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Form Space Texture Color Value



Line can create a shape or be the edge of a shape, this is called a contour line.

Line divides space. Line gives the feeling of direction or movement.

Qualities of Line The unique character of any line. Line quality is affected by the tool or medium used to make the mark.


1. Smooth SMOOTH

2. Rough 3. Continuous


4. Broken BROKEN

5. Sketchy 6. Controlled 7. Thickness 8. Thinness 9. Lightness 10.Darkness

Emotional & Expressive Lines: can describe an idea, quality, emotion or feeling without depicting any person or object.

• Wavering

• Firm

• Blurry

• Soft

• Bold

• Gentle

• Weak

• Stiff

• Tense

• Strong

• Fluid

• Sharp

• Delicate

• Nervous

• Joy

Line Vocabulary LINE ARTISTS Picasso Kline Pollock Klee Marc Chagall Matisse Mondrian Van Gogh Kandinsky Hans Holbein

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Horizontal Vertical Curved Diagonal Zigzag Straight Curly Jagged Wavy Broken Wiggly Bent Spiral Perspective Point Dot Rhythm Move Direction Long

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Length Wide Thick Thin Dark Light Even Uneven Up Down Across Cross Cross-hatching Linear Slant Shape Short Continuous Contour


& Form

Geometric Shapes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Circle Square Triangle Rectangle Oval

Organic Shapes

Precise shapes that look as if they were made with a ruler or compass and can be measured and calculated.

These are not regular or even Their outlines may be curved or angular to make free-form shapes. They often occur in nature.


Geometric Forms

Organic or Free-Forms

Three-dimensional object. Forms have both length and width. But forms also have depth. Like a shape, a form can be classified as geometric or organic.


Positive and Negative Space

In both two and three-dimension art, the shapes or forms are called the positive area. The empty spaces between the shapes or forms are called negative spaces.

Perspective The method for creating illusion of depth on a twodimensional surface is called perspective.

Two Ways of Experiencing Texture Through Our Senses Real Texture:: When you actually touch something to determine its texture, you experience real texture.

Visual Texture:: When you look at a photograph of velvet, tree bark, sand or ice, you see surface patterns of light and dark that bring back memories of how those things really feel. When this happens, you are experiencing visual texture.

Rough, Smooth, Matte, Shiny, Furry, Prickly, Sticky, Slick, Curly

When a color moves to gray and then black. The intensity of a color.

1. Value is the lightness and darkness of the a color 2. Shade: a value can be darkened by adding black. 3. Tint: a value can be lightened by adding white. 4. Abrupt or gradual changes in value can add greatly to the visual effect of art forms. 5. Artists use bold contrasts of value in order to express powerful effects in an image. 6. Each value of light or dark is affected by the value of its surroundings. 7. Value can help express space. Usually dark values appear to come forward and light values tend to recede.


COLOR is part of an orderly world and has its own rules and reasons for happening. The best way to learn about color is not by talking about it but by using it. From looking at color, experimenting with it, and using it, can come a true understanding and real feeling for it.






Rhythm Pattern Balance Emphasis

Unity Unity is the feeling that everything in the work of art works together and looks like it fits.

Gustave Caillebotte used shape to create unity.

Repetition of shape and color can make an artwork unified.

Contrast Contrast creates excitement and interest in artworks. Two things that are very different have a lot of contrast. White and black have the greatest contrast. Complementary colors also have high contrast. Artists use high contrast to make something show up. In Wheatfields with Ravens, Vincent van Gogh used high contrast colors to make the yellow wheat fields stand out against the dark blue sky.

Artists may choose low contrast for a softer look, as Claude Monet did in this painting of a bridge.

Rhythm Rhythm is one of the principles of art. Visual rhythm makes you think of the rhythms you hear in music or dance. Artists create visual rhythm by repeating art elements and creating patterns.

In Okazaki, Ando Hiroshige's bridge supports create a rhythm that leads your eyes through the landscape.

Pattern Artists create pattern by repeating a line, shape or color over and over again. .

Lines create patterns on the headdress of the Golden Effigy of King Tutenkhaman.

In "Water Lilies," Claude Monet repeats the pattern of water lilies floating on the pond.

Balance Balance is one of the principles of art which describes how artists to create visual weight.

Symmetrical (formal) balance

Asymmetrical (informal) balance

Radial balance

means both sides of an imaginary line are the same.

means each side of an imaginary line are different yet equal.

means lines or shapes grow from a center point.

Emphasis Artists use emphasis to make certain parts of their artwork stand out and grab your attention. The center of interest or focal point is the place the artist draws your eye to first.

In this painting, "The Letter," Mary Cassatt emphasized the envelope by painting it white against the dark patterns of the woman's dress. She also placed the envelope in the center of the painting to draw your eye to it.

Elements of Art  

Elements of Art explained!

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