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Kristallnacht in Berlin, Nov9-10 1938

associated with far right groups. Twenty seven percent of respondents said the perpetrators had â&#x20AC;&#x153;Muslim extremist views,â&#x20AC;? 22% said they had â&#x20AC;&#x153;left-wing political viewsâ&#x20AC;? and 19% blamed people with â&#x20AC;&#x153;right-wing viewsâ&#x20AC;? t (SPXJOHJNNJHSBOU populations in Europe, like Turks in Germany and North Africans in France have had a negative effect on attitudes to Jews t -JOHFSJOHIJTUPSJDBMQSFKVEJDFT towards Jews and historic negative association of Jews with communism and capitalism permeate European thinking, but the current Arab Israeli conflict has also had a â&#x20AC;&#x153;notable impactâ&#x20AC;? on European thinking t 0OFJOUISFF+FXTTFF statements criticizing Israel as antiSemitic - often, the spirit behind anti-Israelism and anti-Zionism is antiSemitic t ɨF&VSPQFBOFDPOPNJDDSJTJT has fueled Jewish conspiracy / controlcabal stereotypes t 4JYUZTJYQFSDFOUPGSFTQPOEFOUT said they considered anti-Semitism to be a major problem in their countries, while 76% said the situation had become more acute over the past five years. t "MUIPVHIGFXCVUTUJMM reasonable numbers-- have experienced physical violence, one in four is afraid to publicly identify as Jewish because they have experienced some form of physical harassment. Over 75% did not report their harassment incidents to the police. Hungary has seen a sharp ugly rise in anti-Semitism. As late as October 1944 the Nazis turned their attention to Hungaryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Jews. With the help of Hungarian sympathizers, 600,000 Hungarian Jews were transported to

Jews by Chanukiah outside Brandenberg Gate

the death camps for slaughter. The New York Times on 29 October reports: â&#x20AC;&#x153;The hardy perennial of anti-Semitism has made a dramatic comeback in Central Europe. Germany has recently reiterated its friendship with Israel, in response to recent anti-Jewish activity. Far-right political parties in France and Austria have gained force. In Hungary, a virulently anti-Semitic party, Jobbik, is now the third-largest in Parliament. One party official has called for a list of all Jewish legislators, to assess their loyalty â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a move that even the right-wing government condemned.â&#x20AC;? According to a 2008 report, although less than 1% of the German population is Jewish, around 20% of Germans harbor latent anti-Semitic attitudes - a RVJFU VOTQPLFOBOUJQBUIZUPXBSET Jews. Whilst many say Jews enrich their culture, over half think Jews try to take advantage of being victims during the Holocaust. And this, despite the fact that the German government is very vocal to ensure anti-Semitism has no place in German society. Chancellor Angela Merkel is a strong voice speaking out against anti-Semitism. France has the largest Jewish population in Europe, around 500,000. In the 1950s and 60s following a large French speaking Jewish exodus out of North Africa, the Jewish community grew to a peak of 700,000 in the 1970â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s but has since declined. With the growth of Muslim communities in France and elsewhere in Europe, pro Palestinian antipathy shown by many Europeans to anything Jewish or Israeli and European law changes banning kosher slaughter and male circumcision, an ominous continued on page 7, column 1


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;ĐŽŶƟŶƵĞĚĨƌŽŵƉĂŐĞϲͿ trend for Jews, French Jews are starting to move locations within France and abroad, including to Israel. A review of aliyah statistics over the last few years from European nations like Belgium, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Hungary and France shows that aliyah has been trending upwards. In 2012 there were 3,540 who made aliyah from Europe (both Western and Eastern Europe) compared with 3,389 from North America (Canada and the USA). The upward trend in Europe is probably due to the economic downturn and the rise in anti-Semitism. 2010 was a big year. It could be the peak from the economic crisis. The numbers for 2013 due out shortly should be helpful to determine if the upward trend will continue or not. Indications are that with the exception of France, aliyah will be up 5% on 2012. Different reports suggest that French aliyah for 2013 may rise 40% to 100% over 2012 numbers. Even though European Jewry has experienced some resurgence following the Holocaust, the worsening atmosphere in Europe towards Jews will lead to increased desire among Jews to make aliyah. ,ŽǁĞǀĞƌ:ĞǁƐŚĂǀĞĂůƐŽďĞĞŶƌĞƟĐĞŶƚ !"#$%&$#'()&*+#*,-"-.!,&++/#&"0#,1+$1)&++/# !(#"-$#&"#*&(/#,-1"$)/#$-#*.!2)&$*#$-3# dŚĞ:ĞƌƵƐĂůĞŵWŽƐƚƐĂŝĚƌĞĐĞŶƚůLJƚŚĂƚ 4'()&*+5(#6-+!,/7.&8*)(#.1($#9*2!"# ƉƌĞƉĂƌŝŶŐĨŽƌĂŶŝŶŇƵdžŽĨƵƌŽƉĞĂŶ:ĞǁƐ ǁŚŽŚĂǀĞĐŽŵĞƚŽƚŚĞƌĞĂůŝnjĂƟŽŶƚŚĂƚ ƚŚĞ͞ƌĞŶĂŝƐƐĂŶĐĞ͟ŽĨƵƌŽƉĞĂŶ:ĞǁƌLJ ĂŌĞƌƚŚĞ,ŽůŽĐĂƵƐƚŝƐĂĨĂůƐĞŚŽƉĞ͘͟ :%!(#!(#&#,%&++*"2*#'()&*+#"**0(#$-# ĂĚĚƌĞƐƐŝĨŝƚǁĂŶƚƐ:ĞǁŝƐŚƉĞŽƉůĞƚŽ ,-.*#%-.*3#:%*#)!(*#-;#<1)-6*&"# ĂŶƟͲ^ĞŵŝƟƐŵŶŽƚǁŝƚŚƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐ͕/ƐƌĂĞů ŶĞĞĚƐƚŽďĞĂƩƌĂĐƟǀĞƚŽƉƌŽƐƉĞĐƟǀĞ "*=,-.*)(>#*(6*,!&++/#;-)#<1)-6*&"(# $-#=&"$#$-#!..!2)&$*#$-#'()&*+#!"#+&)2*# ŶƵŵďĞƌƐ͘,ŽǁĞǀĞƌĂƐĂŶƟͲ^ĞŵŝƟƐŵ ƌŝƐĞƐƚŽƵŶĂĐĐĞƉƚĂďůĞůĞǀĞůƐ͕ĞŵŝŐƌĂƟŽŶ =!++#!",)*&(*#0*(6!$*#.!(2!?!"2(#&9-1$# +!;*#!"#'()&*+>#91$#=!++#$%*/#.&8*#&+!/&%#$-# '()&*+@ !"#$%&'()"#*%'+,'-./01',2)+3$4'&+%*56"%'7$,*&' ŝŶ^ƚWĞƚĞƌƐďƵƌŐZƵƐƐŝĂ͘dŚŝƐƌĞǀŝĞǁŚĂƐ ƐŽƵƌĐĞĚĂŶƵŵďĞƌŽĨĂƌƟĐůĞƐĨƌŽŵƚŚĞŵĞĚŝĂ +85)9&+8:'0*%9,$)*;'<",6='>*#'?"%@'A+;*,=' ͕W:DĞĚŝĂ͘ĐŽŵ͕DŽƐĂŝĐDĂŐĂnjŝŶĞ͘ĐŽŵĂŶĚ :ĞǁŝƐŚŐĞŶĐLJƌĞƉŽƌƚƐ͘

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Following Google’s purchase of Israeli innovative social GPS app, Waze, Students for Israel suggest the BDSers act upon their words and refrain from using it as well as all other Israeli inventions!

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challenges. Israel is a flourishing high-tech hub in an increasingly inhospitable region. Yet the country is surprisingly self-reliant. At an October 7 Tel Aviv event promoting the International CES®, I moderated a panel of leading Israeli innovators. The discussion revolved around why Israelis are so entrepreneurial. The panelists’ responses revealed that Israeli tech prowess comes from a combination of intelligence, creativity, productivity and independence as well as their staunch determination to press on in the face of daunting opposition. The panelists praised Israel’s education system. Dr. Yoelle Maarek, head of Yahoo! Labs Israel, said Israeli education is excellent, largely because the students participate actively. She compared her experiences teaching in France, the U.S. and Israel, and said Israeli students are the most eager to learn. Others point out the mandatory military service most young Israelis are SFRVJSFEUPGVMëMMXIFOUIFZUVSOBTB driver of high achievement. Dr. Maarek and another panelist, Dov Moran, inventor of the USB flash drive, said that military service, combined with the continuous external threats to Israel, cultivate a seriousness of purpose and a cultural willingness to accept economic risks. Creating a new business may seem relatively tame when neighboring countries are hostile to your physical survival. Besides this, Israel’s investments in defense technology and commercial products spun off from defense continued on insert page one, column one continued on insert page 1, column 1

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75 years since kristalnacht icej nz news letter nov 13, 2013