INDEX Spectrum Light Hue Monochromatic Intensity Saturation Complimentary Split Complimentary Analogous Triad Primary Colors Secondary Colors Tertiary Colors Color Wheel Tone Shade Tint Additive Synthesis Subtractive Synthesis After Image Simaltaneus Contrast Optical Mixture Color Extention Transparent
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The effect that occurs when light passes through a prism; the beam of white light is bent and separated into bands of colored light. Color always appear in the same order, by wavelengths, from longest to shortest; red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet. The band of colors resulting from a beam of white light broken down into different wavelengths of hues.
The amount of lumination in a space that allows us to see colors. White light contains all the colors of the spectrum.
Is the name of the color itself, such as “blue” or “red”, and it refers to the color’s position in the spectrum.
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MONOCH A combination of colors based on one hue, with varying values and intensities.
refers to the brighter and duller colors of the same Hue, or the amount of grey in a color. Brighter colors are more intense than duller colors.
refers to the amount of pure color there is in a Hue, the more white or black is added the weaker the saturation.
COMPLIMENTARY Appear opposite each other on a color wheel. The pairing of these Hues show the maximum visual contrast between colors. When placed next to one another the shared edge seems to vibrate and intensify. When mixed together they will dull and become grey.
is made up of a color plus the two Hues, on either side of its complimentary.
Next to each on the color wheel, they all have a single color in common.
Involves three equally spaced Hues on the color wheel.
Primary Colors of Pigment
They are called primary colors because they cannot be created by mixing other colors.
SECONDARY heyâ€™re created by mixing either all three primary colors or a primary and secondary color
Are the Hues that are created by mixing the nearest primary and secondary color together.
COLOR WHEEL Colors of the spectrum bend into a circle
TONE Is achieved by mixing any shade of gray with a hue. This also will decrease intensity
SHADE Is produced by adding black to a Hue, giving you a darker version of that Hue.
Is produced by adding white to a Hue, giving you a lighter version of that Hue.
The light color red and light color green are reflected and thus added together and mixed to produce a lighter color yellow. Colors transmitted by light, in which they are mixed, becoming lighter in value.
SYNTHESIS To obtain pigment green you mix cyan and yellow. The colors of light, blue and red are absorbed by the blue and yellow pigment and the only color they reflect is green, which is obtained by the subtraction of the red and blue light. Pigments mixed together which result in darker colors
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AFTER The colored image that can be seen after staring at a colored area once the eyes cones have been stressed. A colors compliment will usually be seen.
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In the pairing of two complimentary hues, they will automatically intensify each other. Along the edge where the two hues align is where the contrast is the greatest and appears to vibrate or shimmer.
OPTICAL OPTICAL OPTICAL A mixture of colors created in our minds perception thatâ€™s made from the combination of numerous areas of different hues.
L When a color appears to extend past itsâ€™ boundaries into another color.
TEMPERATURE The apparent warmth or coolness of a color.
Warm Colors: are Hues that range from yellow to red-violet.
Cool Colors: are Hues that range from yellow â€“ green to violet.
When a colors saturation is changed by adding white. This mixing produces an effect which gives the color the appearance of the passage of light.