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Do you need individual housing? Do you need individual housing?

Do you need individual housing?

Do you need an arthictect for your house?

What is needed for a comfortable living?

Does the crisis change the way we are living? Any function to cut from your bedroom?

Austere is against design?

Why people want to live high?

How does a hous look like?

Does sustainablity mean austerity?

eed al housing? Do we need housing in the future?

Suburbanism 2.0 or Communism 2.0?

How big is a house?

Privacy = Castle?

Do you need individual housing?

What y housin

Are you satisified with your housing now?

Do you need individual housing?

Do you want pets?

More houses for the future?

Do you need individual housing?

What is a house for?

What materials can we use to build an austere house?

A private swimming pool?

Do you need individual housing? Do you need individual housing?

need ual housing?

o you need dividual housing?

Do you need a home cinema?

Do you need individual housing?

Are Dutch houses austere enough?

HOUSING (R)EVOLUTION

What is your dream house? House is a machine for living? Does austerity have different meanings in different countries?

What will the future housing look like?

Do you need individual housing?

Do you need individual housing? How many rooms

How private/share we can get from a house?

Do you nee Do you need individual h individual housing? Do you need individual housing?


Key Factors What are the minimum ingredients? A private swimming pool? What can we save? Do you need individual housing? Does austerity mean uncomfort? Do we need a swimming pool? Is there anything we can cross out in our life? Is air conditioner a nececity for life? How can we compensate for ?

What can be the luxury we create for Austerity? More housing for the future? ...

sources

American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association Universal Declaration of Human Rights / UN

Maximum Spatial Usage necessary activities minimum possible space for activities

Comfort Temperature: 16~45˚C Humidity: 40%-80% Oxygen: ≥99.1 m3 per hour Natural lumination: ≥1 hour per day. Privacy: living with no more than 2 people in a room

Fun? Not Boring?


Filtering

sources

sleeping

urination

cooking

dining

showering

television

internet

8hrs/day

7.5/day

3/day

3/day

1/day

1/day

1/day

reading

pet

laundry

working

dancing

video-game

aquanarium

5/week

5/week

3/week

3/week

2/week

1/week

1/week

yoga

sauna

party

painting

exhibition

swimming

cellar

1/week

1/week

1/month

1/month

1/month

1/month

1/month

http://wikipedia.org http://wiki.answers.com/

*times/period, if not indicated


After-filtering

re ste au

sleeping

urination

cooking

dining

showering

television

internet

8hrs/day

7.5/day

3/day

3/day

1/day

1/day

1/day

reading

pet

laundry

working

5/week

5/week

3/week

3/week

Austerity home activities list.


Austere Furniture

Bed 4.8 m3

Laundry 2.5 m3

sources

Ernst and Peter Neufurt, 3rd Edition http://wikipedia.org http://wiki.answers.com/

Shower 3.5 m3

Kitchen 4 m3

Sink 1.5 m2

TV 2.7 m3

Toilet 1.5 m3

Table 1.3 m3

Storage 1.25 m3

Pethouse 0.8 m3

No more than what you need.


Step 1 Area Reduction

Germany

Latvia

40 m2 2.2 m 88 m3

UK

30 m2 2.7 m 81 m3

Ireland

22 m2 2.4 m 52.8 m3

Greece

19 m2 2.4 m 45.6 m3

18 m2 2.4 m 43.2 m3

e

e

r ste au

Italy

15 m2 2.7 m 40.5 m3

sources

Netherlands 12.6 m2 2.4 m 30.2 m3

USA

10.2 m2 2.7 m 27.2 m3

International Building Codes http://www2.iccsafe.org/states/2009ICodes/Building/Building_Frameset.html

China

11 m2 2.2 m 23.2 m3

AUSTERITY

9.0 m2 2.5 m 22.5 m3

r ste au

Hongkong 9 m2 2.2 m 19.8 m3


Frequency Study hr.

×8.1

ppl.

=

sleeping

=

(1)

(15)

reading

=

= (42)

urination

(20)

internet

= shower

= (32)

= cooking

×4.0 (9)

(2)

×1.6 (6)

=

television

= dining

(25)

home study and work

=

(5)

pet

= laundry sources

Ernst and Peter Neufurt, 3rd Edition http://www.uswitch.com/water/how-much-water-use/

(40)

http://wikipedia.org http://wiki.answers.com/

Share everything except beds. *considered 80% occupancy


Step 2 Time Sharing table storage shower toilet sink kitchen laundry television bed TOT

1.30 1.30 1.50 1.50 2.50 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.80

table storage shower toilet sink kitchen laundry television bed

22.50 m3

TOT

0.22 1.25 0.11 0.04 0.04 0.31 0.06 1.75 4.80 8.62m3

re ste au

re re ste ste au au

Double steps, triple austerity!


Step 2 Time Sharing

Germany

Latvia

40 m2 2.2 m 88 m3

UK

30 m2 2.7 m 81 m3

Ireland

22 m2 2.4 m 52.8 m3

Greece

19 m2 2.4 m 45.6 m3

18 m2 2.4 m 43.2 m3

re ste au

Italy

15 m2 2.7 m 40.5 m3

Netherlands 12.6 m2 2.4 m 30.2 m3

USA

10.2 m2 2.7 m 27.2 m3

China

11 m2 2.2 m 23.2 m3

Hongkong 9 m2 2.2 m 19.8 m3

re re ste ste au au

AUSTERITY 3.45 m2 2.5 m 8.62 m3


0.05 m³ or 0.25 m³

0.05 m³ or

Transformation Austere Library

Maximum space usage and sharing equipment. Panorama Toilet combined with sink shared by 42 ppl

re ste au

2.1 m²

dog ×1

cats ×24

parrots ×37

Cat

Parrot

21 cat 6.75 m 3 210 kcal/day

21 parrotfor 200 ppl 3 4.25 m shared by 200 ppl 0.3 kcal/day

21 pet per 100 ppl Dog

Shared TV

Home cinema

21 for dog200 ppl 3 157.5 m 1 shared by 2-3 ppl 1425 kcal/day 2

211 m 3

211 m3

1,1

0,85

0,85

+

2

0,4

22 parrot (in pairs)

1,1

0,4

810 m park per 100 ppl. (from leisure ministry manual) Park consists 90% of natural nature and 10% of lawn that is being

We are going to solve it!


Beehive Conventional bedroom Privacy and confort. Redundant use of space

t an nd u red

18.5 m続

Austere bedroom

Super Austere bedroom

No privacy, no confort. Good use of space

Privacy and confort. Best use of space

ry ora p tem

4.5 m続

re ste au

4 m続

Live like a Queen!


Panorama

Conventional Toilet and sink

Shared Toilet and sink

Panorama Toilet

1 toilet + 1 washing cabinet

1 Combo Toilet

3 ppl per toielt 5% time is in use

1 toilet + 1 compact washing basin 42 ppl per toilet 80% time is in use

11.8 m3 / week

11.8 m3 / week

4.72 m3 / week using grey water from washing

42 ppl per toilet 80% time is in use

Luxurious Toilet and sink shared by 3 ppl (family)

Shared Toilet and sink shared by 42 ppl

Panorama Toilet combined with sink shared by 42 ppl

12m3

3m3

3m3

nt da un d e r

sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flush_toilet http://www.californiawaterscapes.com/waterfall/waterfall-build.html

y rar po m te

re ste au

Rest at your restroom!


Cascade

Conventional Shower 500 ppl

Shared Shower 500 ppl

Cascade Shower 500 ppl

166 shower rooms 7% time is used

15 shower rooms 80% time is used 400L/hr × 15

1common space 2m-long waterfall 3.0m3 / hr m × 2m

artificial waterfall producer

waterfall ( Artificial ) ≥ 2.5m / hr m 3

Conventional Family Shower shared by 3 ppl (family)

Shared Shower for 500 ppl shared by 33 ppl

Cascade Shower for 500 ppl shared by 500 ppl

6.4m2`

27m2

22.4m2 + mechanical room 3m2

nt da un d e r

sources

National Environment Agency http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_falls

y rar po m e t

re ste au

Water spectacule at home!

http://www.californiawaterscapes.com/waterfall/waterfall-build.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterfall


Cooking & dining Water and energy consuption for dishwashing 12 dinner set Handwash 100 lt\wash 2.5 kW\hour 12 dinner set Dishwashing machine 20 lt\wash 1.5 kW\hour 12 Flipable dishes + set 12.5 Liters\wash 1 Kw \ hour

Flipable dishbase Termoelectric glass Soap water Bubblewasher Grey water for recycling

sources

http://www.uswitch.com/water/how-much-water-use/ http://www.rodale.com/washing-dishes-dishwasher-vs-hand-washing

Recycle energy and water in intelligent ways.


y

Mediatech =

=

(15)

reading

=

=

=

= home study and work

×4.0

?

 

ON

multi-ifunctional Using the flux from laptop to pump the furinture.

(25)

(25)

=

×4.0

=

}

(20)

(20)

internet

(15)

OFF

(2)

(2)

television Conventional Library

Bad usage of space, too much resources

New Austere Library - Mediatech

Austere Library Maximum space usage and sharing equipment.

Flexibility and mobility. Consumes e ter insignifcant space when not used us a

×1.6

=

2.1 m²

=

×1.6

2.1 m² (5)

(5)

0.05 m³ or 0.25 m³

pet

nt da un d re

y rar po m te

re ste au

Combined for flexibility!


Home Cinema

Conventional TV 200ppl

Shared TV 200ppl

Home Cinema 200ppl

148 TVs 50% time is used 177.6 kWh / day

78 TVs 95% time is used 93.6 kWh / day

1 home cinema, 78 seats projection screen Ă—5 (size7.5Ă—4.5m) 9.6 kWh/ day

Conventional TV shared by 1-2 ppl

Shared TV for 200 ppl 1 shared by 2-3 ppl

Home cinema for 200 ppl shared by 200 ppl

50 m3

211 m 3

211 m3

nt da un d e r

sources

http://www.nationmaster.com/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_falls http://www.practical-home-theater-guide.com/

y rar po m e t

http://www.the-home-cinema-guide.com/ http://www.eia.doe.gov/ http://www.aboutprojectors.com/

re ste au

at home!


Pet Tower

t an nd u red

dog ×1

cats ×24

parrots ×37

Dog

Cat

Parrot

21 dog 3 157.5 m 1425 kcal/day

21 cat 6.75 m 3 210 kcal/day

21 parrot 3 4.25 m 0.3 kcal/day

re ste au

21 pet per 100 ppl

+ 22 parrot (in pairs)

sources

2

810 m park per 100 ppl. (from leisure ministry manual) Park consists 90% of natural nature and 10% of lawn that is being

http://www.cal.net/ http://animal-world.com/

http://www.oes.org/ http://www.ehow.com/

Low maintenance pethouse!


Watermill

Domestic Model 100 ppl

Austere Model 100 ppl

Super Model 100 ppl

40 models 100 m3 7% time is used

9 models 22.5 m3 80% time is used 115.2 kWh / day

1 model 2m-long waterfall 80% time is used 0 kWh/day

Waterwheel powered by shower cascadeŠ

Conventional Washing Machine for 100 ppl shared by 2.5 ppl (family)

Austere Washing Machines for 100 ppl shared by 33 ppl

Water-driven Washing Machines for 100 ppl shared by 100 ppl

250 m3

22.5 m3

20m3 + watermill 5m3

nt da un d re

sources

National Environment Agency UK http://www.uswitch.com/water/how-much-water-use/ Austerity Manual, Department of Water Resources

re ste au

Zero energy consumption laundry!


Building

FAR tot. plot area / people tot. floor area / people tot. volume / people bed/total area ratio tot. height

1.95 6.36 m2 / ppl 6.19 m2 / ppl 15.9 m3 / ppl 50% 16.20 m

Kitchen

Study Reading

Pet’s house Toilet

Sleeping

Shower

Laundry

Cinema

0 1

5

15


Building


Building

0 1 2

5

10m


Density (people per km2)

4km

Maximal Neighbourhood Size 10min bike 10km maximum distance 30min bike

? 1300

7500

10 950

150 000

Milan suburbs

World average urban density (2003) Istambul, Turkey (7700)

World average urban density (estimated 2030) Delhi, India (11 050)

Max. density for Austerity Mumbai City(29,650)Ă—6

sources

http://www.citymayors.com/statistics/largest-cities-density-250.html Austerity Manual, Department of Infrastructure

400 000 Slums, Mumbai, India

1 300 000 Kowloon walled city, Hong Kong, China


16200 16200

Neighbourhood Study Minimum distance to get enough sunshine 7200 7200

Neighbourhood Pattern Study

close

open

continuous

16200 16200

7200 7200

fractal


Neighbourhood

dancing

video-game

aquarium

yoga

sauna

party

painting

exhibition

swimming

cellar


Housing (R)evolution  

Part of studio Austerity's research work at the Why Factory. Co-researcher/ designer: M.Seta, E. Jakovele

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