July 7th, 2015

Page 1



The Morung Express

Dimapur VOL. X ISSUE 184



Tuesday, July 7, 2015 12 Pages Rs. 4

No [hu]man is a failure who is enjoying life —William Feather

Vyapam scam: Rajnath’s no to CBI probe, opposition attacks

e- Marathon disseminates digital India prog

[ PAGE 8] [ PAGE 2]


By Sandemo Ngullie


For me? Thank you, but what good is a fan without ah .. a .. generator!

ENSF gives 30 days to State government to provide “Justification” on deprievation of 25% job reservation to the Eastern Nagas since 1977

Story on page 5

12 hour Assam Bandh


Dimapur, July 6 (mExN): The Dimapur police today informed that a 12-hour Assam Bandh has been called on July 7 from 5am to 5pm by various unions in Assam. This has prompted the ADCP, Dimapur to issue a travel advisory stating that the movement of vehicles across the districts of Jorhat and Gologhat is not advisable.

NSNA calls off agitation Our Correspondent Kohima | July 6


The Nagaland Staff Nurse Association (NSNA) today called off its ongoing agitation with immediate effect. This decision was made during an emergency meeting of the general body of the NSNA held here today. It was further decided to seek legal assistance in the event the Nagaland government fails to fulfill their demands. Meanwhile, in a letter addressed to the Principal Director, Health & Family Welfare, NSNA said its members shall resume their duties from July 7. The Association through a release issued by its president Catherine, expressed gratitude to the NGOs, the NTC, NMA Dimapur, Naga Council Dimapur in particular and CANSSEA, press & media and NIDA for their support to the Association during their agitation.

US lift World Cup title [ PAGE 12]

nagaland government to urge naga Hoho takes stand Khaplang to resume ceasefire

Dimapur, July 6 (mExN): Nagaland government has resolved to request the Naga Hoho and the Eastern Nagaland Public Organization (ENPO) to send a delegation to meet NSCN (K) chairman SS Khaplang for resumption of ceasefire agreement with the Government of India, which it maintained, is the desire of the State government as well as the people of Nagaland. This was decided at the first Parliamentary Working Committee (PWC) meeting on Naga political issue convened on Monday. According to a press release issued by Commissioner & Secretary N Benjamin Newmai, the meeting also resolved to send a PWC delegation of Nagaland Legislators Forum on Naga political issue to Delhi to meet the interlocutor to Naga peace talk, the Home Minister and the Prime Minister, for conveying the need for peaceful atmosphere by having ceasefire with all groups and to request for honorable settlement of the Naga Political issue at the earliest. It also sought to appeal all the national workers to refrain from committing violence which may vitiate the peaceful atmosphere conducive for peace talk and final settlement. The PWC further expressed appreciation to the Forum Naga Reconciliation (FNR) and the civil societies for the efforts made towards reconciliation and appeal to continue the same spirit of the mission. The meeting, held at the Conference Room of the Assembly Secretariat, was

• Suspends membership of Mao Council from Naga Hoho till the Memorandum to the Manipur government is withdrawn • No person from Mao Community shall be allowed to represent in any of the Naga platforms

Members of the Parliamentary Working Committee, NLF on Naga political issue are seen here after their meeting at the Conference Room of the Assembly Secretariat on Monday.

chaired by Nagaland Leg- interrogations revealed. islative Assembly (NLA) Khaplang signed a speaker Chotisuh Sazo. ceasefire agreement with Myanmar in February and Khaplang was ended the agreement with in March. Soon after, planning to walk India his men launched an offenout of ceasefire sive against Indian forces. Sources said Khapfor last four years lang had been preparing NEW DElHi, July 6 to abrogate the ceasefire (TNN): Arrested mem- with India since 2011 but bers of NSCN (K) have re- stayed the course because vealed to interrogators of pressure from Indian that the outfit’s chief S S Naga leaders in the group. Khaplang had decided to However, towards the end end the ceasefire with the of 2014, he became deterCentre long before it was mined to do so and made announced on March 27. an announcement after exThey have also said that pelling two moderate Naga plans to attack Indian forc- leaders in March this year. es had been building up The revelations come at since February. a time when sources indiThey revealed that the cate that a decision to ban decision to end the cease- the group may be taken fire was taken under pres- in the next meeting of the sure from Khaplang’s mili- Cabinet Committee on tary advisor Nikki Sumi Security. Interrogation of and other members from NSCN(K) leader KhumMyanmar. A meeting held lo Abi Anal alias Ambiin Taga (Myanmar) had sion, who was arrested by pressed for it in November Imphal police on June 11 2014. The announcement and is in the custody of Nawas, however, delayed as tional Investigation AgenKhaplang wanted to secure cy (NIA), has revealed that his interests in Myanmar, talks of ending ceasefire

with India had begun in December 2014. Another NSCN (K) leader, Khekaho Rochil, who was arrested on May 26 and has been interrogated by NIA and intelligence officials, has said that in the last week of February, he learnt from another member of the group that Khaplang would end the ceasefire with India. “He was also informed about the plans of NSCN (K) to attack security forces. He was instructed by Nikki Sumi and Isak Sumi not to attend the ceasefire supervisory board meeting on March 27,” said the official. Home ministry sources said the recent split in NSCN(K) to form NSCN(R) with former Khaplang confidantes Y Wangtin and P Tikhak in leadership was because of the same issue. While Khaplang wanted to end the ceasefire, Wangtin and Tikhak did not agree and were expelled with charges of hobnobbing with Indian agencies to “destabilize the Naga cause”.

Dimapur, July 6 (mExN): In a significant development, the Naga Hoho (NH) suspended the membership of Mao Council from the Naga Hoho till the memorandum to the Manipur government is withdrawn. This decision, which was unanimously resolved at an executive council meeting convened on Monday, was informed through a press statement issued by the president and general secretary of the Naga Hoho. The suspension order was passed after the Mao Council refused to withdraw the memorandum submitted to the Manipur government seeking intervention in the Koziiri-Dziiko land dispute. Following the decision, the Naga Hoho informed that no person from Mao Community shall be allowed to represent/use in any of the Naga platforms, everywhere. All the federating Units and the subordinate bodies of the Naga Hoho have been directed to strictly comply with the decision of the Hoho in the best interest of the Nagas, a press statement from Naga Hoho president Chuba Ozukum and general secretary Mutsikhoyo Yhobu stated. Explaining the reason on the suspension, Naga Hoho maintained that it has been trying to bring an amicable solution over the land dispute between the Southern Angami Public Organization (SAPO) and the Mao Council (MC) in order to uphold the unity and peaceful co-existence amongst the different Naga tribes. The Hoho pointed out that the directives issued to Mao Council for withdrawal of memorandum submitted to Manipur government was initiated in order to remove “political ramifications” basing on the fact that the Naga tribes under the aegis of UNC have declared severance of ties with “communal” Government of Manipur and the demand for an Alternative arrangement. However, the genuine intervention in the impasse to bring an amicable settlement between the two Naga brothers according to the customary usages of the Naga forefathers was “flatly rejected by the Mao Council by not withdrawing the memorandum in spite of repeated attempts by the Naga Hoho,” it stated.

AcAUt urges government to implement HPC findings

Dimapur, July 6 mendations of the HPC with (mExN): Against Corrup- all seriousness,” the release tion and Unabated Taxation said, while adding, “The (ACAUT) has urged the Naga- Naga people deserve the land State government to im- implementation of the HPC plement the “reports and rec- findings in its totality.” The ACAUT further reommendations” of the High Powered Committee (HPC). iterated its demand for the The HPC, headed by retired formulation of the State LoSupreme Court judge, Jus- kayukta Act during the uptice HK Sema, was instituted coming Monsoon session in August 2014 to inquire into of the State Legislative Asnon-governmental taxation sembly. Stating that it has petitioned the government plaguing Nagaland. According to a press re- on several occasions in this lease issued by the ACAUT, regard, the ACAUT assertthe HPC has submitted its ed, “It is in the interest of the report to the Chief Minister State and its citizens that on June 10. “It is imperative such a mechanism to check Dimapur, July 6 that the Government imple- corruption be put in place at (mExN): The Department ment the reports and recom- any cost.” of Power has informed in a notification that the 33 kV KRM-1 line from 132/33 kV Kohima Sub-Station to New Secretariat Complex passThur, commissioner & secreOur Correspondent ing through Forest Colony, tary for IT & C, KD Vizo, rural Kohima | July 6 T Khel Model Village, Indevelopment secretary Kelie terstate Bus Terminus (by Zeliang and several top govAdding more information techpass) Levi Resort, IG Staernment officials and VDB nology packages to the State dium and near Northfield as part of the ongoing Digital functionaries. Rural developSchool shall be charged at India week, the Information ment secretary Zeliang said the the rated voltage with effect Technology & Communication launching of Mobile Seva apfrom July 7 and shall remain (IT&C) department and Rural plication; RD website and local charged. In this connection, Development (RD) depart- government directory website public have been informed ment on Monday launched were part of the ongoing Digital not to touch the said line nor Mobile Seva application, RD India Week. go near the same. Anybody website and local government He said several IT related doing so shall be doing at directory website at a function activities are taking place in Natheir own risk and the de- held here at Nagaland Civil Sec- galand along with the rest of the partment shall not be held retariat Conference Hall. country to mark Digital India responsible whatsoever, inChief Secretary Pankaj Ku- Week. Zeliang informed that formed Executive Engineer, mar formally launched the the local government directory Transmission Division, Ko- website in the presence of features detail of the recognized home commissioner Neihu C villages, towns, municipalities hima in the notification.

The Hoho recalled that on June 3, it had a meeting with officials of the Mao Council in the presence of the United Naga Council (UNC) and the Naga People’s Organization (NPO) Senapati at Mozhuw Prayer Centre at Mao gate. The Naga Hoho along with UNC and NPO had fervently appealed to the Mao Council for withdrawal of the said memorandum. Correspondingly, the Hoho, on June 5, had a meeting with the SAPO/SAYO in the presence of the Angami Public Organization at SABT building, Kohima wherein appeal was made to withdraw the vacation notice served to the Mao community. Accordingly, the Naga Hoho had issued directives to both the parties on June 5. Even though the response from the Mao Council was not a positive, the Naga Hoho in emergency meeting with the SAPO/SAYO in the presence of the APO at APO building on June 9, which was the dead line for the vacation notice served to the Mao community, had urged upon them to keep the notice in abeyance. Keeping patience, the Hoho said it had again issued another directive on June 10 for immediate withdrawal of the said memorandum basing on the fact that the Hoho was unable to move forward till the memorandum is withdrawn. On July 1, the Naga Hoho once again extended a 5 days period for withdrawal of the memorandum. At the expiry of the deadline, the Naga Hoho stated it is fully convinced that the memorandum submitted by the Mao Council to the Government of Manipur is detrimental to the wishes and aspiration of the Nagas and the very involvement of the communal government for solving the issues among the Nagas is uncalled for. It, therefore, unanimously decided to suspend the membership of the Mao Council from the Naga Hoho till the memorandum is withdrawn. Further, a consultative meeting with the Naga Students’ Federation (NSF) and All Naga Students’ Association of Manipur (ANSAM) shall be held at the earliest for deliberation and strict implementation of the decision of Naga Hoho, the press statement also informed.

A policeman displaying shrapnel collected after an explosion, which occurred at GS Road (Marwari Patti), Dimapur on July 6. The explosive, suspected to be a Chinese-make grenade, was lobbed inside the corridor of an RCC residential building located at the junction leading to the DMC office. The incident occurred around 8:20 pm. There was no human casualty. According to the police, two persons came on a motorcycle and sped away after lobbing the grenade. (Morung Photo)

Power dept notification

‘Digital revolution to ensure quicker delivery of services’


etc. Users can find village details and the location of villages, under which district and block, a particular village exist. All the village level information will be available in the website for the information of all users, he further added. In addition, Zeliang said the activities, performances and achievements of the department will also be uploaded in the RD website. Users can also find other salient features like function of VDBs, schemes, RD blocks, RD directory, photo gallery, news and events etc. He maintained that Mobile Seva will benefit the people of the state in many ways. This fa-

cility will ensure quick, easy and cheaper delivery of service to the people. The vision of Mobile Seva is to mainstream mobile governance in India as a new paradigm for e-delivery of public services through mobile devices. It leverages the massive penetration of mobile phones in India to substantially enhance access to electronic services, especially in the rural areas. Chief secretary Pankaj Kumar, in his address, stated that digital revolution is going round the country in a wonderful way where accessibility of technology is reaching out to each and every citizen round

the corner and to every village and rural place. Also speaking on the concept of mobile revolution, Kumar pointed out that this technology is equally important for rural people as it is for the urban. “It makes the public accessible to the Government functionaries and different programmes and schemes which are executed,” he maintained. The chief secretary also urged upon Government departments to keep pace with others for the success of digital revolution which has been launched in order to make life easier by saving time and cost. (With inputs from DIPR)



Naga Hoho to rise against NPG threats Dimapur, July 6 (mExN): Lamenting on the threat perception to various Naga leaders including tribe Hoho leaders from different groups of Naga national workers “without having an iota of human dignity and mutual respect,” the Naga Hoho, while upholding its resolution of the 1st federal assembly, has decided to “rise against such intimidation in order to protect and safeguard the life and property of common people.” The Naga Hoho maintained that such threat perception, which as a daily phenomenon, has been creating hatred among Naga families, is not at all acceptable. “Over and above, it shall be the collective responsibilities of every tribe Hoho in the event of any unwarranted provocation or threat meted out to any social worker that are tirelessly working for the Naga people as a whole,” it stated. The Naga Hoho also fervently appealed to all the various Naga Political Groups to refrain from issuing any threat to any individual or Associations. Naga Hoho particularly expressed dismay over the statement issued by NSCN/GPRN which was appeared in local media under the caption “NSCN (IM) asserts it has every right to collect tax”. The Hoho further appealed to all NPG’s to streamline the mode of tax collection so as to avoid the wrath of the people in near future.








7 July 2015

The Morung Express C

e- Marathon disseminates digital India prog

MEx File Final round of Immunization

Khriehu to inaugurate welcome gate Kohima, July 6 (mExN): Parliamentary secretary for youth resources & sports, music task force and state lotteries Khriehu Liezietsu will inaugurate the welcome gate of Perizie colony on July 11 at 2:00 PM at Perizie Colony Kohima. The programme will be chaired by Perizie colony vice chairman Tony Tep while brief history of Perizie gate will be given by Perizie colony chairman Akhie Liezietsu.

maNgKolEmba, July 6 (DiPR): The monthly meeting of Mangkolemba Sub Division Planning Board is postponed to July 14 and not as informed earlier. SDO (C), Mangkolemba, Renbomo in an official notification has informed all the officers of various departments to attain the meeting without fail as different agendas pertaining for development and action plan under the sub division will be discussed.

Officials inspect Veterinary College land Kohima, July 6 (DiPR): Officials from the Veterinary Department Kohima along with DC Peren, Peter Lichamo inspected the Veterinary College land on July 4 at Jalukie. The purpose of visiting was for verification of Veterinary College land Jalukie. Officials from Kohima included Dr. T. Ezung, Director Vety &A.H, Dr. L Temsu, Joint Director, Dr. IlangIheilung, Deputy Director, Veluta, Junior Engineer and Zachary Ezung, Junior Engineer. Officials from Peren included Dr. B. Atem, Chief Vety Officer, Dr. Namsui Thou, Dy. Director Jalukie, Dr. Tsileu, FDO Jalukie, Dr. Silubo, VAS Peren, Dr. Yovino, VAS Jalukie and Staffs. C M Y K

EAC Alongkima informs aloNgKima, July 6 (DiPR): In an official notification EAC Alongkima has informed the villagers under Alongkima circle who has missed the first phase of NERPAP to avail the biometrics at its office.

Week-long cleanliness drive in Kohima Kohima, July 6 (DiPR): As per the direction of the Chief Secretary of Nagaland, Pankaj Kumar, a weeklong cleanliness drive got underway in the State Capital from July 2 to 6. Many Departments undertook cleaning of their Office premises under the supervision of senior officers. In the Nagaland Commissioner’s office the cleanliness drive was carried out on 4th July whereas the staff of DC, Kohima and others nearby offices also organised social work today, the 6th July 2015.

Participants of the e- Marathon held at Wokha on July 6. (DIPR Photo)

WoKha, July 6 (DiPR): Joining the rest of the Nation, e- Marathon was held at Wokha on July 6, which was jointly organised by the District Administration and the Department of and Information Technology & Communication (IT & C). The race was flagged off by Deputy Commissioner, Wokha, A.Robin Lotha. Addressing the flagging

off ceremony, the Deputy Commissioner stressed on the ongoing Digital India Week celebration and its importance and said that the Digital India Programme aims to make all citizens digitally literate and bring the internet and e-governance to all sections of the society. In the girl’s category Liah Yanthan (DBHSS), Nchumbeni Ezung (DB-

HSS) and Orenboni Tsopoe (DBHSS) emerged in the top three positions with Longshithung R. Kithan (DBHSS), Yentsao (Mt.Tiyi College) and Chinchanbemo O. Kithan (DBHSS) finishing in the top three in the boys category. Around 85 runners took part in the marathon. The winners were awarded with Smart phones along with twenty 8 GB

pen drives as consolation prizes. Certificates of participation were also given to all the participants. The vision and programme of Digital India is to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge led economy by giving infrastructure as a utility to the citizens, promote e-governance and move towards universal digital literacy.

Liangmai youth celebrates NBCC Youth Day

Kohima, July 6 (DiPR): Along with the rest of the churches in Nagaland, the Kohima Liangmai Baptist Church, Youth Department celebrated the Youth Day coinciding with the NBCC Programme at their church premises D. Block on July 5. The Liangmai Baptist Association Women Department President AkengiuDailiam who was the resource person said that in today’s world young people are confused and shared different ideas and methodologies. She encouraged young people to be prepared to be someone and give themselves for the purpose of God. Akengiu also said that,



(Permanently Affiliated to Nagaland University and recognised under 2(f) & 12Bof the UGC Act 1956.)


Immanuel College family extends its heartiest congratulations to all the students of B.A. 6th & B.Sc. 6th Semesters who have passed the recently held Nagaland University End-Semester Examinations 2015. Special commendationsare accorded to the two students of B.Sc. 6th & B.A. 6th Semesters for securing Nagaland University Ranks.

Ms. Limasenla Amer B.Sc. 6th Semester (Botany Honours) 4th Rank in the NU Toppers List.



moN, July 6 (DiPR): Along with the rest of the country, Digital India Week was also observed at Mon Headquarter by organizing e-Marathon on June 6 at local football ground, Mon. SDO (Civil) Mon, IlikaZhimomi, NCS flagged off the eMarathon from DIET Centre. Speaking on the Digital India Week, eDistrict Manager, Mon C. Ngonlih presented a brief account on the importance of observing digital India week throughout the country. She informed that Digital India is a nationwide flagship programme of the Government of India which aims to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge. She said e-Marathon is one of the many activities organized by the Information Technology & Communication. It is an Umbrella Programme covering many departments and focused on making technology central to enabling change, she added. She also briefed on the vision areas of digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen, Governance and services on demand, Digital Empowerment of citizens. She added that Digital India Week is to digitize all Government works to deal with problems like corruptions, help to provide transparent and efficient governance. It also provides ehospital in health care such as fixing doctor’s appointments online and digitize India platform to digitize records across the country. The highlights of the programme included prize distribution by the President Konyak Union, Manlip Konyak and vote of thanks by the chairman Thejavizo Nakhro, NCS, EAC, Mon Sadar. Around hundred students from Mon Town Students Union, Wangkhao College, GHSS Mon – A and GHSS Mon Town-B participated in the eMarathon from DIET Center to Local football ground. Meanwhile Digital India Week was also observed at DRDA office and BDO office, Mon respectively. The DIA, NIC, Mon, Ravi Ranjan briefed on the significance of observing the day.

today we are living in a fast technological age which has become a mixed blessing. She said that young people need to ask themselves some genuine questions and take concrete decision with the power of God to change their life. She also encouraged and challenged the younger generation to abstain from alcohol and drugs. Exhorting the congregation she said that God alone is the only source of all meaningful in our life. President TanlungboNewmai chaired the Youth Day of prayer Programme. Token of love and appreciation gifts were presented to A Naga kitchen structure at The Hammock Resort, which is situated along National Highway-2 on Wokha side. This resort all the youth members who is located at 84.5 km NH-2 New Wokha village. It is about 3 km from Zero Point Wokha town. The Resort can be reached at attended the function. hammockresort@gmail.com. Photo by Chizokho Vero

BTC Pfütsero spiritual awakening prog held



Mon joins Digital India Week celebration

Kohima, July 6 (mExN): The final round of Immunization under Mission Indhradhanush will start from July 7 to 13 in the six priority districts Kohima, Dimapur, Wokha, Kiphire, Tuensang and Mon. All eligible children, pregnant mothers and all the partially immunized children should take part in this last round of special immunization drive under Mission Indhradhanush. Vaccination will be conducted in all the concerned health centre/ immunization booths of the districts.

Mangkolemba SDPB meeting postponed


Mr. Hesho Lokho B.A. 6th Semester (Political Science Honours) 4th Rank in the NU Toppers List.

PfütsERo, July 6 (mExN): The Baptist Theological College, Pfütsero had organized spiritual awakening programme from July 3 to 5 under the theme ‘Be renewed in the Spirit’ (Eph. 4 :23). Rev. Lano Longchar, President of International Evangelistic Fellowship and Vesuzolu Tetseo were the main Speakers. They shared challenging message from the word of God. The speakers challenged the congregation that the chosen people must be filled with the Spirit of God, with power and wisdom of God to win the lost souls. In order to be filled with the Spirit of God, they must confess sins. He said that Rev. Lano Longchar, President of IEF speaks they must forsake sinful ways so during the Baptist Theological College, Pfütsero that the mercy of God will enspiritual awakening programme. circle them. They have become

so precious in God’s eyes. God honours them and love them. For God will go before them, He will be behind them, He will be above them, He will be beneath them, He will be with them, He will be around them and He will be within them. He also added that in order to be effective minister of the word of God, they must humble themselves before God like Moses, whom God considered as the most humble person on earth. It is never a lost to humble before God for they will be lifted high. The BTC community was challenged to love God, to talk to God, to walk with God and to give their hearts to God. This was stated in a press release issued by BTC Principal, Yiepetso Wezah.


Noklak SDPDB meeting held

NoKlaK, July 6 (DiPR): The SDPDB meeting for the month of July was held on July 6 at KTC hall Noklak under the chairmanship of EAC Noklak, C. Phumiang. The meeting reviewed the last meeting minutes discussed the Khiam landslide protection at Noklak which was forwarded to the department of State Disaster Management for financial assistance to construct protection wall and drainage. Construction of PHC at New Pangsha was proposed by Pangsha range and forwarded to the department concerned for construction. Developmental activities of the Supply department was also presented in the meeting.


Jacob Zhimomi attends Dimapur DPDB meeting

DimaPuR, July 6 (DiPR): The monthly District Planning and Development Board meeting of Dimapur district for the month of July was held on June 6 in the conference hall of the Deputy Commissioner, Dimapur. The meeting was chaired by Parliamentary Secretary, Irrigation and flood control and chairman, DPDB, Dimapur, Jacob Zhimomi. Department of Geology Mining & Veterinary and Animal Husbandry gave their departmental presentation. With the aid of power point, Additional director, geological and mining, E. Kikon explained on the potential of ground water development in the entire state, which could be utilized for economic development. He highlighted on the present scenario of ground water resources in Dimapur town. With regard to registration of societies, the board members approved for DMI foundation Dimapur and Nagaland Rifle Association as it was found genuine and in tune with the policy of state government. For the remaining three

Parliamentary Secretary Jacob Zhimomi addressing the DPDB meeting of Dimapur district on July 6 in the DC's Conference Hall. (DIPR Photo)

societies, chairman DPDB Dimapur advised the SDO(C) of the concern areas to go through the check list and to submit the same in the next meeting, stating that the reports were not found satisfactory. He noted that projects ought to be target specific. With regard to the application for recommendation for forwarding scheme for financial assistance for Buddhist / Tibetan Culture and Act, the house felt that in depth discussion would be required, as it pertains to sensitive subject. Other agendas approve by the board members are: (a) recommendation of Ivy Vocational Training Institute Dimapur to register

with Higher and technical education (b) opening of new B.Ed. college/Institute at ward no -9 Chumukedima, Dimapur- Mount Mary College of Teachers education (c) change of nomenclature from Harvest Mission Montessori School to Harvest Mission School at Industrial Estate Dimapur. Apart from the agendas, the need for a freezer and proper facilities for conducting post mortem in the district hospital was also raised where the chairman informed that the issue will be taken up. With regard to the bridge behind CIHSR Hospital, the house felt that the safety of the public was an issue of major concern and decided that the road will

still remain closed although some repairing works are being undertaken. Chairman DPDB Dimapur Jacob Zhimomi reminded the members about Modi’s Vision of creating 100 smart cities and explained that drainage / sewage system and sanitation were the two most important components to fulfill the criteria for smart city. Lamenting on the random illegal encroachment of public/Government space in Dimapur, Jacob said that such encroachment should not be allowed. Towards this, he asked all the departments who own land to secure it. While appreciating the developmental works car-

ried by DMC, the chairman DPDB also requested them to look into the matter with the help of district administration and to cancel the pattas of illegal encroachers. He further asked the district administration for constituting sub-committee to look into the properties of the government. “In the interest of the government and public, pattas should not be issued and drainage area within the town should be secured”, he maintained. Citing Kohima and Dimapur as the two most challenging districts, Jacob while emphasizing on efficiency of government informed about the decision of the government, where non-performing officer from any department would have to give way to the efficient and sincere officers. Dimapur and Kohima want officers who can perform so that these districts would cater to the needs of the state, he added. The board entrusted municipal department and women industrial training institute to give their departmental presentation in the next DPDB meeting.



The Morung Express



7 July 2015


187 security personnel NIDM expert blames slipshod planning for Darjeeling landslides involved in crimes in Manipur: Gaikhangam Our Correspondent Imphal | July 6

As many as 187 security personnel belonging to different police organizations of the state were found involved in various crime incidents that took place in the last four years, Home Minister, Gaikhangam informed the Manipur Assembly on Monday. Among these, seven of them were found guilty of various charges, have been convicted and terminated from service, the minister further told the House during question hour. A number of other security personnel involved in criminal activities have also been placed under suspension, Gaikhangam disclosed, without elaborating. The Centre for Organisation Research and Education in a recent report

had expressed serious concern about the deteriorating discipline and performance of the Manipur Police as reflected in the consistently frequent reports in the local news media about uniformed personnel belonging to the Police Department involved in all sorts of misdemeanors, serious crimes and rights abuses. Pa r t i c u l a r f o r c e s within the Police Department such as the Traffic Police, India Reserve Battalion (IRB) and Manipur Village Defence Force (VDF) have been reported as regularly involved in crimes such as extortion, robbery, bribery, kidnapping, cybercrime, murder and militant activities, drug usage, petty corruption in public, disproportionate use of power, indiscipline, undermining of authority, public arrogance, use of abusive language and open dis-

Northeast Briefs

Five fall ill after consuming instant noodles in M'laya

Shillong, July 6 (PTi): Five persons including four minors of a family were hospitalised after they consumed ready-to-eat noodles here, a senior police official said today. The siblings, residents of Lawsohtun area in the city, started complaining of severe headache and vomiting soon after they consumed ready to eat noodles prepared by their mother yesterday afternoon, the officer at Laban police station said. "Three of them were admitted to Ganesh Das Hospital and the other two were rushed to Shillong Civil Hospital for immediate medical attention," Deputy Commissioner of Food Safety S N Sangma said. The Food Safety office immediately ordered an inquiry into the incident and the reports were awaited, Sangma said. Sangma said they were reported to be in stable condition today, but a detailed inquiry was needed to find out the reason of their sickness. "Prima facie, they ate some noodles. We are to ascertain what kind of noodles, their date of manufacturing and whether they are safe," he said. The incident was the first such case after Maggi was banned in the state last month for high content of MSG and lead. At least 36 samples of various kinds of instant noodles imported from Singapore, Nepal and Thailand have been sent for tests at the Guwahati-based Public Health Laboratory for testing, state government officials said.

Mizoram rejects HPC(D) talks offer AizAwl, July 6 (PTi): Mizoram government has rejected the offer for conditional tripartite talks from Manipur-based militant outfit Hmar People's Convention (Democrats), state Home Minister R Lalzirliana said here today. The state government recently received an offer from the HPC(D) faction led by H Zosangbera to hold tripartite talks with the central and state governments under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, Lalzirliana told PTI. "We are always ready for unconditional parleys based on mutual trust," he said, adding that the talks held earlier were also unconditional. He said the government had informed the Hmar militant group about its unwillingness to hold conditional talks and also the involvement of the Centre as the state government did not have any problem with it. The last negotiations between the state government and the HPC(D) reached a deadlock in 2013 over extension of the suspension of operations (SoO) with the outfit demanding political level talks.

Mob kills suspected cattle thief in Assam, set ablaze his vehicle guwAhATi, July 6 (iAnS): A mob killed a man, suspecting him to be a cattle thief, and set ablaze his vehicle in Assam's Golaghat district early Monday, police said. The mob also blocked National Highway 37, demanding police immediately arrest the accomplices of the suspected cattle thief. Police said that the incident took place around 2 a.m. when some locals intercepted a van carrying six cattle. "The people asked the driver to show purchase receipts. The driver failed to produce it and the people suspected him to be a cattle thief... It led to the attack and subsequent killing," a police official said. The dead man has been identified as Junti Ali, police said. A case has been filed.

Few science teachers dismays Sikkim minister gAngTok, July 6 (iAnS): Sikkim HRD Minister R.B. Subba on Monday expressed dismay over the dearth of mathematics and science teachers in schools and their failure to churn out students of quality. Speaking at the state level consultative meeting on the New National Policy on Education, Subba also articulated his reservation on the non-detention policy in schools till Class 9. Representatives from the National Council of Educational Research and Training and North East Regional Institute of Education as well as officials, educationists, researchers and teachers came together to take part in the meeting here. Subba appealed to the participants to go into the issues and challenges that Sikkim faces being a mountainous state. "This is the first instance when stakeholders at the state, district and block levels will be consulted while formulating the National Policy of Education," said the minister. "This offers a great opportunity for all of us to articulate our ideas to make a difference to the education system of the country."

respect to the citizens and abuses of human rights including torture, cruel and inhuman or degrading treatment and sexual abuse. In June 2015 alone, there were at least seven separate instances of front page reports in local media about of Manipur Police personnel involvement in such cases including an unprovoked firing during vehicle checking in the capital city of Imphal. Five such cases were reported in during the previous month. The association of the police with drug use, drug trafficking and alcoholism, according to frequent reports in the media, is one of the foremost concerns of the public in Manipur today. Such aberrations among the police personnel have profound and negative consequences for society and the force, the report said.

DArJeeling, July 6 (PTi): Ill-planned roads and neglect of indigenous erosion-control measures coupled with haphazard construction in hilly areas triggered the massive landslide in Darjeeling last week, an expert said on Monday. "Widening and constructing roads in the plains is easy but in the hills it poses a challenge," Professor and head, Geo Hazards division, National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM), Chandan Ghosh

told a news agency here. In the hills, there is a need for supporting and stabilising systems to protect the exposed surface of the hills due to construction, he said. "The harsh truth remains there is a lot of haphazard construction going on without following proper guidelines and without any supporting steps, postconstruction," Ghosh said. He said water accumulation was the root cause of rock, debris and earth sliding down slopes which is caused

once the hills are cut open and water directly flows inside and accumulates. "If we take care of drainage, 80 to 85 percent of landslides which we are seeing every now and then in the rainy season can be avoided. Such measures will incur a cost of around 1-2 percent of the road construction process," Ghosh said. The expert pointed out countries like Japan, where around 80-85 percent of the land area is hilly, did not experience

AgArTAlA, July 6 (PTi): Tripura government today denied that it had the highest percentage of manual scavenger with 2.50 per cent of the state's rural population still engaged in this menial work. "This is a glib version that our state has the highest percentage of manual scavenger with 2.50 per cent of its rural population still engaged in this menial work. We have noticed media report quoting the Socio Economic and Caste Cen-

sus (SECC) 2011, which was published on Friday last," Minister for Public Health Engineering and Drinking water Ratan Bhowmick said. He said the system of carrying of excreta by manual scavengers had been abolished after the first Left Front government was established in 1978. Bhowmick, who is also the minister for schedule caste welfare, said that in rural areas people used makeshift latrines, but fill up the pit with earth after using those for sometime.

He said, a few years ago the central government had sought information if the state had ?Dhangar? or manual scavengers and it was replied that there was no existence of them in the state. The Mayor of Agartala Municipal Council Prafullajit Sinha said the system had been abolished long ago, but the municipal body had appointed ?Dhangars' till 2000. After 2000, there was no 'Dhangar' in the municipal body, because the system of toilets were completely changed.

Shillong, July 6 (iAnS): A 39-year-old woman hanged herself inside a toilet at the Dispur police station in Assam's main city of Guwahati, police said on Monday.The woman, Victoria Dayoun Kharkongor from Shillong, was brought to the police station late on Sunday evening from the International Hospital in the city after the hospital authorities complained that she was behaving in a restless manner."The

woman was handed over to the police by the attending doctor of the hospital. Police brought the woman to the Dispur police station around 9.30 p.m. Around 10.20 p.m., the woman went to the toilet attached to the police station. When she did not come out for a long time, police officials broke open the door and found her hanging inside," Guwahati Commissioner of Police Mukesh Agarwala said.


The Zeliang Kangtsa Kuotsu Union with immense pride and honour would like to convey our heartiest congratulation to Mr. Chireuding Zeliang, S/o Chusi Hieme for being selected by the United Nations Organization Atomic Division i.e., International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for an internship at IAEA Head Quarter in Viena Austria. The Union wishes him success and bright future in his New assignment. Ranglu Kangtsa General Secretary Zeliang Kangtsa/Kuotsu Union

Alia Kangtsa President Zeliang Kangtsa/Kuotsu Union

aFFIdaVIt Regd. No: 20/11

A Bihu dance in progress (AP File Photo)

Narahari Burha Bhakat in Barpeta district. "We are very happy that two very important dance forms of Assam will be performed at the inauguration of such a prestigious event. We are looking forward to that day," said school director J.N. Das. "A thought-provoking documentary titled 'We are Same Same, But Different',

directed by our students, has also been selected for a special screening," he said. Earlier, a documentary titled "Assam Bamboo Crafts" by students of NPS International School bagged the 'Best Documentary Film' and 'Best Cinematography' awards in the school students section at the 5th Dada Saheb Phalke

Film Festival in 2015. "We are Same Same, But Different" was also selected in the top five from among 72 short films at the 8th Chinh India Kids Film Festival and Forum held in New Delhi from December 13 to 18 last year. Around 1,000 students from 29 countries had participated in the event.

No conclusive proof that mobile radiation is harmful: BSNL official AgArTAlA, July 6 (iAnS): There is no decisive data or evidence so far to show that radiations from mobile phones or towers have adverse health or environmental effects in India, a top BSNL official here said. "There is no conclusive study, data or evidences about the bad health or ecological effects of radiations from mobile phones or towers in India," Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) chief general manager (northeast circle one) D.P. Singh told reporters. He said: "India's stringent measures against radiations from mobile phones or Base Tower Stations (BTS) are ten times more than the USA and European countries." According to the officer, there are about 775,000 BTSs in the country and so far only about 90 cases have been found to be non-compliant by the department of telecommunication (DoT) and penalty has been im-

posed on the operators. "A penalty of Rs.10 lakh has been imposed in each case on defaulting operators in case any BTS is found to be non-compliant," said Singh, who was earlier looking after the radiations related affairs in the DoT. The BSNL official said that regular audit of electromagnetic field levels from the mobile towers through TERM (Telecom Enforcement Resource Monitoring) cells of the DoT is being done to ensure that prescribed standards are implemented. Singh said that the World Health Organisation (WHO) has done a large number of studies over the past two decades to assess whether mobile phones and BTS pose potential health risk. "A section of so-called experts and environmentalists to achieve their personal gain and business benefit are occasionally spreading exaggerated facts about radiations from mobile phone or towers based

on some myth and falsehood," the BSNL CGM said. "These experts and environmentalists without any conclusive study and facts sometimes say that sparrows and other birds are vanishing, affecting breeding or reproduction, and foods due to radiation from mobile phone or BTS," he added. "Had this (radiations) been harmful, Europe and the US would have done away with it long ago. Here, people make occasional hullabaloo about the harm being done by mobile towers, but actually nothing like that happens." The CGM said that the DoT has recently sanctioned Rs.5,336 crore for the improvement of mobile and internet services in the eight northeastern states. He said the BSNL would set up several hundred Wi-Fi hotspots in northeastern states soon, besides improving machinery and quality of service in the region.

Tilted Gateway gets restoration guwAhATi, July 6 (Tnn): A decade back, the 19th century Gateway of Assam that was built by the British on the banks of the Brahmaputra, started tilting and sinking. Restoration work has been taken up by the Assam Tourism Development Corporation (ATDC) recently. The restoration that was taken up in April by ATDC in collaboration with the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (Intach) has revealed that years of neglect, natural factors such as earthquake, unplanned

sion-hedging properties. "You cut the slope, you grow this grass, it stops erosion and tackles drainage issues. More than 100 countries have taken this grass from us. I have been trying to promote the use of this grass in Darjeeling for the last five years but unfortunately it is not being done," he lamented. Heavy overnight rain triggered a string of landslides in the mountainous Darjeeling district of West Bengal on July 1, killing at least 40 people.

Tripura govt contests manual scavenger figure Woman hangs herself in Assam police station

Assam's Bihu, Bhortal dances to open Italian film fest guwAhATi, July 6 (iAnS): Bihu and Bhortal -- two traditional dance forms of Assam -- will be performed by school students from the state at the opening of the 45th Giffoni International Film Festival in Italy next week. The film festival -- one of the most prominent international children's film festivals in the world -- will begin on July 17 at Giffoni Valle Piana in Salerno province in southern Italy. Students from the NPS International School in Guwahati have been invited by the organisers to perform at the film festival. Apart from Bihu and Bhortal, four students -- Md. Nasad (Class 8), Hrishiraj Sawant (Class 9), Krishna Saha (Class 8) and Disha Boro (Class 8) -- will also perform Indian classical dance at the inauguration ceremony. While Bihu is a wellknown dance form, Bhortal, where the performers are equipped with cymbals, was developed by Satriya artiste

such frequent landslides. Further though landslides do not happen all of a sudden, and locals get inkling of certain anomalies like water blockage and erosion, scant attention is paid to these factors, Ghosh rued. Given that the Himalayas is prone to landslides, Ghosh called for more vulnerability mapping of potential landslide locations and adoption of ground modification strategies like growing Vetiver grass, which is famed for its ero-

development around the structure and rainwater blockage have all contributed the structure's sad state. The tilt is more visible on the northern facade of the structure. The structure also appears to be sinking on the northeastern side. "The structure has some modern cement plastering on it. It is not clear who did it but it has added to the weight of the structure. Seeping in of rainwater leads to blockage adding more weight," said Jayanta Sarma, state convener of Intach. The present structure bears tears and

cracks across the structure's arches, which play a pivotal role in holding up the structure and a significant part of the restoration process involves strengthening the arches. Tree saplings have also sprung at some sections of the structure. The structure was built in 1874 to welcome then viceroy of India Thomas George Baring, who arrived in the city by the river bank near Surkeshwar ghat. It was at this spot from where Gandhi's ashes were immersed into the river. Tagore is also said to have spent some time here.

Dated: 04/07/2015

By this Deed I,Hengwale Lasushe, previously called Hengwale Losushe wife of Kewengulo Lasushe, DOB: 10.03.1976 resident of House No. 196, Below Catholic Publication, D. Block, Kohima, Nagaland do hereby solemnly declare:1. That, for and behalf of myself and my husband and my children and my remitter issue wholly renounce and abandon the use of my former name/surname of Hengwale Losushe and in place thereof, I do hereby assume from this date the name Hengwale Lasushe. 2. That I shall at all times hereafter in all records, deeds and writings and in all proceedings, dealings and transactions, private as well as upon all occasions whatsoever use and sign the name of Hengwale Lasushe as my name/surname in place and in substitution of my former name/surname. 3. In witness whereof I have hereunto subscribed my former and adopted name/surname of Hengwale Losushe and Hengwale Lasushe affix my signature and seal, if any, this day of 4th July 2015. DEPONENT

Notary Public, Kohima

Regd. No: 30/11


Dated: 04/07/2015

By this Deed I, Kewengulo Lasushe, previously called Kewengulo Lasoushe husband of Hengwale Lasoushe, DOB: 19.01.1965 resident of House No. 196, Below Catholic Publication, D. Block, Kohima, Nagaland do hereby solemnly declare:1. That, for and behalf of myself and my wife/husband and my children and my remitter issue wholly renounce and abandon the use of my former name/surname of Kwewngulo Lasoushe and in place thereof, I do hereby assume from this date the name Kewengulo Lasushe . 2. That I shall at all times hereafter in all records, deeds and writings and in all proceedings, dealings and transactions, private as well as upon all occasions whatsoever use and sign the name of Kewengulo Lasushe as my name/surname in place and in substitution of my former name/surname. 3. In witness whereof I have hereunto subscribed my former and adopted name/surname of Kewengulo Lasoushe and Kewengulo Lasushe affix my signature and seal, if any, this day of 4th July 2015. DEPONENT Notary Public, Kohima

In GratItude We, the family of Mr. Imo Ozüküm, would like to extend our heartfelt gratitude to the family of Mr. Yevito Sheqi of Mishilimi Village, for their selfless act of kindness and forgiveness shown to me and my family even at the cost of the precious life of the Late Honito Sheqi, S/O Late Nagho Sheqi of Mishilimi Village on 2nd June 2015 in bike accident. This gesture of goodwill is an exemplary and cannot be fathomed, especially considering the circumstances. Once again, we are so thankful to Mr. Yevito Sheqi’s family for exhibiting the true Christian value of love and forgiveness. We are also grateful to Sumi Aphuyemi Kukami Hoho; Pughoboto Area GB Union Office Bearers; Mishilimi Union, Kohima; Mishilimi Union, Dimapur; Mishilimi Students’ Union; Mr. Kaqheho Sheqi, GS SAKH; Mr. Joshua Sheqi, MUK; Mr. Aloto Wotsa MVC Chairman; Mr. Toshika Wotsa, President MSU; and Dimapur Mongsenyimti Senso Union, for their help and support. Shri. Kikumsungba Father of Mr. Imo Ozüküm, Mongsenyimti Village Dimapur

4 businEss Greece defies Europe & votes ‘NO’ in referendum Dimapur


ATHENS, July 6 (AP): Greece lurched into uncharted territory and an uncertain future in Europe’s common currency Sunday after voters overwhelmingly rejected demands by international creditors for more austerity measures in exchange for a bailout of its bankrupt economy. Results showed about 61 percent voted “no,” compared with 39 percent for “yes,” with 100 percent of the vote counted. The referendum — Greece’s first in more than four decades — came amid severe restrictions on financial transactions in the country, imposed last week to stem a bank run that accelerated after the vote was called. Thousands of jubilant government supporters celebrated in Syntagma Square in front of Parliament, waving Greek flags and chanting “No, no, no!” Early trading on Asian markets indicated investors were alarmed, as stock indexes fell. It was a decisive victory for Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, who had gambled the future of his 5-month-old coalition government — and his country — in an all-or-nothing game of brinkmanship with Greece’s creditors from other European countries that use the euro currency, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank. “Today we celebrate the victory of democracy,” Tsipras said in a televised address to the nation, describing Sunday as “a bright day in

the history of Europe.” “We proved even in the most difficult circumstances that democracy won’t be blackmailed,” he said. Tsipras called the referendum last weekend, saying a “no” vote would strengthen his hand to negotiate a better deal for his country. His government has said it believes it would be possible to conclude a deal with creditors within 48 hours. But European officials and most of Greece’s opposition parties painted the referendum as one of whether the country kept using the euro currency — even though that was not the convoluted question asked on the ballot. Opinion polls Friday showed that 74 percent or more want their country to remain in the euro. “Given the unfavorable conditions last week, you have made a very brave choice,” Tsipras told Greeks in his address. “But I am aware that the mandate you gave me is not a mandate for rupture.” He said he would seek to negotiate a viable solution with the country’s creditors. How European officials react to the referendum result will be critical for the country, and a eurozone summit was called for Tuesday evening to discuss the situation. German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande spoke to each other Sunday night and agreed “that the vote of the Greek people must be respected,” Merkel’s of-

Fujifilm launches new instant polaroid camera NEw DElHi, July 6 (iANS): display unit. The camera will have the abilFujifilm, the Japanese multinational photography and imaging ity to accommodate 10 film packs. company, launched a new in- Commenting on the launch, Yasunobu Nishiyama, managing director of Fujifilm, said: “At Fujifilm, we are committed to bringing in constant innovation. The Instax series is a range of instant cameras with remarkable features that appeal to different age groups and usage patterns.” “Aided with better technology and features, the wide format photography enables capturing every facial expression stant polaroid camera at a price and object feature with a lot of of Rs.9,550. Named Instax Wide clarity and sharpness. “In addi300, the camera weighs 612 grams tion, these cameras are perfectly without the batteries, strap and equipped for professional phofilm. The camera’s shooting range tography and specialised phois empowered with a real image tography for weddings, parties, finder and a built-in automatic birthdays and other memorable electronic flash and liquid crystal events,” he added.

Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.”

SUDOKU Game Number # 3278



Machines and Motors jumbojet skyline spaceship tractor train robot crane plane tank helicopter drill truck motorbike mustang hotrod bulldozer washingmachine digger motor




cards have thronged the few bank branches opened to allow them access to a maximum 120 euros for the week. Queues at ATMs swelled again as the initial results of the referendum came in. The ECB operates on rules according to which it can only continue ELA funding if Greece is in a bailout. Without an increase, it is unclear how much longer people will be allowed to withdraw 60 euros per day. Some analysts say Greece is so starved of cash that it could be forced to start issuing its own currency. No country has ever left the 19-member eurozone, established in 1999. The margin of victory was far wider than expected, and is likely to strengthen the young prime minister’s defiance toward Europe. Tsipras was voted into office in January on a promise to repeal bailout austerity. “This victory for the ‘no’ camp will unfortunately embolden the government, but is likely to do little to convince the creditors that Tsipras is a trustworthy negotiating partner who has any ability to implement a deal,” said Megan Greene, chief economist of Manulife Asset Management. “Any deal for Greece will involve a much larger fiscal adjustment than the one on which Greeks voted today. I don’t think that Germany in particular will be willing to make any concessions for Tsipras.” There was confusion Sunday night over the fate of bank safety deposit boxes, with Deputy Finance Minister Nadia Valavani saying people would be allowed to remove items but not cash from them, and Alternate Finance Minister Dimitris Mardas later said the issue would have to be legislated. Yiannis Gkovesis, 26, waved a large Greek flag in the capital’s main square with supporters of the “no” vote. “We don’t want austerity measures anymore. This has been happening for the last five years and it has driven so many into poverty, we simply can’t take any more austerity,” Gkovesis said. Constantinos Papanikolas, 73, who also clutched a Greek flag, said the result meant “a fresh start, a new page for Greece and for Europe, which has condemned its people to poverty.” Opposition conservative New Democracy lawmaker Vangelis Meimarakis said he was expecting Tsipras to keep his pledge for a quick deal. “If we don’t have an agreement within 48 hours as the prime minister promised, then we are being led to a tragedy,” he said.



E-Commerce and E-Banking

-commerce is a term thrown around a lot these days. People are very amused by the concept of electronic commerce, where there is buying and selling of goods and services on the world wide web. Unlike traditional commerce, it offers 24 hour availability and global reach allowing producers to “make anywhere, sell anywhere”. Since e-commerce is the exchange of goods or services with electronic money, e-banking becomes an integral part of it where the former doesn’t survive without the latter. Payment for any product or service is almost always done through e-banking services available to us. A large part of the digitally literate community benefit from these services as consumers. This community of consumers is an ever growing community who avail these services at the comfort of their own homes anytime of the day. Gone are the days when you had to travel to a shopping district for buying goods or spend a day in a queue in your local bank just to make a transaction. Recharging mobiles phones and DTH online is becoming very popular as there are many offers available on the recharge sites. If you are not among the above group of people, by now you are very interested in the whole “concept” and wonder if you can join this community of consumers. Well, the good news is you can. How you ask?? Let me help you with a few steps: 1. Be willing to step out of your comfort zone :- This is your first step. Learning something new can be uncomfortable. People who use these services are not rocket scientists. They are just people with an open mind and willingness to learn. 2. Learn how to use a computer :- If you are a literate person this is a piece of cake. Enroll yourself in a basic computer course or have a friend or family member teach you how to use a computer. A lesson in any word editing software (e.g Microsoft Word) and how to use the internet is enough to start. Get an email account for yourself and maybe join a social network like facebook. Maybe move to using the internet from your phone as well. 3. Get an Internet Banking Account :Any public sector bank like SBI will provide you with an Internet Banking account these days. The bank should assist you with how to open the account for yourself. Again you can use the help of a family or friend. Learn how to navigate within your account and use services within the website e.g how to add beneficiaries to your account for transferring money. 4. Start buying online :- Try buying your first product on any e-commerce website(snapdeal ,ebay, amazon, etc). Or do a recharge for your beloved. As part of this digitally empowered community, get ready to feel all the difference. Your efforts will be totally worth your while. You can now express amusement at a friend spending a day in the bank for a transaction or you may help him become a part of this community by guiding him from your own experiences. You may also



Answer Number # 3277



fice said. The referendum result was “very regrettable for the future of Greece,” said Jeroen Dijsselbloem, head of the eurozone finance ministers’ meeting known as the Eurogroup, which also will meet Tuesday. Dijsselbloem, who is finance minister for the Netherlands, had been a steadfast opponent of Greece as it sought better conditions during five months of bailout talks. “For recovery of the Greek economy, difficult measures and reforms are inevitable,” he said. “We will now wait for the initiatives of the Greek authorities.” Sigmar Gabriel, Germany’s vice chancellor and economic minister, told a German newspaper the Greek government was leading its people “onto a path of bitter austerity and hopelessness.” Tsipras has “torn down the last bridges, across which Europe and Greece could move toward a compromise,” Gabriel told the daily Tagesspiegel. “By saying ‘no’ to the eurozone’s rules, as is reflected in the majority ‘no’ vote, it’s difficult to imagine negotiations over an aid package for billions.” Belgian Finance Minister Johan Van Overtveldt was somewhat softer in his reaction, saying a “no” result “complicates matters,” but that the door was open to resume talks immediately. “What we certainly don’t want to do is to take decisions that will threaten the monetary union,” he told Belgium’s VRT. “Within that framework we can start talks again with the Greek government, literally, within hours.” Time has run out for Greece, which is dealing with an economy in a protracted recession, with high unemployment and banks dangerously low on capital. The international bailout — under which it received nearly 240 billion euros in rescue loans — expired last week, on the same day Greece defaulted on an IMF repayment, becoming the first developed nation to do so. Of critical importance will be whether the European Central Bank decides to maintain its lifeline to Greece in the form of emergency liquidity assistance, or ELA. The assistance, now at around 90 billion euros, has been maintained but not increased in past days, leaving the country’s financial system in a stranglehold. Sunday’s vote was held after a week of capital controls imposed to halt a bank run, with Greeks restricted to a daily cash withdrawal maximum of 60 euros ($67). Long lines have formed at ATMs, while pensioners without bank




The Morung Express

7 July 2015
















DIMAPUR Civil Hospital:

STD CODE: 03862 232224; Emergency229529, 229474

Metro Hospital: Faith Hospital:

227930, 231081 228846

Shamrock Hospital


Zion Hospital:

231864, 224117, 227337

Police Control Room


Police Traffic Control


East Police Station West Police Station

227607 232181

CIHSR (Referral Hospital)

242555/ 242533

Dimapur hospital

224041, 248011

Apollo Hospital Info Centre:

230695/ 9402435652



Indian Airlines



1. Hard punch 5. Great fear 10. British title 14. Old stories 15. A shoulder firearm 16. Holly 17. A Freudian stage 18. Unmanly 20. Vixen 22. Physical 23. Skirt’s edge 24. Iron 25. Not accidental 32. Unit of weight for gems 33. Sidekick 34. Gorilla 37. Gave the once-over 38. Prevaricators 39. Render unconscious 40. South southeast 41. Verse writers 42. A grasp of something 43. Road illumination 45. Demolish 49. Unhappy 50. It points north 53. Spray can 57. Obese 59. Be dressed in


1. . Ho-hum 2. Solitary 3. By mouth 4. A structure built over a well 5. Imagined 6. Break in friendly relations 7. F 8. Beers 9. Audition tape 10. Kuwaiti monetary unit 11. Winged 12. Anagram of “Smite” 13. Administrators 19. Suggest 21. 1/100th of a dollar 25. Frosts 26. Negatives 27. Tall woody plant 28. Less friendly 29. Give a speech 30. Like the Vikings 31. Autonomic nervous

system 34. “Smallest” particle 35. A mixture of cellulose fibers 36. Terminates 38. A parcel of land 39. Tail 41. “Hogwash!” 42. Winglike 44. Sleeping sickness carrier 45. Speak derisively 46. Film 47. Catkin 48. Binge 51. Char 52. Audible exhale 53. Throat-clearing sound 54. Fizzy drink 55. Unrestrained revelry 56. Dregs 58. Chap Ans to CrossWord 3288

KOHIMA: 0370 2222952/ 101 (O) 9402003086 (OC) DIMAPUR: 03862 232201/ 101 (O) 9436017479 (OC)

CHUMUKEDIMA: 03862 282777/101 (O) 9856158740 (OC) WOKHA: 03860 242215/101 (O) 9862039399 (OC)

MOKOKCHUNG: 0369 2226225/ 101 (O) 9436012949 (OC)

Nagaland Multispe- 248302, cialty Health & 09856006026 Research Centre

PHEK: 8414853765 (O) 9862130954(OC)


ZUNHEBOTO: 03867 280304/ 101 (O) 9856156876 (OC)

STD CODE: 0370 100/2244279 2222222 2222111 2222952 2222916 2243339 2224202 08974997923

TUENSANG: 8414853766 (O) 8414853519 MON: 03869 251222/ 101 (O) 9436208480 (OC)

CHILD WELFARE COMMITTEE 60. Satisfactory 61. Chills and fever 62. Border 63. Celebration 64. Verse 65. Beams


Chumukedima Fire 282777 Brigade Nikos Hospital and 232032, 231031 Research Centre

Police Control Room: North Police Station: South Police Station: Fire Brigade: Naga Hospital: Oking Hospital: Bethel Nursing Home: Northeast Shuttles



find yourself doing all purchases, bank transactions and recharges for your family and friends who, let me warn you, is the only con. You can also sell online. Geographical limitations are no longer an issue. Retailers or manufacturers can list and sell their products on the website, meaning anybody with access to the website is a potential customer. You can now sell anywhere in the world. Your digital shop is now open 24x7 in the form of a website. And you don’t have to worry about advertising. People often ask “How can I make money online?”. Most of them are carried away by the spam ads that read “I made Rs.30,000 online in one week” and think that you can make money that way. There are ways to earn money online but it is not as easy as it sounds. However selling your product online is one surefire and the most common way of making money online. Here are some steps you can follow: 1. Identify the website: There are a lot of e-commerce websites available like ebay, amazon, snapdeal, ilandlo,etc. You can choose one or more site where you want to sell depending on profit margin, popularity of the website and good customer support provided to the seller by the website . 2. Register yourself with the website. 3. Get in touch with the seller support team of the website:- The seller support team will help you with everything related to how to list your product on their site. Make use of the services provided by the support team to a full extent. 4. Identify a logistics company for shipping purpose:- Use the shipping services of Indiapost, Bluedart, First Flight and logistics company of the likes for delivering your product to your buyer’s doorstep. From selling handicrafts to pickles and other eatables online, Nagaland has already joined the selling community. Imtisunup Longchar, cofounder of ilandlo. com which is based in Dimapur, says “The pickle maker who makes 20 bottles of pickles a month for her regular clients around Dimapur and Kohima as her market, gets a sudden raise in demand from people living outside the state who wants to eat home made food.” Entrepreneurs are selling their products on facebook pages (Precious Melove, A-J Store, etc). Indihut.com is also doing a noble task of promoting local artists of our region. From the beginning of time, any new technology was meant to make our lives easier. The invention of internet is no lesser than the invention of the wheel or the discovery of fire. The world is now going digital and we cannot afford to be left behind. Digital technologies are meant to make our lives easier and e-commerce is one such technology. It is high time that our community starts giving high importance to digital literacy and empower ourselves with such technologies. (Note:- This article has been published by NIELIT, Kohima as part of Digital India Week. Content provided by : Kaulakbe Zeme, NIELIT Kohima)

Toll free No. 1098 childline

KipHire: 8414853767 (O) 8974304572 (OC)



STD CODE: 0369

Police Station 1:


Police Station 2 :


Civil Hospital: Woodland Nursing Home:

2226216 2226263

Hotel Metsüpen (Tourist Lodge):


TAHAMZAM (formerly Senapati) STD CODE: 03871 Police Station: Fire Brigade


222246 222491



US Dollars Sterling Pound Hong Kong Dollar Australian Dollar Singapore Dollar Canadian Dollar Japanese Yen

62.14 96.58 7.76 46.43 45.91 49.19 50.42

64.95 101.26 8.64 48.72 48.17 51.61 53.26




Thai Baht Korean Won New Zealand Dollar Chinese Yuan










The Morung Express

Tuesday 7 July 2015



ENSF gives 30-day deadline to Nagaland govt TuENSaNg, July 6 (mExN): In pursuance to its representation submitted to the state government on April 27, the Eastern Naga Students’ Federation (ENSF) has re-submitted the same to the chief minister of Nagaland seeking justification for total lapses in the implementation of the State job reservation policy since 1977. The same was thoroughly deliberated with the chief secretary for immediate and necessary action, a press release from ENSF general secretary Honang M Jessuhu and vice president Z. Throngshe said. The release stated that the representation brings to light the “injustice delivered upon the Eastern Nagas for the past 52 years by those section of bureaucrats who themselves had entered and occupied the service illegally through backdoor and had held the sceptre of injustice in their hands.”

upon the least represented community in the State on account of manipulation by the successive state government for the past 3-4 decades or more. If the reservation policy was introduced 38 years ago (1977), the percentage of the representation from the Eastern Nagas in all departments should not be less than 25% today, ENSF said. Since 1977, it stated, no single department in the state has efficiently implemented 25% job reservation at any point of time. The percentage of Class-1 & 2 Gazetted officers from Eastern Nagaland is below 10% at present and percentage of Grade-III staffs is below 15%, the federation highlighted. 25% Job reservation for grade IV at the Directorate, Secretariat and the State level offices as notified by the government has never been protected but manipulated instead, it said. The federation also said that the 100% job reservation on grade IV post Job reservation policy ENSF maintained that the job reser- at the district level as notified by the vation policy has had an adverse effect government has not been protected

for the local; instead numerous non of Eastern Nagaland should attain at resident tribes have been directly ap- least 25% in the employment sector in all the departments in the state.” pointed and recruited. Maintaining that successive state government has violated Article 16 of Constitutional deprivation Declaring Nagaland as “failed the Indian constitution by depriving state”, which failed to uphold the the backward tribes of employment constitution of India in safeguarding opportunity, ENSF demanded the the lower section of the Naga society, following: 25% of Class I & II in all the deENSF demanded documental evidence from the state government as partments (min): Immediate apto why and which amendment of the pointment/recruitment of Class 1 & Indian constitution had removed the II gazetted officer so as to fulfill the provision envisaged to safeguard its policy of 25% job reservation since 1977. citizen. 25% of Grade-III posts in all the departments (min): Immediate apDemands The Federation termed the period pointment/recruitment of Grade III from 1963-1976 as the period of “di- post so as to fulfil the policy of 25% job rect manipulation” and 1977 to 2015 reservation since 1977. 25% job reservation of Grade-IV as the period of “indirect manipulation” by the state government on the in the state level offices, directorate 6 backward tribes of Eastern Naga- and secretariat: All state level head land. “The logic clearly justify that offices should fulfil the policy of 25% with the lapse of 38 years since the job reservation for Grade-IV post by introduction of job reservation poli- recruiting/inducting candidates from cy in the state, the six backward tribes the backward tribes of Nagaland.

Dead body recovered in Mkg; three held mokokchuNg, July 6 (mExN): A body of a local youth was recovered at National Highway - 2 (near Mokokchung PS-II), some two kilometers away from Mokokchung town, at around 9:30-10 pm by personnel of the Police Station II on Sunday night. The deceased person has been identified as 27-year-old Chubatoba Longkumer, son of Late Talisashi of Longkong village under Mokokchung district. Mokokchung Police suspect it to be a case of hit and run. Police recovered a pair of slippers and the ‘carrier basket’ of a scooter near the body. Police alerted the hospitals and clinics to inform them if any person comes for treatment for an accident case. The IMDH (civil hospital) officials informed about some non-locals who came for treatment in an accident case. The police swung into action, and on further inquiry found that the injured person along with two accomplices was involved in the incident.

MTLT condemns incident

mokokchuNg, July 6 (mExN): The Mokokchung Town Lanur Telongjem (MTLT) has condemned the killing of Chubatoba Longkumer. The victim was a BA-III student and was also former president of Longkong Students’ Union, informed MTLT in a release. “While it is understandable, that accidents might happen while driving a vehicle, the MTLT strongly condemns the action of the three non-local motorists riding the scooter for leaving the victim on the spot and running away after hitting him,” MTLT said.

Maintaining that the action of running away after hitting a person on the road amounts to culpable homicide, MTLT said the persons involved should be booked accordingly. The MTLT demanded the law enforcing agencies to investigate the matter thoroughly. It also asked the police to arrest the absconding ‘unidentified fourth person’ at the earliest and see that the investigation is completed at the earliest. MTLT further expressed concern that the three persons riding the scooter had no proper driv-

ing licenses and even the vehicle involved in the incident had no proper documents. It demanded the law enforcing agencies to check underage driving, or driving with proper license in the town. It was also demanded that the persons involved in the case be not granted bail until the investigation is fully complete. Warning that the Telongjem will be closely watching the investigation process; it said if the law enforcing agencies fail to deliver justice, or if culprits are left scot free, it will take own course of action.

Police sources disclosed that on Sunday night three drunken nonlocals riding a scooter was coming along the National Highway – 2 when they hit the deceased on their way. They reportedly tried to help the victim, but found him to be already dead. Therefore they fled, the

source informed. Police made preliminary investigation at the hospital and nabbed three persons: Raja Babu Chauhan, Vikram Chauhan and Radhu Shyam Chauhan. Raja Babu Chauhan, who is said to be the driver of the scooter, is reportedly a scrap dealer. Police are

on the lookout for another person, ‘an unidentified bike rider’ who is reported to be at the spot on the fateful night. Police have seized the scooter involved in the accident. A case has been registered and further investigation is on, police informed.

100% job protection of GradeIV for the backward tribes: Immediately scrutinise all departments within the four districts of Eastern Nagaland (Tuensang, Mon, Longleng, Kiphire) on appointment of Grade-IV under any establishment and to solely maintain 100% job protection for the 6 backward tribes of Eastern Nagaland. Seeks justification within 30 days In order to rectify and streamline the anomalies and irregularities in the State job reservation policy, the federation sought direct justification from all the HoDs through the state government to be presented to the federation on or before August 5. The Federation demanded “justification report” from the state government on its failure for non implementation of 25% job reservation guaranteed to the Eastern Nagas from 1977-2015. The justification report should be produced departmental wise, it said.

New traffic regulations in Dimapur Dimapur, July 6 (mExN): With a view to ease congestion of vehicle movement within the city limits of Dimapur, the following traffic regulations will come into force with effect from July 20. • Entry of heavy vehicles into the city limits will be restricted from New Field Check Gate, Dellai Check Gate, and Khatkhati Check Gate between 8:00 am to 5:00 pm.

• Heavy vehicles plying from Chumukedima and Purana Bazar shall not be allowed to cross New Dhansiri Bridge, Nagarjan Bridge, Rangapahar Crossing Bridge inwards the city limit during the restricted hours. • Loading and unloading of goods by mini/medium/ heavy vehicles within the City limits will not be allowed during the re-

Dimapur; State executive meeting on July 11, 10:00 am at Bookmarc, Dimapur. A press release from BJP general secretary and spokesman meanwhile informed that the party has listed 70 delegates from Nagaland who can attend the North East Mahasampark review meeting scheduled for July 14 in Guwahati. The same has been forwarded to the party headquarters, New

Delhi for approval. National BJP president Amit Shah and general secretary (Org.) Ram Lal are scheduled to attend the said meeting, it said. Further, the release directed all district presidents to enroll minimum ten (10) members as Active Member from their respective district by depositing the registration fee and two passport size photos to the Office Secretary on or before July 11.

Assam Rifles help students in Peren pErEN, July 6 (mExN): In one of the remote corners of Peren district, 18 Assam Rifles spread awareness regarding the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) education system and conducted special coaching classes for more than 100 children to appear in all India entrance exam for admission to JNV. 59 of the

students succeeded in securing admission to Class VI in the vacancies earmarked for Peren district, a press release from Assam Rifles informed. The aspiring students were trained over a period of three months. According to the press release, all the children belong to below poverty line

strata. Out of the 59 children, 11 belong to the indigenous Heraka population of Jalukie subdivision. “Their successful admission to Navodya Vidyalaya is a life changing event for each one of them since now onwards they will receive top quality education at absolutely zero cost till class XII,” it added.

Viswema people to parade against killing kohima, July 6 (mExN): The people of Viswema will hold a peaceful procession in Kohima town to protest against the murder of one of its members, Meciebo (Tepumecie) Lcho. Three accused for the killing were recently apprehended by the Kohima district administration and the police. The procession will be held on July 9 (Thursday) from 10:00 am onwards. It will commence from PR Hill junction and end at the Deputy Commissioner’s office premises, where a memorandum will be submitted to the District Sessions Judge. A press release from Viswema Youth Organization informed that “the procession will be a message to all anti-socials that criminal acts will not be

passively tolerated by the general public.” It will also signify the demand of all the people of Viswema to the local judiciary not to grant bail to “such dangerous criminals” who are capable of endangering the lives of people even in the future, it added. The Viswema Youth Organization under the aegis of the Viswema Village Council has requested all the people of Viswema, wherever they are, to come to Kohima to take part in the procession. All government servants have also been requested to avail casual leave for that day to join the event. RYO condemns The Rachü Youth Organisation (RYO), Viswema today expressed anguish at the murder of Tepume-

cie Lcho (Meciebo) on March 29. Condemning the “inhuman act” of the three accused (Kruse Terhüja, Vilalhoulie Rupre-o, and Kezhaletuo Pielie) for the murder, RYO said Late Meciebo Lcho has “no bad antecedents”; therefore "his activities do not even invite any physical assault." The organization stated that the manner in which Late Meciebo Lcho was killed was “rare of the rarest nature in criminal history”, and demanded that the three accused are penalized by “awarding capital punishment for murdering an innocent person who had not committed any fault which requires such act of reactions.” Further, RYO lauded the police and the district administration for arresting the three accused.

stricted hours. According to a press release from Addl. Dy. Commissioner of Police/PRO, Dimapur, exemption of these restrictions is extended to passenger vehicles/ army and CPMF convoys/ govt. vehicles. “Inconvenience is regretted but the same will be implemented in the interest of greater convenience,” the release added.

Nagaland Police constable shoots at Delhi cop who crashed into AIR NEW DElhi, July 6 (iaNS): A Nagaland Police constable posted at an All India Radio (AIR) office here on Monday shot and wounded a Delhi Police constable who crashed his car into the office gate during a joy ride. Constable Ankit Kumar, in his 30s, was shot at by the guard -- a constable with Nagaland Police -- around 3 am at the AIR office near

Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College in Delhi University. Police said Ankit Kumar lost control over the car and rammed it into the gates of the Akashwani Bhavan office, startling the Nagaland constable who opened fire assuming it was a terror attack. "The impact of Ankit Kumar's crash was such that the car entered the premises through the

locked gate. When he tried to reverse his car, he was shot at by the guard," Deputy Commissioner of Police Madhur Verma told IANS. Ankit Kumar received a bullet on the left side of his chest and was rushed to the Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan Hospital, where he

was said to be out of danger. He was posted with a Delhi Armed Police batallion and was on a joyride with three of his friends in his Maruti Swift car. He had left home after having a few drinks, police said. A case of negligent driving has been filed against Ankit Kumar.


Tir Yimyim website redesigned Dimapur, July 6 (mExN): Tir Yimyim has informed its readers that the Tir Yimyim website has been redesigned and the news service resumed at tiryimyim.in with effect from July 6. “Tir Yimyim has its own distinctive record of publishing seven days a week daily and having its website amongst the Vernacular daily newspapers in Nagaland,” stated a note issued by Tir Yimyim editor K Temjen Jamir. “Our esteemed readers from homeland and abroad may visit the website to keep themselves updated with the current news and public opinions on various current issues and communicate through the space provided in the web in one’s own mother tongue.”

BJP convenes series of meetings Dimapur, July 6 (mExN): The Nagaland State BJP has convened the following meetings: State office bearers meeting on July 9, 3:00 pm at party head office, Dimapur; State office bearers and BJP legislators meeting on July 10, 11:00 am at BookMarc, Dimapur; State office bearers and district presidents and general secretaries meet on July 10, 3:00 pm at party head office,

It also sought justification as to why the representation of the Eastern Nagas in the employment sector is still below 25% (all class & grade) even after 38-year-old state job reservation policy. Based on the above two justification reports, every department in the state should suggest/propose for a remedial solution to a three decades old irregularities, it demanded. “The suggested solution should be strictly confined in materialising 25% job reservation and fulfilment which should be routed through the state government.” In this regard, the ENSF has convened emergency meeting on July 8 at DUDA Guest house, which is to be represented by two executives along with the presidents of the six federating units. The main agenda to be discussed during the meeting are representation submitted to the government and to discuss about convening 2nd joint consultative and coordination meeting of all the eastern frontal organisations.

Safety compliance on CIHSR Bridge Dimapur, July 6 (mExN): The District Administration, Dimapur has re-issued a notice in the interest of public safety that the concerned department is undertaking strengthening of the mid-piers and repair of the RCC steel girder bridge near CIHSR (Referral) hospital. As per the joint inspection carried out by the district administration, concerned department and village leaders on July 6, it has been noted that some more work was required to NSRLM Changtongya Block staffs along with stakeholders and VLO members during the Sales Day held at Changtongya Town on July 4. The event was organized by Naga- be undertaken to make it secure for public use, officiating deputy commissioner Elizabeth Ngully informed in a land State Rural Livelihoods Mission (NSRLM) Changtongya Block. press release on Monday. Therefore, all concerned public of the affected areas have been requested to extend their co-operation to the concerned department and not to use the bridge till further order.

Book on Naga culture and education launched Morung Express News

Mission Indradhanush: 4th round in Dimapur from today

Dimapur | July 6

“Research consists of three steps: pose a question, collect data to answer the question and present an answer to the question. Dr. Nishena’s book fulfils these criteria,” said Prof (retd) KP Avikasit about the book, “The Nagas: Culture and Education,” written by Dr. K. Nishena Nekha. After launching the book in Dimapur on Monday, Prof. Avikasit during his review of the book said that the writer had made “interesting observations” about certain aspects of Naga culture and quoted from the book which read, “There are dialects as almost double the number of the tribes” in Naga society. Prof. Avikasit noted that Dr. Nishena had high praise for Naga creativity and aesthetic potential in the fields of arts and crafts, attires and many other related fields. He said that the book provides extensive recom-

Dimapur, July 6 (Dipr): Department of health & family welfare through the CMO Dimapur Dr. MA Wati has informed all concerned that the 4th round of Mission Indradhanush in Dimapur will be conducted from July 7 onwards. Children between 0-2 years and pregnant women have been advised to avail TT injection from the nearest health unit.

Tsumang ‘B’ colony cautions

Prof (retd) Avikasit (right) launching the book in Dimapur on Monday. Author Dr. Nishena is also seen in the picture. (Morung photo)

mendations and suggestions to inculcate age old values and cultural traditions in the younger generations. Stating that the book is an authentic source for the future researchers, Prof. Avikasit also expressed hope that the book would reach policy makers and all people who matter. Further, the retired Professor spoke about the need to develop a lingua franca through which all Nagas could communicate

in common rather than in Nagamese. He said that the Nagas were yet to develop their dialects to its fullest potential. Dr. Nishena thanked Prof. Avikasit, Heritage Publishing House and all invitees for making the book launch programme a success. Editor in Chief, Heritage Publishing House, Dr. Lanusangla Tzudir also spoke during the programme.

Wokha, July 6 (mExN): To maintain cleaner and peaceful environment, the Tsumang ‘B’ Colony in Wokha Town has notified to all general public of the town to refrain from “anti-social activities” in and around public ground and church cemetery area after 7:00 pm. This was decided during the general meeting of the colony held on July 2. A press release from the colony chairman, Thungchanbemo Ezung and general secretary, Z Mhomo Humtsoe stated that regular checking will be conducted and any individual or group found violating the colony’s resolution will be fined Rs. 2000/- and dealt with stern action as per the colony ‘azah’.

ANHTU offers condolences kohima, July 6 (mExN): The All Nagaland Hindi Teachers’ Union (ANHTU) has conveyed heartfelt condolences to the family members of Maria Anal (H/T), former advisor of ANHTU, who died on June 30. The Union prayed for the departed soul to rest in peace and to give solace to the bereaved family members.



The Power of Truth

The Morung Express TuEsDAy 7 July 2015 volumE X IssuE 184

Revisiting the Wolves


his story of the two wolves has appeared before in an earlier editorial of The Morung Express. Nonetheless, given the present predicaments that the Nagas are facing, it is worthwhile revisiting this story and reflect on the profound questions it asks. A Cherokee elder was teaching his grandchildren about life. He said to them, "A fight is going on inside me . . . It is a terrible fight, and it is between two wolves. One wolf represents fear, anger, envy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, pride and superiority. The other wolf stands for joy, peace, love, hope, sharing, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, friendship, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and trust. This same fight is going on inside of you and every other person too." After thinking about it one child asked, "Which wolf will win?" The old Cherokee simply replied . . . "The one I feed." This striking metaphor is so relevant to the Naga context. Which wolf are the Nagas feeding? Are Nagas feeding and nurturing the forces that will create a shared humanity of respect, dignity, justice and hope leading toward a dignified and peaceful existence? Or, are Nagas only fueling the forces of prejudice, hatred, oppression, and the ‘isms’ of violence that destroys human dreams and hopes? When will Nagas ever realize that they cannot begin building a future that is founded on ‘fear’ ‘hate’ and ‘exclusivity?’ Each and every Naga person – men, women and youth - needs to ask which wolf they have been feeding in their hearts all along. The nature of the two wolves presents humanization and dehumanization as separate parallel existences with inevitable destinations in the course of human history. These conditions place a shared humanity at the center of achieving justice and peace; and, at the heart of this is whether Nagas can freely exercise their rights to determine the course of their own future. Human history is about the human journey that includes both joy and pain. Nagas need to determine their course towards either one of these paradoxical destinations. The idea and motivation that eventually defines the path towards either of these destinations is the crucial question of which wolf the Nagas feed. Now is time for alternatives that are self-determining and enable realizing a dignified shared humanity. Therefore, is it possible then for Nagas to engage in a collective process to define a future inspired by their shared humanity with the ability to fully honor everyone’s fundamental human needs? Today, Nagas are challenged by the forces of history to adequately demonstrate the basic idea that Nagas need to come together and jointly pursue realizing their political rights and shared humanity. Nagas need to decisively choose which wolf they feed in their hearts!


Jorge León

End of the Latin American 21st century socialisms?


enezuela is living through its own internal misfortunes as a result of ideological excesses, ignorance of economics, factional power struggles and a long-term obsession the idea that everything can be solved with oil wealth as if it were manna from heaven. For Venezuela, the future is unpredictable. In Bolivia and Ecuador, despite the fact that local and regional elections are certainly not equivalent to national ones, where Evo Morales’s and Rafael Correa’s popularPublic support for ity weighs heavily, recent the Latin American results indicate that the governments of so-called governing party’s clout “21st century Socialism” is diminishing while the is rebuilding in Venezuela, Bolivia and opposition (sub-national elections Ecuador is waning, and were held in Ecuador in their broadly popular February 2014 and in Bolivia in March 2015). In presidents are losing the both countries, as in Venremarkable acceptance ezuela, regional and local they have enjoyed in governments provide a previous years counterweight to the overhwelming power of central governments and their parties notwithstanding the latter's legitimacy stemming from control of massive public spending (sustained by exceptional raw material prices) which has allowed them to win favor and popularity through patronage and propaganda. It is frequently said that the fall in popularity is to be expected after so many years in office; and this may be partly true. However, both in Bolivia and Ecuador other revealing aspects of the system these governments have created and of the dynamics of political organization are clearly apparent. Many of the regional/local election winners are ruling party dissidents. A struggle among the elites is taking place, and the opposition is reshaping - all of which result in a waning of the ruling party’s monopolizing capacity, which is precisely what local politicians and voters are reacting against. Many losers on the governmental side are accused of corruption and inefficiency. They are, therefore, an integral part of the growing evil of corruption that ends up spreading from head to toe in the body of governments that concentrate power, possess plentiful resources and act without restraint. Generally speaking, corruption ends up destroying their reputation and in long-term rejection by voters. Inefficiency is inherent in the appointment of people loyal to the president or the party who are not chosen on th ebasis of ability. The absence of qualified political personnel is not unusual when governments focus on gaining and keeping power while at the same time generating the very dynamics that will discredit them. Correa and Morales have tried to put pressure on voters with promises of gross patronage or the threat of withholding resources. But their discourse of “paradise with us or hell with the opposition” has prompted a backlash among better educated citizens. Discontent is currently also surfacing via street protests, and so we are witnessing a comeback of a more pluralist dynamic in these weak democracies, where both societal and party opposition have been so far under-represented in the institutions. Opposition forces are better than the government at renewing themselves through fresh groupings, both at the national and local level. The surge of this new pluralism is setting a limit to the authoritarian temptations of those who believe that their idea of government allows them to get away with almost anything. Changes in the economic situation may entail unpopular measures which could alter the popularity of the presidents and snowball from the local/regional to the national level, given that the opposition forces are now firmly established both in fact and in the minds of voters. A political cycle appears to be coming to a end, though its speed of decline is still unclear. This has been primarily a cycle during which a non-systemic Left has, at least until quite recently, left the productive apparatus unchanged while prioritising the distribution of the plentiful resources available. If this Santa Claus Socialism fails now to renew itself, the current context could rapidly delegitimize it.



Karin Laub and Fares Akram Associated Press

A year after Gaza war Hamas entrenched as frustration grows


mad Firi is angry. During last summer's Israel-Hamas war, a shell slammed through the roof of his house and shredded his right leg. Unable to work, Firi's son now drives his taxi but the family struggles to survive. The 50-year-old blames Israel, but also the Islamic militant group Hamas which has ruled Gaza since a violent takeover in 2007. In the Hamas era, the tiny territory has endured three wars with Israel and a crippling Israeli-Egyptian border blockade that keeps most of its 1.8 million residents trapped. "Who is not angry about this difficult situation?" Firi said, waiting at a rehabilitation clinic to finally to be fitted with an artificial leg. But the people of Gaza won't rise up — some out of fear, he said. "If I say two words, I may go to prison," he says, as Hamas has little tolerance for dissent and often detains critics. "So we stay silent." A year after the most destructive war in Gaza yet, Hamas remains in control — despite signs of mounting frustration and a poll indicating half the residents would emigrate if borders were open. No alternative to Hamas rule has emerged, after deep-seated rivalries between Hamas and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas derailed attempts to set up a unity government in both the West Bank and Gaza. Hamas can also rely on unwavering support from about one-third of the population, polls indicate. At the same time, Israel and Egypt have signaled a policy shift, from trying to weaken and perhaps topple Hamas, including by enforcing the blockade over the past eight years, to containing the group. Egypt's military temporarily opened the border crossing with Gaza in recent days. Thousands left Gaza for the first time in months, while shipments of desperately-needed cement entered the territory. Egypt said it acts according to changing security assessments, while Hamas officials said they were promised a further easing. Meanwhile, Israel relaxed its stringent movement restrictions for Gaza residents, amid reports that foreign diplomats are carrying messages between Israel and Hamas on a long-term cease-fire deal. Israeli officials have also struck a new tone. The outgoing top army commander dealing with Gaza, Maj. Gen. Sami Turgeman, has said recently that Israel and Hamas have some shared interests, while leading right-wing Cabinet minister Naftali Bennett said the Hamas presence in Gaza is a reality. "It's not a matter of reconciling with it (Hamas rule) or not," he told Israeli TV's Channel 2 over the weekend. "I see that they (Hamas) are there." Israel and the West have branded Hamas, which is sworn to Israel's destruction, as a terror group. Salah Bardawil, a Hamas spokesman, said he believes Egypt and Israel have become "more realistic." They "realized that they can't reach their goals by violence and force," he said. Hamas' biggest problem currently is lack of funds, after Egypt shut down hundreds of smuggling tunnels under its border with Gaza two years ago. The tunnels delivered cheap fuel and cement, powering key sectors of the economy, while Hamas earned tens of millions a year taxing the smuggled goods. The tunnel closures triggered Hamas' worst-ever financial crisis, leaving it unable to cover its $30 milliona-month payroll for 40,000 civil servants and security forces. Last year, Hamas agreed to step aside in Gaza for a "national consensus government" led by Abbas — whose forces were defeated by Hamas in 2007 — in hopes of solving the cash crisis. Yet disputes prevented the government from taking control in Gaza. Since May, Hamas, which is believed to receive aid from Iran, has stepped up its hunt for new revenues. It has imposed new import fees on goods entering Gaza through the Kerem Shalom crossing with Israel, including a 25 percent custom on cars.


he existence of the approximately 14,000 photographs will probably cause yet another delay in the military commissions at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, as attorneys for the defendants demand that all the images be turned over and the government wades through the material to decide what it thinks is relevant to the proceedings.” This was the Washington Post a few days ago, informing us wearily that the torture thing isn’t dead yet. The bureaucracy convulses, the wheels of justice grind. So much moral relativism to evaluate. “They did what they were asked to do in the service of our nation,” CIA director John Brennan said at a news conference in December, defending CIA interrogators after a portion of the 6,700-page Senate Intelligence Committee report was made public. Serving the nation means no more than doing what you’re told. God bless America. Flags wave, fireworks burst on the horizon. Aren’t we terrific? But this idea we celebrate — this nation, this principled union of humanity — is just a military bureaucracy, full of dark secrets. The darkest, most highly classified secret of all is that we’re always at war and we always will be. And war is an end in itself. It has no purpose beyond its own perpetuation. This is the context of torture. At least this is what occurred to me as I reflected on the most recent nonnews, that the existence of multi-thousands of photographs of U.S. black site operations are out there somewhere, classified but known and pulsing.

In this August 4, 2014 file photo, a Palestinian woman passes by rescuers inspecting the rubble of destroyed houses following Israeli strikes in Rafah refugee camp, southern Gaza Strip. A year after the most destructive war in Gaza yet, Hamas remains in control, despite signs of mounting frustration and a poll indicating half the residents would emigrate if borders were open. (AP Photo/File)

Ziad Zaza, a former Hamas finance minister, said Abbas' government in the West Bank earns about $80 million a month in customs from the crossing — money Hamas feels should flow into its coffers. Gaza traders, already paying 50 percent in car customs to Abbas, had to comply after Hamas held up 265 cars at the crossing. Ismail Abu Nakhala of the importers' association said Hamas stands to make almost $1 million a month from the new fees. Gaza City car dealer Alaa Badwan expects a drop in business since retail prices are bound to rise. "In this situation (in Gaza), there is no room for additional taxes," he said. Half the work force is unemployed. It doesn't help that large firms and other potential employers are often hampered by politics. Hamas demands taxes from large West Bankbased firms with branches in Gaza, such as telecoms operator Jawwal, owned by Paltel Group, the largest private sector company in the Palestinian territories. Last week, the attorney general in Gaza warned he would shut down the main Jawwal service center in Gaza over the tax dispute — and on Tuesday made good on the threat. In response, Paltel Group closed all its and Jawwal's offices in Gaza in protest. The CEO of Paltel, Amar al-Aker, said his company is already paying taxes to the "consensus government" and that making separate payments in the West Bank and Gaza would only strengthen the Palestinian division. Despite rising prices and potential backlash from higher taxes, a former Hamas official said the group has to raise money to provide services in Gaza, including security. "We collect the minimum to survive," former official Ahmed Yousef said. Zaza mainly blamed price hikes on Gaza's involuntary switch from cheap Egyptian fuel smuggled through tunnels to pricier Israeli gas. Market vendor Abu Maher Mourtaga said business is down because of the double burden of rising prices and a drop in purchasing power. At his stall, the price of nuts is up 50 percent from last year, now $15 a kilogram (about $6.80 a pound). A five kilogram (11 pound) box of dates is now $16, compared to $13 a year ago. A June poll by the independent Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research reflected growing frustration. Fifty percent of Gaza residents are considering emigration, up five points from previous surveys, and 63 percent are dissatisfied with the results of war, said the survey among 1,200 people with an error margin of 3 percentage points. During the 50 days of fighting, which began July 8, Israel launched more than 6,000 airstrikes against Gaza, while Hamas fired more than 6,600 rockets and mortars at Israel. The war killed more than 2,200

Palestinians, mostly civilians, and damaged or destroyed 141,000 homes, according to U.N. figures. Israel counted 73 deaths, including six civilians. A recent U.N. investigation concluded there's suspicion both sides committed war crimes, pointing to indiscriminate Gaza rocket attacks on Israel and heavy Israeli firepower used in densely populated Gaza areas. United Nations officials say the pace of reconstruction is too slow, with no homes being rebuilt from the ground up yet. Roberto Valent, local head of the U.N. Development Program, blamed the slow flow of foreign aid and curbs on building material imports dictated by Israeli security concerns. Tens of thousands are still displaced, while others live in damaged apartments. "Siege is siege and nothing has changed," said Fadi Jundia, 29, who lives with 12 people on the damaged ground floor of his family home in Gaza City, after the upper floors were destroyed by shelling. "We went back 100 years." Some make a meager living from the rubble, with less than half of the 2 million tons of war debris removed so far. Maisera Khouli, 24, collects rubble with his donkey cart, selling each of his three or four daily loads for $1.25. With food for the donkey costing $2.50 a day, there's little left over. Khouli said he'd gladly leave Gaza for a decent job. What construction there is eases public pressure on Hamas. A new housing complex being built on former Jewish settlement lands is funded by Qatar, the biggest foreign donor to Gaza. Qatar is supervising the $140 million project directly, rather than going through Hamas. Still, the construction of 3,600 apartments — along with two four-lane highways Qatar is paving — creates jobs and meets local needs. While many are struggling, Hamas takes care of its own businesses. Its Al Aqsa TV station, destroyed by an Israeli strike, was swiftly rebuilt for $600,000. Bardawil, the Hamas spokesman and head of the station, said Al Aqsa even managed to produce a 30-part series, "Freedom Fighter," for $100,000 in time for the holy month of Ramadan, when families watch TV serials together after breaking their daily dawn-to-dusk fast. As in previous crises, the militants' strategy is to survive day to day and wait for a regional realignment that could ease its isolation. One analyst warned another war could easily erupt because restrictions on Gaza have not been lifted since Hamas gambled on war in 2014 as a way to break the border blockade. "At present, the main actors, Hamas and Israel, don't want another war," said Nathan Thrall of the International Crisis Group think tank. "(But) in a year or two years, all policies are pushing Gaza to another war."

The Torture of Absolute Power Robert C. Koehler What more can we learn that we don’t already know? “On Nov. 20, 2002, (Gul) Rahman was found dead in his unheated cell. He was naked from the waist down and had been chained to a concrete floor. An autopsy concluded that he probably froze to death.” So the Los Angeles Times informed us in December, in an article about two psychologists, Bruce Jessen and James Mitchell, who were serving their country in the early days of the War on Terror by developing the CIA’s torture methodology. “When he was left alone,” the article reported, describing another detainee’s experience, “(Abu) Zubaydah ‘was placed in a stress position, left on a waterboard with a cloth over his face, or locked in one of two confinement boxes.’ “In all, he spent 266 hours — 11 days and two hours — locked in the pitch-dark coffin, and 29 hours in a much smaller box. In response, he ‘cried,’ ‘begged,’ ‘whimpered’ and grew

so distressed that ‘he was unable to effectively communicate,’ the interrogation team reported. “The escalating torment, especially the waterboarding, affected some on the CIA team. ‘It is visually and psychologically very uncomfortable,’ one wrote. Several days later, another added, ‘Several on the team profoundly affected . . . some to the point of tears and choking up.’” And a few weeks ago, The Teleg rap h n e w spaper, quoting from the Senate Intelligence Committee Report, described the experience of Majid Khan, who “was raped while in CIA custody (‘rectal feeding’). He was sexually assaulted in other ways as well, including by having his ‘private parts’ touched while he was hung naked from the ceiling. . . . “‘Majid had an uncovered bucket for a toilet, no toilet paper, a sleeping mat and no light. . . . For much of 2003 he lived in total darkness.’” And the awkward part of all this, for defenders of the military bureaucracy,


is that these torture procedures produced no information of any value. We sold our soul to the devil and got nothing at all in return. Bad deal. Whatever details about the torture program remain classified and buried, these stories, along with plenty of shocking photographs, are fully public. There’s enough data here to open a deep conversation about what it means to be a nation and what the limits of power ought to be. What I see instead is a sort of official resignation — on the part of media and government — to the inevitability of out-of-control power in the pursuit of self-defense. Philip Zimbardo called this phenomenon the Lucifer Effect: the utterly corrupting nature of total power over others. Reports of CIA torture are rife with observations that the interrogators were out of control. The information they sought from the utterly powerless detainees in their keep was a treasure to be extracted, like oil or diamonds from the bowels of the earth, and no technique was too inhumane, too morally odious, to achieve that end. Call it human fracking. It’s for the good of America. The awareness that must emerge from a decade-and-counting of torture revelations is that absolute power over others does not keep us safe and should not be pursued. And torture is only a minute fraction of the wrong we promulgate through unchecked militarism, the aim of which is domination of the planet. Step one in the unhealthy pursuit of power is the dehumanization of “the enemy.” The consequences of what we do after that will always haunt us.

Letters to the Editor should be sent to: The morung Express, House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur - 797112, Or –email: morung@gmail.com All letters (including those via email) should have the full name and Postal address of the sender. Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


7 Gandhi and the myth of conversion — The Vykom Satyagraha revisited ON MANAGING TuEsday


7 July 2015


“Arena of Mind” portrays a space for idea germination, a field where ideas from multi-disciplinary viewpoints fertilize the world of intelligence. The writers aspire to envision a new future by exploring the mind, discovering new seeds of insights and unleashing them to enlightenment.

Michael Randle



ear the village of Vykom in South India over a period of 604 days in 1924-25, mixed teams of Dalits and caste Hindus faced arrest, beatings and appalling hardship as they attempted to walk on roads encircling a Brahmin temple. Their actions were in defiance of a prohibition by the temple authorities, enforced, as were other caste laws, by the state authorities. It is probable that, like this reviewer, many readers will have accepted a misleading narrative of this famous campaign which was promulgated — albeit in good faith — by a succession of writers on nonviolence and Gandhi, from Richard Gregg in his 1934 classic “The Power of Nonviolence” to Krishnalal Shridharani, Bart de Ligt, Joan Bondurant and Gene Sharp. According to this narrative, the Brahmin guardians of the temple were finally moved by the nonviolent persistence and endurance of the participants in the struggle, or satyagrahis, to accede to their demands for the road to be open to all regardless of religion or caste. In a new, authoritative and extensively researched book “Gandhian Nonviolent Struggle and Untouchability in South India: The 1924-25 Vykom Satyagraha and the Mechanisms of Change,” Mary Elizabeth King tells a different story. The temple authorities, far from being converted by the voluntary suffering of the volunteers, hardened their stance. It was the Vykom government — under mounting political pressure — that eventually accepted a compromise deal brokered by Gandhi, though one that fell far short of the demand for all the roads encircling the temple to be open. In the opening chapters King outlines the caste and class structure of the princely state of Travancore, which is now part of Kerala. The picture that emerges is of an incredibly complex hierarchy. The central division was between the savarnas, who enjoyed caste status, whether high or low, and the avarnas who were outside the caste system altogether — also known as Untouchables (probably an English term) and more recently called Dalits, which means the “broken ones,” the term preferred by one of their leading spokespersons, Bhimrao Ambedkar — and occupied the bottom rungs of society. The Brahmins at the top of the caste pyramid belonged mainly to the principal landlord class, called the Nambudiris in Travancore, a tiny proportion of the population who nevertheless owned most of the land not under direct government jurisdiction. Immediately below them in status and wealth were the Nairs, constituting approximately one-fifth of the population, who administered the Nambudiris’ lands, dominated the legislature, and held the largest number of posts in the civil service. The Dalits, too, were further stratified in terms of social status and the degree of “pollution” with which they could supposedly contaminate the higher castes. And while the caste system existed throughout India, it was more highly stratified and rigidly enforced in Travancore. Only there were two additional sub-categories of untouchability recognized — “unapproachability” and “unseeability.” Unapproachables “polluted” caste Hindus by being anywhere in their vicinity and when using public roads had to shout loudly as they walked to warn savarnas of their approach; unseeables polluted savarnas simply by being seen and thus would come out only at night. Paradoxically, Travancore was also noted for its high level of tolerance of non-Hindu faiths and its educational standards, which resulted in its having the highest literacy rates of any state or region in India. The gulf between educational achievement and employment and career opportunities — severely restricted along caste lines — led to discontent and demands for change, especially among the largest and most highly educated of the Dalit groups, the Ezhavas. This subcaste had become relatively more prosperous during the 19th century as they came to occupy posts in trading and small industries generally looked down upon by caste Hindus. The Ezhava People’s Assembly was founded in 1896 to improve the standing of avarnas and was the forerunner of others, most notably the SNDP Yogam, founded in 1903 by Sri Narayana Guru as the Sri Narayana Dharma Periplana Yogam, which became the major Dalit campaigning organization; by the 1920s it had achieved the status of a mass movement. A number of Ezhavas with the necessary property qualifications also became members of the official Consultative Assembly set up in 1904 to advise the Maharaja, thereby giving the community a public forum where it could press its demands. These were some of the developments that set the stage for the Vykom satyagraha, or campaign of nonviolent resistance. In 1923, the Indian National Congress invited a leading Ezhava campaigner, T.K. Madavan, to address its annual meeting and, following his address, set up the AntiUntouchability Committee. In February of the following year this committee decided to launch a campaign of intensive propaganda to eradicate untouchability, including a petition addressed to the Maharajas of Travancore and the neighboring princely state of Cochin, and processions by volunteers of mixed-caste composition along prohibited roads, starting with the temple roads at Vykom. Gandhi did not himself take part in the Vykom satyagraha, but the organizers looked to his example in the national noncooperation campaign of 1920-21, and actively sought his advice. He cautioned against mass civil disobedience as being too confrontational in the context of a princely state, enjoined a policy of strict nonviolence, and advised the satyagrahis to seek to bring about the desired change not by any kind of compulsion, but by melting the hearts of the Brahmin guardians of the temple through voluntary self-suffering. The satyagraha began on March 30, 1924 when volunteers approached the police barricades and sat down in front of them. They were prevented from going further, arrested and sentenced to various terms of imprisonment. In less than a month the principal leaders were behind bars and the campaign was lacking direction or any kind of strategy beyond attempting to convert the orthodox Brahmins through voluntary self-suffering. But as one of the leaders, K.P. Kesava Menon, commented, “We were under the impression that they [the Brahmins] could be won over by satyagraha. On the contrary they turned more bitter and ireful than before.” After April 10 the campaigners no longer benefited from the drama and publicity that attended arrests and imprisonments, as the British police commissioner, W.H. Pitt, ordered these to stop. The monsoon rains that began in April were unusually severe

and by June there was extensive flooding. Despite this, the volunteers maintained their vigil, sometimes standing for hours at a time up to their necks in water. One volunteer died. The satyagrahis also faced counter-demonstrations, some of them violent, by orthodox Hindus wanting to put an end to the campaign. The first hint of change came in August when the incumbent — and rigidly orthodox — Maharaja Thirunal died and was replaced by the more open-minded Regent Maharani Bayi. One of her first moves was to order the release of 56 prisoners, among them 20 of the imprisoned Vykom satyagrahis, including T.K. Madhavan, Kesava Menon and other leaders. In October, following an earlier suggestion by Gandhi, two giant processions of caste Hindus, including Namburis and Nairs, set off for the state capital, Trivandrum, from Vykom in the North, and Kothar in the South, with a petition bearing 25,000 signatures of caste Hindus. This requested the Maharani to command “that all roads and public institutions without reservation be thrown open to all classes of … subjects without distinction of caste or creed,” and affirmed that Savarna Hindus “are willing to co-operate with the government in removing the disabilities of our Avarna Hindu brethren.” Meanwhile, in early October, an Ezhava leader, N. Kumaran, general secretary of the SNDP Yogam and a member of the Travancore Legislative Council, had introduced a resolution calling for the opening-up of every Vykom temple road to all castes. King cites part of a speech by the Dewan (who functioned effectively as Prime Minister on behalf of the Maharaja as head of state) adamantly opposing the resolution, which shows how little effect the attempts of the satyagrahis to soften the hearts of their opponents was having. When it finally came to a vote in February 1925, the resolution was defeated by 21 votes to 22, due to the fact that the government bloc voted against it. In March 1925, Gandhi visited Vykom as a state guest. At a three-hour meeting with senior temple guardians he encountered first-hand their intransigence and determination to hang on to their privileges. He made three offers: a one-day referendum of all upper-caste orthodox Hindus on opening the temple roads, either in the Vykom district or the whole of Travancore; arbitration on the issue of unapproachabiltiy by pandits (Brahminical scholars of Hindu scripture, law and rituals) chosen by both parties, or a decision by acknowledged pandits. King comments that this last offer “inadvertently legitimized the supremacy of the Brahmins’ own ideological interpretation of their preeminence and grandeur” and ignored reform movements based on unwritten religious precepts other than the Brahminical, such as that led by Narayana Guru. Nevertheless the temple guardians rejected all three options. In the following days Gandhi held discussions with the Maharani Regent, with Narayana Guru, and the Dewan. Significantly, at a public meeting in Trivandrum on March 13 he spoke of “compelling by pressure of public opinion” the acceptance of one of the three options, or better still “the opening of these roads to the untouchables and unapproachables.” During the state visit he was accompanied by British Police Commissioner W.H. Pitt and in the course of their discussions they came up with a compromise plan, which was accepted by the Travancore government. Under its terms, the legal prohibition on the use of the eastern road nearest the temple would be lifted and the barricades removed on the understanding that the satyagrahis would not attempt to enter that part of the road, but would mount small pickets at its limits where the barricades had been. The satyagraha in this token form, continued until November 23 when a new compromise agreement came into effect. Its exact terms, King discovered, are still unclear. No formal document recording it exists in the state archives. What emerged, however, was that the roads encircling the temple were open to all except the one on the eastern side, which was reserved solely for the use of caste Hindus, and open only when a service was taking place. It continued to be closed to Dalits, but was now also out of bounds to Christians, Jews, Sikhs and Muslims who had previously been allowed to access it. As a concession, however, the government had a new bypass road built on the eastern side open to everyone regardless of caste or religion. It was a feeble compromise which meant that after everything the campaigners had endured, the situation had changed little, and the right of the Nambudiri temple authorities to bar Dalits from temple roads was confirmed rather than undermined. Several of the prominent leaders of the campaign from the avarna community were highly critical of the deal; one of them, E.V. Naiker, resigned from the In-

dian National Congress the day after the Vykom satygraha ended and called the settlement a betrayal. King describes it as “an artful expedient, indeed legerdemain.” King is an admirer of Gandhi and recognizes his historic importance in developing a method of struggle without violence. She also argues that without the involvement of Gandhi and the patronage of the Indian National Congress, the Vykom satyagraha would have been “diminished to a merely local, if not unheard-of event in the history of modern India.” But she is critical of the strategy upon which Gandhi insisted, namely that of converting the temple guardians through the voluntary suffering of the satyagrahis. This led to mistakes such as the decision of all the main leaders to court arrest and imprisonment at an early stage, leaving the campaign adrift and the volunteers with no leadership or alternative strategy. She also argues that Gandhi failed to understand that organizing by untouchable communities was ultimately as important as the attitudes of the orthodox. Most of the avarna community in Travancore did not engage actively in the struggle and Narayana Guru strongly disagreed with aspects of Gandhi’s strategy. The overly-optimistic interpretation of the campaign’s outcome has, King argues, sometimes affected the thinking and strategy adopted since by nonviolent campaigners elsewhere and has resulted in unnecessary suffering. It could also lead, she argues, to the acceptance of intolerable oppression on the grounds that the opponent has not yet been “converted.” Fortunately, scholars in the field, notably George Lakey and Gene Sharp, have relegated conversion to a more minor and infrequent explanation of how nonviolence succeeds, and shifted the emphasis to the political and social pressures that can undermine the opponent’s authority and legitimacy. King cites a 1952 article by the Gandhian socialist, Rammonohar Lohia, in which he expresses despair at hearing about melting the hearts of the oppressor; instead he wanted to hear about the hearts of the oppressed, “so that they can rise up to help themselves.” In short, the crucial thing for Lohia was that the oppressed should become more fully aware of the injustices they suffered and take concerted action to end them. The sociological mechanisms of nonviolent change as originally listed by Lakey in his 1962 Master’s thesis, and modified by Sharp, are conversion, accommodation, nonviolent coercion and disintegration. Conversion is relatively rare though often accorded preeminence in the early literature; accommodation occurs where the opponent, sensing that power is slipping away, is prepared to accede to at least some of the challengers’ demands and adjust to a changed situation; nonviolent coercion occurs where the power balance has shifted so far that the opponent has no choice but to agree to the demands; disintegration implies that the opponent as a political or social entity has ceased to exist. In Travancore, unlike in his major national campaigns, Gandhi advised the campaigners to rely on conversion as the means to achieve their goals. One further point, however, needs to be made about conversion. The principal opponents of an emancipatory campaign, hardened by ideology or the desire to hold on to their privileges, may be largely immune to reasoned argument or the emotional and moral appeal of people persisting in nonviolent action despite hardship, suffering and risk of injury or death. But this is not necessarily the case with the various groups and sections of society which form what Gene Sharp calls the “pillars of support” of any government or power structure. Sympathizers of the campaign may be “converted” into activists and others formerly indifferent to it — or third parties not directly involved — may shift their position to provide support at various levels, or at least withdraw even passive support for the opponent. It seems reasonable to suppose, for example, that among the 25,000 caste Hindus who signed the petition to the Maharani in October 1924, many would have been moved to act by the perseverance and nonviolent demeanor of the campaigners. Gandhi’s dilemma in the Vykom campaign was that while he wanted to abolish untouchability, he also wanted to include all Hindus in the national struggle. As King observes, he “wanted to avoid flagrant political confrontation and civil disobedience against the traditional ruler of an Indian state,” hence his emphasis on persuasion and conversion in the context of that struggle. He opposed turning the Vykom satyagraha into a national campaign and insisted that he did not regard it as part of the wider noncooperation movement. He actively discouraged the participation of non-Hindus in the campaign, taking the view that a Hindu’s silent suffering would be more effective than legions of non-Hindus. He even called for the closure of a field kitchen set up in the vicinity by Akalis (members of a reform Sikh association), who had traveled hundreds of miles to be there to provide sustenance for the volunteers. He regarded the Vykom campaign as “a socio-religious movement” with “no immediate or ulterior political motive behind it.” This contrasted with the view of some of the Ezhava leaders that it was a struggle for the recognition of the basic civic rights of all citizens. As regards the wider effects of the Vykom campaign, King notes that, despite its limited and ambiguous success, it inspired and stimulated social movements elsewhere in India, and contributed to the groundswell of opposition to untouchability. However, in the shortterm there was no domino effect of temple-roads and temples being thrown open. In Travancore, the government ordered the temple roads across the state to be open to avarnas in 1928, but it did not end the restrictions on temple entry until 1936, some 12 years after the end of the campaign. And universal temple entry across India did not occur until independence in 1947. Despite her criticisms of Gandhi’s strategy, King argues that his interest and commitment is revealed to have “played a crucial role, regardless of the shortcomings of some of his actions and ideas.” King’s clinical assessment of Gandhi’s strengths and weaknesses enhances rather than diminishes his stature by stripping it of the uncritical veneration of the “Mahatma” in many accounts and locating his achievements in the political and social context of the period. Her book is essential reading for anyone interested in the theory and historical development of nonviolent action. Michael Randle is the former chair of War Resisters International and has been involved in the peace movement as an activist and researcher since the 1950s. From 1980 to 2006 he taught at the Department of Peace Studies at Bradford University in England. He collaborated with April Carter and Howard Clark in compiling People Power and Protest Since 1945: A Bibliography of Nonviolent Action.



sparrow lived a happy life. It laid three eggs and began to brood over them. One day as it had gone in search of food, a snake crept in and ate the eggs. As the sparrow returned, it was heart stricken to find that the nest was destroyed and the snake was resting nearby. The sparrow challenged the snake in its despair. The snake too was in rage because of its annoying presence. The sparrow asked the snake to dare to eat the sparrow to prove its worth. The snake in anger rushed to the sparrow but the sparrow flew away and sadly the snake couldn’t fly. The snake in its anger and shock experienced a sense of defeat. The sparrow had great expectation of having new life in its nest and then to rear them. But it was shattered because of the snake. The snake ate the expectation of the sparrow. The sparrow challenged the snake and flew away because it knew that the snake couldn’t catch up with it. The sparrow knew its strength and the limitation of the snake. A chilly and a pumpkin lived as neighbours. They held regular discussions. They spoke at length on the scenic beauty, whether, politics of vegetables, farmers’ behaviour, eating habits, manures etc. Both were interested in their surroundings and they figured in their topics. As the days passed the chilly grew red and felt that its time of end is approaching. A heavy wind blew and the chilly fell. Seeing the chilly falling, the pumpkin rolled ahead to hold the chilly into its arms. The chilly had its last words in the arms of pumpkin, “Oh I never discussed your care for me.” The pumpkin said “Yes, but its my turn to display than to discuss.” And the chilly looked at the pumpkin with a sense of pride and departed in peace. The pumpkin was so satisfied that it could hold in its arms the dying chilly and it could assure a consoling sentiment. Later the pumpkin thought that many discussions came on the way of their life but it never occurred that they need to go to make the conversations bear the fruit of better relations. The pumpkin considered it never a loss to have neither stood by the chilly nor a disadvantage to live in the neighbourhood. There was a king who lost his temper at the servant because he couldn’t find a document of the kingdom. The king was furious at the sense of irresponsibility of the servant. But the document was brought in by a minister of the king saying that he had taken possession of the same. The king was so sad that he treated the servant angrily though he was innocent. The king caught hold of the hand of the servant and pleaded with him “I will not leave you till you tell me ‘I forgive you.” The king was prompt to acknowledge his limitations and the servant was rewarded with greater provisions from the kingdom. The king too could not remain patient enough to know the facts of the missing document. The servant was ignorant of the way it was lost too. Both were ignorant of something or the other. These three instances are eye openers to find the way human behaviour is oriented. There are human instincts that are developed to find the best of the other for life. There are also the fears of ignorance that leads many to control their behaviour. The sparrow made good use of the knowledge of the inability of the snake and fled to its safety. The snake considering itself capable of killing the sparrow faced a challenge of facing the power of its ability. Both had different results of their behaviour. The chilly and the pumpkin too were so close but they failed to find what was good for the one or the other while discussing everything around. The king and the servant together with the minister created a scene of disorder that affected the servant and the king. The intervention or the interference of the minister in the responsibility entrusted by the king to the servant created the unpleasant experience. The field of education is facing challenges similar to the experiences of the sparrow, pumpkin and the servant. There are many mighty ones earnest enough to create a rule of their will without the ability to enhance the system with positive involvement and creative initiatives. As in the case of pumpkin and the chilly, the experts in the neighbourhood discuss everything except the essence of education and its practices. As a result what remains is the loss of trust and the regret of service after retirement. The king and the servant are the commonest scenes in the working of the system today. The responsibility and the duty are all given to someone but the so called middlemen carry them away handicapping the people assigned to do the work. The implementation of the policies and the credibility of the system are all affected adversely in this process. But the knowledge of the committed persons, the sensitivity of the functionaries and the resilience of the leaders will definitely gather a great strength for the good of the practice of education in the days to come.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

Rev Fr Dr Sunny Joseph, Department of Education, St Joseph’s College, Jakhama.




Tuesday 7 July 2015

The Morung Express

Vyapam scam: Rajnath's no to CBI probe, opposition attacks

Trainee cop becomes the latest alleged victim

SC agrees to hear plea seeking removal of MP Gov

BhopAl/New Delhi, July 6 (iANS): The central government on Monday rejected calls for a CBI probe into the Vyapam scam in Madhya Pradesh, even as a police trainee recruited through Vyapam was found dead in Sagar district. The Congress, the AAP and the CPI-M stepped up attacks on the central and Madhya Pradesh governments over the rising number of deaths in the recruitment scandal. Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, however, insisted that every death cannot be linked to the scam. The trainee woman police sub-inspector, Anamika Kushwaha, became the third alleged victim of the Vyapam scam since Saturday. She was selected through the Madhya Pradesh Vyavsayik Pareeksha Mandal or Vyapam. Her body was found near a

New Delhi, July 6 (pTi): The Supreme Court today agreed to hear a petition seeking removal of Madhya Pradesh Governor Ram Naresh Yadav on the ground of his alleged involvement in the massive admission and recruitment scam in the state. A bench comprising Chief Justice H L Dattu and Justices Arun Kumar Mishra and Amitava Roy said that it will hear the petition about the Vyapam scam relating to the Madhya Pradesh Professional Examination Board (MPPEB) along with other pleas on the issue on July 9. The petition, filed by a group of lawpond in the Police Training Centre in Sagar. Sagar's Superintendent of Police Sachin Atulkar, however, denied any connection between her death and the scam. On Sunday, Arun Sharma, dean of the Netaji Subhas Chandra Medical College at Jabalpur, who was connected with the probe into the scandal, was found dead in a hotel room near Delhi's Indira Gandhi In-

yers, have sought removal of Yadav and recording of his statement in the case. Earlier, the apex court had granted four months more time to the Special Investigation Team (SIT), constituted following a High Court order, to conclude probe into the case. The multi-crore rupees professional examination scam, involves several high-profile professionals, politicians and bureaucrats as accused. The alleged scam involves MPPEB, which holds examinations for various posts such as teachers, medical officers, constables and forest guards.

ternational Airport. A day earlier, television journalist Akshay Singh died dramatically in Jhabua in Madhya Pradesh soon after interviewing the family of one of the accused in the scam who had died. Chief Minister Chouhan, under pressure from the opposition to quit, said that while every death was sad, "it is not fair to link every death to Vyapam". More than 40 people

associated with the admission and recruitment racket in Vyapam have died since 2013 -- either in mysterious circumstances or have committed suicide. The admission and recruitment racket apparently involves politicians, officials and businessmen. The Congress on Monday demanded a Supreme Court-monitored CBI probe into the scandal and sought Chouhan's

resignation. "The chief minister is the kingpin of the Vyapam scam. Any probe into it will essentially require that he is thoroughly interrogated and investigated," Congress spokesperson Randeep Surjewala said. "This is only possible if he steps down as chief minister." But central Home Minister Rajnath Singh said there was no need for a CBI inquiry as the Special Investigation Team probing the scam reported to the Madhya Pradesh High Court, not the state government. "The SIT is not working under the government, but under the supervision of the high court," Singh said in Jhabua. Delhi Chief Minister and AAP leader Arvind Kejriwal demanded that Prime Minister Narendra Modi should "no more remain silent" over the scam, which has snowballed into a major row. "People want the prime minister to speak and intervene in Vyapam. The PM

Enumeration in India-Bangla border enclaves begins

should no more remain silent," he tweeted. The Bharatiya Janata Party accused the Congress of playing politics over "dead bodies" and said only the Madhya Pradesh High Court can refer the investigation to the CBI. BJP spokesperson Shahnawaz Hussain told the Congress to have faith in the judiciary. Another Aam Aadmi Party leader, Kumar Vishwas, on Monday filed a public interest litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court. "I have filed a PIL with the Supreme Court, requesting it to probe the Vyapam scam immediately," Vishwas told reporters. Communist Party of India-Marxist leader Brinda Karat alleged that the SIT was protecting Chouhan, adding she did not believe that an impartial investigation would be carried out in Madhya Pradesh. Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar said it was the government's duty to "clear all doubts". "An atmosphere of suspicion has been created."

KolKATA, July 6 (iANS): The process of enumeration of dwellers in the border enclaves between India and Bangladesh has begun, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee announced on Monday. "The enumeration work in the Chitmahal enclaves of India and Bangladesh has started from today. This is a momentous day for my brothers and sisters of Chitmahal on both sides of the border. Because at the end of this process, they will realise their long-cherished dream of citizenship," Banerjee posted on Facebook. In a historic move, India and Bangladesh in June ratified the over 40-year-old Land Boundary Agreement. The agreement envisages transfer of 111 enclaves with a total area of 17,160.63 acres to Bangladesh, while Dhaka will transfer 51 enclaves with an area of 7,110.02 acres to India. A 6.1km undefined border stretch will be demarcated.

TDP MLA arrested in cash-for-vote scam hyDeRABAD, July 6 (iANS): The Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB) of Telangana on Monday arrested TDP legislator Sandra Venkata Veeraiah in the cash-for-vote case. The Telugu Desam party (TDP) legislator was arrested after day-long questioning at the ACB office at Banjara Hills. It was immediately not clear when he would be produed before the magistrate. He is the second TDP legislator to be arrested in the case. The ACB on Saturday issued him a fresh notice to appear before 5 p.m. on July 6. The agency summoned him for questioning last month too but he failed to respond. He later sent a letter to the ACB, seeking 10 days' time to appear before it, citing ill-health. Veeraiah, who represents Sattupalli assembly constituency in Khammam district of Telangana, last week stated that he was ready to appear before the ACB team and that he would fully cooperate with the investigations.

Railways rolls out 50,000th coach Father's consent not needed New Delhi, July 6 (pTi): Railways today rolled out its 50,000th coach marking a significant juncture in the public carrier's history, with Minister Suresh Prabhu saying we have to "think differently" for the 100,000th coach. Launching the coach, manufactured at the Integrated Coach Factory (ICF) at Chennai, through video conferencing from here, Prabhu said it is totally different from the first coach rolled out from the factory over 60 years ago. "There have been many changes in terms of quality, interior design, speed, fuel consumption, noise reduction in the coach manufac-

turing technology since the first coach was manufactured here 60 years ago," he said, dedicating the 50,000th coach, a three-tier AC coach, to the nation. Prabhu also stressed on the public carrier's plans to build a full train on solar power. "We have plans to manufacture a full train to be run on solar power from this facility." A non-AC coach of Rewari-Sitapur passenger train is currently being lit by solar panels installed on its roof as part of Railways' plan to harness the green source of energy. The Minister also announced Rs 5 lakh reward for ICF staff for attaining

the milestone of rolling out 50,000th coach. ICF, which, was set up in 1955 has been manufacturing conventional coaches aproximately 1,500 a year.It manufactures various types of AC and non-AC coaches including EMUs (Electrical Multiple Units) and DEMU (Diesel Electrical Multiple Units), Metro coaches for Kolkata Metro.ICF will also manufacture LHB coaches, till now made at Rail Coach factory at Rae Bareli and Kapurthala. LHB coaches are mainly used in premier trains like Rajdhani, Shatabdi and Duronto services.ICF is credited with introducing Braille signages in coaches for visually-challenged passengers.

for child's guardianship: SC

New Delhi, July 6 (iANS): The Supreme Court on Monday ruled that there was no need for the consent of the father in giving guardianship of a child to an unwed mother. The apex court bench headed by Justice Vikramajit Sen said this while recalling the earlier order of a guardianship court and asking it to re-examine the plea by the unwed mother seeking guardianship of the child without issuing notice to the father. The court said that the lower courts, including high court, lost sight of the issue that was before them to be examined and decided the matter without taking into account the welfare of the child. The court order came on a petition by a woman who is a gazetted officer in the government. She had challenged the procedural necessity of disclosing the identity of the father and issuing notice to him on a plea seeking sole guardianship of the child by the unwed mother. The mother had contended that the man stayed with her barely for two months and did not even know the existence of the child.

Former RAW chief’s disclosures: On the job even after retirement? Sheikh Qayoom IANS

He has been a top spy whose claims the separatists in Kashmir could have dismissed as malicious and motivated. Though most politicians claim former RAW chief A.S Dulat's disclosures are "selective to favour his long-time friend Farooq Abdullah", surprisingly, not many believe he has lied on facts. Dulat has made these disclosures in his book "Kashmir: The Vajpayee Years" and ruffled many a feather by sharing some startling undercover intelligence dealings with both the separatists and the nationalists here. Ever since he was posted in Kashmir in late 1980s initially as an Intelligence Bureau operative, Dulat has had a roller coaster ride, dining and wining (as he claims) with both mainstream and separatist politicians.

Beyond this hyperbole which could be granted to someone who engaged himself more with undercover operations than his family's welfare, Dulat, while making a clean breast, has put Kashmiri politicians in a tight spot. Calling former chief minister, Dr. Farooq Abdullah, who is deemed more a wronged hero of a Greek tragedy than as a practical politician, the "ultimate nationalist" reveals his respect for the National Conference patron which is more than expected from a trained spy. Describing the use of bribe as "a more ethical option than killing a militant" is something Kashmiri politicians will debate for long while trashing Dulat's disclosures publicly yet privately blaming each other for proximity to Delhi's chief cashier who claims money was doled out to all right since the days of the legendary Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah. One fact that is known is

that New Delhi pays for treatment of senior separatist leaders and nobody has rebutted Dulat on this so far. That Hizbul Mujahideen chief Syed Salahuddin's son, who is bright academically, made it to the MBBS course through open merit competition is also known to all in Kashmir. It now remains Dulat's word against Salahuddin but what has seriously jolted everybody here is that Vajpayee did not favour Mufti Sayeed as chief minister in 2002. It is widely believed in the state's public and political circles that not only had the Mufti been Vajpayee's hot favourite in 2002 and even thereafter, but the PDP's entire healing touch policy of the PDP owes itself to his doctrine of "Insaaniyat, Kashmiriyat aur Jamhooriyat". In fact, Sayeed has been repeating himself that the only way forward in Kashmir is through implementation of Vajpayee's vision, as Dulat admitted on a

TV talk show on Saturday. Presuming that he would continue to champion Vajpayee's statesmanship on Kashmir because he doesn't know that he opposed his chief ministership and blamed his daughter of proximity to separatist gunmen would be saying that the wily, old Mufti is political naive - a stand Dulat will find impossible to sell. What is intriguing is not that the separatist leaders' air tickets and hotel rooms in Delhi and outside were paid by the IB. Even more intriguing is the fact that while the poor stone-pelting protesters and policemen and paramilitary personnel have been sending each other to hospitals with grievous and often fatal injuries, the separatists have been feasting with officials of the Indian intelligence agencies. This is one revelation that has already created a stir and Dulat may be the only former top spy who seems to be on the job even after retirement.

Exiled Tibetan school children wearing traditional costumes sing at a gathering to celebrate their spiritual leader's 80th birthday in New Delhi on Monday, July 6. The Dalai Lama was born on July 6 according to the Gregorian calendar, in the eastern Tibetan region of Amdo in 1935. (AP Photo)

Rivals Pakistan and India to start process of joining China security bloc BeiJiNG, July 6 (ReuTeRS): Nuclear-armed rivals Pakistan and India will start the process of joining a security bloc led by China and Russia at a summit in Russia later this week, a senior Chinese diplomat said on Monday, the first time the grouping has expanded since it was set up in 2001. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) groups China, Russia and the former Soviet republics of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, while India, Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan and Mongolia are observers. "As the influence of the SCO's development has expanded, more and more countries in the region have brought up joining the SCO," Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Cheng Guoping told a news briefing."India and Pakistan's admission to the SCO will play an important role in the

SCO's development. It will play a constructive role in pushing for the improvement of their bilateral relations." India and Pakistan have fought three wars since 1947, two of them over the divided Muslim-majority region of Kashmir which they both claim in full but rule in part. Pakistan also believes India is supporting separatists in resource-rich Baluchistan province, as well as militants fighting the state. India applied to join the regional security grouping last year and SCO foreign ministers gave a positive recommendation when they met in June. "We await further developments," said Sujata Mehta, a senior foreign ministry official. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be in Moscow for a summit of the BRICS group of emerging markets and both he and his Pakistani counterpart,

Nawaz Sharif, will attend a special SCO "outreach" session as part of the gathering. Pakistan's foreign ministry had no immediate comment on Monday. The SCO was originally formed to fight threats posed by radical Islam and drug trafficking from neighbouring Afghanistan. Cheng said the summit, to be attended by Chinese President Xi Jinping, would also discuss security in Afghanistan. Beijing says separatist groups in the far western region of Xinjiang, home to the Muslim Uighur minority, seek to form their own state, called East Turkestan, and have links with militants in Central Asia, as well as Pakistan and Afghanistan. China says Uighur militants, operating as the East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM), have also been working with Islamic State.

Maharashtra govt tried to kill me by denying life saving drugs in prison: Saibaba New Delhi, July 6 (iANS): By denying life-saving drugs in jail, the Maharashtra government tried to kill him, alleged G.N. Saibaba, a Delhi University English professor who has just been released on three-month's bail from Nagpur jail. In a two-hour long conversation with IANS at his official residence in Delhi University campus, a wheel-chair bound Saibaba said that despite being a heart patient, he wasn't given regular medication for the first seven months in prison and the authorities ignored repeated warnings by doctors. "After 14 months in jail, my left hand is completely paralysed due to muscle degeneration. I have developed a severe heart condition and breathlessness," he said, adding that the jail authorities had even ignored an order by

the National Human Rights Commission on his alarming health condition. His bail plea was rejected thrice in the last 14 months. The Maharashtra Police arrested Saibaba for his alleged Maoist links in May 2014. While giving bail, the Bombay High Court had taken suo moto cognisance of a news report on his health and a letter by activist Purnima Upadhyay. The court observed that Saibaba's life could be in danger if he was not released for medical treatment. Despite being a 90 percent physically challenged person, he was kept alone in a cell, which lacked a western commode and a bed, Saibaba said. "In the first three days in the prison, I was sitting in my wheel-chair without food. It is after the prisoners pro-

tested that I was offered help. Someone needs to hold me to go down to the toilet. Later, I was provided with an iron bed, which was not disabledfriendly at all," lamented Saibaba. The high-security 'anda' (egg-shaped) cell, where Saibaba was kept is meant for terrorists and Maoists. Describing conditions at the prison, Saibaba said that flagrant human rights violations happen there and it's worse than the notorious Abu Ghraib prison. He added that jails are safe havens for highprofile criminals. "Though I was not subjected to physical torture, I have seen prisoners being tortured in front of my eyes. High-profile gangsters collude with jail authorities and are given special treatment," he added. Fourteen months in jail

taught him the value of freedom of expression, Saibababa said. "I still feel like I am in prison. My voice was muffled for 14 months. I wasn't allowed to talk freely to my family. Everything took a toll on my health," he said. He also missed his students and classes a lot during this time, he added. "I used to teach the prisoners English whenever I got time," he said. He also deplored the way he was arrested without a warrant. "I was intercepted on my way back home from the University and my laptop was taken without being sealed in front of me," he alleged. He also denied the police claims that incriminating evidence was found from his laptop."They had found some press statements of Maoist leaders from my pen drive," he said.

Saibaba further explained that in custody, he was interrogated by the Intelligence officials mainly on the activities of his group called Forum Against War on People. He claimed that his campaigns thwarted the previous UPA government's attempts to take away land from the tribals. He also accused the previous government of entering into MoUs with multinationals for many big-ticket projects in the mineral-rich Adivasi belt. "My arrest shows how the government is scared about our successful campaign against land grabbers in Chhattisgarh and other tribal areas. Because of our campaign, many international investors withdrew their investments. I feel that the NDA government is trying to revive the projects now," he said.

The UPA government had launched 'Operation Green Hunt' in 2009 to rid Maoist rebels from across the tribal belt of India. "I have been branded as an anti-national for asking the government to implement provisions within the Indian constitution that upholds tribal rights, isn't that very surprising? I only want them to implement the provisions of the Fifth Schedule of our constitution," said the professor, who was arrested for alleged links with Maoists under Sections 13, 18, 20, 39 of the UAPA (Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. The authorities claimed that his name came up after the arrest of two alleged Maoist sympathisers in December 2013. The police allege that Saibaba was an overground worker for the CPI-Maoist a charge that he denies.


the Morung express

Tuesday 7 July 2015



Pope to draw more than a million at Ecuador mass GuAyAQuIL, JuLy 6 (AP): Latin America’s first pope arrived in this port city on Monday for the first big event of a three-nation tour where he’s set compassion for the weak and respect for the environment as central themes. A crowd estimated at 1 million people, many singing hymns, awaited Francis on the packed dirt of Samanes Park for a late-morning Mass. Many had spent the night and some had walked for miles to reach the park on the city’s northern outskirts. The pontiff allowed several acolytes on the tarmac to take selfies with him. He was met by Mayor Jaime Negot, who gave him gold and silver keys to the silver, encrusted with topaz and pearls. Francis’ was headed next to the Shrine of the Divine Mercy, where 2,000 invitees for the gathering included child cancer patients, residents of homes for the elderly abandoned by their families and some of Guayaquil’s poorest people. After the open-air Mass, a private lunch was planned a group of Jesuits. Its highlight was a reunion with the Rev. Francisco Cortes, a priest affectionately known as “Padre Paquito,” to whom the Argentina-born pope, then the Rev. Jorge Mario Bergoglio,

Crowds of thousands wait for the the start of a Mass celebrated by Pope Francis, at the Samanes Park in Guayaquil, Ecuador on Monday, July 6. Francis travels to the Ecuadorean port of Guayaquil on Monday for a Mass expected to draw more than 1 million people. (AP Photo)

entrusted his seminarians on study trips to Ecuador years ago. In a recent interview with The Associated Press, Cortes couldn’t fathom that Bergoglio remembered him, much less made a point of coming to have lunch. “I don’t know what to ask him,” the soon-to-be 91-yearold Cortes said. “He said he wanted to see me and I’m

amazed that he’s coming. For the first time, I have known a pope.” The “pope of the poor” returned to Spanish-speaking South America for the first time as pontiff Sunday, stressing the need to protect the needy and the environment from exploitation and — in a nation whose president was booed as his vehicle followed the papal motorcade Sunday — to foster

App to detect eye disease early WASHINGTON, JuLy 6 (IANS): Researchers have developed an application that can detect eye diseases like diabetic macular edema. The app, developed by a team from the Medical and Surgical Centre for Retina in Mexico, uses the camera of the phone to detect any abnormality in the thickness of the retina. The move is aimed at general physicians who can detect the condition and refer the patient to a specialist. “The idea is to detect and prevent diseases in general practice. We are not replacing the specialist. We want to know which patients have a disease and make an early detection,” said Dr Juan Carlos Altamirano Vallejo, medical director of the Medical and Surgical Centre for Retina. The app also has utility in rural communities where expertise areas such as

ophthalmology have not arrived yet. This is another instrument that the doctor can use to help detect a medical problem with the eyes early on, especially if you have diabetes. Prevention of eye diseases will also cut down on costs, since the doctors can treat an eye problem before it gets to the point of blindness. For people with diabetes, this app will help them know whether they are suffering with macular degeneration, edema and diabetic retinopathy. The software, developed in collaboration with biomedical engineers from the Spain-based the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESM), has been satisfactory and is expected to soon be marketed and incorporated the basic health system.

Thailand army chief says won’t release fourteen student critics BANGKOK, JuLy 6 (REuTERS): Fourteen Thai students who were arrested after staging anti-coup rallies must face military court and will not be released beforehand, Thailand’s army chief said on Monday, despite growing calls for charges to be dropped. The students were arrested last month after holding peaceful demonstrations in Bangkok calling for an end to military rule. Thailand’s junta, which calls itself the National Council for Peace and Order, has banned all political gatherings. Sympathy towards the students’ plight is growing in Thailand and among the Thai diaspora. On Friday, scores of people stopped by a makeshift wall in downtown Bangkok to write messages of support for the students on Post-it notes. Some read: “Free the 14.” Army chief General Udomdej Sitabutr acknowledged public support for the students but dismissed calls to free them. “Security officials do not view the students as enemies, they are like our

nieces and nephews. Authorities caught them because they did not behave correctly,” Udomdej told reporters. “We have to let the law decide and the next step is to send the case to the military court.” Last week the UN and EU urged Thailand to release the students but Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, the general who led the coup against an elected government last May, said he would not bow to international pressure. Since taking power, the junta has imposed curbs on freedom of expression and intimidated its critics. The 2014 coup ousted the government of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra. Thailand has been divided for a decade between Thailand’s traditional establishment and the south and supporters of Yingluck and her brother, Thaksin Shinawatra, who was himself ousted by the army in 2006. The 14 students are due to appear at a military court on Tuesday.

dialogue among all sectors of society. Francis’ only other trip back to his home ground after being elected pope was in 2013, when he visited Brazil, where Portuguese is the main language. Children in native dress greeted Francis at Mariscal Sucre airport outside Ecuador’s capital of Quito, the wind blowing off his skullcap and whipping his white cassock as he

descended from the plane following a 13-hour flight from Rome. In a speech in front of President Rafael Correa, Francis signaled some key themes for the visit, which also takes him to Bolivia and later Paraguay: the need to care for society’s most marginal, guarantee socially responsible development and defend the Earth against profitat-all-cost development that he says harms the poor the most. The environmental message — from a pope who last month issues a treatise staking the earth’s preservation as a core mission — is particularly relevant for Ecuador, a Pacific nation of 15 million people that is home to one of the world’s most species-diverse ecosystems but is also an OPEC country heavily dependent on oil. High crude prices allowed Correa to get take 1.3 million people out of poverty in his eight years in office. But now that they’ve fallen, the generous social safety net Correa has woven is threatened. He’s had to cut government spending and been buffeted for nearly a month by the most serious anti-government street protests of his tenure. Along Francis’ motorcade route into Quito, the throngs followed chants of adulation for the pontiff with jeers of “Correa

out!” when the president’s entourage followed. Correa has also angered environmentalists and the nation’s main indigenous group, CONAIE, by moving forward with oil drilling and mining projects in pristine Amazon forests. Standing by Correa’s side at the airport, Francis pledged that the Catholic Church’s readiness to encourage respect for peoples’ differences and foster “dialogue and full participation” so all are ensured a better future. Correa, who spoke before Francis, echoed the pope’s concerns about an “unjust and immoral” global economic system, accusing the world’s rich countries of unfairly exploiting the developing world’s resources without reciprocating with technology transfers. Francis thanked Correa for his “consonance of thought.” “You’ve cited me too much,” he said. The Vatican spokesman, the Rev. Federico Lombardi, estimated that 500,000 people lined the route that took Francis to the Vatican ambassador’s residence. Many in the crowd said they hoped the pope would have a calming effect on the country’s tense political situation. Former President Gustavo Noboa, who led the country through its worst political and

economic crisis from 20002003, told the AP on Monday that Francis’ visit is important for such a polarized country. The 78-year-old Noboa, using a walker, stressed the importance of understanding Francis’ message of “helping out one’s neighbor, being humble and forgiving.” Francis chose to visit Ecuador, Bolivia and Paraguay specifically because they are among the poorest nations in a region that claims 40 percent of the world’s Catholics. He’s skipping his homeland of Argentina, where as archbishop he ministered to the poorest slum-dwellers, to avoid papal entanglement in this year’s presidential election. Francis’ stops later in the week include a violent Bolivian prison, a flood-prone Paraguayan shantytown and a meeting with grass-roots groups in Bolivia. Crowds are expected to be huge. While the countries themselves are small, they are fervently Catholic: 79 percent of the population is Catholic in Ecuador, 77 percent in Bolivia and 89 percent in Paraguay, according to the Pew Research Center. Before leaving Rome, Francis did some hometown ministering, with Lombardi saying the pope welcomed 10 homeless people into the Vatican.

Nigeria: Woman suicide bomber targets a church, 5 killed POTISKuM, JuLy 6 (AP): A woman suicide bomber blew up in the midst of a crowded evangelical Christian church service in northeast Nigeria on Sunday and killed at least five people, witnesses said.It is the latest bombing in a string of attacks blamed on Islamic extremist group Boko Haram that’s killed some 200 people in the past week. Nearly 100 men and boys praying in mosques were gunned down on Wednesday, and a local official said Sunday that 21 more bodies have been recovered from burnt-out houses since then. On Friday, the military said 6 women suicide

People gather inside the Redeemed Christian Church of God, after a bomb blast in Potiskum, Nigeria on July 5. A woman suicide bomber blew up in the midst of a crowded evangelical Christian church service in northeast Nigeria on Sunday and killed at least five people, witnesses said. (AP Photo)

bombers caused explosions that killed scores of people including a soldier at Zabamari Muna village outside Maiduguri, the birthplace of Boko Haram. Police Sunday rushed to the Redeemed Christian Church of God in Potiskum, the largest city in northeastern Yobe state. Wailing women and stunned men wandered around the wreckage of smashed bricks and twisted zinc sheets blown off the church roof. One congregant said the blast came from a woman in the congregation. An Associated Press reporter counted 5 bodies from the blast in the morgue of the local hospital, where a wounded

woman was being treated. Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari on Friday condemned the latest attacks as barbaric and said they underline the need for an expanded multinational army to crush the extremists. Boko Haram took control of a large swath of northeast Nigeria last year and declared an Islamic caliphate. Nigeria and its neighbors deployed a multinational army that this year drove them out. But attacks are increasing as Boko Haram apparently responds to an Islamic State group directive to intensify violence during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.

Iran, P5+1 aim to finish nuke talks on July 7: Kerry VIENNA, JuLy 6 (IANS): Iran and the P5+1 group of world powers aimed to finish the latest round of nuclear talks “in the timeframe” that all parties have set out, said US Secretary of State John Kerry in Vienna. “That’s our goal,” Kerry said on Sunday, two days ahead of the July 7 deadline, while adding that the US would “put every bit of pressure possible on it to try to do so”. After meeting with his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif on Sunday afternoon, Kerry told reporters that “it is

now time to see whether or not we are able to close an agreement”, with his foreign minister colleagues returning back to Vienna. However, despite genuine progress made in the past few days, Kerry said: “We are not yet where we need to be on several of the most difficult issues.” Kerry also told reporters that while he completely agrees with Zarif that Iran and world powers “have never been closer” to a deal, the negotiation could go either way at this point. “We want a good agreement. Only a good agree-

ment. We are not gonna shave anywhere at the margins just to get an agreement,” Kerry said, adding that “we’re not there yet, I emphasise that.” Meanwhile, European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini also said on Thursday: “We’re moving forward, but we’re not there yet.” Zarif said on Friday in a video on YouTube that despite some remaining differences, Iran and its counterparts “have never been closer to a lasting outcome”. China remains optimistic. Chinese Foreign Minis-

ter Wang Yi said on Thursday that a comprehensive Iranian nuclear deal is very likely to be reached after intensive meetings between Iran and six world powers. “The possibility of reaching a deal is very high, and a deal should be agreed,” Wang told reporters. Despite the optimism, gaps remain in some areas of the talks, especially on the pace and timing of sanction relief. Earlier, reports said that Iran may change tack on the Lausanne framework, raising concern of a possible setback in the talks.

Iran and five UN Security Council permanent members plus Germany (P5+1) missed the previously set self-imposed June 30 deadline for a comprehensive deal. Both sides agreed to extend the deadline to July 7. All parties have been negotiating over the past 16 months to reach a longterm deal over Tehran’s disputed atomic plan. In a successful deal, Iran would suspend some sensitive nuclear activities, and in return, Western states would partially relieve some sanctions imposed on Tehran.

Forgiveness of Charleston shooter prompts discussion CHARLESTON, JuLy 6 (AP): Under an outdoor tent a few blocks from Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, Sharon Simmons paused while cleaning up from the previous night’s revival to ponder the idea of forgiving the white man accused of killing nine of the historic black church’s members, including the pastor. A churchgoer herself, Simmons admits feeling torn between her anger and her Christian inclination to forgive. She also adds that she’s a firm believer in capital punishment. “Too many lives are gone,” the 57-yearold former New Yorker says. Many African-Americans are struggling with those same feelings as the nation begins to move past the tragedy in Charleston. Although many say their religious faith requires them to forgive, there is a question of whether a public narrative of quick forgiveness actually provides cover for whites to avoid facing racism. “It’s almost like white America is telling us, ‘Help us to forget the past by telling us that you forgive us,’” said Raymond Winbush, director of the Institute for Urban Research at Morgan State Univer-

sity in Baltimore. Just one day after the June 17 massacre at Emanuel, Chris Singleton, the college student son of victim Sharonda Coleman-Singleton, said he forgave his mother’s killer. The following day, family members of the dead joined the first court hearing for the suspected killer, 21-year-old Dylann Roof, and told him via video conference that they, too, forgave him — even as some acknowledged also feeling angry and hurt. “Everyone’s plea for your soul is proof that they lived in love, and their legacies will live in love. So hate won’t win,” said Alana Simmons, granddaughter of Emanuel victim the Rev. Daniel Simmons. Similarly, forgiveness was extended in recent days after several Southern black churches burned down in a spate of fires, some of which were deemed suspicious. Those who extend forgiveness say they are not naive in doing so. Some say they are still a working at it, and they make clear that forgiveness is not the only emotion they have about the racial events that are unfolding. “It makes us angry. It makes

some of us want to explode,” the Rev. Jonathan V. Newton said Wednesday during midweek services at Metropolitan AME Church in Washington, which has increased security at its historic sanctuary since the Charleston killings. But forgiveness is “not about that person, it’s about you,” Newton said. “In order for you to be free, you’ve got to let it out.” One factor at play is that forgiveness is a strong Christian tradition, and African-Americans identify as Christians more than any other group in the United States. According to the Pew Research Center, nearly 80 percent of blacks identified as Christian in 2014, compared with 77 percent of Hispanics and 70 percent of non-Hispanic whites. A smaller number of blacks, 18 percent, identified as agnostic, atheist or “nothing in particular,” compared with 24 percent of whites and 20 percent of Hispanics. Beyond religious purposes, experts say, immediate forgiveness probably helped to forestall reactionary violence in Charleston, denying Roof the race war that police said he told them he wanted to start. Charleston remained peaceful after the killings

at Emanuel, a stark contrast to the violence that broke out in Ferguson, Missouri, and Baltimore after the deaths of black men in encounters with police. The Rev. Norvel Goff, interim pastor succeeding the late Rev. Clementa Pinckney at Emanuel, said self-preservation is also a motive — forgiving does more for the person who is hurting than the one who caused the pain. “We’re not in control of those who may commit evil acts, but we are in control of how we respond to it,” Goff said. Such was the sentiment of Martin Luther King Jr.’s father and sister as they forgave the civil rights leader’s killer James Earl Ray, and Marcus Chenault, who shot and killed King’s mother, Alberta Williams King, in 1974 as she played the organ during Sunday services at Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church. “Hate won’t bring my mother or brother back. It would only destroy me,” Christine King Farris told JET magazine in 1984. Myrlie Evers-Williams, former national chairwoman of the NAACP, a leading civil rights group, said she was moved to tears to see the Emanuel families

speak immediately of forgiveness. She said forgiveness was a lengthy process for her. Harboring thoughts of vengeance for the 1963 murder of her husband, Mississippi NAACP leader Medgar Evers, motivated her activism, but for her own peace she eventually let it go. “The hatred has ended up as a motivational tool, and the forgiveness has been a salvation for me,” said Evers-Williams. Historically, Winbush said, African-Americans have been expected to forgive for slavery, discrimination, racial segregation, attacks by the white supremacist Ku Klux Klan and police violence. By meeting that expectation, he said, “in one sense we aid and abet those who would commit those crimes.” Ansley M. LaMar, a professor at New Jersey City University, pointed out that the civil rights movement was born out of anger, but the nonviolence and forgiveness it espoused is what people remember about it most.“So being forgiving doesn’t mean being a wimp. It doesn’t mean, white folks, you can walk all over me. It means I forgive you, but I’m not going to let this happen again.”

Charleston, S.C., shooting suspect Dylann Storm Roof is escorted from the Cleveland County Courthouse in Shelby, N.C., Thursday, June 18, 2015. Roof is a suspect in the shooting of several people Wednesday night at the historic The Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston. (AP Photo)




Tuesday 7 July 2015

The Morung Express

Japan emotional after World cup loss VANcOuVeR, July 6 (AP): Japan clearly was not ready for Carli Lloyd. Lloyd scored a hat trick in the opening 16 minutes on Sunday to help give the United States a 5-2 victory over Japan for its record third Women's World Cup title. The game Sunday night at Vancouver's BC Place was a rematch of the World Cup four years ago when Japan prevailed after a penalty shootout for the nation's first championship in the premier women's soccer tournament. Leading up to that victory in Germany, Japan had been deeply scarred by the deadly earthquake and tsunami. The national team gave the country reason to cheer, and the players were welcomed home as heroes. A win on Sunday would have made Japan just the second team to repeat as World Cup Champions (Germany, 2003 and '07) in consecutive World Cups. But it wasn't to be. Lloyd, awarded the Golden Ball as player of the tournament, scored twice in a span of about 135 seconds as the U.S. led 2-0 by the fifth minute. Lauren Holiday boosted the lead in the 14th and two minutes later Lloyd made it 4-0 with an audacious 54-yard, right-footed shot from midfield that sailed over goalkeeper Ayumi Kaihori. Japan closed

Japan's Kana Kitahara (23), Yuri Kawamura (20) and Yuika Sugasawa (15) react after losing to the United States in 5-2 in the FIFA Women's World Cup soccer championship in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada on July 5. (Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press via AP)

on Yuki Ogimi's goal in the 27th and an own goal by Julie Johnston on an errant header in the 52nd. Tobin Heath scored two minutes later, the third goal off a restart for the Americans. "If you look at the overall performance it was very rare in terms of the probability that we could win today," coach Norio Sasaki said afterward through a translator. Lloyd, a 32-year-old midfielder, had come up big against Japan before, scoring the winning goal in the 2012 Olympic final. "Ms. Lloyd she always does this to us. In London

she scored 2 goals and today she scored 3 goals. We are embarrassed," Sasaki said. "But she is an excellent player but I really respect her and admire her." The Japanese arrived in this year's final with a dramatic — and for the English, heartbreaking — semifinal victory. After England outplayed Japan for much of the second half, a charging Laura Bassett inadvertently directed the ball at the net and it ricocheted off the crossbar for an own goal in the final minute of stoppage time, giving Japan a 2-1 win. The victory set up

the rematch with the United States. Japan, ranked No. 4 in the world, has met the second-ranked Americans three previous times at the World Cup, with the United States winning two matches before the final in Germany. Overall, the U.S. team is 25-1-6 against Japan. Japan's team was boosted prior to the final by the return of midfielder Kozue Ando, who broke her left ankle in the World Cup opener against Switzerland. Andro returned to Japan for treatment, but came back to Vancouver

to cheer on her team in the final. Throughout the tournament, a white Teddy bear wearing Ando's jersey has been a constant feature on Japan's bench in her honor. It was there on Sunday. The match was also emotional because it was likely the last appearance with the national team for Homare Sowa, who was the 2011 FIFA player of the year after leading Japan to the victory over the United States in Germany. Sawa was awarded the Golden Boot as the tournament's leading scorer with five goals, and the Golden

Ball for being the tournament MVP. Sawa, who once before has retired from the national team, has said that she plans to retire for good following the World Cup. Four years ago in Germany, Japan was the sentimental favorite after the tragedy the nation had endured in the prior months. On March 11, 2011, more than 20,000 people were left dead or missing by a massive earthquake and tsunami that devastated much of the country's northeast coast. The natural disaster touched off the worst nuclear catastrophe since Chernobyl in 1986 at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. Following each match in Germany leading up to the final, the Japanese players marched across the field with a banner that read, "To our Friends Around the World — Thank You for Your Support," in gratitude for the global outpouring of support in the wake of the disaster. Sasaki reminded his players of the events to inspire them to victory along the way. In the 2011 final, Japan battled back from behind twice. Abby Wambach scored in the 104th minute of overtime to give the U.S. a 2-1 lead before Sawa's goal in the 117th to tie it. Japan prevailed 3-1 on penalty kicks.

Mary Kom eagerly looking for a medal in Rio Olympics New Delhi, July 6 (AgeNcies): Olympic medallist Mary Kom is training hard for the Rio Games next year and is determined to win another medal before she hangs up her boxing gloves for good. The 2016 Olympics will be her last competitive tournament before she quits. The five-time world champion is 32 years old and mother to three children. "The Rio Olympics will be my last. So I would definitely like to finish on a high," she said on Sunday. "My preparations for next year are going on pretty well. In fact, it is getting better each day." Kom said she was confident of winning another Olympic medal after her finishing third in the 2012 games. "I would certainly want to sign off with a medal." Explaining her decision to bow out, she said it was difficult to balance both boxing and motherhood. Her youngest child is two years old. While Kom is not interested in turning pro, unlike boxer Vijender Singh whose recent elevation has made him ineligible to represent India in the Olympics next year, she is looking forward to training youngsters in her own academy in Imphal, in her home state in Manipur. The five-time World Amateur Boxing champion is the only woman boxer to have won a medal in each of the six world championships. In 2012, she became the only Indian woman boxer to qualify for the Summer Olympics, and won the bronze medal. She has won an Arjuna Award for boxing. The diminutive boxer's brand value is believed to be to be in the Rs 100 crore bracket. Kom said she will be actively involved in social causes post retirement.

Injured Karn Sharma ruled out of Zimbabwe tour

New Delhi, July 6 (PTi): India leg-spinner Karn Sharma has been ruled out of the upcoming Zimbabwe tour due to a finger injury. The 27-year-old, who has represented the national side in a Test and two ODIs, has fractured his left middle finger, according to a BCCI media release. "The BCCI medical team confirms that legspinner Karn Sharma has been ruled out of India's tour of Zimbabwe, starting on 7 July 2015, due to injury. Karn has fractured his left middle finger. There will be no replacement for him for the Zimbabwe tour," the release said. The Meerut-born player, who came into prominence after his exploits for his IPL side Sunrisers Hyderabad, was selected in the 15-member Indian squad to be led by Ajinkya Rahane. A second-string Indian side is slated to play three ODIs and two T20s against the African nation where Solo was honored as the top revelations just before the tournaVANcOuVeR, July 6 (AP): ment about her arrest following a starting July 10. The ODIs are scheduled for July 10, 12 and Hope Solo walked out of BC Place goalkeeper. Solo was the backboard of a June 2014 altercation at her half- 14 while the T20 games are on July 17 and 19, all in Harare. on Sunday night with two pieces of defense that went 540 minutes sister's house, which led to chargcoveted hardware and for the time being, more focus on her skill as a between goals allowed during the es that were eventually dismissed goalkeeper and less on her off- World Cup. The Americans allowed earlier this year. a goal in their opening group-stage U.S. Soccer put conditions field travails. "We did it. Awesome." Solo match against Australia and then — which were not made public said as she quickly zoomed didn't allow another until Japan's — on her return to the team folthrough the mixed zone after the Yuki Ogimi scored in the 28th min- lowing her suspension, and Solo ZuRich, July 6 (iANs): World football governing United States beat Japan 5-2 to win ute Sunday. The defense was large- met them. She later acknowl- body FIFA's Swiss president Sepp Blatter has admitted ly responsible for the success of the edged she saw a therapist, taking he would not leave his country as he fears arrest. FIFA is at the Women's World Cup title. the time to focus on herself. She the centre of a massive corruption scandal, with the UnitThat was nearly the extent of U.S. in the tourney. The questions about Solo's even launched a blog to share her ed States' Federal Bureau Investigation (FBI) conducting the words Solo has spoken duran investigation into allegations of bribery dating to 1991 ing the World Cup, one that she place on the team were due to her thoughts about her journey. But her skill as arguably the best already having resulted in the indictment of 14 people, entered enveloped in controversy off-field issues. Most recently, she about whether she should have served a one-month suspension goalkeeper in the world is without including nine FIFA officials. The US and Switzerland are a place on the American squad, from the team following her hus- question. In the two most recent also investigating the bidding process of the 2018 and the band's arrest for DUI while driv- major competitions — the Algarve 2022 World Cup, to be hosted by Russia and Qatar, respecUnited States goalkeeper Hope Solo holds her Golden Glove award and ended with Solo winning the tively for bribing and financial wrongdoing. which was presented after the United States defeated Japan to win the Golden Gloves award as the top ing a team van in January. Solo, in Cup and the Women's World Cup Blatter himself is under investigation by the US training camp at the time, was also — the U.S. allowed a combined goalkeeper of the tournament. It Women's World Cup soccer championship in Vancouver, British Columthough he has not been charged with any wrongdoing. bia, Canada on July 5. (Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press via AP) was the second straight World Cup in the van. There were also new four goals in 13 matches. He has announced his intention to quit FIFA presidency on June 2 just days after being re-elected for the fifth time. However, despite reiterating his innocence, Blatter confessed that he was too scared of being taken into custody by American authorities to risk attending the final of the women's World Cup in Canada on Sunday. "Not because the Americans have anything concrete against me, but because arresting me would cause a public stir," goal.com quoted Blatter as saying to German newspaper Welt am n a state populated by around 19 lakhs tion that held the world spell bound. Deng a new kind of economy could have been was not guided strictly from day one and Sonntag on Sunday, when asked about his travel worries. "Until everything has been cleared up, I am not going people, of which about 75% live in also put an apartheid system that barred created. Instead there is lesser resourc- therefore, rural people are keener to earn the country side on an income of less the rural farmers from moving to the cities. es from the rural belt as they have been easy money than hard working on mod- to take the risk of travelling. After the tsunami, I just need than Rs.50/= a day, rural backward- By giving peasants marketable ownership dwarfed by better rivals from outside the ernization of agriculture – once the main a bit of time to recover. Self-doubt is one of the biggest enemies of a leader, but I believe in what I am doing." Blatter ness weighs heavily on the minds of the rights and a law to protect them brought state. Unfortunately, these so called farm- stay of village economy. Besides, most of the VDB members are said he fears that people want to destroy the image of the peasants – the silent majority. Yet our Naga huge economic benefits, so also boost ur- ers and rural dwellers too are buying eseither illiterate or semi-literate. They do football body. "I am afraid people want to destroy FIFA, leaders who dream of joining the ranks of ban consumption. For China to sustain sential commodities from outside. The answer to this is not far to seek. not understand the technicalities of mod- which is mine. Everybody has fears - for example, of dydeveloping economy have conveniently its impressive growth rate and to reduce forgotten that they became leaders on the inequalities between the rural and the ur- These rural development schemes were ern schemes. If the poor are poor because ing - but I have nothing to fear in view of my work at FIFA. back of these poor peasants’ vote and re- ban only unproductive rural labour were entrusted to the Village Council and the they are lazy and their government is inef- I am not afraid," Blatter concluded. fuse to understand the rural discontent encouraged to migrate to urban industri- Village Development Board for implemen- ficient, who will help them? The poor faces which may plunge the state into turmoil. al areas to sustain manufacturing boom. tation. In reality, the Village Council mem- structural challenges that trap them in a To assess Nagaland’s future, it is crucial to This helped those left behind to expand bers are also the members of the VDB, only vicious cycle of deprivation. The shametheir land holding and use them more ef- the name plate changes. It is the two sides less practice of cut-and-commission eatunderstand the country side. Despite increasing openness to the ficiently. This also regulated rural descend of the same coin. This directly or indirectly en against every scheme by the power outside world the dynamics of village life upon ill-prepared cities and prevented leads to revival of the past clannishness as brokers is eroding the very life of village remain hidden away. Some mobile own- throwing up of slum towns and pushing this is constituted on clan representation advancement. These are some of the im- New Delhi, July 6 (iANs): The Indian women's ing with cable TV connection and a few up of anti-socials and crimes. Despite this as per existing tradition within the village. pediments for not producing the desired hockey team is still hopeful of qualifying for the Rio Olymowning cars whose earning is unknown reformation the permanent ownership And this ancient clan system has played an results. pics following their fifth place finish at the Hockey World The VDB is neither a Local Self Govern- League (HWL) Semi-Final which keeps them in contention may not be the best placed villagers to rights over the land was not given to the important role in these affairs. A Naga village is composed of several ment nor a Panchayat in the real sense of for the 2016 Games. "Our target was to qualify for Olympics give insight into the rural deprivation and peasants. China is all too aware that a failinjustice that has prompted a number of ure to handle rural issues properly can be clans. Each clan has a distinct lineage. The the term. Its constitution is broad and nar- and we are still in contention. All the players played to their clan that originally inhabited the village row - often controversial. Their customary strengths. We played against some of the higher ranked rural dwellers to head towards greener ur- de-stabilising for the nation. What distinguishes the millions of has a bigger say in the village. Such clans practice needed to precede village devel- teams which gave us insights on our shortcomings. We will ban areas in recent times. It is a fact that the urban security system is in tatters, poor in India from those in other nations live in distinct area of the village since the opment. Is the VDB system successful in work on them to improve our game play and be ready for our still villagers are not cultivating as before is that they live in a democracy. In India time of their founding fathers. The most the villages? If the answer is “yes” why do Olympic dream," India skipper Ritu Rani said after returning except a tiny patch of land on primitive as well as in Nagaland even the poorest senior within the clan patrilineal hier- rural dwellers migrate to urban areas in to the national capital from Antwerp on Monday morning. method that can keep them from starva- of the poor has political rights to vote and archy hold the authority. Clan loyalties search of livelihood by abandoning the India needed to finish in top-3 in the 10-team tournation. To them even the urban insecurity can elect a government of their choice. In within the village often lead to bitter feud- unproductive villages? ment to qualify directly for the Olympics. They failed to Overhauling of traditional pattern do that but following their fifth place finish they are still and hardship is even better than rural pov- Nagaland the introduction of Nagaland ing between clans for control of the village erty. No doubt, the economic and political Village Act and the Village Development leadership job and to hold its grip over the of Village Council/VDB is not desirable in with a chance. The final 12 positions for the Games will changes that took place in the past have Board (VDB) is a policy to decentralize ru- village development fund. Hence, every right now as this is deeply rooted in Naga decided in October on the completion of respective conraised their expectations and made villag- ral development programs. It is a people’s clan acquires a renewed interest in taking customs. But there is scope to rectify the tinental championships, which also earn teams berths for es more independent than before. So also participatory concept to uplift those living control of the village council and the VDB. VDB by inducting officials from the con- Rio. "We knew we had to be in the top-5 to stay in contenthey have become far more dependent below the poverty line. The fund from the This instability hinders villages to emerge cern departments into the VDB to provide tion for the Rio Olympics. The last two games were very on the local leaders and the state govern- government, which increases spending on as strong economic unit. Politicians too technical inputs and financial discipline. crucial for us and the girls kept their cool despite the huge a range of measures, is the most ambitious make capital out of this village politics to This will act as checks and balances over expectations and pressure on them. The younger players ment’s charity. its implementations. Let there be a time specially played really well and I can confidently say that In South Korea, a policy called “New assault on reduction of poverty and unem- build their own interest. Interventions from the government frame for completion of each scheme and the future for women's hockey in India is very bright," the Village Movement” was launched to main- ployment in rural villages by directly aimtain balance and interdependent between ing it bolstering agriculture, road, drink- officials help keep this conflict in check payments be released only on satisfactory team's assistant coach C.R. Kumar said. On paper, India's rural villages and the cities. The govern- ing water, health care, electricity, primary temporarily. The system of automatic in- completion and proper utilization of fund chances look good. To back it up, team goalkeeper Savita ment of South Korea invested heavily on education, nutrition and housing where duction of the members of the traditional given earlier. said: "The match against Japan was very crucial for us. We A carrot and stick policy is be resorted knew it was our last shot to qualify for the Olympics at Rio rural infrastructure and provided farmers bulk of the rural poor reside. Besides, sup- village council into the VDB has given dual with modern materials to improve pro- plementary schemes - animal husbandry, power to the same person – both tradition- to for both the officials and the VDB mem- so we had to play to our strengths. duction which proved to be a key factor in pisciculture, poultry, horticulture, bam- al and the developmental. The system of bers to achieve its goals. It is easy to blame "During the successive penalty corners in the last South Korea’s successful transition from boo, tea, rubber, etc. are made available to holding dual power by the same person the officials. But it is the same official that quarter, it was the effort of the entire team which helped is not healthy. This causes wide spread delivers. Bureaucracy is like the horse. It in defending our lead. Everyone was aware that we had agricultural economy to industrial pow- them by the government. These schemes for the rural village power struggle in the village. The power is only as good as the rider - the political to safeguard the sole goal. We scored and we did it beauerhouse. Communist China under Deng Xiao were enormous. Financial support from is absolute and this concentrated power boss. If the leadership is sound one can tifully. If we qualify for Rio it will be a dream come true." Ping allotted land to peasants to farm in- the government was substantial. There- prevents equitable growth. The original extract result from the officials. This will India lost 0-7 to the Netherlands in the quarterfinal of dependently. Agricultural production fore, as per social and economic audit, Na- policy framework of the VDB is to create stimulate growth and will realize the ide- the tournament following which they had to play the 5-8 soared for the first time in China and this galand by now should have commodities peoples’ communes’ that will allow villag- als of self reliance. classification match against Italy where India won 5-4 on Mapu Jamir IAS (Retd) penalties after regulation period score read 1-1. Then in marked the start of economic transforma- driven trades from the country side and es to march towards self sufficiency. This the 5-6 position match against Japan, India did well to Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form. come out 1-0 on top.

Enveloped in controversy, Solo leaves as a World Cup winner

Scared of getting arrested if I leave Switzerland: Blatter

public discourse

A rare look inside Naga Villages


Indian women's hockey team hopeful of Olympic qualification


The Morung Express

Tuesday 7 July 2015



Accessorise All Areas: For a look perfect for the office or the weekend... Why stripes never go out of style



ali Angh, one of the most gifted and passionate musicians in the country, released his debut album ‘Take it Slow’ last November. Nebuzz has covered some of his songs and interview for the Rough Road Sessions programme, which is now available in their website at www.nebuzz.com Nebuzz is an online content portal dedicated to connect the world to the NorthEast region of India. It is a digital platform to be used for global story telling. The efforts are designed to help people

discover North-east and all its potential, with the focus of creating opportunities and building relationships. Rough Road Sessions is a series, which features live-recorded music performances and is dedicated to showcase some of the best musical acts and talents from the Northeast region of the country. His Rough Road Sessions sees him perform three beautiful tracks from his debut album ‘Take it Slow’ along with the talented ensemble of Kevi Kiso (guitar/ The Jam Tree), Moa (guitar/

UDX), Sunep (bass/We the Giants) and Jungtina (backup vocals). 'Jet Plane' is an original song written and performed by Tali Angh along with the talented ensemble of Kevi Kiso (guitar/The Jam Tree), Moa (guitar/UDX), Sunep (bass/We the Giants) and Jungtina (back-up vocals). 'City of Lights' is a song from Tali Angh's debut album 'Take it Slow'. It is already a fan favourite but a meaningful song like this holds even more weight when stripped to its barest

bones. With the rhythmic acoustic guitars of Kevi and Moa, accentuated by Jungtina's soft voice and Sunep's bass in the background, this song is the perfect setting for Talis emotive voice to take center stage. 'Pole Star' is an original song written and performed by Tali Angh along with the talented ensemble of Kevi Kiso (guitar/The Jam Tree), Moa (guitar/UDX), Sunep


'Robopocaly pse '



(Source: www.nebuzz.com)


Concept Arts of Steven Spielberg's is surrounded by mountain and rocks. There are two old cars, some cows and dogs outside the house. Following the announcement that "Robopocalypse" was put on hold indefinitely in January 2013, Steven vowed he would not abandon the project. The "Jurassic Park" helmer told Entertainment Weekly, "We found that the film was costing a lot of money and I found a better way to tell the story more economically but also much more personally. I found the personal way into Robo-

com/watch.aspx?eMWQZ9 xpOyJKh7dhIKf9MM1%2bh tkQAUEAqWwI0Cg4ATI%3d http://www.nebuzz. com/watch.aspx?0Ti24Mbk CmY0XdIe9lSRVdNpBz5mN jGwjw1MT4xmzyA%3d http://www.nebuzz. com/watch.aspx?PTJfJSGB Ct9rHq977z1hErWYKF7zgC glVgxihQlgNs4%3d#sthash. WmECwlIN.dpuf

Simon Cowell's Mother Passes away

eason after season, it seems stripes never go out of style. Whether you're looking for a smart skirt suitable for work or a flirty top for the weekend, there are plenty of options available. Team your stripes with a stylish pendant, cute sandals or a stylish, colour-blocked bag for a look that is perfect for the office or a date. Here, we've selected some of the best items on the High Street that can help you perfect this look.

oncept artist Patrick Janicke has revealed the first concept arts of upcoming Steven Spielberg's movie "Robopocalypse". The illustrator who contributed fantastical vehicle, prop and architecture designs to "Stargate", "Blade", "Godzilla", "Speed Racer" and "Transformers" gives a close-up look of the robots and the weapons. One picture shows a big copper robot with one arm longer than the other one. There is also another twolegged robot which has six red-and-green eyes. Another photo sees a green robot with four legs made of continuous tracks. There are four weapons featuring sharp wheels and three kinds of neck brace. Patrick also shares a picture of what appeared to be a human's house during the robopocalypse. The house

(bass/We the Giants) and Jungtina (back-up vocals). The video also contains brief excerpts of an interview with Tali Angh and Kevi Kiso about music, career, industry and aspirations. The links are given as follows: http://www.nebuzz. com/watch.aspx?zitQNpN8 gRkAoagtBWrqM%2bLlDiQ wRx084gqpRG%2fsDSM%3d http://www.nebuzz.


pocalypse, and so I just told everybody to go find other jobs, I'm starting on a new script and we'll have this movie back on its feet soon." "Robopocalypse" has already tapped Chris Hemsworth, Anne Hathaway and Ben Whishaw as cast members. The project was first announced in 2010 as Steven's next project after "War Horse" with Drew Goddard writing the script. The production was originally set to begin in January 2012, but was delayed due to Steven's busy schedule with "Lincoln".

imon Cowell's mother has passed away. Julie, the 89-year-old mother of the 55-year-old music mogul, tragically died today (05.07.15) and her family have paid tribute to a "truly special and kind lady". A spokesperson for the family said: "Today our beloved mum Julie passed away. Anyone who had met her would know what a truly special and kind lady she was. "We are heartbroken and will miss her terribly, but she is now at peace." Simon is said to be "devastated (and) heartbroken" by the news. A friend of Simon added to The Sun newspaper: "Simon is absolutely devastated. His mum was the most beloved person in his life and they were incredibly close. "But at least she got

to see him settle down and start a family which was one of the great wishes of her life. Julie had been unwell for some time and she was in a home. But Simon and his brothers were in constant contact with her and the family remained very close. "They had been paying regular visits to her bedside and it's been a God

send that Simon hadn't had to do too much work in the US over the last year. He's completely heartbroken." ITV bosses have reportedly cancelled filming for the 'X Factor' auditions, which was due to take place in Manchester, England. Julie leaves behind sons Nicholas, Simon, Tony and Michael, and stepchildren John and June.

Will smith 'exploring' Return to Music


ill Smith Is Exploring A Return To Music With A Rumoured Collaboration With Canadian Rapper Drake, Almost 10 Years After He Released His Last Rap Album. The Men in Black star, who is due to appear in the upcoming DC Comics film Suicide Squad next year (16), was interviewed on his son Jaden Smith's new Apple radio show Beats 1 when he hinted at his music plans. He revealed that Jaden is inspiring him to write new tunes. The movie star said, "I’m not sure what I’m going to do yet but I’m exploring. I’m in a creative ceil-

ing. (Jaden) tells me I have to write out the things I don’t like. I can’t write and stop, I have to keep going and going and write them out." Smith was left a little red-faced back in February (15) when he first announced his musical plans during an appearance on U.S. TV show Jimmy Kimmel Live! when his former collaborator Skyped into the programme minutes later to offer his musical services to the actor/rapper. Smith then attempted to convince his ex-sidekick he was planning to contact him as soon as his interview was over.

Mila - ashton 'tie the Victoria Beckham on being knot in secret ceremony' 'mistaken' for herself in M&S english Rock Band Blitz Kids split



ila Kunis and Ashton Kutcher have married, according to a new report. People claims that the couple tied the knot over the Fourth Of July weekend in a secret ceremony. Dailymail.com has contacted representatives for Mila, 31, and Ashton, 37, for comment. A source told Page Six on Friday about the rumoured nuptials: 'Details are being held close to the vest and were expected to go out to guests 24 hours or less before the wedding. 'It is going to be a very small and intimate affair with friends and family.' It was previously speculated that the pair had wed secretly several months ago, after Mila was spotted wearing a band on her wedding ring finger. In March The Black

s a multi-millionaire and dren, is refreshingly not too fa- shier will say: 'You look just like ex-pop star who is now mous or far enough removed Victoria Beckham'." the toast of the fashion from real life to stock up on groWe can only imagine VB’s world, Marks & Spencer is the ceries herself. face when presented with that last place you’d expect to run As the cover star of the new remark; does she respond with into Victoria Beckham. But issue of Vogue Australia, she told a knowing smirk, or a candid next time you happen to spy the magazine that she manages blush? Branches of the high someone browsing the broc- to dash around the capital in- street retailer we can imagcoli who looks suspiciously like cognito for much of the time – ine Beckham frequenting is the former Spice Girl, don’t be much to her satisfaction. the Battersea, south London too quick to write her off as a She said: “A lot of people branch – near her company lookalike – as many M&S Food probably don't even notice me headquarters, and the Notting cashiers seemingly do. - I'll dash around Marks & Spen- Hill store – near her home in The 41-year-old, who has cer in my flat shoes, head down, Holland Park. Must be the flat Swan star coyly answered settled in west London with with a shopping basket ... Occa- shoes pulling the wool over the 'maybe' when asked by husband David and four chil- sionally, at the checkout, a ca- cashiers’ eyes. James Corden if they were already husband and wife. Mila and Ashton got engaged in February 2014 and welcomed their first child together, daughter Wyatt Isabelle, in October. t this year’s IIFA, telecast picture of the customised chocoThe actors started dating last night, Ranveer Singh late bars. in April 2012, but first met and Arjun Kapoor while While one of the bars read while working on That '70s “Almond, Currant and Sea Salt,” Show together from 1998 introducing Shahid Kapoor other read, “Pumpkin Seed and to 2006. In August, Mila for his act said, “For years, he Candied Chilli.” What caught told W Magazine about has been hailed as the ultimate our attention are the words her other half: 'My first real ‘Chocolate Boy’ of Bollywood.” kiss ever was with him on And giving this title its utmost due, there will written on the top – Smitten by love, bitten the show. We all get movie be customised chocolate bars from the cou- by marriage bug. Mira and Shahid. Read – Here’s what will play at Shahid Kapoor-Mira star crushes. I’m marrying ple’s side at the wedding ceremony. Shahid Kapoor and Mira Rajput, who are Rajput’s sangeet ceremony tonight mine.' This is a first marShahid Kapoor’s family members includriage for Mila and a second getting married tomorrow (July 7) in Gurgaon’s Oberoi, have given popular bakery chain ing his father Pankaj Kapur and step-mother for Ashton, who wed Demi ‘Smitten Bakery’ the responsibility to have the Supriya Pathak have already reached Gurgan, Moore in 2005. The couple guests savour the taste of the specially formu- whereas Shahid Kapoor was spotted leaving separated in November lated chocolate bars. his Mumbai residence a few hours back. The 2011 and Ashton filed for Smitten Bakery took to Instagram to post a sangeet ceremony will be held tonight. divorce a year later.

Shahid Kapoor’s Wedding

Personalised chocolate bars from the couple



he group has cancelled all upcoming tour dates and will play a few farewell shows in October (15). A statement from the band to Music-News.com reads: "There's no such thing as a fairytale. And we're deeply sorry to announce this. But Blitz Kids are no more. We have always said that we are friends, first and foremost, before a band. And it is as friends that we have reached this decision to end this incredible adventure that we started eight years ago... "We've worked with some amazingly passionate and extremely tolerant people during our time as a band. They showed faith in us

when we doubted ourselves, and gave us a chance when we perhaps didn't deserve one. We are eternally indebted to every single one of you. "But none of what we have achieved together would have been possible without you, the fans... You have taken us on the journey of a lifetime, and we will always love you. We will be playing some farewell shows that will be announced soon. We hope to see you there to celebrate what have surely been the best years of our lives..." The group formed in 2006 and released two albums, Vagrants & Vagabonds in 2011 and The Good Youth in 2014.

US liftS World CUp title Sharapova into last 8 after downing diyas

The United States Women's National Team celebrates with the trophy after they beat Japan 5-2 in the FIFA Women's World Cup soccer championship in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Sunday, July 5. (AP Photo) Anne M. Peterson C M Y K


AP Sports Writer

Carli Lloyd lives for the big moment. She had her biggest on Sunday night — and gave the United States its record third Women's World Cup title. Lloyd scored three times as the U.S. jumped to a four-goal lead in the first 16 minutes, and the Americans overwhelmed defending champion Japan 5-2 for the team's first World Cup championship since 1999. A sellout crowd of 53,341 that included U.S. Vice President Joe Biden roared in approval for Lloyd's hat trick, the first ever in a Women's World Cup final. "It's been a long journey, my career. I've had a lot of people believe in me, in my corner, from day one," said the midfield, who turns 33 on July 16. "I've dedicated my whole life to this. Everything else comes second. But I wouldn't want to do it any other way." When it was over, Lloyd collapsed to her knees and pumped her fists. Forward Abby Wambach bear-hugged teary eyed coach Jill Ellis, lifting her off the ground. Lloyd, awarded the Golden Ball as player of the tournament, scored twice in a span of about 135 seconds as the U.S. led 2-0 by the fifth minute. Lauren Holiday boosted the lead in the 14th, and two minutes later Lloyd made it 4-0 with an audacious 54-yard, right-footed shot from midfield that sailed over goalkeeper Ayumi Kaihori. Japan closed on Yuki Ogimi's goal in the 27th and an own goal by Julie Johnston on an errant header

in the 52nd. Tobin Heath scored two minutes later, the third goal off a restart for the Americans. While winning the last three Olympic gold medals, the U.S. had struggled in the World Cup since taking the title at the inaugural tournament in 1991 and then again at the Rose Bowl eight years later. Christie Rampone, the only holdover from the 1999 team, lifted the trophy with Wambach, the 35-year-old former FIFA Player of the Year who has said this will be her last World Cup. Wambach was among the most vocal opponents of FIFA's decision to play the tournament on artificial turf. With FIFA President Sepp Blatter staying away from Canada during a U.S. criminal investigation of soccer corruption, the trophy was presented by FIFA Senior Vice President Issa Hayatou of Cameroon, the head of African soccer's governing body. Hope Solo won her second straight Golden Glove as top goalkeeper of the tournament. She played despite critics who urged the U.S. Soccer Federation to drop her after she initially faced two misdemeanor counts of domestic violence from a June 2014 altercation at her half-sister's house, charges that were dismissed earlier this year. Solo, who hasn't spoken to the media for most of the tournament, proclaimed simply: "We did it! Awesome!" The title, which adds a coveted third star to the American uniform, also vindicated the USSF for its decision in April 2014 to fire coach Tom Sermanni, who had replaced Pia Sundhage the previous year,

and replace him with Ellis, the British-born American who had been an assistant on the coaching staff. Ellis' tactics and lineups were criticized early in the World Cup tournament when the U.S. offense sputtered at times on offense. She shifted Lloyd to an attacking midfielder in the semifinal against topranked Germany and again in the final, and put 22-year-old Morgan Brian, the youngest player on her roster, in a defensive midfield role. "I want to thank Jill," Lloyd said. "I know lots of people out in the stands were worried about us. We all held together. We all stayed the course. We all executed the game plan." Lloyd had come up big before, scoring the winning goals in the 2008 and 2012 Olympic finals. She put the U.S. ahead in the third minute off a grass-hugging corner kick from Megan Rapinoe, streaking into the penalty area on a diagonal run and using the side of her left foot just in front of the spot to redirect the ball inside the far post. She made it 2-0 after Holiday took a low free kick from the flank and Johnston made a back-heel flick to Lloyd, who was 2 yards out. With her right foot, she poked the ball between two defenders and past Kaihori's outstretched arms. Lloyd's third goal came when Kaihori ventured far off her line. The keeper backpedaled and got her right hand on the long shot, but the ball glanced off a post into the goal. It was the fastest hat trick in World Cup history — men or women — and Lloyd became the first American since Michelle Akers in 1991 to score multiple goals in a World Cup final. The only other hat

trick in a World Cup final was when England's Geoff Hurst scored three times against Germany in the men's 1966 final at Wembley. "Miss Lloyd she always does this to us. In London she scored 2 goals and today she scored 3 goals. We are embarrassed," Japan coach Norio Sasaki said. "But she is an excellent player and I really respect her and admire her." Lloyd scored six goals in seven matches during the monthlong tournament, including in every U.S. game in the knockout phase. She raised her international goals total to 69 and joined Carin Jennings in 1991 as the only Americans to win the Golden Ball. Holiday added her goal to cap a counterattack, volleying in from 10 yards after Azusa Iwashimizu's header on an attempted clearance bounded high in the air. Heath scored from 4 yards after a Holiday corner kick, which went off Kaihori's weak punch to the far post for Brian to play back in front. Ogimi's goal was the first Solo allowed after five straight shutouts. The only other goal scored against her came in the first half of the tournament opener against Australia. The United States went 540 minutes without conceding a goal, the longest streak in the World Cup since Germany's record 679 scoreless minutes from 2003-11. Japan's victory over the United States four years ago was its first World Cup title and it came just months after the massive earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan, killing more than 20,000 people and touching off the worst nuclear catastrophe since Chernobyl in 1986.

lonDon, July 6 (REuTERS): Maria Sharapova came through a spirited test from Zarina Diyas to reach the quarterfinals at Wimbledon on Monday, eventually subduing the tenacious scrambler from Kazakhstan 6-4, 6-4 after a brief scare in the second set. The Russian, who had not been past the fourth round since 2011 at the tournament she won for the only time as a teenager 11 years ago, will now face American Coco Vandeweghe in the last eight. Her victory over Diyas was far from comprehensive, but further evidence nonetheless that things are looking good for the fourth seed as she maintained her unblemished record of not dropping a set up so far. She found her range early under hazy skies on Court One, peppering the baseline with her usual array of missiles and breaking for a 3-1 lead with a rasping crosscourt winner. Diyas, who surged 129 places up the rankings in 2014 to 34th, showed she was no soft touch by breaking back in the ninth game, having saved two set points, but Sharapova's extra power told and she clinched the first set on her opponent's serve. There was a clear shift in momentum, however, at the start of the second as Sharapova's concentration slipped and the Kazakh broke and held for a 3-1 lead. Ultimately, however, Diyas lacked the weapons to maintain that advantage and the five-time Grand Slam champion broke back for 3-3 and then closed out the match on the Diyas serve when the Kazakh sent a backhand long.


Maria Sharapova of Russia celebrates winning the singles match against Zarina Diyas of Kazakhstan, at the All England Lawn Tennis Championships in Wimbledon, London, Monday July 6. Sharapova won 6-4, 6-4. (AP Photo)

Serena beats Venus at Wimbledon

lonDon, July 6 (aFP): Serena Williams won the latest instalment of her rivalry with sister Venus as the world number one eased into the Wimbledon quarterfinals with a 6-4, 6-3 victory on Monday. Serena, bidding for her sixth Wimbledon title, took just 67 minutes to see off Venus on Centre Court and will play Victoria Azarenka or Belinda Bencic for a place in the semifinals. The 33-year-old hit 36 winners and 10 aces to secure her 14th win in 26 meetings with her older sister, but it was clear neither sibling enjoyed the experience. "It's hard to feel excited about (beating) someone you root for all the time no matter what and you love so much and is your best friend in the world," Serena said. "It's never easy to play someone you love and care about. "But I don't know how

many more moments like this we'll have. I plan on playing for years but you never know if we'll have the opportunity to face each other. So I just took the moment in." With the awkward family reunion out of the way, Serena can refocus on her bid to rewrite the history books. The American, whose record for the year now stands at a remarkable 36-1, remains on course to become the first woman to win the French Open and Wimbledon back-to-back since she last achieved that feat in 2002. She is on a 25-match winning run at the majors, a blistering sequence that brought her the 2014 US Open crown and the Australian and French Open titles this year. Serena will hold all four Grand Slam titles at the same time if she wins a sixth Wimbledon crown on Saturday.


Ashes 2015: plenty at stake for Cook, Clarke Rival skippers Alastair Cook and Michael Clarke both have particular reasons for wanting to win the upcoming Ashes series that begins with the first Test in Cardiff starting on Wednesday.



lonDon, July 6 (aFP): Rival skippers Alastair Cook and Michael Clarke both have particular reasons for wanting to win the upcoming Ashes series that begins with the first Test in Cardiff starting on Wednesday. For England skipper Cook, an Ashes series win would be the ideal reward for several difficult years which included a 5-0 whitewash reversal `Down Under` in 2013/14, the fallout from the international exile of Kevin Pietersen and a personal loss of form. Meanwhile an Ashes series win in England is one of the few outstanding achievements left for Clarke to fulfil in the course of a brilliant career, with the star batsman`s three previous Test series in Britain ending in defeat. Clarke has a reputation for being a bolder and more aggressive leader in the field than Cook and Australia great Shane Warne, himself a renowned cricket tactician, said he always

detected the makings of a future skipper in his compatriot when they played together at English county side Hampshire in 2004. "We stood alongside each other in the slips and chatted all day about captaincy," Warne told the Sunday Times. "He showed a great cricket brain for one with so little big-match experience under his belt." Clarke, however, has not always had the support of his players as was shown by the fall-out from the `homework-gate` affair in India, although there appears to be far greater harmony within the Australia camp since Darren Lehmann replaced Mickey Arthur as coach on the eve of the 2013 Ashes in England. Cook, by contrast, has been a less divisive figure within his own side and even the exiled Pietersen, in the midst of his controversial autobiography, said his criticisms of Cook were not personal.

iCC rankings: india retain 4th spot, england look to move up in tests

Dubai, July 6 (PTi): India have retained the fourth position in the ICC Test team rankings but England, currently placed just a spot behind the Asian cricketing giant, have a chance to move up the ladder during the upcoming Ashes series against Australia. When the series starts in Cardiff on Wednesday, both England and Australia would bid to hold possession of the prestigious Urn and also climb up the rankings table. England are on fifth position on 97 points, trailing India, and ahead of Pakistan by a fraction of a point, while Australia are in second spot on 111 points. England have an opportunity to move to as high as second if they win the series by 3-0 margin or better, but will drop to as low as seventh if Australia win all five Tests. This Ashes campaign will be Cook`s first as Test skipper since the appointment of Australian Trevor Bayliss as England coach. Bayliss has said England must "fight fire with fire" if they are to regain the Ashes from Australia. This has led to speculation that Cook may find it difficult to work on a tactical level with Bayliss. "I`m not sure if that`s exactly in Alastair Cook`s DNA to be really able to put a game on the line," said Australia allrounder Shane Watson.

In contrast, Australia will jump to 118 points to reduce the gap with numberone ranked South Africa to 12 points but will drop to fourth if England win all the five Tests irrespective of how the Pallekele Test ends. In fact, a 3-0 or 4-1 result in favour of England will mean Australia will drop behind England in third position. In the Test batsmen's chart, Australia vice-captain Steven Smith would look to defend his number-one spot as he holds a five-point advantage over South Africa's AB de Villiers. Meanwhile, Virat Kohli is the lone Indian batsman to be figuring in the top-10 list, sitting at number 10th position. None of the Indian bowlers, however, could get a place in the top-10 chart for Test bowlers, which is headed by Dale Steyn of South Africa.

Cook has shown a return to form this year with a hundred against the West Indies in the Caribbean and a fine century against New Zealand at Lord`s. This has been heartening for England, as so much of Cook`s leadership style is based upon his own runscoring. Often differences in captaincy style are simply a reflection of the resources available to a skipper and Clarke, certainly in respect of fast bowlers, has had the stronger hand in recent years.

But the fact that Clarke eventually set a defensive field when off-spinner Nathan Lyon came under fire during Australia`s final warm-up match against Essex, was a reminder that even the most innovative captaincy strategies have their limits. As late Australia great Richie Benaud, one of Test cricket`s most celebrated skippers, once famously observed: "Captaincy is 90 percent luck and 10 percent skill, but don`t try it without the 10 percent."

Published, Printed and Edited by Aküm Longchari on behalf of Morung for Indigenous Affairs and JustPeace from House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur at Themba Printers and Telecommunications, Padum Pukhuri Village, Dimapur, Nagaland. RNI No : NAGENG /2005/15430. House No.4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur 797112, Nagaland. Phone: Dimapur -(03862) 248854, Fax: (03862) 235194, Kohima - (0370) 2291952

For news email: morung@gmail.com and for advertisements and circulation contact: (03862) 248854, Fax-235194 or email : morungad@yahoo.com

PO Reg No. NE/RN-722