Good Governance / Decentralization
Objective The clearing house of the Indonesian Corruption Eradication Commission successfully fulfils its function of corruption prevention.
Particularly, the following aspects are considered:
• Implementation of the national action plan for corruption eradication: KPK is regarded to be a key actor.
• Implementation of the national mid-term development plan: Fighting corruption promotes good governance, especially transparency and efficiency in the public administration.
• Implementation of the UN convention against
Anti-Corruption Clearing House (KPK)
corruption (UNCAC): Indonesia, as a signatory of the convention, realizes its stipulations by establishing KPK.
Contact Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH German Technical Cooperation
Anti–Cor ruption House (KPK)
Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. C1 Jakarta 12920 T: +62 (0)21- 7398301 or 7398401 F: +62 (0)21- 7398373 E: email@example.com I: www.gtz-decentralization.or.id
The Issue Approach
According to sur veys conducted by Transparency International, Indonesia is one of the most corrupt countries in the world. But since the end of the 1990s, the government has demonstrated its will to fight corruption, i.e. by ratifying the UN convention against corruption and the subsequent establishment of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) and the national action plan to combat corruption. KPK began to take up its work in December 2003. It disposes of a well defined mandate with far-reaching competences for the prevention and prosecution of corruption. The implementation of its tasks, particularly related to the police and to the attorney general as well as to other public institutions, has not yet been determined clearly, though. Moreover, KPK only reluctantly cooperates with civil society organizations in the efforts to prevent corruption and to track hints of corrupt practices in the bureaucracy. The organizational structure of the commission, however, has already been implemented, as stipulated in the respective law, and staff recruitment has been finished. Nevertheless, internal working and management procedures, i.e. concerning knowledge management and public relations are not yet satisfying. For these reasons, KPK does not yet sufficiently fulfill its mandate. It has to be expected that it can-not respond to public pressure to prosecute important cases of corruption, which may have a negative impact on the scope and speed of governance reforms.
The success of the Indonesian Corruption Eradication Commission depends on its capacity to collect and process information and to use it for the prevention and direct combat against corruption.
The Project Whereas other programs frequently focus the legal prosecution of corruption, the joint Indonesian-German effort is intended to support the capacities of KPK in the field of prevention. Furthermore, KPK’s two-fold position, addressing prevention and prosecution at a time, is strengthened. Thus, the project comprises advice given by national and international experts, trainings as well as the provision of reading and other material and local subsidies for civil society organization for corruption prevention.
Partners Beside the KPK as counterpart, the other key partners are:
• The Police. • The Attorney General. • Civil Society Organizations (Partnership/ Kemitraan, Transparency International etc.).
The establishment of an Anti-Corruption Clearing House contributes to a structured knowledge and information management system. Knowledge on new insight in the field of corruption eradication is thereby generated systematically by reviewing experience, lessons learnt and good practices, by networking with regional/international actors and through an interactive internet portal and can thus also be distributed to others. Complementarily, the capacities of KPK are strengthened by trainings, advice on prevention campaigns, and the promotion of cooperation agreements with the public administration as well as by furthering the cooperation with civil society organizations and the education system. Furthermore, consultancy on internal procedures and processes as well as on external relations with regard to the Clearing House is provided. In the project activities, it is taken into account that men and women as well as the various layers of society are differently affected by corruption and therefore contribute equally to its prevention and eradication. The staff of KPK can thus improve internal working procedures. They can use available knowledge on the prevention and eradication of corruption and provide respective information to others. They also should improve the cooperation with others for their own activities.