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Vernacular Knowledge and Low-energy Demanding Tectonics as a Contemporary Alternative


A

General Context. Precedents. Methodology

B

Contemporary Vernacular Material Culture

C

Case Study: Bamako / Urban growth & Peri-Urban Population

D

Outlet Definition

E

Schedule


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

1987


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

Brundtland Report (WCED)


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

'Engineering without Engines' from BIG Group & Bjarke Ingel's 'Yes is more'


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

"[...] Form ever follows function, and this is the law* [...]"

* Louis Sullivan, 1896 at 'The tall office building artistically considered'.


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

Function follows form*

* Attributed to Louis I. Kahn although no article or book contains the exact quotation.


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

Form and function follow climate*

* 'La forme et la fonction suivent le climat' is the title of an essay by Philippe Rahm (Physiological Architecture, 2002)


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

'Case a Impluvium' in Ziguinchor, Casamance, Senegal (pictures from the book Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World' )


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

+


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

40-49: Certified 50-59: Silver 60-79: Gold +80: Platinum


LEED 2009 for New Construction and Major Renovations

Case a Impluvium, Senegal

Project Checklist 12 8 Y

?

6

Sustainable Sites

Possible Points: 26

N

Y

Credit 1 Credit 2 Credit 3

6 1

Credit 4.1 Credit 4.2

3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Credit 4.3 Credit 4.4 Credit 5.1 Credit 5.2 Credit 6.1 Credit 6.2 Credit 7.1 Credit 7.2 Credit 8

0

Y 4 2 4

Construction Activity Pollution Prevention Site Selection Development Density and Community Connectivity Brownfield Redevelopment Alternative Transportation—Public Transportation Access Alternative Transportation—Bicycle Storage and Changing Rooms Alternative Transportation—Low-Emitting and Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Alternative Transportation—Parking Capacity Site Development—Protect or Restore Habitat Site Development—Maximize Open Space Stormwater Design—Quantity Control Stormwater Design—Quality Control Heat Island Effect—Non-roof Heat Island Effect—Roof Light Pollution Reduction

Water Efficiency Prereq 1 Credit 1 Credit 2 Credit 3

Energy and Atmosphere

Y Y Y 19

Prereq 1 Prereq 2 Prereq 3 Credit 1 Credit 2 Credit 3

2

Credit 4

3

Credit 5

2

Credit 6

1 5 1 6 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Possible Points: 10

Water Use Reduction—20% Reduction Water Efficient Landscaping Innovative Wastewater Technologies Water Use Reduction

23 12 0

7 2

Materials and Resources, Continued Y

Prereq 1

1 5 1

10 0

20/10/2010

2 to 4 2 2 to 4

Possible Points: 35

Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems Minimum Energy Performance Fundamental Refrigerant Management Optimize Energy Performance On-Site Renewable Energy Enhanced Commissioning Enhanced Refrigerant Management Measurement and Verification Green Power

Y 3 1 2 2

1

Materials and Resources Prereq 1 Credit 1.1 Credit 1.2 Credit 2 Credit 3

Credit 4 Credit 5 Credit 6

13 2

Credit 7

0

Indoor Environmental Quality Prereq 1 Prereq 2 Credit 1 Credit 2

1 1

Credit 3.1 Credit 3.2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6

Credit 4.1 Credit 4.2 Credit 4.3 Credit 4.4 Credit 5 Credit 6.1 Credit 6.2 Credit 7.1 Credit 7.2 Credit 8.1 Credit 8.2

0

Recycled Content Regional Materials Rapidly Renewable Materials Certified Wood

1

Y Y 1 1

0

1 to 2 1 to 2 1 1

Possible Points: 15

Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control Outdoor Air Delivery Monitoring Increased Ventilation Construction IAQ Management Plan—During Construction Construction IAQ Management Plan—Before Occupancy Low-Emitting Materials—Adhesives and Sealants Low-Emitting Materials—Paints and Coatings Low-Emitting Materials—Flooring Systems Low-Emitting Materials—Composite Wood and Agrifiber Products Indoor Chemical and Pollutant Source Control Controllability of Systems—Lighting Controllability of Systems—Thermal Comfort Thermal Comfort—Design Thermal Comfort—Verification Daylight and Views—Daylight Daylight and Views—Views

Innovation and Design Process

0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Possible Points: 6

0 1 to 19 1 to 7 2 2 3 2

1 1 1 1 1 1

Credit 1.1 Credit 1.2 Credit 1.3 Credit 1.4 Credit 1.5 Credit 2

0

Possible Points: 14

Storage and Collection of Recyclables Building Reuse—Maintain Existing Walls, Floors, and Roof Building Reuse—Maintain 50% of Interior Non-Structural Elements Construction Waste Management Materials Reuse

N

2 2 1

4 13 0

?

0 1 to 3 1 1 to 2 1 to 2

1 1 1 1 81 22

0

Innovation in Design: Specific Innovation in Design: Specific Innovation in Design: Specific Innovation in Design: Specific Innovation in Design: Specific LEED Accredited Professional

Title Title Title Title Title

Regional Priority Credits Credit 1.1 Credit 1.2 Credit 1.3 Credit 1.4

Regional Priority: Regional Priority: Regional Priority: Regional Priority:

Specific Specific Specific Specific

Possible Points: 4 Credit Credit Credit Credit

7 Total Certified 40 to 49 points

1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

Possible Points: 110 Silver 50 to 59 points

Gold 60 to 79 points

Platinum 80 to 110


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology


B. Contemporary Vernacular Material Culture


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology


B. Contemporary Vernacular Material Culture

Bamako

*

Other cities included in the Aw/As region of the Koppen-Geiger map: - Mumbai, India - Kolkata, India - Bangalore, India - Chennai, India - Jakarta, Indonesia - Manila, Philippines - Bangkok, Thailand - Dhaka, Bangladesh

- Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam - Phnom Penh, Cambodia - Kaohsiung, Taiwan - Townsville, Australia - Darwin, Australia - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - Brasilia, Brazil - Belo Horizonte, Brazil

- Caracas, Venezuela - Asuncion, Paraguay - Guayaquil, Ecuador - Cali, Colombia - Barranquilla, Colombia - Sta. Cruz, Bolivia - Honolulu, USA - Acapulco, Mexico

- Veracruz, Mexico - Panama City, Panama - Managua, Nicaragua - S. Salvador, El Salvador - Havana, Cuba - Kingston, Jamaica - Port of Spain, T.Tobago - Port-au-Prince, Haiti

- Kinshasha, DR Congo - Lagos, Nigeria - Yaounde, Cameroon - Kampala, Uganda - Bangui, Central African Republic - Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo - Accra, Ghana - Cotonou, Benin


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

''Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World' ed. Oliver, Paul Vol. 1: Theorie and Principles / Vol.2 and Vol.3: Geographical Analysis


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

ganvie village

tamberma house

impluvium house

photograph

location/site nat. disasters settlement material resources below ground

forest

bagdir, iraq stores, Tunisia

compound

grassland

lacustrine

earth & clays landslide

cluster

coastal

marine

riparian

slope

upland

valley

snow/avalanche

disperse grasses & palms

grid

lineal

nodal

organic

tropical cyclone

below ground

vulcano

desertification lowland

desertic

compound

compact

rocks & stone

grassland

lacustrine

landslide

marine

riparian

slope

upland

valley

snow/avalanche

below ground

grid

lineal

nodal

organic

desertification lowland

desertic

compound

grassland

lacustrine

landslide

compact

marine

riparian

snow/avalanche

lineal

tropical cyclone slope

upland

valley

vulcano

nodal

organic

desertification lowland

desertic

compound

grassland

lacustrine

landslide

compact

marine

riparian

snow/avalanche

lineal

tropical cyclone

below ground

upland

valley

vulcano

nodal

organic

desertification lowland

desertic

compound

compact

grassland

lacustrine

landslide

Slab

animal products

rocks & stone

coastal

marine

riparian

snow/avalanche

lineal

tropical cyclone slope

below ground

upland

valley

vulcano

nodal

organic

desertification lowland

desertic

compound

compact

grassland

lacustrine

landslide

coastal

marine

riparian

snow/avalanche

lineal

tropical cyclone slope

below ground

upland

valley

vulcano

nodal

organic

desertification lowland

desertic

compound

compact

grassland

lacustrine

landslide

coastal

marine

riparian

snow/avalanche

lineal

tropical cyclone slope

upland

valley

vulcano

nodal

organic

Sun Dried Brick

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

palm

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Tufa

aSHLAR

Slate

Pole

Slab

Plastic

animal products

Bone

dung

Felt

Skin

Shell

Tabby

adobe

brick burnt

clay Bat

Cob

Mould mud

Tabby

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

Ramm. Earth

Sod

Stab. Soil

Sun Dried Brick

...

...

...

brick slab

lantern roof

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

brick slab

lantern roof

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

brick slab

lantern roof

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Slate

Tufa

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

Bark

Riven

Stick

Log

Pole

Slab

manufactured

Metals

PlyWood

Tarpaper

Glass

Lime

Plastic

Bone

dung

Felt

Skin

Shell

Tabby

adobe

brick burnt

clay Bat

Cob

Mould mud

Tabby

Ramm. Earth

Sod

Stab. Soil

Sun Dried Brick

cladding & finishes

assembly

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

brick slab

lantern roof

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

palm

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Slate

Tufa

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

Swish Termite Mound

rocks & stone

aSHLAR

timber

Bark

Riven

Stick

Log

Pole

Slab

manufactured

Metals

PlyWood

Tarpaper

Glass

Lime

Plastic

Bone

dung

Felt

Skin

Shell

Tabby

adobe

brick burnt

clay Bat

Cob

Mould mud

Tabby

Ramm. Earth

Sod

Stab. Soil

Sun Dried Brick

cladding & finishes

assembly

Swish Termite Mound

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

brick slab

lantern roof

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

palm

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Slate

Tufa

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

rocks & stone

aSHLAR

timber

Bark

Riven

Stick

Log

Pole

Slab

manufactured

Metals

PlyWood

Tarpaper

Glass

Lime

Plastic

Bone

dung

Felt

Skin

Shell

Tabby

adobe

brick burnt

clay Bat

Cob

Mould mud

Tabby

Ramm. Earth

Sod

Stab. Soil

Sun Dried Brick

cladding & finishes

assembly

Swish Termite Mound

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

brick slab

lantern roof

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

palm

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Slate

Tufa

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

rocks & stone

aSHLAR

timber

Bark

Riven

Stick

Log

Pole

Slab

manufactured

Metals

PlyWood

Tarpaper

Glass

Lime

Plastic

animal products

assembly

wraP

palm

timber

animal products

cladding & finishes

Swish Termite Mound

aSHLAR

animal products

assembly

Tens Bund

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

rocks & stone

animal products

cladding & finishes

Swish Termite Mound

Lime

grasses & palms grid

Stab. Soil

Log

disperse

flood

Sod

Glass

earth & clays compact

Ramm. Earth

Stick

earthquake forest

Tabby

Tarpaper

grasses & palms grid

Tabby

Mould mud

PlyWood

disperse

flood

Shell

Cob

Riven

earth & clays compact

Skin

clay Bat

Bark

earthquake forest

Felt

Metals

grasses & palms grid

dung brick burnt

timber

disperse

flood

Bone

adobe

manufactured

earth & clays compact

Tufa

Slate

Plastic

earthquake forest

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Pole

grasses & palms grid

palm

aSHLAR

assembly

Swish Termite Mound

Lime

disperse

flood coastal

Sun Dried Brick

Log

earth & clays compact

Stab. Soil

Glass

earthquake forest

Sod

Stick

grasses & palms grid

Ramm. Earth

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

Tarpaper

disperse

flood coastal

Tabby

PlyWood

earth & clays compact

Tabby

Mould mud

Riven

earthquake forest

Shell

Cob

Bark

grasses & palms

tropical cyclone vulcano

Skin

clay Bat

Metals

disperse

flood coastal

Felt

timber

earth & clays compact

dung brick burnt

manufactured

earthquake forest

Bone

adobe

roofs & spans

compact

flood

slope

zibold’s air well

desertic earthquake

below ground

fog catchers, chile

animal products

desertification lowland

production

Bone

dung

Felt

Skin

Shell

Tabby

adobe

brick burnt

clay Bat

Cob

Mould mud

Tabby

Ramm. Earth

Sod

Stab. Soil

Sun Dried Brick

cladding & finishes

assembly

Swish Termite Mound

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

brick slab

lantern roof

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

palm

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Slate

Tufa

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

rocks & stone

aSHLAR

timber

Bark

Riven

Stick

Log

Pole

Slab

manufactured

Metals

PlyWood

Tarpaper

Glass

Lime

Plastic

cladding & finishes

services heating

physical phenomena

LEED cerification

stack effect

110

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

heating

capilarity

50

bernouilli’s principle

60

stack effect

110

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

Captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

heating

capilarity

50

bernouilli’s principle

60

stack effect

110

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

Captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

heating

capilarity

50

bernouilli’s principle

60

stack effect

110

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

Captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

heating

capilarity

50

bernouilli’s principle

60

stack effect

110

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

Captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

heating

capilarity

50

bernouilli’s principle

60

stack effect

110

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

Captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

heating

capilarity

50

bernouilli’s principle

60

stack effect

110

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

Captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

capilarity bernouilli’s principle

50 60

explaining diagram


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

impluvium house

photograph

location/site nat. disasters settlement material resources below ground

desertification lowland

desertic

animal products compound

grassland

lacustrine

earth & clays landslide

cluster

disperse

flood coastal

marine

riparian

snow/avalanche

grasses & palms grid

lineal

tropical cyclone slope

upland

valley

vulcano

nodal

dung

Felt

Skin

Shell

Tabby

brick burnt

clay Bat

Cob

Mould mud

Tabby

Ramm. Earth

Sod

Stab. Soil

Sun Dried Brick

roofs & spans

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

compact

earthquake forest

Bone

adobe

production

organic

assembly

Swish Termite Mound

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

brick slab

lantern roof

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

palm

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Slate

Tufa

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

rocks & stone

aSHLAR

timber

Bark

Riven

Stick

Log

Pole

Slab

manufactured

Metals

PlyWood

Tarpaper

Glass

Lime

Plastic

cladding & finishes

services heating

physical phenomena

LEED cerification

stack effect

110

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

capilarity bernouilli’s principle

50 60

explaining diagram


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

photograph

location/site nat. disasters settlement material resources

impluvium house

below ground

desertification lowland

desertic

animal products compound

grassland

earth & clays

lacustrine

landslide

cluster

disperse

flood coastal

marine

riparian

slope

upland

valley

snow/avalanche

grasses & palms grid

lineal

nodal

organic

tropical cyclone vulcano

dung

Felt

Skin

Shell

Tabby

brick burnt

clay Bat

Cob

Mould mud

Tabby

Ramm. Earth

Sod

Stab. Soil

Sun Dried Brick

roofs & spans

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

compact

earthquake forest

Bone

adobe

production

rocks & stone

Swish Termite Mound

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

palm

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Tufa

aSHLAR

assembly

Slate

timber

Bark

Riven

Stick

Log

Pole

Slab

manufactured

Metals

PlyWood

Tarpaper

Glass

Lime

Plastic

cladding & finishes

services

physical phenomena

LEED cerification

stack effect

110

heating

explaining diagram

thermal inertia

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

brick slab

lantern roof

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

40

80

captation capilarity

foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

bernouilli’s principle

50 60

settlement location/site below ground

lowland

desertic

forest

grassland

lacustrine

coastal

marine

riparian

nat. disasters desertification

compound

compact

cluster

disperse

grid

lineal

nodal

organic

production

roofs & spans

earthquake slope

upland

valley

landslide

The way the building occupies the territory.

flood

It refers to the physical situation of the analyzed technique/building and its position according to any possible water resource and the ground level.

snow/avalanche

animal products

tropical cyclone vulcano

It describes any particular resistance to eventual natural disasters in the zone where it is situated.

earth & clays

grasses & palms

Bone

dung

Felt

Skin

Shell

Tabby

adobe

brick burnt

clay Bat

Cob

Mould mud

Tabby

Ramm. Earth

Sod

Stab. Soil

Sun Dried Brick

Swish Termite Mound

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

rocks & stone

aSHLAR

timber

Bark

Riven

Stick

manufactured

Metals

PlyWood

Tarpaper

palm

Slate

Tufa

Log

Pole

Slab

Glass

Lime

Plastic

material resources The material resources used. All of them, classified by origin.

membranes

gable roof

arch

hipped roof

brick slab

lantern roof

date palm

lintel

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

dome ribbed

truss roof

earth roof

turf roof

This part of the chart describes the type of roof used to cover any interior space.

assembly

cladding & finishes

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

It includes the different techniques and building systems used to assemble the different materials as well as the potential finishes of the exterior face.


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology

photograph

location/site nat. disasters settlement material resources

impluvium house

desertification ground

lowland

animal products

desertic

compound

grassland

lacustrine

earth & clays landslide

cluster

disperse

flood coastal

marine

riparian

slope

upland

valley

grasses & palms

snow/avalanche

grid

lineal

nodal

organic

tropical cyclone

services heating

vulcano

dung

Felt

Skin

Shell

Tabby

brick burnt

clay Bat

Cob

Mould mud

Tabby

Ramm. Earth

Sod

Stab. Soil

Sun Dried Brick

roofs & spans

EXcaV

Form

Fram

Infill

joIN

membranes

gable roof

Susp

Mou

Lay

Lash

jo-St

arch

hipped roof

compact

earthquake forest

Bone

adobe

production

rocks & stone

Swish Termite Mound

Bamboo Thatch Coconut Grasses Leaves

palm

cAVE cOBBLEcORAL SHELTER STONE

Tufa

aSHLAR

assembly

Slate

timber

Bark

Riven

Stick

Log

Pole

Slab

manufactured

Metals

PlyWood

Tarpaper

Glass

Lime

Plastic

cladding & finishes

Tens

wraP

...

...

...

brick slab

lantern roof

Bund

Clap

Co-M

Li-W

Matt

date palm

lintel

Mud

BricK

palm

pl-C

pl-M

dome/vault

squinch/pendentive

Rend

ShinG

St-Rf

That

Grass

dome ribbed

truss roof

Leaf

Rope

Tile

Radd

Metal

earth roof

turf roof

physical phenomena

LEED cerification

stack effect

110

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

It refers to different services that are provided in a particular way inside the building.

capilarity bernouilli’s principle

Any physical phenomena involved or induced by the functioning of the house.

50 60

40-49: LEED Certified 50-59: Silver 60-79: Gold 80+: Platinum

services heating

physical phenomena

LEED cerification

stack effect

110

explaining diagram

thermal inertia phase transition

sanitation & hygiene

heat transfer ventilation & cooling

water supply

canal

noria

well

80

40

captation foggara

cistern channel oasis wheel

capilarity bernouilli’s principle

50 60

explaining diagram


A. General Context. Precedents. Methodology


D. Outlet Definition


D. Outlet Definition


C. Case Study: Bamako / Urban growth & Peri-Urban Population


C. Case Study: Bamako / Urban growth & Peri-Urban Population

View of Bamako from the hilltop of the Point-G (President's Residence) [CC from www.flickr.com]


C. Case Study: Bamako / Urban growth & Peri-Urban Population

Consequences of the rapid growth of the city of Bamako: 1. The growing inadequacy of basic services

(poor road system; insufficient access to basic supplies: water, electricty... lack of infrastructures for waste removal and treatment)

2. The expansion of informal settlements 3. Congestion in the city center and increased pollution (inadequate sanitation, surface water and atmospheric pollution, loss of open and green space and lack of financial resources)


C. Case Study: Bamako / Urban growth & Peri-Urban Population


D. Outlet Definition


D. Outlet Definition


D. Outlet Definition

Two booklets and two apendixes that cover the different aspects of the research project:

I. Towards a Contemporary Vernacular Material Culture Vernacular techniques analysis chart. Presentation Koppen Geiger classification. Analysis of the climatic conditions of the Dry-Humid Tropical (Savana) List of techniques analized according to similar Koppen Geiger conditions independently of their geographical situation (only climatic criteria) Recombination and clustering of different techniques. New models of application and low-tech sustainable families Materialization. Details. Tests (?)

II. High-density urban models and low-energy demanding tectonics Proposal for an alternative development of the city of Bamako Paper on the integration of the proposal in the new Bamao Urban Master Plan (SDAU) and the World Bank Regional Working Papers (RWP) Drawings (plans, sections, axonometric analysis and two images inserted in the consolidated fabric; interior views (?)) Diagrams explaining its repercusion and functioning at different scales (neighbourhood, city, nationwide) / Energetic and resources management

Appendix A. Extreme articulation. On morphology and tectonics in Western African culture (Kinne fellowship) Paper on the texts of Aldo Van Eyck about Dogonland and the contemporary tecnoctratic perception of life in community and development (2,500 words) Results of the Kinne Graduate Fellowship project 'Extreme Articulation. On morphology and tectonics in Western African culture' (with Joaquin Mosquera) A photographic journey from the colonial architecture in Dakar and St. Louis to the Dogon Country Paper on morphology and tectonic culture of the cities visited (Dakar, St. Louis, Bamako, Segou, Djenne, Bandiagara; 2,500 - 5,000 words)

Appendix B. Conversation on the city, vernacular knowledge and the global urbanization phenomena Interviews with eight architects, thinkers, engineers, dealing with the development of a new approach to the notion of sustainability and its application in architecture and city planning (list to be confirmed: Francis Kere, Andres Lepik, Matthias Schuler, Solano Benitez, Lacaton & Vassal, Inaki Abalos, Rahul Mehrotra and Joseph Stiglitz) [format still not defined; all the interviews will be recorded and filmed if agreed}


D. Outlet Definition


E. Schedule

Week 10/24 - 10/30 Detail of the techniques to be analized Collect information from those examples (techniques, buildings...) Refine the chart

Week 10/31 - 11/6 Trip to Amman (Jordan)

Week 11/7 - 11/13 Classify the examples; draw the explaining diagrams Estimate the potential LEED certification Organize the chart for the selected climatic zones (Tropical savana, desertic and dry-humid subtropical)

Week 11/14 - 11/20 Combine the examples between them in order to achieve combined results/effects Diagram those combinations and final results Estimate material and resources needs Introduce values in a chart (Excel) that can be used in processing language (Interactive Database)

Week 11/21 - 11/29 Define prototypes/devices/new techniques that fulfill the requirements derived from the combinatory exercise Describe them precisely and model them. Test (?)

Week 11/28 - 12/04 FINAL REVIEW SPRING SEMESTER: Field Trip, Case Study (Bamako), Database finalization (processing; goes online)


VERNACULAR KNOWLEDGE AND LOW-ENERGY DEMANDING TECHNIQUES