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Solid Waste Collection Alternatives Assessment Study Presentation to the City of Lakeland Commission

May 1, 2009


Focus of Study 1. Study and Analyze Conversion to

Automated Collection Service 2. Evaluate Alternatives for Alley Collection 3. Study and Evaluate City Roll-Off Collection Services


Solid Waste Division Services Provided • Residential Collection – Bulk Waste – Yard Waste

• Recyclables Collection • Commercial Waste

Collection


Division Staffing Position Manager of Solid Waste Supervisor of Solid Waste Solid Waste Foreman Solid Waste Collection Driver III Account Clerk III Office Associate II Solid Waste Collection Driver II Customer Service Representative II Solid Waste Collection Driver I Customer Service Representative I Solid Waste Collector Total

Budgeted Number 1

City Pay Grade 65

Salary Range ($) 61,630 – 95,617

3

54

47,132 – 73,153

2 17

47 31

39,748 – 61,630 26,894 – 41,724

1 1 15

29 29 29

25,604 – 39,748 26,894 – 41,724 25,604 – 39,748

1

29

26,894 – 41,724

10

24

22,692 – 35,172

1

24

22,692 – 35,172

33 85

20

20,571 -31,907


Trucks in Operation Program Services Refuse (Residential and Commercial) Yard Waste Single- Family Recycling Multi-Family Recycling Grapple Yard Waste Grapple Junk Appliance

Trucks in Operation Wednesday Thursday 0 15

Monday 15

Tuesday 14

Friday 14

0 5

0 5

15 5

0 5

0 5

1

1

1

1

1

4

4

4

4

4

1 1 27

1 1 26

1 1 27

1 1 27

1 0 25


Residential Routes


Worker Safety • Add Movie


Workers Compensation Claims Type of Injury

Number of Claims

Back/Neck Eyes Fall or Thrown from Vehicle Groin Hopper Insect Bite Knee/Ankle/Leg Laceration or Stab Miscellaneous Shoulder Toes/Foot Wrist/Elbow/Arm Total

388 60 90 33 8 51 1,316 67 126 323 29 148 2,639

Total Compensation ($) 139,123.91 4,473.73 21,694.98 27,135.56 613.53 5,042.01 828,673.18 8,825.44 22,756.28 120,951.01 2,522.62 23,543.79 1,205,356.04


America’s Most Dangerous Professions Ranking 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Profession Fisherman Loggers Aircraft Pilots Iron and Steelworkers Farmers and Ranchers Roofers Electrical Workers Truckers Solid Waste Collectors Police Officers and Sheriffs

Deaths Per 100,000 Workers 111.8 86.4 66.7 45.5 38.4 29.4 24.1 26.2 22.8 21.4

Number of Deaths 38 87 82 40 285 79 30 904 18 143

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) Report, 2007


Advantages of Automated Collection • Residents

• City

– Convenient and easy method

– Improved efficiency

– Wheeled containers are more

– Reduced worker injuries

maneuverable and safer – High capacity – Keep rodents and pets out of trash – Cleaner neighborhoods

– Lower turnover rate – Reduced Worker’s

Compensation claims


Disadvantages of Automated Collection • Vehicles will require more maintenance • Homeowners will require education at

initiation • May not work in areas with on street parking


Man’s Carbon Footprint


Reduction Due to Automation


Comparisons


Issues With Alley Collection

Alley Narrower Than Vehicle

Vehicle Mirror Clearances

Helpers Assist Driver

Right Angle Turns


Issues With Alley Collection

Utility Pole Obstacles


Industry Trends


Benchmarking City

Number of Alley Customers

Number of Alley Routes

St. Petersburg

Estimated 40%

Estimated 40%

Tampa

8,000 homes

Five; Bi-weekly service

None

Jacksonville

800 premises

Roughly 2

None

Kissimmee

15 containers (commercial)

One

Standard commercial rate

Overhanging wires (Fully Automated Collection)/ Delivery trucks parked in alley

North Miami Beach

Average 975 containers per day (twice weekly service) Estimated 70%

Estimated 60%

None

Damage to trucks from overgrowth, Cans in alleyway

Yes, currently attempting

Estimated 70%

None

Prior to termination of service*, estimated

Estimated 30%

None

Trucks have difficulty staying in right-of-way (damage roads and curbs) Overgrowth, property infringement, corner lot damage (curbs, roadways)

Brief discussion – Residents vocal about keeping service Discontinued service*

One route is half alleys, other routes have an alley or two Multiple routes contain some alley collection Two neighborhood routes

None

Overgrowth, telephone wires & polls, bags in alleyway

None

Overgrowth, damage to water meters and roads

Have moved away from alley collection with exception of one neighborhood Some discussion, no formal movement

None

Overgrowth, damage to eaves & curbs

Lake Wales Ocala

West Palm Beach

30% of residential collection service Estimated 10%

Sanford

Estimated 5% of 12,000 homes

Orlando

2,000 homes

Extra Costs/Charges to Customers None

Problems Experienced by City

Attempt to move away from Alley Collection?

Damage to fences, low hanging phone and cable wires, and building eaves Damage to eaves, overgrowth, low-hanging wires, encroachment on City’s right-of-way Damage to trucks due to overgrowth, hit eaves

No (more efficient) Yes, though not successful (limited parking makes the transition problematic) First attempted in 1994 – have attempted every few years since then No

No

Service Costs to City/Damages Incurred No major costs No major costs 15%-20% increase in costs for alley services Nothing major – One incident with an eave (new driver) Repairs to collection vehicles for damage from overgrowth Have to resurface alleys and fix curbs Repairs to roadway Some minor damage to trucks Repairs to roads and utility equipment Nothing major – curb reparation


Roll Off Collection


Non-Exclusive Franchisees Entity Accurate Waste Systems B&S Land Development, LLC Dumpsterite Florida Refuse Services, Inc. Freedom Waste Johnson’s Excavation and Service JVS Contracting, Inc. Liberty Waste Prescott Septic Stidham’s Rental, Inc. Sunshine Recycling The Dumpster Company WCA of Florida, LLC Waste Management, Inc. Waste Services of Florida Webb’s Can-It

Agreement Date November 1, 2006 February 20, 2008 April 25, 2006 June 15, 2000 February 13, 2004 August 3, 2005 October 16, 2007 June 15, 2000 August 3, 2005 October 1, 2003 September 1, 2006 August 29, 2005 July 9, 2007 June 15, 2000 March 12, 2008 March 12, 2008

Status/Comment Not in Operation

Sold to Florida Refuse Pulled Out No work since 2005 Pulled Out

Small Jobs only


Benchmarking City

Number of Roll-Off Companies

City Provides Direct Roll-Off Service

Service Length

Franchise or Permit Operation

Cost of Permit/Franchis e Fee

Exclusive or Open Competition

St. Petersburg

Approx. 7

Yes

Yes

$1.62 x size of container

Exclusive

Gainesville

Estimated 10-12

No

Temporary and Permanent N/A

City Provided Compactor Container Service Yes

Yes, Franchise

Flat fee dependent upon axles

N/A

Jacksonville

No

N/A

Yes, Franchise

$500-$1,500 17%

Largo

3 major/6 small 1

Yes

No

Miami

22

Dunedin

Daytona Beach

2 permanent 6 temporary Estimated 15-20 19

Temporary and Permanent Temporary and Permanent Temporary and Permanent Temporary and Permanent Temporary and Permanent

Lake Worth

1

No

Tallahassee

Approx. 8

Lighthouse Point Plantation

1 3-7

Clearwater

Yes (City facilities) Yes Yes Yes (Garbage1/C &D 19)

Annual Franchise Audit Yes

Internal

N/A

Yes

Internal

N/A

No

Yes

Internal

N/A

Exclusive

Yes

N/A

N/A

Yes, Franchise

22%

Exclusive

No

Yes

Internal

Yes, Franchise

25%

Open

No

No

N/A

Yes, Permit

15%

Open

Yes

Yes

Internal

Yes

Open

No

No

Exclusive

No

Yes

Audit, as needed, external Internal

Garbage Exclusive/ C&D Open N/A Open

No

No

N/A

No No

No Yes

N/A Internal

Yes, Franchise

Yes

Temporary and Permanent Permanent

$1,000/year (permit) $1 per yard (franchise) N/A

No

N/A

No No

N/A N/A

No Yes, Franchise

N/A Under negotiation


Options Key Components Method

Service Scenarios Exclusive Franchise, Private Operation

Exclusive Franchise, City Operation

Collector Selection

Bid

Sole source

Service

Collector to provide regular service to all residence and commercial businesses requesting service

Term Service Area

Five year City-wide service area

Rates and Fees

Rate is established in franchisee bid; generators pay collector Single audit with responsibilities established by contract; monthly submittal of franchise fee Franchisee is required to use County Landfill; enables all City generators to receive County tipping fee discount City/franchisee provides free audit information Single source responsibility for debris management

Department to provide regular service to all residence and commercial businesses requesting service Five year City-wide service area City sets rate; generators pay City

Reporting and Auditing

Disposal

Recycling/Diversion Emergency Services

Current Multiple, Private Provider System and Department Service Permitting of as many collectors as are qualified and willing to operate within City Collectors to provide regular service to all residence and commercial businesses requesting service Annual renewal City-wide service area Companies operate in competitive market

Uses City accounting system

Monthly submittal of franchise fee. Difficult and costly to audit permittee books and records

City uses County Landfill; enables all City generators to receive County tipping fee discount

Permit holders can use any permitted Landfill; City generators maybe receive County tipping fee discount No information provided

City provides free audit information to generators Single source responsibility for debris management

Current system does not mandate that they will provide services


Comparisons Exclusive Franchise System Non-Exclusive Franchise System • Greater customer choice • Lowest competitive and equitable rates for all businesses (large and small) • Greater ability to adapt to unique • More efficient vehicle collection routes customer needs resulting in less vehicles, reduced • The ability (in some cases) to greenhouse gas emissions and less weareasily change haulers if the and-tear on City streets customer is dissatisfied • More efficient and successful diversion of recyclables from the waste stream • Accountability for diversion of commercial recyclables and sharing of non-compliance risk • Provides City the ability to manage performance and customer service satisfaction levels through performance clauses in franchise agreement


Recommendations • Automated Collection


Recommendations • Alley Collection


Recommendations • Roll-Off Collection

Solid Waste Alternatives  

Waste automation, alley colelction and roll off

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