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The State of Latin American Information Society Indicators Michael.Minges@itu.int International Telecommunication Union


International Telecommunication Union • • • • •

United Nations specialized agency for telecommunications Oldest inter-governmental organization Global organization with broad membership Mandate includes promoting the development of ICT sector worldwide Main inter-governmental agency collecting ICT infrastructure and user statistics for all countries and regions

www.itu.int/ti


The importance of Information Society indicators • Need up-to-date, relevant and comparable statistics to monitor and analyze Information Society developments • Indicators should be readily available so that more time can be spent on analysis • Although many indicators are useful, this presentation focuses on access to Information & Communication Technology (ICT)


Sources of Information Society indicators • • • •

Telecom regulators National statistical offices Telecom operators Market research firms


Classifying Information Society indicators National

Household

Radio

Sets

Radio

Television

Sets

Television

Community

(regular, pay)

Fixed telephone

Lines in service Fixed only

Localities with service

Mobile telephone

Subscribers

Mobile only

Population coverage

Total telephone

Fixed+Mobile

Fixed or mobile

Personal computer

Total

PC

Internet

Subscribers Users

Home Internet access (connection type)

Number of / Localities with public access


Problems with Latin American ICT statistics • Hard to find – In many cases, not readily available

• Non-existent – Few countries have carried out detailed ICT surveys

• Reliability – Particularly for PCs and Internet users


Regulatory agencies: South America Availability of telecom/ICT indicators Country

Regulator

Argentina

Secom

Web site

 secom.psi.gov.ar/municipios/ver.asp?MID=10&tipo= nota&id=141

Bolivia

Sittel

 www.sittel.gov.bo/sittel/sercon.nsf/($All)?OpenView

Brazil

Anatel

 www.anatel.gov.br/indicadores/default.asp

Chile

Subtel

 www.subtel.cl/servlet/page?

Colombia

CRT

 www.crt.gov.co/paginas/internas/infsector/ppal.htm

Ecuador

Supertel

 www.supertel.gov.ec/ecuador/ecuador2.htm

Paraguay

Conatel

 www.conatel.gov.py/indicadores.htm

Peru

Osiptel

 www.osiptel.gob.pe/Index.ASP?T=P&P=2635

Uruguay*

Ursec

 www.ursec.gub.uy/home.htm

Venezuela

Conatel

 www.conatel.gov.ve/ns/index.htm

_pageid=58&_dad=portal30&_schema=PORTAL30

* No ICT indicators available on web site.


Regulatory agencies: Central America Availability of telecom/ICT indicators Country

Regulator

Web site

Costa Rica*

ARESP

 www.aresep.go.cr

El Salvador

SIGET

 http://www.siget.gob.sv/Resumen%20Manual

%20de%20Indicadores %201998%201999%202000%202001%202002. htm

Guatemala

SIT

 www.sit.gob.gt/ger_regula_06.htm

Honduras

Conatel

 www.conatel.hn/EstadoTelcoms/estado_telecoms

Nicaragua

Telcor

 www.telcor.gob.ni/Estadisticas.asp

Mexico

CFT

 http://

Panama

_hond_2000.htm

www.cft.gob.mx/frame_economico_estadisticas.html

Ente  www.enteregulador.gob.pa/estadisticas.asp regulador * No ICT indicators available on web site.


General ICT indicators Latin America Profile, 2001 Radio 215 million sets 44 per 100 people Television 139 million sets 29 per 100 people Newspaper 35 million in circulation 7 per 100 people

Internet 26 million users 5 per 100 people


Millennium Development Goals Goal 8: Build a global partnership for development… includes ICT indicators: • Telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 people • Personal computers in use per 100 people • Internet users per 100 people

1996 2001 CAGR

33.4

24%

73%

20%

11.4 6.0 2.4

Main lines

PCs

Latin America Per 100 inhabitants

5.1 0.3

Internet


Internet users: Where do the data come from? • In majority of countries, regulators offer a figure for users usually based on number of subscribers • In Uruguay, the telecom operator provides a figure • Only Chile & Paraguay seem to have carried out nationwide survey by NSO • Market researchers – Nielsen//NetRatings • Very misleading (only home access)

– Local consultancies • Only Argentina, Brazil, Mexico • Argentina, Mexico, Peru • Sometimes not nationwide

Peru

12

Chile

4.6

Ecuador Bolivia C.Rica Venezuela Colombia Argentina L.America

Ratio: Internet users ÷ Internet subscribers 2001

Brazil Mexico Panama Honduras Paraguay 0

1

2

3

4

5

Source: ITU adapted from national data.


Universal service versus universal access 100 Universal access

90

Universal service

80

R2 = 0.7

70 60 50 40 30 01 r ep s e nohpel e T

20 10

Community indicators

0 $0

$2'000

$4'000

$6'000

Household indicators $8'000 $10'000 $12'000 $14'000

Per capita income, PPP$, 2000


ICT in households 2001 100 90 80

Telephone PC Internet

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Mexico

Chile

Brazil

Argentina Portugal

Spain

USA

Canada


Uruguay: Encuesta Continua de Hogares 10 Este hogar ¿cuenta con: SI NO Calefón o termofón ............................................. Calentador instantáneo de agua ........................ Refrigerador ....................................................... T. V. Color .......................................................... Conexión a T. V. por abonados (cable o similar) Videocasetero .................................................... Lavarropa ........................................................... Lavavajilla ........................................................... Horno microondas .............................................. Microcomputadora .............................................. Conexión a Internet ............................................ Automóvil o camioneta para uso particular del hogar ............................................. Teléfono ..............................................................

www.ine.gub.uy

93.0 95.1

Televisor color

90.7

Conexión a TV para abonados Microcomputadora Conexión a Internet

48.6 45.8

51.6

17.4 24.7

9.5

13.0 18.9

6.6

Teléfono Total

Montevideo

73.4 85.1

60.0

Interior urbano

Source: ITU adapted from INE, ECH 2001


Peru stands out 100

Chile Uruguay C.Rica Argentina Peru L.America

11.9 L. America 9.3 Top 5 by 9.1 Internet users per 7.7 100 people 5.1 2001

10

Peru

5 0 0 Source: ITU.

5'000

80

74.3

70 60 50 40

<-Internet Users per 100, 2001

15

90

Peru: Household equipment / services, %, 2000

R2 = 0.59

Per capita income, US$ 2000 10'000

15'000

30

23.8

20 10

5.0

0 Electricity Telephone

PC

Source: ITU adapted from INEI.

0.4

Internet


Community access • Most Peruvians access the Internet from cybercafes “cabinas publicas” • Some 1’740 cabinas in the country

Other

Home

Peru 6% Location of Internet use October 2001 11%

School

17%

Work

18%

Cabina pública

83%


Accessibility indicators Mobile population coverage, 2001 Mexico E.Salvador Honduras Panama C.America Guatemala Nicaragua C. Rica ???

90 85 83 77 76 76 56

25â&#x20AC;&#x2122;368 have telephone service

61%

14%

% of population

2'528

513

Semi-Urban

Urban

25%

Rural

Source: INEGI, Telmex.

% households with Distance from telephone service telephone Both 25%

Mexico localities, 2000 196'328

Telephone access in Chile, 2000

Mobile None 15% 32% Fixed 28%

< 28 blocks 27%

> 28 blocks 2% No access 3%

Source: ITU adapted from Subtel.


Good reports


Suggestions • Telecom regulators should improve collection and dissemination of statistics including detailed statistical reports • National statistical offices need to carry out household ICT surveys including individual access to the Internet* • Government agency responsible for ICT should make indicators readily available and easy to find on a web site • Improved dialogue between regulators, national statistical offices and international agencies to enhance comparability * For the scope of this presentation. However business, education and government ICT surveys are also needed to measure impact in those sectors.


State of Latin American Information Society Indicators