PAGE 1 • The Montana Standard 9-11 Tribute ❘ Sunday, September 11, 2011
The Memorial Architect:
PAGE 2 • The Montana Standard 9-11 Tribute ❘ Sunday, September 11, 2011
Arad’s 9/11 moment arrives
Architect Michael Arad first imagined the twin reflecting pools with cascading waterfalls - he calls them voids - as two empty spaces in the Hudson River, west of the smoldering World Trade Center. When Arad entered a competition for a trade center memorial in 2003, the voids were in the footprints of the towers themselves, and manmade waterfalls replaced the churning river. A jury including Vietnam Veterans Memorial designer Maya Lin chose Arad’s twin waterfalls out of 5,201 entries, saying it embodied the grief and the desire for healing that the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks inspired. The 42-year-old Arad’s 9/11 moment is arriving on the 10th anniversary of the attacks, culminating a journey for the son of an Israeli diplomat and unknown city architect whose poster board sketch became a touchstone for post-Sept. 11 battles over how to mourn and how to remember the dead. Financial, practical and political considerations forced design changes; hundreds of trees were added to Arad’s original vision. The puzzle of how to list the dead has not been solved to everyone’s satisfaction. Arad says the core of his original plan remains. “We’ve gone through an eight yearlong editing process of sort of parsing it down,” he said in an interview in the Manhattan offices of Handel Architects. “But I didn’t end up with a whole other unintended direction to this. Is it exactly as it was eight years ago? No. But is it the same in nature? Yes.” After terrorists killed nearly 3,000 people and toppled two 110-story skyscrapers, some New Yorkers said the entire 16-acre trade center site should be a memorial or a park. Others said the towers should be rebuilt just as they were before. In the end, Daniel Libeskind’s master plan set aside eight acres -- half the site -- for a memorial. Arad’s design, “Reflecting Absence,” features waterfalls cascading into reflecting pools where the towers stood. The names of all those killed on Sept. 11, 2001 and in the earlier World Trade Center attack on Feb. 26, 1993, are inscribed on bronze parapets surrounding the waterfalls. In a change from the bare design Arad submitted, the waterfalls are nestled within a grove of swamp white oak trees that will grow as tall as 60 feet. A museum showcasing remnants of the original trade center will open next year. Interviewed at the memorial site, Arad referred to the pools as “voids” and said they will evoke the lives lost in the terror attacks. “These voids that you see behind me -- as you approach them as a pedestrian they’re not readily visible,” he said. “And it’s really only when you’re a few feet away from them that all of a sudden the ground opens up in front of you and you see this enormous expanse, these voids which are ringed with these waterfalls and the reflecting pool below them.” And then the visitors come to the edge and start circling the pools, “following this river of names” around the perimeter. Members of the jury -- Lin was said to be one of Arad’s strongest supporters -- said the nearly completed memorial has vindicated their choice. Paula Grant Berry, a Sept. 11 widow and the
lone victims’ family member on the jury, said the falling water “will cut out the sound of the city.” She added, “The beauty of the design is that it maintains the footprints of the buildings. It gives you a sense of how large the buildings were.” Arad was an unknown architect working for the New York City Housing Authority when his design was chosen. Arad grew up in Israel, the United States and Mexico, and served in the Israeli military. A Dartmouth graduate who got his master’s at George Institute of Technology, Arad came to New York two years before the attacks. Arad was thinking about a Sept. 11 memorial before the competition was announced. He built a Plexiglas model of his cavernous holes in the Hudson and brought it up to his apartment rooftop to photograph it against the skyline. “This idea of the surface of the river being torn open and the water flowing into this hole. ... I kept sketching it and thinking, could it be realized?” he recalled. “Could you actually create that effect? Could you cut a hole in the river?” The answer, seemingly, was no. But the idea morphed into Arad’s twin voids in the towers’ footprints. Not everyone loved the design. Arad keeps a digital New York Post front page --”IT STINKS!” -- in his computer. He appears to take criticism in stride. “When I entered the competition it was a very private act,” he said. “It was something that I did by myself, sketching in my study, imagining the kind of memorial that I might want to visit someday. But when the design was selected all of a sudden it went from a constituency of one to a constituency of thousands.” Arad said working on the memorial has been “exhausting and exhaustive” but also “a huge privilege.” Construction of the memorial began in 2006, and it will be the first component of the rebuilt trade center site to be completed. New office towers, meanwhile, are rising rapidly to the memorial’s north and east. According to the National September 11 Memorial & Museum, the combined cost of the memorial and museum is about $700 million with an annual operations budget between $50 million and $60 million. A memorial to the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that opened in 2000 cost $29.1 million. The Sept. 11 board has raised about $400 million from private donations and is seeking federal funds so that the memorial and the museum can be free of charge -- although it also said it’s considering a voluntary fee of up to $20. Arad said every detail of the memorial has been carefully vetted, from the Virginia-quarried granite that lines the tower footprints to the hand-brushed patina that protects the bronze. Placement of the nearly 3,000 victims’ names was always contentious. An alphabetical list “would not have been the right move,” Arad said. “You had married families who shared the same last name and married families who
didn’t share the same last name. And if you did an alphabetical listing it would privilege some over others.” Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s proposal to list the names randomly pleased few. Victims’ family members wanted to list the dead by their employers. Relatives of the firefighters and police officers who died trying to save others pushed for their rank and ladder company to be listed. The solution was to group people’s names near the names of their friends, family members and coworkers, and first responders were identified. Over 1,200 requests were made, and granted to list the names. Families who died on the airplanes will be listed together, as will office colleagues who shared lunch every day. Donald James McIntyre, a Port Authority police officer who died as he tried to make his way to the 84th floor of the south tower, will be listed next to his cousin John Anthony Sherry, who worked there. Edie Lutnick, who heads a relief fund at Cantor Fitzgerald, the financial services firm that lost 658 people including her brother on Sept. 11, said age and affiliation “could so easily be added.” “You would be able to know that a 2 1/2-yearold died on the plane,” Lutnick said. “You would learn a story from the memorial and not from a telephone or a kiosk.” Arad said every choice had consequences. If a victim didn’t work for a company at the trade center, they would have been listed as unaffiliated, which is why no company name will appear anywhere. “Again,” he says, “everything you did had issues of equity.”
IN THIS APRIL 7, 2011 PHOTO, MICHAEL ARAD, an architect of the 9/11 memorial at ground zero, poses for a picture in front of the ongoing construction at
ground zero in New York. Arad first imagined the twin reflecting pools with cascading waterfalls — he calls them voids — as two empty spaces in the Hudson River west of the smoldering World Trade Center, to mirror the absent towers. The pools moved to the twin towers’ footprints, and the Israeli-born architect’s poster board sketch became the centerpiece for the world’s most expensive memorial — and a touchstone for post-Sept. 11 battles over how to mourn and how to remember. (AP Photo/
9/11 Anniversary Coverage Online The Montana Standard has additional online coverage of the anniversary of Sept. 11 at mtstandard.com/9-11. The special section includes stories, photos and an interactive graphic with videos and timelines. The section also features national live video of anniversary observances beginning on Sunday, Sept. 11, and running all day.
PAGE 3 • The Montana Standard 9-11 Tribute ❘ Sunday, September 11, 2011
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PAGE 4 • The Montana Standard 9-11 Tribute ❘ Sunday, September 11, 2011
Butte moment of remembrance planned for 9/11
A moment of remembrance and parade are planned at 11 a.m. Sunday, Sept. 11, in Butte as part of a national effort to commemorate 9-11. At that time, each American is asked to stop and remember those lost in the Sept. 11 attacks. U.S. Sen. Frank Lautenberg’s resolution call for cities across the U.S. to sound sirens, whistles and bells at 11 a.m. A parade will line up at 10 a.m. on East Park Street in Uptown Butte. Before the start of the parade at 11 a.m., police, fire, highway patrol and EMS will sound their sirens for one minute. Then, the parade will proceed west on Park Street, south on Montana Street to Rowe
Road, east on Holmes to Harrison, north on Harrison to Dewey, and west on Dewey Boulevard to Stodden Park. At Stodden, the United Veterans Council has organized a brief ceremony at the veterans’ monument with Chief Executive Paul Babb as emcee. Sheriff John Walsh and Fire Services director Jeff Miller will say a few words. For details, call Gail Fish, United Veterans Council, 494-7509, or Ed Fisher, Boulevard Volunteer Fire Department, email@example.com.
National 9/11 flag to end 50-state tour in Missouri
JOPLIN, Mo. (AP) — An American flag honoring victims of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks will conclude its 50-state journey in Joplin on the 10th anniversary of the catastrophe. The National 9/11 Flag originally flew from a damaged building across from ground zero in New York. Survivors of the 2008 tornado in Greensburg, Kan., helped restore the flag with remnants of flags from their community. On Sunday, survivors of the May 22 tornado that killed 160 people and destroyed thousands of homes and businesses in Joplin will sew the final stitches into the traveling symbol. The day’s scheduled events include a silent tribute at Cunningham Park and a memorial service at Missouri Southern State University.
IN THIS JULY 14, 2011, FILE PHOTO A NEW YORK CITY FIREMAN stands in the foreground, as survivors of those killed in the 9/11 attacks, await their turn
to stitch the National 9/11 flag during a ceremony on Capitol Hill in Washington. The flag left in tatters after the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center will get its final stitches of repair on Sunday, Sept. 11, 2011, the 10th anniversary of the attacks, at the site of another tragedy: tornado-ravaged Joplin, Mo. (AP Photo/ Harry Hamburg, File)
A MAN READS THE NAMES OF VICTIMS of the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, written on US flags as part of “flags of honor” project, in New York, Wednesday, Sept. 7, 2011. The National September 11 Memorial will be dedicated on the 10th anniversary of the attacks, Sept. 11, 2011. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty)
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PAGE 5 • The Montana Standard 9-11 Tribute ❘ Sunday, September 11, 2011
survivor form foundation
It’s been eight years since Mark John put charcoal to paper, sketching an image that has led him into fire station bays and military bases across the country. The framed print, immortalizing firefighters in the rubble of ground zero hoisting the American flag, is the centerpiece in pictures of John with fire crews, political figures and Hollywood types like former Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley, actor Gary Sinise, blues legend Buddy Guy and country singer Darryl Worley. “I go where it takes me now,” he said of the Sept. 11-inspired print. His donated prints hang on the walls in fire stations from Beverly Hills to New York City. His next project continues to honor the memory of the firefighters killed in the Sept. 11 attacks. John, who lives in Sauk Village, has partnered with local Sept. 11 survivor Don Bacso to form the American Pride Foundation. The two started the foundation about three months ago. Their first initiative is to hand-deliver copies of the prints to families of each of the 343 firefighters who were killed in New York on Sept. 11. The foundation is raising money to cover the cost of the supplies for the prints and to develop a scholarship fund for the children of Sept. 11 victims. More information is available at www.americanpridefoundation.org. John and Bacso say they make a good team.
“With Don speaking and me drawing, we want to remember and honor American heroes,” John said. Bacso, of Dyer, was on the 57th floor of the World Trade Center North Tower when terrorists flew a commercial plane into the building on Sept. 11, 2001. As fire and smoke consumed the floors above, Bacso escaped with his life and a sense of responsibility to share his message of the day so that people don’t forget. Forming the foundation is a way to keep victims’ memory alive. It’s also a way for Region residents to have a local link to the Sept. 11 attacks. Both men have visited ground zero since the attack. John wants to return to New York City for the 10-year anniversary. Bacso wanted to visit ground zero on Sunday, but only victims’ families are allowed on site that day. Instead, he will speak at a 1 p.m. memorial service Sunday at Schererville Town Hall, 10 E. Joliet St.
IN THIS IMAGE PROVIDED BY TORONTOBASED ARTIST JOHN COBURN, a slightly
burned Sept. 11th-related drawing from his book “Healing Hearts,” is shown. (AP Photo/John Coburn)
Local firefighters in NY for 9/11 anniversary event Three Butte-Silver Bow firefighters (from left, Capt. Rick Hansen, Battalion Chief Rick Ryan and Kurt Sheehan) rode three Harley-Davidson motorcycles on a road trip to New York City for the 10th anniversary of 9/11. The trio will be among thousands of firefighters traveling to the Big Apple as part of the International Association of Firefighters “Firefighters Across America” event. The three left Sunday and made stops along the way, meeting up with other firemen. They expected to be in New York by Friday. On Sept. 11, they will be a part of a parade of firefighters from around the nation who will participate in a ceremony at the Firefighters Memorial in New York City. For more information on the IAFF, visit http://www.iaffmg.org.
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PAGE 6 • The Montana Standard 9-11 Tribute ❘ Sunday, September 11, 2011
Near 10th anniversary, NYC 9/11 exhibitions abound
NEW YORK (AP) John Coburn went to ground zero days after the Sept. 11 attacks and began sketching, moved by the acts of “love and care” of New Yorkers and recovery workers. Coburn was compelled to illustrate the compassion ? rather than the destruction ? and compiled his work into a book he gave to victims’ families. EJay Weiss was in his Tribeca art studio when the first plane crashed. He grabbed a pair of binoculars and ran outside. His hands shaking, he could see inside the burning towers as thick acrid smoke filled the sky. A few days later, he began 9/11 Elegies: 2001-2011, mixing the ash from the site into the paint he used. Todd Stone, another downtown artist, ran to the rooftop of his studio as the towers collapsed to photograph, draw and paint “the day the world changed.” Over the next two years, he created a tribute to those who died with “Witness,” a series of 15 watercolors into which he rubbed the dust that settled over his studio. All three artists are showing their works in exhibitions commemorating the 10th anniversary of the terrorist attacks. At least two dozen other Sept. 11-related museum and gallery exhibitions also are being presented throughout the city. Stone also has been chronicling the rebuilding of the World Trade Center site since about 2003 with “Downtown Rising,” which includes dozens of large-scale oils and watercolors. During the past 18 months, he’s worked from a perch overlooking the 16-acre trade center site on the 48th floor of the new 7 World Trade Center at the invitation of developer Silverstein Properties. “I never thought I would be able to approach the ground zero site as anything but the saddest place on earth,” he said recently from the site, looking out at the rising 1 World Trade Center tower outside his window. “But it’s not like that anymore. The strength of our city and country are manifest in the work force of thousands of men who are here every day making this incredible construction before my very eyes.” The city is in discussions with Stone about donating his paintings to the memorial museum slated to open next year. Several of his “Witness” 9/11 paintings are in a multimedia show at LaGuardia Community College opening Sept. 10 that includes 13 other New York City artists who wit-
nessed the attacks. Coburn’s “Healing Hearts” pen-and-ink sketches even survived a fire at his Toronto studio in 2006. Singed, but largely intact, they include one of St. Paul’s Chapel, which for months served as a shelter and refuge for recovery workers, volunteers and victims’ families. Another portrays George Cain, a firefighter who perished in the attacks, alongside images of his mother, Rosemary, the pastor of the nearby Trinity Church and other first responders. “The drawings put you right in the heart of the place,” said Rosemary Cain, who met Coburn while working at ground zero as a volunteer for the Salvation Army. The original drawings are being shown publicly for the first time Sept. 1-15 in the Wall Street boardroom of Sciame Construction. The exhibition is free but reservation must be made at rsvp(at)thehealingheartsproject.com. Weiss began work on 9/11 Elegies three days after the attacks. He said he scooped up ash from what was the trade center garage and mixed it with black acrylic for the first seven of the work’s nine panels. “I left it out of the last two because I felt it was time to move on. It was symbolic for me,” he said. The focus of each panel is a central space that serves both as a metaphor for the towers’ windows and their footprints. Shades of blue and lavender ? signifying the clear blue sky that day ? fill the “windows” and thick runnels of liquid paint suggest the grid patterns of the molten steel of the fallen towers. This summer, Weiss completed three final panels, “Resolution Triptych,” signifying “peace and harmony” and “a glorious new day.” 9/11 Elegies is on exhibit through Sept. 25 at the Narthex Gallery at Saint Peter’s Lutheran Church in Manhattan’s Citicorp Plaza. Here are highlights of some of the other Sept. 11 exhibitions: • “Where Does the Dust Itself Collect,” an installation by Chinese artist Xu Bing of a 25- by 20-foot field of dust across the gallery floor punctuated by the outline of a Chan Buddhist poem. It’s part of Insite Art + Commemoration presented by the Lower Manhattan Cultural Council’s and Museum of Chinese in America. Sept. 8-Oct. 9 at the Spinning Wheel Building in Chelsea.
• “The Twin Towers and the City,” a four-decades-long study of the World Trade Center by MacArthur award-winning photographer Camilo Jose Vergara. The pictures, shot from vantage points throughout the city and New Jersey, underscore how ubiquitous the towers were in the landscape of city life and beyond. The Museum of the City of New York, Sept. 3-Dec. 4.
• “Remembering 9/11,” an exhibition of several hundred images taken by professional and amateur photographers in the immediate aftermath of the attacks. It also includes letters written to police officers and firefighters, objects that were placed at makeshift shrines around the city and drawings of the National September 11 Memorial & Museum. Sept. 8-April 1 at the New-York Historical Society.
• ”Witness to Tragedy and Recovery,” a photo and multimedia presentation of the trade center attacks and recovery by more than 30 visual journalists, many members of the National Press Photographers Association and the New York Press Photographers Association. Michael Schimmel Center for the Arts, Pace University, downtown Manhattan, Sept. 8-24.
• “The 9/11 Peace Story Quilt.” A work designed by artist Faith Ringgold and created by New York City students based on a book of their writings and drawings. Metropolitan Museum of Art through Jan. 22, 2012. • “Ten Years Later: Ground Zero Remembered.” The focal point of this exhibition is the 1997 “Tuskegee Airmen Series” by Michael Richards, who died in the attacks while working in his studio at the World Trade Center. Also featured is Christoph Draeger’s photographic jigsaw puzzle “WTC, September 17 (2003)” and two 2002 comment books filled with text and images by museum visitors. The Brooklyn Museum, Sept. 7-Oct. 30. • “September 11,” featuring 70 works by 41 artists from the past 50 years that evoke images of 9/11. Artists include Diane Arbus, Alex Katz, John Chamberlain, Christo, Yoko Ono and George Segal. MoMA PS1, Long Island City, Queens, Sept. 11-Jan. 9, 2012. • “Embodied Light: 9/11 in 2011.” Artist Tobi Kahn transforms a gallery into a meditative room with sculptural shrines, memorial lights and a 3D installation signifying an aerial view of Lower Manhattan. It also features “220 blocks,” representing the 220 floors of the twin towers with drawings and inscriptions by notable New Yorkers. The Ernest Rubenstein Gallery at Education Alliance, Lower East Side, Sept. 9-Nov. 23. • “Remembering 9/11,” a five-part exhibition of photography and video that explores how people responded to the tragedy. It includes a major digital installation by artist Frances Torres titled “Memory Remains: 9/11 Artifacts at Hangar 17.” International Center of Photography, Sept. 9-Jan. 8, 2012.
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