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‫ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ ﺗﺨﻢ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﭘﺮﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﻲ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﻨﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻢ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﭘﺮﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺸﻬﺎﻱ ﻛﻮﺗﻴﻜﻮﻝ ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ‪ ،‬ﻏﺸﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺎﻗﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ‪ ،‬ﺳﻔﻴﺪﻩ ‪ ،‬ﺯﺭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﺯﺍﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ)‪(Blastodisc‬‬ ‫‪ (۱‬ﻛﻮﺗﻴﻜﻮﻝ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻏﺸﺎ ﺀ ﻧﺎﺯﻛﻲ ﺑﻨﺎﻡ ﻛﻮﺗﻴﻜﻮﻝ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﮔﺎﺯﻱ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺪ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ ‪ .‬ﺷﺴﺘﺸﻮﻱ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﺍﺵ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺁﻧﺮﺍ ﻣﺨﺘﻞ ﻣﻲ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺷﺴﺘﻦ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ (۲‬ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺁﻫﻜﻲ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺮﺑﻨﺎﺕ ﻛﻠﺴﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻓﺴﻔﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻴﺰﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻨﮕﻨﺰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺗﺌﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪ .‬ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﻜﺘﺮ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻱ ﻣﻨﻔﺬ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﭘﻬﻦ ﺗﺮ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻗﺴﻤﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﻛﺜﻴﻒ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻃﻮﺏ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺑﺎﻛﺘﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻱ ﻣﻲ ﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺴﻢ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﻏﺸﺎﺀ ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﻔﻴﺪﻩ ﻏﻠﺒﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺎﺳﺪ ﻣﻲ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ (۳‬ﻏﺸﺎءﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺩﻭ ﻏﺸﺎﺀ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﻭﺩﺭﻭﻧﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﭘﻬﻦ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻏﺸﺎﺀ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻲ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻤﮕﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻮﺭﺍً ﺗﺨﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺎﻗﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻲ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﮔﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻏﺸﺎﺀ ﻫﺎ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ (۴‬ﺍﺗﺎﻗﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺍﺗﺎﻗﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﭘﻬﻦ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺑﻼﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻥ ﭘﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﺳﺮﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻘﺒﺾ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﺗﺎﻗﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺨﻢ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺗﺎﻗﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻲ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﺨﻴﺮ ﺁﺏ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ (۵‬ﺳﻔﻴﺪﻩ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ ۱۰‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺳﻔﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭﺗﺌﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪ .‬ﺳﻔﻴﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻱ ﻣﺠﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺨﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺯﺭﺩﻩ ﺗﺮﺷﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ ‪ .‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻗﺴﻤﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﺳﻔﻴﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﻏﻠﻈﺖ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻗﺴﻤﺘﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ ﻭ ﮊﻟﻪ ﺍﻱ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﻗﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺁﺑﻜﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪ .‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﺷﺎﻻﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﻚ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﺎﺯﻙ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻔﻴﺪﻩ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻏﺸﺎﺀ ﻫﺎﻱ ﺯﺭﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ (۶‬ﺯﺭﺩﻩ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺯﺭﺩﻩ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ ﻭ ﭼﺴﺒﻨﺎﻛﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ ۵۰%‬ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺟﺎﻣﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺰﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ‪ ۵۰%‬ﺁﺏ ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ ۳۰%‬ﭼﺮﺑﻲ ﻭ ‪ ۲۰%‬ﭘﺮﻭﺗﺌﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ (۷‬ﺳﻠﻮﻝ ﺯﺍﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ )‪:( disc Blasto‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﺴﻚ ﺯﺍﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻱ ﺯﺭﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﺭﻭﺭﻱ ) ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺱ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺗﺨﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻍ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻲ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻲ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻤﻲ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ (.‬ﺑﻼﺳﺘﻮﺩﺭﻡ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻴﺸﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺴﻚ ﺑﺮ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺯﺭﺩﻩ ﺗﺨﻢ ﻣﺮﻍ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﻱ ﺷﻜﻞ ‪ ،‬ﺳﻔﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ‪ ۳‬ﺗﺎ ‪ ۴‬ﻣﻴﻠﻲ ﻣﺘﺮﻗﻄﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫_________________________________________________________‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‪:‬‬ ‫‪aftab.ir‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﮐﺖ ﺳﯿﻤﺮﻍ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﯼ ﮐﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﯽ ﮐﻨﯿﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﯾﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺛﺒﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪niazemarkazi1‬‬

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‫‪Page Address : http://www.niazemarkazi.com/article/pdf/10001895.html‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺝ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﺍﯾﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺪﯾﻞ ﺁﻧﻼﯾﻦ ﺑﻪ ﭘﯽ ﺩﯼ ﺍﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﯾﺖ ﻧﯿﺎﺯﻣﺮﮐﺰﯼ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﯿﺖ ‪ :‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺝ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﯾﺖ ﻧﯿﺎﺯﻣﺮﮐﺰﯼ ﺭﺍﯾﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﯿﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺛﺒﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺳﺘ‪.‬ﮑﻠﯿﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﯾﯿﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﯿﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﯾﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﯽ ﻣﯽ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﯾﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﯿﻞ ﺍﺯﺩﯾﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﻭﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻣﮑﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﯾﯿﺪ ﺻﺤﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻣﯽ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﯿﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﮐﻨﯿﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﺩﺭﺝ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺩﺭﺱ ﺳﺎﯾﺖ ﻧﯿﺎﺯﻣﺮﮐﺰﯼ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﻨﯿﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﯽ ﺭﺍﯾﮕﺎﻥ | ﺗﺒﻠﯿﻐﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ | ﻧﯿﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪﯾﻬﺎ | ﻧﯿﺎﺯﻣﺮﮐﺰﯼ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬

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