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Common Name: Fowler’s Toad Scientific Name: Anaxyrus fowleri General Life Cycle: egg: 2­7 days tadpole: 2 months adult: 1­3 years to reach sexual maturity Life stage normally found: adult Ecological Importance: Prey: insects, small invertebrates, tadpoles feed on algae Predators: Snakes, birds, small mammals Reproduction: ­Warmer seasons (May and June) ­needs open shallow waters (ponds, lakeshores, marshes) ­7,000­10,000 eggs fertilized Pollution Sensitivity: ­vulnerable to habitat destruction and some agricultural chemicals Other: ­Known to play dead ­secretes noxious compound from warts on back ­call sounds like nasal W­A­A­A­A­A­A­A­H for 1­4 seconds


Common Name: Spotted Salamander Scientific Name: Ambystoma maculatum General Life Cycle: egg: 1­2 months (depends on water temperature) larvae: 2­4 months juvenile: 2­3 years adult: 20 years Life stage normally found: adult Ecological Importance: Prey: crickets, worms, insects, spiders, slugs, centipedes, and millipedes Predators: adult newts, wood frog tadpoles, crayfish,skunks, raccoons, turtles, and snakes, sunfish Reproduction: ­spring (usually when raining) ­breeding ponds/ vernal pools that show up annually ­females lay around 100­300 eggs Pollution Sensitivity: ­extremely sensitive Other: ­fossorial ­poison glands in back and neck ­limb regeneration

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Fowler's Toad Spotted Salamander

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