Page 1

1. Color tthe map abovve anyway th hat you choosse  2. Then,  complete the e following  sstatement in your noteboook  


1. What is on ne thing that you notice e about the map above ?_________ __________ __________ ___ __ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ ___ t map above, list thrree countries s that have a high popu ulation dens sity 2. Based on the __ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ ________

3. Why might there be e a lower population p density d in much or R Russia? _ __________ _________ _________ _________ _________ __________ _________ _________ __

y?_________ _________________________________________________ 5.. What are thee five themes of geography M theeme of geograaphy?________________________________ 6.. What questions are answeered by the Movement

Circle all the Archipelagos  and list  the names of countries that are  Archipelagos below 

Star all the Peninsulas and list the  names of countries that are  peninsulas below 


Why did you choose that country? 


3. Draw a large arrow pointing to the  place (outside the US) that you  think would be the best place to  live. Write the name of that  country below 

______________________________________ ______________________________________





FOLLOW THE FOLLOWING DIRECTIONS FOR  THE WORLD MAP PROVIDED. Use your planner  or atlas if you need help. 


Definition D


Lines L that meaasure distance d north and south of the t equator on a map


Lines L that meaasure distance d East and a West of the t Prime Meridian on a map m *Line the splits the world into i northern and a southern hemispheres. h * Measures 0 degrees d latitude l


Prrime Meridian

A Archipelago

*Line that splitts the world into i Eastern an nd Western Hemispheres H *Measures 0 degrees d longitude l *Chain of Islan nds

Irrregular Coastliine

*Coastline thatt allows for many m natural harbors h for docking d ships


*Land surroun nded by water w on three sides

Poolitical Map

*Map that show ws capital cities c and boun ndary lines

Phhysical Map

*Map that show ws geographic g feaatures like mountains, m rivers and deserts d

Picture or expplain in your own words

Personal association or Examples

U Using thee chart co ompleted d on page 6 write 1 paragrraph expllaining both a p positive and a negattive impa act of onee geograp phic featu ure. B Be sure to o: *Speciifically statee the featuree and societty (Countryy or civilizzation) impa acted by thee feature. (22 points) *Use details and explanationss to explain the positivee impacct of the feature (4 poin nts) *Use details and explanationss to explain the negativve impacct of the feature (4 poin nts)

planation ns describ bed in claass to com mplete th he Use the notess and exp charrt below.((If you were w not in i class yyou may u use interrnet resou urces) Geogra aphic Speciific Featu ure/ Poositive Neegative Im mpact Featuree Coun ntry impa acted im mpact on on n society soociety Mounta ains


Peninsu ula


Irregular Coastlin ne

O On the chartt below, crea ate a visual to represen nt the Paleollithic age ussing severall vocabularyy terms an nd pictures (Ex.) peoplle chasing animals, a Nom mads). Then n, create a vvisual to rep present the sstart of th he Neolithicc Revolution n using several words and a picturess (Ex.)Peoplle farming, Domesticatted an nimals, Surp rplus). Use page p 8 as a reference r if needed.

P Paleolithiic (Old Stonne Age)

Neolitthic Revoolution (N New Stone A Age)

T Term


P Prehistory

Th he long period d of time befo ore people invented d writing

C Culture

Th he way of life of a society, wh hich includes its beliefs, values and pracctices

P Paleolithic Age (O Old Stone Age)

Th he long period d of time befo ore thee Neolithic Reevolution where people chased animals a for fo ood. No o reliable food d supply.

N Neolithic R Revolution n

Th he transition from f nomad liife to settle farming g. People do omesticated pllants and anim mals cau using a reliab ble food supplly. (This led to the developmentt of civ vilizations) To o raise in a controlled way that maakes the anim mals best suited forr human use.

D Domesticatte

S Surplus

Mo ore food than n what was needed (This alllowed them to t pulations whicch feeed larger pop led d to civilizatio on)

Picturre or Explainn in your ow wn wordss

In a detaile ed paragra aph below,, please de escribe hoow the Neo olithic Revvolution led d to the n how the Neolithic Revolution n led to att least sttart of civvilization. Specificallly, explain 3 features of civilizattion (as de escribed on n pg. 10) B Be sure to::

*Desscribe the Neolithic Revolutionn and how w it led to Civilization (4 4 points) *Exp plain how the t Neolitthic Revoluution led tto 3 featurres of civilization n (2 pointss/explanation)

C Copy the chart be elow into your nottebook

T Then, cop py the sttatement below an nd fill in the blan nks T The one fe eature of civilization c that I fe eel is mostt importan nt to a civiilization iss________ ________ _________ ___. It is most impoortant to a civilizatiion because___ _________ ________ _________ ________ _________ _________ _________ ____ _ _________ _________ ________ _________ _________ _________ _________ ________ ____ (B Be prepare ed to argu ue your poiint in classs)



Directions: 1. Color the Egyptian civilization Yellow (The dotted area around the Nile R.)

2. Color the Mesopotamia civilization Orange (The dotted area around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers)

3. Color the Indus/Ganges civilization Brown 4. Color the Shang civilization Red

EARLY CIVILIZATIONS CHART (Pg 12) Use the textbook pages given to complete chart below Civilizations River Cities Organized govt. ANCIENT Used a (Pg. 45) Giza EGYPT ___________, ______


Sun god called A system of govt. _______that includes ____ different jobs and authority (pg.45) Along with Osiris and Isis (pg.50)


(Pg. 31) _______


And Euphrates

Ruler as chief servant of gods


*Polytheistic, *Indra=God of war *Brahman= single Spiritual power Polytheistic with a supreme god called Shang Di


Indus R./ Ganges R.

Harappa, MohenjoDaro

Rulers organized work of laying out wellorganized cities


(Pg. 93)

Zheng Zhou

Princes and local rulers in control of clans of people


Which means they worshipped many gods (Pg. 20)

Job Social Specialization Classes *A tiny group of Pharaoh merchants and at top, artisans, peasants *most people at were farmers bottom

Arts/ Architecture (pg.56) ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________

Public Works Use geometry to survey land and make pyramids

Writing (pg.54) _________

Mostly peasant farmers

Social Used Created hierarchy ___________, Temples

*Most people were farmers *First to weave cotton into clothe

Social Advanced hierarchy cities with baths, drains and other plumbing

*WellOrganized cities *Complex plumbing

Not yet deciphered, they eventually used Sanskrit

*Most people were peasant farmers

Social (Pic on pg. hierarchy 94)

Built canals, city walls, And bronze weapons

Began on Oracle bones. Later developed into Calligraphy

Or large stepped platforms (pg.32)


(pg 33) _________


Soource: eastch

1. High hlight thee area beetween th he Tigris and Eup phrates R River. Th he high hlighted area a is Mesopotam M mia. t discu ussion in class, wh hy would d this 2. Baseed on thee map above and the area a be consiidered a “Crossro oads of ciivilizationn”?

Civilizations in Mesopotamia (Pg 14) Use textbook pgs. 30-42 to complete the following questions

1. What is the FERTILE CRESCENT? 2. What does MESOPOTAMIA mean? 3. What is a ZIGGURAT? 4. What form of writing was used in Sumeria? (also on pg. 8 in notebook) 5. The major Sumerian oral narrative was called the Epic of _____________________ Source: 6. This region became known as a vital ___________________ where warriors met, clashed and mingled. 7. Who conquered the city-states of Sumer? 8. Who brought much of Mesopotamia under control of his empire in 1790? 9. Who two types of laws did Hammruabi’s Code include? 10. What major advancement did the Hittites bring with them? 11. Why was the Hittite advancement so important? 12. What reputation did the Assyrians earn? 13. Who was the king of Babylon? 14. What did the King of Babylon build for his wife? 15. Which emperor united Persia? 16. Which Persian thinker helped unite the Persian Empire? 17. NOT IN BOOK: Based on your answers for questions 6-13 what conclusion can you draw about

this area of the world?

EGYPT ACTIVITY (Pg 15) Ancient Egypt made many Contributions to later societies, but the present day nation of Egypt is still very important to the World today. 1. Using a current events website we have mentioned in class find an article relating to Egypt.(1pt) 2. Either cut out the headline and pictures from the article and glue them in or Write the Headline in large print below. (2pts) 3. Summarize what the article is about in your own words using specific names, places etc.(5pts) Source: 

4. Explain whether or not the geography of Egypt had anything to do with your article (2 pts)

EGYPT (Pg 16) Use pgs. 44-56 in the textbook to answer the following questions 1. Which river did Egypt develop near? 2. What is a CATARACT? 3. What is a DELTA? 4. Who united upper and lower Egypt? 5. What is a DYNASTY? 6. What is a BUREACRACY? Old Kingdom (2575 BC) *strong central government under pharaoh *Used bureaucracy *Built pyramids *Ended with crop failures

Middle Kingdom (1938 BC) *Nile did not rise regularly *Corruption and Rebellion *Traders met new people *Hyksos took over

New Kingdom (1539) *Age of conquest *Empire spreads *Egypt is strong *Great contact with new people

7. Based on the chart above, which kingdom would you have wanted to live during? 8. Who was Egypt’s first female ruler and what did she do? 9. Who ruled from 1279-1213 and extended Egyptian control as far north as Syria? 10. What was the ROSETTA STONE? 11. Which folk tale was popular in Egypt? (pg 56)

Not directly out of book: 12. What are two of the most important contributions that the early Egyptians made to later societies?

IN NDIA MO ONSOON MAP (Pg 17) M MONSOO ON= A SEASONA AL WIND D THAT BRINGS S RAIN Ind dia relie es greattly on Mo onsoons s for the eir ag griculturre What is the titlle of the map to the 1.W leftt? _______________ ________________ 2. W What does thee key on the m map show? _______________ _______________ 3. W What conclusiion can you ddraw from the map? ____________________ _______________ _______________ ___________________  _______________ ___________________

4.. In the boxes below, drraw picturees to represeent the posittive and neggative impaact of the Moonsoon on n India. (If you are nott comfortab ble drawing pictures you can explaain the impaact in each b box) Poositive impactt of Monsoon

Negativve impact of M Monsoon

INDIA AND PAKISTAN (pg 18) Use pgs. 68-75 in your textbook to answer the following questions

1. What is a subcontinent? 2. What is a monsoon? 3. How have monsoons shaped Indian Life?

4. Which two cities were considered twin capitals of the Indus civilization? 5. How do archaeologists know that the Indus cities were well-planned? 6. Circle the religious beliefs that the Indus civilizations followed: MONOTHEISTIC or POLYTHEISTIC 7. By 1500 BC a nomadic people called the ________ arrived in the Indian Subcontinent. 8. What are the Vedas? CASTE SYSTEM 9. Based on the diagram to the left, which group included farmers and laborers?

10. Which group is even lower than the Sudras?

Outcastes (Untouchables) 11. Which two epic poems did the Aryans memorize and recite?

NOT IN BOOK: What might have caused the decline (decrease) in the use of the Caste System in present-day Indian society?

GUPTA GOLDEN AGE (Pg 19) Once the GUPTA established order, stability and they increased trade they went through a GOLDEN AGE. Using the notes on pg. 20 and class discussion create a visual to represent 5 achievements of the Gupta Golden Age. You should incorporate terms and pictures. Use the “Gold” Highlighter to add color.

EMPIRES OF INDIA (Pg 20) Highlight the most important information as you read through the notes below MAURYA EMPIRE (321BC-185BC) Chandragupta Maurya forged the first Indian Empire Capital: Pataliputra included schools,a library and splendid palaces and temples.

Government: Chandragupta had a brutal secret police force that reported on crime and those who opposed the government. Chandragupta’s grandson, Asoka, ruled by moral example. He converted to Buddhism and rejected violence. ASOKA’S ACCOMPLISHMENTS *Preached toleration for other religions *Built hospitals *Promised just government *Offered moral advice

GUPTA EMPIRE (320-540) Helped India to enjoy peace and prosperity for over 200 years

GUPTA GOLDEN AGE: A PERIOD OF GREAT CULTURAL ACHIEVEMENT 1. Used Sanskrit language 2. Trade and farming increased 3. Artisans produced cotton clothe, pottery and metalware 4. Created system of numbers that we use today and developed the decimal system 5. Vaccinated people against smallpox 6. Developed the concept of zero Gupta declined because of…. Weak rulers Civil War Foreign invasions


KINGDOM” (Pg 21)

1. Circle or highlight all the geographic features in China that would cause isolation. 2. Why would isolation cause the Chinese to believe that they are superior to other areas (The Middle Kingdom”?


Use pgs. 92-100 to fill in the blanks below

Geography Influences Civilizations 1. The isolation in China caused the Chinese to believe that they were the center of the world. This is why

they called themselves the ___________________ _________________________.

2. Brutal __________________ and high ________________ ranges blocked the easy movement of people. 3. Chinese history began in the _______________ river valley (aka yellow river). The river got its name from loess, which is fine yellow soil. 4. The river had the nickname “River of _________________” because the river would flood and destroy crops. China Begins to Take Shape Under the Shang Dynasty 5. Loyal princes and local noble governed over clans, which are groups of families who claim a common ancestor. 6. Evidence suggests that _______________________ may have had considerable status during the Shang period. 7. The majority of people in Shang China were ___________________. The Zhou Dynasty further Defines China 8. The Zhou promoted the idea of __________________ ______ ________________, which is the divine right to rule. 9. The __________________ ________________ explains the rise and fall of dynasties. 10. Under the Zhou, the Chinese used a system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other forms of support to the ruler. This system is called _______________________. 11. The Zhou dynasty became too ___________ to control feudal lords who ignored the emperor and the dynasty ended.

12. USING THE DIAGRAM, What caused the Chinese  to doubt the Mandate of heaven for a dynasty?           



1.Name three towns located on the silk road_________________________________ 2. Which areas did the silk road connect?____________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3. Why would the Silk road cause Cultural Diffusion?      ____________________________________________________________________________ 

3. How can a nearby trade route lead to the development of cities? ______________________________________________________________________

RULERS UNITE CHINA (Pg 24) Use pgs.101-107 to answer the following questions

Shi Huangdi Unifies China 1. Shi Huangdi built the strong, authoritarian __________ government. 2. Shi Huangdi agreed with Hanfeizi who said that the only way to achieve order was to pass ___________ laws and impose _______________ punishments. 3. To ___________________, strengths, nt goodness, was a rulers greatest virtue. 4. Shi Huangdi abolished ________________________, which required little allegiance from local rulers to the central government. 5. To promote unity Shi Huangdi used common Qin coins, created uniformity in Chinese writing, and repaired and extended __________________. 6. Shi Huangdi’s most remarkable and most costly achievement was the ______________ _________________ of China Han Dynasty Strengthens China 7. In a key move, Gao Zu appointed ________________________ scholars and advisors 8. Wudi furthered economic growth by improving ________________ and ___________ 9. Wudi used government __________________ on iron and salt. He also followed a policy of ____________________, or expanding a country’s territory. 10. Wudi opened up a network of trade routes , later called the __________ __________ 11. Han emperors adopted the idea that civil servants should win their position by __________ 12. List 4 achievements of the HAN GOLDEN AGE BELOW 1. 2. 3. 4. NOT IN BOOK: 13. What was similar about the Gupta and Han Golden Ages?

Belief System Powerpoint notes (pg 25) Using the belief system Powerpoint from class, write three interesting facts about each Belief system presented. Then, write two questions that you have about any religion we have learned about.









Founder Animism Shinto Hinduism


Unknown Indigenous religion of Japan Unknown (developed in India) Founded by Siddharta Gautama (the Buddha) in c. 520 BC, NE India.

BELIEF SYSTEMS (pg. 26) Use this chart to complete the “Which religion do I follow?” handout provided in class Key Beliefs Important practices Texts There are spirits in nature Polytheism (Belief in many gods) based on the kami, ancient gods or spirits Polytheistic (Belief in many gods)

Worships spirits in nature Worship and offerings to Kami at shrines and at home. Purification rituals. Show good Karma and follow Dharma

Reincarnation until you reach Enlightenment

Caste System (rigid social class system with untouchables) Try to reach Nirvana (Enlightenment)

Purpose is to avoid suffering and gain enlightenment and release from cycle of rebirth, or at least attain a better rebirth by gaining merit Reincarnation (understood differently than in Hinduism, with no surviving soul) until gain enlightenment


Founded by Confucius (551–479 BC), China

Purpose of life is to fulfill one's role in society with propriety, honor, and loyalty.


Lao-Tzu, c. 550 BC, China.


Founded by Jesus Christ in c. 30 AD, Israel.


The religion of the Hebrews (c. 1300 BC)

Purpose is inner harmony, peace, and longevity. Acheived by living in accordance with the Tao. MONOTHEISTIC There is one god and Jesus is the son of god who died for sins MONOTHEISTIC There is one god (Yahweh)

NA Kojiki or 'Records of Ancient Matters' The Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, etc

Karma, Dharma

Tripitaka (Pali Canon); Mahayana sutras like the Lotus Sutra; others.

Follow the Four Noble Truths: 1. All of life is suffering 2. Suffering is caused by desire 3. To eliminate suffering eliminate desire 4. Follow the Eightfold Path Show filial piety (respect for parents and elder)


Follow the five relationships "go with the flow" of the Tao. Tai-chi, acupuncture

Tao Te Ching, Chuang-Tzu

Obey Ten Commandments Attend Church; Belief in Jesus Christ; some believe in Sacraments and good works Obey Ten Commandments

Christian Bible Torah/Talmud

Attend Synagogue/Temple Islam

Muhammad, 622 AD, Saudi Arabia

MONOTHEISTIC There is one God called Allah and Muhammad is his prophet

Five Pillars: (Declare Faith, Pray 5 times a day, Alms for the poor, Pilgrimage, Fasting. Mosque services on Fridays No alcohol or pork Learn from Caliph (successor to Muhammad)

Qur'an or Koran Sharia (Islamic Law)

Greek Documents (Pg 27) What problems might have prevented Greece from having one united empire?


Direct Democracy The isolated city-state of Athens, Greece was known for its Direct Democracy

"We are a democracy because the power to make the laws is given to the many rather than the few. But while the law gives equal justice to everyone, it has not failed to reward excellence. While every citizen has an equal opportunity to serve the public, we reward our most distinguished [best] citizens by asking them to make our political decisions. Nor do we discriminate against the poor. A man may serve his country no matter how low his position on the social scale. An Athenian citizen does not put his private affairs before the affairs of the state; even our merchants and businessmen know something about politics. We alone believe that a man who takes no interest in public affairs is more than harmless—he is useless.” —"Pericles’ Funeral Oration" Athens, 5th century BC 1.

Highlight key ideas from the passage above

2. Why is Pericles proud of the Democracy in Athens, Greece? ______________________________________________________________ __________ 3. What does Pericles say about men who take no interest in politics? ______________________________________________________________ __________  4. We enjoy a Democracy today, do you agree with Pericles statement about people who take no interest in politics in America?___________ Why or Why not?_________________________________________________________

Ancient Greece (Pg 28) Use the handout that has been given to you to fill in the blanks below

Greece (1750BC-133BC) 1. Ancient Greeks adapted ideas from other cultures like Egypt and _____________________________.

Geographic setting of Greece 2. Greece is made up of many _______________________, isolated valleys, and small ______________________. 3. The geography caused Greece to create several small ________-_____________ instead of a large unified empire. 4. The Aegean and ___________________________ seas were an important link with the rest of the world. 5. The Greeks became skilled __________ ______________________. Early civilizations of Greece 6. The ______________________ built the first Greek civilization on the island of Crete around 1750 BC. 7. The Minoans traded and gained new ideas from _______________ and Mesopotamia 8. The _______________________ conquered Crete around 1400BC The rise of city-states 9. In Greece, a city-state was also called a ______________________ 10. At first, kings ruled over city-states, but over time an __________________________ developed where government was ruled by landholding elite. 11. The two most powerful city-states in Greece were ________________ and ____________________. 12. The city-state of Sparta focused mainly on ___________________ training. 13. The city-state of Athens became a ____________________ center for Greece with many thinkers, writers and artists. 14. Athens developed a _________________ ____________________ that allowed large numbers of male citizens to take part in day to day government decisions.



go on pg. 29)


Trojan War (Pg. 116 in textbook)

Mycenaeans vs. Troy (a rich trading city in present day Turkey)

Economic rivalry


Persian War (124-126)

Greek city-states and Persia

Stop the spread of the Persian Empire

Greek citystates

Peloponnesian War (128)

Athens and Sparta (spread to all of Greece)

Anger over Athenian domination and disagreement over government

Sparta and allies

In the space below, list 3 reasons why you think conflict between groups occur. There are no wrong answers. Brainstorm reasons why people go to war.  

GREEK VOCABULARY (Pg 30) Vocabulary Term Definition


Narrow water passage


High city. Great marble temples dedicated to the Gods and Goddesses Tactical formation of heavily armored soldiers


Direct Democracy


A government by the people where people have a direct say in decisionmaking Rulers who gain power by force


Law-making body


Government ruled by elite (small group of wealthy men)

Picture or explain in your own words

Example or personal Association

ATH HENS AND SPARTA S DEB BATE (pg 31) 3 Com mplete the e Venn Dia agram on the t board using th he notes p provided a and the cl lass pre esentation n.

Independentt Greek city‐sttates   

Language      Same Gods  Common festivaals 

You will be ass signed a side to take in n the debate e. Use this chart and t the notes sheet provided d to prep pare for a debate d tomorrow on which h Greek city y-state is the t best!

KEY GREEK PEOPLE (Pg.32) Use the textbook pages given to identify the Key Greek people below Homer (Pg 116):

Pericles (Pg 126):

Socrates (Pg 131):

Plato (Pg 131):

Aristotle (Pg 131):

Pythagoras (Pg. 142):

Hippocrates (Pg 142):

What do all the people identified above have in common?

Which of the thinkers above do you think is most important to Global History? Why?


Source: 1. What is one thing that you notice about the Empire of Alexander the Great?

2. Based on the map above, why would the Hellenistic culture combine Greek, Persian, Egyptian and Indian civilizations? 3. What conclusion can we draw about Alexander the Great from the map above?

A Alexande er The Great G (P Pg 34) Us se pgs 13 37-142 in your text tbook to answer th he following quest tions TH HE EMPIRE E OF ALEXA ANDER THE GREAT 1. .How old was Alexa ander the Great wh hen he too ok over P Phillip II I’s empire e? 2. .What gre eat Empire e was Alex xander th he Great a able to t take over? ? 3. .How old was Alexa ander the Great wh hen he die ed? TH HE LEGACY Y OF ALEXA ANDER 4. .What was s Alexande er’s most lasting achieveme ent? 5. . From Eg gypt to th he borders s of Indi ia local p people ___ __________ _______ or r ab bsorbed Greek G idea as. 6. .After Al lexander’s s death. A vital new n cultur re emerged that bl lended Gr reek_____ __________ __________ ___,______ __________ _________ _, and __ __________ __________ ____influe ence. Thi is _______ __________ __________ _ civiliza ation wo ould flou urish for several centuries c s. 7. . Which city c was at a the ver ry heart of the He ellenistic world?_ __________ _____ 8. . How did d women’s lives cha ange duri ing the He ellenistic period? ? HE ELLENISTI IC ARTS AN ND SCIENCE ES 9. . Who pre eached hig gh moral standards s s and said d that people were e morally equal? 10 0. Who de eveloped a formula to calcu ulate side es of a t triangle? 11 1. What does d Helio ocentric mean? m 12 2. Who st tudied the e causes of o illnes ss and loo oked for cures? 13.Wh hat does t the diagr ram to the l left show? ?

So ource: Guid de to Essent tials of Wor rld History y Prentice H Hall, 1999 (Adapted)

ROMAN LAWS (pg 35) One of the biggest contributions of the Romans involved their 12 tables of Law. These laws influenced our own law system today. For each of the laws listed, write whether you agree or disagree with the law. Then explain why each law is fair or unfair from your point of view. ROMAN LAW: Accused

person is presumed innocent until proven guilty. Do you agree?__________________________________ Why is it fair or unfair?__________________________


ROMAN LAW: Accused can face accuser and defend themselves. Do you agree?__________________________________ Why is it fair or unfair?________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ROMAN LAW: Judges interpret the laws to make fair decisions Do you agree?__________________________________ Why is it fair or unfair?________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________Â

ROME (Pg 36) Geographic Setting 1. Unlike the geography of Greece, Italy’s geography helped its people to ____________________. 2. Low ______________________ did not isolate the way the high mountains did in Greece. 3. The __________________________, which is an area of land surrounded by water on 3 sides, allowed Romans to travel easily through the Mediterranean Sea. The Roman Republic 4. The Roman drove out the ___________________________ who had ruled over them in 509 B.C. 5. The Romans created a ________________________ where officials were chosen by the people 6. The most powerful governing body was the ______________________ 7. The landholding upper class was called the _________________________. 8. Farmers, Merchants and traders were called _________________________. The Roman Empire 9. The Romans conquered all of Italy as well as Carthage, _______________________, Greece, and part of _________________ _________________. 10. Julius _____________________ came to power in 48 BC and made reforms. 11. _____________________ then ruled with absolute power which brought the republic to an end. 12. Rome had a 200 year period of peace called the ________ __________________. Roman Contributions 13. A system of ________________ was Rome’s greatest achievement. The law of _____________ ____________________ were displayed in the marketplace. 14. _________________________ were bridge-like stone structures that carried water from the hills to the cities.


1. Highlight the Eastern part of the Roman Empire 2. Which city is located on the Strait between the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea? 3. What problems can you predict that Roman might have as they try to control such a large empire?

FROM REPUBLIC TO EMPIRE (Pg 38) Use pgs. 155-160 in textbook to complete this handout Rome Grows Through Conquest 1. Rome’s conquest of the Italian peninsula brought it into contact with _________________, a city-state on the northern coast of Africa. 2. What were the three wars that the Romans fought against Carthage called? Write the results of each Punic War in the chart below Punic War against Carthage First Punic War (264 B.C.) Second Punic War (218 B.C.) Third Punic War (146 B.C.)


3. Romans were committed to a policy of IMPERIALISM. What is Imperialism? 4. Wealthy families bought up huge estates called ______________ and forced conquered people to be their slaves. 5. _____________ and self-interest replaced virtues such as simplicity, hard work, and devotion to duty. The Roman Republic Declines 6. Unable to resolve its problems peacefully, Rome plunged into a series of __________ wars. 7. What Roman said “Veni, Vidi Vici” and forced the senate to make him the dictator? 8. Who did Octavian have to defeat to take control of Rome after Julius Caesar was killed? The Age of the Roman Empire Dawns 9. What title was given to Octavian? 10. Explain 2 ways that Octavian (Augustus) tried to build a stable government.

11. What was the 200 year span that began with Augustus and ended with Marcus Aurelius called?

Rome Paragraph (Pg 39) Using the resources presented in class, pg 40 or independent research you complete on your own write a detailed paragraph describing two important contributions of the Romans. For each contribution explain how it impacted later societies. Be sure to:

*Clearly explain first contribution using details, explanations and vocabulary words from class (3 pts) * Explain how that contribution impacted later societies (2pts) *Clearly explain second contribution using details, explanations And vocabulary words from class (3pts) *Explain how second contribution impacted later societies (2pts)

ROMAN ACHIEVEMENT (Pg 40) Use pgs. 161-165 in the textbook to complete this page. 1. Through war and conquest, Roman generals carried the achievements of Roman civilization to distant lands. Yet the civilization that developed was not simply Roman. Rather it blended_____________________, ______________________and Roman ideas. ROMANS WRITE LITERATURE, HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY 2. Who wrote an epic poem called the Aeneid to show that Rome’s past was as heroic as that of Greece? 3. What Hellenistic philosophy impressed Roman thinkers such as the emperor Marcus Aurelius? 4. What did Stoics stress? ROMAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE DEVELOP 5. What is a MOSAIC? 6. What was the difference between Greek architecture and Roman architecture? 7. What is Rome’s most famous domed structure? ROMANS APPLY SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS FOR PRACTICAL USE 8. What is engineering? 9. Describe 3 ways that the Romans excelled in engineering. 10. What is an aqueduct? NEW LAW CODE PROTECTS THE EMPIRE 11. Probably the greatest legacy of Rome was its commitment to the rule of ___________ and to __________________. 12. Penalties varied according to social class and _______________ class defendants could be treated more harshly.


Christianity and Judaism (Pg 41)  CHRISTIANITY  CHRISTIANITY BECAME THE OFFICIAL RELIGION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE. Please write 5 notes about Christianity  in Rome using the presentation from class. If you are not in class, you may research Christianity on your own.  CHRISTIANITY NOTES          ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐ 

JUDAISM As Christianity spread, some Jewish people experienced ANTI‐SEMITISM or prejudice against Jewish  People. Jews were forced out of Palestine in an event referred to as the DIASPORA. The Diaspora was  the scattering of Jewish people.   What is one conclusion that  you could draw from the  Diaspora map to the left?  _______________________  ________________________          Source:         

FALL OF ROME (Pg 42) Overexpansion of the Empire, high taxes, and foreign invasions all weakened the Roman Empire. Roman emperor Diocletian divided the empire into two parts in a failed attempt to restore order. After a long, slow process of decline, the Germanic leader Odocer conquered Rome in 476 A.D. The eastern part of the Roman Empire survived and became known as the Byzantine Empire.

Below are some key causes for the fall or Rome. Military Causes

Economic Causes

Political Causes

Social Causes

*Visigoths and other Germanic people invade empire

*Heavy taxes were needed to support government

*Government becomes too strict

*Population declines (goes down) because of war and disease

*Roman army lacks training and discipline. Romans had to hire foreign soldiers to defend their borders

*population declines *Farmers leave land and Romans use too much slave labor

*Many corrupt officials cause people to stop supporting government *Divided Empire becomes weak

*People become selfish and lazy. They are no longer devoted and patriotic

Answer the following questions based on the chart above: 1. What is one important political cause for the Fall of Rome? 2. Of the causes listed above, which cause do you think mostly directly influenced the Fall of Rome? EXPLAIN WHY


MESOAMERICAN CIVILIZATION MAP (Pg 43)  1. What do you notice about this map?    2. Which civilization is located in South America?    3. The Incas were located in the ANDES  MOUNTAINS. What problems might that have caused  for them?                  Source: 


CIVILIZATIONS IN MESOAMERICA AND SOUTH AMERICA (Pg 44) Use pg. 188 in the textbook to answer the following questions: OLMECS 1. What types of Olmec art did archaeologists find? 2. Why was their art so impressive? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Use pg. 190 to answer the following questions MAYA 3. What type of writing system did the Mayans develop? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Use pg. 192-194 to answer the following questions AZTEC 4. What was the Aztec capital city? 5. What are Chinampas? 6. What did the Aztecs offer to make the sun rise each day? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Use pg. 197-199 to answer the following questions INCAS 7. What was the most powerful of the Andean Civilizations? 8. What was the Inca capital? 9. Explain 3 ways that Incas united their empire? 10. How long was the Inca road system? 11. How did Incas farm in the Andes mountains?

CIVILIZATION CHART (Pg 45) Write the name of the Mesoamerican civilization shown in the pictures on the chart below Then, write three additional facts that you learned about each civilization

Civilization: ____________________ 365 day calendar

Civilization: _______________________

Civilization: ______________________

Human sacrifice

14,000 mile road system

Terrace farming Chinampas =floating gardens

3 facts 1.

3 facts 1.

3 facts 1.







Adapting to Geography (Pg 46) Copy these notes onto pg 46 in your notebook. Then add a picture to show what that adaptation would look like

Civilization Maya



Ways it adapted


Farmers cleared out rainforests and built raised fields for farming Built floating garden called Chinampas to create more farmland Built walls to hold terraces of farmland in place in the Andes mountains

What does the fact that these civilization came up with such unique ways to adapt to their geography say about them?

CHARLEMAGNE: KING OF THE FRANKS(pg 47) Using your textbook pgs 215 -216, write 4 additional facts about Charlemagne somewhere on this page 1. He unified a Christian Europe


Feudalism Vocabulary (Pg 48) Vocabulary Definition word Feudalism A loosely structured

Picture or Describe in your own words

political system centered around the lords manor. Land and protection exchanged for loyalty and service

Source: Battle of Tours (732) Vassal Fief Chivalry

Muslims were defeated by Christians when they invaded western Europe. Muslims were forced to retreat. People who pledge loyalty and service to greater lords in exchange for protection and land A piece of land given to a specific group

Code of Conduct that feudal knights were expected to follow. It involved bravery, honor and protection of the weak.

Create your own Manor (Pg 49)  The Manor is the lord’s estate. Under the economic system of Manoralism, the Manor is a self‐sufficient  economy based on Agriculture (farming).  Manors often had their own source of water, mill, blacksmith,  church, food supply etc. This meant that there was often little need to leave the Manor under the system of  Manoralism.  What do you think Self‐ Sufficient means?________________________________  In the remaining space on your notebook page, create an image of your own Manor.  

You must at least have  1. A source of water 2. A church 3. Plenty of fields for food 4. Places for  animals to be kept and to graze 5. Protection from invaders 6. Housing. Use the samples provided in  class for inspiration.***If you are not comfortable drawing, you may write a paragraph with a  detailed description of your manor below.                                     

FEUDALISM AND MANORS (PG 50) Use pgs. 219-223 in your textbook to answer the following questions Feudalism: A political System 1. Why did Feudalism develop as a political system?

2. Explain the Feudal contract that existed between a lord and a vassal

The World of Knights and Nobles 3. What mock battles did Knights engage in? 4. What were noblewomen expected to know before her parents arranged her marriage?

5. Who did the knights have to protect under the rules of chivalry? The Manor: An Economic System 6. What is a manor? 7. What did peasants (serfs) have to do on the manor?

8. What did peasants (serfs) get in exchange for their work?

9. The manor was generally ________-____________________. That is, the peasants who lived there produced almost everything they needed, from food to ________________to simple __________________ and tools. 10. What did many peasants have no knowledge of?

11. How would it feel to be a peasant on a feudal manor? Make a list of 5 problems you would face as a peasant.

Medieval Church Power (Pg 51) Using pgs 225-230 in your textbook, fill in the chart below with 6 ways that the Catholic Church had power in the Middle Ages

What percent of power did the Catholic Church have on Manors?

The Medieval Church (Pg. 52) Use pgs. 225-230 in your textbook to answer the following questions

THE CHURCH DOMINATES MEDIEVAL LIFE 1. By the late Middle Ages, Western Europe had become a _____________ civilization. Anyone who did not belong to the church community was viewed with ___________.

2. What were the priests responsible for? 3. Why was the church considered a social center? 4. By the 1100s communities built huge cathedrals in the ornate, buttressed form known as _______________ style. CHURCH POWER GROWS 5. The church not only controlled the spiritual life of Christians but gradually became the most powerful ______________, or worldly, force in medieval Europe. 6. What was PAPAL SUPREMACY? 7. Why did people want to avoid EXCOMMUNICATION? CORRUPTION AND REFORM 8. Explain one problem that existed in the Church.

9. What did St. Francis of Assisi do?

MAGNA CARTA NOTES (Pg 53) 1. Limited the power of the KING 2. Made it clear that the MONARCH must obey the law 3. Said that citizens had RIGHTS 4. Established HABEAS CORPUS 5. Established DUE process of the law




Parliament power

MEDIEVAL VOCABULARY (Pg 54) Term Definition Magna Carta

Due Process of the Law

Allowed Nobles to have rights, made it clear that the monarch must obey law Limited the Power of King John The requirement that government act fairly in all that it does.


The legislature of England. Gained a larger role in government after the Magna Carta.

Habeas Corpus

The principle that a person cannot be held in prison without being accused of a crime


Holy wars where the Christians tried to take back the Holy land (Palestine) from the Muslims

Holy Land

Jerusalem and other places Christians believe Jesus lived and taught (In the region of Palestine)

Pictures/Explain in your own words


BLACK PLAGUE(Pg 55) We took notes from a video on the Black Plague. Important facts to know are 1. The Plague was spread to Europe from fleas on rats in trade caravans 2. One third of the population of Europe was wiped out during the Plague 3. The Plague was also known as the BUBONIC PLAGUE 4. Lack of sanitation and medical knowledge caused the plague to spread. People thought the plague was a punishment from God and that they should repent for their sins 5. Many people started to lose faith in the Catholic Church when prayers did not save loved ones from dying a painful death from the Plague 6. The song “Ring around the Rosies� was written about the Bubonic Plague

THE CRUSADES (Pg 56) In the 1050s, Muslims invaded the Byzantine Empire and conquered the Christian holy land of Palestine. The Christian Church soon called for Christians to drive the Muslims out of Palestine with the Crusades. People fought in the Crusades for many reasons. The Pope wanted to gain power, while nobles wanted to gain wealth and land. Many people also fought because they believed all their sins would be forgiven if they joined in the Crusades. Adventurers saw them as a chance to see new places, while serfs hoped that the Crusades were their opportunity to escape feudalism. 1. What did Christians fight to take back in the Crusades?___________________________ CAUSES 1. At the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II encouraged Christian bishops to take back the Holy Land of Palestine. 2. Pope hoped to gain power from Crusades 3. Christians believed that their sins would be forgiven if they fought

2. What were two main reasons why people fought in the Crusades? _______________________ _______________________ _______________________

4. Nobles hoped to gain wealth and land by fighting 5. Adventurers wanted travel and excitement 6. Serfs wanted an opportunity to escape their difficult lives.

3. *Praying and following directions of the priests *Following the sacraments *Paying a tax to the church *Fighting in the Crusades

What are the actions listed above examples of?___________________________________ 4. What was similar about the reasons that the adventurers and serfs fought in the Crusades?________________________________________________________________

5. Which cause of the crusades do you think inspired the most people to fight?____________________________________________________________________ Why?____________________________________________________________________          

THE CRUSADES RECRUITMENT POSTER(Pg 57) Using the information provided in class, and the notes on Pg 56 create a PROPAGANDA POSTER encouraging Christians to join the crusades. Your poster should include 1. At least THREE reasons why people should fight 2. At least THREE pictures or symbols 3. That you want to take back PALESTINE from the Muslims 4. Creativity        


CRUSADES MAP (Pg 58) 1. Circle the Holy Land on the map below 2. How would the crusades have led to cultural diffusion between Europe and the Middle East?                                              


THE CRUSADES Causes and Effects


CAUSES 1. At the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II encouraged Christian bishops to take back the Holy Land of Palestine.

2. Pope hoped to gain power from Crusades

3. Christians believed that their sins would be forgiven if they fought

4. Nobles hoped to gain wealth and land by fighting

5. Adventurers wanted travel and excitement

6. Serfs wanted an opportunity to escape their difficult lives.




Effects 1. Christians lost and did not gain the Holy Land 2. Hatred between Christians and Muslims

3. Trade increases as Europeans see new fabrics, spices and perfumes from the East

4. Popes and Feudal Kings became more powerful

5. People learn about other cultures 6. Europeans want to travel more

Circle the 2 effects that you think are most significant and explain why  _________________________________________________________  ______________________________________________________         

Byzantine Empire(Pg 60) Use the handout provided to answer the following questions Geographic Setting 1. As Germanic invaders weakened the western half, the __________________ part of the Roman Empire survived as the Byzantine Empire. 2. What capital city did Constantine create in 330? 3. Which two seas did the Bosporus connect? 4. Constantinople controlled key trade routes that linked _______________ to ________________ 5. What influences did the Byzantines combine? Achievements 6. Who was Justinian? 7. What did Justinian’s code include? 8. What are icons? 9. What are mosaics? 10. Which church was very important to Byzantine life? 11. A permanent Schism occurred between which two religions?

Preservation of Greco-Roman 12. What was the Byzantine Empire a symbol of? 13. What did the Byzantine Empire preserve? 14. The Byzantine Empire is well-known for preserving _____________ and ____________ culture. Â


1. me did the Byzantines B have h the larggest empire? 1.During which tim 2. What happened to o the Byzantiine Empire over o time? 3. Why was w Constan ntinople such h an importaant location? 4. What might have caused the Byzantine B Em mpire to deccline?                


Byzantine Vocabulary (Pg 62) Term Definition Justinian’s Code


Great Schism


Collection of Roman laws organized by Byzantine Emperor Justinian that would serve as a model for later laws Ruler who has complete authority

The official split between the Catholic Church in the West and the Orthodox Christian Church in the east Capital of Medieval Russia that was greatly influenced by Byzantine through trade

Cyrillic Alphabet

Byzantine Alphabet the was derived from the Greeks


Title of the ruler of the Russian Empire


Pictures made from inlaid pieces of stone

Picture/Explain in your own words/Example

BYZANTINES INFLUENCE RUSSIA (Pg 63) Why they influenced them The city of Kiev was located on the Dneiper River which made trade with Byzantine Empire easy

Written language Byzantine missionaries gave Russia a written language called the Cyrillic language. This language is still used in Russia and other countries in Europe today.

Orthodox Christianity Byzantine missionaries carried Orthodox Christianity into Russia and other countries of Eastern Europe. The Orthodox faith remains a powerful force in the region today Autocratic Government The autocratic rule that began with Justinian became a large part of Russian government. Arts and Architecture Russian adopted religious art, music and architecture from the Byzantines. This included icons and mosaics.

Which was the most important contribution that the Byzantine Empire gave to the Russians?

BYZANTINE EMPIRE FALLS/ RISE OF RUSSIA(Pg 64) Use pg. 287 in your textbook to answer the following questions

Constantinople Falls to the Turks 1. Who surrounded the city of Constantinople in 1453? 2. The ancient city of Constantinople was renamed ________________ and became capital of the _____________ Empire. THE END OF BYZANTINE EMPIRE -------------------------------------------------------------------------Use pg. 291-293 to answer the following questions

The GoLden Horde Advances 3. Who looted and burned Kiev and other Russian towns between 1236 and 1241? The Mongols exert influence (last sentence on pg. 291) 4. What did Mongol rule cut Russia off from? Moscow takes the lead 5. Which city became not only Russia’s political center, but its religious center as well? Success of ivan the Great 6. Who was a driving force behind Moscow’s success? Ivan the Terrible Establishes Absolute power 7. Who was the first Russian Ruler officially crown czar?

8. Explain two things that Ivan IV did once he became increasingly unstable.

9. What title was given to Ivan IV?

ISLAMIC GOLDEN AGE NOTES (Pg 65) Rotate around the room and view what other students have created to represent a contribution from the Islamic Golden Age. Explain 3 major contributions below Write the number of the Contribution Poster that you think is the best at the bottom of the page

THE RISE OF ISLAM (Pg 66) Use pgs. 304-306 in your textbook to answer the following questions

MUHAMMAD BECOMES A PROPHET 1. Muhammad was born in the oasis town of _________________ around AD 570 2. What helped make Mecca’s merchants wealthy? Muhammad becomes God’s Messenger 3. What important experience did Muhammad have when he was 40 years old? 4. His wife named_____________________ encouraged him to accept the call. She became the first convert to the faith called ____________. 5. What is the word for God in Arabic? The Hijira: A Turning Point 6. In 622, faced with the threat of murder, Muhammad and his followers left ________ for Yathrib, a journey known as the ________________ 7. Later Yathrib was renamed ______________ which means “City of the ______________” TEACHINGS OF ISLAM 8. What is the sacred text of Islam? 9. Which other prophets do Muslims believe god sent? Muslims follow duties 10. List the 5 pillars of Islam

11. What is the Hajj? 12. What are two meanings of Jihad?

Islam’s Current Events Article (Pg 67) Find a current event from the news that mentions ISLAM and glue it into this page. (If it is too long, you can fold it over and glue one side) Write a summary of the article under the article. You may go onto the next page if needed

Islam Vocabulary (Pg 68) Term Koran

Definition Islamic Holy Book


Capital during Islamic Golden Age


Holy place of worship for Muslims


Pilgrimage to Mecca that Muslims are expected to make as part of their 5 pillars


Elite Ottoman fighting force


Religion created by Indian Holy man , Nank. It combined Hinduism and Islam

Picture/ Way to remember it

Akbar the Great (Pg 69)

Using your textbook , write 5 facts describing What made Akbar so great?

Circle the fact about Akbar that you feel is most important

The Delhi Sultanate and Mughal India (Pg70) Use pgs. 324-328 in your textbook to complete the following questions The sultan of Delhi Defeats the Hindus

1. In the late 1100s, the _____________or Muslim ruler, of Ghur defeated Hindu armies across the northern plain and made _____________ his capital. 2. What did the Delhi Sultanate, that lasted from 1206 to 1526 mark the start of? 3. What are three reasons why the Muslim invaders triumphed? Muslim Rule Changes Indian Government and Society

4. Many _____________, ________________and _______________ migrated to India to serve as soldiers and officials. Trade between India and Muslim lands __________________. The Sultans Lose Power 5. After the Sultans lost power, northern India was fragmented into rival _______________ and ______________ states. Muslims and Hindus Clash Hindu Muslim Differences In the chart below, write 3 facts about Hindu and Muslim beliefs in the chart below Hinduism 1. 2. 3.

Muslim (Islam) 1. 2. 3.

A Blending of Cultures 6. Why would people in low Hindu castes convert to Islam? 7. What did an Indian holy man named Nanak try to do and what religion did he create? Mughal India Babur founds the Mughal Dynasty 8. Who set up the Mughal dynasty that ruled from 1526-1857? Akbar the Great 9. During his long reign from 1556-1605 Babur’s grandson Akbar created a _________________ ________________ _______________________, earning the title Akbar the Great. Akbar’s Successors 10. What did Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan build for his wife who had passed away?



Which branch of Islam do most Muslims follow?

Ottoman and Safavid Empires (Pg 72) Use pgs. 329-333 in your textbook to complete the following questions

The Ottoman Empire Expands 1. Like the earlier Seljuks, the Ottomans were a _________________-speaking nomadic people who migrated from Central __________________ into southwest Asia Minor. Constantinople falls to the Ottomans 2. After several failed attempts to conquer Constantinople, _________________II finally succeeded in 1453. 3. What did the Turks rename Constantinople? Suleiman the Magnificent 4. What are three reasons why Suleiman was considered Magnificent?

Ottoman Culture 5. Ottoman law was based on the ___________________,supplemented by royal edicts. Society is organized into social classes 6. What were the four social classes of the Ottoman empire? 1. “men of________________________�: 2. 3. 4. 7. What were the Janizaries?

Decline of the Ottomans 8. What were 2 reasons why the Ottoman Empire declined?

The Safavid Empire 9. The Safavids were sandwiched between which two expansionist powers?

10. The Safavids were ___________ muslims. The Ottomans were ______________ Muslims who despised the Shiites as heretics. Abbas the Great 11. What was one reason Abbas was considered great?

12. The Safavids established Shiism firmly in Iran and gave _______________ a strong sense of their own identity


Source: 1. Which type of map is shown above? Political or Physical 2. What are two things you notice about the continent of Africa from looking at the map above?

3. List 5 rivers in Africa____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________Â 4. What are the three major deserts in the continent of Africa? __________________________________________________________________________________

GEOGRAPHY AND AFRICA (Pg 74) Use pgs. 340-341 in your textbook to answer the following questions

The Influence of Geography 1. Africa’s size and location contribute to its wide range of _________________, vegetations, and _______________. This variety had greatly influenced the ________________ of culture found in Africa Geographic Patterns 2. What is a Savanna? 3. Africa’s geographic features also influenced cultural development by acting as _______________ or ___________________ to easy movement of people, goods and ideas. 4. What four things hindered (slowed) easy movement of people in Africa? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Which seas provided overseas trade route for Africans? Resources Spur Trade 6. Which four items were valuable to early trade and brought great wealth and power to African trading cities? 1. 2. 3. 4. People and Ideas Migrate The Sahara Dries Out 7. Which process devoured thousands of acres of cropland and pastureland in the Sahara? 8. What were people forced to do when desertification occurred? The Bantu Migrations 9. What contributed to the rich diversity of cultures in Africa?

10. As they migrated into southern Africa, the ___________-speakers spread their skills in farming, ironworking and domesticating animals.

AFRICAN KINGDOMS (Pg 75) African Kingdoms Nubia

Geography (Access to water) South of Egypt on Nile River

Government King Piankhi

Culture Adopted many Egyptian traditions like pyramids

Capital City

Items Traded


Gold, ivory, perfumes, animal skins, and enslaved people


Cotton, Gold and Salt

Kumbi Saleh






Worshipped a lionheaded warrior god Egypt

Nile River

Pharaoh who is considered god on earth

Hieroglyphics writing system

King presided over elaborate cermonies

Called “the land of gold�

Impressive architecture including pyramids Used mummification



Between the Niger and Senegal Rivers

Senegal River and Niger River

Founded by Sundiata MANSA MUSA expanded Empire and spread Islam


Niger River

Sonni Ali Askia Muhammad

Muslim merchants spread their ideas in Ghana Many converted to Islam, but Mansa Musa also allowed religious tolerance

Aski Muhammad spread Islam Mosques and schools set up to study Quran

West African Kingdoms: Ghana, Mali, Songhai (Pg 76) Use pgs. 346-350 to answer the following questions Trade in the Sahara Surplus leads to trade

1. As the Sahara dried out, some Neolithic people migrated southward into the ___________________ an area of grasslands that was good for farming. 2. What is a surplus? Trading Gold and Salt

3. Which two products dominated the Sahara trade? 1. 2.


Ghana:The Land of Gold 4. The Kingdom of Ghana was located between which two rivers? Influence of Islam(pg.348)

5. What three things did Muslims introduce to Ghana? The Kingdom of Mali Mansa Musa Rules Mali

6. Where caravan routes crossed, town like ______________________ mushroomed into great trading cities. 7. Who was the greatest ruler of the kingdom of Mali? 8. What religion did Mansa Musa convert to? The Hajj of Mansa Musa

9. What was one accomplishment that Mansa Musa had on his Hajj? A New Empire in Songhai Extending the Empire

10. Which river did Songhai develop near? 11. What type of a dynasty did Askia Muhammad set up? 12. What did Mansa Musa and Askia Muhammad have in common? (pg. 350)

MIGRATIONS IN AFRICA (Pg 77) IBN BATTUTA Using pgs 354-355 write 3 facts about Ibn Battuta below 1. 2. 3.. Then, draw where Ibn Battuta’s migrations took him on the map below


1. What are a few reasons why people might migrate? _________________________________________________________________ 2. What happened when Mansa Musa traveled across northern Africa? __________________________________________________________________ 3. What is another example of a group migrating in Africa? ___________________________________________________________________

AFRICAN VOCABULARY (Pg 78) Term Definition

Sahara Desert

Desert in Africa that is roughly the size of the United States.


Area at the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. Each year the Sahara Desert takes over more and more of it.


Most people in Africa live in these grassy plains. These cover about 40 percent of the continent.


Religion that includes the belief in the spirits in nature.


African storyteller. They kept African history alive by passing it to later generations.


Group that migrated through southern Africa in search of food. They spread the Bantu language as they traveled.


Spreading of the desert. Caused by 1.) Deforestation (cutting down trees) and 2.) overgrazing of animals

Picture/ Describe in your own words

DESERTIFICATION IN AFRICA TODAY (Pg. 79) Glue in a section of a current events news article about Desertification in Africa Summarize the article briefly below Explain 1 impact that desertification has on societies

PROBLEMS IN AFRICA TODAY (Pg 80) Using information provided in class or articles from the website write a paragraph describing 1.) one major problem in an area of Africa, 2.) the specific country impacted by that problem 3.)what could be done to solve it


Source: 1. List 4 cities that the Mongol Empire took over ______________________________________________________________________________

2. In which continent was most of the Mongol Empire located?


Mongols Stabilize Silk Road (Pg 82)


The Mongol Empire destroyed a great number of toll‐gates and corruption of the Silk Road; therefore passing  through the historic trade route became more convenient, easier and safer than ever before. The Mongolian  emperors welcomed the travelers of the West with open arms, and appointed some foreigners high positions,  for example, Kublai Khan gave Marco Polo a hospitable welcome and appointed him a high post in his court. At  that time, the Mongolian emperor issued a special VIP passport known as "Golden Tablet” which entitled  holders to receive food, horses and guides throughout the Khan’s dominion. The holders were able to travel  freely and carried out trade between East and the West directly in the realm of the Mongol Empire.  Source:‐road/history/    1. Name one impact that the Mongols made on the Silk Road__________________________________________   

2. What did the Mongols do to encourage westerners to travel the silk road? _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 3. (NOT IN THE READING ABOVE) How would an increase in trade on the Silk Road help the Mongol (Yuan) Empire? _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________

Mongol Notes (Pg 83) 1. Write down 6 facts you learned about the Mongol empire from the video clip shown in class. If you are not in class, write six facts you learned from reading pgs. 376-380 in your textbook. 2. Circle two of the facts that you think are the most important to know about the Mongol Empire

MONGOL AND MING (Pg 84) Use pgs. 376-382 to answer the following questions MONGOL ARMIES BUILD AN EMPIRE 1. What is a STEPPE? 2. What does “Genghis Khan” mean? Mongols Invade China 3. What about Genghis Khan’s leadership made his army so successful? 4.What problems did Mongols have when they attacked China? 5. What protected India from invasion? Rulers establish Order and Peace 6. What did Mongols ask be paid to them by the people they conquered? 7. Describe the period of PAX MONGOLICA.

8. Under the protection of the Mongols, who now controlled the great _________ ____________, trade flourished across Eurasia. 9. Name two goods that reached Europe from China. CHINA UNDER MONGOL RULE 10. Who conquered the Song dynasty in 1279? 11. What areas did Kublai Khan rule when he created the Yuan Dynasty? Jump ahead to pg. 379 THE MING RESTORE CHINESE RULE 12. What helped Zhu Yuanzhang to defeat the Mongols and create the Ming dynasty.


1. What is one thing you notice about the map of Marco Polo’s travels? __________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Which two continents did Marco Polo travel between?

3. What is one outcome that usually occurs when people travel like Marco Polo did? (Crusaders, Bantus etc)


WHO WAS MARCO POLO? (PG 86) The most famous European to visit China was a young Venetian trader, Marco Polo. He traveled by caravan on the silk road with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275. Polo had learned several Asian languages in his travels, and Kublai Khan sent him to various Chinese cities on government missions. Polo served the Great Khan for 17 years. In 1292, the Polos left China and made the long journey back to Venice, Italy. Later, during a war against Venice’s rival city, Genoa, Marco Polo was captured and imprisoned. In prison, he had time to tell the full story of his travels and adventures. To his awed listeners, he spoke of China’s fabulous cities, it fantastic wealth , and the strange things he had seen there. He mentioned the burning of “black stones” (coal) in Chinese homes. (Coal was little known fuel in Europe). He also recorded the practical workings of Kublai’s government and aspects of Chinese life. A fellow prisoner gathered Polo’s stories into a book. It was an instant success in Europe…. Source: World History:Patterns of interaction

1.Which area did Marco Polo travel to?___________________________________________________

2.What is one fact about China that he shared with his listeners?_______________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 3. How might people have responded when they read the stories of Marco Polo? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. What did Ibn Battuta (Notebook Pg77) and Marco Polo have in common? ____________________________________________________________________________________

SHINTO AND ZEN BUDDHISM (Pg 87) Using the notes provided in class write at least 4 facts about the religions of Shinto and Zen Buddhism. Then, draw a picture to represent each religion. SHINTO 1. Belief in the forces of nature 2. Means “Way of the Gods” 3. Shinto worshippers worship the “Kami” which are divine spirits that dwell in nature. Source: 4. Any unusually beautiful, tree, rock or waterfall was known as the home of ‘Kami” 5. Still part of Japanese culture today

ZEN BUDDHISM 1. It greatly influence the Samurai (Japanese wariors) 2. Sought spiritual Enlightenment from meditation 3. Strict discipline of mind and body was the path to wisdom 4. Zen Monks would sit in meditation for hours. 5. Influenced Japanese culture today

TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE AND JAPANESE FEUDALISM (Pg 88) Use pgs. 390-394 to answer the following questions THE HEIAN PERIOD 1. Briefly describe the Heian Period

WARRIORS ESTABLISH FEUDALISM 2. What does SAMURAI mean? 3. What was BUSHIDO and what did it emphasize? 4. Who had the lowest social status in Feudal Japan?

JAPAN HOLD OFF MONGOLS 5. What stopped the Mongols from taking over Japan in 1274 and 1281?

THE TOKUGAWAS UNITE JAPAN Use pg. 393 6. The Tokugawas created a ________________, ________________ society. THEY ISOLATED JAPAN FROM OTHER AREAS The Economy Booms 7. Explain three ways that the Tokugawa Shogunate was successful in Japan NOT IN BOOK:   8. How is Bushido under Japanese Feudalism similar to Chivalry under European Feudalism?               

JA APANESE SO OCIAL CLASSES (Pg 89)                                                                                    Source: w 

1. According tto the chart above, how w much politiical power ddid the Empeeror of Japan n actually haave?  ____________ ___________ __________ ___________ ___________ _______________________________________  2. Who was the supreme military leader of the co ountry?___________________________________________    3. What is sim milar about Japanese Feu udalism social classes annd European n Feudalism social classees  (n notebook Pgg 48)?  ____________ ___________ __________ ___________ ___________ _______________________________________  4. What is unique about tthe role of m merchants in n the Japane se social class system?  ___________ __________ ___________ ___________ _______________________________________  ____________      


  Source:                                  1. From looking at the map to the left, why has Japan been influenced greatly by Korea and China?  ___________________________________________________________________________________________  2.  What problems might the mountainous terrain shown in the map to the right cause?  ___________________________________________________________________________________________  3. What is one conclusion we can draw about Japan from looking at the maps above?  _____________________________________________________________________________________       


The Renaissance  began in Italian City‐ states 

Source: 1. What is one thing that you notice about the map above? 2. Why do you think the Renaissance began in Italy? 3. Why would the Renaissance bring back both Greek and Roman ideas?    

RENAISSANCE VOCAB AND KEY PEOPLE (Pg 92) Draw a picture or give an example for the Vocabulary words below. Example/ Picture to help you remember Vocabulary term Definition Time of creativity and change which RENAISSANCE


marked a shift from agriculture to Urban society *It encouraged a spirit of questioning Study of classical Greek and Roman culture with emphasis on the achievements of individuals Subjects like grammar, poetry and history that had been taught in Greek and Roman schools


Financial supporter of the arts


Making distant objects look smaller than those close to the viewer to create a three-dimensional picture

Write the name of the person who created the accomplishments below *Dissected corpses to see how muscles _________________ work * Created Last Supper and Mona Lisa *Made sketches of flying machines and submarines well before they were ever invented

*Created a painting called the Pieta _________________ which shows the Virgin Mary cradling her son Jesus after he was killed *Created a sculpture called David *Painted mural on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome *Wrote a book called The Prince which was a guide for rulers on how to get and maintain power. *Said that the “ends justifies the means”

RENAISSANCE ART APPRECIATION (Pg 93) EXAMPLES #1 Leonardo Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa What do you see?

What does it tell us about the Renaissance?

EXAMPLES #2 Michaelangelo’s David What do you see?

What does it tell us about the Renaissance?

EXAMPLES #3 Leonardo Da Vinci’s Last Supper What do you see?

What does it tell us about the Renaissance?

EXAMPLES #4 Michaelangelo’s La Pieta What do you see?

What does it tell us about the Renaissance?

Martin Fakebook (pg94) Pg 94 Who Luther’s was Martin Luther Home Search Browse Invite Help Logout Name: Martin Luther  Birthday: November 10th 1484   


Eisleben, Germany 

Relationship Status:  Married to Katharina Von Bora  Political Views:   

Religious Views:  

Status Update  Friends 

Information  Activities: 


Favorite Music:  

Favorite Books:  

Favorite Quotations: 



General Brown Theses (Pg 95) In the 95 Theses , Martin Luther listed the problems that he had with the Catholic Church. He PROTESTED problems with the Catholic church and tried to REFORM them In the space provided, write 10 issues that you Protest in your school district that you would like to see REFORMED. Be ready to explain how these should be reformed and why. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Protestant Reformation Vocabulary (pg 96) REFORMATION VOCAB AND PEOPLE Term

Indulgences Predestination

Definition Pardons for sins committed. Originally received only through good works. Eventually the church let people buy them The idea that God had long ago determined who would gain salvation.


A government run by church officials


Recognized as a saint

Act of Supremacy

Parliament passed this pact in 1534 which made King Henry VIII “the only supreme head on earth of the church of England�



Martin Luther

A German monk who Wrote the 95 theses to protest indulgence in the Catholic Church. He started the Protestant Reformation Holy Roman Emperor who summoned Luther to a diet at the city of worms. He ordered Luther to give up his views and writings. Luther refused and Charles V declared him at outlaw. It was then a crime to give Luther food or shelter. Created the Protestant Religion of Calvinism. Believed in predestination, stressed hard work, discipline, honesty and morality. Created the Protestant Anglican Church. Declared he was the head of the church in the Act of Supremacy

Charles V

John Calvin

Henry VIII

Picture/explain in your own words


Pg 97

Loss of Unity in the Catholic Church

Based on the Chart above, What is one effect of the Protestant Reformation?

WHAT WAS THE GREATEST INVENTION IN HISTORY? (Pg 98) In my opinion, the printing press is by far the most important invention in history. When Johann Gutenberg used the printing press to print the first book in the mid 1400s, history was changed forever. He printed the Bible first, however many books were created soon after. I have listed some reasons why the printing press is the most significant invention of all time. Johann Gutenberg used the  printing press to create 

books. Moveable metal  type had already been opinions.  

1. Books could be made quickly and cheaply. This made them readily available to a large number of people. 2. Books printed with the printing press raised literacy rates in many areas. The more people read, the more they developed their own ideas and opinions


3. Major event in history that had a huge impact on our lives would not have occurred if the printing press had not spread ideas. The printing press Source: spread a questioning spirit. The 95 thesis that started the Protestant Reformation and the ideas of the Enlightenment were all spread with the Printing Press. These ideas greatly impacted religions and government. Do you agree or disagree that the printing press is the most important invention in history? (Circle one) AGREE or DISAGREE If you agree, write down 4 more reasons why the printing press is the most important invention in History. If you disagree, write down which invention you think is more important than the printing press. Then, explain 4 reasons why the invention you have chosen is more important. INVENTION THAT IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN THE PRINTING PRESS________________________ 1___________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________

2.___________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3.___________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4.___________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

Protestant Reformation Paragraph (Pg99) *Write a detailed paragraph describing two major effects of the Protestant Reformation. *Be sure to use specific people, and vocabulary and EXPLAIN those terms.

CATHOLIC REFORMATION/COUNTER-REFORMATION (Pg 100) Use pg. 431-433 in your textbook to answer the following questions THE CATHOLIC REFORMATION 1. Who led the Catholic Reformation? 2. What was one change that the Pope made during the Catholic Reformation? Council of Trent 3. What did the Council of Trent do to end abuses in the church? Empowering the Inquisition 4. What did the inquisition use to root out heresy? 5. Whose books were included on the Index of Forbidden Books? Founding of the Jesuits 6. Who was Ignatius of Loyola? 7. Jesuits embarked on a crusade to ____________ and _____________the catholic faith worldwide. 8. Where did Jesuit missionaries spread their Catholic Faith? Teresa of Avila 9. What did Teresa of Avila establish? Legacy of Catholic Reformation 10. What did the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Reformation stir up? Not in Book 11. How did the Printing Press contribute to the Reformation and Catholic Reformation? 12. What does reform mean?

13. After viewing the video clip presented in class, describe the Inquisition in your own words.


Source: 1. What is one thing you notice about the map above? __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Based on the map above and class discussion, most of the exploration started from which two countries? _________________________________________


Explorers during the Age of Exploration



Why they explored

Area explored

Prince Henry

Sponsored exploration in Portugal

He sent explorers around Africa

Batholomeu Dias Vasco Da Gama Chris Columbus

Explored for Portugal. He rounded the southern tip of Africa Went around Africa to reach India Sponsored by Spain to reach India

*Convert people to Christianity *Easier route to Asia to find riches *Find an easier route to Asia to gain riches


Ferdinand Magellan

Sailed for Spain. His crew was the first to navigate the globe

*Find an easier route to Asia to gain riches *Convert people to Christianity *Find an easier route to Asia to gain riches *To circumnavigate the globe *Gain riches from the Pacific

Southern tip of Africa


Philippines and areas of the Pacific

1. According to the chart above, which 2 countries sponsored the most exploration?_________________________________________________ 2. What were 2 common reasons why people explored?________________ _____________________________________________________________

Vocab words to know Term


Cartographer Circumnavigate


Line of Demarcation

Pope Alexander VI Created this line to divide the world into two zones. Spain had trading rights West of the line and Portugal had trading rights East of the line Treaty signed by Spain and Portugal which said that they agreed to the Line of Demarcation

Treaty of Tordesillas

Sail around the world

Picture of describe in your own words


Encomienda System: Forced natives to labor for Spanish conquistadores Write three ways Spanish Conquistadores like Hernan Cortes might VIEW the Encomienda system and write three ways Bartolome de Las Casas might VIEW the Encomienda system


Hernan Cortes  








Bartolome De  Las Casas  

SPANISH COLONIES (Pg 104) Copy the Spanish Social class system from the board in the space below

Source: Why would Natives/Slaves/ Mestizos and Mulattoes feel that this system was unfair?

Source: Color the map areas under Spanish control red Color the areas under Portuguese control yellow Color the areas under French control blue

COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE (Pg 105) YOU ARE A MEMBER OF THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE. YOU WILL TRAVELING ACROSS THE OCEAN AND EXCHANGING GOODS WITH PEOPLE ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE WORLD. DIRECTIONS: When you are told to do so, you will take one item from the back of the room and give it as a gift to someone in the Eastern Hemisphere. They will record information about that item and then they will return the item to the back of the room. During the next round, an item will be brought to you to from the Eastern Hemisphere. Record information about that item below. The same process will then continue three more times.

ITEM #1 ITEM RECEIVED:____________________________________ DO YOU LIKE THE GIFT?_________ IN WHICH WAY WOULD THE ITEM IMPACT YOUR LIFE?______________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ ITEM #2 ITEM RECEIVED:____________________________________ DO YOU LIKE THE GIFT?_________ IN WHICH WAY WOULD THE ITEM IMPACT YOUR LIFE?______________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ ITEM #3 ITEM RECEIVED:____________________________________ DO YOU LIKE THE GIFT?_________ IN WHICH WAY WOULD THE ITEM IMPACT YOUR LIFE?______________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ ITEM #4 ITEM RECEIVED:____________________________________ DO YOU LIKE THE GIFT?_________ IN WHICH WAY WOULD THE ITEM IMPACT YOUR LIFE?______________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Question: What was a major impact of the COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

Parliament Limits King’s Power in England (Pg 106) Use pgs. 517-522 to answer the following questions PARLIAMENT RESPONDS

1.What did Parliament insist that Charles I sign so that he could not raise taxes or jail anyone without legal justification? 2. What did Charles do after signing the document?

FIGHTING A CIVIL WAR 3. What were those in favor of Charles I called? 4. What were the forced of Parliament called because their hair was cut close to their head? 5. What was a difference between the Cavaliers and the Roundheads? 6. Who was the leader of the Roundheads? 7. Who won the battle between Charles I Cavaliers and Cromwell’s Roundheads? 8. What happened to Charles I?

CROMWELL AND THE COMMONWEALTH 9. What did Oliver Cromwell do to the Irish Catholics?

Puritans: A Sobering Influence 10. Which group gained a new voice in society after the English Civil War? 11. What are three changes that Puritans made in England? 12. Who was RESTORED to the Monarchy during the RESTORATION?

FROM RESTORATION TO GLORIOUS REVOLUTION James II is forced to flee 13. Who took the throne after Charles II? 14. What did many protestants fear that James II would do? 15. How many people were killed in the Glorious Revolution? 16. What happened during the Glorious Revolution? The English Bill of Rights 17. What did the English Bill of Rights do? A Limited Monarchy 18. The Glorious Revolution created a Limited Monarchy. What is a limited Monarchy?


ABSOLUTE MONARCHS (Pg 107)  DIRECTIONS: Draw a picture in the space at the left to represent something about the Absolute ruler described. ABSOLUTISM: Autocratic rulers had complete authority over the government and the lives of the people in their nation. AKBAR THE GREAT was an absolute ruler of the Mughal Empire strengthened the central Government, modernized the Army encouraged trade, and introduced land reform. AKBAR also encouraged religious tolerance between different religions in India. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CHARLES V was the Absolute king of Spain and Holy Roman Empire. Threats from France, German Protestants, and the Ottoman Empire. He gave up his title in 1556. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PHILIP II ruled over Spain from 1556-1598. He wanted to control all aspects of government and believed that he ruled by Divine Right. According to divine right, the king got his authority to rule directly from god. Spanish rule declined as rulers spent too much money on war overseas. The Spanish neglected business at home and the people lost faith in the government. KING LOUIS XIV was an absolute ruler of France. Louis XIV took the sun as a symbol of his power and love for the arts. His claim to absolute power was strengthened by a man named Boussuet Boussuet claimed that the king was entitled to unquestioning obedience Louis XIV: 1. expanded bureaucracy 2. Built Palace at Versailles 3. Organized strong army 4. persecuted Protestants Louis XIV built the incredible Palace of Versailles for himself and his nobles. Louis XIV made France wealthy, but left France in debt. Many peasants starved as a result of his rule. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Czar Ivan IV used extreme absolute power and was called “Ivan the Terrible”. Ivan the terrible: organized brutal and cruel police force ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  Peter the Great: czar of Russia who tried to modernize and Westernize. He traveled to western cities and brought back ideas on how to westernize Russia. This included Western dress and required Russians to shave their beards. He sometimes used force and terror to achieve his goals. Peter created capital of St. Petersburg and gained control of the Russian Orthodox Church. He expanded the Russia Empire and desperately tried to gain a WARM-WATER Port from the Ottoman Empire. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Catherine the Great: Absolute leader of Russia that gained power after her mentally unstable huisband, Tsar Peter III was murdered. She also embraced western ideas and embraced the Russian Orthodox faith Catherine was able to gain a warm-water port on the Baltic Sea

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------QUESTIONS: 1. What do all of the Absolute rulers have in common? 2, Which Absolute ruler do you think is most interesting and why?      

Louis XIV Palace of Versailles Tour (Pg 108)   Visit the webpage‐building/chateau‐de‐ versailles and click through the virtual tour and answer the questions  below  1.  How would you describe Louis XIV's Palace of Versailles?                                                                                                                       Source:    2. What part of the Palace did you find most impressive?    3. What part of the Palace do you think was the most expensive?     4.  What does the Palace of Versailles tell us about King Louis XIV?    5. Why might Louis XIV have been called "The Sun King"?    6. Why might poor peasants in France be upset by the elaborate Palace of Versailles?                 

Peter the Great Modernized Russia (Pg 109)  From the reform in beards we may pass to that of clothes. Their garments, like those of the Orientals, were very long, reaching to the heel. The tsar issued an ordinance abolishing that costume, commanding all the boyars [i.e., the nobles] and all those who had positions at court to dress after the French fashion, and likewise to adorn their clothes with gold or silver according to their means. As for the rest of the people, the following method was employed. A suit of clothes cut according to the new fashion was hung at the gate of the city, with a decree enjoining upon all except peasants to have their clothes made on this model, upon penalty of being forced to kneel and have all that part of their garments which fell below the knee cut off, or pay two grives every time they entered the town with clothes in the old style. Since the guards at the gates executed their duty in curtailing the garments in a sportive spirit, the people were amused and readily abandoned their old dress, especially in Moscow and its environs, and in the towns which the tsar often visited. The dress of the women was changed, too. English hairdressing was substituted for the caps and bonnets hitherto worn; bodices, stays, and skirts, for the former undergarments. . . The same ordinance also provided that in the future women, as well as men, should be invited to entertainments, such as weddings, banquets, and the like, where both sexes should mingle in the same hall, as in Holland and England. It was likewise added that these entertainments should conclude with concerts and dances, but that only those should be admitted who were dressed in English costumes. His Majesty set the example in all these changes. . .

Source: Jean Rousset de Missy, Life of Peter the Great, c. 1730

1. What was one change that Peter the Great insisted on in Russia? __________________________________________________________________

2. Which countries did he model the style of dress after? ___________________________________________________________________ Draw a picture to show how Russia changed after Peter the Great's reforms


PETER THE GREAT MODERNIZES RUSSIA (Pg 110) Use pgs 530-533 in your textbook to answer the following questions: Journey to the West 1. How did Peter set out to learn about western ways himself?

2. Who did Peter bring to Russia? 3. What did Peter adopt with his policy of Westernization? 4. Peter was the most autocratic of Europe’s absolute monarchs. What does this mean? Controlling the Church and the Nobles 5. Who were the Boyars? 6. What did Peter the great do to the system of serfdom? Modernizing with force 7. List 4 social and economic reforms that Peter the Great pushed in Russia.

8. What did Peter the Great do to those who resisted westernization? PETER EXPANDS RUSSIA’S BORDER Seeking a warm water port 9. Why did Peter desperately want a warm-water port? 10. Was Peter able to gain a warm water port on the Black Sea? Building St. Petersburg 11. What did St. Petersburg become a great symbol of? Peter the Great’s Legacy 12. List 5 impacts of Peter’s mixed legacy on Russia 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Catharine the Great (Pg 111) Use pgs 534-535 in your textbook to answer the following questions

Rise to Power 1. How did Catherine the Great end up getting the throne from her husband? An enlightened ruler 2. What were 3 accomplishments of Catherine the Great?

A ruthless Absolute Monarch 3. What did Catherine do when peasants rebelled against the harsh burdens of serfdom? Source:

4. What was Catherine able to gain from the Russo-Turkish war against the Ottoman empire? 5. Where else did she try to seize territory? The Partitions of Poland 6. Explain the Partition that was decided upon by Catherine, King Frederick II of Prussia and Joseph II of Austria. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CRITICAL THINKING COMPARING PETER THE GREAT TO CATHERINE THE GREAT 1. If you had to grade Peter the Great as a ruler out of a score of 100%, which grade would you give him?___________ Why?

2. If you had to grade Catherine the Great as a ruler out of a score of 100%, which grade would you give her?__________ Why? ________________________________________________________________________________

3. What were two things that Peter the Great and Catherine the Great had in common? 1. 2. Â

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Global 9 notebook  

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