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ENGLISH 214

The Composing Process Information Fill Activity: Lecture 2 _________________________________ Poor technical  wri.ng  can  result  when:  The  facts  are  already  known  (Beware  of  old  technical  reports).  The  author(s)  do  not  know  the  _______________  about  the  subject  The  paper  is  based  on  __________________________  only  (You  are  not  the  only  

expert).

 The conclusions  are  not  jus.fied  by  the      

               given.

 The material  is  poorly  __________________  .  The  author(s)  uses  the  improper  style.  The  material  is  not  sufficiently    

.

 Poor _________________and  misspelled  words  are  used.  The  major  points  are  not  ___________________  throughout  the  paper.  When  the  author(s)  assumes  the  reader  shares  the  same  level  of  knowledge  of  the  

subject.

The Composing  Process  S  _________________________________  D_________________________________  A_________________________________  __________________________________  __________________________________

Situa5onal Analysis  Analyzing  the    

, purpose,  and    

 Establish purpose  Determine  reader’s  aKtudes  and  needs  Determine  scope  of  coverage


ENGLISH 214  Bringing thoughts  from  nowhere  to  somewhere  Make  decisions  about    

and  style  based  on  audience  and  persona  

Persona  The    

the  writer  has,  or  assumes,  when  wri.ng

 Relates to  the  posi.on  of  the  writer  and  his  or  her  rela.onship  to  the  

and  the  situa.on

Ques.ons to  Ask  About  the  Audience  and  Persona  What  is  the  level  of      

and  experience  of  your  reader?

 What is  the  reader’s    

?

 What is  your  rela.onship  to  the  reader?  What  is  your  reader’s    

 What persona  do  you  wish  to    

about  what  you  are  going  to  say?

?

 What is  the  influence  of  interna.onal  culture?

Discovery  Finding the      

persona

to  meet  the  needs  of  your  topic,  purpose,  audience,  and  

 Use a  variety  of  sources  to  locate  informa.on  for  the  topic  you  are  wri.ng  about  Take  the  informa.on  you  have  gathered  to  create    

not exist  before

informa.on  that  did  

Arrangement  Taking material  from  the  discovery  step  and  roughing  out  a  plan  or  developing  a  

complete  

 Different methods  of  arrangement  Chronological  ____________________________________  General  to  specific  Specific  to  general  ____________________________________  Division/classifica.on


ENGLISH 214

Dra;ing  Begin wri.ng  aYer  finishing  the  outline  and  arrangement  Maintain  consistent  point  of  view  when  wri.ng  the  rough  draY  

Revising  Polishing the  rough  draY  in  terms  of:  Arrangement  and  content  Logic  Style  Graphics  Document  design  Consider  having    

read  the  rough  draY  for  comments  and  sugges.ons

Edi5ng  Final checking  of:  A  

 L

&  __________

 Document design  Style

 Graphics

NOTES ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Lecture 2 - Notes on The Composing Process  

These notes accompany lecture 2 on the composing process of technical writing.

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