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design portfolio.

MICHAEL HUGHES Cornell University B. Arch 09


existing industrial

I - 95

neon boneyard

malls and convention

a revitalizing dem-ulation of las vegas spring 2009 critics: Caroline O’Donnell, John Zissovici site: Las Vegas, Nevada

approved monorail

construction

springs preserve

meadows mall 1978

Stripping the Strip: existing monorail

proposed monorail approved downtown las vegas

proposed

wmc phase 3 2008 wmc phase 1 2003

retail outlets 2003

medical professional

office core

government center

green

frem ont st

art district

Las Vegas needs constant change and spectacle. In the past 15 years, 15 resorts have been imploded to make way for new constructions and a constantly changing identity on the strip. The average shelf-life of a Las Vegas resort is 25 years; therefore development must only react to the present and immediate future. There is no need for timelessness; the sugar-coated resorts that define the boulevard are ephemeral pavilions in an everchanging landscape.

charleston ave

allure 2008

I-

15

Developers have tried to abandon the strip’s sinister qualities by appealling to families. The attempt failed, and the strip has recently re-adopted its original role as the “adult’s playground” to a new extreme. New global marketing campaigns paint Las Vegas’ personality as a fantastical orgy of substance-abuse, burlesque shows, and no consequence. Hooker cards clad the pavement despite the industry’s current illegality. Officers turn a blind eye to the overt sex trade, while Mayor Goodman is the prostitution’s biggest advocate.

stratosphere 1979

sahara ave

allure 2008 palace station 1976

sahara 1952 turnberry 2007 hilton 2003

ain me nt

circus circus 1968

en ter t

sky 1998

In an economic climate where construction has ceased, demolition is implemented to erect the newly legalized industry. Using the existing demolition rate as a precedent,15 resorts are stripped, disassembled, and dismantled over the next 15 years to reveal their structural cores and theaters. The dismantled building material is spread and sorted on the resort footprints to create public park/landscapes. These parkspaces are urban voids that break open the previously introverted strip. Variously themed inflatable brothel / love hotel units clip to the cores; they unfold and inflate when activated.

turnberry 2002

ad ult

industrial

hilton 1969

riveria 1955 convention ctr 1998

industrial

convention ctr 1998

spring mountain ave

trump 2008

encore 2009

fashion show mall 1989

figure ground speculations if current demo/development pattern continues unaffected

wynn 2005

chinatown ti 1993

mirage 1989 cr 1978

palazzo 2007

venetian 1999

harrahs 1973

forum shops 1992

caesars palace 1966

gold coast 1986

place 2008

sands expo

har. gar. 1973

wynn gar. 2005

hughes center park 2008

flamingo 1946 bills 1979

palms 2001

westin 1979

meridian 2003

vegas grand 2007

mariott 1998

flamingo rd

ballys 1973 bellagio 1998

terribles 1970

tuscany 2003

paris 1999

planet hollywood 2000

pano. 2007

hard rock 1995

mgm 1993

monte carlo 1995

Las Vegas is stripped, reinvented, and revitalized.

boulevard mall 1990

imp palace 1959 rio 1990

Las Vegas is crumbling due to the current financial crisis. Rapid drops in tourism, gambling, and conventions have forced the city to explore alternative generators. The city is realistically considering the introduction of a new (legal) industry to help stabilize the economy. The legalization of prostitution will sustain a suffering Sin City.

university of nevada, las vegas

harmen ave

g. desert 2007

fruit loop thomas mack ctr. 1983

m&m 1997 mgm 1993

ny ny 1997

tropicana ave hooters 1973 tropicana 1957

excalibur 1990

railroa d

luxor 1993

mandalay bay 1999

new park convention ctr 2002

las vegas blvd

I - 15

02 | michael hughes | work samples

airport

sunset ave town square 2007

existing strip map

I - 215

dismantling of lowrise and tower reveals structural elevator cores and theaters 1 mile

exterior lobby

registration space | public park below | inflatable units clipped to stripped

banal cores.


2025

existing strip condition

final strip condition

collaged resort property maps

collaged casino carpet patterns

2010

still frames from strip walkthrough

2025

15 years, 15 resort demolitions dismantled materials sorted according to casino carpet patterns

03 | michael hughes | work samples

2010


1 11 6 9 10

3

7 12 1

Mirage resort | phases of dismantling | sorting | carpet definition

The Mirage spearheaded the Las Vegas mega-casino-resort (decorated shed) typology when it was built in 1989. Consequently, its site was chosen as the detailed case study for the project. The proposed operations utilize cost-effective means to radically modify the current state of the resorts. First, the lowrise is dismantled, retaining only the two theaters as objects in an open field. The dismantled building material is sorted according to the Mirage’s casino carpet pattern. The tower is stripped to reveal two banal structural elevator cores. The sorted materials define a junkyard-parkscape that works as a recycled startup kit for new construction on the lot (when new construction is financially feasible). Inflatable brothel units are installed on the two tall, limber concrete cores - when the rooms are occupied the vertical is temporarily a spectacle to those wandering throughout the surreal park. The sprawling carpet pattern is only fully understood when seen from inside the vertical cores.

phases of core activation | inflation

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

inflatable bed/enclosure unit plan A public waiting area unit plan B double story inflatable bed unit service elevator public elevator service storage stairwell public lounge unit plan C unit plan D exterior entry space existing bearing wall / room selection self service reservation vending machines

13 15

14

1

2

9

7 3

6

8 4 1

04 | michael hughes | work samples

5

site plan | sorted junkyard-parkscape defines carpet pattern


ic

b pu

lic

re he tosp stra

bl pu

pneumatic poche | defining interior/exterior themes

ca m el

sah ara sahara

public

interior/exterior consistent

rivie

interior/exterior partial

ra

ri

vie ra

private

interior/exterior independent

lob

le

spec

ta c

b

wyn n en core enc ore

pl od e

ian

e

the venet

x

age mir

im ria pe l public

pa

e lac

inflatables react and deform to those above and below

The F lamingo

plans | sections through Mirage cores ribb ed ribbed rib s

pa ri

s

et hollyw

oo

ho

l llywood p

an

d

te on

ca

t

rlo

Y NY N

exca libur

tropica na

clas s ic

ay

section_ 3/16� = 1’

05 | michael hughes | work samples

mandalay b

m

e plan


Mixed-use Media Connection fall 2006 | third year critics: Henry Richardson site: Rochester, NY The Mixed-use Media Connection links the manmade city to the natural gorge floor. The project explores methods of bridging and tunnelling, and implements the operations to both construct up and excavate down. The two-part mixed use intervention is informed by and sensitive to existing elements including ruin walls from an abandoned factory, adjacent office buildings, parkspace and the waterfall. A continuous glazed circulation tank cuts through the urban fabric and gorge wall to formally link the city to the natural underworld; thus activating the currently dormant gorge floor. The two-part intervention is pressed against the transparent circulation tank; however, occupants must move through programmed spaces to successfully cascade downward. An overlaid grid dictates the design and is evident in the structure as well as the light wells and terracing park design.

connection typologies

bridge

tunnel aerial view of rochester | site context

The two parts of the intervention relate and are in dialogue; they are inversions of each other. The upper city “building” is programmed appropriately: streetside retail, commercial, cafes, healthclub, exhibition spaces, office space, and a floating cinema (to maximize view).

06 | michael hughes | work samples

The lower “excavation” is informed by its natural environment. The sculptural cafe mound that breaks through the ground speaks to the hanging cinema. The subterranean development is programmed with artists’ studios, office space, and bars/clubs. The structural grid from the “building” moves through the intervention and is manifested as light/ventilation wells in the “excavation”.

city

e g gorg or

ge

rge go

initial massing studies

e ge gorge gorg gor


1

2 10

14 12 9

11

16

exterior courtyard view

8

7

5

view from pedestrian suspension bridge over gorge

1 2

roof park 18

15

12

14

upper circulation tank

11

16

existing offices

13 7

8

17 4

existing ruin wall 1 2

lower circulation slice

1. bar / club 2. studio / office spaces 3. lower circulation slice 4. cafe / restaurant 5. healthclub 6. tiered green parkscape 7. exterior courtyard 8. exhibition space 9. existing offices 10. upper circulation tank 11. hanging theater / cinema 12. entry atrium 13. grated bridge overpass 14. cafe / lounge 15. pedestrian bridge 16. retail 17. existing ruin wall 18. existing parking garage

interior view of upper circulation tank

interior view of lower circulation slice

07 | michael hughes | work samples

hanging theater


1. bar / club 2. studio / office spaces 3. lower circulation slice 4. cafe / restaurant 5. healthclub 6. tiered green parkscape 7. exterior courtyard 8. exhibition space 9. existing offices 10. upper circulation tank 11. hanging theater / cinema 12. entry atrium 13. grated bridge overpass 14. cafe / lounge 15. pedestrian bridge 16. retail 17. existing ruin wall 18. existing parking garage

18. 18.

15.

12.

10. 12.

10.

9.

9.

9.

14. 16. 8.

7.

11.

5.

13.

13.

3.

17.

3.

17.

2. 4.

3.

3.

4.

4. 6.

1.

6.

1.

2.

plan_ gorge level

08 | michael hughes | work samples

6.

unfolded section_ following sequence of bridges and tunnels from city to gorge level

plan_ ground level

plan_ first level

plan_ second level


FLEXabilities Theater spring 2008 | fifth year critic: Anton Garcia-Abril site: Valencia, Spain

Valencia’s culture is rich with spectacle and performance. Annual festivals unite the proud Valencians and welcome tourists with a loud bang.

pit

Inspired by Spanish sculptor Chillida, the static concrete enclosure is composed of continuous folded slabs. The heavy shell’s petals cantilever over the core like an artichoke to inspire a weightlessness. At the corners of the curious building the shell is cracked open to unveil the bright interior world. The light, steel interior world can be choreographed to accomodate various types of performances. Suspended horizontal platforms break up the massive vertical interior space. Some of the platforms can be shifted upwards and downwards to enlarge or collapse different interior spaces; thus the platforms can function as floor, ceiling, or occupied as fly space. The two worlds inform one another but are independent.

stage | spectacle | generator

flat

spectacle

slope

invert

partition

09 | michael hughes | work samples

The FLEXabilities Theater creates a dynamic, kinetic interior world encased in a static, sculptural rock. The stage is the generator of the design; the motions of the flexible platform govern the layout of the interior space and exterior shell. At its extremes, the stage can fold into the core to reveal a deep pit, or extend high upwards to partition the massive vertical space.


1

2

3

4

1:200 folded slab structural model poured rockite

10 | michael hughes | work samples

modelling design process models disassemble to reveal layered interior space

Through a hands on design process the exteriorr shell and dynamic interior worlds are developed.

choreography of stage shapes interior spaces/situations

Little computer technology is utilized - the motionss of the moving components are studied through iterations of physical models..

1:100 sectional model


11

pit 1 public entry 2 service entry 3 back of house 4 dressing rooms 5 lobby 6 spiraling ramp 7 fixed seating 8 shifting platform 9 shifting platform 10 shifting platform 11 entry atrium 12

9 1

7 10

plan_ platform level

6

1

8

7

plan_ floor level

4

2

5

plan_ core level

11 | michael hughes | work samples

1

3


Patchwork Urban | pier67

generative sectional threads 3d fabric conditions

spring 2007 critic: Jose Salinas site: Chelsea, NYC “An amorphous collection of juxtaposed pieces that can be joined together in an infinite number of ways: we see that patchwork is literally a Riemannian space.” -Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari “1440: The Smooth and the Striated” in A Thousand Plateaus

Chelsea is an up-and-coming district located in the lower west side of Manhattan. Previously, the district was predominantly populated with factories and other industrial spaces. Today the old warehouse spaces are being renovated to support other programs. Chelsea is a patchwork. The new restaurants, clubs, galleries, stores, etc. are being stitched into the existing urban framework. Blocks are pieced together by seams of stitched thread. A patchwork block is a dense, woven fabric composed of individiual threads. As a single thread connects pieces it moves seamlessly and continuously from block to block due to the friction of other woven threads. Therefore, a stitching is no different than a blending. The blocks of a city are defined by the stratifications of the urban stitching. The blocks are stitched together according to common programmatic relationships. An exploration of the programmatic stitching within Chelsea’s urban fabric reveals a catalog of operations and typologies. The project challenges the striated nature of stitching, and proposes a seamless blending.

blocks

density

program

pixelated program

programmatic stitching

condition on site

condition/operation

direct curvature

in-direct curvature

directionality

curve overlay

enclosure of curves

A. parallel striated seams

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

B1

B2

B3

B4

B5

B6

B7

C1

C2

C3

C4

C5

C6

C7

D1

D2

D3

D4

D5

D6

D7

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

F1

F2

F3

F4

F5

F6

F7

B. cross-stitch

C. weaving/knotting

D. shifting linear seams

E. dispersed stitch

F. point

12 | michael hughes | work samples

Typologies of changes in direction_

B5.0 Cross-stitch Directionality

B5.1 Fold

B5.2 Pivot

B5.3 Cusp

B5.4

Corner

B5.5 Radial Fold

B5.6

Pleat

Striated reaction to forces_ Shifting linear seams [with cross threads] reaction to forces_

D2.1 Alternating push

A2.1 Diagonal opposite pull D2.2 Swing and push

D2.3 Interior pull A2.2 Striated squeeze

existing fabric on six-block site of interest

translated manipulated fabric informed by site conditions


97 96 95

94

art galleries

mini storage 11th av.

10th av.

92

3d printed surface models

90

1

pier 67

88 pier 66 66a

86

84 segment 6 83

art

public docks boathouse

design

FBI

Verizon

81

1. scored landscape 79 78

2

site section

76

72

67

66 66a

2. media center

64 segment 5 63 62

3

61 60 59

hudson river

57

public walkway

landscaped park

bike path

crosshighway [southbound] walk

highway [northbound]

sidewalk

W 27th street; cobble stone

3. marina 54 53 p8.

52 segment 4 51

49 p7.

p8

46

p7

p6

45

p6. p5

42

The cataloged operations are implemented architecturally to generate the three surfaces of the pier intervention. Each surface is informed by the urban conditions and responds to the designated programs.

p4

segment 3

p3

p5.

40

Pier67 is a marina-media center: it blurs the existing coastal fringe both physically and programmatically.

p2

p1

34 p4.

32

pier programs:

26

1. elevated level_ public park [scored landscape of varied occupyable materials: grass, pavement, gravel, wood, translucent polymer].

25

segment 2

p2.

2. city level_ media center [lobby, media library, theater [projections and performance], galleries, internet cafe]. p1.

coastal fringe

contextual situation

site plan

3. water level_ marina [docks for private small yachts and boats, water taxi stop, public recreational boats, boathouse].

13 | michael hughes | work samples

p3.


lateral sect a.

a

b

lateral sect b.

c

d

14 | michael hughes | work samples

elevated level plan_scored parkscape surface

longitudinal sect d.

city level plan_dynamic media center surface

water level plan_folded marina surface

lateral sect c.


Radial Erect-urbia Dwell Magazine and Inhabitat.com Reburbia Competition Top 20 Finalist of 400+ submissions july 2009

Mobile 3000 foot tower-cranes toddle towards suburban communities where they proceed to drill deep footings at the center of their cores into the earth and outstretch their tripod legs over a 2000 foot radius of suburb. The crane tears out homes from their plots and shelves them in 60 floors of open floor plates. Breaking up the tower into five sub neighborhoods, commercial/public multi-floors are packed full of the big box stores and strip malls that sustain residential communities. Each sub-neighborhood is an atrium space of houses connecting to a core with wide causeways planted as walking parks. A drill digs the core deep underground to extract geothermal heat energy and carefully regulate the extraction and return of groundwater for agriculture and living. The crane’s legs unfold and pivot around the core to cultivate the newly cleared land. Tilling, planting, watering, gathering, and other agricultural processes are performed by the three revolving utility appendages. Above, a giant wind turbine rotates to collect energy while the crane erects connecting thoroughfares to adjacent towers. The elevated links support a public transportation network as well as allow the free flow of people and goods through the newly densified neighborhoods.

15 | michael hughes | work samples

Each tower can sustain 1,200 single family homes and 2,500,000 square feet of commercial and public space for some 5,000 inhabitants. Through a process of radically retrofitting residential areas the old methodology of horizontal sprawl is supplanted by a new scheme of vertical-core sprawl freeing the suburbanite from the demands of automotive travel and maintaining the spatial desire for individual home spaces while returning the land to mother-nature.


ETC. a collaged collapse of three experiences of the las vegas strip

KROB Memorial Delineation Competition: Finalist fall 2008

16 | michael hughes | work samples

independent study spring 2007

sketch carlo scarpa | brion-vega cemetery, italy fall 2007

.rules govern the self organization of cells .a flash animation was used to generate a 3d manifestation .CAVE virtual reality utilized to create immersive enviroment .audience able to participate in animation

analytical street performance | piazza navona | fall 07 a path through rome’s urban fabric is unfolded through a series of choreographed performed movements

15 | michael hughes | work samples

cellular automata animation

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