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Why Us? Find out the ambitions behind Iraq’s cruel leader

What are we and more everyday find doing about it? More themselves asking this

By Jess Jacobson In 1990, Kuwait was invaded by the Iraqi army. Kuwait was thrown into a war that they didn’t want to be in. The Iraqi army attacked Kuwait for three reasons. Iraq wanted their oil, Iraq wanted a better front against Saudi Arabia, and Iraq owed Kuwait money. Iraq attacked Kuwait to become a stronger oil power in the world. Iraq is in the top 10 on amount of oil owned in the world, and so is Kuwait. If Iraq had all of the oil that Kuwait had with theirs, then Iraq would be in the top three in the world. That would then put Iraq into a monopoly of oil. Iraq had their wallet in mind when they attacked Kuwait. Iraq had future goals in mind when they invaded Kuwait. Iraq wanted to get Saudi Arabia after they took over Kuwait. Saudi Arabia has the most oil in the world and if Iraq owned Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, then Iraq would own half of the world’s oil. Iraq would have a massive and dangerous monopoly. Iraq planned ahead when they took over Kuwait. Iraq attacked Kuwait because they were in debt. Iraq owed Kuwait 80 billion dollars from Kuwait helping Iraq financially during the Iran-Iraq war. Iraq couldn’t pay them, so they decided that they didn’t need to if they owned Kuwait. Iraq, having the larger armed forces 10 to 1, overtook the small country of Kuwait easily. Iraq had to settle their debt with force. Iraq Attacked Kuwait for their oil, for a better front against Saudi Arabia, and to settle their debt. They thought that they could control the world’s oil without opposition. Then the money would no longer be a factor for them. But in the end, Iraq was rudely awakened.

Kuwait was the victim of an ignorant country of Iraq. Iraq invaded Kuwait for their own foolish reasons, and would eventually be defeated during the Persian Gulf War. Kuwait played a role in the defeat of Iraq starting with their retreat from the invasion of Iraq, leading to the monarchy fleeing, to lastly Kuwait teaming up with the UN forces to defeat Iraq. On August 2, 1990 Iraq invaded a defenseless, small country of Kuwait, marking the beginning of the Persian Gulf War. Kuwait's early involvement in the war was mainly them retreating from the large Iraq army. Kuwait's small army was no match for Iraq's. With a small army of less than 15,000 soldiers Kuwait couldn't handle 150,000 invading forces of the Iraq army. With this being the situation, Kuwait put up little to no resistance and the complete take over by Iraq only took two days. The complete take over resulted in Kuwait's monarchy fleeing, and Iraq placing a government that heavily backed them.

By Collin Zweifel

The quick take over of Kuwait resulted in the current leader, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, and his council fleeing to Saudi Arabia within a few hours. From a small hotel in Saudi Arabia, he successfully stayed in contact with the people in Kuwait. He made an organized resistance with both civilians and military, on the controlling Iraq forces. Along with an armed resistance he also set up public service systems, like emergency services. Even when outside of the country the Kuwait monarchy was still able to establish a resistance, and help the UN coalition forces.

Kuwait also helped the UN forces against the opposing Iraqi army. Operating from Saudi Arabia, the Kuwait government coordinated with the United States in trying to get other countries to help in the fight against Iraq. This help showed when over 30 countries had joined the coalition against Iraq. Along with trying to get people into the conflict, they were also involved in pushing Iraq back. Kuwait fought along with the US, Great Britain, Canada and other Middle Eastern countries, in Operation Desert Storm. The operation was a large success lasting only 6 weeks, with only one dead soldier from Kuwait. Even though Kuwait had been invaded by a strong Iraq army, they came back stronger than ever and with the help of the UN, they pushed Iraq back to their home land. Kuwait was heavily involved in the Persian Gulf War from being invaded by Iraq, their government fleeing, and to finally regaining their country back. Iraq invaded Kuwait for what seemed to be no reason, and in the end devastated their army, and lost some of their credibility. The end of the war showed how ignorant Iraq looked, when they were made a fool by the UN forces.

Make every night a late night‌

By Keil Huber During the Persian Gulf War, one country was the main victim all along. It was none other than Kuwait, one of the smallest countries in the world but one of the largest oil producers. Iraq invaded Kuwait with aspirations of taking over Kuwait and owning a large portion of the world's oil. Luckily for Kuwait, the United States stepped in and protected the small country with an effort to avoid future invasion of Saudi Arabia, and later also in an effort to liberate Kuwait. Kuwait encountered various problems during the war, that led the post-war effects to change their country forever. A new foreign policy, a changed population as well as discrimination towards Palestinians, and results of new labor policies and damage were all ways that Kuwait was affected after the war ended. After the Persian Gulf War, one of the first large changes made was implementing anew foreign policy. When constructing the new foreign policy Kuwait had two top priorities to take into account. Security, especially with Iraq, was one of Kuwait's main concerns, and Kuwait also knew they had to take into account that the only way to ultimately guarantee national security, would be to turn to the United States of America. Realizing that they couldn't provide for themselves without outside help, Kuwait signed an $81 million Foreign Military Sales agreement with the United States, as well as a ten year defense agreement with the Americans. The deals allowed the United States to preposition weapons and conduct military exercises in Kuwait.

Kuwait obtained similar ties with most other members of the coalition, and had a much better relationship with Iran after the war. Kuwait's main goal, however, was to overall decrease foreign aid in their country. In addition to the changes in foreign policy, population and discrimination changed in many ways after the Persian Gulf War. After the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, approximately half of the population fled the country. Many of those who did stay had family members killed, and Palestinians who stayed went on to suffer from discrimination, unfair arrests, and torture after the war ended. After the invasion, many Kuwaiti's were unsure of the future their country would endure. At the end of the war many people who had fled looked to return, and many, especially Palestinians and other non-nationalists were denied. Following liberation there were lawless months, although soon the government would recover internal security and reinforce laws.

As services began to recover, the population started to work its way back up. When it was all said and done, though, the number of Kuwaiti's in the country dropped by half, with many Kuwaiti's deciding not to return. The population and discrimination in Kuwait changed abundantly after the war, but there were many results of labor policies and damage that would change the country for a long time. Kuwait wanted to make a large effort to reduce the number of foreign workers after the war, although this did not have a positive impact like they had initially hoped. Many of the skilled workers from outside Kuwait were unable to help the country. This policy caused problems in education and health care. Although the government did save money, they realized that they could not limit foreign workers to the extent that they had originally hoped. Also effecting the economy at this time was the destruction that needed to be repaired. Many schools and other important buildings were destroyed in the war. The economy was greatly impacted by the war, with damage by Iraqi's and new labor policies changing the way Kuwait's economy ran. Postwar Kuwait was definitely different than the country before the war, with changes in foreign policy, population and new labor policies. Foreign policies aimed towards less foreign aid, but the country also understood that they would not be well off without the help of a superpower. The population was forced to work its way back up after the war, and discrimination was a big problem in the country. Labor policies resulted in fewer foreign workers, but did not necessarily help the country. A lack of foreign workers and damage to buildings like hospitals and schools hurt the countries education and health care systems. For such a small country, Kuwait was changed drastically over the course of one short war.

Jess Jacobson

Collin Zweifel

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Keil Huber wait_economy_reconstruction_after~260.html ulf_war.html

The Mr. (Stud) Joshua Malik III(twice removed) (Editor) ecurity/ ml apter%208,%20Peace%20Initiatives%20By%20Hassan%20A%20 El-Najjar.htm

State of Kuwait Magazines Block 2