Page 1


The Morung Express

Dimapur VOL. IX ISSUE 116

Wednesday, April 30, 2014 12 pages Rs. 4

Time is neutral and does not change things. With courage and initiative, leaders change things Farooq Abdullah faces tough challenge in Srinagar [ PAGE 8]

Women are pressured into perfection [ PAGE 11]

NBCC’s Super Saturday of U-Link prog for children commences

By Sandemo Ngullie

“Ustaad.We need a bigger chart.Fast.”

A flower vendor walks on a road Tuesday, April 29, 2014, in Yangon, Myanmar. (AP Photo)

[ PAGE 2]

Arsenal beats Newcastle to cement fourth spot

[ PAGE 9]

[ PAGE 12]

SKorean president apologizes for ferry response

hSLC, hSSLC results to be declared at 2 pm today

NEW DElhi, april 29 (mExN): “One of the challenges for not being able to move forward in finding a solution is the perception that you have for one another,” asserted Kekhrie Yhome, Assistant Professor, Delhi University, at a discussion on ‘Peace Talk as a Means for Conflict Resolution: The Case of IndoNaga Peace process.’ The event was organized by the Forum for Understanding the Naga-India conflict and Human Rights (FUNICH) in New Delhi on April 24. The talk cum discussion was held with the hope to forge a path towards conflict resolution, peace and friendship, amongst various conflicting parties in the sub-continent. FUNICH expressed optimism for prosperity and peaceful coexistence based on fundamental principles of democracy, mutual respect and liberty. “Let this message resonates in other parts of the country, no matter how small it may be,” it stated. A press note from FUNICH cited Yhome stating that the enthusiasm among people, which existed when talks first started between the GoI and the NSCN, “is slowly disappearing.” He also lamented various developments, occurring in parallel to the peace process. These include, according to Yhome, “a process of differ-

FUNICH holds discussion on Indo-Naga Peace Process entiation, compulsive distortion of facts and history, branding underground activism as acts of terrorism, under development, armed atrocities by the Indian security forces, advancement in utilization of natural resources, presence of institutionalized violence with militarization and loss of dignity, corporatization of North East vis-à-vis militarization.” This, he stated, gets manifested through large scale migration of Nagas and other NE youth into a city like Delhi, despite incidences of “racism.” Yhome cautioned that if the current peace talk breaks down, “the result will be not desirable and it will have its repercussion.” Yhome was one of the panellists at the event, which included GK Pillai, Former Home Secretary GoI; Dr Kumar Sanjay Singh, Assistant Professor, DU; Binalakshmi Nepram, General Secretary, Control Armed Foundation of India; Inshah Malik, Activist and Research Scholar and Gautam Navlakha, Consultant Editor, EPW, writer & activist. GK Pillai stressed on the need to ensure that “mistakes” made earlier “should not be repeated in the future settlement.”

Kohima, april 29 (mExN): The pro- – NB10<space>ROLL NUMBER to 54242 visional results of the HSSLC and HSLC or SMS RESULT<space>NBSE10<space> Examinations 2014 conducted by the Na- ROLL NUMBER to 56263. For HSSLC galand Board of School Education (NBSE) (Class 12) Examination 2014: SMS – Is the Nagaland government will be declared at 2:00 pm on April 30 NB12<space>ROLL NUMBER to 54242 or taking adequate measures (Wednesday). The results will be made SMS – RESULT<space>NBSE12<space> to tackle the rising crime in our society? available through the mode of Internet, ROLL NUMBER to 56263. The results can be inquired from the following phone sms, telephone and printed form. The results will be available in the fol- numbers during office working hours: Yes no Others lowing websites: www.nbsenagaland. 0370-2260947 and 2260500. The provisional Result Gazettes will be com;;;; www.ex- issued to all registered institutions of the The results can be accessed Board and will also be available on the noby sending an SMS to the numbers men- tice board of the Office. Marksheets and tioned with the following key words. For other documents will be issued from May Kohima, april 29 HSLC (Class 10) Examination 2014 SMS 1 to 8, 2014. (mExN): The Nagaland AYUSH Doctor’s Association (NADA) has withdrawn its proposed three-day agitation with immediate effect in view of a written CaNChipUr, april 29 assurance given by the Di- (iaNS): Expressing sadness rectorate of Health & Fam- over attacks on youths from the Newmai News Network also imposed a bandh to boycott the President’s ily Welfare, Government of northeastern region in the navisit to Manipur today. The CorCom bandh Nagaland. In this connec- tional capital, President Pranab Imphal | April 29 started from 6 am while MCPM’s bandh started tion, the NADA thanked Mukherjee Tuesday said the the Head of Department of “pluralistic character” of the Empty streets of Imphal greeted President of In- from 5 am on Tuesday. All business establishments in the state capiH&FW for considering its country must not be weakened. dia Pranab Mukherjee this afternoon. A 12 hour “It is unfortunate that the Manipur state-wide bandh called by the Coor- tal shut shop due to the bandhs. Few vehicles were demands. This was stated in a release issued by NADA capital city of Delhi had some dination Committee (CorCom), a conglomerate seen on the streets and educational institutions president Dr. Kaito Jakhalu. time back witnessed certain of several militant outfits including KCP, KYKL, were also closed today in the valley districts of tragic incidents of attacks on PREPAK, PREPAK (Pro), RPF and UNLF, was in Manipur. The inter-state and inter-district public young people from the north- place during the President’s visit. The Maoist transports were also affected. However, there were east,” Mukherjee said at the 14th Communist Party, Manipur (MCPM) and URF no untoward reports received from anywhere. convocation of Manipur University here. “We must ensure that and punishing the accused and ing. He died in a hospital the nation.” However, people should the pluralistic character of our also “putting in place measures next day. The four accused are realize that peace was important KolKaTa, april 29 nation and the thread of India’s to ensure that such incidents do now in judicial custody. for development, he said. “Econ(aGENCiES): Two military unity are not weakened by such not recur”. Nido Tania, a student Asserting that societies flour- omy and society can flourish hospitals in Guwahati and unacceptable events,” he added. from Arunachal Pradesh, was ish only in an “atmosphere free only in an atmosphere free from Dimapur were adjudged the The president expressed allegedly beaten up by four men from violence”, Mukherjee also violence. No problem is ever rebest under the Eastern Com- happiness that both the central in south Delhi’s Lajpat Nagar asked the youth from Manipur solved by violence which only mand.The Guwahati-based market Jan 29 following a row to “join hands” with the rest of aggravates the pain and the hurt 151 Base Hospital (BH) was and Delhi governments “took over his appearance and cloth- India in “forging the future of the on every side,” Mukherjee said. firm action” by apprehending adjudged the best zonal hospital among the five in the eastern region. The Dimapur-based 165 Military Hospital was also adjudged the best in mid-zonal group among the existing six in this region. This is the second year running that the hospital in Dimapur has Kohima, april 29 public/private/individual before the public their Disbagged this honour. Lt Gen- (mExN): The Angami Youth business owners are to com- charge Orders and to state eral MMS Rai, general offi- Organization (AYO) and the pletely abstain from contrib- publicly the course of action DimapUr, april 29 (mExN): The cer commanding-in-chief, Chakhesang Youth Forum uting any form of tax and per- initiated.” They further de- NSCN (K) has produced the discharge Eastern Command, gave (CFO) have resolved to be- centages to the NSCN (K),” it manded that the NSCN (K) away the Army Command- gin their first phase of ac- added. It further cautioned render an “unconditional order of Corporal Kumsuto Sumi, as er’s trophies to the winners tion against the NSCN (K), that any village, department, apology to the victim(s) and demanded by various civil societies, for 2012-13 on Monday at for the latter’s failure to meet group or individual found/ public for disturbing the in connection with the April 9 attack Fort William in Kolkata. their demands, regarding the reported not complying with peaceful atmosphere of the on two persons in Kohima. The order, made available to the media, dated Brig R S Sarkar, comman- April 9 attack on two persons this order will be doing so at state capital Kohima.” It informed that, regard- February 12, 2012 discharged Corpodant, 151 BH and Col S K in Kohima. This was resolved their own risk and will entail ing any report, information ral Kumsuto Sumi, bearing Army No. Jana, commanding officer, at an Emergency Presidential the organization’s penalty. The AYO and the CYF had, or support, the public can 17141 under Sumi region, on grounds 165 MH received the tro- Meeting on April 28. A press note from the AYO on April 15, issued a ten day contact the AYO President of “feeble health.” The order was phies, certificates and cash awards. The best hospital President, Medo Yhokha and deadline for the NSCN (K) to at 9856558841; AYO Vice signed by Lt Col Akaho Jhimo, Comtrophy was first introduced CYF President, Zhopayi Na- “own up for the unwarranted President at 9436608848; mander, 7th Bn, Naga Army, Suruhoto in 2001 to inculcate healthy kro informed that the AYO will crime.” The organizations had AYO General Secretary at designated camp. competition and progres- impose a “blanket ban on all demanded that the NSCN (K) 8794829181; NAYO President A press note from the NSCN (K) sive work culture among activities, particularly finan- bring to book the perpetrators at 9856000177; SAYO Presi- MIP further further stated that “Urof the crime, “who were under dent at 9436601090; WAYO cial activities, of the NSCN the service hospitals. The the enlistment of the NSCN President at 8014597964 ban Town Commander Kohima, Matrophy is awarded based (K), under its jurisdiction.” It directed all Angami K;” hand over the culprits to and CYO President at jor Kisheto Ayeh would also like to on patient care facilities, innovations, amenities, utili- villages not to entertain any appropriate law enforcing 9436002139. A Presidential tender public apology as my younger zation of funds, unit ad- form of taxation from the authority, or “if the culprits, Meeting of AYO units and brother Kumsuto Sumi, who had been ministration and clientele NSCN K. “All government as claimed by the NSCN K, AYO seniors is being con- relieved from the NSCN(K) services satisfaction among other establishments/institutions, have been discharged from vened on May 3 to chalk out had misused the NSCN(K) tag for his contractors, corporate and National service, to produce further course of action. personal benefit.” parameters. Vote on SMS your anSwer to 9862574165

NADA agitation withdrawn

–Jesse Jackson

for peace and friendship


The Morung Express POLL QUESTIOn


“Should there be a settlement from this current peace talk with the NSCN, GoI should make all out efforts to get the approval from all the stakeholders including civil societies such as Naga Hoho, Naga Students’ Bodies, various underground factions,” he asserted. Inshah Malik stated that “in a situation of war, ‘peace talks’ are India’s way of buying time and enforcing death to Naga aspiration of self-determination.” She added that any talk should aim towards resolving the political problem and “not mere generation of peace while there is killing in the streets.” Gautam Navlakha viewed that the Indian State, in the process of the nation state movement, “were incapable of accepting and understanding the needs to take a less muscular approach to issues, where people challenge the Nation State Project.” “And that is the crux of the problem,” he added. He further lamented that the GoI takes a movement seriously “only if they take up arms.” “As a non-violence movement or a so called peaceful movement is easy for a strong state to handle,

they have succeeded in doing so,” he said. Binalakshmi Nepram, another panellist, stated that India is still in “denial,” regarding the Naga Movement, which according to her is “reflected in India’s reply to the UN Committee on UNSCR 1325, saying that there is no armed conflict.” She urged the GoI to first “apologize to the people of the NE for armed atrocities.” “If there is no armed conflict then why there is AFSPA,” she posed. Nepram further questioned whether political leaders representing the region are addressing the issue of armed conflict. Dr Kumar Sanjay Singh stated that one “cardinal failure of peoples’ movements in India has been the singular failure in understanding the significance of various political issues. He noted three aspects of the negotiating process which need to be taken into account. These include recognizing that negotiation is a part of statecraft, that the organization that negotiates always “splits,” and that the term of discourse changes from rights to community. Stating that the Indian state is” in the process of very active centralization,” he further questioned as to what affect this development would have on the Naga Movement for their right to self determination. Full text on page 5

‘Attacks on ne people, threat to society’ embracing a career empty streets greet President in imphal in fashion industry Story of the owner and genesis of Yadenz

Dimapur military hospital best under Eastern Command

APrIL 9 KohImA ‘AttACK’

AYO, CYF to begin ‘action’ against NSCN (K) NSCN (K) produces discharge order


Temsurenla Imcha Yaden.

Victor Dzüvichü Dimapur | April 29

Fashion has become a mainstay in many aspects of modern life. From just covering up the body to looking trendy, clothes are a way of defining a person. From designer clothing brands like Versace, Louis Vuitton, Chanel, Prada and Zara to sporting brands like Adidas and Nike, every piece of cloth in itself is a reflection of who a person is, whether it is simple yet elegant or chic and glamorous. The last decade has seen a revival of sorts in Nagaland, wherein Naga youth, defying the age old mentality of sticking to public sector jobs, have dared to venture into the private sector. The glamour world is one such sector, where Naga designers like Atsu Sekhose and models like Esther Jamir, Akuonuo Khezhie, Ethiel Konyak, Carol Humtsoe and Ketholeno Kense have achieved noticeable success. Meet 27 year old designer

Temsurenla (Aren) Imcha Yaden, who has taken that leap forward and brought out her own brand of clothing line “Yadenz.” A product of the Indian Institute of Fashion Technology, New Delhi, Aren revealed that during her BBA 1st year, she discovered her true passion and joined IIFT, New Delhi to pursue her dreams. Aren recollects how her parents were very supportive of her decision to switch fields and helped her pursue it. She spent three and half years at the institute and worked for 20 Media Onwards, Couture Allure and Carnival. Aren is today the proud owner of her own clothing line and store “Yadenz”, which was launched on April 28 in Dimapur. Aren likes to keep her designs simple yet elegant and states that ‘Yadenz,’ along with focusing on teenagers and young adults, both men and women, will also deal in clothing for the elderly. She believes fashion and trend should not be just focused on the younger generation. With three persons working under her, Aren is responsible for researching the raw materials, engineering the fabrics, designing them and then putting them into production. Her designs have already been worn by Nagaland’s only all girls’ band Vivace during the 2013 Hornbill Festival. Drawing inspiration from Karl Lagerfeld, Aren defines herself as an independent and inquisitive character. When asked about the future, she says, “I want to focus on the things at hand. As for the future, I’d want to be surprised at what the future has in store for me.” Aren had initially planned to set up her boutique at Bangalore, but decided to set up shop in Dimapur, ready to take on the challenges that life has to offer along the way. She hopes to make ‘Yadenz’ a household name in the fashion industry. For more info on Yadenz, check out their page on Facebook or visit






DSE bids farewell to retiring officers

Wongthungo, deputy director HSS/SE addressing the farewell programme in Kohima on April 29. (Morung Photo) Our Correspondent Kohima | April 29

The state’s Directorate of School Education today accorded a warm and befitting farewell to the four retiring officers here at the directorate conference hall. The retiring officers included; K. Phesao director HSS/SE, Y. Vihoshe Sema,




30 April 2014

joint director SE, Kelhouphilie Kire, joint director HSS/SE and Rongsenzungla, evaluation officer. Speaking on the occasion, Kesonyii Yhome, IAS, principal director school education acknowledged the outgoing officers for extending their valuable contributions and services towards the growth of edu-

cation in the state. He also wishes them a successful and happy retired life. School education director Zaveyi Nyekha, Wongthungo, deputy director HSS/SE and Akala, registrar also spoke on the occasion. The function was chaired by K. Mary Dzuvichu, deputy director SE.

The Morung Express C

NBCC’s Super Saturday of U-Link prog for children commences Kohima, april 29 (mExN): The first Super Saturday of U-Link Program initiated by the Education and Communication Department of Nagaland Baptist Church Council (NBCC) was held on April 26 in eight different venues. In total 388 participants attended the program. The venues include Peraciezie Baptist Church, Kohima; Sumi Baptist Church, Daklane, Kohima; Zeme Baptist Church, Midland, Kohima; City Church Kohima; 19 Assam Rifle Ground, Main town Kohima; Chakhesang Baptist Church, Kitsubozou; Konyak Baptist Church, Midland, Kohima; Rengma Baptist Church, Kohima. A press note received here stated that it was a time where the children were introduced to dif-

CTA 35th session from May 2

Dimapur, april 29 (mExN): Nagaland Missions Movement (NMM), the Missions Department of Nagaland Baptist Church Council (NBCC) has been observing its Mission week since 1980 in all the churches under NBCC during the first of week May (I – 7) for prayer and giving opportunity to its members to participate in Missions through giving. This is also observed in institutions and mission fields. All the churches under NBCC to observe this Mission Week (1 -7 May, 2014) with commitment and prayer for the extension of His kingdom and fulfilling the great commission of our Lord Saviour Jesus Christ through this programme.

Kohima, april 29 (mExN): The Chakhesang Theological Association will hold its 35 session from May 2 to 4 under the theme “Re-ordering life” to be hosted by Thenyizumi Baptist Church. The resource persons for the session include Rev. Dr. N. Chiero, Rev. Dr. Zelhou Keyho, Rev.Dr. Yiepetso Wazah, Vezopa Rhakho, Vemuriyi Vadeo and Z.K. Parhü. The hosting church informed that free fooding and lodging would be provided to all the delegates. All pastors, associate pastor, theological graduates and students under CBCC have been requested to attend the session without fail.

DUDA informs

Admissions open to class 11 in GHSS



Born 23-03-1923 Died 02-04-2014 I have fought the good fight I have finished the raced I have kept the faith II Timothy 4:7 With profound gratitude, we would like to thank all individuals, relatives, well-wishers, Associations, Unions, Organisation, Churches of Mon Town and villages who stood by us physically, financially and morally during our hour of bereavement of our beloved Mother/Grandma Late .L. Arenmongla Chingai on 02-04-2014. We deeply regret our inability to acknowledge and thank each individual or group in the column but it is our prayer that our Almighty God will bless all abundantly. Loving Children, Grand Children and In-Laws

Cellar Trade Agency (CTA) led by its managing director, Vikali A Zhimomi, distributed free gift packets including stationeries, biscuits and other eatables to students of Government Primary School, Phaipijang, at the school campus on Tuesday. Seen in the picture is CTA managing director (sitting 5th right) with teachers and students after the distribution. GMS Phaipijang teachers expressed gratitude to CTA and said this was the first charitable work undertaken by any individual, agency or NGOs in the school. (Morung Photo)

NASSA silver jubilee celebration on April 30 Kohima, april 30 (Dipr): The Nagaland Assembly Secretariat Staff Association will be celebrating its Silver Jubilee on April 30 at New Assembly Complex at 11 a.m. with Speaker, Nagaland Legislative Assembly, Chotisuh Sazo as chief guest. Highlights of the programme includes invocation prayer by Chaplain NHAK, Bendangtemsu Jamir; welcome address by President NASSA, N. Noksang Jamir; brief account on NASSA formation Advisor NASSA, Bangjung Chang; special songs by Nguvito Tsuipu and Keneisielie and friends; short speeches by Deputy Speaker, Er. Levi Rangma, CLP Leader, Tokheho Yepthomi, Secretary NLA, A.E. Lotha and on behalf of NASSA founding members; Release of Jubilee souvenir and vote of thanks by Convener, Planning Committee, Jenny Ndang.



Kohima, april 29 (mExN): The department of underdeveloped areas Nagaland is holding valedictory function cum distribution of machines/tools for vocational training on bamboo/wood crafts, tailoring and mechanized stone masonry under Border Area Development Programme (BADP) on May 3 at 10:00 AM at Pusa Craft Centre, Jharnapani. DUDA advisor Naiba Konyak will grace the occasion as the chief guest. The function will be chaired by DUDA director Alan Gonmei.


Engineers attend prog on environmental issues


Participating engineers and others during the programme held for engineers on April 29.

Kohima, april 29 (mExN): A programme on general awareness on environment, climate change and development for engineers was held on April 29 at the Administrative Training Institute, Kohima. It was held with an aim to sensitize the technocrats about the need to keep the

environmental issues in mind while pursuing the different development programs. Dr. Hovithal Sothu took up topics – “Introduction to Environment”; “Environmental Regulations & Policy Framework- Indian Perspective” and “Climate Change”. Ella Mary, Direc-

tor YARD, enlightened the participants on the topic“Environment and Development”. 15 (fifteen) participants attended the program from different Engineering Departments of the State and was coordinated by Dr. Hovithal N. Sothu, State Coordinator, ATI.

In this image, a rusted electric post seen in Mon Town. With the onset of the stormy season, the residents of different colonies in Mon Town are scared that the rusted iron electric posts may collapse any time during this season due to heavy rain and wind. The Power Office in Mon was approached regarding the issue but the Office has responded that the Department has no such provisions to replace the rusted electric posts. (Photo Courtesy/Langphong Konyak)

CD on Chakhesang folk songs released



ferent areas like music, dance and choreography, painting flower vases, lessons on life changing story based on the bible, bible related games and sports, brain teasing experiences based on the scripture such as bible picture puzzles, word puzzle and puzzle worksheets. In all the groups, the children were led in a time of fellowship where super couples interacted and encouraged the children from their experiences and the word of God. Over all the children enjoyed and showed their enthusiasm and willingness to attend in the coming Super Saturdays. NBCC Education & Communication Office has informed that the Next Children painting vases at the arts and crafts workshop during U-Link program. Super Saturday of U-LINK will be held on May 24, ordination meeting on Headquarters. For any in- es in Kohima or call these 2014. All Growth Group May 8, 2014 at 3:00 pm at formation or clarification, numbers 9436067384, conveners will have a co- Kenneth Complex, NBCC contact your local church- 9856185990.

May 1 -7 is NMM Mission Week

Kohima, april 29 (Dipr): The Commissioner & Secretary to the Government of Nagaland M. Patton IAS in a press release No. DSE/CAB/HSE-UPGR/2012-13 Dated Kohima the 29th April 2014 informed that Admission to Class XI (eleven) in the new Government Higher Secondary Schools being upgraded will commence from May 12. All eligible students desiring to be admitted in the Schools as listed are hereby informed to contact the Principal/Vice Principal in charge of the concerned schools during working hours. The following GHSS are as listed: Seikhazou, Chiephobozou, John Viswema, Jotsoma, N.I. Jamir, Tuli, Mangkolemba, Thangjam, Shamator, Longkhim, Naginimora, Pfutsero, Meluri, Chukitong, Aghunato, Sataka, Medziphema, Peren, Longleng, Kiphire and Pungro. Admission Forms will be available from 12th May 2014 onwards from the Principal of respective Schools.


Art & culture director Vevo Sapu with the members of Wiiza Chele during the release of Chakhesang folk songs in Kohima on April 29. (Morung Photo) Our Correspondent This CD was sung and through this, the youngKohima | April 29

A CD on Chakhesang folk songs entitled “Razu Shiilu” was released by Vevo Sapu, director art and culture here this morning.

brought out by a Self Help Group (SHG) called Wiiza Chele from Sakraba under Phek district. The idea behind the venture is to revive and promote Chakhesang folk songs. It hoped that

sters will get connected to its rich culture and traditions. Comprising 11 members mostly farmers, Wiiza Chele brought out this CD through their own earning from farming activities. It

featured 19 songs. Sapu acknowledged the effort of Wiiza Chele and hoped that they will not stop from here but continue to project the good image of the Chakhesang community to others. He exuded confident that the CD on Chakhesang folk songs will go in reviving as well as popularizing the rich culture and tradition of the Chakhesang community. Sapu also stressed on the need to propagate the message of the rich cultural and traditional values at the school level. The director said that songs gives ray of joy, happiness and peace, adding that it also unite the people. Chakhesang Students’ Union (CSU) ex-presidents Vevoyi D. Vadeo and Thupukutho Lohe and public leader Nerayi D. Vadeo also present on the occasion.

Inauguration of Liquid Nitrogen Plant-II Kohima, april 29 (mExN): The Nagaland Livestock Development Board is inaugurating Liquid Nitrogen PlantII and also launching of imported semen and imported sex semen on April 30 at 10:30 AM at Dairy Farm Complex, Lerie, Kohima under National Cattle and Buffalo Breeding programme. Parliamentary secretary for veterinary and animal husbandry Yitachu will grace the occasion as the chief guest while Bendangkokba IAS, secretary veterinary and animal husbandry and chairman NLDB will be launching the imported semen and imported sex semen.



The Morung Express

Wednesday 30 April 2014



Arunachal Guv asks people to take ‘Modified’ ILP likely for Meghalaya responsibility in executing projects SHILLONG, APRIL 29 (NNN): 'Modified' Inner Line Permit (ILP) is on the offing in Meghalaya. In a crucial meeting between the Mukul Sangma government and the agitating 13 organisations of Meghalaya today, it was agreed that a 'modified Inner Line Permit' is likely to be implemented in Meghalaya. The 13 pressure groups have submitted a lengthy suggestion in 6 full pages to the government during the meeting today. The Meghalaya government will study the suggestion of the pressure groups and call another meeting. "A mechanism will be formulated which will be better than the Inner Line Permit (ILP)," said a minister after the meeting. Since December 17 last year, the civil society organisations of Meghalaya have

'Indigenous people of Sikkim & Tripura becoming minorities'

SHILLONG, APRIL 29 (PTI): Claiming that indigenous people in Sikkim and Tripura were being reduced to minorities, pro-Inner Line Permit groups today said Meghalaya should learn from the condition of the two states. "Sikkim and Tripura are glaring cases in point where the local indigenous people are being overwhelmed and their socio-economic and political interests have become critical," Federbeen lying low after they had relaxed their agitations in view of Christmas season. There are altogether 13 organisations speaheading the movement for the implementation of the ILP in Meghalaya. Promiment bodies among them are Khasi Students Union (KSU), FKJGP, HNYF, Garo Students Union (GSU), JSSU, CSWO, KWWADA,

ation of Khasi Jaintia and Garo People (FKJGP) president Joe Marwein said in a presentation to Chief Minister Mukul Sangma here. "There was an urgent need for a comprehensive mechanism to regulate influx into the state in line with the spirit of the 1873-legislated Eastern Bengal Frontier Regulation Act which was the basis of the ILP," he said. Maintaining that as the ILP was not implementable in the state on le-

ADE and RBYF. The series of agitations began after the break-down of the August 29, 2013 talk between the Mukul Sangma government and the NGOs in Shillong. The KSU and other 12 organisations are spearheading the demand for immediate implementation of their demand that ought to be incorporated in the existing Eastern Bengal Fron-

gal grounds, the Chief Minister said, "We have from time to time reiterated the need to come up with an alternate comprehensive mechanism which the NGOs today demonstrated by structuring these proposals. "The proposals have been structured in a manner which can be perceived as implementable," he said, adding that it was now up to the state government to give shape to it so that it could be implemented legally.

tier Regulation Act, 1873 to tackle and prevent inflow of illegal influx into the state. It may be mentioned here that a series of agitations programmes from bandhs, office picketing and road blockades have been sponsored by the groups for the past three months pressurizing the state government to implement the ILP system which

was as per the recommendation of the High Level Committee on Influx headed by the then Deputy Chief Minister Bindo M Lanong. However, the state government had rejected the ILP outright citing that it is not effective enough to address the problem of influx and had instead proposed to introduce the Meghalaya Regulation of Landlords

and Verification of Tenants Bill which the public consultations on the draft is still on the process. The NGOs had also vowed to take the movement for demanding the implementation of the Eastern Bengal Frontier Regulation Act, 1873 which is a strong and effective law that can prevent illegal influx from entering the state to its logical end. Also, during the agitations last year, two lives were claimed and about 71 pro-ILP activists were arrested in connection with the 86 cases related to arsons and others besides murder. While majority of them were booked under Meghalaya Maintenance of Public Order (MMPO) Act, few were detained under the Meghalaya Prevention of Detention Act (MPDA).

Congress led Manipur Govt Northeast Briefs NPF Manipur unit deplores nipur State general secretary problem suffered by the pub-

Mizoram CM's security to be beefed up

AIZAWL, APRIL 29 (PTI): Security for Mizoram Chief Minister Lal Thanhawla would be beefed up following "threats" from some opposition leaders, a state minister said today. "Some opposition leaders were indulging in hate politics targeting the chief minister and I have instructed the police to be more vigilant regarding his security," State Home Minister Lalzirliana told a press conference. The minister alleged that some of the opposition leaders were fomenting trouble after a Presbyterian Church elder K Chhawnthuama alleged tampering of EVMs against the chief minister. Lalzirliana also accused opposition leaders of trying to createlaw and order problems in the state and force the Thanhawla government out if NDA comes to power at the Centre. Incidentally, Chhawnthuama, popular as Phantom, now in judicial custody after his arrest on April 14 along with his associate K Lalhruaitluanga, has sent SMSes to the chief minister accusing him of rigging EVMs to retain power. State police officials, however, said though there was a perception of general threat, but no specific threat during the recent days for the chief minister while police were instructed to stay more alert.

Jawan allegedly rapes woman in Tripura UDAIPUR, APRIL 29 (PTI): A woman was allegedly raped by a BSF man at Noyabari village in Tripura's Gomati district, police said on Tuesday. The woman was returning home after dropping her child in school on April 22 when the BSF man, Jatandra Tripura, allegedly raped her, said SP S Sambandham. She informed her husband, an Assam Rifles jawan posted in Manipur, who returned home yesterday. An FIR was filed subsequently, he said adding the accused was absconding.

Rishang Keishing conferred PhD IMPHAL, APRIL 29 (NNN): Former chief minister of Manipur Rishang Keishing and noted personality Laishram Birendrakumar Singh were conferred Degree of Doctor of Law and Degree of Doctor of Literature respectively by the President of India Pranab Mukherjee today during the 14th Cnvocation of Manipur University held at the Centenary Hall of the university.

Activists, intellectuals on heat wave, water crisis in North East DIMAPUR, APRIL 29 (NNN): With a heat wave sweeping the North East region, there has been an acute drinking water crisis in places like Imphal, Dimapur, Kohima, Aizawl. Bush fires have also occurred in many forested areas of the region. Many have pointed to faulty government policies for the present situation. Guwahati based award winning senior journalist, Samudragupta Kashyap suggested that the government should efficiently and effectively follow certain Supreme Court directives on the environment. "In December 1996 the Supreme Court banned the felling of trees but today no one abides it," he said. He stated that the government should see to it that the SupremeCourtstandisnotviolated by the people. Kashyap added that the public should follow the general rule that for every tree felled, ten saplings should be planted and looked after till they matured. Samudragupta Kashyap also said thousands of trees have been felled while cutting new highwaysandroads."Insuchcases saplings should be planted as an act of replacing the felled trees," he asserted. Kashyap then censured the NGOs for keeping quiet when thousands of trees are felled while constructing highways and roads. Niketu Iralu, from Nagaland viewed unless the people realize that their activities are creating more environmental problem, the people are bound to experience more hardship. Iralu said that burning of forest should be stopped at once by the people. He

added," Our needs are increasing but the resources in this planet are limited." Noted rights activist from Manipur Babloo Loitangbam said awareness among the people or educating the people why they are facing such a situation today is very important. El Hmar, a journalist based in Silchar has this to say, "Excessive exploitation of our environment should be checked if we are to avoid an environment disaster." According to him, the rising heat wave, acute shortage of drinking water and pollution prevailing today are just the beginning.

IMPHAL, APRIL 29 (NNN): The Naga People's Front (NPF), Manipur State, deplored the Congress led Manipur government under the leadership of O. Ibobi Singh for the alleged lack of long term policies in all fronts related to the welfare of Manipur public. NPF, Ma-

Athuan Abonmai said in a statement that due to inefficient governance by the present Congress government in Manipur, the general public suffered enough. Scarcity of food, fuel and other basic essentials has become a daily affair, stated NPF. The present

lic, particularly the poor people due to scarcity of water is an ample example of misgovernance, NPF pointed. The NPF Manipur State also condemned the racial attack on a tribal officer by MD. Abdul Nasir, Manipur Agriculture minister.



(ARTS, COMMERCE AND SCIENCE) 1. Admission forms and prospectus are available in the office during school hour. 2. Admission begins w.e.f. 2nd May 2014. Features:1. Qualified and experienced Teachers. 2. Audio-Visual Teaching Aid. 3. School Bus for transportation. 4. Hostel facilities (for both Boys & Girls) 5. Well equipped laboratories. For further information contact: 9436005925/9402832306

(Arts & Science)

Lengrijan, Dimapur : Nagaland-797 112. Estd :1994

ADMISSION NOTICE (Class -11 / B.A. & B.Sc. 1st Semester) Application forms & Prospectus are being issued for admission into Class -11 (Arts & Science) / B.A. & B.Sc. 1st Semester. Features:  Co-education.  Serene environment.  Qualified, experienced & dedicated teachers.  Hostels for both boys & girls. Holistic education with special attention towards development of moral values.  Honours offered in B.A. → English, History, Political Science, Education.  Honours offered in B.Sc. → Botany, Zoology.  Consistent toppers in B.Sc. in University examinations. (Principal) Ph. 03862-248068 / (O) +91 9436004791(M)


B.A 1st Semester

Elective Subjects

Computer CourseSix Months Diploma in Computer Application (DCA) in collaboration with All India Computer Saksharta Mission (AICSM). Forms can be downloaded from the College Web-Site ( Rs.150 shall be collected for downloaded Admission Form and College Prospectus at the time of admission. Limited Hostel seats available for girls. Contact: Principal(9436607770), Vice Principal(9436645272)

Please contact us at 9856785821, 9862124263



: English, History, Political Science, Sociology, Education, Economics, Tenyidie Honours Offered in : English, History, Political Science, Sociology

Great Commission Kids Academy

Registration Forms for Class- 11(Arts) 2014 are available at the School Office (9:00 AM to 1: 30 PM).



Admission open for Science (Class 11)

Co-Ed with Hostel facility

for college students (Class XI and above)





Contact Numbers: 9856692267; 9436003066

Bomdila yesterday. Expressing concern on recent occurrences of forest fire in different parts of the state, he appealed to the Gaon Burahs and youth to create awareness about it. In another meeting with the heads of departments of the district, the governor suggested pooling of resources from the army establishments stationed in the district for addressing the healthcare issues.

DAINTY BUDS Old ministers’ hill

DIMAPUR TYRANNUS HALL (DTH) Located near DC Court, a walking distance to most colleges. Our aim is to build students into true Christian disciple and responsible citizens. A full time Warden is available to see to the academic, physical, and spiritual needs of every student. The campus is a quiet and beautiful location.

ITANAGAR, APRIL 29 (PTI): Arunachal Pradesh Governor Lt Gen (Retd) Nirbhay Sharma has called upon the people to take responsibility in executing the developmental projects in the state. The people should cooperate with district administration and executing agencies like Border Roads Organisation and Works Department to help expedite the programmes, Sharma, told a public meeting at

Collect Entrance Test/Admission Forms for Arts and Science Streams for boys & girls (passed in 2014 only) right after the result declaration by producing the mark sheet from 8:30 am — 1:00 pm. Direct admission through Oral Interview till 9th May for A1 and A2 in Maths & Science for Science Stream and 60% & above for Arts Stream. (produce Mark sheet). Written test in science & maths for B1 & B2 in maths & science for science stream and Eng & SS for Arts Stream (50% - 59%) on 9th May at 10 am. Result will be declared on 12th May and thereon Oral interview will be conducted for shortlisted candidates from 9 am — 1.30 pm. Come along with original documents.

Last date of admission — 15th May & Regular class starts — 20th May. Hostel facility available for boys & girls. Greenwood students shall collect Mark Sheet on 2nd May. School strictly bans all forms of Tobacco products & intoxicants. For further information contact: 9436261009 / 8974425485 / 9862956932 Director

Mount Sinai Higher Secondary School Ministers’ Hill Kohima (A Full Fledged Co-Education Higher Secondary School)

Arts and Science Stream

ADMISSION NOTICE FOR CLASS 11 (SCIENCE & ARTS) 1. (Science Stream) Subjects offered: English, Alt. English, Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Computer Science. (Eligibility criteria as per NBSE norms.) 2. (Arts Stream) Subjects offered: English, Alt. English, History, Political Science, Sociology, Economics, Informatics Practices.





Wednesday 30 April 2014

Nokia returns $3.1 billion to shareholders, Suri becomes CEO

helSinKi , april 29 (reuTerS): Finnish telecommunication gear maker Nokia on Tuesday reported higher-thanexpected quarterly earnings and promoted Rajeev Suri, the head of its biggest division, to lead the company following the sale of its once-dominant phone business. The company also announced plans to return $3.1 billion to shareholders via buybacks and extra dividends, a move seen by some analysts as an attempt to retain investors as it refocuses is business. Suri, a 46-year-old Indian national, was widely expected to become the CEO as he helped Nokia’s networks business, formerly called NSN, turn profitable with cost-cuts and divestments. Cost-cutting and profitable software deals helped the networks business report a core operating profit margin of 9.3 percent in the first-quarter, well ahead of the 5.7 percent average forecast by analysts polled

New President and Chief Executive Officer of Nokia Rajeev Suri speaks during the press conference where Nokia announced first quarter earnings in Espoo, Finland Tuesday, April 29. (AP Photo)

by Reuters. The margin is also expected to remain at the higher end of a 5-10 percent target for this year, Nokia added in its earnings statement. The unit was one of three that remained after Nokia sold its mobile phone business to Microsoft for about 5.6 billion eu-

ros in a deal that closed on Friday. Nokia said it would focus on growing the networks unit, as well as its navigation and patents business, but did not give any specific details. “The general strategy is not very concrete, sounds like they have just come up with a mega-trend around

their three business areas. I’d expect the units to be rather independent in the future,” said Mikael Rautanen, analyst with equity researchers Inderes. The networks business last year accounted for about 90 percent of the group’s sales and Nokia has vowed to make a more aggressive push this year to increase its global market share. Analysts, however, say it may face challenges as higher research and development costs give bigger, deep-pocketed rivals such as industry leader Ericsson and Chinese telecoms firm Huawei, an advantage. Suri, in a video posted on the company’s website, said there was plenty of scope for expansion. “I have been with Nokia for almost 20 years, and the opportunities ahead of us are as great as I have ever seen,” he said. Suri, who has been with Nokia since 1995, successfully turned around the loss-making networks unit in 2012. “Rajeev is the right per-

son to lead the company forward,” Nokia Chairman Risto Siilasmaa said in a statement. “He has a proven ability to create strategic clarity, drive innovation and growth, ensure disciplined execution, and deliver results.” CASH RETURN Nokia’s mobile phones were its most renowned product. In a bid to retain shareholders, the company said it would pay an extra 1 billion euros in dividends for last year and start a 1.25 billion euros share buyback programme. The extra dividend of 0.26 euros per share is on top of the annual dividend of 0.11 euros for last year. The ordinary dividend will cost the company another 400 million, or about half of Nokia’s earnings for last year. “The dividend proposal is slightly smaller than expected, but the buy-back program is quite extensive. It reflects the management’s view that the stock is valued below its sumof-parts,” said analyst Rautanen.

The Morung Express

Ford launches new-look, ‘muscular’ Endeavour

New Ford Endeavour is available in three variants with a price range of Rs 19.84 lakh-Rs 23.06 lakh.

ChanDigarh, april 29 (Fe): Ford India today introduced the 2014 Ford Endeavour, the latest edition of its true-blue, all-terrain SUV, featuring dynamic new styling and adrenaline pumping features in Chandigarh. Nigel Harris, President Ford India lunching the vehicle said that the 2014 Ford Endeavour, an SUV built sports a fresh new look, with a bold grille and headlamps, and refreshed interiors. He announced that the vehicle would be available in three variants at a price starting from Rs. 19,99,000 in Chandigarh. Nigel Harris said that “at Ford, we are committed to delight customers through continuous improvements in our products. Endeavour is a trusted nameplate and holds a special place in Ford India’s

product portfolio. It has remained a vehicle choice for customers who desire for a dependable, muscular, rugged yet comfortable and safe SUV. The 2014 Ford Endeavour has been made more stylish, dynamic and comfortable while retaining its core DNA of an all-terrain vehicle.” He said that the 2014 Endeavour has abundant space with three rows of seats and more legroom. The interiors have been refreshed and sport comfortable new leather seats to make the longest of journeys comfortable. The 2014 Ford Endeavour is for thorough enthusiasts who are outgoing, adventurous and believe in exiting their comfort zones to take the road less travelled, yet never compromise on their comfort.

Black money: Government Samsung Galaxy K zoom launched Telecom tribunal april 29 and functions, including AF/AE pixels) display. submits 18 names before SC Singapore, The Galaxy K zoom runs An- allows 3G roaming pacts (nDTV): Samsung on Tuesday Separation (/Auto Focus/ Auto Ex-

neW Delhi, april 29 (agenCIES): The government on Tuesday placed before the Supreme court the names and documents of 18 individuals who were account holders at the Liechtenstein Bank in Germany. Submitting the documents in a sealed cover, the government told the apex court that the Income Tax probe in all 18 cases have been completed while prosecution has been launched in 17 as one of the person is dead. Fixing the hearing for Thursday, the SC said it will discuss the content of documents. On April 22, the apex court had pulled up the government for failing to implement its three-year-old directions including setting up of a SIT to probe all cases of black money and disclosing information received from Germany about individuals stashing money in Liechtenstein Bank. “It is totally contempt of our directions,” a bench headed by Justice H L Dattu had said while disapproving the contention of Solicitor General (SG) Mohan Parasaran that all

the directions in July 4, 2011 judgement were inter-connected and disclosure of names received from Germany was to be done after the investigation by the Special Investigation Team (SIT). “In our view the judgement has to be read disjunctively and not conjectively,” the bench, also comprising justices Ranjana Prakash Desai and Madan B Lokur, had said. With regards to the black money and information from Swiss banks, Finance Minister P Chidambaram on Tuesday said India and Switzerland were discussing ways to share data on money stashed away in the country. He also said he received a reply to his letter from his Swiss counterpart and will send India’s response in the next few days. “This is a matter where Swiss Minister and I are discussing with each other how information into specific account (relating to black money) can be provided by the Swiss government to Indian government,” Chidambaram said while replying to a media query at the AICC headquarters.

launched the much-anticipated camera-variant of the Galaxy S5, the Galaxy K zoom, at its ‘Kapture the Moment’ event at the Red Dot Design Museum in Singapore. Unfortunately, the South Korean giant has not announced any pricing and availability details of the Galaxy K zoom. The Samsung Galaxy K zoom is the second camera specialised-smartphone from the company, the first being the Galaxy S4 Zoom. The Galaxy K zoom sports a 20.7-megapixel BSI CMOS sensor at the back accompanied by a Xenon flash and also features optical image stabilizer (OIS) for low-light imaging. The rear camera supports 10x optical zoom. The rear camera comes with some advanced camera usability features



Simple Rules - There is just one simple rule: “Fill in the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9.”

SUDOKU Game Number # 2862

posure Separation); Pro Suggest mode that offers 5 optimized filter settings, Selfie Alarm offers users to take timed selfies. The Galaxy K zoon also houses a 2-megapixel

front-facing camera. When compared to the Galaxy S4 Zoom that came with 4.3-inch Super AMOLED qHD display, the Galaxy K zoom features a 4.8-inch Super AMOLED HD (720x1280

droid 4.4 KitKat, much like Samsung’s 2014 flagship Galaxy S5. The new camera-centric smartphone is powered by a hexa-core processor (a quad-core 1.3GHz and a dual-core 1.7GHz), though the company has not revealed the exact chipset, currently thought to be the Exynos 5 Hexa SoC coupled with a Mali-T264 GPU. But we expect the Galaxy K zoom is powered by the same chipset seen first in Galaxy Note 3 Neo, the Exynos 5260. Other specifications include 2GB of RAM, 8GB inbuilt storage expandable up to 64GB via microSD card, and a 2430mAh battery. The Galaxy K zoom will be available in two variants - LTE and 3G - while other connectivity options include Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Micro-USB and NFC.



neW Delhi, april 29 (Bl): Mobile operators have got a huge relief with the Telecom Dispute Settlement Appellate Tribunal allowing intra-circle roaming deals for 3G services. The Department of Telecom had issued orders in March 2013 to stop 3G services in circles where operators did not have spectrum. Airtel, Idea Cellular and Vodafone had entered into an intra-circle roaming agreement to offer 3G services across the country using one another’s spectrum. This was because none of these players had won panIndia spectrum individually. According to the DoT, though roaming is permitted, such an intra-circle arrangement cannot be used to sell 3G connections in areas where the operators do not have spectrum. DoT had asked the operators to stop such services and had also imposed penalties. The TDSAT has however quashed the penalties and ruled in favour of the operators. The immediate impact will be on Airtel, Vodafone and Idea as they can revive their deal to offer 3G connections in each other’s circles. Other players such as Reliance Communication, Aircel and Tata Teleservices are also expected to form an alliance.

DIMAPUR Civil Hospital:

STD CODE: 03862

Metro Hospital: Faith Hospital: Shamrock Hospital Zion Hospital: Police Control Room Police Traffic Control East Police Station West Police Station CIHSR (Referral Hospital) Dimapur hospital Apollo Hospital Info Centre: Railway: Indian Airlines Chumukedima Fire Brigade Nikos Hospital and Research Centre Nagaland Multispecialty Health & Research Centre

Answer Number # 2861


Police Control Room: North Police Station: South Police Station: Fire Brigade: Naga Hospital: Oking Hospital: Bethel Nursing Home:

232224; Emergency229529, 229474 227930, 231081 228846 228254 231864, 224117, 227337 228400 232106 227607 232181 242555/ 242533 224041, 248011 230695/9402435652 131/228404 229366 282777 232032, 231031 248302, 09856006026

STD CODE: 0370

Northeast Shuttles

100/2244279 2222222 2222111 2222952 2222916 2243339 2224202



























ACROSS 1. Dogfish 5. Makes a mistake 9. Netting 13. Arm or leg 14. Flora and fauna 16. Doing nothing 17. Vipers 18. Swine 19. A noble gas 20. Statistics 22. Accoutrement 24. Told 26. Water vapor 27. Ash 30. Chronicles 33. Distinction 35. Woman’s sleeveless undergarments 37. Apprehend 38. Ludicrously false statements 41. C 42. Cashboxes 45. A thin wire 48. Wiggle room 51. Renters 52. Storms 54. Whip mark 55. Rustic

59. Tarries 62. Found in some lotions 63. Melancholy 65. Hawkeye State 66. Focusing glass 67. French for “Our” 68. A set of garments 69. X X X X 70. Sharpen 71. Feudal worker

DOWN 1. “Oh my!” 2. Fog 3. Unfeeling 4. Refrain 5. Diminish 6. Violent disturbance 7. Lion sounds 8. Layers 9. Barely enough 10. Biblical garden 11. Plod along 12. Female chickens 15. Type of poplar tree 21. On the left or right 23. Shallow metal containers 25. Fecal matter of animals 27. Lease 28. Electronic letters

29. Euro forerunner 31. Lacking moral discipline 32. All tuckered out 34. F 36. Collections 39. Hale 40. Killed 43. Very drunk (British slang) 44. Q-Tip 46. Again 47. Listlessness 49. Set straight 50. Lemon or canary 53. Indolence 55. Fit 56. Holly 57. Solitary 58. Bygone era 60. Identical or fraternal 61. Satisfy 64. Got together Ans to CrossWord 2868

DIMAPUR: 03862-232201/101 (O) 9436601225 (OC) CHUMUKEDIMA: 03862-282777/101 (O) WOKHA: 03860-242215 (O) 9402643782 MOKOKCHUNG: 0369-2226225/101 (O) 9856872011 (OC) PHEK: 03865-223838/101 (O) 9436012949 (OC)

TUENSANG: 03861-220256/101 (O) 8974322879


MON: 03869-290629/101 (O) 9856248962/ 9612805461 (OC)

Toll free No. 1098 childline


KOHIMA: 0370-2222952/101 (O) 9436062098 (OC)

ZUNHEBOTO: 03867-220444/101 (O) 9856158740 (OC)




STD CODE: 0369

Police Station 1: Police Station 2 :

2226241 2226214

Civil Hospital: Woodland Nursing Home: Hotel Metsüpen (Tourist Lodge):

2226216 2226263 2226373/2229343

TAHAMzAM (formerly Senapati) STD CODE: 03871 Police Station: Fire Brigade

222246 222491


























For details & Test drive Contact: Urban Station, Near NSC Petrol Pump, 6th Mile Dimapur. Ph No : 240994 CURRENCY EXCHANGE CURRENCY NOTES BUY(Rs) SELL(Rs) US Dollars Sterling Pound Hong Kong Dollar

60.06 100.59 7.73

60.49 101.73 7.81

Australian Dollar



Singapore Dollar Canadian Dollar Japanese Yen

47.85 54.46 58.51

48.42 55.12 59.22





The Morung Express

Wednesday 30 April 2014



Public SPace

a talk on the indo Naga Peace Process FUNICH

Panelists for the Talk cum Discussion: 1. Mr. G.K. Pillai, Former Home Secretary GoI 2. Dr. Kumar Sanjay Singh, Ass Professor, DU 3. Ms. Binalakshmi Nepram, Gen. Secretary, Control Armed Foundation of India 4. Ms. Inshah Malik, Activist and Research Scholar 5. Mr. Gautam Navlakha, Consultant Editor, EPW, Writer & Activist and 6. Mr. Kekhrie Yhome, Asst. Professor, DU Mr. Lakpachui Siro, Co-founder of FUNICH (Forum for Understanding the NagaIndia conflict and Human Rights) introductory note: This is the excerpt from the note “Today we are organizing this programme with a spirit that it will bring one step closer to conflict resolution, one step closer to peace and friendship amongst various conflicting parties in the sub-continent. It is also our hope that it will pave way for prosperity and peaceful coexistence base on fundamental principle of democracy, mutual respect and liberty. Let this message resonates in other parts of the country no matter how small it may be”. Comprehensive Talks of the Panellists: Mr. G.K Pillai, Former Home Secretary GoI Settlement between India and Naga had no foundation. Earlier GoI efforts to bring peace through negotiation were also limited only with few groups of people. This mistake should not be repeated in the future settlement. Should there be a settlement from this current peace talk with the NSCN, GoI should made all out efforts to get the approval from all the stakeholders including civil societies such as Naga Hoho, Naga Students’ Bodies, various underground factions. Indira Gandhi offered something to the Nagas during 1960s which no leaders could give now. It was the biggest mistake of Nagas not to accept that offer. Now it is a different time, no Prime Minister of India will say that I will initiate a Bill that will give independent to Nagas. This will require two third majority in both the houses which in current situation no party will have that number. Moreover, any PM who is willing to give away an inch of Indian Territory that party will not come back to power. Hence realistic approach from both the parties is the answer. Shared sovereignty is something both the parties can work out together, not exclusive with State and not exclusive with Centre. Often each side has idealist nationalist positions that are very high.

Kekhrie Yhome, Asst. Professor, University of Delhi, member NPMHR The enthusiasm among the people when the talk started between government of India and NSCN is slowly disappearing. Meanwhile in this period of peace process many things are happening; process of differentiation, compulsive distortion of facts and history, branding underground activism as act of terrorism, under development, armed atrocities by the Indian security forces, advancement in utilization of natural resources, presence of institutionalized violence with militarization and loss of dignity, corporatization of North East vis-à-vis militarization. This gets manifested through large scale migration of Nagas and other NE youth in a city like Delhi despite of racism as it is at least better than their own native place. One of the challenges for not able to move forward in finding the solution is the perception that you have for one another. You look at each other with colour glasses. If this current peace talk breaks down the result will be not desirable and it will have its repercussion. A renewed armed struggle can spread across the North East Region. There is a possibility of strengthen relationship between the Naga rebel group and Maoist in central belt by supplying Guns and other supports necessary for guerrilla movement.

peace talk is constructed • Legitimacy is the basis of the rule, can’t compare with the rest of the Indian, people feel that they are Indian but not in Kashmir and Nagaland and in certain other parts of India. What legitimacy does India has if for the last 60 years if people still say we want our sovereignty and right to self determination? • For equal talk to happen war must stop, the controlled by either the Indian State or the Rebel must go away from the region to which you want to talk. In the presence scenario you are controlling the region and say lets have a talk.

Gautam Navlakha, People’s Union for Democratic Rights, Consultant Editor of Economic and Political Weekly. The issue of Naga has to be look at beyond the issue of human rights violation of the Indian State. Indian State that came into existence in 1947 define itself as a diverse and pluralistic India and in the process of the nation state movement they were incapable of accepting and understanding the needs to take a less muscular approach to issue where people challenge the Nation State Project and that is the crux of the problem. And that is one main factor why there are militancy problems and such approaches also vitiates the whole environment. Thus possibility of democratic resolution of conflict looks a distance dream. Emphasize the possibility of peace talk and war existing at the same time, like in the case of Vietnam War. So there is no fix rule as such that you have to end violence before talk takes place. It rather depends on the situation. Also not every conflict that takes place in this country required the same kind of treatment. We have to distinguish between the struggle for Telangana or Jarkhan for separate state than what people are asking for in Naga Areas, in Manipur or in Kashmir and others. Therefore it is best that the state as well as the people at large recognize the nature of the conflict. He expressed regret in the way the state responded to this kind of conflict. Government of India takes movement seriously only if they take up arms. Until and unless the movement take up arms the government does not take seriously at all. As nonviolence movement or so called peaceful movement is easy for a strong State to take care and handle and they have succeeded in doing so.

Inshah Malik, Activist from Kashmir, research scholar, awardees of Fox Fellowship at Yale University, USA. After the most elated talk on ‘Indo-Naga Peace Process’. Here under are the main highlights. I must say I felt home with Naga people. • Nagaland is not the problem, India is Nagaland’s problem • The war in Nagaland is a war for India’s legitimacy • State functions through colonial processes of narrative construction, militarism, coercion • In a situation of war ‘peace talks’ are India’s way of buying time and enforcing death to Naga aspiration of self-determination • If any talks can be successful in such a situation of operating power hierarchy, those have to be about resolving the political problem and not mere generation of peace while there is killing in the streets. • Shared sovereignty is not possible as it is something thrown to them rather than Ms. Binalakshmi Nepram, Gen. Secreboth parties agreed upon tary Control Armed Foundation of India • War and peace talk can co-exist. Despite of several rounds of talks and for • Need to assess context in which this

almost 17 years long where is the Indo-Naga peace talk heading. On the cautionary notes she said “looking at some of the well know success story of accords like Chittagong Accord and Mizo Peace Accord where the former was hailed by UN as one of the most successful Peace Accord but the reality was far from what it was reported, Mizo accord was slightly better however when I look at the comments in the Mizo accord I found that 90% was picked up from constitution of India”. There is an ongoing armed conflict in NE for more than 60 years. India is still in denial as reflected in their reply to UN Committee on UNSCR 1325 saying that there is no armed conflict. For me as a Manipuri I do not feel wrong that the Naga Nation can develop in a most beautiful way. It is their rights, it is your rights. Stand by it. But it will take time, don’t give up yet. It is high time for people who are part of Government to call a spade a spade. If you have a cancer, don’t call it a headache and don’t give us paracetamol tablet. That is what I told PM if there is armed conflict in NE accept it and address it. The first thing that GoI should do is apologize to the people of NE for armed atrocities, if there is no armed conflict then why there is AFSPA. In fact, Naga armed conflict is the longest running armed conflict in the entire South Asia. It is not India and Pakistan it is in our region. She also questions the kind of political leaders representing from the region. Whether they are addressing the issue of armed conflict. Also the way education text book are constructed as we do not know about each other. We learn Jhansi Rani but you will not learn about Rani Gaidilu. Hence, we know leaders about each other as a result we are not able to celebrate the culture of each other.

Dr. Kumar Sanjay Singh, Associate Professor, University of Delhi Accord is a very complex strategic move. If we don’t understand the complex strategic movements you lost the war even before you begin. One of the fundamental errors with politician of the people, not of the State, is they don’t analyze what the State will be doing. One of cardinal failures of peoples’ movement in India has been the singular failure in understanding the significance of various political issues. Absent of violence is not absence of war. The best general is that who wins the war without violence. The art to prevent violence for as long as you can is the hallmark of a very successful general. That is why, to assume that negotiation is the absence of war is the

first big mistake. Thus when we talk of accord one is not talking about absence of war but a different kind of war. This is what one need to understand because guerrilla leader are very good in fighting with guns but when it comes to fighting with words and ideas that is where they are defeated. Biggest example is not Muivah but Michael Collins of the IRA, one of the best guerrilla fighters Ireland and Europe ever produce and he was killed by his own people. Because when he negotiated with the British he came out shock. This is the strategy one need to understand. What happen when you negotiate? What goes wrong when you negotiate? If you see Naga Talks I would like to draw your attention that Naga Talks is not the singularity. It has happen to accord across the world. Three things are found. Whenever you negotiate with the State and you always negotiate with the State not to the people, one must recognize negotiation is a part of Statecraft and if you don’t recognize then you come out with very mistaken conclusion and you start equating a Bihari rickshawala with Indian State and nothing can be more folly than that. Whenever you negotiate you lose both the Haven and Earth. The second thing that happens in negotiation is that the organization that negotiates always splits. Tell me one organization that has not split after entering in the process of negotiation. The third thing, whenever you negotiate you will find that very rapidly the term of the discourse changes from rights to community. Because the entrance of the community brings the ideas of the community suddenly overshadowing the idea of Nation and people. It has happen time and again. How Irish peoples’ movement split between protestant and the catholic, how entire movement in NE split between Naga, Meitei, South Naga, North Naga etc. Final thing, every act of negotiation when it culminates, it always become more backward than the first one. Lets take the example of Naga movement as this the movement has negotiated the most to the government of India. Now, what has happen to the negotiation? They have got less than what they got in the previous negotiations. If you don’t understand the pattern, how GoI is responding and you negotiate with them than you lose. Why does this happen? Every accord is embedded in the historic state formation. Nevertheless, Indian State is going through a very interesting phase whereby the state is in the process of very active centralization. Can this be a good or bad development for the Nagas and their whole struggle for their right to self determination?

The Morung Express is introducing “Public Space” as part of our intention to provide deliberate space for the opinions of the people to be expressed and heard through this newspaper. Nonetheless, The Morung Express points out that the opinions expressed in the contents published in the “Public Space” do not reflect the views and position of the newspaper or the editor.

Dr. Kire directs food business operators to obtain license KOHima, april 29 (mExN): In pursuance of sub section (3) of section 30 of the Food Safety and Standards Act 2006, the principal director of health and family welfare Dr. Neiphi Kire has directed all food business operators in the state to obtain license or register their food business under Food Safety and Standards Act 2006 and Rules, 2011 from the office of the designated officer- Chief Medical Officer of

the districts on or before August 4. Licensing and registration forms and other details can be obtained from the office of the designated officer on all working days. Food business as mentioned above will include food manufactures, millers, grinder, wholesellers, retailers, godowns, warehouse, cold storage, distributors, transporters, stockers, agencies, departmental suppliers, repackers or re-

labellers/ pharmacies dealing with food items, food supplements, hotels, restaurants, canteens/caters, slaughter house, fish and meat shop, all petty food business operators etc. Operating food business without a license or registration will attract penalty up to Rs. 5 lakhs and imprisonment up to 6 months under section 63 of the Food Safety & Standards Act 2006, a release received here said.

Folklore/ folktale narration of Chuwakha clan held

Journalist-Poet Monalisa Changkija (C), editor of Nagaland Page was awarded the 30th FICCI Women Achiever of the Year 2013-2014 Award for outstanding contributions as a journalist by the FICCI Ladies Organization (FLO), Northeast Chapter, on April 26, 2014.

LRD promotes health care pErEN, april 29 (mExN): The Land Resource Department (LRD) in commemoration of 50 years of Nagaland statehood has initiated a project called SPEED (Special Program for Environment & Economic Growth). Under the project, it has adopted 4 villages in Peren district and Pelhang Village in Athibung Block is one. SPEED focuses on food security, livelihood and market linkage. It also plans to inform the villagers on environmental sanitation, health, livestock management and other social issues. Keeping in line with the project, LRD converged with the District Program

Management Unit, NRHM, and District Aids Program Control Unit, Peren and organized a health awarenesscum-health camp on April 29, coinciding with the Village Health Nutrition Day (VHND) at Pelhang Village. A press release from district media officer, CMO office, Peren, Pezanguno Celine Secii informed that altogether, 69 patients were examined by Dr. Thangmang, Medical Officer, Athibung PHC along with two nurses and one Lab Technician. Basic health care services like ANC, immunization, medicines were provided and laboratory tests like Hb, HIV & Urine test were also done.

Dimapur, april 29 (mExN): More than hundred members of Chuwakha clan from different villages, mostly under Zunheboto district, and towns attended the folklore/ folktale narration programme organized by Chuwakha Kughuko Kuqhakulu (CKK) at Stone Park, NEZCC complex, Dimapur on April 26. A press release from CKK general secretary Hukuto Khulu and assistant general secretary Akato Chishi informed that the programme started with an invocation prayer by Rev. Luvito L Chishi. Further, Hotolu Chishi, CKK Advisor, exhorted the gathering and HK Khulu, IAS, Additional Chief Secretary and Development Commissioner, Nagaland, presented a short speech. Meanwhile, Captain Hekiye Chishi, moderated the occasion, where the elderly people among the clan from different villages/ towns spoke on “Who was Chuwakha" and also stories related to their ancestors. The programme was conducted by Er. Kavito Chishi, Joint Director NRE who is also the chairman of CKK. The CKK has extended gratitude to the director of NEZCC for co-sponsoring the event, and the women folks of Toluvi village for presenting a folksong.

MEx FILE ACAUT Nagaland informs

Supu Jamir and its assistant general secretary & media convenor Imtinochet. “It is high time that the government should take up stringent measures to curb this menace in our society.” It asserted that “over the confession of the crime committed, the perpetrator should be awarded exemplary punishment for one and all.” The union further warned against bailing the accused.

Dimapur, april 29 (mExN): All the chairmen and GBs of colonies and villages falling between Dillai Gate and Chumukedima have been requested to attend the ACAUT Nagaland consultative meeting to be held on May 2, 1:00 pm at Naga Council Unity Hall. A press release from ACAUT Nagaland Media Cell informed that the meeting will discuss unabated taxation and NKVIB cautions ‘unscrupu“One Government One Tax” as adopted by the Naga people on October 31, 2013. For lous suppliers’ any queries and clarification, the ACAUT KOHima, april 29 (mExN): The Naofficials may be reached at 9856871947, galand Khadi and Village Industries Board 9436641531. (NKVIB) has informed that some “unsuppliers” are issuing quotaGPRN/NSCN appoints new UT scrupulous tion for machineries to beneficiaries of chairman and vice chairman the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) and chargDimapur, april 29 (mExN): The high ing commission without supplying the authority of GPRN/NSCN has appointed Hojei Swu, Kilonser, as the new chairman machineries and equipment. A notificaof Union Territory (UT) and Vedeta Nienu, tion from the NKVIB directed all genuine Deputy Kilonser, as the vice chairman with suppliers to maintain proper records of effect from April 16, 2014. Informing this in all transactions and relevant documents a statement, Kakheho Zhimomi, secretary for delivery of machineries to the parties. UT, has informed all concerned to address It further urged all officers in charge at all correspondence to the newly appoint- district offices of the implementing agened officials at 9856545248 (Chairman) and cies to personally ensure that all transactions are genuine and that funds allocated 9612907549 (Vice-Chairman). for machineries and equipments are not misappropriated. The NKVIB cautioned TSUD meeting on May 3 that strict action will be taken against any Dimapur, april 29 (mExN): The Te- beneficiary, official or vendor found innyimi Students’ Union Dimapur (TSUD) dulging in such malpractice. has convened a joint meeting with all the tribal units (presidents and executives) and Chakhesang gazetted senior leaders on May 3, 10:30 am at the Tenyimi Union Office, located behind Trago- officers’ new team pan Hotel here to discuss some serious is- KOHima, april 29 (mExN): The new sues for the welfare of the Tenyimi students office bearers of the Chakhesang Gazettin particular and the Tenyimi community in ed Officers’ Forum (CGOF) for the tenure general. This was informed by TSUD presi- 2014-16 will be headed by Vevo Sapu, direcdent Jenpu Rongmei and its information & tor, art & culture as president. Other office publicity secretary Chokho Robviina. bearers include: Vice President - Wezope Kenye, joint secretary (Land Resources); ASTD condemns General Secretary - Rothihü Tetseo, commandant 10th (IR) Battalion Zhadima; Joint rape attempt Secretary - Darhü Shupao, section officer, Dimapur, april 29 (mExN): In the Nagaland Legislative Assembly; Publicity wake of the “molestation and attempt to & Information Secretary - Martha R. Ritse, rape” of a woman allegedly by one Nazmul joint secretary (RD department); Statistical Haque at Unity village, 5th Mile, Dimapur Secretary - Er. Reneilo Nuh, assistant direcon April 25, the Ao Senso Telongjem Dima- tor, directorate of new & renewable energy; pur (ASTD) has voiced out strong condem- and Treasurer – Vechiso Rhakho, deputy dination calling the act inhumane and sav- rector, directorate of treasuries & accounts. age. “Not only the innocents, but even the Executive members: Mesetshülo K. Mero, mothers with baby child are not safe within commissioner and secretary (I&PR); their four wall room from this free crawl- Visielie Kezo, OSD (Finance department); ing creeps especially in Dimapur,” stated a Kewekha Mero, joint secretary (Art & Culpress statement issued by ASTD president ture); and Dr. Vezokholü Losou, District TB

Officer, Kohima. This was approved and accepted during the general session of CGOA held on April 26 at Zonal Council Hall, Kohima.

DEO Dimapur informs Dimapur, april 29 (mExN): District Education Officer, Dimapur has informed that stipend under Children Education Fund (CEF) will be issued from April 30 to May 20 during office hours. The selected candidates are required to collect their stipend along with necessary documents.

Assam Rifles extends medical aid pHEK, april 29 (mExN): 46 Assam Rifles under the aegis of HQ 5 Sector Assam Rifles organized a medical camp on April 27, 2014 at Ketsapumi Village (Ketsapao), Phek district. According to a press release, a total of 252 persons were examined by Captain Arjun Joshi, RMO of 46 Assam Rifles and medicines were distributed thereafter. Keeping in view the good faith and relations with local population, such camps are organized regularly and will be continued in future, the note stated.

CAWA new team KOHima, april 29 (mExN): The Chokri Area Wrestling Association (CAWA) office bearers for the tenure 2014-2016 are: President - Estsongoyi Medeo, General Secretary - K.Thosto Nyekha, Asst.Gen. Secretary - Vezhohu Rhakho, Finanace cum treasurer - Sekhosa Chuzho, Representatives to Chakhesang Wrestling Association - Zazhota Dawhuo, Vecusuyi Chuzho, Advisory Board members - Duhuta Vero, Vekriyi Chuzho. The CAWA 26th session will be held at Khulazu Bawe village.

NPF 8th Western Angami A/C condoles KOHima, april 29 (mExN): The NPF 8th Western Angami A/C has expressed deepest sadness and sorrow over the sudden and untimely demise of Sebu Nipu, a veteran and former advisor of NPF 8th Western Angami A/C on April 28, 2014. In a condolence message, the party stated that in his death, it has lost a sincere and dedicated leader. Further, the party workers conveyed their prayer and support to the bereaved family members. The party workers prayed that God would grant the family strength and peace to withstand this hour of sadness.


The Power of Truth

The Morung Express WEDnEsDAy 30 APrIl 2014 volumE IX IssuE 116

End of Bi-Lateralism?


n the history of humankind, the manners in which nations and governments organize power and relate to each other have been critical in determining the direction of human progression. In the 21st century, with the changing notions of state sovereignty and with the increasing recognition of interdependence, interconnectedness and interrelationship as values required for human co-existence, it has become evidently clear that the principle of multilateralism will be the defining praxis for this present generation. The challenges and opportunities of the 21st century point to the need for collective survival as an absolute necessity. This has inspired a new thinking that recognizes the limitations of bilateral politics. Indeed, present conditions in local, regional and international situations are inducing the imperative need for multilateral politics to take center stage in how human affairs are conducted. While bilateral politics may continue to have a role in the matter of state-relations, the ever growing face of technology and the evolving role of public conscientization have pushed principles of multilateralism to the forefront of international politics. The issues of war and peace have increasingly become a global concern. It is no longer a matter of unilateralism. In fact the developing nature of war and peace has rejected all notions of unilateral politics. The growing necessity and relevance of multilateral politics is clearly demonstrated by the increasing significance associated with political and economic alliances between governments and states. It is however too early in this era of multilateral politics for consensus decision making to reach its ideal place. Multilateral politics impacts peace processes. It is recognized that in the past decade bilateral peace processes have failed to find solutions to the substantial issues of protracted conflict between governments and nations. While it is true that governments hesitate to address core issues at the heart of the conflict, it is also true that because of the increasing number of local, regional and international stake holders in conflict situations, political negotiations confined between conflicting parties have failed to break the deadlock. Considering the fact that new understandings of sovereignty relevant to the 21st century are emerging, it is only reasonable to suggest that peace processes should acquire a multilateral dimension to enable greater possibilities for solutions to be realized. Hopefully such interventions will contribute in creating genuine democracy, deliberative dialogue and human rights.

lEfT wiNg |

Christian Post

Religious freedom under threat in the US and abroad



eligious freedom and the common good was among the topics discussed Wednesday during the annual three-day Q Conference which is built around the belief that “Christians are called to redeem entire cultures, not just individuals.” During a session about religious freedom and persecution throughout the world, speaker Andy Crouch, executive editor of Christianity Today, suggested that religious freedom should be measured by the degree to which a society extends it to its most vulnerable and marginalized. He also commented that its value, globally, is at risk in a greater way than ever before “in any of our lifetimes.” “There are all kinds of [situations] in which a privileged, powerful majority can flourish,” Crouch said. “But the far more demanding test of any society is [how it treats its] most vulnerable, youngest, oldest, the most frail, the most marginalized.” Because every single human being experiences this fragility, Crouch explained, it is in those moments — either when we are very young, old or sick — that “we will desperately hope we live in a society that is characterized by the pursuit of the common good.” Religion, Crouch continued, is not limited to “beliefs or worship,” but rather about “committed action based on what you believe and what or who you worship.” Citing James 1:27, he said, “Religion that is pure and undefiled before God, the Father, is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained from the world (ESV).” That the passage calls for the caring of orphans and widows suggests that religion should be seen as “public action on behalf of the most vulnerable.” That it calls for “keeping oneself unstained by the world,” following a religion means adherents should keep themselves “distinctly different from the society around us.” “Religious freedom needs to make room not just for private beliefs, or perhaps for secluded worship behind closed doors, … but for distinctive, public action based on countercultural limits,” said Crouch, arguing that to test the strengths of religious freedom, one should examine how well it protects minority religious communities. “Religious freedom should protect you if you're a Jew in Saudi Arabia, if you're a Palestinian in Israel, if you're a Christian in Malaysia or if you're a Muslim in Nashville. … Being denied from acting out your faith commitments in public is one of the deepest denials of human flourishing,” added Crouch. Yet, Crouch suggested, religious freedom has been deeply threatened both in the United States and abroad, not only at a legal and governance level, but also societal hostility, pointing to an Islamic Center in nearby Murfreesboro that had legally been approved, but nevertheless subject to vandalism and threats of violence. “Social hostility is every bit as effective as legal restrictions in preventing people from living out their faith in public,” he said. Crouch also cited a 2012 Pew Research study on religious hostility which showed that the U.S., over the last five years, was no longer one of the world's leaders in this area, leading him to ask, 'Why was a commitment to religious freedom so hard to live out?' Growing religious pluralism and the difficulty it took for individuals to practice religious freedom made it increasingly difficult for societies to want to protect it, maintained Crouch. “No matter what you are for, there is something that you are against that you are going to have to tolerate if you want religious freedom,” he said. “…. No matter how conservative or progressive your views, some exercise of religious freedom is going to be troubling to you — and that is the point of religious freedom. If prevailing cultural commitments can trump binding religious commitments, you don't have religious freedom. ... It is not easy, it is not natural for human societies, and that is why it never flourishes unless it is actively protected.” Recognizing that some might cringe at the term “accommodation,” Crouch contended that it was nevertheless necessary that this value be practiced if one wants to live in a society where religious freedom is protected. “The boundaries of accommodating did not trump the protection of the weak and vulnerable,” Crouch said, citing that Jehovah's Witnesses have the legal ability to deny blood transfusions for adults, but the exemption is not made for children. “Neither did this value allow anyone to use religion for false pretenses.” “If we don't learn to [accommodate one another at the local level], I think we will end up with a false pluralism that loudly trumpets its commitment to diversity, but actually marginalizes and minimizes the communities that add diversity in our society.



Anthony Davis Asia Times Online

Wardrums in Myanmar's Wa hills drive at least 100,000 civilians across the border.


enior General Min Aung Hlaing, commander-in-chief of Myanmar's armed forces, or Tatmadaw, is a man on the move. Since the beginning of the year he has traveled to Laos and Indonesia, attended large-scale war games in central Myanmar, reviewed the country's largest ever naval exercises in the Bay of Bengal, presided over the annual Army Day parade in the capital Naypyidaw and met with a string of foreign dignitaries. A recent less publicized engagement was arguably more significant for Myanmar's war and peace prospects. On April 6, Min Aung Hlaing flew north from Naypyidaw to the garrison town of Lashio in northeastern Shan State to hold talks with Bao You-ri, the younger brother of Bao You-xiang, the ailing leader of the United Wa State Army (UWSA). Based east of the Salween River in a self-governing "special region", the UWSA is Myanmar's largest insurgent group and is at present in an uneasy ceasefire with the government. That Myanmar's most powerful military and political figure should himself travel from his headquarters for a meeting with a proxy of the leader of an armed ethnic group rather than delegating the task to the relevant regional commander was intriguing. Even more remarkable was that Min Aung Hlaing was flanked by Armed Forces chief of general staff Gen Hla Htay Win, Air Force commander Gen Khin Aung Myint, and Navy commander Admiral Thura Thet Swe. Such a line-up of the Tatmadaw's seniormost leadership is unprecedented in any government talks to date with ethnic groups. The meeting came at the same time as talks in Yangon between a government panel - including military officers - and a team of leaders from 16 other ethnic factions aimed at drafting a "nationwide ceasefire agreement", or NCA. Intended to mark the end of 66 years of ethnic and political armed strife and serve as a foundation for further progress on the military roadmap towards "disciplined democracy", the signing of the NCA has been postponed several times since July last year. The Tatmadaw has now set a deadline of August 1 for the planned grand ceremony. The UWSA, however, has remained pointedly aloof from President Thein Sein's self-touted peace process. Formerly a major segment of the Chinabacked Communist Party of Burma (CPB), the Wa have had their own ceasefire with the Tatmadaw since the CPB collapsed in 1989. After a spike in tensions caused by the Wa's rejection of demands that the UWSA subordinate itself to Tatmadaw command as part of a so-called "border guard force" (BGF), the two sides' ceasefire agreement was renewed in September 2011. While monitoring the negotiations surrounding the NCA, the Wa last year put forward a demand for their own state within Myanmar which would effectively legitimize the complete autonomy they currently enjoy in their "Special Region No 2" - and, presumably, the continued existence of their own armed forces to safeguard that autonomy. The Wa have the firepower to back such demands. The UWSA is loosely estimated to field close to 25,000 regulars backed by a large militia reserve. The group has been making consistent efforts to expand its capabilities with a view to deterring any possible Tatmadaw moves against it. Following Tatmadaw pressure over the BGF scheme, fears of such an attack were galvanized first by Tatmadaw incursions in 2009 against the autonomous Special Region No 1 in Kokang, to the north of the Wa area, and then by a major government offensive against the insurgent Kachin Independence Army (KIA) in late 2012 and early 2013. Whether the younger Bao was flattered or intimidated to find himself facing Myanmar's most powerful military chiefs remains unclear: the details of their April 6 exchange have not been disclosed. However, it seems likely the message from the military's side was the same as that which was passed to a delegation from the Shan State Army-North (SSA-N) - a de facto ally of the UWSA - at a separate meeting in Lashio that same day. As described to the Irrawaddy magazine by one SSA-N source: "He [Min Aung Hlaing] said the armed groups should lay down their guns as there should only be a single army for the country." Show of strength In late February Min Aung Hlaing was conveying a rather blunter message from the Tatmadaw: a divisional-level live-fire exercise held outside the central Myanmar town of Meiktila. Dubbed "Anawratha"

after the founder of the 11th century Pagan Empire, the well-publicized war games involved a panoply of military power centered on mechanized infantry of the Magwe-based 88th Light Infantry Division using indigenously produced Ukrainian armored personnel carriers and Chinese infantry fighting vehicles. The infantry was supported by intense firepower from main battle tanks, a range of artillery systems including multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS), 105mm and 155mm howitzers, and close air support in the shape of rocket-firing Mi-35 helicopter gunships and low-flying Mig-29 air superiority fighters. Shortly after, a blog site dedicated to the Myanmar military understood to be close to the Tatmadaw described this display of military might as a "final warning" to the UWSA to join the national peace process or face the consequences. More optimistic observers of Myanmar politics, including a growing Western lobby that consistently defends Thein Sein's political reforms and national peace initiative, will choose to assume that the ratcheting up of psychological pressure on the UWSA is essentially just that - psychological pressure. The expectation will be that the Wa, not known for their sensitivity to diplomatic signals, will simply call Naypyidaw's bluff as they did successfully to threats in 2009 and that the ceasefire status quo will be preserved. Such assumptions may well be dangerously misplaced, however. The last time the Tatmadaw staged well-publicized divisional-level exercises outside Meiktila was in March 2012 with a display of firepower primarily intended to impress the KIA, which was then under pressure to renew a ceasefire that had collapsed in mid-2011. When the KIA refused to reenter negotiations, the war games were followed up at the end of year dry season with a full-scale campaign aimed at neutralizing the Kachin headquarters at Laiza. The mounting pressure on the Wa thus poses some stark questions: will the UWSA continue to reject participation in the peace process and, if so, does Tatmadaw strategy envisage securing a nation-wide cease-fire with a large majority of ethnic groups by August and then, with that agreement hand, moving decisively against the Wa at the beginning of the dry season in December? Conventional wisdom suggests that such a government offensive is improbable for at least three main reasons. First is the sheer scale of operations that would be necessary to break the back of the UWSA. In their Special Region No 2 along the Chinese border the Wa field three main-force brigades with artillery and armored support units. Further south in what is known as Military Region 171 along the Shan State's border with Thailand five smaller brigades are based. The UWSA also has a reliable ally in the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) which fields a further 3,500 to 4,000 mainly ethnic Shan and hill-tribe troops in its Special Region No 4 wedged between Wa territory and the Mekong River. Simply put, taking on the UWSA - a large, welltrained and highly motivated force fighting on home ground with its back to the Chinese border - would amount to the largest single Tatmadaw campaign since Myanmar's independence from colonial rule in 1948. Considering the likely involved size of forces and firepower in such a conflict, the human cost would be correspondingly heavy. Military analysts believe any full-scale assault on Wa territory would see casualties rising rapidly over the 10,000 mark and possibly far higher during the first few months of the dry season. A second and related factor centers on doubts over the Tatmadaw's capabilities in conducting sustained, combined-arms operations involving the coordination of infantry, armor, artillery and close air support in rugged, hostile terrain. Tatmadaw performance in the Laiza campaign of late 2012 and early 2013 against the KIA, which faced dogged resistance from a far less capable enemy, was at best unimpressive, particularly in regard to the effectiveness of close air support. At worst, it reflected serious problems of planning and coordination. Finally, war against the Wa would inevitably incur the diplomatic wrath of China. Since May 2011, China and Myanmar have been joined in a "comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership", and Beijing has repeatedly impressed on Naypyidaw the importance of stability along their common border since well before then. The Tatmadaw's 2009 incursion into Kokang - essentially a minor policing operation by comparison with a potential campaign in the Wa Hills - prompted the exodus of an estimated 36,000 refugees into China and heated protests from Beijing. Any invasion of Wa territory would by some estimates

Expanding arsenal Nevertheless, there are also powerful arguments almost certainly being aired in the upper echelons of the Tatmadaw in favor of a decisive move against the Wa. The most compelling is that the longer the Tatmadaw waits the more problematic the task will become. Militarily, the UWSA is clearly playing for time while expanding its forces and modernizing its arsenal with increasingly sophisticated weapons. This rearmament has involved acquiring new systems from across the Chinese border, including armored vehicles and a limited number of 'Hip' Mi-17 transport helicopters for which UWSA crews have been undergoing training in China. Far more important, however, has been a rapid build-up of stockpiles of infantry weaponry - including man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) - and ammunition intended, if necessary, to sustain what one senior ethnic commander monitoring the resupply process described in late 2012 as a "10-year war." Socially and economically, Special Region No 2 has come to resemble more an annex of China than a region of Myanmar. The lingua franca in the UWSA and the region generally is Mandarin Chinese; the currency is the Chinese yuan; and the mobile telephone network serving the area is Chinese. Meanwhile, Chinese investment in both the rubber and, more importantly, rare earth metal industries is significant and growing. Viewed from Naypyidaw, the continuation of the status quo, let alone the recognition of an autonomous Wa State, risks the region's de facto accession to China. A second factor is a mood of rising nationalist pride and confidence inside the Tatmadaw. This trend appears to derive partly from a process of rapid military modernization which is reinforcing a longheld institutional mission of upholding and defending national unity and sovereignty - a mission which inherently demands an end to the anomaly of states within a state. Nascent militarism, which blends into rising Buddhist nationalism with decidedly xenophobic tinges, appears to be gaining currency across Myanmar society judging by social media posts and a number of popular jingoistic blogs. Myanmar's new nationalism has focused on two main foils. Growing discrimination and outright attacks against the ethnic minority Rohingya community and Muslims more generally have been widely reported. Less visible but never far from the surface of the popular mood is angst over Chinese influence in the country. Unease over China's fast expanding role in Myanmar's economy grew under military rule and found striking expression in the movement to halt the construction of the Chinese-backed Myitsone dam project in Kachin State in 2011. Against this backdrop, a military campaign against an armed group which is widely regarded as a Chinese proxy force operating within Myanmar's borders would likely not be a hard sell. It might even be popular, not least in the run up to general elections scheduled for 2015. International angles Internationally, any conflict with the Wa would be presented by Thein Sein's government with little need for cosmetics as a war on Asia's largest narcotics-trafficking cartel. The UWSA's unsavory record as an organization which since the late 1990s has engaged in industrial-scale production and region-wide export of methamphetamine and heroin and whose top leadership has been formally indicted in an United States court would go far to mute criticism in the West. By contrast, China's reaction would be angry and loud. But having predicated its Wa strategy on deterrence - quietly assisting a UWSA build-up that makes war too costly for Naypyidaw to contemplate - the collapse of that deterrent would leave Beijing with surprisingly few options. Sanctions against Naypyidaw, let alone active support for a protracted Wa insurgency, would serve only to push Myanmar more rapidly towards the US, Japan and Europe, compounding already lively Chinese fears over perceived containment. A more comprehensive breakdown in bilateral relations would also threaten China's extensive economic interests in Myanmar and the security of new natural gas and oil pipelines built across the length of Myanmar from the Bay of Bengal to fuel the growth of southwestern China. From Beijing's perspective, allowing matters to deteriorate to that point would be virtually inconceivable. As was the case after the Kokang operation in 2009 and the Myitsone Dam reversal in 2011, China would probably have little choice but to protest and adapt to new realities. In the final analysis, the central factor in the Tatmadaw's calculus remains a military one. The preferred option would clearly be a combinedarms blitzkrieg with heavy emphasis on artillery and air strikes that would swiftly overwhelm key military and administrative centers and smash the UWSA as a cohesive force. Were the Wa to succumb to the temptation of attempting to defend fixed positions against overwhelming firepower, a victory of sorts might well be achieved. The risk for the Tatmadaw would be sliding into a morass of open-ended guerrilla resistance. Such a conflict could easily metastasize south into eastern Shan State and along the Thai border, destabilizing a wide swath of territory between the Salween and Mekong Rivers and inflaming relations with other ethnic minorities. Should a war with the Wa drag on with rising casualties, it could also do immense damage to the military's own national prestige and political leadership role. The purely military calculus suggests such risks far outweigh the costs imposed by Wa intransigence and an unpalatable but hardly unbearable status quo. History, however, is long on examples of strategic miscalculations with far-reaching repercussions triggered by military hubris and national pride. Anthony Davis is a Bangkok-based security analyst for IHS-Jane's.

Letters to the Editor should be sent to: The morung Express, House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur - 797112, Or –email: All letters (including those via email) should have the full name and Postal address of the sender. Readers may please note that the contents of the articles, letters and opinions published do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.





30 April 2014


The Newspaper with an Opinion The Morung Express

The return of great-power politics


Benjamin Zala Open Democracy

ustainable security” claims to address the causes of insecurity, not just symptoms. But when those “symptoms” are huge inter-state crises—as between China and Japan over disputed islands or between the US and Russia over Ukraine—what does it have to offer? If the past 12 months have taught us anything it is that, despite the predictions of many, the potential for conflict between the major powers is still one of the defining characteristics of world politics. From the tensions between Japan and China over the Senkaku/ Diaoyu islands (with the United States waiting in the wings as ever) to the proxy confrontation between Russia and the US over the future of Ukraine (with its European allies desperately trying not to be forgotten in the diplomatic chest-beating), crisis diplomacy and inter-state rivalry are back on the global agenda. One of the legacies of the “war on terror” years is that the focus of most organisations and analysts working on the concept of sustainable security—an approach to policy-making which downplays the reaction to immediate symptoms of insecurity in favour of addressing the factors that underlie them—has been on terrorism, insurgency and “non-traditional” security issues. Of late the large-scale trends of climate change and the division of the world between a global elite and a non-elite, combined with resource scarcity and the challenge of paramilitarism, have absorbed most of the focus of those concerned with conflict prevention. Yet recent events suggest that the sustainable-security framework which NGOs, scholars and policy-makers increasingly deploy in their analyses and prescriptions needs equally to be applied to the traditional “high politics” of relations between the great powers--from geopolitical flashpoints and the politics of crisis diplomacy to the seemingly old-fashioned world of strategic-arms-control negotiations. The long shadow of Vienna Although security analysts have spent much of the past two decades concerned with “small” wars and counter-terrorism, inter-state rivalry and greatpower politics never went away. Even in Syria, where the brutality of urban-guerrilla warfare and competition between paramilitary factions appear to be defining characteristics, the competing desires of regional and global powers have played a major part in the nature and longevity of the fighting. Moreover, the only serious attempts to end the war have been the multilateral negotiations in which Washington and Moscow have been key players. Major powers descending on a capital city to sort out—among themselves—the fate of vulnerable individuals caught in cycles of violence is a trope reminiscent of the Concert of Europe meetings in Vienna in 1853 and 1855 on the “eastern question” or even Paris in 1860 on the Syrian revolution. But it is not the only sign that greatpower politics is back. So too is the concern over “flashpoints” and the traditional response of crisis diplomacy. In the East China Sea, Japan and China have been jostling over the remote rocks of what the Japanese call the Senkaku and the Chinese the Diaoyu islands. Those predicting unparalleled eastern economic prosperity in the “Asian century” have become increasingly concerned over the downward spiral in relations between these two north-east Asian (and at least to some extent global) heavyweights. The announcement of an air-defence identification zone over the islands late last year by China’s


s natives and ranchers work together to oppose the Keystone XL pipeline, they're also learning to understand each other's history, culture, and relationship with the land. Protests and demonstrations happen almost every day in Washington, D.C., but this one was unusual. On April 22, a circle of tipis went up between the Capitol building and the Washington Monument. Nebraska ranchers offered gifts of food, tobacco, and cloth to elders from the Piscataway tribe, who welcomed the visitors to their traditional land. Then the group got on horseback—the indigenous contingent in traditional beads and feathers, the ranchers in cowboy hats and bandanas—and rode through downtown demanding that President Barack Obama reject the Keystone XL pipeline. That action—the first event in a fiveday gathering on the National Mall—was the largest mobilization yet from a group called the Cowboy Indian Alliance, an unlikely coalition of farmers, ranchers, and members of Native American tribes from across the Great Plains, all united by their opposition to Keystone XL. That unity flies in the face of centuries of conflict between indigenous people and settlers, but participants from both sides hope this is a sign that old wounds are beginning to heal. They hope that the pipeline, which has caused them both much distress, will be a catalyst for reconciliation. Both “Cowboys” and “Indians” are concerned about the significant climate impacts of the tar sands industry, which is more carbon-intensive than regular oil and more likely to spill. But mostly, they fear the pipeline spills they see as inevitable will contaminate the land and water upon which they both depend, and upon which they both base their identities and cultures. “We’re here to defend our land, our farms, our ranches, our treaty territory,” Faith Spotted Eagle told the crowd on a bright morning on the first day of the camp. “We’ve come to say enough is enough. We are not going to let Transcanada pass our treaty lands.” The pipeline, if approved, will be built on land guaranteed to the Lakota people in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868—a treaty only temporarily honored by the United States government. The land was subsequently taken from the Lakota, but they still claim it as theirs by law. The various segments of the Keystone pipeline have been developed as separate projects, most of which are already in operation. The southern portion of pipeline,

increasingly assertive regime, led by Xi Jinping, met an undiplomatic and extremely defensive response from the Abe government in Japan. Tokyo of course looked to its major military ally, the US, to join it in talking tough to Beijing, leading to a tense stalemate in which Japan is scrambling F-15 fighter jets from the Naha airbase in Okinawa almost daily. If this was not enough of a gold-plated gift to those keen to make historical analogies with the great-power rivalry and security-dilemma dynamics of 1914 and the outbreak of the first world war, the increasing tensions between Russia and the west over influence in Ukraine have created a European crisis to rival the brinkmanship in north-east Asia. The drama in Ukraine has prompted much talk of a renewed cold war. Moscow’s effective annexation of Crimea, its 40,000 troops along the border and mid-April’s four-way crisis talks among Ukraine, Russia, the US and the EU all reinforce the idea that old-fashioned “power politics” is alive and well. These two developments, involving two members of the BRICS coalition of rising (or in Russia’s case reemerging) powers, come against the backdrop of a predicted global power transition and “rise of the rest”. One need not entirely accept Robert Kagan’s argument about the “return of history” to appreciate the importance of new centres of power challenging Washington’s dominance—in economic, diplomatic and, perhaps eventually, even military terms. Echoing their voting behaviour at the UN Security Council on the intervention in Libya in 2011, all Russia’s BRICS counterparts abstained from the recent UN General Assembly vote denouncing the Crimea referendum (Russia voted against). And when the Australian foreign minister announced that the Russian president, Vladimir Putin, might be banned from the G20 summit in Brisbane in November, the foreign ministers of the BRICS released a dissenting statement. All this makes predictions of a world without inter-state rivalry—even a “nonpolar” world—more than a little premature. The task then is to think through what a sustainable-security approach can highlight, as diagnosis and prescription, for the seemingly inescapable world of great-power politics. Militarisation, flashpoints, brinkmanship A number of drivers of global insecurity stand out. First, the specific nature of great-power politics can create the conditions for crisis and instability. (And of course one could argue that the distinction between great and lesser powers itself helps to marginalise the views of most of the world’s population and is therefore a driver of insecurity.) In his classic 1977 work on the social foundations of international order, the late international-relations scholar Hedley Bull argued that a degree of order could be provided by the great powers, but only if these states balanced their “special rights” with the concomitant “special responsibility” to manage their relations with each other peacefully and avoid crises. The art of greatpower management appears lost on the current leaders in Beijing, Tokyo, Moscow and Washington—and this makes for dangerous times. The drama in Ukraine has prompted much talk of a renewed cold war. Secondly, existing work on sustainable security already provides some clear guidance on the drivers of inter-state insecurity through a focus on militarisation. Trends in arms transfers and spending are worrying when combined with a move away from a western-dominated world. Recent research from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute concluded: “The increase in military spending in emerging and developing coun-

tries continues unabated.” Although global spending on arms fell by 1.9 per cent in real terms last year, China and Russia’s spending increased by 7.4 and 4.8 per cent respectively and the US, Russia and China were three of the five largest spenders. Not only are the leaderships of the major powers neglecting their great-power responsibilities—they are also upping their spending on the means to turn a crisis into deadly warfare. Such spending raises the stakes in any crisis situation and makes such crises more likely by diminishing trust and souring diplomatic relations. There is little doubt that the controversial US missile-defence and Prompt Global Strike programmes have helped give the Russians the impression of being backed into a corner and made the already difficult SinoJapanese relationship even more fraught. Broadening the sustainable-security approach And what policy priorities follow if these underlying drivers of insecurity are to be addressed? The first is demilitarisation, beyond the human-security/ small-arms agenda. In recent years significant gains have been made in the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of former combatants in war zones and on security-sector reform, as well as the eventual conclusion of the Arms Trade Treaty. The same cannot however be said of large-scale strategic weaponry. The Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty risks being seriously undermined by the glacial progress of the P5 states in living up to their article VI obligations on disarmament. And the chances of serious headway on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty or the Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty are slim at best. The ultimately futile trend towards trying to achieve security via superiority in strategic conventional weapons (as well as armed drones), rather than the much harder task of trust-building, is only making matters worse. A renewed effort to negotiate long-term, sustainable, strategic arms control is needed to reverse this trend, no matter how difficult immediate progress will be. The second priority is to move beyond crisis diplomacy in the major interactions between the great powers. By definition reactive rather than preventive, this can only ever provide limited opportunities to address the root causes of mistrust and insecurity between states. While a far from perfect arrangement—questions of justice were frequently overlooked in a quest instead for “order”—the regular meetings of the Concert of Europe powers throughout most of the 19th century could provide some inspiration. This arrangement did have a clear sense of the purpose of being a great power: it was not just a privileged position in the hierarchy of states but carried a responsibility to manage relations with other major powers in ways that avoided, where possible, the downward spiral of military brinkmanship. This unavoidably involves a willingness to consider the world from the position of one’s adversary and to take seriously the perceptions and worldviews of one’s peers, even when disagreeing with them. Yet breaking the moulds of entrenched diplomatic practice will not be easy. As the diplomat-turnedscholar E.H. Carr remarked over 70 years ago, “The bureaucrat, perhaps more explicitly than any other class of the community, is bound up with the existing order, the maintenance of tradition, and the acceptance of precedence as the ‘safe’ criterion of action.” The task seems so enormous as to be overwhelming. But if policy-makers, analysts and civil-society actors are to come up with ways of reversing the trend towards an increasingly competitive, militarised and crisis-driven inter-state order, thinking through the implications of a sustainable-security approach to great-power politics is the most useful path to follow.

Cowboys & Indians heal old wounds Kristin Moe Yes Magazine

Faith Spotted Eagle and Tom Genung perform a water ceremony together at the "Reject and Protect" demonstration against the Keystone XL pipeline in Washington, D.C.

which runs from Oklahoma to refineries in Texas, has already been completed, despite opposition from the Cowboy Indian Alliance and virtually every other environmental organization in the country. The northern leg known as Keystone XL is the last remaining piece, and needs to be approved by the president because it crosses the U.S.-Canada border. If Obama signs off, the pipeline company Transcanada will install this final segment, connecting Hardisty, Alberta, to Steele City, Kansas, and pumping 830,000 barrels per day of tar sands crude across the American heartland. A match made in history I had a chance to speak with two members of the Cowboy Indian Alliance: Faith Spotted Eagle from the Ihanktonwan Dakota/Nakota tribe of South Dakota, and Tom Genung, a Nebraskan landowner. The Cowboy Indian Alliance was Spotted Eagle’s idea; she believes it’s her responsibility to defend her people’s land and water. An elder and spiritual leader of her tribe, she wore a long skirt and a blue blanket around her neck. Her long gray hair hung in braids over her shoulders. Genung, sporting a scruffy beard, cowboy hat and a red bandana around his neck, has been equally vehement in his opposition to the pipeline, which will cross two miles from his property. He’s defiant of any “foreign corporation” that

would claim rights to his private property, or anyone else’s. Genung first met Spotted Eagle through his work with the anti-Keystone organization Bold Nebraska. Visiting reservations, taking part in native ceremony and culture— all these things were new to him. “I got to be a witness to some very special things—some sacred things,” he says. That first meeting was only a year ago, but they talked together with the ease of old friends. They spoke about their relationship to the land, which is deeply spiritual for both. They sense that the reconciliation their work is a part of has a historic importance, something healing for both settlers and natives—and both feel that it is, in some way, destined to happen. “We heard about the pipeline in 2008, and we began mobilizing,” Spotted Eagle says. “I kept thinking, who will be able to stand with us?” Their neighbors would, she soon learned. And yet, it’s clear that opposing Keystone together hasn’t erased centuries of difficult history. Relationship to land is a central difference—and source of tension—between settlers and indigenous people. While both Spotted Eagle and Genung see the relationship to land as sacred, what that means in practice is different for each. “I remember going out on a visit to a farm, and they were plowing, and that earth was being turned over,” Spotted Eagle says. “I get angry

when they turn over too much earth, because they’re destroying so much land.” There are sacred Sioux sites all over that region, she explains, that are destroyed by farming. “So I was standing there watching this tractor. And he was plowing up the ground, and he said, ‘There’s nothing like the smell of Creator when that fresh earth overturns.’” Spotted Eagle laughs, remembering. “I looked at him and I thought, well, I never thought of it that way.” “That was a teaching,” she says. Softening the heart Both say that they have much to learn from each other. In particular, says Spotted Eagle, the long history of violence between natives and settlers has yet to be dealt with. “At some point we have to backtrack and unpack our bags, and begin to figure out what happened between us as neighbors.” Native people “sometimes feel like we have a monopoly on this trauma,” Spotted Eagle says, “because we’ve lost so much land.” “Because we’ve had a holocaust happen to us,” she continues. But ranchers and landowners also have a long history with land—and, she says, “seeing them cry about the loss of their land has softened our hearts. And that made a difference.” On Wednesday, April 23, Spotted Eagle and other tribal leaders were preparing to meet with White House staffers. She sat down in a moment of quiet. She didn’t seem particularly hopeful. Indeed, she has good reason to mistrust the government, which has consistently broken the treaties it made, not just with the Lakota, but with indigenous people all over the country. Instead, Spotted Eagle places her faith in her people’s ability to survive as they have always survived—and now, increasingly, in these new alliances with non-indigenous neighbors. “Ranchers and landowners like Tom,” she said, “they get it in a way that politicians don’t.” What they “get” is a connection to land, the sense that one’s identity is rooted in a particular place that cannot be sold or exchanged for another. And it may be that this land, which has divided nations and driven them to bloodshed, will be the thing that brings them back together. Later that day, Genung thought about what would happen after the week was over. He would go back to Nebraska, he said, and continue the fight until it was over—“win, lose, or draw.” But, he said, “This pipeline fight is pulling us together in ways that we can’t even recognize.”

More than half a billion women have joined the world’s labor force over the past 30 years, and women now account for more than 40 percent of workers worldwide. This has brought about increased productivity and many positive effects. Education is probably the key driver in bringing about this social transformation.

GENDEr EQUAlTY iN NAGA SOCiETY Zhovelu shijoh, B.A. 2nd sem (sociology Honours)


aga society is a patriarchal society. The name of the family is carried by the son; it is the male child or the male children who inherits the family properties. The male child is the head, whereas a female child when she marries takes the name of her husband’s family. Generally, gender disparity and gender inequality in Naga society has been more or less systematically practiced and is strongly legalized by tradition. Traditionally, Naga women are more disadvantaged politically, culturally, economically and have less access to control over productive resources due to socio-cultural factors, exclusion in decision making and lack development intervention. Gender equality is the measurable equal representation of men and women. It does not imply that they are the same, but that they have equal rights of value and should be accorded equal treatment. It also means equal in terms of worth, visibility, empowerment and opportunities. Naga society has always been classless and caste-less. Up to some extent, women enjoy certain privileges. Women are not literally harassed. They play a pivotal role in both family and community affairs. They enjoy a certain degree of freedom. However, since Naga society is patriarchal with a tradition of strong warrior values, it was considered an honor to be born as a man. The traditional culture and custom require Naga women to be obedient, humble and also perform the role of a wife, mother, child bearer, food producer and household manager. She also supplemented the household income by weaving colorful shawls, an activity performed exclusively by women. However, women could not inherit property from their parent’s household nor allowed to participate in decision making bodies such as the village assembly, citizen forum, village council etc. Even in eating habits, women were not expected to eat the choicest portion of the meat. In Easterine Iralu’s Fictional Novel, “A Terrible Matriarchy” we find young Dielieno who is five years old and sent to stay with her disciplinarian grandmother who wants her to grow up to be a good Naga wife and mother. According to her grandmother, girls don’t need any education, they don’t need love and affection, or time to play, or even a good piece of meat with their gravy. In the past, it was a taboo for women to cross the arena where men were wrestling. However, that was broken in 2000 and now we find women being allowed to participate in wrestling which was exclusively male in the past. Also, it is forbidden for women to touch tools or arms belonging to men in the past, as it was considered bad luck. But in modern times, women are in fact turning to the armed forces as a career option. Another taboo is that according to many Naga culture and tradition, a damsel could not grow her hair long until her marriage, as it was a sign of married woman and their identity. Today, this is extinct due to modernization and Christianity. Unlike women-folk, men were considered to be the head of the family. He had the right to inherit property; they were the decision makers of the village or clans. In some cases, when no male child is blessed to the couple, the husband is entitled to divorce with his wife. Traditionally, the majority of parents attitude were found to be more positive towards male child than female child. With the entrance of the Western Baptist Christian missionaries in the Naga Hills massive changes were brought about in the social, religious and cultural life of the Naga people. While spreading the new faith among the animist Nagas and indoctrinating them with Christianity, the missionaries laid the foundation for an educational system. The main objective behind establishing schools in the Naga Hills was to prepare fertile ground for the growth of Christianity by producing native preachers and Church Pastors. American missionaries like E.W. Clark and S. Rivenburg were amongst the first pioneers to lay the foundation of education in the Naga Hills. By 1904-1905, Naga people understood the significance of education and numerous activities in this regard increased during this period. When we make a comparison between tradition and contemporary society, education has brought about drastic changes in every sphere of life in Naga society. Consequently, Education is playing a vital role especially in changing the status of women in our society, where we find that women, in spite of all the hardships are now outshining the men folk in many areas. Here, I’m proud to mention some of the Naga women to make a name in different fields through education like Ms. Rosalind Sokhrieno Lungalang who was the first female Graduate amongst the Naga women, Dr. Imtitemsula from Changki village became the first lady to complete her Ph.D. Degree in 1983, Shmt. Banuo Z.Jamir with the pristine powers of head, heart and hands, is the first Naga lady I.A.S officer and also the first lady to be Chief Secretary of Nagaland and so on. Education has allowed women to get into high-level jobs and provided access to new economic opportunities. In contemporary society, we will find that Naga women are successful business women, engaged as doctors, teachers, architects, engineers, administrative officials, lawyers etc. We also find many school girls are topping the HSLC and HSSLC exams like Miss Omegali [topper of HSLC 2010], Kaholi (topper of HSLC 2013) and Tziesetuonuo [topper of HSSLC-Arts stream]. Once upon a time, women had status or position in society based on their father’s/husband’s or brother’s statuses. But today because of education many women have been able to stand on their own. They are economically independent and likewise have more opportunities even in the socio-political field also. If we look at the journey of women, we find that she has risen in spite of all the impediments like male arrogance coupled with tradition that sought to bind her at home. Many Naga girls and women have risen above all these constrictions and carved a name for themselves in the male dominated society. Women are now venturing into professions which were formerly male dominated. However, a lot needs to be done if we are to bring about true equality. Educated women can guide and train their children better to become sensitive and responsible citizens. The women we are talking about could be your own sister, mother, wife or your daughter. All of us were once inside her womb for nine months and cared by her until we became independent and self-sufficient. Give her a chance and let her prove her capacity by providing her with equal opportunity to create and help build a stronger, better Nagaland. NOTE: Naga traditional practices and customs mentioned above may differ or have slight variations between villages/tribes. “Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. For feedback or comments please email:”.

Readers may please note that, the contents of the articles published on this page do not reflect the outlook of this paper nor of the Editor in any form.




Wednesday 30 April 2014

The Morung Express

Fate of Modi, Sonia to be decided today

new Delhi, april 29 (pti): The whole of Gujarat and Punjab goes to polls on Wednesday in the seventh phase of Lok Sabha elections along with some seats in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar that will decide the fate of top guns including Narendra Modi, Sonia Gandhi, L K Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi. Telangana, the new state-to-be, will also elect its first assembly along with representatives to Parliament when elections will be held in 119 Assembly constituencies and 17 Lok Sabha seats in that part of Andhra Pradesh. On Wednesday, a total of 13.83 crore voters have the right to vote in the polls in seven states and two union territories that will in all elect 89 MPs. Elections are already over in 349 constituencies in the first six phases. Yet again, Congress and BJP have big stakes in tomorrow’s elections with 35 and 23 seats in their bag respectively which were won in the last elections. Stakes are also high for the ruling Shiromani Akali Dal in Punjab which has

Congress and BJP have big stakes in tomorrow’s elections with 35 and 23 seats in their bag respectively which were won in the last elections.

four seats and is locked in a bitter contest with Congress. TRS, which spearheaded the campaign for Telangana state, and Congress, whose government at the Centre cleared the new state proposal, are said to be involved in a hardfought contest over credit for the new state. TRS has two Lok Sabha

seats while TDP has two from the region. JD (U) and Trinamool Congress have five seats each in the constituencies going to polls tomorrow, while CPI (M) has four. Modi is seeking to make his debut in Lok Sabha by contesting from Vadodara, which is among the 26 seats in Gujarat going to polls in a single phase

US court dismisses 1984 riots case against Congress new York, april 29 (ianS): A US court has dismissed a lawsuit against India’s Congress party relating to the November 1984 anti-Sikh violence, saying it did not sufficiently “touch and concern” the US court to exercise jurisdiction. However, even as he dismissed the case filed by the US based rights group Sikhs for Justice (SFJ), Judge Robert W. Sweet of US District Court here ruled that corporate entities like the Congress party of India can be sued under Alien Torts Statute (ATS). On the issue of corporate liability, Sweet citing the case of Balintulo V. Daimler AG ruled that “Daimler seems to concretely establish that a corporate defendant can be liable under the ATS, assuming that the statute’s “touch and concern’ requirements are adequately alleged”. “Accordingly, the fact that defendants are incorporated does not, in and of itself,

relieve them of liability under the statute or remove this court’s jurisdiction over plaintiffs’ allegations,” Sweet said in his April 24 ruling. However, “plaintiffs’ combined facts, even if credited, are insufficient to establish that the conduct sufficiently ‘touched and concerned’ the US to establish jurisdiction under the ATS and dismissal is appropriate under 12(b)( 1),” he ruled. The SFJ said it will challenge the dismissal of the case against the Congress party before the US Court of Appeals within 30 days as required under the federal rules of civil procedure. The rights group asserted the case sufficiently “touches and concerns” the US and SFJ has “institutional standing” to seek “declaratory judgment” on November 1984 violence against the Sikh community after the assassination of former prime minister Indira Gandhi.

Deora, Nirupam among four found guilty of paid news by EC MuMBai, april 29 (pti): An Election Commission panel has held four Lok Sabha election candidates in Maharashtra guilty of resorting to paid news. In all, 84 complaints of paid news were received by a committee specially set up to keep a watch on paid news. Complaints against Congress candidates — Union minister of state for shipping and IT Milind Deora (Mumbai South), Sanjay Nirupam (Mumbai North), Vishwajit Kadam (Pune) — and BJP candidate from Pune Deepak Shirole have been found true, sources in the State

Election Office said. The candidates were found guilty by the district committee set up by the poll body to keep a watch on paid news and this decision has been upheld by the state committee of the election office, sources said. If the charge is established, the news items identified as paid news will be looked as advertisements and will be included in the election expenditure of the candidates, officials said. Election officials said 801 complaints of violations of model code of conduct were received. FIRs were filed in 75 per cent

of the cases. Jatin Desai, member of the state committee, said the decision of the Pune district committee regarding Anil Shirole and Vishwajit Kadam was upheld by the state committee. “The candidates have an option to challenge the order of the state committee within 48 hours,” he said. Deora and Nirupam challenged the order of the Mumbai district committee and the hearing was held before the state committee. “Deora’s election agent and Nirupam’s lawyer told the state committee that they don’t want to pursue the matter,” Desai said.

tomorrow. He is pitted against Madhusudan Mistry of Congress. Modi is also contesting from Varanasi where he is pitted against AAP leader Arvind Kejriwal and Congress’ Ajay Rai. The Varanasi seat in eastern Uttar Pradesh will go to polls in the last phase on May 12. BJP veteran L K Advani is

seeking re-election from Gandhinagar in Gujarat. Rae Bareli, the pocket borough of the Gandhis, Lucknow and Kanpur are among the 14 Lok Sabha constituencies in Uttar Pradesh where election will be held tomorrow. Congress President Sonia Gandhi is seeking re-election from Rae Bare-

NC has been targeting BJP’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi, warning people not to vote for PDP which the NC alleges has an undeclared understanding with the NDA and preservation of article 370. Traditional political strategy of mainstream politicians in Kashmir has been to understate their pro-Indian credentials and tickle separatist sentiments to win votes during elections. Breaking away from that tradition, PDP patron and former state chief minister, Mufti Muhammad Sayeed has been publicly saying he is fighting for a better dispensation for Jammu and Kashmir within the country’s constitution. Sayeed praises former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in rallies and public meetings and claims to fight for creating a wider space for debate and discourse in the state’s politics. There are 14 candidates in fray in this Lok Sab-

ha seat, but the main contest is going to be between Farooq Abdullah and Tariq Hamid Karra of the regional Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). The PDP has built inroads into areas once believed to be impregnable because of NC’s influence. What has been worrying the PDP leaders who claim to depend largely on antiincumbency factor, unemployment, corruption and mis-governance, is the separatist appeal to voters to boycott the polls in this Lok Sabha seat. The recent terror attacks, killings of three village headmen and a poll official in south Kashmir’s Anantnag constituency is likely to have a dampening effect on the voter turnout in Srinagar. In 1999 Lok Sabha elections just 11.93 percent votes were polled here, in 2004 the voting percentage rose to 18.57 percent while it went up to 25.55 percent during 2009 elections.

in the state which has 13 Lok Sabha constituencies. Punjab will also witness a contest between SAD’s Harsimrat Kaur with her brother-in-law Manpreet Badal (Congress) in Bhatinda. While Congress leader Ambika Soni is contesting from Anandpur Sahib, Bollywood star and former Union minister Vinod Khanna is contesting from Gurdaspur. Minister of State for External Affairs Preneet Kaur is seeking another term in Lok Sabha from Patiala. In Jammu and Kashmir, Srinagar is the sole constituency that will go for poll today. National Conference chief and Union minister Farooq Abdullah is seeking re-election from the seat which has seen a poor voter turnout in the past due to militancy. The Union Minister is pitted against 11 others, the most formidable among them being former state Finance Minister and PDP leader Tariq Hameed Karra. In Bihar, seven constituencies are going to polls tomorrow in the fourth of the six-phase Lok Sabha

election in the state. Prominent among the candidates are JD(U) president Sharad Yadav from Madhepura, being challenged by RJD’s Rajesh Ranjan alias Pappu Yadav, and cricketer-turned BJP leader Kirti Azad from Darbhanga and his challenger former Union minister and RJD leader M A A Fatmi. In West Bengal, 87 contestants will fight it out in nine constituencies that are going to polls tomorrow in the third of the fivephase Lok Sabha election in the state. Among the candidates are BJP’s Bappi Lahiri, journalist-turned politician Chandan Mitra and actor George Baker, who carry the hopes of the party leadership to score big for the first time in the state. While most poll analysts rule out BJP’s outright win in any of the nine seats, they all agree that it may increase its vote share. Among Trinamool Congress candidates are sitting MPs Satabdi Roy, Kalyan Banerjee and Sultan Ahmed besides Prasun Banerjee, a former India soccer player.

Hydro-power plants blamed for deadly floods in India

new Delhi, april 29 (reuterS): Badly managed hydro-power projects in northern India were partly to blame for devastating floods last year that killed thousands of people and caused extensive damage, an environment ministry panel said in a report obtained by Reuters on Tuesday. The panel findings highlight the problem facing India, one of the world’s lowest per-capita energy consumers, as it rushes to expand power generation to meet rising demand. Governments have long sought to harness the power of rivers despite the risks, in part to diversify away from polluting coal

and gas plants that are increasingly costly to run. The Himalayan state of Uttarakhand was hit by its heaviest rainfall on record in June 2013, causing lakes and rivers to burst their banks, inundating towns and villages below. In a report commissioned by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, a panel of 11 experts said that hydroelectric plants had led to the build up of huge volumes of sediment in rivers that was not managed properly. The sediment raised river beds during the floods and was then flushed downstream, aggravating the severity of the flooding. “Can it be a mere co-

incidence that the maximum destruction of land and property occurred in areas downstream of hydro-power projects?” the experts asked, referring to three projects in particular. The official death toll was 900 with more than 5,700 people declared missing. Floods or landslides also washed away or damaged 5,000 roads, 200 bridges and innumerable buildings. The experts rejected suggestions that the extent of the flooding was caused by deforestation or the breaching of dams brought on by landslides, as was the case in previous floods. Authorities urgently needed to conduct region-wide as-

sessments of the impact of projects, rather than consider individual plants in isolation, the panel said, and should reject 23 out of 24 proposed power projects in Uttarakhand if they were within areas of significant biodiversity. Companies with hydroelectric interests in the state include Jaiprakash Power Ventures Ltd, GVK Power & Infrastructure Ltd and state-run NTPC. The companies did not immediately respond to requests for comment. Himanshu Thakkar, co-ordinator of the South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People, a Delhi-based environmental group, said he welcomed the report but

Cong will not back third Front: Digvijay

new Delhi, april 29 (pti): “The tail cannot wag the body, the body can wag the tail,” Congress leader Digvijaya Singh said on Tuesday rejecting the idea of extending outside support to a Third Front to form government to stop Narendra Modi. Talking to reporters, Singh insisted that the dominant political party should lead the government for greater stability and effective functioning of any coalition arrangement. His remarks came in the backdrop of suggestions by several party leaders including Prithviraj Chavan, Salman Khurshid and Jairam Ramesh that Congress should back a Third Front if the need be to keep BJP out of power. Singh’s remarks were also significant as these came on a day when Congress president Sonia Gandhi’s political secretary Ahmed Patel clarified that he was confident that the Congress and its allies will secure a majority and a government of UPA-III will be formed. Singh said the idea of some party, which gets 25 or 30 seats, leading a coalition govern-

ment with the dominant partner not being part of it, has failed in past. Talking to PTI in Hyderabad earlier, Singh said extending outside support in a coalition setup is “impractical, utopian and unworkable”. “My personal opinion is that outside support does not work ... Outside support is something which is impractical ... too utopian. It has to be a pragmatic policy and working of a coalition has to be that everyone has to be accountable in the Cabinet. People from outside ... I think ... it does not work,” he said. On the party extending outside support to the United Front government in 1996, the former Madhya Pradesh chief minister said, “It didn’t work.” The Congress leader’s remarks come after Maharashtra chief minister Prithviraj Chavan last week said the party could form the next government by joining hands with “the Third Front”, while Union minister Salman Khurshid said they could consider extending support to it or taking its help to form the government if necessary after the Lok Sabha polls.

Farooq Abdullah faces tough challenge

Srinagar, april 29 (ianS): Retaining Srinagar is a tough call for the 78-year old National Conference patron and thrice Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Farooq Abdullah. He has never lost an election so far, but winning the elections this time is not a foregone conclusion for him. Abdullah is seeking re-election from this Lok Sabha seat that is spread over three districts of Srinagar, Ganderbal and Badgam with 1.23 million voters. The Abdullahs, who belong to Srinagar district, have held sway over the people in Kashmir for over 50 years. Srinagar has been a strong bastion of the NC and the Abdullahs. The constituency has been represented in the past by Abdullah’s mother, Begum Akbar Jahan. His son and state chief minister, Omar Abdullah has represented Srinagar in the Lok Sabha thrice. The main electoral plank of the

li, BJP President Rajnath Singh is contesting from Lucknow, once represented by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in Lok Sabha. He is a sitting MP from Ghaziabad. Singh is pitted against former UP Congress chief Rita Bahuguna Joshi and AAP’s Javed Jaffrey. Shifted from Varanasi, senior BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi is contesting from Kanpur where Union minister and Congress leader Sriprakash Jaiswal is fighting to retain his turf. Along with Gujarat, Punjab will also witness polling in a single phase tomorrow with Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha and BJP leader Arun Jaitley pitted against former state Chief Minister Amarinder Singh in the keenly fought electoral battle in Amritsar. Jaitley is fighting his maiden Lok Sabha polls and a victory is likely to propel him to a position of power if the NDA forms the government, while Amarinder’s win will revive his political fortunes and he will again emerge as the key Congress leader

Of the eight assembly segments in Srinagar district including Amira Kadal, Hazratbal, Zadibal, Eidgah, Khanyar, Habba Kadal, Sonawar and Batamaloo, voting has always been very low since the outbreak of separatist violence in Kashmir in early 1990s. Separatist boycott calls have in fact had little effect in villages and suburbs, although towns and cities in the Valley have been adversely impacted by these calls. In the five assembly segments of Chadoora, Badgam, Beerwah, Khan Sahib and Charar-e-Sharief in Badgam district, voter turnout is going to be better than Srinagar district. In the two assembly segments of Ganderbal and Kangan in Ganderbal district, voter turnout is likely to be impacted by separatist boycott call. But voter turnout is expected to be respectable in villages. The election commission has given fresh instructions

to district authorities to ensure sufficient security for the polling stations so that the polls are not disturbed April 30 when the constituency goes to vote. As many as 1,546 polling stations are being set up at 968 places in Srinagar Lok Sabha seat. Of these 18 are being set up for Kashmiri Hindu migrants. Given security considerations, just 55 polling stations in this Lok Sabha seat have been declared as normal while all others have been categorized as hyper sensitive and sensitive. Just 15 polling stations have been categorized as normal in Srinagar district and 40 in Badgam district. No polling station has been categorized as normal in Ganderbal district. Around 50 companies of central armed forces and over 10,000 police personnel are being deployed to secure polling stations and prevent guerrillas from thwarting the voting process in this Lok Sabha seat.

limiting the study to two of the state’s river basins had weakened its findings. “Most of the recommendations are useful but some of them are a bit weak,” he said. “We think they should have asked for all work on the 24 proposed projects to stop immediately – they should have said this explicitly.” Hydro electricity accounts for about 18 percent, or 40,000 megawatts, of India’s installed generation capacity and another 14,000 megawatts are under development, government data shows, but its contribution is expected to fall as environmental complaints slow new construction.

Teacher arrested for molesting 5 students new Delhi, april 29 (ianS): A 35-year-old school teacher was Tuesday arrested here for molesting five girl students in the school premises, police said. Music teacher Vijay Kumar was arrested following a violent protest by guardians of the students, aged between 13 and 15 years, outside the government school in Mahendra Park area of west Delhi. Police said family members of the students gathered outside the school and demanded action against the teacher. The angry relatives also pelted stones at the school building, in which a police constable was injured. According to police, Kumar molested the girls during music class Monday. Their parents came to know when the girl narrated their ordeal at home, said a police official. Senior police officials somehow managed to calm the angry relatives and assured them of action. Kumar was arrested from his home in west Delhi. Police also detained 16 people for creating ruckus outside the school and booked them for rioting.

If you want to win a car, go vote hYDeraBaD, april 29 (tnn): Vote, and you could win a Nano! Voters of Medak district of Telangana can expect a windfall of prizes - but only if they cast their vote in the elections on April 30. No, it is not political parties or candidates which are making such promises to lure voters. It is the district administration itself which has announced what it calls ‘Votaru Panduga (Voters festival)’ to encourage people to exercise their franchise. Prizes will be given away at the village level, towns and industrial areas. However, there is a rider. The voter turn out should be up to 95 per cent in the villages, and 92 per cent in towns or industrial areas, to be considered for prizes. All that voters will have to do is drop their voter slip into a basket which will be kept at the polling booth, after they cast their vote. If there is more than 95 per cent polling in a village, a draw will be taken and 10 people of the village will get gifts costing Rs 1,200 each. It is the same at the towns and industrial estate. But a big bonanza awaits them when the final draw will be taken on May 9 for

the entire districts. The villagers, towns and industrial estates where the polling exceeds more than 90 per cent will be eligible for the big draw. An official of Medak district said expensive gifts await those whose names are picked in the final draw. The gifts include LED televisions, motorbike, washing machines, laptops and even a Nano car. Official sources said the district administration will make use of special funds to foot the bill to give away the prizes. “The idea is to increase the voter turn out. We want more people to come out and exercise their franchise. This is what the Election Commission has asked us to do. To get people to vote, we have come up with a scheme,” an official said. In the 2009 elections, the voter turnout was 68 per cent and officials want it to touch 95 per cent in the 2014 elections. In Medak district, the administration has publicized the scheme in every town and in the villages. There are posters and hoardings everywhere to make the voters aware of the scheme.

“The idea is to increase the voter turn out. We want more people to come out and exercise their franchise...”


the Morung express

US sanctions Putin’s allies

UkrAinE, ApriL 29 (rEUtErS): The United States imposed new sanctions on allies of Russian President Vladimir Putin on Monday, prompting Moscow to denounce “Cold War” tactics amid more violence in eastern Ukraine. The move to ban visas and freeze assets of the likes of Putin’s friend Igor Sechin, head of oil giant Rosneft, also drew fire from President Barack Obama’s domestic critics, who called it a “slap on the wrist.” EU states added 15 more Russians and Ukrainians to their blacklist and will reveal them on Tuesday. The new round of U.S. sanctions, following those imposed last month when Russia annexed Crimea, barely registered in eastern Ukraine, where pro-Moscow rebels were holding a group of German and other OSCE military observers for a fourth day. Despite a Ukrainian military operation to contain them, the militants extended their grip by seizing key public buildings in another town in the Donetsk region. In the regional capital, Donetsk, club-wielding proRussian activists broke up a rally by supporters of the Westernbacked government in Kiev. The high-profile mayor of Kharkiv, Ukraine’s second city, was badly wounded by a gunman, raising fears of further unrest in a Russian-speaking region that has seen less trouble of late than the neighbouring provinces of Donetsk and Luhansk. U.S. sanctions were aimed, Washington officials said, at “cronies” of Putin. Seven men, including Sechin, were targeted by visa bans and freezing of any U.S. assets, and 17 companies were also named. “The goal is not to go after Mr. Putin personally,” Obama said. “The goal is to change his calcu-

lus with respect to how the current actions that he’s engaging in Ukraine could have an adverse impact on the Russian economy over the long haul.” Washington will also deny export licences for any hightechnology items that could contribute to Russian military capabilities and revoke any existing export licences that meet these conditions, the White House said. In addition to Sechin, the Russians sanctioned by the United States included another Putin ally, Sergei Chemezov, head of Rostec, a Russian state-owned high-tech products company. The others named were Oleg Belavencev, Putin’s presidential envoy to Crimea, Dmitry Kozak, deputy prime minister of the Russian Federation, Evgeniy Murov, director of Russia’s federal protective service, Aleksei Pushkov, a state Duma deputy, and Vyacheslav Volodin, a Putin adviser. Not included was Gazprom chief Alexei Miller, a close ally of Putin who had been seen as a possible target. Obama is under pressure from opposition Republicans at home to move faster on sanctions. But in taking what he described as “calibrated steps”, he has emphasised a need to act in concert with European countries, which have more at stake economically and a more cumbersome process for taking decisions. There was little prospect of a change in the calculus for Putin, who critics say is stirring up fear among ethnic Russians in order to redraw post-Soviet borders and rebuild Moscow’s empire. “Washington is in effect reviving ... an old method of restricting normal cooperation, from Cold War times, essentially chasing itself into a dark, dusty

closet of a bygone era,” said Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov, describing the sanctions as illegitimate, uncivilised and in breach of international law. In an hour-long phone call with U.S. Pentagon chief Chuck Hagel, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu voiced concern about an “unprecedented” increase in U.S. and NATO activity near Russia’s borders and urged Hagel to help “turn down the rhetoric” over Ukraine, Moscow’s Defense Ministry said. Both sides continue to offer diametrically mirror-image versions of events in Ukraine. The West sees the pro-Western leaders who took power after Kremlin-backed President Viktor Yanukovich fled to Russia in February as legitimate and believes Putin is trying to undermine their efforts to hold an election. For Moscow, they are “fascists” and “putschists”, antiRussian Ukrainian nationalists against whom the Russian speakers of Crimea and the east have risen up in self-defence - a view it broadcasts into Ukraine on staterun Russian media. Opinion polls show substantial but still only minority support in the depressed, industrial east of Ukraine for it to follow Crimea into union with Russia. Several people were injured on Monday after dozens of men in military fatigues, carrying baseball bats and throwing firecrackers, tried to break up a demonstration in Donetsk. A crowd of about 2,000 waved Ukrainian flags and chanted: “Donetsk is Ukraine” and “Putin, no”, but they dispersed after the assault, in which Reuters journalists saw at least 10 people treated for head injuries. Earlier in the same region, armed men in camouflage who refused to identify themselves seized the police station and town hall in Kostyantynivka.

Reuters journalists saw about 20 well-organised gunmen controlling the administration building. They erected a barricade of tyres, sandbags and concrete blocks. Soviet songs played over loudspeakers, and women gathered signatures in support of an uprising against rule from Kiev. Kharkiv Mayor Gennady Kernes, a colourful and wellknown figure nationwide, was shot in the back while out exercising, and doctors are battling to save his life. Kernes, 54, is a member of the party through which Yanukovich and fellow easterners had dominated a Ukrainian system widely seen as deeply corrupt. Among the most prominent Jewish politicians in the country who earned his wealth from business dealings in the crimeridden 1990s, Kernes had called for Kharkiv to quit Ukraine after Yanukovich fell, but had lately clamped down on separatists. The government said police were looking into whether the assassination attempt was linked to the arrest of pro-Russian separatists on Sunday. Although Russia signed a deal with Ukraine and Kiev’s U.S. and EU allies at Geneva 10 days ago under which militants should surrender to OSCE monitors, it flatly denies Ukrainian and Western assertions it is controlling the militants’ activities and that it has special forces orchestrating events on the ground. “Russia’s involvement in the recent violence in eastern Ukraine is indisputable,” a White House statement said. After an appeal from Germany, long Moscow’s firmest advocate in the West, for Russia to intervene to secure the release of the seven European monitors, four of whom are German, Moscow’s ambassador to the OSCE said it would be good if they were

North Korea holds live-fire drills at sea

SEOUL, ApriL 29 (Ap): North Korea conducted live-fire artillery drills near its disputed western sea boundary Tuesday, South Korean officials said, in a possible indication of rising frustration in Pyongyang as it pushes unsuccessfully for outside aid. Both Koreas conduct such drills routinely, but they can be sensitive because North Korea doesn’t acknowledge the U.N.drawn sea boundary near South Korean islands and the North Korean mainland in the Yellow Sea. Last month, South Korea fired artillery shells into the North’s waters after North Korean shells from a live-fire drill landed south of the boundary. After South Korean drills in 2010, North Korea shelled a South Korean island, killing four people. On Tuesday afternoon, the North tested 50 rounds

People walk by a television screen reporting a news program about North Korea’s live-fire artillery drills at a Seoul train station in Seoul, South Korea, on Tuesday, April 29. The letters read “ North, live-fire near Western sea NLL(Northern Limit Line).” (AP Photo)

of artillery shells over 10 minutes, South Korean Defense Ministry spokesperson Kim Min-seok told reporters. On the frontline Yeonpyeong Island, motel owner Kim Oh-mok said she went to a shelter with other residents after hearing a broadcast telling her to do so. But she didn’t hear the sound of artillery fire. Ongjin county

official Hwang Young-mi said island residents were later told they could return home. Analysts have said Pyongyang’s announcements about such drills are driven by frustration that the country has achieved little in a recent push to win outside aid. The sea boundary was drawn without Pyong-

yang’s consent at the close of the 1950-53 Korean War, which ended with a truce, not a peace treaty, leaving the peninsula still technically in a state of war. North Korea argues the line should run farther south. A year after threatening each other with war, the Koreas had restored some trust and held reunions earlier this year of families divided by the war. But ties have since steadily soured. Pyongyang this week made a sexist rhetorical attack on President Park Geun-hye, calling her to a “despicable prostitute.” North Korea test-fired two medium-range ballistic missiles in March and held a series of shorter-range rocket launches to protest annual military drills by the U.S. and South Korea.


freed. But he also condemned the OSCE, of which Russia is a member, for being “extremely irresponsible” in sending them to eastern Ukraine. Moscow has condemned the Kiev authorities for failing to provide security in the industrial and heavily populated east, close to the Russian border. In the face of Western and Ukrainian calls for it to pull back troops massed on Ukraine’s frontier, the Russian Foreign Ministry said on Monday it had “deep concern” about forces Kiev has sent to the region, suggesting that Ukrainian troops might be preparing for “the destruction of entire cities”. In the separatist military stronghold at Slaviansk, the self-declared mayor, Vyacheslav Ponomaryov, said he had given OSCE mediators a list of detainees his movement wanted freed by Kiev in return for the OSCE observers he is holding. The Russian Foreign Ministry said the jailed leader of an earlier separatist protest in Donetsk was on hunger strike to protest against his torture. It also cited reports that Ukraine was building detention centres “very reminiscent of Nazi concentration camps” for “dissenting citizens” in the east. The Moscow stock market shrugged off the sanctions, rising almost 1 percent when they failed to penalise more companies. Although its chief executive, Sechin, was hit by a visa ban, few expected Rosneft or its international partners to suffer much, though its shares lost 1.7 percent on the day. Western countries say sanctions are already having an effect on Russia by scaring investors into pulling out capital. The central bank has raised interest rates to support the rouble, and Russian firms are finding it harder to raise funds.


1. Mr. Khriesavilie Angami, 3. Mr. Doumang Sitlhou, 5. Mr. L. Kakuto Sema, 7. Mr. Temsunochet Longkumer, 9. Mr. Talisunep Ao, 11. Mr. Watilemba Ao, 13. Mr. O. Imlichuba Ao, 15. Mr. K. Moatemjen, 17. Mr. S. L. Toshi Jamir, 19. Mr. Imotiba Ao, 21. Mr. P. Challai, 23. Mr. Mayangniken Ao, 25. Mr. Kehozol Angami, 27. Mr. Nzambemo Ngully, 29. Mr. Sazo Angami, 31. Mr. Tongpang Ao,

2. Mr. Kuhoi Sema, 4. Mr. B. Asangba Ao, 6. Mr. L. Orengthung Lotha, 8. Mi. K. Yapang Longchar 10. Mr. Pilamo Lotha, 12. Mr. M. Asang Longkumer, 14. Mr. imlinungsang, 16. Mr. Velhoupe Tsuzuh, 18. Mr. I. Rongsentemjen Ao, 20. Mr. A. Paulinbo Zeliang, 22. Mr. Biren Lotha, 24. Mr. Talitemjen Ao, 26. Mr. Temsu Amer, 28.Mr. Jibon Pradhan, 30. Mr. Talitoshi Ao,

(Persons named at serial No 1 to 28 are Deputy Superindent/Assistant Commandant under the Home Department, Police Establishment Branch and persons named at serial No. 29 to 31 are Unarmed Branch Inspector) Whereas, you (above named persons) have been made party respondents Nos. 5 to 35 in the petition filed before the Hon'ble Gauhati High Court, Kohima Bench which is numbered as W.P (C) No. 10(K)/2012. The Hon'ble High Court by order dated 7.4.14 has issued rule and has fixed 5.5.14 as the returnable date. The petitioners the aforesaid case have been directed to give notice to you through local dailies. Hence this notice. Deputy Registrar (Jud.) Gauhati High Court Kohima Bench

Wednesday 30 April 2014



‘Y chromosome also influences lifespan in men’

LOnDOn, ApriL 29 (AgEnciES): Till now, the all-important Y chromosome — only present in men, and the genes contained on the Y chromosome have mostly been associated with sex determination and sperm production. But scientists have for the first time found that the Y chromosome also influences lifespan in men. It is well known that men have an overall shorter life expectancy compared to women. A study, led by Uppsala University researchers, shows a correlation between a loss of the Y chromosome in blood cells and both a shorter life span and higher mortality from cancer in other organs. Men have a shorter average life span than women and both the incidence and mortality in cancer is higher in men than in women. However, the mechanisms and possible risk factors behind this sex-disparity are largely unknown. Alterations in DNA of normal cells accumulate throughout our lives and have been linked to diseases such as cancer and diabetes. In a study recently, an international team of researchers have analyzed the DNA in blood samples from a group of more than 1,600 elderly men. They found that the most common genetic alteration was a loss of the Y chromosome in a proportion of the white blood cells. The group of men was studied for many years and the researchers could detect a correlation between the loss of the Y chromosome and shorter survival. “Men who had lost the Y chromosome in a large proportion of their blood cells had a lower survival, irrespective of cause of death. We could also detect a correlation between loss of the Y chromosome and risk of cancer mortality,” says Lars Forsberg from Uppsala University. “You have probably heard before that the Y chromosome is small, insignificant and contains very little genetic information. This is not true. Our results indicate that the Y chromosome has a role in tumour suppression and they might explain why men get cancer more often than women. We believe that analyses of the Y chromosome could in the future become a useful general marker to predict the risk for men to develop cancer,” says Jan Dumanski, professor at the department of immunology at Uppsala.

The Morung Express SPORTS 10 IOC vice president says Rio preps are "worst" ever Senna more than Dimapur

Wednesday 30 April 2014

RIO, APRIL 29 (AP): International Olympic Committee vice president John Coates has slammed Rio's preparations for the 2016 Olympics, saying they are "the worst I have experienced." Coates, who has made six trips to Rio as part of the Coordination Commission responsible for overseeing the preparations, said the IOC had taken the unprecedented step of embedding experts in Rio to help the local organizing committee deliver the games. The "situation is critical on the ground," Coates told an Olympic forum in Sydney on Tuesday, outlining that construction has not started on some venues, infrastructure is significantly delayed and saying "the city also has social issues that need to be addressed."

"The IOC has adopted a more hands-on role, it is unprecedented for the IOC, but there is no plan B. We are going to Rio," Coates said. "We have become very concerned. They are not ready in many, many ways." Brazil has also come under fire from football's world governing body, FIFA, for long delays in construction of stadiums and other infrastructure and the overdue delivery of venues for the World Cup, which kicks off in June. Two years out from the Olympics, the situation on the construction front is just as bleak. "And this is against a city that's got social issues that also have to be addressed; a country that's also trying to deal with the FIFA World Cup coming up in a few months," Coates

said. Work hasn't even begun at Deodoro, a complex for eight Olympics sports venues. Earlier this month, in a rare display of criticism against an Olympic host, 18 sports federations publicly aired widespread concerns over Rio's preparations, with some sports asking about "Plan B" contingencies for their venues. The IOC responded by sending a senior troubleshooter, executive director Gilbert Felli, to Brazil as part of a series of emergency measures to tackle the delays threatening the games. Rio de Janeiro mayor Eduardo Paes last week responded to the high number of complaints by saying sports federations were making too many unnecessary demands and he expected them to continue

complaining until the start of the games. He said the federations were asking for too many "large things" that won't be used by the city after the Olympics, so he will keep fighting to provide only what will be absolutely necessary to guarantee successful games in two years. Coates said dealing with three levels of government in Brazil made it harder for local organizers than it was for the heavily criticized organizers of Athens 2004. "I think this is a worse situation than Athens," he said. "In Athens, we were dealing with one government and some city responsibilities. Here, there's three. "There is bureaucracy, there is little coordination between the federal, the state government and the city — which is

responsible for a lot of the construction. The flow of funds from the federal government is not happening quickly enough. We think we need to help facilitate that." Coates, who was involved in the organization of the Sydney 2000 Games as head of the Australian Olympic Committee and is chairman of the IOC's coordination commission for Tokyo 2020, said he thinks the IOC has got the message across in Brazil. "We have to make it (the Olympics) happen and that is the IOC approach, you can't walk away from this," he said. "If it comes off — the first (Olympic) Games on the South American continent, in a magical city in so many ways - it'll be a wonderful experience for the athletes."

MI name Simmons as Messi seeks ultimate replacement for Saxena prize with WC win

DUb AI, APRIL 29 (AgeNcIeS): Lendl Simmons, the West Indies batsman, has been added to Mumbai Indians' squad as a replacement for allrounder Jalaj Saxena, the IPL organisers announced on Tuesday. However, a reason for the decision was not given. "The IPL Event Technical Committee has approved Lendl Simmons as a replacement player for Jalaj Saxena for the remainder of the Pepsi IPL 2014 season. Simmons is eligible to play for Mumbai Indians with immediate effect," said the IPL in a release. Saxena, who plays for Madhya Pradesh in domestic cricket, was purchased by Mumbai Indians for Rs 90 lakh at February's player auction. He has not played a single of the team's four consecutive losses in the UAE. Simmons, 29, has yet to play an IPL game. A top-

bUeNOS AIReS, APRIL 29 (ReUTeRS): After a spectacular haul of trophies with Barcelona, Lionel Messi has a chance to lead Argentina to glory on the World Cup stage and build on his reputation as one of the all-time greats. The four-times World Player of the Year has won a glittering array of club silverware and has established himself as one of the finest footballers to grace the game, but some believe he must win the World Cup before he can be hailed as a

order batsman, he has represented West Indies in eight Tests, 58 ODIs and 30 Twenty20 internationals. Overall across 93 Twenty20 matches, Simmons averages 25.97 with 14 halfcenturies. The defending champions play their last game of the tournament's UAE leg on Wednesday against Sun-

risers Hyderabad. Their batting, in particular, has been a big disappointment considering it was so crucial to winning the IPL and Champions League titles in 2013. Their two big overseas retained players, Michael Hussey and Kieron Pollard, have been disappointing while captain Rohit Sharma too has underachieved so far.

true great. Many others believe, at the age of 26 - he turns 27 during the tournament on June 24 - he already has. Messi is inevitably compared with Diego Maradona, who inspired the nation to victory at the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, and will travel to Brazil with considerable expectation on his shoulders. A lot will depend on how well he copes with the pressure and with his shrugs off an out-of-character indifferent spell towards the end of the Spanish season.

Ist 10th NA I T20 c’ship grand finale today KOhImA, APRIL 29 (mexN): The closing function of the Ist 10th Northern Angami I T20 championship 2014 organized by Brotherhood Group Kohima take place on April 30 at 1:00 PM at Government Higher Secondary School Ground, Kohima, Sahu Yiese, director printing and stationary will grace the occasion as the chief guest. The function will be compered by Elvis Mepfhüo. The programme will be followed by musical night featuring Divine Connection, Alobo Naga, Cotton Country, Mengu Suokhrie, Diethozo Takhro, Kenie Mepfhüo, Neikuo Khezhie and many more.

SC reserves order on KBYF spots week underway spot-fixing probe panel New DeLhI, APRIL 29 (IANS): The Supreme Court Tuesday reserved its order on setting up a panel to probe allegation of spotfixing and betting against some of the cricketers playing the Indian Premier League (IPL) and BCCI president N. Srinivasan. The apex court bench headed by Justice A.K. Patnaik reserved the order after it was told here that Justice Mukul Mudgal has consented to head the panel to investigate the allegations against the cricketers and Srinivasan. Senior counsel Gopal Subramaniam at the outset of the hearing told the court that Justice Mudgal, while agreeing to undertake the probe, said he would like to be assisted by former CBI

director M.L. Sharma and two police officers, one from Chennai police and the other from Delhi Police. The Supreme Court, during the course of the last hearing of the matter, asked whether Justice Mudgal is inclined to preside over the probe panel. However, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) resisted the probe panel, saying that the allegations against the cricketers and Srinivasan are based on an inquiry conducted by Justice Mudgal himself. So, the investigation into those allegations should be undertaken by a different person. Apparently, unimpressed by the BCCI submission, Justice Patnaik said the court will pass a judicial order and reserved it.

KOhImA, APRIL 29 (mexN): The Kohima Baptist Youth Fellowship Sports 2014 got underway under the theme “ENCOURAGE The People of Sports LIVE REALITY” at Unit ground 4th NAP Bn. Thizama. The programme was chaired by Yanpolumi Tsopoe, Gen. Sect, KBYF which was followed by a prayer by Rev. Moa Lonchar, Pastor, Baptist Mission Church Kohima. Welcome address was delivered by Lipokulu Lemtor, President KBYF. In his address the president encouraged and challenged the gatherings not only witness and play the games but also to have fellowship with one another. Special Guest for the programme Vekhosa Kotso, Commandant 4th NAP Bn. Thizama, in his address challenged the players to be truthful to oneself and

glorify Gods name through this sport week. A word of encouragement was delivered by Rev. Dr. Vevo, President of Kohima Baptist Pastors Fellowship.

Results 100 Meters Race Result (Women) 1st – Ruokuosanuo – Japan 2nd – Asani – Brazil 3rd – Kiboli – Brazil 100 Meters Race Result (Men) 1st – Keviphretuo – Japan 2nd – Mayang – Bosnia 3rd – Stephen – Algeria Rally Race Result (Women) 1st – Brazil a. Pichano b. Kiboli c. Asani d. Neilakhou 2nd – Argentina a. Hanshila b. Kiiniivelii c. Hiivetalii d. Dziithotalii 3rd – Portugal a. Rheviju b. Seirhetsii c. Aneile d. Luwe

Rally Race Result (Men) 1st – Japan a. Keviphretuo b. Keneizelhou c. Thejaneilie d. Kekhriesenyii 2nd – Brazil a. Yilobemo b. Keneinguzo c. David Metha d. Rhanyi Zholia

3rd – Germany a. Hithono b. Ilung c. Khekato d. Kughakhu Walking race Result (Women) 1st Chubamenla – Bosnia 2nd Sophia Thong – Algeria 3rd Nana Chietsii – Algeria Walking race Result (Men) 1st Avilie – Brazil 2nd Kevisalie – Japan 3rd Talimeren – Bosnia Teams qualified for Mens Basketball Quaterfinals: 1. Brazil 2. Bosnia 3. Italy 4. Uruguay 5. Japan 6. Switzerland 7. Algeria

Juventus wins 3-1 at Sassuolo

SASSUOLO, APRIL 29 (AP): Juventus all but clinched its third successive Serie A title by coming from behind to win 3-1 Monday at relegationthreatened Sassuolo in heavy rain. Antonio Conte's side moved eight points ahead of Roma with three rounds remaining. The two sides face each other in the penultimate match of the season, but Juventus is expected to seal the title next week when it plays Atalanta at home, where it has won all 17 of its league matches this season. Juventus also remained on course to become the first Serie A club to reach the 100-point barrier. "We have taken a very important step toward a historic third title," Conte said. "We are having a super season. I hear talk about an out of this world Roma side but we are eight points

ahead of them and in the Europa League semifinals. So find adjectives for us." Juventus hosts Benfica on Thursday looking to overturn a 2-1 first leg defeat in their Europa League semifinal. Simone Zaza — who is co-owned by Juventus — gave Sassuolo a surprise lead in ninth-minute when he finished off an electric counterattack. Nicola Sansone raced downfield before setting up Zaza, whose effort took a slight deflection off Angelo Ogbonna to beat Gianluigi Buffon at the near post. Juventus leveled in the 35th when Carlos Tevez collected the ball from Claudio Marchisio just outside the area and unleashed a fierce shot, which took a decisive deflection off Alessandro Longhi. It was Tevez's 19th of the season and leaves him two behind Torino's Ciro

Immobile, the top scorer in Serie A. Claudio Marchisio fired Juventus ahead in front shortly before the hour mark after a chipped pass from Andrea Pirlo over the Sassuolo defence. And Fernando Llorente sealed the result when he finished off Stephan Lichtsteiner's cross with a delightful backheel from close range 14 minutes from time. Conte's jubilation after that goal and the whole team's reaction after the match expressed how close they are to the crown. "It wasn't a title celebration at the end because there is still a chance for our pursuers," Conte said. "We have to seal it in the next match, I don't like anticipating things but we took a huge step forward." Sassuolo is only above the relegation zone thanks to its head-to-head record with Bologna.

just an F1 driver to Brazilians SAO PAULO, APRIL 29 (AP): Brazil's adoration of Ayrton Senna transcends sports. It's something only someone like Pele can relate to in the country of football. When hundreds of thousands of people lined up for hours just to take a final glimpse of Senna's body before his funeral, they were paying tribute to more than a three-time Formula One champion. To Brazilians, Senna was more than a great sports idol. He personified pride and patriotism. Every time he pulled the country's green-andyellow flag to celebrate his victories on the track, Brazilians rejoiced back home with another triumph by the local hero succeeding abroad. At a time when Brazil's national team had few victories to celebrate on the football field and the country endured political and economic turmoil, it was Senna who gave Brazilians reason to cheer. "He was the Brazilian who made it," said Galvao Bueno, the voice of F1 in Brazilian television and Senna's close friend. "He was the Brazilian who went abroad and did better than the Europeans." Senna's sudden death at the San Marino Grand Prix 20 years ago did more than shock the entire country. It dealt a blow to the pride of a generation of Brazilians who grew up waking up on Sundays expecting to hear Brazil's national anthem after another Senna victory. "His determination, perfectionism, sense of justice and patriotism made Ayrton a very special person to Brazilians," said Bruno Senna, who was 10 when his uncle pasted away in a crash on May 1, 1994. "There is this nostalgia and unforgettable memories of his great overtaking maneuvers, great races and great qualifying runs," said Bruno, who also became a race driver and briefly drove for the same Williams team that his uncle was driving for when he died. "But there's also the legacy of his personality away from the track. He was successful in the sport but at the same time was able to transcend that to become an example of life principles." What happened in the days following Senna's death was symbolic of what he meant to the nation. The Brazilian government immediately declared three days of mourning and said it would give Senna the same honor as heads of states.

FILE - In this June 22, 1985 file photo, Lotus-Renault driver Ayrton Senna of Brazil waits in the pits before practice for the 1985 Detroit Grand Prix on the Detroit street circuit. Senna won three Formula One titles — in 1988, 1990 and '91 — all with McLaren. He moved to the Williams team for his tragic 1994 season. Despite his career being cut short when he was 34, his 41 wins stand third all-time behind Michael Schumacher's 91 and rival Alain Prost's 51. He died at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix. (AP Photo)

In a decisive football match just after news of his death started spreading, nearly 60,000 fans left their teams' rivalry behind and started chanting, "Ole, ole, ole, ole, Senna, Senna." The tribute came even though Senna was an avid Corinthians fan and the teams playing that afternoon were Palmeiras and Sao Paulo. When his body arrived from Italy, authorities estimated that more than a million people lined the streets of Sao Paulo to bid farewell as Senna's coffin was transported atop a firefighter's truck, draped with the Brazilian flag. Television channels were broadcasting live as fans sobbed, waved flags and tossed flowers as the truck went by. Thousands of cars followed behind, honking horns. During Senna's memorial services, more than 200,000 people stood in line for hours just to spend about 10 seconds in front of

the coffin for a last tribute. Many celebrities, sporting figures and top government officials attended the services, including thenBrazilian President Itamar Franco. About 250,000 people followed the funeral procession that took Senna's body to a cemetery, where his coffin was carried by fellow drivers Ruben Barrichello, Gerhard Berger, Damon Hill, Alain Prost, Emerson Fittipaldi and Jackie Stewart, among others. A Brazilian sports channel will mark the 20th anniversary of Senna's death on Thursday by airing nine of his greatest races, including his impressive second-place finish with a Toleman on the rain at the 1984 Monaco GP. The first victory, with a Lotus at the 1985 Portuguese GP, will also be broadcast, as well as his title-clinching race with McLaren at the 1998 Japanese GP.


*Three pointers competition Winners- Mezhuvotuo *Women final Venture Wings Society defeated Josephites 21-8

DAY 8 RESULTS *2nd Semi final Men Taurus defeated Cretans Bulls 57-40

DAY 9 Match *Men Final: 2 PM Amplified vs Taurus

1ST 10 NORTHERN ANGAMI1 T20 CHAMPIONSHIP 2014 Organized by Brotherhood Group Kohima

Semi-final results DAREDEVILS FIRST SEMI-FINAL • Dukes won toss and elected to bat first LOWER BAYAVÜ GIANTS vs NORTH • Diethozo scored 65 runs off 46 balls BLOCK WARRIORS • Alo took 3 wickets giving away 28 runs in 4 overs • North Block Warriors won toss and • 2nd innings Chubang scored 68 runs elected to bat first (not out) of 42 balls and Kekhrie scored • Warriors scored 170 runs losing 8 wick20 runs off 20 balls and Anga scored 19 ets in 20 overs runs off 19 balls • Abijit scored 41 runs in 29 balls, Limathung • Emo took 3 wickets giving away 7 runs in scored 36 and Khriesa scored 32 runs 4 overs • Mengu took 3 wickets giving away 19 • Man of the match – Chubang (HS Daredevils) runs in 4 overs • HIGH SCHOOL DAREDEVILS WON • 2nd innings Lower Bayavü Giants BY 5 WICKETS AND ADVANCED TO scored 145 losing 8 wickets in 20 overs FINAL • Aben scored 53 runs and Sengulie MATCH PATRON – NEIVOR RUTSA scored 33 runs (CHAIRMAN KVC) • Kepeo took 4 wickets giving 26 runs in 4 overs FINAL (30TH APRIL at 1 :00 PM) • Man of the match – Kepeo Solo (North NORTH BLOCK WARRIORS VS HIGH Block Warriors) SCHOOL DAREDEVILS • NORTH BLOCK WARRIORS WON BY 25 MUSICAL EXTRAVAGANZA & POST Juventus's Claudio Marchisio, left, celebrates with his teamRUNS AND ADVANCED TO THE FINAL MATCH PARTY mate Kwadwo Asamoah of Ghana after scoring against SasFEATURING RENOWNED NAGA PERsuolo during their Italian Serie A soccer match at Mapei sta- SECOND SEMI-FINAL MISSION DUKES vs HIGH SCHOOL FORMERS dium in Reggio Emilia, Italy on April 28. (AP Photo)




The Morung Express

30 April 2014



Hundreds of 1D fans crushed during Peru concert H

undreds of terrified young fans were crushed and nearly fifty needed medical treatment as One Direction's world tour kicked off in Peru on Sunday. The stunned five-piece pleaded with fans to calm down as they witnessed the crowd push towards the stage in a bid to get as close to the boyband as possible. Unexpected surge forced Liam Payne, Harry Styles, Niall Horan, Zayn Malik and Louis Tomlinson to stop performing and threaten to walk off stage - but their pleas fell on deaf ears. Of those fans who were hurt, it's not clear just how serious the injuries were, but local reports suggest several people are still being treated for symptoms of asphyxia - abnormal breathing as a result of a severely deficient supply of oxygen entering the body. Following the incident, tents were used as emergency pop-up treatment centres and an additional evacuation plan was put in place by the head of Peru's volunteer fire service, Mario Cassareto. He told Peruvian ra-

dio: 'We treated 47 children with the first stages of asphyxia. Everything is under control. We have nothing to be ashamed of, we've handled the situation well.' He added: 'We put in place a second evacuation plan so that the younger fans were not affected. 'We're working with the police and the security companies [who were contracted for the show], 911 and VIP. It's under control and we are still treating those with symptoms of asphyxia that we pulled from the back.' A video taken from inside the Estadio Nacional stadium shows singer Niall Horan telling the crowd: 'If you don't want anyone to take us off the stage, make sure you stay back.' Prior to the surge occurring, Liam had admitted he was struggling to comprehend just how many fans he and the rest of One Direction have. The 20-year-old took to Twitter to show a picture of the thousands of fans who came to their hotel in Lima, Peru as their Where We Are world tour kicked off. On Friday evening the group - made up of Liam, Harry Styles, Niall Horan,

Zayn Malik and Louis Tomlinson - opened their world tour, which will see them deliver 67 dates across the globe. Proving their boy power credentials, the five young men performed to an estimated 40,000 screaming fans at the El Campin stadium. Wearing their trademark jeans and T-shirt look, the band looked ecstatic to be on stage - but not nearly as delighted as the fans who had turned up in droves to see them live. According to reports Niall revealed after the show: ‘I know Liam will probably be embarrassed by this but he cried a little we were singing You and I.’ Harry was also moved by the experience writing: ‘Colombia, thank you so much. You were the perfect way to start a tour. It's been a while and you were incredible. Love.x’ Earlier in the day the boys did a big press conference for South American media, where they said that they were nervous but excited. Niall, 21, said: 'I’m a bit nervous at the minute because it’s our first show of the tour. 'Because we’ve

known about this tour for like a year we’ve been really excited so it’s all going to come out tonight. We’re going to have a good time. 'We rehearsed in the venue yesterday and you can feel the adrenaline running through.'

Sean Penn Calls Out Media for Haiti Coverage The actor/humanitarian said the country, the poorest in the Western Hemisphere, deserves outside investment.


ean Penn called out the media -- especially "left-leaning media" -- for not covering good news coming from Haiti, which, he says, remains the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere but one with a growing economy and

tourism industry, and deserving of outside investment. "This is a miracle unreported," Penn said of investment opportunity in Haiti. "No one is asking for a handout. It's not a beggar culture. Everyone is asking for a job." Penn was at the Milken

Institute Global Conference in Los Angeles on Monday. He has been an advocate for Haiti since the country was devastated by a 7.0 earthquake in 2010. He is founder and CEO of J/P Haitian Relief Organization. Penn compared Haitian relief to moviemaking. "Especially in emergency relief -- the best time to get the set built is yesterday," he said. "It's like the movie business, but with higher stakes." In his early work in Haiti, he concluded, like in the film business, "there were too many meetings and not enough decisions being made," so he cofounded his organization. He acknowledged Haiti as a work in progress with


too much corruption and crime, though he added: "Common sense is available in the political process." "It's that tangible place that has been so long disregarded," said Penn. "Geographically, it's very practical to get involved with Haiti." Margaret Brennan of CBS News hosted the panel discussion, which also included Denis O'Brien, chairman of the Digicel Group. "I would invest in Haiti every day of the week," O'Brien said. "I'm life committed in Haiti to never make a dollar off Haiti," Penn said, adding he's not averse to helping others make a profit in the country, as long as they buy him dinner afterward.

Harry also discussed how his parents have reacted to his rise to fame. He said: 'I think with parents when they grow up they probably have a thing they were a fan of. I think they can relate to how their children feel. They get to

relive it through their kids, which is quite nice. I think we put on a show where the parents come and enjoy it and they might not even be a fan of the music but they would say they’ve seen a good show.' Unsurprisingly, the

crowd reaction was electric, not least because fans have been waiting so long for the band to visit their country. Together, the band delivered their biggest hits to date including Story Of My Life and Live While We're Young. Im-


mediately after the show the band flew straight to Peru for the next show. The epic Were We Are tour then opens in Europe in Croke Park Ireland on 23 May before landing in London's Wembley Stadium on 6 June.

World's first everlasting stilettos I t's a sad day for any woman when she finally has to admit her favourite heels are simply worn out. But having to bin your trusty shoes could become a thing of the past if the latest footwear invention takes off. That's because a shoe designer has a launched a pair of stainless steel high heels which come with a one thousandyear guarantee. The everlasting stilettos have been created by 48-year-old designer Chris Shellis, from Birmingham and he claims they are the world's most comfortable heels- despite being made from the same metal as knives and forks. The shoes have been made out of tough stainless steel and solid silver but have been lined with permanent silicon liners, and made to flex to accommodate the foot.

The Borgezie Riviera stilettos have a staggering £1,000 price tag but Chris claims they are an investment for the future. He explained: 'They simply cannot age or deteriorate in any way or form.' The shoes come with a lifetime supply of heartshaped soles and heels which are the only components which need replacing, and Chris is so sure of their longevity they come with a 1,000 year guarantee. Chris said: 'I wanted to make something iconic that would be in the reach of the average woman. 'They're a good investment - women could even hand them down to their granddaughters. I know what women go through wearing heels. 'They take them off and have bunions and blisters everywhere. 'These shoes

are comfy without compromising on looks. 'I've had models wearing them for 10 hours a day up and down the catwalk - there's no real pressure points.' Chris took two years to finish the design for the everlasting shoes, but is pleased with the final result. He said: 'It was a really tough process because you have

to consider the orthopaedic qualities as well as the fashion statement. 'I wanted them be a work of iconic art that can be worn and enjoyed for life. 'With the removable sole and heel, these shoes really will last forever. But Chris does advise treating the shoes with a little more tlc than your average pair.


Nargis gets clicked with 50 Cent


ollywood actress Nargis Fakhri, who recently shot for her first international film titled `Spy` in the US, caught up with global rapper Curtis Jackson, popular as 50 Cent. Nargis was clicked with the Candy Shop hit-

maker during the shoot of `Spy`. Also starring Melissa McCarthy, Jason Statham and Jude Law, 50 Cent essays a brief role in the film being directed by Paul Feig. The film will see the `Rockstar` star in her first action role.

Blake Shelton shares Adam Levine's Women are pressured into perfection Sony Music to Release 'The believes there is too much pressure from society Very Best' of Adam Lambert REAL phone number on Twitter Beyoncé on women to look a certain way and to fit in with the



lake Shelton and Adam Levine have always seemed to enjoy teasing each other on The Voice. But their rivalry stepped up a gear when the country singer tweeted the Maroon 5 frontman's personal cell phone number live on TV on Monday. But the joke backfired when thousands of callers jammed Levine's number leading to Blake admitting: 'I feel bad'. The judges returned from a commercial break when the tweet threatening to share Adam's number was shown. Adam didn't think he would actually do it as bemused fellow judges Shakira and Usher looked on, but Blake tweeted it out right in front of them. People magazine's 2013 Sexiest Man Alive soon noticed his phone was buzzing. 'Hola,' the Los Angeles native answered in Spanish as host Carson Daly joked that the call was for Colombianborn Shakira. 'Are you kidding me? That is not funny.' Later in the show Adam was noticeably not his usu-

al chipper self. 'Just know that you have it coming because that's not cool at all,' Adam said with a serious look on his face. 'I think it's pretty cool,' Blake respond-

ed. Before the show Blake had joked on Twitter about his plan. '@adamlevine… I just found the craziest thing in my phone!!! Your PERSONAL cell phone number… hope I'm not stupid enough to tweet it out…,' Blake tweeted to his more than six million followers on Twitter. Blake later tweeted that Adam was 'flirting

criteria of 'perfection' and 'beauty'. with danger' if he didn't believe he would share his number. 'I should do he 32-year-old singit right? Who wants @ er has released a adamlevine's personal behind-the-scenes cell number??,' he tweet- look into the making of her 'Pretty Hurts' music video, which is based on the standards of 'beauty' set by society. The video director Melina Matsoukas said ''The concept of the video is really a behind the scenes look into society's take on beauty and how it doesn't bring you happiness and it doesn't move you forward in life. It's really finding yourself that brings you happiness.'' The video demonstrates the extreme lengths ed. The 37-year-old The women go to into order More I Drink singer and to fit in, and in one scene 35-year-old Adam have Beyoncé pretends she's it's just really heartbreakThe video ends with the been friendly rivals on preparing for cosmetic ing for me.'' stunning singer smashthe singing competition surgery and Botox. She exThe dramatic video was ing up her trophy display show with Blake winning plained ''I'm pretending inspired by a photograph of and admitting that beauty three times and Adam to get a face-lift and Botox. Beyoncé as a child, stand- should come from within twice. They typically It represents all the things ing in front of a fireplace, and the most important hurl mild insults at each that women go through surrounded by trophies thing is happiness. She other with Adam mock- to keep up with the pres- and awards she had won. concludes ''That song reping Blake's drinking and sure that society puts on She said ''When you get this resents finding that one Blake challenging Adam's us. Some of the things that trophy and you're looking thing in the world that young women go through, at it. Is it worth it'' manhood. makes you really happy.''



he American Idol runner-up's 14-track greatest hits compilation comes out just in time for the singer's summer trek with Queen. While Adam Lambert fans patiently wait for new music, Sony Legacy will issue a collection of the singer's greatest hits for those who want to complete their collection of official releases by the American Idol season eight runnerup. Lambert's former label home (RCA is a division of Sony) will out a physical release of the album, titled The Very Best of Adam Lambert, on May 27. The compilation will include three American Idol performances from when he was on the show, including his covers of Mad World by Tears for Fears and One by U2. Lambert's version of Lady Gaga's Marry the Night from his appearance on Glee closes out the 14-track CD. Also included on the record Lambert's contribution to the 2012 film, 2012, Time for Miracles. If some of these tracks feel like musical mission

statements, it's in their skillful fusion of mainstream pop and rock with left-of-center, if not underground, musician and pop-cultural markers, and their clear conviction towards that mission, reads the album's liner notes. And it that's not the hallmark of an artist who's unfailingly true to himself... well, you are invited to listen to some more until you get it. Lambert walked away from his recording contract with RCA last July after the release of two albums, 2012's Trespassing and 2009's For Your Entertainment, along with several EP's and a live collection.










Arsenal beats Newcastle to cement fourth spot

Queen Maxima plays hockey during festivities marking King's Day in Amstelveen, near Amsterdam, Netherlands. The Dutch celebrate the first ever King's Day, a national holiday held in honor of the newly installed monarch, King Willem Alexander. King's Day replaces the traditional Queen's Day. (AP Photo)

First singles win for Somdev in 3 months OEIRAS (PORTugAL), APRIL 29 (PTI): Somdev Devvarman finally snapped his losing streak in the singles with a commanding straight sets victory over Matthew Ebden in the first round of the ATP Portugal Open on Tuesday. The 102-ranked Indian won 6-2, 6-3 against his Australian rival, placed 64 in the ATP charts, in one hour and 13 minutes in the Euro 485,760 clay court event. The win is Somdev's first after suffering five straight first-round

the ATP tour was when he defeated Juan Martin del Potro in ATP 500 Dubai event in February. He next faces top seed and world number six Tomas Berdych from Czech Republic. Somdev broke Ebden early to take a 2-1 lead and raced away with the opening set. The second set was fought tightly as the two players were locked 3-3, but Somdev broke the Australian in the seventh defeats in the last three months. The game and one more time in the ninth last time he won a singles match on to eke out a confidence-boosting win.

Alves gets support after racist banana taunt

MADRID, APRIL 29 (AP): Barcelona defender Dani Alves has received an outpouring of support for his response to a racist taunt during a game, while Villarreal issued a lifetime ban to the season-ticket holder who threw a banana at him. Alves, who is black, was about to take a corner in Sunday's 3-2 win at Villarreal's El Madrigal Stadium when a banana landed on the pitch in front of him. The Brazil international picked it up, peeled it and ate some of it before throwing the rest aside. "Villarreal deeply regrets and condemns the incident that happened," Villarreal said in a statement on Monday. "The club has already identified the (culprit) and has decided to withdraw his season tickets, permanently." After the match, Alves said humor was the best way to combat racism in sport. That sentiment has led fellow football players,

Italian premier Matteo Renzi, left, and Italian national soccer team coach Cesare Prandelli share a banana in solidarity to Barcelona Brazilian player Dani Alves, during a ceremony in Rome, Monday, April 28. (AP Photo)

officials and even political figures from around the globe to respond with solidarity by picturing themselves eating a banana. Barcelona teammate Neymar posted a photo of himself on Instagram holding a peeled banana alongside his son, who was holding a doll that resembled a banana. Fellow Brazil teammates Hulk and Fred also

lent support via their social media accounts. Argentina striker Sergio Aguero and Brazil women's striker Marta both posed for photos while biting into bananas, while former Brazil international Roberto Carlos also posted an internet photo of himself with the fruit. "We have suffered this in Spain for some time," Alves said Sunday. "You

have to take it with a dose of humor. We aren't going to change things easily. If you don't give it importance, they don't achieve their objective." Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, who has been actively condemning racist acts in Brazilian football, also expressed her support to Alves, while Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and Italy national team coach Cesare Prandelli also shared a banana in a photograph. "The player had a daring and strong response to racism in sport," Rousseff wrote on her official Twitter account. "Confronted by something that unfortunately has become too common in stadiums, Alves had attitude." Rousseff praised Neymar for getting behind his teammate and reiterated that Brazil will "raise the flag against racial discrimination" during the World Cup.

LONDON, APRIL 29 (AP): Arsenal remains on course for another season in the Champions League after beating Newcastle 3-0 at home on Monday. The win puts Arsenal four points clear of Everton in fourth place with two games to play in the Premier League, a position which would qualify the club for Europe's top competition for the 17th straight year. Having been contained for the first quarter of the match, the hosts found their rhythm after defender Laurent Koscielny gave the Gunners the lead in the 26th minute when he poked in from close range a well-placed free kick from Santi Cazorla. Arsenal forward Lukas Podolski went close to doubling the lead, notably when his powerful header from six-yards out was parried away by Newcastle goalkeeper Tim Krul. Arsenal went two up in the 42nd minute when midfielder Mesut Ozil tapped in from close range after Krul saved two efforts from Olivier Giroud, the second of which fell comfortably into the path of the Germany international. Ozil then became the provider in the 66th minute when his whipped cross was powerfully headed into the net by Giroud. The win means that one more victory in the final two games will be enough to confirm a Champions League spot for Arsenal next season. Everton takes on Manchester City at home on Saturday in a game that also has huge implications for the title race between City, Liverpool and Chelsea. Arsenal then plays West Bromwich Albion at home on Sunday. Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger is taking noth-

Arsenal's Per Mertesacker, center left, heads the ball under pressure from Newcastle's Cheick Tiote, center right during their English Premier League soccer match between Arsenal and Newcastle United at the Emirates stadium in London, Monday, April 28. (AP Photo)

ing for granted, though. "To get over the line is always difficult," he said. As well as qualifying for the lucrative Champions League, Arsenal is hoping to lift its first trophy in nine years when it takes on Hull in the FA Cup Final on May 17 at Wembley Stadium. Newcastle chances were few and far though winger Yoan Gouffran had a good chance to halve the deficit early on in the second half but he shot straight at Arsenal goalkeeper Wojciech Szczesny when through on goal. The defeat was New-

castle's sixth straight loss and ratcheted up the pressure on manager Alan Pardew. Despite that ignominious run, the club remains in ninth place following a strong first half to the season. The match was also Pardew's first on the touchline since a sevengame suspension for headbutting Hull's David Meyler â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the longest suspension ever handed down to a Premier League manager. A section of the 2,000 or so Newcastle fans who made the trip down from the northeast of England turned against Pardew in

the second half. "We want Pardew out" and "Six in a row" boomed down from the away section as they grew increasingly restless. Pardew conceded the second half of the season has not been good enough and said the fans had the right to vent their frustrations. "They've seen us lose again and they're not happy and I have to respect that," he said. "We've been top 10 all year, this recent run is not something I'm hiding from, we should have performed better in this run and we've got to finish in the top 10."

NBA: James escapes injury fear to lead Heat sweep






Miami Heat's LeBron James grimaces after being injured during the second half in Game 4 of an opening-round NBA basketball playoff series against the Charlotte Bobcats in Charlotte, N.C., Monday, April 28. (AP Photo)

CHARLOTTE, APRIL 29 (AFP): LeBron James shook off fears of an injury scare to score 31 points Monday and spark defending NBA champions Miami Heat over Charlotte Bobcats 109-98, completing a first-round playoff sweep. James, who took a knee to the left thigh and was briefly limping, added nine assists and seven rebounds for the visiting Heat, who won the best-of-seven series in the minimum to advance. "We got better every game. You improve ev-

ery game," James said. "To have the kind of mindset we had on the road was big time." Miami will face either Brooklyn or Toronto for a berth in the Eastern Conference final as they try to win their third NBA crown in a row and reach the NBA Finals for the fourth consecutive season. Before the game, Heat players ditched their warm-up outfits at centre court and wore practice jerseys inside out, a show of solidarity with the Los

Angeles Clippers, who did the same thing Sunday in a silent protest in the wake of racist comments attributed to Clippers owner Donald Sterling that have become a major controversy. After the game, James shook hands with Bobcats owner Michael Jordan, the retired legend who fourtime NBA Most Valuable Player James is often compared against as the best players in NBA history. "It was a sign of respect," James said. "We had great respect for this team. They

are a team on the uprising." The injury fear came when James took a knee to his left thigh from sevenfoot centre Bismack Biyombo 8:43 into the third quarter. After losing the ball out of bounds, James limped to the Heat bench during a timeout and received treatment on the sore thigh. He returned to spark a 12-4 Miami run by scoring the first seven points to give the Heat a seven-point edge and Miami was not threatened after that.

Published, Printed and Edited by AkĂźm Longchari on behalf of Morung for Indigenous Affairs and JustPeace from House No. 4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur at Themba Printers and Telecommunications, Padum Pukhuri Village, Dimapur, Nagaland. RNI No : NAGENG /2005/15430. House No.4, Duncan Bosti, Dimapur 797112, Nagaland. Phone: Dimapur -(03862) 236871, Fax: (03862) 235194, Kohima - (0370) 2291952

For news email: and for advertisements and circulation contact: (03862) 236871, Fax-235194 or email :

PO Reg No. NE/RN-722


30th April 2014  

The Morung Express Dimapur, Nagaland, India