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GCSE History Specification A Name:

Paper 1 Study In-Depth 07 – Germany in Transition, 1929 - 1947 1 hour (or two hour examination)

Questions answers Q1 (compulsory) Q Total

Mark /20 /25 /45


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1. This question is about the war and its impact on life in Germany, 1939 - 1947 [25] Source A [This photograph shows the Nazis dealing with opponents in 1944] 1. What does Source A show you about treatment of people who opposed the Nazis? [2] -

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During the war, Germany was rearming and men were joining the army. Now the Nazis needed more women to work. They abolished the marriage loans and introduced a compulsory ‘duty’ year for all women entering the labour market. From a school textbook, 1990 2. Use the information in Source B and your own knowledge to explain Nazi policy towards women during the war. [4] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


-3Source C “The day of reckoning has come…Fight the Nazis. Each one of us must join in the fight for our future. Students, the eyes of the German nation are upon us.” A pamphlet published by the White Rose Group at Munich University on 18 February 1943 How far does Source C support the view that resistance to the Nazis increased during World War II? [5] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


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Source D “The Jewish people is being exterminated. Every party member will tell you. It’s part of our plans, we’re eliminating the Jews, exterminating them. The difficult decision had to be taken to make this people disappear from the earth.” Himmler, in a speech to the SS, 1943.

How useful is Source D to an historian studying why the Nazis ordered the Final Solution to the Jewish question? [6] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


-5These two sources say different things about life in Germany during the war. Source E

Source F

The war is going well for Germany. We possess land with the most fertile soil. If there is any hunger, it will not be in Germany.

“It is impossible to get food unless you are know to a shopkeeper. Everything is bought on the black market. All nonessential businesses are shut. Professional sport has ended. It is impossible to get new clothes. �

The Nazi Herman Goring, speaking in 1942.

Christabel Bielenberg, writing in 1943 from her home in Berlin. d. Why do Sources E and F have different views about the war? In your answer you should refer to both the content of the sources and to the authors. [8] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


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Section B – Answer either Question 2 or Question 3 2. This question is about changing life of the German people 1933 – 39 [25] Study the information below and answer the questions which follow. [This photograph shows the Hitler Youth in 1934] a) What does this photography tell you about Nazi policy towards young people? [2]

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b) Describe the Nazi economic policy in the 1930s

[5]

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-7c) Explain why education was so important to Nazi policies

[8]

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-8d) Did all Germans benefit from the changes introduced by the Nazis in the 1930s? [10] You may wish to discuss the following in your answer: • Jobs and The KDF • The role of the SS and the Gestapo • The treatment of minority groups • The experience of young people • Any other relevant factors _________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________


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- 10 3. This question is about the rise to power of the Nazis [25] Study the information below and then answer the questions as follows. [This photograph shows a propaganda poster for the Nazis. The text reads: Hitler: Our Last Hope] a) What does this poster tell you why the Nazis rose to power? [2]

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b) Describe the Night of the Long Knives

[5]

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- 11 c) Explain how Hitler consolidated his power after 1933.

[8]

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- 12 d) Was propaganda the main reason for Nazi electoral success in the 1930s?[10] You may wish to discuss the following in your answer. •

Propaganda

The role of Hitler and his ideas

The Great Depression

Political scheming

The use of the SA

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Paper 1 Study In-Depth Name: 1 hour (or two hour examination) 07 – Germany in Transition, 1929 - 1947 - 1 -

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