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The Morung Express

Dimapur VOL. VIII ISSUE 276

www.morungexpress.com

[ PAGE 08]

reflections

By Sandemo Ngullie

Sentenced you to 10 years Rigorous Imprisonment? Dear God, who is going to pay the bills?

The Morung Express POLL QUESTIOn

Vote on www.morungexpress.com SMS your answer to 9862574165 Are young Naga politicians making any difference in the decision making of the Nagaland State government? Yes

no

Others

Meghalaya legislator against Hindi songs Shillong, october 7 (iAnS): A Meghalaya legislator Monday spoke out against the inclusion of Hindi songs in government-sponsored festivals which were meant to promote the culture of the indigenous people of the state. “Government-sponsored festivals should actually give a platform to items which are in sync with the culture and tradition of the people and Hindi songs do not epitomize the culture of the indigenous people,” Independent legislator John Leslee K. Sangma said during Question Hour in the assembly. He, however, did not advocate a ban on Hindi songs during such events. Chief Minister Mukul Sangma said such festivals are organised to provide visitors a glimpse of the culture, tradition, cuisine, handicrafts of the people and to foster unity and understanding of the cultural diversity of the state. However, Leslee Sangma said the chief minister’s reply was contrary to what is actually happening. “You have singers from Shillong and elsewhere who come (to a festival in Tura) and sing Hindi songs which do not actually reflect the culture of the people,” he said.

Prince Harry to marry girlfriend

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Tuesday, October 8, 2013 12 pages Rs. 4

The pessimist complains about the wind; the optimist expects it to change; the realist adjusts the sails Cong ‘Bigg Boss’ playing helped me ‘dirty overcome my politics’ over depression Telangana

lonDon, october 7 (Pti): Britain’s Prince Harry could wed his girlfriend Cressida Bonas next year, a media report today quoted his friends as saying. The 29-year-old prince has his eyes set on marrying Bonas and their friends said the wedding could happen soon, according to The Telegraph. The friends said Bonas, 24, initially thought she was too young to marry Prince Harry but had finally overcome her fears about marrying into the royal family. “Cressie is going to marry Harry,” one of Bonas’s friends told the newspaper. “Harry never stops talking about marriage and children, and she has now got used to the idea. The wedding is likely to take place next year,” the unnamed friend said.

Nukhu supports women’s education [ PAGE 02]

With Obama out, others take APEC main stage

[ PAGE 11]

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– William Arthur Ward

Mumbai Indians lift second CLT20 title [ PAGE 10 ]

[ PAGE 09]

two Americans, German Abducted minor rescued win nobel medicine prize Police says, suspects evade arrest

StocKholM, october 7 (AP): Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman and Germanborn researcher Thomas Sudhof won the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discoveries on how hormones, enzymes and other key substances are transported within cells. This traffic control system keeps activities inside cells from descending into chaos and has helped researchers gain a better understanding of a range of diseases including diabetes and disorders affecting the immune system, the committee said. Working in the 1970s, ‘80s and ‘90s, the three researchers made groundbreaking discoveries about how tiny bubbles called vesicles (VEHS’-ih-kuhls) act as cargo carriers inside cells. Above all, their work helps explain “how this cargo is delivered to the right place at the right time” the committee said. “Imagine hundreds of thousands of people who are traveling around hundreds of miles of streets; how are they going to find the right way? Where will the bus stop and open its doors so that people can get out?” Nobel committee secretary Goran Hansson said. “There are similar problems in the cell.” The discoveries have helped doctors diagnose a severe form of epilepsy

Images of James Rothman and Randy Schekman, of the US, and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof are projected on a screen, in Stockholm, Sweden, Monday, Oct. 7, 2013, after they were announced as the winners of the 2013 nobel Prize in medicine. Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof won the 2013 nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discoveries on how proteins and other materials are transported within cells. (AP Photo)

and immune deficiency diseases in children, Hansson said. In the future, scientists hope the research could lead to medicines against more common types of epilepsy, diabetes and other metabolism deficiencies, he added. Rothman, 62, is a professor at Yale University, while Schekman, 64, is at the University of California, Berkeley. Sudhof, 57, joined Stanford University in 2008. Schekman said he was awakened at 1 a.m. at his home in California by the chairman of the prize committee and was still suffering from jetlag after returning from a trip to Germany

the night before. “I wasn’t thinking too straight. I didn’t have anything elegant to say,” he told The Associated Press. “All I could say was ‘Oh my God,’ and that was that.” He called the prize a wonderful acknowledgment of the work he and his students had done and said he knew it would change his life. “I called my lab manager and I told him to go buy a couple bottles of Champagne and expect to have a celebration with my lab,” he said. In the 1970s, Schekman discovered a set of genes that were required for vesicle transport, while Roth-

man revealed in the 1980s and 1990s how vesicles delivered their cargo to the right places. Also in the ‘90s, Sudhof identified the machinery that controls when vesicles release chemical messengers from one brain cell that let it communicate with another. “This is not an overnight thing. Most of it has been accomplished and developed over many years, if not decades,” Rothman told the AP. Rothman said he lost grant money for the work recognized by the Nobel committee, but he will now reapply, hoping the Nobel prize will make a difference in receiving funding.

DiMAPUr, october 7 (Mexn): The case of a missing 12 year-old boy, who was reported abducted on October 4, took a different turn on Monday. The woman, against whom the FIR was lodged by the boy’s father, evaded arrested reportedly going into hiding on October 7. Dimapur police disclosed that the woman, one Alila Jamir (75 years) in the FIR, was absent when a police team went to her residence at Taxes colony, Lengrijan to take her for questioning. Police were however able to rescue the boy, a domestic help, at around 8:30 pm from Nagarjan on October 7. The suspects escaped, police said. The condition of the boy can be determined only after medical check-up, it was added. The case can be traced back to September 30, when a police complaint was lodged against the boy on charges of theft at the residence of Jamir. The complaint was filed by her son. According to Jamir’s version, given to police before she went into hiding, she had gone on a medical trip to Delhi in July, leaving the boy as caretaker of the house. Another man, Ram Kumar, was entrusted to assist the boy.

Jamir’s son reportedly discovered on September 30 that the house was burgled and subsequently lodged a complaint at West Police Station. Based on the complaint, the boy along with Ram Kumar was detained by the police. The latter was released the same day after the boy reportedly admitted to the alleged theft. The boy was released on October 1, the day Jamir reached Dimapur from Delhi. The Additional Superintendent of Police, Dimapur stated that the boy was released after his father took an undertaking that his son will be produced before the police as and when required. It was alleged that the house was found ransacked and household items missing, including ornaments. But on October 1, the boy and the father were taken to Jamir’s house and allegedly beaten and released only in the evening on the condition they must report back the next day. From October 2-4 the father-son duo was allegedly forced to work in the house. The father alleged that on the evening of October 4, they were taken away by three persons, suspected to be underground elements, and confined in an undisclosed house on

the outskirts of Dimapur. During the confinement, the boy was beaten, the father said. The father was released the next day on October 5, after which he filed a complaint at West Police Station. The West PS referred the case to Women Cell, Dimapur on October 6, following which an inquiry began. Meanwhile, Nagaland Alliance for Child Rights, clarifying on the report that ‘Childline’ failed to bring the boy under its care when the matter was first reported to the police, stated that ‘Childline’ responds to children in need and care. The District Child Protection Officer is shouldered with the responsibility of dealing with children in conflict with the law, NACR said. ‘Childline’ received a call from West PS on the night of September 30 informing of a boy in its custody, NACR said. Since, the case was relating to law and order, it was referred to the DCPO. The phone number of the DCPO was also provided, it added. Even so, the boy spent the night in the police station. The ASP, Dimapur said that West PS could not get through to the number provided. As such, West PS had no choice but to keep the boy in its custody for the night but not in the lock-up, the ASP said.

Licenses for coal mining AMMuNITION SMuGGLING: to be reviewed by State CID probes role of Nagaland cop

KohiMA, october 7 (Mexn): In what looks like a tightening strap over coal mining in Nagaland, the Department of Geology and Mining of the Government of Nagaland has once again notified on minutiae of the Nagaland Coal Mining Rules of 2006. This time, the Secretary to the Government of Nagaland for the Department, Bendang Longchari, has informed in an office memorandum that “in the exercise of the power conferred under Rule 1, Chapter-II of the NCMR 2006 and under section-3 read with section 2 (n) and (o) of the NOTLAR Act, 1990, the State Govt. shall continue to issue Coal Prospecting License to those reputed mining companies to undertake coal prospecting operations in the state for the purpose of exploring, locating or proving the existence of coal deposit.” “Prospecting” is essential, as per the Department, as without it coal mines cannot be planned and designed, which could lead to environmental damages. Often, haphazard coal mining is adopted without scientific and systematic mining, which leads to the wanton destruction of coal reserves in the State. “Execution of Prospecting operations shall be mandatory for the grant of Coal Mining Lease (CML)/Small Pocket Deposit License (SPDL),” stated the office memo from Longchari. “In other words, no CML/SPDL shall be granted, unless the area is prospected and the Govt. is satisfied that there is evidence to show that the area for which the lease is applied for, has been prospected for coal and the existence of coal therein have been established and the Inspecting

Officer is satisfied whether to recommend for CML or SPDL.” Initially, the SPDL was introduced to prevent environmental damages and resource wastage caused due to large opencast mining. The SPDL was issued by the Department to only individual landowners to facilitate them to undertake “rat hole mining.” Now, many companies have started “opencast mining” on a large scale under SPDLs through landowners. Any unsystematic or damaging process of coal mining undertaken under this cannot be regulated, nor held accountable under law, as landowners provide a shield to such companies under the SPDL. To take care of this, the Department of Geology and Mining of Nagaland State has informed that “those individual SPDL holders who have completed one year of operations, are advised to immediately submit their prospecting/exploratory mining report.” Further it has been informed that “if they are satisfied with the existence of sufficient coal deposit or coal reserves therein, the same may apply for grant of CML within one month time w.e.f. the date of issue of this Office Memorandum or w.e.f. the date of completion of one year, whichever is earlier.” In case the SPDL holders fail to do this, their SPDL shall be treated as ‘Non-Functional’ and such SPDL will stand automatically cancelled on the expiry of the aforesaid stipulated time period, stated the office memo. Moreover, the Department stated that “Under no circumstances coal challan or transport challan shall be issued under CPL with immediate effect.”

KolKAtA, october 7 (hinDUStAn tiMeS): The sleuths of the state criminal investigation department (CID) have found evidence of the alleged involvement of a deputy superintendent of police (DSP) posted in Nagaland in arms and ammunition smuggling. They stumbled upon this link while investigating Bihar resident Satyanarayan Singh’s role in ammunition smuggling. Malda railway police arrested Singh from Malda station on September 13 and seized a huge cache of arms and ammunition

from his possession. The CID took charge of the investigation on September 18. “We have asked Nagaland Police for information about this DSP. We are investigating if he is in any way involved,” said a senior officer of CID. A resident of Bihar, Singh has been procuring arms and ammunition from Vikato Sema, an activist of Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN), for at least five years and would smuggle these to criminals in Bihar. Investigation has revealed that Singh had two cohorts. One of them is Arvind and the other

is Manoj. While Arvind is a resident of Khagariah district of Bihar, Manoj is from Bhagalpur. The CID sleuths conducted raids at their residence in Bihar but they were absconding. “While probing the matter, we have come to know that a lot of money has been transferred from the DSP’s bank account to Arvind’s. When we interrogated Singh in this regard, he told us that they purchased an autorickshaw and the DSP was the guarantor. But we did not buy this statement,” said the CID officer. The CID suspects that the DSP is in-

volved in this racket. “We have information that when the autorickshaw was purchased, Singh was involved in the arms and ammunition smuggling racket. So his statement is not believable. On several occasions, money has been transferred into Arvind’s account. Our aim is to find out why the DSP transferred money into Arvind’s account. Was the DSP one of the beneficiaries of the money the members of the racket would earn by selling the arms and ammunition?” the officer said.

Police cracks counterfeit racket

The accused, Gopal Gonmei in the custody of Dimapur Police.

DiMAPUr, october 7 (Mexn): Dimapur police, while investigating reports of a clandestine racket that involved making and selling of counterfeit vehicle documents and driving licenses, arrested one person on October 5. A press note from the office of the Dimapur SP informed that the main accused in the racket was arrested from Burma Camp following a trap set by employing a decoy customer, pretending to be in search of fake vehicle registration. The accused identified as Gopal Gonmei (54), residing at Rongmei colony, Burma Camp was taken into custody. Upon his arrest, a raid was conducted at his house, from where incriminating documents were recovered and seized. The seizure included seventy-one driving licenses already made against persons;

one seal and round seal, each of DTO, Tuensang; one national permit for a truck; one temporary permit for a truck; one insurance certificate of Oriental Insurance Company Limited; registration certificates of a vehicle with fitness and pollution certificates; blank booklet of counterfeit license; blank booklet of Pollution Under Control Certificate; eight sheets of blank Form l A (Medical certificate); thirty blank and fifteen with affixed photographs of “No Objection Certificate” for driving license attested with seal and signature of DTO, Tuensang; sixty sheets of driving license attested with seal and signature of DTO, Tuensang; two registers containing records of driving license issued; three envelops of Oriental Insurance Company Limited; one Computer CPU and a HP Deskjet printer.

Dimapur police informed that the accused admitted to the crime and has been making and selling fake documents since 2011. The accused revealed that he would scan images of the original documents in order to make the fake documents. Whenever any demand for a document was made from his customers, who were mostly from Assam, he prepared the fake documents by forging the signatures of DTO, Tuensang and Phek. He charged Rs 20003000 for a vehicle registration certificate and Rs 500 for a driving license. Investigation into the involvement of other accused in the crime is being carried out. A case has been registered at East Police Station under relevant sections of the IPC and investigation is being taken up, informed the police.

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Tuesday 8 October 2013

Nukhu supports women’s education

The Morung Express LocaL ICSSR national seminar on Nov 1 and 2

Dimapur, OctOber 7 (mexN): Research Committee of Patkai Christian College is organising a national seminar sponsored by Indian Council of Social Science and Research (ICSSR) on “Social and economic status of the marginalized communities in Nagaland with special reference to the scheduled castes groups” on November 1 and 2. The sub themes of the seminar are Ethnographic notes on the rec-

ognised scheduled caste communities; Positive discrimination and political empowerment; Positive discrimination and achievements in employment; Positive discrimination and educational achievement; Vertical occupational mobility; Vertical social mobility; Modernization and social stigma; Delivery system and mechanism of constitutional benefits; Institutions, organizations and assertions

of group rights and Caste; Class and politics of identity formation, etc. A press release received here informed that Dr.Joshua Thomas, Director, ICSSR, north eastern regional centre, Shillong will be the chief guest. The resource persons will be Dr. Kedilezo Khikhi, HOD, Department of Sociology, Tezpur University; V.T.Vasan, Department of Economics, ICFAI University; Prof. Xavier Mao, NEHU, Shil-

long; Dr. Kl. Biakchungnunga, Mizoram; Dr. Visakhonü Hibo, Principal, JCC, Kohima; Dr. Mohan Debbarma (Tripura University); Prof. K.Vidya Reddy, Department of Political Science, Mizoram University; Amarson Sankhil, HOD, History, PCC; Dr. Saji Verghese, Lady Kean College, Shillong. Other resource persons are Prof. Jangkhongum Doungel, Department of Political Science, Mizoram University; Dr. Biswajit

Scientific advisory committee interface held

Deo Nukhu and his wife jointly light the lamp at SD Jain Girls’ College Dimapur on Monday. (Morung Photo)

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Dimapur, OctOber 7 (mexN): Stating that educating a woman was akin to educating an entire family, Parliamentary Secretary for Higher Education & SCERT, Deo Nukhu on Monday vouched strong support for educating women in the state and treating them equally. Speaking at the 21st Freshers’ Social cum Annual Day of SD Jain Girls’ College Dimapur, Nukhu said women were the foundations of the society which can achieve many goals if women were educated in the right manner. He pointed out that girls were outshining boys in

many fields and expressed the hope that the College with its high academic excellence would become a centre for empowering women in the state. “You may think that women are inferior to men but God has created them equally and in no way are women inferior to men,” Nukhu said. He said the state government has been giving importance to women and for which a separate Women Development Department was created. Revealing that the central government would be spending maximum resources on higher education, the Parliamentary Secretary urged the stu-

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DC Dimapur, N Hushili Sema (Centre) speaking at the SAC cum interface with agri and allied, Tuesday. (Morung Photo)

She also urged the various departments and agencies involved with farmers to instill in local farmers the dignity of labour and hard work and to dissuade the common practice of importing labourers. Dr. Ebibeni Ngullie, SMS

Animal Science, an Action Taken Report on the recommendation of the last SAC meeting held on March 22, 2013, and Dr. Anamika Sharma, PC KVK Dimapur, presented a progress report of KVK in the last 6 months. Joint director, ICAR

Research Complex Jharnapani, D. Bidyut C Deka, who chaired the meeting gave the concluding chairman’s remarks. Officials from the state Agriculture and Vet. & AH departments, NABARD and NGOs also took part in the interface.

NNP+ conducts induction training on Vihaan programme ‘Peace is an essence

KO h i m a , O ct O b e r 7 (mexN): Network of Naga People Living with HIV/AIDS (NNP+) conducted four days induction training on Vihaan programme for Care & Support Centres (CSCs) at Kohima from September 25 to 28. The project ‘Vihaan’ (meaning “the dawns’ first light” in Sanskrit) seeks to ensure that PLHIV and highrisk groups are followed up on health parameters regularly. “The overall goal of ‘Vihaan’ is to improve the survival and quality of life of PLHIV,” Vihaan programme/NNP+ Nagaland Program Officer, Shan stated in a C

dents to strive for higher academic excellence. Nukhu also lauded the teachers of the College for sincerely nurturing the students to achieve their academic goals. Prior to delivering speech, he gave away awards to meritorious students and also released the College’s magazine, ‘Jyotsna’. During the programme, students of the institution presented various cultural items. Secretary, College Management Committee, Kishore Kumar Kashliwal presented the Secretary’s Report. SD Jain Girls’ College Principal, Kirtichandra Rout also spoke at the function.

Dimapur, OctOber 7 (mexN): A scientific advisory committee (SAC)cum- interface with agri and allied, organized by KVK Dimapur, ICAR Nagaland Centre, Jharnapani, was held at DC conference hall, Tuesday. Deputy Commissioner, Dimapur, N Hushili Sema, who was the chief guest in her remarks noted the thin attendance in the meeting, especially farmers, and suggested that in future it attendance should be made mandatory for officials and farmers concerned. The DC said that for maximum benefits to percolate down to the farmers, KVKs should coordinate and tie up with various state departments like Agri, Horticulture and Veterinary & AH. This will ensure that there is no overlapping of projects or trainings, which often confuses the farmers, Hushili said.

press release. Vihaan programme is a Phase II of Round IV of Global Fund. The project specific objective is to arrange early linkages for the people with HIV to care, support and treatment services, especially for widows, single women, children and members of high-risk groups (HRGs). In addition, to ensure that the people with HIV are covered under various social welfare schemes. The target is also to create awareness and to make them more educated about nutrition, healthy lifestyles, and psychosocial support. One-onone counseling and support group

meetings will be organized. The project aims to train service providers and provide them with periodic feedback on service quality, particularly to ensure effective services. Altogether 24 participants from all CSCs of Tuensang, Dimapur and Kohima attended the training. The facilitators were David Khing (Program Manager), Shanpanthung Ezung (Program Officer), Lithsaba (M&E Officer), Lanu Aier (Advocacy Officer) and Jona Rose (Finance Officer) respectively from NNP+ with Technical support by Mona, Balaji and Abhinav from Alliance India,

New Delhi. Other Guest Speakers were Dr. Watikala Joint Director (CST) NSACS, Dr. M. Zao, Senior Medial Officer ARTC/NHA Kohima and Bendang (Program Officer) SAATHII. It is to mention that, Alliance India is the Principle Recipient at the National level. NNP+ is the Sub recipient of Vihaan Programme at the state level with nine sub-sub recipients. Chavara Home Dimapur, KNP+ Kohima and NTDP+ Tuensang run CSCs whereas KpNP+ Kiphire, MNP+ Mokokchung, PNP+ Phek, NPDP+ Peren, WNP+ Wokha and NZP+ Zunheboto run Helpdesks.

CBCC adopts Spiritual Festival 2013 resolutions

Dimapur, OctOber 7 (mexN): The Chakhesang Baptist Church Council (CBCC) during the Spiritual Festival 2013 organised from October 4 to 6 at Agri Expo, 4th Mile Diphupar, Dimapur has adopted ‘resolution & commitment.’ Focusing on the theme “Not by might but by my Spirit” (Zechariah 4:6), the Festival came out with the resolutions with renewed commitment to God for deeper spiritual life and ministry.

The Council resolves to “reaffirm our Covenant with God at Chozuba on September 30, 2012 and commit ourselves to the anointing power and leading of the Holy Spirit to pursue the efforts of spiritual awakening and revival in bringing about National repentance and deliverance based on sound Biblical teachings and doctrines.” The Council recognized that the Church is under attack more than ever,

which is a spiritual battle. Therefore, we resolve to urge upon all believers and churches to effectively engage in spiritual warfare by mobilizing prayer networks, rallying and enlisting the army of God to challenge and pull down the strongholds of the enemy in both the home front and the mission fields. Having recognized the need and potentials of Gospel partnership and the enormous Global mission Challenges, the Council re-

solves to strengthen the ministry of Gospel partnership (Philip 1:6) with the Yonsei Central Baptist Church, Seoul, Korea and other likeminded churches with a view to advance the Kingdom of God on this earth. The Resolution Committee comprised of Rev. Dr. Vevo Phesao, Rev. Nungoyi Khesho, Rev. Dr. Coppe Mero, Rev. Dr. Vezopa Tetseo, Rev. Khrotso Mero (Exofficio) and Rev. Kedoungulo Mero- Convenor.

NSUD annual get together on Oct 10

Dimapur, OctO ber 7 (mexN): Northern Sumi Union Dimapur (NSUD) annual get together cum prayer programme will be held on October 10, 10:00 am at Green Park, 5th Mile here. Therefore, NSUD president has requested all the families of Northern Sumi within Dimapur to attend the programme. NSUD has also invited Hoho, GBs, STH and Students’ Union of Northern Sumi area to the said programme.

of development’

mON, OctOber 7 (Dipr): The Deputy Commissioner, Mon Angau I. Thou IAS visited Monyakshu, Pessao, Pessao Changlu and Mienchangle village on October 5 and interacted with the people of Monyakshu Sub-Division. Informing that “peace is an essence of development”, the Deputy Commissioner urged upon the people to have peace within the family and the society so as to maintain peace and tranquillity in the area and pave way for all round development of the sub-division. She also advised the people to have ownership of the public properties and see that all schemes and projects are implemented properly to the needs and satisfaction of the people. She also informed that proposal for ongoing renovation and construction of roads between Monyakshu Hq. to Yonkhao via Pessao under 13th Finance Commission was done by the district administration and urged the people for proper execution of the program. The visit also covers inspection of the roads, she added. Emphasizing on the need of quality education,

she said that the responsibility of providing quality education lies with the teachers, VEC and the parents. Citing that quality education alone can remove the backwardness of the people and be at par with the rest of the community, she encouraged the people to send their children to schools and at the same time appealed to the teachers and the VECs to impart quality education to the children. Admiring the rich greenery forest with varieties of tress and bamboos, she appealed to the Village Council and the students’ body to desist from logging and adopt conservation of the forest for the next generation. She also informed the people about adverse effects of deforestation such as climate change and global warming. The Deputy Commissioner also inaugurated GPS School building of Mienchangle village. She also assured to provide community toilets, solar lamps, chairs and tables to the visited villages. The DC was accompanied by the SDO Civil, Mon; SDO Civil, Monyakshu; DPRO, Mon; DBs of Mon and Monyakshu Headquarter.

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Mohapatra, Department of Political Science, NEHU; Dr. Hitoka Sumi from Dimapur; Dr. Shyam Bhadra Medhi from Assam; Dr. Rajiv Handique from Dibrugarh University; Sister Rinit, St Joseph College, Kohima. All their papers will be published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing, United Kingdom. The detailed programme can be know from the convenor Dr. R.K. Behera through email at ranjan_kuni@yahoo.com

CDF inaugurates Project Facilitation Team office in Peren

pereN, OctOber 7 (mexN): Community Development Foundation (CDF) inaugurated its Project Facilitation Team (PFT) office for Peren Block at Peren Headquarters on October 5, for implementation of Northeast Rural Livelihood Project (NERLP), a World Bank funded project under DoNER Ministry, Government of India. During the inaugural program, K.H. Henry, Director of CDF and Project facilitation Team of CDF briefly presented the development of CDF and its activities. He further deliberated on the expected role of CDF as PFT to the project. Ruuvilie Kotsu DPM, NERLS, gave a highlight on NERLP and its objectives. Congratulating CDF on being selected for the PFT role, he called upon the team to sincerely work with full transparency and create impact through the project in improving livelihood condition of the rural people in the area. Y. Chimoklemba BDO Peren block, shared some of his learning experiences in implementing various government schemes such as SGSY, MNERGA etc under Peren block. While welcoming the launching of the project, he asked the team to educate the people for judicious utilization of the project fund so that real development takes place in the villages. He assured to extend every possible help from his department for necessary support to the project. Meanwhile, P.K. Dutta, SBI Branch manager, called upon CDF and the project team for close coordination with banks in order to serve better for the uplift of the rural people in the area. He said that banks as a financial institutes shared the same vision and objective, where its aim is to strengthen the economic well being of the people particularly the rural poor. He also said that the SBI Peren branch has installed RTC training center at Jalukie to cater the training needs of the poor and to facilitate employment for the youth through skills building and had asked CDF team to coordinate with RTC and provide necessary support services to deserving families.

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SASRD professors supervise IWMP projects

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The School following CBSE pattern from classes Pre-Primary to Class- 12 with inagural Session 2014-15 upto Class-7 located at Chumukedima, Dimapur and committed to the following: 1. Christ - centered holistic learning for life- application 2. Competent and qualified teachers as per CBSE norms 3. Yearly Upgradation upto class-12 4. To provide allround development in the child 5. Visiting remedial teachers for identifying the individual needs of the student 6. Continuous and comprehensive evaluation (CCE) through weekly/monthly/cycle tests 7. Trained councellor for student’s guidance 8. Teaching-learning through Smart Class & activities and Play Way method 9. Student-Teacher ratio 25:1 10.Facilities including safe drinking water, computer education, science lab, health service, library, school bus, canteen, children’s Park etc D-155

Dimapur, OctOber 7 (mexN): The Land Resources Department under ministry of rural development empanelled Nagaland University, SASRD department of agronomy, associate professors, Dr. L Tongpang Longkumer and Dr. N Tiameren Ao, department of plant pathology to monitor whether integrated watershed management programme (IWMP) projects were being implemented as per the norms. They undertook inspection to project areas under Dimapur on October 5. The professors accompanied by DPO Hekato Yeptho and WDT members visited Pherima, Razuphe, Zukihe, Yeveto, Pishikhu and Khiamlok villages IWMP I, II, V and VI. The professors were of the view that though faced with various challenges like bad road conditions in most of the villages, the project implementations were quite satisfactory. They also observed that entry point activity (EPA) implemented in the villages, which include- rostrum, toilet, well and even streetlights were the indica-

From left- DPO Hekato, Dr. Tongpang and Dr. Tiameren with WDT members and farmers at Zukehe village rostrum constructed under EPA.

tion that the project is being implemented successfully and that people’s needs and opinion have been heard through the project. Dr. Tiameren who was impressed by the performance of the Self Help Groups (SHG) in almost all villages under the project suggested that not only women but also men could also form SHG and contribute to boosting the income

to sustain livelihood. Under the project, most of the SHGs have taken up piggery, micro enterprise, turmeric cultivation, weaving, handicrafts etc. “We are grateful that projects have reached the villages and their voices have been heard and honoured” said Dr. Tiameren. Dr. Tongpang also expressed concern over the fact that some of the farm-

ers in various parts of the state have taken up rubber plantation on a large scale in rice cultivated land with little attention given to the land for crop cultivation. He advised farmers not to convert the rice cultivated area to rubber plantation but to cultivate rubber in wasteland. He also gave some tips to the farmers of Yeveto village on how to maintain rubber plants though usage of pesticides and inter-cropping. He further stated that more sensitization was required for the farmers cultivating rubber and urged the farmers to seek help from the rubber board of India for any grievances. DPO Hekato Yeptho reiterated that LRD have been sending farmers to Kerela to get hands on training on rubber cultivation and would be doing so even this year. It may be mentioned that Rubber Board of India has drawn up an ambitious project to increase area under rubber cultivation in North East by at least 50,000 hectares in the 12th Plan period, besides promoting use of high-yielding crop varieties in the region.

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Regional

The Morung express

Tuesday

8 October 2013

Dimapur

3

The child MiNeRS of Meghalaya Karishma Vyas Source: Al Jazeera

Pemba Tamang slides on his bright red gumboots, fits a torch to his head and says a little prayer. "God, please bring me back out alive." He walks out of his tarpaulin shack wielding a pickaxe and swaggers across monsoon green hills to a 15-meter-deep pit dug crudely into the earth. He will spend the next seven hours here, crouched deep inside a "rat hole" less than a meter high digging for coal. "You have no control over your life here,” he says. "Because you never know when you’re going to die." Death is not something most 17-year-olds think about, but it has lingered over Pemba ever since he was eight, when he first came to Jaintia Hills to work in the coal pits. His father had just died from tuberculosis. Still nursing a five-weekold baby, Pemba’s mother moved the family from their village in Assam to the lucrative mines of Meghalaya so she could earn money selling food to truck drivers

Zeliangrong frontal organisations to launch agitations

iMPHal OctOber 7 (nnn): Zeliangrong civil organizations are all set to launch various forms of agitation against the state government of Manipur if their demands are not met within 15 days from today. The organizations including the Zeliangrong Baudi, Village Authority Chairmen Council, Zeliangrong Youth Front and Zeliangrong Students’ Union, Tousem zone today submitted an ultimatum to the chief minister O.Ibobi Singh which included a charter of demands. The demands included the government to produce a land sketch map of Barak Circle Sub-division, immediate removal of the existing Jiri police out-post from Tatbung or else entitle it as Tousem police out-post, immediate removal of IRB Training Centre from Kamrangkha Khasia or else name it as Tousem IRB Training Centre and erecting of pillars at all bordering areas of the two sub-divisions in the presence of the third party consisting of all frontal organizations of the Tousem sub-division. Citing Tousem sub-division as a neglected section, which is backward in the fields of communication, medical and other developmental works, Namteuliang Pame Chairman of Zeliangrong Baudi, Tousem zone said that the government should take up immediate action for the peaceful co-existence of the varied communities in Manipur.

‘NE ignored in railway expansion’ agartala, OctOber 7 (ianS): The CPI-M Monday accused the UPA government of ignoring the north-eastern region while developing the railway infrastructure. "Expansion of railway lines and conversion of meter gauge to broad gauge in southern Assam, Tripura and Manipur are delayed by many years against their targeted dates of completion," CPI-M MP Khagen Das said. "Due to huge shortage of funds and utter negligence of UPA (United Progressive Alliance) government towards north-eastern states, the railway projects have remained half-done," he said. He said Northeast Frontier Railway officials recently told a team of MPs in Imphal and Aizawl that sanctioning meagre amount of funds was the chief reason for the slow expansion of railway network in the region. The Communist Party of India-Marxist leader said the delayed projects include new railway lines in the northeast, gauge conversion work between Lumding (200 km north of Guwahati) and Agartala, and the Agartala-Sabroom rail extension.

Yet, there is no investment in the industry or in the workers, who labor without safety equipment, health cover or insurance. Despite requests for interviews with several state government representatives, including the ministers for social welfare and labour, no official was available to answer questions.

and labourers. But it was never going to be enough to feed her three growing boys, and soon Pemba and his older brother started working in the "rat holes", earning about $60 each a week. Impulse, a local NGO fighting child labour in Meghalaya state, estimates there are around 70,000 children who work in the mines.

Illegally trafficked Hasina Kharbhih, the founder of Impulse, says she’s discovered children as young as five working in Jaintia Hills. Most of the under-age workers have been illegally trafficked from Nepal and Bangladesh by agents working for mine owners. Desperate families are promised handsome salaries in exchange for their children’s work, but they often have no idea that they will end up living in dangerous, slave-like conditions. A few years ago local newspapers reported the discovery of skeletons inside mine shafts. They are believed to be those of children who worked there,

A child working in one of Meghalaya's coal mines. (File Photo)

but there has been no inquiry or arrest. "Children have been dying in these rat holes and the dead bodies are not actually being taken back because it’s not possible. And they are not being reported because in the context of our state, they’re illegal mi-

grants," says Kharbhih. Pemba laughs out loud when asked about compensation for the man’s family. "The owners give money to the managers and the most the managers give in compensation is Rs5000 ($80) or Rs6000 ($96). This man lost his life. What can you

do with this much money?" touches his head even as he he says. squats. The only thing holding it up is a strategically Pitch dark and dangerous placed wooden log. With only a small head Coal mining generates torch to guide him, Pemba millions of dollars a year picks coal off the walls and in Meghalaya and contribfills his crate, all the while utes up to 10 percent of struggling to breath in the the state’s gross domestic sulphur rich air. The ceiling product.

12-hour Manipur bandh affects normal activities

iMPHal, OctOber 7 (nnn): The 12-hour Manipur bandh has affected normal activities in the state, particularly in the four valley districts. Irked by the Manipur Government’s alleged lack of concern over the IndoMyanmar Border Fencing issue, the Committee on Protection of Land in Border Fencing, Manipur (CPLBF) imposed the bandh from 5 am, which concluded peacefully at 5

this evening. There was no report of any untoward incident anywhere. Inter-state and interdistrict passenger and goods transoports did not ply today. Educational institutions and business establishments too halted their activities today. Government offices witnessed low attendance. The traffic on the streets also saw lean flow. Bandh supporters were seen imposing

bandh along ImphalChurachandpur road near Tiddim area, ImphalDimapur road, ImphalMoreh road, Imphal-Jiri road and elsewhere. A sit-in protest was carried out at Keishamthong Bazar, Imphal organised by Elite Foundation, Manipur (EFM). The CPLBF said the bandh was imposed as the state Government of Manipur turned down the committee’s ultimatum

Darjeeling, OctOber 7 (ianS): The Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM), which is demanding a separate Gorkhaland, Monday asserted it will now carry its separatist agitation through dialogue with the movement being "Delhioriented" from December. "Now the Gorkhaland agitation will be done through dialogue. I don't want violence. Dialogue is the only way we can solve the problem of the hills. The government must understand that," said GJM chief Bimal Gurung. "In December, the agitation will be Delhi-oriented and a lakh of Gorkha people will go to Delhi and create

pressure for Gorkhaland," said Gurung whose GJM has intensified its separatist movement in West Bengal's Darjeeling hills since August following the central government's endorsement of Telangana. On GJM's 7th foundation day, Gurung asserted the creation of Gorkhaland was "imperative to ensure political identity of the Indian Gorkhas residing not just in the Darjeeling Hills but also for those Gorkhas who are facing an identity problem across India". Hailing non-Gorkha communities for showing solidarity with the Gorkhaland movement, he called

for continued mass support of the movement. With over 1000 of GJM leaders and supporters arrested by the Mamata Banerjee government as a crackdown on the movement, Gurung also urged people to scale down their celebrations of Dassain the longest and the most auspicious festival in the Nepalese annual calendar. "We must also remember that many of our supporters are behind bars for supporting the cause of Gorkhaland and will not be celebrating Dassain. Our prayers and sympathies are with them and their families," he said.

'Only dialogue can solve Gorkhaland issue'

goVeRNMeNT of NagalaNd

diRecToRaTe of TReaSURieS & accoUNTS NagalaNd : Koh1Ma.

NO.DTA/ESTT-101/87(PT)/4157

// Dated Kohima, the 3rd October,2013.

ADVERTISEMENT Application are hereby invited from Naga Local Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland to fill up the following posts under the establishment of the Directorate of Treasuries & Accounts as follows:SI. No of Name of the Post. Pay Scale. No Post. 1. Stenographer Grade-III 3(three) Pay Band Rs.5200-20200 Grade Pay Rs.2600 1. The minimum qualification shall be Graduate in any discipline from an recognized University In respect of' the backward tribes, the minimum qualification shall be 10+2. 2. The requirement shall be a minimum speed of 80 words per minute. 3. Reservation of seats for Backward Tribes shall be as per the existing policy of the State Government as notified by the P & AR Department. 4. The minimum age of a candidate should not be less than 21 years and not more than 30 years of age as on 30.10.2013. The relaxation of the upper age limit will be governed by the existing policy of the State Government, including those relating to serving State Government employees and Physically Handicapped applicants. 5. Serving Govt. employees are required to furnish "No Objection"Certificate duly signed by the Head of the Department with name and Official seal, indicating the date of initial appointment of the candidate. 6. The applications may be submitted in plain paper duly signed by the applicant and addressed to the Director of Treasuries & Accounts, and accompanied by the following documents:i) Admit Cards of HSLC/P.U./Graduate with marksheets. ii) Stenography Certificate iii) ST/Indigenous Certificate issued by the Competent Authority. iv) Registration Card of the Employment Exchange. v) 2 recent passport photographs. 7. Incomplete applications shall be summarily rejected. The applications shall be received in the Office of the Principal Director of Treasuries & Accounts. New Capital Complex Area(Near Phizo Park) during Office hours from 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. The last date for accepting applications shall be 25.10.2()13. No applications shall he received after the specified date. All applications should contain details of contact number and address of the applicant. (Z.MESEN) Principal Director

served to it. The Committee had urged the Government to give a positive answer to the boundary issue by September 27 last however it has turned a blind eye to it till date. CPLBF has been demanding the Government for a re-survey of the Indo-Myanmar boundary so that a clear demarcation can be carried out for erection of fencing. India shares a 349 km long border with Myanmar. On the

Manipur section of the border, the Pillar Numbers 32-48 falls under Churachandpur district, Pilllar Numbers 49-89 are in Chandel district and Pillar Numbers 90-130 in Ukhrul district. CPLBF has maintained that a total of 43 villages inhabited by about 2,969 households numbering about 18,000 people on the Manipur side will be affected by the Indo-Myanmar Border Fencing.

MeRaNgKoNgTSUR TeloNgJeM diMaPUR

Come and experience the goodness of Ao Naga Cuisine on Wednesday the 9th October 2013 at weekly Bazaar, Supermarket from 7:00 a.m. Items: Mayongtsü, Amso, Anishi Curry, Pongsen, Pork, Variety of Pickles/Chutneys. Highlights of the event: Jumble Sale, ‘ring the duck’ and Flower Sale.

PUBlic NoTice

This is general information that I am the sole owner of the plot measuring 200x150 sq.fts bearing House No.158 and 250x200 sq.fts bearing No.C-132 at Jalukie ‘B’ Dist. Peren. If anyone purchase, mortgage or make any agreement against these plot without my concern will be null and void and will be doing on his/her own risk. KEHEIKUBE Jalukie ‘B’, Nagaland

Polluting state resources H o w e v e r, Dolly Khonglah, a local coal exporter and the secretary of Meghalaya’s International Exporters Chamber of Commerce seemed furious that her industry was being criticised for polluting the state’s natural resources and for putting lives at risk. "We have the stock of minerals that is God-gifted in our own private land," she said, surrounded by pro-mining protesters waving placards. "With this we are exporting to Bangladesh, we are fetching foreign exchange for the government of India, we are paying royalty. We are fetching revenue for the state government. We are providing employment

to all the boys and girls." But when asked about children working in coal mines, she denied any knowledge. "Under limestone in Nongtalang elaka (village) there’s no child labour at all. You can quote me in any international news I don’t mind that," she insisted. "We are not concerned with coal mining because we are dealing only with limestone." Al Jazeera visited three out of the 5000 individual coal mines that operate across Jaintia Hills and met several child miners aged below 18 years. The youngest was 11-year-old Lakpa Tamang from Nepal. Pemba Tamang, who is not related to Lakpa, knows that children work in the coal pits because he’s one of them. He had dreamt of a very different future, but his aspirations have been tempered by fate. Now, his only dream is to own a small piece of land that he can farm. "In my heart I still feel like going to school but what can I do?" he shrugs. "I wanted to be a really good doctor, but fate didn’t let me do all this."

EXCEL COACHING & COMPUTER CENTER Mission Road, Near North Police Station, Kohima

Admission going on for:1. NPSC, UPSC, (Prelim – 2014), SSC, Banking. 2. NPSC MAINS – 2013 3. Entrance Coaching for JEE, NEET & NERIST – 2014 4. Coaching for Repeaters & Regulars:Class-10 & Class-12 (Sci., Arts & Comm.) 5. Spoken English 6. Computer Courses (Basic, Diploma and PGDCA) Contact: Ph. : 0370-2290672, 9436071373, 9863143388

Hostel Available For Both Boys And Girls


C M Y K

The Morung Express 4 public discoursE “Gender Justice - the need of the hour” Is ‘Shillong Accord’ A Stumbling Tuesday

Dimapur

8 October 2013

T

he wolf and the lamb will feed together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox, but dust will be serpent’s food. They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain.”Says the Lord. (Issiah 65:25) The subject related to women issues, gender justice has been written, spoken and discussed so much. Perhaps this is so because time has come where both men and women are to take up careers and living conditions with equal respect and recognition which were normally not whole heartedly practiced in male dominated Naga society. However as we closely observe the present scenario ale women in our Naga society are not totally free from sexual discrimination, subordination, stereotyped male role. Therefore gender justice consultation is very important and urgent to survive, strengthen and safeguard Naga women identity. Today we are caught in a social and moral maelstrom that calls for people of all ages to raise their voices a new .The position of Naga women today is under false color. Educated women both married and unmarried are seen working alongside men in the same office, banks,university,schools,hospit al, they encounter in government positions and so on ,since they are highly visible many Naga rationalize the position of Naga Women is improving rapidly and feel that they have equal status and position alongside men. However this is far from the truth while the position of women appears to be improving for a small minority it is true that there are still vast majority of women who are subjugated, illit-

God given freedom to be ourselves. The change must take place with open heart and mind to risk being different for Lord’s sake. Being women is no disadvantage with God. Women are valuable because they are God’s own creation. Throughout the Bible God treats women as fully human and fully included in His broadspectrum of provision. He used women to do all manner of responsibilities from being prophetess to army commander. A quick overview of some of the praise worthy women in the bible or better the heroines of faith will remind us once again the energy needed by any women stepping out of the prescribed role. We Have ANNA-She exemplified the qualities of anointing and steadfastness while her prophetic anointing was untainted by her age. JOCHEBED-Without these women’s foresight and courage, there would have been no Moses to lead the Israelites out of Egypt. JAEL-Capable, courageous and ingenious, she captured Sisera. MARY OF BETHANY-Stepped out of women place to sit at Jesus feet and learn theology. MARY MAGDALANE-Her life testifies that no dimension of satanic bondage can prohibit any women from being released to fruitful service for Jesus Christ. MARY-The mother of Jesus, faithful, obedient who fulfilled God’s plan through her. RAHAB-The harlot is portrayed as motivated by a genuine fear of God. RUTH-Her primary virtue was tenacity to purpose, she was a woman of steadfast. These are some of the few wom-

erate, ignorant of their own rights, deprived of equal education, economic and political opportunities, people still prefer sons than daughter. In our present reality when women are still fighting for a rightful human like status at home, church and society ,when they are oppressed in all spheres of life Gender justice consultation is the need of the hour to positively look forward to that ideal world where ‘the wolf and Iamb shall feed together, they shall not hurt or destroy one another” .The ideal society, home, church where the oppressor will no more oppress, a condition of free and fearless society, where women will not be discriminated ,molested, raped and where women will not be considered as subordinate to men. It is my earnest prayer that Isaiah 11:6-9 and 65:25 will truly happen very soon in all spheres of our life! The solution to this problem calls for gender harmony because the greatest need especially among the Naga Christians is gender reconciliation. Hence new understanding of gender justice is important not only for women but for men as well to see what women can be with God’s complete approval and praise for being so. Women ourselves should appreciate our worth as a person created by and for God, possessing unique gifts bestowed upon her for use in honouring God. Every woman should be encouraged and educate to be free to think, to express, and to feel to be women, to tap God’s power, to grow, to change, to make choices and to learn. Like butterfly we must burst out of the traditional co-coon and accept the

businEss Arundhati becomes 1st woman to head SBI MuMbai, OctOber 8 (agencies): Arundhati Bhattacharya today became chairperson of State Bank of India (SBI), the first woman to head the country’s largest lender. Bhattacharya, 57, was managing director and chief financial officer of the bank prior to her elevation. Her appointment comes after uncertainty of about a week when finally the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh cleared papers. SBI in a statement said Bhattacharya assumed charge as the chairperson in the evening, succeeding Pratip Chaudhuri who retired on September 30. Bhattacharya joined SBI as a probationary officer in 1977 and has had stints in areas such as retail, treasury and corporate finance during her 36-year career. She has held various positions including Deputy Managing Director and Corporate Development Officer, Chief Gen-

eral Manager of the Bangalore circle and new businesses and head of its merchant banking arm, SBI Caps. Bhattacharya also played an important role in setting up general insurance, custody services and SBI Macquarie Infrastructure Fund subsidiaries, the statement added. She also had a stint at the bank’s New York office as the head of external audit and correspondent relations, SBI said. Her appointment comes at a time when the government is all set to open the country’s first bank dedicated for women, Bhartiya Mahila Bank. Bhattacharya joins other women heading public sector banks -- Allahabad Bank (Shubhalakshmi Panse) and Bank of India (VR Iyer) and private sector banks -- Chanda Kochhar of ICICI Bank, Shikha Sharma of Axis Bank and Naina Lal Kidwai of HSBC India.

en in the Bible who are honored for their outstanding contribution. We are then call upon to transform into an independent, creative social force potent enough to voice out for our recognition as equal partners in all spheres of life. The society, church and each individual home/ family members should be educated to vividly acknowledge the contribution of women be it a married, unmarried, widows and single mother, should also educate to use inclusive language including worship, Bible translations, preaching, teaching thereby eventually total transformation will be visible to that of equality. Gender justice does not only simply mean giving talks or speaking publicly, but it does mean speaking in front of the people whom we know might disagree with us. It means encouraging women to come forward, to lead, to voice out. Let us pray to God in words we have found, speak publicly about what we know to be true, affirm that women as well as men are created in God’s image and share the grace, joy and privilege of being a women with faith in God and faith in ourselves. God looked back over His creation at the end of the seventh day and said that everything He had created was good. Women were included and Naga women are exceptionally part of it! “She is clothed with strength and dignity, and she laughs without fear of the future. She speaks with wisdom and faithful instruction is on her tongue.”(Proverbs 31:25-26)

I

Block To Political Solution?

N the excellent treatment of NAGA NATIONALISM by, i. Zhokusheyi Rhako PhD, ii. Chanchibemo Shiteo PhD, iii. H. David Konyak PhD, iv. Mechüselie Kehie PDF, the SHILLONG ACCORD has been described ‘not worthy of dividing the Nagas into the Madness of sacrificing lives’ and that it is an invalid document between any two Government in protocol of diplomatic formality. It does require such highly qualified Scholars among us to tell us the name ‘NNC’ is not mentioned anywhere in the Shillong Accord Paper; that even a crude uneducated rustic villager in Nagaland today would not accept any written Agreement Paper without signature from authentic Identity. Arrogance has made a fool of Mr. BK. Nehru, the Governor of Asam and his Officials and has bewitched them to make a historic Political mistake of Agreement with a nameless Authority! Shillong Accord is made into a ‘the Sky is falling’ broadcast by some misguided half educated Nagas together with some highly articulate precious lives who have been very properly managed by the Barrel of the Gun to insist on the gullible Naga Public that Nagas have no future unless the dirty Accord is “Abrogated”. The NSCN Supremo, Mr. Muivah and

O

Yariwoo. Isac Chishi Swu is the Mother of all Non-Accordists Naga National Groups in Nagaland. The Shillong Accord is a ‘Non-Issue’ the NSCN Supremo has made into an Issue and some Nagas have gone mad after it for fear of barrel of the Gun. Let us not forget Shillong Accord, but let us mummified it and keep it in the Archive of Naga Political History. And let us not make an Issue of the location of the Main Office of the National Groups is, whether in Hebron, Mongleumuk or Transit Camp, Mission Compound Kohima or in Khehoi Village, Niuland. Let them stay where it most suits them, but let us us concentrate on Unity under One Naga Flag. If we destroy NNC, we will be left with nothing more than Naga Club Petition only of 1929 to the Simon Commission. The Naga Club Petition resulted in putting ‘Naga Hills’ in the EXCLUDED AREA of 1935 outside the direct control of the decision of the Legislative Body of British India. But had the NNC declaration on 14th August 1947 and NNC Plebiscite of 16 May 1951 for a separate life from India were not there, then Naga political History would have been widowed invalid. Let us preserve NNC, improve it and use its history as RIGHT IS MIGHT but not Might is Right. Thepfulhouvi Solo

Reflections on September 19 shooting incident

nce a great author stated that one human spirit is more Kakheli Inato Jimomi precious than the world. Dimapur: Nagaland The bloodshed that we had had experienced long before and is still continuing in our land. What profit do we get by killing our own men? We worry about our survival. Do our freedom fighters have a patriotic conviction that they should die for our motherland? We are greatly dismayed by the fratricidal killings and harassment of innocent public. When a civilian is caught in the midst of a factional clash and gets wounded, please don’t blame each other by saying which party shot first. The September 19 shooting incident at PWD colony in Kohima makes me realize how the value of a human life. The so called ‘stray bullet’ that nearly arundhati Bhattacharya. (File Photo) killed the ill-fated butcher; the screams of a tough man

in agony as blood spilled to the ground and the desperate reaction of family members to save his life, keeps haunting our minds. I informed the family as his unconscious body is being taken to the hospital. I distinctly remember his father saying, “Aye where do we get money to save his life.” Some of our government officers and faction leaders came to visit him in the hospital and hurried along. That was the first and last time I saw them. I had to tell them he was doing fine, even though he was in the operation room, in critical condition. Thanks to Almighty God his life was spared. However, the deep hurt and nightmares continue to haunt us. Stray bullet shed a lot of blood; stray bullet kills; and is as painful as ‘bullets on track’! Our government can do better in preventing and re-

sponding to such incidents. Wounding an innocent person like this butcher has his life vulnerable and left his family in debt. We can’t pretend to care if we don’t support them or bring the erring persons to justice. What if the victim is you? Whether is the minister or the freedom fighter or the helpless daily wage earner, every life is equally precious. Let us learn to value each other’s lives. Let us not waste our time in vain pursuit and destructive pretentions. May we work not for power nor for money but for a peaceful nation under God. As Romans 14:8 says, may we learn to embrace the truth that “if we live, we live to the Lord; and if we die, we die to the Lord. So, whether we live or die we belong to the Lord.” Kushoneyi Phesao

Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.

_

LEISURE

Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box co ntains the digits 1 through 9.”

SUDOKU Game Number # 2671

DAILY CROSS WORD

CROSSWORD # 2683

Answer Number # 2670

DiMaPuR Civil Hospital:

STD CODE: 03862

Metro Hospital: Faith Hospital: Shamrock Hospital Zion Hospital: Police Control Room Police Traffic Control East Police Station West Police Station CIHSR (Referral Hospital) Dimapur hospital Apollo Hospital Info Centre: Railway: Indian Airlines Northeast Shuttles Chumukedima Fire Brigade Nikos Hospital and Research Centre Nagaland Multispecialty Health & Research Centre

KOhiMa

Police Control Room: North Police Station: South Police Station: Fire Brigade: Naga Hospital: Oking Hospital: Bethel Nursing Home:

232224; Emergency229529, 229474 227930, 231081 233044, 228846 228254 231864, 230889 228400 232106 227607, 228400 232181 242555/ 242533 224041, 285117, 248011 230695/9402435652 131/228404 229366 22232 282777 232032, 231031 248302, 09856006026

STD CODE: 0370

Northeast Shuttles

100/2244279 2222222 2222111 2222952 2222916 2243339 2224202

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ACROSS

M U R T S O L O C O L M u L u C i T E R i

1. Lawful 6. Obtains 10. Overtake 14. San antonio fort 15. Salt Lake state 16. Frost 17. French for “Morning” 18. Emanation 19. Biblical garden 20. Deep-seated ill-will 22. Sensed 23. nigerian tribesman 24. Excrete 26. Third sign of the zodiac 30. Thin disk of unleavened bread 32. in the midst of 33. Counter 37. a jaunty rhythm 38. Make cool 39. Drill 40. weakened 42. Location 43. Relaxes 44. Complex in design 45. Serf 47. Tin 48. Fizzy drink 49. Filled to excess 56. Ear-related

57. Filly’s mother 58. Feather 59. Expunge 60. Feudal worker 61. Female demon 62. Sleigh 63. Stink 64. Long for

DOWN 1. Tibetan monk 2. Distinctive flair 3. general agreement on tariffs and trade 4. Dogfish 5. yearning 6. Bird poop 7. Decorative case 8. Sailors 9. Deserving of disgrace 10. More desirable 11. assistants 12. Refine metal 13. Dispatched 21. Japanese sash 25. hair goop 26. Big party 27. Send forth 28. Exuviate 29. Entwined 30. anagram of “waist” 31. Competent

33. not this 34. Tailless amphibian 35. Killer whale 36. Bobbin 38. Client 41. Prefix meaning “Modern” 42. an impressive array 44. Dekaliter 45. inn 46. ancient Roman magistrate 47. Stream 48. Mats of grass 50. Flower holder 51. Sea eagle 52. wings 53. Russian parliament 54. arab chieftain 55. university administrator

Ans to CrossWord 2682

CHUMUKEDIMA: 03862-282777/101 (O) 9436012949 (OC) WOKHA: 03860-242215 (O) 9402643782 MOKOKCHUNG: 0369-2226225/101 (O) 9856872011 (OC) PHEK: 03865-223838/101 (O) 9402003086 (OC)

MON: 03869-290629/101 (O) 9856248962/ 9612805461 (OC)

Toll free No. 1098 childline

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DIMAPUR: 03862-232201/101 (O) 9436601225 (OC)

TUENSANG: 03861-220256/101 (O) 8974322879

ChiLD wELFaRE COMMiTTEE

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KOHIMA: 0370-2222952/101 (O) 9436062098 (OC)

ZUNHEBOTO: 03867-220444/101 (O) 9856158740 (OC)

08974997923

MOKOKChung:

FiRE StAtiOnS

STD CODE: 0369

Police Station 1: Police Station 2 :

2226241 2226214

Civil Hospital: Woodland Nursing Home: Hotel Metsüpen (Tourist Lodge):

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LOCAL

The Morung Express

Tuesday 8 October 2013

‘Nagas need to do away with outdated customary practices’ kohIMa, october 7 (MexN): Pochury Women Organisation, Kohima (PWOK) in collaboration with Pochury Students Union, Kohima (PSUK) organised a seminar on “Women Issues & Job reservation vis-a-vis Pochury context” at APO Hall on September 28. Rosemary Dzüvichü, Professor, Nagaland University spoke on women issues. Nyusietho Nyuthe, Joint Secretary, Government of Nagaland and Ditho Katiry, Scientist ‘C’ presented papers on seniors’ and juniors’ perspectives respectively on job reservation vis-à-vis Pochury context. Rhovisie Nyuwi, Additional Super-

intendent of Police, Kohima summed up the seminar highlighting the myriad provisions under various existing laws for both girls/ women and the reservation of backward tribe in Pochury context. PWOK President Malsawmthangi Leyri in a press release stated that the day was marked by extensive interaction amongst the women, students and senior citizens of Kohima who attended the seminar. The present scenario of Naga women who constitute 48.21% of the total population of the state needs intensive and thorough study, the seminar noted. Looking at the customary practices or

oral history that has been passed on from generation to generation, the release stated, the need to seriously retrospect in order to bring about gender equality and also to push forward our women in the fast developing scenario to compete with their other female counterparts elsewhere was felt a necessity. “Nagas instead of using our customary practices as a step forward are using it as an obstacle.” Also, referring to the abolishment of “once popular and heart piercing” traditional Hindu system of sati, it was pointed out that Nagas too need the courage to do away with outdated customary practices. Com-

parison between Muslim personal law, Hindu cessation law, and some of the customary practices of Nagas were highlighted. The release expressed surprise to note during the seminar that child marriages, polygamy and forcing rape victims to marry their rapists etc do exist in our land. Further, the discussion also stated that the inheritance rights enjoyed by the male members only threaten the very existence of women or girls in the family.

DIMaPUr, october 7 (MexN): The general conference of Nagaland Government Higher Secondary School Employees Association (NGHSSEA) will be held on October 12, 2013 at Capital Convention Centre Kohima. A press release issued by NGHSSEA vice president and general secretary informed that C M Chang, Minister for School Education will grace the programme as the chief

guest, while K Phesao, Director, School Education will also address the plenary conference. The Association, therefore, has requested its members to attend the conference positively, failing which, disciplinary action will be initiated against the absentees. Principals of the Higher Secondary Schools have also been requested to ensure participation of all members and arrange con-

veyances for their members. The Association will conduct ‘Business Session’ on October 11, 2:00 pm at GHSS Kohima. Emergent issues concerning the Association will be deliberated there. Therefore, all executive council members including officers from the directorate, DDEOs, principals and two school representatives from every school have been asked to attend the meeting without fail.

Job reservation policy has not done proper justice to Pochury since it was introduced in 1977, observed

the seminar. During the discussion, it was noted that there were serious flaws and loopholes in the job reservation policy, which are the causes of deprivation of Pochury tribe in matter of employment in government institutes and offices. The organisations stated that unless serious study is made on the present job reservation policy to find out the anomalies and brought to the attention of the Government of Nagaland and the policy is overhauled in its entirety to equally benefit all the tribes under this disposition, “Pochury tribe is not likely to be benefitted at par with the identified backward tribes under the existing

policy which is a matter of great concern for all of us.” The seminar felt the need to have instantaneous attention and the necessity of more comprehensive and intensive study on the matter. Therefore, the organizers resolved to write to the Pochury Public Forum (the apex tribal body of the Pochury) for setting up a Committee on Job Reservation by PPF comprising of all the various apex bodies of Pochury and intellectuals. The committee would study the pros and cons of the present job reservation policy of the state and present its grievances to the committee on job reservation set up by the Government of Nagaland.

DIMaPUr, october 7 (MexN): Lieutenant General Dalbir Singh, UYSM, AVSM, VSM, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Eastern Command visited Spear Corps zone on October 5 and 6. The Army Commander was accompanied by Namita Suhag, Regional President of Army Wives Welfare Association, Eastern Command. A press release received here

informed that the Army Commander reviewed the operational preparedness, security situation and progress made in the development of infrastructure in the Spear Corps. He was also briefed by Lieutenant General SL Narasimhan, AVSM, VSM, General Officer Commanding, Spear Corps on the prevailing security situation in the North East and the efforts being made

to combat militancy and bring peace and stability in affected areas. The note further informed that the General Officer interacted with troops and local commanders to get a first hand feel of the training and administrative issues in Kohima. He also called on Governor of Nagaland Dr Ashwani Kumar and Chief Minister of Nagaland Neiphiu Rio on October 6.

Resolves to study present job reservation policy

NGHSSEA general conference on Oct 12 Army commander visits Spear Corps

PSUK observes 23rd freshers meet

purpose and is the right time to ensure their future. Shahsha while congratulating the freshers for their success in HSLC and HSSLC exams 2013, also urged the students to respect their parents as in Ephesians 6:1 and also encouraged that, while learning one should also join the Evangelical Union to share oneself spiritually along with the education. Paüloi and Manyaü were declared as Mr and Miss Freshers 2013 respectively. Tehomeli, general secretary of PSUK said that during the programme, the constitution of the union was formally released by the chief guest which was the long felt need and noble dream of the student fraternity. He also thanked all the participants, seniors, parents, invitees, department of IPR, well wishers and volunteers for making the programme a grand success.

MokokchUNg, october 7 (MexN): ABAM (Ao Baptist Church Association) today in an open letter to the Superintendent of Police Mokokchung expressed “reservation” about the September 30, 2013 incident, when the 31 Assam Rifles at Longtho apprehended a truck bearing registration No: NL 07A 4312 with 837 cases of liquor. The letter issued by Rev. I. Meren Pongener on behalf of ABAM Social Concern Committee stated that

on many occasions, “we have heard intervention by the police personnel manning at Tsütapela Gate (Nagaland-Mariani Gate) seizing even a few bottles or few cases of liquor.” However, on September 30, 2013 “when a full truckload of contraband liquor was passing through that gate, it was able to avert the everwatchful eyes of the police personnel.” If the 31Assam Rifles were not operating at Longtho Gate that day, “the liquor would have poi-

soned many Naga people.” Therefore, the letter called attention of the authorities concerned to check such “negligence” in the future. Meanwhile, ABAM also conveyed greetings and love to the Police Department, which, it said is doing “enormous job” in implementing Nagaland Total Liquor Prohibition Act in Nagaland. “We always look forward to your esteemed effort towards eradication of this menace from our society, and we will be always behind you.”

DIMaPUr, october 7 (MexN): 20 Community Service Provider (CSP) representatives from 20 villages under Peren Block and Tening Block went on an exposure tour to MASK Balipara, Sonitpur district in Assam from September 26 to 29. A press note received here stated that the main purpose of sponsoring an exposure trip was to learn how other SHGs take up their activities

in different fields towards uplift of the society. Purnima Boro, Administrative Secretary Cum Director of MASK, shared to all the CSPs the importance of sharing skills and working together as a SHG/team. She shared that the basic aim of SHG is to build upon self respect and determination. “SHG is a mini Bank that we can save and we can take loan, to uplift individual house hold as well

a group,” she said. “SHG is not only to save or loan, but also to take up their activities in different field toward the uplift of the society particularly for women folk in human trafficking and other anti social activities which are prevailing in the state.” Different types of activities of IGA like poultry, goat, piggery, weaving and the system of percentage they follow within the groups were witnessed.

MokokchUNg. october 7 (MexN): Mokokchung District Truck Owners Association (MDTOA) seeing the “pathetic motorable” condition of Mariani Road, the only lifeline of Mokokchung as well as other neighboring districts repaired the road from FCI Godown till Indian Oil Petrol Pump. MDTOA in a press release lamented that despite repeated appeal to the department concerned for necessary action no im-

provement was seen. Therefore, 40 members of MDTOA repaired the road. The release mentioned that Mariani Road is being maintained by 100 RCC (GREF). Further, it informed that Hill Area Truck Owners Association called bandh last year in protest against the bad road condition. This year, MDTOA also called bandh and negotiation between the departments concerned is still "vague", it said.

DIMaPUr, october 7 (MexN): Various communities, both tribal and nontribal living in Karbi Anglong district, Assam jointly held a general meeting on September 14 and formed an organization called Citizens Rights Protection Council (CRPC). A press release issued by CRPC President A.J. Rengma informed that CRPC has been formed with objectives to protect and promote the rights of the voiceless people, and raise the voice against injustice committed against helpless people. It clarified that the formation is not directed against any particular community. Therefore, CRPC has appealed to all the citizens of Karbi Anglong district to come forward and join hands with the CRPC for common interest. The following are the elected CRPC office bearers for the present term: President – A.J. Rengma; Vice Presidents – P.T. Kipgen, M Danuar; General Secretary – Tilo Kanta Phukon; Assistant General Secretaries – Projoy Baidya, Lohi Lama; Treasurer – T Sebu Rengma.

DIMaPUr, october 7 (MexN): Nagaland State Rural Livelihood Mission (NSRLM) in collaboration with District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) Dimapur organized a workshop on strategic planning for field implementation of NSRLM in Dimapur district, in the conference hall of RD Block, Chumukedima, today. The programme was organized to kick start the implementation of NSRLM in the district. NSRLM’s vision is to reduce poverty by enabling the poor households to access gainful selfemployment and skilled wage employment oppor-

tunities through building strong sustainable grassroots’ institutions of the poor. The Mission aims at creating efficient and effective institutional platforms of the rural poor enabling them to increase household income through sustainable livelihood enhancements and improved access to financial services. Visasolie Lhoungu, Chief Executive Officer, NSRLM, Toshimongla, District Mission Manager, Dimapur, Rollan Lotha, State Project Manager and Imonenla Imkong, State Project Manager spoke during the workshop and highlighted strategies for

the implementation of the mission. NSRLM has a daunting target to reach out to poorest of the poor (PoP) households across 11 districts, 74 blocks, 1151 villages and stay with them till they cross the threshold of poverty. Nine districts (Kohima, Dimapur, Mokokchung, Wokha, Zunheboto, Longleng, Phek, Kiphire and Mon) will be covered by NSRLM and out of which only blocks (Jakhama, Chukidong, Pfutsero, Chumukedima, Changtongya, Mon, Satakha, Longleng, and Kiphire) will be considered as resource clusters

for intensive strategy during financial year 2013-14, while remaining 52 block under the districts will be covered under non-intensive strategy. Tuensang and Peren districts and 13 blocks under the two districts would be covered by North East Rural Livelihood Program (NERLP). Block Development Officers (BDOs) of all six RD blocks in the district and other officials including DRDA Project Director Imtiangshi Ao, recently trained area coordinators, Block Mission Management Unit team and SHG members attended the workshop.

Young children presenting ethnic and modern cultural show during the Yemshe Festival organised by Pochury Hoho Dimapur. Dr Ritu Thurr, Deputy CMO Phek was the chief guest, while Zarsei Nyuthe was the guest of honour.

ABAM writes to SP Mokokchung

CSP exposure tour to Balipara-Sonitpur MDTOA repairs ‘pathetic’ Rd

CRPC formed in Karbi Anglong

Bangali Samaj gifts clothes Workshop on implementation of NSRLM held

DIMaPUr, october 7 (MexN): On account of the upcoming Durga Puja festival, Dimapur Bangali Samaj distributed free clothes to more than 900 Bengalis, who are economically backward, including old people, women, children and widows from various colonies on October 6 at Shree Shree Ram Thakur Sevashram, Railway Netaji Colony Dimapur. To

mark the event, Swapan Paul, advocate and president of Dimapur Kalibari Welfare Committee attended as the chief guest and Vijoy Bhattacharjee, vice president of Dimapur Kalibari Committee as guest of honour. The meeting was presided by K.K. Paul, president of Dimapur Bangali Samaj and was attended by executive members of the society.

5

MEx FILE NSCN (IM) Kyong Region on multiple compensation claims Wokha, october 7 (MexN): In the light of instances of acquiring multiple compensations for same land by different people/ public, Central Administrative Officer (CAO) NSCN (IM) Kyong Region Nchemo Tsanglao has issued a statement. The CAO stated that this multiple compensation claims from government or private agencies have blocked many developmental activities in and around Kyong Region, “which is a great loss to both the public and the workers.” Therefore, the statement said NSCN (IM) Kyong Region strongly condemns the acquisition of more than one compensation for same land, which is already claimed by an individual. It also said the practice is against the “law of the nation”. Further, it warned that henceforth NSCN (IM) Kyong Region will take stern action against individual or public, who violates the “Azha” of the nation.

Police conduct raids at lounges

DIMaPUr, october 7 (MexN): Dimapur Police on October 5 conducted surprise checking and raids following the order of the district administration against maintaining 10:00 PM deadline for closing of restaurants and lounges. A press note from the Dimapur SP office informed that during the raid conducted at Pebbles, Zypher Lounge and Spill lounges, 126 canned beer, 40 bottles of Breezer, 4 half bottles of Whisky and 11 full bottles of Blenders Pride were recovered and seized by police. Two persons identified as Inos Swu and Imlong Chang were arrested and forwarded to Court. Dimapur police informed that regular checking of restaurants and lounges in Dimapur would be conducted to enforce the order. It further cautioned that offenders would be prosecuted as per the provisions of the law, even to the extent of instituting for cancellation of trade licenses of the offending lounges.

Phek DPDB meeting postponed

Phek, october 7 (DIPr): The Deputy Commissioner Phek, Neposo Theluo has informed all the DPDB members that the Phek DPDB meeting for the month of October 2013 has been postponed to October 18.

Skill upgradation seminar for border area farmers

kohIMa, october 7 (MexN): Directorate of Underdeveloped Areas (DUDA) is organizing 2-day long skill upgradation seminar for border areas farmers from October 9 at DUDA Guest House, Kohima. Naiba Konyak, Advisor DUDA will grace the occasion as the chief guest. Commissioner and secretary DUDA T.C. Sangtam will deliver keynote address while DUDA director Alan Gongmei will chair the function.

Awareness on pre cancer –cervix

kohIMa, october 7 (MexN): Phom Students’ Union Kohima (PSUK) observed its 23rd freshers’ meet-cum- general session on the theme “Persevere with greater dedication” on October 5 last at Ura Academy Hall, Kohima. The programme was graced by B.S. Nganlang Phom, parliamentary secretary for land resources and Shahsha L. Manhahü, president ENSF as the chief guest and guest of honour respectively. Speaking on the occasion, Nganlang, while encouraging the youngsters said, being the student in this competitive world, one should believe in their own hard work and have faith in God, then all their dreams will come true. He also said that “Whosoever neglects learning during youth loses the past and is dead for the future” for they are here for the

Chief Guest Swapan Paul handing over clothes to an old woman.

Dimapur

kohIMa, october 7 (MexN): Awareness programme on pre cancer-cervix under the aegis of National Cancer Control Programme, Health & Family Welfare will be held on October 9 at 5:00 PM at the Conference Hall, Health Care Laboratory & Research Centre, Naga Hospital Authority Kohima. Banuo Z. Jamir, IAS, additional chief secretary & commissioner will be the chief guest, while Sentiyanger Imchen, IAS, commissioner & secretary for health and family welfare will be the guest of honour.

PRSU expresses grief

tUeNsaNg, october 7 (MexN): Pathso Range Students’ Union (PRSU) has expressed deep grief over the demise of Mosa, chairman of Yokao Village Council on October 3 at Vellore, after prolonged illness. Late Mosa was a conscientious leader who contributed his best capacity during his lifetime for the public of Yokao and the Khiamniiungan tribe in general, stated a condolence message appended by PRSU president and general secretary. “He enabled his people to live in peace and tranquility.” Further, it mentioned that his role will be remembered for generations to come, while acknowledging that his demise has left irreparable loss and created a void that would be very difficult to fill.

LSU conveys condolences

DIMaPUr, october 7 (MexN): Litsami Students’ Union (LSU) has condoled with the grieving family of late Boholi Ruth Chishi, who passed away on September 26, 2013. In a condolence message issued by its president Vikato I Chishi, LSU stated it has lost a good mother, whose death has created a vacuum which can never be filled. Further, it prayed for the departed soul to rest in peace.

IT&C dept notifies on identity proof for mobile phone connection

kohIMa, october 7 (DIPr): Department of Information Technology & Communication Nagaland has notified that, in order to maintain uniformity in the certificate of photo identity and proof of address issued by Village Panchayat/ Council Head to the customer for taking mobile connections, the following instructions as under are to be followed: The certificate issued by the Village Panchayat/Council Head should be in their letter head only. Certificate should also contain stamp of issuing authority. The Certificate should mandatorily contain full Name, Address and Contact details of issuing authority (Telephone Number). The Notification also stated that mobile connections may not be issued if the certificates do not comply with the above requirements. Therefore, all concerned are directed to strictly comply with the instructions as given above. This notification was in pursuance of Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, letter No. 11012/47/2011-NE-IV, dated 21/05/13.

Public SPace

WYH unhappy over ‘cold-blooded’ murder The Western Yimchungru Hoho (WYH) is unhappy with cold-blooded murder of late Shochim James, who was serving as Khapur of GPRN/NSCN on October 4 between Phuvkiu village and Pungro, among the brothers of Nagas by Naga. WYH asserted killings of Mr. A and B would not bring any Naga political settlement, but it could invite the negative impact of Naga society. Whereas all the Naga NGOs dreaming for early solution and taking initiatives in different ways. One point of time many Naga energetic soldiers had lost at the cost of Naga Freedom Movement (NFM). Those practices of mindset should be totally erased from present civilized societies and appeals to all Naga nation workers “stop killings” listen to the voice and cries of Naga peoples. Further WYH conveys condolences to the bereaved family members and prays for eternal rest of the departed soul. Mathew K Janger Secretary Info &publicity Western Yimchungru Hoho.

The Morung Express is introducing “Public Space” as part of our intention to provide deliberate space for the opinions of the people to be expressed and heard through this newspaper. Nonetheless, The Morung Express points out that the opinions expressed in the contents published in the “Public Space” do not reflect the views and position of the newspaper or the editor.


6

IN-FOCUS

The Power of Truth

The Morung Express TuEsDAy 8 OcTObEr 2013 vOl. vIII IssuE 276

Engaging the Myths

H

uman history has shown that it is always the oppressor and the ‘powers that be’ that writes and determines the history of the people they oppress. This trend has dramatically affected many peoples’ history and identity – especially struggling peoples. Such distortion of history and facts only deprives the people of their identity and their history. Ironically by doing so, the ‘writers of such distortion’ are also deprived of their humanity and their existence – this is even more so in the case where ‘elites’ of a given society have allowed themselves to be used as mere ‘tools’ in the hands of the occupier for their survival. The power of the printed word can impress in more ways than political activism in the ‘real’ world. From its limited beginning as a patronized art of the elite aristocracy to its accessibility today as a common popular culture, literature has been the vehicle used for promoting and protecting ‘statecraft.’ This same ideology is being used by the powers that be to confuse the struggling people and deprive them of their humanity. The function of such ideology is to justify the status quo and to persuade the powerless that their powerlessness is inevitable. In doing so the Government is propagating the idea that struggling people are incapable of determining their own future and that they lack the capacity to act with reason and wisdom. This sinister tactic is a remnant of the colonizers that enslaved indigenous and native persons perpetuating the myth that they were inferior and sub-human. The ‘cultural bomb’ was the most effective weapon wielded and actually used by imperial powers against the collective defiance of the people during the imperial era. This ‘cultural bomb’ effectively annihilated a people’s belief in their names, their language, their environment, their heritage of struggle, their unity, their capacities and ultimately in themselves. In doing so it fragmented ‘nations’ into small states by redefining boundaries as policies of divide and rule. It even planted serious doubts about their moral rightness in the struggle where possibilities of triumphs or victory were projected as remote and ridiculous dreams. The results were despair, despondency and a collective death wish. The ‘silent Naga majority’ for too long have willingly accepted the unjust status quo. According to Mahatma Gandhi, ‘the most difficult thing is to do nothing’ where absolute powerlessness corrupts absolutely. Justice seeks to discover why this injustice exists and transform it so all can live in dignity and respect. Nagas can speak truth to power through nonviolent means.

lEfT wiNg |

Shilpa Raina Source: IANS

A walk through clay, kiln and pottery

A

t first there seems to be nothing unusual about this village at the edge of Delhi till you meander through untarred and uneven lanes with houses on both sides and realise they all have one thing in common: each house is dotted with clay pots of several sizes and colours, along with flower pots and many more earthen items. This isn't a happy coincidence, but the age-old profession of pottery that binds together 700 families of the Kumhar Gram, the capital's largest potter's colony in west Delhi. Oblivious to many, the village, officially known as Sainik Vihar, on the outskirts of Delhi, has for decades now been a source of earthenware and diyas for roadside stalls, nurseries, eateries and five-star hotels for decades now. These families, with no formal training, have passed on the art from generation-to-generation as most of them belong to Alwar in Rajasthan and shifted here in the early 1970s for better prospects. "I grew up with the wheel and kiln. So, automatically I picked up the craft," Dharamveer, 27, a miniature pottery artist, told IANS. He switches on the electric pottery wheel to demonstrate his skills. He puts freshly kneaded clay on the wheel, deftly uses his fingers to give it a distinct shape, applies soft pressure where required and in a few seconds creates a beautiful miniature. "I do this to feed my family, but for my own artistic quest I create different items that might not be in demand, but they help me to grow in this field," he added. He sells earthenware products for anything between Rs.60 and Rs.2,500. These days the inhabitants are busy getting ready for Diwali, a major Hindu festival known as the festival of light and which will be celebrated Nov 3. Most of the people, especially women and children, are working day-and-night to create beautiful earthenware diyas used to lit-up houses. Most of the clay for the pottery comes from Haryana's Jhajjar district. It is first beaten with a stick to make it even and sieved to get rid of stones and other unwanted material. After this, it is soaked in a water pit for half-a-day, followed by foot-stamping to remove air bubbles. It is stored under plastic sheets for curing and is ready to be used for two-three months. It is ardous work and surprisingly, it's the women and children who do all the manual work. Men generally helm the wheel. But, if one is curious to see them at work, it is not easy to reach the place, and even residents living nearby don't know its location. The best way is to be part of the half-day tour with Piyush Nangru, founder of Indomania Cultural Tours, who conducts tours to such artisans' households so that people could see for themselves how they live and work. Nangru said the walk includes chatting with the locals, hearing about their works and also trying a hand at the potter's wheel. The tour also includes a visit to an artisan's house to savour snacks and hot tea. "I usually tell the group members that they are free to ask questions. Also there is no compulsion to buy anything, but before clicking a picture, I just tell them to seek their (potters') permission," Nangru told IANS. He has been organising the walk for the past three years in collaboration with South Asian Foundation, an NGO working to improve their lives. "It was very important to reach out to them through someone they already know. It helps to break the ice," he noted, added he works on a revenue-sharing basis with the community, and 30-50 percent of the profits are ploughed back to them. Although, diyas occupy space in almost all houses here, some are involved in specialised work. Mihir is the only one in village who is a master of fibreglass sculpting. A taxing and tedious process, he is credited with making floats for the Jan 26 Republic Day parade every year along with life-size sculptures. "Fibreglass sculptures are light. We do floats for Republic Day, so if you come here in December you will know in advance what some states have to offer," he said, adding he provides at least 3-4 floats for the parade. Kajor Ram has been providing 'handis' to all branches of Al Kauser restaurant for their famous biryani's. He has also been providing earthen pots for 'phirnis' to many in the city. "It is not just the recipe that makes biryani's special. It is our special touch too," he chuckled.

THE EDIT PAGE

C O M M E N T A R Y

Ben Little

Rethinking the 1970s

Y

ou don't have to dig very far into the discourse of "there is no alternative" before you come upon the cry of "but that will take us back to the 1970s". Ed Miliband curbs the excesses of the electricity markets and the Mail says: "shares in leading energy firms dropped by up to five per cent today as the markets reacted to Labour’s 1970s-style plan to freeze power bills." When Labour's relationship with the unions is under spotlight, Harry Mount in the Telegraph rants how trade union leadership live in an: "isolated Life on Mars world". This trend was exemplified by Dominic Sandbrook's anti-Miliband polemic last week in which he claimed that the policies announced at Labour conference would take us back to the "shabby, downbeat world of the mid-1970s" - and that Ed could only be contemplating them because he was "too young to remember properly the three day week". Never mind that Sandbrook himself was born in 1974 - having established his expertise on the era through a number of books and a four-part documentary series aired on the BBC, he speaks with authority when he says that "most older voters remember those years... with a shudder" The 1970s remains the left's bugbear. It's mere invocation proof positive that any solution to a problem that doesn't put the market and the selfish individual at its centre is doomed to repeat the mistakes of history. But the political economy of neoliberalism has failed. The banking crisis of 2008 proved that. Culturally disfiguring inequality does the same. Even in China with its booming markets and rapid growth, the talk is of empty apartment blocks and a grossly uneven distribution of wealth that produces a winners/losers two tier economy. Each country in sway to neoliberal doctrine will have to have its own reckoning with how it settled upon such an unfair system of domination by the richest. Here, it's not a collective belief in Thatcherism that binds us now, stopping us from calling time on the greed of transnational capital, it's the story that the only alternative to more of the same is to go back to the 1970s. And that's supposed to be a disaster. For those of us that weren't born then, the tales we're told are of three-day working weeks, brownouts, a crisis of industrial relations leading to uncollected rubbish, stagflation, rumours of a military coup, flared trousers and so on. But it was also a period of greater levels of equality, free higher education and mostly full employment. There was a vibrant counter-cultural scene which emerged from the 1960s into what have now become rich intellectual traditions, for instance ecologism into green politics and the equality movements of race, gender and sexuality. This was on top of a buoyant and widely accepted politics of class. But referring to the success of identity or environmental politics wouldn't quell the ire of the likes of the Daily Mail - that the seventies were a decade where "small c" conservative politics were in retreat reinforces their oppositional position further. Perhaps this is part of the reason why the decade became so loathed on the right. Instead what we have been presented with is a simple picture of economic failure: inflation, mass unemployment and a breakdown in public services. These things might have been pretty bad, but the 80s that followed saw unemployment treble, devastated half the country and were the beginning of such rapid growth in inequality that the wealthiest simply floated away from the rest of society becoming today's weightless millionaires of transnational capital. As one commentator has put it: 'the dominant

T

he government's withdrawal of the ordinance and bill on convicted legislators is a setback not only for Manmohan Singh, but also for Sonia Gandhi since she had approved of the measures at a Congress core group meeting. On the other hand, by forcing the government to retreat, Rahul Gandhi has acquired a prominence as never before. He has also climbed on to a moral high ground with a raw display of political authority, although his impetuosity can be seen as a matter of concern in a future leader. As for the Congress, the fact of its capitulation has confirmed that it comprises craven sycophants who are ready to fall in behind the dynasty even if there is a change in the party line. Clearly, the average Congressman has no views of his own. There is little doubt, however, that the overall scene has been complicated by the latest developments. Till now, it was the Congress president's wish which was her command. But, suddenly, the Rahul Gandhi factor has come into play. This change is of vital importance not only for the ordinary members, but also for the prime minister and the party chief. Both of them will now have to keep in mind the predilections of the heir apparent to avoid a repeat of the Press Club of India drama of September 27 when Rahul Gandhi trashed the ordinance as "complete nonsense". At the same time, they cannot deny that the party's young PM-in-waiting

To make the case for an alternative future to neoliberalism, we have to change the way we tell the story of our past

narrative is that the 70s recession was awful, while the 80s recessions were necessary. I think this is down to one key fact: the 70s recession hit the rich and the middle class, whereas in the 80s it was the poor who got screwed'. That's pretty much been the way ever since - yet we're still trapped in this notion that the 1970s were a nightmare, when in fact what happened was that the rich were getting squeezed and global shifts - the formation of the OPEC cartel key amongst them - caused huge shocks to the world economy. A global perspective is where the There Is No Alternative narrative breaks down. Other countries responded to the global economic crisis of the 1970s very differently from the UK from '79 onwards. Japan and Germany retained strong industrial policies, Scandinavian countries remained broadly on a socialist path, France continued to place faith in a strong state and so on. In the meantime, while the US also implemented a programme of financial and corporate deregulation and assaulted the collective rights of unions, the rapid deindustrialisation that took place in the UK was not replicated in the US. Instead Reagan continued an extensive system of state subsidies and Keynesian style industrial stimulus, simply funnelled through an expanded military rather than through wages and civilian infrastructure. The UK, of course, instead subsidised the collapse in employment and concomitant increase in welfare costs through revenues from North Sea oil. So for those of us who weren't there, there are two things we should think more deeply on. The first is that there were alternatives which were serious, credible and could have been more effective than Thatcherism in delivering a broad-based, sustainable prosperity. The second is that many of the effects of the crisis are things which, far from being disastrous, after three decades of neoliberalism seem

not just desirable but essential. On the alternatives then. In the 1970s, the Governments of both right and left attempted a sort of German style Social Contract where unions would limit their wage increases to help manage inflation (particularly important, as in 1973, when oil prices go through the roof ). The unions played along for a little while, but then busted all negotiations and demanded massive increases, going on strike if demands weren't met. Some in the unions thought they had capitalism on its knees and that with the Labour movement dictating the terms it was only a matter of time before government would collapse and a new era of Socialism would be ushered in. If Union leadership had foreseen the scale of defeat that was coming, it would be nice to think they would've approached the matter differently. One activist told me recently that such "Social Contracts" simply expand the floor of the cage, but in that vein I'd respond that it's much easier to escape from an open prison (with much less suffering) than end up in our metaphorical Alcatraz. If we had managed to get a co-ordinated pay policy going in the 1970s we might have found ourselves closer to a German or Swedish economic model than the neoliberal one we now have. Indeed Ireland adopted such a scheme in the 1980s and the impact of global crises aside, it was an important part of the prosperity there for many years. I'm not claiming that a social contract is some sort of panacea or utopia, but it was a completely and demonstrably viable alternative to Thatcherism in the 1970s. There were other ideas for ways forward too, on the left in terms of municipal socialism and from the ecological movements, both of which still have plenty to tell us. Moreover, if we think about the form the various crises that shook the 1970s took, we can perhaps reflect differently on our present moment. As the New Economics Foundation campaigns for a 21 hour working week to alleviate the myriad stresses of workaholic neoliberal life and the pressure that puts on family and care, it might be wise to revisit the infamous "3-day working week" of 1974 that brought down Heath's government. Why was it so disastrous? How did people live and what did they do with the extra time? Likewise, the experience of rapid price rises and the impact on consumption should help those in the green movement and beyond who recognise that unless we find ways to be in this world that don't require ever increasing amounts of resources, we risk making the planet very difficult to inhabit for our children and their children. Finally, with house prices through the roof and rents increasingly meaning that few can afford to live alone into their thirties, let along start families, much can be gleaned from the squatting and commune cultures that flourished in the 1970s. How people organised themselves collectively, how they ran their domestic spaces (particularly after important feminist interventions), how they shared and understood common property: this speaks to the life experiences of many of us born after the decade had ended. In short, we shouldn't be afraid of the 1970s. We shouldn't allow it to be used as a bugbear to dismiss opposition to neoliberalism and we shouldn't cede control of this crucial era in our past to Conservative historians such as Sandbrook whose political visions are so at odds with our own. We should learn from it.

The Rahul Gandhi factor: Does he really seek change? Amulya Ganguli Source: IANS

is apparently more in touch with public, especially middle class, opinion - at least on the question of a criminalized polity - than all the grizzled veterans of the cabinet. What this means is that he will be taken more seriously than before when he was seen as something of a dilettante, surrounded by Ivy Leaguers from affluent families who are generally believed to be ignorant of sentiments at the ground level. It is too early to say whether the need for the prime minister to anticipate Rahul Gandhi's views on any given subject will further slow down the decision-making process, thereby worsening the policy paralysis. But, the snub which the government has received cannot be good for its confidence. The problem for the government is compounded by the fact that little is known about Rahul Gandhi's views on the economy, international relations and domestic issues like the quota system based on caste. Considering that the enumeration of castes has been included in the census operations at Sonia

Gandhi's behest after a gap of 80 years for the sake of reservations for them in jobs and education, it will be interesting to see whether the young prince supports such measures at the expense of a merit-based competitive system. Till now, the logjam in policy formulation was supposedly caused by the disjunction between the prime minister's market-oriented policies and Sonia Gandhi's populism. The next point of interest will be to see which way Rahul Gandhi will tilt. One fallout from the boost to his stature is that it will not o n ly e n t h u s e t h e younger members of the Congress, including the MPs who may have felt marginalized under the present dispensation, but also the rank and file. For once, the party seems to have found someone who is prepared to speak his mind even if he has to subsequently regret the use of "strong" and "wrong" words. But, since outspokenness is the prerogative of the bold, Rahul Gandhi's approach is in striking contrast to the mealy-mouthed propensities of most

wRiTE-wiNg

Based on conversations with Guy Shrubsole, Deborah Grayson and Sally Davison

senior Congressmen who are forever seen to be hedging their bets for fear of offending any group on matters of caste or religion or economic policy. And, yet, they are not averse to dumping principles, as their abortive attempt to protect the convicted legislators showed. Rahul Gandhi, in contrast, has shown where he stands. It goes without saying that his forthrightness has propelled him to be the automatic choice for the prime minister's post despite his own avowed disinterest. But, as he plays a more active role, the forthcoming prime ministerial contest will be the long-awaited Rahul vs Modi confrontation even if the Congress refuses to portray it as such. Such a turn of events should help to clear the air, especially if Rahul Gandhi comes out of his shell. Over the next few months, both of them will be forced to present their views on a range of topics, which will make it easier for the electorate to make up its mind. Up to now, the voters have had to depend on guesswork. Is Modi's development plank a ruse to hide his hidden Hindutva agenda or is he serious, as his toilets-rather-than-temples comment shows? Does Rahul Gandhi really want to decentralize the Congress to break the hold of power brokers, as his father wanted? Or, is he merely posturing, being the prime beneficiary of the dynastic system which represents the bigger power broker? It will obviously take time for the reverberations from his Press Club outburst to die down.

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PERSPECTIVE

7 to Yourself Helps OdOur Of COrruptiOn Lying You Lie to Others TuEsday

THE MORUNG EXPRESS

8 OctOber 2013

NEWS ANALYSIS, FEATURE AND DISCOURSE

A

Khrietuonyü Noudi

n Indian politician once said that India’s biggest problems are population, pollution and corruption. Rajiv Gandhi also once said that out of the Rs.100 sanctioned for the poor, only about Rs.15 reaches the poor man. The rest Rs.85 gets melted along the way. Yes, corruption is the reason why many of the noble projects initiated and undertaken by the government never realize its full potentials and results. In present day Nagaland also, we often talk about corruption in our government set-up and also about corrupt politicians and bureaucrats. I really don’t know where this menace starts and ends. At the outset, let me mention here that I don’t want to be very critical about the manner in which our state government is running its affairs. I feel so because I myself am an employee of the Nagaland state government drawing my not-so-handsome salary every month from the state exchequer. Therefore, I don’t want to unnecessarily dishonor the establishment that is feeding me and my family. However, I am today compelled to write this article because everywhere I go I smell corruption. And the disgusting thing is that nobody seems to be bothered about this because, whether we like it or not, corruption has become the norm in the entries and records of the AG office are also done But their plight was far from over. For another two present day Nagaland. So, allow me to present years, their department could not hand over and maintained through computers. Therefore, some odours of corruption which are making me their arrear money to them on the ground that the question of errors and frequent mistakes sick from deep inside. there was no budget available. Finally, when does not arise unless someone is intentionally 1) A certain amount of the monthly salary of all regthe arrear money was delivered to them, an manipulating the records for the benefit of their ular government servants is deducted for the soamount of Rs.18000 was deducted from the arown pockets. And the plight of the hapless govt. called GPF (General Provident Fund) account. And rear money by the concerned UDA and STO as employees is compounded by the fact that the every year, the AG office issues a statement called their share for making available to the two happublic is not allowed to personally enter the intethe yearly GPF statement for all the government less teachers their sanctioned money. riors of the AG office for the redress of their grievemployees. However, this GPF statement seldom ances. The only thing the hapless employees can 6) Some months ago, I was really elated when I came comes without errors. There will always be some across a news report in the dailies that the govdo is to submit their complaints at the entrance of monthly GPF deductions missing in the statement ernment was mooting a scheme where medicines the AG office without even knowing if their comdespite the fact that it is the government norm to would be made available free of cost to the patients plaints are even reaching the concerned officials. make the monthly deduction from the salary of all 4) And it seems the plight of the government employin all government aided health centers. I thought government employees. So what is the reason bethat at least such a scheme would be a great relief ees does not end at the AG office. Everyone knows hind this seemingly intentional act of negligence? to the economically crunched section of our set-up. that the AG office issues the GPF statement to all Are some of the employees of the AG office siphonI have been eagerly waiting for this system to come regular govt. employees annually free of cost. Then ing off the resulting amount themselves or are they into effect. But till now, I see no sign of this noble why is it that some government establishments just bend upon creating undue troubles and diffiproject coming into effect. In fact, I recently visited are charging extra bucks while handing over this culties to the many government employees? a government hospital and to my utter shock and GPF statement to the employees. 2) The above mentioned problem faced by the gov- 5) I have also been apprised about the case of two disappointment, I found that medicinal prices are ernment employees is compounded by the fact at an alarmingly high and unaffordable price. So, graduate teachers serving in a high school under that it is almost impossible to rectify the missis our government good at only making promises Mokokchung district. One of these two teachers ing entries in the GPF statement. Of course, the and assurances? Do they really mean what they utwas appointed in 1999 and the other in 2000 employees can appeal for the inclusion of the ter to us verbally and through the media? And will on ad-hoc basis. For many years, their services missing GPF deductions in the next GPF statethis noble scheme ever happen? were not regularized and they remained on adment. However, for reasons best known to the So whom shall we blame for all these malprachoc basis drawing a shoe-string salary. They even AG office, these correction entries in your GPF sat for the screening test conducted by the school tices and half-hearted attitudes and commitments? statement will never be done to your satisfaceducation department in 2010 for their service Why is it that some government servants serving tion unless you are very extraordinarily lucky. regularization. However, for many more months, in some of the most vital departments are always The result is that the hapless government emthey again served as ad-hoc teachers as the gov- searching for extra side income as if they are not beployees are made to give up their demand for ernment was in no hurry to expedite their case. ing paid enough by the government? And why is it rectification after countless appeals. And noFinally, by the grace of God, their services were that every noble scheme or project announced by the body knows where the amount that piles up out regularized with effect from March 2011 along government takes a lifetime to see the light of day? of these missing entries goes. with a multitude of other teachers. After their Where does the problem lie and what would be the 3) Nagaland is also very much a part and parcel of service regularization, they became entitled to an real effective strategy to tackle these menaces? We the computer age. Gone are the days when all arrear of about Rs.170000 (Rs. One Lakh Seventy often hear the dialogue ‘Dal mein kuch kala hain’ official entries and records are maintained only Thousands) each as they were among the senior- while watching Hindi movies and in Nagaland, it through hand-written files. Likewise, all official does seem like ‘Dal mein bahut kuch kala hain’……… most in the regularization batch.

Straight From The Heart History, Politics, culture…

shaving and the art of emerging markets Cheap razor made after P&G watches Indians shave Mae anderson

P

Associated Press

rocter & Gamble executives say it was striking the first time they witnessed a man shave while sitting barefoot on the floor in a tiny hut in India. He had no electricity, no running water and no mirror. The 20 U.S.-based executives observed the man in 2008 during one of 300 visits they made to homes in rural India. The goal? To gain insights they could use to develop a new razor for India. "That, for me, was a big 'a-ha,'" said Alberto Carvalho, vice president, global Gillette, a unit of P&G. "I had never seen people shaving like that." The visits kicked off the 18 months it took to develop Gillette Guard, a lowcost razor designed for India and other emerging markets. Introduced three years ago, Guard quickly gained market share and today represents two out of every three razors sold in India. The story of how Guard came to be illustrates the balance companies must strike when creating products for emerging markets: It's not as simple as slapping a foreign label on an American product. To successfully sell products overseas, particularly in developing markets, companies must tweak them so they're relevant to the people who live there. And often, that means rethinking everything from the product's design to its cost. More companies will have to consider this balancing act as they increasingly move into emerging markets such as India, China and Brazil to offset slower growth in developed regions such as the U.S. For its part, P&G has doubled the percentage of its roughly $20 billion in annual revenue coming from emerging markets since 2000 to about 40 percent. Ali Dibadj, a Bernstein analyst who follows P&G, said the Guard razor, which has been used by more than 50 million men in India, serves as a roadmap for companies seeking to court emerging markets. "It made P&G realize how much investment it really takes to be successful in India," he said. "That's the art of emerging markets." India long has been an attractive country for U.S. companies looking for

growth. It has 1.24 billion people. And its economy is bustling: India's annual gross domestic product growth was 3.2 percent in 2012, according to the World Bank, compared with 2.2 percent in the U.S. the same year. Still, India's widespread poverty presents challenges for companies used to customers with more disposable income. India's per capita income is just about $124 a month, compared with $4,154 in the U.S., according to the World Bank. Gillette has sold razors in India for over a decade. The company had 37.3 percent market share in 2007, selling its high end Mach3 razor, which costs about $2.75, and a stripped down Vector two-bladed razor on the lower end, which goes for about 72 cents. But Gillette wanted more of the market. To do that, P&G executives would have to attract the nearly 500 million Indians who use double-edged razors, an old fashioned Tshaped razor that has no protective piece of plastic that goes between the blade and the skin when shaving. This razor, which makes skin cuts more likely, costs just a few pennies per blade. Carvalho, who spearheaded Gillette's effort to grow market share in India, didn't want to rush into designing a product, though. Gillette had stumbled once before with its early version of the Vector in 2002. The version of that razor had a plastic push bar that slid down to unclog the razor. The bar was added because Indian men have thicker hair and a higher hair density than their American counterparts. Adding to that, they often shave less frequently than American men, so they wind up shaving longer beards. Gillette, which is based in Boston, wanted to test the product among Indian consumers before launching it, but instead of making the costly trip abroad, they had Indian students at nearby Massachusetts Institute of Technology test the razor. "They all came back and said 'Wow that's a big improvement,'" Carvalho recalls. But when Gillette launched the ra-

This undated handout photo provided by Procter & Gamble shows the company's Gillette Guard, a low-cost razor designed for emerging markets like India. For its part, P&G has doubled the percentage of its roughly $20 billion in annual revenue coming from emerging markets since 2000 to about 40 percent. (AP Photo/Procter & Gamble)

zor in India, the reaction was different. Executives were baffled about why the razor flopped until they traveled to India and observed men using a cup of water to shave. All the MIT students had running water. Without that, the razor stayed clogged. "That's another 'a-ha' moment," Carvalho said. "That taught us the importance that you really need to go where your consumers are, not just to talk to them, but observe and spend time with them to gather the key insight." P&G acquired Gillette in 2005 and the next several years were spent integrating the companies. But in 2008, the focus on India returned when Carvalho decided to bring 20 people, ranging from engineers to developers, from Gillette's U.S. headquarters to India for three weeks. They spent 3,000 hours with more than 1,000 consumers at their homes, in stores and in small group discussions. They observed people's routines throughout the day, sometimes staying late into the evening. They also hosted small group discussions. "We asked them what their aspirations were and why they wanted to shave, and how often," Carvahlo said. They learned that families often live in huts without electricity and share a bathroom with other huts. So men shave sitting on their floors with a bowl of water, often without a mirror, in the dark morning hours. As a result, shaving could take up to half an hour, compared

with the five to seven minutes it takes to shave in American households. And Indian men strain to not cut themselves. The takeaway: In the U.S., razor makers spent decades on marketing centered on a close shave, adding blade after blade to achieve a smoother cheek. But men in India are more concerned about not cutting themselves. "I worked in this category for 23 years and I never realized with those insights that's how they think about the product," said Eric Liu, Gillette's director of research and development, global shave care. With that knowledge, the Gillette team started making a new razor for the Indian market. In nine months, P&G developed five prototypes. The company declined to give specifics on each prototype for competitive reasons. But they tested things like handle designs, how well the blade cuts hair and how easy the razor is to rinse. The resulting Guard razor has one blade, to put the emphasis on safety rather than closeness, compared with two to five blades found on U.S. razors. One insight from filming shavers was that Indians grip the razors in many different ways, so the handle is textured to allow for easy gripping. There's also a hole at the handle's base, to make it easier to hang up, and a small comb by the blade since Indians hair growth tends to be thicker. Next, the company had to figure out how to produce the razor at the right price. "We had to say 'How do we do this at ruthless cost?'" Carvalho said. P&G scrutinized the smallest details. It cut the number of components in the razor down to 4 compared with 25 needed for Mach3, Gillette's threeblade razor. They even made the razor's handle hollow so it would be lighter and cheaper to make. "I can remember talking about changes to this product that were worth a thousandth, or two thousandths of a cent," said Jim Keighley, the company's associate director for product engineering. The result? The Guard costs about one third of what it costs to make the Vector, Gilllette's low-price Indian razor before Guard. Gillette sells the Guard for 15 rupees, or 34 cents, and each razor blade is 5 rupees, or 12 cents. The company's strategy seems to have worked. P&G says with 9 percent market share, Guard has grown share faster than any other P&G brand in India. And Gillette's market share for razors and blades in India has grown to 49.1 percent, according to Euromonitor. That's up from 37.3 in 2007.

Paul Raeburn

W

Source: Discover

hy do we lie to ourselves? That’s what evolutionary biologist Robert Trivers has spent 30 years trying to figure out. “Our sensory systems are organized to give us a detailed and accurate view of reality,” he says, “but once this information arrives in our brains, it is often distorted and biased to our conscious minds.” We repress painful memories, create false ones, rationalize immoral behavior and jack up our self-esteem. We deny ourselves the truth. Trivers, a professor of anthropology and biological sciences at Rutgers University in New Jersey, is not as well-known to the public as, say, Harvard’s Steven Pinker or E.O. Wilson. Evolutionary biologists, however, put him in a class by himself. Pinker has called him “one of the great thinkers in the history of Western thought.” In the early 1970s, Trivers did for evolutionary biology what Einstein did for physics: He revolutionized the field with a handful of brilliantly original papers that reshaped the research agenda for decades. The task he set was to construct a theory of social behavior based on natural selection. And his landmark papers went a long way toward explaining how parents behave with children, and males with females, and how we differentiate between people like us and others whom we see as different. But one problem remained — the problem of selfdeception. Trivers found that one difficult to explain. According to the principles of natural selection, we wouldn’t have that curious ability unless it gave our ancestors a competitive edge. What, Trivers wanted to know, is that competitive edge? What do we gain by deceiving ourselves? In his latest book, The Folly of Fools: The Logic of Deceit and Self-Deception in Human Life, Trivers wanted to shake up evolutionary biology once again. After three decades of pondering how self-deception might have given our preThe science of decessors an evolutionself-deceit is more ary advantage, Trivers has come up with a theory: We than a matter often deceive ourselves of evolutionary because it then becomes curiosity. Sometimes, easier to deceive others. He begins by reviewit's a question ing the research on selfwith life or death deception. One way we lie consequences to ourselves, he learned, is by seeking information selectively. In one experiment, he reports, people were told they were likely, or unlikely, to be chosen as a prospective date. Those who thought they were likely to be chosen focused on the positive attributes of the potential date. Those who thought they were unlikely to be chosen “spent more time looking at the negative, as if already rationalizing their disappointment,” he writes. People in each group deceived themselves by distorting the information they were getting about their potential paramour. In another experiment, researchers assembled a group of people who strongly supported or opposed capital punishment. Everyone was then presented with facts supporting both positions. The result? The people became even more strident in their views. The information gave each person facts to support his or her position. Again, while they thought they were evaluating the information objectively, they were not. Each group distorted the information to align with prior beliefs. Trivers turned to a personal example when studying another form of self-deception: false memories. For years, he says, he told the story of how he had gone “deep into the bowels” of Harvard’s library to find a book by his father about what should be done with Nazis “too unimportant to be hung at Nuremberg.” Later, upon further checking, Trivers realized that he must have made up the book, and thus the story. “No such book exists,” he writes. Women and men also tend to deceive one another during long relationships. Couples last longer “if they tend to overrate each other compared to the other’s self-evaluation.” They also tend to deceive themselves about how bad the past was, compared with their more positive evaluations of their relationship now. If you think your spouse has improved, in other words, the one who has changed might be you. The good news for our species is that self-deception can play a key role in what evolutionary biologists refer to as “reproductive success” — what the rest of us refer to as courtship and sex. “In humans, female choice usually focuses primarily on a male’s status, resources and willingness to invest,” as well as attractiveness, which could be a sign of good genes, Trivers argues. Males more adept at deceiving females regarding these attributes are more likely to have sex — or, rather, reproductive success. That seems like a good thing: They have more offspring, all of whom carry genetic traces of their parents’ penchant for deception. That is not, however, the end of the story. Trivers is careful to note that self-deception is not always beneficial. Natural selection shapes individuals with respect to reproductive success, but that success sometimes comes at a cost. If selfdeception goes too far, it can turn against us. Consider what happens when this deception occurs in an airplane cockpit. On Jan. 13, 1982, Air Florida Flight 90 took off from Washington, D.C.’s National Airport and crashed, moments later, into a bridge, landing in the Potomac River and killing 74 aboard. While accelerating, the pilot noted instruments that suggested the plane did not have enough speed for takeoff. He didn’t believe the instruments. We don’t know why he acted that way, but it’s clear that some kind of deception was involved — he did not accept, at face value, the information flowing into his brain. It simply couldn’t be right, somehow, so he rejected it. That bit of selfdeception was responsible for the loss of those lives. Such self-deception can occur institutionally, too. Trivers says it was responsible for the loss of the Challenger and Columbia space shuttles. NASA’s leaders persuaded themselves to ignore warnings issued by the scientists deep within the bowels of the place — self-deception with fatal consequences. Even decisions to go to war, which can cost tens of thousands of lives, are often made in a cloud of self-deception, he argues. Certainly, Trivers’ study of self-deception has important policy implications, not only for airline pilots, NASA execs and commanders in chief, but also for many others in positions of responsibility. Decisions that can affect thousands or millions of people should be as free of self-deception as possible, Trivers argues. And so should the decisions we make in our personal affairs. “I do not believe in building one’s life, one’s relationships or one’s society on lies,” he says. “We can choose whether to fight our own self-deceptions or indulge them,” Trivers says, as difficult as that choice might be. “I choose to oppose my own, with very limited success so far.”

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.


8

Dimapur

NATIONAL

Tuesday 8 October 2013

The Morung Express

Cong playing ‘dirty politics’ over Telangana

NEW DElhi, OctObEr 7 (agENciEs): Telugu Desam Party (TDP) chief N Chandrababu Naidu on Monday accused Congress of playing politics on the Telangana statehood issue by wooing both TRS and YSR Congress for electoral alliance in view of the Lok Sabha polls. Naidu began an indefinite hunger-strike in the national capital to protest against the Union Cabinet’s decision regarding the proposed bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. “I am asking is it the way of doing politics at the cost of society. You are doing this type of dirty politics, that is what is happening today,” he said slamming the Congress. On October 3, the Union Cabinet had decided to go ahead with the process for the creation of a separate Telangana state carved out from Andhra Pradesh. Accusing the Congress and the central government of not holding discussions and taking the decision “arbitrarily” to bifurcate the state, he said the Seemandhra region has plunged into chaos and people are starting to lose confidence in the political system. ‘Cong treating Andhra as internal matter’ “They (Congress party) are treating Andhra Pradesh issue as the internal affair of the party. They

Seemandhra: Protesters step up attacks on Cong leaders’ homes

hYDErabaD, OctObEr 7 (agENciEs): Angry Seemandhra protesters stepped up their attacks on the residences and other establishments of Congress ministers, MPs and MLAs on Monday. The ruling party leaders are already the target of the protesters for the last 65-odd days of the agitation launched to oppose the division of Andhra Pradesh. But despite the heavy police presence outside their premises, the attackers came in huge numbers on Monday and sent across a clear message: ‘Quit your posts or else face the brunt of the people’s fury.’ In Visakhapatnam, a group of protesters led by YSR Congress activists tried to storm into the camp office of union minister D Purandeswari. On not being allowed in, some activists tried to jump over the barricades upon which the cops resorted to lathicharge. The same protesters earlier tried to barge into the residence of state minister Ganta Srinivasa Rao but were chased away by lathicharging policemen. In the meantime, students staged separate Traffic comes to a halt following protests by supporters of ‘United Andhra Pradesh’ at Karnool district in Andhra Pradesh protests outside the residences of minister state, on Monday, October 7. The Indian government’s proposed move to create a 29th state named ‘Telangana’ by carv- Ganta and Congress MLAs M Vijayaprasad ing it out of the existing Andhra Pradesh state has set off protests in the state’s ‘Seemandhra’ region. (AP Photo) and Vijayakumar in the port city. are interested in politics, not governance or state or people. They are saying everything in terms of politics. Things are becoming worse day by day,” Naidu told reporters here. Naidu also alleged that several Congress ministers have indicated an alliance with YSR Congress. “YSR Congress will win seats in Seemandhra. It will also support the Congress after

polls,” he added. He also accused Congress of releasing Jaganmohan Reddy so that he joined hands with them. He said the intention of the Congress party had become clear right on the day of announcing the split of the state after the CWC meeting when they said that TRS party is going to merge with them. Naidu, who visited Rajghat to pay tributes

to Mahatma Gandhi before launching his fast, contended that Congress wanted to win votes in both Telangana and Seemandhra regions with the support of TRS and YSR Congress party of Jaganmohan Reddy. Naidu said people in the Seemandhra region are protesting for over 70 days ever since the announcement about the split. TDP has decided to write to the

leaders of all parties on the statehood issue and expose the alleged ‘nefarious politics’ of the Congress. Naidu, whom observers say is now fighting a political battle for survival in the state of which he was once chief minister, has also accused Congress of entering into an ‘arrangement’ with TRS and YSR Congress vis-a-vis the bifurcation decision. After addressing a press

conference, the TDP chief formally began his fast at Andhra Bhavan here. Naidu did not give a categorically reply as to whether he was for Telangana or united Andhra Pradesh saying it is the “gameplan” of Congress to rake up a “controversy” and that all three -- Congress, YSR Congress and TRS -have joined hands to defeat TDP after his party came

In Kakinada, YSR Congress activists staged a dharna outside Union minister Pallam Raju’s residence and demanded his resignation. Cops had to resort to lathicharge to scatter away the protesters. Outside Rangaraya Medical College in Kakinada, the medical staff including doctors performed a mock-autopsy on the effigies of the Union ministers from Seemandhra and demanded their resignations. In Rajahmundry in East Godavari district, employees, lawyers, doctors and other groups on Monday took out a massive rally that culminated in a dharna outside the local police station demanding stringent action against the sons of Amalapuram MP G Harsha Kumar for having attacked the protesters two days ago even as the town observed a total bandh in protest against the assault by the MP’s sons. The agitators also blackened out Harsha Kumar’s name wherever they spotted it in his constituency as well as on the foundation stones of various schemes. In Krishna district, JAC leaders burnt the effigies of the Union ministers at several places and offered ‘pinda pradanam,’ a ritual where food is offered to the dead souls.

out with a good show in recent local body polls. “I am for Telugu people. We are very clear. My statement is very clear. They have to do justice.... No you cannot ask that. We have to do justice for both areas, discuss with people of both areas, resolve the problem amicably. If there is a new government, we will resolve it within six months. “They should have at

least called the Joint Action Committees of both areas, talked to them, sorted it out. You cannot not hit the people below the belt. There is a procedure. They had similarly bungled in Punjab, Assam and Jammu Kashmir,” Naidu said in response to a volley of questions on the issue. The TDP Chief appealed to the national parties and national leaders to support his agitation.

Food law to protect poor Third front will be formed after LS polls: Mulayam DElhi, OctObEr 7 (Pti): tion and seat sharing,” Yadav told re- cause of a third front government and situation in the wake of the controverfrom price volatility: Thomas NEW Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam porters here. Yadav said all political aspiring for the top post, said neither sy over the ordinance to protect con-

rOmE, OctObEr 7 (Pti): Food Minister KV Thomas Monday said the recently enacted food law will protect 67 per cent of the population from price volatility. India has taken several measures to curb food price rise and are showing “promising results”, he said, while addressing the FAO session on international food prices. “The landmark National Food Security Act gives ‘Right to Food’ to 67 per cent of the population by ensuring them foodgrains at the most affordable prices, thereby protecting them against price volatility,” Thomas said. The provisions under the law will result in availability of sufficient food for an active and healthy life of poor people, he added. Addressing a separate session on world food security, Thomas said that India’s food law marks a paradigm shift in approach to food security - from being a welfare measure to rights-based approach. The act legally entitles up to 75 per cent of the rural population and 50 per cent of the urban population to receive 5 Kg of foodgrain per head per month at a highly subsidised rate under PDS, he said. Having enacted this historic law, it is necessary to ensure its proper implementation and sustainability, he added. Noting that several steps taken to check prices of essential food items are yielding results in the domestic market, the Minister said there was a decline

in prices of food in August this year in India as compared to the corresponding period of previous year. “The decline was mainly observed in cereals, oils/fats and sugar through there is a hike in the prices of milk and meat. The rate of inflation for milk and sugar was stable at a lower level and it was declining for edible oils,” he said. Besides taking measures to contain food price rise in India, the country has taken steps to meet the foodgrains requirement of many nations and has always been in the forefront to contribute to the global food aid programmes directly to the needy countries as well as through World Food Programme. The country had exported 15 million tonnes of rice and wheat since export curbs were removed in September 2011. Thomas further said that India is supporting the initiatives launched by G-20 forum, especially the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) and the Rapid Response Forum (RRF), towards addressing volatility in global food prices. India has already taken necessary measures in this direction by appointing the nodal points for AMIS and RRF to make these mechanisms fully operative, he said. “Initiatives like the AMIS and the RRF are timely steps in the right direction and we would appeal to all nations to participate actively in this mechanism,” he said.

Singh Yadav on Monday ruled out formation of a third front ahead of 2014 Lok Sabha elections, saying differences could crop up among various parties on ticket distribution if it takes shape now. Yadav, however, reiterated that the third front will be formed after elections and claimed the next prime minister will be from among the alliance partners. “The third front formation is not possible now, as differences can crop up among parties on ticket distribu-

parties of the proposed alliance will contest polls on their own strength and then get together after the next general election. He said his party is in touch with CPM leader Prakash Karat and CPI leader A B Bardhan over third front formation after polls and have an understanding on this. “We feel that the third front government should come to power at the Centre. The country’s next Prime Minister will be a third front candidate,” he said. Yadav, who has been spearheading the

India successfully test-fires nuclear capable missile

the BJP nor the Congress will be able to form the government. Asked who will be the third front prime ministerial candidate, Yadav said only one prime ministerial candidate has been announced so far, in an apparent reference to BJP’s Narendra Modi. “But, the third front candidate will be the next Prime Minister of the country,” he claimed. CPM general secretary Prakash Karat had recently held a meeting with Yadav and is understood to have discussed the evolving political

victed lawmakers. CPM sources said the meeting was essentially to discuss the plans for holding a national convention in the defence of secularism. The convention is slated to be held on October 30 here. The sources said the convention will gather Left democratic and secular forces to adopt a joint programme to fight the menace of communalism, specially in the wake of the recent violence in Muzaffarnagar in Uttar Pradesh and other parts of the country.

bhubaNEsWar, OctObEr 7 (iaNs): India Monday successfully test-fired its nuclear-capable surface-to-surface Prithvi-II missile from a military base in Odisha, a senior defence official said. The indigenouslydeveloped ballistic missile with a maximum range of 350 km was fired from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur-on-sea in Balasore district, about 230 km from Bhubaneswar. The test was carried out by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of the Indian armed forces as part of a regular training exercise. “The test was successful. It was a text book launch. The missile met all parameters,” test range director M.V.K.V. Prasad told IANS. Prithvi is India’s first indigenously-built ballistic missile. It is one of the five missiles being developed under the country’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme. The battlefield missile, with flight duration of 483 seconds reaching a peak altitude of 43.5 km, has the capability to carry a 500-kg warhead. The missile has features to deceive anti-ballistic missiles and uses an advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring capabilities and reaches its target with a few metres of accuracy. It has higher lethal effect compared to any equivalent class of missiles in the world. Scientists say Indian chefs prepare a 53 feet (16 meters) long Dosa, a south Indian crepe, at a restaurant the accuracy has already been demonstrated in the past in the develop- in Ahmadabad, on Monday, October 7. The restaurant claims to have made the world’s ment flight trials. longest dosa in 15 minutes. (AP Photo)

Corruption curse follows Congress party to the polls

NEW DElhi, OctObEr 7 (rEutErs): For two decades, Lalu Prasad Yadav was a giant on India’s political stage. He ran a state of 100 million people, he took charge of the country’s massive rail network and his party was a crucial prop for the shaky coalition government in New Delhi. Yadav managed all this despite a constant whiff of corruption around him. Indeed, he liked to thumb his nose at the law, riding triumphantly on the back of an elephant after a brief spell behind bars in 1997 as a crowd of admirers cheered. Last week, a court sentenced Yadav to five years in prison for his part in a multi-million-dollar embezzlement case. It was a landmark moment in a country where public disgust with corrupt politicians is finally starting to bite. Voters could throw the ruling Congress party out of power at the next general election, due by next May, for presiding over one of the most sleazeridden periods in the country’s history. An opinion poll in August said the party’s parliamentary strength could drop to about 125 out of 543 elected seats. Current-

ly it has 206, and rules with the help of coalition allies. “Endgame of India’s unclean politics,” Kiran Bedi, a former police chief and now an anti-corruption activist, tweeted cheerily after Yadav was bundled off to jail last week. The popular outrage has also spawned a clutch of new parties committed to ending the nexus between politics and crime, and - for the first time in quarter of a century - it has put corruption firmly on the agenda for national polls. SWEEPING AWAY THE MUCK Probity has never been the strongest suit of the world’s largest democracy. A staggering 30 percent of lawmakers across federal and state legislatures face criminal charges, many for serious crimes such as rape, murder and kidnapping. Politicians and gangsters have long been bedfellows, not least because of the dirty money that fuels political campaigns. More than 90 percent of funding for the two main national parties, Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party, comes from unknown sources, according to the advocacy group Association

for Democratic Reforms. Yet, only once in India’s history has the public been exercised enough about graft to boot a government out for shady dealings. That was in 1989, when a kickbacks scandal over the purchase of artillery guns from Sweden’s Bofors contributed to an election defeat for Congress and its then prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi. The scandals have come thick and fast on Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s watch in the last few years. There was a huge scam over the sale of the 2G mobile spectrum, which Time magazine listed as number 2 on its “Top 10 Abuses of Power”, behind the Watergate scandal. New Delhi’s botched hosting of the 2010 Commonwealth Games led to dozens of corruption cases, and then the government was hit by a furore over the allocation of coal deposits now known as “Coalgate”. All this has prompted the emergence of an anti-corruption movement, one that swelled in 2011 with huge protests led by Anna Hazare, who styled himself as a crusader in the mould of independence

hero Mahatma Gandhi. The outcry has continued since then, rattling the government, in part because much of it comes from the urban middle-class, a traditionally apolitical bloc whose sudden engagement could shatter electoral calculations. A Lowy Institute poll of Indians in May found that 92 percent thought corruption had increased over the past five years, and even more believed that reducing corruption should be a top priority for their government. A newly formed party, the Aam Aadmi (Common Man) Party, has tapped into the angst over sleaze. The AAP chose a broom as its symbol, to suggest it is sweeping the muck out of politics. In a video game launched last week, the party’s leader navigates the corruption-plagued streets of the capital wielding a broom. An increasingly activist judiciary has added to the clamour to rid politics of criminals. In July, the Supreme Court decreed that lawmakers convicted of a serious crime would immediately forfeit their seats, closing off a loophole that had allowed

politicians to stay on during appeals, which can drag on for years in India. Last month, the court ordered the Election Commission to introduce a “none-ofthe-above” choice for voters, allowing them to reject unsavoury characters instead of choosing the best of a rotten bunch. The AAP, which is expected to disrupt the usual two-party race in a Delhi state election next month, is just one of several parties to be set up on an anti-corruption platform. Among them is the Nav Bharat (New India) Democratic Party of Rajendra Misra, who gave up various business interests to join public service seven years ago. He worked with the main national parties to improve policy and governance, but was disillusioned by the venality around him and finally decided to go it alone. “India isn’t a poor country. It’s a poorly managed country,” says Misra, who is planning to stand in next year’s election. There will be many election first-timers like him: young white-collar working professionals challenging a system where political seats are mostly

occupied by old men and handed down to next generations like family heirlooms. The upstarts have their work cut out for them in a country where votes are still cast along community lines rather than by ideology, and where mainstream parties are flush with cash. Milan Vaishnav of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace says the chances of a criminal candidate winning an election are three times better than others, and money is not the only explanation. “Candidates often use their criminality as a sign of their credibility to protect the interests of their parochial community,” Vaishnav said, saying that voters sometimes choose criminals not despite of their criminality, but because of it. Shekhar Tiwari, a co-founder of the Nav Bharat Democratic Party, recognises the enormity of the task facing the anti-corruption challengers. “Some of what we say sounds like a dream. But if we don’t dream, nothing is possible,” he says. “TORN UP AND THROWN OUT” Still, a recent drama in the

Congress party, which is led by Nehru-Gandhi dynasty, showed which way the wind is blowing. Prime Minister Singh’s cabinet issued an executive order allowing convicted lawmakers to continue to hold office and stand in elections, in essence defying the Supreme Court. Critics said the move was aimed at shielding allies - such as Yadav - whom the Congress may need to form a ruling coalition after the elections. As brickbats flew, Rahul Gandhi - the Congress party’s likely candidate for prime minister and scion of the dynasty stunned and embarrassed his own colleagues in a rare public outburst, calling for the order to be “torn up and thrown out”. A few days later, humiliated and looking divided, the government withdrew the decree. “Rahul did that because he is convinced that this would destroy the tattered remnants of Congress’ credibility,” said Prem Shankar Jha, a political analyst. “Had this gone through, Congress would no longer be a victim of the criminalisation of politics but would be a patron of it.”


INTERNATIONAL

The Morung Express

Tuesday 8 October 2013

Dimapur

9

With Obama out, others take APEC main stage BALI, OctOBer 7 (AP): Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and other AsiaPacific leaders took center stage Monday at a regional summit after President Barack Obama was a noshow due to the U.S. government shutdown. Leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, meeting amid tight security on this tropical island in eastern Indonesia, urged faster work on reforms meant to break down trade barriers and improve competitiveness. But their summit meetings aren’t all work and there are some light moments. Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono took the chance to pick up a guitar and sing his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, a happy 61st birthday. Abe, struggling to extricate Japan from two decades of stagnation, pledged to move ahead with reforms he has promised as part of his “Abenomics” economic strategy. “It’s not easy for a country stuck in deflation for 15 years to get out,” Abe said. He promised measures to ensure that an increase in Japan’s sales tax, which has driven consumer confidence to record lows, does

Leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) countries attend the APEC Leaders Retreat in Bali, Indonesia, on Monday, October 7. (AP Photo)

not derail the economic recovery he has nurtured since taking office last December. “Now we can wipe out the doom and gloom atmosphere in the Japanese economy,” Abe said. Speaking to a gathering of business and political leaders, he also sought to reassure other Asian

countries, especially those that suffered colonization and invasion before and during World War II, over Japan’s efforts to upgrade its military. “We are aspiring to become a pro-active contributor to stability and security in the world as a country that observes international norms,” Abe said.

The reference to international norms also appeared aimed at China, whose naval incursions into waters near disputed islands in the East China Sea have angered Japan. Relations between the two biggest Asian economies remain chilly with scant sign either is willing to compromise on the

islands issue. APEC’s 21 nations and territories have wide disparities in wealth and development, ranging from tiny Brunei to the U.S. and China, the world’s two biggest economies. The region accounts for more than 3 billion people and over half of global GDP. The annual APEC gath-

Democracy trumps cash as key to Nobel success

StOckhOLm, OctOBer 7 (AFP): For a scientist to win a Nobel Prize, many things have to come together -- ample funding, a supportive environment, even luck. But one rarely recognised factor may be more important than any other: democracy. “Of course, you need to have at least the fundamental resources,” said Swedish virologist Erling Norrby, a former member of the Nobel Committee for Medicine. “But science also requires an open society. A democratic system is very important.” There is solid science behind the claim that democratic systems and Nobel prizes go together, according to Warren Smith, an American mathematician with the website Rangevoting. org. He has carried out statistical analysis on the correlation between a society’s level of democracy and its ability to rack up Nobel Prizes. The conclusion: Democracies create Nobel-worthy research, non-democratic regimes don’t. “It could be a fluke, but it’s unlikely. There’s a statistical probability of 0.01 that something this impressive could happen by chance,” said Smith, whose study excluded the peace prize. Even the Soviet Union, often highlighted as an authoritarian state that could produce good research, may be less of an exception than it seems. On a per-capita basis, the United States

has done 17 times better than the former Soviet Union, Denmark 39 times better. The democracy link could also go a long way towards explaining the pro-Western bias of the Nobel prize. Historically, 247 out of altogether 834 Nobel Laureates -- including winners of the literature and peace prizes -- were born in the United States. Many more did their Nobel-winning research at US universities. Middle Eastern countries have performed badly in the prize stakes -- a phenomenon some have sought to explain with religion. Prominent atheist Richard Dawkins stated this year in a controversial tweet that “all the world’s Muslims have fewer Nobel prizes than Trinity College, Cambridge.” But Nidhal Guessoum, an Algerian-born astrophysicist with the American University of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates, warned against seeing the Islamic Nobel dearth as exceptional. “Brazil, with its 200 million population, has not had any Nobel prizes in any category, whereas Egypt, with 80 million, has had four, including one in science, though the work was done in the US,” he said, also pointing out a lack of Nobel recognition for China. “And yet I haven’t heard anyone hint at ‘underlying deficiencies’ in the Brazilian and Chinese cultures.” Instead, some scholars say,

the poor performance of countries as diverse as China and Saudi Arabia in the Nobel stakes might be explained by their autocratic nature. “There is a lack of democratic culture, and a culture of debate and controversy. And science needs debate. You need to be able to disagree with someone without insulting him,” said Jean Staune, a philosopher of science at the Interdisciplinary University of Paris. This particular “spirit of democracy” was also a key feature in a celebrated speech by prominent Swedish academic Sune Bergstroem in 1976, when he described the rapid expansion of American universities in the immediate post-war years. “The growth of university research was characterised by a dynamic openness in forms which might be characterised as a democracy of research workers,” he said. James Wilsdon, an expert on science and politics at the University of Sussex, pointed out that one laureate after the other talks about “a particular form of creativity and freedom” allowing research that “sometimes goes in unexpected directions.” But it is not enough that the research institute where the Nobel-aspiring scientist works is democratic. The society outside the gates has to be democratic too, according to Wilsdon.

Myanmar unrest raises stakes for growing tourist industry

thAndwe, OctOBer 7 (AFP): Recent antiMuslim bloodshed close to Myanmar’s most popular tourist beach raises the stakes for an industry dependent on the former pariah state’s fluid transition to democracy. Several days of tension spilled into bloodshed on Tuesday in the western state of Rakhine, where Buddhist mobs killed six Muslims and burned dozens of homes in the latest outburst of violence in the strife-torn region. The riots occurred just a few miles (kilometres) from Ngapali beach, the country’s remote and beautiful major resort, where the tourist season is just getting back into action after the monsoon. Foreigners are flocking back to Myanmar as a result of dramatic political reforms since direct military rule ended in 2011 that have lifted the veil on a country left isolated by decades of military rule. As tensions rippled through towns further inland last week, a few scattered tourists at Ngapali padded across palm-fringed pristine sands at upmarket resorts seemingly oblivious to the violence. French holidaymaker Lambert Demoulin said he had seen news reports of previous unrest and was “a bit worried” but had decided to visit the area nonetheless. “It doesn’t’ bother me that much,” he told AFP. “I feel really good, I don’t want to leave.” Ngapali is still safe to travel to, according to updated advice from the British foreign office, but visi-

tors should “monitor local developments and keep in close contact with your tour operator in case the security situation there changes”. The foreign office counsels against all but essential travel to the rest of Rakhine state, where 2 major outbreaks of communal violence last year left dozens dead and tens of thousands homeless. Local businesses told AFP they were concerned the unrest could affect them. “We are worried because of what happened,” said Myat Moe, manager of the Bayview hotel, highlight-

ing the extension to a curfew that restricts movement between 6pm and 6am. “This is now the beginning of the season so it will impact us a lot more. Tourism is seen as an important growth industry for Myanmar.

A country ‘unspoiled’ by modernity A year before the new government came to power in 2010 the country had the lowest visitor numbers of any of its regional neighbours, according to consultants at the McKinsey Global Institute. Since then the country has been tipped

as one of the world’s hottest destinations for those eager to see a country “unspoiled” by modernity. Reforms like the election of democracy champion Aung San Suu Kyi into parliament and the release of political prisoners have seen Myanmar welcomed back into the global community with the scrapping of most international sanctions. Visitors to Myanmar surpassed the 1 million milestone in 2012 as reforms took root and the Asian Development Bank has predicted they could be at least 1.52 million by 2015.

GOVERNMENT OF NAGALAND

DEPARTMENT OF SCHOOL EDUCATION DISTRICT MISSION AUTHORITY, SSA OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT EDUCATION OFFICER DIMAPUR DISTRICT

NO.DEO.D/SSA/EMIS/UDISE/2013-14/30

Dated Dimapur the 7th Oct 2013.

COLLECTION OF UDISE FORMAT UNDER DIMAPUR DISTRICT In reference to the letter F. NO.NUEPA (EMIS-DISE Data)/2012-13 dated 5th September 2013 received from NUEPA (National University of Educational Planning & Administration) New Delhi and letter NO SSA/NAGA/EMIS/UDISE/2013-14 dated Kohima the 27th Sept'2013, all schools and colleges (Classes I to XII) viz. Government, Private, Navodaya & Kendriya Vidilaya, CBSE affiliated that the department is conducting its annual collection of school statistics as on 30/09/13 relating to enrollment, teachers & infrastructures through Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) formats which is mandatory throughout the country. Hence, all Private Schools under Dimapur District are hereby requested to collect the said format from 8th to 19th Oct'13 from the DEO office Dimapur SSA Section first floor room No. 5 without fail and last date of submission on or before 25th Oct'2013, failing which the concerned school/college would be treated as non-cooperative and appropriate action may be initiated against the defaulting schools. Thanking you with anticipation. (N.HUSHILI SEMA) IAS Deputy Commissioner Cum Chairman DMA, SSA Dimapur District.

ering gives regional leaders the opportunity to thrash out policies to encourage trade and business cooperation, while also tackling country-to-country issues in meetings on the sidelines. It also is a boon for this year’s host Bali, which has struggled to rebuild its tourism industry following terrorist attacks in 2002 and 2005 that killed over 200 people. For Obama, it was an opportunity to underline renewed U.S. attention to Asia as a counterbalance to China’s increased economic, political and military clout. But that message was undermined by the U.S. government shutdown forcing Obama to cancel his trip to Indonesia and three other countries. Later Monday, attention will focus on addresses by the leaders of two key U.S. rivals, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and China’s Xi Jinping. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will try to fill the vacuum left by Obama’s change of plans. Meanwhile, the dozen countries involved in the U.S.-led Trans-Pacific Partnership were haggling over their plans for a free trade area they hope will eventually encompass the entire region.

Contents of the talks have been kept secret. However, relatively awkward issues such as protection of patents and other intellectual property are among the topics still being worked out, officials said. “Despite President Obama’s absence, each country is sticking to its resolve to achieve an agreement by the year’s end,” Japan’s economy minister Akira Amari told reporters. “We are in the process of negotiating to conclude the talks within this year.” Indonesian trade minister Gita Wirjawan, whose country is not involved in the U.S.-led free trade initiative but is part of a separate regional grouping, said Indonesia is not against the Pacific pact but needs more time to decide whether to join it. “We need to evaluate whether it will be net beneficial to us,” Wirjawan told The Associated Press. “We’re observing.” Indonesia’s garment industry suffered after a free trade arrangement with Beijing opened its market to cheaper exports from China, “Yes, there has been a deficit but let’s not forget the fact that every dollar of trade, whichever way,

involves the creation of jobs,” Wirjawan said. “I think that fact that China is our biggest trading partner is very, very important for Indonesia.” China also is closely watching progress on the TPP, among other trade arrangements involving APEC, whose eventual goal is a “free trade area of the Pacific” - still a remote possibility given the various territorials issues and other differences dividing its nearly two-dozen members. “There are many plans, proposals and opinions in the process of economic integration of the AsiaPacific, and the Chinese business community is also highly involved in this process,” said Yu Ping, vice chairman of China Council for the Promotion of International Trade. Wirjawan said there are grounds to think that people believe more in the existence of UFOs than the benefits of free trade. For developing countries particularly, where some industries lack the competitive sophistication of those in rich countries, it is easier to argue for free trade when there are visible signs of its benefits such as factories and jobs, he said.

GOVERNMENT OF NAGALAND

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF ENGINEER OFFICE PWD (NATIONAL HIGHWAYS) NAGALAND: KOHIMA NATIONAL COMPETITIVE BIDDING NO. CE/NH/NIT/2013-14/

Dated Kohima the 7th October 2013.

(National competitive Bidding through e-Tendering mode only) The Chief Engineer, PWD (NH) Nagaland, Kohima on behalf of the President of India, invites bids in two cover systems for the construction of the works detailed as below: Cost of Approx. Bid Security Period of Sl. Length Processing Name of Work Value of (1% of Col 5) Completion No. in km fee in Rs. Work in Rs in Rs.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1. IRQP on NH-61 (New No 2) from 5.00 25000.00 2,59,01,385/- 2,59,014/12 months Km 110.00 to 115.00 km under NH Division Mokokchung. 2. IRQP on NH-61 (New No 2)from Km 6.00 30000.00 3,18,76,587/- 3,18,766/12 months 160.00 to 166.00 km under NH Division Mokokchung. 3. PR on NH-61 (New No 2)from Km 10.00 25000.00 2,72,45,837/- 2,72,458/12 months 180.00 to 190.00 km under NH Division Mokokchung. 4. IRQP on NH-155 (New No 202) 5.00 20000.00 1,81,80,378/- 1,81,804/12 months from km 50.00 to 55.00 km under NH Division Tuensang. Cost of processing fee is Non-refundable in Cash/DD from any Nationalized Bank in favour of Chief Engineer PWD(NH) payable at Kohima. Last date of On-line Submission is 29.10.2013 upto 1700 Hrs (SERVER TIME) Bid security as detail in SBD from nationalized bank only. The detailed tender document can be viewed on the website www.eprocure.gov.in and www.nagalandtenders. gov.in from 07.10.2013 onwards and can be downloaded from 08.10.2013 to 29.10.2013 upto 1700 Hrs (server Time). The last date & Time for On-line submission of the bidding document is 29.10.2013 upto 1700Hrs (Server time).Amendments/Corrigendum, if any will be hosted on the above website. The Pre-bid meeting will be held in the Conference hall of the Chief Engineer PWD (NH), Kohima on 11.10.2013 at 1200 Hrs (IST). Other details can be viewed from bidding document. Sd/Chief Engineer PWD (NH) Nagaland: Kohima.

GOVERNMENT OF NAGALAND

NAGALAND STATE AIDS CONTROL SOCIETY NAGALAND: KOHIMA

NO.NSACS/ADMN/APPT/ADVERT/2012-13/

/Dated Kohima, the 7th October 2013

ADVERTISEMENT

Applications are hereby invited from eligible local candidates to fill up the following contractual posts under the Establishment of Nagaland State AIDS Control Society, Kohima. The contract period will be initially up to 31st December 2013 with effect from the date of joining. The appointment will be renewed every year based on the performance and directives from National AIDS Control Organization (NACO). Sl. No. of Category Pay Range Qualification & Experience No. posts 1 Medical Officer Rs. 25,0003 • M. D or MBBS 30,000/- pm 2 Medical Officer R s . 2 5 , 0 0 0 - 15 • MBBS 30,000/- pm Preference: MD Psychiatry/ Diploma in Psychiatry Medicine

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1

OST Centre, (CHC Longkhim/ CHC Changtongnya/ CHC Mangkolemba/ DH Kiphire/DH Phek ) ART Centre, DH Kiphire ICTC DH Mon/ Blood Bank Mon/ SRL, Kohima DAPCU, Mon DAPCU, Mon

General Instructions: (i) Two passport size photo. (ii) The post applied for should be clearly mentioned on top of the envelope. (iii) Applications in prescribed format with attested photocopy of certificates & experience must be received at NSACS on or before 23rd October, 2013 addressed to the Project Director, Nagaland State AIDS Control Society, Directorate of Health & Family Welfare, Kohima-797001 (iv) Prescribed format can be obtained from NSACS Office. (v) All columns are to be filled. If no information is to be given, please mention ‘NA’. Any unfilled column will be understood as ‘nothing to say’. Experience, should include ‘pay drawn’ and ‘Employer’. (vi) All application includes a ‘declaration’ which should be signed. In case you fail to do so, the application will be rejected. (vii) The originals of relevant qualifications and experiences shall be produced at the time of written test or interview. (viii) The Society reserves the right to reject any application or cancel any position advertised without assigning any reason. Decision of the Society shall be final. (ix) Application which is not in the prescribed format will be rejected The names of the Candidates who fulfill the criteria will be put up in the NSACS Notice Board. There will be Written Test on 30th October, 2013 and Oral Interview on 31st October, 2013 respectively for the short listed candidates. No lobbying in any form will be entertained. Sd/DR. N. L. CHANGKIJA Project Director


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Tuesday 8 October 2013

The Morung Express

Mumbai Indians lift second CLT20 title

New Delhi, OctO ber 6 (iANS): An allround performance from the Mumbai Indians saw them comprehensively beat the Rajasthan Royals by 33 runs in the final of the Champions League Twenty20 title at the Ferozeshah Kotla here Sunday. Chasing Mumbai Indians' score of 202/6 in 20 overs, the Royals were well on course before three wickets in the 17th over bowled by Harbhajan Singh spelled doom for the inaugural Indian Premier League (IPL) champions. A batting collapse saw the Royals being bowled out from 155/3 to 169 all out with seven balls to spare. Chasing the highest CLT20 total at the Kotla, Royals skipper Rahul Dravid, playing in his last T20 match, did not open. Instead Kusal Perera (8) came out and was run out in the first over. Then, Ajinkya Rahane (65) and 18-year-old Sanju Samson struck a crucial 109-run second-wicket partnership which almost took the game away from the reigning IPL champions. Kerala youngster Samson played a brilliant 33-

ball knock of 60, including four boundaries and sixes each, which took the pressure off Rahane. Samson and Shane Watson (8) perisehed quickly, but Rahane held the innings together.

But the 17th over by Harbhajan (4/32) changed the dynamics of the match as the offie clinched Rahane, Stuart Binny (10) and Kevon Cooper (4) in a span of six balls. Suddenly from

New Delhi, OctOber 7 (iANS): The Supreme Court Monday suggested setting up of a three-member panel, headed by former chief justice of Punjab and Haryana High Court Mukul Mudgal, to probe alleged betting and spot-fixing in the Indian Premier League (IPL). The apex court bench headed by Justices A.K. Patnaik and J.S. Kehar sought the respective views of the petitioner Cricket Association of Bihar (CAB) and respondent Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) on its suggestion for the probe panel. The apex court was dealing with a petition by the Cricket Association of Bihar (CAB) seeking an interim ban preventing BCCI chairman N. Srinivasan from being a member of any committee of the Indian cricket board. The Supreme Court also proposed the names of Additional Solicitor General L. Nageswara Rao, a former cricketer, and senior advocate Nilay Dutta, who is also member of the Assam Cricket Association (ACA), as the other two members in the committee. The apex court asked the counsel of the CAB, represented by senior lawyer Abhishek Manu Singhvi, and the BCCI to come up with their suggestions and adjourned the

case till Tuesday morning. The Supreme Court last Monday declined to revoke its order restraining BCCI president Narayanaswami Srinivasan from assuming office on his re-election. Srinivasan was elected unopposed for a third year in office at the BCCI AGM in Chennai, Sep 29. CAB, which is not recognised by the BCCI, had filed a petition in the Supreme Court pleading that Srinivasan be barred from contesting the BCCI presidential election. The petition was filed on the ground that Srinivasan's son-in-law Gurunath Meiyappan is being probed by Mumbai police for placing bets in IPL matches. Meiyappan, along with Pakistani umpire Asad Rauf and Bollywood actor Vindoo Dara Singh, has been named in the charge-sheet filed by the Mumbai police. The apex court allowed Srinivasan to contest the election but said that he cannot discharge his duties. Earlier, a two-member BCCI probe panel comprising Justice T. Jayarama Chouta and Justice R. Balasubramanian, former judges of the Madras High Court, had given a clean chit to Meiyappan, former team principal of Chennai Super Kings, and Raj Kundra, co-owner of Rajasthan Royals, in the betting scandal in the IPL.

Dravid's final walk back to the pavilion. All Mumbai Indians players rushed to wish him on his wonderful career and by then, could smell victory. Kieron Pollard clinched

the last two wickets to make the Indians the first team to win two CLT20 titles. Earlier, some remarkable slog overs hitting by skipper Rohit Sharma (33), Dinesh Karthik (15 not out)

US lands record result at gymnastics worlds ANtwerP, OctOber 7 (AP): All of 16 years old and given to giggles, Simone Biles showed she is ready to carry the weight of a nation. She anchored the strongest U.S. team performance in world championship history on Sunday, and it didn't take long for U.S. women's team coach Martha Karolyi to put this in perspective. "We are ready to go for Rio," Karolyi said. After a dozen medals and a long week of domination, the Americans are clearly in a position of strength for the 2016 Olympics. And Biles, a newcomer to the team, is much the reason. First, she won the all-around Friday and then she added the floor event Sunday. She finished with four medals overall. "All the hard work has paid off," she said. "It is so exciting to be part of that. I cannot ask for anything more." The U.S. team ended with 12 medals, exceeding its previous high of nine at the 2005 Melbourne championships. The Americans had almost double those of their nearest challenger, Japan, with seven. Perhaps most amazing, Biles may actually have surpassed Kohei Uchimura as the most successful gymnast of these championships. If the Japanese great proved to many that he is the greatest gymnast ever by winning a record fourth all-around world title, he came just short against Biles this week. Both won two

Gold medallist Simone Biles of the U.S. competes to win the floor exercise during the apparatus final at the Artistic Gymnastics World Championships in Antwerp, Belgium on Sunday, Oct. 6. The 44th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships in Antwerp concludes on Sunday with both men and women competing in individual apparatus finals. (AP Photo)

SC suggests fresh probe panel to BCCI

155/3, the Royals were reeling at 159/6. Dravid came out to bat at No.8 and could manage only one run before being bowled by Nathan CoulterNile in the 18th over. It was

golds and four medals overall, but Biles had a silver and a bronze to add compared to the two bronzes for Uchimura, who won his first parallel bars gold Sunday. Yet, as a nation, no one was a match for the United States, which came to Antwerp without the defending and Olympics women's all-around champions and with a lot of question marks. Next to Biles, Kyla Ross was almost a strong, getting three silvers over the week and proving she had blossomed from last year's Olympic team gold medalist into a strong individual performer whose grace and elegance is a counterpoint to Biles' power and jumping. "It is usually the year after the Olympics can be a little bit hard and rocky, but we were able to find again some of the old generation," Karolyi said. Beyond Ross, one such gymnast was defending champion McKayla Maroney, who won the vault Saturday. Karolyi stressed, however, that gold today means little tomorrow. She insisted she has several 13-yearolds already gearing up for Rio, when they will be just old enough to compete. It will make it all the tougher for 2011 champion Jordyn Wieber and Olympic gold medalist Gabby Douglas, who sat out this year's event, to walk in and reclaim their spot. "We have some more reserves," Karolyi warned . Well behind the U.S., Japan had seven medals overall, including four gold. But other perennial contenders are clearly rebuilding. China had only two medals overall, even if they were gold. Russia had four, but only gold from Aliya Mustafina on the balance beam.

Ready to open innings in all three formats: Rohit Sharma

New Delhi, OctO ber 7 (Pti): After guiding Mumbai Indians to their second Champions League T20 title, skipper Rohit Sharma said he is ready to open innings in all three formats of the game and he has been waiting for the opportunity for the past six years. "Modern cricket is such that you cannot lock your place. I am ready for last six years to play in all three formats. Hopefully, I will get an opportunity soon," Sharma said at the post-match press conference after Mumbai Indians beat Rajasthan Royals by 33 runs in the final of the CLT20 on Sunday. "I am waiting for the Test cap and hopefully I'll get it soon. I am waiting for the right time and opportunity," he said. A freak injury just before the Nagpur Test in 2010 had delayed his Test debut but with the West Indies tour round the corner, Sharma would be hoping to finally get to play the traditional format. In February 2010, Sharma was set to make his Test debut against South Africa but he injured himself while playing football in the warm-up on the first morning of the match. He was also part of the squad for the third Test at

home against the West Indies in November 2011 and the four-Test Australia series in 2011-12 but could not make the playing XI. Sharma capped off an impressive T20 season as a skipper by securing second trophy in a year after winning the Indian Premier League season 6 in May and the Mumbai player admitted there were a lot of expectations from them. "It wasn't easy for us. There were a lot of expectations and I think we held our nerve well. We showed a lot of character in the tournament," he said. Sharma said he was never worried about the form of off-spinner Harbhajan Singh and called him a "great match winner"

for the team. Harbhajan took three wickets in an over during his haul of 4 for 32 to derail Royals' chase of 203-run target at the Ferozeshah Kotla stadium. "Harbhajan is a great match winner. I was not worried about his form. He is a big match player and brought us back into the game. His three wickets in an over proved crucial for us," Sharma said. "Glenn Maxwell also played a great knock. It was a crucial knock as he timed his shots to perfection. We knew his strength, and that is why drafted him in the side. For Rajasthan, Sanju Samson and Ajju [Ajinkya Rahane] really played very well," Sharma

said of the Australian who blasted a 14-ball 37. Sharma, however, insisted the match was not decided in one or two overs. "I don't think that way. This match was not decided in one or two overs. On a wicket like this and in final where we scored 200 plus runs, we were always in the match. We scored some 140 plus runs in the last 10 overs. The track was flat, there was dew factor. I feel all 40 overs mattered here." Sharma said he has always believed in leading from the front just like his Indian team skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni. "When you play well, then you inspire your team. I have got good support from my teammates, we have a good understanding. I like to take the charge and lead from the front. Mahendra Singh Dhoni has done it so many times by leading from the front. He has inspired people by his own performance," he said. Talking about the upcoming series against Australia where each fielding team will be given two new balls to be used in alternate overs, one at each end, Sharma said it would make the job of openers a lot more responsible to provide the team with a good start.

and Glenn Maxwell (37) turned the match on its head for the Indians. The 2011 champions were cruising from the start with openers Dwayne Smith (44) and Sachin Ten-

dulkar (15), also playing his final T20. Tendulkar hit three blistering boundaries before being bowled by Shane Watson in the fifth over. In-form Smith continued his onslaught, hitting five boundaries and a six from his 39-ball knock, with Ambati Rayudu (29). At the end of the 12th over, Mumbai Indians were batting at 82/2. But the last eight overs yielded 120 runs for Mumbai to reach 202. Both Sharma and Maxwell pummeled the Royals bowlers. Sharma hit three boundaries and two sixes while million-dollar buy Maxwell scored four boundaries and two sixes, most of his runs coming behind the wicket. Wicketkeeper batsman Karthik also smashed two sixes to take his side past the 200-run mark. The Rajasthan bowlers did not have much to boast about, each one of them going for more than 10 runs per over barring 41-yearold leggie Pravin Tambe, who turns 42 Tuesday. He finished with figures of 2/19 from four, claiming two important scalps of Smith and Rayudu.

13th KSU Martyrs Trophy postponed

DiMAPUr, OctOber 7 (MexN): The 13th KSU Martyrs Trophy 2013 which is scheduled to kick off on October 8 has been postponed due to the on going Revival at Wokha Town Baptist Church, Wokha. A press note informed that the re-scheduled date shall be made known in the local dailies.The Union while regretting the inconvenience has urged upon all the interested teams/clubs to co-operate for the success of the tournament. For further details people may contact the Secretary, Games & Sports at 9856021305.

KDVA meeting on Oct 9

KOhiMA, OctOber 7 (MexN): The Kohima District Volleyball Association (KDVA) with the tournament committee will have a joint meeting on October 9 at KDCC Office, Congress Bhavan at 2:00 PM. The meeting will discuss matter relating to the Ist Kohima District Ward/ Block Volleyball Tournament scheduled to be held on October 29 to 31 at Kohima Local Ground. This was stated in a release issued by organizing committee convenor Dzüvichüto Khale and secretary Notsol Neikha.

Karthikeyan ends Auto GP season with five wins

brNO, OctO ber 7 (iANS): Narain Karthikeyan’s 2013 Auto GP World Series season came to a controversial end Sunday when he was disqualified due to a loose front wing after managing second place in the final race of the weekend here at Brno Circuit. The disappointing result puts paid to Karthikeyan’s title hopes despite winning the maximum number of races (five) in the season. The Indian’s Supernova teammate Vittorio Ghirelli won the championship courtesy 11 podiums, including two wins. The Indian driver, who pulled off a scintillating drive Saturday to win from third on the grid, was on a mission once again as the lights went out for the final race of the 2013 season with the championship title at stake. An aggressive start saw him make a couple of places on the opening lap but he was stuck in traffic for the following laps which allowed Japanese Kimiya Sato to eke out a comfortable lead at the front of the pack. He was still posting consistently fast lap times, having passed Ghirelli early on. The Supernova crew elected then to pit Karthikeyan to put on a fresh set of soft tyres, which the former Grand Prix driver had saved for race two, and get him out in clean air. The plan seemed to be working well until Karthikeyan’s front wing came slightly loose as he exited the pitlane. A lap later, the left side on the wing was hanging off, scraping the ground on occasions. Subsequently, he was shown the black and orange flag - which indicates that the driver has to pit within three laps and change the damaged part. But the team elected to keep him out as he was the fastest car on the track at the time and hoping that he would be able to take the win. He held on and kept Sergio Campana at bay to finish second. Post-race though, the stewards ruled that the team had not respected the flag and hence the 36-year-old was disqualified. Asked about the Auto GP experience, Karthiekyan said: “It has been a great season overall, I enjoyed competing at the front and fighting at the front for wins and pole positions among a strong grid of drivers. “In fact, it was a breath of fresh air after two seasons in F1 with HRT. I’ve been driving better than ever and it feels great have results to show for it. Our championship effectively started Silverstone (round four) so this result is like winning the title," he added. Karthiekyan could only collect 33 points from the first six races where he was driving for Zele Racing. But since switching over to Supernova International from round four in Silverstone, he consistently proved himself to be the fastest driver on the grid, having clinched four pole positions and five wins from 10 races while scoring 162 points from the total 240 available.


Entertainment

The Morung Express C M Y K

Kate Moss to collaborate with Topshop again

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upermodel Kate Moss will collaborate with multinational retailer of fashion clothing Topshop for a new collection. If reports are to be believed, the 39-year-old is already working on the project which is set to be a springsummer 2014 collection and will come out next April.

Moss is working with creative director Kate Phelan and stylist friend Katy England on the range, reports Daily Telegraph. "I am personally thrilled that Kate wanted to come back to Topshop to work with us again. The first time around was such a lot of fun and she has been sorely missed," said Phillip

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Green of Topshop. The offering will comprise 40 styles spanning women's wear, accessories and footwear and - as with previous Topshop collaborations - is expected to be inspired by Moss's personal wardrobe. Moss' association with the fashion giant started in 2007.

(IANS)

One Direction plans to record Bollywood song soon

boy band members have revealed that they would like to record a song for a Bollywood film. Speaking to an Indian English daily, the boys said that they know about the Indian tinsel town and would be glad to do a number for any Bollywood film, the Mirror reported. They said that they were overwhelmed by the response of their fans during a big special screening of their film `This is Us` in Kolkata. The group member said that they know Indians love them a lot, so they plan to extend their gratitude to them soon, maybe during the next album launch in coming months.

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Are you a writer, photographer, illustrator, or just have an opinion? We want to hear from you! Submit an article, photo or illustration by October 12, 2013 and see your work in print!

The Morung Express monthly supplement ‘Opinion’ will be published on the third Saturday of every month. In the Opinion, you are the storyteller. Please share your story by responding to the theme of this month’s issue: “Social Networking And Change In Nagaland” Contributions can be in the form of photography, illustrations, photos of artwork, essays, first-person accounts, poetry, reported articles, and any other form of expression that can be printed.

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'Bigg BOss' helped me overcome my depression

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nita Advani, who claims to have been the live-in partner of late actor Rajesh Khanna, says 'Bigg Boss 7' has helped her in getting a break from the past despite her eviction from the reality show. Anita has been in the headlines ever since the death of the superstar last year when she filed a complaint in a Mumbai court against Dimple Kapadia and her family under the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act. The matter is now in the Bom-

bay High Court. Anita says living under the same roof with 14 people for three weeks took her away from all her problems. She became the third contestant to get evicted from 'Bigg Boss 7'. "The 'Bigg Boss' experience helped me break my depression in a way. I was living in a different world. It was difficult. But participating in this type of a show was new to me and a welcome change from my past life. I hope things are different from now on," Anita said.

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Woods leads US to Presidents Cup PSG beats Marseille

OhIO, OCTOBER 7 (AFP): Tiger Woods clinched the Presidents Cup for the United States for the third time in a row on Sunday, giving the Americans an insurmountable 18-14 lead over the Internationals at rain-soaked Muirfield Village. World number one Woods edged 41st-ranked Richard Sterne of South Africa 1 up to secure the trophy, thwarting an Internationals fightback and boosting the Americans to 8-1-1 in the overall rivalry with their fifth win in a row. Battling nagging back spasms over the final five holes, Woods won the par3 16th with a par, chipped from the rough to inches from the hole at 17 and halved 18 for the victory. "It feels good," Woods said. "It was a tough day, tough conditions, rain, wind all around. "(My back) acted up from 14 on in. It keep getting worse, a little tight, but I think we can find something for it." His victory put the hosts up by four with only two matches on a course that saw heavy rain for the fourth day in a row, forcing lift, clean and place rules to be used. "We've all slogged it out and did our best," said 2013 Masters champion Adam Scott of Australia. It was the third triumph for Fred Couples as the US captain, all having ended Woods taking the winning point. "Three in a row and Tiger has the winning point all three times -- that's pret-

United States team player Tiger Woods, right, smiles with girlfriend Lindsey Vonn after U.S. won the Presidents Cup golf tournament at Muirfield Village Golf Club Sunday, Oct. 6 in Dublin, Ohio. (AP Photo)

ty good," Couples said. Internationals captain Nick Price was proud of the rally, winning four matches in a row with the US on the brink of clinching to create some drama until Woods came through. "Against the might of America, that was a tall order for us," Price said. "The all played

Royal Wahindgoh FC gears up for exhibition match

KOhImA, OCTOBER 7 (mExN): Current Shillong Premier League(SPL) champions Royal Wahingdoh Football Club(RWFC) is all geared up to come to Nagaland with a mixed team, including a foreign player with a strength of 23 members team, which included 18 players and 5 officials to play exhibition match. Royal Wahingdoh FC General Manager Anoop DeMelo Abraham said “we that we are coming to display the Royal Wahingdoh attacking style of football and we are coming to win”. He also assured his players would display the game spirit for fair play and called upon the people of Nagaland to witness the exhibition match. He also informed thea Nigerian player Loveday Okechukuwu will be in the squad. It may be mentioned here that the Late Kekuojalie Sachu and Late Vikhozo Yhoshu Memorial Trust exhibition match will be played on October 13 at 1.30 pm at local ground Kohima between Kohima Komets , Nagaland and Royal Wahingdoh Football Club (RWFC) Shillong , is organized by Coordination Committee on Exhibition match. The sole purpose of this exhibition match is to enhance fund for Late Kekuojalie Sachu and Late.Vikhozo Yhoshu Memorial Trust for the sustainability of the martyr’s trophy in the coming years and to expose the local talents beyond the boundaries and promote them to the higher level. Fund generated from the exhibition match would not only help to sustain the memorial soccer tourney but it would also use for educational activities and social issues concerning the Angami students under the banner of ASU.

A brief history of Royal Wahingdoh Football Club Shillong

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Historically known as Royal Wahingdoh Sports Club, it was founded in 1946 before winning numerous titles and slowly making its mark in the Shillong football scene. However, as the years progressed, more professional clubs began making their entry into the leagues organised in Shillong, making the competition stiffer than it already was. The amateur club found it difficult to cope with the younger clubs and slowly, its downfall began. In 2007, Wahingdoh Sports Club nearly faced relegation to the 2nd Division League, and as a result of inconsistent performance, the Wahingdoh community felt the need for a younger and more innovative approach. The club finally turned professional in 2008 after merging with Royal Football Club. Thereafter, the club was renamed Royal Wahingdoh FC under the able leadership of the club's new owner Dominic Sutnga Tariang. Several dramatic changes were made in and within the club, and in the same very year of its reformation, the club unexpectedly bounced back to claim Third spot in the 2nd Division Regional League. Royal Wahingdoh FC fans still remember the team's stupendous performance in the First Division 2009 season where they established a record by winning all their games besides scoring 52 goals en route to lifting the title and along with it, an entry into the top tier of Meghalaya football, "The Shillong Premiere League." The club created history in the Shillong Premier League 2010 season by becoming the first team to win the title on debut after beating Shillong Lajong FC through tiebreaker. Another record was set in August, 2012 when the Royals won their third consecutive Shillong Premier League finals after beating Rangdajied United FC. Royal Wahingdoh FC is currently competing in national tournaments including the 2nd Division I League and the Federation Cup.

incredibly well. They tried their hardest and I'm proud to be their captain." Aussie Jason Day won the first singles point 6 and 4 over Brandt Snedeker. The Muirfield Village member won four of the first six holes and led all the way. "I just wanted to finish off with a bang," Day said. Hunter

Mahan answered for the hosts, beating Japan's Hideki Matsuyama 3 and 2. Mahan birdied six and seven to take the lead for good and prevent an Internationals run. "It is critical. You can't give them momentum," Mahan said. "I got off to a good start and felt like I was in control from there."

Jason Dufner, who won the PGA Championship two months ago, edged the US closer by beating Zimbabwe's Brendon de Jonge 4 and 3. Dufner led from start to finish and won after de Jonge hit his tee shot way left into trees at the par-5 15th. Canada's Graham DeLaet chipped in from a bunker at the 18th hole to beat Jordan Spieth 1-up. Zach Johnson beat South African Branden Grace 4 and 2 to put the US on the brink of victory. But Scott edged Bill Haas 2 and 1 and South African fourtime major winner Ernie Els outlasted Steve Stricker 1-up to keep Internationals hopes alive for a draw. Aussie Marc Leishman made a 10-foot par putt at 18 to edge Matt Kuchar 1-up and South African Charl Schwartzel beat Keegan Bradley 2 and 1 before Woods ended the drama. The US team won 2 1/2 key points in foursomes matches that ended Sunday morning. A foursomes key was when Snedeker and Simpson, 3-down after 12 at nightfall, won four of the last six holes to beat Schwartzel and Oosthuizen 1-up. "I can't believe we did it but I'm happy to get the win," said Simpson. Els and De Jonge won 1-up over Woods and Kuchar, delivering the US duo's first defeat when Els made a five-foot par putt at 18. Stricker and Haas beat Scott and Matsuyama 4 and 3 while DeLaet and Day halved with Mickelson and Bradley.

Olympic champion Anastasya Davydova, left, and the great Russian artistic gymnast Svetlana Khorkina hold their torches during a relay for the Sochi Winter Olympic Games in Moscow, Russia, Monday, Oct. 7, 2013. The St. Bazil's Cathedral is at the background. The relay for the Winter Games, which began Monday in Moscow, will pass through many cities that showcase the historical, cultural and ethnic richness of Russia. (AP Photo)

2-1 in French league

Paris Saint Germain's Swedish forward Zlatan Ibrahimovic, scores a penalty against Marseille, during their League One soccer match, at the Velodrome Stadium, in Marseille, southern France, Sunday, Oct. 6. (AP Photo)

PARIS, OCTOBER 7 (AP): Ten-man Paris Saint-Germain rallied past Marseille 2-1 on Sunday in a match featuring two controversial penalties to go level on points with leader Monaco in the French league. PSG midfielder Thiago Motta was sent off in the 30th minute for kicking Mathieu Valbuena while attempting to clear the ball, and Marseille winger Andre Ayew converted the subsequent penalty. But Maxwell beat Marseille goalkeeper Steve Mandanda to the ball on the stroke of halftime to head in a cross from Gregory Van der Wiel for the equalizer. Zlatan Ibrahimovic then scored the winner from the penalty spot by sending Mandanda the wrong way in the 65th after Andre Ayew had tripped PSG defender Marquinhos. "Mental toughness made the difference tonight," PSG midfielder Blaise Matuidi said. "There's quality in our team, but there's a soul, too." Meanwhile, Lyon's poor start to the season continued with a 5-1 loss at Montpellier and Bordeaux moved three points clear of the relegation zone by thrashing Sochaux 4-1. Marseille was the most threatening side in the first half as PSG struggled to create chances. Salvatore Sirigu tipped a low free kick from Valbuena around the post in the 12th. The PSG goalkeeper then saved a volley from Jordan Ayew in the 21st and denied Valbuena's effort from the rebound. Thiago Motta then put his team in trouble while chesting a cross. The ball got away from him, Valbuena intercepted it and got kicked in the foot by the PSG midfielder. Andre Ayew fired the ball into the roof of the net for the opener in the 34th. That goal seemed to wake up the PSG players, and Mandanda was forced to punch away a volley from Ibrahimovic in the 41st. The Marseille goalkeeper came off his line late and could not prevent Maxwell from leveling the match just before

the break. "At halftime, we were happy to have equalized but we also thought that we could win this match," PSG coach Laurent Blanc said. The hosts failed to capitalize on their numerical superiority in the second half despite a swerving shot from Marseille winger Dimitri Payet that was parried by Sirigu in the 63rd. Two minutes later, Mandanda palmed away a header from PSG defender Alex and Andre Ayew's poor judgment gave PSG an opportunity to take the lead. "It's always the same story," Valbuena said. "There's not much missing but in the end we lose. It simply means we're not a big team." Marseille slipped to fourth place, level on points with Lille. In Montpellier, Victor Hugo Montano opened the scoring for the hosts in the 17th and Anthony Mounier doubled the lead by heading home a corner from Remy Cabella on the stroke of halftime. Alexandre Lacazette pulled one back for Lyon with a long-range strike in the 48th minute, but Remy Cabella converted a penalty in the 60th to make it 3-1 after Lyon goalkeeper Anthony Lopes had brought Montano down. Cabella slipped the ball past Lopes in the 66th and Montano headed in Cabella's cross in the 68th to round off the scoring. Lyon midfielder Maxime Gonalons was sent off in the 82nd after picking up a second yellow card. Montpellier snapped a five-game winless streak to climb to eighth place. Lyon has been a contender for a Champions League spot in recent seasons, but its poor start this year leaves the side 10 points behind league leader Monaco after nine games. "The second half was a string of unbelievable and unforgivable mistakes," Lyon coach Remi Garde said. "Some players tonight did not have the level required to play in the league."

'Life ban proposal on Jwala Gutta harsh' NEW DELhI, OCTOBER 7 (PTI) : Throwing their weight behind an embattled Jwala Gutta, several former players have described the Badminton Association of India disciplinary committee's recommendation of a life ban on the star doubles player as "ridiculous and harsh". "It is a very harsh decision. I think BAI could have dealt with it in a quieter way and not go to the press and defame her in this way," former national champion Arvind Bhat said. "I don't know exactly what she said during the IBL match but whatever it is, life ban recommendation is too harsh. "They could have just warned her. Moreover, she is the spokesperson of the Delhi team and as an icon player, she spoke on behalf of her team. It was a team decision." In a surprise decision, the Badminton Association of India's disciplinary committee recommended a life ban on Jwala for trying to stop some players of her franchise Krrish Delhi Smashers from playing a match against Banga Beats in the recent Indian Badminton League. India's top men's doubles players KT Rupesh Kumar and Sanave Thomas, who played for Pune

Pistons in the inaugural IBL, also said it was ridiculous and will affect Indian badminton. "It is ridiculous. Life ban is too much. Whatever delay happened in the match, I don't think Jwala is the only person who has to suffer for that. It was kind of unfair what happened at the last moment. Naturally, anyone who would have been in her place would have reacted," Rupesh said. "It is a call which Jwala alone could not have taken, the franchise must have told her. It is weird why this matter has been taken to such an extent. Life ban doesn't make sense. It has been blown out of proportion," he added. His men's doubles partner Sanave Thomas said: "I don't agree with this recommendation of life ban. I think she is such an experienced player, who has performed consistently over the years. Along with V Diju and Ashwini Ponnappa, she has pulled off so many matches for India and life ban will be too harsh. "Even if it is not a life ban and a six-month suspension then also it would be harsh," Thomas added. A controversy had erupted during the August 25 tie when Delhi

Smashers threatened to pull out against Banga Beats over the lastminute replacement of injured singles player, Hu Yun of Hong Kong with Denmark's Jan Jorgensen. As an icon player of Delhi Smashers, Jwala was involved in the matter, which was resolved after Beats finally left out Jorgensen and played Arvind Bhat, who was already part of the team. Jwala was then served a 14-day show cause notice by BAI for her conduct during the tie, which was delayed by half an hour. According to insiders, who are in the know of events, it is not about the IBL match only, the recommendation shows BAI's vindictive nature and Jwala has been targetted for her past outburst against the BAI. "IBL match is not the main issue. There are other things. Not everything is hunky dory in Indian badminton. There are people who are not happy with Jwala partnering Ashwini again and BAI is threatening her with a life ban to teach her a lesson," a source said. Jwala, herself, has decided to stay mum but according to sources, she has not yet received any notice seeking her response on the recommendation.

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