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Created by: Troy Adcock Darryn Reed Ruby Ramos


Chapter 1: The Founding Nations Section 1: Europeans Section 2: Native Americans Section 3: Africans


“Following the sun, we left the old world” – Christopher Columbus

The social structures of Europe during the time period of North American exploration was based on a  hierarchy. Initially this is shown by the way the class is built. The class was with the poor on bottom and rich on top. A second piece of evidence to show it  is a hierarchy is  that the churches have nearly as much power as the monarch. On the social pyramid and the monastery is as high as king and queens. Lastly, on the social pyramid who ever  has the most popularity (slaves, peasants, nobles) in the same class will have the most people. For example, there is one king at the top, and thousands are slaves and peasants are at the bottom of the scale. In conclusion, the facts given show the social structure shown in the pyramid which makes society as a hierarchy.


The European government in the 15th century due to the fact that all over Europe kings and queens ruled over all parts of Europe. Europe was absolute monarchy, Queen Isabella was a queen for Portugal. She became queen after her mother died; she then inherited the rank of queen from her. She was next to become queen because of the bloodline of royalty.  Everything she says was final no matter what other people say, what she said was the end of it. When she funded Columbus trip she made sure he had everything needed to make the trip.

To the right is two men scouting the new found land in north America ďƒ 


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Most people think that the Europeans were the first to found America, but it was the Native American’s

Large native groups like the Iroquois were one of the first groups of Indians that use a form of government like democracy. The reason the Iroquois had to use democracy was because all the fighting within the Iroquois for land. They use democracy to solve the issues by sending the most respected man in the tribe to talk to other tribe. When each tribe sent the most respected man and they get together they call this the grand council. The grand council was made to talk about how to get all 50 tribes to get along and work together.


Native Americans were some of the first innovators to settle North America. First off they were the first known settlers of North America. They sailed across the Bering Strait 10,000-100,000 years ago. Next, Natives made some of the first structural houses from scratch. Such as the igloo in the far reaches of Canada, or the giant mounds of dirt used as housing. The last piece of evidence is some of the terms that the Native Americans used are very innovating to the English language. Words like skunk, hurricane, and Mississippi were invented by these people. In conclusion, without the Native Americans innovations we may not have things like houses, or words that are


Large native groups like the Iroquois were one of the first groups of Indians that use a form of government like democracy. The reason the Iroquois had to use democracy was because all the fighting within the Iroquois for land. They use democracy to solve the issues by sending the most respected man in the tribe to talk to other tribe. When each tribe sent the most respected man and they get together they call this the grand council. The grand council was made to talk about how to get all 50 tribes to get along and work together.


The Africans have created some of the most intelligent innovations

African innovation included many laborious materials. First the Nok people created Terra Cotta sculptures. In 500 BCE. they also created iron smelting. Secondly, a religious place for Muslims was created in Africa. Muslim would soon come to America. The great mosque in the city of Jenne was built during the 14th century C.E. Lastly, the Africans created a use of laboring slaves not heard of before. Such as using the social scale to divide this. People who were poor on the lower end were often used as slaves. They could get out of this slavery however by being married into another family. Overall, the innovations invented by the africans were very important in use with working conditions.


African Americans lived in around family, tradition, and community. First families had generation lines traced back into Lineage generations. Tracing back either patrimonial(male generations) and matrimonial(female generations) told who had loyalty and who could marry who. The oldest ancestor or family member represented for their group. Secondly, Religion was important to African life. Where ever kingdom you lived in your ruler choose what religion you would fallow. Some West Africans fallowed the belief to worship ancestors who spoke to them, gave advice and other helpful subjects. Others believed in the "God of the sky" (one god only), some also brought the Islam Religion from the middle east. Lastly, the community(tribes) didn't really have an ownership on its own. They collected land and called it shared land, were anyone would be able to set foot on. To conclude tribes found importance in there family, tradition, and community.


African government was very similar to democracy used in the United States. It's similar because in the kingdom had one person who ruled the kingdom and throughout the kingdom was people who ruled over a part of the land in the kingdom. The reason why Africa wasn't completely like the democracy in the United States was because in each family was a rank given to them depending how old is there the person was. The eldest person in the family would represent the family in council meetings. The head of the family could only speak to the whole family when he gain permission from the council of elders that come from extended family. Kingdoms would gain more power the more trade post or cities lies within it.


World Studies Presentation