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4th St. South

ST. PETERSBURG

A Walk of Urban Room

research study by Florida Center for Community Design + Research


SYNOPSIS OF INFORMATION PROJECT INTRODUCTION............................................................................. 5

RESEARCH TEAM

ANALYSIS....................................................................................................... 6 TRANSPORTATION 8 LAND USE 10 FLOOD ZONES 12 POINTS OF INTEREST 14

Josue Robles Caraballo M.Ach. Msci BUDD Research Faculty in Architecture and Urban Design Taryn E. Sabia, Ed.M., M.Arch, MUCD Research Associate Professor

STRATEGY OF IMPLEMENTATION................................................................. 16 MASTER PLAN 18 STRATEGY 20 CONCEPTUAL SECTIONS 22 DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION 24

GRADUATE RESEARCH ASSISTANTS

ANNEX: PRECEDENTS................................................................................... 36

Lawrence Raposo M.Arch Candidate Kimberly Nogueira M.Arch Candidate

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4th St. South

“A Walk of Urban Rooms”

research study by Florida Center for Community Design + Research

INTRODUCTION Currently, the St. Petersburg’s downtown enjoys of a rich social and cultural fabric. Numerous amenities along the downtown provide the opportunity to rediscover and enjoy the city. A short distance away, the Third and Fourth Street South corridors offer a dissimilar experience. The Third and Fourth Street South is challenged with several underused or closed establishments. Also, pedestrian use is also compromised by heavy vehicular traffic, and poor lighting along sidewalks. Many stakeholders within the community have begun to change the landscape and illustrate a path to a healthy and thriving area. This academic effort focuses on imagining the landscape along the corridors. The study illustrates a strategy to stimulate pedestrian use and along public urban rooms, within Third and Fourth Street South. The proposal also illustrates how different building typologies in combination with public spaces can potentially help an area come alive.

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AREA ANALYSIS

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TRANSPORTATION Connectivity to the City

Fourth and Third Street South are vital vehicular arteries connecting downtown to the east and west of St. Petersburg. Also, Fourth Street South is also connected to the bus network with several and frequent stops along the street. Both corridors are a 15 minutes bike ride from downtown. This presents the urgency to include cycling dedicated lines to safeguard current users and induce circling traffic from the rest of city.

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LAND USE

Potential Areas for Development

Illustration of different current land use zoning within the area of study.

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FLOOD ZONES

Building on A Rich History

The proximity of the area to the waterfront is one of the corridors greatest assets and also one of its greatest liabilities. Future development of the area is challenged by risk of flooding. This diagram illustrates the flooding zoning of the area. As the area is in a flood prone area, development on the ground plain would be limited. This presents the opportunity to dedicate spaced for public use as program would have to be accommodated on upper floors.

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POINTS OF INTEREST

Study of Building Type and Scale

The diagram illustrate underdeveloped sites along the corridors. The corridor has many vacant retails spaces, as many business have gone out of business. Closed businesses create dead spaces for pedestrian, making the area unsafe. Dead or unsafe spaces prevent users from engaging existing public spaces with the corridors. The notion of insecurity limits the desirability of patrons from other area to support businesses in the area. Also, this diagram illustrate many active stakeholder such as The Pointers Institute, All Children’s Hospital, USF St. Petersburg, and Harborage Marina neighboring Third and Fourth Street South. They can serve as anchors for future development, therefore, attracting more user and energy to the area. 14


STRATEGY OF IMPLEMENTATION

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A Walk of Urban Rooms This proposal will focus on regeneration the public, private, and commercial grain of the Fourth and Third Street South corridor. The development will string along the existing vehicular and public transportation within the corridors. In addition, the design will anchored at local ecological assets in the areas, the waterfront and Booker Creek. A network of urban room will provide user with a continues series of cultural, and social destinations. A combination of graphic, spatial and programmatic stimulus will encourage user to walk along the corridor. The combination of murals, street signs, and seating, will create functional urban furniture. This provides the community with a functional canvas, that can be shaped over time. Envisioned building will host residential and commercial opportunities for the area to address local residents and attract visitors from other active areas of the city. In addition, residential buildings will accommodate market rate and students housing, along with support program for residents. The commercial string of business along Fourth Street South will include cultural, entrainment and commercial opportunities. Development west of Fourth Street South will respect existing architecture and should be limited to three stories. Reserving the ground floor and street front facades for commercial spaces. Residential units will face west for privacy. Mid-rise development east of Fourth Street South will also reserve ground floor for commercial application. Upper stories facing street will accommodate support community spaces for residents. Upper stories will be dedicated for housing units facing Booker Creek, and waterfront. 18

LOW RISE MIX-USE RESIDENTIAL

CO M M E R C I A L A X I S

MASTER PLAN

MID RISE MIX-USE RESIDENTIAL

MID RISE STUDENT HOUSING

STUDENT HOUSING

GR EEN A X IS LOW RISE MIX-USE RESIDENTIAL

MIX USE

RESIDENTIAL-COMMERCIAL

LOW RISE MIX-USE RESIDENTIAL

MID RISE MIX-USE RESIDENTIAL

GREEN SPACES

RESIDENTIAL-COMMERCIAL

COMMERCIAL

RETAIL-ENTRAINMENT

URBAN ROOMS PUBLIC - PRIVATE LEISURE SPACES


STRATEGY OF IMPLEMENTATION Research Proposal Goals A. Create a path of urban rooms along Third and Fourth Street South from downtown. B. Identify necessary components for active and safe urban room. C. Generate a system of graphic cues for both pedestrian and cyclist as means to anticipate spaces of public amenities. D. Incorporate housing opportunities for new residents and students attending USF St. Petersburg. E. Incorporate commercial venues to support residents and visitors. F. Accentuate access points to waterfront and Booker Creek for pedestrian.

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3RD ST. S

4TH ST. S

6TH ST. S

Conceptual Sections

Conceptual sections illustrating current built form and proposed new scale and type of program. Propose developments will concentrate their amenities to stimulate the street scale for pedestrian and motorized vehicles. Development west of Fourth Street South would be of a lower scale to respect existing single family homes scale. Development east of Fourth Street South will be of a larger scale to allow ground level to be accessible to pedestrians and capitalize on views to the waterfront. 22

PRIVATE AMENITIES

PUBLIC AMENITIES

PROPOSED BUILTFORM


DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION

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trees for shading

URBAN ROOMS A Walk of Urban Rooms As pedestrian walk down Third or Fourth Street South they will receive several cues to anticipate urban room for gathering. The sidewalk will carry signature graphics dedicated for the innovation district. Propose building will have walls for murals, as means to capitalize on the energy and popularity from murals throughout the city. Streets signs will be incorporated to mural wall. Seating spaces along the urban room will design as part of the mural walls. Signature mood lighting will be included along sidewalks. The Urban Room will be for public use, but also serve retail and entertainment. Urban rooms will also be located by water-bodies and existing public park to complement an maximize existing use.

space for cafe green buffer from cars with seat

terraces for private amenities

green buffer from cars with seating

mood lighting signature sidewalk pattern 26

street sign + wall for mural

seating

street sign + wall for mural


proposed green pedestrian corridor

Urban Room along Brooker Creek

public gathering space by creek terraces for private amenities

signature sidewalk pattern

access to water from urban room

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Urban Room along Brooker Creek

access to water from urban room

green buffer runoff control

public gathering space by creek

district of innovation signature sidewalk pattern 30

seating

wide sidewalks


Urban Room along Brooker Creek

Walk Along Brooker Creek

The proposed pedestrian corridor along Brooker Creek will provide shaded seating for pedestrians. A green buffer along the creek will partially control debris of water runoff. The corridor will also connect locals to new proposed student housing and restaurants and shops in mix use buildings.

The area is currently located with a flooding prone zone. The limited program allowed on ground floor allows to have spaces for amenities, shaded spaces under building could serve temporary program, such as eating space for restaurants, and amenities for residents - tenants.

expand depth of sidewalk

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space under buildings for amenities


mix-use student housing

The area’s proximity to USF St. Petersburg campus would allow students to have several means accessing campus. Development will include support spaces and amenities for students. Amenities will face street and waterfront to enhance experience. Higher part of project will be dedicated to housing modules with views to creek.

support spaces facing street

residential component.

amenities engaging creek 34


PRECEDENTS

ANNEX

PRECEDENT STUDIES Architectural Works and Concepts for 4TH ST S

Compiled with the future of 4th St S in mind, these precedent studies serve to act as a catalyst for conversation about ideas and projects that could begin to shape the future of the community. The works set forth within these pages are to be utilized for their concepts of how the Architects recognized problems and set forth solutions pertaining to low income areas, sustainability, and community building. The precedents set forth begin with our opinions and describe their significance to how they are relateable to 4th St S and can contribute to the design process, highlighting each individual aspect. Each precedent provided is described through the architect’s or firm’s view, depicting their ideology and how they set forth to solving the difficulties that pertained to their project. Each precedent is represented by the Architectural Firm’s name, and location, which in many cases the latter can help in determining why some problems are evident, such as complications in climate, or it’s proximity to adjacent busy cities or streets, and how the Architect’s are able to approach the issue. Precedents included represent examples of Co-operative Projects, Social Housing, Mixed Use, Market Rate Apartments, and Community Civic Centers all of which look to tackle problems in affordability, sustainability, quality of life, and how they can potentially increase the value of the residencies rather than having a depreciation.

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MIXED USE

HOUSING

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AND

OFFICES


SPACUMER L’EAU Design + Kim Dong-Jin Seoul, South Korea

From the Architect:

Hongdae brand, which was originated from railroad that was used as a parking lot in 1990’s, has now became a place with many different cultures as the street with various programs begin to expend in 21st century. Since then, places such as Sangsu-dong, Hapjeong-dong and Yeonnam-dong begun to act as a brand, and ‘Hongdae’ became something more than an ordinary place and created new alley culture. The concept of different programs of street continuously extending and creating a new place, which was expanded from the concept of various congregate in one-dimensional facade, indicates the possibility of urban vitalization using urban culture and it is already proven by Ssamzigil of Insa-dong.

In order to overcome and utilize the characteristic of Sangsu-dong, which is located at the center of alley, we tried to expand the street three-dimensionally by relocating elements for urban vitalization both horizontally and vertically.

Spacumer became the location of fetching (attracting) technique by putting Yellow wall, Floating mass and Tracking stair side by side and blending them, and instead of forcefully inducing the consumption of consumer goods within standardized booths that are occupying the street, Spacumer act as a place that the consumers can walk around the street enjoying and consuming the space itself.

In order for commercial facility to become an architecture that can respond to the significance of purpose and urban, its program should not solely focus on specific function but should be able to flexibly react to given situation. imilar to how the background of present ‘Hongdae’ was formed from paradoxical harmony of interconnected programs with diversified and unexpected combination, Sangsu-dong Spacumer will also act as a pillar of special cultural manifestation in this area.

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http://www.archdaily.com/778901/spacumer-leau-design-plus-kim-dong-jin


REY VITACURA CARRENO SARTORI archuitectos Region Metropolitana, Chile

From the Architect:

The project introduces an open interior spatiality, in which the different levels are related with the context through large windows and a gap which cross the interior. While the first floor extends to the site edge through a side yard, the second one is facing the street and the neighbor gardens. Finally, the terrace of the third level has views to the valley and the Andes.

The products exhibition is related to the visual experience of the site, the city and the valley, complementing the permanence in the building, where the clients come with enough time to buy specific products.

The sequence of spaces and views is experienced through a set of stairs that differs in their sizes and materials. The continuity between the first and second level is achieved with a wide stair. After that, a lighter and vibrant metal stair is placed to link the terrace.

The relationship between parking spaces and use spaces is extremely required, forcing a set of operations to clear the ground, defining the project physics. A concrete base contains the building basement, organizing the first level and receiving a reticulated metal structure, passing over the cars and their circulations.

The northern light is almost completely sealed, opening the building to indirect light of the south. A brightly interior is achieved, in which the objects are exhibited avoiding the glare of direct sunlight. The outside is directly illuminated, alternating inside and outside views.

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http://www.archdaily.com/797841/rey-vitacura-carreno-sartori-arquitectos


GLASS HOUSE AT SINDHORN OFFICE AT Bangkok, Thailand

From the Architect:

Sindhorn Building built in 1980, a more than 80,000 sq.m. Office building located on one of the most beautiful road in Bangkok called Wireless road, has been extended several times. Until now the owner has an intension to reimage the building by having a spectacular building in front of it to create new image and programs to support the building.

Program: The main programs of the new building which is called “Glass house at Sindhorn building� are 4 fine dining restaurants with mezzanine floor and one small cigar bar. As well as, the site has a big tree that needs to preserve.

Separated: All fine dining restaurants are separated to connect indoor and outdoor space and create better dining atmosphere. Moreover, they are combined together with outdoor dining plaza.

View & Ventilation: By splitting all restaurants apart, Each restaurant and Sindhorn building can easily access from public road. the new and existing buildings also get better view and ventilation too.

Icon:The new glasshouse, a brand-new icon of Sindhorn building, represents new image of the project, so it is shaped as crystal and this crystalized form is clad with glass to match its own concept.

Shade: Moreover, the glasshouse location is on Wireless road where there are a lot of big trees as the road symbolic. The roof is designed specially to reflect the feeling of dining under tree shading.

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http://www.archdaily.com/777173/glass-house-at-sindhorn-office-at


LONSDALE STREET DANDENONG BKK Architects Dandenong, Australia From the Architect:

Lonsdale Street in central Dandenong is the first key infrastructure project delivered as part of the State Government’s Revitalising Central Dandenong (RCD) Initiative. The RCD Initiative seeks to restore central Dandenong as the capital of Melbourne’s south east and bring new energy, activity and amenity to the heart of this richly diverse urban centre.

Lonsdale Street was historically a prosperous retail spine but in recent years had developed into a major arterial route dissecting the retail heart and creating a significant physical and psychological barrier to the city. BKK/TCL’s approach to Urban Design projects of this magnitude is curatorial, recognising that successful urban design should not be concerned with a fixed plan but instead offer key ideas that are fundamental catalysts for change. Equally this project furthers BKK/TCL’s ongoing investigations into place-making, and strategies that build upon local character, offering positive solutions for change to strengthen and empower communities.

BKK/TCL’s approach to Urban Design projects of this magnitude is curatorial, offering key ideas and strategic moves that are fundamental catalysts for change. •Connections: Lonsdale Street became a key connecting catalyst, fostering clear and legible street connections to each of the City’s key public assets. •Street Life: Creating a memorable boulevard, animated along its length and connected to a range to the wider city. •Knitting into the Urban Morphology: Ensuring Lonsdale Street was structured to build upon the distinctive urban structure of the City, reinforcing existing fine grain patterns. •Protecting Valued Urban Places: Identifying opportunities to curate the ongoing retention of cultural destinations and creating new opportunities for urban places and activities. •Investment and Design Excellence: Creating opportunities for investment and further development via the creation of a rich and enduring public realm experience.

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http://www.archdaily.com/412359/lonsdale-street-dandenong-bkk-architects


NOVARTIS PHYSIC GARDEN Thorbjorn Andersson + Sweco Architects Basel, Switzerland From the Architect:

The Physic Garden is a place to celebrate sensuous phenomena of all kinds. It is a place where mystic scents, changing colors, and seasonal variety can be enjoyed and studied. It is also a test bed for pharmacological research.

This Physic Garden at Novartis Campus is based on the monastery garden where, in ancient times, monks developed their knowledge about the pharmaceutical properties in plants, a knowledge that provided the foundation for today´s research efforts. These were often hidden places, laboratories in the outdoors, secluded from public life, containing secrets of utmost importance.

Consequently, the Physic Garden at Novartis is hidden, spatially organized as a theatre, or as a labyrinth, or as an onion with many layers. The garden is semi-enclosed, and the visitor enters through a zig-zag movement between backdrops of tall hedges of yew (Taxus) and beech (Fagus). The garden reveals itself step by step. The one who searches will find; a statement which is as relevant to the researcher of today as it was to the medieval monk.

Having arrived at the center, a sunken planting bed opens up, containing 31 species of pharmaceutical plants organized in a striped pattern. The slightly sunkenness of the basin adds to the preciousness of the plants, and placed inside the frame of a low granite wall, these fragile specimens become untouchable. They are viewed from slightly above, and we can read the flower bed as a colorful and textured painting or a striped carpet. Bridges of light construction, without railings, span the sunken bed, permitting the daring visitor a closer examination of the plants, each of which is labeled with an engraved bronze plaque mounted at the edge of the bed.

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http://www.archdaily.com/784051/novartis-physic-garden-thorbjorn-andersson-plus-sweco-architects


WAITROSE, CHESTER Broadway Malyan Chester, United Kingdom

From the Architect:

Waitrose is a commercial development located on a key arterial route into Chester City Centre. The scheme, designed by Broadway Malyan’s Liverpool director, Matt Brook, comprises a new flagship Waitrose store together with a fully integrated public realm including a new pedestrian bridge across the canal.

The project’s ability to blend seamlessly with the surrounding urban terrain is about understanding that the key to good supermarket design is the promotion of place - and integral to this is the importance of sensitive scaling, well-considered geometry and thoughtful materiality.

The building and public realm are designed as part of asouthern gateway to the Chester Business Quarter, which also includes, on the opposite side of the canal, an additional Matt Brook design, the fully consented mixed-use development incorporating Chester’s Grade II listed shot tower* and former leadworks.

The supermarket’s massing sits within an elegant colonnade configuration that unifies the entire scheme, giving it a strong civic presence. Active frontages along its three principal facades engage with the surrounding area. This is particularly evident on its south elevation where a series of flexible retail units animate the streetscape along Boughton Road.

On the west elevation, the building’s public realm presents itself as a sloped walkway that runs in parallel with the travelator hall. This allows the lower level car parking to be concealed, while providing level access to the new footbridge that links directly with the shot tower development and the wider Chester Central masterplan.

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http://www.archdaily.com/642016/mann-island-broadway-malyan-2


URBAN INSTALLATIONS 2014 + 2015 Graduate Studio, SA+CD Prof. JosuÊ Robles Caraballo As a component of a series of graduate urban design studios at the USF’s School of Architecture and Community design, students design and built a series of urban installations to generate awareness for vulnerable communities within the city of St. Petersburg.

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Profile for Josue Robles Caraballo

Fourth Street South: A Walk of Urban Rooms. St Petersburg, Florida  

Currently, the St. Petersburg’s downtown enjoys of a rich social and cultural fabric. Numerous amenities along the downtown provide the oppo...

Fourth Street South: A Walk of Urban Rooms. St Petersburg, Florida  

Currently, the St. Petersburg’s downtown enjoys of a rich social and cultural fabric. Numerous amenities along the downtown provide the oppo...

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