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The American News Exclusive Interview with Sanford B. Dole!

A look back on the SpanishAmerican war!

China and Japan, The march to Imperialism. Information on the Mexican Revolution! The fantastic creation the Panama Canal!

Exclusive Information on the Filipino Rebellion!


The Mexican Revolution There is a time in everyone's life where you make a change for the better and sometimes it comes in a nation's history, where it has to make a change for the better. The Mexican Revolution, a revolution led by Francisco Madero that eventually made the Mexican Dictator resign, started in 1910 and lasted over 10 years. Porfirio Diaz ruled the country with his harsh power and authority for over 35 years. His dictatorship wasn’t wanted by the people of Mexico, so they decided to up rise and rebel. The Mexican Revolution was right in many ways, it was right for the U.S to get involved, right for the U.S for standing up against attacks and incidents between Mexico and U.S, and was right for Mexico to up rise and rebel to be able to choose their own leaders.

The U.S got first involved because of its economic ties already in Mexico. At the turn of the 20th century many Americans and corporations held about 27% of Mexican land. The U.S also invested in railroads, mines, factories, and other new things to modernize Mexico. The U.S got involved with the military because the revolution was negatively impacting the Mexican economy, which then would affect the American economy because of our investments in Mexico. The U.S had the right to get involved in the revolution because all its investments into that country.


Throughout the Mexican Revolution the U.S had battles, attacks, and incidents with the Mexicans. The U.S had a right to defend itself and attack those who attacked them. It started with The Tampico Incident, an incident where Huerta soldiers arrested 9 U.S soldiers in a Tampico port but were quickly released unharmed. An U.S Admiral demanded that the Mexicans should give the American flag a 21-gun salute as an apology for this event. The Mexican government quickly refused so then the admiral asked congress for the permission to use armed forces against Mexico which was then accepted. The next event was the Battle of Veracruz, which was a major battle between the U.S and Mexico. It started when the U.S government heard news of a German ship loaded with weapons was

heading towards Veracruz to supply the Mexicans for a war with the U.S. A battle erupted at Veracruz, which costed 17 American and 300 Mexican lives. The U.S. Marines occupied the city for six months after this battle. The next tragic event that hit America was also the worse, Its was Pancho Villa’s attack on Columbus, New Mexico. He and his men crossed the border and raided the town. A total of 18 Americans died trying to defend the town but were able to kill 90 of Villa’s men. This was heartbreaking to hear for Americans that their own country had been invaded. After this attack, President Wilson sent 5,000 troops to Mexico to find and capture Pancho Villa. The troops were never able to find him and later the search was called off. It was right of the U.S to react the way the reacted to those events. Many leaders stepped up for Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. In his 35 years, Diaz jailed his opponents, rigged the voting ballots, and would use the


military to keep peace. Diaz would make sure at any cost that he won so he could continue his dictatorship. In 1910, Diaz jailed Madero, a man that wanted to change Mexico for the good, and claimed that he had earned less than 200 while himself had earned more than a million votes. After being released from jail, Madero ran to Texas and claimed himself to be the president of Mexico. He then called for a revolution in Mexico, when he returned he found that there was already groups of rebels fighting the government. Zapatistas, rebels in the south led by Emiliano Zapata, and large scale rebellion in the north led by Pascual Orozco and Pancho Villa was happening in Mexico. The rebels succeeded in having Diaz resigned in 1911 and elected Madero as their

new president. Madero never finished his first term because he was executed by Victoriano Huerta, the commander of Mexican government military, because Huerta was still loyal to Diaz. Huerta then took the place as president. He didn't last long because a year later Venustiano Carranza stepped in and declared himself the face of the revolution. Zapata and Villa were both upset at his acquisition because they both believe they should be the president. Carranza took the place as the Mexican president and then called for a constitutional convention in 1916. This was the first big step to changing Mexico but unfortunately many Mexicans were already leaving to America for search of jobs and a better life. Factories were abandoned, farms destroyed, and mines empty with not a person in sight. The against their government so they could


finished in February of 1917, protecting the rights and liberties of the citizens of Mexico. The revolution and battles still continued until 1920 when they became less frequent. It was right for the people to stand against Diaz and to form a government they wanted it to be like, even if it took many tries to find the right president. As you can see, many leaders, during the Mexican Revolution, took place in being President and other strong leadership positions. The Mexican Revolution was right and in many ways. It was right for the U.S to get involved because its economic ties over in Mexico and be involved to protect those investments so that the U.S economy would stay strong. It was also right for the U.S to attack Mexico after the numerous events that in which they humiliated us, attacked us,

and tried to get more weapons to annihilate us. Finally, it was also right for the Mexicans to stand up and rebel against their government so they could have rights and liberties. Diaz was a dictator that needed to be taken out of office, his resign turn into a revolution in Mexico that changed the country. There is a time in everyone's life where you make a change for the better and sometimes it comes in a nation's history, where it has to make a change for the better


Exclusive interview with Sanford B. Dole about the rebellion in Hawaii.

The End of Tyranny and the Birth of a Republic, According to Sanford B. Dole by Ben McDaniel I asked Mr. Dole about his opinions and thoughts on the current status of Hawaii and the events that unfolded not too long ago on the shores of the islands; I also asked about what he thinks the uncertain future holds for in Hawaii. Ben: Mr. Dole, what are your feelings about how the native savages of Hawaii will react to losing their Monarchy and becoming a republic?

Dole: Well I think that that the natives have been lead astray by that monstrosity of a queen, Queen Liliuokalani. With the proper teachings of Christianity and civility I think we can turn these islanders into true Americans. Ben: What are your thoughts on the growing number of Chinese and Japanese immigrant workers working in the fields and factories? Do you think it is smart to rely on these workers with uncertain backgrounds; there could be a rebellion or a riot? Dole: The immigrants are completely happy with their wages and conditions. Why even ask them; of course they would say that everything is fine the treatment is perfect. They would have a smile so wide; it is not like they are being forced to state their allegiance at gunpoint.


Ben: What example are you trying to set for future leaders of the Republic of Hawaii?

Dole: I think that the future leaders and people need to know about the history and the rebellion that took place here. We must never allow that horrible monarchy to ever surface again. Ben: Do you think that Mr. Stevens acts against the Queen were appropriate?

Dole: I think that Mr. Stevens did the right thing by thwarting the monarchy and restoring peace to Hawaii, those soldiers will be remembered in history for saving the Hawaiian islands from destruction and tyranny.

This interview was an exclusive interview on Sanford B. Dole’s thoughts on Hawaii sent to you the people straight from The American Times


The Spanish-American War Battle for Cuban Freedom Article By Cameron Ashby What was the Spanish American war? The Spanish American war was a conflict between America and Spain over the laws and treatment of people in Cuba. The war lasted for about four months. The war started because America interfered with Cuba and Spain. They interfered because the Spanish military commander instituted concentration camps, The USS battleship Maine was attacked and sunk, and the American public was pushing for war. The Spanish commissioned concentration camps in Cuba. The camps were put together after Cuba tried to take its independence and failed. Cubans were being killed.

Americans had sympathy for Cubans. But still the president didn't want to get involved. Even though they wanted to help the best thing to do at the time was to keep peace. The tension between us and Spain was too great. The USS battleship Maine was attacked and sunk by the Spanish. Before the ship Virginius was captured and most of the people on it, mostly American citizens, were executed. This event pushed toward the war also. Around ten o'clock there were explosions from the ship. There were Spanish ships were nearby and it was sunk in Spanish territory. Another reason America declared war on Spain was because the public was pushing towards it. The American public was feeling sympathy towards Cubans and wanted to help. The press would print papers to go to war. This was called


Press". It was one of the reasons they went to war. President Cleveland wanted to please the American public and he also felt sympathy for the Cubans. One result of the war was the freedom of Cuba, under the control of the U.S. Spain also took all the debt from Cuba after the war. The United States also got the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico as a result of the war. All in all, the outcome of the Spanish-American war proved to be worthwhile to the United States.


Imperialism in China and Japan

Aggressive territorial expansion of China and Japan started from the late 1700’s to the early 1900’s when they thought of themselves as imperial nations. Imperialism is the act of extending the rule of a nation over other peoples. Due to these thoughts and actions came some negative and positive outcomes. Trading is the act or process of buying selling, or exchanging commodities, at either wholesale or retail, within a country or between countries. In 1842 the British made the Chinese become more accepting to the fact that they would open five ports to foreign trade because of the fact that they had cut of all sources into the outside world which isolated them from the world. This caused China to want to

expand but while doing so stronger powers started their own sphere of influence in China. A sphere of influence is any area in which one nation wields dominant power over another or others in this case the bigger nations like Russia, France, Germany, and Great Britain were taken bits and pieces of China for themselves. It wasn’t until a man by the name of John Hay proposed the Open Door Policy in 1899 was there any equality between all the nations for trading rights in China. A problem that arose which was the boxer rebellion started when a secret group called the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists (Boxers). These men began by assaulting foreign missionaries and Chinese Christians which then in turn


these men lead a siege to the city of Beijing and this event is now know as the Boxer Rebellion. Japan was also another country that was pressured into opening ports but his time by the United States. Matthew Perry a man that was sent by President Millard Fillmore of the United States to show Japan how strong the U.S navy was. This caught the attention of the Japanese because they now realized that they were far behind in their advance in military technology which would make it hard to defend them. So Japan began to bring their military up to date and started to seek other lands to control like Taiwan, Korea, and Manchuria. Russia wanted Japan for their own so the RussoJapanese War began which had effect on both Japan and Russia. The problem now was that Japan came out of the war as the clear victor and became a major power to be specific it was the number one power in Asia. Meaning that

Japan wanted to catch up with the total expansion of America which meant that all they desired was land. Roosevelt sent the Great White Fleet which was four fleets of battleships to impress upon the Japanese that the United States was the number one power and always will be.


The Philippine Insurrection Dewey, the commander of the The Philippine war U.S. Navy's Asiatic Squadron, caused over 200,000 ordering him to attack the Filipinos to lose their life. Spanish fleet in the Philippines if The Philippine War was a war broke out between the U.S. war fought between the and Spain. When he received Spanish occupying the word that war was declared, his Philippine Islands and the troops went to Manila Bay in the United States of America at Philippine Islands. The Spanish the same time we fought in started firing before the U.S. the Spanish American War. fleets were in range. Once they Before we declared war on came in striking distance, they Spain, President Theodore attacked the Spanish forces. Roosevelt sent secret After hours of fighting and orders to George Dewey to ammunition troubles, the United attack in the islands if States were victorious. No needed. It was needed American lives were taken but once war had been nearly 400 Spaniards were dead declared on Spain. The or injured. Next, Dewey decided Philippine War was a victory to attack the capital city of for the United states Manila. With help from the against the Spanish, the Filipino rebels led by , he annexed the islands, and attacked. After being cut off by the Filipinos rebelled. Dewey's fleet and surrounded by Spain had been Emilio Aguinaldo's rebels, the occupying the Philippines Spanish forces in the Philippine for around 300 years when surrendered on August 14, the Spanish-American War 1898. broke out. Before the war There is a controversy starting started, President in the Unites States whether to Roosevelt send orders to annex the Philippine Islands. Commodore Some people favor the


annexation, including President McKinley. People believe that it is their manifest destiny to spread our land. Many people who favor annexation, believe we have a duty to spread our values overseas, such as democracy. People also believed we need to Christianize the islands. Other Americans want to annex the islands for the economics and strategies. The Philippines would be useful to refuel and resupply ships on the route of China. Expansionists want to annex the Philippines before another nation claims it. The other side of the argument is strong as well. People who oppose annexation argue that it will violate the AntiImperialist League and ruin the idea of self-government which is the foundation of the American system. In the American Revolution, we were trying to break away to selfgovern. The people opposing annexation believe this will take our greatest right away

from individuals. The Colored Citizens of Boston argue it will send racism to the Philippines. With so much racism in our country, should we risk bringing it to another? Other Americans fear annexing will flood in new immigrants and will hurt American Workers. After a fierce debate, the Senate approved the annexation which passed on February 6, 1899. The Filipino Nationalists were enraged. They had been fighting for independence for years. Emilio Aguinaldo, who had originally fought for us, had already appointed himself president of the Philippine Republic. He warned he would attack if the United States tried to take control of the islands. Of course, fighting broke out. The Filipino rebels fought against the U.S. soldiers. The rebellion ended when Aguinaldo was captured by America. The United States


had taken over he Philippine Islands. The War in the Philippines was a victory for the Unites States against the Spanish fleets occupying the islands. Only 200,000 Filipino lives were stolen. The battle against Spain was fought, they annexed the islands, the Filipinos rebelled, but of course, American came out on top.


Panama Canal In May of 1904 the U.S. began construction on the Panama Canal. This was a great thing for world trade. Along with being a very nice, stable military location for the U.S. in central America. Not to mention how it helped stimulate the economy, with it's purpose. The Panama Canal was a revolutionary creation.

The role of the Canal helped with trading dramatically. Ships no longer had to sail down past South America and around to places like San Fransisco, etc. It was also U.S. owned, meaning it generated a lot of revenue for the U.S. and it's territories; Making it seem like an even greater world power. It was easily the most important canal of it's day. The canal served many great purposes, but this is probably the biggest.

One great benefit of the canal for the U.S. was the ideal military usage. They could use the canal to easily transport military goods now. Naval ships no longer had to sail so fair to get to the pacific, or anything like that. Since it was U.S. owned they could have a strong military presence there. This also allowed them to establish many bases and military outposts. The canal helped with many military operations, wars and plotting in the years to come. Another huge impact of the canal was it's effect on local and world economy. It boosted panama's economy just massively. Along with on the world scale, the economy was changed by the canals service. Locally it created jobs in the construction area along with military jobs for the U.S. Internationally it increased trade and time proficiency.


time and fuel was saved making for more successful shipments. Really it had no negative outcomes in trading. It's pretty amazing how much the Panama Canal helped the world, especially at the time it was built. It did amazing things for time saving and generating revenue for the U.S. It provided a strong military location as well. Along with it's stimulation to the economy and the jobs it created, really it was a perfection of it's time. The Panama Canal was one of the world's


Htttp://history.state.gov/milestones/189 9-1913/war http:geography.about.com/odlspecificplac esofinterest/a/panamacanal.htm http:kansaspress.ku.edu/linphi.html http://en.wiki.org/wiki/mexican_Revolutio n http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/28 24-themexican-revoltution-1910 http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/i mperialism


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