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Winter 2011-2012

ESTONIAN EDITION Here we are - WNEP

Women’s Network of Estonian Police (Eesti Politsei Naisühendus, WNEP) was established in November 2003. The targets of the network are: Vocation of females employed by the police is valued; The best practice of police organisations and the international experience are the grounds for daily work; The number of women employed on managerial jobs at the police is in proportion with the total number of women employed by the police. The network consists of 122 members, including associate members (from these are 5 men). The total number of female employed by Police and Border Guard Board is 2665 or 43,9% of staff. Every policewoman and female employed by Police and Border Guard Board, Estonian Security Police Board and Estonian Academy of Security Sciences can join our network. We organize trainings, meetings with colleagues and other events that unite the members and offer each other support. Ask for more information by e-mail Eesti. Politsei.Naisyhendus@eesti.ee. The main cooperation partners of WNEP are Police and Border Guard Board, Estonian Academy of Security Sciences, Women’s Home Defence, Estonian Women’s Associations Round Table, IPA Estonian section and of course Nordic-Baltic Network of Policewomen and European Network of Policewomen. For WNEP it is important to be good partner also to the ENP. The cooperation for us is essential and we would like to promote not only

the professional cooperation but also unofficial communication between the police-women of different countries. 2011 was quite a good year of cooperation for us - for example we had honour to organise the 20th Career Development Seminar of ENP in Estonia in September and our ladies got good (hopefully sustainable lasting) contacts with wonderful Susanne and very nice participants of CDS. We also took actively part in the meetings of general board (and in future we will participate in the executive board) and have found really nice moments of synergy and understanding our common interests during these meetings. The biggest event in the near future is   the Family Day on the 11th March 2012 in Tallinn on Song Festival Grounds (http://naistepaev.ee). We organize it together with Estonian Academy of Security Science and Women’s Home Defence. The aim of this day is to promote opportunities for women, how to increase the safety of yourself and your loved ones, offer the opportunity to learn new knowledge and practical skills. In addition to promote a citizen`s initiative and raise awareness of opportunities for women in power structures and functions. This day has also a charitable purpose: to support the symbolic price of the ticket and collected donations to Estonian Women’s Shelters Union. So, welcome to the Family Day, if you happen to be at that time in Tallinn, Estonia! If you plan to come to Estonia and need some advice on how to make this visit memorable, then you can ask for advice from us, also. We are open to new contacts with you, dear colleagues and for cooperation networks in foreign countries. Written by members of WNEP Elina Orumaa elina.orumaa@sisekaitse.ee Veronika Isberg veronika.isberg@politsei.ee 1


Estonian Police and Border Guard Board

Greetings from the Director General of Estonian Police and Border Guard Board

every cultural space. To that end, it is extremely necessary and useful to have from time to time direct contacts with colleagues from abroad, who represent other countries and nations, in order to get an insight how the same issues are solved elsewhere. Beyond doubt, such communication allows us also to analyze ourselves and the comparison with others offers us a chance as though to look at ourselves in the mirror. If, as a result of the cooperation, new opportunities are found for doing our jobs better and for motivating our nearest colleagues, it is only a cause for joy. Thank you all for participation and cooperation! May you have strength in what you do!

Dear reader I am truly delighted to greet you on behalf of the entire Estonian Police. It is noteworthy that policewomen have decided to gain further strength through cooperation, by learning from each other and by exchanging experience and best practice. I am certain that everybody will win from such cooperation. Our society has formed a clear understanding that every job that women do equally with men, deserves recognition from people in whose interest they work and whom they serve. In Estonia we have overcome in the course of years all kinds of stereotypes as to who is a proper public order police officer, criminal police officer or border guard. The most important thing is to do one’s job well, whole-heartedly and professionally, so that it would show and it could be sensed by the communities that we serve. Despite the cultural differences in Europe and in all the world, those who share the same profession have always been able to find a common ground, because the work and related problems are usually similar everywhere, in every country and in

Raivo Kßßt Police Colonel Director General of Estonian Police and Border Guard Board ppa@politsei.ee

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Police and Border Guard Board – in cooperation we create security

There are more than 6000 people working in the name of internal security of Estonia in Police and Border Guard Board (PBGB). Thus it is one of the biggest state agencies in Estonia. The main tasks of Police and Border Guard Board are the securing of the external border of the European Union; the determination of citizenship and issue of documents; security and public order in the state; and the investigation and prevention of offences.

By merging the agencies, all resources related to the ensuring of internal security – people, experience, funds and equipment were combined under one management. This way the field of internal security is developed as a whole and the existing resources are utilised in the most effectual way. Accession to the Schengen visa space that lifted border control at internal borders of the European Union established one of the preconditions for the merging of the police and border guard, but brought along the requirement of using compensatory measures in the border territories, making it mainly the task of Public Order Police. Also incorporation of the supporting staff of the merged agencies allowed retrenchment as there was no longer a need for separate bookkeeping, personnel, and other similar systems for each agency.

These tasks are divided between four work areas: border guard, public order, criminal police, and citizenship and migration. The first contact points for people in their home town or village are subunits of four regional prefectures - constable stations, border guard stations or service offices of Migration and Citizenship Bureau.

Police and Border Guard Board is a police authority. All officers, regardless of their full title or position, whether a border guard, a traffic police officer, an investigator or a pilot – are police officers. The general name of the organisation is the police.

In its present structure, Police and Border Guard Board started its work on 1 January 2010 when Police Board, Central Criminal Police, Public Order Police, Border Guard Board, and Citizenship and Migration Board (CMB) were merged. On the basis of the former police prefectures, border guard territories and regional offices of CMB, four territorial prefectures were formed which will be also incorporated into PBGB and form one authority as of 2012.

By its principles, the police are a servicing organisation and we consider it our main duty to do our best so that lawabiding people would feel as safe as possible in Estonia. To that end, we cooperate with partner organisations of public authorities as well as private sector and non-profit associations. Our core values that we uphold in our daily work are trustworthiness, openness, cooperation, human-centeredness, safety, professionalism, integrity and humanity. http://www.politsei.ee/en 3


The Estonian Academy of Security Sciences Greetings from the Rector Lauri Tabur

Dear friends, in this snowy day from small but beautiful Estonia, this is my privilege to welcome you all for being with us, for being close to us. Nowadays more and more often I find myself being glad, that in our turbulent and often angry world, there are still values, what progressive world shares and what you, the beautiful side of the society, represent. You are well aware that being a police officer is very often a challenge where the positive around us shades and our mind is covered with darker thoughts. And then, everything we have been trained to in the Academy seems to be irrelevant because the situations cry for desperate measures. In these very moments I’ve experienced many of my colleagues to lean beside their beautiful counterpart, because she sees thing differently. And good solutions to the challenges we have in our everyday duty are very often behind this difference. That is also why famous Estonian writer Emil Tode has once said, that “women are different. They know one very important issue: there is no reason to read holy bible and to find out how to live your life. Because the life cannot be put into words and sentences…”. This is very true not only in the very hard task we carry together with you as officers – to make the world better place, but also in wider context.

The Rector in the EASS library And finally, there is a good reason, why social scientists have put social position of female to be one measurement of social progress in societies. Today in our beautiful countries the position and share of female police officers very often also reflect the position the police has in societies. Is it still a police force of is it more police service as we in Estonia are defining ourselves? To my experience from the early years of re-establishment of the Estonian Police the voice and courage of our female colleges – that is you, was the factor that pushed us towards the police ideology which today has over 80% of peoples trust. Thank you again for being with us, thank you for being close to us.

Lauri Tabur Rector Lauri.Tabur@sisekaitse.ee

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The Estonian Academy of Security Sciences – the integrated center of study and competences of internal security in Estonia! The Estonian Academy of Security Sciences (EASS) is and has been the breeding ground for heads of internal security agencies that are in leadership positions today. The Academy was created in the year 1992 after the Republic of Estonia regained its independence. The EASS is the only university of applied sciences in Estonia that belongs to the Ministry of the Interior, while meeting all the quality requirements provided for schools by the Ministry of Education and Research. The EASS consists of four colleges: the Financial College, the College of Justice, the Police and Border Guard College and the Rescue College. Our graduates are expected to be employed by the Police and the Border Guard Board, the Tax and Customs Board, the Rescue Board and the emergency service as well as the prisons under the Ministry of Justice.

abroad to obtain experience through college based or internship based academic mobility. We have opened our doors to ERASMUS students at the beginning of the year 2012 - in fact, we created a curriculum targeted to ERASMUS students which can be passed as desired on the level of Bachelor Studies or Master’s Studies. The subjects cover the entire area of internal security and in the language module it is possible to study English, Estonian, Russian or Finnish languages. Come and take advantage of the opportunity! It is possible to submit applications until the last day of November! More information: www.sisekaitse.ee/ eass or contact our ERASMUS coordinator: Ms Kaisa Ellandi, kaisa.ellandi@sisekaitse.ee, +372 696 5402.

Academies master’s degree of Internal Security is given under Institute of Internal Security - a research unit subordinated to the vice-rector of research and development. As successful civil servants must develop themselves during their entire service, we offer them training courses organized by the Centre for Public Service Training and Development within the Academy. The most popular exchange program among our cadets and lecturers has been the ERASMUS program. Our people have gone

EILC last performance, Summer 2011 Since the year 2007, intensive EILC Estonian language courses have been held at the Academy of Security Sciences in order to provide an opportunity for foreign students to become acquainted to our beautiful mother tongue and culture. For the participants of the language courses, exciting outings and trips are organized to different 5


EILC last performance, Winter 2011 places in Estonia and the course ends with a traditional performance in the Estonian language to the staff of the Academy. In three years, as many as 190 students have studied Estonian at our Academy. Again, with questions regarding the EILC language course you can turn to our ERASMUSE coordinator Ms Kaisa Ellandi: kaisa.ellandi@ sisekaitse.ee , +372 696 5402.

Thoughts of EILC participants: “I am very glad to have chosen EASS for my EILC, as I believe there wouldn’t be any better place to start off one’s life in Estonia. I felt very well prepared and the family-like atmosphere in the Academy helped us adapt to our new lives very quickly.” Tina Habelt, participant of the EILC course 2010

EILC lopening ceremony, Winter 2011

Power of Knowledge via R&D Cooperation Estonian Academy of Security Sciences is oriented to excellent applied research and development activities of Internal Security and Law Enforcement related subjects as effective contemporary policing and border management, criminology, forensics, rescue and crisis management, tax and customs provisions, prison and probation service as well as

modernization achievements of civil service. There is an Institute of Internal Security coordinating different applied research initiatives and Master Studies of Internal Security at the Academy. There are also various research groups as Europeanization of Internal Security Education, Effective 6


The discussions of the research group with Vice Rector for R&D Fire Prevention, Contemporary Methods of Forensics and Crime Investigation, Effective Regulations on Public Service, Migration Influences to Internal Security and others organized to produce creative knowledge for developments of safe and secure society. R&D activities at the Academy also involve innovative learning technologies using virtual training exercises as recent tools for joint instruction and evaluation of crisis management command and control on operational and strategic levels. Finding the new ways of training improvement in support with correspondent scientific research has special role to play among new challenges of training quality developed at the Academy to successfully meet the new opportunities of global networking. All valuable research findings are published in our annual peer-reviewed research journal – The Proceedings. The international board of The Proceedings will accept articles throughout the year.

Commission, OSCE, well-known EU Agencies as CEPOL and FRONTEX as well as networks and European-wide cooperation bodies EFSCA, EURASHE, NISPAcee and the Baltic University Network. The most important R&D event during an academic year is our Annual International Internal Security Conference held in November every year in Tallinn where security experts from Estonia and abroad sharing their new discoveries, discussing about innovative approaches of current developments and future trends on security affairs. In case of cooperation interest, please do not hesitate to contact. Your involvement is very welcome and valuable! More information about this conference can be found at: www.sisekaitse.ee/eass. Ramon Loik Vice Rector for Research and Development ramon.loik@sisekaitse.ee

The Academy as centre for excellence of Internal Security in Estonia has number of significant partnership relations with European 7


What is the secret of CDS? The International Career Development Seminar for Policewomen held already for the twentieth time, the last time in Estonia in September 2011. What is the secret of CDS? Let’s read the views of the mentor and trainer of the CDS and seminar participants.

CDS: Challenges – Development – Surprises I am very proud and grateful for having been invited to supervise the International Career Development Seminar for Policewomen for nine times in eight different countries; in 2011 for the second time in Estonia. I believe that the Career Development Seminar forms an important step in a policewoman’s life: concerning her further career, her work-life-balance and also her consciousness about her position as a female officer within the Police service. One of the `golden threads` through the programme of the seminar is reflecting on being a woman in a middle management position and/or specialist profession within a male dominated organisation. During the seminar the participants explore and practise necessary strategies and skills, which help them to become more confident in the areas they need to develop. They (re)discover their personal qualities, competences and needs and learn how to overcome possible obstacles, trapdoors and weaknesses. Moreover the internationality of this seminar gives the possibility to exchange experiences and best practices and to develop networking on an European level. Although participants do have different backgrounds concerning their socialisation and the very specific situation in their personal and professional environment, they actually share many comparable experiences and recognize a lot of common issues in each others situations. To

get in contact with the hosting Police organisation abroad and meeting participants from eastern and western European countries make the seminar extra exciting and worthwhile. The way of working during the seminar is highly participative. Besides the exercises, lectures and self-assessment-activities during the seminar lots of discussions take place in order to help each other understand the issues at stake. It is my intention to approach and to deal with the various personal needs and requests as much as possible and to create a comfortable atmosphere for learning and exchange. Year after year I am impressed of the extraordinary skills and capacities within the groups. I appreciate the high level of motivation and commitment and the willingness to support each other. I get the chance to observe how self-confidence is growing during the 5-days training and how attitudes and behavior are changing in a more assertive direction. During the last day of the seminar we all enjoy the highly qualified presentations of personal profiles that actually form a kind of individual summary of the whole seminar-week. Then, at the latest, it becomes obvious that the Career Development Seminar is beneficial for two sides: the participants and the Police organisations where the female officers return to. I`d like to thank the ENP, all those policewomen and Police organisations in the various countries who organised, hosted and supported this seminar and made those weeks so very successful and comfortable. Let me finish with my best wishes to all female police officers for their future and to the networks of policewomen all over Europe. I hope that there will be other countries and other police organisations that will follow the example and organise more Career Development Seminars. Susanne Thalheim The mentor and trainer of the CDS

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Participants of the 20th CDS in Estonia

Some thoughts about „Career Development Seminar“ in Estonia I am very satisfied that I could this time make a decision to take “time out” and I send my wish to my boss to join the seminar as a woman police officer from the Estonian Academy of Security Sciences. Besides our foreign women police officers I had a possibility to know better also my Estonian colleagues and after the busy seminar days in the evenings I thought a lot about our work, career and communication. How busy we are all the time and how much we need the same kind of seminars. The seminar gave a good possibility to hear about different countries police organisations and about women police officers professional development in their organisations. Thank to this week we have several new friends from different countries and I hope that we can meet somewhere sometimes. We were together with clever, intelligent, ambitious and talented women. As about the topic of the seminar, our mentor Susanne was perfect. She organized our working days- individual and group works

in an attractive way .Everything was interesting and we had a lot of interesting discussions. I think that not only me but all the participants started to think about the decisions in our professional career much more than before. The seminar week was full of new experiences for all of us. I am very grateful for the possibility to participate in the Career Development Seminar. Eva Alliksoo, participant from Estonia I am very glad for the possibility to participate in the Career Development Seminar. It was honour for us to host our guests. This seminar was for intelligent, smart, hard-working, independent, proud and bright women! Being of different nationalities, our daily lives are similar. The seminar gave to me self-confidence and more courage. Was great opportunity to introduce the personal dreams and ideas  for reliable audience and receive supportive feedback.   Ülle Vanaisak, participant from Estonia 9


NEWS FROM SPAIN Incorporation of Madrid Municipal Police Force in the Integral Follow-Up Program to Victims of Gender-Based Violence Since January of this year, Madrid Municipal Police Force is integrated in the System of Integral Follow-Up to Victims of GenderBased Violence, belonging to the Secretariat of State for Security of the Ministry of Interior. This program is of vital utility for Police Forces to assess the risk victims of violence have by their partners, and thus establishing security measures appropriate to the partner’s potential danger. The system of Integral FollowUp, colloquially called Viogen, was created in 2007 and it was first launched by national level-Police Forces (National Police Force and Guardia Civil), since then Local Police Forces were being integrated in the System.

Its operation is based on the establishment of 5 levels of risk: Insignificant, Low, Medium, High and Extreme, linked to a battery of sixteen indicators to which the victim has to respond once the question for each indicator has been asked. Also, based on the levels of risk mentioned above, the coverage of operational safety that should be provided is established according to the level of risk obtained, and that, might even involve the custody or constant surveillance 24/7 of the threatened victim. The entire system designed to fight gender-based violence was put together with the member States of the European Union in October 2010, obtaining the following conclusions:

Access panel to gender-based violence victims monitoring computer program

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In addition, in the Spanish Presidency of the European Union, the Ministry of the Interior launched and carried out leading initiatives in the field of Internal Security, both for the definition and implementation and execution of prominent policies in this area, as well as on many other structural or technical issues, which will be key to the progress in the area of Internal Security of the Union. Among the main achievements of the Spanish Presidency in the fields of Internal Security stand out: Madrid Municipal Police Officer interviewing a gender-based violence victim - The adoption for the first time in the European Union, of a specific European Internal Security Strategy, Conclusions of the Council in which defines the threats shared and European Union Manual of Good Police Practices to combat by member States, as well as the tools available to combat them and violence against women: the priorities of future actions. The Spanish Presidency of - Launch of the Standing the Union provided the opportunity Committee on Internal Security to our country of projecting to the (COSI), whose objective is to rest of the States of the Union for increase the coordination of the efforts and practices applied in Spain in one of the policies that are operative actions between the member States of the EU in the field a priority on the public agenda: the fight against gender-based violence of internal security. through: Implementation of an Erasmus Police whose aim is to lay - The development of a Manual the foundations for the creation of for the European Union of Good Police Practices to combat violence perceptions and common identities between the different European against women, whose goal is to police forces through a shared become a frame of reference for those Security Forces units and training, flexible, decentralized and services that are facing this problem quality, both for senior officials, from a structural approach, stressing as well as for police officers in the the active response, prevention and initial phase. protection, through the exchange of knowledge, information and Written by Ema Teresa Pereda L贸pez experiences between the various the Commander of Family Support and Assistance Unit member States. peredalet@madrid.es - Approval of the conclusions of the Council and the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States on the improvement of Prevention of Violence against Women and the care given to Victims of Domestic Violence within the Framework of Police Activities. Family Support and Assistance Unit (Madrid Municipal Police)

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NEWS FROM GERMANY Family- and Child- orientated College for Police in Villingen-Schwenningen Police officers who are parents with small children are finally able to study at the Police College VillingenSchwenningen. In the state of BadenWürttemberg, this was achieved by establishing a Child Care Centre on the campus of the Police College. It is called Campus Minimus. A lot of commitment and creativity had been put into the successful reshaping of the canteen – thus transforming it into a little paradise for children. May we provide you with a few impressions of the opening ceremony:

A lot of guests

Students with a child are part of a familyfriendly study group, and together with their offspring, they stay in small apartments suitable for families. Lecture periods are arranged according to the care hours of their children and the campus kindergarten place on the campus doesn’t cost more than the one at home.

Campus Minimus

During the studies of their parents, the children – aged from two months to six years - are cared for in several groups from 7.00 a.m. to 5 p.m. Like the “grownups”, they have lunch together in the college canteen. They may also climb, play and romp about the college ground! A special pedagogical concept ensures that they are looked after extremely well and are also encouraged and guided according to their age.

The Police Commissioner is telling a fairy-tale

In addition, the College has qualified child minders at its disposal who are able to cover special care hours – for example, in the evening, at night, during weekends and holidays, in cases of emergencies or family problems these child minders take care of the children if need be. Furthermore, the College assists expectant mothers and fathers-to-be in finding individual solutions for their specific requirements during their internship.

Celebrating guests

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If you want to learn more about the Family- and Child orientated studies or program please contact Prof. Dr. Susanne Scheller, phone +49-761-20 20 747 or e-mail SusanneScheller@hfpolvs.de.

Children and their music

Andrea Schaal and Ingrid Losert, Police College of Baden-Württemberg, Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany AndreaSchaal@hfpol-vs.de IngridLosert@hfpol-vs.de www.hfpol-vs.de

Dancing children

“KITA SPONS”

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ENP Newsletter Estonian edition