Page 1

Mozart’s Birthplace

concerts research Museums

pocket Guide


OPENING HOURS open daily (also sundays and public holidays) from 9 a.m. – 5.30 p.m. last admission at 5 p.m. July, august: 8.30 a.m. – 7 p.m. last admission at 6.30 p.m. www.mozarteum.at SITE the two Mozart Museums are situated in the centre of salzburg and can be reached on foot, as well as via public transport. the walking distance between both museums is about 5 minutes. MOZART’S BIRTHPLACE Getreidegasse 9, 5020 salzburg tel. +43 662 844313, mozartmuseum@mozarteum.at MOZART RESIDENCE Makartplatz 8, 5020 salzburg tel. +43 662 87422740, mozartmuseum@mozarteum.at Mirabell is a project sponsor of Mozart’s Birthplace

2 MOZART RESIDENCE

2

2

1 MOZART’S BIRTHPLACE

1

WE ARE GLAD AND GRATEFUL FOR EVERY DONATION that supports us in our task of preserving Mozart’s heritage. internationale stiftung Mozarteum / Bankhaus carl spängler & co. aG, iBaN: at98 1953 0001 0009 5799, Bic: spaeat2s


MOZART’S BIRTHPLACE

the Mozart Family lived in this house for 26 years before moving to the Mozart residence on the other side of the river salzach in 1773. leopold Mozart was a chamber musician and composer in the service of the prince-archbishop of salzburg. Not long after leopold married anna Maria pertl in 1747, they moved to this rented apartment which covers 130 square metres on the third floor of this building. the couple had seven children, only two of whom survived to adulthood: daughter Maria anna (known as Nannerl) born in 1751 and the son born in 1756, Johannes chrysostomos theophilus Wolfgangus, now famous throughout the world under the name Wolfgang amadÊ Mozart. the life of the Mozarts was typical for that of a middle-class family in salzburg. the atmosphere in the house at Getreidegasse No. 9 was probably harmonious and cheerful. there was much music-making and many acquaintances and friends came to visit. the mother took care of the household with the help of a maid, while leopold was out of the house doing his service at the archiepiscopal court or teaching in the kapellhaus (chapel house). at home he composed, rehearsed with musician colleagues or gave his music students private lessons. the Mozart Family enjoyed a close friendship with the owners of the house, the hagenauer Family. on the ground floor Johann lorenz hagenauer ran a profitable delicatessen store offering luxury goods such as herbs, tea, coffee and tobacco. the successful businessman with trading contacts throughout europe always supported the Mozart’s Birthplace


many journeys of the Mozart Family. thanks to his frequent correspondence with father leopold Mozart we are well informed about Mozart’s early years as a young boy. the square in front of Mozart’s Birthplace is nowadays still known as the hagenauerplatz. only a few changes have been made to the façade of the house since Mozart’s time. the Baroque window frames were removed, and at the end of the 19th century the storey under the roof was converted. Besides the entrance doorway is a charming detail: of historic interest are the bell pulls, by means of which it was possible to make the bells chime in the windows of the separate storeys. the salzburg Mozarteum Foundation bought the building in 1917 and has owned and managed it ever since. the museum was founded in 1880. in the early years it only comprised the rooms of the former Mozart apartment on the third floor. during the following decades the museum was continually extended. Nowadays the museum covers three floors. More than 300 exhibits can be seen over an area of 600 square metres.

For your orientation the ticket office is on the first floor. Follow the steps up to the third floor and you arrive outside the kitchen of the Mozart Family. this is where the exhibition tour begins. Via the staircase you arrive in the hallway of the second floor. there, at the terminal, you can load all the information texts about the museum onto your own mobile phone. to do this scan the QR code or use the appstore or playstore of your smartphone. the museum shop is on the second floor. Toilet facilities are available on each floor in the arcade corridors.


ROUND TOUR 3rd Floor • the Mozart apartment • Mozart in Vienna and Mozart’s posterity 2nd Floor • Mozart at the theatre st 1 Floor • day-to-day life of a child prodigy

3rd Floor the round tour through the museum begins on the third floor.

THE TOUR STARTS HERE 3

2

1 PATIO

5

4

6

• STAIRCASE TO THE 2nd FLOOR

THE MOZART APARTMENT the Mozart Family had a middle-class apartment covering about 130 square metres, with four rooms and a kitchen.

1 The Kitchen

1

during the 18th century kitchens in middleclass homes were not part of the apartment. they were separate from the living area because of the intense emission of smoke and danger of fire. the focal point was the stone stove where food was cooked over an open fire. it was usual for several families to share a kitchen. Mozart’s Birthplace


2 The Hallway

2

outside the door to the actual Mozart apartment (under the heading MuseuM) is a large family tree of the Mozart Family on the right wall. as you can see, infant mortality was very high during the 18th century. leopold and anna Maria Mozart had seven children, only two survived to adulthood, Nannerl and Wolfgang. Wolfgang and his wife constanze Mozart also had only two sons who survived, carl thomas and Franz Xaver Wolfgang. the other four children died before reaching the age of one. there are no descendants of the Mozart Family. Mozart’s sons died unmarried and without children. When Nannerl’s greatgranddaughter Berta Forschter died in 1919, the line was extinguished.

3 The Storage Room

3

You enter the apartment through the socalled Kabinett, used as a storage room and later as Wolfgang’s bedroom. this is where Wolfgang’s parents are shown. documents about leopold Mozart and his wife anna Maria pertl provide information about their background. leopold Mozart came from augsburg in swabia. he originally came to salzburg to study philosophy at the university but never finished his studies. From the age of 24 he devoted himself entirely to music. his wife anna Maria was the daughter of the magistrate (judge) in st. Gilgen, a small village on lake Wolfgang, about 30 kilometres from salzburg. after the death of her


father she moved with her mother to salzburg where they lived on a modest pension. the most important document in the display case is the letter by leopold Mozart to his publisher, in which he writes about the birth of his son on 27 January 1756 at 8 o’clock in the evening. the son who is nowadays world famous under the name Wolfgang amadé Mozart.

4 The Living Room

4

the living room is the largest and brightest room in the apartment. this served as a sitting room and was also where the family ate and played music. No items of the Mozart Family’s furniture have been preserved. the green tiled oven in the corner of the room is also not from the time of Mozart. only the place where it stands remains the same. the oven has to be opened and filled with wood from behind. the opening was in the corridor so as to prevent dirt and soot from entering the living area. the individual members of the family are presented on the large wall. Framed between the parents, anna Maria and leopold Mozart, hang what are probably the most famous portraits of the two Mozart children. Wolfgang amadé at the age of seven is wearing the gala outfit that was presented to him after his successful appearance at the Viennese court by empress Maria theresa. in the display cases beneath the four main paintings, characteristic features of the individual members of the family are described on the basis of quotes from letters: the humorous mother, the well behaved sister, the critical father and the unconventional son Wolfgang amadé. Mozart’s Birthplace


the famous portrait Mozart in Verona is owned privately and a copy is on display here. You can see the fourteen-year-old Mozart wearing a white wig and red jacket sitting at a harpsichord. the violin refers to him as a violinist, the inkpot to his activity as a composer. What is interesting is that the sheet of music shown here is the only written source for this composition, the socalled Veronese Allegro. together with the other Mozart portraits in the room such as Mozart with the Diamond Ring, Mozart in the Gala Dress and Mozart by leopold Bode it shows the range of Mozart portrayals in the 18th and 19th centuries. the painting Tea with Prince Conti reflects the atmosphere of a sophisticated tea party in the second half of the 18th century such as the Mozart Family would have repeatedly experienced on the Grand tour through western europe. Mozart’s first compositions can be seen in the display cases as well as editions in various languages of leopold Mozart’s Violin Tutor which was already famous at that time. Besides his profession as a court musician leopold Mozart was above all well known as a violin teacher and good educational theorist. he brought up his children himself and taught them at home. Mozart was already able to play the violin and piano at the age of five and wrote down his first small compositions.

5

5

Bedroom

the Mozart Family’s bedroom was probably also the room where the Mozart children were born. Nannerl Mozart was born during


the night of 30/31 July 1751; Wolfgang was born on 27 January 1756 at 8 o’clock at night, the last of seven children born by anna Maria. When he was born, his father was 37 years old, his mother 36. here, in Wolfgang amadé Mozart’s birth room – indeed the most important room in the house – personal objects of his can be seen such as buttons, a wallet, ring, tobacco tin and hair. these memorabilia came into the possession of the salzburg Mozarteum Foundation through friends or members of the family. the central object is Wolfgang amadé Mozart’s violin which he used as a child. it was built by the salzburg violinmaker andreas Ferdinand Mayr around 1740 and its size corresponds to a violino piccolo, between ¼ and a ½ size. like all the other original Mozart instruments (numbering six altogether) owned by the salzburg Mozarteum Foundation it is in excellent playable condition.

6 Study

the last room in the Mozart apartment was the study, which was probably used both by leopold and by Wolfgang amadé for composing. Nowadays this room is devoted to Wolfgang amadé Mozart’s own family. 6

Mozart married constanze Weber in Vienna in 1782 and was very happy with her. initially his father did not agree to the bond. Wolfgang and constanze had six children, only two of whom reached adulthood. Franz Xaver Wolfgang and his brother carl thomas, who was six years older, can be seen on the double portrait. after the early death of the father the two children were Mozart’s Birthplace


brought up by constanze Mozart. she was very adept at keeping alive the memory of her deceased husband. she also took care of his estate. her portrait by hans hansen dating from 1802 shows her with a folder containing Mozart’s works. the large golden frame contains one of the most famous portraits of Mozart. the silverpoint pen drawing by dorothea stock is probably the truest resemblance of Mozart. he was 33 years old at the time and he is not made to look more handsome than he was. the thick hair and the protruding eyes are particularly noticeable. the silverpoint pen drawing technique is extremely sensitive and so only a facsimile is on display here. other Mozart portraits from the last decade of his life can be seen in the display case: an ivory relief, the famous boxwood relief (1789) by leonard posch, and a Mozart miniature on a tobacco tin from 1783. it was not until 2013 that this miniature was able to be identified indubitably as an authentic Mozart portrait. What is remarkable is that Mozart is shown from a frontal view. until then only profile views from the last decade of Mozart’s life were known.

You are now leaving the Mozart apartment. Via the arcade you reach the exhibition area at the back of the house which deals with the time Mozart spent in Vienna and what occurred after his death.


3rd Floor, overlooking the Universitätsplatz exhibition rooms in the back part of the house

ARRIVAL / STAIRCASE

11

10

9

7

8

PATIO

STAIRCASE TO THE 2nd FLOOR

7 Anteroom

a large-scale view of Vienna in the 18th century creates the setting for this topic. Go straight ahead into the first exhibition room. 7 8 An Artist’s Life

8

in the room entitled An Artist’s Life, the most important facets of Mozart’s time in Vienna are highlighted: his life and dayto-day activity as a young married man, as a musician and composer, and as a Freemason. in april 1781, Mozart wrote from Vienna to his father in salzburg, “i can assure you that this is a wonderful place, and for my profession the best place in the world.” When Mozart arrived in Vienna in 1781, the imperial city had about 200,000 inhabitants. Mozart hoped to receive commissions from the nobility and higher middleclass, and in particular he hoped for possibilities of musical development. that was lacking in salzburg. there musical life was focused entirely on the court of princeMozart’s Birthplace


archbishop hieronymus colloredo. Mozart’s greatest wish – to compose operas – could not be fulfilled in salzburg.

9

in the circular display case you can see portraits of the most important composers at that time in Vienna. Besides his work as a composer Mozart also earned a living by teaching and by making occasional concert appearances as a pianist. in 1787 he also took on the post of a chamber musician at the imperial court. the display case on the right-hand side shows Mozart’s everyday life in the imperial city. the letter to his sister Nannerl gives us insights into how Mozart spent the day and shows what an enormous amount of work he did. he only had time to compose during the night or in the early morning. he usually had to manage with only five hours sleep. even though Mozart earned a lot of money, he had huge debts. the letter to his Masonic brother, Johann Michael puchberg, testifies to this. Mozart’s membership in a Masonic lodge is explained briefly and Mozart’s living situation is also commented on. the subject of the following display case is Mozart’s death. Wolfgang amadé Mozart died in his 36th year on 5 december 1791 after a long illness. he was buried only one day later at the st. Marx cemetery, outside the gates of Vienna. contrary to the legend he did not have a funeral of a pauper. in many pictures a myth is created around his death. there is a fine example on the opposite wall.


9 After Mozart’s Death

this room is dedicated to the biographies of the closest members of the Mozart Family. two large-scale oil paintings present the two sons. the exhibits in the display case below provide information about their life. the older son, carl thomas, took up a career as a civil servant despite being musically talented and he lived in italy for 50 years. he visited the city where his father was born three times; the last occasion was in 1856 for the celebration of the hundredth anniversary of the birth of Wolfgang amadé Mozart. the younger son, Franz Xaver Wolfgang, was a musical prodigy. at the age of 17 he went as a music teacher to a noble family in lvov where, apart from occasional trips, he spent almost his entire life. as a musician and composer he was always overshadowed by his father. in 1842, for the unveiling ceremony of the Mozart statue in salzburg, he conducted a festive chorus he had written based on musical motifs by his father. a hand-written copy can be seen in the display case. the large oil portrait in the centre shows Mozart’s sister at the age of 50. Nannerl Mozart, under her married name known as Maria anna Freifrau von Berchtold zu sonnenburg, was an important witness of the time following the death of Mozart. up to an advanced age she provided information about the life and work of her brother. she died at the age of 78 in her apartment in the sigmund haffner Gasse, now the location of the zipfer Bierhaus, obliquely opposite the birthplace. in the display case is a manuscript in which she answers questions about her brother’s life. two of Mozart’s long-standing companions, the married couple aloisia and Joseph lange, are represented in small portraits. aloisia, his wife constanze’s sister, was Mozart’s first great love. she was an excellent singer and in later years sang major roles in premieres of Mozart’s works. her husband was a well-known actor and also a talented painter. he painted the famous incomplete oil portrait of Mozart Mozart’s Birthplace


which can be seen on the floor below, in the exhibition area Mozart and the Theatre. Mozart’s wife constanze had a close relationship to her sisters. Both aloisia and the younger sister sophie haibl spent the last years of their life with constanze in salzburg. the next painting on the wall shows constanze Mozart’s second husband. constanze lived for 18 years as a widow before marrying the danish diplomat Georg Nikolaus Nissen in 1809. they had become acquainted some years earlier. Nissen had helped constanze to sort through and order Mozart’s estate. the married couple Nissen published the first extensive biography of Mozart. a first copy can be seen in the display case. Nissen used the extensive family correspondence as a reference source. the letter from Mozart to his wife in Baden dated July 1791 shows interesting crossings-out. Nissen obviously considered it necessary to censor the letter. Many original manuscripts, Mozart’s instruments and memorabilia came from the family directly to the “cathedral Music association and Mozarteum”, founded in 1841, and formed the basis of the collection of the salzburg Mozarteum Foundation. a valuable new acquisition is the plaster-cast medallion containing a Mozart portrait on a blue grounding. it is a profile view typical of the two last years of Mozart’s life. posch made several portrait medallions of Mozart. the one on display here is particularly delicate and executed with great attention to detail. the small table piano on the wall opposite was owned by constanze during her time in denmark. she lived from 1810 to 1820 with her husband in copenhagen. the couple chose to retire in salzburg.


10 Posterity

admiration for Mozart began in salzburg on 6 september 1842 at the unveiling ceremony of the Mozart statue. 10

the pictures on the left wall provide information about this event. appeals for donations of money for the statue were made years beforehand. When ground was excavated to lay the foundations on the Michaelsplatz (now known as the Mozartplatz), roman mosaics were found. the archaeological recovery of these treasures delayed work for months which meant that constanze Mozart was no longer able to be present at the unveiling of the statue. she died only half a year before. two rarities can be seen beneath the prints. a portrait showing constanze Mozart around 1840 as a photograph! the technique was invented only a few years earlier and so had a great rarity value. the photo was taken during a visit to her composer friend Max keller in altötting. it is a detail from a group picture. another photo shows Mozart’s older son carl thomas. it was taken during his visit to salzburg in 1856. the salzburg Mozarteum Foundation was established in 1880, having evolved from the cathedral Music association and Mozarteum, founded in 1841; as a non-profitorganization it fosters and preserves Mozart’s heritage. documents, photographs and engravings on the opposite wall and in the display cases tell the story about the history of the development of this important institution. in the display case on the right there are historic photographs of Mozart’s Birthplace. it is the world’s oldest museum dedicated to a composer. a small Mozart Mozart’s Birthplace


exhibition was mounted in 1856 before a permanent exhibition was set up in 1880. some photos show the building of the Mozarteum. the house was opened in 1914 and marks a milestone in the cultural life of the city of salzburg. the concert hall in the building is considered to be one of the most beautiful and best concert halls in the world. the display case on the left shows historic photos of the so-called Magic Flute Summer House. it was originally located in the courtyard of the Freihaustheater in Vienna, the theatre where Mozart’s opera The Magic Flute was first performed. When the Magic Flute Summer House, an important relic of the Mozart cult, came to salzburg, it was positioned on the kapuzinerberg in 1877 and soon became a pilgrimage destination for all Mozart enthusiasts. although it consists of only one room, it was furnished like a small museum. the famous artist anton romako from Vienna was commissioned in 1877 to paint the prestigious oil painting Mozart at the Spinet especially for the Magic Flute Summer House. the large-scale painting hangs on the opposite wall.

11 Mozart Online

11

in the adjoining room Mozart Online computers provide information about the organization and activities of the salzburg Mozarteum Foundation in the 21st century. here you can find out about important academic projects, such as the digital Mozart edition, which offers all interested persons throughout the world free access to Mozart’s music, or you can digitally browse through original Mozart manuscripts.


the round tour of the museum takes you further down a staircase to the second floor. please turn to the left and go down the staircase to the arcade. at the centre is a door marked Mozart and Opera which leads you to more rooms in the museum.

2nd Floor

STAIRCASE TO THE 1st FLOOR PATIO

MUSEUM SHOP

14 13

12

• ARRIVAL FROM THE 3 rd FLOOR

MOZART AT THE THEATRE in the exhibition Mozart at the Theatre visitors can find out about Mozart’s creativity as an opera composer. From 1767 to 1791 he wrote a total of 22 works for the stage. here we show you the most beautiful examples from our large collection of models of stage sets, designs, costume drawings and stage photographs.

12 Mozart at the Piano

12

on the front side of the room is one of the most valuable and most mysterious portraits of Wolfgang amadé Mozart. the picture Mozart at the Piano was painted by his brother-in-law Joseph lange in 1789. the painting is unfinished and generations have pondered as to the reasons for this. Most recent research has shown that Joseph Mozart’s Birthplace


lange left behind a small, but completed fragment that shows only the head. at the beginning of the 19th century it was extended and arms, hands and keyboard should have been added but the work remained incomplete. on the podium is another original Mozart instrument, his clavichord. it is a small keyboard instrument whereby a string is hit by a metal pin to produce a refined, gentle sound. according to a handwritten confirmation by constanze Mozart in the interior of the instrument he composed his final works such as Die Zauberflöte, La clemenza di Tito and the Freemasons’ Cantata on it. engravings from early performances of these operas are on display in the curved showcase on the wall. in the round, free-standing display case on the left you can see the theatre bill of the premiere of The Magic Flute and a walking stick with a sphinx on the handle. this was a present from Mozart to Franz Xaver Gerl, who sang the role of sarastro in the first performance of The Magic Flute. in the round free-standing display case on the right are role pictures from The Magic Flute in the historic costumes of the world premiere.

13 Singers and Public

in the middle room we present portraits of various singers, models of stage sets from the first performances and some anecdotes about life in the theatre. theatre was part of Wolfgang amadé Mozart’s everyday life. Just like travelling, service at court, composing and so on, dealing with artistic directors, musicians, singers and audiences, life on and behind the stage belonged to his day-to-day business. the behaviour of the public during the performance cannot be compared with nowadays. people listened when they considered a performance to be especially good. in the theatre in the 18th century people also chatted and received visitors in their boxes. the engravings made by Joseph schaffer, which are to be seen in the curved red display case on the wall provide an


13

impression of the first ever performance of The Magic Flute. a pioneering production of The Magic Flute took place at the court theatre in Weimar in 1816 with sets and costumes by the architect karl Friedrich von schinkel. the model and copies of the designs are exhibited in the display case and in the drawers by the light-green display wall.

14 Stage sets from the 19th to the

21st centuries

14

the largest room on the round tour presents a representative sample of the extensive theatrical collection of the salzburg Mozarteum Foundation. stage set designs and models of Mozart operas that were staged during the Mozart Week, the salzburg Festival and at various opera houses in europe are on display here. it is exciting to see the sketches made by famous stage designers of the 19th and 20th centuries, and in a digital showcase they can also be seen on the screen. Moreover, at media stations the visitor can make a direct comparison between the model and the realization on stage.

after visiting the Museum Shop in the adjacent room, you descend via the staircase to the first floor. please follow the signs Wunderkind Mozart – Mozart the child prodigy. open the door (in the winter) and you enter the first exhibition room. First

Mozart’s Birthplace


First Floor ARRIVAL FROM THE 2nd FLOOR

TICKET OFFICE

EXIT PATIO

16

17

15

AUDIO ROOM

15 Day-to-day life while travelling

15

leopold Mozart wanted to make the musical talent of his children known and famous beyond salzburg. But how should the news about his child prodigies be presented to the world? at a time when people depended on written or oral messages there was no other alternative but to undertake journeys with the children so as to present them at the most important courts of the nobility. in his lifetime Mozart undertook 17 journeys. he spent exactly 3,720 days travelling, in other words about a third of his life. a map on the wall marks the major places where Mozart stayed during his travels. the longest journey undertaken by the family (Grand tour of Western europe) lasted 1,269 days, which is 3 years, five months and 20 days. leopold Mozart’s expenditure for these long journeys amounted to a total of 20,000 florins (about € 460,000). Mozart undertook three journeys to italy accompanied by his father. the aim was to make Wolfgang known in italy, to acquire commissions for compositions and possibly even to take up a position at one of the courts of the nobility. a further purpose of the journeys was to study music. portraits of im-


portant personalities Mozart met in italy can be seen on the wall. in 1769 Mozart visited padre Giovanni Martini (1706-1784) in Bologna, one of the most significant music theorists of his time in italy and a great admirer of Mozart. during a mass in the sistine chapel in rome Wolfgang heard the Miserere by Gregorio allegri (1584-1652), which he wrote down afterwards from memory; musicians were forbidden to copy music and if they did so, were threatened with excommunication. on 5 July 1770 Wolfgang was decorated with the order of the knight of the Golden spur by pope clemens XiV (1705-1774). in the display cases on the walls you can see several travelling utensils. the luggage always contained books in foreign languages, maps with the post stations, guide books and everyday objects such as cutlery, telescope, scales for weighing coins, and a travelling medical chest, as well as Mozart’s original tea caddy and sugar jar. Film scenes Mozart on his Travels can be seen on the screen. in one of the round free-standing display cases you can see the certificate concerning Mozart’s acceptance in the accademia Filarmonica in Bologna. the entrance exam took place on 9 october 1770 at 4 o’clock in the afternoon. Wolfgang amadé Mozart completed the examination task in half an hour (instead of the usual three) and became a member of the academy, even though he had not yet reached the minimum age of 20 years. the vote concerning his acceptance took place with the use of black and white balls. in a free-standing display case you can see pieces of 18thcentury jewellery because on his travels Mozart received many presents such as golden shoe buckles, tobacco tins, watches and rings. another round display case shows the many letters written during the journeys to friends and relatives at home. they give vivid impressions of the places the Mozart Family visited, the sights they saw and the experiences they had on their travels. in a separate audio room on this floor visitors can linger for a while and listen to Mozart’s music. Mozart’s Birthplace


16 Everyday life in Salzburg

16

in the central room without any windows, objects convey insights about the everyday life of the Mozart Family in salzburg. the topics covered here include the friends of the family and how they spent their leisure time, salzburg in the 18th century, service at the court of the prince-archbishop, hygiene, illness, birth, death and religion. Friends and contemporaries of the Mozart Family can be seen on the wall. the masters of leopold and Wolfgang, the princearchbishops schrattenbach and colloredo are also here. in the last third of the 18thcentury salzburg had 16,000 inhabitants. the clergy played the most important role; in contrast the few noble families resident in salzburg were hardly significant. there was a more relaxed social mingling between the nobility and the middle-class than in other major residential cities. the Mozarts fostered good contacts with many noble families for whom Wolfgang composed music for various special occasions. cultural, social and political life of the middle class was dominated by a few major businessmen and merchant barons. in many letters written by members of the Mozart Family reference is made to party games. playing games was part of daily life; card games such as tarot, Trisette, Mariage, Brandeln and Schmieren were all the rage in salzburg; in addition chess and billiards were popular forms of entertainment. a special favourite was a game known as BĂślzlschieĂ&#x;en (bolt shooting). airguns were used to shoot small feathered bolts at round wooden targets. these were painted and humorously depicted eccentric features or current events in the life of one of the family


members. appropriate verses ensured general joviality. playing cards which leopold Mozart himself painted can be seen in one of the round, free-standing display cases. the display case on the left wall contains objects of everyday life, such as wigs, a shaving towel, baby bottle, and hot-water bottle. the next display case provides information about healing methods in the 18th century. in those days the blood-letting scarificator was an important medicinal instrument. Nowadays it is also amazing to see what were the components of many medicinal prescriptions.

17 Middle-class living room

17

this room is furnished with furniture from st. peter’s abbey, from the former possessions of the hagenauer Family and other salzburg families, and gives an impression of living circumstances in the 18th century. only a small chest of drawers which belonged to the Mozart Family has been preserved and is at present on display in the Mozart residence (Makartplatz). the focal point of the room is a fortepiano made by anton Walter around 1790. piano recitals and exclusive museum concerts are held here from time to time.

the round tour comes to an end in this room. please go again through the two rooms “everyday life” back to the staircase and follow the sign EXIT down to the ground floor.

Mozart’s Birthplace

Profile for Stiftung Mozarteum Salzburg

Pocket Guide Mozart's Birthplace  

Mozart's Birthplace belongs to the Salzburg Mozarteum Foundation and is one of the most important attractions in Salzburg.

Pocket Guide Mozart's Birthplace  

Mozart's Birthplace belongs to the Salzburg Mozarteum Foundation and is one of the most important attractions in Salzburg.

Profile for mozarteum