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Ecological Succession Flipbook From Rocks to Soil, From Lichen to Forest!

By Nathan Seufert Science 10 November 26, 2013


Bare Rock

Bare Rock

Insert an IMAGE of what things would look like at this stage‌ What animals and plants would be present? Ensure you label key elements of your image: plant/animal names, trophic levels, etc

The lava from a volcano has began to dry up. This rock is like this because the lava came through here.

-no soil at all. -species diversity low no trophic levels present -niches none -nutrient recycling none


Primary Succession Stage 1: Pioneer Species Primary Succession

Insert an IMAGE of what things would look like at this stage‌ What types animals and plants would be present? Ensure you label key elements of your image: plant/animal names, trophic levels, etc E.g. Lichen, trophic levels, etc.

PPioneer species like lichen have arrived and set there home on this volcanic rock

Soil is not deep at all Species diversity there are only lichen Trophic levels One Producer Niches very simple Nutrient recycling is very low


Primary Succession Stage 2: Early Colonizers Pioneer species Insert an IMAGE of what things would look like at this stage‌ What types animals and plants would be present? Ensure you label key elements of your image: plant/animal names, trophic levels, etc

Pioneer species are hardy species which are the first to colonize previously disrupted or damaged ecosystem, beginning a chain of ecological succession that ultimately leads to a more bio diverse steady-state ecosystem.

-soil is not deep -Species diversity only little bacteria and lichen -species diversity-niches a few


Primary Succession Stage 3: Opportunists Opportunists Insert an IMAGE of what things would look like at this stage‌ What types animals and plants would be present? Ensure you label key elements of your image: plant/animal names, trophic levels, etc

The change in the environment creates new opportunities for different kinds of plants, along with creatures that can live amid and because of the new plants. Plants in this new stage of succession are low-growing, tend to sprout quickly and have seeds that blow in on the wind.

-the soil is not to deep -species diversity medium -trophic levels present 2 -niches many -nutrient recycling yes


Primary Succession

Stage 4: Mature Forest/Climax Community

Mature community/ Climax community Insert an IMAGE of what things would look like at this stage‌ What types animals and plants would be present? Ensure you label key elements of your image: plant/animal names, trophic levels, etc

Slow-growing, hardwood trees like oaks eventually take hold in the young forest. When these mature, the eco-system has reached a peak diversity, with plants and animals occupying what seem to be stable niches. It might take hundreds of years for this so-called climax community to be achieved.

Additional info to include about this stage: -deep not rich -species diversity high -trophic levels present 3 -niches complex -nutrient recycling complex


Disturbance

Describe your disturbance here

Disturbance

Insert an IMAGE of what things would look like at this stage‌ Show the effects of your disturbance on the eco-system Ensure you label key elements of your image: plant/animal names, trophic levels, etc

Disturbance Mix of large, infrequent and small frequent events A given disturbance is the result of numerous, interconnected factors Natural disturbances are not “bad� Disturbances characterized by type, size, severity, intensity, frequency, timing.

Disturbance this is a flood


Secondary Succession Secondary Succession Insert an IMAGE of what things would look like at this stage… Show what the ecosystem look like at its beginning stages of recovery and later… Ensure you label key elements of your image plant/animal names, trophic levels, etc

Secondary succession is one of the  two types of ecological succession of  plant life. As opposed to the first,  primary succession, secondary  succession is a process started by an  event (e.g. forest fire ,  harvesting, hurricane)

Additional info to include about this stage: -soil is deep -species diversity low -trophic levels present 1 -niches? few -nutrient recycling not complex at all

Nathan Seufert Ecological Succession Flipbook  
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