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ENGLISH 214 Oral Presentations


REMINDER Please make sure you prepare your folders when you hand in your report:

•Brainstorming, mindmapping, Freewriting. •Sources for your report •2 drafts and final report •Letter •Memo •Printout of your presentation •Handouts / Visuals for your presentation


8 STAGES TO PREPARING A PRESENTATION 1. Objectives

2. Limitations

3. Main Points

4. Beginning

5. Middle

6. End

7. And then...

8. Visuals


8 STAGES TO PREPARING A PRESENTATION 1. OBJECTIVES Why are you giving this presentation?

Who are you giving this presentation to?

How much do they know already?

What effect do you want your presentation to have?


8 STAGES TO PREPARING A PRESENTATION 2. LIMITATIONS How long have you got?

Where will you be giving your presentation?

Can you change the room around to suit your preferences?


8 STAGES TO PREPARING A PRESENTATION 3. MAIN POINTS No more than three points in a 10-minute talk.

Is there a logical connection between these points?

What evidence can you produce to support your points and make your case clear?


8 STAGES TO PREPARING A PRESENTATION 4. BEGINNING Introduce yourself

Let them know that you will take questions at the end of your presentation.

Check to see if everyone can see and hear you.

You may want to give an outline of your presentation so your audience knows where you are heading.

Think about how you will introduce your presentation. Maybe a question, anecdote or contradictory statements.


8 STAGES TO PREPARING A PRESENTATION 5. MIDDLE Handouts Examples Anecdotes

Make sure your talk is interesting and logical and use...

Charts & graphs

Stories

Artifacts


8 STAGES TO PREPARING A PRESENTATION 6. END Summarise Conclude Leave your audience thinking


8 STAGES TO PREPARING A PRESENTATION 7. And then... Look at your presentation Does it meet the objectives?

Is the structure as logical as can be?

Is it too long?

Is the content right for the audience?

Revise it!


8 STAGES TO PREPARING A PRESENTATION 8. Visuals Prepare your visuals: Powerpoint / Handouts

Use maps, photos, film clips, graphs, diagrams and charts


ORAL PRESENTATIONS PREPARATION

Know your topic. Become an expert Learn as much as you can about the topic What is the background of your audience? Will they know about the topic? How much detail do you need to go into? Prepare an outline


ORAL PRESENTATIONS PREPARATION

Bullet or number the main points a 2 minute talk is roughly equivalent to 2 double spaced pages in 12-pt.

Never read a presentation!

Write out your presentation if you need to organize your thoughts, but then outline this text for the actual presentation.


ORAL PRESENTATIONS PREPARATION

Keep visual aids simple and uncluttered. Use color and contrast for emphasis but in moderation. Use a font room.

large enough to be seen from the back of the

For an 8-10 minute talk use no more than 10 slides. Do not use sound effects.


ORAL PRESENTATIONS HANDOUTS STRUCTURE REFERENCES

HANDOUTS ATTRACTIVE

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL

GLOSSARY


ORAL PRESENTATIONS HANDOUTS Handouts Your handout should be 1-2 pages long... You should have: Your name Title of your course (English 214) Date of your presentation Title of your presentation Brief abstract (50 word summary) A brief outline of your presentation including the major points A bibliography of references used to inform the presentation


ORAL PRESENTATIONS PRACTICE

Practice giving your presentation to yourself.  Speak out loud and time yourself.  Practice using your visual aids.  It is absolutely important that you stick to your time limit.  Your goal is to inform, not to give too much information. 


ORAL PRESENTATIONS DELIVERY TIPS To begin with, tell your audience your topic and what you are going to talk about

Speak in a clear, audible voice

Don’t be afraid to move around the room

Avoid reading

Dress neatly and appropriately

Stand up straight

Don’t do things that will distract from your audience.


ORAL PRESENTATIONS DELIVERY TIPS

Make eye contact Don’t speak to the screen, speak to your audience. Don’t turn your back on your audience.

Organise your time well Ask if there are any questions at the end. Summarize your points at the end of your presentation.


ORAL PRESENTATIONS A NOTE ON FEAR Fear is part of the preparation

Good preparation will boost self confidence Fear makes you think clearer and faster

Don’t worry everyone feels nervous

Before you know it... it will be over!


ORAL PRESENTATIONS THE AUDIENCE

Listen politely Make occasional eye contact with speaker Take notes or jot down interesting facts Control negative facial expressions Control bored body language Do not put your head down on the desk or tilt your head back to sleep Control the impulse to constantly check watch Expect a Question & Answer period to be part of the presentation Participate in Question & Answer period - either by listening or by posing a question. Prepare to remain attentive throughout the Q&A - speakers will dismiss their audience Remain seated until the speaker is finished


ORAL PRESENTATIONS

Short video on presentation techniques used by Steve Jobs of Apple Inc.


Oral Presentations Lecture