin to move.
Jargon Buster A clip’s resolution is defined by its width and height in pixels. The smallest HD clip measures 1280 pixels wide by 720 pixels high. Full HD clips weigh in at 1920x1080. 4K clips boast a larger resolution of at least 3840x2160.
Press the Spacebar to play the default Ken Burns-style movement. The camera zooms in slowly at the start and finishes on a close-up. You can control when the movement starts and ends, and refine its size and direction.
Click on the second part of the split clip, then the Cropping tool again, and apply the Ken Burns effect. Click the End rectangle, then drag its corners inwards to zoom in tighter. Drag from inside it to set a panning direction.
5 Test the movement
Click the check mark in a blue circle (top right) to apply the movement, then play your project. The camera remains static till the split, then begins to zoom and pan to the close-up composition you set using the End rectangle.
6 Make amendments
You can change the movement with ease. Click the clip’s second part, select the Cropping tool and click Ken Burns, drag and resize the End rectangle, and click the check mark. Here we’re zooming in and panning to the far right.
Most digital photos have a higher resolution than standard HD clips, so feel free to use Ken Burns effects to add tight, rostrum-style zooms to your stills without losing quality.
AutuMn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 49
Apple SkillS Mac Software
TUTORIAL SERIES PART 2 OF 5
tailor RapidWeaver styles
make your pages look even better by learning how to tweak templates IT wILL TAkE 30 minutes yOU wILL LEARN How to edit templates to suit your style. yOU’LL NEEd RapidWeaver 7
NEXT MONTH! Make your site more visible with search engine optimisation.
Last issue we showed you how to create new pages for a website using RealMac’s beginner-friendly web design app, Rapidweaver. In this second instalment, you’ll discover how to change the way those pages look, and what they contain. First, a little bit of history. In the early days of web design, you formatted your pages as you went along. So, if you wanted bold text you’d enclose it in <b> and </b> tags, and if you wanted italics you’d use <i> and </i>, and so on. This turned out to be a terrible idea. The reason it was a terrible idea is that people change their minds, so they might build a site and decide that it would look better with a slightly different design or colour scheme. In the old days, that decision meant going back through the whole website to change every bit of affected code. It didn’t help that different web browsers understood different tags, either, so you couldn’t even be sure that what worked fine on one person’s computer would look the same on somebody else’s.
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Then someone had a brilliant idea. “Hey everyone”, they said, “why don’t we keep the style and the content separate? That way, if we change the design we just update the style, and it’ll change the content automatically!” This person was then carried through the streets by cheering website owners, who appreciated what a fantastically useful idea it was. Pretty much every website is now made that way, with style and content kept separate.
A template for success That brings us to RapidWeaver. It’s a templatebased system, meaning it provides a range of professionally designed sites for you to choose from. You then add your content, and if you want to change the entire design you can just choose another template and watch your content update automatically to fit it. So, you might start off with the wintry shades of the Lander theme and then decide you prefer the purple tones of the Tesla one, or you might decide what your site really needs is the photo gallery from the Kiki theme. No problem: just
Learn to use RapidWeaver Apple SkillS
explained… RapidWeaver’s interface 1
Pages and settings This is where your website’s pages are listed, as well as where you access the site’s settings.
Editing and preview pane
This sidebar provides a series of tabbed panels that enable you to fine-tune your pages’ properties and design.
The Styles tab Here we’re looking at the various elements of our website’s appearance: the colours, what’s displayed, font size, and so on.
Here we’ve clicked Preview in the toolbar so we can see what our page will look like in a web browser.
bring up the Themes panel, then select the one you want to use instead and the visual changes are applied instantly. There’s more to themes than just colours, though. They also set your site’s slogans and footers, specify whether there should be sidebars and whether those should appear on the left or the right, and they can be used to specify how photo galleries look and behave. In many cases, you’ll find that the perfect look for your own website involves taking one of RapidWeaver’s premade designs and making a few simple but important tweaks to it. When it comes to changing bits of the app’s templates, there are several places you can do it. First of all, there’s Settings > General in the left sidebar (choose View > Show Source List if it’s not visible). This is where you set the site’s title and slogan, the copyright message or other footer, the contact details and little things such as the site logo and favicon (the little logo that appears in the address bar and favourites list in your browser). Click Advanced at the bottom of that page to customise even more options, such as whether breadcrumb navigation (the element that shows visitors their place on your site in this style: Home > About Us > Our History) should be disabled. The next place to look is under Master Style in the left sidebar. As the name suggests,
the master style is the boss of how your entire site looks, so it’s where the template sets out decisions such as what colour the navigation menu should be, what coloured overlay (if it’s part of your chosen theme) should go over the main banner photo, how big the fonts should be, and so on. This is also where you specify elements such as the background colour of form fields and whether banner images should be displayed at the top of the page.
Engage manual override Each theme has its own master style, but there’s nothing to stop you from editing that style by selecting Master Style in the sidebar, clicking the Inspector button on the toolbar to bring up the style’s details, and then making whatever changes you want. Once done, you can then save the modified style by clicking the cog at the top of the inspector and set your choices as your site’s new master style. The third place where you can change how your site looks is in each individual page. With a page selected at the top of the sidebar, bring up the inspector and you’ll see six tabbed panels: General Settings, Page Sidebar, HTML Code, Meta Tags, Styles and Page Options. We’ll return to some of these next issue, but for now we’re interested in General Settings, Page Sidebar and Styles.
Jargon Buster CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a language used to describe the style info for a page or site. RapidWeaver creates your site’s CSS files automatically.
Genius Tip! Do more by doing less: changes you make to the master style apply to your entire site, so you don’t need to edit individual pages’ styles.
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Apple SkillS Mac Software
Genius Tip! You can apply different templates to pages of your site, but it’s a good idea to harmonise their fonts and colours so things don’t look weird.
The General Settings tab has three key bits at its bottom, under the heading Override Default Settings, which enable you to specify a different page title, slogan or footer than those set out in the master style. If you want, you can also use this tab to change the page’s filename and whether it should open in a new window. The default (and usually best option) is to open it in the current browser tab. The Page Sidebar tab only has content if the sidebar has been enabled in the master style. If it has, you can then edit the code accordingly: it supports both plain text and HTML code, so you can add links, images and other content if you want. Last but most definitely not least, there’s the Use Master Style option at the top of the Styles tab. If this contains a check mark, the page will follow your site’s master style, but you can apply a completely different template to the current page – so, all of your site could use the same template, except for your photo gallery. Using a different template for a page often means it’ll have a completely different colour scheme too, and that’s where the rest of the Styles tab comes into play. With Use Master Style unchecked, you can change the colours, layout, font size, backgrounds for form fields, and so on, ensuring that the page still fits with the rest of your site’s colour scheme. It’s generally a bad idea to present people with jarring design changes midway through a site, so the ability to apply another template but edit its colours is handy to have.
That said, we need to mimic Spider-Man’s Uncle Ben here and point out that with great power comes great responsibility. The whole point of a template-based system is that you don’t have to go fiddling with individual bits of pages, so it’s important to make any changes in the right place. Wherever possible, make changes to the master style, so that they’re applied site-wide. Page-specific changes are only really necessary when a template can’t do what you want on a page. This is supposed to be easy, so don’t give yourself extra work.
Live preview of changes One thing we really like about RapidWeaver is that if you’ve clicked on the toolbar’s Preview button, when you edit things in the Styles tab you’ll see changes applied to the page that’s open as you make them – so, if you decide to enable the sidebar you’ll see it pop up in its designated place, and if you decide not to have big banner images you’ll notice them disappear when you select ‘banner hidden’ from the Site Banner Overlay pop-up menu. This takes the guesswork out of building your site because you can see right away whether something works, or if it isn’t quite the way you wanted it to be. Don’t be afraid to experiment with styles. RapidWeaver lends itself to “what happens if I change this?” exploration. If all else fails, the original templates are still there if you get a little bit too experimental. Happy tweaking! Gary Marshall
How to Change the appearance of your site
1 Check general settings
If the inspector isn’t already open, click the toolbar button that shows an ‘i’ in a circle to open it. The inspector’s first tab, General Settings, enables you to change the current page’s title and override default settings for your site.
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2 Modify the master style 3 Override the defaults Select Master Style in the sidebar on the the left to see your site’s global style settings. Use the inspector to make any changes you want to those default settings: they’ll automatically be applied to the whole of your website.
Sometimes you’ll want to make changes to a page, but not your entire site. In the inspector, bring up the Styles tab (fourth from the left). This enables you to make changes that only apply to the page you’re currently viewing.
APPLE SKILLS Mac/iOS Software
Encrypt email anywhere
Learn how to use a self-signed certificate to encrypt messages beyond mail iT will TAke 25 minutes yOu will leARn How to export certificates for use in a third-party email client or on iOS. yOu’ll need An S/MIME capable email app, or a device with iOS 5 or higher.
You’re able to export your self-signed certificate for use in other apps and on other devices
last issue we showed you how to digitally sign and encrypt messages in Mail by creating your own self-signed certificate in keychain Assistant. However, what if you manage your email in a different app, or want to encrypt emails on your iPhone or iPad too? The good news is that you can use your certificate in other apps and on other devices by exporting it to a password-protected file. This file is then either imported into an email app on your Mac or transferred to your iOS device for use in its version of Mail. First, if you haven’t already, follow last issue’s tutorial to create your self-signed certificate using Keychain Assistant. Next, open Keychain Access from /Applications/ Utilities (or by searching for it in Spotlight). Select My Certificates in its left-hand pane, then locate your certificate – to verify you’ve chosen the correct one, double-click it and check its Usage reads ‘Digital Signature, Key Encipherment’ and its ‘Purpose #1’ entry in the Extension section says ‘Email Protection’. Once identified, right-click the certificate and choose Export <Certificate Name>. Leave the default file type as ‘Personal Information Exchange (.p12)’ so you end up with a suitable filename, then choose where to store your exported p12 file. Click Save, then enter a strong password to protect the file and click OK. Verify your request with your user account’s password and click Allow.
Using the certificate elsewhere If you want to use your certificate in another email app, verify that app supports S/MIME email encryption, then check its help system
Genius Tip! When exporting your certificate to a p12 file and you’re asked to set a password for it, click the key button to have Password Assistant suggest a strong one.
Stick with the default Personal Information Exchange (p12) file format as Mail for iOS and many other apps can read it.
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When exporting your certificate, protect it with a strong password so you can safely transfer it to iOS by email.
or website for instructions on importing your certificate into the correct account. Taking Thunderbird as an example, go to Tools > Account Settings, select the relevant account, and select Security in the left-hand pane. Click View Certificates, click the Your Certificates tab, and then click Import. Select the p12 file you exported, click Open, then enter the password you set earlier and click OK again. Once the certificate has been imported, click OK to return to the Account Settings pane and click the Select button under Digital Signing. Follow the prompts and choose Yes when prompted to use the imported certificate to both encrypt and decrypt messages. You should see the certificate is selected for both digital signing and encryption – leave the other options as they are and click OK. Now when composing messages, click the Security button at the top to choose to sign and/or encrypt each individual message when you send it – you can only encrypt messages to people who’ve shared their own S/MIME certificates with you through Thunderbird. The process is similar with Postbox (search support.postbox-inc.com for ‘SMIME’ to find a set-up guide). Other apps, such as Airmail, require a plug-in to work – AMPlug S/MIME Beta (bit.ly/amsmime) in Airmail’s case. On the other hand, Outlook has direct access to your keychain, so no export is required. Instead, simply select your target account in Tools > Accounts, go to Advanced > Security and click the Certificate pop-up menu under Digital Signing to connect it to yours. nick Peers
Sign and encrypt email on iOS APPLE SKILLS
How to Set up your certificate on iPhone or iPad
1 Transfer to your iPhone 2 Open the p12 file
3 Install the profile
The simplest way to transfer your exported certificate is to email the p12 file to yourself. Make sure you set a strong password on the file in the first place to protect the certificate, in case it’s intercepted in transit.
Open Mail on your iPhone, then locate and open the message you sent to yourself. Tap the p12 file that’s attached to open it. Mail should indicate the file is an Identity Certificate, but that it’s not signed. Tap Install to continue.
4 View your profile
5 Link it to your account 6 Enable S/MIME Go to Mail, Contacts, Calendars at the top of Settings and tap your account. If it’s the primary iCloud one, tap Mail > Advanced > Advanced. If it’s a secondary account, tap its name > Mail > Advanced. For others, tap their name > Advanced.
At the bottom of the page you’ll find an S/MIME switch. Turn on that switch and then tap the Sign row that appears below it. To enable digital signing of your messages, turn on the Sign switch; your certificate should be visible and selected.
7 Encrypt by default
8 Get ready to use it
9 Add their certificate
If the profile doesn’t automatically show up, switch to the Settings app and go to General > Profiles. Tap your name to view your profile; this is also where you’d go if you ever want to delete the certificate from your iOS device.
Tap Back and then tap the option to encrypt messages by default, and then turn on its switch; it’ll only be applied for recipients who’ve shared their S/MIME certificate with you. Return to the top of your account settings and tap Done.
All future mail you send from this account will be automatically signed by default. To encrypt messages with a selected contact, first request that they send you a message that has their own digital signature attached.
Enter your device’s passcode, then read the warning about the profile not being signed. That’s fine; just tap Install twice to continue. Enter the password you applied to the p12 file, then tap Next, followed by Done.
Tap the sender’s name in the From part of their message’s header, then tap View Certificate. If you’re happy with it, tap Install to make it trusted, then tap Done. From now on your conversations with that person will be encrypted, too.
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Make social media graphics APPLE SKILLS
Create shareable graphics Design better social media images quickly and easily with Canva IT wILL TAKE 10 minutes yOu wILL LEARn How to create images that can be quickly shared on various social networks. yOu’LL nEEd Canva. iOS 8.1 or higher.
There is a surprising level of depth and control to the app, and even more on the Canva website
Sharing graphics on social networks can be a daunting task, even if you think you know what you’re doing. Whether you’re posting to Instagram, Facebook or Twitter, your images need to be different sizes and dimensions to avoid getting cropped and detail getting lost. Knowing which website uses which dimensions can be a nightmare. Canva is a free app that aims to make this process a little easier. With a few taps you can create ready-to-publish, shareable graphics for use on a number of different social media channels. Just pick which site you want to publish to and Canva gives you a ready-made template designed for that platform. It’s quick and easy, and the base version is free, although you can pay to unlock new layouts and backgrounds on the Canva website; we’ll come back to that shortly. At the moment, the app is mainly geared towards Instagram, with almost 100 graphics templates for this social network (there are about 50 for Facebook and Twitter). Once you’ve picked a layout, you can then choose from a range of graphical elements (doodles, frames, banners and more), text styles and filters. Each of these is customisable, allowing
you to change the size, colour, font weight and opacity with a few quick taps. The iPhone app makes creating and editing graphics quick and easy, but if you want more control over the designs then head over to the Canva website (canva.com). This has a larger selection of layouts, including presets for A4 printouts, cards, infographics, email headers and more. There’s also a wider array of fonts, graphics and badges to use in your designs, but, as we mentioned before, you have to pay for some of these.
The more the merrier There’s a surprising level of depth and control to the app, and even more on the Canva site. If you find the designs are a little too ‘trendy’ for what you want to post on social networks, you can upload your own photo backgrounds, remove the image filter and pass up on the heart doodle (although we couldn’t resist using it in the walkthrough below). You don’t even have to output to social networks – you can create swish presentations in the app, and the website has hordes of other options, including letterheads, album covers, and gift certificates. Canva is a neat little design package in its own right. Alex Blake
How to Quickly create and share social graphics
1 Choose a background
First, pick a social network; there are presets for Instagram, Facebook and Twitter, as well as slideshows. Next, pick a background image for your shareable graphic. You can also choose one from the Camera Roll or snap a shot yourself.
2 Make adjustments
Canva lets you add Instagram-style filters. Our image is a bit drab, so we’ve changed the filter to Summer. Next, add a doodle with the Elements button at the bottom, then enter some text. Both can be moved and resized as you see fit.
3 Finish up and share
Adjusting text is easy. Double tap a text box to edit what’s inside it, and use the slider to change its size. Canva lets you alter the alignment, weight, colour and more. When you’re done, tap Share and choose a social network to post to.
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APPLE SKILLS iOS Software
Control Apple tV from iOS
Learn to use the new remote control app as a stand-in for your Siri Remote iT will TAke 10 minutes yOu will leARn How to set up and use the Apple TV Remote app for navigation and to play games. yOu’ll need A device running iOS 9.3.2 or higher. A 2nd-generation or newer Apple TV.
iOS devices’ sensors allow those devices to serve as a substitute for the Siri Remote
not long after Apple released the fourth-gen Apple TV, the company promised that a new remote control app would be introduced for the device. That app is now available from the App Store for free. If you’re using Apple’s latest set-top box (the one that runs tvOS and comes with a Siri Remote), you should seriously consider using it instead of the old Remote app – now renamed iTunes Remote, and still available on the store if you only want basic navigation of Apple TV or control of iTunes on your Mac. The new app works with older models of Apple TV, yet its real advantage comes when used with the latest version. It enables you to ditch the Siri Remote and use your iPhone or iPod touch instead, because those devices include equivalent sensors to the ones used by motion-controlled Apple TV games, as well as a microphone for talking to Siri. Perhaps you already find yourself reaching for the older Remote app whenever you need to enter your Apple ID’s password to purchase something from the iTunes Store or the App Store, then switch back to the Siri Remote to navigate by voice or to control a game you just bought. Now you can save yourself having to
juggle the two and instead do all of these tasks with your iPhone or iPod touch. Also, because the app replicates the Siri Remote’s inputs, it can wake your Apple TV, or put the box to sleep with a long press on its Home button.
Simpler controls for games For interactive entertainment, the app uses the adaptability of your iOS device’s screen to trim away excess controls and present only the trackpad and the two buttons that work with games. There’s a slight downside to this, depending on your device: in games that use the trackpad to mimic a traditional directional pad, the trackpad’s width can be difficult to span unless you’ve got long thumbs. It’s more comfortable on an iPhone SE or a 6/6s, but you may find it better to invest in a gamepad, such as the SteelSeries Nimbus (see MF295). Even less enamouring is that the app isn’t designed to reformat itself for an iPad’s 4:3 display, although you can still use it on an iPad, of course. Of all three iPad sizes, the sizing and spacing of controls feels best on an iPad mini. To get started, download the app by searching for ‘Apple TV Remote’ on the App Store, or go directly to its page by pointing Safari at bit.ly/atvremote. Alan Stonebridge
How to Pair with your Apple tV
1 Add a 4th-gen Apple TV 2 Add an older model Open the app and tap Add Apple TV. You’ll be shown a list of all those found on your network. Tap a 4th-gen model and a code will be shown on your TV for you to enter in the app and pair the two devices. Then you’re shown controls.
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Things are the other way around on older models; the code’s given on iOS, to enter in Settings > General > Remotes on Apple TV. You’ll need the original remote, because leaving this app to navigate with iTunes Remote stops the pairing process.
3 Manage your Apple TVs
After you’ve set up one Apple TV with the app, tap Devices at the top left of the controls if you want to add more (or to remove one if, say, you’re selling it). Tap Edit at the top right, tap one of the Apple TVs listed, and then tap Unpair.
Control Apple TV from iOS APPLE SKILLS
How to Control media playback
1 Playback controls
Initially, the app shows controls you need to navigate menus. When playing media, the area below the trackpad gains buttons that jump 10 seconds (video and podcasts), or skim or skip tracks. Tap Details for shuffle or loop music controls.
2 Fast forward and rewind 3 Chapter selection Alternatively, lay a finger on the left or right side of the trackpad and hold it there to start skimming video; playback resumes when you lift your finger. Or, tap to pause, then use fast or slow swipes to fine-tune with variable accuracy.
Swipe down on the trackpad for a description (on TV) of what’s playing, and access to a chapter list, subtitles and alternative audio tracks for video. Swipe up until the focus is at the top of the info panel, and once more to close the panel.
How to use your iOS device as a gamepad
1 Switch to Game Mode
When playing games, a gamepad icon appears right above the trackpad. Tap it to switch the app to Game Mode, which strips away the extra controls that can’t be used for games and orients the others in a landscape, gamepad-like layout.
2 Buttons for gaming
Game Mode places the large, grey trackpad on the left of the screen, and two buttons on the right. Those buttons are equivalent to Select and play/pause on a Siri Remote, or the A and X buttons on an Apple TV gamepad, respectively.
3 When you’re finished
Tapping Close returns to portrait mode with all controls showing, and stays in the game – handy if it insists on that orientation for menu navigation. Menu also returns to portrait, but suspends the game and goes to Apple TV’s main menu.
Voice control with Siri talk to your 4th-gen Apple tV without Siri Remote The biggest feature of Apple TV Remote that the older Remote app lacks is the ability to use your iOS device’s mic to control Apple TV. Much like the equivalent button on Apple TV’s Siri Remote, you need to place your finger on the button that has a microphone icon and then hold your finger on the screen. Unlike other buttons, this one triggers a vibration, so you don’t have to look at your iOS device’s screen to know you’ve pressed it. Don’t worry about keeping your finger over it, just on the screen; Siri will listen until you lift it, and only then will it react.
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APPLE SKILLS Project
make an iOS security cam
Give your old iPhone a new purpose in your smart home with manything IT wILL TAKE 30 minutes yOu wILL LEARn How to turn your old iOS device into a smart security camera. yOu’LL nEEd A device running iOS 6.0 or higher. Manything. A mount for your iOS device.
manything lets your old devices live on in a relevant, helpful way
One key component of the smart home is security, but it comes at a cost, particularly if you want to monitor more than one spot in your home. But why spend hundreds of pounds on cameras when you’ve got the hardware capabilities locked away in an old, unloved iPhone or iPad? Thanks to apps like Manything (manything.com), you can dust off your old device and turn it into a smart security camera. You’re not skimping on features either – thanks to motion-sensitive recording, alerts and the ability to view and administer your cameras remotely, Manything rivals the likes of the Canary, Arlo Q and other smart security cameras. It enables you to connect up to five mobile devices for house-wide surveillance, plus access advanced tools like operating Manything to a time- or location-based schedule by integrating it with ifttt.com. Sadly, like most home security systems, Manything doesn’t offer all of its services for free, but its prices are competitive and flexible.
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The Basic Free Plan includes live streaming, motion alerts and detection zones with one camera only. To record footage so you can review it, you’ll need one of the paid-for plans, which require two decisions: how many cameras you want to record (one, two or five) and how many days of footage to store in the cloud (two, seven or 30). Manything’s prices range from £1.99 per month for two days’ recording on one camera, to £17.99 per month for 30 days of recording on up to five cameras – see bit.ly/2bmupYl to find your sweet spot. However, don’t rush into a decision; when you first install the app, you get a free five-day trial of the full five-camera setup. The cheapest option is to subscribe through the website rather than the app, as the latter adds a premium of up to £1.50 depending on the package you choose.
Get started First, verify your old iPhone is running at least iOS 6.0, which is the minimum requirement. That basically means you’ll need at least an
Make an iOS security cam APPLE SKILLS
Beyond security, you could record your pet’s unattended antics to post on YouTube.
to the cloud, so make sure your device has iPhone 3GS, iPad 2 or fourth-generation iPod internet access wherever you decide to place touch to be able to use Manything. Assuming it in order for this to happen. your device fits the bill, download Manything from the App Store, then open the app and tap ‘Sign up’ to create an account. Enter your Position your camera email address and provide a strong, unique Placement of your device is, of course, crucial. password, tap ‘Sign up’ again and you’ll be First, it needs to be positioned next to a power taken to Manything’s main menu. source, so it can be permanently powered Next, tap Camera to add the phone you’re from the mains – Manything will keep your using to your Manything account, and then phone awake while it’s running, so you can’t grant the app access to the device’s camera afford to rely on battery power for long. and microphone when it prompts you for Second, your device will need to be on permission to use them. The main its side so its camera shoots a screen will appear, showing you landscape view, as this provides Search eBay for a range what your phone’s camera can a wider field of vision. Search of inexpensive ways to secure your iPhone or see. You’ll be prompted to press eBay for ‘wide-angle iPhone iPad to a specific spot. the big red button that’s on the lens’ to purchase a cheap lens right or bottom of the screen (about £3) to widen this further. (depending on your device’s There’s a slight bowing of the current orientation) to switch on picture at the top and bottom the camera’s recording capability. with these lenses, but it doesn’t After doing all of this, the prevent you from seeing what’s app will start to record video happening, and they should also whenever it detects motion in work with iPad and iPod touch front of the camera. (Note that cameras too. The lens may a continual recording option is obscure the camera’s flash, also available in Manything’s which could be an issue if you settings). All recordings are want night-time security. streamed or uploaded (in the Third, which camera should case of time-lapse recordings) you use? Ideally the rear-facing
Jargon Buster IFTTT is a web-based service that enables smart devices and online services to work with each other using a combination of triggers and subsequent actions.
Genius Tip! Don’t be tempted by a cheap power supply for your security camera – always buy the genuine article from Apple or a reputable supplier in the interests of safety.
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APPLE SKILLS Project
explaIned… Your recordings on manything’s website 1
Use the timeline slider at the bottom of this pane to jump to recordings that were triggered by motion.
Switch to the Events tab to view all recordings that have been made, and click one to view it from start to finish.
Switch device Click this pop-up menu to switch to a different iPhone or iPad, if you have several set up.
Jargon Buster Time-lapse recording is a technique whereby video is captured at a low frame rate. In the context of Manything, it reduces the amount of data transmitted over the internet.
camera is best, as it offers a higher resolution and provides access to the flash, which Manything will switch on after dark if noise is detected during night-time (consider switching to Still Shot mode at night using IFTTT – read on for more details about that – as it’ll produce enhanced shots in low light conditions). Finally, how will you secure your phone in its desired position? If there’s not a suitable spot to prop it up in a discreet fashion – on a bookshelf, for example – you may find some kind of mount or clamp is required. See Best Buys on the next page for some suggestions. Once your iOS security camera is installed, repeat the process for any other mobiles you plan to use to complete your security setup.
Monitor your cameras
Genius Tip! Once Stills Mode is enabled, tweak it by tapping Stills Interval During Motion to set a longer interval (from five seconds up to 24 hours) between shots.
There are two ways you can keep an eye on your cameras while also administering their settings remotely. The first is through the Manything app itself – choose Viewer instead of Camera mode (tap the ‘m…’ button in the top-left corner of the app to switch between them) and you’ll be shown a live view from each of your cameras, complete with phone status (such as live or standby) and battery life, if applicable. Tap one of them to contact that camera and view its live feed, then tap Events to review a list of recordings. You’ll see a settings button next to each camera too. Tap this to tweak the adjacent camera’s settings in the same way you would from the camera itself, working through the step-by-step guide on the next page.
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Remote settings Click Settings here to access commonly used options, such as switching recording modes and between a device’s front and rear cameras.
You can also view and manage your cameras on your Mac, in a web browser with the Flash Player plug-in installed, by going to manything.com – the annotated screenshot above reveals the kinds of control you can wield from here.
Advanced features The Manything app offers all the core functionality you need, but you can exercise even greater control over your cameras by connecting them to ifttt.com (IFTTT, If This Then That, was featured in MF302’s project). Just add the Manything channel to your account on the IFTTT site and you’ll find a large number of triggers, actions and recipes you can use or adapt to your own purposes. For example, you might configure certain cameras to only come on at set times of day, or have your camera’s flash switch on at night when it detects sound. You can even link your cameras with other devices – for example, to get around your camera’s struggle to detect motion when it’s dark by pairing it with a SmartThings motion sensor, you can use the SmartThings trigger to detect movement, then pair it with the Manything action that switches on the iOS device’s flash and starts recording. Manything scores highly on all key levels: its subscription pricing’s relatively inexpensive, and it has all the features you could wish for, is beautifully designed, integrates with other smart home devices, and lets your old mobiles live on in a relevant and helpful way, too. What’s not to like? nick Peers
Make an iOS security cam APPLE SKILLS
How To tweak key camera settings Best Buys! Visit manything.com/ accessories.html for a list of recommended mounts and other accessories. If your funds are tight, you’ll find bargains on eBay, too. Here are three of our favourites.
1 Access Manything’s settings 2 Turn on Stills Mode The majority of Manything’s settings are self-explanatory for the most part. They are accessed by tapping the cog icon on the app’s main camera screen. Alternatively, you can remotely tweak your camera’s settings from another device that’s in Viewer mode.
Stills Mode lets you switch to time-lapse recording – a good choice if the upload speed of your internet connection is slow. Once this is switched on, still images are recorded at three-second intervals, rather than capturing a continuous video stream.
Windscreen mount Manything’s official mount costs £15 – lower quality ones cost £5 on eBay. The suction cup can be put on a window or other flat surface.
3 Adjust sensitivity settings
Tap Sensitivity Threshold under Motion Detection to fine-tune the camera’s sensitivity to motion. Use the slider to adjust this setting on a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 corresponds to small motion events and 10 means large amounts of motion. The default value is 8.
4 Set detection zones
Tap Detection Zones to mask out part of the screen where you don’t want to monitor movement. You’ll see the camera view overlaid by a grid. Simply tap those squares in the grid where you want to disable Manything’s motion detection, then tap Back.
Mini iPhone tripod and mount This Octo Tripod and mount costs about £6 on eBay, and is best suited for places where there’s plenty of room to place your iPhone.
Gooseneck iPad mount
You can choose to receive email alerts, push notifications, or both whenever motion is detected or the camera’s status changes – adjust the appropriate switches as you want, then set minimum durations during which you don’t want additional emails or notifications.
Tweak video quality
By default, Manything picks a ‘fair quality’ setting for video, but you can change this up or down separately for your device’s Wi-Fi and mobile data connections. Additionally, you can set monthly data limits – from 2 to 20GB for Wi-Fi, and 100MB to 2GB for 3G – if required.
This clamps on to surfaces like window sills and desks. Twist the gooseneck to strengthen its support, then fit it to the iPad mount.
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What’s inside 65 Mac oS X How to track down the cause of Spotlight no longer indexing a drive
66–67 Mac hardware Thinking inside the box to refresh the parts other tips can’t reach
68–69 Mac oS X Sage advice to help you overcome the worst Mac maladies
70 ioS Software Swipe away your touchscreen troubles and love iOS once again
Why won’t Spotlight index my drive any more? Spotlight indexing has stopped working on my Mac’s internal drive. If I remove that drive from under Privacy in Spotlight’s preferences, indexing never completes, and my Mac’s logs are full of repeated errors about mdworker failing. I’ve tried forcing the index to be rebuilt, but the problem recurs. How can I fix this?
by S i m o n S i m p S o n
This usually happens because mdworker, the background service which builds the metadata indexes used by Spotlight, is choking on files or folders that it can’t cope with. Sometimes messages in OS X’s logs reveal which files are causing the problems, so help you work out what to do
Our resident genius solves your Mac and iOS problems
to eliminate them. They’re usually preference lists (plists) or similar, which can be trashed to allow indexing to work normally. When there’s no help from your Mac’s logs, use the exclude list in the Privacy tab to work out where offending items are. Remove your internal drive from that list, but add back its top-level folders. Take them out of the list one by one until indexing breaks, and repeat this process to narrow the issue down to one or more individual files. If you don’t use Spotlight much, you could leave the drive or individual folders that are troublesome excluded. Note, though, that you can’t turn off indexing of your Time Machine backups, as Time Machine relies on Spotlight’s indexes to function.
Contact us Email your queries and your questions to firstname.lastname@example.org Keep up to date by following us on Twitter @macformat Join the conversation at facebook.com/ macformat Get the latest subscription offers at macformat.com
Clever detective work in Spotlight’s exclusions list can pinpoint items that are getting in the way of indexing.
Autumn 2016 | MacforMat | 65
GeNIUS tIPS mac Hardware
mac Hardware thinking inside the aluminium box to refresh the parts that other tips can’t reach Hardware quick-fire questions Can I upgrade the memory in my Mac mini (Late 2014)? > Sadly not. There are no memory slots, and the modules fitted in your mini are soldered in. Even if you could find someone to try to desolder those chips, the maximum memory that model supports is 16GB, unless Apple was to release a firmware update to support more.
Can I upgrade the SSD in my iMac’s Fusion Drive? > SSDs in Apple’s Fusion Drives are replaceable, but upgrading that part would require the skills of an Apple-trained engineer. It would also require some software surgery afterwards. One solution, using a USB 3 or Thunderbolt drive instead of making internal changes, is detailed in our Apple Skills Project in MF296.
Reviewing settings in System Preferences can halt display problems, but they’re often due to a failing graphics card.
black screen imac lockout At seemingly random times, the display of my iMac (21.5-inch, Mid 2011) goes completely black, and the system is then unusable, so I have to perform a forced shutdown using its power button. This iMac has a Radeon HD 6770M graphics card. Why is this happening?
by B o B p r i n g l e
Given its vintage, a dying graphics card or other hardware could be to blame. Several models of graphics cards have suffered premature failure, probably because of the introduction of lead-free solder, and some have had their warranties extended as a result.
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Before you take the Mac in for repair, check its logs in Console. After this next happens and the Mac has restarted, open Console and search for BOOT_TIME, which should take you back to the last startup. The entries right before that may give a better idea as to what went wrong at the time of the black screen. Otherwise, run Apple Hardware Test or Diagnostics (see the next page); if that reports a hardware fault, you’ll need to take the Mac for repair. If the hardware checks out OK, the Mac could still have a graphics card problem, which may only be possible to fully diagnose by Apple’s in-house tools. The Mac may be inadvertently trying to enter Target Display Mode (as when you press ç+@). You might stop that by temporarily restarting in safe mode, or by checking the settings in the Displays preferences pane.
mac Hardware GeNIUS tIPS
How can I make my mid-2010 MacBook Pro run faster?
Several utilities such as System Monitor can provide useful information about internal temperatures and fan speeds.
Only one, TG Pro, gives you manual control over fans, which can sometimes help unstick their automatic control.
my mac’s fans are stuck on full blast! My iMac (27-inch, Mid 2010) started crashing when asleep, and now its internal fans are stuck blowing at full speed, even after resetting its SMC. What’s wrong with it?
by D e S D a u g h t o n
Shut down your iMac, leave it to cool off for 10 minutes, then start it up in Apple Hardware Test (see apple.co/ 2b3FhpK for instructions on how to access that; you may need the install discs that came with your Mac). If that tool’s test results check out as normal and your Mac’s fans stay full on, reset the SMC and then its NVRAM (see the box below for instructions).
You may need to correct settings such as volume and display afterwards, but the fans should drop back to normal. If not, take your iMac to a Genius Bar for a complete check-up. Further crashes during sleep may disappear in safe mode (hold ß at the startup sound); this turns off third-party extensions, which should tell you if one of them is to blame.
> Your MacBook Pro is the last model to feature memory slots: increasing memory and replacing the hard disk with an SSD should make the Mac appreciably quicker. Installing two 4GB or even 8GB DDR3-1066 SO-DIMM modules should cost from £40.
Can I add USB 3 ports to my Mac Pro (Mid 2012)? > Several PCI Express cards offer four USB 3 ports and work in late Mac Pro tower models. Sonnet’s Allegro Pro costs around £130 and is well proven, but cheaper cards from Inateck can cost as little as £30.
Safe mode turns off third-party extensions, which should tell you if one of them is to blame
HoW To diagnose your mac and reset its nVRAm
1 Run a diagnostic
Power on your Mac and hold down d before the grey screen appears until you see Apple Diagnostics or Apple Hardware Test. If this doesn’t work, try a wired keyboard. On some older Macs, you’ll need your original install discs for this.
2 Reset the SMC
Shut down your Mac. It’s wise then to disconnect all peripherals apart from any Ethernet cable and your keyboard and mouse. Unplug the Mac’s power cable, wait 15 seconds, plug the power in again, wait five seconds, then power on.
3 Reset the NVRAM
Get your hands ready to hold down ç+å+p+R, then start up your Mac. As soon as you hear the startup sound, hold down those keys until you hear the sound a second time, then release them, and allow the Mac to start up as normal.
Autumn 2016 | MacforMat | 67
GeNIUS tIPS OS X
mac OS X Shine a spotlight on sagacious solutions to your most maddening mac maladies OS X quick-fire questions Can I revert back to running oS X El Capitan 10.11.3? > Yes, although it is complex to say the least, and exposes your Mac to security risks. You’d need to install El Capitan from scratch, and then update it using the Combo installer for 10.11.3 before manually restoring your apps, documents, and so on, from your Time Machine backup. Some current versions of apps might not work even then.
Sidebar favourites in dispute The two versions of Finder’s sidebar, listing favourites, devices, and so on, have somehow become different on my Mac running oS X El Capitan 10.11.5. Viewed in Finder, that sidebar looks correct, with a single Desktop item. However, viewed in an app’s Save dialog, the Desktop item is shown twice under Favourites. Why is this, and how can I fix it?
by J a n e t g o l D n e r
This shouldn’t be possible, as both those sidebars are generated by the same code in OS X, and should be identical. To verify that, start an app, create a new document, then open the Save dialog, positioning it on the left of your screen. Then bring a Finder window to the front on the right, so that you can see both sidebars at once.
Next, choose Finder > Preferences and click the Sidebar tab. Uncheck the Applications item there; that item should immediately disappear from Favorites in Finder and the Save dialog. Sometimes such preferences get stuck, and trashing the file at ~/Library/Preferences/ com.apple.Finder.plist (the tilde means your home folder; in Finder, hold å and choose Go > Library) can allow it to be saved properly. However, the two locations’ behaviour should remain consistent and reliable even if the preferences can’t be saved properly. If the two sidebars don’t behave identically, your Mac most probably still has the remains of an old third-party utility that modifies Save dialogs, such as Default Folder X. Restarting in Safe mode (hold ß when you hear the startup sound) should disable that to confirm, allowing you to identify and remove those remains.
The sidebars in Finder windows and Save dialogs should remain in sync, and comply with what’s set in Finder’s preferences.
Why can’t my iMac sleep without also sleeping its disk? > Although the Energy Saver pane offers the ability to prevent hard disks from sleeping during system sleep, this does not work in some recent models of iMac. If you don’t want your disks put to sleep, those models will also then not let the system go to sleep either.
68 | MacforMat | Autumn 2016
OS X GeNIUS tIPS
How can I put windows into the Dock in slo-mo? > This was a favourite trick of Steve Jobs when demonstrating OS X. When you click on the amber Minimise button at the top-left corner of a window, hold ß; the window will minimise into the Dock over a period of five seconds. To revert a file or folder’s icon back to its default, select it at the top of Finder’s Get Info dialog, then pick Edit > Cut.
You can also reverse this process to use your own custom icon: copy an image and paste it over the icon at the top.
How to fix a faulty folder icon oS X changed the appearance of one of my folders. Although other folders still display with the regular, blue icon, my Music folder now looks like a file. How can I fix this?
by m a r c S h e r i D a n
Select the folder in the Finder and choose File > Get Info. At the top of the window that opens will be the current, incorrect icon. Click on that to select it, and then choose Edit > Cut to remove it. You can also use this capability to apply a custom icon to a file or folder by pasting a graphic into that image well.
Changing icons might indicate underlying disk problems. It’s worth starting up your Mac in Recovery mode (hold ç+R before you hear the startup sound) and running Disk Utility’s First Aid tool from there to check and repair your startup disk. Once done, restart your Mac as normal.
incorrect, changing icons might indicate there’s an underlying problem to fix on your mac’s disk
Can oS X block internet tracking? > In System Preferences, the Security & Privacy pane’s Privacy tab has a Location Services item, where you can prevent apps determining your location, but to stop browser-based tracking look in your browser’s preferences. Safari has an excellent extension for this in Better (free, Mac App Store).
Why does my keyboard persist in going back to uS layout? Whenever my Mac Pro, an early 2009 model running El Capitan, starts up it reverts to using a US keyboard. I then set it back to using a UK keyboard in System Preferences, which it forgets the next time it starts up. How can I get it to remember the correct layout?
by p r o f e S S o r h a i m B r e S h e e t h
This usually happens when one of the two keyboard preference files is corrupt. There’s one in Library at the top of your startup disk, and another in your user account’s Library, so your Mac knows which to use before and after you log in.
The first to check is the latter. In Finder, hold å and choose Go > Library. Open the Preferences folder there and locate the file named com.apple.HIToolbox.plist; move it elsewhere, such as Documents. Next, restart your Mac, and set up your keyboard normally using the Input Sources tab in the Keyboard pane. That change should persist after your next startup or restart. If it doesn’t, you may need to remove that same file from your account’s Library folder again, and from the Preferences folder in the top-level Library folder before restarting. That’ll change the keyboard settings that are applied both before you log in, Keyboard prefs are saved in two files, either or both of which can get corrupted and cause layout confusion. and afterwards.
Autumn 2016 | MacforMat | 69
GeNIUS tIPS iOS Software
iOS Software Swipe away your touchscreen troubles and rekindle your love of Apple’s mobile devices iOS software quick-fire questions How do I stop tracking in Safari and others apps? > Safari has specific control over this: in Settings > Safari, you can turn on Do Not Track (under the Privacy & Security heading). Apple’s iAd is controlled in Settings > Privacy > Advertising. Here you can limit ad tracking. Also check third-party apps’ pages in Settings.
Can I limit apps from eating my data allowance? > In Settings > Mobile Data, you’ll find a list of all your apps that use mobile data, and you can disable its use by individual apps if they are using it to excess. You can also turn off Wi-Fi Assist at the bottom of the page, and some individual apps have their own controls in Settings.
Stop iCloud Photo Library from stealing storage I’d avoided iCloud until recently, when I wanted to show photos from my iPad 2 on a TV. I put them into my iCloud Photo Library using my Mac, and they duly showed up on the iPad. However, they appear in the iPad’s Photos app even when the device’s Wi-Fi is turned off. I don’t want hundreds of pictures cluttering up the device. How can I only collect them from the cloud when I need them?
by c e e
free space, it’ll leave the full-size originals in the cloud, downloading them only as needed. You can tell how much local storage iCloud Photo Library is using by going to Settings > General > Storage & iCloud Usage > Manage Storage (under the Storage heading, not iCloud). Scroll down the list to find the total used by Photos & Camera, tap that, and you can confirm how much local space your photo library is using. You could turn on iCloud Photo Library only when you need it, but you’ll need to be happy waiting for it to sync each time.
iCloud Photo Library stores all of your pictures in iCloud, but doesn’t necessarily lumber all the devices you’ve connected to your iCloud account with the whole library. Control its behaviour by going to Settings > iCloud > Photos. When you enable iCloud Photo Library on that page, your iPad will inevitably keep indexes and thumbnail images for your whole library. Below that, though, you have an option
iCloud Photo Library downloads thumbnails of your pics, but only full quality ones as needed of choosing either Optimise iPad Storage or Download and Keep Originals; inevitably, the latter of those uses more storage space, but tap the former and your iPad will manage its use of local storage as efficiently as possible. If your iPad has ample free storage, it may well still keep copies of your most commonly used photos and videos locally on the iPad. However, when the iPad is more pushed for
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Tap the Optimise iPad Storage item if you’d like the storage space used by photos on your device kept to a minimum.
Unleash your Mac’s true potential!
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OWC helps you get the best performance possible from your Mac whilst extending its lifespan… e’re now in an age where our tech has become increasingly disposable and falls victim to ‘planned obsolescence’. Many users are fighting this trend, however, by looking for ways to extend the life of their tech rather than trading it in for the ‘latest and greatest’. After all, if you’re going to spend hundreds or even thousands of pounds on a single device, you should expect that you’ll be able to not only use it for years, but that it will still perform at a high level during that timespan. Extending the useful life of your technology has been a core belief of OWC since the company’s inception in 1988. The value that you get from a Mac goes far beyond its initial purchase price. Value is about adapting your machine to your constantly evolving needs and the growing demands of your workflow. Maybe you’re a photographer who needs more internal storage or a new high-capacity battery to keep your MacBook Pro going strong while shooting on location. Maybe you need a built-for-Mac OWC SSD and more memory to turn your Mac Pro into a postproduction powerhouse for your creative studio. Whatever your needs, OWC goes further to not only create the best solutions but to also support them long after you’ve made a purchase with a committed, highly knowledgeable customer service team along with free, comprehensive educational content and instructional videos. VFX Director Matthew Crnich has intimate knowledge of how important it is to extend the life of technology. Crnich, who is currently
OWC’s huge range of storage solutions can extend the lifespan of your Mac by years. Who wouldn’t want that?
Chief Technology Officer of the Chicago-based media production company Sarofsky, relies on OWC memory and storage solutions to keep his fleet of Mac Pros running at the peak of their performance potential. Having been used on projects such as NBC’s Community and several Marvel films, the Sarofsky-employed Mac Pros are pushed to the limit, and need to perform over the long haul. “It might not look like it from the work we do, but we’re still a small company. So it’s very important that I can put more memory and faster storage in a computer for, say, $500 and extend the life of it by a year or more. It’s far less expensive than doing a hardware refresh. OWC has been vital to extending life of all 28 or 29 Mac Pros we have,” Crnich said. OWC has a deep passion for delivering the best upgrades, solutions and customer service to keep your system running at the height of its potential. Defy planned obsolescence. Maximize your investment with OWC solutions and upgrades. See how we can help your workflow at OWCDigital.com or MacSales.com.
Extending the life of your Mac is also about environmental responsibility. The longer we can maintain the usefulness of our devices, the longer we can keep them out of landfills. But, OWC’s efforts go far beyond simply eliminating unnecessary e-waste. From the LEED Platinum Certified headquarters in Illinois with an on-site Vestas V39-500kW wind turbine to the solar panels above our Illinois and Austin, Texas facilities, OWC is committed to being a total net producer of renewable energy.
“Extending the useful life of your technology has been a core belief of OWC since 1988.”
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 71
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Secure offline storage ast issue I talked myself into using a 22-year-old PowerBook 520 to do serious writing work. I was pleasantly surprised by how usable it still was, but I’ll be honest; the marvel was not how well it worked, but that it worked at all. Dealing with System 7.5 was pretty traumatic and I haven’t been tempted to start it up since. And so for this issue I was determined to go for something newer. Or at least less old. The Power Mac G4 I found on eBay is the Mirrored Drive Doors model released in 2003, so at least I’m in the right millennium. It cost me just £42.50, and almost all of that was postage. For that trifling sum, I have 300 times more memory than last month, 700 times as much disk space, and a 1.25GHz CPU. It starts up, it’s in good condition, and best of all it runs OS X Leopard. Surely this Mac would immediately find useful employment in my house? Well yes, it did. But not in the way I had assumed…
LUIS’S APPLE CLASSIC! In 1987, at the height of the Compact Macintosh era, came the Macintosh SE. It was cheaper than the Macintosh II released at the same time, but this model was the first compact Mac with an internal drive bay and fan. The SE stands for System Expansion, and this was also the first compact Mac with an expansion slot. Although the built-in display was monochrome, the motherboard could generate 3-bit colour, and at least one company sold an eight-colour external monitor for an extra £1,000.
Autumn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 73
LOVe YOUR MAC Power mac G4
Hardware quick-fire questions What should I do with all the bits? > You can take Apple devices and parts into any Apple Store and it’ll take care of the recycling for you. However, it’s also worth selling them on eBay. You may recoil at the thought of the effort that’s required in listing them all individually and dealing with the postage costs, but the combined auction value of all the working components is often more than the resale value of the Mac itself.
Gutting a G4 Power mac Less power than an iPad mini in 270 times the space, and yet still good enough to use 1
1.25GHz processor The PowerPC G4 was the first Mac processor to pass the 1GHz mark. 2
1.25GB memory The stock 512MB can be upgraded to 2GB, but this is still only just adequate for running OS X Leopard.
How do I remove the hard disk?
120GB hard disk
image creditS: iFiXit.com
> There is one obvious screw at the top of the drive bay, but even when you’ve removed that, the drive still won’t come free. To release it, you must pull the white plastic bracket on the side. This disengages the lug that sits in the hole in the backplate, enabling you to slide the drive up and out.
Slower than modern storage, but the ATA/100 interface still lets the Power Mac start acceptably fast. 4
Combo Drive A DVD-ROM/CD-RW drive was standard on the 1.25GHz Power Mac G4, and an option on the other models. 5
Expansion ports 5
The two USB ports use the slower USB 1.1 standard. High-speed connections must use FireWire 400. 6
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Though the Wi-Fi antenna was fitted as standard, the adaptor card was an option. This model has to make do with wired Ethernet.
Power mac G4 LOVe YOUR MAC
Mac that runs OS X Leopard seems like it should still be pretty useful. After all, Snow Leopard was basically just a faster version of Leopard, and I still have a couple of systems running that. So this Power Mac ought to be able to run anything they can run, just slightly slower. Unfortunately, this logic falls flat for two reasons. First, this model uses a PowerPC G4 processor and most Mac apps long ago abandoned support for anything that doesn’t have Intel inside. I can still use the TenFourFox web browser (free, bit.ly/24nhRSz) on it, but a lot of other apps are off the table. Second, ‘slightly slower’ is often completely unacceptable – this Mac can’t play YouTube videos in HD without stuttering, for example. Even so, an iMac or a MacBook running Leopard could still be put to service. A semidisposable laptop for writing on while I’m away camping, say. Or a screen in the kitchen on which to watch YouTube while I’m doing the washing up. But a Power Mac G4 is huge and noisy, needs a monitor and two power sockets, and has lots of trailing cables that get in the way, collect dust, and look untidy. Contrast that with an iPad that’s fitted in a LifeProof Nuud case, which outcompetes the G4 in all of those scenarios. I already have one of those.
A new purpose in life In fact, just about the only thing about this Power Mac that I still like is the case. It’s tough and elegant, and has a really neat side panel that hinges downward to reveal the spacious interior. That gave me an idea: why not use the
Power Mac as a cabinet? Excitedly, I lugged the Mac from room to room, placing it on various shelves and holding it up against walls as I imagined it on cleverly concealed mounting brackets. Could I use it to hold CDs, or perhaps PlayStation games? What about as a kitchen spice rack, or a sock tidy in the bedroom? Eventually I decided it should be a bathroom cabinet for the downstairs toilet. It fits neatly on the windowsill, the mirrored drive doors provide a handy shaving mirror, and the case
The open door creates a handy tray for make-up or shaving accessories.
the Power mac’s neat side panel and spacious interior made me think to use it as a cabinet latch is high enough and firm enough that visiting young nephews and nieces won’t be able to get it open, which makes this the perfect place for my downstairs supplies of paracetamol and watch batteries.
Stripped bare I removed the motherboard, drives, fans, and all the cables betwixt them, which took about half an hour because damn, that power supply cable is wedged in tight. I eventually gave up trying to wiggle it free and
You can also use Power Mac G4 cases as screw tidies in your workshop.
Autumn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 75
LOVe YOUR MAC Power mac G4
HoW to Strip down a Power mac G4
1 The motherboard
Unplug all power and ATA connectors from the motherboard and unscrew the graphics card. Unscrew the heat sink and remove it and the CPU daughterboard. Unscrew the motherboard, slide it toward the Mac’s front and lift it clear. Undo the two screws for the plate over the small fan and slide it off the mounting posts.
2 The optical drive
Unclip the cable for the modem port and remove the port itself. Pull down the molex plug for the hard disk to remove it. Take the chrome backplate off the optical drive chassis and undo all the power and data cables. Undo the screws at the drive caddy’s front and back, then slide it out. The big drive fan should also just lift out.
3 PSU and hard disk
At the Mac’s rear, remove the top hex bolt that secures the power supply unit, then undo the single screw at the other end. Cut the power cables and remove the power supply. Take out the hard disk, and the drive caddy below the optical drive bracket. You should now have an empty cabinet.
supply, both of which make handy shelves. However, I hammered in, or ground off, all the other sticky-out spikes and flanges to maximise the useful space. The side opens out to form a
do i feel bad destroying a perfectly good mac? Of course, but the inside is the least Appley part
The G4 CPU’s heat sink can be put to use as an attractive letter holder.
Next Issue! Luis drops the bass with a renovated subwoofer from Harmon Kardon.
snipped through all the pretty coloured wires. Then I gave it a thorough hoover to get rid of all the dust bunnies, and scraped off the adhesive pads for the cable clips. The small amount of glue left behind eventually came away with a 50:50 mixture of white spirit and elbow grease. I left the bracket that the CD drives had rested on, as well as the mounting point for the power
76 | MACFORMAT | Autumn 2016
useful table, although if this was bolted directly into the wall, I’d have to add a chain on each side to support it when it’s open. Obviously, there are still some rough edges and open grills that I’ll eventually file down and fill in, but I really like the clean, industrial aesthetic. In fact, I’m thinking of getting another G4 to turn into a soldering station for my electronics projects. Do I feel bad about destroying a perfectly good Mac? Of course I do. But the inside of a Mac is in many ways the least Appley part. The electronic bits are mostly commodity components connected together in the only way the hardware allows. What makes a Mac is its physical design, and that’s concentrated in the case. If I ever want to turn this back into a working Apple computer, I can just put an Intel Mac mini in it – and I’ll still have plenty of room for the shaving foam.
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78 | MACFORMAT | AUTUMN 2016
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ith the latest version of iOS, your iPhone, iPod touch and iPad become even better to use thanks to a wealth of enhancements and brand-new features. Messages offers cooler conversational opportunities, Safari tabs are easier to work with, and Music is streamlined. There are dozens more improvements to discover in iOS 10, and we’ll show you more than a hundred of the best so you get the most out of it from day one.
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AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 79
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FEATURE iOS 10 tips
The Lock screen
Notification Centre and Control Centre are still accessed with swipes inwards from the top and bottom screen edges, respectively, but Today view has been moved: swipe right on the Lock or Home screen.
You can access the camera more easily at the Lock screen, too. Rather than swipe upwards from an icon at the bottom right, swipe left from anywhere.
Raise to Wake is complemented by a setting that unlocks a device with Touch ID without even pressing Home: Settings > General > Accessibility > Home Button > Rest Finger to Open. Though intended for people with motor difficulties, this is helpful on large iPhones, where pressing might cause you to lose your grip on the device.
3D Touch enhancements
Downloaded a cool app and want to tell someone about it? Save yourself the time of searching the App Store to share a link to it. Just 3D Touch its Home screen icon instead, choose the Share command from its Quick Actions, then pick a method from the Share sheet.
Applying 3D Touch to a folder on an iPhone’s Home screen reveals an option to rename that folder. When you tap that command, the folder opens with its name wholly selected so you can overtype it immediately. That’s two taps fewer than it takes to do this on devices that lack 3D Touch.
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When a folder shows a badge notification, you don’t need to go digging around inside it to find the responsible app. Just apply 3D Touch to the folder and its Quick Actions will list apps inside that have notifications waiting for you.
Swipe up from the screen’s bottom edge to see the new-look Control Centre. At first it seems to have fewer controls than in iOS 9. Swipe left to bring a second card of controls into view. On the first one, it’s clearer when features in the top row are active thanks to stronger use of colour.
Concerned about your mobile data usage? Apply 3D Touch to the Settings app’s icon in iOS 10 for a shortcut to the Mobile Data page, where you can monitor and manage it, including Personal Hotspot.
Video and audio streaming controls are split between cards in Control Centre. To send video to an Apple TV, tap AirPlay Mirroring on the first card. To choose an audio output, which might use AirPlay, Bluetooth or even a cabled connection, tap the bottom row on the second card, or in the right column on iPad.
Save yourself a couple of taps when retrospectively adding a time or location to a Reminders item by simply applying 3D Touch to it and picking the desired kind.
Apply 3D Touch to the flashlight or various app shortcuts in the first card’s bottom row to: choose from one of three flashlight brightnesses; set a 1, 5, 20 or 60-minute timer; copy Calculator’s last result; or jump straight into photo, video, slo-mo, or selfie camera mode.
Some apps show a summary and extra shortcuts when you 3D Touch their Home screen icon. For example, Reminders shows timed items, Calendar shows upcoming events and alarms, and Maps details traffic conditions to where it expects you’ll go next. Tapping Add Widget at the top right adds this to Today view; but consider how many you want to add, in case that view becomes too crammed, and so less useful.
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 81
FEATURE iOS 10 tips
At the top right of some groups of results are the words ‘Search in App’. If a group doesn’t include an item you expect to see, tap these words to open the corresponding app and automatically perform the same search inside it.
You can now collaborate with other people in Notes – useful for making a list of gift ideas, holiday choices, or a more flexible shopping list than Reminders allows, for example. Start by editing a note, tap the person-like icon with a + on it, choose a method by which to send an invitation, and then fill out the recipient’s details and a message for them.
Only the creator of a note can invite people. If your collaborators don’t have iOS 10, they’re directed to iCloud.com to edit the note there. Changes are shown in real time, with an eye-catching highlight. In the list of your notes, a person icon is shown next to any that’s shared as a reminder of that status.
Mail and Notes are easier to work with on the 12.9-inch iPad Pro, sporting a Mac-like, three-pane interface that uses the larger screen to show more information at once, rather than you having to tap so much to move between folders.
Spotlight can show results from Wikipedia, Apple’s stores and other online sources. If you want to limit it to searching your own content, open Settings, go to General > Spotlight Search, and switch off Suggestions in Search.
Like Spotlight, Look Up (which replaces Define in the contextual menu when you select a word) displays results from online sources such as Wikipedia, the iTunes and App Stores, and nearby movies and locations. To restrict Look Up to searching your personal data, switch off Settings > General > Spotlight Search > Suggestions in Look Up.
The ability to manage dictionaries that feed definitions into Look Up has moved from the feature’s own panel to the Settings app, where it’s in General > Dictionary.
Even if you turn off Look Up’s online search capability, so you only get word definitions, it’ll offer a Search the Web option to submit your terms to the search engine chosen in Safari’s settings.
Notification Centre and Today view each have a Spotlight search bar at the top. This is even available when you open Notification Centre while in an app, enabling you to look up things without having to return to the Home screen.
While using an app, jump straight to Spotlight with the keyboard ready for input by slowly dragging downwards from the screen’s top edge until you feel a vibration, then let go. Devices without 3D Touch lack the confirmational buzz; let go when the search bar reaches its resting position.
When you tap Spotlight’s search bar, below the suggestions of apps you might want to use are some of your previous searches. Tap one to perform it again.
Spotlight can now search your files in iCloud Drive; their contents as well as names. If you don’t want this, turn off iCloud Drive’s switch in Settings > General > Spotlight Search.
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Notifications and widgets
You will no longer find a sort option in Settings > Notifications, because iOS 10 always lists your notifications in reverse chronological order.
Many of the widgets you can add to Today view offer interactivity, which may take you to a particular place in the corresponding app, much like tapping a notification does. However, if you simply want to open the app, just tap its tiny icon at the top-left corner of the widget.
You can tell Maps to never include bus, underground and light rail, suburban rail or ferry journeys when plotting directions. You’ll find these options in Settings > Maps > Public Transport.
Notifications can offer greater interactivity in iOS 10. When one appears, 3D Touch it (or swipe down from it on devices without that) to see actions you can take. Messages, for example, displays recent interactions to save you opening the app to refer back to them, and HomeKit-compatible video doorbells can show who’s at the door, with options to use the intercom or unlock the door.
To quickly dismiss all items in Notification Centre, apply 3D Touch to one of the crosses to the right of a heading (such as ‘Yesterday’), then tap Clear All Notifications. This really does clear everything, not just those items under the adjacent heading.
Maps can work out where you parked and drop a pin there for you automatically, provided Settings > Maps > Show Parked Location is switched on and your car has a Bluetooth or CarPlay stereo.
If you don’t have an Apple TV to use as a conduit for remote control of HomeKit accessories while you’re away, use an iPad that’s always online and plugged in. Switch on Settings > Home > Use this iPad as a Home Hub.
iOS 10 tips FEATURE
Yet another way to open Split View on iPad is to hold on the Show All Tabs button and choose Open Split View. This method is handy if you want to open one of your favourites.
To revert to showing one full-screen site: drag the last tab from one view to the other’s tab bar to merge them, or tap that tab’s cross if you no longer need it.
Alternatively, hold on the Show All Tabs icon, then choose Merge All Tabs, or even choose Close <number> Tabs to close all of that view’s tabs at once.
Another route into Split View in Safari on iPad is to drag a tab down from the tab bar, then to the screen’s left or right edge, then let go when the the first view shrinks.
Try pinch to zoom on a website that doesn’t normally allow it. In iOS 10’s version of Safari, you can take a closer look even if the site’s designer doesn’t want you to.
One of the actions when you hold a finger on a link is Share, which saves a little time and mobile data if what’s at the other end is something you think a friend will like but which you don’t care to read yourself.
The Bookmarks and Reading List tabs in Safari’s sidebar now each have a search bar; swipe downwards on either’s contents to reveal it.
The same technique for closing multiple tabs on iPad, described in tip 44, works on iPhone too – handy as Safari happily lets you open hundreds!
If you don’t care to be given the opportunity to use Apple Pay to buy from websites, go to Settings > Safari and switch off Check for Apple Pay.
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 83
To see tracks coming up after the current one, tap the MiniPlayer’s bar at the bottom of the screen, then swipe upwards on the expanded MiniPlayer.
In the new-look Music app, tap Library (bottom left) to browse your collection, including playlists. At the top of this page are various ways to browse, such as by artist, album or song title. Tap Edit to add music videos, genres, compilations and composers, or to turn off anything you don’t need. Drag on the grips to the right to reorder these items, then tap Done.
Once you’ve set up Bedtime, you can adjust it when needed by dragging on the coloured arc between the icons on the clock‘s circumference. Doing this moves the bedtime and wake-up times without affecting your total sleep duration.
Downloaded Music is a view in its own right, rather than a switch you can toggle. Like in iOS 9, it adds a bar to the top of the screen as a reminder you’re not seeing everything from your library. No matter how deep you go into this view, you only need to tap Library to see all your music again in an instant.
Swipe upwards on the expanded MiniPlayer to access shuffle and loop playback controls. If the items in the queue are the contents of an album or playlist, enabling shuffle has an immediately visible effect on their order.
Games can incorporate screen recording, which saves to the Camera Roll. If your kids might not understand the consequences of this for storage, it can be disabled in Settings > General > Restrictions > Screen Recording.
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The queue no longer scrolls back in time. Instead, tap For You; its top row shows albums from which you’ve recently played tracks, just not the exact songs. Tap See All next to it to see a longer history.
The Music app now works with Split View on supported iPads – handy if you want to check out an artist’s output while reading about them, say.
To prevent iOS removing music from your device’s storage to make room for other stuff, go to Settings > Music >
Downloads > Optimise Storage and pick the minimum amount you want to keep around. This only appears if iCloud Music Library is enabled.
the sheet’s bottom row. In Mail, begin by holding a finger on an attachment in a message.
The adjacent Automatic Downloads switch differs from the one in Settings > iTunes & App Store; whereas the latter downloads iTunes Store tracks no matter the device you bought them on, this one downloads tracks added to your iCloud Music Library even if imported from a CD or another store on your Mac. Ensure that you have switched on iCloud Music Library on all relevant devices.
In Settings > Videos are separate playback quality settings for Wi-Fi and mobile networks, with a choice of ‘Best Available’ or ‘Good’ for each. (You can still disable the app’s ability to use mobile data.)
Many of iOS 10’s built-in apps can be removed, including Tips, Stocks and Weather, though Apple says you’ll save less than 150MB by doing so. Get rid of them as you would any other app: hold on a Home screen icon until they all start to jiggle, then tap the cross at an app’s top-left corner. You can get them back from the App Store. Learn about limitations of doing this at bit.ly/rmiosapps.
A new action in iOS’s Share sheet enables you to save things directly to iCloud Drive. In Photos, for example, tap the Share button and then choose Add To iCloud Drive in
Clock Clock’s Bedtime feature enables you dial in the time you need to wake up and set a corresponding bedtime that ensures you get the right amount of sleep. Tap Bedtime and follow the steps to set up an alert that prompts you to go to bed. The feature feeds basic sleep analysis data into Health. Though the wake-up time acts as an alarm, instructions you give Siri pertaining to alarms – turning them off or deleting them – do not affect it.
Tap Options to choose: days of the week that you’re prompted to get ready for bed; how far in advance of your target bedtime that happens; a sound that gently gets louder to wake you; whether to vibrate as well; and the overall volume.
Clock’s Stopwatch feature on iPhone now includes a chronograph view in addition to the existing digital one. Swipe horizontally on the timer area to switch between them.
The Game Centre app no longer exists in iOS 10. However, its services remain available for games to use, though they must provide an interface for leaderboards and the like. To set your nickname and specify whether your profile should be publicly visible, go to Settings > Game Center.
iOS 10 tips FEATURE
The built-in screen reader
You can have iOS 10 say what you’ve just typed. In Settings, go to General > Accessibility > Speech > Typing Feedback. The options under Character Feedback on this page tell iOS to read out individual characters or accented ones. Just below them, you can instruct it to read out whole words after you type them, too. There’s also an option to speak auto-corrections that are made to your text, and another to hold on a predicted item in the top row of the QuickType keyboard to have it spoken.
To compensate for poor contrast, tap the three circles (bottom right), then: swipe horizontally on the view to apply a colour filter; adjust the brightness and contrast sliders; or tap the icon at the bottom left to swap bright and dark colours. Tap the circles to be able to zoom and pan around again.
iOS 10’s screen reader now lets you correct its mispronunciations. In Settings > General > Accessibility > Speech > Pronunciations, tap + to add one. You can speak or type it out; tap Play (top right) to test how it’ll be said. You can set a language to which the pronunciation applies, which voices use it, whether it’s case-sensitive, and which apps it should work in.
Magnifier helps you check out tiny things, such as small print on contracts or the text on the back of Apple devices, using a special camera mode. Switch it on in Settings > General > Accessibility, then go back up a level, scroll down, tap Accessibility Shortcut and pick Magnifier from the list.
To start using Magnifier, triple-click the Home button. Drag the slider or pinch the view to zoom, and tap the lightning icon to illuminate the scene using your iPhone’s flash. Tap the shutter release to freeze
To view things more easily with a colour-blindness condition, go to Settings > General > Accessibility > Display Accommodations > Colour Filters, then tap the kind that affects you and iOS will then adjust its colour output to compensate. The effect’s intensity can be tweaked as well.
the view (this doesn’t actually save a photo). You can zoom and pan around the frozen picture.
Press Home to close Magnifier – to enter text from it on a website, for example. The frozen image is retained, unless you restart your device.
Universal Clipboard enables you to copy text, images and video between Macs and iOS devices that are signed in to the same iCloud account and meet the requirements at apple.co/1I34axX. Just use the regular Copy and Paste commands.
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 85
FEATURE iOS 10 tips
Contacts’ new look makes it clearer that icons are tappable. With a contact card selected, you can hold a finger on, or 3D Touch, the icons in the row under the person’s name to call up their contact methods of that type, rather than having to scroll down to find them.
Do Not Disturb’s great for getting a bit of peace, but perhaps there are some people you never want to ignore. Edit a person‘s card in Contacts, tap the Ringtone or Text Tone row, then turn on Emergency Bypass. This can be set differently for calls and text messages.
As with Calendar events, iOS 10 also enhances the ability to detect contact details, extending it from just Mail to other apps too. If you don’t want this to happen at all, though, switch off Settings > Contacts > Contacts Found in Apps. When this kind of contact shows up in Spotlight search results, it will be clearly labelled as having been found in an app.
Apple has split settings for Mail, Contacts and Calendars into three discrete pages. Mail’s page has a couple of new items under Threading, which complement the existing Organise By Thread switch. Most Recent Message on Top simply toggles the message ordering.
Turning on the Complete Threads item ensures all messages in a conversation are shown, even if some are in other mailboxes, giving you a complete recap of what’s been said.
When you tap the double arrows next to a thread in a mailbox’s messages list, that conversation’s constituents expand downwards to reveal short summaries, which might immediately uncover the one you want to save you reading through the whole conversation.
Tap elsewhere on a thread’s row to see the whole conversation in a long, scrolling view. Each message is presented like a piece of paper. Swipe left or right on one, just like items in a mailbox, to take a quick action on it.
If you have multiple accounts set up on your device, you can choose which one is the destination for new contact cards in Settings > Contacts > Default Account.
To pull a message forward and read it with a slightly bigger font and longer line length, tap on its header. To see the whole conversation again, tap Done or scroll past the top or bottom of the message.
Holding a finger on the trash icon now offers the Archive Message action as well as Delete Message.
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Tapping Mail‘s search bar reveals shortcuts to four common searches (which used to require you to type a few characters for Mail to suggest them): messages that are unread, flagged, from your VIPs, or with attachments. To apply two or more, though, you still must type part of the additional ones to get Mail to suggest it.
Tap the icon of a circle containing three lines of diminishing length (bottom left) to toggle filtering for the current mailbox. Tap the description to the right to pick from the same criteria as in the search bar, plus the ability to exclude messages that aren’t directly addressed or copied to you. Mail remembers your filter settings per mailbox.
You can choose which subscribed channels are allowed to send you notifications (Only some channels are capable of this). Tap the bell icon at the top of the Favourites page.
Drag favourites to the row at the top for quick access. (This goes out of view as you scroll down, but reappears when you drag a thumbnail.) Tap a person to see more pics and Memories (autogenerated mementos) of them.
The app may have found additional faces but not be showing them – perhaps you have few pics of those people. Tap +, then faces you want to see in the People album, then Add. If multiple pics of a person are shown, tap them all, then Merge.
To merge faces in the People album: tap Select, then some faces, then Merge. Or, if you don’t want to see a person the app has picked out, tap Hide.
Photos’ image analysis detects animals, objects and scenery to save you adding keywords. Tap the magnifying glass and search for ‘tree’, say.
Your favourite channels can be sorted by tapping the heading at the top-centre of the Favourites page. You can sort by name, most recent, or those you visit most often.
The Places album shows pics on a map, which split into smaller groups as you zoom in. Tap a group to see all photos from that place, or Grid for all within the area that’s in view.
The People album shows faces the app’s analysis has detected in your pictures.
To annotate a photo, edit it, tap the three dots in a circle, then tap the Markup tool. If Markup isn’t listed, scroll to the right, tap More, turn on Markup’s switch, then tap Done.
iOS 10 tips FEATURE
To send a message with an animation – either on its bubble or full-screen – hold on the Send button. The Invisible Ink effect obscures your sent text or media until the recipient swipes across it.
iMessage apps & sticker packs
Tap the ‘A’ next to the composition box, then swipe horizontally on the drawer that this opens to browse your iMessage apps and stickers. Then tap the four ovals to see all of them or to get more options from the App Store.
The #images app lets you search the web for animated GIFs so you can converse in memes. Tap the upwards-pointing arrow to see more of what’s available.
Tap the camera icon to the left of the composition box for a live preview (tap it to take a new photo) and recent pictures to the right. Swipe right to use full camera controls or find an older image.
The suggestions bar is even smart enough to offer up new kinds of item that logically follow on from what you’ve typed, such as phone numbers (“You can reach me on…”), addresses (“My postcode is…”), and birthdays (“Josh’s birthday is…”).
To tweak an image you’ve added to a message, tap it, then tap Edit. Changes made here don’t affect the original image. Alternatively, tap Markup to annotate with sketches, text, and an adjustable magnifying glass effect.
Tap Digital Touch’s camera icon to take a photo (the white button) or record a video (the red one) and then draw on it. Sketches on videos also appear at your original timings during playback.
If you’ve universally disabled read receipts, iOS 10 lets you re-enable them for individual conversations: tap Details (or the ‘i’ in a circle) at the top of one and turn on Send Read Receipts.
The suggestions bar above the keyboard shows emoji, and if you start using another language its word suggestions will follow suit.
Double-tap a message, then choose one of six quick responses from iOS 10’s new Tapback feature: a heart, a thumbs up or down, “ha ha”, double exclamation marks, or a question mark. The recipient will see your response attached to the same message bubble.
Stickers you send to people who aren’t using iOS 10 use MMS, which can rack up a bill. Consider turning off Settings > Messages > MMS Messaging. (Stickers will still send using your mobile data allowance to other iOS 10 users.)
Tap the heart icon to draw Digital Touch messages. The recipient sees them build up just like you drew them. Tap the up arrow for a larger drawing area, or the cues on the right for a list of special effect gestures.
Conserve a little of your data allowance by enabling Settings > Messages > Low-Quality Image Mode.
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What’s inside 90–95 MAC HARDWARE An IPS display with a USB-C dock, a thermal camera, and other kit
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the best we can find from a reputable online dealer, excluding delivery.
Worth considering, though there may be better options
A brilliant thing in all regards, and worth every penny
Fundamentally flawed; look at alternatives as a priority
Strongly recommended; any flaws are only minor concerns
A waste of your money and everyone’s time; do not buy!
the MACFORMAT Awards Awarded to a five-star product we believe is truly exceptional in its category. Given solely at the discretion of the Editor.
Given to a hardware or software product that might not be the very best in its category, but is a noted for affordability.
Our group test winner gets this award for being the best of its kind when pitted against other comparable products.
Autumn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 89
APPLE CHOICE Mac Hardware
Philips Brilliance 258B6QUEB A MacBook-friendly USB-C display Reviewed by Keith Martin £299 froM Philips, philips.co.uk features Multi-function USB-C dock, DisplayPort, HDMI, DVI and VGA ports, adjustable stand igger isn’t always better, which is why we wanted to check out the new Philips 25-inch monitor in its Brilliance range. It’s known as the 258B6QUEB, though Philips also refers to it as the “Brilliance LCD monitor with USB-C dock”, and this 25-inch display has got an awful lot going for it. First of all, as that longer name indicates, this device has a built-in USB-C dock. Okay okay, we know it’s a monitor, so what’s the big deal about this dock? The point is that this makes the display quietly but squarely aimed at MacBook owners who need help dealing with their laptop’s single output port. Plug a 12-inch MacBook into this display’s USB-C port and you’re linked to a power source, display and data through regular USB (there are three ports on the display for hooking up devices), as well as Ethernet – yes, there’s a standard RJ45 socket hidden along with the other ports around the back of the monitor. This is a screen that MacBook owners in particular will love as it actually manages to make perfect sense of the single-port design that Apple presented to the world. Next comes the stand. It’s not as ‘gee whizz’ as the USB-C dock, but it has an honest-to-goodness tilt, swivel and heightadjustable support. You get around 135 degrees of turn on the base, and with a bit of finger pressure you can change the height from low enough to trap your hand on the desk to high enough for a pint glass to sit underneath, should you want to do that. Our very first impression wasn’t perfect, as we had to reach for our tool bag to put the display together. When you first unpack this product you’ll find that mounting the monitor on its stand is a bit of a pain; you’ll need a cross-head screwdriver (not supplied) to fix
The Philips 258B6QUEB comes with plenty of ports to give you many expansion options the MacBook lacks.
Alex says… This display is a great way to get both a highquality second screen for your MacBook, and a handy way to gain extra expansion from the MacBook’s USB-C port. It’s not for everyone, but if you’re feeling like one USB port isn’t enough, this may be the display for you.
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the stand’s mounting plate to the back of the display – but relax, as it was all plain sailing from then on. The good news, for some people anyway, is that this is a standard VESA-compatible connection, so if you want to put the display on a wall or use some other kind of support you can, using a wide range of mounting gear from many different places. For regular desktop use, though, the stand that’s provided is fine.
Good connections The connection options Philips has built into this thing are good. As well as USB-C with its attendant docking ports there’s one HDMI, one DVI, one old-school VGA and one full-size DisplayPort connector, plus a couple of headphone-style jacks for audio in and out. It also has built-in speakers, though they’re nothing you could rock out to. One question you need to ask yourself is whether a 25-inch monitor is big enough for your needs. It’s a Quad HD display (with a native resolution of 2560x1440 pixels), so it’s a decent bit of screen real estate. To compare, the MacBook’s own screen is 2304x1440. It’s physically smaller and with slightly fewer
Philips Brilliance 258B6QUEB APPLE CHOICE
LG 27UD88-W £519
Acer H277HU £395
specifications froM lg.com 27-inch USB-C video and passthrough power and data IPS display 4K (3840x2160 pixels) Height adjustment
specifications froM uk-store.acer.com 27-inch USB-C video and passthrough power and data IPS display QHD (2560x1440 pixels) No height adjustment
type, but this is a minor annoyance in an otherwise pleasing package. If you’re looking for a display to put into a multi-monitor array the VESA mount is a big help, but the strand of control buttons makes the bottom bezel noticably larger than the sides. But that’s not really where this product is aimed.
Now USB-C me vertical pixels, although of course it packs those pixels into a Retina-quality panel. The display itself is a decent IPS LCD panel, and it has the same excellent viewing angle range that we’ve come to expect from Philips; colours and contrast stay very good through almost 180 degrees. Yes, that’s far beyond the point where you could make sense of what’s displayed. In our Spyder colorimeter tests it performed well for mainstream use: 99% of sRGB, which is also around what a MacBook achieves. It’s packaged in a chassis that has an extra slim bezel along the top and sides, and it has the standard set of discreet controls lined along the bottom. True, these ‘buttons’ are the frustrating touch-sensitive
If you use a MacBook Pro, Air or Mac mini this is a perfectly good 25-inch IPS display, but probably not your best option. For one thing, the price reflects its special USB-C capabilities. It’s pretty clear this monitor’s ideal audience is the new MacBook-toting crowd. If that’s you and you’d like more screen space then this display rises to the challenge beautifully, using its intelligent multi-function dock to make the most of the MacBook’s single USB-C port. We wouldn’t be surprised to see Apple giving it an honourable mention at its next event. Use this as the quick way to hook into your desktop setup in one step: hard drives and other USB devices, wired network and power, and, of course, the display connection itself.
A great display that really excels when it’s paired with a 12-inch MacBook and its single USB-C port
HHHHH USB-C connection Colour rendering VESA-compatible A bit costly for non-USB-C Macs
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 91
APPLE CHOICE Mac Hardware
Kingston SSDNow UV400 480GB A strong challenger for your money £100 FroM Kingston, kingston.com needS A Mac or drive enclosure with a 2.5-inch SATA III interface n off-the-shelf USB SSD can still cost a little more than buying a bare drive and an enclosure for it. That’s why we think you should consider doing so if you need fast storage for video projects, say. A 2.5-inch SSD like this one can also extend an aged Mac’s life – easily in MacBooks with a hard disk – by boosting performance. We tested the UV400 in a StarTech S2510BPU33 USB 3.0 enclosure (about £16) with
A strong option for your Mac’s startup disk or in an enclosure to quickly take files away
HHHHH Under a hundred quid Under half a terabyte
The UV400’s tough, bold look ends up hidden inside your Mac or enclosure.
a Late 2013 MacBook Pro. It pleasantly surprised us to see minimum transfer rates, which are inevitably skewed by very small data transfers, were a little better on this drive than others we’ve tried, for sequential and random operations, whether reading or writing, though we’re talking a few megabytes per second difference here. Mean average transfer rates are almost identical to
Samsung’s 750 Evo (below), and only lagged behind other drives we’ve tested in random reads; in other tests, they were all but the same. It’s a similar story with max rates of 435.5 and 417.7MB/sec in sequential reads and writes, and 333.1 and 344.3MB/sec in random reads and writes – the latter results are behind some other drives we’ve tried, yet better than the 750 Evo managed.
Samsung 750 Evo 500GB Samsung’s latest budget SSD £118 FroM Samsung, samsung.com/uk needS A Mac or drive enclosure with a 2.5-inch SATA III interface ike the Kingston drive reviewed above, Samsung’s 750 Evo is a 2.5-inch SSD that can boost an older Mac’s performance, or be used in an external case. It offers more space, and is better value per gigabyte. Like the UV400, we were pleased by improvements in minimum transfer rates over older drives we’ve tested; the 750 Evo outperformed them all, not least in random writes with a minimum transfer rate
Not a bad SSD as such, but there are better performers that are slightly cheaper.
HHHHH A satisfying capacity Max random write rate
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Samsung’s 2.5-inch drives all look similar, so be careful when you buy.
of 37.9MB/sec – Freecom’s Tough Drive Mini SSD Pro (MF287) managed 34.7 and the UV400 reached 31.8. Mean and max transfer rates are mostly within a whisker of the UV400, so the same points about random read and write operations apply, except it maxed out at
287.3MB/sec in random writes next to the UV400’s 333.1. We’d pass on this for video projects, though it isn’t bad as general fast storage, such as a Mac’s startup disk. As an external, though, when you add an enclosure Samsung’s own T3 (MF301) costs little more. AlAn Stonebridge
Mac Hardware APPLE CHOICE
D-Link DIR-879 AC1900 Exo
The orange won’t be liked by all, but it’s eye-catching.
Boost your range and performance £147 FrOm D-Link, dlink.com/uk FEaTUrES 802.11ac, Wi-Fi, four Gigabit Ethernet ports he Exo range from D-Link, with its stunning bright orange finish, is designed to cope with demanding bandwidth requirements. This router features the fastest AC1900 version of 802.11ac, which features one 5GHz network and one 2.4GHz network (a cheaper and slightly slower version is available with AC1750). Unlike many routers that display two or even three separate networks,
It doesn’t offer the very fastest throughput, but the range is superb and it’s a top package overall.
HHHHH Flexible and fast router No USB port
this model only shows one thanks to a technology called SmartConnect, which finds the best network (2.4 or 5GHz) for your device without you having to faff around. This is very welcome. Throughput wasn’t as fast as some we’ve seen and in our same-room test using 5GHz – passing data between two Macs via the router – we measured upwards of 300Mbps. But we loved the super range, which
stretched all the way to the end of our 30ft garden. We also liked the physical switches on the rear to turn the router on or off, and also change it into repeater mode (it makes for an expensive repeater, but it’s useful if your circumstances change). The router’s missing a USB port, but there aren’t many people sharing printers or storage via their router, so we’ll let that one pass. Dan Grabham
Arlo Q Plus Smart security cam gets upgraded £200 FrOm Netgear, arlo.com/uk FEaTUrES 135° wide-angle 1080p camera with night vision, seven-day free cloud storage mart cameras have so many bells and whistles, it can be easy to get seduced. At the end of the day, most people want smart cameras for one thing, and one thing only: security. Strip away all the extras, and many cameras seem to come up short in one way or another. The Arlo Q family is the exception. The Arlo Q Plus is basically the Arlo Q (which we liked back in MF299) with two extras: a Power over Ethernet cable, which provides you with the option of connecting your camera directly to your router
It’s overpriced, but the Arlo Q Plus delivers great smart home security features.
HHHHH Superb security features About £30 too costly
or switch (and drawing power from it too), and a MicroSD card slot, which enables it to record locally even when your internet connection is down. Otherwise it’s the same deal as the Arlo Q: multiple detection zones, motion and sound detection, two-way audio, generous free cloud storage, and integration with ifttt.com. The cherry on the cake is the selection of customisable modes. These allow you to tweak existing modes, which you then set to a schedule for night-time surveillance and link to with the geofencing mode.
This model can draw power from its Ethernet connection to your router.
We're big fans of all these features, but there’s a hefty premium to pay for them. If the Arlo Q Plus is too rich for your blood, the Arlo Q costs a more reasonable £140, which makes it a great choice for smart home security.
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 93
APPLE CHOICE iOS Hardware
Razer Mechanical Keyboard Case It’s for a Pro, but not a MacBook £160 FROM Razer, razerzone.com FEATuRES Bluetooth, 10–600 hours battery life azer is well known for its specialist gaming keyboards and mice, and now it has brought that expertise to the iPad Pro with this mechanical keyboard. Like its gaming-oriented counterparts, the Mechanical Keyboard Case is built like a tank – it’s very solid, and the upper panel acts as a protective case for the iPad Pro (12.9-inch); it’s detachable for use as a case on its own.
Heavy and expensive, but this mechanical keyboard for iPad Pro acts like a real laptop.
HHHHH Responsive keyboard It’s so heavy!
This Razer case provides a sturdy design and a comfortable keyboard.
The keyboard panel is a bit chunky, but the mechanical keys feel firm and responsive, and we prefer them to most of the thin, flat keyboard covers we’ve seen. Our only criticism is that the keys can be a bit noisy when you’re typing. There’s a set of function keys for iPad features such as volume, screen brightness, Spotlight and audio controls. Sadly, though, Razer opted for Bluetooth connectivity rather than using Apple’s Smart
Connector. This is powered by a rechargeable battery that lasts between 10 and 600 hours, depending on your use of the keyboard backlight. The battery also adds to the weight of the keyboard, which comes to a full 1kg – or 1.7kg with the iPad Pro, which is more than a 13-inch MacBook Air! And, at £160 the Mechanical Keyboard Case is the most expensive iPad keyboard we’ve ever seen. CLIFF JOSEPH
staggering. You’d expect to see this kind of quality used in devices for surveyors or even engineering firms. Thermal imaging on the iPhone isn’t a new idea, but cheaper devices such as the Flir One (flir.com) don’t have anywhere near the temperature range and have a lesser resolution than the 320x240 of the CompactPro. The 32-degree field of view is also reasonable, given that most things you would want
Plug in the camera, open the Seek app and you’ll see temperature around you.
Seek CompactPro Thermal imaging for iPhone £454 FROM Seek, thermal.com FEATuRES Lightning connector, -40°C to 330°C range he iPhone’s rear camera just keeps getting better, which is good news for photographers, but what if your needs lie in other spectrums of light? The Seek CompactPro thermal imaging camera is a Lightning-connected lens that offers near pro-level thermal imaging for iPhone. It’s tiny – think Olloclip lens size – and the images it’s able to reproduce are pretty
A superb and tiny way to capture heat sources using your iPhone’s camera.
HHHHH Highly portable A serious investment
94 | MACFORMAT | AuTuMn 2016
to look at are likely to be fairly close. Having said that, the camera can see heat from an astonishing 1,800ft away! There’s a focus ring on the front of the camera too, which is actually a bit more natural to use than a digital focus, and the thermal lens itself is recessed a bit to prevent any damage or fingerprinting.
Reviewed by TIM HARDWICK
Head to Head APPLE CHOICE
Sennheiser PXC 550 Wireless Stunning audio quality abounds £330 FROM Sennheiser, en-uk.sennheiser.com FEATURES Adaptive ANC, Bluetooth 4.2, touch controls, NFC
Design & comfort HHHHH Sennheiser has nailed comfort here. The earcups have less room inside the than the QC35’s, but the pads are naturally shaped and very light. The adjustable headband makes up a neat collapsible frame for folding away.
Features HHHHH The PXC 550 can switch between two paired devices, and its battery lasts 22 hours. Its active noise cancellation (ANC) has an auto-adaptive mode and three EQ presets. There are three mics, with a TalkThrough feature to help you hear someone nearby without taking off the cans.
Performance HHHHH Audio is wide, rich and detailed, with more oomph in the bass department than the QC35’s, and the EQ means there's plenty of tweaking potential. The ANC is on par with Bose, except for perhaps a hint more hiss.
Controls HHHHH The right earcup has a switch to change/disable ANC mode, and one to pair/select EQ mode. The cans power on/ off when you rotate the cups to lay them flat - it takes some getting used to, as do the touchpad’s playback gestures.
The PXC 550's sound great, a single charge lasts for ages, and the ANC rivals Bose. Master the touch controls and you'll love these cans.
Bose QuietComfort 35 Bose finally goes wireless! > £290 > FROM Bose, bose.co.uk > FEATURES ANC, Bluetooth 4.2, button controls, NFC
Design & comfort HHHHH Bose sticks with its signature QC25 design, making these nylon cans lightweight yet durable, and offering great comfort thanks to their pleather earcups. An adjustable steel headband links the two pivots for folding them up.
Features HHHHH The QC35's can be paired to two devices and dynamically switch between them. A single charge gets you 20 hours’ use (40 when wired) and there are dual mics for taking calls. Bose’s noise-cancelling is industry renowned, but oddly you can't turn it off.
Performance HHHHH The QC35’s retain the clear, balanced audio of the QC25’s, but the ANC sometimes pick up wind when worn outside. Indoors, though, the soft hiss of the ANC is almost inaudible and the insulation really adds to the sound stage.
Controls HHHHH No touch controls. Instead, there's four buttons on the right ear cup: one for turning the cans on/off and pairing , two buttons for volume, and one to play/pause and for calls. The app manages paired devices and voice features.
There's no doubting the fine noise cancelling, audio performance and battery life, but Bose's entry into the wireless market isn't exceptional.
HHHHH VERDICT HHHHH macformat.com @macformat
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 95
apple ChoiCe Group Test
hi-res audio players Is high-resolution audio the future of music, or just an unnecessary extra expense for audiophiles? Reviewed by Gary Marshall
players oN TesT… Astell&Kern AK70 FiiO X7 Onkyo DP-X1 Pioneer XDP-100R thebit Opus#1
echnology and music make odd bedfellows. While digital music and Macs make music creation easier than ever, the quality of our music is going backwards: many people think vinyl to CD was a backwards step, and there’s no doubt that a compressed MP3 or AAC is far inferior to a CD, never mind a higher quality master recording. And let’s not talk about YouTube clips on laptop speakers. For many people that’s fine – Apple’s iPhone and earbud combination isn’t great, but it isn’t truly terrible either – but not everybody puts portability first. For them, sound quality is what really matters, and they’re willing to pay serious money to get it. High-Resolution Audio (HRA) is for those people.
What is HRA? High-Resolution Audio uses sampling rates much higher than CD quality. Where CDs are sampled in 16 bits at 44.1KHz – that’s 44,100 samples per second – HRA files are sampled at much higher rates. The most common sampling rate for HRA is 24-bit samples at 96KHz, which means 96,000 samples per
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second. Where 16-bit sampling has just over 65,000 possible values for each sample, 24-bit sampling is far more detailed and has nearly 17 million. HRA isn’t a file format; it’s a category. Old-school Wav and AIFF files can be HRA if the sampling rates are high enough, as can FLAC and Apple’s ALAC. Then we have DSD and MQA. DSD was originally designed for Super Audio CD and usually samples at up to 5.6MHz – 128 times more than CD – and MQA (Master Quality Authenticated) uses an algorithm that enables it to deliver 24-bit sound quality without actually using 24-bit sampling, so it can reduce the often hefty storage requirements of high-resolution audio files. MQA is expected to become the key format in HRA services.
How we tested We listened to the same tracks across devices: 24-bit, 96KHz FLAC files of Radiohead, Muse, Norah Jones and chart pop. Instruments ranged from string sections to electronica, from acoustic basses to overly compressed electric guitars. They are all songs we know intimately, and we played them through two sets of studio headphones that we know equally well.
Hi-res Audio Players apple ChoiCe
The MP3 and AAC formats are inferior to CD, let alone a higher quality master
Higher… Astell&Kern’s AK380 boasts twin 32-bit DACs, 256GB storage and an aircraft-grade aluminium body, and is yours for about £3,000.
Things to consider… Everything you need to know before getting started
storage space matters
HRA files are massive, so you need to think in terms of hundreds of gigabytes, not tens. Forget about internal memory: it’s always too little for more than a few songs. Look for devices with MicroSD card slots instead.
stores are limited
Apple doesn’t currently offer HRA tracks on the iTunes Store or Apple Music, so you’ll need to go elsewhere to obtain them. e-onkyo, 7digital, Technics Tracks and Qobuz are the big ones, and Tidal has some HRA tracks too.
iPhones can do it, sort of
The headphone jack isn’t good enough for HRA – the iPhone 6s’s digital-to-analogue
converter goes to 24-bit/48KHz – but you can use the Lightning connector, camera adaptor cable and an HRA app to output in full quality.
accessories are important
you might not need it
Your audio signal is only as good as your audio accessories: if your headphones prioritise fashion over fidelity then HRA is a waste of your time and money. Just like 4K TV, HRA needs good quality equipment.
Good HRA players can be pricey, and you might get better results by upgrading your existing audio components instead. A better amp or better headphones will often make a bigger difference than a higher sample rate.
…or lower? Sony’s titchy NWZ-A10 player has an equally titchy price: it’s just £170. While it’s not as powerful as its rivals, it’s an awful lot cheaper.
AUTUMN 2016 | MaCForMaT | 97
apple ChoiCe Group Test
Test 1 Design
Test 2 Software
Is there style to match the substance?
Pure player or simplified smartphone?
Of the five players, Astell&Kern’s is the prettiest, with its glass back and gorgeous AMOLED display. The monolithic Onkyo is redeemed by its superb build quality, swoopy back and knurled volume knob, while Pioneer’s offering hides its rectangles between two funky plastic bumpers. We don’t recommend putting any of these sharp-cornered players in the pockets of skinny jeans, although we wouldn’t recommend using a karabiner clip for the Pioneer either: that bumper is removable, so we wouldn’t want to risk it. The FiiO is the most unusual here. It’s modular: the amp module at the bottom can be unscrewed and swapped for other audio components. And then there’s the Opus#1. It looks like a batphone, an off-centre rectangle surrounded by plastic polygons. It looks hideous, and it’s not much better in the supplied leather case.
There are two schools of thought here: there’s the pure music school, where the underlying Android operating system is skinned to present an audio-only device; and there’s the app-friendly school, where Android is largely left alone so that you can run apps such as Spotify and Tidal. Astell&Kern and Opus#1 take the former path, but the Opus#1’s use of tiny, thin typefaces on its low-res screen is a schoolboy error. Astell&Kern’s device is much better, and its software looks as good as the hardware. We prefer the audio-only approach – we’re not big fans of Android – yet the FiiO, Onkyo and Pioneer do provide control of things: FiiO with its Pure Music mode, and Onkyo and Pioneer with their Stand Alone modes. The former boots the FiiO into a music-only version of the OS, while the latter turns off Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and the LCD for a clearer signal path.
Astell&Kern AK70 FiiO X7 Onkyo DP-X1
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Pioneer XDP-100R thebit Opus#1
Astell&Kern AK70 FiiO X7 Onkyo DP-X1
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Pioneer XDP-100R thebit Opus#1
Test 3 Connectivity
Test 4 Sound quality
Balanced outputs and Bluetooth
The key attribute for HRA players
All players offer 3.5mm headphone/line outs and digital out via Micro-USB, but Astell&Kern, Opus#1 and Onkyo also provide balanced 2.5mm outputs. Balanced headphones have separate cabling for the left and right grounds, which should mean less interference and noise than you can get with traditional cabling. Just remember that you’ll need dedicated headphones to take advantage of these players’ balanced output. In addition to wired connectivity, the FiiO has 802.11g/b/n Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. So does the Astell&Kern player, and its Bluetooth supports aptX, which was specifically designed for high-quality wireless streaming. The Onkyo and Pioneer players feature aptX too, and they also take the Wi-Fi a step further by adding 802.11ac and Wi-Fi Direct audio streaming. Only the Opus#1 makes do without any wireless features at all.
All five players deliver superb sound, but some moreso than others. While all five did fantastically well with crisply produced pop and funk, in other areas there were noticeable differences in bass, clarity and stereo staging. The Opus#1 has nicely defined bass, but lacks clarity on busy mixes and can be a little harsh. The Pioneer is more involving, but upright basses sounded a bit elastic-band-y and rock guitars a bit fizzy. The FiiO is fizzy too, but for pop, electronica and jazz it’s great. We loved the Astell&Kern and the Onkyo best. Both are as happy with intimate, close-miked jazz as they are with Muse’s overkill, and both made Radiohead more unsettling than ever. But we’d give the gong to the Onkyo: there’s something about its warmth and detail that makes it the high-resolution player we keep coming back to.
Astell&Kern AK70 FiiO X7 Onkyo DP-X1
HHHHH HHHHH HHHHH
Pioneer XDP-100R thebit Opus#1
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Astell&Kern AK70 FiiO X7 Onkyo DP-X1
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Pioneer XDP-100R thebit Opus#1
Hi-res Audio Players apple ChoiCe
the winner Onkyo DP-X1 They’re all good, but one of these HRA players stands above the rest e didn’t read spec sheets or price lists before playing our music: as George Michael put it, we wanted to listen without prejudice. And when we listened, we kept coming back to the Onkyo DP-X1. It’s not the prettiest of players, and we’re not huge fans of its Android OS. But the sound it delivers is so good we’ll forgive it almost anything. While all the players here deliver
The Onkyo DP-X1 takes the circuits of the Pioneer and then doubles them: it has a separate DAC and amp for each channel.
Onkyo’s DP-X1 has something extra: an X factor that makes it sound warmer and more inviting than the other HRA players in our group test very good sound quality across genres, the Onkyo has something extra – an X factor that makes its sound warmer and more inviting than the others. We can’t quite put our finger
on it, but it makes you want to buy all your old favourites all over again to hear them anew. That doesn’t mean the others are bad, though. The Astell&Kern came very close to the Onkyo, and even our lowest-rated player performed very well. But if you’re spending serious money on audio equipment (not to mention amps, headphones and/or speakers) even very little differences can turn out to be a big deal. We’d like to own any of these players, but we’d love to own the Onkyo.
High-resolution audio isn’t everyone’s cup of tea given its expense. But if you are thinking of getting into it – or are looking to upgrade an HRA player you already own – then you can’t go far wrong with any of these players. It was close, but audio quality was always going to win the day, and Onkyo’s DP-X1 has it in spadefuls. Your ears will rejoice, it’s that good!
How do they compare? >THE SPECS
64GB + 200GB MicroSD
32GB + 128GB MicroSD
32GB + 400GB MicroSD
32GB + 400GB MicroSD
32GB + 400GB MicroSD
24-bit/384KHz, DSD 5.6MHz
32-bit/384KHz, DSD 5.6MHz
24-bit/384KHz, DSD 11.2MHz
24-bit/384KHz, DSD 11.2MHz
24-bit/192KHz, DSD 2.8MHz
HHHHH HHHHH HHHHH HHHHH
HHHHH HHHHH HHHHH HHHHH
HHHHH HHHHH HHHHH HHHHH
HHHHH HHHHH HHHHH HHHHH
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COnnECTiviTy SOunD quAliTy
AUTUMN 2016 | MaCForMaT | 99
APPLE CHOICE Mac Software
Parallels Desktop 12
Run Windows apps directly from your Mac’s desktop Reviewed by nick PeeRs £64.99 FROM Parallels IP Holdings, parallels.com/uk needs Intel Core 2 Duo or better processor, 2GB RAM, OS X 10.10 or higher
the absence of noteworthy new features makes Parallels Desktop 12 a hard sell for existing users
arallels Desktop has been our go-to solution for running Windows apps on the Mac for some time now. Our favourite feature is Coherence Mode, which allows you to blend your Windows apps right into the OS X desktop itself, making them appear like native apps. Parallels Desktop 12 attempts to continue its gradual evolution with a smattering of tweaks and improvements, but the absence of noteworthy new features makes it a hard sell for existing users. The lack of standout features explains why the pre-launch hype has been around Parallels Toolbox, a collection of 20 mini-tools that aims to plug various gaps in OS X, with examples including a one-click ‘Do Not Sleep’ button and a tool for downloading video. This is undoubtedly clever and potentially useful, but not particularly earth-shattering, and does little to enhance Parallels Desktop itself. As always, what changes Parallels does introduce are welcome ones, but they’re evolutionary rather than revolutionary. Take Coherence Mode, for example: version 12 adds
VERDICT Few major new features means it’s hard to recommend for existing users.
HHHHH Run Windows in OS X Small improvements no big new features no DirectX 11 support
The biggest new feature in Parallels Desktop 12 is actually a separate app called Parallels Toolbox.
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A new presentation mode makes it easier to use Coherence.
a distraction-free presentation mode that disables notifications, hides desktop icons and forces your Mac to stay awake, plus you can now assign default behaviours to individual Windows apps, such as always opening them in full-screen mode. Website passwords from Edge and Internet Explorer can be integrated into OS X’s keychain, and Office options appear in OS X’s contextual menus too – all welcome changes, but minor.
Performance disappointments Parallels 12 also comes with a year’s 500GB cloud backup with Acronis True Image, which is then integrated into Parallels to allow you to back up incremental changes to your virtual machines. Great, but going forward will you have to pay, or switch to Parallel’s subscription-based Pro edition? Existing power users will find the £34.99 per year subscription tempting given that it includes Parallels Access and a subscription covering future Parallel Toolbox updates in addition to Pro-only features like the Network Conditioner (which simulates 3G and other slow networks), but it’s overkill for most. Every year we’re told Parallels gets faster and better. With version 12, Parallels is forced to find niche areas to tweak: suspend times (up to 60% faster) and shared folder access (up to 25%), for example. It also has support for the Windows 10 Xbox app and Overwatch game, but DirectX 11 support is still missing. There’s value in Parallels for first-time users looking to easily integrate Windows apps into the Mac desktop. But there’s little to tempt existing users, and we can’t help but feel that Parallels needs a radical rethink if it’s to avoid stagnating going forward.
Mac Software APPLE CHOICE
BusyCal 3 A quick Calendar replacement £46.72 FROM BusyMac, busymac.com NEEDS OS X 10.11 or higher usyCal 3 looks and feels a lot like Apple’s Calendar, but it offers a number of improvements. There’s a redesigned menu bar utility with a mini month calendar and a scrolling event list, plus a detailed info panel in the lower-right corner of the app’s main window (which can also be displayed in a floating one). Reminders are integrated into BusyCal as to-dos. These show up alongside regular events on the main calendar and as a list in the right-hand panel, though we couldn’t get iCloud reminders to show up
Not many new ideas, but BusyCal remains a solid alternative to Apple’s Calendar app.
HHHHH Now available on iOS iCloud display bug
Prefer to display your events as a list? BusyCal will oblige.
until we added a new to-do in BusyCal. In a good move, you can assign specific times to each of your to-dos. We love BusyCal’s smooth scrolling too, which enables trackpad users to quickly zip between days, weeks, or months with a single swipe. The biggest new feature in BusyCal 3 has been borrowed from Calendar: travel time. It works the same way too: when you enter a location-
based event, BusyCal will work out how long it takes to drive or walk there, and alerts you when it’s time to leave based on traffic conditions. There’s finally a single iOS version for iPhone and iPad, with identical features to the Mac one. The month view feels cramped on iPhone in portrait view, but it does a fine job of replicating the Mac experience on mobile.
HoudahGeo 5 Geotag your DSLR shots $39 (about £30) for single users FROM Houdah Software, houdah.com NEEDS OS X 10.10 or higher hile we know our iPhone photos will be properly tagged with location data, that’s not guaranteed with DSLR shots. Enter HoudahGeo 5, which imports images from cameras and SD cards, as well as folders and photo libraries on your Mac. It uses a variety of methods to work out where photos were taken, then adds the appropriate EXIF, XMP, and IPTC metadata to JPEG or raw files. Geotagging automatically kicks in when used with supported GPS track loggers, but there’s another method
HoudahGeo 5 figures out photos’ locations and updates their metadata with ease.
HHHHH Edit photo geotags No Photos metadata
You can use GPS track loggers, reference photos, or search for location data from Google Earth.
if you don’t want to invest in such accessories. At each location as you travel, simply take a photo with your iPhone or mobile-networkable iPad, then load those images into the same HoudahGeo project as your DSLR files; click the Geocode from Reference Photos button on the toolbar and the software will match them up for you. HoudahGeo currently can’t write metadata directly
to your Photos libraries, an Apple restriction that the developer says will be lifted with the release of macOS Sierra; iPhoto, Aperture, and Lightroom libraries work just fine, however. Sierra delivers Apple Maps data alongside MapBox and MapQuest for robust map, satellite and hybrid views, so we hope to see these reflected in a HoudahGeo update soon.
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 101
APPLE CHOICE Mac Software
Boinx mimoLive Broadcast slick shows live from this Mac-based TV studio Reviewed by GeORGe CaiRns £159 per year for personal/educational use, £569 per year for commercial FROM Boinx Software, boinx.com needs OS X 10.10 or higher
With mimoLive you can record the live feed from your Mac and press a key to trigger a clip or overlay
oinx mimoLive is like a TV studio that enables you to create and broadcast shows directly from your Mac. It helps you gather a collection of assets, such as photographs, graphics and video clips, and then trigger them as and when they need to appear in your broadcast. For example, you might want to create a short video sequence that showcases the highlights of your recent holiday. The app enables you to record the live feed from your Mac’s FaceTime HD camera and host your show as a presenter, and press a keyboard shortcut – or just click on an asset – to play a pre‑recorded video clip or share a scenic shot during your broadcast. The app’s key panels are arranged in a logical fashion. You can drag video clips and stills to the Sources panel on the far left, as well as including live video inputs from attached cameras. These sources can then be manually added to the Layer Stack panel. The ability to organise content in layers is valuable as you can place assets above the live video feed layer and overlay captions, logos
An effective way to present clips as a live broadcast or as a shareable recording.
HHHHH Easily trigger assets Customise templates Share content quickly Very expensive
After rehearsing your show, you can stream it live or record it as a movie for export elsewhere.
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and graphics on your programme’s presenter. The Layer Stack also provides useful graphic templates that you can modify, such as lower third captions, weather icons and picture‑in‑ picture inserts. All these layers can be triggered by clicking their adjacent ‘Live’ button at any time during your broadcast. After selecting an asset from the Layer Stack you can fine‑tune the way it looks and behaves in the Placer column. Here you can create custom keyboard shortcuts that will make a particular asset go live during your broadcast or recording. You can choose to have the asset appear instantly or dissolve in and out. You can also manually zoom in on an asset, which enables you to lose the edges of the wide‑angle frame produced by your Mac’s built‑in camera, for example.
A costly proposition You can rehearse talking to camera and triggering your assets until you’re ready to broadcast. When assets from the Layer Stack are live you’ll see them in the Program Output panel. You can choose to record your show as a QuickTime movie (which you can then tidy up in iMovie). Or it can be streamed live from your Mac to YouTube Live or Facebook Live, providing you’ve set those services up. Given the cost of mimoLive, it may suit organisations more than individuals. For example, an event’s video technician could use the app it to trigger projected video clips, titles and more at precise times during a live show. If the show programme changes then the correct assets can be easily found in the Layer Stack and projected in a click. Not an event manager? The price may put you off.
iOS Software APPLE CHOICE
Scrivener Mac authors' tool jumps to iOS £14.99 FROM Literature and Latte, literatureandlatte.com MADE FOR iPhone, iPod touch, iPad fter being announced in 2011, beloved Mac writing program Scrivener arriving on iOS feels less like a product release than a sign of the apocalypse. The good news is that it’s not only everything that users have been waiting for, but powerful enough to be a standalone package for writing novels, scripts, or any other long-form project. Scrivener handles every step of the creative process, including importing images for reference, organising chapters and notes in a binder
Fun and versatile, if you don’t mind poking around for what you need.
HHHHH Complete writing studio Perfect interface
It’s not just writing, but structure and reference materials that make it so useful.
that makes it easy to move scenes around, drop them from the project, label them and see the whole project, complete with images, via a corkboard display. A few advanced features from Scrivener proper are missing, like version control, but are the exception. There’s no shortage of other writing programs out there, though none handle big projects as smoothly as
Scrivener. The interface is a masterpiece of minimalism that lets you bring as much information to the fore as you need, while still full of features that writers badly need and coders often overlook. Typewriter mode for instance. Outlining. Sideby-side documents. The only part where it really falls down is in the exporting, which lacks Mac Scrivener’s detailed tools. RichARD cObbEtt
WRIO Keyboard Should you kick QWERTY keyboards to the kerb? £2.29 FROM iCoaching, www.wrio-keyboard.com MADE FOR iPhone, iPod touch any keyboard apps promise to make your typing faster and more accurate. But can they make your typing 70% faster like WRIO claims? WRIO is designed to address four concerns on smartphones: mis-hitting keys, incorrect autocorrect, slow typing, and difficulty reaching special characters and emoji. Its solution uses honeycomb keys and two thumb buttons instead of a space bar, with swipes to capitalise letters or delete.
It’s not one for us, but WRIO does offer an alternative to Apple’s keyboard.
HHHHH More accurate typing Takes time to learn
Capitalise, delete and use special chars with a swipe.
WRIO’s keys are certainly easier to hit, and swiping works well for special characters. While muscle memory means you’re all over the place to begin with, it doesn’t take too long to get used to the layout. For us, though, WRIO is more uncomfortable than QWERTY and we found it quite painful to use at times.
There were compatibility issues too. The developer warned us that some thirdparty apps haven’t been optimised for the iPhone 6’s larger screen, truncating the keyboard layout, but on the even larger iPhone 6s Plus we encountered the same issue. If you have a smaller iPhone model it’s worth checking out.
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 103
STORE GUIDE Apple Kit
UpDATED OCT 2015 ExpECTED lATE 2016
Your complete guide to the best Apple hardware and third-party accessories elcome to MacFormat’s Store Guide, the place to go to find out about all the Apple kit that matters, whether you’re looking for your next iPhone or a powerful new desktop Mac. We’ve chosen our top products from Apple’s product line-up, plus the best third-party kit that meets our quality standard. Whether you’re a recent convert or a seasoned Apple user, we highlight a model of each product that’s ideally suited to your needs. So, check our handy tables to see which Mac, iPad or iPhone is best for you. We’ve also highlighted the gold standard in audio, storage, cameras, and many other categories to complement your Mac or iOS device with the best accessories.
Who’s it for? ENTRY LEVEL
you’re just getting started in the world of Apple and need to know where to begin.
A firm Apple user, you’re ready to move on and get even more from your tech.
Apple is your life. you prize quality and want the best that money can buy.
iMac Ever since the famous Bondi Blue iMac debuted way back in August 1998, Apple’s all-in-one desktop computer has been setting standards in gorgeous design and powerful performance. Apple’s spirit of innovation was as clear back then as it is today – the iMac was the first Macintosh to abandon the floppy disk in favour of USB ports, and its bright, colourful aesthetic set it apart as a playful pretender in a world of staid beige boxes. These days Apple is again pushing boundaries with the iMac, blessing all of its 27-inch models with the world’s best display, which has a massive 5K (5120x2880) resolution. Add in a quad-core Intel Core i5 processor (configurable from 3.2GHz up to 4.0GHz), 8GB of RAM, a fast and capacious Fusion Drive, and a powerful AMD Radeon R9 graphics processor – and the large iMac is the desktop system to own. In 2015, Apple lowered the price of the top-spec 27-inch model by £150 and introduced the first 21.5-inch iMac with a Retina 4K display. All iMacs (except the entry-level, 21.5-inch model) have a quad-core processor.
Choose an iMac
= Retina display
Monitor.........................................107 Ultra HD monitor..............107 Portable storage...............107 network storage...............107 Wireless router....................107 Thunderbolt dock............107 Printer............................................107 IP camera...................................107 MacBook bag.........................107
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Wireless speaker..............108 Portable speaker..............108 On-ear headphones......108 In-ear headphones.........108 Portable battery................108 Action camera.....................108 Camera stabiliser.............108 iPhone stand..........................108 Apple Watch stand.........108
iMac..................................................104 MacBook....................................105 MacBook Pro.........................105 Mac Pro........................................105 Mac mini......................................105 iPhone...........................................106 iPad....................................................106 iPad Pro........................................106 Apple Watch...........................106
21.5-inch 2.8GHz quad-core intel core i5
RAM 8GB of 1867MHz lpddr3 GRAphics intel iris pro Graphics 6200 sTORAGE 1tB (5,400rpm) DispLAY 1920x1080 (ips, srGB gamut) ALsO Magic Mouse 2, Magic Keyboard
Inside your buying guide…
21.5-inch 3.1GHz dual-core intel core i5
RAM 8GB of 1867MHz lpddr3 GRAphics intel iris pro Graphics 6200 sTORAGE 1tB (5,400rpm) DispLAY retina 4K (ips, p3 gamut) ALsO Magic Mouse 2, Magic Keyboard
27-inch 3.3GHz quad-core intel core i5
RAM 8GB of 1867MHz ddr3 GRAphics aMd radeon r9 M395 sTORAGE 2tB fusion drive DispLAY retina 5K (ips, p3 gamut) ALsO Magic Mouse 2, Magic Keyboard
Apple Kit STORE GUIDE
UpDATED ApR 2016 ExpECTED 2017
UpDATED MAy 2015 ExpECTED SOOn
UpDATED DEC 2013 ExpECTED SOOn
The baby of Apple’s laptop family, the MacBook was recently updated with slightly improved specs and a new Rose Gold colour. Weighing in at just 0.92kg, it’s Apple’s most lightweight laptop but still packs in a 226ppi pixel density in its 12-inch Retina display. The MacBook is powered by an Intel Core M processor (at 1.1GHz, 1.2GHz or 1.3GHz), which doesn’t require a fan to keep cool, so the MacBook runs silently. It also features a Force Touch trackpad, which can trigger different responses as you apply more pressure. All models of the MacBook come with 8GB of 1866MHz memory, with no option to add more, and Intel HD Graphics 515 – that’s 25% faster than the previous iteration – and there are 256GB or 512GB flash storage options. There are four colour options: Silver, Space Grey, Gold, and the new Rose Gold.
Following hot on the heels of the MacBook, the MacBook Pro recently gained a Force Touch trackpad. At the same time, the MacBook Pro range saw small boosts to its Intel and graphics processors. The top-of-the-line model is currently the only one to offer a discrete graphics processor, in the form of the AMD Radeon R9 M370X – the other models have an integrated Intel Iris or Iris Pro graphics processor. All except the entry-level MacBook Pro are equipped with a Retina display, in either 13-inch or 15-inch sizes. They also have two Thunderbolt 2 and two USB 3.0 ports, an SDXC card reader, and their flash storage ranges from 128GB to 1TB, depending on the model you pick as a starting point. Battery life is also improved, with the 13-inch model lasting 10 hours and the 15-inch model going strong for nine hours.
If you need power – and we mean serious power – this is the computer for you. Even the entry-level model comes with 12GB of RAM, a quad-core 3.7GHz processor, 256GB of speedy PCIe flash storage and dual AMD FIrePro D300 graphics cards. However, with a price point to match, it last being updated in 2013, and Thunderbolt 3 just around the corner, consider holding out for the next version.
12-inch 1.2GHz RAM 8GB of 1866MHz dual-core lpddr3 intel core m5 GRAphics intel Hd Graphics 515 ssD 512GB
12-inch 1.3GHz RAM 8GB of 1866MHz dual-core lpddr3 intel core m7 GRAphics intel Hd Graphics 515 ssD 256GB or 512GB
£1,249 or £1,419
12-inch 1.1GHz RAM 8GB of 1866MHz dual-core lpddr3 intel core m3 GRAphics intel Hd Graphics 515 ssD 256GB
Model 13-inch 2.7GHz dual-core intel core i5
RAM 8GB of 1866MHz lpddr3 GRAphics intel iris Graphics 6100 ssD 256GB
Choose a MacBook Pro
15-inch 2.2GHz quad-core intel core i7
RAM 16GB of 1600MHz ddr3l GRAphics intel iris pro Graphics ssD 256GB
Choose a MacBook
15-inch 2.5GHz quad-core intel core i7
RAM 16GB of 1600MHz £1,999 ddr3l GRAphics aMd radeon r9 M370X ssD 512GB
UpDATED OCT 2014 ExpECTED lATE 2016
A welcome update in 2014 brought a £100 price drop to the most affordable Mac. The mini has some interesting talking points: the entry-level model has a 1.4GHz dual-core Intel Core i5 processor and 4GB of RAM, making it akin to the entry-level MacBook Air but with a 500GB hard drive and no display. Higher end models come with 1TB storage (a Fusion Drive option is available), 8GB of RAM, a better graphics processor and either a 2.6GHz or 2.8GHz Intel Core i5 for £569 and £799, respectively. Those models can be upgraded to Core i7 processors, though there are no quad-core options available – you’ll need an iMac for that.
Autumn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 105
STORE GUIDE Apple Kit
UpDATED SEpT 2015 ExpECTED lATE 2016
UpDATED SEpT 2016 ExpECTED 2017
UpDATED MAR 2016 ExpECTED lATE 2016
The iPhone 7 represents a big update, no doubt about it. Apple introduced an amazing dual-camera setup in the Plus model, which allows for 2x optical zoom and on-the-fly depth-of-field effects. Both sizes feature the improved A10 Fusion chip, a redesigned Home button with haptic feedback, better battery life, Lightning EarPods, and storage ranging from 32GB to 256GB. The iPhone 6s and 6s Plus are still available, and are great devices in their own right. With 3D Touch giving you a greater range of interactions with apps, plus a 12MP rear camera with 4K video recording and Live Photos, consider them if the iPhone 7 is too expensive. And let’s not forget the iPhone SE. Though it lacks 3D Touch, it packs in many of the 6s’s features, such as the A9 chip and M9 motion coprocessor, and has a more compact 4-inch screen.
Apple didn’t change much in the way of its iPad range during its September event, but it did tweak its iPad storage options and prices. The iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 4 and iPad mini 2 now start at 32GB instead of 16GB – rejoice! But it wasn’t all good news. Thanks to currency fluctuations post-Brexit, Apple has raised iPad prices (despite lowering them in the US). On the software side, the iPad adds multitasking features, which are a boon for productivity. you can slide a second app over the right side of the one you’re working in, then dismiss it to get back to work. Picture in Picture enables you to watch video in a corner of the screen. Those two features work on the Air 2, mini 2 and Pro and newer models. There’s also Split View, on the Air 2, mini 4 and Pro, which lets you work on two apps side by side.
The iPad Pro comes in 9.7-inch and 12.9-inch sizes, packed with either 32GB, 128GB or 256GB of storage. All models except the 32GB, 12.9-inch one are available with the option of mobile network connectivity. The Pro’s A9X chip is the most powerful in any iOS device, and it has an impressive four-speaker sound system, too. Adding the pressure-sensitive Apple Pencil makes it an accomplished drawing tool.
iphone se (4-inch display)
cApAciTY: 64GB pROcEssOR: a9 3D TOUch no cAMERA 12Mp photos, 4K video recording
iphone 6s (4.7-inch display)
cApAciTY: 128GB pROcEssOR: a9 3D TOUch yes cAMERA 12Mp photos, 4K video recording
iphone 7 plus (5.5-inch display)
cApAciTY: 128GB £819 pROcEssOR: a10 fusion 3D TOUch yes cAMERA 12Mp photos (dual-camera), 4K video
106 | MACFORMAT | Autumn 2016
ipad mini 4
cApAciTY 32GB pROcEssOR a8 cONNEcTiViTY Wi-fi cAMERA 8Mp TOUch iD yes
ipad air 2
cApAciTY 128GB pROcEssOR a8X cONNEcTiViTY Wi-fi cAMERA 8Mp TOUch iD yes
Choose an iPad
Choose an iPhone
12.9-inch ipad pro
cApAciTY 128GB pROcEssOR a9X cONNEcTiViTY Wi-fi cAMERA 8Mp TOUch iD yes
UpDATED SEpT 2016 ExpECTED 2017
Watch From £269 The Watch has already made Apple the second biggest watchmaker in the world. Apple is continuing this push with Apple Watch Series 2, which sees a big update to the Watch. It’s water-resistant to 50 metres so you can take it for a swim, it has a faster dual-core processor and GPU, and a brighter display. There’s also built-in GPS, which can measure routes, pace and distance when you’re out on a run or hike without needing an iPhone. Apple also introduced a ceramic model to replace the gold Edition, and has partnered with nike to create the Apple Watch nike+, a range of runneroriented models. The Hermès straps come in new colours and designs, too.
Accessories STORE GUIDE
bEsT bUYs… curated picks of third-party kit MOnITOR
UlTRA hD MOnITOR
ViewSonic VP2772 £570
AOC U3277PQU £611
Transcend JetDrive Lite 360 £138
If you’re not fussed about 4K but still want exceptional image quality, this IPS display is truly superb. It offers 99% coverage of the Adobe RGB colour space, 10-bit colour and a 2560x1440-pixel resolution. It has HDMI 1.4, DVI and Mini DisplayPort connections, and four USB 3.0 ports for expansion.
The recent winner of our 4K displays group test, this 32-inch screen is a joy to work with, and a monitor of this size is the perfect setting for 4K to really come into its own. From stunning picture quality and top-notch contrast ratio to the reasonable price for such a wide display, it’s a winner all round.
This drive fits into your MacBook Pro’s SDXC slot to instantly increase your storage by up to 256GB. We were very impressed with its transfer speeds, clocking 88.4MB/sec for sequential reads and 62.6MB/sec in our write tests. The drive comes with storage included, unlike some rivals that require you to supply one.
QnAP TS-251+ £442
netgear R7800 nighthawk X4S £177
CalDigit Thunderbolt Station 2 £202
We know a good nAS drive when we see one, which is why the 6TB TS-251+ won MF302’s group test. It’s one of the quickest nAS drives we’ve seen lately, with transfer rates of over 105MB/sec for large files. It has an HDMI port and a remote control for watching your media directly on your TV set. Four USB ports top it off.
This blazing-fast router gets our seal of approval. Its wireless throughput speeds are some of the fastest we’ve seen – 400Mbps between two Macs. Its range is excellent, easily covering a whole house and garden, and it features MU-MIMO functionality to communicate with multiple devices simultaneously.
Our MF297 group test winner got the nod for its beautifully compact form and superb menu bar tool, which lets you eject individual drives as you please (something its rivals failed to offer). It’s not the most laden with ports, but has everything that most people will need, and comes in at a great price point.
Brother HL-3150CDW £155
Logi Circle £158
Knomo Hanson £129
This versatile laser printer got the nod in MF300’s group test. Its light design, feature list, and impressive print quality make it a great choice for home office users. AirPrint and Wi-Fi connectivity means it plays nice with your iOS devices. It’s not great for printing photos, but is a winner at everything else.
Winner of MF299’s group test, the Logi Circle is packed with features. It’s so easy to use and can be powered by batteries, making it highly portable. With a wide 135° field of vision, it captures plenty of detail, and is very affordable. The Logi Circle is a barnstorming all-rounder, and looks great on your mantlepiece.
Deceptively spacious inside, the Hanson is full of well-padded pockets to protect your precious portables. It’s extremely comfortable, distributing weight well so your shoulders don’t feel the strain, and is rather good looking, but remains subtle enough not to attract the attention of light-fingered thieves.
Autumn 2016 | MACFORMAT | 107
STORE GUIDE Accessories
bEsT bUYs… curated picks of third-party kit wIRElESS SpEAkER
Bowers & Wilkins Zeppelin Wireless £499
Braven BRV-XXL £330
Sennheiser PXC 550 Wireless £330
This airship-inspired speaker is certainly striking, but it’s more than just a looker, with crisp, clear treble and refined bass output over previous Zeppelin models. Support for Bluetooth, Spotify Connect and AirPlay makes for plenty of connectivity, and dynamic EQ ensures controlled bass at all volumes.
If you want big, booming sound then your best bet is the hulking BRV-XXL. With Bluetooth, separate bass and treble controls, plus incredibly rich, deep sound thanks to its included subwoofer, it’s got you covered whether you take it to the beach or a DJ party. A 14-hour battery and IPX5 splashproof rating seal the deal.
We love these wireless cans. They’re comfortable and lightweight, and their long-lasting battery keeps them going for 22 hours. Sound quality is amazing: wide, rich and detailed, with plenty of bass, too. The controls take some getting used to, but active noise cancellation is superb and the EQ allows plenty of customisation.
pORTABlE BATTERy pACk
RHA MA 750i £90
Apple iPhone 6s Smart Battery Case £79
GoPro Hero4 Session
These in-ear buds impress on nearly every level. They come with easy-to-use inline controls and a steel-reinforced cable, while faultless low and mid range reproduction and a crafted, premium feel make them earphones of distinction. They are a world away from Apple’s cheap earbuds.
Despite that silly-looking hump on its back, the official battery case for the iPhone 6 and 6s is impressive. It’s easy to fit, the buttons feel great, and the soft inner lining protects against scratches. It isn’t the largest capacity case, yet it has more than enough juice for busy days, and the bump is surprisingly comfy.
GoPro has built a truly formidable reputation for itself as an action cam champ, and rightly so. The Hero4 Session may be compact, but it’s a great all-rounder. Internal waterproofing, an outstanding app and impressive video quality, combined with an affordable price tag, make it a firm favourite at MacFormat. ApplE wATCh STAnD
Zhiyun Z1 Smooth-C £157
Just Mobile AluBolt £32
nomad Stand for Apple Watch £40
The iPhone may take amazing videos, but if you’ve got shaky hands then your phone will still struggle. If that sounds like you, try the Zhiyun Z1 Smooth-C. It’s an iPhone holder with a built-in gimbal, so you can move your hand around and your footage will stay smooth with nary a bump or wobble.
Charge your iPhone in style with this simple yet elegant stand. From the curved backstop to the rounded aluminium base, it oozes Apple-esque design chops and will fit right in among your other Apple kit. The Lightning connector can be tilted to help mount your iPhone on it, which is a nice touch.
nomad’s stand is an absolutely gorgeous Apple Watch charging dock – carved from a single piece of curved aluminium, it looks like it could have been designed by Apple. Its weighty base keeps everything in place and the cable management is so tidy that it looks like there’s no cable there at all.
108 | MACFORMAT | Autumn 2016
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next issue Sierra Secrets
Master macOS Sierra today! ios 10! Get to know your way around the
new-look Lock Screen, notifications and the all-new Music app
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also insiDe… Discover Apple Pay on your Mac Revive a set of old Mac speakers Easily master curves in Affinity Photo iPhone 7, 7 Plus and Watch 2 reviewed!
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25 oct 2016
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Get in touch CONTACTS
Have your say on all things apple! LETTER OF THE MONTH! VYING FOR VINYL Many years ago I owned a substantial vinyl record collection. I sold this and replaced many of my discs with CDs, which were then just appearing on the market. Over time I’ve moved almost everything to iTunes. Recently it was my daughter’s birthday and she asked for a turntable as a present. I bought one and when she played one or two of the few albums she had it was a real pleasure to hear them. This set me thinking and, although my turntable was still connected to my system, it had not been used for at least 15 years. I found that, with a new drive belt, it played as well as ever. I had kept back one or two top-quality vinyl albums when the rest were sold, and I was stunned at the difference in quality that the vinyl produced. Without the compression of the CDs or MP3s the sound was so much more satisfying. So, what Mac software allows me to record vinyl at top quality? by A N D R E W P R I T C H A R D
CHRISTIAN SAYS… Hi Andrew. Your question comes at a good time, as we looked at converting from vinyl in our September issue (MF303). As you have an older record player, there naturally won’t be a USB connection on it. So, we recommend connecting your Mac to a hi-fi amp with a built-in phono preamp. We give full details of what you need to do in that tutorial, but for software we used Amadeus Pro (£45, hairersoft.com), which has been specifically made with your problem in mind. Good luck with it, and we hope you enjoy your old tunes on your Mac.
WHAT���S IN STORE?
I have a Snipe Air satellite aerial on my caravan, which allows me to use my iOS devices to wirelessly receive Freesat. I’d like to use my MacBook’s larger screen for better viewing, but I can’t find software that allows me to do this. Can you help, please?
For several months now I’ve noticed that you no longer include the iPod touch or the MacBook Air in your store guide. Why is this, and how can it be called a complete guide to the best Apple hardware if these aren’t in it? Am I missing something here, or is there a website online which lists them all? I feel like I may be missing out on some really good content!
by M A R T Y N H A K E
CHRISTIAN SAYS… The Mac version of EyeTV should do the trick – it supports SAT>IP servers, so it should work with the Snipe Air. However, not having used this setup, we strongly recommend that you contact Geniatech‘s support (bit.ly/ eyetvspt) to ask whether it can explicitly confirm compatibility with the Snipe Air.
by J E F F
ALEX SAYS… Thanks for your email, Jeff. While we’d like to cover every Apple product there, we’re limited by space. We’ve long suspected the Air would be phased out, and the iPod touch
Email your queries and your questions to email@example.com
likewise. They don’t get much in the way of significant updates, so there’s not much advice to give, unlike the plethora of choices when it comes to other Macs and the increasingly complicated array of iPhones, iPads and Watches.
CLOUDED VISION It was good to see you use the phrase “you only have rudimentary choices” in your article on Photos under Sierra (MF304). This just about sums up where Apple has gone wrong for me. However, on the previous page about iCloud Drive it seems Apple has learnt a lesson – not least from the number of us who use a sensible service, such as Dropbox, instead– and now offers a filing system people can use how they wish, instead of conforming to Apple’s sometimes weird ways of doing things. The new iCloud just might divert me (and my annual subscription) away from Dropbox, but by the sound of it Photos will never win me over. Every time I see the word Moments I resolve to stick to iPhoto. Introducing the term Memories just adds more nauseating sugar-coated marshmallow to the app that I for one just can’t bear! by D A V I D P E R R Y
ALAN SAYS… We can only suppose that research has shown this language makes a difference to approachability and learning for anyone who might be wary of serious-looking apps, even if largely in language. Moments isn’t the most helpful descriptor for its contents, though. Library or Timeline might better explain it in relation to Albums. If you can forgive the namings, the positive thing about Memories is that its curation is a great way to revisit photos without effort. It’s mildly disappointing that its latest picks aren’t available as a source for screen savers, though.
aUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 111
PHOTO STream Shot of the month
GET INvOLvEd! The iPhone is the world’s most popular camera, but it takes a bit of work to get a truly excellent shot. Why not show us your creations? Simply email us at firstname.lastname@example.org and your work could be showcased on these pages!
Summer Sun by S H A U N G A L L A G H E R
EQUIpMENT iPhone 6s I tapped the screen on my iPhone 6s to lock focus on the car before taking this shot. I used to use Aperture for editing and learnt so much from the Aperture expert, Joseph Linaschke. Lately, I came across Polarr for iOS, which interestingly is now also available for the Mac. I used curves to adjust the highlights and shadows, creating a slight S curve. Then, once back in Photos on my iPhone, I went to Edit > Filters (the icon of three circles) and chose Noir. Still in Photos, I cropped the image to be square. I have always appreciated natural light and how quickly it changes; it was the contrast that inspired me to take the photo in the first place. I’ve been inspired by Damien Lovegrove, who is simply a master of lighting, whether natural or studio.
why IT wORks… CONTRAsT
The Noir filter in Photos really sets off the contrast in this image: the white car, the dark sky and the wet tarmac.
The leading line of the fence, a high sign (top right) and the low car on the left is perfectly suited for a square look.
It’s those different focal points of sky, car, sign and car wash workers that really add a sense of action.
112 | MACFORMAT | AUTUMN 2016
My phOTO Apps NOIR PHOTO £2.29 This app works like a radial filter: adjust the size you want to work on and, using the sliders, increase or decrease the exposure, then finally adjust the amount of contrast required.
POLARR fRee This app has many great tools, such as colour, brushing, gradient and radial masks, plus adjustments such as temperature, vibrancy, tint and saturation. I also use its dehaze, clarity and vignette tools.
SUN SURVeYOR £7.99 I’ve been using this app to get the times of the ‘golden hour’ and the ‘blue hour’ (the hours before sunrise and after sunset). It has a 3D compass, map, live view, ephemeris and street view.
Your pictures PHOTO STream
Get the look... Photo album Learn how to get fantastic iPhone shots like the pros
Great shots that make it into our gallery
1 Polarr-ise it!
Shaun’s a real fan of Polarr – and it’s easy to see why. First, choose a filter from the Filters menu (three circles icon). As this is a black-and-white image, Polarr shows you colour casts suitable for noir shots.
St Ouen’s Bay, Jersey The contrasting colours in this sunset are beautifully reproduced on an iPhone 6s by John Varcoe.
Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu, India
An ancient shore temple in India, as captured by Srinivasan Sundar on his iPhone 6s Plus.
Enhance the vignette
This steam traction engine image already had a vignette added in Camera+. Polarr gives you more control: tap the Adjustments icon (dial), choose Vignette and you’ll get five values you can change.
3 Add a gradient mask
We want to add an aged photo feel by overexposing part of the image. Go to Masks on the left, pick Gradient Mask and position and rotate the three lines, then close them together for a denser fade.
Olden, Norway Shirley Taylor put her new iPhone SE to good use to take this stunning panorama of a Norwegian fjord, which she then edited in Photos back on her MacBook Pro.
AUTUMN 2016 | MACFORMAT | 113
TIME MACHINE Classic Apple kit given a unique makeover
Above: While the world is obsessed with rumours on an Apple Car, isn’t a handy home robot like iRis much more useful for Apple’s core users? Left: The schematics detail the many uses for iRis. A vacuum cleaner, portable music device, laser pointer and maybe a friend for your pet!
iRis Robot Part anglepoise iMac, part WALL-E, it’s the iRis! Imagine if Apple created a truly mobile personal assistant that embodies the company’s signature design philosophy, as seen in its computers of old. That’s just what the German concept designers at Curved Labs did, and this quirky little robot is the result. iRis (Siri in reverse) is based on Apple’s iconic anglepoise iMac G4, and moves around in a manner similar to cutesy popular Star Wars droid BB-8. Looking at the (purely imaginary) spec sheet, iRis can live broadcast whatever it is looking at, and can be controlled via Siri voice commands thanks to its integrated HomeKit support. Beats stereo speakers live under the spherical hood, as does a vacuum cleaner and - oddly - a laser pointer, meaning iRis would quickly become your cat’s best friend. So, Apple: One Last Thing at the next keynote perhaps? WEBSITE curved.de
NExT IssuE ON sALE Tuesday 25 October 2016 114 | MACFORMAT | AuTuMn 2016