Page 1

>> teJ\w

^k¬ ImXn-t°mSv

At\Iw kmaq-ln-I-Xn-∑-Iƒ ssIIm-cyw sNøp∂ Iq´Øn¬ as‰mcp kmaq-lnI Xn∑-bm-bmWv Ggmw ¢m nse kmaq-lnI ]mT ]p-kvX-I-Øn¬ aXw ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-Sp∂-Xv. aX-hn-izm-kn-I-fmb hnZym¿Yn-I-fn¬ CXv ISpØ Bi-b°p-g∏w krjvSn-°pw.

kmaq-ly ]mT-Ønse aX-]m-Tß - ƒ "Pohn-X-Øns‚ ASpØ ]cn-k-c-ßfn¬ \nc-h[n {]iv\-ß-fmWv \mw A`nap-Jo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. {]iv\ß-sf Adn-b-e-√, AXn¬ CS-s]-S-emWv hcpwIme ¢mkv apdn-I-fn¬ \mw e£yw sh°p-∂-Xv. Cu ]pkvXIw D]tbm-Kn-t°-≠Xpw AXn-\p-Xs∂.' Ggmw ¢m nse amdnb ]mT-]p-kvX-I-Øns‚ Bap-J-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂p. ]mTy-]-≤-Xnsb kmaq-ln-I-am-‰Øn\p th≠n D]-tbm-Kn-°p-I-sb-∂Xv ]pXnb ]mTy-]-≤Xn 1997 apX¬ kzoIcn®pw {]N-cn-∏n®pw h∂ kao-]\ - a- m-Wv. Cu h¿j-tØmsS AXv IqSp-X¬ aq¿Øhpw aq¿®-bp-≈-Xp-am-bn-Øo¿∂n-cn°p-∂p. s]mXp-k-aq-l-Øn¬ A[n-Isam∂pw N¿® sNø-s∏-´n-´n-√mØ Hcp am‰-am-Wn-Xv. CX-\p-k-cn®v ]mTy-]-≤-XnbpsS apJy Du∂¬ kmaq-ln-I⁄ m\ \n¿anXn hmZ-Øn¬\n∂pw hna¿i-\mflI t_m[\ imkv{XØnte°v amdpI-bm-Wv. tIc-f-Øn¬ \ne-\n¬°p∂ km1429 P. BJn¿ 24

aq-lnI {]iv\-ßsf F´v Xe-s°-´p-Ifn-embn hn\y-kn-°p-Ibpw Ahsb tI{µo-I-cn-®p-sIm≠v H∂p apX¬ 12 h-scbp≈ ¢m p-I-fnse F√m hnj-b-ßfpw ]Tn-∏n-°p-I-bp-amWv Cu h¿jw apX¬ sNøp-∂-Xv. amdnb ]mT-]pkvX-I߃ X-bm-dm-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv Cu kao]-\-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-Wv. kmaq-lnI {]iv\-ßsf Adn-bpI. Ahsb hni-I-e\w sNøp-I. Ahsb-]‰n N¿®-Ifpw kwhm-Z-ßfpw \SØp-I. A - h - sb {]iv\h - X - vIc- n-°p-I. {]iv\-]-cn-lm-c-Øn-\mbn Ign-bm-hp∂ {ia-߃ \S-Øp-I. Aßs\ kaq-ls- Ø°p-dn®pw kmaq-ln-I-{]-iv\-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw Ah-t_m[w t\Snb Hcp Xe-ap-dsb hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°p-I. Ah-cn-eqsS kmaq-ln-I-am‰w km[y-am-°p-I. ]mTy]-≤Xn apg-°p-∂Xv kmaq-lnI am‰-Øns‚ ]pØ≥ Iml-f-\mZw Xs∂-bm-Wv. A`n-\-µ-\m¿l-amb am‰-am-Wn-Xv. ]cnÿnXn \miw, ipNn-Xzw, el-cn, IpØI-h-XvI-c-Ww, kzIm-cy-h-XvI-c-Ww,

s]mXp-ÿm-]-\-ß-fpsS XI¿®, kºØn\v e`n-°p∂ {]m[m-\yw, aen-\o-Ic-Ww, BtKm-fX - m-]\ - w, PmXn-˛a- X - ˛- k - mº-ØnI D®-\o-N-Xz-߃, kv{Xo[\w, kv { Xo˛- _ m- e - ˛ - ] n- ∂ m° {]iv \ - ß ƒ XpSßn hnhn-[-ß-fmb kmaq-ln-I-{]iv\ß - s- f-°p-dn®v Ah-t_m[w t\Sp-∂Ip´n AXv ]cn-l-cn-°m-\p≈ {ia-߃ IqSn \S-Øp-∂p. AXn¬ CS-s]-Se - mWv ]mTy-]≤ - X - n-bpsS Dt±-iyw. tIcf-Øn¬ ]cn-h¿Ø-\-Øns‚ ]pØ≥ {]`m-XamWv ]mTy-]≤ - XnbpsS hmKvZm-\w. Xo¿®-bmbpw ]gb kao-]-\-ß-tf-°mƒ CXv Hcp-]Sn ap∂n¬ \n¬°p-∂p. tIhew hnh-c-ss°-am-‰-a-√, at\m-L-S-\-I-fpsS \n¿am-W-amWv ]mTy]-≤Xn e£ywsh°p-∂-Xv. t\Snb Ah-t_m-[ß - ƒ°-\p-kc- n®v at\m-`m-hß - sfbpw kz`m-h-ß-sfbpw hsc ]cn-h¿Øn-∏n-°p-I, AYhm khn-tij hy-‡nXz-ap≈ hy‡n-bpsS \n¿amWw F∂ ka{K e£yamWv ]mTy-]-≤-Xn-bpsS ZuXyw. ]mTy-]-≤-Xn-bn¬ GsX√mw


hnj-b-߃ Dƒs∏-Sp-Ø-W-sa-∂Xpw Ah Fßs\ N¿® sNø-W-sa-∂Xpw C°m-c-W-Øm¬ AXn-{]-[m-\-am-Wv.

aX-߃ F∂ kmaq-lnI {]iv\w Ggmw ¢m nse kmaq-ln-I-]mT ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ aX-hn-izm-ksØ hniI-e\w sNøp∂ `mK-߃ IqSp-X¬ Kuc-h-ta-dn-b-Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xv CØ-csamcp ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-em-Wv. At\Iw kmaq-ln-I-Xn-∑-Iƒ ssIIm-cyw sN-øp∂ Iq´-Øn¬ as‰mcp kmaq-lnI Xn∑bm-bmWv ChnsS aXw ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏Sp-∂-Xv. aX-hn-izm-kn-I-fmb hnZym¿YnI-fn¬ CXv ISpØ Bi-b°p-g∏w krjvSn-°pw. Ggmw ¢m nse "a\p-jyXzw hnfbp∂ `qan' F∂ c≠mw A[ym-b-Ønse "aX-an-√mØ Poh≥' F∂ `mKw Cß-s\-bmWv: aX-an-√mØ Poh≥ kvIqfn¬ tN¿°m-\mbn Ip´ntbm-sSm∏w FØnb c£n-Xm-°sf ap∂n-ep≈ Itk-c-I-fn-en-cpØn slUvamÿ At]£ ]qcn-∏n-°m≥ XpS-ßn. ""tams‚ t]sc-¥m?'' ""Poh≥'' ""sIm≈mw.... \√ t]cv. A—s‚ t]cv?'' ""A≥h¿ djoZv'' ""AΩ-bpsS t]cv'' ""e£vao tZhn'' slUvam-ÿ apJ-ap-b¿Øn c£nXm-°sf t\m°n tNmZn®p: ""Ip´n-bpsS aXw GXm tN¿t°-≠Xv?'' ""H∂pw tN¿t°-≠, aX-an-s√∂p tN¿tØmfq'' ""PmXntbm?'' ""AXpw th≠'' slUvam-ÿ Itk-cb - n-te°v Nmcn-bn-cp∂v A¬]w Kuc-h-tØmsS tNmZn®p: ""hep-Xm-Ip-tºmƒ Ch\v GsX¶nepw aXw thW-sa∂v tXm∂n-bmtem?'' ""Aßs\ thW-sa∂p tXm∂ptºmƒ Ah≥ CjvS-ap≈ aXw sXcs™-Sp-°s´'' ]mT-]p-kvXIw \n¿an-®h - c- psS Iq´-Øn-ep≈ GXm\pw `uXnI Xo{h-hmZn-Iƒ ImWp-∂-Xp-t]m-se-b√ aXsØ aX-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ ho£n-°p-∂-Xv. tIcf-Ønse 99 iX-am\w hcp∂ aX-hn-izmkn-Iƒ°v Ah-c-h-cpsS aXw GsX-¶nepw A¿Y-Øn¬ ]ptcm-K-a-\-]-c-am-Wv; Bizm-k-Zm-b-I-am-Wv. Ckvemw aX-am-

Htc aX-hn-izmkw ]pe¿Øp∂h¿°nS-bn¬Øs∂ th¿Xncn-hp-Iƒ \ne\n¬°p-∂pt≠m F∂mWv tNmZyw. CXp tI´m¬ tXm∂pI aX-hn-izm-knIƒ°n-S-bn¬ am{X-amWv th¿Xn-cn-hp≈-sX-∂m-Wv. \nco-iz-c-hm-Zn-I-fnepw `uXnIhmZn-I-fnepw ]m¿´n-Iƒ°n-Sbnepw th¿Xn-cn-hp-Iƒ \ne-\n¬°p∂p. Ah hf¿∂v kwL- ´ - \ - ß - f nte°pw ]c-kv]c D∑q-e\ - ß - f- n-te°pw hsc FØn-t®-cp-∂p. hs´ BNm-cm-\p-jvTm-\ß - f - n¬ HXp-ßn\n¬°msX kmaq-lnI am‰-Øns‚ D]m-[n-bmbn aXsØ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂p. tIc-f-Øn¬ Ckvemw aX-Øns‚ Zm¿i-\n-Im-Sn-Ø-d-I-fn¬\n∂v Du¿Pw t\Sn-sb-SpØv \∑ \nd-s™mcp temIØns‚ krjvSn-°m-bp≈ kmaq-lnI {]ÿm-\-߃ hsc {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p. CXc aX-ß-fnepw Gdnbpw Ipd™pw CXp ImWmw. tIc-f-Øn¬ aX-߃ Hcn-°epw kmaq-lnI hncp-≤-a-√. `uXn-I-˛-\n-co-izc-˛c- m-jv{Sob {]ÿm-\ß - f - n¬ ImW-s∏Sp∂ kmaq-ln-I-hn-cp-≤X Xs∂tb kz¥w Xm¬]-cy-ß-fpsS t]cn¬ aX-kaq-l-ßfpw ]pe¿Øp-∂p-≈q. F∂-√, Nne-t∏mƒ Ah¿ Db¿∂p \n¬°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. amdmSv kw`-h-߃ \S∂-t∏mƒ F√m aX-hn-`m-K-ßfpw A-Xns\ A]-e-]n-°p-Ibpw {]mb-›nØw sNøm≥ apt∂m-´p-h-cn-Ibpw sNbvXp. F∂m¬ ]ptcm-K-a-\-hm-Zn-I-sf∂v \mw Icp-Xp∂ cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\-߃ IÆq¿ sIme-]m-XI - ß - sf \ymbo-Ic- n-°pIbpw sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ \S-Øp-Ib - p-amWv sNbvX-Xv. `uXn-I-hm-Zn-Ifpw \nco-iz-c-hm-ZnI-fp-amb GXm\pw Nne-cpsS aXsØ kw_-‘n® ho£-W-amWv "aX-an-√mØ Poh≥' F∂ `mKØv {]Xn-^-en°p-∂X - v. Ah¿°v Ah-ew-_n-°m-hp∂ coXn am{Xam-Wn-Xv. Ah-cn¬Xs∂ kmam\y t_m[-ap-≈-h¿ Cu coXn -kzo-Icn-°m-dn-√. Ah-KW - n-°m-hp-∂h - n[w \yq\-]-£-amb `uXnI \nco-izc Xo{h-hmZn-IfpsS ho£-W-߃ ASn-t®¬]n°p-∂-Xn-\mbn ]mT-]p-kvX-I-Øn¬ CSap-s≠-¶n¬ aX-hn-izm-k-Øn\p th≠n

F{X t]Pp-Iƒ \o°n-sh-t°-≠n-hcpw? AXt√ P\m-[n-]Xy acymZ? aX-Øns‚ t]cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂Xv Ipd-®n-em-sW∂pw ]ptcm-K-a-\-hncp-≤a- m-sW∂pw tIc-fØ - nse `qcn-`mKw P\-ßfpw Icp-Xp-∂n-√. CØ-c-sam-c-hÿ-bn¬ aX-an-s√∂v cPn-Ã-dn¬ tN¿°p-tºmƒ e`n-°p∂ KpW-sa-s¥∂v ]mTw Xbm-dm-°n-b-h¿ hni-Zo-I-cn-°Ww. aX-߃ kmaq-lnI hn`-P\ - ß - ƒ°pØ-c-hm-Zn-bmWv F∂m-Wp-Ø-c-sa¶n¬ AtX DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw kmaq-ln-I˛-cm-jv{Sob {]ÿm-\ß - fpw Gs‰-Sp-t°≠n-h-cpw. kº-Øv, PmXn, cmjv{So-bw Ch aX-ß-tfm-sSm-∏tam AXn-te-sdtbm kmaq-lnI Ak-aX - z-߃°p DØc-hm-Zn-bm-Wv. ]m¿´n {Kma-߃ hsc krjvSn-°p∂ cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\ß - sf CXn¬\n-s∂m-gn-hm-°p-∂Xv \oXn-b-√. Kuc-hta-dnb as‰mcp hnjbw PmXnbpw tN¿t°-≠-Xn-s√∂ ]cm-a¿iam-Wv. Ct∏mƒX-s∂ -D-∂X h¿K-ßfpsS IpØ-Im-[n-]-Xy-ap≈ A[nIm-c˛-D-tZym-K-˛-hn-Zym-`ymk taJ-e-I-fn¬ PmXn-c-ln-X-\mbn a’-cn-t°-≠n- h-∂m¬ ]n∂m° hn`m-Kß - fpsS \mi-Øn-em-bncn°pw AXv Iem-in-°p-I. F√m hn`mK-ßfpw Xpey-amb Ah-k-c-߃ t\Snsb-∂p-d-∏p-h-cp-Øn-b-Xn\ptijw- PmXn tN¿t°-≠X - n-s√∂v Xocp-am-\n-°m-hp-∂Xm-Wv. kwh-c-W-c-lnX {]th-i\w kzImcy ˛kzm-{ib IpØ-I-Iƒ°v tem´dn-bS- n-®X - p-t]mse kt¥m-j{- ]-Za- m-bn-cn°pw. kmaq-lnI bmYm¿Yy-߃°p t\sc IÆS®m¬ Ah C√m-Xm-hp-Ibn-s√∂ kmam-\y-t_m[w t]mepw ]mT-]p-kvXI \n¿am-Xm-°ƒ°v \jvS-s∏´n-cn-°p-∂p. XpS¿∂v tN¿Øn-cn-°p∂ s\-lvdp-hns‚ D≤-cWn (t]Pv 25) Cßs\ hmbn°mw: "Fs‚ ac-W-tijw F\n°mbn bmsXmcp aX-I¿a-ßfpw \S-ØW-sa∂v F\n-°m-{K-l-an-s√∂v D≈-gn™v {]Jym-]n-°m≥ Rm\-`n-e-jn-°p∂p. Aß-s\-bp-≈- bm-sXmcp NS-ßpI-fnepw Rm≥ hniz-kn-°p-∂n-√. Hcp D]-Nm-cs- a∂ \ne-bn¬ t]mepw Ah°v hnt[-b\ - m-hp-∂Xv Im]-Syhpw \sΩ-Øs∂bpw a‰p-≈h - s- cbpw anc-´m-\p≈ Hcp {iahpw Bbn-cn-°pw.' CXv Hcp ktµ-l-hm-Zn-bm-bn-cp∂ At±-lsØ kw_-‘n-t®-S-tØmfw icn-Xs- ∂-bm-Wv. aX-cl - n-X\ - mb Hcp {]i-

15

2008 Pq¨ 28

15


kvXs‚ D≤-cWn e`yam-sW-∂-Xp-t]mse aX-hn-izm-kn-I-fmb At\Iw {]ikvX-cpsS D≤-c-Wn-Ifpw e`y-am-Wv. Km‘nPn Xs∂ DZm-l-c-Ww. hy‡n-]-chpw kmaq-ln-Ihpw cmjv{So-bh - p-amb F√m Imcy-ßfpw At±-l-Øn\v aX-Øns‚ Imcy-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-sbm∂pw tN¿°msX aX-Øn\pt\sc GI-]£o-b-amb D≤-cWnsIm≠p≈ B{IaWw aX-hn-izm-kn-Isf anc-´m-\p≈ Hcp X{¥w Xs∂-bm-Wv. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ `uXn-I-hm-Zhpw \nco-iz-c-hm-Zhpw A¥na hni-I-e-\Øn¬ as‰mcp aXw Xs∂-bm-Wv. imkv{Xw t]mepw AKm-[-Xbn¬ hnizmk-ßf - n¬ ap´n-\n¬°p∂ ImgvNb - m-Wp≈-Xv. At∏m-ƒ hnizmkw Hcp am\pjnI khn-ti-j-X-bmbn ]cn-K-Wn-°pI-bm-Wp-Nn-Xw. aX-ß-sf√mw a\p-jy-kvt\-l-amWv e£y-am-°p-∂-sX∂v alm-`m-c-Xw, ss__nƒ, \_n-h-N\w XpS-ßn-bh D≤-cn®v hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-I-bmWv XpS¿∂v sNøp-∂-Xv. icn-bmb Ah-X-c-W-Øns‚ anI® amXr-Ib - m-Wn-Xv. aX-ßf - nse \∑-Iƒ Xpd-∂p-Im-Wn-°p-Ibpw `n∂X-Iƒ aX-hn-cp-≤-am-sW∂v shfn-s∏-SpØp-I-bpam-Wn-hn-sS. F∂m¬ aXw Xs∂ th≠-Xn√ F∂v ÿm]n-®-Xn\p tij-amWv Cu alØz tLmj-Ww. Cu sshcp[yw Ip´n-Iƒ Fß-s\-bmWpƒs°m-≈pI?

B¥-am≥ \nt°m-_-mdn-se an{i-hn-hmlw t]Pv 26 apX¬ "BtLm-j-ß-fpsS \mSv' F∂ Xe-hm-N-I-Øn\p Iosg Cßs\ ]d-bp∂p: ""B≥U-am≥-˛\n-t°m-_m¿ Zzo]p-I-fnse kmwkvImcnI X\naIƒ khn-ti-j-X-bm¿∂-XmWv. lnµp-˛-ap-kvenw-˛-{In-kvXy≥-˛-kn°v F∂n-ßs\ F√m aX-°m-cp-ap-≠n-hn-sS. F√m-h-cp-sSbpw Bcm-[-\m-e-b-ß-fp-ap≠v. tlmfn, Zp¿Km-]q-P, Zo]m-hen, s]m¶¬, s]cp-∂mƒ,- {In-kvXp-akv XpS-ßnb BtLm-jß - ƒ F√m-hcpw tN¿-∂mWv sIm≠m-Sp-∂-Xv. aXw amdn-bp≈ hnhm-lß - ƒ B≥U-am≥ \nhm-kn-Iƒ°vHcp ]pXp-a-tb-b-√. Hcp ho´nse \mep s]¨Ip-´n-Iƒ \mep hyXykvX aX°msc hnhmlw sNøp-∂Xp-t]mepw ChnsS k¿h km[m-c-W-am-Wv.'' B¥-am≥-˛\ - n-t°m-_m¿ C¥y-bpsS Hcp sIm®p ]Xn-∏m-bmWv Icp-X-

1429 P. BJn¿ 24

s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. C¥y-bp-sS- F√m `mK-ßsfbpw {]Xn-\n-[o-Icn-°p-∂-h¿ AhnsS-bp-≠v. `n∂ hn`m-K-߃ AhnsS H∂n®v Ign-bp-∂p. BtLm-j-ß-fn¬ Ah¿ ]¶p-tN-cp-∂p. CsX√mw AXy¥w «mL-\o-ba- m-Wv. F∂m¬ {]iv\m-[n-jvTnX ]T-\-co-Xn-bn¬ aXw-F∂ {]-iv-\sØ ssIImcyw sNøp-∂-Xn-\mWv AXp kw_-‘n® ]mT-`m-K-Øns‚ Ahkm\ `mKw D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. aX-ap-≈-h\pw C√m-Ø-h\pw an{i-hn-hmlw sNøp-∂-Xn\v C¥y-bn¬ XS- -ß-sfm-∂p-an-√. aX-Øn\v {]m-[m\yw I¬]n-°m-Ø-h¿°v aXw amdn-bp≈- hn-hm-l-߃ {]iv\-a-√. B¥-am\n-se- Hcp \yq\-]£w Aßs\ sNøp∂p-≠v. Ahn-sS-bp≈ Bdv {][m\ tKm{X-h¿K-°m¿ as‰mcp hn`m-KsØ hnhmlw Ign-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-bn´v Atßm-´v I-S-∂p-sN-√p-∂-Xn\p t]mepw \nb-{¥W-߃ I¬]n-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv. IpSn-tb‰-°m¿ \¬Inb hnhm-l-]-c-ky-߃ ]cn-tim-[n-®t- ∏mƒ _lp`q-cn`mKhpw aX-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ ]ckyw \¬In-bh - cpw kza-X° - m-sc-Øs∂ tXSp-∂-h-cp-am-Wv. hkvXp-Xm-]-c-amb ]niIv Ah-KWn-®mepw, hnhm-l-°m-cy-Øn¬ \-ΩpsS \mSns‚ Ah-ÿ-sb-¥mWv? \ncoiz-c, `uXn-I-hm-Zn-Ifpw Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Imcpw F¥p-sIm-≠mWv \nco-iz-c-hm-Zn-Isfbpw Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im-scbpw Xs∂ CW-bm-°p-∂Xv? F¥p-sIm-≠v -A-h¿ aX-hn-izm-kn-Isf CW-bmbn kzoI-cn°p-∂n√? Cu tNmZy-Øns‚ DØcw

Xs∂-bmWv aX-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ AtX aX-hn-izm-kn-Isf sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v \ymb-am-bn-´p-≈-Xv. hnhm-l-Øn¬ ]c-am-h[n s]m-cpØw B{K-ln-°p-∂Xv im¥-amb IpSpw_-Po-hn-X-Øn\p th≠n-bm-Wv. tPmenbn¬ t]mepw s]mcpØw B{K-ln-°p∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv hnπh A[ym-]I kwL-S\Ifnse Ht´sdbmfp-I-fpsS CWIƒ A[ym-]I - ¿ Xs∂-bm-bX - v. aX-Øns‚ Bi-b-ß-fn¬, Nn¥m-K-Xn-I-fn¬, kz`m-h-ß-fn¬, kmº-ØnI \ne-bn¬, kuµ- c y- Ø n¬ Hs° s]mcpØw Imw£n-°p-∂Xv Ah-c-h-cpsS Xm¬]cy-߃°p th≠n-bm-Wv. `uXn-I-amb s]mcp-Øhpw Bi-b] - c- a- mb s]mcp-Øhp-ap-≠v. kº-Øv, Xd-hm-Sv, PmXn XpSßn-b-h-sbms° `uXn-I-am-Wv. CXpt]mepw ths≠-∂p-sh-°m≥ Hscm‰ hnπ-hI - m-cnbpw Xbm-d√ - . aXhpw kwLS\m _‘-hp-sams° Bi-b-]-c-am-Wv. CXn¬ am‰w hcp-ØpI {]bm-k-ta-dnb- X m- W v . hyXykv X Bi- b - ° msc s]mcp- Ø - s ∏- S p- Ø ntb Xocq F∂v hmin ]nSn-°p-∂Xv kmaq-lnI {]iv\߃ krjvSn-°p-I-tb-bp-≈q. aXhpw hnizm-khpw Bi-bm-Z¿i-ßfpw hnhml- Ø n¬ {][m- \ - a √ F∂p ]dbp∂Xn\pw apºv kºØpw PmXnbpw Xd- h mSpw kuµ- c y- h pw - { ]- [ m- \ a√ F∂mWv ]d-tb-≠n-bn-cp-∂X - v. Hcp kaql-Øns‚ -Po-hnXcoXn ]Tn-∏n-°p∂Xn\p th≠n-b-√, aXw A{]-[m-\-amWv F∂ Ah-t_m[w Ip´n-I-fn¬ \n¿an°p-∂-Xn\p th≠n-bmWv Cu ]mT-`mKw Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-b-sX∂p hy‡w.

ap≥[m-c-W-I-fpsS A‘-Imcw

\nco-iz-c-hm-Zhpw `uXn-I-hmZhpw ]ptcm-Ka- \ - ] - c- a- m-sW∂pw aX-ß-sf√mw XnI®pw ]n¥n-cn∏-\m-sW∂pw tIc-fØ - nse `qcn`mKw P\-ßfpw hniz-kn-°p∂n√. F∂n- c ns°, aX- ß ƒ XnI®pw {]XntemaI- c - a msW∂p ÿm]n- ° m≥ \SØp∂ {ia-߃°p ]n∂n¬ aX-ßs- fbpw hnizm-ks- Øbpw kw_-‘n® CS-Xp-]£ ap≥[mc-W-Ifpw ÿm]nX Xm¬]-cyß-fp-am-Wp-≈-Xv.

\nco-iz-c-hm-Zhpw `uXn-I-hm-Zhpw ]ptcm-Ka- \ - ] - c- a- m-sW∂pw aX-ßs- f√mw XnI®pw ]n¥n-cn-∏-\m-sW∂pw tIc-fØnse `qcn-`mKw P\-ßfpw hniz-kn°p- ∂ n√. F∂n- c ns°, aX- ß ƒ XnI®pw {]XntemaI- c - a m- s W∂p ÿm]n-°m≥ \S-Øp∂ {ia-߃°p ]n∂n¬ aX-ßs- fbpw hnizm-ks- Øbpw kw_-‘n® CS-Xp-]£ ap≥[m-c-WIfpw ÿm]nX Xm¬]-cy-ß-fp-am-Wp≈-Xv. Cu hkvXp-X°v ASn-h-c-bn-Sp-∂XmWv 27-˛mw t]Pnse tNmZyhpw DØc-hpw. "AsXm-∂pw- Fs∂ _m[n-°n√' F∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ tNmZn-°p∂p: "Xmsg ]d-bp∂ hnhn[ {]iv\-߃ GXp aX°m-sc-bmWv IqSp-X¬ _m[n-°pI?'


"DØ-cw-˛h - n-e° - b - ‰- w, IpSn-sh-≈£ - m-aw, ]I¿®-hym-[n-Iƒ, `qI-ºw...-' Xp-S¿∂v Ip´n-bpsS Is≠-Ø-ep-Iƒ Fgp-Xm≥ CSw \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂p. CXn¬\n∂v e`n-°p∂ Is≠-Øep-Iƒ F¥m-bn-cn°pw? a\p-jys\ _m[n-°p∂ Hscm‰ {]iv\-Ønepw aX߃s°m∂pw sNøm-\n-√. AXn-\m¬ aX-߃ ]q¿W-ambpw A{]-k‡ - ß - f - mWv. CØcw {]iv\-߃°v aX-Øn¬ ]cn-lmcw tXSn-bm¬ {]iv\w IqSp-X¬ cq£-am-hp-I-bm-Wv sNøp-I. Ip´n-bpsS efn- X - _ p- ≤ n- b n¬ \n∂p≈ Is≠Øep-Iƒ CsXm-s°-bm-bn-cn°pw. Ncn- { X- Ø n¬ aXw \n¿hln®ncp∂ kmaq-lnI ZuXy-߃°p t\sc IÆ-S®v Ccp-´m-°p-Ib - m-Wn-hnsS sNøp-∂-Xv. kq\man Zpc-¥-Øn¬ aXm[n-jvTnX \mSp-Ifpw A√m-Ø-hbpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Zp-cnXmizm-kØn¬ F¥p hyXym-k-am-Wp-≠m-bXv? AtX-k-abw XnI®pw `uXn-I-h-XvI-cn°-s∏´ ]ptcm-K-a\ Ata-cn-°-bn¬ I{Xo-\bpw doØbpw B™-Sn-®t- ∏mƒ Zpcn-Xm-izmkw `qcn-`mKw t]¿°pw e`n®n-s√∂p am{X-a-√, AXn\v G¬]n-°s∏´ Iº- \ n- I fpw A[n- I m- c n- I fpw HØp-I-fn®v Agn-aXn \S-Øp-I-bpw -sNbvXp. aXw {]Zm\w sNøp∂ aqey-߃, Zpc-¥-ß-fn¬\n∂v AXn-thKw ap‡nt\- S m≥ klm- b n- ® - X n\v tIcfw t]mepw amXr-I-bm-Wv. aX-Z¿i-\-ßfn¬\n∂v {]tNm-Z\w t\Sn kmaq-ln-I, cmjv{Sob tkh-\-߃ \S-Øp∂ a\pjy-sc-sb√mw Ah-K-Wn-°p-I-bm-Wn-hnsS. temI-Øn-s‚bpw {]tXy-In®v C¥ybp-sSbpw Ncn-{X-Øn-ep-S-\ofw tim`bm¿∂p \n¬°p∂ AØcw hy‡nIsf Xa-kvI-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. C\n adp-h-iØv C°m-cy-Øn¬ CS-s]-Sp-sa∂v \mw Icp-Xp∂ cmjv{Sob, kmaq-lnI {]ÿm-\-ß-fpsS Ahÿ-sb-¥mWv? Ah-cn∂v BtKmf bPam-\-∑m-cp-sSbpw IpØ-II-fp-sSbpw Iq´n-s°m-Sp-∏p-Im-cm-Wv. A{I-a-ßfpw sIme- ] m- X - I - ß fpw \S- Ø p- I bpw Ahsb \n¿e÷w \ymbo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-h-cm-Wv. Zcn-{Zs‚ Zo\-tcmZ-\-߃°p t\sc IÆ-S-°p-Ibpw AtX-k-abw kº-∂s‚ ASp-°f \ncßp-Ibpw sNøp-∂-h-cm-W-h¿. CSXpw heXpw XΩn¬ C°m-cy-Øn¬ henb A¥-c-sam-∂p-an-√. kº-Øp-X-s∂-bmWv ssZhw F∂v aX-°m-tc-°mƒ h-en-

`uXn-I-hm-Zn-Ifpw \nco-iz-c-hm-Zn-I-fpamb GXm\pw Nne-cpsS aXsØ kw_‘n® ho£- W - a mWv "aXan√mØ Poh≥' F∂ `mKØv {]Xn-^-en-°p-∂Xv. Ah¿°v Ah-ew-_n-°m-hp∂ coXn am{Xam-Wn-Xv. Ah-cn¬Xs∂ kmam\y t_m[-ap-≈-h¿ Cu coXn -kzo-I-cn-°mdn-√. Ah-K-Wn-°m-hp-∂-hn[w \yq\-]£-amb `uXnI \nco-izc Xo{h-hm-ZnIfpsS ho£-W-߃ ASn-t®¬]n-°p∂-Xn-\mbn ]mT-]p-kvX-I-Øn¬ CS-aps≠-¶n¬ aX-hn-izm-k-Øn\p th≠n F{X t]Pp-Iƒ \o°n-sh-t°-≠n-hcpw?

b D®-Øn¬ Ah¿ {]hr-Øn-I-fn-eqsS hnfn®p ]d-bp-∂p. In´nb Ah-k-c-ap-]tbm-Kn®v aX-ß-sf-sbm-∂-S¶w \nµn°m≥ {ian-°p-I-bm-Wn-hn-sS. \ne-hn-ep≈ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ Cu tNmZy-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ A¿l-cm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv I£n cmjv{So-b-°m-cm-Wv. F√m Zpc-¥-ßfpw F√m a\p-jy-scbpw H∂p-t]mse _m[n-°pw. AØcw kµ¿`-ß-fn¬ `n∂X-Iƒ ad∂v H∂mbn \n∂ ]mc-º-cyamWv \ΩpsS \mSn-\p-≈-Xv. Hcp-a-bpsS Blzm-\-Øn\p ]Icw `n∂n-∏ns‚ Bt{Im-i-amWv Cu tNmZy-Øn-ep-≈-Xv.

{]iv\-h-XvI-cWw {]iv\-߃ krjvSn-°p-tºmƒ 23-˛mw t]Pn¬ Htc aX-hn-izmkw ]pe¿Øp∂h¿°n-S-bn¬Øs∂ th-¿Xncn-hp-Iƒ \ne-\n¬°p-∂pt≠m F∂mWv tNmZyw. CXp tI´m¬ tXm-∂pI aX-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬ am{X-amWv th¿Xn-cn-hp-≈-sX-∂m-Wv. \nco-iz-c-hmZn-I-fnepw `uXnIhmZn-I-fnepw ]m¿´nIƒ°n-S-bnepw th¿Xn-cn-hp-Iƒ \ne\n¬°p-∂p. Ah hf¿∂v kwL-´\ - ß - fn-te°pw ]c-kv]c D∑q-e-\-ß-fn-te°pw hsc FØn-t®-cp-∂p. Xo¿®-bmbpw aX-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°nS-bn¬ th¿Xn-cn-hp-Iƒ \ne-\n¬°p∂p. PmXn Xs∂-bmWv AXn¬ {][m\w. ]c-kv]c hnhm-lhpw Bcm-[\ - bpw hsc PmXn-bpsS t]cn¬ hne-°-s∏-´ncn-°p-∂p. Hscm‰ ]m¿´n°pw CXn¬ am‰w hcp-Øm≥ km[n-®n-´n-√. Ckvem-anepw {InkvXp-a-X-Ønepw Nne D]-cn-Xe

`n∂-X-Iƒ \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. CØcw `n∂-X-Iƒ Ah-km-\n-∏n-°pI F∂-X√ ChnsS tNmZy-Øns‚ Dt±-iyw. hnizmkn-I-fnse `n∂-X-Iƒ FSp-Øp-Im´n aXw {]Xn-tem-a-I-c-am-sW∂v hniz-kn-∏n°p-I-bm-Wv. AX-s√-¶n¬ tNmZyw Cßs\ amt‰-≠-XmWv: aX-ß-fnepw cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-I-fn-epw -km-aq-lnI {]ÿm-\-ß-fnepw `n∂-X-Iƒ \n-e-\n-¬°p-∂pt≠m? Ah kmaq-lnI {]iv\am-bn-Øo-cm-dpt≠m? {it≤-b-amb as‰mcp tNmZyw hkv{X-[m-c-W-sØ-°p-dn-®m-Wv. C∂v \ΩpsS \m´nse kv{XoIƒ°v hkv{X-[mc-W-Øns‚ t]cn¬ Fs¥-¶nepw hne°p-Itfm \nb-{¥-W-ßtfm \ne-\n¬°p-∂pt≠m? s]mXp-h-kv{X-[m-cW coXn th¿Xn-cn-hp-Iƒ C√m-Xm-°m≥ F{Xam{Xw klm-bn-®n-´p-≠v. aX-N¿®°n-Sbnse hkv{X-[m-c-WsØ kw_-‘n°p∂ tNmZyw D∂w-sh°p-∂Xv I\ymkv{Xo-Is- fbpw apkvenw kv{XoI-sfbpw a‰p aXm-Sn-ÿm\Ønep≈ thj-hn-[m\-ß-sf-bp-am-sW∂v hy‡w. aXw Ahsc AS-°n-sh®v hnIrX thjw [cn∏n®v ]pd-Øn-d-°p-∂p-sh∂pw, AXv tIc-f-Øns‚ apJ-Øn\v aX-Omb \¬Ip∂p-sh∂pw atX-Xc `uXn-I -Xo-{h-hmZn-I-fmb Nne¿ Ign™ Nne h¿j-ßfmbn Btcm-]n-®p-h-cp-∂p-≠v. "s]mXp hkv{X-[m-c-W-coXn kmaq-lnI th¿Xn-cn-hp-Iƒ C√m-Xm-°m≥ klm-bn-°p-∂p. {]tXyI hkv{X-[m-cW-coXn th¿Xn-cn-hp-Iƒ krjvSn-°p∂p'. c≠m-asØ tNmZy-Øn¬\n∂v kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw FØn-t®-cp∂ DØc-an-XmWv. tNmZyw-Xs∂ DØcw D≈nsem-fn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ temI-Øn-sem-cn-SØpw hkv{X-[m-c-WcoXn P\-ß-fpsS sFIy-Ønt\m kulr-Z-Ønt\m XS- -ambn´n√. tIc-fØn¬ \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn aX-k-ln-jvWpX \ne-\n-∂p-t]m-cp-∂Xv Hutcm aXhn-`m-Khpw hkv{X-[mc-W-bn-e-S°w hyXy-kvXX \ne-\n¿Øn-s°m-≠p-X-s∂bm-Wv. aX-Øn-s‚tbm cmjv{So-b-Øns‚tbm t]cn¬ hntZz-j-߃ {]N-cn∏n-°s- ∏-Sp-tºmƒ AXn¬ hoWp-t]m-Ip∂-h¿°v, CXc aX-°m-c≥ Xs‚ aXØns‚ ]ptcm-lnX thjw [cn-®m¬ t]mepw Ak-ln-jvWp-X-tbm-sStb ImWm≥ km[n-°q. kmaq-lnI sFIyØns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ Ah-KW - n-°m-hp-∂hn[w A{]-[m-\-amWv hkv{X-[m-c-W-

17

2008 Pq¨ 28

17


Ønse `n∂-X-Iƒ. ]ns∂ F¥p-sIm≠v hkv{X-[mc-WsØ C{X-am{Xw {]m[m\yw \¬In {]iv\-h-XvI-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂ tNmZyw {]k-‡a- m-Wv. aXw kaq-lØ - n¬ bm-sXmcp Imc-Wh - i - mepw CS-s]-Smt\ ]mSn√ F∂v hmin-]n-Sn-°p∂ `uXnI \nco-izc Xo{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ C∂pw ]m›mXy-temIØv Ipd-s®m-s°-bp-≠v. Ahsc kw_-‘n-t®-S-tØmfw aXw A\p-im-kn°p∂ hkv{X-[m-cWw s]mXp-cw-KØv ]mSn-√. aXw A\p-im-kn-°p∂ hkv{Xw a\km kzoI-cn-®-hsc AXn¬\n∂v hne-°p∂ \nb-aß - ƒ {^m≥knepw {_n´\nepw Xp¿°n-bnepw CXc ]m›mXy cmPy-ß-fnepw \n¿an-°-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠mbn. AXn-s‚ t]cn¬ ]T-\hpw tPm-enbpw hne-°m\pw s]¨Ip-´n-Isf B{Ian-°m\pw hsc `uXnI Xo{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ apXn¿∂p. hkv{Xw t\m°n B{I-an-°p∂ h¿Ko-bh - m-Zn-If - n¬\n∂v CXn-s\mcp hyXym-kh - p-an-√. hkv{X-[m-cW - sØ {]iv\-am°n Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xv ]m-›mXy `uXnI Xo{h-hm-Zn-I-sf-t∏mse CjvS-ap≈ hkv{Xw [cn-°m-\p≈ auenIm-h-Im-i-sØbpw hy‡n-kzm-X-{¥ysØbpw tNmZyw sNøp-∂-Xn-\m-Wv. Htc t]mep≈ hkv{X-[m-cW coXn kmaq-lnI th¿Xn-cn-hp-Iƒ C√m-Xm°p-sa-∂m-Wt√m A[n-Ir-X-cpsS AhIm-i-hm-Zw. kmaq-lnI th¿Xn-cn-hp-Iƒ C√m-Xm-°p∂ B al-Ømb "bq-\nt^mw' GXm-sW∂p IqSn ]mT-]p-kv-XI \n¿am-Xm-°ƒ hy‡-am-t°-≠X - p-≠v. A«o-e-Xbpw \n¿e-÷-Xbpw \nd™ ]m›mXy hkv{X [mc-Wtam AX√ icocw ad-bv°p∂ am\y hkv{Xtam? hkv { X- [ m- c - W - Ø ns‚ t]cn¬ `n∂-X-Iƒ krjvSn-°p-∂-Xn\p ]Icw GXp hkv{Xw [cn-®h - s- cbpw BZ-cn-°p∂ t_m[w hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°p-I-bmWv anI® kaql \n¿am-W-Øn-\p-th≠n ]mT-]p-kvXIw sNtø-≠-Xv. Cu tNmZy-߃°p tijw hn-hn[ aX-hn-`m-Kß - ƒ°n-Sb - n¬ Cu "{]iv\߃' \ne-\n¬°p-∂p-t≠m-sb∂pw AXn-s\-°p-dn®v Ipdn∏v Xbm-dm-°m\pw Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂p. tIc-f-Øn¬ C{X-Imehpw {]iv\-am-hm-Xn-cp∂ hkv{X-[m-cWsØ {]iv\-am°n {]iv\w krjvSn°p-I-bmWv D∂-sa∂v hy‡w. ap≥[mc-W-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]iv\߃ krjvSn-°p-Itbm AX√, \ne-hn-

1429 P. BJn¿ 24

ep≈ {]iv\-߃ ]cn-l-cn-°p-Itbm GXmWv ]mT-]p-kvX-I-Ønse CØcw ]cm-a¿i-߃ hgn kw`-hn°p-I-sb∂v Btem-Nn-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. ]ptcm-Ka- \w F∂v AXoh \yq\]-£-amb Hcp hn`mKw Icp-Xn-t∏m∂ [mc-WI - ƒ°v apJy-[m-cb - n¬ CSw sImSp-°p-Is- b∂ ZuXy-amWv ]mT-]p-kvXI-Øns‚ Cu `mKw \n¿h-ln-°p-∂X - v. s]mXp-ka- q-lsØ {]Xn-\n-[o-Ic- n-°p-∂ k¿°m-dn¬\n∂v CXv kw`-hn-°m≥ ]mSn-√. P\m-[n-]X - y-Øns‚ A¥x-kØ - °p-Xs∂ hnLm-Xa- m-hp∂ kao-]\ - a- mWn-Xv. AX-s√-¶n¬ aXw F¥m-sW∂v aX-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ Xs∂ hni-Zo-Ic- n-°p∂ `mK-߃ IqSn Dƒs∏-Sp-Øp-tºm-gmWv \oXn ]men-°m≥ km[n-°p-I. fasalkathikode@yahoo.co.in

Social Science Book of 7th standard  

Social ScienceText Book for 7thstandard of kerala schools.

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you