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Overview of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery CABG is one of the most common types of open-heart surgeries done with patients having narrowings or blockages in the arteries. With the help of this surgery, new routes are created around the blocked or narrowed arteries which in turn allows the smooth delivery of blood to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. Facts about Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery: ● Coronary Artery Disease occurs due to the hardening of the heart arteries which supply blood to the heart muscle. ● There are various tests like EKG, Stress Test, Echocardiography, and Coronary Angiography will be helpful in diagnosing this disease. ● The surgery will clear the blocks and provide sufficient blood flow to deliver the oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscles. ● The bypass surgery can be done by taking a vein from the leg or an inner chest wall artery. What is coronary bypass graft surgery? It is the surgery used to treat the coronary heart disease (CAD). The Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a condition in which the coronary arteries get blocked or narrowed. When they blocked, the average blood supply to the heart becomes disturbed which stops the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. Usually, the block is due to the formation of fatty material within the walls of the heart muscle. Ways To Do Coronary Bypass Graft Surgery: One way to treat CAD is to bypass the blocks of the coronary arteries with a piece of a healthy blood vessel from anywhere from the body. Usually, grafts used for the bypass procedure may be a piece of vein from the leg or an artery in the chest. The surgeon will place one end of the graft above the blocks and another end below the blocks. Blood will bypass through the grafts instead of the affected arteries. The other way to do CAD is traditional bypass surgery. In this case, the


surgeon makes a large incision in the chest and stops the heart for a while. Then, he will open the chest by cuts the breastbone in half length and spreads it. Once the heart is exposed, the surgeon will insert tubes into the heart so that the blood can be pumped through the body by a heart-lung bypass machine, which is used to pump the blood when the heart is stopped temporarily. Goals of the Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery: The following are the goals for doing this surgery: ● Enhance the quality of life by decreasing other CHD symptoms ● Provide one with the more active lifestyle ● Enhance the pumping function of the heart. ● Lower the risk of a heart attack ● Increase the survival rate. Symptoms of coronary artery bypass Grafting Surgery: ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

Chest pain Fatigue Palpitations Abnormal heartbeats Breath shortness Swollen hands and feet Indigestion

Things like lifestyle changes, undergoing medications, and Angioplasty are the replacement option for CABG surgery. CABG will be a primary choice of treatment if the blocks are severe coronary arteries of the heart. Usually, doctors prefer Angioplasty with stent replacement for the blocks in arteries. When the angioplasty, can’t treat the problems, then CABG is considered as the more effective treatment option than others. There are cases in which the patient may require a repeat surgery if the grafted arteries or veins become blocked. However, taking medicines preferred by the doctor and make the necessary lifestyle changes will help one to stay away from the CABG.


The success rate of CABG surgery is very high in India, and the results are usually excellent. Persons who have undergone CABG have reduced symptoms, reduced risk of future heart attacks and decreased chances of dying early.

Overview of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery  

CABG is one of the most common types of open-heart surgeries done with patients having narrowings or blockages in the arteries.

Overview of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery  

CABG is one of the most common types of open-heart surgeries done with patients having narrowings or blockages in the arteries.

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